Riyadul Haqq


Channel: Riyadul Haqq

File Size: 86.97MB

Share Page
AI generated text may display inaccurate or offensive information that doesn’t represent Muslim Central's views. Therefore, no part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.

AI Generated Transcript ©

00:00:00--> 00:00:03

Bismillah al Maliki Rafi

00:00:05--> 00:00:07

Solomonic Miranda ly

00:00:09--> 00:00:10

from the Rila

00:00:12--> 00:00:17

Siddhartha was salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad during the being

00:00:18--> 00:00:26

Muhammad in Florida. He'll be here Jemaine and my bad father. We love him in a shape on every gene Smilla

00:00:29--> 00:00:36

Nila Humala it gotta who you so long island maybe you're Latina Armand was somebody who was selling would sleep,

00:00:37--> 00:00:43

loss muscle yada yada come on Slater, Ibrahim

00:00:44--> 00:00:53

Ibrahim in Majeed Allahumma barik ala Muhammad, Muhammad Kamal Baraka Ibrahim

00:00:54--> 00:00:56

Ibrahim in the academy, the machine

00:01:00--> 00:01:01

spoke tenuousness.

00:01:03--> 00:01:07

As promised in sha Allah. Today I'll share a few words

00:01:09--> 00:01:10

about fit

00:01:21--> 00:01:22

the word fitna is

00:01:23--> 00:01:26

quite famous and known in virtually all

00:01:28--> 00:01:30

languages shared by Muslims.

00:01:31--> 00:01:33

It's been imported from Arabic.

00:01:35--> 00:01:48

But, like most words imported from Arabic into other languages, the meaning has become very narrow and restricted. So

00:01:50--> 00:01:54

we simply treat fitna as meaning scandal

00:01:57--> 00:02:02

or temptation, not even temptation, scandal and seduction.

00:02:03--> 00:02:12

The truth is in Arabic, the word fitna is very diverse, it refers to many different things depending on the context. And

00:02:14--> 00:02:21

all of these different meanings have actually been used in the Quran and Hadith. In fact, in the Quran itself,

00:02:22--> 00:02:24

the word fitna can mean

00:02:25--> 00:02:36

and this is just the Quran, not even the Hadith. But in the verses of the Quran, depending on the verse, the word fitna can mean

00:02:39--> 00:02:40


00:02:41--> 00:02:43

I tried and tribulation,

00:02:44--> 00:02:47

it can also mean punishment.

00:02:48--> 00:02:51

Other it can mean burning.

00:02:55--> 00:03:13

It can mean deception, ie misguidance leading something or someone away from the path, it can mean causing someone to slip. So figma can mean slipping, punishment misguidance testing

00:03:15--> 00:03:16

and various other meanings

00:03:18--> 00:03:36

even burning, so the verse in the Levina footend menina one minute for the scholars for the Rolla man the students of Arabic. This can mean in the Levina, a harlequin mini Mina, those of burns and tortured the believing men believing women.

00:03:37--> 00:03:59

But before I continue, just to give you an example, that depending on the context, and the usage, the word fitna can mean any of the aforementioned things as well as others. Test trial tribulation corruption, seduction, temptation, punishment, torture,

00:04:00--> 00:04:08

Discord, strife, disturbance. All of these meanings are valid for the word fitna scandal.

00:04:09--> 00:04:18

But it all depends on the context. But originally, and all of this will become clearer with the understanding of the original meaning of fit.

00:04:20--> 00:04:31

And the purpose of today's discussion is just to share a few verses of the Holy Quran and Hadith about fitna minor and major

00:04:32--> 00:04:39

and what a believers response and behavior should be during

00:04:40--> 00:04:41

such a fit.

00:04:42--> 00:04:48

So the original meaning of Fitna in Arabic is to

00:04:49--> 00:04:51

say golden silver

00:04:52--> 00:04:59

to evaluate its purity and true content. So as

00:05:00--> 00:05:02

Traditional throughout the world

00:05:04--> 00:05:05


00:05:06--> 00:05:11

iron Smithson, materialists and others, they would insert

00:05:14--> 00:05:15

gold or silver ores

00:05:17--> 00:05:18

into fire

00:05:19--> 00:06:01

melted and place it under intense heat and burn it in order to melt it and thereby determine the quantity quality and purity of the gold, silver or the precious metal in that all and this determination of the purity, the quality and quantity of the gold, silver or precious metal. This would be done by burning in intense heat and actually melting, placing it under severe stress and heat and burning. That's actually the original meaning of fitna

00:06:03--> 00:06:22

and the process. Now in Islam in the Quran and Hadith. This is where the term trial and testing has come into use and quite simply in Islam, what Fitna means Fitna means anything by which Allah subhanho wa Taala Anna

00:06:23--> 00:06:29

tests and evaluates the sincerity and purity of a belief.

00:06:30--> 00:06:32

That's the meaning of fitna.

00:06:33--> 00:06:55

And that's where we get the term test. So the simplest meaning of fitna is a test and it's drawn from the test and the assaying, of materialists, Alan Smith's Goldsmith's blacksmiths, etc. When they would use this process, that's the meaning of fitna. Now

00:06:57--> 00:07:03

from the Quran and the Hadith we learn that life itself is a fitna.

00:07:07--> 00:07:12

things in life are a fitna every part of life is a flip.

00:07:14--> 00:07:19

The world is a fitna people are a fitna. We are a fit

00:07:20--> 00:07:21

for each other.

00:07:24--> 00:07:33

Allah says in the Quran with Jana babbacombe libera then fitna. At hospital. What can rock Bukoba Sierra that we have made you

00:07:35--> 00:07:37

some of you are fitna for others.

00:07:38--> 00:07:39

So we are a fit.

00:07:41--> 00:07:44

The world is a fitness. Life is a fitness.

00:07:45--> 00:07:48

Wealth is a fitness. Children are a fit.

00:07:53--> 00:08:10

People are a fitna the world is a fit my life is a fitness. Life as a whole is a test. The world is a test. So whether it's actually called a fitna or not, ultimately that's what it is. Because Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah created us

00:08:12--> 00:08:14

with the very purpose of testing us.

00:08:19--> 00:08:35

Allah created life and death in order to testers who can live up the hill or who are gonna shame but the Allah the Huracan motor will hire the laborer lower come a Yocum, axonal amla, Exalted is He blessed is He

00:08:37--> 00:08:47

in Whose Hand is the kingdom and He is all powerful over all things. He Allah Who created death and life,

00:08:48--> 00:09:14

not life and death. Allah the helical moto will hire who created death and life because non existence was our original condition, and that Allah brought us into existence from non existence. So He who created death and life, why leave lower come so that he may test you? Who of you is the best in deeds?

00:09:16--> 00:09:20

So Allah subhanho wa Taala created live create a death

00:09:21--> 00:09:24

and placed us in this world in order to test us.

00:09:26--> 00:09:37

We often think that fitna refers only to bad so bad things are a fitna scandal, corruption, strife, Discord, disharmony,

00:09:38--> 00:09:39

trouble problems,

00:09:40--> 00:09:41


00:09:42--> 00:09:45

anything whether it's good or bad,

00:09:46--> 00:09:47

is a fitna.

00:09:48--> 00:09:52

That's why Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah says, One of Luca machinery will hate a fitna

00:09:54--> 00:09:55

that we will test you

00:09:56--> 00:09:57


00:09:59--> 00:09:59

il N

00:10:00--> 00:10:06

Good as a fitna, so we will test you with ill as well as good

00:10:07--> 00:10:10

as a fitna, so hikma can be good or bad

00:10:13--> 00:10:26

and that's why we are tested in our children. We are tested in our wealth. We are tested in our families, we are tested with our spouses. Allah actually

00:10:27--> 00:10:33

has made Nerima a fitna as well. So when Allah blesses us with good

00:10:34--> 00:10:43

with a blessing, that blessing is also a test from Allah subhanho data to see how we behave, how we respond.

00:10:45--> 00:10:49

So everything which is a test is

00:10:52--> 00:11:19

of course we aren't when we refer to the word fitna, we mean trouble and seduction and temptation, huge problems. But before I mentioned anything about that, as an introduction, I said I want to explain that fitna can be in good as well as in bad fitna just simply means a test from last panel, it's an honor to evaluate our sincerity, our purity, our quality, as believes.

00:11:21--> 00:11:37

verse after verse of the Holy Quran attest to this, that Allah azza wa jal will test mankind and not just mankind in general for belief and disbelief, but believers as well. So Allah will specifically test the believes

00:11:39--> 00:11:58

in a verse I'm her symptom and that whole agenda will Amaya take methadone Medina Hello publikum. Mr. tamale, what the raw was 00 had a caller rasool Allah Deena Ahmed Omar, who, Madonna's hola hola in the nostril Allah HIPAA II. Allah says, What do you think that you will enter Jin?

00:12:01--> 00:12:09

Even though the likes of those days have not yet visited you, that's passed on those who came before you.

00:12:13--> 00:12:14


00:12:16--> 00:12:25

and adversity, struck them and befell them. And they were they were shake, so much so that even the messenger said,

00:12:26--> 00:12:33

and the believes, when will the help of Allah arrive? Know that the help of ALLAH is close?

00:12:35--> 00:13:14

And that's where the verse ends Allah in a masala Hey, buddy, no, lo, the help of ALLAH is now it's close. So Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah tells us that he won't just test us for Faith and lack of faith, but even after embracing even after claiming to be Muslims, even after Deen believers, Allah will test the quality and the strength and the purity of our faith to this degree that Allah says, What do you think you will enter Jannah just like that, when the likes of those days that visited those who came before you have not yet visited.

00:13:16--> 00:13:37

Trials tribulations are not minor trials and tribulations as Allah says, what were the likes of the days that visited the people of before they were shaken, so much so that even the believers and not just the believers, but even the messenger of Allah said, When will the help of Allah so Allah will test us even after faith?

00:13:39--> 00:13:47

In another verse Mercan, hola hola. Medina, Allah unto my les amis, a beat them in a play here.

00:13:48--> 00:13:49

Allah is not one

00:13:51--> 00:14:03

to leave the believers as they are in their current state. And as you are, so Allah is not wanting to leave the believers as you are.

00:14:04--> 00:14:15

Just the way you are, no, Allah will test you. So much so that Allah uses the word had there you measle Beetham in a play yard, until Allah distinguishes the impure from the pure.

00:14:17--> 00:14:19

Again that same process of

00:14:21--> 00:14:22


00:14:23--> 00:14:44

all in order to extract and to determine the quality and the purity of the wealth of the gold or silver or precious metal within Hector your measle Beetham in a play Yep, Allah will test you so much so that Allah will distinguish and extract the impure from the pure Allah will separate the two.

00:14:45--> 00:14:59

So indeed, you won't be a simple process. It will be very severe. That's the wisdom of Allah subhanho wa taala. Allah Allah has made the world a place of test, an abode of

00:15:00--> 00:15:19

trial and abode of tribulation. And how does it last carnival without our testers like I said about the golden silver, Allah will ultimately stress testers. This last fitna, fitna is a stress test in virtually all industries.

00:15:23--> 00:15:32

Companies, staff, individuals teams are placed under stress tests to check whether

00:15:34--> 00:15:38

they will be able to withstand the pressure when it does come.

00:15:41--> 00:15:47

Can they make it or will they break under that pressure? That stress test that's what fitna is.

00:15:48--> 00:16:09

Every fitna is a stress test. Now there are minor fitness and there are major fitness. The word Fitna in Arabic the plural is fitted, and that's a word mentioned in that hadith, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa salam foretold that fit in IE the plural of fitna fit and will come upon you

00:16:10--> 00:16:25

and we learn from the collective from the collection of a Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam described fit and fitness in the following way that fit them will come on you. I see fit them.

00:16:26--> 00:16:52

Dropping like raindrops. On the streets in between your homes I see fitten trials, tribulations and tests falling on the ground like raindrops in between the houses on the paths of Medina and that was in Medina. Once prophets of Allah Islam climbed up one of the fortresses of Medina when we mean fortresses.

00:16:53--> 00:17:15

We are talking about not fortresses per se, but fortified houses. So you had simple homes and you had fortified homes. The fortified homes were built with much stronger material, even stone and they weren't just one or two stories, but rather a few stories tall.

00:17:16--> 00:17:20

A good similarity is even now in some parts of Yemen

00:17:22--> 00:17:45

they've still got traditional multi storey homes, so they aren't modern buildings they old traditional homes they multi storey These are similar to what were known as the R bomb of Medina, meaning the multi storey fortified homes of Medina. So once the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam climbed up onto the roof of one of these our farm

00:17:47--> 00:17:58

fortified forge homes or small forests of Medina and standing on the roof as he overlooked the houses of Medina and the city

00:17:59--> 00:18:26

laid out before him. Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa salam Subhan Allah, he climbed up there, he didn't tell the Sahaba or the Lavon what's a magnificent view? Rather he said to them, I see fit them falling like rain drops in between the homes of Medina. Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gave us warning after warning about fitten that will fall upon

00:18:30--> 00:18:40

he want this habit of the Allah and sometimes even individually amount on the asset or the Allahu and close companion of the Prophet Sall Allah it was salam.

00:18:43--> 00:18:59

As he was carrying bricks and was covered in dust, Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam brushed off the dust from his body, and said to him, alas, alas, oh Ma, how will it be when the rebellious faction shall kill you?

00:19:01--> 00:19:16

So I'm out of the asset will the Allah Han said out of the villa him in and fit and I see protection, loss protection refuge in Him from fitten from fitness. So he warned individuals so how about are the allaahu and about fifth

00:19:19--> 00:19:59

Are they able to do the Imam or the Allahu Allah and he was famously known as a key part of the secrets of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would confide in him tell him many secrets which others have out of the EULA. And we're not privy to this is why some of the Sahaba of the Allahu Anhu used to ask him that am I one of the hypocrites even see the letter of the law when it said of him he would specifically ask Are they familiar man will the Allahu and the O Khalifa. Tell me about them on Earth clean but he would refuse to divulge that information or they follow the law one was told by rasool Allah

00:20:00--> 00:20:04

Rasul Allah it was seldom about individual hypocrites but their names.

00:20:06--> 00:20:27

So he was privy to a lot of secrets information. And this is why he was famously known as Sar. He was sedated Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the companion, or the one the holder and the keeper of the secrets of the Messenger of Allah. So Are they familiar man with the Allah?

00:20:29--> 00:20:41

One of the things he used to do, he mentioned and Hadith later, Bible Hardy and others, that people would ask the Rasul to ask Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam about good things.

00:20:42--> 00:20:44

I would ask him about ill

00:20:46--> 00:20:56

Maha for that he knew the reckoning out of fear that it will be for me. So whereas people would ask the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa salam, about good things that

00:20:57--> 00:21:26

I would specifically ask a Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam, about sharp about ill and evil things. Why? So that I could be wary of ill I could be wary of evil and I could fear it and protect myself from it. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told him a lot and some of these things he conveyed to others after him, are they fertile? The Allahu, and, and one such Hadith? He mentions lots of things.

00:21:27--> 00:21:31

And one of them is, he said, yah rasool Allah.

00:21:32--> 00:22:19

Allah brought us good. We were in evil before. So Allah brought us good with Islam. So ya rasool Allah, will there be any evil after this good the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa salam said, Yes, of course they will. And then after this evil will there be good again? So Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Yes, there will be good, but that good will be clouded. So it won't be as pure pure and as clear as a good at the beginning of Islam, that the good at the time of this How bad are the Allah? And then with a fertile the Allah Allah said Yasuda Allah after the second good, which will be slightly cloudy, and will there be evil again, Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said yes, and

00:22:19--> 00:22:25

then Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, there will be people,

00:22:27--> 00:22:50

the atom above them, they will be callers standing at the gates of the fire of Jahannam they will be inviting P and whoever responds to their call and answers them these callers and inviters at the gates of Jahannam will fling and lead those people into the fire of Gen.

00:22:52--> 00:23:02

So there will be people who will be inviting others towards the fire of Jahannam and they will be standing at the gates of Jahannam calling people say these people have

00:23:03--> 00:23:07

so they follow the Allahu Allah said yeah rasool Allah

00:23:08--> 00:23:21

describe them to us. As the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said hoomin Gil Betina with the color Munna the LCpl sin Athena, they are of our skin, and they will be speaking in our tongue.

00:23:22--> 00:23:24

So our own people

00:23:25--> 00:23:27

of our own skin

00:23:28--> 00:23:30

of our own ethnicity

00:23:31--> 00:24:06

belonging to us speaking in our language and our tongue, they will be part of this great these great Fitton whereas they will be standing at the gates of Johanna inviting people and people will be seduced and deceived simply because we think oh, they are our own. They are of our skin. These are the words of the Hadith where they've added the This isn't my description, where they follow the Allahu Anhu said Ya rasool Allah describe these callers of Janam who stand up the gates of Jahannam tours.

00:24:07--> 00:24:37

So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Who min Jill dinner with Aquila Munna the Ellison Athena, they will be of our skins and they will be speaking with our tongues with our languages. They will lead people to jahannam that's just one of the descriptions of fitna and the people of fitna so for they follow the Allah arm was was very familiar with fitten and this is why There's that famous Hadith about see than I would have thought but or the Allah who were

00:24:39--> 00:24:52

Imam Bukhari Muslim and others all relate that should be says that for the for huddle the Allahu Aryan told us same with a fertile the hola horn that once we were seated with Ahmed Abdullah barbital the Allahu

00:24:57--> 00:24:59

Akbar Ahmed or the Allahu and setters

00:25:01--> 00:25:11

but who have you? remembers and has preserved the hadith of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi salam about the fitna?

00:25:12--> 00:25:16

Not just fitna about the fitna or in general fitna.

00:25:19--> 00:25:21

So for the fertile the Allahu unsaid

00:25:25--> 00:25:28

I do I preserve that hadith

00:25:29--> 00:25:34

so I'm one of the Allah Han said to him in Nicola Jerry, you are bold.

00:25:35--> 00:26:10

Now that that wasn't a reprimand and what are the love and wasn't reprimanding or chastising for the FIFA huddle the Allahu and that oh, you bowled? Now why? Because I'm one of the Lavon specifically asked the question, that Who of you remembers and memorize, memorize and preserve the hadith of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam about fitna, so they fuddled the Allah on replied. That's exactly what the Allah Han was expecting. That's what he was asking. So why would he say in the village God, you are bold

00:26:11--> 00:26:51

that you've been very forward? He asked the question. So are they versatile? The hola Juan replied. How is that being bold? So what's the meaning of our model de la hora. I'm saying to her they thought of the hola I'm indeed you are bold. What that means is what I said earlier, that oh my god Allah or Nene that it would be Khalifa huddled the Allah Who am who would know and remember the Hadith for the simple reason that out of all the Companions, he was the one who was the most forward and persistent in asking and questioning the soul of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam about fitna and about ill.

00:26:53--> 00:27:37

So he was bold and persistent and forward at the time of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, in questioning him about ill and evil. So they followed the Allahu Anhu said, I remember the Hadith, I have preserved the Hadith. So a lot of the Lavon said Indeed you are bold. So then they follow the Lavon related the Hadith to model the Allah Han and what was the Hadith? So they follow the Allah om said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam statements was fifth not originally he early he will man he will win the day here we're Jad took a federal has salatu somos sadaqa to one camera one nahi These are the words of Buhari that

00:27:40--> 00:27:47

the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had told us about fitna that a man's fitna

00:27:49--> 00:27:51

in his family

00:27:53--> 00:27:55

in his wealth, sorry in his children

00:27:57--> 00:27:58

in his wealth

00:28:00--> 00:28:01

in his

00:28:02--> 00:28:03


00:28:04--> 00:28:10

this fitna is expiated by uncompensated fall

00:28:11--> 00:28:12


00:28:13--> 00:28:13


00:28:15--> 00:28:16

so the charity

00:28:17--> 00:28:23

fasting and Amal would know he meaning enjoying the good and forbidding the evil.

00:28:25--> 00:28:27

What's the meaning of that part of Hadith

00:28:29--> 00:28:32

as I said, is minor and major.

00:28:33--> 00:28:37

And every part of our life is a fit in which Allah tests

00:28:38--> 00:28:40

so our children are a fit.

00:28:41--> 00:28:43

Our spouses are a fit.

00:28:44--> 00:28:45

Our wealth is a fit

00:28:49--> 00:28:53

Do not be offended with the words that our spouses are a fitna.

00:28:55--> 00:29:03

Alliance actually says in the Quran, yeah you have Latina Armano in them in as word. Allah the Komodo will Latin father all

00:29:06--> 00:29:08

we indebted for what the struggle with the fiddle

00:29:11--> 00:29:12

in them in as much control as

00:29:16--> 00:29:21

all believers, indeed of your spouses

00:29:23--> 00:29:27

and your children are your enemies. Therefore fear

00:29:29--> 00:29:30

these are the words of the Quran.

00:29:31--> 00:29:36

Yeah, you hold ADINA, I'm an Indian as well as Allah Kumar I do when looking for a room

00:29:39--> 00:29:45

that all believers indeed of your spouses and of your children or your enemies therefore fear.

00:29:46--> 00:29:59

And then later in the second verse, Allah says, in the modern world, what hola fitna Allahu Maleme your wealth and your children, Mt. OT, that's a fitna and with Allah is a great tool.

00:30:00--> 00:30:08

All right, so Allah, and what's the reason for this? Why say they are your enemies doesn't mean that you have to hate one another.

00:30:09--> 00:30:16

The background to the revelation of this verse may shed some light on this which is simply this, that

00:30:18--> 00:30:42

during the, after the Hijra of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam till the conquest of Makkah. Hijra was an obligation and not just an obligation, but the greatest deed for the Muslims. A number of Muslims in Mecca wanted to emigrate from the ghetto Medina, after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa salam, and join him in the city of Medina. But

00:30:43--> 00:31:32

they were hesitant, simply because their wives and their children or their families, prevented them from leaving did not what meaning not forcibly prevented them, but the love of their children and of their spouses, prevented them from making this journey and fulfilling this obligation. So out of love for their children out of love for their families. They remain behind in Makkah, and they did not do the hitch Allah. So Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah said of them, that indeed of your children of your spouse or some of your children or your enemies, why your enemies, father all of them and therefore fear them, that our children are a test. Our spouses are a test and that's what Allah says

00:31:32--> 00:31:38

in the second verse and in salt on earth all Allah tells us Yeah, you Halina Armand law told him

00:31:40--> 00:32:07

to come and the Karela Omen YFL Dhaka Hola, como ha said whom are believers, do not let your children your wealth and your children distract you from the remembrance of Allah. And whoever does this than these are the ones who are the losers. So our children are a test. Our wives are a test. Our husbands are a test, a test in what way to see

00:32:09--> 00:32:09


00:32:12--> 00:32:26

to see whether we obey them or we obey Allah, it's as simple as that. When we obey them or we obey Allah, and Mahatma Yasser, or the Allah Han, the same Sahabi

00:32:27--> 00:32:32

of whom the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that alas.

00:32:35--> 00:32:50

How will it be when the rebellious fraction will kill you? Unfortunately, this was part of that fitna, which arose later that those tumultuous events that discord, that strife, that disturbance,

00:32:51--> 00:32:52

that commotion,

00:32:53--> 00:32:56

that war, one of the meanings of fitna is wall

00:33:00--> 00:33:04

when after the death of Earth, man and our family, Allah and

00:33:10--> 00:33:13

Sahaba or the Allahu Anhu unfortunately,

00:33:15--> 00:33:18

split into

00:33:20--> 00:33:23

three main factions, one faction remain neutral.

00:33:25--> 00:33:27

One faction supported

00:33:29--> 00:33:30

earlier the Allah one

00:33:32--> 00:33:33

and one faction

00:33:35--> 00:33:36

of the companions.

00:33:37--> 00:33:38

They had

00:33:39--> 00:34:03

certain arguments, such as they wanted the blood of man with the Allah horn to be avenged, and they wanted and needed the Allah on who had become the believer. They weren't contesting him in his Khilafah but they wanted the Khalifa it it'll the Allah horn to pursue the killers of off man with the Allahu and avenge him.

00:34:05--> 00:34:13

And in his wisdom, and for his own reasons earlier, the alarm was at that time refusing to do that,

00:34:14--> 00:34:19

at that particular time, so or he wasn't doing it.

00:34:21--> 00:34:33

So some of the Sahaba or the Allah Han, they actually marched to various areas of the Muslim realm to gain support. And one of the leaders

00:34:35--> 00:34:43

of that faction, just one of the leaders was on the nominee and it shattered the alarm on her she was in muckety muck aroma. She

00:34:44--> 00:34:48

marched from Maga to bussola in Iraq

00:34:50--> 00:34:51

in order to

00:34:52--> 00:34:57

win support for her cause, along with the hands of a it or the Allah

00:34:59--> 00:35:00


00:35:00--> 00:35:02

Earlier the Allah Allah He sent

00:35:03--> 00:35:10

His Son, Hasson and also amaro Yardsale, the same Sahabi.

00:35:11--> 00:35:20

To goof to win the support of the people of gopher and to dissuade them from supporting the other faction

00:35:21--> 00:35:37

one of whose greatest leaders was mean anti shuttle the Allahu anha. So Americana yeah several the Allah Han ascended the member of Kufa and he mentioned he addressed the people of gophers hadith of Bokhari. He said oh people,

00:35:39--> 00:35:47

indeed, are in shadow. The Allahu anha is the wife of Rasul allah sallallahu alayhi wa salam in the dunya. And in the

00:35:48--> 00:35:51

meaning, of course, she has her position.

00:35:52--> 00:35:56

She is the Mother of the Believers. She is our mother.

00:35:58--> 00:36:04

She is a mother of the believers, for she is a wife of a sort of loss of the love it was in the dunya and in the era.

00:36:06--> 00:36:07

But his words were

00:36:09--> 00:36:23

well I can work in the law hub della can be her, but Allah has tested you with her meaning without a shadow the Allah to see whether you obey her or you obey Him.

00:36:27--> 00:36:30

Now the reason for mentioning this is that

00:36:32--> 00:36:39

we we feel offended if it said to us that your spouses and your children are a trial and a fitna from Allah.

00:36:41--> 00:37:11

The reason they are a fitna is that ALLAH SubhanA, who were to add our wishes to see whether you obey them, or you obey Allah, or whether you obey or disobey Allah because of them. So amount of the asset or the Allah who and when to the extent of telling everyone that indeed, the greatest honor and respect are reserved for our mother, it shuttled the Allahu anha, because she is the wife of a sword allah sallallahu alayhi wa salam, not just in this dunya but in the ark era.

00:37:12--> 00:37:13


00:37:15--> 00:37:25

you cannot support support her in this instance. Because Allah subhanho wa Taala has tested you through her to see whether you obey her

00:37:26--> 00:37:28

or whether you obey Him.

00:37:29--> 00:37:44

So, Allah subhanho wa Taala tests as through each other. And that's the meaning of a verse. wa jal Nirbhaya glucoamylase didn't fit that we have made some of you, a fitna and a test for others.

00:37:46--> 00:37:53

To see if we obey each other, or Allah, or whether we disobey Allah because of each other.

00:37:54--> 00:37:59

And that's the meaning of children. Of course, it can be in the minor sense it can also mean a distraction.

00:38:01--> 00:38:10

Various authors of Hadith, including Imam Abu Dhabi demand theory, the window manager and others Imam Muhammad they all relate to beautiful Hadith

00:38:11--> 00:38:29

that the prophets Allah love it will send them was on the member giving the hotbar he was actually giving a sermon on the member. When Hassan and Hussein out of the Allahu Anhu Ummah, his grandsons, both of them, they came towards him in the masjid. Both of them had red

00:38:30--> 00:38:39

or leather, tanned leather color shirts. And they were, as they were making their way forward. They were stumbling,

00:38:40--> 00:39:21

and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was watching them he was actually given your hotbar when they came close, Rasul allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam cuts his speech his Hotbird descended, picked a both of them, placed them on his laps on his lap, and said to the congregation, so that Allahu wa rasuluh Allah and His Rasul have spoken the truth in the matter, and welcome hola fitna that your wealth and your children are all odds but fitna, I was giving the Hapa and when I saw these two grandsons of mine, I could not do anything but cut off my hotbar and descend in order to seize them.

00:39:22--> 00:39:38

So I sort of lost a lot of it who sent us the verse in the innocent sense that indeed children can be a distraction. Families are a distraction. Our wealth is a distraction. And that's why Allah warns us and sorted them on Earth.

00:39:39--> 00:39:52

Do not let your wealth and your children distract you from the remembrance of Allah. So they follow the Allah has been told or modeled the Allah and that the Hadith you're asking about is this fitna to Roger if he early he O'Malley, he will be another year

00:39:53--> 00:39:57

that the fitna the trial of a man

00:39:59--> 00:39:59

in his

00:40:00--> 00:40:00


00:40:02--> 00:40:14

this is it in his wealth. Ultimately our wealth is a fitna in his children and in his neighbor, why the neighbor? Is because, again

00:40:17--> 00:40:21

a neighbor can be a cause for the disobedience of Allah scramble.

00:40:25--> 00:40:27

If a neighbor is bad than a person

00:40:29--> 00:40:34

of course he's a fitna for neighbor is an unsuitable one, then he's a fifth.

00:40:36--> 00:40:39

And that's why in Arabic, the Arabs have a saying a jar or couple of dollars.

00:40:41--> 00:41:10

That when you buy a home or look for a home to rent or purchase, then people people of course today what do we do we look at schools, we look at facilities we look at proximity to shops, and various other communities. The Arabs had a saying Al Jazeera Avila forget everything. Look at the neighbors before you buy the house and a jar a couple of days before the DAR comes a job, meaning the neighbor before the house, because if you have a good neighbor,

00:41:12--> 00:41:26

you live in bliss, and peace. And if you have a terrible neighbor, have programs neighbors from health, because you could be a multimillionaire and you could be living in a mansion. But if you have a neighbor,

00:41:28--> 00:41:32

who is indisposed to you, who is

00:41:33--> 00:41:44

an unworthy ill neighbor, then life can become healthy. So if a neighbor is undesirable, then maybe you could

00:41:46--> 00:41:49

disobey Allah by transgressing yourself

00:41:51--> 00:41:55

by stooping to his level by engaging in

00:41:56--> 00:42:12

hostilities with him little petty things, by being by harboring enmity towards him. That's one thing. You could disobey Allah subhanho wa taala, either, even through a good neighbor, if he's on good terms with you,

00:42:14--> 00:42:31

but you overlook his faults. You can see all his faults, you tolerate all of the things he does, and not only that, but sometimes you participate or become a partner in that crime, or in that sin. Simply because

00:42:32--> 00:42:44

you are being invited to the disobedience of Allah by the neighbor. And because you want to keep neighborly relations with him, you go along with it, but disobey Allah in the process.

00:42:45--> 00:42:50

And another meaning of a neighbor being a fitna

00:42:51--> 00:42:53

and her como taka for

00:42:56--> 00:42:59

one upmanship and rivalry has distracted

00:43:00--> 00:43:43

Keeping Up with the Joneses. Keeping up with a neighbor. That is a fitna. That's the mean, in fact many Rola MA in the classical orlimar in the seed of the verse were Jana, but Allah Coolibar and in fitna that we have made some of you a fitna, for others. They specifically say this is a reference to the neighbor, which means that you look at the neighbor, his house is better than yours bigger than yours. He's got a car that's better than yours. So what do you do? You harbor envy, you harbor aspirations, you want that dunya you want to be better than him? That aspiration that the curve for one upmanship and rivalry in wealth and wanting to acquire more just to keep up with him or beat

00:43:43--> 00:43:44

him. That is

00:43:45--> 00:44:16

that is so minor instances of fitna are they vital the Allah Allah said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, the fitna of a man in his wealth sorry in his family in his wealth in his children in his neighbor, these minor fit them they can be expiated by compensated for by what with what a Salah took a federal has Salatu was Salam o sadaqa will Umbra will know that prayer.

00:44:17--> 00:44:59

If a person prays, you see what the meaning of this hadith is, that all of these things are a fitna and because of them a person can be distracted and commit minor sins, this distraction, these distractions, these minor sins, the slips, these failures in respect of Allah, as long as they are minor, they can be washed away you with what saba. When a person prays Allah properly sincerely, as Allah says in the Hassan earth you the hipness, a year that good deeds, remove and take away bad deeds and as we know, Salah to Salah Jumeirah to Jumeirah, Ramadan Torah,

00:45:00--> 00:45:51

obame One Ramadan Ramadan if a person performs to Rama bonds properly by fasting conscientiously, as he or she should, then in sha Allah through the baraka of the fasting of those two Ramadan's Allah subhanho, wa taala, Allah will remove all of the sins in between. to Salah Allah subhanho data will remove all of the sins in between Jamara to Jamara to Juma Asada, Allah subhanho wa taala, Allah will remove all of the sins in between. However, these are all minor sins and on various only with various conditions. That's why in one Hadith, the Geneva tilaka only if major sins are refrained from, so this is not a free ticket to sin, in the hope that Salah wipes away sins, Ramadan wipes

00:45:51--> 00:45:53

away sins. This is

00:45:57--> 00:46:13

it's like in any society, they are incentives, they are incentives. So good citizens are told, Look, if you do this, then you will get this reward. If you do this, you will get this reward. Now for criminal comes along a career criminal

00:46:14--> 00:46:17

and says, I want the reward as well.

00:46:18--> 00:46:30

People, society, the authorities, the donors, the benefactors, all of these people will say you know what, we make an exception for you. I'm a citizen, you may be a citizen.

00:46:31--> 00:46:39

By law, I'm entitled to this, you may be by the letter of the law entitled to it. But this the spirit of this

00:46:40--> 00:47:24

gift of this award of this reward, the spirit of the law is that this is only meant for good people. Yeah, occasionally they may make slips, but they do good things. Society, the authorities law, the people the country will reward them. If you're a career criminal, if you are corrupt in many different ways. Then even if you are deserving of this, it will be denied to you because of your other misdemeanors. So if it's Tony batil kabbah as long as major sins are refrained from this as a major point, that holder will uphold the law, the law some people actually say that we will sin they have openly said we will sin and then pray Jamar

00:47:26--> 00:47:34

we will sin and pray Salah, we will sin and then when Ramadan comes we'll make up for it. There is no such concept.

00:47:36--> 00:47:51

We can't divide minor and major that's why many rulers have said that one should never divide minor and major sins for every sin. When you realize that you are committing the sin against Allah becomes major.

00:47:53--> 00:47:57

If a sin is a disobedience of Allah, there is no major or mine.

00:47:59--> 00:48:13

So major and minor sins. These are technicalities and an academic discussion best left to the orlimar and theologians as to what they define as being minor and major.

00:48:14--> 00:48:22

But in terms of everyday practical living, we shouldn't view sins as major and minor. Rather, we should view sins

00:48:24--> 00:48:35

with the with this view that Who am I committing the sin against Who am I disobeying by committing this sin? And if we are disobeying lust,

00:48:36--> 00:48:47

then this really does become an academic distinction that oh, I'm disobeying Allah, but this is a minor sin. Oh, I'm disobeying Allah, but this is a small thing. So

00:48:48--> 00:49:16

small slips and failures in our families in our children in our wealth and in our neighbors. This fitna can be cared for taken care of compensated for by Salah sadaqa charity by fasting and by also enjoying the good and forbidding the evil. So when you follow the Allahu and said that too, I would have never heard that but are the hola Amara de Allah Allah said, no, no, I don't mean this fitna.

00:49:17--> 00:49:19

This is a small fitna.

00:49:21--> 00:49:51

I'm referring wala Canaan fitna to let eat the mudra commotion bow. I'm referring to that great fitna, which will he leave like the heaving of the ocean, which will be turbulent, like the turbulence of the ocean. That's the fitna, I'm referring to. So tell us about that. These are small fitted, the fitna of the family, the fitna of the children, the fitment of wealth. I'm talking about that great fitna which will heave like the heaving of the ocean.

00:49:52--> 00:49:59

So how do they follow the Allah said to Ahmed dabra the Allah and oh me, me me.

00:50:00--> 00:50:01

What do you want to do with that fit now?

00:50:04--> 00:50:08

There is no harm T. He didn't want to speak about it.

00:50:10--> 00:50:18

Or they felt all the love and didn't want to go into any further detail. He tried to ward off the discussion by saying, oh me You mean

00:50:20--> 00:50:23

What connection do you have with that, for it cannot harm you.

00:50:25--> 00:50:37

For between you and that great fitna which will heave like the heaving of the ocean, between you and that great turbulence, there is a door a closed door

00:50:39--> 00:50:41

so a lot of the Allah who answered

00:50:43--> 00:50:52

he knew he knew and that's why a lot of the Allah on didn't persist and say to him relate the whole all the details to us. No.

00:50:54--> 00:50:59

He did say Tell us about that great fitna which will heave like the heaving of the ocean.

00:51:01--> 00:51:22

So they follow the alarm who said What connection do you have with it's our medium, what mean? There is no harm to you, you will not be harmed by that great fitna. Because between you and that great turbulence and that great fitna that is a closed door. So what did the alarm say? He simply asked, Will that door be opened or will it be broke?

00:51:24--> 00:51:31

So they followed the alarm. They said no, it will be broken. So oh my God, Allah Allah said in that case,

00:51:32--> 00:51:35

it is most likely that it will never be shut again.

00:51:37--> 00:51:51

ie the door of that great fitna will be cracked and burst and smashed open and after that, it will never be closed. After that there will be a deluge of fifth a flood of fatten.

00:51:53--> 00:51:53

As true

00:51:55--> 00:52:08

so when they follow the Allah Horan related this hadith to his students, as I said should be related to this hadith. So he continues and the Hadith of Bokhari that we asked her they for

00:52:09--> 00:52:10

for the alarm

00:52:12--> 00:52:20

that who in fact they wanted to ask him be shopping says for hidden that unless Allah we were too scared of asking him

00:52:21--> 00:52:53

so we asked Miss ruled who was a great Imam. He wasn't a Sahaba he was a Darby he one of the students were llevado the Allah one that he was much older, much more senior much more knowledgeable. And someone that were they've added the Lavon also cherished. So we didn't ask him but we asked Imams rock that can you ask relief out of the Allaha um, I've said before in Islam there is a culture of respect and reverence for one's teachers for the Allah ma for the seniors.

00:52:55--> 00:53:06

And this goes back all the way to the time of Rasulullah sallallahu it was Sanlam the Sahaba about are the Allah I'm human they sat before the suit Allah Alayhi Salatu was Salam.

00:53:07--> 00:53:17

He was a gathering of serenity, of composure of tranquillity of what our of respect, filled with awe and reverence.

00:53:18--> 00:53:27

The Sahaba of the Allahu Anhu were not disrespectful in any way. And the students of this hub out of the Allahu Anhu were the same.

00:53:29--> 00:53:38

These were all great dabir on the successes to the Sahaba of the Allah Han. And there is so many Sahaba with them.

00:53:39--> 00:54:03

But that familiarity with the Sahaba or the Allahu Anhu did not lead them to becoming disrespectful or casual with them. In fact, when they follow the Allah I'm related this hadith his students wanted to find out who the door who or what that door was that oh my god Allah Who are they vital the Allah Han was speaking of? Because both

00:54:05--> 00:54:28

are they thought of the Allah Han was key part of the secrets of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi salam, when Amara de Allah, Allah and asked him the question, he understood what he was referring to. He tried to ward off the discussion. And he tried to keep it ambiguous by simply saying there's a closed door between you and that great fitna. He understood but he didn't want to

00:54:29--> 00:54:53

explicitly say before the others and he knew that right of the Allah and also unstirred they were both talking in code Subhan Allah, Allah will be Allah Who and they follow the Allah Allah and we're both talking in code. Each knew what the other was saying I'm referring to so the one who they entitled The Allah who can relate to this hadith his students want to know who or what was that door?

00:54:55--> 00:55:00

But there were too scared to ask what they thought of the Amar imagined they were too scared to ask

00:55:00--> 00:55:25

ask a simple question. That was a respect they had. So they then asked a much more senior person Imam was through. And they said to him, can you ask where they follow the law and so my stroke asked him on behalf of everyone that who was that door that you and Amara de Allah and we're both referring to. So they followed the Allah Maremma said the door was Omar himself.

00:55:27--> 00:55:31

So they asked him Did Rama them know that he was the door

00:55:34--> 00:56:10

which was a protection against fitna and which would be broken rather than opened? Did he know that he was at all so they follow the Allah horn has said he knew as well and as certainly as he knows that before the arrival of the morning comes this night, IE as everyone knows that before morning, there is night with that conviction on with that certainty and what are the Allah or knew that he was a door himself? Why did he know of course he knew. Imam Bukhari and others all relate that once Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam ascended mount or heard

00:56:11--> 00:56:13

and mount or hood began trembling.

00:56:14--> 00:56:48

And who was with Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa salam, Abu Bakar Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman will be Allahu Anhu the three hola and Rasul allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam when it began trembling, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam kicked it with his foot he stamped his foot and he said our word be silent and calm for intimate Alec and to be human was a deep and mushy Dan, for all there is upon you right now is a prophet. A truly honest and voracious one Sadiq and two martyrs

00:56:50--> 00:56:51

wolfman and Amara the alarm

00:56:53--> 00:56:55

so all of the Allah on me

00:56:56--> 00:57:01

that his life would come to an end with shahada with Monster

00:57:04--> 00:57:10

and he knew that he was that door. Why we learn from other generations that abou that a lot of 30 year old the Allah

00:57:11--> 00:57:21

and of man with them with renal the Allah aren't smarter than him at the end of the Allah one was one would have been a target of the Allah horns brother anymore. He was married to their sister.

00:57:23--> 00:57:26

So I'm delighted no matter the Allahumma

00:57:28--> 00:57:38

his maternal uncles were the marine family of molybdenum at the end of the Allah haram sort of man, he was very pious individual extremely pious.

00:57:41--> 00:57:51

He was the when he was buried in June little bitty, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa salam, when he died, Allahu Akbar, Prophets Allah Allah it was salam stood over him,

00:57:52--> 00:57:53


00:57:54--> 00:58:40

bent down, kissed him on his forehead, rose again, wept, then down, kissed him on his forehead, rose again, wept, bend down and kissed him on his forehead. And because of the weeping of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa salam, all of those present with Rasul Allah alayhi salatu salam also wept profusely. Imagine how fortunate he was Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa salam kissed him on his forehead fries. And not only that, but he said to him, he said, addressing Earth man with the Allahu and that you left this world in such a state, that you did not touch the dunya and the dunya did not touch you. That testimony from disorder allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was the brother in law

00:58:40--> 00:58:56

of the affordable dabra the Allah Han when he was buried in general but the the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said Bring me a stone and then he took the stone and he marked the grave of the man with the Allah and and he said when members of my family shall die, I shall not bury them next to off man.

00:58:57--> 00:59:11

He wanted his own family to buried next to off mountain with only the Allah Han so of molybdenum with room with the Allah Han as well as the Buddha referred evil the Allah and both of them acid six people who had nothing to do with the dunya

00:59:12--> 00:59:35

although the Allahu and once said to the Allahu and Omar, I heard Rasul allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam say that you are a lock against fitna and of martyrdom of the green or the Allah and his brother in law told him though Omar, I heard Rasul Allah Subhan Allah it was salam say that you are luck, against.

00:59:36--> 00:59:44

So other Sahaba of the Allah has already told him that we heard the Messenger of Allah say that you are a lock against.

00:59:46--> 00:59:48

You are a protection against fitna

00:59:49--> 00:59:57

and that's why when they fuddled the Allahu and told him that between you and that great fit man turbulence, there is a door and

00:59:59--> 00:59:59

he said, well, that dog

01:00:00--> 01:00:04

opened or broken said it will be broken. In that case it will never be shut again.

01:00:05--> 01:00:15

The reason for mentioning this hadith is this hadith beautifully describes small minor fifth, the fifth man in the family, the fifth nine children, the fitna in wealth

01:00:17--> 01:00:21

and also the great fit and that will come later.

01:00:22--> 01:00:45

So let me speak about the great fit and what came after the passing away of Qatar Brody Allah and before I continue this is the reason for mentioning this is that this is a lesson for us that the dunya is a world full of fitted. Sittin is part fitment is part of Muslim life. fitna is part of life. Sikma is part of dunya.

01:00:47--> 01:00:55

So we shouldn't always just be saying fitna this fitna that fit now this fitna other life is fitna the dunya is fit.

01:00:56--> 01:00:57

We are

01:00:58--> 01:00:59

with your ANOVA

01:01:00--> 01:01:04

we have made some of you are figma. For others, we ourselves are.

01:01:06--> 01:01:07

We are a test

01:01:08--> 01:01:17

out Nerima has a fitna when I'm one of mu missionally, Wilfredo fitna that we test you as a fitna in good and evil.

01:01:19--> 01:01:26

And we test you with good things and bad things. So the truth is, our life is full of fitna.

01:01:27--> 01:01:32

This should not lead us to despair, and despite despondency

01:01:33--> 01:02:02

it's how we react. This is a test alone to see how we behave, how we react. And these fit then could be minor or major. And the reason for mentioning these major fifth and is to realize that Allah subhanho wa Taala has not made this world paradise or a place of perfection. So we should banish this idea that things will be perfect around us and especially politically.

01:02:04--> 01:02:11

That we will have kingdom on earth. There is no kingdom on earth. There is a concept in some

01:02:13--> 01:02:14

religions and some

01:02:16--> 01:02:30

belief systems that we should work towards a kingdom on earth, a time of a place of eternal bliss and peace. Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah never made the dunya for that.

01:02:32--> 01:02:37

The Rise and Fall of power, the rise and fall in politics,

01:02:39--> 01:02:55

changing governments changing Manas monarchies changing dynasties, the rise and fall and the waxing and waning of power and the shifting of power and balance and power. This is part of Allah sunnah and tradition

01:02:57--> 01:02:57

in the world.

01:02:58--> 01:03:05

Allah subhanho wa Taala has promised that Allah says in the verse em system, em Sasquatch.

01:03:08--> 01:03:11

What will kill a Yamanaka willowherb in a nurse

01:03:12--> 01:03:15

that Allah is addressing the Sahaba of the Allah one.

01:03:16--> 01:03:19

That if you have been afflicted by a wound,

01:03:20--> 01:03:25

the know that the others your enemies have also been afflicted by a wound.

01:03:26--> 01:03:36

And this was in response to the Sahaba of the Allahu Anhu winning and losing at times as to how battle the Allahu Anhu they won battles and at times they suffered

01:03:37--> 01:03:40

greatly in battle.

01:03:41--> 01:03:45

They won decisively a year later in ordered.

01:03:49--> 01:04:05

Ultimately, they didn't suffer a defeat, because it more or less ended in a stalemate. But even before ending in a stalemate, that's how battle the law when the Muslims suffered huge losses, and that was ignored.

01:04:07--> 01:04:39

And that's the nature of events. So Allah subhanho wa Taala says, If a wound has afflicted you, a wound has afflicted them to what they will call a Yamanaka willowherb, a numbness and these days I have good fortune, bad fortune winning losing, of power of loss. What will kill a yarn these days of varying fortunes, nada, willowherb a nurse, we alternate them between the people. So one day someone's in power the other day someone else is in power, and this has been the history of Islam.

01:04:41--> 01:05:00

This has been the history of Islam. So we should not look for perfection in these things. We should not look for or expect perfection in power and politics. This is part of the fitna through which Allah subhanho wa Taala tests. So these are the major fit

01:05:00--> 01:05:08

Then, so even after I want to do Qatar but on the EULA and in fact, after Rasul Allah salAllahu Alaihe Salam passed away. What happened?

01:05:09--> 01:05:53

Was there fitna or not, there wasn't the major fitna during Abu Bakr Cydia called the Allah horns Khilafah which only lasted 27 months he had to contend with, with her Uber read the the backstory of apostasy. Many of the some of the tribes at the Epstein's they turned away. Some of them did not turn away from Islam they remain Muslims, but they refused to respect his authority as far as the car was concerned. So they refuse to pay the car to him. Their arguments was we Muslim we pray we continue to fast we continue to pay soccer, but we will not pay the car to the central government, ie to the Khalifa in and within three Munawwara. We will distribute the car amongst ourselves. Some

01:05:53--> 01:05:55

of them said that so

01:05:57--> 01:06:02

there was rebellion and Sedition in the 27th brief

01:06:03--> 01:06:11

time of Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Allah azza wa jal, the Allah horn during his years, of course,

01:06:12--> 01:06:15

there was no great fitna per se, but

01:06:16--> 01:06:44

there were minor fit without doubt. But then the great fit and arose after see that Barbara de Allah, he was Shaheed he was martyred, and where was he martyred? He was martyred in the masjid of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa Salam on the masala on this adjured Once leading the Sahaba of the Allah on him and the Muslims in federal Salah if that's not a fit now offsets Ameerul Momineen being martyred

01:06:45--> 01:06:55

along with other Sahaba of the Allahu Anhu also martyred on that occasion in mystery than the visa Lulla Hardy who was sending it in fragile Salah if that isn't fit now what is

01:06:57--> 01:07:14

what are the Allah who passed away he left this dunya with one with the Allah horn became the Khalifa. Six years his colorful was approximately 12 years, six years it was fine. Latin six years, there was rebellion from many parts, Egypt's Kufa era.

01:07:15--> 01:07:37

So many acts of rebellion. They marched on Al Madina Munawwara they surrounded the house of man with the Allahu and they prevented him from leading Salah in the masjid. They prevented him from drinking water from the very well, which he had purchased and donated to the Muslims during the time of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa salam

01:07:38--> 01:07:53

holder wala Quwata illa biLlah eventually they stormed the house and martyred him in cold blood whilst he was reading the Moussaieff in the Quran, sitting down in fact, his blood was spilt on the pages of the Holy Quran.

01:07:56--> 01:08:17

His wife tried to protect him at the last minute they even cut off the fingers of his wife in his home of mine with the Allah and under such turbulence and tomatoes conditions was martyred and he was the son in law of Rasul Allah so Allah it was him twice the Khalifa of the Muslims.

01:08:20--> 01:08:43

And that's how he left the world of mammal the alarm will Shaheed or model the alarm was Shahi, because of the brutal slaying of earthworm or the Allah and the manner in which he was persecuted because of the rebellion against the authority of the Laffer because of the rebellious nature of some of these rebels from different parts of the Muslim realm.

01:08:47--> 01:09:11

Various people including many in actual the Allahu anha dollhouse zubaid, many of us have battled the EULA on Humala to not be Sofia and and various others from Sham from Makkah, and from other parts of the Muslim realm, and even parts of Iraq. They demanded the blood, the event that the avenging of the blood of Earth man with the love and they demanded

01:09:14--> 01:09:24

they felt they had a right his family members his successes, his extended family, the people of his clan, they demanded the avenging of his blood.

01:09:25--> 01:09:29

And that's why they marched. Unfortunately, that led to

01:09:32--> 01:09:33

civil war that was a fitna.

01:09:36--> 01:09:37

They fought

01:09:39--> 01:09:50

in the First famous battle, look at Regeneron the Battle of the Camel. And the reason they called it the Battle of the Camel was money and he traveled the Allah Varna was one of the leaders

01:09:51--> 01:09:56

of that faction. And she was in her

01:09:57--> 01:09:58


01:10:01--> 01:10:02

panning kin

01:10:05--> 01:10:05

on the camel.

01:10:08--> 01:10:09

And she was actually on the battlefield.

01:10:12--> 01:10:20

Salman so that the arrows that struck her Holdridge made it look like a porcupine. Holdridge.

01:10:21--> 01:10:22

a pelican.

01:10:23--> 01:10:28

In English, the two words to describe the whole width edge holder, or holder,

01:10:29--> 01:10:43

without the gene, H O, W, da, H without the H holder, it's an English word, but it's taken from the where the voltage Arabic the other word to describe his Palin kin, which is taken from Indian

01:10:44--> 01:10:46

it's, it's it's actually derived from palang.

01:10:48--> 01:11:02

So in order to in Asian languages, we have the normal bed with the straps, that's known as a balance. So the word Palin kin in English is tail is derived from bling, so whether you call it a holdout or Palin kin, both words are derived from either Arabic or

01:11:04--> 01:11:24

Indian languages. So the whole adage the holder, the parent can have 1 million shuttled the Allah on the camel. He was attacked to such an extent that the arrows embedded in this Holder made it look like a porcupine that's actually mentioned in the narrations it looked like a porcupine. Eventually the camel was hamstrung. And then

01:11:26--> 01:11:57

and that was all meaning it shattered the EULA and has hold the camera was hamstrung. Eventually the battle ended and then all in a shot all the love and that was returned to Medina. However, we should also remember that when what when in actuality Allah is often cited as a pioneering example, to be emulated and followed and a and a pioneering precedent in her leadership on this occasion when she went out, but we should never forget, you can't just quote and cite things in hearts.

01:12:01--> 01:12:28

The truth is when what when in actuality, Allah harm her she did march on this occasion, she did lead this group of Muslims. She was instrumental and influential in this campaign. However, following that, she was actually doubtful during the course, because on her way from Mecca to Massara, she came across a certain region where she was hesitant to proceed, and she even wanted to go back.

01:12:30--> 01:13:19

And only on the convincing of others did she continue, so she harbored reservations and doubts, even on her way to Basra from Makkah one, two, after the Battle of the Camel, woman walking in a shuttle de la Varna. In fact, even before that, the her sister wives, almost Sonoma huddled the Allahu anha and all the others. They were vociferous. And they were very strong in their opinion, that she was in error, and she should not march in this way, and she should not leave. So the other wives refused to support her one. And not only that, they also try to dissuade her, because they felt that was against the spirit of the life of the wives of the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam, and not only

01:13:19--> 01:14:12

that, when she was returned to Medina, from then, till the day she left this world, she forever regret this. Not the loss, she regretted having marched and having gone out and having campaigned in the first place. And in order to compensate for that she would weep until her KEMAR her scarf would be wet with tears on every occasion. And not only that, to expiate and to compensate for that one woman in a shuttle the Allahu Allah would give in charity emancipate free prisoners, give in the way of Allah specifically to expiate and to compensate for that camp for her going out and leading on that campaign. So, on the one hand, we hear of anti Shah the Allahu anha, being a pioneer and a

01:14:12--> 01:14:59

leader, and being bold and forward and setting a precedent and an example, but we never hear the other half. The other half is winging it shuttle, the Aloha Harbor, dat and reservation, she was discouraged by the other sister wives. And not only that, but after this campaign, she refused to ever become involved again, she refused to ever leave again. And not only that, she regretted it for the rest of her life. She expressed remorse and regret publicly and explicitly and she continued to weep and repent. She actually called it repentance. She called it boba she called it repentance. She would repent and weep and give in the way of Allah to compensate for that. So let us not say

01:15:00--> 01:15:02

Right, and quote, only half of the story.

01:15:04--> 01:15:24

So that's the reason that was called the Battle of the Camel book to the German after the guy to the German. That was a huge fitna. The the second part of the fitna was, what character Sufi, where the Sahaba of the Allahu anhu, again met in rival camps in Safin. This is near Iraq and in the northern part of Iraq and Syria.

01:15:25--> 01:16:10

And they're the two factions faced off with each other the people of Iraq with Adel the Allah and the people of Sham with Maya, WB Sofia and some others. And these will also have out of the Lavon This is that fitna that Tabata, the Lavon was referring to, this is a fitna that where they fuddled the Allah Han was referring to, and this is an Islamic history is known as the first great fitna, and sadly on both sides were Sahaba. The Allahu anhu, however, do remember, this is no disparagement or to trash of the Sahaba of the Allahu Anhu or detraction, from their noble virtue and their position. Each believed they were on truth. And not only that, unfortunately, as is always the case,

01:16:10--> 01:16:18

there were many malefic wound and hypocrites in between or stoking the fires of fitna and in fact, what are two German

01:16:20--> 01:16:52

the Battle of the Camel, the battle would not have taken place there were actually close to some sort of agreements because negotiations were taking place on both occasions in the Battle of Safina later, and before that in the Battle of the Camel. On both occasions, there were negotiations and negotiations were close to succeeding, have they succeeded, the Sahaba of the Allahu Anhu would have come together in agreement, there would have been not a single arrow shot. However, on both occasions, hypocrites troublemakers

01:16:53--> 01:17:06

realized that their nefarious plans plots and schemes were going to come to naught. So in order to ensure that a battle did take place, I won't go into the details, but the facts are there. They

01:17:08--> 01:17:49

created further fitna, and they actually instigated small skirmishes on both occasions, which then steamrolled an avalanche into a full scale battle. So the Hippocrates played their part then as well. So the Battle of the Camel, the Battle of Sofia, these are two parts of that first great fitna that arose after the martyrdom part of our family Allah and eventually led to the Allah on his Hara for only lasted five years, five years and what happened to see them earlier, be valuable the Allah one same Shahada. He was martyred. Earlier the Allah one was martyred.

01:17:51--> 01:17:51


01:17:53--> 01:18:22

Why were you to interview Sophia and continue to rule with relative stability for approximately 20 years after led the Allah horn only 20 years after 20 years what happened the Sahaba were still alive. His son is either no more Alia was nominated. As a Khalifa, many of the Sahaba of the Allahu Anhu refused to accept his authority. And after more Alia to not be Sophia passed away years either more Alia his son assumed responsibility for the philosopher.

01:18:24--> 01:18:34

Many of the Sahaba of the Allahu Anhu refused to recognize him. Not many some of the Sahaba of the Allahu Anhu famous monks some Abdullah had was a bank and others

01:18:36--> 01:18:57

as a result, he is even while we are only remained in power for approximately four years, and in those four years Subhan Allah what happened in those four years whilst the Sahaba was still alive. The only reason I'm mentioning this is to show fitna is part of our life fitna is part of dunya what happened in those four years, just four years

01:19:00--> 01:19:17

after my our youth are going to be Sofia and passed away in those four years La hawla wala Quwata illa biLlah Maka who was attacked Medina who was attacked the see them. Hussein the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his grandson was brutally martyred in Karbala and this was just in the space of four years.

01:19:18--> 01:19:21

If these aren't fit them, and what's fit.

01:19:23--> 01:19:27

After a few years later, Abdullah Hebrews is available. The Allahu

01:19:28--> 01:19:37

Maga was in another attack, Miguel, also in those four years, and in what way was Medina attacked? It was attacked brutally

01:19:38--> 01:19:46

to such an extent that people could not go to the masjid in the visa Lulla it was some facade. They couldn't.

01:19:49--> 01:19:51

People were massacred in Medina.

01:19:52--> 01:20:00

Allah ma who Firth pura were massacred. So how about the Allah who are in Houma martyred in element

01:20:00--> 01:20:04

meaningful Manawa in those four years in the famous or infamous walk,

01:20:05--> 01:20:19

the Battle of the love attract to Medina has to lava tracks. So one of them was a place where a large battle took place after that Medina was attacked and he was ransacked. Medina was sacked.

01:20:20--> 01:20:29

Medina was actually sacked. The city of the province of the lohardagan was Sanlam within the first 65 years of Hijra

01:20:32--> 01:20:43

Sahaba Martin many RollerMouse Firth Corolla Martin after Medina a few years later, Macau for a second time was laid siege to was besieged by

01:20:45--> 01:20:48

the Almighty it forces and this is Makoto Makarova.

01:20:49--> 01:21:04

The Kaaba was catapulted with manga dolls and catapults. He was bombarded the GABA was set on fire by manga Al's Abdullah who was invaded the Allahu and, and the others, they took refuge in

01:21:06--> 01:21:18

Alicia do haram. In fact, in that hadith the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam foretold this, the name of Abdullah Hebrew zubaid, he wasn't mentioned by name, but there was a description of the villa

01:21:19--> 01:21:22

the one who would take refuge

01:21:23--> 01:21:32

in the house of Allah Allah obeyed the law, the one who would take refuge in the house of Allah. Who did that turn out to be Abdullah Agnes obaidul The Allahu and

01:21:33--> 01:21:58

people of Makkah took refuge in the Masjid Al haram, and the army of forces Muslim. They continued to catapult and Mr. Haram and the garba set it on fire. Miguel was conquered people were massacred Abdullah Hamza bay because he hit his sheep because he declared philosopher Abdullah Hamza Badal the Allah one was executed. He was hung up on a kibbutz

01:21:59--> 01:22:06

his mother a smarter the Allahu Arnheim elderly age had to go and retrieve his body from the chip

01:22:08--> 01:22:10

the grandson of obika Cydia for the Allah,

01:22:12--> 01:22:13

the grandson of a Zubaydah,

01:22:15--> 01:22:18

sorry, the son of Abdullah, the son of disobeyed

01:22:20--> 01:23:06

the grandson of workers at the foot of the law and the son of a smarter the Allahu anha, the nephew of a woman in a shuttle de alarma. He had to be retrieved by his mother, no one else. And that's within the first few decades of a snap. If these aren't fit and what is fitna and then after there that will be yours consolidated their power, but for how long? After that 60 or so years before another fitna arose. And then there were forces from different parts of the Muslim round and rebellion rose against the mermaids, the Abbasids came to power and the above acids, how were some of the Amelia princes massacre Dina is brutal La hawla wala Quwata illa biLlah. Some of the above

01:23:06--> 01:23:07

said rebels

01:23:08--> 01:23:14

when they took over the mosh Damascus which was the seat of immediate power. On one occasion,

01:23:15--> 01:23:19

the Abbas it actually had dinner,

01:23:21--> 01:23:26

they kill the Omega princes massacred them and had dinner over their bodies.

01:23:30--> 01:23:35

Now these details are gruesome, but these are fitting these are fitting.

01:23:36--> 01:23:38

And this has always been

01:23:40--> 01:23:41

unfortunately part of history.

01:23:42--> 01:23:44

And if we continue

01:23:45--> 01:24:11

throughout the Muslim centuries, in different parts of the world, even overlooking attacks on Muslims from non Muslims, disregarding them, when Muslims fought amongst themselves, in fact, throughout the history of Muslims, whether they were Muslims in Spain, whether there were Muslims in Iraq, Sham in

01:24:13--> 01:24:36

Turkey, in Africa, all of the Muslim dynasties and monarchies and Muslim powers in almost every region in different parts of Muslim history. You will come across fitna for Sir corruption, strife, Discord, sedition disharmony, and not only that, even within friendlies, even in Mughal India

01:24:37--> 01:24:44

sons imprisoning their fathers, brothers killing brothers all for power over the

01:24:47--> 01:24:48

fret side.

01:24:50--> 01:24:53

patricide regicide

01:24:56--> 01:24:57

in France,

01:24:58--> 01:25:00

killing children killing

01:25:00--> 01:25:03

In parents killing brothers, siblings.

01:25:04--> 01:25:22

It was it was more common than we can think. And this is amongst Muslims. So fitna facade has always been part of our history. These are the fifth and that the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam prophesized, he said by the robot Armada fitting in kata Elaine in Muslim

01:25:23--> 01:25:29

sadita Muslim from a warrior or the Allah on birds it will be very fitting and Qatari Leyland Muslim.

01:25:31--> 01:25:36

You spell Roger the movement and William SICA Farah before the arrival of fitten.

01:25:39--> 01:25:54

Proceed and beads and surpass fit through good deeds and what will these fit and be like? They will be like the dark part or they will be like the parts of a dark night. Meaning is

01:25:56--> 01:26:00

that when a person looks at night thinks oh, it's dark now.

01:26:02--> 01:26:12

But as night proceeds progresses, it becomes darker and darker. That's why they often say the darkest part of the night is just before dawn. So a person thinks is dark now.

01:26:13--> 01:26:55

And then before he realizes it's already night, so it's dark. But no, the later hours of the night are darker and darker and darker and darker until the darkest part of the night is just before the crack of dawn. This is the meaning of glitter inlaid in Muslim night the parts of a dark night and as explained in another Hadith, where the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam says fit them will come upon you so much so that are put in rapid succession a person will say this fitna is going to finish me and destroy me. This fitna is going to finish me and destroy me. But he survives, he just manages to scrape through and then another one comes along. And what the next one does is that the next

01:26:55--> 01:27:34

fitna is so much more severe that it dilutes the experience of the first one. So he then says this one is going to finish me. We scrape through the next fitna, until another fit Mark comes These are the words of the Hadith. They will die that next fitna will dilute the previous fitna. The next fitna comes he thinks this will finish me but he managed to scrape through each subsequent fitna will be so severe that it dilutes the experience and the memory of the previous one. And he thinks this one is worse than before, but this will destroy me. This will destroy me. And in this way he proceeds through life. fitna is part of our life. There is fitna in major things like these fifth

01:27:34--> 01:27:41

and that I've described. And then apart from that, there is fitna in ourselves in our wealth and our families in our children.

01:27:43--> 01:28:02

Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah has told us that we will be tested. This is the reality of fitna, so now what do we do? So what does the Quran tell us to do? What does the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam advise us to do in the face of fitna, there are a number of things and I'll end with this we don't have time to go into detail but one

01:28:03--> 01:28:05


01:28:06--> 01:28:10

Silence. Do not wag your tongue.

01:28:11--> 01:28:13

Do not contribute to the fitna.

01:28:14--> 01:28:22

Do not add to it. Do not stoke the flames. Do not add fuel to the fire. By speak.

01:28:23--> 01:28:27

Every word in figma is like the stump striking of a sword.

01:28:29--> 01:28:34

Remain silent. concern yourself with yourself.

01:28:35--> 01:29:18

keep to yourself. This is what many of us How about are the Allahu Anhu did and not only that, it was the Allah Who unset the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa salam ala Rasulillah manager what salvation how do I save myself? And this applies even in fitna. What did the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam say to him? I'm sick and equally Sonic while you're sacked Kobe took what Kiana? Hopefully you take that hold your tongue I in silence. Let your home in your house confine you stay at home. What Kiana hottie ethic and weep over your sin. concern yourself with yourselves. In another Hadith Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said so the Sahaba it'll be Allah one for alayka because that

01:29:18--> 01:29:59

enough sick that concern yourself with only your closest and dearest ones. And I'll actually explain this hadith in detail. On another occasion, where I'll speak on the topic of concern yourself with yourself and this is related to fit that in fitna, the best thing to do is adopt silence. concern yourself with yourself, weep over your sins, continue to do good deeds. And as a hadith of who they follow the Allah Allah says, stick to your Salah, your sohm, your sadaqa. These will expiate and compensate for the failures in fitna. Not only that, realize that