Channel: Muiz Bukhary
Todays Friday sermon at the Wellawatte Jumush Masjid in Colombo, Sri Lanka by Sheikh Muiz Bukhary.
Topic: The life, times and struggles of Imam Al Bukhari
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Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim
al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa sallahu wa Sallim wa ala Ashraf nmbs astronomia even more silly in a bit you know have you been a quality Are you Nina Mohammed Ebony Abdullah?
La new either he was Herbie he of La sadati bottom of the stream my bad
comments by praising Allah subhanho wa Taala
I asked him the almighty the exalted the Lord of all worlds, to shower his choices of blessings and salutations upon our beloved prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa alayhi wa sallam, his family members, his companions and all those who tread upon his path with utmost sincerity until the day of
and you respected elders and brothers in Islam. First and foremost, I advise myself, I remind myself and then all of you all present here to adopt a knife of taqwa. And that is to be conscious of your maker to remember him at all times, during every single second of our lives, if we wish to attain success in this world as well as the hereafter. May Allah subhanho wa Taala make us all from the people of taqwa. And may He make us from the victorious and successful ones. I mean,
given that the danfa salado baja is early these days 1150 odd. I think I have around 45 minutes with you all inshallah Tada. So I thought of touching
on the life and times of a very great legend. Now, obviously, His story is long
and in great detail, but in today's sermon, insha Allah tala, I'll try my best to give you a brief synopsis of the life of this great individual, an individual who I'm sure every single Muslim, on the face of this, of this earth, has heard of his name, at some point or the other.
We're talking about Imam of dunya. The imam of this world, the Imam of Imams, a very very great individual. Mohammed ebene smile. Ibn Ibrahim al Bukhari Rahim Allah inshallah Allah we are going to be talking about the life of Imam Al Bukhari. Rahim Allah. So without further ado, let's start off by talking about the full name of this Imam.
The mom's name goes as Muhammad even his smile, even Ibrahim Even l movie era even better deserved about this back there are two ways to pronounce it as has been put forth by the scholars of history either birthdays or bad How about this?
I'll geography al Bukhari Let me repeat, Mohammed even a smile even Ibrahim that part is easy, because obviously his smile is too slim and talking about Ibrahim Ali so that was not his son's name is his smile. And through that lineage comes about our beloved prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam so the man was named to was Mohammed
emammal Buhari Rahim Allah his actual name was Mohammed Al Bukhari is a connection to where he is from Baja.
iraq which we will talk about in Sharla. So his actual name was Mohammed the son of his Marine, the son of Ibrahim, the son of Al movie Aurora, the son of Al bear. This bear was also known as El geography al Bukhari.
Man Buhari Rahim Allah was actually a Persian.
He comes from the lands of perasaan, which is from the lands of Iran, Afghanistan and these other lands.
And when you look at it, in the sense his lineage, we find the name movie era. He is one of his great grandfather's. He was the individual who embraces Islam, because his lineage traces back to fire worshippers. Right up there about this band was known as a fire worshippers or Austrian. Afterwards I'll move on. He embraces Islam during the time of the Sahaba rizwana tida. Allah Himeji Marine, there was an individual who gives the power to this particular
ancestor of Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah, and he embraces Islam and this individual who gives Dawa. He comes from the tribe known as Al Jaffe. And therefore it was the practice of the past that whenever a non Arab would embrace Islam, he would adopt the tribe of the person giving Dawa to him. So therefore, this person who gave that to him came from the tribe al Jaffe, and Elmo VIERA, who embraces Islam now the ancestor of Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah he adopts the name of that particular tribe, and from there onwards he is also known as a geography. So, as you can see Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah there were four generations of Islam Mahavira was a Muslim afterwards his son Ibrahim, a
Muslim, and then his smile a Muslim and then comes about Mohammed was none other than the famous Imam Al Bukhari. Rahim Allah. He's kunia. And this is a practice in the Arab world was Abu Abdullah. Abu Abdullah in the Arab world, you would find people are dressing themselves using Abu and the name generally they would use the names of their children. So it would be Abu Abdullah Omar Abdullah, this was the practice in Islam, the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam as well. Most of the time the connection would be to one of the children the eldest, but at times, even a metaphorical reference would exist like if we take the name Abu Bakr, or the Allah one he was
famously known through his cornea, but he didn't have a child by the name duck abou back, a metaphorical reference Abu huraira For example, He was known as the father of kittens. A metaphorical reference he didn't have a child by the name hora. It's just that he was fond of cats fond of kittens, and therefore he was known as the father of the little kitten. eyeshadow, viola Juana, she was famously known as Omar Abdullah, the mother of Abdullah even though we all know that she didn't have children, yet she was known fondly as Omar Abdullah. Likewise, Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah was known as Abu Abdullah, there are two opinions some scholars of the opinion that he had a
son by the name Abdullah Mohammed Sahabi. For example, Rahim Allah mentions in his book in the books of history that Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah and his student Imam Muslim Rahim Allah both of them, there were multiple marriages involved, and they had children. But some scholars like uma makani Rahim, Allah is of the opinion that Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah did not have any male children. And there are other historians who say that no, he had sons as well. Either way, if he had a child, then perhaps the name of that son was Abdullah and he was known as Abu Abdullah because of that, or else if he didn't have any male children, he took on a metaphorical reference and yet he was known as Abu
Abdullah, Abu Abdullah, this was the cornea. But obviously later on, he becomes famous and people start addressing him using an Imam Al Bukhari and that's it and until today, we all know him as Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah.
So Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah was from baja and that's why is known as El Buhari Misbah connecting him to the place bahara like all of us, we would be known as Siri lanky, whatever your name is, for example, if you're Abdullah, you would be Abdullah city lanky because you are from Sri Lanka. He was from Bukhara, so he was known as Al Bukhari. He was born in Chahal, during the year 194 after the hijra of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. His father was a merchant. A person who was involved in trade
was from a middle class family, his father was well off.
his father was involved in trade, and simultaneously,
he sought knowledge a little bit as well. Books of history mentioned that his father had gone and sought knowledge even by Mr. Malik Rahim Allah Imam Malik Rahim Allah He passes away before Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah say mama Bukhari did not have the opportunity to go and seek knowledge by Imam Malik but his father
had gone and sat by the feet of Mr. Mallika hula. And he had heard a hadith from Imam Malik Rahim Allah. So perhaps this was where the the birth of the thirst of knowledge sprouted. And the family of Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah and then emammal Bukhari bajo la he is born is born and he was born an exceptional individual, a very unique individual as we are going to study a few stories, anecdotes that took place in his life, to show the the caliber to show what kind of a person Allah subhanho wa Taala chose to protect the words of his most Beloved Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa alayhi wasallam. So emammal Buhari Rahim Allah from a very young age, he had this thirst for
knowledge, to go about seeking knowledge so much the extent that historians mentioned by the age of 14 or 15, a very tender young age where most of our youngsters are playing around Imam Al Bukhari. By mahalo had sought knowledge from all of the leading and prominent scholars of perasaan. He had gone to all of them and sought all the knowledge that could be sought by them. So panela at the age of 14 or 15, and then at the age of 16.
He sets out on Hajj, he sets out on Hajj with his mother and his brother, his father had passed away, and his father had left behind a handsome inheritance. So he was blessed in that sense, we have when we look at the scholars of the past we have scholars who are you know well off like Mr. Abu hanifa Rahim Allah and you also have scholars who live very frugal lives like Imam Ahmed ibn Hanbal Rahim Allah if you take a moment Buhari Rahim Allah He lived a middle class life like I said earlier, and this was mainly due to the inheritance that his father left behind for him. So now he's about to set out for Hajj with his mother at the age of 16. Just before that there's one incident
that takes place in one of the gatherings of knowledge he's with one of his teachers. And
why is the teacher was narrating a Heidi?
Remember Buhari Rahim Allah he spots a mistake, an error in the chain of narrators in the chain of narrators when we take a Hades for example, most of the time we are concerned we are concerned with the text of the narration. Like if you take the Hadith where the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is reported to have said, in namale, Amma robinia, a very famous narration actions are based upon your intentions. We focus on the text otherwise known as the method of the Hadith. But scholars of Hadith are the ones who analyze the Hadees. They're concerned with the text. Yes, yes. But they're also very much concerned with the chain of narrators, okay, who said this Hadith, and who is he narrating
from? he narrates from his teacher who knows from his teacher from his teacher, and this chain of narratives go on until Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and it's through this chain of narratives, that authenticity can be verified. So this teacher was narrating it. And you have different levels of narratives, you have, perhaps from the scholars who narrate from the adult Iberian who narrate from the tabea own, who narrate from the Sahaba and then finally the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, there was a small mix up where perhaps one narrator from one particular level was included in a different level. Like say, for example, if the Sahaba if the level of Sahaba
if a Sahabi was brought down, to the level of the bear ottavia in someone who was well versed in this science would immediately spot it. Remember Bukhari at the age of 14 or 15, he spots it, he spots it and in a very polite way, he indicates this to his teacher. It was the norm of the past that unlike today, our memory, our memories are weak, and we rely on notes we rely on our books, mostly the scholars of the past, they would dictate through memory. So this teacher was dictating and narrating all these ahaadeeth through his memory, Mr. Bahari, Rahim Allah he spots it and in a very polite way he informs his teacher about it. The teacher looks at him and well Buhari because
obviously is a youngster and he tells him No, I'm sure that this narration is proper and intact. Remember before Rahim Allah He politely insists, no, please, you should check it and the teacher because obviously given his years of experience teaching, he feels that no, it's correct the way I'm narrating until finally Mr. Bahari, Rahim, Allah again insists, why don't you share? Please check your notes. Now, observing his student Imam Al Bukhari being so insistent the chef decides to go inside he goes inside his house, and he double checks with his notes only to find the moment of Buhari Rahim Allah was correct. He comes out he acknowledges his mistake. And he praises Imam Al
Bukhari Rahim Allah because now when we mentioned we talked about him as the legend, but at that time, he was just 14 or 15 years of age, and he was able to spot a very subtle error, if you will. And this was due to the photographique memory that he had been blessed with by Allah subhanho wa Taala. Nonetheless, at the age of 16, now he sets out on Hajj, and in those days it was well known that Mecca you know,
There was the lens of hijas. They were the hubs of knowledge. People from all over the world would traverse to Mecca and Medina to fulfill the rites of Hajj, Jenner Amara, and unlike today where we go spend only about a week or two and then we return the people of the past had to had to undertake long journeys to arrive at Mecca. And when they would arrive, they would not leave easily because generally it was an opportunity of a lifetime. So they would make the most out of the visit. At times they would stay for months, they would stay, they would stay for years on end.
In those lands trying to benefit as much as possible and then they would return back home. So a moment ago Hari Rahim Allah now he visits the lands of Arabia, and then he observes Subhana Allah, so many gatherings of knowledge, so many scholars from far and wide from different parts of the world have come and they are disseminating their knowledge, he benefits as much as possible during his stay there, and when the time comes for them to return.
He seeks permission from his family to stay back and seek knowledge further, his family leaves he stays behind, he stays on for another 10 to 15 years seeking knowledge by the scholars of the lands of ages, the Arabian Peninsula. It was during that period of time at the age of 18 or 19. He authors his first book known as cobaya Sahaba, the rulings of the Sahaba and this indicates the expertise of the knowledge of Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah He was not only an expert in the field of ahaadeeth, he was also an expert in the field of jurisprudence law. So he authored the first book Colonia Sahaba. And then another book which is like an encyclopedia and it is a standard reference today, he authors
Atari who will Kabir not the sorrowful Buhari but we are familiar with the author's Atari Rahul Kabir. In other words, it can be translated as the Encyclopedia of history where in that book in nine volumes, the compiler ation consists of nine volumes. He records all the different narrators and their biographies in that particular book Subhana Allah
at the age of 19
This is the legend that we're talking about Mr. Bahari, Rahim Allah, and he furthers his knowledge now, he seeks knowledge. And in due time people start to, you know, hear about Imam Al Bukhari, the progress of Imam Al Bukhari the talents of Imam Al Bukhari, the flawless memory of Imam Al Bukhari, the photographique memory of Imam Al Bukhari. And now his fame starts to spread and as his as he's growing older is seeking knowledge. And from the prominent teachers of that time, he seeks knowledge from him. Even Hanbal Rahim Allah, a very famous scholar that we're all familiar with. He seeks knowledge from jacobina Marine, I live in El Medina, all famous scholars of that time, and they to
attest to the knowledge of Emmanuel Buhari, even a humble example, who teaches emammal Buhari during You know, when he was in his 20s, because my mathematical humble was old at that time at the age of 70. His teaching Manuel Buhari Rahim Allah, and at that time, Mr. Mathematica humbled was the undisputed champion of a Heidi. No one could, you know, surpass him as much knowledge in a heartbeat at that time. He teaches emammal Buhari and he attests to the knowledge of Emmanuel Buhari by saying that I have not come across a youngster from the lens of corizon more knowledgeable than this youngster pointing to Mohammed Ebony's. Marielle al Bukhari, Rahim Allah, this is Imam Ahmed, even
the humble attesting to the knowledge of a youngster at the age of 20, if you will. So as you can see, he furthers his knowledge, he seeks knowledge, he covers many, many narrations of the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and now he's working on the prototype of Sohail Buhari of his book. And he visits these scholars, he puts forth this writing of his he gets their constructive feedback. He includes all of that if one of them were to say that, you know, perhaps remove this hadith because it's not authentic. He would listen to them he wouldn't debate he he worked stringently and very carefully in regard to compiling a Heidi, and that's how Sahih Bukhari came about. Sahil
Bukhari is known as the most authentic book after the Quran. undisputed.
The majority of the scholars are of the opinion that no weak narrations exist in the book of Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah, you have a minority one or two a few scholars who have come forward and stated that Yeah, there are a few narrations that may be classified as weak in the book of Imam Al Bukhari, but the majority of the opinion that his book all had it in his book authentic, so Panama.
Now, like I said, He's famous spreads. And there were people, you know, at times, who wanted to
didn't really believe in the memory of Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah. There is an interesting story that talks about him al Bukhari visiting above that.
He visits above that, and the scholars of Baghdad and as he was visiting above that what happened was, like I said, because his fame had outgrew him, there were many people who flocked to the outskirts of the city to welcome him. And there were scholars as well, who came out to welcome him al Bukhari Rahim Allah, but they weren't entirely convinced about the memory and the knowledge of Imam Al Bahar Rahim Allah so they decided to themselves to put Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah to a test.
So when he arrives after the people that welcomed him, they go to him and they tell him, how about we go to the main Masjid where everybody can gather, and let's address the people. And let's all share narrations 10 of us will put forth 10 A Heidi, the other scholar puts 10 ahead these forward in that way the students of knowledge can benefit and we all can benefit from one another's discourses and the knowledge being shared and this was a practice in those days. Mmm Buhari ahem Hola. He agrees they go to the masjid 10 scholars line up and they are about to share their ID. Now something that a moment ago he was not aware of was that they had already planned to test the
talents and abilities of your mama Bahar Rahim Allah the 100, a hadith each one was going to present in the 100, a hadith that they were going to put forward they had already jumbled up the IDs. In other words, not the not the text of the Hadith. The text of the Hadith was intact, but the chain of narrators had been jumbled up. Let's say you have 100 A Hadees. The chain of narrators that had to go with Hadith number one had been pushed to Hadith number five, the one with Hadith number five had had been pushed to Hadith number 10. And the name names had been jumbled up. So scholar number one goes forward and he reads his 10 A Heidi The jumbled up 10 A Heidi, and each time he reads a hadith
the scholar looks at Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah, and he says, Do you attest to this narration? Have you heard of this narration? So let's say for example, the first ad that he reads out in the mail Mr. Lubin, the actions are based upon your intentions and he reads the narration with the chain of narratives. Now obviously, this is the Hadith that all basic students of knowledge have come across. So the scholar reads the Hadith looks at the mammal before him holla for a confirmation. Remember Buhari after he had read the Hadith he looks at him and says, I'm sorry. I've never heard of this hadith.
I'm sorry. I've never heard of this hadith. Okay, fine. Hadith number two is put forward.
And after he had read the jumbled up version of Hadith number two, he looks at Emmanuel Buhari for confirmation. Imam Bukhari Rahim Allah again repeats I'm sorry, I've never heard of this hadith. And he did the same for all 100 a haddie. Subhana Allah all 100 Heidi, this is a famous test that took place it's mentioned across the books of history.
Finally, the scholars were somewhat surprised. How come they were thinking
is he going to outwit us? But then he would have said that this narration is wrong, the way you're reading it is wrong, and he would have corrected us. But he's saying that he hasn't heard about this hadith at all.
And even the students of knowledge were confused now because they could not detect the jumbling up the swapping of names. So they were thinking what's going on? These are hydatid we all know these are common Heidi, how come emammal Buhari mama dunia such a famous legend? How come he doesn't know about these a Heidi? Imam Al Bukhari, he looks at the 10 scholars and then he asks them, are you all done with your narrative? They all respond to the affirmative. They say yes. Remember before Rahim, Allah then stands up. And he says, As for the Hadith that you mentioned, scholar number one. And if number one, you mentioned it like this, and he puts forward that jumbled up version, he says you
read the Hadith like this, but it's not supposed to be like this. It's supposed to be like this and he gives the corrected version. Then he says as for Hadith number two, you read it like this, he puts forward the jumbled up version and then he says no, there are a few mistakes and he corrects the mistakes and gives the correct version 34567 all 100 ahaadeeth he reads out the erroneous ones and he corrects them and puts forth the correct versions. Even hedger Rahim Allah was was also a famous scholar was written the the explanation the short of the book of Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah scholar was obviously
okay much later after Imam Al Bukhari he passes away in somewhere 800 hijiri. He states that it's not surprising that Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah was able to distinguish was able to see through the swapping of the narrator's because obviously he's a master.
There's no there is no doubt in it. He's obviously going to be able to do
But what's really surprising is that he was able to in that very sitting, memorize the wrong versions, the jumbled up versions read that out. He didn't become confused with those narrations he was able to read out the wrong versions and then read out the correct versions. Now that shows the province the memory of your mama Buhari, Rama, Hola. And what you might think that okay,
he had the photographique memory. So but then there are people today too, who have photographic memories and this science is established it you can check it out on YouTube, there are TED talks that have been done in regard to people who have very powerful memories.
If that has been established today,
there's no doubt there's no question in the memory of Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah because Allah subhanho wa Taala had chosen him for a much greater purpose. These days, the people who have photographique memories, not all of them, but most of them, what do they use their memories for? They use it to amaze people. They use it for talent shows, they use it to perhaps memorize a deck of cards, and then give you the sequence they use it to in trial and and woo the audience. This is what they are using this blessing that they have been blessed with. Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah was not performing a circus, but rather he was using the ability that had been given to him by Allah
subhanho wa Taala. So it's no surprise that Allah would bless such an individual because he is using it to protect the words of Mohammed sal Allahu Allahu alayhi wa sallam. So this is one main incident that's mentioned in the books of history. So as we move forward, we also read that he was a pinnacle of good conduct of Allah. It has been said that the day he read the Hadith in regard to Riba in regard to backbiting, in regard to the severe consequences of backbiting, from that day onwards, he never ever spoke bad about anyone. He never ever spoke ill about anyone. He came across the ahaadeeth the talk about zeba where it is akin to eating the flesh of your dead brother. Allah says
that in the Quran, and there are very stern hobbies that have been put forth by the prophet sallahu ation mama NaVi Rahim Allah He writes very sternly about Riba. He says that it's not only speaking it is even to subtly indicate in a negative way about your brother or sister it is considered a Viva Subhana Allah.
If it is something false, that you are indicating in regard to your brother or your sister, then it worsens, it becomes an Emmy man, it becomes slander mela service on if it is true, if it is something negative about your brother or your sister that you're talking about. If that thing is true, the matter that you're talking about, then it is classified as a labor.
It can be in regard to the looks of an individual, it can be in regard to the appearance of an individual, it can be in regard to the actions of an individual, it can be in regard to the religiosity of an individual Mr. manavi statement in his book Alaska, it can be in regard to the wealth of an individual it can be in regard to the assets of an individual it can be in regard to the family of an individual it can be in regard to the wives of an individual it can be in regard to the children of an individual, you speak negatively or even if you were to indicate in a subtle way, it is classified as a Riba classified as Riba. Yo, you have involved yourself in a form of
cannibalism. You have eaten the flesh of your brother or your sister. So Panama.
How many of us indulge in it today?
And you know, are the sins you can make Toba if it is in regard to Fukuoka? There are scholars who go on to say that the Rebbe is even worse than Xena. Panama
Riba is worse than Xena, Xena you are? It's it's bad. It's from the Kabbalah you're trespassing the limits of Allah though it's between you and Allah. But with a Riba not only are you trespassing the limits of Allah you are also infringing upon the Coca Cola, the rights of the slaves as well. So scholars have clearly stated to make Toba in regard to backbiting or to make Toba from backbiting. Firstly, you have to seek the forgiveness of a law. And then secondly, you also have to go and seek the forgiveness of that individual, depending on how much you have back bitten about that individual. If you have back bitten about that individual, let's say on a whatsapp group that
consists of how many 200 people and the news has spread across all these individuals, let's say you backbeat about someone who spoke negatively about someone in a big gathering. Allah forbid if I were to use this platform, or this gathering, so many people here listening to me and if I were to talk bad about someone, then in the very same gathering, I have to put the record straight by saying, I did something wrong by speaking ill about this individual and I need to speak good.
Need to praise the individual to try and rectify things.
So if you have gone around talking bad about an individual, now you have to go around praising that individual. Just imagine what people would think of you.
You spoke bad now you have to go speaking good. You need to praise the individual and you put the record straight. And this is after seeking the forgiveness of Allah and going to that individual and telling him that you know what, I spoke bad about you please forgive me? Do you think it's worth it? for few time for a few moments to enjoy some gossip? Do you think it's worth it? Rather, we keep quiet. This is why the professor Lyon Islam has emphasized so much in regard to be in regard to being careful about what comes out from your mouth. So mama Buhari was obviously a master in a heartbeat. And when he came across this Hadith, he stayed away from such bad practices, he was an
individual, a pinnacle of good conduct, like I said, and there are many anecdotes that talk about his good conduct personnel follow his manners, which are not going to go into because I have to cover the the last stages of his life as well. Moving on.
Now, like I said, his his fame spreads is become well known. And from his students, there are books of history that mentioned that he had almost up to a 90,000 students to Panama. And generally there are scholars who say that if you want to look at the academics of an individual, if you want to look at the scholarship of an individual, look at his students. Look at his students talk about shefford Islam even a Tamia Rahim Allah, if you look at his students, he was a madrasa in and of himself. One man inspiring so many other legends to Panama. His students, Imam Ibrahim Rafi mahoba, who is famous in his own right. Imam Ebony Kathy Rahim Allah these are the students of scheffel Islam even a Tamia
Rahim Allah. Imam, Imam Shafi Rahim Allah Mohammed the heavy, so many students who are giants in their own right they are students of this legend shaftless number britania. Likewise, Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah if you talk about his students, you have him a Muslim, even a high judge Rahim Allah, the author of the book that is next to the book of Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah inauthenticity he is one of the most famous students of Imam Al Bukhari vehement ly Muslim Rahim Omar. Then we have a mama tirmidhi Rahim Allah was also from the students of Imam Al Bukhari, Rama Mama Mama nessa Rahim Allah he's also from the students of Imam Al Bukhari. Rahim Allah these are the scholars who
are involved in the books of a Heidi we have the the main six compiler of ahaadeeth Imam Abu Dhabi. Mama tell me the mommy been Amanda mama nessa membuka my Muslim of the six compiler patients almost four or five of them are students of Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah. They were all inspired by Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah they sought knowledge by Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah, and these were not the only students. He had taught almost about 90,000 students of Hanover authored so many books accomplished so much in his life.
And at the age of 59, or 58, he decides to go back to Toronto.
He decides to go back to his hometown not to retire in the sense from teaching, but he decides to retire back to his hometown because he had been on the move throughout from the time he set out on Hajj. He didn't go back to his hometown he had been moving from city to city, seeking knowledge and disseminating knowledge seeking knowledge and disseminating knowledge authoring books, compiling books. So this was his life. So at the age of 58, or 59. Now he decides to go back to Bukhara.
And the minute the news travels to bahara people have bahara now excited because when he when he was a youngster, and now the great Imam is returning back to be you know, they felt privileged, they felt honored that the Imam has decided to come back. And they were leading and prominent scholars in the city, who are also happy that Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah has decided to return and from them there was a scholar by the name Muhammad
He was a senior scholar at that time and he was known as the Mufti of Bukhara, a very senior and leading scholar. He too was happy that Imam Al Bukhari is now planning to return. So the day mama Buhari returns everybody goes out flocking to welcome Imam Al Bukhari, Rahim Allah and Mohammed even use a duel. He was also part of the crowd. He goes forward he welcomes the mama bokhara him over and he says Your presence is most welcome. We are looking forward to benefiting from you. And mama Buhari is welcomed very, very warmly back to his hometown. Now a few days pass and like I said a moment Buhari was not planning to retire in a way where he would stop
Teaching No, he goes back home setters and now he starts to teach again now in the lands of Bihar now what happens? After a few days, the scholars of the land started to observe their gatherings becoming smaller, the numbers diminishing and where are the numbers going? The numbers are all flocking to the gathering of Imam Al Bukhari.
And this, the scholar I mentioned his name Mohammed Ibn Yusuf Aloo Holly, may Allah have mercy upon him, like I said, a famous leading and senior scholar, his gathering was large. But then he started to notice his numbers dropping as well as the numbers diminishing and all of them going to the gatherings of Imam Al Bukhari.
Before I go forward, I would just like to subtly mentioned something.
At times what happens is we tend to put scholars on pedestals
and we think of them as infallible. In other words, flawless, they can't make mistakes. But just as how you have professional jealousy across other fields, sadly, it is a reality that you find it amongst the scholars as you find it. Um, it's the scholars as well. If you go to look commits, doctors, you will see that this jealousy exists. They don't, not all of them, but some of them don't like others progressing. If his internship is out, let him be ordering or coming to Colombo, Colombo is my territory.
And then in business, you see in the form of competition and whatnot in the corporate sector, you see, in schools, you see, this is part of human nature, and scholars are human as well.
So somehow they felt threatened. Initially, they welcomed enamel gohari, but now when they saw their followers dropping their numbers, diminishing their gatherings becoming smaller
shavon seizes the opportunity to cause problems.
Now there were these murmurings there were these feelings of negativity going around now because the numbers were moving to the gatherings of Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah because
most of them who wanted to go and benefit by him. Third, that his knowledge he was far ahead of his time, Mama Bukhara mahama lightyears ahead if you will, so they felt they could benefit more from him. And some of them would benefit from both the scholars But either way, they started to notice the numbers dropping. And then what happens one day an individual in the gathering of women Well, before Rahim, Allah puts forward a loaded question and remember Buhari at that time, there was a famous controversy that was going on in regard to the Quran, as to whether the Quran is a creation of Allah or not. It was a huge controversy rarely spoken about these days. But the position of our
Jamaat the Sunni position, is that we believe that the Quran is not a creation, it is qalamoun law, it is the speech of Allah. So lengthy discussion, and due to the brevity of time we can go into it. Nonetheless what we believe is that the Quran is not a creation of Allah, it is the column of Allah the speech of Allah subhanho wa sallam. Now this individual in the gathering,
he puts forward a question under mama Bukhari and he says,
You What about my recitation of the Quran? It is established that the Quran is not calcula it is not from the creation of Allah, it is the speech of Allah. But when I read the Quran, the words coming out of my mouth, what are they? A mama Buhari Rahim Allah, the minute this question was put forth, he clarifies very clearly because he was bold, and he was sure of the opinion that he held. He said, let me clarify what comes out from your mouth in terms of the sounds that you make using your faculties of speech, your tongue, your mouth, your jaws, your lungs, this is created, the actions of human beings are created, but the content is not created. Like if you were to take a copy of the
Quran from the shelf, okay, the pages, the pages, created, the ink that is used created the cover of the Koran created, but the content of the Quran Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen. The content that's captured within the Quran is not created, it is the speech of Allah. So he clarifies it very clearly. But this individual misquotes. Imam Al Bukhari to the other chef Mohammed Yusuf Ali stating that amendment Buhari has put forth an opinion that the Quran is a creation of a bomb.
Mohammed Yusuf Ali, may Allah have mercy upon him at that time, Boko Haram, Allah knows best in regard to how we transpired perhaps at the very beginning, he had sincere intentions and he wanted to clarify this misconception.
And this is what times happens. Sometimes certain people want to advise others in a very sincere way. But Sherpa seizes the opportunity to blow the issue out of proportion and then you find it very difficult to contain the situation. So perhaps Mohammed Yusuf Ali wanted to clarify this with him. Al Bukhari Rahim Allah but the situation got out of hand, and you started to spread like wildfire that Imam Al Bukhari Rahim, Allah is of the opinion that the Quran is a creation of Allah.
And then what happened was,
the scholars started to speak against him. They started to warn the people not to benefit from him not to frequent these gatherings that perhaps is deviant in his teachings. Because on one camp, we have this senior scholar, the musty of Bukhara Imam Al Bukhari, even though he's famous he's still a stranger, a foreigner was come from abroad was this Mufti has been in that city for a long time, and it's his word against his now.
So even the other scholars started to speak against Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah, in their gatherings in their discourses to warn the people against him. One day, Mohammed Yusuf Ali was addressing his students, an Imam. Muslim was also in the gathering because Mr. Muslim, by the way was initially the student of Mohammed Ibn Yusuf Ali. Mohammed even used the word do early in the gathering starts to warn the people about Imam Al Bukhari and Mr. Muslim couldn't take it because Mr. Muslim, he knew the truth. He knew what had really transparent, he gets up and he walks away from the gathering in a polite way.
And this angers this particular scholar even further because Mr. Muslim was one of his prized students, one of his prized students, and this student has now completely gone to Imam Al Bukhari.
You see, this is how Chapin seizes the opportunity to cause all kinds of fitna.
And it's important for us to know our history, it's important for us to read these stories to go back to the legends of the past to learn. You know, there are scholars of history who said that the one who reads history, it is as if he has lived through the annals of time. So now as I'm narrating what happened to the life of Amanda Guevara, isn't it as if we are living in the era in the time of Imam Al Bukhari. That's how it feels. When you read the books of history. It's as if you're living across through the annals of time.
So now what happens this scholar loses his prized student and that angers him further,
and he increases his attack on the moment before Abraham hobo mela Have mercy on him. Allah have mercy upon all of us. We don't know what transpired. This is what is mentioned in the books of history. Now all the scholars start attacking him and this was one religious controversy that was going on. And amidst that, there was another controversy that took place where the governor of Bukhara at that time invites enamel Bihari Rahim Allah The minute he hears about the gatherings the famous gatherings of Imam Al Bukhari, he wanted Imam Al Bukhari to come to his palace and teach his children. So he invites him in Bukhari Rahim Allah. Initially Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah politely
declines and he says my gathering is open to everybody. You can have your sons come and seek knowledge by me at my gathering. The governor keeps insisting and saying no, I want private tutoring. I want a private gathering for my sons. They won't mingle with the normal folk. Mr. Manohar Joshi. moolah did not like this. And he was not open to the idea of going to the palace. So there was this back and forth. This exchange of messages. And remember Buhari was blunt in refusing to go and teach the princes if they wanted to seek knowledge, let them come and seek it by me. This is the knowledge of Allah subhanho wa Taala. It doesn't demean itself. I will not come to your feet,
let them come and they are free to come to my gathering anytime they want. And they can seek knowledge just as everybody else is seeking knowledge by me.
This angered the governor so much to the extent that he had put forth so many offers. He had put forth so many offers or oil invitation and emammal before Rahim Allah has turned it all down. He decides to exile Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah and he issues a command that Imam Al Bukhari should leave should leave Bukhara and go wherever he wants to go. He can't remain in the governance of this individual. Remember, Bihari Rahim Allah decides to leave because these two issues at the same time. He decides to leave to another city of perasaan because perasaan covered model it is basically the modern day Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, all these places put together. So he decides to go to another
province, province of perasaan. The matey decides to go his students were informed and some of them even decide to travel along with him. The scholars
who were involved in the formation of Imam Al Bukhari spread the news to all the other cities
Did you know there's been a big problem caused here? And now he's coming there? avoid him Don't take him in and warn your people against him. So
every city Imam Al Bukhari Rahim, Allah tries to enter the people who are not welcoming. They were not receptive because the scholars of the land heeded the warning that was sent. And they started to warn the people against him. As you can see shutdown the way he plans and also a negative and toxic feelings how they play into the hearts of an individual, into the hearts of the individuals. May Allah save a soul. He goes now and he finds it difficult to move because all kinds of accusations are being hurled at him. All kinds of
things are being said about him.
He's being classified as a deviant as a liar, not fit to seek knowledge from not fit to take a hiatus from
it was during the month of Ramadan in the year 256 hijiri.
From our mistaken
it was the night before April 5. The night of April 5 of the last night of Ramadan. Mmm Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah decides to leave wherever he can go. He doesn't know he's just going to leave he packs his bags. And as he's leaving,
he raises his hands and he makes Doha unto Allah subhanho wa Taala.
He prays for Allah,
your earth, the dwarf goes along the lines of these words, your earth is so vast,
your earth is so vast, the lands are so vast, but this world has become so narrow for me, I have nowhere to go.
Therefore, if you feel
that it is good for me to live, then let me live. But if there is no good in me living, then take away my soul.
He being a master if I had if he knew of the narrations in this regard, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam has clearly and explicitly stated that none of us should wish for death, we should not pray for death.
But if a situation were to arise, where you have to ask draw for death, then you have to attach this condition. You have to make the law in your knowledge if
me living is good, then let me live. But if not take my life. So this is how he made he made as per the teachings of the prophets that are long, widely read he was sending. He was about to leave the city.
Stepping out. Allah subhanho wa Taala has decreed that his true soul should be taken and he complains and falls down.
Mama Buhari Rahim Allah was buried before
and the life of the legend comes to an end there. But it has really come to an end. Now, until today,
and until the day after Yama His name is being mentioned and will be mentioned how many times every single hope about what do we say? narrated by Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah and each time he mentioned his name What are we doing? We're making to offer him Rahim Allah may Allah have mercy on him, Allah have mercy on him. So Panama, the students of knowledge cannot be cannot consider themselves students of knowledge without poring over his books. Mama Buhari but at that point, that dark period of his life, it seemed it seemed as if he was in a lonely place, and everyone else was against him. And it seemed as if the other camp was speaking the truth. It seemed as if the other camp was in a
more honorable position. And he seemed to be in a position that was demeaning, but it was the plan of awesome Hannah Montana. And you might want a such a great individual. Allah had to put him through such a trial. Yes. And this is why the Prophet sallallahu Sallam his report, perhaps say that the ones tested the most by Allah are the ones closest to Allah, the prophets. They are the ones tested the most. So Muslim fulfill themselves, and then the very next best afterwards, the very next best. A person is tested according to his levels of Eman according to his levels of taqwa according to his levels of Bara. A test is to forgive you of your sins to bring you closer to Allah.
So yes, he was tested by Allah. And then the plan of Allah was as such that until today, no one talks about the other share.
Again, may Allah have mercy upon him. Allah knows what is. You know, Allah knows best what was in his heart at that point, Mohammed Ibn Yusuf is no one talks about him. No one talks about that Governor no one even knows his name,
but Imam Al Bukhari His name is
It's across the annals of time across the books of history, across the lips of scholars across the lips of students of knowledge across the lips of the masses. Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah,
so many respected elders and brothers in Islam. There are many, many lessons to be gleaned from his life from the snapshot that I gave you all.
The fact that he went through so many trials, to have faith in the plan of Allah subhanho wa Taala to never give up, to nurture our children to in such a way that they become legends. The likes of Emmanuel Bahama Muslim shaftless, lama shafie namo hanifa, the scholars of the past, and then most importantly, a lot of us we think of history to be boring.
We don't like to listen about the scholars of the past the people of the past the leaders of the past, we don't want to study our history. If you don't know where you came from. You don't know where you are, you don't know where you're going.
You will forget.
A nation has to be reminded about its history. And we have golden pages of history to pour overs, Panama, so many lessons to deduce. Therefore I hope that enticed you all and incited in your hearts, a desire, a spark, to learn about the legends of the past, and inshallah in the future to if Allah blesses us with opportunities, we pray that Allah blesses us as such.
We will discuss lives of the legends of the past, to be able to become like them, to learn lessons from their lives, and to also attain the success and victory that they attained. This