Tafseer Surah An’aam – Verse 56
Channel: Mufti Menk
File Size: 15.60MB
smilla rahmanir rahim al hamdu Lillah wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah Allah Allah He was happy to mine. We always praise Allah subhanho wa Taala Send blessings and salutations upon Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, his household, his companions, may Allah bless them and bless every one of us.
This beginning with the praise of Allah Subhana Allah to Allah, and the sending of blessings and salutations upon Mohammed salatu salam and the blizzard household, we as meaning and believers, will never tire we will never become tired of praising Allah and sending these blessings because in actual fact, it elevates our own status. It is an honor to be able to do this. And therefore, we should always take our time when it comes to the praise of Allah and the praise of the prophets Allah sallam. And these words that are filled with blessings for ourselves to begin with. And then definitely for the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and his household and they are the highest in rank May
Allah subhanho wa Taala. Grant us goodness and acceptance. This evening, we commence from verse number 56, of Surah Al anon. And we will see two or three different aspects of the Tafseer where Allah subhanho wa Taala is taking us back to the time of
ignorance just when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam faced the people of Makkah with the guidance of Islam,
the new and the light with the truth is very clear.
It just requires a sincere heart, to notice it, to see it. And it requires the acceptance from Allah to be able to follow it. When we talk of hedaya it's divided into two aspects. Number one is to be able to see the path and to be able to know what's right and wrong to be guided to a path. That's number one. Number two is the ability to walk on that path. So the first one comes with an effort from you and I, it comes with an effort that has to be made within the capacity that Allah has given you and I,
you question you ask you study, you learn. You continue asking you have the young ones, sometimes they ask questions that are more and more complex as time passes, don't get upset, they must keep on asking. They will look for answers and the day will come when they will realize what the light is, when in the hands of Allah is whether you're going to walk on it or not how many of us we know what is halal and haram but still we do the Hara May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us the ability to walk on that or to tread the path that is beautiful and pleasing to Allah subhanho wa Taala. So at that time, there was a discussion that happened between the Prophet sallallahu wasallam and those whom he
was calling towards goodness, let's fast forward to today.
We call people towards goodness. Number one, we should make sure that we are a part of that goodness. We call people towards goodness, it should be done in the most respectful way. One of the reasons of our downfall, we become vulgar, we become impatient, we become arrogant in the way we come across. And this is something we all need to work on. Every one of us needs to develop when it comes to how to address those who disagree with you, those who hate you, they dislike you. They don't even want what you are trying to give them and the most important thing to give them is the guidance of the deen of Allah the goodness, the development of the relationship with Allah is what
we are trying to not only adopt ourselves, but even give to others. So it needs to be done in the most respectful way. Today when people say a word against the Prophet sallallahu sallam, we feel hurt and rightfully so. But that hurt should not lead us to hooliganism.
It should not lead us to become people who prove to those who have been saying that these people are hooligans that they are right May Allah subhanho wa Taala protect us from this. At the time of the Prophet sallahu wa salam, something worse happened. And that was in person they attacked him. In person. They were vulgar, not behind his back in front of him. They did things they threw things at him they threw stones that Tim so Pamela, if you look at how he reacted, it would show how far we are when we react. So the reason I start with this introduction is
Look at the beauty of the discussion between Mohammed Salah Salah, taught by Allah instructed by Allah subhanho wa Taala with those whom he totally disagreed with completely those who attacked him the likes of Abu Jamal, the like the likes of a signature rake and the others at a certain time, Abu Sufyan as well. So Allah says verse number 56 of Rotterdam couldn't say oh Mohamed Salah Salam in the new E to an Abu de la Vina, Runa mindu, Nina, tell them with utmost respect, that I have been prohibited from worshipping that which you are calling out to besides Allah, look at how respectful it is. He didn't go out and start calling them big, big names and swearing them and telling them off
because the idea was if we can win these people over, it would obviously be a bonus and the blessing it is something that would result in our own benefit. You see, if someone were to sell you a property at a price that you know, this is a bargain. You would be excited you would want the deal. And you would talk to them and they would be back and forth. And you would be able to perhaps, you know smile at the end of the deal and say, You know I gained on this one. What would it bring back for you? Perhaps a rental, perhaps maybe increase in value after a period of time and you're going to sell it some form of benefit. Voila, he the Hadith says if Allah uses you to guide a single
person, it is better for you then hungry Nam, which means the most expensive conveyance at the time, red camel.
So the deal that you are supposed to be more excited about is when someone who's a stray away, filled with hate food with whatever else has come closer to Allah subhanho wa Taala as a result of an effort that Allah allowed you to make. That is something great. So the respect, he says to them, I have been prohibited from worshipping that which you are calling out to besides Allah subhanho wa Taala Good luck. Allah tell them, I'm not going to follow your desires. I'm not going to follow your whims, your fancies, that which you are in doubt of yourself, why should I follow it? You see, why should I follow something that you yourself are doubting when I am convinced that what I have is the
truth. But look at how respectful the discussion is. He didn't slap them on the face. He didn't beat them up. He didn't swear them. But he was respectful. Now
why wouldn't I follow your ideas? You know why? They come from your own mind they are actually misguided to even if I did that, if I followed you and what you yourself are doubting I am misguided I would be in that case misguided.
wama nominal Mota Dean and I wouldn't be from among those who have been rightly guided. So look at how beautiful these words are.
These words are being said to by the prophets Allah Salaam. Through the install, the instruction of Allah subhanho wa Taala came down to the prophet SAW Salem to use these words to explain to the people why we worship differently. The same would apply today. When we worship differently from someone. We don't need to become vulgar. We don't need to become filled with hate in the sense that it our speech is filled with hate. Yes, we dislike the deed definitely. But as for the person, we have hope, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam made dua he prayed and supplicated. For the enemies of Islam, to the degree that many of them came across a period of time. When you make a dua to Allah,
in a few moments, we will see what happens. So this is the teaching of Allah subhanho wa Taala What beautiful words are being taught by the prophet sallahu wa salam, when he used these words, who are we to use vulgar words? Who are we who claim to be the lovers of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam who claim to be those who follow the profits or seller, but the language we use is cheap, even when we don't really have a big disagreement with someone.
This is massive disagreement. But I'm talking about my character, and all of us who need a reminder. Let's refine it. Let's become better people.
May Allah make it easy for us. So Allah says who in Niala Bina Timmy Robbie, the discussion is continuing. Tell them I have clear cut complete, convincing evidence from Allah and convinced by Hina I have that which is manifestly clear. Convincing from my load, and I'm upon it, I'm following it and following that which is absolutely correct.
I have no doubt
will come up to me as for you guys, you have belied it. You have disagreed you have not followed it.
Now in the matter statue Luna Bay before I translate that, let me tell you, you see, when people get into a fight, what happens? One man tells the other hit me, let's see what you're going to do hit me.
I'm sure we've seen this, we've heard about it.
Now, sometimes a person might just look him laugh, walk away. What does he say? Alone? Fix You? Have you heard that? It said a lot. Allah bless every one of us and grant us the softening of the heart. I mean, so they used to tell the prophets of Allah Salaam that you know, you are warning of a punishment to come. If someone were to tell you what you say what you're going to do, what you're what you're going to do. You know, they say there was a man. And he was very soft in nature.
So when he was getting married, the friends of his told him, You know what, your wife is going to take full charge of everything. She's going to control the affairs from A to Zed, you better show a little bit of power, you know? So he says, What do I do? They said, You must threaten her the first day. Now this man was frightened. How am I going to threaten a woman? They said, Okay, if you don't want don't say anything, the first day will release a little rats, or a cat or whatever it was, let's say a rat. And when you see it in the room, as she enters, you must put her aside, let her sit comfortably. And watch you beat that rat until you throw it out of the window. You know. So he did
And when he did that, she was actually frightened. She said, my friends told me this guy is very soft in nature, but look at how, how he can become, you know? So anyway, after that, whenever he used to tell her something, she used to have a sense of fear. And she's to quickly do whatever he says, you know, make me a cup of tea, or else before he before he says Or else what she says Don't worry, it's done. You know, get up or else Or else before the or else comes, it's done. So she told her friends that you know, you told me this man was soft in nature. How come? It's the opposite. They said no, call his bluff one day. She said okay, so the following morning, he says, make my tea
or else so she says what else what else I'll make the tea. So
Allah grant us ease and goodness. Well open our doors. Anyway, getting back to the point here.
People sometimes threaten those threats are empty, but when Allah gives a warning, it is real. You never ever say or else to Allah, never ever. And Allah won't say that to you. Because what happens is, Allah knows when he warns you the warning is definitely true. When Allah says, if you have a friend of mine, you are in trouble. Trust me, you are in trouble. There's only one thing. In fact, two things that you need to remember. Number one is, Allah gives you time to see if you're going to mend your ways and make amends. gives you time, despite that time prolongs between a few days to a few years and a few decades. When Musa alayhis salam called out against the Pharaoh, it didn't
happen day one.
He was persecuted for a long, long time. The people were persecuted for a long time. One day he raised his hands and he says, Oh Allah, this man, destroy his wealth, destroy everything you've given him break him finish him does that do I? It's shocking to read this do it in the Quran. There must have been some really, really damaging actions of and deeds of the Pharaoh and they were. So Allah says kouji but there are two coma Listen, or Musa alayhis salam, we have heard and responded. But guess what the punishment came 40 years later, according to the narrations. Why would those 40 years same applies to new Halley's Salam he made the dua against these people at a certain point,
not initially, the friends of Allah they don't make a dua, you know, you you hurt someone you did some they don't excuse you. But there comes a point where there's a limit for things, you cannot keep on doing things.
I'm sure you've heard of the three men who were considered very pious sitting in the front of the masjid. And the young guys were told these guys are so pious, they are actually on another level of character. No matter what you do, they will forgive. They're very forgiving. They won't even notice they're involved in their vehicle. So the young boy decides, you know, I I'm a bit of a big guy. Let me check. He goes to the first man who he was told is the third of the three.
He says he, he tried to attract him his attention and he couldn't this man was busy in his liquor, so he slapped the men, and the men remained and he continued in his liquor as though nothing happened. So panela what a pious man. What the pious guy
Right, because he probably knew or whatever happened, Allah knows. He decided, let me go to the next guy who's supposedly more pious than the other one. And he slapped him to that man got up and he says, brother, how is your hand? Are you sure you didn't get hurt?
This guy was shocked. He says, You know what? Look at how pious this man is I slept him is not worried about how the marks are on his face. He's concerned about my hand and whether he got hurt or not what piety is this? He decided, let me go to the third guy, because he is the most pious. So he slept the third guy across his face, that man got up and gave him two slaps.
He said, But I heard that you are the most pious he said, Look, someone needs to stop you. You don't go around slapping people here.
So this is what Allah subhanho wa Taala has taught us in another way to say there is a limit to things even with Allah, there is a limit, Allah gives you have a chance. So when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was, was telling them, Look, I'm warning you of a punishment. That was actually the first thing he ever said to them when he called him to Islam. Can I remind you, he gathered Quraysh? And he stood on suffer? And he says, oh, Quraysh, if I were to tell you that behind me there is an army coming to attack Would you believe? They said, we've never known you to have uttered a single lie? Why would you be lying? Then he says, I'm warning you of the severe punishment
if you don't change your ways and habits. They said, You're a liar. Stop,
And then when he irritated them, so they kept telling him with their punishment, we haven't yet listened to you. Where's the punishment? Now, it's insulting. I mean, if you're supposed to be a friend of Allah, and you won't people look, I'm warning you of a punishment, and the punishment is not coming to them, simply because like I said, number one, Allah subhanho wa Taala gives you a chance, he really gives you a chance to make amends to go back and to, you know, through His mercy. Number two, is Allah subhanho wa Taala is giving you time, a time
before he knows that punishment is going to come, you either repent, and you've come out of it, so you won't get the punishment. Or if you haven't, then the time clocks in and you hit.
And when you hit, nothing will stop it. at that juncture, it's too late, too late. So this is why this period of time differs from person to person, depending on Allah subhanho wa Taala, sometimes seven whole years, in fact, 40 years in the term of Musa alayhis salam, this is according to one of the narrations, 40 years, some others make mention of a slightly shorter space of period of time. But remember, when you've done something wrong, it has to come to catch you there is no way in possible in the justice system of Allah that it's not going to come back to get you. It has to so you are you rather seek the forgiveness of Allah and the people you've wronged? And then you make
the piece when they kept on telling the profit or loss on them. You know what he told them? Allah says,
tell them MA in the Marta strategy, Luna be that which you are impatient regarding? I don't have it.
Allah has it that which you are you keep on telling me ways it was the punishment. And this was not only him, all the prophets of Allah, most of them the Quran says they were told by their people with their punishment. Yeah, you're talking of the punishment. Look, you becoming poorer and poorer, downtrodden, we are the ones who are hurting. That's what the ground kept on saying. That's what Darren kept on, say, paralysis. Hang on. When, you know when the whip of Allah strikes, doesn't make a sound. It's suddenly there in the morning, you see, everything's gone. Now Allah subhanho wa Taala protect us. Really, it's a lesson for us. So murder in the mother statue, Luna be I don't have that
which you are impatient regarding its Alas, in loco en la de la The decision is with none other than Allah. Allah will decide how long he wants to give you this fight and imagine some of the same people who are saying with the punishment, they accepted Islam later on, that was a gift of Allah. So through Allah's mercy gives you time, there is another reason why Allah gives us time.
You see, if you take a look at a wall,
take a look at a wall. two countries are fighting one has the upper hand the other has the lower and the lower keeps getting a bashing and times they can do nothing about it very little besides going out to Allah. Allah calms them down and extinguishes their anger. Because had they had the opportunity at that time to have similar power to the others they would have perhaps aggressed more than those in retaliation. So Allah says Hang on, we're gonna calm you down, calm down. Once your anger is gone, you become patient, you realize your inability etc. Then the last
Now we're going to punish those guys and let you have a good day. We're gonna let you see, you know the victory as well. It will come after a time. So at times it's to calm you down. Allah gives the chance that you know, when you're angry and you're hot you can end up bashing someone more than they bashed you.
But if there is a timeframe and a time period, it comes you know Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us understanding. So he says yakushi will have wahoo Hyrule Vaseline. Allah narrates and relates and says the truth, the truth, and he is the best decider. Allah will decide the matter between us. When he wants to punish you will punish if he wants to forgive, it's up to him based on whatever's going to happen. You might change you whatever might else might happen positively Allah will accept it or he might punish. So that is Allah cool. Tell them allies to instructing Mohammed Salah Salaam, again to talk to them in a beautiful way with utmost respect, telling them where they are going wrong. Low
and in the matter strategy, Luna de la casa de Albania.
If I had that which you are impatient regarding meaning if I owned the ability to punish you right now, the matter between you and I would have been decided a long time ago there would have been a clear winner right now right here. You know, sometimes sometimes when you make a dua, Allah accepts it immediately. Instantly, you see things happening.
Sometimes you make a dua, Allah has heard it, he has perhaps accepted it. But when the timing is right, he's going to let it be released. Perhaps if it's a dua, against an oppressor, it will be unleashed.
against an oppressor. The Hadith says Allah subhanho wa Taala has no barrier between him and that dua.
So Mohammed Salaam Salaam says, If I had it, if I owned it, the matter between us would have been resolved solved. That's not belief in the unseen. Because if someone says, look, you have to believe that you have a maker, you have to believe that they're angels, you have to believe that there that there is Jenna and jahannam heaven and hell. And if people say, well, show it to us, and then you show them an angel and you show them heaven, and you show them how and you showed, if that was the case, what's the insane you have to believe we saw it and we took it, we saw it, but when you haven't seen it, that's belief. So Allah He is saying Muhammad wa salam is saying if I had what you
wanted, and what you actually asked for and what you're impatient regarding the matter would have been resolved. And Allah subhanho wa Taala you know, the matter between us would have been dissolved. And Allah knows best who is the wrongdoer? Allahu Allah will be volumen now we move on to other verses where Mohammed Salah Salam is makes mention of something known as the keys of the unseen
why speaking about the unseen because the whole debate with the machete kena maka was about the unseen. And then they started asking Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam so many things. They, they the books of Sierra and the Hadith are filled with where the mushrikeen of MK raised objection upon objection, telling him we want you to do this we want you to do that we want you to do, they challenged him with so many things. A lot of these challenges are part and parcel of what is being mentioned in these verses, to say, you know what, we want you to do this for us. If it is, if really what you brought is the truth, then we want you to split the moon for us. And so on. A time came
when that happened, and then they didn't believe it. So Allah subhanho wa Taala says, we're in de Houma. fatica Lee, as for the unseen, Allah has the keys of the unseen lie Allah mahalo certain things, he alone has kept the knowledge of alone. Why Allah mama feel better even.
He knows that which is on Earth, meaning at land, and at sea. Allah knows it all. He knows absolutely everything. What matters to me in marketing in Omaha, not a leaf, anywhere across the globe from any one of the trees from east to west and north to south, not the leaf falls down except that Allah knows about it. He knows it.
matters go to marketing. Alamo. Not that the leaf is too big. Allah says voila, have betin v Lulu Mattila.
Not even a grain, a little seed in the darkness of the earth except Allah knows. Now the question we need to ask ourselves if Allah knows those small items, do you really think he's forgotten you and I
and I always say if Allah has taken it upon himself to provide for the end
Bigger than a net Subhan Allah, He knows me and he knows you, and He will give you and provide for you, you have to develop your relationship with Allah, there's no other way. And if you develop your relationship with Allah, He will give you contentment, Allah has a portion for everyone a certain amount, it give you that amount, not a drop more, not less, but the blessing in it will be determined by your relationship with him.
So then he continues, look how he started off with the example of the leaf, then he went smaller than the leaf by saying the little seed or the grain. And he went smaller than that by saying, well not been Well, I mean,
not even the moisture, what is moisture, moisture, the moisture, Allah knows moisture in the soil, and wherever else and the humidity Allah knows it. So that's smaller than that is smaller than this grain we talking about. And then Allah takes it one, one higher, which may it makes it even smaller, when I be seen, not even the dryness of it the absence of the humidity, we recorded the absence of it, of what of the humidity will not be invaluable. In Luffy kitabi mubin, except that it is in a clear book, clear meaning there's no doubt in it. You know, when you check something scientifically, and you look at it, and you can see sometimes you can't see, you know, people who do ultrasound, the
check, they can't check, sometimes it's there, sometimes it's not. Allah says no way kita been moving. It's written in a clear cut fashion, this is what it is here that Subhana Allah, so Allah is showing you his power. That's the might of Allah. Then the last verse we will talk about is the sleep that Allah blesses us with, and the fact that he knows what you're doing at all times. So Rasulullah saw salam, these verses were revealed to him wahoo alleviate our Falcon believe it is Allah, who causes your soul to leave the body when you fall off to sleep at night, in what way Allah knows. It is called the minor death. Sleep is a minor death motor saga. How is the soul connected to
the body when we're sleeping? Allah knows best.
When a person dies, Allah holds the soul back if he died in his sleep. And if life is written for him, Allah puts the soul back into his body in the more in the complete way such that he wakes up from his sleep. That's why when you wake people up from their sleep, do it so do it in a calm way. Don't just scream and yell you get them worried they can, you know they can suffer heart attack, perhaps depending on how bad it was. So Allah is telling us we're who were Lily yet our faculty, he is the one who takes you in late at night.
He takes the soul in a way that he knows best
will ignite right? So someone might say what about the daytime? Well, if a person sleeps a daytime it would be the same. But why Allah is mentioning night here alone is very interesting, because the most beneficial sleep that a person can have is that in the early hours of the night,
so Allah is encouraging us and telling us to sleep at night and the encouragement Is there even in the other ahaadeeth and even in other verses of the Quran. So then he says, Why are Alabama Georgia Tobin? Ha he knows what you've earned during the day. He knows what you've done during the day he knows your deeds, your actions, good, these bad deeds, whatever it is, the bad deeds, Allah knows them during the day.
So my abajo confy, then Allah sends you in it Allah, like we said earlier, if Allah once he returns you back to that life, to spend another day. That's why when we say the supplication in the morning when we get up we say Alhamdulillah. All praise is due to Allah. Allah de ohana. bioderma Amata amazing. We thank Allah we are praising Allah who gave us life after he caused our death. That's the dua we say it and we should be saying it every morning, because a day will come in your death in sleep, you're not going to get up again. So this is part of the dua then Allah says lucapa agilon musalman in order to spend a specific time that we have fixed and to complete that the time the
appointed time, we send you back to the earth. You get back to sleep we send you back to the earth get back to sleep send you back to the when the appointed come times. When the appointed time comes, you're gone
from LA Mr. Joko When shall be to him your ultimate return from my unit bill. Oh, come on. Tom. Tom. Hello. This is the most interesting part of the verses we read this evening. He says then he will tell you what you used to do.
Amazing shows how weak is men
If I asked you, what did you do when you were 10 years old, you won't be able to remember much besides two or three highlights, briefly, vaguely at times, your earliest memories, one, two things you can think of more than that you can't even remember what happened yesterday, fully. You can't even remember what happened earlier today completely. So Allah says, We're gonna have to tell them to you, we're gonna have to show it to you. It's us. It goes to show how we command is as sophisticated as you and I think we are, we are nothing compared to what Allah has the record of us.
You know, people used to wonder,
at the time, that how is a law going to, you know, show us this a few years ago, few years ago, how is a law going to have a record of what you've said, what you've done, you know, files, how will they be written and what not so on today, technological advancement has already put into perspective, certain things, but the example of a lies higher, far higher than that. What are these things? Imagine CCTV? What is it all about? Go and study it, you can have a little camera the size of a dot, the size of a dot, that would record everything, your sound and high quality video of your movements, your actions, what ever it is halala and people can watch it, they can keep it, they can
store it, they can come back and catch a thief. They can do this and whatever they want. So panela here, I mean, the same applies to the voice notes, so on your voice can be recorded. So if Allah Subhana Allah to Allah, who is the creator has allowed us just a small drop of knowledge. And with that we've gotten so advanced, imagine what Allah has, may Allah make it easy for all of us, really. So from this evening's lesson, we learned number one, what challenges the prophets Allah seldom faced, some of them how he addressed them, how he was instructed to address them, how we we disagree with those who don't believe what we believe, but we always address the matter respectfully.
Similarly, we learned the knowledge of Allah subhanho wa Taala, he has the keys of the unseen, I didn't go into the five aspects of the unseen because that's not our topic. But at the same time, we learned that we are ultimately all going to return to Allah and he knows everything about us, there is no way that we will be able to get away from what we've done. However, my beloved brothers, one thing that's very, very important is the issue of Toba, seeking the forgiveness of Allah, that is actually the gift of mankind, or the malaise Salam was not sent to Earth, until he was taught how to seek forgiveness from Allah. Then he was told now you can go so that's the gift mankind should
continue seeking forgiveness of Allah. And when you seek the forgiveness of Allah shaytan will come and try to trap you from another point by making you think, hey, my sin was too big a perhaps I haven't been forgiven. I don't know what's going to happen. know, when you lose that hope in the mercy of Allah, you've actually weakened your faith in Allah when he says, Do not lose hope in my mercy. We should hang on to that verse. And we should we be very hopeful in the mercy of Allah Subhana Allah to Allah. No matter what we've done, there's always the time for us to make amends before the punishment overtakes any one of us. May Allah not let that happen. akuto Kali hada Hassan
Allahu wa Sallim wa barik ala nabina, Muhammad Subhan Allah Subhana Allah, Allah, Allah Allah and coming into