The Prophets Prayer #20 – The Sunan of the Salat
Channel: Musleh Khan
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smilla rahmanir rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah is a la hora de early he was heavy he he married a man beret Salaam wa Alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh.
So we are at the sunon of Sodom. What this really means is that if you do it, then Allah azza wa jal rewards you for it. But if you don't do it, there is no punishment for that individual. And that the solid is still valid, it doesn't require no such depth, it doesn't require anything at all. So you just want to make sure that insha Allah huhtala that when you do this, this is part of perfecting the saw them. So the first Sunnah of the prayer in terms of the actions is we categorize it into two categories. The first one of course, is before entering the sada itself. So before may not publish the holy fi her. So before entering a Sala there are two things that you should do and that is of
course the event. And the second one is the karma. And the prophets, Allah lahardee he was settled and tells us in an authentic hadith either hublot your sila if prayer has been established, fill you as in lukou aha Dooku Malia McComb aka bottle comb. So one of you should make the thin or perform the oven. And the most mature of you should be the one to lead in Masada, the one who is most mature. Now we have talked about the SN, we have talked about the outcome of the event, we've gone through every single word of the event, we've done a couple of sessions on the event in and of itself. So that is there for you to refer. If you want a more detailed discussion, insha Allah, then
you have the second category, which is after you've entered prayer, after you've entered prayer. Now even though these are sin acts, they are highly highly, highly recommended. person, a person should try to treat these acts as though it's wired up upon them. So don't just look at it. Well, you know, inshallah is just sooner than you know, I always have a choice. You always want to make sure that you build that kind of discipline for yourself that insha Allah. This is a part of your prayer and you can pray without it. Number one is the first Tasha hood, in the prayer, the first Tisha hood in the prayer, this is of course, referring to
the solder to rule batteries. So the muffler, sorry, the hotter acid and Arusha and then also including Muslim as well. Now, the first Tisha hood if a person misses that Tisha hood vasana can still be valid, but it requires that person to do the such that to settle at the end. So remember, and this is where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he himself, there was an instance when he forgot the first Tasha hood. And the companions, they continue to stay sitting whilst he continued to stand, but he was supposed to sit. So imagine himself that he prayed to records let's say he's pretty like the hood or Ayesha, you breed to raw carrots and then instead of sitting after the first
two, he stood up, and instead of whilst he was standing up, instead of going back to sit down, he did an A shadow, like he gave the indication to the companions behind him to stand up. So the companions followed along. And then after that, just before the Salah was over the prophets I send them did a surge of forgetfulness, which we've already discussed in our previous session. So that's the first one. The second sin act is the poor nude in solid solfeggio the Torah cornuta in solid tone fetcher. And this is of course based on a authentic narration by ebihara or the Allahu ion, and he mentioned that the Prophet sallallahu arley he was sending them whenever he stood up from Morocco
in the solar tool fetcher. In the second ORAC era, he would raise his hands and he would begin to make a duel
Allah Medina Fie men headache. And this of course, is one of the versions of the Dora pony that is recited or said in the witr prayer. And we've all heard this so we don't need to really discuss it too much. But just for those of you who might not be too sure it's the same door that you're always hearing in the winter throughout Ramadan majority of the massages This is the door that they will use when you go to the bottom in Mecca and Medina things like that. This is the door that they usually they begin with Allahu Medina female had a wife in a female RFA, what's the wildland FEMA into a late web, attic learner FEMA or flight and so on until the end.
So this dorm is encouraged and recommended and is part of a sudden acts of prayer. Now here's the question. Why don't people do this anymore. Or occasionally once in a while, you may see or you may walk into a Masjid where they do this. The purpose of the Dora pollut being done in solitude fetcher. The main primary reason is that this is a door that said in times of extreme need, in times of hardship in times of aggression in times of
test and hardship from Allah subhanho wa Taala to upon the people upon the Muslims when you're seeking help and you're seeking ease in a particular circumstance. This is the door that most of the individuals they will use most of the times they will do. And it's recommended for it to be done in solitude.
If it's not done in solitude fetchit It can also be done in any one of the other prayers aside from the hora and also so it can be done in Malta it can be done in Arusha. It has to be done in those prayers that are recited out loud. The reason for that, of course is because of the door itself is done out loud, and the moon or the Chimera, and they will follow along the Imam when he does this do arm if you've never seen this before, like I said it's usually done when the Muslims are going through a very difficult time. That's why the prophets I send them most of the times he would do this Dora is when they were in a battle, when they were in battles, whether you know, depending on
how large the battle is, how small the battle is, it didn't matter. The point is as well when they were in that circumstance. The prophets I said that this was one of the ways that he would seek ease and help and Nasir from Allah azza wa jal through the door. So that's important. Now, you don't necessarily have to go through that hardship. If the people around you are going through that hardship, but not necessarily you or your community, you can do a quote in your prayer on behalf of that community on behalf of those people. So that's why a lot of massage, it's even here, they would do it on behalf of Syria or Philistine and things like that. So that's also permissible and
inshallah as I mentioned to you, it's also encouraged to do them some of the demand they mentioned, mmm Maliki mentions that even in during this time to AI is accepted when a person does the door Look who knows. It is also a time that the door itself is accepted so it's important to do them and also from the Sunnah acts of prayer is that you do this even in all of the with total out loud in the month of Ramadan, which we're all accustomed to, which was something that we all see each and every time we pray the total we and how it ends. As I mentioned to you, as we get closer to autobahn, we will have an entire prep session or prep seminars of for the Ramadan as well. And inshallah all of
this will be presented to you and we will have an entire discussion of the total we had the fifth of the total we itself.
Another sin act of the prayer is raising the hands
for each movement in the solar excluding the Tucker Bureau, when you begin to solder the ticker below, from excluding that one, so not the tech beer of raising the hands when you start the prayer. That's not the one we're talking about. That when we said is part of the worship acts of Salah even though some are older men mentioned that raising the hands when you start the prayer is also sin. So a person can literally just say, Allahu Akbar and just fold their hands and start praying. According to some will, Emma This is a valid prayer as well. However, majority of them say that this is a sin act in the sense that for the other
movements in the prayer. So when you're finished reading your soldier and you want to go down for the oral core, and then you want to stand up from the Royal core, and then you know, you go down for your sujood. And then you come back from the sujood and go down for the second salute. And then when you stand up for the second or aka you raise your hand a low acquitting you continue the second one, okay? All of these instant in all of these times here, sudden, in other words, if you don't do it, then in sha Allah, nothing is going to be decreased or deficient from the solder in and of itself. Another son act is placing the right hand upon the left hand, placing the right hand upon the left
hand. This is not why Juba, and this is not a rookie of the solder. What do I mean by that? If somebody prayed like this, their Salah is still valid, somebody put their left hand over there, right, the prayer is still bad, nobody can come and say you need to read you renew your Salah over again because of that. However, the prophets of the lohani he was suddenly mentions this in Sahib, Bahati that this is one of the actions the prophets I send them himself never ever left off. And he even mentioned even in Sahih Muslim, that he mentions that the prophets I send them wobba yetta, who yumna either use surah. So the prophets I sent him himself, it was told that he used to place his
right hand over his left hand. Now we talked about the different ways to do this. And we also mentioned that one of the best call, or opinions amongst the older man of how to place your hands when you're standing for sada is you want to have wrist to wrist. So you want to make sure that it's gone wrist to wrist. This is the most authentic poll, or opinion amongst story, lemma and even the four metha head excluding Imam, Abu hanifa, or to law here, Eileen. And we also talked about the different opinions of whether it should be above the belly button or below the belly button or in the chest area, and so on. So we've discussed all of these issues already. And we have a we had a
complete session that's also posted up for you to refer to as well. Another son act of the prayer isn't what is titled The toa Joe. Now what this is, is that the door that you begin with the prayer the door that you start off prayer as well. So you say what Jeff to what he had in the forest similar to well out of the hanifa wama and amin el mushrikeen A masala tea one Suki well my hair will matted in the European Amina luxury Kara will be the mirror to an overdue Muslim one or one Amina al muslimeen. All of this is what part of the Dora that you will say when you begin the prayer. So this is right after Allahu Akbar. And then you know, there's a Senate, Dora Chronicle
lahoma and then you continue or you can say this door, what I suggest is that you can also get that door out book, the fortification of a Muslim, or the Muslim and inshallah The doors are also mentioned there. However, the point here is, if you say Allahu Akbar them, and you do this, a lot more Alhamdulillah you're a pillar. I mean, you didn't say the Dora, the Salah is still valid in and of itself. Again, you've lost reward for that particular part that you've missed, you've lost the reward for that. And like I said, the whole point of this is that you don't want to lose these rewards. They're so easy. Like all of these things that we're talking about. They're so easy for
you, they're effortless. So make train your body train your mind to always think that this feels like a wage act in and of itself. So when you do miss it, it's going to pain you in the heart for you to miss something like this. And this is also one of the ways to improve patience in prayer. Because honestly, brothers and sisters, every single one of us we need patience in our solemn we need to take our time and how we pray. And we need to make sure that you go through all of the movements with tranquility and ease. One of the ways to establish that is by doing these things by making sure that you take your time with the dorm and you try to fulfill all of the optional or
mazahub acts of the prayer. Another son act is the is the other which is saying I was a bit lonely min ash shaytani r rajim. And this of course, after you, you finish that introductory door up or the door stiff, and then you want to start reciting salted fatty ham in one of the sin axes of course Singh are with a biller, and this is based on a verse and sort of the natural Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us for the product teleporter earn for stereo biller ministry autonomy
Gene. So Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us that whenever you read the poor and seek protection and refuge with Allah subhanho wa Taala from the cursed shavon another sin act
is to what the author mentions here is well jeho Rafi malaria he, in other words, and this here is to raise the voice where it should be risen. In other words, if you decide to pray, McRib or fetcher like this
You're printing it like the hoarder, but this is your gadget or this is your muffled IP. Can one come and say to you that your Salah is invalid? The answer is no. And this is according to all of the format that hip as well. And the reason of course here is that it was never an official command of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam to do this, however, every time I mentioned something like them, I always hesitate. The reason why is just because you don't have an official command to do it. It doesn't mean you should be lazy about it. Why? Because the prophet SAW some of the lohani, who was seldom himself never did this. In other words, he never, ever would pray and multigrip or natia,
with a quiet sound voice. the quietest voice of the prophets I seldom ever was narrated to have in these particular prayers, is that his voice would be so quiet, it was just enough for himself to hear it. which in and of itself, if somebody was standing close to you, they could also hear your voice. So it's going to sound something like I come to to learn or belong me or no human acuity. If somebody was beside you, they could hear what you were reciting. That's the bare minimum that you want to do. But like I said, at the end of the day, can a person say that the Salah is invalid because you didn't say out loud? No. However, this is something that no one should allow themselves
to do. You should always try to keep up with the syntax. Because of course the certain acts protect the wedge IP and the compulsory acts in any act of worship. And then of course, one of the companions can
narrated that he heard Samaritan Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam part of a llama horrid bit tour. So he says I heard the prophets on the love it he was sullen that he read insula to read a portion or sort of Torah. So that's important. Then you also have well, SRO fee moldering In other words, wherever it is required for you to say or recite in a quiet voice. This is also certain as well, what do we mean by this? This is talking about the cow that you say. So for example, you're not going to go into record and say, Suppan or be the soprano, but you're not going to say it out loud, right? It's going to be quiet to yourself. So this is a sin act of the prayer as well. If
somebody does say it out loud, it goes against the Sedona Method of praying the solar, however, the solar in and of itself is still intact, but it's not perfect. It's still intact, but it's not perfect. When something is not perfect. It's always deficient. How does that translate when it comes to our acts of worship with Allah? In other words, you're always going to keep losing reward in that prayer. That's extremely important brothers and sisters. Honestly, speaking, we can't afford to do that. How many how many people can honestly say I can afford to just kind of take the shortcuts in solder, or just be lazy about it, nobody can afford to do that. Salah is for us. No one benefits
from our prayers except us alone. It's our own thing that we do. So you got to make sure that you perfect the one thing that is closest to you. And the one thing that no one else can help you with. I can only give you the lectures I can only teach you and I can only say this or that. But at the end of the day, you're going to have to go out there and do it. And that's really where the discipline has to come in in perfecting all of these things that we mentioned. Another
sin act of the prayer is to say I mean after the fact to saying mean after the fact you have however, the evidence for this is of course,
the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as narrated by ebihara rhodiola one, that whenever he would say now Abu huraira is saying, whenever the prophet SAW Selim would say hiral mo br la Humala bioline. He said, pause
I mean, he said, in other words, Abu hora himself is saying color, which means Who's he referring to? He's referring to the prophets, I send them to the prophets, I send them as the Imam is also saying a mean, which is a mistake, or one of the errors that the Imams they make when they pray their prayer, and they lead the gemera is that they themselves, they don't see the mean, along with the Chimera as well. Now there's a difference of opinion of the mean and when and how it should be done. Set authority, they say that the mean should be exact, and it should synchronize itself with the mean of the people behind you. So the Jemez mean, should be at the exact same time as the Imams
mean. So at the moment that he's about to say, I mean, that's when you respond as well and you try to make it exact. Other than that, they said no, it really doesn't matter as long as the Fatiha is done, then the mean should be done generally as a gemera, but not necessarily along with the Mmm, we are talking about this mean when we come to the mistakes of the prayer itself. So that's the mean, in addition to them. Another sin act of course, is to read a surah after sorbitol Fatiha is to read a surah after sawtell fattier. In other words, what does this tell you? It tells you that the Salah is still valid, even if you don't recite any soda. The soda is still valid without a soda. This is
excluding fatty fat, there has to be there we talked about fat, we did a whole session about it where fat is a broken or a pillar of the prayer without it. It's invalid period. But everything that comes after that, of course is part of the Sunnah of the saddam
then, in addition to them
is by saying semi a lovely man Hermida and saying Rob banner, well I can hand this part or Rob banner, well, I can hand again is a sinner part of the prayer because it's a type of door in and of itself. However, keep in mind as we mentioned to you, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam always made sure that he did it each and every single time, then the tests be in total court and in the sujood also a certain the minimum requirement for when you say that to speak. So subpanel it'll be an audio panel, it'll be an errata and so on. The minimum is that it should be done at least once. And this is based on a hadith of who they fell out of the overflow horn that he mentioned that he
put he prayed with the prophets Allah la hora de he was sending them one night. And then he heard when the prophets I send them went for record. He said Suppan or Rob Vlr them. Then he went for sajida. And he said sapan autopia Allah. What's interesting here is, is that who they for this companion? He's praying with the prophets, I send them and he heard this. He heard him say the test beer. So what does that tell you about the test we have the mmm and how it should be done that this be have the Mmm, generally should have at least the slight a slight voice to it, that others can also hear a little bit of it. Others can actually hear that, okay? He doesn't have to hear the
complete Suppan. Oh, don't be alarmed him. But if he just hears something very, very distinct that this is the spirit or the Dora or the vicar have done and that particular position, then it serves as a reminder and as a discipline to the people who follow him. This is actually a recommended act, especially when people who are praying behind you they don't know what these tests be is in these particular movements. That's why in our society This is really important. You know why? Because there are many times when a person accepts Islam, what's the first thing they do they need to pray, they'll walk into the gym and they'll pray with us but they have no clue what they're doing. It's up
to the Imam in sha Allah, you know for him to at least know or somebody to inform the Imam look you know, we have a non Muslim that's praying behind or sorry a new Muslim that's praying behind us and says first time praying the saw them right away what that shoe should do for that man is that he keeps him in mind these little things about the so that in order to educate that, and this was something that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam would do in many of his prayers, then
placing the hands on the knee area. So placing the hands on the knees, when you are in the sitting position. So placing the hands on the knee on the knee itself. In other words, you don't have to grab on hold on
To the need, but it just needs to be placed on that vicinity area, would you believe that there is some difference of opinion amongst or lemma, where this hands should be resting when you're sitting down, some of the orlimar said that it was sufficient enough, it was just on the leg area, the actual thigh area. So that's why you'll find some people that their hands are very, you know, sort of in the middle part of their legs than others that will be all the way down to their knees, shallow Bernie or Rahim Allah, he mentioned that the left hand It should be straight, and it should be upon the knee area, whereas the right hand It should be rested, it should be rested completely
upon the knee area on the right side of the leg completely. So, there are some different versions in this. Generally speaking, this is not a major issue when it comes to the Sala in and of itself, either or is fine insha, Allah Terada
also to spread out the fingers. And in the in the sitting positions as well to spread out the fingers in the sitting positions as well is also a recommended act or a student act. And we talked about this, when we discuss the SU Joon and the Tisha hood, sitting positions as well.
In addition to them,
sitting down allowing the left cheek to touch the ground, when you are in the final Tisha hood of prayer, and we all know this position. Now, this position here, aroma of dental hottub rhodiola. Horan, who was doing this, even before it was revealed to the province has set up this method of breathing he was doing this before why, because he was a very large and heavy individual. And, of course, you know, to put all of his weight on his left feet while he was sitting was very painful for him. So he would always sit and allow the left cheek to be on to the ground. This, of course, is also a sudden act of the prayer. The wisdom behind that why you do it at the end of Salah is of
course to indicate that the prayer is in its final rocker, so that if somebody were to walk in and see everybody sitting that way, they will know right away. This is the final or aka the last. The last sun act that's mentioned here
is the Tesla team. And not just the test theme itself, but the second test lien. In other words, if a person just says a set mRNA Kumara to law, this is completed the solid they can actually exit the prayer itself. And we talked about the three main methods of how the test slim can be done. And this is all based on authentic narrations narrated in Sahih Muslim
that the prophets Allah lohani was sentiments as narrated by by Sarah Dora the law one and he says that I saw the Prophet sallallahu early who was selling them you sell them Allah Yemeni, he said he won yesterday he had the auto by auto Hardy. So the way he says that I saw the prophesies sell them whenever he would turn right and he would turn left, he would do it to such an extent that you could see the whiteness of his neck and his skin. So it's not like what people do today, though, do you ever see sometimes when people when they finish their prayer, they'll do this sound when they go off? it'll sound like it's like it's too much work just to finish the prayer as well. It's become
just too much for some individuals. But really, what you want to do is you want to make sure that when you turn that your neck is completely as much as possible to the right and as much as possible to the left. A lot of people ask what should you be looking at when you're doing this? Should you be looking at the person beside you? Or should you be looking at your shoulder? Or should you be looking somewhere at the back? What should you do? What's interesting is that the heaviest doesn't mention what you should be looking at. So there are the amount what the advice here is that you should look at a straight direction because sometimes it can be distracting for you to try to look
at your left shoulder and your right shoulder. So what you should do is just to look modestly straight ahead, somewhere I didn't want to go straight ahead. So no more on equal more or less straight ahead as best as you can. And this is sufficient for the prayer in and of itself. Having said that, brothers and sisters,
here's where I wish to inshallah pause with you. The next session we will do is that we will talk about the difference in terms of how a man prays in prayer, as opposed to a woman and how she should pray in the prayer. Because the woman she differs when it comes to the way she does certain movements in prayer as opposed to the men. So for example for a woman where she places her hands is very different from where the men does for a woman when she goes down for real core the position of total core is very
different from how the man does. And especially when it comes to the sujood. A woman's sujood is very different from how a man's sujood should be done. So we will look at that. And there are actually five things in the prayer, there are actually five things in the prayer, each of them require a discussion in and of themselves, as well as a demonstration. So in our next halaqaat, we will demonstrate it to you, as well as we will explain to you the difference between these five positions in the movements of the Sala itself.
And then of course, we also we will discuss about the things that break the sort of the things that break the prayers. We'll just do a couple of them really quickly. And then we will continue this in our next session. So our next session will be five things that a woman does differently from a man in prayer. In addition to that, the things that nullify the prayers, as well, a couple of them is some because there are approximately 11 things that nullified the prayer. The the first one at least is Imam Shafi Rahim Allah He mentioned that intentionally speaking, so a person even if he says one letter, so if you happen to be praying, and a person just says, A, or Zed or something like that,
just one letter alone, left, so that becomes invalid. Anything that is not part of the prayer, obviously will invalid lasala in and of itself. However, if you forget, that's a different issue. And some of them were limited, they made a concession or an acceptance to that, that it's okay insha Allah what you forget does not necessarily go against you.
Just another one quickly, inshallah, before we conclude, is a person who is constantly moving in the prayer, constantly moving around, always fixing themselves always doing things in the cellar scratching, pulling their, their hair, combing their beard or something or tying their jobs non stop, always always doing this kind of movements. And these movements are in and of themselves, part of the carelessness in how they pray, then of course, this will result in invalidating the solemn and we will explain why and some of the evidences in sha Allah hotaru Allah in our next session.
And we are coming in sha Allah very close to the end of the chapter of Sala and in terms of just the basics, just the basic stuff that you should know about Sala we are coming to that. I'm going to try to keep this into 20 sessions inshallah. So I think we're at like, maybe the 15th or 16th session, so we will try to keep it at that inshallah at least up to 20 as much as possible. And that should be enough time just before the conference begins. They own Allahu taala. Having said that, brothers and sisters as always, in forever, we ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to shower his aura and help us to perfect our salette each and every single time that we pray, and we ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to
accept our efforts and accept our iba and especially accept our miftah or key to all the goodness that we have in this world which is of course vasavada well after Darwin and in hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen if you have any questions let's just take a walk inshallah, up to the office was said Mr. Li como una de la he will what occurred