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10 Tafsir Juz E Amma Surah Al Asr

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Navaid Aziz

Channel: Navaid Aziz

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Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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him in Alhamdulillah Hina meadow and you know when the stock photo when the human shadow the unforeseen a woman CIT Amina Maria de la Fernando de la la la la la la la la la la la la sharika wash I don't know Mohammed Abdullah Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa seldom at the Sleeman kathira My bad, my dear brothers and sisters salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.

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I remember when they went to the Islamic University of Medina, there weren't too many people that I knew, and being, you know, foreign in that land, any Westerner that I would meet out automatically build an affinity and a relationship with them. And I remember one of the very first people that I met was none other than this brother that a lot of you are familiar with, by the name of chef ESL, Cody. And when I met him, you know, he told me, you know, what, let's study together, I'll teach you what I know, he was starting his master's degree at that time. And I thought it was a fantastic opportunity. And I remember every Wednesday night, and sometimes even Thursday nights, we would get

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together on my show the number week, and we would go over different texts. One of the very first texts that we went over was this book that I believe almost every Muslim should familiarize themselves with. And that book is by the name of an oshoala stellata are the three fundamental principles. Now these three fundamental principles are based upon the questions that a person will be asked in their grave. Those are, you know, who is your Lord? Who was the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and what is your deen? Those are the three fundamental principles. Now when you look at this book, the three fundamental principles I want to share with you the very

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introduction of this book, the author, shaken Islam, Mohammed bin Abdul Wahab Rahim Allah Tada. He starts off by saying, Mr. McCullough, I know who he was Idina, Chanda Marber MSI, Allah, wa Hamada, tola Houma, la fortuna V, he will Maui for the do Maui for to Dinelli slideable Adela, a sunny. I'm an OB salice Adela to La la la la Adelphi. delille called huhtala when asked in an incentive fee hoser 11am annual Amina Sania had also been happy with the loss of a southern Cali Shafi Rahim Allah, no man's and allow for jetten illa had the surah the capital interhealth column. So the author he starts off his introduction to this book by saying that no May Allah subhanaw taala have

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mercy upon you. It is compulsory upon every Muslim to know four things it is compulsory upon every Muslim to know four things. The first of them is knowledge. And he goes on to define what knowledge is, he says knowledge is the knowing of Allah subhana wa Tada. It is the knowing of his prophet, and it is the knowing of his religion, Islam, when it's proofs. The second thing that is compulsory upon every Muslim is an AMA will be acting upon these things. The third of them is a Dawa, to LA calling the people to this matter of knowledge, what robbia and the fourth thing are several other Adelphi being patient upon the harms that a person will face in attaining this knowledge and acting upon

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that knowledge and calling the people to this knowledge. Now what is the proof for all of these four things? He goes on to mention that it is the sort of that we were just discussing tonight, which is sort of the last year where Allah subhanho wa Taala says, by time, all of mankind is in a state of loss, except for four categories of people, those who believe those who will do righteous deeds, those who encourage each other with the truth, and those who encouraged each other with patience. And then he concludes with the statement of empowerment. shafia Rahim Allah, which is going to be our beginning point where mmm chef is Rahim Allah said about the surah Loma anzahl Allahu Allah,

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Allah. Allah has the surah the capital, that had Allah subhanho wa Taala sent down no other proof upon mankind except for the surah it would have been sufficient for them. As a reminder, it would have been sufficient for them as a reminder, meaning that inside SoTL answer, you will find every single thing that a Muslim needs to know as a reminder mean that when a Muslim is looking for guidance when a Muslim is feeling some sort of lack of Eman, let him look towards sudo to Lhasa because surah to Lhasa will be sufficient as a reminder, and you'll find that many scholars after Mr. Mishra himolla had similar statements as well from them was shaken this time of Nakayama and

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Samia Mala. They all said similar things that if the Muslim was to contemplate upon certain acid, it would have been sufficient as a contemplation meaning that if you

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spent your whole life contemplating upon no surah in the Quran, other than Sultan acid, it would have been sufficient as the contemplation. So let us begin with the lights Allah With the name of Allah subhanaw taala. So Allah subhanho wa Taala he starts off by saying one NASA, the wall over here is what we call while what we call wall possum. And what is important to know over here is that in the Arabic language when you take an oath, an oath is taken with three letters and oath is taken with three letters. So meaning that in Islam, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam tells us men can hardly find for Leah Bella that whoever is to take an oath, let him take an oath

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only by Allah subhana wa Tada. So you have a grave and severe matter that you need to take an oath about, then swear by Allah subhanho wa Taala. How do you do this in the Arabic language in one of three ways, you will say either will lie and this is the most common one that everyone knows especially Do we have any Somalis here Mashallah, you know, they have this word down packed, you know, we're lucky I was born one lucky I'm Canadian, one lucky, you know, they have it on the tip of their tongue. Mashallah. Then the second way is by using the bar and the bar is also a hot spot for custom, which is you would say biLlahi and then the third way is to lie. So these are the three ways

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of swearing by Allah subhanaw taala. You would say, well, Allah, he would say belay and you would say to Allah He, so the word over here that is being mentioned, in one Asad Allah subhanho. wa Taala is swearing By Allah, Allah subhanho wa Taala is swearing by anassa. Now I'll assert over here the scholars deferred, what is also here referring to and he came to two major opinions. Opinion number one is that it is referring to the ending of the day it is referring to the ending of the day, and they use their proof for this verses in the Quran where Allah subhana wa tada says, What have you done a salatu wa Salatu was wakulla a quantity that Allah subhana wa Taala says, and be firm upon

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all of your prayers, especially the middle of prayer, and stand in obedience to Allah subhanho wa Taala. So salata loosed over here, they said is Salatu Lhasa which is towards the ending of the time and this is what the user is there proof that when Allah subhana wa tada is swearing by a magnificent period of time, he is wearing bilasa another proof that he used was that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam into his book Bukhari, he refers to the answer prayer as an formula. He refers to the answer prayer as unfought law, meaning the virtuous prayer, so meaning that the answered prayer with love itself has a great significance. And that is why if you look in

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terms of virtues of Salawat, you'll find that one of the most virtuous prayers is the prayer that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he tells us that the one who misses the prayer, it is as if he has lost everything in the dunya and the after, it is as if he has lost everything in the dunya and the meaning and absolute complete loss. So that is the first opinion as shown over here is referring to that last part of the day. So meaning that after your shadow becomes twice its size, all the way till the sunsets that is known as the asset period, that is known as the asset period. Then the second opinion, is that asset over here is referring to time in general. So it's

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not referring to a specific period of time, but rather it is referring to time in general, all aspects of time. The scholars who took this opinion, they said that if you were to look in the Koran, you'll see that Allah subhanho wa Taala swears by various periods of time. So let's count which time periods Allah subhanaw taala swears by who can remember the beginning of a sutra where Allah subhanaw taala swears by a period of time. So while fudger Allah subhanaw taala swears by the early morning, what else does Allah subhanaw taala swear by what other period of time what layli either yaksha excellent by the night when it becomes tranquil and serene.

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We okay what Allah subhanaw taala says, likewise, he says what shamcey will do Haha, so in this time, Allah subhana wa tada is very by the early morning, so you will see that in the Quran, Allah subhanaw taala swears by various periods of time, then the scholars who took the second opinion that Allah subhanaw taala, is showing the greatest of time, they used all of these verses as their proof. Likewise, they use their proof that Hadith of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, where he said, the foot of the son of Adam will not move on the Day of Judgment until he is asked about five things until he's asked about those about five things. What are those five things? Who

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can remind me? What are the four What are five things you'll be asked about on the day of judgment?

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How he spent his life excellent.

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Okay, work specifically what about the wealth? There are two things concerning the wealth, what are they

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earning and spending Excellent. So we have three

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So far, and what are the last two?

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Use? Okay, how you spend your youth? Excellent. And what is the last one? Who knows what the last one is?

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Not health, not health? No, what about it?

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Excellent, how he acted upon it, the knowledge that he had and how he acted upon. So the Messenger of Allah sallallahu, it said was reported in the center of a Timothy, he says that the son of the foot of the son of Adam will not move on the Day of Judgment, until he is asked about five things, and only he FEMA from the one shabby female oblah that he until he's asked about his life in general, how he spent it. And then number two about his youth, and what he did with his youth, then two of them pertaining to wealth, where he got his wealth, and where he spent his wealth. And then the last one, the knowledge that he had, did he actually act upon it? So these are five things that

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each and every individual will be asked about. Now, if you look at the very first two of them, what are they? The first one is your life in general, your life in general, mean that all aspects of your life, every single second of it, you are held accountable for it? Then question number two is to a specific part of your life to your youth. And the youth over here, hates up until the age of 40. So in Islam, you're considered a youth up until the age of 40. So up until that time, you will specifically question about what you did with the strength that you had with that intellectual integrity. What did you do with it with that intelligence? What did you do with your sense? What did

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you do with it, your athletic ability? What did you do with it? All of these specific things the youth will be asked about now particularly these like this, one of the great scholars of Islam and hustle and bustle and Rahim Allah, He says, In Nima anta Jarmon in that they have a yeoman's work that you all send of Adam are just a number of days, that part of us to go if a part of a day was to go, then know that part of you has gone as well, that your whole life is made up, it is a collaboration of seconds, minutes, hours, days, and years. And with each passing second part of your life is going away a part of your life that you will never ever get back. So now this is something

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you know, really interesting. If you're on Facebook, you'll notice that when it was 1212 12 million December 12 2012, everyone was posting on Facebook, you know, oh, my God, we're never going to see this day again. And I thought to myself, as a Muslim, you look at the severity of this statement, that there's not a single moment of your life that you can ever get back from get 12 1212. You know, at any moment of your life, you're not going to get it back, it's disappeared. You could pay all the money in the world, you could sacrifice anything you wanted any second that has gone by, it's never ever coming back. And this shows you the severity of time in Islam. It shows you the severity of

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time in Islam, and hustle and bustle. He goes on to you know, explain how diligent the Sahaba the Allahu anhu. And what would their time, they said, I have seen a generation of people that were more enthusiastic in preserving their time than you are enthusiastic and preserving your wealth. And I want you to think about how enthusiastic people are in preserving their wealth. So I'll give you like an example. I want you to imagine you're walking by on the street, and a person is rushing somewhere. He's rushing somewhere. Perhaps he's late for work, he's late for school. And he has some change that falls out of his pocket. Let's just say it's not even a penny because you know, the

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pennies are gonna be useless in a month's time. Let's just say it's five cents, he drops a whole nickel. Will you stop for that nickel when you're in a hurry? More than like you ordered stuff, right?

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Okay, so we have a brother that says no, he wouldn't stuff for it. But the point is the vast majority of people I mean, I've seen people that will stop even for a penny that you know, you guys don't have like an underground metro system here. But in Montreal, we have an underground metro system. And you know, peak hours from like eight to 9am and then from like, four to 6pm these are like peak rush hours. And it's so get so jam crowded that you know, I've seen people literally they've just dropped a penny, they will literally create an accident kill all the people just to get this one penny for the sake of preserving that penny. And here it has nobody's explaining this right

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over here that I have seen a generation that were more diligent in preserving their time than you are diligent in preserving your wealth. And this is something that we need to keep in mind that with each passing second with each passing moment, with each second, are you getting closer to Allah subhanho wa Taala? Or are you getting further away? Are you getting closer to Allah subhanaw taala? Or are you getting further away? And that's something to keep in mind. And this is why Allah subhana wa Tada. He starts off by swearing by time over here, because he goes on to say something that is directly related to time. And this is what we call job possum. And this is the answer to the oath

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that Allah subhanaw taala takes when he says that by time man is in a state of loss.

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This statement man is in state of lost his job custom, meaning that Allah subhanaw taala took an oath by something, and this is what he takes takes the oath for, to tell us and to remind us, that all of mankind, all of mankind is in a state of loss, except for four categories of people. And even those four categories of people will vary in the terms that will vary in terms of the type of loss that they are suffering. So Allah subhanaw taala, he goes on to say, and the second verse in the insana, lefkosa. Now you notice about this verse, that Allah subhanho wa Taala uses three types of emphasis three types of emphasis, the first type of emphasis that Allah subhanaw taala uses is the

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term in, in, in the English language equivalent to verily or for a shorty, or surely. So this is what it means in the English language. And then Allah subhanaw taala goes on to say Luffy, that he uses the lamb over here, which is Lama Talia, to explain that this is another emphasis that is coming up. And then the third emphasis of Allah subhanaw taala uses is in casa, so most of what Allah doesn't go on to say that in the in Santa Laplacian, but he goes on to say, in in Santa Laffy hosa, that indeed all of mankind is in a state of loss. So it doesn't say that they are losers, because being a loser would mean that it is relative to something that you could have gained. So

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perhaps the person was a loser in a race, perhaps a person was a loser, in terms of some wealth that he lost. But Allah subhana wa tada is using the holster in its indefinite sense over here to indicate that in all aspects of life, he is a loser in all aspects of life, he is a loser for categories that are coming up. Now, question arises over here, what is the greatest loss that a person can face? What is the greatest loss that a person can face? Who can answer this question? What is the greatest loss that a person can face?

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loss of life? Good answer, what else?

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Not being able to see a less face. Okay, that's a good answer. Anything else? The greatest loss?

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loss of gender. Excellent. So we're dealing with a lot of symptoms over here. But what is the actual route to that a person would lose

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lots of a man that is what we're looking for right here. Loss of a man that is the greatest loss a person can have. When you think about AlHassan been the greatest and clearest of losses, it is the loss of faith. There is nothing that is lost greater than faith. Because for everything else, there's a replacement, you lose a relative, Allah will bless you with another relative, you lose wealth, you will get more wealth, you lose a car, Allah will give you another car, but a person that has lost his faith, he there is no replacement for it. Because that faith is your salvation. Not only in this life, it is your source of happiness, your source of tranquility, but it is the reason

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why you're entering paradise in the hereafter. And a person that has lost that key to paradise. There's no other key that's going to get him in, no matter what else he may have in terms of virtuous and righteous deeds. He could have sacrificed all of his wealth for the sake of Allah. But if he died without a man, then he's lost that key to enter Paradise. And that is why the greatest loss a person can have is their email. And this is why the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam used to make dua to Allah subhanho wa Taala in his word of prayer, in his with their prayer, you will make dua to Allah subhanho wa Taala wa jal mercy, but an Effie Dena, that Oh Allah subhanho

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wa Taala do not make our tribulation in our faith, meaning that trust in our wealth, trust in our families, trials in our businesses, but don't try us in our faith. Because a person who feels the trial of his faith, then he's lost everything altogether. He has lost everything all together. As an analog. You know, it's amazing that we're doing this sooner particularly, for me, at least, you know, at this particular time, this past week alone, I've dealt with two cases. One was a convert one was a born Muslim.

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This converts Pinilla you would look at this person and you're thinking Oh, Mashallah, they're, they're a righteous person that the sister is wearing hijab. She's coming to the masjid she's attending to loosen halaqaat but she ends up leaving the fold of Islam. She says I'm no longer sure you know of Islam is the true religion and I may have told a similar story a couple of months back, but this is a brand new story. panela and this was you know, a person that read the Koran and studied their their Deen. But subpanel law as time went on, due to the problems that they faced in their life, they couldn't reconcile between, you know, what was their own shortcomings? And then

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what was the wisdom and will of Allah subhana wa Tada. So they decided and came to the conclusion that you know what, perhaps, I will be happier without faith, because my life was so much easier without faith.

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didn't have to worry about waiting or forfeiture, I didn't have to worry about staying of race, I didn't have to worry about giving us a cat. And when I'm hearing these words, I thought to myself Subhanallah you know where the problem lies right here is the very fact that you're not enjoying your faith. Your faith has become so burdensome upon you, that waking up or socialized into pleasure for you, you know, giving years ago, helping the poor people is no longer pleasurable for you. That's why you're finding it so burdensome. Now, this wasn't even the serious, severe case. The second case was even more severe spinal, ah, this is a brother, who has a habit of the Quran, Allah

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Subhana, Allah, Allah subhanaw taala has blessed him with such a beautiful recitation that you know, for those of you that will know that Michelle did receive the FSC his recitation is just as beautiful, if not more beautiful than his recitation span of law. And here is an individual that openly you know, claim that I have become an atheist. And I thought to myself Subhanallah, you know, this is one of the the second or third case that I've dealt with, where you have a half of the of the core and that becomes an atheist. And it makes you wonder that you know, what is happening in this situation, that you have the Koran with you as a guide as a tool, you lead the people in Salah,

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you lead the people in taraweeh, that you become an atheist, you do not believe in God anymore. It's not about not even believing in Islam anymore. You know, that is a crime with itself, but to deny the existence of God, to deny the existence of Allah subhanho wa Taala. After you become a habit of the Quran, it's almost an comprehendible It's as if these people have lost their minds, or they become possessed. Now, from our perspective, you know, you feel bad that they've gone through some major trials, some things may have happened. But here unless I know what's gonna, he tells us, that mankind and mankind is in a state of loss. And it is a reminder for all of us, that we all fear

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loss, you know, we all fear loss, perhaps losing a family member, perhaps amputation of an arm or leg, perhaps losing a worth losing over business. All of these are natural fears. But how many times do we fear the loss of our faith? And I'm telling you, my dear brothers and sisters, we are living in a time where your biggest challenge is going to be holding on to your faith with the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam clearly tells us yet the ins is Amanda no sobre la de COVID de nada Gemma, that our time will come upon mankind, where the person who is trying to hold on to his Deen is going to be like a person who was trying to hold on to hot coals. And you can imagine what it's like to

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hold on to hot coals that if you've done a barbecue in the summertime, even when you're turning the meat, the meat over, you feel the heat of the fire, and you're like, man, I need to put my arm away. Now you can imagine if you're actually holding on to that hot core, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam tells us that the one who is patient upon is the holding on to his Deen is going to be like the one who's holding on to these hot course. So you as a Muslim living in the West, in this 21st century, need to realize that your faith is going to face challenges, and you need to do whatever you have to do to hold on to your faith. Now what is the solution to holding on to your

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faith and being prevented from this great loss of losing your email? Allah subhanaw taala goes on to give us four things. He goes on to give us four things he goes on to say in the levena ama No. So here Allah subhanaw taala begins the exemption. So he went on to say that all of mankind and mankind is in a state of loss. And now the exception begins in the Latina Amano. And this is the first exception that those people who have a man, those people that have a man, when you understand a man, there's a linguistic aspect to it. And there's a shadowy aspect to it. The linguistic aspects to it is affirmation that is followed up with action affirmation that is followed up with action. So it's

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not just to merely believe, but rather it is to have some sort of action that indicates the presence of that belief. And that is why when you hear statements that a man is in my heart, this is just one component of it, but rather a man that is in the heart has to be manifest on the limbs and upon the tongue in mind that is not manifest on the lips and is not manifest on the tongue is not real Eman. This is just affirmation. It is just acceptance of Allah subhanho wa Taala an acceptance of the truth and that is not sufficient enough until it is substantiated by action. Now, imagine in terms of a shutter essence. This is found in the hadith of gibreel, where jabril alehissalaam comes to the

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Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he asks him about in the email, tell me about a man who can tell me what the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam responded, what is the man? Go ahead Give me three of them.

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will take three will take three. So it is to believe in Allah subhanho wa Taala. It is to believe in the angels and it is to believe in the messengers. And now we're left with three who's going to give me the other three. These are the pillars of your Eman that every Muslim should know.

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Excellent to believe in Qatar. It's good and it's bad. So we have for now when

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Listen to more

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to believe in the last day and

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God has already been said Rosalie has been already said the cuckoo be excellent Mashallah. And his books so the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam is asked by gibril Burnie and an email. Tell me about email. And it goes on to say that it is to believe in six things. It is to believe in Allah subhana wa Tada. It is to believe in his angels. It is to believe in his books. It is to believe in his prophets and messengers, it is to believe in the Day of Judgment, and it is to believe in the God of it and the bad of it. Now the question arises, if this is a man and we said that a man is that which is believed his belief, which is substantiated by action, where is the action in this

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Hadith, where's the action in this hadith? The action in the Hadith is found that when you believe in these things, truly the metamorphosis the individual, meaning that your belief in Allah subhanho wa Taala will make you a better person, by definition, mean that if you're Islam, if your belief in Allah subhanho wa Taala is not making you a better person, then there's a deficiency in your belief, there's a deficiency in your belief, your belief in Allah subhanho wa Taala. It consists of three main things. It is to recognize that Allah subhana wa Taala is the Lord of everything. It is to recognize and to implement that all worship will be for Allah subhanho wa Taala alone. And the third

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and perhaps the most important after worshipping Allah subhanho wa Taala is the recognition of the names and attributes of Allah subhanho wa Taala, the names and attributes of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Now this is what inspires an individual to do good, and to abstain from that, because he's seeking Allah's reward and he wants to refrain from Allah subhanho wa Taala as punishment, you move on to the second one, what do the angels do for us? The angels are reminder that every single thing we say is being written down by Allah subhanho wa Taala my own fiddlerman Colin Elana de la Cubana T, that not a single word Not a single letter is uttered, except that there's an angel writing it

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down. What do the angels benefit us with that there are angels that are going to question us in our grave, about our religion, about our Prophet, and about our Lord? What do the angels benefit us in that there are angels that are guarding heaven? And there are angels that are guarding heaven? Hell, what do the angels benefit us in that there are angels that are carrying the hours of Allah subhanaw taala? What do the angels benefit is in there it is through the presence of angels that Allah subhanaw taala sends down his mercy upon gatherings of remembrance, this is where the action comes in. You think about the Day of Judgment, the day of judgment is the exact same thing, the struggles

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that you face to worship Allah subhanho wa Taala they aren't going to be compensated in this dunya no one's paying you in this dunya but they're going to be compensated in the akhira in accordance to the struggle that you went through Allah subhanho wa Taala will give you good deeds, which in turn will raise your rank and paradise or lower than anyone who is a tyrant. Anyone that was oppressive, and this dunya may have gotten away. But on that day of judgment, there's no escape, there's no avail. You did a bad deed, no one else thought except for Allah, then fear Allah subhana wa tada because the day will come where you will be questioned about that. And that is the change that the

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Day of Judgment makes you think about the books that Allah subhanho wa Taala said, the books of Allah subhanho wa Taala sent very clear guidance for all of mankind, that you wanted guidance here unless I know what Allah gave it to you in his book, you look at the messengers, the messengers are the ideal examples that Allah subhanho wa Taala set, then you think about the color of Allah subhana wa tada the color of Allah subhanaw taala understanding destiny, that when you understand the color of Allah subhanho wa Taala, it makes life so much easier, it makes me more enthusiastic, and seeking that which is beneficial, because you know, that is part of you achieving what you want to achieve.

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And at the same time, if something is taken away from you, then you realize that you know what, I tried my best, it wasn't meant to be that it is in my best interest. There are a lot not give me this thing. It is in my best interest that Allah subhanaw taala not give me this thing. And we'll discuss that in the verse later on even later on. So this is what Eman is referring to over here. And this is the lowest level or sorry, this is the first level in terms of loss, that this person is not in a loss in its absolute sense. But he's now in a loss in comparison to the categories above him. He's now in a loss, not in absolute sense, mankind is in a loss in an absolute sense because

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they don't have a man. But once a person has re entered into the realm of a man, it's no longer absolute, but now it becomes relative now becomes relative in comparison to the other categories. So then Allah subhanho wa Taala goes on to mention the second

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category, then after a man in the levena, Emma, no Whammy, no solid, except for those people that believed and then did righteous deeds and did righteous deeds. Now the righteous deeds that Allah subhanaw taala is referring to over here. It has the general sense, and it has a specific sense, the general sense that it is referring to is any deed that is righteous, any deed that is righteous. And this has two conditions to it. Who can tell you what the two conditions are for a deed to be considered righteous in Islam. Go ahead.

00:30:33--> 00:30:38

Okay, what about it? You're on the right path, I just need a specific answer. What about the intention?

00:30:40--> 00:30:42

let him answer please go ahead.

00:30:46--> 00:30:51

Excellent. So the intention has to be pure for Allah subhanho wa Taala. And what is the second condition Go ahead.

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It has to be in accordance of the example of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So if you want a proof for this, look at the last verse of sootel calf SoTL calf, where Allah subhanaw taala he tells us, for men Kenyatta, Julie, Cala de folia, Ahmed, Ahmed and sada. They let him do a righteous deed, a deed that Allah subhanho wa Taala calls righteous when I used to be a bad at Europa, and not him not associate, and he partners with Allah subhanho wa Taala. So the righteous deed that Allah subhanaw taala is referring to, in its general sense, is any deed that meets these two conditions, meaning that it has to be purely for the sake of Allah subhanho wa Taala. There

00:31:32--> 00:32:10

shouldn't be any showing off, there shouldn't be any shared intentions. But this deed is purely for the sake of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And this is going to be one of the biggest challenges that you face in your life, living your life in terms of your righteous deeds, purely for the sake of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Because shaytan will come and he'll want you to show off your deeds, he'll want you to tell the people that look at how amazing my recitation record is, look at how much money I donate, look at how much kiama late I pray that Ramadan time comes and people are showing off, you know, marshmallows, pink Tourmaline, Where is that coming from? It's coming from shaytaan shaitaan

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wants you to show off those good deeds. So that is going to be a struggle that you need to remember at all times, that before you do the deed during the deed and after the deed, you want to make sure your intention is clear. Now particularly as the man for those of you that attend, attended a Friday night halaqa we said that the male gender, the male species, in specific is going to succumb to this, you know, trap of Satan. Because as the male species, we thrive on recognition, we thrive on being appreciated, we thrive on being recognized. We want that recognition, because that is what makes us you know, go forward and motivates us and encourages us. So we want to make sure that

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specifically as men, you don't fall into this trap. And this is why the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when he talks about the first three people to be thrown into the Hellfire Who does he mentioned, he mentioned the scholar, he mentioned the culture. And you mentioned the philanthropist. And all of these predominantly are going to be men that it is the men who are going to go out and seek knowledge. It is the men that are going to go out and fight and it is the men predominantly they're going to earn the money and are going to be able to give it out and the messenger of Salaam says that these are the first three people that will not only be thrown into

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the hopper, but will be dragged on their faces and then thrown in their faces into the hellfire. Why? Because they did these deeds for the sake of recognition. These deeds were not done for the sake of Allah subhanho wa Taala and that is why a person needs to check his intention at all types. Then the second condition is that the demon has to be in accordance to the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam a person can be as sincere as he possibly can. But if it's not in accordance to the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu wasallam, meaning that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam did not do this deed, then not only will this deed not be

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accepted from him, but in fact he will be punishable for it. If he did this intentionally. In fact, he will be punishable for it if he did it intentionally. And this is why the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he tells us in the hadith of Isla de la junta narrated in Bukhari and Muslim Minami la mina la sala, he amarula for who added that Who would ever does an action from this religion of ours, that does not have our seal of approval on it, then she'll have it rejected, she'll have it rejected. And this is another thing to be, you know, very careful of that. How many times have you wanted to achieve closeness to Allah subhanho wa Taala. And perhaps you read

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something on the internet, you read something on the book, and you thought, you know what, let me go ahead and do this act. But in reality, it was not from the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And we see this predominantly in our countries back home, that I remember even as a young child, I was given these small books that you know, if you say the name, you know, Allah 123 times, you know, there will be an angel that will come down and protect you throughout the day. And if you say Jaco, he

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You will have the strength of 100 camels and if you say you know yazdani, then Allah subhanaw taala will give you the treasures of cottolin all of these things they have no basis and no proof whatsoever and a person can have the sincerest intention at this time, but it is not in accordance with the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and this can become a source of punishment for him and this can become a source of punishment for him. So, that is the general sense of an AMA lasala is that it meets these two conditions is that it has a pure intention and it is in accordance to the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Now this

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specific thing that is being referred to over here is indirectly related to the verse which is wait after it. What what Allah subhanaw taala says in the Medina, Amazon, Amazon hot water, wasabi, Huck. So the specific righteous deed that Allah subhanho wa Taala is referring to over here is that those people that encourage each other with the truth that they advise each other with the truth and hustle bustle Rahim Allah commenting on this verse, He said that the truth that Allah subhanaw taala is referring to over here is referring each other and advising each other with the Quran, advising each other with the Quran. That is what Allah subhana wa tada is referring to, in this verse, so

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that if you want to see where you stand in terms of these ranks, see what your relationship is with the Koran, and how much you encourage the people to build a relationship with the Quran. Now, the general pretext of this verse, again, is Allah subhanho wa Taala telling us that Islam is a communal faith, that is not an individualistic faith. That that is why you will see so many different aspects of our faith are actually communal, you will see the five daily prayers they're done in congregation, you'll see it as a cat, there is a rip recipient, and there is a donor, you look at the act of Hajj, it is all of the Muslims that gather in one particular place. You look at the month

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of Ramadan, it is one particular month where all of the Muslims will fast. So you look at the communal aspect of this faith. And Allah subhana wa tada is telling us through this verse, that it is not only in those specific acts, but it is at all times as well. So that you see someone who is doing good, then the very least that you can do if you can't join him in that good is encouraged him to continue that good. So you see someone memorizing the Koran, if you cannot join him and memorizing the Quran, then the very least that you should be doing is encouraged a brother or sister by tell them look, okay, look, okay, you're doing a fantastic job, you know, continue doing it, keep

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doing it, I'm proud of you, these simple things are the very least that should be done, then you have the exact opposite. And you see someone doing an evil deed, you see someone doing an evil deed, the very least that you do at this time, is that you hate it in your heart. And you'll see that supply line our times is a complete desensitization. And the danger of desensitization, is that even when you see an evil deed, do you remember to hate it in your heart. So for example, you're watching something on TV, and something really bad and something evil comes in front of your eyes. What happens to you at that time, you may turn away your eyes, you may change the channel, but in your

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heart, do you feel the abhorrence of this deed? Do you feel like this is something that Allah hates, over time, when you get exposed to the same thing over and over and over again, that sensitization or that feeling of hating evil, it disappears. And that's something that as a Muslim, you have to be very careful of, then the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam says, that is the lowest aspect, the aspect which is higher than this is that when you're capable, when you have the authority, then change it with your tongue, speak out against that evil. And if you're in a position of absolute authority, then go ahead and change it with your hand. And this is the responsibility that we have

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as Muslims towards good and evil, they're in good, you will enjoy it, you promote it. And if you can't, then at the very least, you encourage it. When it comes to evil, then you have three levels, that either you're in a position to change with your hands, then you should do so. And this requires wisdom, and it requires authority, then if you're not in a position to do this, then at the very least, try to speak out against it with your tongue, try to speak out against it with your tongue. And then if you're unable to do that, then at the very least make sure that your heart is in such a state where you hate the evil that is taking place where you hate the evil that is taking place. And

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that is the third category that those people that encourage each other with the truth. And then the fourth and last category is encouraging each other with patients encouraging each other with patients able to ignore claim Rahim Allah, He says when it comes to Patience, patience is of two types. Patience is of two types. The first type of patience is in referring to the destiny of Allah subhanaw taala that which Allah subhanho wa Taala has predestined for you in terms of trials. Then the second type of patience is that which relates to the obligations and commandments of Allah.

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What's on and he goes on to say that even this is of two types, that those actions that Allah has commanded you to do that require patience to remain firm upon. And then those actions that Allah subhanho wa Taala has warned you against that you are patient in refraining from them in simple terms suborders of three categories, being patient upon the destiny of Allah subhanaw taala. Number two, being patient upon one's desires and one sin. And then the third level of patience is being patient upon worshipping Allah subhana wa tada being patient upon worshiping Allah subhana wa Tada. And you'll notice that as a human being, every second of your life is requiring one of these three

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levels of patience, that either you're being tested by Allah subhanaw taala, and you have to be patient, or it is a moment of desire and sin, we need to hold your knifes back to you that requires a level of patience. Or number three, a time has come to worship Allah subhanho wa Taala and encouraging and forcing yourself to worship Allah subhanho wa Taala. That tool requires a level of patience. And I cannot emphasize enough this last category, that strive to be from this last category, that people who have that knowledge, people who act upon that knowledge, people who encourage and advise one another with seeking knowledge and acting upon that knowledge. And then

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this last category, being of those who are patient, being of those who are patient. Now you will see that it is patience, that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has mentioned so many virtues for First of all, that patience is of half of faith. Patience is half of faith, that a person who has patience, he has half of his space over there. Then the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam mentioning that patience is an illuminating light, a sobral bleah that patience is what brings light to a person's face. Then Allah subhanho wa Taala telling us that patience is one of those deeds that Allah subhanho wa Taala will reward accordingly to the degree of patience, and

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Allah subhanho wa Taala telling us that Allah is with those who are patient. So the virtues of patience are many. But the question arises, how do we get to that level of patience? The question arises, how do we get to that level of patience, and when you look at patients Pinilla, you'll notice that patience is one of those things that Allah subhana wa tada He rewards in this dunya as well as in the Acura that in this dunya a person who has a degree of restraint a degree of patience, he is praised for this, he is praised for this, he is praised for this. And in terms of the reward for Allah subhana wa tada unless I know that it doesn't give a specific reward in the accurate but

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rather it is a reward which is unrestricted, that according to the level of patience that you have, that is how much you will be rewarded by Allah subhana wa Tada. Now, what I want to conclude this sort of with tonight, as we conclude is that there in our time requires a special type of patience. And that is the patience in terms of this dunya in terms of this dunya that when you look at the dunya around you, it makes you desire it more and more. So perhaps there's a particular job you may want, there's perhaps a particular degree, you may want a particular car, you may want a particular house you may want. In fact, there's probably, you know, even a dream girl that you wish, yeah,

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Allah, let me marry this dream girl, all of these single things each and every one will have a desire of. And then she thought comes into play. And he makes you envy and makes you compete with one another. For these things. He makes you compete for each and every one of these things. And look at the advice of Ahmed Abdullah katapola de la Hondo. He tells us that if someone comes and wants to compete with you, in your dunya, then compete with them in their acca mean that when it comes to this dunya Why do we want to achieve all of these things? The degree the job, the bank account, the woman, the house, all of these things? What are we hoping to achieve that let us just say in the

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ideal case scenario, you get your dream job, you get your dream car, you get your dream house, you get your dream bank account, and you get your dream spouse. What's next after that? Do you think you'll be happy at that time? Obviously not. Because that is not what happiness is found. So the nerves and she don't make you think that happiness is going to be found in all these materialistic objects. But in reality, happiness will only be found in worshiping Allah subhanho wa Taala because eternal happiness is the happiness of the Hereafter is not the happiness of this world. You may feel pleasure in this world, but you will not feel eternal happiness. Because once you achieve your goal,

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you'll notice that a person will become sad. Up and until he finds his next goal. A person will become set up and until he finds his next goal. And this is why she called Islamabad Samia Rahim Allah He mentioned that whoever wants to achieve eternal happiness, they let him suffer

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himself with the worship of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Let him suffice himself with the worship of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And you as a fellow Muslim, you may think that you know what Subhana Allah, it is a struggle to hold on to this faith that you come to the machines for salata legit, and no one is here, you you know want to do some sort of righteous good deed, you want to start up a hanoch of knowledge, no one will want to come to that lack of knowledge, you want to do any form of good deed, no one is going to be there. But I advise you with the advice of of delivering this over the law Hands up, don't live in the law. I know. He said, Do not be amazed by the great number of people

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that are going to be destroyed. Do not be amazed by the great number of people that are going to be destroyed. And at the same time, do not despair by the few number of people that are going to be saved. Do not despair, by the few number of people that are going to be saved. So for you for your personal analysis, when you're looking for truth and falsehood, don't look at where the numbers lie, but rather look at where do the where does the happiness of Allah subhanaw taala lie and then follow that path. And that path is going to be difficult. That path is going to be filled with a lot of trials. But realize No, this is just part of the journey towards Allah subhanho wa Taala that you

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have a limited amount of time 60 7080 years that may be filled with struggle, but after it comes into eternity of happiness, what is the point of a attaining 60 7080 years of pleasure in this life, but being in an eternity of misery and an eternity of punishment and an eternity of disgrace? Is it worth the sacrifice? And obviously the answer to that is no. Obviously the answer to that is no. So keep longing for paradise. Find sufficiency and patience. Keep holding on to your Eman. All of these pieces of advice are found in the sutra. And that is what the song is about. As a matter of safira him Allah said, Loma anzam aloha jetten Holla Holla Holla Holla de sola the confession that had

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Allah subhanho wa Taala not sent down any surah to mankind, as he proved, besides this sutra, it would have been sufficient for them as a reminder means that anytime you're feeling down, let them contemplate this sutra. And this will take away your pain, this will take away your misery. And this will remind you that while all of mankind is in a state of absolute loss, you can minimize that minimize that loss by being in a state of relative loss. At the very least having a man and an after that doing righteous deeds. And then after that, encouraging the people to seek knowledge and to do righteous deeds. And after that just being patient, just being patient. And this is why the

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Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he specifically told why aboda Rebecca had to kill Yaki that continued to worship your Lord until certainty comes to you, meaning death. And it is only at that time when you die in the state of Eman that you're guaranteed paradise, because up until that time, you're at risk you could have imagined, you could not have imagined. But once a person dies where the man dies, worshipping Allah subhanho wa Taala. Then as Allah subhanho wa Taala says, then that is the photocopier. That is the great, great victory that each and every one of us longs for the Las panatela granted to all of us. Welcome to the herbal amino salomaa Cinema article in the

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Vienna Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa sallam, we'll open up the floor for q&a. We'll take five questions with nightime for the lucky

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to include this do

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you know Is that considered worship? Or is that considered a form of desire, as

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Muslims, obviously, you know, involves having strong

00:48:50--> 00:48:54

but it's also working involves I think, a lot of work

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and aspects.

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Excellent. So there's two aspects to your question. The first aspect is that when a person longs for the dunya, they should question Why am I longing for this dunya so versus longing for this dunya for the sake of trying to achieve happiness, then this person has become diluted, right? And that's like the bad type of, you know, look, get trying to attain the dunya. Then the second aspect to this is

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actually sorry, looking. The second perspective of the first side is that the way you get out of this problem is by that sincere and noble intention, so that you desire this dunya but not for the sake of attaining happiness, but for the sake of benefiting your family by the facing the community benefiting the oma and then this also has its prerequisites and conditions. Number one is the purity of heart. And number two is the level of a man and the Friday night halaqa that your Eman always has to be stronger than the wealth that Allah subhanaw taala gives you because the second your wealth becomes greater than your email, that wealth has become a trial for you that you can you know fall

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into a great fitna with number two is that the

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level of wealth that you have, it only magnifies what is already in your heart, so appears to be a person who has a pure heart, then he uses his wealth for goodness to get closer to Allah subhanho wa Taala. But a person who has a corrupt heart, he only uses it for evil and vice things and to further the corruption of his own heart. So that is the way I would answer that question in terms of the first perspective. The second perspective is that in terms of helping the oma, you know, accumulating wealth and using the wealth is only part of the solution. The other half of the solution is having a high level of demand and having a high level of taqwa. And both of these have

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to be combined together. So one can have that noble intention that you look, I'm going to gather up this dunya guy gather this wealth, gather up this authority in this world, to change the state of the Muslims. But if that's not followed up by, you know, praying five times a day, making the reciting Quran doing Vicar, then the second aspect of taking the means it becomes futile and useless, because a person who will never attain success except through Allah subhanho wa Taala, no matter how strong the means are, if that desire or well from Allah subhanho wa Taala is not there, then that person will never attain success. And Allah subhanaw taala knows best question number two,

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go ahead.

00:51:12--> 00:51:13

Yes,

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he will have to answer honestly, that is the reality they will not find out and ask the person that question, how did you spend that youth? How did you spend your youth, there's no lying, there's no deceiving. In on that day, you have the ultimate truth syrup, that Allah will force you to speak the truth. So there's one of two scenarios, either actually one of three scenarios. Scenario number one is that Allah subhanho wa Taala pardons the person for their sins. And this is the door that we make in our Ramadan when we sell the harmonica for one alpha one, it means pardon us for our sins mean that not only will you not take us accountable for it, so you have to forgive us, but we're not even

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held accountable for it at all. This is what we call it Apple, then the second can condition or the second scenario is that Allah subhanaw taala holds the person to account for it, and then he chooses to forgive them. And this is usually the case with a person that starts practicing later on, they repent to Allah subhanho wa Taala, they usually fall into the second case, that Allah subhanaw taala reminds them of the sins that they committed and how they knowingly disobeyed Allah subhanho wa Taala. Yet after all of this, you know, anxiety, he brings them relief by forgiving them for their sins. And then the third case scenario is the individual that didn't repent, or he didn't repent

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sincerely or properly, then this individual he'll be brought to account for his deeds. And then the last minute Allah will bring him to task. You'll hold him accountable at that time. And that is like the worst situation to be in line with Allah protect us all.

00:52:44--> 00:52:46

Question number three.

00:52:47--> 00:52:47

Go ahead.

00:52:50--> 00:52:50

Is there

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something in between stages?

00:52:59--> 00:53:36

Excellent, definitely. So the Buddhist question in terms of degrees of halal and haram, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he describes a man by saying that he man is 60 or 70 odd branches. its highest form is a statement of like the law and its implementation. And then the lowest form of a man is email to the other. And the topic is the removal of harm from the path. So you will see that in terms of even deeds, they will fluctuate within them themselves. And that's the righteous deeds. And then same thing with the bad deeds. You'll have minor bad deeds, and you'll have major bad deeds, right? So there's a whole degree in terms of what is the exact number of

00:53:36--> 00:53:47

degrees in between Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best what they are, but there's definitely a fluctuation between the level of good deeds and the love of bad deeds. Excellent question. Question number four, go ahead.

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You will be asked about whatever you're responsible for. So of course it didn't live, you know, that long, he will be questionable What about what he left? And that questioning generally will start only after the age of puberty? So before the age of puberty, there's no question that that person is considered an idol McCullough or a person who is not responsible for his deeds, but once the age of puberty comes in, that is when that accountability starts and that is when he will be questioned. So anytime after that, that is when the person becomes responsible for their deeds. And Allah Subhana Allah knows best. Last question.

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Going once, go ahead

00:54:32--> 00:54:34

and read through fundamentals.

00:54:37--> 00:54:51

Excellent. So we talked about this book, Alyssa salata, there's an excellent explanation of this by Chicano feminine Mala. So if you read the text with the explanation, as well, and then you'll notice that she called Mohammed Abdul Rahim Allah, he wrote like a series of books he wrote,

00:54:52--> 00:55:00

he wrote, he wrote Cotabato hit. Generally speaking, I would advise that a person study habits or hate and then after

00:55:00--> 00:55:33

That study I'll catch was super hot. I know quite a lot about together starting off with a quite a lot more than Casper shewhart Cotabato, he gives you the essence and fundamentals of that, you know, and then customer shewhart I know quite a lot about it talks about the dangers of shift. And then customer service specifically, it talks about the arguments that people come with to justify their shift. So a person gets exposed to the justifications of Schick without a strong basis into heat, you know, he could fall into like a couple of traps, which we wouldn't want to happen. So that is the route I would, you know, suggest in terms of the books of Sheikh Hassan Mohammed Abdul Wahab,

00:55:34--> 00:56:07

but other than that, there's books by you know, she could send them and Samia and in particular you know, Lucky diversity and Halloween a third Maria, these are books that are fundamental in their own right, but start off with the books of Muhammad who have and then move on to those books and Allah Subhana Allah knows best will conclude with that inshallah. panic alarm will be hamitic eyeshadow now as the physical tulelake as an important announcement. This is our last halaqa for the month of January. The Chanukah will start up again on the very first Wednesday of February, the Calico startup again on the very first Wednesday of February. be delighted