Haaiyyah of Ibn Abee Dawood #05

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Navaid Aziz

Channel: Navaid Aziz

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

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hamdulillah Hina Hamada Hornstein, one istockphoto when albula haematuria unforseen a woman see it Anna Lena Maja de la vida de la homie,

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Allah wa Chateau La ilaha illAllah hula hula silica wash. I don't know Mohammed Abdullah Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa early he was off. He was seldom at the Sleeman kathira. And my dear brothers and sisters salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.

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So we are now in the fifth class of the high E, even though so we're technically halfway through after this class and Charlotte's the halfway point of the class. tonight's discussion is going to revolve around the newzoo of Allah subhanho wa Taala, the descent of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Now what I want to start off tonight's discussion with is the topic of Mikasa the Sharia the objectives of Islamic law. When we talk about Makati, the city, the city came to preserve six main categories, six main elements, it came to preserve human life, it came to preserve faith, it came to preserve the intellect, it came to preserve wealth. And then this is what the number five is what the

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scholars actually differed on. And that is, they had come to preserve honor, or did it come to preserve the continuation of progeny basically, like one generation after another. So when we talk about Mikasa, Syria, those are the six things that the cheriya came to protect and preserve that if you look at all of the laws that are in Islam, all of them will reflect and manifest these six main objectives that the Sharia came to protect. Now, why do I begin with this? I begin with this because I want to introduce you to the psychological version of this when you talk about psychology, you know, what was what did what are the higher needs of men, there was an individual by the name of

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Maslow, and he broke down the hierarchy of human needs into six main categories. Those six main categories were as follows. Number one physiological needs and these are, you know, the absolute basic needs that an individual has. Number two, the need for safety, number three, the need for love. Number four, self esteem, and number five, self actualization, Maslow's hierarchy of needs. They're more specific, but they can be bonded together into these main categories in these five categories. Now, when you look at Maslow's hierarchy of needs, where he talks about physiological needs, he talks about safety, he talks about love, and he talks about self esteem and he talks about

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self actualization. What do you think is actually missing from Maslow's hierarchy of needs? What do you see as missing? Need? Go ahead. Yep. The spirituality faith. Okay. If you were to give a more specific word,

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what would you choose? Allah?

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Give me a bit too specific.

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To say that, that would be part of self actualization, rather than

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I didn't give into the proposition that I'm looking for a more specific word and then I can address your your comment.

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No, that's still too general.

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No, that's still general I need something specific in faith is still too general. Okay, why? Okay, affiliate person's physiological needs are being met. Okay, once the physiological needs are met, what does he do with that? or Why does he need if this is this physiological needs met in the first place? What gives him ambition to stay alive? purpose, exactly. What I believe is missing for muscles Hierarchy of Needs is purpose. If you look at modern day theories, in terms of human needs, they break it down into love and recognition, then adventure and certainty and the contribution and growth even over here, the concept of purpose, the content, the concept of what we need to

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continuously survive is missing. Do you guys understand that you guys see that? Whereas from the shediac perspective, that's, like the first thing that's being addressed. So we came to protect human life. Once you have once you have life, then the first thing we're going to give you is purpose, the first thing we're going to give you is purpose, because if you don't have a purpose to live, you don't have a purpose to continue. Why would you want your physiological needs met? Why would you want safety? Why would you want everything else all of that is dependent upon purpose. Now one of the needs that needs to be met for a human being is the concept of having a god which is near

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having a god that was is loving, having a God that is forgiving, and this is where our topic of discussion comes into play. So as we've been mentioning in previous discussions, you know, the imposition of 100 sooner is that we affirm the attributes of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And those attributes have ramifications in our lives. They have like, you know, physical tangible points that we benefit and deduce from in our life. So when we affirm the new Zul of Allah subhanho wa Taala, as you will come to see from the benefits of affirming the descent of Allah subhana wa tada is affirming that there is a God that is near to us, is the affirmation that there's a God that wants

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to forgive us is an affirmation of that there's a God that actually cares about us. So those are the three general categories that we affirm through the affirmation of the newzoo

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Allah subhanho wa Taala and I want to start off with a verse in the Quran in Surah Nisa in verse 110. And certainly servers 110 Allah subhanho wa Taala he says woman Yama su n o yo Lim nafsa whoa sumaiya stokfella yoji the log afforda rahima that here Allah subhana wa tada says that whoever does a bad deed or your presses himself and then he seeks forgiveness from Allah subhanho wa Taala then He will surely find Allah subhana wa tada one that is Forgiving and Merciful, he will find a list I know it's either one that is forgiving or merciful. Now, what's interesting over here is that Allah subhanho wa Taala just basically made a simple equation, that if you committed a bad deed, and you

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followed it up by seeking forgiveness from Allah subhanho wa Taala The conclusion is, you will always find Allah subhana wa tada forgiving you will always find Allah subhanaw taala forgiving. Now from a human's perspective, this is very important, because even if you were to look at, you know, the linguistic breakdown of insulin, where does it come from? Does it come from nesea mean that he's from GM forgetful does it come from Anissa meaning that he loves to interact, regardless of whatever the origin may be. One thing we will all agree to, is that mankind forgets mankind will make mistakes. Part of being human being human is that you will sin and you will make mistakes. Now

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imagine you had to live your whole entire life, knowing that you weren't going to be forgiven, that you committed a sin you know, when you're like 10 1112 years old, as soon as you hit puberty, and then till the age that you die at 90 years old. You did not know if you would be forgiven or not. That guilt inside will will eat you up it will destroy you, you wouldn't be able to live your life. Now here when we affirm the descent of Allah subhanho wa Taala one of the things we affirm is that Allah subhanho wa Taala is most forgiving as well. And this is what the Hadith of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is actually based upon and that's what I want to share with you

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that this whole discussion tonight is based upon one Hadith. And the reference for this hadith in Sahih al Bukhari 4358 and it's a Muslim 2760 so al Bukhari 434358. And so a Muslim 2760 and this is where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he says yanzhou rabona illa summer dunya Kula Laila Hina yup Casa Leyland after for your call Manya The only first the G by the woman yes only for altea woman Yes, no Filoni for other fella. Here the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he says that our Lord descends to the lowest skies at the third, the last third of every night. And then he says Who is calling out to me so that I may respond to him who is asking of me so that I may

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give Him and who is seeking forgiveness from me. So I may forgive them so that I may forgive them. What's interesting about this hadith as we mentioned previously, when we talk about Hadith, very very few of them are motor water, very, very few of them are actually motor water. And this is one of the Hadith that is motor water. Who can remind me what what motor water means?

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so often that it cannot be

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reoccurring, reoccurring. You're halfway there. You're halfway there, Walesa.

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Fantastic, but what makes it the highest level authenticity?

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gives it a high standard, as opposed to what was mentioned by so is it only companions? Or are there more? Is there more people?

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Hello, Dennis, so many companions and and others who narrated it? Right, it would be impossible for them to agree upon a way and, or a lie and, or, or, or

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make a mistake without it being picked up. So when we talk about what to watch for headaches, we're talking about that there's so many people at each stage of narration, starting from the Sahaba, starting off from the tub and starting off from the bathtub. And in each of these levels of narration. There's so many people narrating this one, you know, statement or one action, that it is impossible that someone could have fabricated a lie, or that someone could have made a mistake and not would have been it wouldn't have been picked up. Right? This is one of the miraculous natures of the Quran is that it is motivated to so many people narrating the Quran, that it's impossible.

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Someone could have introduced a verse or taken a verse out or made a mistake in it and it wouldn't have been picked up because there's so many people that are repeating it and memorizing it. Now this hadith is one of those candidates that is motivated. How many peak companions narrated this hadith 28 different companions narrated this hadith. And in fact, this hadith is so unique and so special that she called the semaglutide near him Allah, he actually wrote a specific good book called short Hadith on those old sure Hadith on ozone, a an explanation of the hadith of dissent. and in it he talks about how this hadith is Mota water. Now why is it important to understand why this hadith is

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without water

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We're going to come and see how you know the different sects of Islam dealt with this hadith. So if they couldn't find an explanation for it, one of the things they said was, you know what, we're not going to accept this Hadith, because it's not water, water, and we'll come to that inshallah in a few moments. So he established it, how that is motivated. Number two, he dealt with the different versions of this Hadeeth. And what this, you know, benefits us is that the processor didn't just say this one time, or two times or three times. In fact, it is repeated that he said it close to seven or eight times. So it wasn't just a one time event. Now, why is that of benefit to us? Because as we

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mentioned in previous classes, this concept of wheel started in, you know, creeping into Islamic theology, where people would misinterpret and distort the words of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So if the prophet SAW Selim said the same thing seven or eight different times, then this is an indication that what the prophet SAW them is saying is actually intended with that wording, it is actually intended with that wording, has it prompts us on wanting to different wording or wanted a different interpretation, he would have changed up the wording each time, but the fact that the poster said them gave a very similar message with very similar wording. This

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indicates that he wanted the wording to be specific. Number three, he went on to basically discuss all the contentions that people will have, and I'll give you one of those contentions right now that I want you to think about before we discuss one of the contentions that people will mention, is that, okay, right now it's nighttime in Canada, you go to a place like Saudi Arabia, and it's like, daytime over there, you go to Europe. And it's like, you know, 3am in the morning, there, you go to Australia, and they're, like, 17 hours ahead of us, you know, it's almost the next day over there. We're early in the next day over there. So how is it that Allah subhanaw taala is descending in the

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last third of the night? Right? I don't want you guys to answer this. Now. I just want you to think of the contention that someone is racing over here. And these are the type of contentions that she could Islam is actually bringing up and he responds to now in case I forget to answer this, make someone remind me that by the end of the halaqa, we'll we'll discuss that as well. We'll discuss that as well. So now actually, this get into our topic of discussion, and that is we're going to briefly revise the methodology of the Sunnah, when it comes to affirming the effect of Allah subhanaw taala. Briefly revise the methodology understood now, when it comes to affirming the

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attributes of Allah subhanaw taala. Last week, I gave you this principle by shifting the standard in the same era him holla where he mentions his birth will be that term sealed with NZ Hornby Ratatouille, who remembers what that means? What does that statement mean? If batroun Villa term sealed within Zoo one, Villa tartin. What does that mean? So there's four operative words. You weren't here in class last week, so you don't get to.

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So therefore operative words, it's about 10 feet 10, z and 13. What do those four operative words mean?

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Go for it.

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Stretch would mean that you affirm the attribute as it's given. Okay. On the apparent meaning, yeah. And without them feel means meaning that you don't like an end of the creation or vice versa. Fantastic.

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would help me in that you remove don't attribute it That doesn't

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mean without actually denying what befits joy is

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fantastic. Now, if you want to make that into one sentence, how would you do that?

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Google translation.

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So if that will be let them feel what 10 01 belladati affirmation without likening and exaltation without negating. That's how you translate in one sentence. So it's affirmation without likening and exaltation without in the gaining this is what this principle actually states and what the springs why this principle is important because again, this came as what we will define as the middle path between you know, making God into a human being versus no worshiping nothing at all a God that doesn't exist. So this was the middle of path where you affirm without likening and you exhort without negating. Now, I want to introduce you to a more logical argument through the Quran. As to

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why our approach to theology needs to be from the Quran and Sunnah. I will introduce you to three principles that are logical based, but the reasoning is found in the Quran as to why we extract our theology from the Quran and Sunnah and not just from our own intellect, not just from our own intellects. The first thing is, who is the most knowledgeable Who is the most knowledgeable? Right? The obvious answer to that is Allah subhanaw taala. Allah subhanho wa Taala he mentions in Surah Yusuf Woolfolk will levy ailment, I mean, that on top of you know, the most knowledgeable person on this earth, there is still one that is more knowledgeable, and that is Allah subhanho wa Taala and

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certain buckler, verse 140. You know, let's find out that actually poses a rhetorical question to us. Cool. And to Marlon amila say, Are you more knowledgeable? Or is Allah subhanho? wa Taala? Or is Allah subhana wa Tada. That's the sort of dakara verse 140. So this is a rhetorical question being posed, that who is more knowledgeable between mankind and the creator

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Mankind. Now the obvious answer is Allah subhanho wa Taala. And we're going to, you know, build a series of arguments to get to a conclusion. The second argument or the second, you know, point that we bring up is that out of all of the creation, out of all the creation of Allah subhanho wa Taala, the most knowledgeable of Allah's creation was Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the most knowledgeable of Allah's creation was Allah, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and this is based upon the verse in Surah najem verse three and four, verse three and four, were Allah subhana wa Tada. He says, well now jaquan in her in her illawarra Ewha that Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa

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sallam does not speak of his own desire or his own accord, but rather he speaks of revelation so meaning anything that the Prophet sallallahu wasallam spoke pertaining to the deen pertaining to religion. It was revelation from Allah subhanho wa Taala. It was revelation from Allah subhanho wa Taala. Then the third argument, or the third logical point, is that when it comes to Allah subhana wa tada is Allah subhanho wa Taala part of the sin world are part of the unseen world as part of the unseen world right? So now that we agree that Allah subhana wa tada is part of the unseen world can we speak about something that we don't have full knowledge of? No, we can't we can't speak about

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something that we don't have full knowledge of something that we haven't seen. So therefore our knowledge of Allah subhanho wa Taala is now dependent upon point numbers one and two, either what Allah subhanaw taala told us or the individual that Allah subhanaw taala gave the most amount of knowledge to or the individual that Allah subhana wa tada gave the most amount of knowledge to know if you remember the very first class I shared with you a statement of employment Jose, where he said, The doodle mass so now that our understanding will revolve around the center wherever it went, mean that when it comes to religious matters, we will remain silent until we have either a statement

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from the Quran or statement of the Sunnah to substantiate that claim until we have an argument from the Quran Sunnah, to substantiate that claim. So this is just a quick recap with a small addition to the previous principles you've taken into the names and attributes of Allah subhanaw taala. With that being said, Monday if you want to read the verses for today, that we're doing so we'll be doing four verses the last two on the first page and the first two on the second page when it comes time to cut off fashionably late as usual.

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Right, wrong bus last taxi,

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white chocolate brownie and Shana some sins are forgivable some sins are forgiven. Go ahead.

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Finish it now we have the need for

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better people in

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the fact that you have further ado a blob of semi

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cool stuff put on the left of

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our that Capone, Lucia de su at a harbor coma because the

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fantastic transition.

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And say that as a compelling defense each night without asking how magnificent is the one God and most worthy of praise in terms of those heaven granting bounties from his grace? As the gates of heavens openness spread widely. He says, Is there anyone seeking forgiveness for nine years forgive us for anyone seeking bountiful goodness and provisions that were given to requests? A group of a group has reported this was repurposed or not to be rejected, but sadly some have went wrong and did not believe them marrying themselves. Fantastic dessert. Hello, hi. Okay. So let's start off with the very first verse. He says it will call D'Angelo Jiabao frequently let him and his commandment

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call over here. This is again whenever he says call this referring to the individual that ascribes himself to the sooner meaning if you ascribe to yourself to the sooner then you're off either is the following statement. Your fault Europe either or your theology is the following statement. eungella Jabara frequently Latin yanjiu means to descend. And as we mentioned, this is for clearly from the Hadith of the Prophet SAW Salem, where he says Youngji la buena that Allah subhanho wa Taala our Lord descends. So again, he's forming that saint will continue that same methodology of he's not going to speak except from the wording of the Quran and the Sunnah. So he uses the wording of the

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Hadith. Now, Al Jabbar, this is from the names of Allah subhanho wa Taala, which sort of is it mentioned, as mentioned many sewers, but there's like one famous one

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hotshot, fantastic, certain hotshot, well let's find out Allah mentions quite a few of his names. Now algebra what is actually come from algebra comes from Java, which means to put something back back in its place or to rectify something or to rectify something. So when something is broken, or Jabbar will fix it when something is out of place, then algebra will put it back in its proper place. But how does this you know befit that?

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The term that he's using over here, like, why is he using a Jabbar over here as opposed to man, the, you know, the Most Merciful? Or, you know, I'll call him the most generous, why is he using that? When you're looking for forgiveness, it's basically you've done something wrong, right? So you've kind of broken. Okay. You know, you're headed, right? Especially if you're getting up to the man. Right? Right.

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broken down exactly. SubhanAllah you know that that's very good and very accurate. But that's not what I was actually thinking of keeping in mind that this is not keyed up for man, you know, he's very harsh in his language, right? So when he's talking about algebra, basically, what he's saying over here is that you can deviate as much as you want, and algebra is gonna rectify you at the end of the day, right? That's what he's alluding to over here. And that's why he uses the term algebra. But what you're mentioning over here is very true, that you know, when someone needs to seek forgiveness from Allah, or he's in a desperate situation, when he's asking Allah subhanho, wa Taala,

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then it is algebra who will fix that situation for him. And when one recognizes that Allah subhanaw taala is able to fix all situations. And obviously, that's a source of comfort and tranquility to the individual for sure. So this is he's basing that upon the Hadith. Now, from the Hadith that we studied, Allah subhanaw taala asks three questions. What are those three questions that Allah is asking?

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Go ahead.

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Okay, that's the last one. Yep.

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From this world, this is the other and the other two, right.

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Okay.

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So the first thing he is asking is who is asking? so that I may answer them, right. So this could be something very general, it's extremely general, it could be spiritual blade to this world, it could be anything. then number two is who is seeking and that's more pertaining to this world, that I may give them, right, who is seeking, so that I may give them another third one is who is seeking forgiveness so that I may forgive them. So gradually, it's getting more specific, the first one's extremely General, then the second one is a bit more explicit, but is referring to this life. And the third one is about seeking forgiveness, which is about the life of the Hereafter, but partially

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dealing with this life as well. So those are the questions that Allah subhanaw taala is asking, and that is why, you know, when we affirm the descent of Allah subhanho wa Taala this is what we're affirming that if we did not affirm the descent of Allah subhanho wa Taala we're depriving ourselves of this closeness to Allah subhanaw taala we're depriving ourselves of this closeness to Allah subhanho wa Taala. And this is why in SoTL bacala let's find out what's either he gives a you know, a very clear commandment to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he tells them what either so I look at a by the irony for me corrib ojibwa die either, right, that if my slaves were to

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ask about me, not if, when my slaves asked about me, tell them that I am near, I answered this application of every applicator. Now, what is the difference between when and if, you know, I said if the first time What is the significance of that when it's actually when? Sorry?

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You want to ask about Allah subhanaw taala for sure. The other one is is not for certain. And this is what's important to understand when we're talking about Maslow's hierarchy of needs and the objectives of the Sharia. One of the things we want to get across is that every human being at one time in his life will question you know, Who is God? Or who is my Creator? Or why I'm on why am I on this earth? Right? And Allah subhana wa Tada. He answers that question in this verse that when they ask, Who is God, tell them that I am the or I'm the one that is close. I'm the one that answers a supplication of every supplicated I'm the one that answers the supplication of every applicator.

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Now, I want someone to give me an example. And I know some of the core guys may know this already. We think of a core example of someone that didn't deserve to have their supplication accepted from our perspective, at least, you know, let's find out Allah still answered the supplication

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shavon fantastic you've never attended before tell me why you said shaytaan

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Allah when Alaskan

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buys a lovely and allows them a final wish, I guess you could say

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fantastic and what was that final wish? I will need a straight up.

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But what did he need in order to do that though? live till the end of time live till the end of time. Fantastic. So now here you know if you look at the story of Adam animalistic the story of Genesis, both Adam and Eve please the supplicating to Allah subhanaw taala Adams asking for forgiveness, at least is asking for more time give me time give me respect till the Day of Judgment. Why does Allah subhanho wa Taala answer please. Adam was a prophet. Why did he answer the diabliss COVID.

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This, from what I understand is that these two, it was a challenge to Allah, Allah. The law wanted to prove him already. The law says that

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You will take us through that whoever you take straight,

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they will go to the hallway. But except for my vice vice servants, so it was a challenge to a lot to show him that no matter how much time you have, you know, and the end die, I'm winning in GameSpot. Okay, I don't know where you went to that, but inshallah

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Go ahead.

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So you can submit it directly, okay.

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So you receive the same result.

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So he wanted to increase shaytans punishment. That's why he he answered his door. So very cynical view of it. Let's find the gym to show that whoever,

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whoever thinks that committed the worst sins, but Allah will not turn down their dog lovers. That's the dog that police are completely rejected that has come in, right. What What chance do we have? We're committed to that as well. Fantastic. That's what Allah subhanaw taala wanted to show us. And to summarize, you what you're saying is that unless I know what the other one to show his generosity and his shyness, so generosity in the sense that even if you're as sinful as please, Allah subhanaw taala will answer you his modesty and shyness in the sense that anyone that raises hands to Allah subhanho wa Taala, Allah subhanaw taala hates to leave those hands empty handed. So even someone

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like at least when he made the law to Allah subhanho wa Taala, Allah answered his dwad based upon those reasons, his generosity and his shyness and modesty. So now here, we're at, you know, in the in the third of the night, if you're awake at the third of the night, it's like one of two things. Either you're like very righteous, Mashallah. Or you're in some serious trouble, right? That's what's happening in life. something's really going wrong, you can't sleep, you know, you need to call out to Allah subhanaw taala. And then when you realize that Allah subhanaw taala descends to the lowest heavens, and that Allah is asking, Who you know, who is asking that I may answer who is

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requested seeking that I may give and who is seeking forgiveness that I may forgive them, you know, brings you solace and and brings your tranquility, that Allah subhanaw taala is listening to us. So now,

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let us go into the methodology of the other groups, the methodology of the other groups. So now, by this time, you know, halfway through the Holocaust, you guys should have understood the methodology of the martyrs ILA, and the Japanese. The Japanese completely denied everything. The Martha's ILA, they denied the sifat of Allah subhana wa Tada. And they affirmed the names of Allah subhanaw taala. And then the third group we always spoke about was the shadow and the shadow. We said they were like the middle group between the center and the monitor sila and the Jamia. So we mentioned previously that the Sharia, they negated the attributes of Allah subhanho wa Taala. But when they did, so, they

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did two things instead, what were one of what were the two things they did instead, they negated the attributes of Allah subhanaw taala. But their way of negation was different. Go ahead.

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Fantastic, which means

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we don't mean to put in the community, okay.

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The field would mean, stopping it

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exists, but we know what it means fantastic. So the first two is the fifth, where they will say that the meaning is only only Allah subhanaw taala knows, they deferred the meaning to Allah subhanho wa Taala. No one knows what this truly means, other than Allah subhanho wa Taala. And we mentioned in previous articles that obviously, this is, you know, from the consequences of the statement is that they're, you know, implying that monster saddam and the Sahaba were ignorant that they spoke about things and you know, did things that they didn't understand. Right, then the second thing they did was that with, which was to take a meaning that is not apparent, without any proof for doing so

00:28:39--> 00:29:10

without any proof for doing so. Now, how did they make that weird? of civitanova? How do they make that we'll have the dissenter of Allah subhanaw taala they differed into two camps over here in terms of how they made that will, they said number one, it is the mercy of Allah subhana wa tada that is descending at that time, it is the mercy of Allah subhanho wa Taala that is descending at that time. Number two, they said it is actually an angel that is descending at that time, it is actually an angel that is descending to that time. How do you refute these arguments?

00:29:14--> 00:29:15

You can use whatever you like inshallah.

00:29:20--> 00:29:21

So are you going to talk Are you just going to stay?

00:29:25--> 00:29:26

You don't have the answer? No.

00:29:27--> 00:29:28

Okay.

00:29:29--> 00:29:34

You will go to see before insha Allah said, No, I saw you recertify I thought you can look it up online or something like that.

00:29:35--> 00:29:36

They've go ahead to suggest

00:29:42--> 00:29:59

so that's what we've affirmed that already. That's what that will is. You're taking a meaning that is inappropriate place and without any proof for doing so. Now what we want to look at is how do you refute these two specific that we were they say that it is the mercy of Allah that descends and not Allah subhanho wa Taala or it is an angel. That

00:30:00--> 00:30:01

And not Allah subhanaw taala.

00:30:04--> 00:30:05

Fantastic.

00:30:08--> 00:30:29

Fantastic. Okay, so now, here, I'm giving you like advocate scenario over here. He says, fine, that's what the process is. I'm said, It is our Lord that descends but obviously doesn't descend, our Lord doesn't move, right. Our Lord doesn't have a place. So obviously now if we affirm that there must be an angel, it must be His mercy. It can't be the Lord.

00:30:30--> 00:30:35

How are you going to respond to that? A lot of sins in the way that we've been since.

00:30:36--> 00:30:49

So I can say something else in a way that, Okay, I understand what you're saying. And this is what we've been teaching the whole class that Allah does what he wants in the way that he wants when he wants. But I want you to think to something that I alluded to in this class. Go ahead.

00:30:53--> 00:30:55

Mercy wanted something else. third, fourth, fifth.

00:30:57--> 00:31:08

Okay, choose these two things. Okay. Just again, refer to something I referred to in the beginning of this class. Go ahead. Mercy is everything. So how can you descend?

00:31:10--> 00:31:21

Yes. I mean, let's find out that refers to rain has mercy. Sorry, I was fine with that refers to rain as mercy as well. So maybe it's the rain that's coming down.

00:31:22--> 00:31:23

Okay. But

00:31:24--> 00:31:32

it also says, you know, that the stories, the heavy rain, he accepts, he's okay.

00:31:33--> 00:31:42

Why not? Are you that point? I don't know. Why not argue that point. Again, I need you to refer back to something I mentioned in this halaqa. Today. Go ahead.

00:31:44--> 00:32:21

He said this a number of times. Fantastic. Very similar wording. Exactly. So what do we derive from that? It was, it was the mercy of Allah, or the angel, then he had like a number of opportunities. To clarify, maybe like if he said, Allah the first time around, fantastic, fantastic, amazing, I wish I could give you a price for this. But I will make the offering me Allah bless you and your family and grant you the best of this life in the hereafter alone. I mean, they've so that's the point we were alluding to, at the beginning of the Holocaust, that the fact that process and repeated the same similar statement, you know, seven or eight different times, it was due to the

00:32:21--> 00:32:57

fact that person wanted to drive this message home, that is not meant to be interpreted this is, you know, understand it as it is understand it as it is the person had multiple opportunities. Now, when you make that wheel, after the process of them has said it, you know, seven or eight times, then what is this alluding to, again, with their were indirectly attributing lack of clarity, lack of delivering a message, and even you know, denying the facade, meaning the eloquence of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, that he's continuously saying one thing, but implying something else, but implying something else. Right. So that's how you deal with that aspect of the

00:32:57--> 00:33:13

Hadith, that the pastor said it so many times that it's not appropriate to make that will in this situation. Now, if we were to look at a logical argument, now, no textual evidence is, but from a logical argument, how are you going to refute the start with from a logical argument? How would you refute that that we go ahead?

00:33:15--> 00:33:18

ages dissent all the time? Fantastic, was

00:33:20--> 00:33:22

the first part of this, okay.

00:33:23--> 00:33:25

Merci, merci. Also, same thing.

00:33:26--> 00:33:29

Okay. To general, I need you to drive in more specific.

00:33:32--> 00:33:35

Think about the statements think about the questions.

00:33:38--> 00:33:44

As in from a logical perspective, how do you refute this, that we're just using logic over here?

00:33:45--> 00:33:47

Why not an angel? Or

00:33:48--> 00:34:08

are at the mercy of Allah? As in, logically speaking, tell me why it is logically fallacious to make a wheel with Angel and mercy. Go ahead. So in the questions when I say who is listening, so they're calling an eyeglass? Right? In the scanner, now, it's on the cusp of

00:34:09--> 00:34:21

saving Mercy. Mercy is not a being a fantastic, fantastic question where someone is listening and someone is responding, right? We're getting all of that forgiveness specially.

00:34:22--> 00:34:56

Fantastic. So let's start with mercy. First, mercy is not a physical being right. Mercy does not answer mercy does not speak. It is an attribute of Allah subhanho wa Taala. It does not exist within itself, but it is manifest through his interaction with his creation, right. So that's the aspect of mercy with the angels. You're almost there. But what we're looking for is that it is not befitting for an angel to say who will seek my forgiveness so that I can forgive them, right? Who will ask of me so that I may give them it's not befitting for an angel to do that. An angel will never speak on behalf of Allah subhanho wa Taala like that, withdraw they will always attribute everything directly

00:34:56--> 00:34:58

back to Allah subhanho wa Taala that, you know,

00:35:00--> 00:35:36

Even if you look at the story of medium, you know, medium is a sedan, which is about to have her child, she's extremely panicking. What does the angel say? She, she's really panicky. And she's like, how can I have this child? He says chaotic, or buki. aleja that you know, your Lord will take care of you that he did. He said, I will take care of you, your Lord will take care of the angels always offer different back things back to Allah subhana wa tada different things back to Allah subhanho wa Taala. Now, let me deal with the contention and then we'll conclude the class inshallah. So did you guys come up with an answer yet? For the individual that says, you know, how will Allah

00:35:36--> 00:35:43

subhanho wa Taala descend in the last third of the night when it's the last third of the night everywhere in the world at a different time? Go ahead.

00:35:46--> 00:35:53

Fantastic. So that's like the logical aspect of it. Allah subhanaw taala is beyond time and space, but there's a bigger problem that we're not addressing over here.

00:35:55--> 00:35:55

Yeah.

00:35:57--> 00:36:10

Same thing, same thing, as you mentioned, so applying time and space is putting limitations upon Allah subhanaw taala we're all missing the bigger picture. We hear this for the you will also have been attending the last 500 Plus, there's we said from the very first time, there's something that you don't do,

00:36:12--> 00:36:52

of course, with a particular type of question, how fantastic we don't ask about how this question of how does Allah subhanaw taala do this? How does Allah subhanaw taala do that? We don't ask this question, right? This is part of the kief which is only for Allah subhanho wa Taala. So we don't ask, how does Allah subhanaw taala do this? So anytime there's a question of how does this happen? We say that Allah subhanaw taala knows best. He does what he pleases as he pleases. Yeah, right. Can I elico biLlahi subhanho wa Taala. Now, the last statement that the poet makes, he goes on to say roba Dhaka como la hora de Hadith Han, Allah Harbor, Coleman caribou home, waka waka, we hope that

00:36:52--> 00:37:27

this narration has been narrated by people whose statements are not rejected. Who is he referring to over here? The Sahaba the Allahu anhu. Right. So the next section that's coming up is actually about the foil of the Sahaba. Next five verses are coming up, are about the foil of the Sabbath. So this is like an introduction to the next section of the poetry. It's about the virtues of the companions layer or the hadith of them, meaning that when the companions come together, and they say something, and they agree upon something, their statements cannot be rejected. What do we call this concept in Islam? Hmm, fantastic. So when the companions have agreed upon something, their statement cannot be

00:37:27--> 00:38:07

rejected. This is agema it is considered a source of our religion is considered a source of legislation of our religion, and our father, Coleman caribou, Homer Cobo, that anyone that goes against each man that goes against the opinion of the sobre la home by belying them, then two things will happen to these people that he mentions over here. Number one, is that the harbor is like someone who loses someone who has been destroyed. Right Harbor, that's what harbor means. So that meaning that they will lose, and they will lead themselves to destruction, could be hope, that they will be made into something that isn't, you know, appealing to look at something that has been made

00:38:07--> 00:38:22

very ugly. It comes from club which means to be made ugly. And this is when a person's Dean, and even physical appearance will be made ugly by rejecting the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And by rejecting the station of the Sahaba, or the Allahu Tada. And

00:38:24--> 00:38:29

so I think that's pretty much all I had for this week in sha Allah. I cannot remember anything else that I wanted to add,

00:38:31--> 00:38:56

or LA huzzah, and along with some Allahu wa sallam article in the Vienna Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa Salaam? I have a couple of announcements to make. And then we can go for questions. announcement number one is that next Wednesday, there will be no class. So next Wednesday, there's like a pretty important meeting that's happening that I needed to attend. So there's no there's going to be no class. So class will resume two Wednesdays from now class will resume two Wednesdays from now with the virtues of the companions.

00:38:57--> 00:39:22

I'm thinking about giving you guys like a halfway test as well. So that'll probably happen. It'll be oral examination. If you pass you might get a prize. If you fail, you might get kicked out. I'm being one of you guys in advanced in Shell and the kicktail just out less than not you know altogether. So that might happen to revise the last previous five lessons. You can get them on the YouTube channel inshallah if you missed anything. So let's open up the door for question answers. Go ahead.

00:39:23--> 00:39:24

Second part of

00:39:26--> 00:39:27

confirmation though, like

00:39:29--> 00:39:33

exaltation, without negation, exaltation without negation.

00:39:34--> 00:39:34

Najib?

00:39:38--> 00:39:59

Yes. So the first one is that Who is the most knowledgeable is Allah subhana wa Tada. We mentioned the verse from Surah Yusuf and the verse from sort of Baccarat. The number two is that the most knowledgeable of Allah's creation is the Messenger of Allah Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and we mentioned the verse in sort of najem and then number three, we pose the question is Allah part of the scene the world or part of the unseen world? We said,

00:40:00--> 00:40:18

Part of the unseen world, therefore, to speak about the unseen can only be done through, you know, other means and not through our intellect, meaning either from Allah subhanaw taala, or through the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam that there's no room for, you know, speculation when it comes to the world of the unseen. We acted upon Mashallah.

00:40:20--> 00:40:20

How

00:40:21--> 00:40:23

To clarify, you said that the

00:40:25--> 00:40:26

designer was

00:40:28--> 00:40:30

all of them except for seven, yes.

00:40:31--> 00:40:35

Attend the previous Hello, I think number two when we discuss this, okay.

00:40:37--> 00:40:37

So

00:40:41--> 00:40:42

with with this,

00:40:43--> 00:40:46

I will be our agenda.

00:40:48--> 00:41:08

So the Jeremy they deny the attributes of Allah subhanaw taala. Without giving you a recourse, they just said, you know, what this does the attribute does not exist altogether. They are shyla, they didn't say that the attributes of Allah didn't exist altogether. They say we denied the appearance or meaning of the attribute. And the way we will affirm it is either too tough with or through that will.

00:41:17--> 00:41:37

A person of innovation, that's what we sort of been alluding to, you know, the whole time that in generalities, we will see, generally speaking, the the shadow word heretical, specifically speaking, we're not going to call anyone that hermetic until you know, the conditions are met of that. And again, that's not for us to do anyways, go ahead, do the

00:41:40--> 00:41:40

deal with

00:41:42--> 00:42:19

Oh, fantastic, that's good. I completely forgot to discuss that. So the reason why she called me up and say me or him, Allah, hi, to prove that it was motor water. So when you look at the development of filk, over time, around this the time just before remember, because it there was an individual by the name of a local shady, Akashi, he took filk and Sufism and put it together. And this is how the modalities ended up being formed, where you will have a particular a particular appeal, and you're learning that together. So anyone who generally studied Shafi filk, or my lucky folk, you know, they're going on the shadow side, anyone that studied hanafy field is going on the maternal side.

00:42:19--> 00:42:25

And anyone who's studying humbly folk is going on the quote unquote, authority side, right. So now with that having being said,

00:42:26--> 00:43:02

as their sole focus developed over time, one of the principles that they came up with and they said, We will not accept a high Hadeeth indicator is that anytime you have an ad, that is not water, water, so water, water is so many people were reporting it had atheists, there are very few people reporting it. So they said, when you have a headache enough, either, we will not accept this headache. Why did they do that? They said I had a headache. They don't give you certainty, you can't be certain that this actually happened. You can't be certain that this actually took place. And therefore when it comes to something as important as theology, you know, we can't we can't accept

00:43:02--> 00:43:36

that right. Now. How do you counter that argument? Very simple. When the pastor sent out two delegations used to send one person to teach them their whole religion. Okay, the Antioch model, to me was sort of no Merton Medina, one person was sufficient for the one person or sorry, one entity revealed the Quran to Muhammad SAW Selim Djibouti, right, they were sufficient for Allah subhanho wa Taala. So as long as they're trustworthy, even one person, it gives us enough certainty that we will act upon it and believe in it. So that's why he proved it was with the water. And that's what that's what they did with the Hadith. A lot of them they said that we can't accept this hadith in arcada

00:43:36--> 00:43:38

because it's harder not motivated.

00:43:42--> 00:44:09

So this is another thing that you know, a lot of them the reason why they went towards specific Ashoka is because they distance themselves from Hadith and they became more familiar with like in one column and so on and so forth. Whereas they came out of nowhere since they were you know, they had you know, actually traits but due to the fact that they were familiar with Hadith they're actually there was a lot closer to a Sunni Aki then it was through the Sharia kheda Allah Allah said

00:44:14--> 00:44:18

groups in shallow first for Holocaust you can go over those inshallah

00:44:21--> 00:44:21

sorry

00:44:26--> 00:44:26

shady.

00:44:28--> 00:44:32

shady. I'm sure it was helpful shady. Just before him because it Yes.

00:44:33--> 00:44:41

Just before Mm hmm. Yeah, there's a famous book called reseller to crush it, which they use which is the his book on that

00:44:46--> 00:44:48

noise. Good

00:44:49--> 00:44:49

job.

00:44:52--> 00:44:53

Some mistakes from the

00:44:56--> 00:44:56

text on

00:44:58--> 00:44:59

aligning closer to Russia or

00:45:00--> 00:45:36

This is like a very good question over here the issue with Edna Josie is that he was like, not all over the place, but he wasn't as consistent as a lot of the other habila. So there's a famous book that's translated to English now it's called the attributes of God, where basically he, you know, blasts the affiliate Qaeda saying that look, these are mistakes, you kind of firm this, but at the same time, if you look at Toby Sibelius, he like blast the Sophie's, he bless the child, he was blasting everyone. And that's why even when it Hadeeth you'll notice that he was very, very strict when it came to Hadeeth. So he said his general personality was that he just you know, had

00:45:36--> 00:45:38

contentions with everyone and everything.

00:45:39--> 00:45:59

Yeah, very polemical, very very polemical. Right. So where did the majority actually stand on this? A lot of them I still see him to be closer to her The sooner than he was with the shaila without a shadow of a doubt. alojado her let's conclude with that just panic alone will become the Casa de la Furukawa to bhulekh I will see you guys in two weeks in sha Allah wa Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh