Channel: Muhammad Al Bizry
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Bismillah Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah.
A woman whether
this is week three, four Hadith.
Today we're going to look at one thing and one thing only.
And that is the various types of Hadith books and compilations. So we took last week, the various methods of teaching,
I believe we mentioned five, and then various types of narrating, we mentioned five also. So after they would teach after they would narrate what would happen, of course, some of the LMS some of the machines, there we go and compile these a hadith. While it goes
into various books and compiled nations. And thus, they have the way they went about it. Of course, over time, it changed and the various styles changed as well according to the people's needs, according to the customs, and what was more beneficial, and thus, we have various names. But before we get into that quick revision, we said the five teaching methods was the first time
some are good to hear where the student is directly from the teacher, what was the second?
Know opposite? Tara good Clara, where the student will
read, his Quran is reading. So he's reading to the teacher, there's another name for what was it?
Thought of the good, excellent. And bottle the shake your knees to present to demonstrate. So the student demonstrates his knowledge to the teacher. And these two methods were primarily the best. And overtime it seems Alden Clara was favored. Why? Because you're killing two birds with one stone, you're checking the understanding of the teacher, sorry, the student is checking understanding of the student. And you're also being corrected, he's pronouncing it first. Whereas when he's listening to the teacher, you can't check his pronunciation or the third method.
He does a good he does, which is we said comes from your dues. Something permissible. The teacher grants the student.
Yeah, permission to teach acid. And those various types of he does that. And among them, was the Mona Willa, some of the LMS put that in a separate, separate category, which means to be granted a book. Now whether is to attain something, so is to be attaining knowledge via books. And then we went into keytab? Good, what's good, what's good?
Writing? So what would happen? The student couldn't seek knowledge directly, he couldn't present his knowledge and didn't get a Georgia. So what would happen?
Well, what about the books? Yeah, the teacher will send the books basically, like what you have today in correspondence learning, distance learning, so they'll send books? And then finally, what did we take?
Which are the beautiful has another name for it?
for federal well?
What did? And what is that?
Yeah, a student might, or a scholar might discover books, and they can't claim it for themselves. And we said various ways of stealing knowledge. If they were caught, and copyright basically, then they were called Sara called Howdy, howdy thief. And then we took the five ways of transmitting the ahaadeeth What was the first we said?
And you can look at your notes because this is good revision had the good and how does that usually goes with which method?
Yeah, the first which is
that was a specific book is given to a specific student I was just talking about now he will, he'll know right? He also had data. And that was usually associated with somehow good,
Baraka good and a banana. And that's usually associated with which method? The second, third number two goes with number two, excellent, which is, and then the third.
Good and and banner associated with it as the third. So three and three, good. And then fourth was semiology. Do we take those fourth? Yes, we did. And that goes with of course, number one somehow. Excellent. That's the first method of teaching. And fifth, is that common? Yeah, that's usually the most common way of transmitting a Hadith, and refers to all methods of learning and teaching in the reading a hadith. So that was a quick revision of what we took last week. Today, as we said, we're going to look at one thing only and that is the various types
of Hadith books and compiled nations.
Now, in the time of the Prophet sallallahu, Alayhi, wa sallam,
the Sahaba used to record the Hadith, this proof for that and we've already discussed this earlier among them the famous Hadith for you to learn prophets, Allah Salim said retain knowledge they
Said Gabriel Sula, how he said Bill keytab by writing it down. And we're going to learn in sila Abu huraira, used to write down the a Hadith of the Prophet SAW Selim and follow him on an empty stomach. And he said, I split the night into three. He would the first part sleep of the night, first part of the night sleep second part of the night. It was for Allah, we'll pray. third part of the night was for him, we would revise the ahaadeeth How would we revise the Hadith if they weren't written down? So no doubt the Hadith were recorded in the time of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, but paper wasn't available in Arabia. So we were there.
animal skins, that's one What else?
The shoulder blades of camels in particular, because there were a lot large and wide and flat. So the scapula bone in other words, so they had various writing materials. So they will record the Hadith. And whenever something was recorded in the term of the Salah Salem or compiled, of course, not literally as a book form, but they will compile all of these things. What would they call it, they'll call it a cipher cipher. So that's the first method in which the narrations were compiled. The first type of book or compilation was called cipher.
And was the plural of cipher.
what does the cipher mean? Today it's used for Derrida right newspaper, but it's anything that is recorded in Arabic or sahifa. Anything recorded
this is no Quran. Allah refers to the Quran as the revelation as fee so how fame mocha Rama model for atom mocha Hara the revelation this could add is in social, mocha Rama on ad pages, elevated pages high in the sky. So the next time the Godfather want to try and disgrace or dishonor the ad, they have to try and go up to the heavens and get it will never be able to do so. It's high up, they can't reach it. Now, that was referred to anything written as we sent it back then leaves, bark, bones, etc. So that will cause for example, so he fed me back. So he implements road. So hayford Ahmad, right, they were given those names, and Arabic urata for you.
So that's the first type of compiler. Now how these were written, right? And how were they arranged, the Hardys
weren't arranged in any particular order they'll just recorded
as we're going to see other types of compiler options later on, they had a particular style particular arrangement, whereas the so how they were actually ordered in any particular arrangement?
Yeah, yeah, no doubt 100%. Later on, when the fitting occurred, like Mohammed even see a Syrian said when the Civil War occurred, that's when we used to ask the people some more plenary jellico Who are your men? What did you learn from, whereas in the term of the Sahaba, not everyone was deemed trustworthy. But afterwards, that's when more regional was established, and we're going to learn that.
So that was primarily first century, however, second century. Of course, we're talking about the hidrive second century, century hijiri.
There was a compilation of a hadith. in book form, however, I got a new name and that was muslin Neff, was on Neff, and that word came from somnifera sadhana fine Arabic literally means to author or compile. So it got the name of Muslim Neff
that we just compiled literally what's the plural
This has another name.
I'll give you a clue. The something of Allah Malik
was excellent. So muslin Neff is also called aka
and the plural mode for at Masonic Masonic effort.
So the motto of Allah Malik
is an example of a muscle nerve. It's the same thing. mawatha means muscle nerve masana means moto Allah shape unfolded.
So that's basically an example of a Musonda moto alima Malik. So if you want to add that as an example, as we said an example of so he fit was hired me, but also I didn't miss out. You could put the company's name so you can put as an example mawatha alleman Malik
and it's not more Mr. Malik al Mr. Malik. We're gonna get into the Arabic grammar behind it, but trust me, if you write more thought, Mr. Malik, you're actually saying it's the motto of his Imam.
Right? So Allah meaning he is the man. But if you just put Imam Malik, you're saying the Imam of Malik, Komodo Komodo feel like it's not Rasulullah is a messenger of Allah.
So Imam Malik is the Imam of Malik, you see how it changes the meaning? So alima make sure you just mark as Al Imam, Ahmed. Al, you have to put the elder as Chief, you don't say shave about them. For example. Unfortunately, today, in the West, you know, this province was shaved about now. But Arabic grammar really if you said say about nine, it's the shape of Obama saying that's what you say.
And that was primarily second century onwards. And how were the Hadith arranged we said the cipher was arranged in any particular order. No. As for the masan, if there was an order, what was it? It was arranged according to a lab and field here, we are happy to arrange according to the chapters of film,
dislike the mortal history.
So there was an order. And what kind of narrations were mentioned
narrations of who
the Prophet Mohammed Salah Salem was a cold, remember a couple weeks back. So now it is very important that all these these lessons that continue had this one hasn't. So it includes Hadith another way, but it also includes either the muscle nerve or the motor, Atheros
acid, so it could acquire sahabah statements of the harbor or it can even include the photo of the turbine. So basically, two things to note here. Number one, the masana was arranged according to chapter two,
includes how dethrone neverwet. And I thought, that's why it's important that we studied those terms early we understand them, otherwise, we invented a thought and how about and write these things, you have to re explain them. That's why it's important to attend all the lessons or at least listen to the recordings.
Yes, so you find in Amazon now for Alico, salam, why am I mentioning this is important, because you're going to see the sunon is very similar to the Amazon Neff. The sooner also arranged according to Alibaba. If you open a book of sunon, like pseudonymity, sort of everyday, would you get to see it also arranged according to the chapters of the book, but how does it differ this way?
The Masada includes a different way. And I thought, while the sunon only had this a number we primarily
the second time, you want to just take a photo of him quickly before we wrap up the book.
We're taking basically
various types of Hadith compilations.
So the tone of the Sahaba the way the Hadith were collected and compiled, it was referred to as a cipher also have and then after that
was enough or more, like more to
that we're going into the third century.
starts with a letter meme
Muslim, Muslim, Mr. Mohammed
what's the plural of Muslim?
Okay, from Senate, good
Muslim, Jama Masonic
So, as you said, it came from senate and it's not what's the senate
the chain of narration
In other words, the people narrating so how was the Muslims compiled according to the Senate
In other words, how are they I had this arranged
according to the name of the narrator, the name of the Sahabi. That's how the ahaadeeth were arranged in the Masonic Masonic, and the Muslim
I thought can include her discernible way. And the Sahaba and the turbine. So you can include all three and also have a turbine. So it refers to primarily when you hear a thought, it can refer primarily refers to the Sahaba tabea interpretation. The first regenerations however, I thought can also include a discernible way if the shape specifies it. He says Warfield authority Navy, but generally when he thought it generally means hobby or turbine or those afternoon
and that lesson is also online.
So as for Muslims, they are arranged according to
the narrator. Yeah, it goes back to the narrator. Yes, I think
if it's generally speaking, the hadiza NaVi is the basically the goes directly connected to the Prophet whereas I thought not necessarily unless it's specified, it's just terminology masala hat and we've taken this and what I want to open that door again, because that might take up a lot of the time, but listen to the recording or the notes are also available, I believe.
So for example, the way Alabama has Muslim is you find the according to the narrator's so all the Hadith narrated from a writer or
even our best or even mister would like that. So that arranged according to the Marina, so an example we said would be Mr. della Mohamed, but it's not the only Muslim Of course,
there's Muslims and for those, there are others. But Muslim dilemma, of course, became very popular.
the there are many hobbies in most of them that are authentic, that aren't even mentioned in alcohol to Muslim. And that's what became very popular. So it's very, very good book to rely on. And that's why some other LMS settles called mustard because asna de la he relied on it literally. So it's escena de la Shea is to lean on to rely on to what kallada
so most of them are Mohammed and of course we said mustard and for those these are just examples.
Now as we said the head is arranged according to the narrator, however, this method lost popularity over time Why?
Because this was an in no because of the ignorance that spreading
you find over time people lost knowledge of the senate they just focused on
Yeah, the metal isn't good. See, that's terms very important to mention the metadata, which is the edited so I was like today a lot of people don't even know the narrator of the Hadith. At best, they might know a word maybe from the Arabic maybe a word or how it starts. But forget the whole Hadith forget the medicine right, that's long gone. illiberal hemella unless of course there's a hadith or scholar in our time. So
back then, if someone said in the mallamma Albania we know this is Hadith among
men other than family nyheder mellissa metaphora. Hadith.
Good. Hi, rU comenta Lm Coronavirus Lemma
hadith of men. So they knew all those things. But over time, because people lost that knowledge. They thought, you know what, it's better to arrange these ahaadeeth not according to the narrator. But according to the chapters effect, so that you find one of the books later on that became very popular. Were like that. And thus they got a new title. What was it mentioned earlier, which hasn't been on the board yet.
It's another type of compiler.
So we have the cipher. We have the muslin f a Muslim, and we said I mentioned there may be a B that would soon soon and good. So that would be the fourth now. Fourth, and if you lost we said, what will happen the scholars would compile a Hadith, and depending on how they compiled it, they got a name.
So sometimes the Hadith were compiled in a book form according to the name of the narrator, that was called Muslim from senate because the Senate is a chain of narrators. So based on how it was compiled in two different name, and also depending on what was included, it earns a different name.
Charla I'm not losing any of you.
Good so far.
All right. Well, I only got two, six. There's others. But these became the most popular fourth
type of Heidi's book or compilation, as we said, the sunon.
If you need the notes, maybe one of the brothers can share them.
How important are these terms? We hear them a lot, but many of us don't know what they mean. But now we know and that's knowledge. It takes a long time to get to that stuff. The deep stuff. Sometimes people want only pronto yellow Quick, quick, quick. Overnight chef. He wants every he's because he's used to everything fast, fast food, fast cash, fast car.
Fast clothes, fast women.
I wrote everything quick. That's the waste for you. Right? But knowledge can be fast. So he said, My ramen and medulla, the huband Joomla you signal you wanna go Have you ever use a manga? So this is that's normally sometimes Yani. People are impatient, they won't get anywhere,
but rather together which you love. You got to first be patient without what you hate.
So this is we said number
four sunon. And the word soon and of course came from which will soon so primarily, a book of sunon includes the sooner the Hadith of the Prophet SAW Selim. In other words, it restricted primarily to Hardison. nabawi.
So as for examples, no doubt
Sonam helped me out here Give me some names.
tell me the excellent
NASA good if you say me
when he said
yes, it's an essay so none unnecessary.
Interesting, you say that?
Yes or no? No doubt Bukhari and Muslim are considered books of sunan because of how they arranged however, it earns a new class a new category due to its high level we're going to mention that after this. So soon I be certain what else even magic good.
So there are many types.
So basically, how are the sunon arranged? The Hadith arranged according to chapters of
just like what which other copulation?
mamasan another name for the Amazon Neff? I'm
checking your memory mawatha good.
Yes, however, it differs in one way primarily what is a
perfect you find the sooner is restricted to the sooner I had the phone number we were whereas the Muslim Neff and the motto includes Islam way but also includes a thought statement of the companions or fatawa have the terrain etc. So that includes other things.
So the sunan restricted to a decent number we have put the abbreviation there, just to make it easier for you.
what's the thrill of sorry.
I came from so hard to be well to be good, healthy.
Right connected. Say hi. So the so here like so here.
Al Bukhari Sahih. Muslim, so here
it would have been this others, but of course became most popular. So Sahih al Bukhari
and Sahih Muslim so I burn.
Now, they're also arranged according to the chapters of filk. However, because of their so have these narrations and the higher level, they earned a separate title, in other words, A League of Their Own. So you find a lot of the times they rarely met will classify this as a separate group separate category, but in reality, they are sunon. They are sunon. Yes, because they're arranged according to the chapters of feud open. So hey, before you find that, and Muslim also,
name ask, why didn't Timothy rabideau the NASA others Why didn't they just restricted to the authentic ahadees? Many reasons perhaps they didn't know, at the time, the ahadith might have been weak, because you find sometimes these books by accident, maybe they wouldn't attend, maybe they might have some way. Perhaps they didn't know their purpose was it to compile the compile the Hadith, their purpose was basically look, we're going to compile what we have, and leave it to the element after us to sift through and to ensure what is authentic or not. So it came back down to the goals, while al Bukhari and Muslim by strict conditions that I'm only going to include that which is
sorry. So the Arabic is like this,
was writing it.
is a plural.
So the description of the site, as we said, It's exactly like sunon, the ahaadeeth arranged according to the chapters, as well, and the durations are restricted primarily to the Hadith of the Prophet.
100% And yes, so not one single Hadith in Al Bukhari Muslim life, not a single one, well, hamdulillah Dharma, the Shia or the habashi, these people are deviants.
haters are gonna hate.
I encourage all of you to read, or at least listen to the biography of Alibaba Buhari, and you'll find any time he had haters, and towards the end of his life, now I wanted to learn from nom. Because of the haters, okay, they destroyed his power. But after that I love listed and it was a test for him. I love blessed his works. And it was cold. So he had Buhari and in fact, that wasn't actually the title. He gave it. Look out a lot on it him. And he wanted his work because of your philosophy. I mean, we we all need a lot under these books so much. You don't say alcohol except you say so he had a party next to it. What an honor. Imagine having the word sahid next to your name.
And he went Yeah, and if you have sex with Allah, that's what you'll get. That's what you get.
women mention two more actually, six. Another type of now these are of course so Hayhoe types of sooner, so that was overlapping third and fourth century and after that different styles of how this compilation occurred. Number six, something called the margin.
margin, Ma Ma, Ma German Arabic to kormos What's that?
a dictionary? Literally. I'm one of them is a dictionary?
What's the plural of margem?
Perhaps there's another Jamaat perhaps that usually my
cough or sneeze
to anyone doesn't have time.
Magic. And as we said, Mr. German Arabic is a dictionary. So how would the Hadith compiled do you think?
How is the dictionary compiled? alphabetically. So the ahaadeeth were arranged in alphabetical order.
According to what how they ended, how they started in the mela mela vignette. Look at inner starts with Elif Hamza, so like that according to the alphabet, according to the alphabet,
how they begin
Well over over time perhaps in the future was it wasn't mentioned in restricted to any generation, what we have the sooner and overage centuries sometime so
according to alphabetical order,
and how the howdy stands
and this is something that we have today especially with search engines. So they were the first Muslim scholars to bring these ideas of search engines and so forth. easy's upon a lot so once again the Muslims they were the treatment is of many things
that unfortunately the West has hijacked and claimed for itself.
Rama Rama Have a look for you.
It all started from
from memory I studied a little bit from memory it was according to fit. So it would be a type of Nissan LEAF but after check exactly how its structured.
So that's the safest answer.
Seven last one we're going to take today, although there are others
is the author of the author of
the trough was the top of her decompilation top book in which the ahadith were
arranged according to the most important word, most important word. That word was called Mr. Han Hadees. The key of the Hadith. So that's how they were arranged according to the most important word of the Hadith.
Perhaps Yes, that would be logical.
Or an example of a job Sorry, I didn't give you one more Gemma torani. That's an example if you wanted to write you're putting examples Marja, matava, Ronnie,
And also Alsop
and margin attorney.
Now that most important word of the Hadith for the author or for the code
we've had is excellent.
So for example, in the amount of money yet to about me yet, so that perhaps could be the key word. Man, I had that affair Marina had the hadith of innovations, I had the third which means to invent something new. As we said, Hadith means new in Arabic. So the third to bring something new. So there's a key words of the Hadith ethos. That's how the books of a truffle arranged there are others and also want to give you homework.
There's something also became popular was the mustard rock, stars rock. So I want you to find out what is the most of the rock. That's your homework.
So this is another type of book another type of compilation which they had this arranged homework find out what the most of the rock is, how does it differ from the rest of an answer?
So if you're not writing it down, it's up here. Yeah, what is the most southern rock? How does it differ from the rest?
The first two we took today who can answer?
Good so FIFA and
masana. And those masana came from Santa Fe, which is to compile and what does Sahiba mean? Anything recorded and beautiful. That is it. Does that come along later? So don't forget homework next week. Find it out. See who gets the answer. So panic alarm, shadow and law. Mr. Philip cone tomorrow.