Tafsir al-Baqarah #01 – Khalifah on Earth
Channel: Mohammad Qutub
File Size: 50.01MB
Although they learn in a shape on your launching me
Bismillah Minh you all hate me? Simon person rather
as we will see which is the same of Allah subhanaw taala
what is the order book a man
you get in Niger or you fill out with Holly is
on geography. Me see Luffy speak with Dima,
vehicle we have
one afternoon loosen beer from the decal what was the Sulak? On me
is very interesting in the sense that
although the story of Adam and his creation is repeated many times in the Quran
this idea mentioning
these making him the Khalifa is quite special in that it is the only one.
So all of the other verses we read are talking about the story of Adam Alexandra, what happened, how Allah subhanaw taala commanded the angels to prostrate to Adam and how to be refused, and so on. This is repeated, albeit obviously with different details for good reason. But about making a honeypot on the earth, this is the only area in this way, in reference to other honey syrup. So it is special in that way. Okay, that's why I will say this really assembled overnight. Okay. And thus you will see that the university and have a lot of pages to talk about this specific area, as opposed to others. Interestingly,
of course, the Imam of the new facility in Emmanuel poverty
mentions and connects this idea to that which came before. So although you may hear a lot of times and you may see it, you might find it and other than see, it's as far as I know, the first one who mentioned that is an email and I, you will see that I mentioned in our recovery much because he is a primary source, and he is the man of the new facility. And if someone mentioned after him, but he mentioned that, you know, centuries before that, it is more important to mention the first person who mentioned it, he connected it to the verses before the verses you studied, right?
According to Allah came with that for billable, comfortable.
Jimmy, those verses tombery connects them. And he says just like over there, Allah subhanaw taala is mentioning how
he is calling on you to believe. And he is saying how can you disbelieve and you are dead, and then we brought you to life and so on. And then he mentioned the creation of the earliest and then the habits and the seven heavens and all of that. Allah subhanaw taala is mentioning those things, mentioning those blessings to you. And a continuation of those blessings is the creation of humankind.
Starting with their father had an early Salah.
So this is a continuation of those blessings. It is Allah's blessing upon us that he has brought us here that he has
made the earth
for us as a place where we can discover ourselves, okay, and we will get to that a little bit later. Because especially in our time, and with the wrath and atheism that we see in the world. More and more people are starting to try to show that human beings are not that important in the
domain of the universe, but this is tells us exactly the opposite.
What is Carla Kelley Metallica in New Jersey and this is why they landed on Kathy and also mentions that this is showing the status this is raising the status of the human being when Allah subhanaw taala says that Allah azza wa jal is going to make a Khalifa on the earth.
Okay, and that is going to and this is before the creation of Adam as you can see, right? So Allah subhanaw taala is telling the angels before that I am going to make a Khalifa on the earth. This itself just mentioning that makes us feel special, and shows that human beings are special that the valley set up and all of his progeny
when the Padan book Illuminati get in the giant field.
So Pamela, I was wondering and pondering over than I am, and I thought to myself,
why is the last part data telling the angels in the first place?
Of course, is Allah consulting? Does Allah consult law doesn't need to consult anyone? Allah does what he pleases. Okay?
But he's telling them
he's telling them, this is what I'm going to do. Why is he telling them in the first place?
So here you are,
you're the head of the household.
You're a an important government employee, maybe you're a minister, or something else. And you think to yourself, I'm the authority around here, I don't need to consult anyone. Okay, because you'd like to talk to someone about it, maybe just share my ideas now.
I'm in charge, Lukla, Allah is in charge.
Allah knows everything is the omniscience is the omnipotent, he's in charge of everything.
he has this conversation when
he tells them I am going to be founder.
And he allows the Malayaka to respond.
And not only to respond, but to
some may say, question, their questioning or their potential, how
do you place in it?
This led some of the scholars of FCM to say that what the angels are doing here is objective.
You will find that in the Dipsy Subhanak, you will lose discus now. I'll say more about that. The point I'm making is Allah is mentioning is talking about what he is going to do, and no one can stop him.
And the angels are responding and then the response again, satanic yada, and then you think to yourself, why should I consult? Why should I even talk? I'm in charge I have the authority
learn from ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada
in the jackin,
I'm going to place
in the earth
of course, here the very important question is what is finished and this is why as you saw from the beginning, I am not mentioning the meaning I mentioned in the word and if you have followed any of my lectures before, you will know that
this is exactly what I do
before interpreting more translation because once you translate or interpret I've already given you an opinion.
mentioned the word Allah mentions Allah Azza Khalifa then let's dive into it and see what does Khalifa mean. What did the scholars say?
You might be thinking, Chief, what are you talking about? Everybody knows what a Khalifa is what's a Khalifa anyone want to volunteer
okay. So Adam is a replacement for Allah
but you know where the brother is going with that right?
So what is a Khalifa
maybe like a deputy
was other questions? Vice Jarrett Excellent. Okay. Okay. This is the, this is the meaning of Khalifa
is that the only meaning
is that what is meant by the am
Yes, this is a popular opinion. And you may find that this is the translation. This is chaos for someone with glasses.
What's the other meaning? Does anyone know the other possibility? Also mentioned by scholars
only vice dierent or vice versa. Yes, it's a very popular meaning.
The other very possible meaning and one that
many scholars will say is the only possible meaning and eliminating the possibility of vice gerund or viceroy is that a Khalifa is a successive authority
that Khalifa here is a reference to the fact that it is successive one after another human beings, one after another one generation after another one after another.
Okay, let's talk about Hallahan the the Arabic language means that yes, colorful means one to succeed another and it also means to be someone's deputy.
Okay, colorful meaning to be his deputy.
some of the warden facility and many scholars do they say that the meaning of Khalifa must be the success of the successive generation and not a deputy of Allah subhanaw taala is exactly that who can be a lost deputy. Or when the brother said replacement, does Allah need the replacement? Is that does that mean Allah is not there? Or is Allah is not in charge? Now? God forbid
Who is the Khalifa? Ultimately I was behind ephah
ultimately, Allah is this and Isha. Allah is the One who is there when someone else is not okay. This is why
when they came to America, some people their loved one they said yeah Khalifa. Oh hell even Allah, He said less to be Khalifa tilde
and not the Khalifa Allah
rather angry Khalifa of Rasulullah. Khalifa, the Messenger of Allah Subhan Allah SallAllahu sallam, right? And I am happy with that. I'm pleased with that. Okay, similarly, the dual out of limbo Saphan when you're traveling, one of the things you say is Allah, I think the Sahaba of his suffer, well, Khalifa to fill,
looking after and protecting the family I've left behind. So Khalifa.
So how do we say we can leave his
or his progeny? This is the basis of the objection of men.
Okay, and the opinion of some of them, as I said, is that it is the successive authority, and this was the opinion of many others. Okay. And even tenure also
mentioned this opinion very strongly.
There's a lot of data and thus, the meaning here is that Furthermore, that angels are saying, will you make it and will you place upon it once full, spread corruption and shed blood? Can we say that about
just mentioning the arguments to to get those intellectual gears moving?
On the other hand, yes, there's a very popular opinion but
an ephah here means Nephi steer.
Does that mean that it's some kind of replacement? Never, you can never replace a wasp?
How can you be his deputy? Well, you're not exactly his deputy because he's always there. Allah subhanaw taala is in charge. Allah subhanaw taala is the one who is always there. But
it's possible that you are his deputy in the sense that you are his deputy in fulfilling His commands here
in the physical and real sense. Okay.
And it is interesting that many of the
later scholars have this
he'd have taken this opinion, the Vice Chair.
Okay, such as
the amount of power they're gonna have to have do the science. And many other modern scholars has won this meaning of Khalifa as the vice chair. But interestingly enough, if you go back to one of the primary sources, you'll find it there as well. Because he talked about
the possibility of this meaning
in wonderful back and forth discussion that he has, okay. Where he will mention the argument of the group, and what the response may be, and then what the retort may be, and it goes back and forth. Okay. And especially because he mentioned many of the narrations from the Sahaba, the Tabori, that possibly give that opinion. And he says, and it seems Allah Allah, that he leans towards this opinion,
the vice Jarrett in the sense that the human being Adam Ali Salah that all his progeny are here, to act, to rule by the permission of Allah subhanaw taala, and to judge between his creation in what Allah subhanaw taala commanded
to judge between people in truth and with justice, that this is the meaning of Khalifa.
And he says, and this is the meaning that we get from the narration that he mentions of the authority of Evan Massoud and Ebonheart bus or the alarm.
And he responds to the possibility that the angels are talking and they are saying, How can you place on the Earth, the one who was corrupt and shed blood, he said that this is not about the Khalifa, but about the project and the descendants of the Hanifa. And what they will do.
And we'll get to that and
so we have these two
possibilities, and you will read about and you will hear about it, for what the meaning of Khalifa is, of course, when we look at the Quran, we see possibly both meanings. We see the meaning of hokum, because Allah azza wa jal called down Ali salaam Khalifa
in Niger, America, and he's written out fratkin by the nurses
that we have made you go that would a Khalifa on the earth. So, judge between people in truth,
the higher continues. On the other hand, Allah subhanaw taala medicine mentioned the successive generations when he mentioned School of
color, calorie, faffing Aren't
we done as well, interestingly,
a great Imam of obscene and a proficient and erudite linguist like 100. And then we'll see, in his step see, when he's talking about the Khalifa, he also seems to give credence to the opinion that it is vice chairman. How, in the sense that he says, the MBL the prophets are Allah if Allah found out
that there are these Khalifa some Allah subhanaw taala, here on Earth, and he also mentions that one of the meanings of Khalifa on earth is that you have the responsibility of looking after the affairs of human beings.
This is coming from a linguist so that's why it's very important, so that no one comes in says, no, no, no, but linguistically, it is not correct. If anyone would have objected, it would have been someone like Wang Yan.
but again, you read them both. And you'll see arguments, you will hear from different scholars and one scholar will say no, the meaning is successful authority. And in the end, what we have is the word Khalifa.
Allah subhanaw taala tells the angels that I went on the earth
and I have given you some of the different arguments and the ideas.
It's not always
it's never a good idea.
To be arrogant, with the words of almost
being honest. Humble yourself to the words a whole
You may have that opinion. Others have
And it's a difficult one.
Don't try to
restrict something that may be very expensive. These are the words of Allah.
Allahu Allah, it may include both meanings, successive generations at the hands of
someone who has this responsibility that the illustrator has given that ultimately when we look at this idea, and its special status, we see that we understand the special status, when we look at the meeting of the vice journet, or the Vice rowing, that you have a responsibility. Okay? And this is the beginning of this chapter, about the story of humankind on Earth, where Allah subhanaw taala tells the angels, I'm going to place a Hanifa on this earth, you feel the heaviness of that, right, there seems to be a responsibility coming along with it, not just to Allah, Allah Allah, it is one generation coming after another successive generations right. Furthermore,
the scholars then different about who is this Khalifa, so many scholars will mention, as the Khalifa and everyone else as those who follow his descendants his project, and other scholars said that no, it is more general when he says the Khalifa here, he means humankind in general. And this seems to be the correct opinion the
fact that it is humankind in general, who has this responsibility and can play this role. Oh hey, I mentioned the prophets of Allah as the messengers who came with the message of Allah's power to Allah to humankind, in New Jerusalem. audibly Khalifa
fie her way you've seen the
panel. Now the angels are asking this very important question.
Do you place it
one who will corruptible spread corruption that will shed blood Subhan Allah.
First thing to know, this is what they noticed as
this egregious crime that sin.
Corruption and shedding light on major sins as we know, the prophets of Allah loosened up mentions how serious it is, meaning, not through some kind of Islamic authority, like a sauce or something else. shedding blood is one of the greatest sins, right? This is what the angels mentioned. They're obviously mentioning that which seems to be mostly egregious and unacceptable, right? So you're wondering, spreads corruption and sheds blood?
Of course, everyone is wondering,
where did the angels get this information? How would they know? That this is what is going to happen? Did they see look into the future to have had Allah, they see the wars, the amount of blood shirt that humankind has shipped? They didn't see any of that? How did they know?
Because as you can experience with jeans, okay. Very important opinion. Because even
with that, we will,
okay, and therefore, therefore we might necessarily, there's going to be
from tradition, okay. There's going to be sense they're going to be crimes, because of free will. Okay, all right. What else?
They are asking a loss power.
of course, these are angels. Be careful what you're talking about. The most obedient.
Well, most immediate in the sense that they cannot disobey Allah subhanahu wa, right. They are asking a very important question. Yes. Previous experience with the gym. Because we know that the gym were created before human beings, okay, as a loss of Genesis was
Now, I mean,
the job we created before, before human beings? They were there before. And it seems a lot of the spread corruption and there was Lucha because they are the other type of is free with creation that has freewill right. So this is what happened with them. And they saw it and they knew about some narrations, though, they seem to be weakened demand. Somebody mentioned himself when he mentioned those variations, talk about the angels along with in bliss, fighting against the jinn
to stop them from spreading corruption and shedding
some narrations you may read about as well mentioned other kinds other than the gym.
And they've been cathedra mentioned this in the day when you hire but that also seems to be weak,
such as the hidden and the bin, as well as
other types other than the gym. Okay, but that seems to be required.
But it's very possible, they can just do this from seeing the gym.
There's another very important possibility that was not mentioned, and possibly the most important one, that is the loss of
Allah social told them that this is what is going to result, especially from the descendants and the progeny of Adam.
This is what they are going to do.
you have to love and respect the angels. And you have to see the innocence of the angels.
The angel is no, no better.
They are pious worshipers of Allah. They don't know since they don't know crimes.
Actually, it's a very good question for Allah.
We are worshipping the geography Have you seen the VRS we could
take a look at this.
And we are glorifying your priests.
what else? Isn't that what? Ultimately Allah subhanaw taala tells us in the Quran, the creation was there for the Halacha agenda.
So it seems like a very valid question. Allah created us so that we do worship. So they're saying We are worshiping you?
Are we not worshiping? It's almost like they thought that this is somehow
something against them
or that it somehow
decreases of their value.
And this is why I remember Rossi and others mentioned that this question seems to imply the Monday caller saying, make us your heavenly Father Earth. We are worshipping you and we are pious worshipers.
Will you place in it? The one who corrupts and sheds blood
Subhan Allah, almost as if it's a request. Okay, a teacher Alfie, have you seen the V house?
If Allah subhanaw taala told them, This is what is going to happen. Then based on that they knew that they asked
although they were told that a must color to Allah is going to create a human being from mud and from clay. And they ultimately knew that he had free will. They will know also, as you deduce, brother, that bloodshed will ensue. Crimes will ensue. So why
would Allah subhanaw taala do that? I mentioned to you that some of the narrations somebody mentions and others seem to imply that there is an objection by
that seems to be incorrect. The monadic can cannot do
Back to Allah, Masha. Allah Subhana Allah says, yes Bhikkhu that will be coming. Not only do they do what they're commanded, they do not somehow speak before Allah subhanho wa Taala or give them opinion in this way les has been one I will commonly
okay so they cannot object Allah this is not an objection.
The scholars have said, this is their way of inquiring Oh ALLAH.
Why? What is the wisdom behind it? Again, learn the lesson, my dear brother, when your children ask, what is the wisdom Baba, why are we doing this? That's just the way it is.
explained the wisdom. If you do not know. Ask someone who may be wiser and knows why. The angels want to know why.
This is a question of why
no objection. They want to know it's the most valid question.
So Allah subhanaw taala tells them in NIDA man
I know what you do not and I remember it's something about the two opinions of fights Jared and the successor remind me to tell you if I if I forget it's interesting as well.
In the oven, Allah Tala ALLAH SubhanA, Allah tells them I know that you know about
what does Allah know that they don't?
one possible opinion. And it is one that I totally
think inclines to and many others. Scholars have received it as well. Because there are narrations from the Sahaba that have never been to that effect, where
they said that what Allah knew which they did not, is the fact that it believes because when all this is among them, right? He says among them, though he is not from the entrance is from the gym.
But he is among them now.
And Allah knows that he is going to disobey and that he is going to allow the arrogance in his heart upon the creation of this Khalifa.
To do what he is going to do, the angels do not notice.
Therefore what they're talking about themselves as pioneers, worshippers,
extol Allah and glorify His praise and purify him and purify themselves.
They don't know that amongst them is the worst of creation now.
so lost, I didn't need that level.
So, I know what you do not have what it believes is hiding what is hiding amongst you that you do not know.
Okay, this is one of
the other opinion is very interesting. And you will possibly read about it and see it. But again, if you trace it all the way back, you'll trace it all the way back to an email Qatada. I'd had an image there are a Satoshi, the famous scholar of the WCF. Right.
that, here in the Talmud, meaning I know what will come out of this Khalifa. What will follow from this Khalifa of prophets and messengers, and pious worshipers, and people who will ultimately dwell in paradise. So Allah subhanho wa Taala is telling them
because they saw what the negative aspect so Allah subhanaw taala is telling them, there will be so much good that will come out of this Khalifa. There'll be so much good that will come out of human beings given
and taking into consideration everything you mentioned, as bad as it is, there will be so much good as well.
even Cathy echoes that when he says that I know that Allah Subhana Allah knows of the great benefit the Messiah had and will come out despite this map set up. Okay. Which you are talking about the crimes that you are talking about, ultimately,
yes, the angels have
pints worshipers, but there's no striving they're brothers, right? There is no more Jada, there's no striving against themselves, ambition, right? And their desires, they were created that way, they have no other option. It's a totally different story, when you have this being, living his whole life, striving against the shape luck and his own self, to please Allah is part of what this is on another level.
And that's why those are the people who will deserve paradise, because they made that decision, it all comes back to the issue of accountability,
which is the correct opinion for another inexplicit term
that scholars differ over and as well in the end of sarcasm and Allah azza wa jal mentioned a manner in a manner similar to when we want to do better
that we have presented an MN the trust to the heavens and the earth and the mountains and they were all they were afraid to take this Ananda this trust, this trust to Allah Allah is the idea of accountability, you do good, you will be rewarded by Allah, you do otherwise you will be punished.
Everyone was afraid of this, the one who took it the human being
that Allah subhanaw taala based
on the breath in me,
how much good came out of the creation of human beings and putting them on the earth?
If you look at the good, why are you here because you are all inshallah good. You are worshipping Allah subhanaw taala. We are remembering Allah subhanaw taala we are talking about the words of Allah subhanaw taala and similar gatherings all over the globe. There is so much good that came out Allah knows in the manner
this is not something that
the angels will have ever thought of or could ever go about. This isn't the knowledge of Allah Subhan
Allah to Allah that Allah
as we said in the beginning, this is the beginning of the story of humankind, story of humankind of birth, in this age alone, where Allah subhanaw taala tell us the angels, before the creation of Adam is going to make a Khalifa in the earth, you can feel that with this idea. It's almost like everything is beginning.
And ultimately, the story of humankind, on this earth is the story of obedience versus disobedience to Allah subhanaw taala which will result and conclude in Allah subhanaw taala rewarding, the highest punishing
the disobedient we ask philosophy
for the best that Allah may Allah subhanaw taala increases in knowledge to Allah make us of the God fearing and the pious may we be with the dwellers of Paradise in sha Allah.
I was mentioning to you the difference of opinion
on the vice chair and as opposed to
the successes right. So how to love that few grab the famous book of course, it's so fun to proceed with the famous
seven scholarship of salmoni he mentions the opinion of vice Geron them very clearly okay as a Khalifa He is later in a video when he was doing tipsy he took the opinion that no one can be the Khalifa or loss of Tana who were to Allah. So the meaning of Khalifa there is a successor This is the same person is a scholar of stuff see and this is what is written in his book of the sale itself. So it just goes to show you that this is not an easy manner. Okay. The the opinion about what is meant here by LLC level the reason I'm saying this to you is to make sure that you keep an open mind when you hear the other opinion other than the one that you are used to or that possibly
you are convinced by or maybe
You've studied or research and that you are convinced of this area with color. melodica is one of those verses that because Subhanallah the Quran affects people in different ways. This specific ASC seems to have had a very deep effect.
renowned professor of mathematics in Kansas University, Jeffrey lank, you might have heard of him. And
he has written some books. He's a he's a convert. He went from Christianity. And then he went to atheism. And then he came to Islam. And it was this idea that just
boggled his mind, as he was reading it, because he felt he had the exact same question that the angels asked, which is, why on earth would Allah subhanaw taala put such a fallible, feeble
wrongdoing, human being on earth that is capable of so much evil,
when he has the angels, and ultimately it is because as much as he's capable of so much evil, is also capable of so much good and so much love and so much compassion and mercy and courage and bravery and selflessness and sacrifice, and every other good that you can think of May Allah subhanaw taala make us of those and other than that there does that mean a lot of failure? A lot like a lot of people or any questions or comments.
At the beginning, you said you had a question? Why did Allah Spano have this conversation with the angels
you didn't explain that I didn't explain
I thought I did that anyone?
Law like see an answer and what I said
to expose at least why he had this conversation. This comes later on this comes later on and that's mentioned right.
That story keeps on being mentioned that there was it comes a little bit after in a few verses study Inshallah, with Poland, Malacca, these two newly added but he does the latest prostrate to add about here. He's telling them I am going to make a Khalifa in the earth.
Right? And the angels that question that's what I was telling you. I was giving you a real life example, when I mentioned that you may be a person who's an authority in your family, in your company in your society.
Consult, speak with others learn from Allah's power to holla Allah's palletizer. Don't ask me to tell you why is God doing it? Allah does what He wills right?
We cannot we can try to understand the wisdom behind him. Right? Never tell you this is exactly why Allah subhanaw taala did it. I'm saying that this is possibly a wisdom that we extract from it, if Allah is discussing it, not discussing it, because, you know, he's making up his mind to Allah is telling that this is what I'm going to do. But why is he telling them in the first place if it is a foregone conclusion, right? We learn from that, if Allah subhanaw taala is having this conversation, if you are someone is any kind of authority, the least you can do is talk about it. Talk about what you tried to do what you have decided to do. And technically, not only that, you must consult
because you are a human being with limited intellect, you must consult others, Allah Subhana Allah says one Rohan Xu Rabina. There another is one of Fuhrer of consultation, all of the matters of the Muslims, technically, the right way for it to be done is by consultation. So it's even a further step. But what I'm doing is I'm speaking to someone, maybe who feels that I don't need to consult. So I'm saying okay, if you're not going to consult, at least
at least discuss it, Allah is having that conversation with the Malayaka learn from it. Maybe he will learn from the conversation, and you will realize that your decision is not the wisest, right.
Is it clear now rather?
Having a discussion? No, of course not. telling them anything for me is informing them that I have to have a safe pressure. That's what I mean. Excellent, excellent. Why did he this is one of the things we learned from it. What do we learn from it because ultimately, we want to learn right? So this is possibly one of the
things we learned from him?
Yes, the conversation continues, right? So afterwards, ALLAH SubhanA, Allah tells them to prostrate. When we come to one another melasma, Aquila, and he had taught Adam all of the names, then we learn a lot more, right? Because the conversation continues, because when he tells that any other one, yes, that doesn't seem to be the end of it, the angels then learn a lot more and no longer question even question, right. So here, they are questioning, putting him on Earth later on when he tells them trust straight to Adam.
They do it without questioning. Right?
So yes, possibly it is.
In order to, it's a prerequisite for something else that is coming along, which eventually will be the prostration to which they will obey and the police will not which will eventually bring about putting the Heavenly Father because ultimately when you look at that Aya Allah did not tell them here yet that is creating the human being nor that he is putting him in Jannah he's already told them the conclusion I'm putting him on Earth.
So from that you realize already Allah Subhana Allah knows that Adam will disobey and as a result of his disobedience, they will be expelled from Japan they will go to earth right? So that as well. So
when a las Panama Tada shows them, Allah Adam Asma Kula.
You listen to the those verses and what's happening there. This is where the angels now understand, begin to understand who this is why they no longer have a question about why it is that the peninsula with his progeny and everyone has to him are the ones who are going to be relief on the earth that comes in the coming verses inshallah. We do read recognize as well, that Allah subhanaw taala told them
that you are going to be commanded to prostrate
before he was even created a
Because Allah subhanaw taala told with I'm going to create a human beings from click, and another one solid, solid and how I must say that somebody to who want a faster female who are older who said, God, if I make him and blow in him, then and I come at you, you shall prostrate to him before he even created. Right They did not object. They did not of course, they cannot object. They do not even question there.
And this may give us some information about whether this idea came
after any time, an ephah or before
any other questions or comments? I'm sorry, if we went beyond the usual time. I think we we are within the half an hour right?
I think diversity
is not only an
decision, what happened there absolutely ethical decisions.
Difference between this decision and the
order that you have to prostrate?
So there's a difference that we need to understand that this person is also for us. Because there's no such a person will be basically question how we didn't know we know that we came about what happened there? Yeah. Allah is telling us that story. Absolutely. And this is why I mentioned the beginning that this idea is essentially introducing the story of humankind, right on Earth, because otherwise,
where are we going to live? The story that Allah subhanaw taala wants because
one thing that the scholars also debated as well
as khalifa to do what we mentioned, to rule
to judge between people in justice and truth.
And we also always talking about ama to
It means that you are here to build,
you are here to build and to construct and to develop. Okay? And I didn't get that much time to tell you that. Ultimately, this idea shows you the centrality of the human being. So if, you know astronomers and cosmologists today are trying to say, oh, there couldn't be life on some exoplanet, you know, that we have never heard of, and they continue, scientists continue to look for life, outside the present, they can't seem to find it anywhere. They continue to try to impress upon us that human beings are really not that special. And they're gonna be other beings. And they're much more developed than us and more intellectual and planned as well. I hate to break it to you but
is discovered anything of the sword and to Allah, Allah, they may not discover anything of the sort, and the centrality is for the human being.
This IRA, as we mentioned, in the beginning of the opinion, Devon, kefir and many others, shows the status of the human being in the Jericho. Leafa I am making and putting on the earth. It's all about the human being Allah subhanaw taala
raised the status of a human being whether uncom Rhonda, either,
whether you allow the human being is the reason for which
the heavens and the earth exists today. Brothers and sisters
don't have their assistance back.
The reason the heavens and the earth exist
is for this for the test. So that Allah subhana, Allah may reward the pious and punish the disobedient. Again, what the angels did not understand.
It's not just about worshiping Allah, when you have no other option, no, that's not what it's about.
It's about what human beings who are going to say that either handle Allah and live by it, despite all of the difficulties and the challenges that they face. Otherwise, why did you create the heavens in the earth?
So this is part of it as well. There is no reason for this universe brothers and sisters, you know, if it was like a lot of people understand today,
which is the void, the very secular idea which is devoid of the idea of obedience to Allah subhanahu Attallah what Allah put us here for progress, just to make material progress and see what the human being can invent. That's it. No, of course not. Ultimately, it's about progress on our path to discovering Allah subhanaw taala and along the way,
development, scientific progress, civilization, and all of those things
that we call hermana. To vote, yes. All when done, on the path to Allah not away from Allah subhanaw taala this is true. Civilization. This is true Khilafah of the earth right.