Tafseer Quran Surah Fatiha By Lecture 2 Of 7

Navaid Aziz

Channel: Navaid Aziz

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Topics: Tafsir

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In Alhamdulillah Nakamoto who honestly I know who won the stock photo when I was a Bella human surely and fusina woman sejati Rama Nina Maria de la dama de la mejor de la was shadow Wanda ilaha illAllah hula hula de cada or shadow Ana Mohammed Abu or a solo sallallahu alayhi wa early he was talking he was seldom at the Sleeman kathira Am I bad? My dear brothers and sisters salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.

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So let's do a quick recap of what we learned last week have been the lights on last week we started off by talking about the other Who can tell me what is the either is when we say it's the other What does it refer to?

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Go ahead.

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Okay, well, when we talk about this, the other one is the saying of what phrase

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absence so it is the saying of our building industry technology. And as this the other represents what what does it represent?

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spiritual refuge with Allah subhanho wa Taala. Excellent. Question number two, we were talking about the specific meanings of this the other and we said that from the specific meanings of this, the other one we talked about shaytaan is that shaytaan has two meanings. What were the two main meanings of a strip on linguistically speaking, what is the shaitan? come from?

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Go ahead.

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Excellent. So opinion number one is that something that is extremely far so shaytan is far from the mercy of Allah subhana wa, tada, you have a second one

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cent. So what is the one who is constantly and regularly angry, and we said that as human beings, we get angry when something bad happens. But as for shaytan, he is constantly in a state of anger. And this was seen in the oath that he took from Allah subhanho wa Taala, that shaytaan made one mistake and he took an oath to Allah subhanho wa Taala that underneath Allah, Yeoman new bathroom that give me life till the Day of Judgment, and you will see that I always know I will try my best to lead the people astray. So that was question number two. Question number three, when we spoke about this, the other we said that the scholars differed in two opinions as to should the other be done at the

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beginning of the recitation, or at the end of the recitation, the scholars who said it should be done at the end of the recitation, what was their proof? The scholars who said it should be done at the end of the recitation, what was their proof?

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essence. So if you were to take the literal interpretation of the meaning, Allah Subhana, Allah says, What is the Quran festa is Villa that once you have recited the Quran, then seek refuge with Allah subhanho wa Taala. So that was their first reasoning. What was the second reasoning that they had?

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What was the second reason that they had that is the either should be at the end of the recitation.

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But why, why do we need to seek refuge in Allah? subhanaw taala from Satan?

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We need protection from what exactly? We mentioned three things particularly.

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What were those three things?

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Go ahead.

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Right, so you shouldn't become impressed with your own recitation. Do you remember the other two as well

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know, who's going to help them out? What were the other two reasons why they said it should be done after the recitation is over.

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That's exactly what he said right now. So you shouldn't have become impressed with your own recitation. But there's two other reasons. There's two other reasons.

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What were the other two reasons to it?

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Okay, so to benefit from the recitation, so that you don't want a THON to come and, you know, prevent you from benefiting from what you recited. That was number two, during the third one.

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I'll give you a hint. I'll give you a hint. Think about the story of Musa and the boy and the boat.

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It's from sort of gaff. What happened?

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They drowned. No, they didn't.

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No, not that.

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Sorry. Raise your hands. Please raise your hands. Go ahead.

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He forgot. Excellent. So it's a prevention from forgetting that she thought makes people forget. And it was amazing how she taught me all of you forget today. So we should all say I was overlooking the street ontology. So it prevents us from forgetting. So the third reason why they said you should say I was a bit lacking the street ontology, after you finish reciting is because Satan wants to make you forget what you read. So you say biLlahi, min ash shaytani r rajim, after your your site, and that shutdown will not make you forget. Now, last question for the evening. What was the response of the Jim hoard of scores, the majority of scholars to these three things? How did they respond to

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this? Go ahead.

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Excellent. So they said that specifying, specifying it at the end, there is no need for this, that you can get the exact same benefits that you're looking for by saying it at the beginning. Now, what was the strongest proof that they mentioned in response to this?

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Excellent. So they said they also said that there was nothing established from the sender of deposits to them. In fact, all of the narrations from the positive send them all show that the pumps are seldom used to seek refuge in Allah subhanaw taala before the recitation, excellent so you guys have been paying attention Mashallah Baraka, Allah subhanaw taala bless all of your memories and understandings. I mean, time now let's continue with what are the places that is legislated to say I was a bit lacking in the street ontology. So what are the times that you should say, I was a bit lacking in shaytaan ology, the first one you guys have already, and that is when you recite to the

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Koran when you recite the Quran. And Allah Subhana Allah tells us that when you recite the Quran, but alas, seek refuge in Allah subhanho wa Taala from the curses shaytaan. This is sort of verse 98, verse 98. And the way I want to run this section, is rather than going into detailed proofs, I'll just give you a brief explanation of the proof. And I'll give you the reference for it for those of you who are taking notes, so you can look it up for by yourself speedlites Allah. The second place where it is legislated to say I was a bit lacking the shaitana regime, is that when you feel that shaytaan is affecting you when you feel that radon is affecting you, and this is based upon many,

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many verses in the Quran, from them as to the hijab, verse 52, from de Mistura Hydra verse 52, from them is Surah out of verse 200. from them as surah are off, verse 200, that is the second place where it is legislated. The third place where it is legislated to seek refuge from shavon is that when shaytaan is actually whispering to you when she's gone, is actually whispering to you. And this is something I want to expand on busy nights are the the whispers of Satan. So first of all, let's take the proof. The proof of this is that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that shaytan will come to you, and He will say, who created this and who created that, and its end

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result will be shaitaan will make you ask the question, Who created Allah subhanho wa Taala. When that happens, he said she should seek refuge from a shaman and this was reported by elbow party. This was reported by Al Bukhari 3276 reported by Al Bukhari 3276 so the whispers of shaitaan now, let us understand the whispers of shaitaan shaytans ultimate goal is to lead you further away from Allah subhanho wa Taala. And this was spring of shaytaan. It is not a physical whispering you're not actually going to hear something in your ears. In fact, it is something that naturally will take place in your mind. And this is why it was narrated from the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that Satan

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runs through your veins, just like the blood that shaytaan runs through your veins, just like the blood does. So it is something that is going to be internal something that is going to be internal. Now, where do our thoughts actually come from? Where do our thoughts actually come from? Our bad thoughts come from one of two places our bad thoughts come from one of two places, either from the knifes itself, either from the knifes itself or from a shaitan. So firstly, let's start off by talking about the knifes with the spirit itself. The knifes and the roof are two different concepts in Islam. The rule is the spirit that Allah subhanaw taala puts inside the body to bring something

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to life. So you will never say that the robot tempted me to do this or the roof tempted me to do that. But rather the roof is what Allah subhanaw taala uses to bring life inside the body and when the body dies, it is the roof that is extracted and not the nuts. Then the second creation of Allah subhanho wa Taala talks about is the knifes is the knifes and from an Islamic perspective, the nafs is of three types. Now the

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Enough set we're referring to over here is the creation of Allah subhanaw taala that instigates desire that instigates desire. So this can be a desire for food, it can be a desire for the opposite gender, it can be a desire for wealth, it can be a desire for many, many things. And this is where the desire actually stems from. Now, when we talk about the knifes, there are three types of nuts, there are three types of knifes. The logical conclusion is that there are three types of nuts. The first types are type of knifes is the knifes which inspires good to itself. So this is the nuts that has controlled itself, and that it doesn't inspire the body with evil thoughts. So this is enough

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that you know, when it has an opportunity to do good and do good, it will do good when it has an opportunity to fight off evil, it will fight off evil. And this is what the Allah subhanaw taala calls in the Koran as necessarily motema in a nutshell motema in that the nurse that is in a state of tranquility, that is in a state of serenity. Now why is this called enough sand motema in it is called enough sand my inner for two reasons. The first reason is called enough sand my inner or the spirit or soul of tranquility and serenity is that its final abode is the abode of serenity and tranquility. When there is final abode is in Paradise, where everything is calm, everything is

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serene, there are no problems, there's not going to be any chaos, nothing to grieve about no sorrow, that is the first reason why it is called enough sand motema in the second reason why this called enough's and moto is that that is how the spirit actually is itself. So you'll see someone that is in a state of desire, he'll be very agitated, he'll be very moving around his thoughts will be all over the place. But someone who has learned to control his naps will be very calm will be very serene. And there's very few things that will actually cause him to become in a state of agitation or in a state of over emotion or in the state of over emotion. And that is why they call it an upset

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motema in and this is what Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions at the end of solfeggio at the end of surah number 89. When he says that the final abode of enough's and muslimah inna is paradise he says, enter Paradise with the rest of my slaves or the holy agenda, that almost I know what Allah says that enter a body that other signs that says enter amongst my slaves and enter into paradise.

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Then the second type of knifes is the exact opposite. The second type of knifes is the exact opposite. And this is what they call

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enough Lamoureux to be soon enough Salama. So, that

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this is the knifes that is naturally inclined towards evil. And the term Amar is you know something that is constructed with a slant something that is constructed with a slant. So when they see a model to be so that it naturally inclined towards evil, naturally inclined towards evil. And this you can find in sort of use of when the wife of Al Aziz, she says, Well, my Obi Wan FC, in an epsilon motto to me so that I do not free myself from blame. Indeed, the soul is naturally inclined towards evil. Indeed, the soul is naturally inclined towards evil. And then this is the exact opposite, that it's constantly in a state of wanting to do bad deeds. It's constantly in a state of

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desiring, it's constantly in a state of fighting off being restrained. It's constantly in a state of fighting off being restraint. And then the middle type of knifes is the average person is the average person, that they have mistakes. And at the same time, they desire to do good as well. Sometimes they'll make mistakes, and sometimes they'll desire to do good and this is the average state.

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Now in understanding these two concepts,

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Allah subhanaw taala. He tells us to control ourselves and to purify ourselves. Allah subhanaw taala says, After High mentors, aka that, you know, save Is he the one who purifies his soul, one who purifies his soul. And that is why if you look throughout the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, it came not just to physically better ourselves, but also came to tame our desires, and to control our desires as well. And that is why if you look something at something as simple as food, when the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam tells the believers that when you eat, leave one third of it for food, one third of it for

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air, and one third of it for drink. Now this is clear that its benefit is for health reasons, but the greater purpose behind it is to tame the soul. That we all know that when you're in a state of extreme hunger

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How difficult it is to control how much you eat. So part of the legislation of eating in such a manner is to tame the soul as well, that if you constantly gratify the desires of the soul, the soul eventually takes over the body. And that is why it is very important to pay attention to the desires of the soul, and seeing what we are doing to make things better, or make things worse. And I'll tell you one of the things that we do to make things worse. So we have the example of Allah subhanho wa Taala, when he tells us that tell the believing men and believing women to lower their gaze towards the opposite gender. Now this a lot of people say that this is because it is a stepping stone to

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Xena. Yes, this is true, it is a stepping stone to Xena. But a greater reason behind this is to purify our thoughts, it is to purify our thoughts. So for example, a person who always sees you know, Salah on TV is always watching the Quran channel, a person who's always reading Koran, a person who's always reading books, and watching lectures, this will naturally become his chain of thought, and his thought his process, but an individual who's constantly watching TV, he gets exposed to half naked women, he gets exposed to, you know, the the corruption of society, and all of these things, this will become his thoughts. Now, the reason why it's important to control your

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thoughts is because again, these are what your actions are going to become. And you will end up creating an internal conflict inside yourself, that you by watching these evil things, you're telling your mind that these are the things you should be doing. But when your body comes to do those things, you start telling your body No, you shouldn't do those things. They are Haram. And this is what we were referring to last week is that shaytaan he wants to create that internal conflict, he wants to create that internal conflict inside of you, where the Your heart is saying, turn back to Allah, that is the pure heart. And this is the heart that Allah created all of us with

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that turned back to Allah subhana wa Tada. But then your desires come in, and then the evil deeds that you do come in, then the whispers of shaitaan come in, and they will say no, fulfill your desires, what is wrong, it's only going to be for a short period of time, are you not allowed to have fun in this world. And these are the ways shaitaan will come in, and thus that conflict becomes created. And then the mind has a choice, the body has a choice, either to go back to Allah subhanho wa Taala or either to follow the steps of shaitan you and the following steps have shaped on it seals the heart guidance is taken away and it becomes a path of destruction. But in fighting your

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desires, it is a path which is more difficult, but it is the path of purification and it is the path of salvation. So you will see that the legislations that Allah subhanaw taala gave us are not only for our physical and betterment, but they're also for our spiritual environment, they're also for our spiritual and betterment. So now that is the concept of the knifes. So we said that the first place of where desires stem from is the knifes and this is the tool or the institution that Allah created us with, to desire things. Now this can be positive in the sense that Imagine if mankind didn't have a desire for food, then he would live his whole life without wanting to eat. And then

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perhaps when his body needed that, you know, replenishment he really needed that nutrition, he wouldn't eat or imagine if mankind was created without desire for the opposite gender, then how would mankind as a species procreate, how would they grow bigger in number, so, this knifes, it has this positive aspect, when things are done in parallel and in a permissible way, and it has its negative aspect, when things are done in the huddle, it has this negative aspect when things are done in the harem, so it is the tool of instigation, or a story of initiation of desire. Now the second place we're bad thoughts stem from is from a shaytaan. The second place we're bad we're

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bad thoughts stem from is the shaytaan. Now the scholars mentioned what they call a seven stage process, a seven stage process in which shaytan uses to get us to stop doing good deeds. So they said that if you were to look in terms of all of the deeds in Islam, they will fall under one of five rulings, all deeds in Islam will fall under one of five rulings. The first of them is something which is compulsory, it is obligatory, this is the fourth and the worship. The second of them is that which is recommended, this is something which is recommended to do number three is that which is inherently permissible within of itself.

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Number four is that which is disliked. And number five is that which is impermissible and that which is haram. So let's take examples of these five things. So that which Allah subhana wa Taala has made compulsory is like the act of Salah, the act of czaka, the act of you know unity amongst brothers, this is all things which are compulsory. Then you have things which are highly

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recommend it, this will be like the sooner prayers, the winter prayer prayers, this will be like giving loans to your brothers and sisters, this will be the cleaning up of the masjid, this will be respecting each other in a general sense, these are things which are recommended, then you have that which is inherently permissible or that which we call mobile. That is like the act of drinking, the act of writing, the act of sleeping, these are all deeds which are inherently permissible, when you have those deeds, which are disclosed. Like then you have those deeds, which are disliked examples of those deeds which are disliked, or for example, coming to the mustard, you know, having eaten

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garlic and onions or coming to the mustard generally, with a bad odor, or coming to the masjid with you know something in your teeth, meaning that you haven't cleaned your teeth. These would be examples of things that are disliked sleeping on your stomach is another thing which is disliked men having their pants below their ankles is another thing which is disliked. So these are all things which would be disliked. Then we have those things which are Haram. And those are things like lying, stealing, deception, backbiting, and the list goes on. So these are all the rulings in Islam, everything falls under these 555 categories. The reason why this becomes important to understand is

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that righteousness is directly related to these five categories, meaning that the person who is righteous, he is always striving to do that, which is obligatory, and that he which is more than that, which is recommended, the person who's just on the borderline, he's the one who's struggling to do just those things that are obligatory, and then the one who is failing is the one who was falling in the disliked matters, and the one who is doing those things, which are prohibited during those things, which are prohibited. So now let us understand the set the seven stage process of what it shaytaan tries to do, let us start to the seven stage process, what I shaytaan tries to get us to

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do.

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So the first each process is that if you're doing something recommended shaytan will try to get you to leave it off, if you're doing something recommended shaitaan will try to get you to leave it off. So for example, a person is fasting on Mondays and Thursdays, Satan will come and tell this individual You know what, stop fasting on Mondays and Thursdays, it will make you tired during work, it will make you tired during school, you won't be able to spend time with your family properly at night. So Satan will come this with this way. And they'll try to give you try to get to get you to give up those things, which are, you know recommended. Number two is that shaytan will try to to get

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you to do the lesser of the two recommended things. So if we can get you to give up the things which are recommended, then he'll try to get you by doing the lesser of the two recommended things. So for example, coming to the masjid to pray is recommended. Likewise reading the Koran is recommended. So shaytan will come and tell you You know what, don't go to the masjid today. Don't go to the masjid today, but rather just stay home and recite Koran. Now reciting Quran is a beautiful and virtuous deed, but a greater deed than that is coming to the masjid, to learn to meet your brothers to pray your Salah, in JAMA all of these things are highly recommended and more commendable than just

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staying home and reading the Quran by itself. That is the second way that she will come and get you. Then the third way that shaytan will come and get you is by getting you to delay your obligations by getting you to delay your obligations. So he doesn't want you to come and give up your obligations, but rather he will say delay them. So the ideal example of this is a seller that you know Mashallah particularly living in Alberta, our salad times are extremely spread out that you know, the hood will start at around 145 and you can pray all the way till about six shaitaan will come and tell you Brother, you have a lot of time. You know, go watch a movie, go do your homework, go do anything

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else, you have six I'll go take you know, sleep, sleep another cycle if you want, you can sleep for another four hours and pay your seller. That is what she thought will come and do. So if we can get you to give up your fourth then at the very least he tries to get you to delete and this is another thing that I mentioned that the month of Ramadan is just around the corner, the month of Ramadan is just around the corner. And some of us from last year we still have faster makeup, whether it be from the from the sisters that you know had their menstrual cycle or we're breastfeeding their children or whether it be from the brothers who got sick or we're traveling. This is one of the

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trick of shaytaan that Ramadan being just around the corner. He will get you to try to delay making up your fast as much as possible. So if you have delayed your fast till this time, you know May Allah make it easy upon you. I know how difficult it is, but make up those fast before the month.

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Ramadan comes, make up those fats before the month of Ramadan comes. So it is delaying the obligatory deeds. Now if shaytani can't get you to delay the obligatory deeds, his ultimate goal is to give them up is to give them up. And he does this by by belittling the obligatory deeds by belittling the obligatory deeds. So for example, he will come to you with the attitude of that. Allah subhanaw taala is All Merciful, that look Allah subhanho wa Taala forgive Adam, Allah subhana wa tada forgive his prophets, He forgive the man that killed 100 men, you have not killed 100 men, but you are just skipping a prayer, you know, celestial fudger don't turn the alarm clock on, Allah

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will forgive you prayed, when you wake up, this is the waste that Satan will come that will get you to give up that deed. By making you belittle that deed itself by making you belittle that deed itself. And this is why our predecessors, they used to tell us that don't look at the size of the deed, don't look if it's a big deed or a small deed, but always look at the one that you're disobeying the one that you're disobeying is Allah subhana wa tada and Allah subhanho wa Taala is always Akbar, Allah subhanaw taala is always greater. So always look at the one that you're disobeying. So giving up the fourth, giving up the fourth, another way that shaytan will come and

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you know, get as busy is by getting us busy with those things which are permissible by getting us busy with those things which are permissible. So for example, taking a bike ride in the park, going for a walk with your spouse, you know, watching the news on TV, reading your emails, you know, going on Facebook, all of these things, they would fall under the Mubarak category, that there are things which are permissible. But now when you're doing them for like, eight hours a day, you know, there's a limit to it. So shaitan will try to get you unproductive, so on productivity is for my shaytaan. So by reading the news by watching the news by going for these bike rides by going for walks in the

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park, by spending time with your family, all of these things are permissible, but understand that there's a limit to them. Because as a Muslim, you're meant to be the most productive, you're meant to be the most productive. So now if shaytan can't get you to be unproductive, then he leads you towards doing since he leads you towards doing since from the minor of sins, are those things that we will consider something like a white light, that you know, it's not that significant? This would be a minor sin, not lowering your gaze when you have that desire would be considered a minor sin. You know, these sorts of things. Shaytan is going to encourage you to do them and he comes with the

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frame of mind again, that these are just minor sins in the sight of Allah subhanho wa Taala Why do you have to worry, don't worry about them, just go ahead and do them. Allah will forgive you. And then if he doesn't get you to do the minor sins, he tries to get you to do the major sins, he tries to get you to do the major sins. And those are the acts of you know, backbiting the the act of stealing the act of Xena the act of you know, I won't mention shake crusher can without actually coming in next category. But you know the act of

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you know, it's not very common over here, but the act of back home fighting magic with magic. All of these things would be considered major sins in Islam. And then the next and last step of shaitaan is that he wants you to integrate into the deen and communicate with Allah subhanho wa Taala integrate into the deen and commit ship with Allah subhana wa Tada. And this concept of innovation is such a big thing in our religion, that not only did the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam say that every animal is a misguidance every misguidance is in the Hellfire in this Deen there is no such thing as a good innovation. But also the companions are the law on whom they put it in its

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proper perspective of the Libyan Ambassador de la Noma. He tells us that there's not an innovation that is innovated, except that it replaces an aspect of the sooner except that it replaces an aspect of the center. So I'll give you an example of this. An example of this is in the month of Rajab, you will see that a lot of people the increase is the worship of Allah subhanaw taala in the month of Rajab saying that in this month of Rajab are increased virtues, but in reality, it is not in reality, it is not. Yes, it is from the harsh, horrible, horrible it is from those sacred months in Islam, but there's nothing legislated from the Messenger of Allah, that he would do extra fasts or

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he would do extra acts of nothing in terms of Salah or he would recite extra Koran. Nothing of that was legislated and that the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was to do what was consistent. So the Messenger of Allah says to them, he would fast on Thursdays he would fast on the 13th 14th and 15th

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He would pray his daily kiama Lane, but he would never increase in the month of Rajab, due to its sanctity. So you see how the beta will replace the sooner the better, will replace the sooner and then you know that you are completely destroyed when she gets an individual to come and shoot with Allah subhanho wa Taala when she gets an individual to commit ship with Allah subhanaw taala. Just to give you a brief introduction, Introduction to a Shark, shark is to give a right that is specific to Allah to other than Allah subhanho wa Taala. It is to give a right that is specific to Allah to other than Allah. So one can perform shirk by going to a fortune teller. And this fortune teller

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claims to tell you that he knows knowledge of the unseen. If you believe in this fortune teller, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has said that you have disbelieve in what was revealed to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Why? Because the exclusive right of Allah, his knowledge of the unseen and you have now given it to the fortune teller. Another example of shift is to make dua to other than Allah subhanho wa Taala. To make dua to other than Allah subhana wa Tada, Allah subhanho wa Taala says in cirtl Jin massages Allah for Allah, Roma, La Jolla, that indeed, massages belong to Allah, so don't call upon anyone other than Allah subhanho wa Taala. So this act

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of worshiping Allah subhanho wa Taala alone, through the law, when you give this act or director's act to someone other than Allah subhanaw taala, it becomes an act of shirk. And this is what Satan's ultimate goal is, is to get people to come and share it with Allah subhanho wa Taala. So that they will keep shaytaan company in the Hereafter, that they will keep shaytan company in the hereafter. Now, this is all an explanation of how shaytan comes and whispers to mankind. So that was the third way or third, the third reason why we should do this the other that is the third reason of why we should do this the other. So now we'll get back to number four, we'll get back to number four. And

00:32:07--> 00:32:39

that is when shaytaan comes and confuses an individual in Salah number four is that you should seek refuge in Allah subhanho wa Taala from a shaytaan when she comes and causes confusion in your Salah when she comes and causes confusion in your Salah. And this will have multiple scenarios, I'll just give you some basic guidelines. The basic thing to do is that as soon as you become confused in your Salah is that you look towards your left hand side and you dry spit three times

00:32:41--> 00:33:22

and you say are also Billahi min ash shaytani r Rajim and you say are also Billahi min ash shaytani r Rajim and then you go towards what you are certain about. So, for example, if you are certain that you you know got up from Morocco, that means you don't have to go down into the Aqua again, if you're certain that you made one such the then you stick with what is certain and then you go towards the next act after that certainty. So, for example shaitaan will come to you and He will tell you, did you complete both of your such this or did you only do one such so, in this situation, if you can become certain that you completed both of your such this, you get up and you go to the

00:33:22--> 00:33:59

next rocker. However, if you stay in a state of confusion, that you really are unsure did I perform one senator or did I perform to such this in this situation, you always go towards what you are searching about, which is the lesser number, which is the lesser number. So, you go back that you only performed one such that and you will perform that second such that and then you will continue and then at the end of the Salah you will do such that the cell at the end of the Salah you will just set it to so for more details inshallah when we start up our fifth class after Ramadan, you know we'll discuss that in detail. But this is what to do when she thought comes in whispers to you

00:33:59--> 00:34:09

in your Salah. Number five, when she when you get into a state of anger, you should seek refuge from a state bond. When you get into a state of anger. You should seek refuge from a shaman

00:34:10--> 00:34:31

and the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam he wants our two men arguing amongst themselves. I mentioned this last week. And the forces said and recommended to them that say I was a Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim. It will help you control your anger. In terms of other things that the officer system taught us to do while we're angry. What else is the Messenger of Allah says to them teach us to do our angry? Get them go ahead.

00:34:33--> 00:34:41

If you're standing sit down and if you're sitting sitting down, then lay down what else to go and do we'll do excellent What else?

00:34:42--> 00:34:49

So so far we have three say I was a bit lackluster, not a gym, change your physical state, go and perform Voodoo.

00:34:50--> 00:34:58

Pray to lock eyes. A lot of people say that but I've never found any proof for that. A lot of people say that but I've never found proof for that. But what else can we do? Go ahead

00:35:00--> 00:35:02

Keep water in your mouth.

00:35:07--> 00:35:08

I don't know where that one came from.

00:35:10--> 00:35:13

Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah Allah.

00:35:22--> 00:35:24

I don't know what this says was one, can you figure that out for me?

00:35:27--> 00:36:03

Okay, so we have three things that you see I was building the standard gym, you go and make a model, and you change your physical state. The fourth thing I'll tell you, and this is derived from the hadith of going MC widow is changing, or is moving from the place that you got angry in. So for example, one of the one of the legislations behind Budo is that not only should you cool yourself down with widow, because this is a spiritual purification and physical purification, but also remove yourself from the state that you're angry. So for example, you get into an argument with your wife, rather than staying in that place where you have gotten angry, remove yourself from that place,

00:36:03--> 00:36:39

remove yourself from that place. And the last thing that is recommended to to do when you get in the state of anger is that look what happens to an individual, when they get angry, when an individual gets angry, they get so focused on the thing that made them angry. So their train of thought all of it revolves around what made them angry. So this person has to change his train of thought. Try thinking about different things, try thinking about genda try thinking about cool and calm things. And this is from the general understanding of the verses in the Quran, where Allah subhanaw taala says, I find it at

00:36:40--> 00:37:23

the bottom. Some of the scholars said that this is pertaining to anger, that when they get angry, let them contemplate upon different things. So that will take them outside of the state of anger. Number six, is that when an individual sees a bad dream, so you wake up with you know, chills, you wake up in a state of fear. That is how you know you've seen a bad dream. At that time the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam taught us that you should seek refuge in Allah subhanaw taala from a shaytaan and this is married in Sahil Bacardi in 3200 192. So al Bukhari 3292. Number seven, you should seek refuge in Allah subhanaw taala from a state on when you enter the masjid when you

00:37:23--> 00:37:31

enter the mustard. And this is narrated by a Buddha owed in 4466, narrated by without

00:37:32--> 00:38:11

and 466 number eight, that is number eight, right for those of you who are taking notes. Number eight, is that when you hear the brain of a donkey, or when you hear the brain of a donkey, or the barking of a dog, when you hear the brain of a donkey or the barking of a dog, and you know living in the city, you're not going to hear too much of the brain of a donkey. But in terms of the barking of the dog, this does not mean that the dog just barks once and you should say I will be laying the sheet on origin. But this means when the dog starts barking excessively, and you'll see that this particularly happens at a lot of time. So if you ever have a dog in your neighborhood, you'll see

00:38:11--> 00:38:30

that a lot of the time if you walk past it, it'll start barking incessantly for no reason whatsoever. And that is the time when you're recommended to seek refuge in Allah subhana wa tada from a shaytaan and this is reported by Eben magia in 773, even magia 773.

00:38:32--> 00:38:52

Number nine is that when you enter a new place when you go to a new place, so when you go somewhere for the first time, it is recommended that you say I was a bit lacking the shaytaan or the gym, or in particular there's a particular door that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam taught us and that is to say that we can imagine that I

00:38:53--> 00:39:01

mean surely mahalo will be Kalamata Mattila Tam Ma, Minh Sheree masala and this was reported by Imam

00:39:04--> 00:39:13

Bukhari This was reported by Imam Al Bukhari in one in 142. Emmanuel Bukhari 142.

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Number 10 is when you enter the bathroom, when you enter the bathroom, you should say Allahumma in the house the bigger, meaner obersee will survive, you should say ultimately, the bigger, meaner obersee will survive and that is reported by Imam Al Bukhari, as well the very

00:39:33--> 00:39:35

next Hadith, the very next Hadith

00:39:37--> 00:39:59

number 11. Number 11. Is that when you feel something painting you inside your body, when you feel something painting you inside of your body, you should take your hand, put it on that part of the body, protect your hand and put it on that part of the body. And you should say are all the biller he will codorus he eventually merge it

00:40:00--> 00:40:06

are also biller or coder Ravi Mencia, Reema Ajit, and this is found.

00:40:10--> 00:40:17

This round is a helpful query as well. 2202 2202.

00:40:18--> 00:40:55

Number 12 is in the morning and in the evening, and when going to sleep, all three of them together in the morning and in the evening, and when going to sleep in the morning and the evening, when going to sleep. This was reported by a Buddha owed in 5067 5067. And we'll just take the last two, and then we can go on to the bestseller. Number 13 is that when you wake up in the middle of the night, so this is not referring to a bad dream, but this is just referring to when you wake up in the middle of the night, it is recommended that you seek refuge in Allah subhanho wa Taala

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and the last time that it is legislated to seek refuge in Allah subhana wa tada from a shaytaan is when you have small children is when you have small child actually let me give you the reference of the of number 13. Number 13 is reported by a Buddha owed 3890 3893 and then number 14 is that when you have small children when you have small children, you should say are also because imagine that itama actually sorry that the processor needs to say to a single person or Ito Kumar be Kalamata la Tama min Sheree ma Calico lucuma Minh, Ito Kuma be collimated light Tama and Shari McCulloch. And this is reported by Abu download as well in 4737 4737. So those are the 14 places where it is

00:41:48--> 00:42:12

legislated to say our own belief in the shaytaan ology. Those are the 14 places it is legislated to say out of the blank in the sheet on origin. Now we're a little bit behind schedule because I wanted to complete the bus similar in this halaqa as well. So if you guys don't mind, I'm going to take 10 extra minutes usually we have the halaqa for one hour, but we'll go on till 910 tonight within lights Allah just so that we can conclude as much of this as possible.

00:42:14--> 00:42:56

So the saying of Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim that is our second topic of discussion after the st either and the saying of Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. Just like it's the either is of saying I was going to cheat on ology, then for saying Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim, we call this the bus mela. We call this the bus mela we call this the bus, mela and the saying of the bus similar, it has four wisdoms behind it. The saying of the bus similar, it has four wisdoms behind it. Number one is that it brings Allah subhanaw taala to mind before an action is done, it brings Allah subhanaw taala to mind before an action is done. So if your intention is messed up, or you're going to do something

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wrong, this is a reminder to fix that intention and stop doing the wrong thing. Which leads us to number two, is that a second wisdom is that it prevents one from doing evil actions. It prevents one from doing evil actions. Number three, it aids one in attaining Allah support and help in that action. it attains more, it helps one attain a lot of support in that action. And number four, it reminds one, it reminds one of the purpose, the source of fulfillment, the source of blessing for that action, and its final destination. So it's a summary of, you know, why are you doing this action? And how will you be content with that action? What is the source of blessing in that action?

00:43:40--> 00:44:26

And what will be the final destination of that action? And this is what the scholars mentioned to be from the wisdoms of saying Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim. Now, what is the Bismillah? Or the best Mullah actually mean? What does the best mela actually mean? The bar at the beginning is what they call bar and it's the honor bar and it's the honor and you will mention this bar when you're seeking help for something when you're seeking help for something. So over here you're saying I seek help with the name of Allah subhana wa Tada. I seek help with the name of Allah. So bad is bad is the ANA ism. His name is Sam means name. And Allah is what we refer to as love voltage, Allah Allah and

00:44:26--> 00:44:59

Allah is lovable. gelada and lovable. gelada is the name of Allah subhanho wa Taala with which he refers to all of his other names. So you will say Allah is a rough man, Allah is a Rahim Allah is Allah dude. But you will not say Allah dude is Allah or a rough man is Allah or Rahim is Allah so the supreme Name of Allah subhanho wa Taala is a law itself and that is the one name that all of the other names turn back to. So when

00:45:00--> 00:45:43

So one of the benefits of saying Bismillah when you start with something is that you're using all of the names of Allah subhanho wa Taala to start that act that using all the names of Allah subhanho wa Taala to start that act, and last week we had discussed where does the name Allah actually come from? And we mentioned that the scholars differed on two opinions. The first opinion is that the name Allah is an is a unique term that Allah revealed to be unique to himself. So it's not derived from anything, nor can anything be derived from it. And this was the opinion of Imam Shafi Rahim Allah. Then the second opinion is that the term A lot of it comes from Allah. It comes from anila,

00:45:43--> 00:46:01

meaning that Allah subhanho wa Taala is the one that is worshipped Allah subhanho wa Taala is the one that is worshipped and that is the second opinion in terms of where Allah comes from. And then you have to have Allah subhanho wa Taala His name's R Rahman, R, Rahim, Rahman, and Rahim.

00:46:03--> 00:46:48

And the scholars differed in terms of the names are Rockman. And our Rahim, what is the difference between the two? What is the difference between the two? And the difference in this on three opinions and the difference in this on three opinions? opinion number one is that the term or a man is very general, or a man is very general. So Allah subhanho wa Taala, is a man or shows mercy to everyone. So everyone gets the same rain, everyone is alive, everyone gets the same sun, everyone benefits from the soil the exact same way. So when we say that Allah has blessed or has shown mercy, this is the general type of mercy that Allah shows to everyone without, you know, any distinction,

00:46:48--> 00:47:24

that it is fair and equal to everyone. And then our Rahim is something which is specific, it is a specific type of mercy. And the scholars default, that is this mercy specific to the believers in this world, in the Hereafter, or in both, or in both. And Allah Spanos Allah knows best, it is specific to the believers in both of these worlds. And this is why Allah Subhana Allah says and sort of, generally speaking, what can build meaning are rahima that Allah subhanho wa Taala is Rahim with the believers in this world and in the hereafter.

00:47:25--> 00:48:12

The second opinion that the scholars held was that our man is the possessor of mercy, meaning that all mercy goes back to Allah subhanho wa Taala. And r Rahim is the one who shows mercy. And Allah him is the one who shows mercy. And this is why the score was mentioned on this particular point. And this is the opinion of it, no claim that all the narrations they make sense based upon this definition, that when you we say that we are not a call allowed to call anyone else by the name of a man and the reason why this is is because no one else owns mercy. And the reason why you're called allowed to call someone Rahim is because human beings can show mercy and that is why the Messenger

00:48:12--> 00:48:55

of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is described as Rahim as well. And this also goes in accordance to the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, where Allah's Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that Allah subhanho wa Taala has 100 mercies, of which he sent one of them down with which a mother is merciful to her child, and we are merciful towards one another. So meaning that Allah subhanaw taala owns all of mercy. And he only sent one mercy down with which we show mercy to ourselves. So this is in accordance to the second opinion and Allah Subhana Allah knows best when this is the stronger of all of the opinions. Then the third opinion is that Rahman and Rahim is

00:48:55--> 00:49:40

referring to the dunya and the Akira. So a group of scholars said that one day we mentioned our man, this remote referring to the person who's the ordinary, the entity that shows Rama in this dunya he has a rough man, and the one who shows the rough man in the Acura then he is Rahim. But obviously, these types of definitions, they don't really make sense. First of all, they go against the text of the Quran and the Sunnah, meaning that the pastor said them was described as a man a believer can belong to Him. And number two, is Allah subhanho wa Taala. His messengers are seldom, he refers to Allah subhanho wa Taala in a duel by saying, what he mahoma that meaning the the one who was

00:49:40--> 00:49:56

merciful in this world and in the next, so meaning that one can be done Allah subhanaw taala is Rahim in this world and in the next and Allah subhanaw taala knows best we said that the second opinion is the stronger opinion. The second opinion is the stronger opinion.

00:49:58--> 00:50:00

Now in understanding this term,

00:50:00--> 00:50:37

Probably the best seller in understanding this term properly, the best seller, you'll notice that there's something that's missing in the middle. So you will say Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim, that In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. And then you'll see that there's something missing in between. That is not a complete sentence. And that complete the sentence becomes completed by the action that you are doing. So the action that you're doing, perhaps, maybe drinking, so you will say Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim, I begin to drink and that is how the sentence becomes completed, or In the name of Allah subhanaw taala, I begin to write on the name of Allah, I

00:50:37--> 00:51:12

begin to read. So the sentence becomes whole, it stops becoming a fragment, once you start doing an action, once you start doing an action, and it was based upon this reason alone, that the scholars mentioned that Bismillah should not be used as a form of Vicar that you know, just like how it says Pinilla Alhamdulillah Allahu Akbar, the Bismillah. The best Mullah should not be used as a form of Vicar, because it is an incomplete form of Vicar up and until it is accompanied by an action. It is an incomplete form of Vicar, when it is done without an action.

00:51:13--> 00:51:35

And then, in terms of why it is legislated to say the best Mullah before we do an act is again to seek the blessings of Allah subhanho wa Taala before we do the act, and number two to express the fact that this action is only for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala to express that this action is only for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala

00:51:37--> 00:51:54

we move on to the next section. And that is, when is Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim, actually a verse in the Quran? When is it actually a verse in the Quran? And you will see there are two points of consensus on this topic. There are two points of consensus on this topic.

00:51:55--> 00:52:44

The first point of consensus is that Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim is a verse from the Quran in surah, number verse number 37, number 27, verse number 30 by consensus. It is a verse in the Quran at that time, and this is when you know, Sheba she reads a letter from a man in the human soul a man What in the hell Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. So this by consensus is when it is from the Koran. A second consensus that the scholars came to is that Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim is not a part of surah Toba that Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim is not a part of suta teutoburg. And this is by consensus. This is by consensus. Now just a brief glimpse as into why is Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim

00:52:44--> 00:53:31

not a part of Surah Tauba Why is Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim not a part of surah, two Toba. They mentioned three things over here. The scholars mentioned three reasons or three opinions on this matter. Opinion number one is that the scholars said it is a just a continuation from skeletal and fun. It is just a continuation from skeletal and fell. So meaning that sort of lengthening sort of the Toba are in fact, one sutra and that is why it is not divided by Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim in between. The second reason why they mentioned why this melodic minor name is not mentioned is that it will become contradictory to the text. So they said that Bismillahirrahmanirrahim as a form of

00:53:31--> 00:53:51

protection, and the beginning of soul to Toba as a form of waging war. They said Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim is Allah as you know happiness and serenity and the beginning of solta Toba is Allah anger and wrath. So they said there will be an apparent contradiction, and that is why Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim is not mentioned.

00:53:52--> 00:54:32

And number three, number three, and this is more of a technical point. This is actually mentioned from historians, rather than scholars of tafsir. They said the Arabs of old when they used to break their treaties with one another. They would not begin In the name of Allah subhana wa Tada. They would not begin with Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. Allah subhana wa Taala wanted to continue this tradition, that when the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is breaking his treaty with the Arabs now, he did not begin with Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim, as it was with sort of the Toba that that relationship with the Muslim corner of his time it broke off. So those are the three

00:54:32--> 00:54:47

reasons why they mentioned that Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim is not mentioned at the beginning of Surah teutoburg. So now those are the two points of consensus. What are the points of disagreement? What are the points of disagreement? So for example, is

00:54:48--> 00:55:00

the batsmen are a part of sorts and Fatiha? Is it a part of the other suitors. The scholars differed on for opinions on this matter. The scholars differed on four opinions on this matter

00:55:00--> 00:55:00

Matter

00:55:01--> 00:55:47

and they said the first opinion is that it is a verse of every sutra except sort of the Toba. So Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim is in fact a verse from every sutra, except for for surah Toba, and this was the opinion of Abdullah bin abass avian Omar, Abdullah Pereira and you know many great companions, but from amongst the muda head, it was the opinion of Imam Shafi. One of the opinions of the management. It was the opinion of Imam Shafi and one of the opinions of Imam Ahmed that the best mela is a verse from every surah except for sort of the Toba and you will see that this difference, it becomes very important to understand when we will talk about the issue of should one say

00:55:47--> 00:55:59

Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim when they start reciting Surah Fatiha in Salah that shouldn't be out loud, or should it be silent? It's based upon this issue over here. So from them and the hype, we said this was the opinion of a Shafi and ultimate

00:56:00--> 00:56:46

opinion number two is that it is not a verse of any surah of the Quran at all, and that it was placed at the beginning of every surah merely to distinguish it from another. So this is important to understand. They're saying over here, that it is not a verse from a surah. But rather it is just a part of the Koran. It is not a verse from a surah but just a part of the Quran. So what this actually means is that soulful, Fatiha it has seven verses and we'll come to this next week within it. It has seven verses. And that is why depending on which most Have you read from you will have the author manuscript or you'll have the king Fahad print, you'll see that they both say seven

00:56:46--> 00:57:31

verses, but they divide the seventh verse says in different ways. So the second opinion it states that it is a part of the Quran, but it does not count as a verse from any of the verses of the Quran. And this is this was the opinion of Imam Malik and Abu hanifa Rahim Allah. And their proof for this was the hadith of undisturbed nomadic, where he said that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did not know the beginning and end of a sutra until Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim was revealed to him he did not know the beginning or ending of any surah until Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim was revealed to him and this shows us that the swords were revealed with Bismillah R Rahman r

00:57:31--> 00:57:42

Rahim being completely distinct, and this is mentioned in the sunon of Abbey Road 707 sorry 787 so isn't that without 787

00:57:43--> 00:58:16

the third opinion is that it is a verse of Al Fatiha but not a verse of any other surah it is a verse of Al Fatiha, but not any other surah and this opinion is attributed to Imam Shafi. It is attributed to Imam Shafi, but none of the sources actually show that Imam Shafi said it. So meaning that people said this was the opinion of Imam Shafi. But when you go back to the opinions of Imam Shafi Rahim Allah, you don't actually find him. Rahim Allah saying this, you don't have to find him saying this.

00:58:17--> 00:58:28

The fourth and last opinion is that it is an independent verse of the Quran heading every sutra, but not actually a part of the surah. Actually, that was opinion number two.

00:58:30--> 00:59:08

Okay, my apologies, my apologies. opening number two is that it is not a verse of any sort of the Quran at all, and that it is placed at the beginning of every surah merely to distinguishing merely to distinguish it from another. And then opinion number four is that it is an independent version of the Quran, heading every sutra, but not actually a part of the surah. So both of these opinions are saying pretty much the same thing. So I'm wondering why I mentioned it twice. Maybe that was a mistake on my behalf. That was a mistake on my behalf. We'll stick with the three opinions that those who said it was a part of every sort of separate sort of Toba. The second opinion and is that

00:59:08--> 00:59:47

is just a heading for every surah besides surah Toba and then the third opinion is that it was only recited or sorry only a part of Al Fatiha and this was the opinion of Imam Shafi Rahim Allah Hosanna it was the opinion of the mama Shafi Rahim Allah Allahu taala. And my 10 minutes are pretty much up. So I don't want to go into the next topic of should we recite it out loud or recite it silently, but with lights Allah we'll take that next week, and we'll open up the floor for questions now inshallah. So last week, the sisters they didn't get an opportunity to press forward their questions. So if there are sisters who have questions, please pass them forward from underneath the

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curtain and we'll address those questions. And from the brothers. We'll take five questions with the night. From the brothers. We'll take five questions in the lights

01:00:05--> 01:00:43

What is meant by Islam Allah? The name of Allah. So when you say Bismillah, what are you talking about when you're talking about the best Mullah? So we say that the bar over here is what they call bar and it's the honor that the thing that comes after this bar, is what you are seeking help with. This is what you're seeking help with. So when you say Bismillah, it means you're seeking help with the name of Allah subhana wa Tada, you're seeking help with the name of Allah subhanaw taala that's what it's referring to over here. And then you know, one of the things we mentioned about the name of Allah subhanaw taala. Is that the reason why Allah subhanaw taala uses Allah that rather than

01:00:43--> 01:01:23

studying of saying Bismillah R Rahman R, Rahim or Bismillah dude, the reason why Allah subhana wa Tada. legislated Allah over here is because the term allow the name of Allah, it encompasses all of the other names of Allah subhanho wa Taala. It encompasses all of the other names of Allah subhana wa Taala. And this is a very important point to understand that why do we worship Allah subhanho wa Taala. This goes back to understanding his names and attributes, that the reason why we worship Allah subhanaw taala is that Allah subhanaw taala is the one who creates is the one who sustains the grant service is the one who legislates is the one who sent the prophets is the one who sent the

01:01:23--> 01:02:01

books, and the list goes on. And all of these acts that we're talking about, they're taken from his names. So the act of creation is a phallic, the act of you know, of bringing life is alhaj the one who brings death is ultimate, and the one who grants risk is arzak. So this is the reason why we worship Allah subhanaw taala because he is the one who does all of these things. Now, it's very important to understand the opposite as well. That from a logical perspective, who is the one that is worthy of your worship? So if you would ask this question, Who is the one that is worthy of your worship, this object that is worthy of your worship, should have the ability to create it have the

01:02:01--> 01:02:21

ability to legislate, it should have the ability to you know, Grant sustenance, it should have the ability to be obeyed, and so on and so forth. So it becomes a circular argument, but a very powerful one, that we worship Allah because he does all of these things. And since Allah does all of these things, he is the one that is truly worthy of worship. I hope that makes sense inshallah.

01:02:38--> 01:02:39

So you say Billahi min are?

01:02:43--> 01:02:45

Not necessarily not necessarily.

01:02:47--> 01:02:55

This is the way Allah subhanaw taala revealed it and I don't know why this person is trying to change it. Because that's not how Allah revealed it. Allah revealed it as Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim.

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And another thing I'll tell you why I'll tell you why it also becomes important is that a person can easily get confused. So for example, when someone says that biLlahi This can mean that you're taking an oath, or it can also mean that you're beginning by the name of Allah. So Allah knows best that one of the wisdoms behind why Islam is mentioned over here is to make sure that people don't get confused, so that when you say below or off menorah him. People don't think that you're about to take an oath, but rather people should I should say, Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim that you beginning in the name of Allah subhanaw taala in these actions?

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This is it. Okay, so we have one question from the sisters, we'll get to that. Go ahead.

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I don't understand.

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No, you should say I worship Allah. You should say worship Allah, you shouldn't say, I worship prophet man or worship Allah or I worship and would also worship Allah, because this is the primary Name of Allah subhanaw taala that he wants us to use. Now, if you'll allow me to add to that as well. This understanding of that Allah subhanaw taala only has 99 names is not correct, is not correct. There's two things to understand over here. The Messenger of Allah Allah La Jolla Sena mentions in a hadith narrated al Bukhari that Allah subhanho wa Taala has 99 names 100 minus one. And he says over here, when I saw her the whole agenda, that whoever does, saw of them will enter

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Paradise. Now generally speaking, when they translate this term, man as Sahaja lagenda, they say whoever memorizes them shall enter Paradise. And in reality, this is not true. This Hadith is not referring to memorizing the names of all

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panel data and that is why you will see that none of the predecessors used to spend time in memorizing the names of Allah subhanaw taala. But rather what is referring to over here Manasa is using the names of Allah subhanaw taala appropriately when making dua, meaning using them properly when they make dua. So for example, when you're asking for risk, you call upon arzak. You're asking for forgiveness, you call upon all of the food and alcohol. When you're asking for you know a child, you call upon our hub, using the names of Allah subhanaw taala properly, that is the proof for that. Now, what is the proof that the names of Allah subhanho wa Taala are in fact unlimited? What is the

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name? What is the proof that in fact the names of Allah subhana wa tada are in fact, unlimited. There's two proofs for this two proofs for this. Both of them come from the Hadith of the Prophet Sunnah, the first Hadith States and Canada. Allah says Allah and Alec, enter karma athletes Allah is

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the first 30 states that I am unable to enumerate your praises, you are as you have praised yourself, meaning that the praises of Allah subhanho wa Taala. The positive qualities and attributes of Allah, the names of Allah subhanaw taala, are in fact unlimited. And this is proven by the fact that the Messenger of Allah Azza wa sallam he said over here, that I am unable to enumerate your praises. So you are as you have praised yourself, that's proof number one, and we'll get to you in a second I don't want you to get tired inshallah. So you're holding it up. So get you I sorry, I'll get to you in a minute. inshallah. The second proof of this is the law of the Messenger of Allah

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sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when you say, as a local policeman who Allah summated been upset or insulted a week, it's Arabic or alumna hadn't been cultic always that sort of the whole be if he will, by the end of that I asked you that every name that you have, that either you have revealed it in your book, or you have taught it to someone, or have kept it in the unseen with you, meaning that Allah subhanaw taala has names that he did not reveal to us. So thus showing us the infinite nature of the names of Allah Subhana Allah. So Allah subhanaw taala has more than 99 names, and they're not restricted to that. And I hope I didn't give you too much information now. It's okay

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to hit number three.

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Why is Allah subhanaw taala referred to as a heat? Excellent question, and I'll address two parts over here. Why is he referred to as a heat and why is he referred to as a weak? So let me answer this first.

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Number one, why is Allah subhanaw taala referred to as he in the Quran,

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in the Arabic language, they have something called the general state or the generic state and the generic state in the Arabic language is naturally masculine. So Allah subhanaw taala is without gender, Allah spinals is not male, nor is he female, but when you refer to Allah subhanho wa Taala, you have to refer to him by something. So the generic state in the Arabic language is that of masculinity, the generic state in the Arabic language is that of masculinity, and that is wireless penetration is referred to he but not he of being a gender, but he has in being the generic state. Number two is why do we refer to Allah subhanaw taala. As we in the Quran, why do I refer to him as

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we, a lot of scholars have mentioned or a lot of speakers have mentioned rather, that we refer to Allah subhanho wa Taala, as we in the Quran, as a form of magnification as a form of glory. And they give the example that when the king speaks, they say we did this and we did that. But in reality, this is not why Allah subhanaw taala uses we in the Quran, you'll see that Allah subhanaw taala uses the singular and plural in the Quran at different times. So when it comes to worship, when it comes to obedience, it will say bodoni What are your own needs. So all of these are singular, then those things that only Allah subhanaw taala is referred to then this is what the singular is used. But

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then you'll see that there are times where Allah subhanaw taala uses the plural and this is when the angels are involved or the creation of Allah subhanaw taala is involved. So he will say what Hakuna Manu the Bureau, so we created and we control, this is referring to where the angels come into play, as well. So this is why at times when Allah subhanaw taala is referred to in the plural, it's not just Allah, but rather it is the angels as well. And I'll give you one primary example. When they say the verse in the Quran when I have no equitable eloheem, inhabited, worried and we're closer to Him, then his jugular vein. Does this mean that Allah subhanho wa Taala is in this creation, and is

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physically close to us? No, it doesn't. But rather what this is referring to is that the angels know each and every single thing that you do better than perhaps you yourself know it. So as close as your juggler vein is to you. The angels are even closer to you in terms of knowing your good deeds and your bad deeds. So that's what the actual verse is referring to. So I hope that answers your question. We have two questions left from the guys. Second to last one.

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This is when you talk about the the color of our last panel, it's either they say the levels of color, or for our belief in the last panel with Alice coddled or in destiny lies in understanding four principles. Number one is that Allah subhanho wa Taala knows everything. That is the first principle. So Allah subhanaw taala knows the past, he knows the present, he knows the future. And if there was an alternate dimension, this is like Star Trek stuff here. If there was an alternate dimension, Allah subhanaw taala would know that as well.

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And this is like he gets into like metaphysics and stuff, we're not going to go into that. But I mentioned that just for the sake of emphasizing that Allah Subhana Allah knows everything past, present, future and even alternate realities. Number two, is that Allah subhanho wa Taala wrote down the other 50,000 years before the creation of the heavens and the earth. So the color that is written in a low helmet food, it was decided and written 50,000 years before the creation of the heavens on Earth, not 50,000 years from now, but before the heavens and the earth are created, Allah subhanaw taala wrote it back Back then, that could be millions of years from here, millions of

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years, Allah knows best. And the reason why this becomes important is by knowing that Allah subhanaw taala he refers to the writing down of other in various places. So you'll see in the Hadith or belovedness, or the hadith of Article masuk. This Hadith mentions that four things are written down, when the baby is born, his his risk, will he be happy, will he be sad and where he will, where he will die. These four things are written down when the baby is born. So people will say that this goes in opposition to the other being written 50,000 years ago, but that is not the case. Because this is a special type of car that has been written down. I was fine with Allah. He writes down

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color on the night of color Laila Takada, another color is written down, who shall be forgiven, who shall live who shall die. It is written down on that day. Qatada, one of the students have been abuzz. He also interpreted the verse Kula Yeoman dwarfee. Shannon, that every day Allah subhanho wa Taala, is in an action, he said that there's even a color for each and every day, so that there are different levels of color, but the ultimate color without which is in the local metaphors, that was written 50,000 years before the heavens and earth were created. The third level of other is that nothing happens, except by the mercy of Allah subhanho wa Taala accepted by the mushiya of Allah

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subhana wa Tada. Now, the term over here the scholars differed with mushiya and errata. So mushiya is the pure will of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And the mushy over here refers to those things that mankind has no control over that we have no control over this. And this is why Allah subhanho wa Taala. He mentions in various places where she had them, she had them was here, he left, I was gonna ask him for the verse.

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But in algebra, Allah subhanaw taala, he mentioned that on wakawaka on the hook on it on the last minute Allah says that everyone submits to Allah subhanaw taala, either willingly or unwillingly. So the mushiya of Allah subhanaw taala is referring to those things, that is done unwillingly. So no one on this planet can stop the sun from rising or setting, no one can stop the rain from coming down, no one can delay or prevent their death from happening. So this is the mercy of Allah subhanho wa Taala with which there is, you know, no control whatsoever. Then the scholar said, How about those things that we do have control over? And this is what they use the term irata so they said

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earlier other will konia will yada yada yada, yada al konia? Is those things that we have no control over? And the Raja Sharia is that when Allah subhanaw taala commands us to pray, we have the free will and choice to pray or not to pray, Allah tells us to give us the car, we have the freewill, the orada to give us a car or to not give the car. So here are the Sharia, that is what is referring to. And this becomes very important to understand, when we say what is it that Allah subhanaw taala will judge us upon Allah subhanho wa Taala will not judge us upon this mushiya nor the era that konia but only on irata Sharia. So Allah will not judge you on your looks, he will not judge you on your skin

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color. You will not judge you on the natural talents you have, but rather Allah subhanaw taala will judge you on the decisions that you make. And the decisions only take place in an era Sharia. And the fourth and last level of God is that all of our actions are created. And this is a very important point to understand. All of our actions are created. And this goes back in understanding that

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and understanding Good and Evil any good

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Words that emanates from human beings. It always goes back to Allah Subhana Allah, because Allah subhanho wa Taala is the source of all good, but any evil that emanates from human beings, it goes back to the human being themselves, or the creation themselves. And this is pulling from the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when he said, was shadow Lisa illich, that evil is not attributed to you, Oh Allah. So any evil that takes place is a consequence of our own hands and our own deeds, but any good that we do is a consequence of the blessings and mercy of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And this is why in sort of gerat, he also mentions when Elsa had she had them here. I can't

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remember the VS code we often when we look at sort of gerat Allah subhanaw taala he says that for them in Allah He when Yama that Eman is a blessing and a gift from Allah subhanho wa Taala. So it's not something that you earn or that you can achieve, but it is purely a gift from Allah subhanho wa Taala. So those are the four levels of Kava, and that is how Iranian mushiya come into it. And that is the last question of the night. And now do the sisters questions? Go ahead?

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Yes, sir. Go ahead.

01:16:15--> 01:16:16

Correct.

01:16:19--> 01:16:20

Yes.

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That is correct. Yes. So in this absolute sense, it is only with a loss of final exam.

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Yes, our he's a liar. And that's this, in our case, that the

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like, the second case is more predominant than our case, you know, the zodiac signs are in the newspapers and in the magazines. These are just people who are out to make a quick buck. So they'll say, you know, I have the ability to look in the stars, and they just make up a whole bunch of mumbo jumbo today, you're gonna feel paid tomorrow, you'll get rich, you know, they after you're gonna find love, you know, it's just to make a quick buck. You know, so it has nothing to do what actually Elmo No, Jim over here has nothing to do with the gin. But the the at the time the processor them and had to do with the gin. Because you've noticed that

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knowledge of other human beings, they used to find out in one of two ways, knowledge of human beings, they used to find out in one of two ways.

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The first way that they used to find out was through the Koreans. So we know that the messenger system told us that every human being has a Korean, right, so this Korean, he will come and speak to the gene of the fortune teller and tell him everything about you. So this is the first way for us to get information. The second way we used to get information is that the genes themselves used to go up to the lowest heavens, and listen to the secrets of the heavens. So sometimes this would be about the future. Sometimes it's about the present, whatever it was, then those genes would come down and tell the fortune teller. So this is the two ways that the fortune teller would get that information.

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Yeah.

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Yes.

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Yes.

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Talk to Jin Elmo vibe.

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I didn't understand that.

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Yes.

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Yes.

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That a lot towards the gym.

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No, because this goes back to the angels themselves. That you know, the angels are not being careful. They're the ones who talked to Jim, because he didn't hear directly from Allah subhanaw taala. So while the angels are obedient to Allah subhana wa tada at all times. lapses do happen, not mistakes. But lapses happen in the judgment of the angels that you know, they will speak at a time when they shouldn't have been speaking or they're unaware of the presence of genes that you know and that is why the genuine here so we will not say that Allah taught the genes the unknown, but rather the genes heard it from the angels.

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Yes.

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Yes.

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Right.

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Yes.

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No, Rahim is an attribute.

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I mean, the the URL does not make a difference. It made. No It just makes the definite. So when you say who is

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Rahim You know, it refers back to Allah subhana wa Tada. When you say who is Rahim? Allah is included. And the creation is included in that. So it shows exclusivity. That's what it shows.

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Yeah. Rockman whether you are in front of it or not, it can only refer to Allah subhanho wa Taala. And as based upon the concept, that is only Allah subhanaw taala, who is the possessor of mercy, and no one else can possess that mercy? Make sense? Now, let's answer the questions of the sisters. And then we will call it an evening does that come welcome to all of you for your patience? I know it's been a long night and I really appreciate you guys waiting around.

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What is the significance of seeking refuge in Allah? When a dog barks? Why is the dog barking so much in the first place? Thank you

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in terms of the significance, the prophet of Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah Selim, he teaches us that the black dog, or say one of the manifestations of a shaytaan is in a black dog, one of the manifestations of shaitaan is in a black dog. But in terms of why do we seek refuge in Allah, from when a dog incessantly barks? It's because she thought is encouraging that Dr. Bark or provoking that dog to bark, or in fact, if it is a black dog, it may even be a manifestation of shaitaan itself. And this is why the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told us to seek refuge at that time, because of the presence of God and because of the presence of a Sheltie. Allah Subhana

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Allah knows best. Next question.

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When we pray at home,

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can we read in a medium voice? Because there is a Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam to Abu Bakar increase your voices for Amr decreased

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also in court and

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I have no idea what the question really is sink, but I will try to understand it. And that is when you are reading a tome can we read out loud? I'll answer this from the my understanding of physics and you can derive from it what you like in Sharla.

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The legislation of Allah subhanaw taala when it comes to the recitation of the Quran, in Salah is that it is recommended to do it either way. So for example, in fudger the reading out loud in third reading silent the answer reading silently, Margaret first to lock eyes is out loud. Last is silent. shot first to lock eyes out loud, the last two are silent. These are all Sunnah things to do. These are recommended things to do. And you will see that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself actually used to change these up. So for example,

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when a new group of Muslims used to accept Islam, and it was time for a lot of thought, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would tell them you have to pray right now and he would lead them in Salah, but he would raise his voice so that they would repeat after him so that they could repeat the Fatiha and repeat anything else that he was reading. So the scores derived from this is that in terms of lowering and raising your voice, it is so not to do so. It is not compulsory and we do it the way we do it because it is the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam which leads us to understand the question when one is praying the Sunnah

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prayers, when one is sprinkling remoulade, when one is spraying so what to do how when one is praying the weapon what should they do? The score said in these situations that if it is the night time, it The sooner thing to do is to raise your voice and to read in a loud voice so that you can have more concentration during the nighttime when light is not that present. And he said during the daytime when light is much faster than light is present. Then you should recite in a low voice that don't you know speak out loud, but rather recite in a low voice because you do not need that extra push to stay concentrated you do not read need that extra push to stay concentrated. And Allah

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Subhana Allah knows best. With that we will conclude panicle llamo behind the Casa de la la land as the Furukawa to elect. Next week we will begin with should the bus mela be recited out loud in Salah or not. We'll take the proofs for that and continue from there. One thing I would encourage all the brothers and sisters to do is that please bring pen and paper with you. As you can see there's a lot of information that needs to be taken down and you only way you will preserve it is one of two ways. Either you have the memory of Emanuel Bukhari Rahim Allah or you write it down. So you choose which one you're capable of doing and take it from there inshallah, does that come along and I'll see you

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guys next week inshallah. So now, Monaco