Renunciation Of Idolatry A Tafsir Of Surat l Kafirun
Channel: Riyadul Haqq
File Size: 20.72MB
The content of this surah is an affirmation of the Oneness of Allah, and that there is no compromise when it comes to the worship of Allah.
The revelation of this surah was a direct result of the polytheists in Makkah requesting that the Prophet SW agree to a compromise of alternating between the worship of Allah and their idols. This surah was a rejection of polytheism in its entirety. The Prophet SW never diverted his attention from the worship of Allah. To further cement his conviction and belief, he would constantly recite this surah in his salah as well as before retiring to bed.
In this talk, a detailed etymology of the word Kafir is also presented. Is the term Kafir really as insolent, insulting and demeaning as is often portrayed
Salam aleikum wa
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woman your political for her the want to shed a lot more color should he want to shed on the map to a whole lot of school some of them live with an ID
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read a lot about a god wanna
a few weeks ago we
completed the commentary of
sort of the must
sort of did our job and also liable for
moving backwards from the end of the Holy cow.
today hopefully we will do the the seed of sorbitol calf at all.
And then prior to and then after that sort of gossip.
So first of all sort of Garfinkel.
Lots of data says
smilla rahmanir rahim Allah
The arco de matar boom, Walla
Walla, an algorithm to work on tomorrow we doing? Look, I'm Dino Kumar ad.
This is one of the as is the case with most of the latest sorts of the right towards the end. This is one of the more famous sorts of the arm.
One that's known to most people, even by hearts most people have memorized the Sora
It's famous for a number of reasons. It's one of those prescribed swords to be read,
before retiring to bed before going to sleep.
It's one of the short swords, which is often read in the prayers. And in fact, there's a basis for this. The Superman humble really relates from say you're gonna have to live no matter the law.
That he said.
I observe the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam for almost one whole month.
reciting sort of alia, you have a coffee room in the first paragraph.
And then sort of olive oil a lot more in the second paragraph of federal solar.
And this was one of the combinations of the messengers and the law legal system in a number of different prayers. You would recite sort of Korea or your healthcare film in the first law, and then sort of all law what I had in the second law.
In fact, in one heartbeat, again, he joins the two, he combines the two swords, in mentioning their virtue enemy the rattler headache relates these from 7am to like a burst of the alarm.
That he said the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said sort of all along,
is equivalent to one third of the body.
And sort of alia yoga film is equivalent to one quarter of the
so in this Hadith, he mentions the reward of both or love have been so virtuous that he equates to one third of the arm and your whole Garfield on being so virtuous that he equates it to a quarter of the order. And he would combine these two sorts and many different prayers in my Muslim ravintola Haley relates these from say you've done a job in the law, the law one woman, that he said the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam recited
Earlier you hook up
in the first paragraph, and then sort of
in the second paragraph of the two regards of the life when a person completes the earth.
It's some nonprofits alarm I didn't send them to
perform to regard of prayer
as a kind of thanksgiving and an act of gratitude for the bar. And in those two regards, after the law, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam read Kriya Yoga through
humble relates that the he is from seasoned Abdullah not a lot of the Allahumma that he observed the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam for almost a whole month reciting por la jolla, you yo Catherine in the first speaker, and then all hola what I had in the second recap of the two subnets before fetch, not fetch Uppsala, two subnets before fetch, and in another Hadeeth, again, recorded by man, Muslim, from Abdullah Omar Abdullah he says that I must have seen the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam almost 25 times reciting well yeah you Hogarth it all in the first Raka and all Lahore I had in the second regard of the two regard before federal solar, as well as well. Yeah, you hook up you
don't in the first paragraph. And then
in the second paragraph of the tour guide after mother Uppsala, so fetch before fetch, after motherly barf, the prophets and the love bilingual cinema recite Alia your hook if you don't, and then a whole lot.
And in fact, he will do this even at nights before retiring to bed before sleeping. The we learn that
the law here relates that it was the personal practice of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that when he would retire to bed at night, he would, of course, we learned from other Hadeeth that he would recite the other swords, but he would also recite only at your hotel room in its entirety. And when we can when we were
doing the commentary of the last two swords, specifically on our walls a bit a bit further, I explained in some detail, that it's a son, and a practice of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself, as well as a prescribed singer for his own that he has recommended his followers to recite
the moral with the theme will always would have been Philip poolhouse would have been us and Apollo Allahu Ahad, as well as Alia yoga film, and I did explain in some detail that there was a distinction between Well yeah, you hook up heroin and the other three syrups although most of us do at work, although it's a common practice to recite all four rules as they are known before retiring to bed. The reason for reciting Kalia your coffee room is actually distinct from the reason for citing the other three are
our panels, those three are mainly for protection. Whereas Alia your coffee room as well and others relate. A man came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and said to him or messenger of Allah prescribed, prescribed a deed for me. That's how I may do and adhere to. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam recommended that he recite all yo Garfield when he said to him before you sleep recite earlier you help Garfield on and then he gave the reason he said in the harbor Arthur Miller ship for it is a declaration of disassociation, freedom and innocence from idolatry. So although we recite all four together, the specific reason given by the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam for
reciting Kalia yoke after all, is that although it can serve as a means of divine protection, the specific reason is in Mahabharata, Mashallah, as a word of the Haditha it's actually a declaration of freedom, disassociation and
detachment and innocence from ship from idolatry and associated partners with a law. So this was not only the practice of the messenger himself, but this is what he prescribed for his oma to recite earlier you hook up on before retiring in the took out of touch. In fact, it was his practice.
to recite in the tutor guard or federal before some a bit similar to regard before federal as well as after Muslim. So undoubtedly, it's one of the short swords of the Koran very virtuous. And these are just some of the practices of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam in relation to the sorcerer, as well as some of its virtues. Now, when was this surah actually revealed? And what is the import of its contents? What Allah says, Let me translate the sort of first all Yeah, you have got it all. Manual him the name of Allah, the Most Gracious the merciful.
Well, yeah, you're careful on saying the address is to the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So you hook up, say, oh,
that the honorable domata Abu I do not worship that which you worship.
What are we doing?
And nor, nor are you worshippers of what I worship.
What are the Mahabharata
nor am I want to worship watch you worship. What are we doing? Am I bored or no are you wants to worship what I worship? The convener Alia Deen, for you is your religion. And for me is my religion. Now
this is one of the earliest sorts of reports. And it was revealed in the early years of the Prophet salallahu illegal synonyms mission in Makkah. And the backdrop to the revelation of the surah is that if you recall, I've explained in some detail about the different stages of the prophets relationship with the inhabitants of Makkah
in the 13 years of his mission and profited. So from the 14th year of his life when he received the first revelation of the program, till approximately the 53rd year of his life, when he emigrated to Medina.
In those approximately 13 years, loony is the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his mission, his manner of preaching,
and especially his relationship with the people of Makkah, went through various changes and stages.
And in the early days, till approximately fourth to the till approximately the fifth year of his prophethood the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam relationship vo tense was still such that there was a great deal of communication between the messenger, some of the law ecosystem and the people of McAfee, and HIPAA to at least,
although there were tones,
jives and jeers and insults.
At least in the very early years, the matter hadn't become so problematic that there was physical persecution of the followers, which resulted later such as actual imprisonment, torture, even mad.
But this sort of sort of little calf Iran is related to those early years. And
as you may recall from various Hadeeth the rakish approach the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam with a number of offers. on different occasions, they offered him the rule of Marketo, mocha Rama, they offered him wealth, even women.
They even insultingly suggested to him that if you are possessed by demons, then we will
procure the services of the best witch doctors in the land to cure you of your demonic possession.
So they made a number of different truffles. And the backdrop to the revelation of this surah is one similar offer
where it wasn't a personal offer of rule or wealth or women or a cure. Rather on this occasion, a number of the abrasion approached him and
This delegation includes some of the chieftains of the brain,
and the set him on Mohammed,
demand of you that you seize and salting our gods and our idols.
And that you desist from speaking ill of them.
And in fact, we will go one step further, we can come to an agreement. And the agreement is that
you worship, we worship your God
along with you for a whole year.
And then, the following year,
we will worship our gods, but you will also join us in that worship for a whole year. And so we will alternate one year, we will collectively worship our athletes.
And then the following year, we will collectively worship your God and not the idols.
So according to many narrations, this was actually the backdrop to the revelation of the the so we have to understand the surah. In that context, this was a specific request,
of compromise, on the part of a specific number of the chieftains of the four H.
And it was a very specific offer, that the compromise that they offered to the messenger some of the love it was the alternating of worshipping Allah, and the idols from year to year.
So it was in response to that request, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam received the revelation of the source.
And in its Allah says, Allah Yoker films, say or disbelievers,
the horrible domata boom, I do not worship that which you worship,
which means now in the presence,
that I do not worship, your idols and your goddesses.
What are they doing?
nor do you currently worship?
What's high worship?
our method of worship, our objects of worship, are completely different.
I worship Allah, exclusively, making singular, exclusive, and one for him, his religion and my worship, and You, you worship the idols or the associate partners with the law. So currently, our method, our manners of worship, our methods of worship, are completely divergent. I do not worship what you worship, and You do not worship what I worship. Now,
what are on our abdomen?
And nor am I one to worship.
if you recall, if you can tell the the there are four verses or two sets of verses, and they seem repetitive. So the first set of verses says, the first set consists of two this is says, I do not worship what you worship, and You do not worship what I worship. That's the first set. And then the second set immediately thereafter again, of twos versus SES, and I am not wanting to worship what you worship and you are not ones to worship what I worship. So apparently, it seems like me a repetition but it's not in the first set of this. In the first set of two verses. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is denying
the current state of affairs as far as worship is concerned. Right now currently, I do not worship what you worship, and You do not worship what I worship.
And then, moving on in the next set of verses, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam offers a comprehensive explanation of not just his current state, but his current state of mind and heart of devotion and of conviction.
What are we doing?
The I am not one to worship, ie I'm not even disposed to that. I'm not even inclined to that. I'm not even disposed to that.
My character my very been
essence is such that I am not one to ever worship what you are worshiping.
And suddenly, he says to them, so it's not just related to the current, it's related to the past the current and the future.
That is very essence is very being his very character precludes the possibility of him ever worshipping the idols. And then he actually addresses the specific few chieftains of the parish, and says to them,
we doing? Am I good, and nor are you one
who will who are nor are you want to worship what I worship, meaning these few specific chieftains of the pradesh had gone so far in their disbelief in their opposition to the messengers, a lot of it will send them in antagonism towards the revealed
that they have become blind, deaf, dumb, and blind, impervious to the truth.
their senses have become so dope, as far as I am, was concerned that when they heard the very versus the very same verses that were revealed to the messengers of Allah,
that were read and recited to many different people, that same, those same verses had a most dramatic, radical and transforming effect on the other listeners, whereas to the same to these few chieftains of the rage, they had no effects whatsoever. They just simply passed over them,
almost bounced off them. Even though they weren't in the same audience, they inserted the same language. They heard the same words, but they were totally impervious to any effect of these revelations, whereas others around them were
They were totally overwhelmed. And that attitude explained is explained in many different verses of the arm, in which Allah says Allah describes their hearts and it is being sealed. And that even when the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam recites the verses of Allah to them, that is a barrier between the messenger man. So because of this attitude of theirs, they're becoming they're having become deaf, dumb and blind. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is telling them what to do.
And nor are you wants to worship what I worship, meaning even though these were the early years of prophethood, these were the early years of his mission in Makkah, he was already prophesizes, to the prophesizing, to the select few chieftains of the Quraysh, that your very being is such that you can never be disposed to worshipping what I worship, ie you will never become believers in what I believe and what I conveyed to you. And that was the truth. For all of those addresses of the verses of the Koran. They remained in
determined opposition to the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam for many, many years. And even though their own family members believed one of the people who approached Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and actually offered this compromise was actually
an unbeliever, Maria, his sons embraced Islam, one of them was harder to believe there'll be a lot more.
So even though their own family members eventually embraced, they themselves remained, obstinately opposed to the program, until they left this world in a state of disbelief. So, these verses were specifically addressed to a few chieftains of the operation that was the original context of the program in which this these verses were revealed. So the messenger says to them, I am not I do not worship what you worship, and You do not worship what I worship, and nor am I want to worship what you worship, and nor are you ones to worship what I wish this denial was to a specific group of people.
And then the sort of ends with the words like on the nakum Walia, Dean for you is your religion. And for me, it's my religion. This was the original context and we have to understand the sorta in that particular context, and before I continue to, I'll end with this and we'll move on to the next or the next order, which is moving backwards, sort of the rikolto I just like to mention something about the word alkaff at all.
Without doubt, the translation and the meaning of the of the word scarf Iran is unbelievers or disbelievers, but this is actually a secondary translation
Originally, I mentioned this because people
the word Garfield, or Garfield is
portrayed as being very
insolent, insulting and demeaning. And it has become controversial.
the boron is replete with the words stemming from the roots ghafar.
Throughout the Quran is replete with words related to the word gopher. So with a scarf of Guevara and all the related forms and stems of the word, but what does
Guevara actually mean? along with all of its related forms and standards?
What in reality
ghafar the root letters of this word, just means to conceal.
that the original meaning of the word ghafar
and in many verses of the Quran, the word Guevara and its related stems and forms are used, with absolutely no connection to disbelieve unbelief.
And it means he actually means in gratitude. So again, that's a secondary translation.
of in gratitude, original meaning isn't even in gratitude. That's a branch secondary translation.
Because the original meaning of ghafar is to conceal to hide to obscure from view.
This is why in Arabic, the night is called Gotham.
Knights is also called Garfield.
A cloud is called Garfield, because it covers and it conceals, and it shelters and hides.
A farmer is called Garfield.
In fact, in reverse of the poor and lots more data as they
become affiliated race in Agile foreign
law gives a parable of worldly life. And in describing the reality of worldly life in this very long and elaborate verse,
loss acecomm affiliates and agile are far and above
that the reality of worldly life is like rain.
Right, like rain, or dribble far and above, whose vegetation either the vegetation of this downpour of rain,
pleases average and pleases, pleases Who?
What is the word of farming? Again, it's a very specific form. And in fact, this form in itself has become controversial. The term too far. But wait using the word an algo foreigner burrito? What does it actually mean?
It means the farmers can manipulate and dribble kuffaar on about like rain, whose vegetation pleases the farmer meaning the farms plural of Garfield.
So when there is a good downpour of rain, and the farmers are planted their seeds, and they are waiting eagerly in anticipation for rain from the heavens, to water their crops and irrigate their lands and produce a good harvest when it does eventually fall. This pleases them immensely. And that's the meaning of profile here in the bottom it refers to farmers Why is a farmer called a golfer? poorer golfer because he hides and conceals the seeds in the ground.
Clouds are called a cloud is called a Garfield. The night is called a Garfield the farm is called a Garfield. And in fact,
one more thing.
all languages are ultimately related.
English, German, Dutch, the Northern European languages are all originate from the from old Germanic from the old Germanic language.
That's why they're all very similar and if you ever study the
etymology of words,
you can see how the original word leaps from language to land.
from one language to the other, there are countless words. And all languages borrow, import and export, borrow and lend to each other even Arabic, Arabic has provided many terms to other languages.
But equally so many words have been imported into the into the Arabic language.
And without doubt, some of those imported words from other languages into Arabic have been used in the Koran. So of course they are in they were used by the Arabs, even before the revelation of the Quran. And in a way it could be argued that the words have now become Arabic, but their origins lie outside the Arabic language. And they are examples of the poor and we don't need to go into them. But Similarly, there are many words even in English, that are very similar sounding to Arabic, simply because they share a common route.
One of them for instance, is
just a wild one or two wild examples. This isn't an exhaustive list of examples just exemplary depth map. In Arabic, it's known as molt. And with moat in English, you have lots of words mortuary mortem mortis, rigor mortis, post mortem, mortuary,
because monk, in fact, another very clear word, Earth in Arabic is throughout the program,
and have an earth and actually share a common root.
Now, having said that, there are many of the examples let's look at the word.
In Arabic, you have consonants and symbol, sorry, you have consonants the original roots letters and the vowels, and the vowels are never written they are denoted by various diacritical marks, but
in Arabic roots letters are most important. The vowels are never written.
If you look at the word cover in English, take out the vowels
o, n, e, cover CO, v r, take out the word take out the vowels, o, n, e, what are you left with?
Now, I'm not playing verbal gymnastics.
This is a fact. And if any of you want the reference cut some time ago, almost two years ago, I actually read this in
a unique work by Hamid, Dean Farrar, he
read the info, he was an outstanding scholar of India, of the past century.
In fact, prior to that, and he
was an absolute genius when it came to languages. And he projected Unfortunately, he left the world before he could complete some of his unique works. But some of his unique contributions to the study of the Arabic language is a book one of his unique contributions is a book called muffler that are
words of the or an or singular words of the poor.
And in this book, he's traced the his trace the roots and the origins of many of the words of the poor. And it's incomplete, unfortunately, couldn't complete it. But even the little that he has done.
A number of researchers have completed dissertations in their universities, and more than one of them has actually compared some of the works on the vocabulary of the poor and throughout the centuries.
And they've come to the conclusion that hamidah being for his work, even though it's incomplete, and very brief, and contains only a few words, is actually better than any of the Arab masters of Arabic vocabulary in the Koran over the past centuries. And one of the reasons is that he was highly intelligent, gifted for languages. And he's he mastered he was from India, so he was fully conversant in the audio language or to do Hindi, he mastered Persian, mastered Arabic, English. And then
once he was in India,
and remember this was the time during the British rule, one of the
one of the professors from the UK was over there.
He requested me to the FDA, since he was a master of English as well. He requested him to teach him Arabic.
And the professor was actually a professor of Hebrew.
agreed on the condition that he would teach the English professor Arabic on the condition that the English professor who was actually a professor of Hebrew would teach in Hebrew. And he agreed gladly. And as he was teaching Arabic, he learns Hebrew from him and mastered it in a very short while. So when he worked on the vocabulary of the Koran, he was able to draw his knowledge and expertise from
his mastery of all of these different languages. Persian, Hindi, sunscreens, Arabic, English, and Hebrew, and most importantly, Hebrew and Arabic because of their
semiotic origins. And he is the one who actually goes at length to explain the word Guevara, as being very common, not just the roots word of Guevara being common not just in English and Arabic, but other languages also halal. So, that's just a few, just a few words on the word Garcia.
And when that's the original meaning of Guevara to conceal to cover
those of you who have studied phip
this fold in the books of fit is known as gold. Any of you who have studied the Arabic books of phip will recall the phrase when you choose a subdued, golden moment. And it's permissible to do such
as Mr. Murthy on the goal of his mama his turban, what does gold mean? golden means fold. When you fold something, you'd cover it in the shim Saku width. Now this, the roots word is not for its Gurdwara.
It's not good for its work.
in a shumsa COVID, when the sun is folded.
And when you fold something, what do you do, you cover part of it and you cover whatever's under it. You conceal something in the fold. What this this isn't godfather. What this shows you is again the relationship between the roots letters of girl for girl word, whether you pronounce it, or where, whether it's an Arabic and in many other languages, the roots letters denote concealment, covering hide.
Now that we know that the root word of Guevara is related to covering and concealing, and hiding, what does it mean in the context of belief and disbelief?
Well, it simply means that a believer
and Lippman recognizes that his life
has been being his essence. Now his very existence,
all out to God.
he believes in his gt to show gratitude for the gifts of God
continuously, and to remain in the service of his creator, his or her creator.
Out of gratitude for the gifts that God has bestowed on him or her, the gift of life, the gift of existence.
And the gratitude of that gift is service throughout one's life. That's a real meaning of a bar that a bar that has worship again is a secondary meaning, the original meaning of a bar that is service.
And anyone who recognizes that duty, that obligation, and then engages in the fulfillment of that lifelong obligation of showing gratitude to God for the gift of life for the gift of existence, and of serving God. That person is not a believer, that person ism as someone who serves
in the terminology of Islam in the terminology of the Quran, in the terminology of the prophets of words, anyone who fails or refuses to recognize that gift of life from God, and who fails or refuses to recognize their obligation of offering gratitude to God for the gift of life, and remain in God's service for the rest of one's life.
That person is one who expresses in gratitude, who conceals the gift of God
who is ungrateful.
And since they are ungrateful for the gift of life of existence of essence of belief, then they are turned ungrateful.
And that's where the word originates.
So, it's not a term of hates.
It's not a derogatory term.
Of course, there will always be the otherness.
So whether you use the word term cash,
whether you use the word unbeliever, disbelieve and non believer, or we come up with any other term, there will always be the otherness, there will always be a distinction between one who believes, and one who doesn't believe I'm Muslim, and a Muslim, a Muslim and a non Muslim.
There will always be a distinction.
and that's one of the things we have to live with. We live with distinctions all the time.
We live with distinctions between citizens of different countries, between followers of different faiths.
Every member of a religious fraternity, every follower of a religion will recognize that they have certain choices, they have certain beliefs, they have certain modes of living, they have certain methods of worshiping, and they have a way of life,
which are all distinct from another person's. And therefore there is a distinction between them, no matter what names they give. The idea is tolerance to tolerate these differences, to respect these differences, to respect the rights to these differences. But as far as distinction and otherness is concerned, this is a fact of life, there will always be this otherness.
And that's true for all religions, for all philosophies, all walks and ways of life. all faiths, not just Islam, and every faith, every
ideology, every religion has its vocabulary, which distinguishes between adherence and followers of that ideology, faith and religion and the non adherence. No matter what word you make, use, what terminology or phraseology you may use, ultimately, there will always be a distinction, and there will always be others. But I explained all of this just to show that the word Garfield shouldn't be regarded as being derogatory and insulting.
Ultimately, it's the manner
it's the method. And it's the mentality behind the usage of such words, which will lend it
which will ultimately lend it that force of intensity, or that force of being insulting. Otherwise, whatever word you use, it always denotes otherness and distinction.
So originally, the word gaffers simply means to conceal. And the word disbeliever
is actually a tertiary translation. It's a tertiary meaning, the primary meaning is to cover gefallen means to cover the secondary meaning of ghafar is to be ungrateful. And the tertiary meaning of ghafar
stemming from ingratitude is disbelief. So it's not even a secondary meaning one could regard it as being a tertiary tertiary meaning a third meaning. Anyway, I end with this, I pray the last panel Miranda enables us to understand the words of Allah
or some of the law hosts and the manner
that he will be here My name is
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