Tafseer Quran Surah Fatiha By Lecture 7 Of 7
Channel: Navaid Aziz
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In and hamdulillah number
one out of the villa Himanshu Rory and fusina woman sejati Amina Mayor de la foto de la de
da de la, la la la la la la sharika wash I don't know Mohammed Abu Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa seldom at the Sleeman kathira Ahmed, my dear brothers and sisters salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
I want to start off with sharing a small reflection with you. Allah subhanho wa Taala. He tells us in Surah, Ibrahim will attack him in Colima, Sol to move into iodonium Allah He lives in in Santa Monica for that Allah subhanho wa Taala. He tells us in this verse, indeed I have given you from each and every single thing that you have asked for. And if you were to try to enumerate the blessings of Allah subhanho wa Taala, you would never be able to do so. Indeed mankind is ever oppressive and ever denying. Now in this verse, Allah subhanaw taala starts off by telling us that He has given us every single thing that we have asked for. And this statement is factual. But
there's more to it than meets the eye. Because as you see Allah subhana wa tada has given us much, much more than we have asked for. In fact, he's given us from those things that we did not even ask for. It was reported by enamel Shafi Rahim Allah and this is going to be our reflection for the day within lights Allah, that enamel Shafi Rahim, Allah was making dua to Allah subhana wa tada for unfair dose. And he made to Allah subhanaw taala by saying, Oh Allah, you blessed me with Islam, and I did not ask for it. So now I'm asking you for unfair those so granted to me, and this shows you that the greatest blessing that Allah subhanaw taala has given us in this world is an Islam. But for
the vast majority of us. It wasn't a choice that we made, but rather we were born into Muslim families. And thus we continued upon this way. And Allah subhanaw taala gave us that great blessing and we didn't even ask for it. So Imam Shafi Rahim Allah He uses this concept by saying, Oh Allah, you gave this to me and I did not even ask for it. So now I'm asking you for those. So granted to me, Allah subhanaw taala. He continues in this verse by saying, and if you were to try to enumerate the blessings of Allah, you would never be able to do so. Now now Masha, Allah, he had another reflection on this part of the verse, he said, the ability to recognize a blessing from Allah
subhana wa Tada. And thank Allah subhanho wa Taala, for that blessing is a blessing within of itself. Meaning that each time you are given a blessing and you recognize it, that recognition is a blessing for what you need to give sugar for. So that means you will be giving sugar to Allah subhanho wa Taala and infinity amount of times, because each time you recognize each time you think that is a blessing from Allah, so you're not giving anything to Allah, but rather Allah subhanaw taala is blessing you by being able to thank him. And then the last part of the verse, Allah subhanho wa Taala says, in an insane amount of unknown kufr, that indeed mankind is ever oppressive,
and ungrateful. So how does this actually tie into the verse When does an individual become oppressive? An individual becomes oppressive, when he knows that Allah subhanaw taala gave him a blessing, but he does not thank Allah subhanho wa Taala for it, that is when he becomes oppressive, and he becomes ever done denying and you'll notice the word Allah subhanaw taala he uses over a year is Kfar and this comes from the same root word of Kufa. And what it means over here is to cover something up. So you are to deny it altogether. And mankind becomes ever denying over here when he recognizes the blessing, but he thinks that it is from his own self, that he earned his own self and
that he was deserving of this blessing, and that no gratitude is deserving to Allah subhanho wa Taala that is when mankind becomes our denial. Now, why am I mentioning this verse? Why am I beginning with this verse? Yesterday, I did something very, very, I guess for lack of a very weird very psychotic, I did a one day road trip to Edmonton. And I wanted to have fun, you know, there was a brother there. I don't know for the, um, does everyone use YouTube? Anyone here not use YouTube? Okay, what I want you to do is inshallah, when you get a chance when you go home to YouTube, search this name, his name is fatty. gravich If I'm not mistaken fattier, so gravich he's a 17 year old boy
17 year old boy, half of the Quran he's, you know, man may even memorize some of the other recitations of the Quran. Now, the amazing thing about him
is he sounds exactly like Michelle and Rashid alafasy. Exactly like him, in fact, even better than him and I've been watching his clips for a long time and you know, he's in Edmonton now so that let me go pray for are we behind him. Unfortunately didn't get the pizza.
Are we behind it, but I got to pray model behind him. And Subhanallah It was one of the best prayers I'd played in such a long time. Like I've never heard such a beautiful recitation. Then followed by that. We went to another Masjid and they had another Imam there. His name's Cody for him, Ahmed. Sorry, Ahmed for him. And this individual is from Egypt. And you know, Mashallah Egyptians, they're, they're talented in their voices, they can do this whole uphill bosses, impersonation, and, you know, hold their breath for like 50 seconds, and, you know, keep on going with Salah, he was able to do that. But not only was he able to do that his talent in particular, is that he's perfected pitch
and tone when it comes to recitation. So it's like, when the verses of fire verses of general come his pitch and tone, it fluctuates. And you can see like, from the very beginning of sort of idea, people start crying, like he just has that effect on people. So praying behind him was a big blessing as well. Then to top it off, you had Dr. Raja Buddha, he was giving his like, hautala between the thoroughly and after thorough, he was done, he was getting a physical Voodoo class. So overall, it was a big, big blessing. And that was fantastic. And that's something I wanted to share with you. That's one that was something more than I possibly could have asked for. And this is just
like a small blessing from Allah Spinetta hearing recitation, how about the other blessings that Allah subhanaw taala gave us from our eyesight from our seeing, you know, being in righteous company being a woman being able to open up together, these are all great blessings. But I share this reflection because it's another great blessing for me that will hamdulillah a first step has been completed for me like I made a promise to the community that within lights and we will finish the year of the Quran. Sometime during my life when the lights Allah and building lights Allah tonight we will be finishing the first surah which is sort of fat. So for me that be the lights on is going
to be a big accomplishment that one step has been complete. We have another 113 students left typical inshallah time. So now let's get down to this sort of sort of sort of fatsia. We're down to the very last verse, where Allah subhanho wa Taala says, very little Malibu, big him with a body, not the path of those people who have earned your anger nor those people who have gone astray. So here this verse is in continuation of the previous verses, where Allah subhanho wa Taala taught us a door to make that Oh, Allah Guide us to the straight path, the path of those whom you have favored. And now it continues over here, and not the path of those who have earned your anger nor those who
have gone astray. So this conclusion of the door that we are taught to make a teacher several points. Point number one is that Allah subhanho wa Taala teaches us to be extremely detailed in our glance. So we asked for what we actually want to use to be guided to the straight path, the path of those whom he has favored. Now we're also asking Allah what we don't want. We're saying, Oh Allah do not guide us to the path of those people who have earned your anger nor those people who have gone astray. That is the first lesson. The second lesson we learn over here is that we learn about some of the attributes of Allah subhanho wa Taala. We learn about the attribute of anger of Allah subhana
wa to Allah. So Allah subhanho wa Taala. He teaches us over here that in fact, Allah subhanaw taala does get angry. And you notice that this is in contrast to what Allah subhanaw taala taught us at the beginning of the Surah At the beginning of the surah Allah subhanho wa Taala teaches us about Rahman, and Rahim, the one who bestows mercy on the one who owns all of mercy. So here you see contrast over here as well. So in its essence, Allah subhana wa tada is compassionate and merciful and the owner of mercy. And this is the foundation and origin of Allah subhanho wa Taala. But there are certain people that when they interact with a line, they deal with Allah subhanho wa Taala, as
merciful as he is, they will still incur the anger of Allah subhana wa Tada. And another interesting to note over here is that if you look at the change in persona of the DA, so we said at the beginning of the inner circle, Mr. Kim that Oh Allah guide us to the street path. So we're directly speaking to Allah, serrulata Latina and Anthony, the past of those whom you have favored. So again, directly speaking to Allah subhanho wa Taala. Then in the conclusion of this verse, we go gladers, modal, the modal darling, not the past of those, who are you have whom have earned your anger, nor of those who have gone straight. So it's gone from direct in communication to Allah to speaking to
Allah subhanho wa Taala in the third person, not the people whom have earned your anger, nor those people who have gone astray. So speaking the third person right now, and it will call him Rahim Allah He mentioned this lesson, that when blessings come from Allah subhanho wa Taala be directly emanate from Allah subhanho wa Taala. But when people go astray or they earn the anger of Allah subhanho wa Taala. This is not because Allah subhanaw taala guided them to that, but it was because this was their own conscious decision. That is, Well listen, I know what Allah addresses the last part in the third person addresses the last part in the third person. So now, the concept of
understanding names and attributes of Allah subhanaw taala. If you look at the beginning of the surah, Allah subhanho wa Taala clearly gives us
Five of his names clearly gives us five of his names. The first one he gives us is Allah. The second one, he gives us his Ar Rahman. The third one, he gives us his Rahim. And then he gives us a rub. And then he gives us a medic, he gives us a rub. And so Rabbul aalameen and Maliki are muddy. These are five names that are given to us in this surah and then we're given some of the attributes of Allah subhanaw taala in the surah, as well, we're given some of the attributes of Allah subhanho wa Taala as well. What I want from all of you over here is I gave you one of them already, we mentioned that anger is one of the attributes of Allah subhanho wa Taala as well, but there's two other
attributes that are mentioned in the sutra who can point them out. What are the two other attributes that are mentioned in the sutra of Allah subhanaw taala?
No, those are Names of Allah subhanho wa Taala go ahead
as sons so Allah subhanaw taala is the one who guides This is an attribute of Allah subhanho wa Taala and this is a name sorry, this is an attribute from which a name is derived. So Allah subhanho wa Taala is also an Heidi. Now I need a second one as well that was very good Mashallah, what's the second one?
Yeah, either. Go ahead right after that. Okay.
Okay, so which part of that accent so Allah subhanho wa Taala is also ammonium, the one who gives blessings. So now really, these names are given in the forms of attributes. So let's define what Allah doesn't refer to himself as ammonium and unhide the over here, but rather he uses the verb that he is the one who bestows blessings, and he is the one who also guides. So now when it comes to the attribute of God, that the attribute of being angry, can we derive a name from Allah subhanho wa Taala that he is the angry one, yes or no? No, we can't exactly because Allah subhanaw taala clearly tells us in the Quran, when Allah has a smile on her Sunnah, that the names of Allah subhanaw taala,
all of them have to be good. And the fact that Allah subhana wa tada is getting angry, this is not from, you know, the initial state of Allah subhanho wa Taala. But rather This is a reaction. So when someone does something bad, then Allah subhanaw taala gets angry at that individual. But Allah subhanaw taala is original state is that of mercy is that of compassion. And this is why Allah subhanaw taala teaches us in the Quran, that the groups of the past the nations of the past, it is only when they committed their sins, that they got it that almost got angry at them. And the clearest example of this is when Allah subhanho wa Taala says, Well maka, Rama, Rama, Rama who
played on marketing that they plotted and planned and Allah plotted and planned and Allah subhanaw taala is the best of plotters and planners. No one throughout our history has ever said that one of the names of Allah subhanaw taala is a plotter and planner, because that is not from his origin but rather Allah subhanaw taala did this as a reaction and similar the attribute of anger of Allah subhanaw taala that one cannot derive a name from it one because it's not a good name to have an Allah subhanaw taala only has those names which are good. And number two, it is something which is reactionary, so the slave of Allah subhanaw taala does something bad and that is when Allah subhanaw
taala gets angry. So now what is being referred to when Allah subhana wa tada says those people who have earned the anger of Allah subhanaw taala and those people who have gone astray, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam specifically tells us what this means. I didn't know how to him he narrates as reported in the shenana v maternity that he asked the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Yara Sol Allah. When Allah subhanho wa Taala says not those people who have earned your anger nor those people who have gone astray. What is this verse referring to what is this verse referring to? And you have to understand the context of Adam Johansson or Diablo Hi Tim was from the
people of the book, he was from the People of the Book. So this is a very special question for him. So when he asked the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam this, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was very straight up with him. He said, As to the people who have earned the anger of Allah subhanho wa Taala. This is when the slide this is bending a slide that Allah subhanho wa Taala gave them the truth, but they chose not to follow it. Allah subhanaw taala gave them the truth, but they chose not to follow it. And then as for the ones who have gone astray, this these are the massada these are the Masada that these people did not bother to seek knowledge from Allah
subhanho wa Taala these people did not bother to seek knowledge from Allah subhanho wa Taala and worship Allah subhanho wa Taala on their own whims and desires worship Allah subhanaw taala on their own whims and desires. So the lesson we derive from this verse over here is not the fact that Allah subhanaw taala refers to two previous nations specifically, but the lesson we derive from this is that one will incur the anger and wrath of Allah subhanho wa Taala if they follow in their footsteps, so as being Muslim, it doesn't make us automatically better if you're disobeying Allah or worshiping Allah subhanho wa Taala without knowledge
But rather Allah subhanaw taala remind us of this, that your fate will be the same. If you follow in their footsteps, meaning that you do that you Allah subhanaw taala gives you knowledge, you do not act upon it, then you are from those people who have earned the anger of Allah subhanaw taala. Or if you think that you can worship Allah subhanho wa Taala without knowledge, then these are the people whom Allah subhanaw taala says that they have gone astray then these are the people that Allah subhanaw taala says that they have gone astray.
This verse is followed up by the statement of am mean that you know that you notice only finished circle Fatiha as we finished a little facha we say I mean to this, and this is actually a blessing from Allah subhanaw taala as we'll come to see, so firstly, what is the term I mean actually mean? The term I mean is not something that is actually new to Islam or not new to the oma of the Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but rather if you were to look into the books of tafsir, you will notice that Allah subhanaw taala didn't teach it to a previous nation. But he taught it to two of his previous prophets to two of his previous prophets. And that was Musa and Harun alayhi wa sallam.
So if you were to look into the units versus 88 and 89, there's a duel that musala salam is making one of the great officers of the Quran injury robbery, he mentioned that when Musa alayhis salam was making this Dr. Harun was saying I mean, because he wanted to share in that as well. He wanted a share in that as well. And this is why it is reported in the tsunami mama tournament. The Rahim Allah, that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that this oma was given three things that the previous nations were not given, was given three things that the previous nations were not given. The first thing that they were given was the greeting of the people of Paradise that
we say salaam aleikum to one another. This is a greeting from the people of Paradise that the previous nations were not given. The second of them is the statement of amin and the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam explains over here, what I mean actually means it is the statement of saying, Oh Allah answer or respond, Oh Allah answer, and Oh Allah respond. So this is the second thing that we were given as a nation that the previous nations were not given. The third and last thing that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentions is that we were given the roles of the angels mean that when we line up with Salah, we line up in rows, and these are this is
a manifestation or representation of the way that the angels will line up on the Day of Judgment. Allah subhanaw taala tells us in certain fudger wa buka when melaku soften suffer, that on the day of judgment when Allah subhanaw taala presents himself, the angels will line up in rows, exactly how we line up in Salah one after another. So this is something that this nation was given that the previous nations were not given as well.
The second benefit we learn about the statement of Army the second benefit we learn about the statement of Army is that it is the seal of Allah subhanho wa Taala it is the seal of Allah subhana wa Tada. There is a famous companion by the name of Abu hare Abu Zohar, he used to teach his children and he used to teach his students and he will tell them that every time you make do I always conclude you do it by saying I mean for indeed it is the seal of Allah subhana wa tada it is the seal of Allah subhana wa Tada. So they asked him all the Zohar, what does this statement mean the seal of Allah subhanaw taala and he says I was one day with the Messenger of Allah sallallahu
alayhi wa sallam, and this is narrated in Abu Dhabi. He says I was one day with the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and a man was making dua and the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and I were listening to this man's dua. And as this man was making, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that if he puts the seal of Allah upon this door, then it will surely be answered. So I asked him out of Sula, what is the seal of Allah subhanho wa Taala upon dua, so then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam responded that the seal of Allah subhanho wa Taala upon dua, is the saying of Amin. So the man finished his door, and he didn't say I mean, so
I ran behind the man and he said, Oh man, will you not have your door answered? And the man has What do you mean by that? He said, I heard the message of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam say that the door is all only be answered, if the seal of Allah is upon them. And that is the saying of Army. That is the saying of Army. So it is very important that we say army after our do us. The third benefit we learned from the statement of Army the third benefit we learned from the statement of Army is that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam tells us that when the Imam finishes the verse, one of Bali, the Imam should say amin, then he teaches us that and those behind him, they
should say Ameen as well. But here the Messenger of Allah, Allah Allah
selam he teaches us something very significant. He teaches us that at that time, the angels will say, I mean as well, the angels will say, I mean as well. And whoever statement of saying Ameen coincides with that of the angels will have all of his previous sins forgiven will have all of his previous sins forgiven. So what are the virtues we learned from this hadith? The virtues we learned from this hadith? Firstly, is that the Imam should say I mean, when he's finishing valadon in the people behind him should not say I mean, at the same time as the Imam, but rather they should say after the email, because the message of loss of them says that after the Imam says amin, then the
followers should say amin, then the followers should say I mean, that is the second thing. The third thing we learned is that the angels are even present in the Salah. And the angels are going to be saying I mean as well. And the fourth and last thing is that whoever is our mean coincides with the mean of the angels, you will have all of his previous sins forgiven all of his previous sins forgiven. Indirectly What do we learn from this Hadith, we indirectly will learn from this Hadith, the virtues of praying in congregation the virtues of praying in congregation. So the Salah prayed by itself, there is reward in it you get your reward from Allah subhanho wa Taala. But the reward of
praying congregation praying in JAMA is much, much greater. And we should not be confused about the fact that it is better to come and pray in the masjid if you're able to come to the masjid come to the masjid. However, if you're in your home, still established Gemma with your family, even if you're amongst the brothers, and just your friends, established Gemma with them, don't pray by yourselves, because this is a virtue from the Hadith, that this is an opportunity for you to have your sins forgiven just by saying one word by saying I mean behind the email. And if it coincides with that of the angels, all of your previous sins are forgiven. I mean, how much simpler and easier
can they get than that? Like if there was a concept of a lottery ticket in Islam? This is it right here that your amin has to coincide with the angels. If that happens, then you're forgiven for all of your previous sense, you're forgiven for all of your previous sins, and Alhamdulillah. With that, we conclude with the Tafseer of circle fatsia we conclude with the Tafseer of Surah Al Fatiha I want to spend the remaining time doing two things. Firstly, recapping every single thing that we've learned, but it's not as much detail. And then secondly, we'll open up the floor for questions and answers with the lights on. So the first thing that we learned from the very beginning, which was
maybe about eight weeks ago now eight weeks ago now, we learned that when we recite when we start to beginning the recitation of the Quran, we should always start with our own Oh Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim. This is when you're opening up the must have or even when you are praying that before you begin the recitation of the Quran, you begin with our o Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim. You seek refuge from a shaytaan before the recitation of the Quran. And the scholars mentioned certain virtues and benefits of this from the virtues and benefits is that she thought will not distract you from the virtues and benefits. Your knifes will not become overly impressed by your own
recitation from the virtues and benefits is that you will actually benefit from the recitation that you have and that is why it is very important to say I always will be loving ministry tanaji when we learned about the statement of Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim and we said that this statement was not unique only to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but rather it was taught to the previous nations as well. And we mentioned that Souleymane Elisa Dimas mentioned and sorta Nam and so much so number 27 verse number 30. When he wrote a letter to Shiva, he started with in the human soul a man were in the who Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim that indeed this letter is from Solomon. And
indeed it starts off with Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim. So the previous prophets news as well. We mentioned that the people of new units and they said that they were taught that before they begin to eat, they should say Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim, and likewise the owner of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they too should say Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim before beginning any act, that act will be will have more blessings in it shaytaan will be void of being in that area as the Messenger of Allah Azza wa sallam told us that she thought does not eat or drink or enter into the house of the individual that says Bismillah before they do those various acts. So it is it is a
protection from a shaitan as well. It is a reminder for one to purify their intentions, that you beginning your action with the With the name of Allah subhanaw taala so purify your intentions, that you're doing this act for the sake of Allah subhanho wa Taala it is a reminder to stay away from sins, because the one who was in the habit of saying Bismillah when he does a sentence he says Bismillah it reminds that individual that hold on, how can you begin a sin With the name of Allah subhanho wa Taala refrain from that sin. So it is a reminder from studies
Getting away from since we learned about the best mentor that the best mentor in fact is not a verse of Surat Al Fatiha. It is not a verse of saltiel Fatiha, but according to the correct opinion, it is a verse from the Koran that is separate from Surah Al Fatiha, we learned that the best mela is in the beginning of every single surah except for one surah. And that was sort of to Toba and Sora to Toba does not begin with the best meta, as the scholars mentioned for one of three reasons. reasons. Number one, is because it opposes what the beginning of surah to Toba actually mentioned that Allah subhanaw taala is free from those people who waged war and disbelieved. So Allah subhanaw taala will
not begin with He is the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful and then say he is free from those people because it opposes it is a contradictory statement. The second lesson, or the second reason is that the scholars mentioned that in fact, sudo to Toba is a continuation of sorbitol and further, it is a continuation of sorts of landfills. And that is why it doesn't need a divider between the two. And then the third reason why the scholars mentioned is that from a historical perspective, when treaties were broken between people, they will do not write Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim at the biggie at the top of their lectures that they would write informing the other party that the treaty
is being broken. And the way the revelation of shortall Bara a treaty was being broken at that time and they were being informed and thus Allah subhana wa tada did not begin with the bestseller.
We move on to Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen is the statement that All praise is due to Allah subhanho wa Taala and we learned that the term hand is different from the term sugar you make hand of someone due to characteristics that they possess within themselves and you make hummed with the tongue. And sugar is something that is done by the limbs. But most importantly, it is a response to a favor that someone does for you. Sugar is a response for a favor that someone does to you, Hamed, it is done out of love and it is done out of veneration was sugar can be insincere can be in genuine and in fact a person can hate an individual but he will still say
thank you to them out of respect. So that is another key difference. differentiation between hemp and sugar. In this verse, we also learned the importance of praising Allah subhana wa tada there when Allah subhanaw taala says unhemmed when Allah subhanaw taala says and hummed, then this is a reminder of one that we should always be praising Allah subhanaw taala and that is why Allah subhanho wa Taala says, and kondalilla horrible anime Praise be to Allah, Lord of all of creation, Lord of all of creation, meaning that for each and every single thing that Allah created, praise is due to him for that. So meaning that you should be praising Allah subhanho wa Taala throughout the
day, and innumerable amount of times, we learned that the term eila mean is refers to everything besides Allah subhanho wa Taala. And then we learned that the term rub we learned that the term rub it is the one who nurtures it is the one who creates it is the one who sustains it is the one who is obeyed. These are all definitions of the term Rob and completely they only apply to Allah subhana wa Tada. We learned about Ar Rahman and Rahim and so I need some interaction from you. We learned about Ar Rahman and Rahim that the scholars differed on three different opinions as to what they mean are actually I gave you a fourth opinion later on in terms of what is the difference between the two who
can remind me of those four opinions. What is the difference between our Rahman and Rahim one at a time in Sharma what is the difference between our minor and COVID? Yeah, yeah.
Not sorry. I was asking him. Yeah. Yeah, give me one.
All you know, you got it. You gotta die. That's fine. You just missed up one thing. So the first the differentiation is that the first group of scholars they said a Rahman is the one who shows mercy to everyone. And r Rahim. He is the one who shows mercy to the believers in specific sort of man mercy for everyone or a mercy to the believers in specific. Then the second group of scholars they said, are rough man is the one who was merciful in the dunya. And Rahim is the one who was merciful in the era. So Rahman is merciful in the dunya. And Rahim is the one who is merciful in the era. We need a third and fourth definition. A lot of MANOVA him. Go ahead.
Who shows that mercy? Excellent. So Edna calm Rahim Allah He mentioned that our man is the owner of all mercy meaning that all mercy and emanates from Allah subhana wa Tada. And our Rahim, he is the one who shows that mercy. And he mentioned over here, that is why the name of a man, it cannot be given to any of the slaves of Allah, because they do not actually own that mercy, but rather they are allowed to be named Rahim. Because they manifest that mercy they show that mercy, the mercy of the mother towards their child, the mercy of one friend to another, these are all different acts of mercy. Now, the fourth and last one was an opinion that I mentioned in the halaqa, maybe two or
three weeks after who can remember that one.
You remember, go ahead.
essence it was the opinion of Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah. He said, in fact, that Allah subhanaw taala uses the name Ar Rahman AR Rahim, as a form of emphasis for how great the mercy of Allah subhanho wa Taala is, and that is why he derives two of his names from the the attribute of mercy. And in fact, they are one and the same thing. In fact, they are one and the same thing. Good job does a calaca so that is what we learned about Ar Rahman AR Rahim, Maliki oma Deen. And here we mentioned that this is the first verse in Surah Al Fatiha that can actually be recited in different ways. So it can be recited as Maliki oma Deen and it can be recited as Maliki omitted. And the
difference between these two and actuality is not that great. So Maliki oma Dean is the Owner of the Day of Judgment, meaning that he will own everything on the Day of Judgment, and no one will have any share with him. And Maliki oma Dean, he is the king meaning the one who is obeyed. So on that day, there will be no obedience to anyone except Allah subhana wa Tada. And in fact, obedience we will become compulsory mean that in this dunya we have the option to choose what we do that Allah tells us to pray, we can choose do we want to pray, do we not want to pray, it is our option. But on the day of judgment when Allah subhana wa tada says, You are going to the Hellfire, you have no
option on that day you will be forced into the Hellfire, whether you like it or not. So that is what the difference between Malik and Malik, Yama, Dean, it is the day of a dean and the dean we said has various meanings to it, from it is a debt that needs to be repaid from it is the meaning that it is a way of life. So those are the various meanings of a deed and over here in particular remains, there is the day that all debts will be compensated all debts will be paid off. So if you owe anyone anything, whether it is to Allah or to besides to Allah subhanaw taala justice will be done on that day and no one can escape from it. No one can escape from it. Maliki or Medina then we move on to er
cannot Buddha can stain the ear canal boo means that it is only you Allah that we worship, what he can sustain and it is only you that we seek help from Eben tenia Rahim Allah mentioned a very beautiful lesson. From this verse. He mentions a very beautiful lesson from this verse. And this is I guess the lesson that I want all of you to live with today. So if you're paying attention pay attention during this time right now with the lights Allah Evan Tamia Rahim Allah says that the term er cannot do is to prevent us from ever having Ria to ever to prevent us from ever having ostentation or ever thinking that an act of a bother can be done for other than the sake of Allah
subhanaw taala ear canal Buddha is a reminder for that and that is why we recite it so many times. And he says the term er can stay in that you are the only one we seek assistance from. It is a cure to all arrogance. It is to remind an individual that we're constantly in the need of Allah subhana wa tada and that without Allah subhanho wa Taala we would be nothing. So the first is a cure for Ria and ostentation. And the second is a cure for arrogance and pride. And that is the lesson we need to live with today that this is a subliminal message that Allah subhanaw taala sends us a little fattier each time that when you do a bada make sure it's only for the sake of Allah and that fact
that you are seeking assistance from Allah subhanho wa Taala is a reminder that without Allah, you're absolutely nothing. A second lesson we learned from this verse is that the concept of the an or seeking help is mentioned in this verse. Because to complete the worship of Allah subhanaw taala you actually need the assistance of Allah subhanaw taala that even worshipping Allah, you need the assistance of Allah. And that is why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he talked more either bingeable that at the end of every Salah he should say Allahumma inni and ethically cover shakalaka more harshly by the tick that Oh Allah ADB and helped me and remembering you in perfecting your
worship and in showing gratitude to you that this is a reflection of sorbitol fattier, that even in worshiping Allah, we need the assistance of Allah subhana wa Tada.
Then we go on to a demo sort of stuck in that Oh Allah Guide us to the straight path and the straight path is the path of Allah subhanaw taala, the path of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the path of the companions on that which they agreed upon. So the companions ever agreed upon a matter then this was considered to be from the straight path it was considered to be from the straight path. We go on to serrata Latina and I'm telling him The path of those whom you have favored. And notice over here that Allah subhanho wa Taala he mentioned the term Surat two times, whereas Allah subhanaw taala did not need to mention Salaam two times he could have just said
Salaam stuck in and I'm telling him that the straight path of those whom you have favored, but the reason that Allah subhanaw taala mentioned Surat over here two times, it is for a lesson it is for a lesson. And this is a very important lesson to understand that when Allah subhanho wa Taala repeats something in the Koran. The easy way out that a lot of them are fussy rune or the scholars of zero take out is that they would say that Allah subhanho wa Taala he does this for emphasis. He does this for emphasis that is the easy way out. But a general principle in tafsir states at CES are laminated that establishing a new meaning of the Koran takes precedence over emphasis and repetition. So here
let us try to look at what are the possible benefits one can get from Allah subhanaw taala repeating the term setup over here, what are the possible benefits, benefits number one, even Jerry w mentions that Allah subhanaw taala tells us that the truth the straight path is distinct and separate from any group of people. the straight path is distinct and separate from any group of people. So you say salata, Misaki, serata, Latina, nandana him that the truth exists, whether people are on it or not, the truth will always be there. And this is that famous statement of Abdullah bin Omar that the truth will never be known by the way of men, but know the truth and you will know it's people
teaching us that the truth will always be distinct from people and Allah subhanho wa Taala teaches us this and sort of fattier that the truth will always be there whether people are on it or not. And that truth that Allah subhanaw taala is referring to is again referring to the Quran, Sunnah, and it's more of the Sahaba radi Allahu anhu A second reason why Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions the term Surat is because it is preceded by the
tolerable request of a dinner of guidance. So here is why no data teaches us that guidance is also of two types. The guidance that Allah subhanaw taala can only give you and this is hayti to tofik that is only from Allah subhana wa Tada. So it is only Allah subhanho wa Taala that can truly change your heart to be a correct believer to be on the straight path. And this is manifest in the law of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam where he used to say Yama palpable coleauxv will absorb a bit Colby Allah Dini, Allah denecke that Oh, a large change of the of the sight and the hearts, converge my heart or change my heart or establish my heart upon your religion. So the Messenger of
Allah wa sallam used to make this dua, and it is also represented in the verse of the Quran where the Messenger of Allah says Adam is taught in Nicoletta demon above that, indeed, all you messenger of Allah cannot guide those whom you love, meaning that this form of guidance is from Allah subhanho wa Taala alone. And then Allah subhanho wa Taala teaches us about the second form of guidance. The second form of guidance is that which we as human beings can give to other people. And this is seen in the verse where Allah subhanho wa Taala tells the Messenger of Allah Azza wa sallam when naka de la salado Mr. Kim, that you all message of Allah Azza wa sallam indeed do guide to the straight
path. So this is a form of guidance where one gives direction, but it is up to Allah subhanho wa Taala to grant Tofig or to the acceptance of that direction. Then Allah subhanaw taala teaches us who are those people that are able to grant a direction or who are the people whom we should take direction from? And this is seen in certain Nisa, verse number 65, or 69. What Allah subhanho wa Taala says woman UTI la wa salam, ala da da da da, da da da human in the bean was the screen will show her that he was sorry, he was you know that he got Africa. So when this verse, Allah subhanaw taala teaches us who are the people that Allah subhanho wa Taala has showed his favor upon likewise
the subliminal message, who are the people whom we should seek guidance from, and the message and Allah subhanaw taala tells us those four categories of people. The first category of people is then to be human. It is the power is the plural of unabie, mainly prophets and messengers. And the term to be it encompasses the term raw soul as well, because we said that every raw soul is a newbie, but not every newbie is a lawsuit, so includes the prophets and messengers. The second group of people is acidic on those people.
Who are very hasty, not even hasty, but very quick and accepting the truth, then Allah subhanaw taala plays something special in their hearts and in terms of accepting the truth and making the truth manifest. So, there is a specific and a general meaning, the specific meaning it is for those people that Allah subhanaw taala has called Sadiq. So we mentioned that it refers to many of the prophets as seen in the Quran, but specifically, it refers to medium, we said that the reason is specifically true first and medium and not the prophets is because the prophets have a higher status and the term Nabhi is Ola minister Duke That is why referred to them as in the B and not as acidic,
whereas the rank of Meridian, she was given the rank of A deca and that is why we refer to her as deca, likewise it was given to Abu Bakar rhodiola when he was given this title of acidic and these are the two people that we know of that this was their rank that was given to it was their rank that was given to so the second category assisted the code. Some of the scholars mentioned that the category of olema also falls under these people, they fall under a Sadiq Khan. Then Allah subhanaw taala mentions a Shahada. These are the people who sacrificed their lives for the sake of Allah subhana wa tada and a solid hain. They are the righteous people that are perpetual in the worship of
Allah subhanho wa Taala. They are perpetual and the worship of Allah subhanho wa Taala. One of the lessons we learned from this verse is Sheikh Mohammed domination treaty, Rahim Allah. He mentioned that this verse is a proof that Abu Bakar the Allahu anhu was most deserving of the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that there was no life on this matter that Allah subhanho wa Taala has said this matter for us already. And this was seen that when Allah subhanho wa Taala said he had no Salatin will stop him salata Latina nom de la him, he went on to narrate the verse or recite the verse from Surah Al Anam, that the most deserving of people are then the BU and then this
is the code. So here Allah subhanaw taala made it clear that in terms of following you first follow the prophets, and then this is the code and there was no other Siddiq at the time of the Prophet other than Abu Bakr radi Allahu anhu. So this verse is a clear example that Abu Bakr radi Allahu anhu was indeed indeed most deserving of the khilafah and then the last two, the last verse which we took Gradle mokuba him when we learned that in today's Hanukkah, and Alhamdulillah bieniemy he be near me, he reportedly he did the masala hat that alternates due to Allah subhanaw taala with his favorites and with his virtues, that we complete the righteous deeds so we pray that Allah subhanaw
taala accepts from us and grants us the tofik to do the next 113 sutras with the lights on. I hope you guys will stick around for that show. They will that will conclude panicle llama we have Nick shadowline land as the Europa League.