The Revival #22

Muhammad West

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The history of the European Empire, including the rise and fall of the Empire, the rise and fall of the Ottoman Empire, and the Iranian Empire, is discussed. The Mughal Empire had a democratic culture, with a focus on religion and cultural leanages, and a military force of hundreds of women and hundreds of men. The British Empire had a military force of hundreds of men and the Iranian Empire had a military force of hundreds of women. Jesus Christ claims to have been the first man to translate the Quran and is working on creating a new book.

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Hope you're well.

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So

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yesterday, we concluded the very sad chapter of

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the fall of Andalusia.

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Before that we spoke about the the Mongolian

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devastation of Persia,

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of Baghdad,

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of Sham. So one might ask who's left

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on the map? Who's who's running the show?

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Who's in charge of the Ummah?

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And we will see now 3 kingdoms basically

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form

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about 5 we're going now 500 years ago,

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the 1500, the 1500, 16 100, what we

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call the pre modern Islamic kingdoms.

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And some of these kingdoms you would know,

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like the Ottoman Empire. And there were 3

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kingdoms that formed and they're called the gunpowder

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empires. This is a time when cannons were

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were available and, in fact, the Ottoman Empire

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would have been of the first to have

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military infantry that used cannons and used, muskets.

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So we had those three kingdoms, which would

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be we'll speak of the first one, which

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is known and, very prominent is the Ottoman

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Empire.

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And the Ottoman Empire, they were in the

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land. They were as we as we said

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before, there's this massive area in Central Asia,

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the Turkic people. They were nomadic, and they

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moved westwards. The Mongolians pushed them further and

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further west, and they basically settled in what

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is modern day Turkey. That area was Constantinople

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was a Christian the homeland of the Byzantine

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Empire.

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And it has always been the the dream

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that one day Constantinople will be in the

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hands of the Muslims. In fact, there's a

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hadith about that. And the Ottomans,

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these tribal people, they unified, they solidified,

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they formed a a a a nation, and

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with the advent of gunpowder,

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the 1,000

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year, you know, walls of Constantinople that nobody

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could penetrate. And anyone who's traveled to Constantinople

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and you see the Hagia Sophia, that was

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built that church was built before the was

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born. So you can imagine the technology of

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the Byzantines,

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and it was impossible for any no army

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could ever have, conquered Constantinople until the Ottomans

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with their cannons and they basically conquered Constantinople

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and that became their capital. And now this

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rising empire,

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becomes the seat of the Khalifa. Remember the

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Khalifa was destroyed in Baghdad, and he basically

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gets saved by the Mamluks, the the well,

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the the caliphate the the title of Khalifa

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moves to Egypt, and eventually it moves now

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to Constantinople.

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The Ottoman Sultan

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is also the Khalifa.

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It's very strange.

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The concept of the Khalifa is usually Qurashi

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of the Nabi al Salam's family,

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but, subhanallah, now you have an Persian, wait,

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Turkish person who is the Khalifa and will

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remain there until, basically, till World War 1.

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The other and we'll talk more of the

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Ottomans as we as we move along. We

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we we then move to the 2nd big

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kingdom

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and second gunpowder

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empire, which filled the vacuum of Persia, Afghanistan,

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Azerbaijan. This this area that was destroyed by

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the Mongolians,

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this became

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this fell under a kingdom called the Safavid

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Empire. Now the Safavids

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were a Shia or a sufi tariqa a

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sufi tariqa

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that became

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basically a a nation, and then they converted

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to Shi'ism. And that is why today, if

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you ask, why is Iran

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the home of Shi'ism? It was never the

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case. Imam Ghazali, Abu Hanifa, all the great

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Sunni scholars in fact, the Ottomans

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did not have ulama. The Ottomans would bring

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ulama,

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Sunni ulama, from Persia, from Iran.

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That is where was the home of Sunni

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Sunni intellectual thought. But this Shia group basically

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takes over Iran, and it converts it into

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a a Shia 12 ish Shia state and

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it's called the Safavid Empire.

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They were also they were there. And then

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you have the 3rd Gunpowder Empire

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and one of the few kingdoms that survived

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the Mongolians,

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and this is the Mughals

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the Mughals of India.

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Now, whenever, you know, most of you would

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be looking I've never heard of this group

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before. I heard of the term, but you

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basically know them when you watch Aladdin.

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That's

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Agra and, you know, that whole that's not

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Arab. That is it's like India. How is

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this camels and and elephants and altogether?

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This is basically the concept of of, it

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was the Mughals of India,

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extremely wealthy. And as we said before, that

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India for a 1000 years was ruled by

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a Muslim elite. The majority of India is

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Hindu, as we know, but there was this

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elite group of Muslims

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that ruled and this last kingdom, it changed

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hands over time, The last kingdom was another

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gunpowder empire, the Mughal Empire, and I think

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our basic our discussion tonight is the rise

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and fall of the Mughal

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Empire. And if you look at the map,

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if you go to the map, you'll see

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the 3 gunpowder

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empires. The Ottomans were in the red. They

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ruled basically

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the Middle East, North Africa a little bit,

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and Turkey, and their focus was more advancing

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into Europe. The Ottoman Empire looked to march

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further into Europe. They focused on so much

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the Middle East. The Safavids are there in

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Persia and and and Iran, Afghanistan, and then

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the Mughals,

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the Indian subcon when I say India, it

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means Pakistan, it means India, Bangladesh,

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parts of Nepal, even massive, empire in the

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the Mughal Empire. So the Mughals, let's talk

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about them, and this is the tonight's talk

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about 2 great reformers. And I said anybody

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that comes from an Indian subcontinent background, in

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fact, all of us, these 2 men I'm

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gonna talk about,

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every single Muslim on earth basically has some

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debt to them to them in how they

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preserve. Because if we look at our intellectual

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Islam, how much comes from India now? India

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at this time is not a center of

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Islamic learning. There are no Darul Ulms. You

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look at the books, there's no great scholarly

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work from the Indian Muslims. The in India

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didn't really exist much, but there'll be 2

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men that changes this, and they will bring

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about a a revival to to till today

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now we have sort of major Islamic movements

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come from India. So the Indian Mughals, the

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princes, the kings, the sultans,

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they lived a very lavish, decadent lifestyle.

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You know, harams of hundreds of women, they,

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indulge in all kinds of vices. They ruled

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over the the the the Hindus of of

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India with, you know, with with the armies

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and the and the and and the and

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the might. But with

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time, one of the the the the Mughals

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of India, his name was Akbar the Great.

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He was probably the greatest in terms of

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development and building and architecture.

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He

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wanted to merge

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between Islam and Hinduism.

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You see, when you're ruling a people that

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is not of the same religion, you wanna

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make sure that you balance this. And for

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political reasons and, of course, he also it's

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mentioned that he he married a number of

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Hindu wives, which the ulama were were not

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happy about, but he looked to merge Islam

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with Hinduism, and he would have a court

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of many scholars, Christians and and and and

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Sikhs and different,

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religious leaders, and they would debate and discuss.

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And eventually, towards the end of his life,

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he said, I have come to the conclusion

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that we are all basically 1 and the

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same, and there is a universal religion. He's

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gonna he he invents this religion called dini

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ilahi,

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the divine way.

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And we will take the best of all

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religions, and this will be the default of

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Islam. This will be rather the religion of

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India.

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And some things in this religion, for example,

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you have to make to the to the

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ruler.

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Your, names like Muhammad and Ahmed sort of

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became a taboo. Circumcision,

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was not allowed. You couldn't slaughter cows anymore.

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Many of the, of of, the Sharia rules

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became abrogated,

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intermarriages, which were obviously, you know, Muslim women

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cannot marry non Muslim men. This became almost

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permissible. And so

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many of the ulama at the time did

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not have the intellectual capacity to debate this,

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and in fact, many of them were afraid

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to stand up and it became

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the default. And it appeared India was gonna

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go that way. A country which is basically

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Islamic rule, Sharia, would become abrogated by this.

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And so arose a scholar called Ahmed Sirhindi

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Ahmed Sirhindi,

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one of the first ulama of of that

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time in India

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who would take on this challenge.

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And one of the reasons one of the

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and this is a bit deep now. One

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of the intellectual arguments made that, look, you'd

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find

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extreme, extreme Sufism mysticism

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delves into many things which almost aligns with

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Hindu practices.

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And Hinduism. It's all the same. You know,

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we worship many things. We make different kinds

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of dhikrs with music involved. You go through

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saints and

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and graves. What's the difference? We have images

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of you have in pictures there. We have

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our statues here. It's all one and the

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same. And so it required a person, and

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this Ahmed said, Hindi was a a a

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deeply Sufi man, and he had to bring

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about a reformation to say what is permissible

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in terms

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of and what is not permissible.

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And he wrote to the ruling class, and

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he didn't raise up an army. All he

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did was he wrote letters and he wrote

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pamphlets and he gave and sermons. Eventually, he

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was locked up, but it resonated with a

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lot of the ruling class of the Muslims.

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And

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Akbar passes away. His son Jahangir takes on

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and continues that same steps, and 1 by

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1, eventually eventually, the teachings of Ahmed al

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Sendhindi resonates with a prince of the Mughals.

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So long story, we cut it short. The

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one of the princes of the Mughals was

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a student of Ahmed al Sadhindi's son. He

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he grew up in the madrasa learning from

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Ahmed al Sirhindi. His name is Oranzeb. And

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when he becomes now the Mughal emperor, he

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removes a lot of what his great grandfather

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Akbar had done and he he reestablishes

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orthodox Islam. And so the alim, the sheikh,

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you know, he wrote the the books. No

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one read it. No one looked at it.

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It took 2 generations later for someone to

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really, you know, benefit from this. And so

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the seed was planted,

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Mughal emperors because he was able to conquer

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the whole one of the few people in

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the history of India that ruled the entire

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subcontinent,

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and he ruled for almost 50 years, and

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he was very much a staunch,

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you know, advocate of of of reestablishing Islam

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and orthodoxy,

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open Madaris.

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One of the things that he did was

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he wanted to compile

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a massive encyclopedia

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of all the, fatawah, which would be the

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law of the it's, Hanafi law, and this

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would be the government's standard position in in

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in in how to run a country. It's

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called fatawah al Hindiya, and he collected the

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greatest ulama

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in the in the country to participate in

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writing. This will be our qanun, our law.

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In fact, the Ottomans would later try to

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replicate this this effort. So this is a

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great achievement. Unfortunately, when Oranze passed away,

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the kingdom

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collapses.

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His sons kill one another, and we fall

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into that same old trend of civil war.

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And with that, many factions start to to

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to take over India. You have a rising

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group

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of of of, in the South, a Hindu

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revivalist movement movement trying to push out, Islam.

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You also have the British who just arrived

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now in India. You have invasions of the

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Safavids, the the Shia, a group, you know,

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invading. So the India is in a difficult

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state. The 1700

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the 1700

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is where really the decline begins. The Ottomans

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go through a decline. The Mughal is going

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to a decline. The Safavids going to a

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decline. This is where you're gonna see our

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problem that we have as a ummah is

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what happened through the 1700, the 1800.

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So the next person we're gonna talk about

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and this man, subhanallah, perhaps the greatest

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you know, look at his books and what

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he

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wrote. For the last 300 years, I don't

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think there was a scholar of his of

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his caliber.

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They are very, uncompromising.

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You know, if you're a Braulvi, you are

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like a paka Braulvi. You don't even wanna

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talk to a Dio Bandi. If you're Dio

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Bandi, Hanafi staunch, they are very partisan on

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their groups. But all of them, if you

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look at who is the original founder,

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even though they hate one another, they can't

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agree, they all say. We all take from

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This one man inspired,

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like, millions and mill 100 of millions of

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people,

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this scholar.

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Means from Delhi. So,

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his father was one of the jurists, one

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of the ulama, the Hanafi ulama was asked

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by Aurangzeb

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to compile this, and you might say this,

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this law

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of India. His dad was a Hanafi scholar

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who was part of that panel. And so

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he grows up in a a family of

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ulama, of learning. He stays in his dad's

00:12:23--> 00:12:23

madrasa

00:12:24--> 00:12:26

and he learns the Hanafi madhab very, very

00:12:26--> 00:12:29

well. He learns Quran, hadith, and he's a

00:12:29--> 00:12:31

a solid Hanafi scholar. As a young age,

00:12:31--> 00:12:33

he's already, mastered a lot of the the

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fatawa

00:12:34--> 00:12:36

and then he did something which very few

00:12:36--> 00:12:38

people at that time would do. He decided,

00:12:38--> 00:12:40

I I wanna go for Hajj, but I

00:12:40--> 00:12:41

also want to learn

00:12:42--> 00:12:43

from the rest of the Muslim world. And

00:12:43--> 00:12:46

so he leaves, India and he goes to

00:12:46--> 00:12:46

Mecca,

00:12:47--> 00:12:49

and for the first time, he really encounters

00:12:49--> 00:12:51

other schools of thought. He encounters,

00:12:53--> 00:12:55

you know, Shafi'i the Shafi'i madhhab. He encounters

00:12:56--> 00:12:58

the humble imadhab. He really falls in love

00:12:58--> 00:12:58

with

00:12:59--> 00:13:00

In fact, for him, he said Imam Malik's

00:13:01--> 00:13:02

is greater than Buhari. I mean, this is

00:13:02--> 00:13:05

his personal feeling. And, he also becomes,

00:13:06--> 00:13:07

very much in favor of even Taymiyyah.

00:13:08--> 00:13:10

We spoke about even Taymiyyah, this idea of

00:13:10--> 00:13:13

reviving, going back to the original sources because

00:13:13--> 00:13:15

in the Indian subcontinent,

00:13:15--> 00:13:17

where they didn't have a culture of intellectual

00:13:17--> 00:13:20

discussion, it was you learn it like this,

00:13:20--> 00:13:21

and that's how it is, and you don't

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discuss it, and we stick to our mad

00:13:23--> 00:13:25

hub even I don't care what the Quran

00:13:25--> 00:13:27

says, said so, you stick to it. So

00:13:27--> 00:13:28

now you have the scholar

00:13:29--> 00:13:30

looking at challenging,

00:13:31--> 00:13:33

the thoughts, what you know, and and and

00:13:33--> 00:13:36

growing learning about different maday. He also what

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is great about

00:13:38--> 00:13:38

is

00:13:39--> 00:13:41

he was inspired by many figures

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who are not really, you would say, almost

00:13:44--> 00:13:46

are gay not against one another, but he

00:13:46--> 00:13:47

he he loves Ghazali,

00:13:48--> 00:13:49

and he also loves Ibtaimiyyah, and yet you'd

00:13:49--> 00:13:51

find there's an intellectual debate between

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them. He loves

00:13:53--> 00:13:53

Tasawwuf,

00:13:54--> 00:13:56

but he's also finds those who who who

00:13:56--> 00:13:58

not condemn Tasawwuf, who had issues Tasawwuf. So

00:13:58--> 00:14:00

he said, is there a way we can

00:14:00--> 00:14:03

synergize? Can we bring all these thoughts together?

00:14:03--> 00:14:04

Can we find common ground? And if you

00:14:04--> 00:14:06

look at his books, this is what he

00:14:06--> 00:14:08

really strove to do. He tried to bring

00:14:08--> 00:14:11

different strands of thought together and find what

00:14:11--> 00:14:13

is the kernel that we can unite under

00:14:14--> 00:14:15

without compromising

00:14:15--> 00:14:16

Islamic,

00:14:16--> 00:14:19

thought. He he spent almost 2 years in

00:14:19--> 00:14:21

in in in in Mecca. He didn't wanna

00:14:21--> 00:14:22

leave, but his alim, his sheikh told him,

00:14:22--> 00:14:24

you need to go back to your people

00:14:24--> 00:14:26

in India, and you need to bring about

00:14:26--> 00:14:28

you need to share this knowledge. So he

00:14:28--> 00:14:29

goes back to India. And as he goes

00:14:29--> 00:14:31

back to India, we said this is where

00:14:31--> 00:14:32

India is falling apart.

00:14:33--> 00:14:35

The Mughals are on the verge of collapse.

00:14:36--> 00:14:39

Hindu the the Maratha Hindus have almost reached

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Delhi,

00:14:40--> 00:14:43

and, socially, the fabric of India is unraveling.

00:14:43--> 00:14:44

And so,

00:14:45--> 00:14:47

he now begins his work of the things

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he's done,

00:14:48--> 00:14:50

the first person in Islam to translate the

00:14:50--> 00:14:51

Quran into Persian,

00:14:52--> 00:14:54

Persian for so long and the Indians, Urdu

00:14:54--> 00:14:56

didn't exist that time. Urdu was an official

00:14:56--> 00:14:58

language yet. He was the first man to

00:14:58--> 00:14:59

translate the Quran into Persian. In fact, he

00:14:59--> 00:15:01

almost got killed by his fellow. Said, what

00:15:01--> 00:15:03

bida are you doing? How can you translate

00:15:03--> 00:15:04

the Quran in a foreign language? He said,

00:15:04--> 00:15:06

there are 100 of millions of people who

00:15:06--> 00:15:08

read the Quran, but they don't understand. And

00:15:08--> 00:15:10

so he he translates it into Persian. And,

00:15:10--> 00:15:13

masha Allah, his grandson who translate the Quran

00:15:13--> 00:15:15

into Urdu as well. What a legacy of

00:15:15--> 00:15:16

of of of Ulama.

00:15:17--> 00:15:19

Of the things that he he he wrote

00:15:19--> 00:15:21

extensively on now was if you look at

00:15:21--> 00:15:23

one of the books, he speaks about

00:15:24--> 00:15:26

the Hujatul Bariqa. He writes about how do

00:15:26--> 00:15:28

we know Islam to be true? What is

00:15:28--> 00:15:30

the reasoning, the reasons behind why we make

00:15:30--> 00:15:33

salah, why we fast? Because now everything gets

00:15:33--> 00:15:35

debated and challenged in the modern world. What

00:15:35--> 00:15:37

is the hikmah behind all of these things?

00:15:37--> 00:15:39

And he brings about the rational arguments,

00:15:40--> 00:15:43

within within Islam. He also writes amazing book

00:15:43--> 00:15:44

about the of Iqthilaf.

00:15:45--> 00:15:47

How do we disagree without

00:15:47--> 00:15:49

breaking the unity? He writes a book on

00:15:49--> 00:15:50

this. So you can really see the the

00:15:50--> 00:15:53

forward thinking of this man. And he goes

00:15:53--> 00:15:55

into he realized me sitting in my and

00:15:55--> 00:15:57

writing books is not gonna happen. It's not

00:15:57--> 00:15:59

enough. I need to go to the to

00:15:59--> 00:16:01

the on the grassroots level and speak to

00:16:01--> 00:16:02

the men on the street. And so he

00:16:02--> 00:16:05

starts with very basic, so he's debating academia

00:16:05--> 00:16:07

at the highest level, but he's also speaking

00:16:07--> 00:16:09

out against the social ills, the oppression of

00:16:09--> 00:16:10

women,

00:16:10--> 00:16:13

you know, alcohol, prostitution, that girls not being

00:16:13--> 00:16:14

educated. He's speaking out against a lot of

00:16:14--> 00:16:16

the things that became commonplace in the in

00:16:16--> 00:16:19

the in society, and then he also has

00:16:19--> 00:16:19

to take on the political landscape. And he

00:16:19--> 00:16:21

sees his country politically,

00:16:28--> 00:16:31

different rulers and sultans and leaders in India

00:16:31--> 00:16:33

and says, guys, get your act together. We

00:16:33--> 00:16:36

need to unite while we are fighting against

00:16:36--> 00:16:38

ourselves. We are going to be overthrown by

00:16:38--> 00:16:39

a wave of Hinduism.

00:16:40--> 00:16:42

Islam is not gonna survive here. There could

00:16:42--> 00:16:44

be a genocide here if you guys don't

00:16:44--> 00:16:45

get your act together.

00:16:46--> 00:16:48

This falls on deaf ears and he does

00:16:48--> 00:16:51

something extremely controversial. He writes to the king

00:16:51--> 00:16:51

of

00:16:51--> 00:16:54

Afghanistan. At that time, Afghanistan was stronger than

00:16:54--> 00:16:56

India. He wrote to the king of Afghanistan

00:16:56--> 00:16:59

and he basically said, please invade India and

00:16:59--> 00:17:01

protect us. Protect us because there's this army

00:17:02--> 00:17:04

called the Maratha army. They're coming from the

00:17:04--> 00:17:06

south. They're about to invade Delhi. Remove the

00:17:06--> 00:17:08

the last Mughal emperor is basically a puppet.

00:17:08--> 00:17:10

There's no power. And this army from the

00:17:10--> 00:17:12

south is coming to take over Delhi

00:17:13--> 00:17:15

and Shah Waliullah appeals to the king of

00:17:15--> 00:17:17

of of of Kabul of of of of

00:17:17--> 00:17:17

Afghanistan.

00:17:18--> 00:17:20

As a sheikh, as a maulana, as someone

00:17:20--> 00:17:22

that is respected, bring your army and defend

00:17:22--> 00:17:23

us. And the king of Afghanistan

00:17:24--> 00:17:26

responds, and he sends his army, and he

00:17:26--> 00:17:26

actually saves,

00:17:27--> 00:17:29

Delhi from being overthrown.

00:17:30--> 00:17:32

And one would seem like you'd say, oh,

00:17:32--> 00:17:34

happy ending, not happy ending. Obviously, the the

00:17:34--> 00:17:37

Mughal Empire at this point collapses. The fighting

00:17:37--> 00:17:40

between the Muslims and the Hindus depletes everybody,

00:17:40--> 00:17:42

and this opens the way for a shipping

00:17:42--> 00:17:43

company from England

00:17:44--> 00:17:46

to rule the whole of India. A company,

00:17:46--> 00:17:47

not the army. The queen of England didn't

00:17:47--> 00:17:50

send her army. Just a shipping company, the

00:17:50--> 00:17:52

the Dutch the East Indian company of England.

00:17:52--> 00:17:54

They land in India. They see that the

00:17:54--> 00:17:57

whole country is exhausted through civil war. They

00:17:57--> 00:17:59

took take over Bengal and

00:18:00--> 00:18:01

not even 50,000

00:18:01--> 00:18:04

England never had more than about 50,000 troops

00:18:04--> 00:18:05

on the ground. They rule a country of

00:18:05--> 00:18:07

half a 1000000000 people,

00:18:07--> 00:18:07

500,000,000

00:18:08--> 00:18:11

people, just a small tiny army, and, this

00:18:11--> 00:18:12

would, of course, begin what we call the

00:18:12--> 00:18:15

British Raj. The British Raj would now rule

00:18:15--> 00:18:17

India. And as I said, when

00:18:18--> 00:18:20

when Aurangzeb ruled India, it was the richest

00:18:20--> 00:18:22

country in the world. 25% of the world's

00:18:22--> 00:18:25

economy was in India. The time the British

00:18:25--> 00:18:25

leave

00:18:26--> 00:18:29

the few decades ago, India economies feed its

00:18:29--> 00:18:31

people, mass starvation.

00:18:31--> 00:18:32

England

00:18:32--> 00:18:35

depleted India completely, and so a lot of

00:18:35--> 00:18:37

turmoil is gonna go through India over the

00:18:37--> 00:18:39

next 2, 300 years, but these movements that

00:18:39--> 00:18:41

will try to revive itself, many of them,

00:18:41--> 00:18:43

the Diobandi movement, the the Bralvii movement, the

00:18:43--> 00:18:46

Tabligh movement, all of them will say their

00:18:46--> 00:18:48

founding ideologue. The guy that really gave the

00:18:48--> 00:18:50

idea of reviving Islam.

00:18:52--> 00:18:54

What a great alim.

00:18:56--> 00:18:57

We'll talk, tomorrow inshallah

00:18:58--> 00:18:59

the fall of the other,

00:19:00--> 00:19:02

gun pounder empires. How did we lose the

00:19:02--> 00:19:04

plot? How did we go from being such

00:19:04--> 00:19:07

a mighty empire, a mighty ummah, to losing

00:19:07--> 00:19:08

the plot? Where did you go wrong? We'll

00:19:08--> 00:19:09

talk about that tomorrow.

00:19:10--> 00:19:11

Last night, we asked,

00:19:12--> 00:19:14

what was the name that we identified mus

00:19:14--> 00:19:16

that the Muslims were identified with who converted

00:19:16--> 00:19:18

to Christianity? In Spain, what were they called?

00:19:19--> 00:19:21

They were called the Moriscos, the Moriscos.

00:19:22--> 00:19:22

And

00:19:24--> 00:19:26

we have brother Ya'akub Roman.

00:19:27--> 00:19:29

Brother Yaacob Roman. No?

00:19:31--> 00:19:32

Roman's pizza.

00:19:33--> 00:19:34

Nasir Basir.

00:19:35--> 00:19:36

Nasirnatia,

00:19:37--> 00:19:38

siraj?

00:19:40--> 00:19:40

Siraj

00:19:40--> 00:19:42

wacky? Wacky. Wacky?

00:19:45--> 00:19:47

No. Okay. Now who is here?

00:19:48--> 00:19:49

Zayid Rekha.

00:19:49--> 00:19:50

Zayid Rekha?

00:19:51--> 00:19:52

No.

00:19:53--> 00:19:54

Tariq Jacobs?

00:19:55--> 00:19:57

Oh, yeah, Allah. If this one If if

00:19:57--> 00:19:58

this one isn't there, my moon is for

00:19:58--> 00:20:00

you. Right? It's written for you.

00:20:01--> 00:20:02

Adam Basir.

00:20:03--> 00:20:04

No. My moon is for you.

00:20:07--> 00:20:07

Alright.

00:20:08--> 00:20:09

Maruf. Okay.

00:20:10--> 00:20:11

Alright. That's it. Shukran.

00:20:12--> 00:20:13

For but it's pink. I don't know the

00:20:13--> 00:20:15

I don't know why Maruf wrote pink, for

00:20:15--> 00:20:17

that for the girls. Anyway.

00:20:17--> 00:20:18

Imra?

00:20:20--> 00:20:20

Imra.

00:20:20--> 00:20:22

Both here. Maruf Al Fino and Imra Al

00:20:22--> 00:20:25

Fino. So alright. It's meant to be. That

00:20:25--> 00:20:26

was meant to be.

00:20:27--> 00:20:28

Okay. Alright.

00:20:30--> 00:20:31

Oh, tonight's question. Was

00:20:32--> 00:20:34

the first in the subcontinent translate the Quran

00:20:34--> 00:20:36

into which language? From which language did he

00:20:36--> 00:20:37

Easy one. Alright.

00:20:36--> 00:20:37

Easy one. Alright.