Channel: Karim Abuzaid
Series: Karim Abuzaid - The Higher Aim
Al-Nisa #2 Protecting The Rights of others
Roscoe de la ilaha illallah wa whoa la sharika shadow Anna Mohammedan Abba who wore a solo Allahumma salli ala Muhammad wa ala Muhammad can isolate Allah Ibrahim Ali Ibrahim naka hamidah Majeed Allahumma barik ala Muhammad Ali Muhammad
Ali Ibrahim ali ali Ibrahim in Mecca hamidah Majeed
we continue in sha Allah This is part two of Surah Nisa,
this is the type of Tafseer which the scholars call it the higher aim have a chat or another name
objective Bayes explanation of the soul of the chapter
what is the idea behind it
using your wish they had
and certain criterias
within the chapter
you deduce or develop one aim of the whole chapter
because obviously, if Allah subhana wa tada is the one who's speaking here, that means, there must be one message that is being sent.
And you try to assemble
the sub subjects within the chapter
towards that objective. So, basically one aim, one main aim and again, I want to say that this is a matter of he had meanings they had individual research of scholars and some scholars may assume other objectives than the objective that we will reach but it is obvious from Surah Nisa that the objective is
larger community because remember in Surah Al Baqarah, Allah subhana wa tada is browbeating us to be leaders of this world.
You know, and I was in San Diego this weekend and I was doing Allah and Ron and when I said that everybody was looking at me What are you talking about?
You know, it's your property if you don't believe that, but this is really the reality Allah Subhana Allah is preparing the oma to be in charge of the world going to hire makin reject leanness, you're the best oma
raised up for mankind, and a sign that this is legitimate. Our messenger is the final messenger. Our book is the last book, that means there will be no connection, farther connection and our and the reality
law, aka the reality proves this, that here we are spreading all over the world in a way and and Islam is growing in a way is sharing here, the fact that you're going to be a leader
of have everybody see you need to be mindful of the rights of the people. And this is what Soraka is all about.
Surah Baqarah presented to you the curriculum, the guidance, we call it the men had the manuscript, which you should implement to be a leader. And also Sora tillbaka taught you how to deal with the guidance, then Surat Agha Emraan came and invited you to be steadfast, to be strong to take on the task and boom be
weakened by the misconceptions and by the whims and desires. Then came Surah Nisa to show us that assign that you're doing the right thing is you're taking care of the oppressed segments in the community, the weak segments in the community, and that's what sort of Al Baqarah is all about. So if we look here,
So this is the connection between surah baqarah and Surah Surah till Emraan and Anissa. Elba current introduces the guidance
Emraan talks about being steadfast. And in Nyssa, here it is, came to send that clear message to the Muslims who are leading mankind, justice and mercy on the basis of ruling, so administer through justice, and show mercy and compassion to towards the weak and the oppressed segments in the society. Look at that place here. That's what the aim of the surah baqarah is, and it's so unnecessary, I'm sorry, is and it's so clear from the
the differences. Of course, the women
is the segment that is,
which was neglected, in the Bri Islam era in the Arabia. And that is why the focus scheme on the rights of the women being a neglected segment in the community. And that's why the surah talks about last lecture we we talked about the names of the soldier and this,
the main subject is the woman. Again, look here, the surah covers focuses on the fact that we are one big community, regardless of being far or nice. And this is made clear right at the outset. For the surah.
When Allah Subhana, Allah says, all mankind Allah schooling mankind, yeah. yohannes look at the first verse, yeah, yohannes it Dakota, be conscious of Allah, Who created you from one soul.
And from the soul, Adam created his wife, our Eve, and from those two, cane the family of Adam. So we're all one family regardless. And this is really how we should look at other people as Muslims. Regardless, by the way, if they have a different religion, if they have, we have to have that attitude. If we are both in charge, we have to take care of them in that particular manner. We're all related somehow, regardless of how far or near
and mercy and justice must be extended beyond blood relations in order to encompass all human groups, races and colors and bring about cooperation between men.
We divided if you remember the surah into three main subjects, the first one protecting the rights of the weak segments in the community. And I think we covered this last lecture, but we'll run through it for you. Part Number two, or subject number two, protecting the rights of the minority groups. You see a lot given the freedom to choose whether you want to be a Muslim or not.
Nobody can take this away from you.
I mean, I'm talking about having Christians and Jews living within the Muslim community. It happened during Omar Abu Bakr, there were Christians and there were Jews living in Medina, during the time of the prophet SAW Selim, there were Jews living there sallallahu wasallam with him in Medina, and he was the leader, and how he has taken care of the rights protected the rights, multiple occasions, a Muslim and a Jew with come
arguing and having issues or lawsuits or solemn would become
the judge between them and he would rule in an affair and just wait. So this is the attitude, the minority groups, but here it is, without what compromise. And that's the missing component in the Muslim omana. Unfortunately, Muslims do this. But they, you know, for them to do this, they go ahead and compromise their beliefs that Listen, you know, they are Muslims, they are not Muslims, they are not on the heat. So you cannot condone their religion in order to show that you're tolerant towards them. Tolerance has to do with interacting with them has to do with fulfilling the rights of those people. But tolerance has nothing to do with your beliefs. And then the last part of the surah
subject of the surah the focus on building that moral character of a Muslim
and there is a huge connection between the belief system low we'll call it dark either having the proper belief and having a good character. Having a good character for insha Allah. Let's run through the first two parts. I think we covered them in the hills last time, but let's run through them. Okay. The first segment in the Muslim community that you have to take care of, is the orphans.
Specially if they are females, and that's where the surah right away started with that segments, all mankind be conscious of Allah, Who created you from one soul rock, look, what what is the first two words in verse number two, what, what, what to leave at
Right away. That is the segment, that is the segment in that unit do not consume, that is sources of orphans unlawfully release their property to them when they grow, you know, in the Brea Islamic Society, in the Arabia, that people used to abuse the orphans, especially if they are girls. And that verse, by the way, I think verse number four in the surah, which talks about marrying multiple wives, that verse, the context of it is that subject, why, because if somebody is in charge of a Female Orphan,
when she becomes adult, old enough to marry,
he would marry her, why to keep her and her money, because he doesn't want to release her money.
So if she stays his wife, that means he has access to up to her wealth, in a way for again, Islam keen to, to say no to this, look, verse number two, and give the orphans the property and do not exchange your bad things. Sometimes, by the way, they end up what they end up exchanging, well, if I have a bad car, and the orphan has a car, then I exchange the car with the car, you know, well, I do not exchange your bad goods with these, which which is, you know, don't mess around with the orphans in a way. And if you feel that's the verse that I'm talking about. And
so this is, we can explain this last lecture, but look at the severe warning at verse number 10 years for virtually those who unjustly eat up the property of orphans, they eat up only a fire into their bellies, and they will be burned into the blazing fire in the Day of Judgment. Let's just look at verse number 10 verse number 10 explains this in a way.
The second thing that comes in the surah, you know, we're going through 174 verses here, imagine that I've seen but again, look at this, you're explaining these verses in light of what of that aim, which is what Be mindful, be just be fair, be merciful, if you are in charge. Now inheritance. And by the way, this doesn't have to be that you're in charge of humanity, you could be in charge of your own family, you know, you could be in charge of orphans in your own family in your own little circle, or you have a family member who's messing around with the orphans. So you can actually implement this in a smaller scale not in a large scale of course, inheritance and Subhana life what
this is, this came back inheritance that these
you know defects I call them or or the MIS handling of inheritance scheme back in my culture, girls do not inherit anymore. Women do not inherit anymore. They say Oh, they are married they have they don't give them the inheritance. That thing came back which is what
if you have multiple children and I'm sure you have a story in your own family related to this, if you have multiple children's with a father because he likes one of the kids more than the other he would go and do up and write what the one side of an Rasul sallallahu wasallam actually was encountered with with one of these situations the father of a nomadic devashish His name is Bashir. He had a lot of boys. So he brought in our man his son with him.
And he said Yasser, Allah in Nina has told me no man What are they had and I have given my son and not amount something special. I wrote for him something special from the my inheritance. Rasul Allah, Allah wa sallam asked him, did you give the other brothers exactly like him? He said, No. He said, Go and find another witness. I want witness, I will not I will not witness on a falsehood. This is falsehood, in Neela, Shadow Allah, Allah. That's falsehood. So again, Islam keen to identify who gets what inheritance.
Everybody gets something from the inheritance. And again, women again, that's why the sutras called Omen their inheritance was abused, in a way. Here's a look at verse number seven.
rigid enough cerebral mimica Sabu and ENISA in our cerebral mimic the seven. There is a shield for men, and a shear for women from what is left by parents. Look at the verse, Allah commands you, you will see como la Viola de comunidad Karina flowhub, insane, and so forth.
Who should you marry? that's also another issue related to women.
During the Bri Islam time,
we know that men can marry a sister, and two sisters.
this Islam came and said no to this,
a man could marry the widow of his wife of his father,
the widow of his father,
Islam came and said no to that, you cannot do that.
for Islam came and identified who should you marry.
Bearing in mind, also, the
man could marry a woman and her aunt.
So imagine now if you have an aunt, the lady has an aunt, and they should have a good work closer release, understand that we're breaching in the wrong time this stuff, okay, but, but this is something that you know, existed and it will exist again, I know that the setup is not ready for it. And this is not what we're teaching. But this is, you know, Islam came for all times, this may go back, you need to understand that we have a hadith that says that a man a good man, I mean, a solid and clean, solid men will have 50 females time will come whether it is time of war, or whatever it is, that will be a great deal of shortage in males in earth. And that's the only way you're going to
treat that, that issue
of, you know,
if you're just going to stick to one,
what is going to happen to the 49
Malmo that's it. So it's really a treatment to a situation to in a way and inshallah we want to go over it to your wife's can still send you to the class in Sharla.
Here are the verses, women rights over properties, dowry, women owning things, you know, some hotline America here, one of the one of the most amazing things that Islam, you know, tells you a woman can keep her name
can keep her, you know, the woman goes, and she gives up her name in Islam, you shouldn't do that. And I know some Muslims, they actually do this. No, you're not supposed to do that in Islam. I mean, the the lady, she keeps earning, you don't keep keeps her property, she has access to her property. And that's what the Islam came to promote. There. And we went over this, a woman is not to be forced into marriage either. And, and one of the conditions for a marriage, a valid marriage contract is what the consent of the woman that she must agree to this. And we talked about the versus financials responsibility is the responsibility of the husband. The responsibility of the husband, technically,
in a perfect world, but I know now, I mean, the ladies, they make more money than the men, they get more most of the jobs. You see, they set it up in a way that these things do not apply anymore in a way but again, you as a man, if your wife goes out to work. Be careful because you already compromised some of your rights. abunda sister, in a way,
disagreements and reconciliation any marriage, there must be disagreement. Imagine shaitaan is after the marriage is here. Imagine shaitan every day in Algeria. Salima Muslim, every single day crowns. A Genie who separates husband and wife You know, so if you're if your marriage is is moving on one day, you should be happy I I had one shaitan you know, I want you to imagine every day shaitan pleases the crown on the head of a genie who came to cause a disagreement between a husband and his wife. Now how should you fix that? Look at this.
Somebody from the husband, an elder from the husband's side, an elder from the wife side, they get together and they strive to make up between
the two. Here are the verges and if you feel a breach of between them. The man and his wife appoint two arbitrators.
One from her, one from his side and one from her side, so that they can
take you. Listen, divorce is a solution for some marriages. Some people feel bad about it. It's bad, but you know,
some relations are not meant to survive, you know, and that's why I'm not legislated divorce. So, if it is the final resort, then let it be, but do it islamically you know, do it islamically give the wife her right, make a plan for the children and so forth. But Islam tells you that sometimes we're in yetta, for Rocco, you vanilla, who can lemon Sati Look at this. But if they separate by divorce, Allah will provide abundance for every one of them from his bounty, and Allah is Ever self
sufficient for his creatures need and he is all wise as well.
Dealing with those who corrupts these laws, you know, we as a community should have,
the Sharia, but we should forgive me and we should let go of this. And we talked about this.
Again, number 10. Don't be jealous of one another. You know that we live in a society now where the women want to be men and women want to be women. And that's the issue and that's why we ended up with that. third gender developing. You know, that's, that's the whole thick idea behind your legislature will give you some analytical you will be amazed to find out how much civi warning against a man trying to look like a woman behave like a woman act like en la, la la la la, la and Allahu Mutasa. Bina Mena regional Ebenezer Allah curses men, who try to look like women and women who try to look like men, you should be happy that a lot made you a man and stick to it in sha
Allah, Allah is going to be good for everybody, even if we move too far too quickly here, protecting the rights of the minority groups,
you know, in the community. So the first segment is the women and what came from the the orphans, the marriage and all these issues related to marriage and family, and so forth. Now you as a Muslim oma, you're going to have non Muslims living within your community, you have to protect the rights, you have to be fair and just to them as well, without compromising without compromising.
Again, the Muslims are leaders of the larger community amongst the larger community or minority groups, Muslims have to protect the rights without compromising their beliefs. Like I said, Okay, a famous story and this is the story is mentioned verse number number 105, that Muslims stole a precious shield. And the community somehow sat next to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and they are trying to convince him to accuse a Jew of it. A Jew is a member of the community, but the Jew did not steal why they said Listen, you know if we accused a Muslim we're gonna get a bad name. Muslim should not be known of stealing effect. So let's just accuse that you imagine a lesson Jabra
elite Salaam with these verses, all these verses were revealed regarding the CFO? Surely we have sinned down to you all Mohammed Salah, send them the Quran, in truth that you might judge between people, men, by that which Allah has shown you which is justice.
And do not be a bleeder for the horse in the treasures and ask Allah for listening to such a thing. Yeah, and Allah is asking him sallallahu wasallam to ask Allah to forgive you just for entertaining the idea of being unjust, unfair to a member of the community. Again, if we go through this justice for all in Islam, look at this verse, verse number 36. Why Buddha justice for Allah what how can you be just unfair to Allah? How? How
to hate the LA LA LA How can you be just unfair to the messenger?
Soon you follow sooner, right? How can you be just unfair to your parents? Oh, look old signals. Worship Allah enjoy no one but okay, parents. Okay, offspring. I'm sorry. What's that called? kins orphans, the poor and the needy.
I change the Oh, oh touch okay. Okay, here you go. kins neighbors who are stranger and neighbors who are nice to you, the we feel even the slaves. I mean, if there are
This is an all of this insha Allah. But this is justice for all in a Muslim community, in a community led by Muslim justice must be for all and that's what Islam preaches. Okay, fulfill your interests if you're interested was something if you know, I told you this verse was was was revealed regarding
the Prophet sallallahu wasallam leaving earlier now Vitaly, this is one of the meanings of it behind him in Makkah. Imagine the disbelievers called the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam all types of names, but yet they still trusted him them with their brushes, things like a bank, like a safe so they would actually Rasul Allah Allah made sure that these things are delivered. Likewise, if you're interested with something you as a Muslim you must fulfill this. Need Neela the sanctity of life? Yeah, it was amazing that the amount of Quran in Surah Nisa regarding this matter? Will you believe eat not your property among yourselves and justly
accept it be a fee in a trade, Yoni, Yoni use it he also is a forum. Do not kill yourselves, a believer killing a believer, and what happened if you kill another person and so forth? obstacles of justice and mercy
to things here, obstacles of justice and mercy, arrogance, arrogance for being elegant in the community. Look at at the end of verse 36. Verily, Allah does not like such as brown and boastful people or are better than them. No, we shouldn't do that. We shouldn't do that. You know, those who are stingy and command people to be stingy and showing off, you know, so a reminder to stand up for justice. We have to stand up all for justice. Oh, you believe Stand up, stand out thoroughly. Yeah, you're Latina man who Kurokawa mean Allah, He Shahada because even if it is against you, look at that verse. 135 years out of this world, be just unfair. Even if it is against you, even if it is
against your family, even if it is against you. Your your kins in jaquan, Ronnie and alpha Kieran for la olavi Hema, don't be bias. Imagine the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam will be witness against us in the Day of Judgment.
Whether we delivered or not.
We come to part three. And the last part and this is actually where we stopped if you remember, this is all kind of review just to include everybody.
Again, yes, why Islam
talks about the significance of your beliefs and how this contribute to two things contribute to having a good character, your belief system, your aka your motto.
And you write better
and your ritual.
And that is why Islam came to develop those in that particular chapter because Allah is commanding us to be merciful to be just unfair. Now, this is you have to charge this battery, how are you going to charge it both are Kedah and a bad dose to your belief system who's Allah who's Allah subhana wa tada and diabet the link, there is a link that's what I meant there is a typo here. There is a link between the belief system and developing good character, which will stand up for justice and promote mercy amongst the members of the community.
There is a link between a bad also acts of worship and purifying yourself and developing a good character. And this is what we're going to discuss in this particular part of the surah. First of all,
you need to know that Allah is merciful
Subhana Allah if one
of the live number so nosodes is
sloppiness I had a story with him.
One day actually, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came to him
and he said to him, you have numbness or odd side the Quran to me.
They actually are
what also Salah, Salah breeze, the recitation of numerous old in a way that he said if you want to hear the Quran the way that he breathed the sigh to the to me, listen to the liner. So imagine this. This is how much of the line that I sold was for the lightning rod said Dr. rasulillah. How I'm gonna recite it to you when it was revealed on you
He says I like to hear from others recited to me from others. So of the live numbers Oh started in he said, he said that to be myself. And then he reached that verse where Allah subhanho wa Taala says that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam will be
a witness in the day of judgment against you. And he noticed that the prophets Allah Salam broke in tears Upon hearing this
see it not there
Yeah, I think it's off now. So go back to my
so the idea here is Abdullayev nematode had that story with with with Sol artemisa. Look at this. It was a beautiful Hadith, Hadith, fragile amendment hacking of the lightning as old says, There are five areas five verses in Surah Nisa that I would prefer, I would prefer these five areas to the life of this world. Like, if you offered me the world, in lieu of those five verses, I would say keep your world I want those five verses.
And if you look at these five verses, they talk about Allah is justice and mercy, those to look at this. Surely Allah wrong not eating the wheat of an atom. That's number one. In number hilarya Allah, Allah has not just see that. So Allah Himself is not is not unfair, it is not unjust, so we should be
also just unfair. So so that's the first verse of
look at number two, in destiny bukoba Rama
verse number 31. If you avoid the major sins, we will forgive the minor for you.
So that's a beautiful thing if you stay away from you know we all fall into sinning but just stay away from what are the major sins? Look at the third one. In Allahu Allah young Pharaoh Are you Shaka de wire filma Duna dedicatee, Manisha, Indeed, Allah subhana wa Taala will not forgive that you come in the day of judgment as a mushrik
bull[???]ting others in association with Allah, but Allah would forgive everything else beside that imaginary we're in a hadith that explains this. Allah Subhana Allah Allah says, oh, son of Adam, if you come on the Day of Judgment with the earth filled with sins, but with one condition, no shirk, I forgive you. I will forgive me forgive you.
Oh, well, I know who I am. fusa, whom
jakka festa federal law. This is of course, when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was alive that if you come and ask the prophet to make dua for you. So this is the five one woman woman
named x one FC.
And whoever commits a sin and he asked a lot of forgive him, Allah will forgive him. So again, look at these verses, talks about justice talks about mercy. So the first message that you're getting here out of your belief that you're worshiping Allah, who's forgiving, who's merciful, Allah gives a second chance. So you as a leader also should have that you should have that as well. So this is the first thing that you need to believe in Allah subhanho wa Taala. Okay, look at this verse here. Now your follow up will be either before Look at verse number 47. What Allah will benefit if he if he punishes you? You know, so don't be after what Don't be after What punishment. And this was
obviously, what we know that the prophet SAW Selim applied the laws of Islam, which America is afraid of, you know, when when somebody comes and says, I committed adultery, you know, establish that the criminal punishment on me, you know, get out of here, his drunk, go, you know, so don't be what, you know you as a leader as well. Don't be just after punishing people after No. Yeah, you have to be strict in order to keep the community clean from sins. But at the same time, this is how Allah deals with us human. So we should do this. Look, Allah, may Allah either come in shocker to momentum, most of the attributes of Allah and you will notice this
So tennis elbow, most of the attributes of Allah which are derived from the names of Allah mentioned in the surah is about knowledge, wisdom, mercy, forgiveness, most of them and these are the the necessary things that you need to have knowledge, mercy, forgiveness, Allah Sharia is a sign of His justice and mercy.
The fact that Allah delivered, what you can marry, what you should do, you know, all of these eternal Look at this, Allah wishes to make clear what is lawful and what is unlawful for you and to show you the ways of those before you and and by the way, our Sharia or the laws of Islam are not new Bani Israel had them and this is something that we came and revive. So again, our sign of a line justice and mercy is his lose, as well. A lot legislating tober Why did Allah legislate over because there is a need for it because people make mistakes, and people need to come back to Allah subhanho wa Taala. Allah accepts the COVID as well.
Allah wishes to accept your Toba Allah who you read one year to borrow income, but the other people what they want, the other five minutes, the other people what they want, they want you to swim in desires and whims. And all of this for Toba is a key
the law of punishment and reward you see the problem that we have in the oma and the problem that many Israel had before us, that is uh, you know, we're just gonna go to hell for 40 days, then, you know, London Tennis Center, narrow Illa you know, Jesus died in the cross for me, so I'm gonna go to gender. Likewise, Muslims now say, oh, as long as your heart is clean and you know who Allah is your go to gender no sort of finish establishes this because the matter is related that if you do something wrong, you may be held accountable for it. Look at these verses, it will not be in accordance with your desires. Muslims, like the Muslim say, like oh, you know, I'm a Muslim, they
don't pray. You know what, I'm gonna go to john, Allah has forgiving a lot now. The law of punishment and reward is there. All those of the People of the Scripture Jews, they said, Well, what did you say? You said, they said we're gonna go to hell for 40 days. Well, how do we lengthen a sinner now Illa em and Margarita the 40 days which they worship the calf in the absence of who when Prophet Musa went to speak with a loss of prana with Allah, they worship the age that the calf in his absence, they say, this is the fine when going to be but this is the some of the other Jews believe that Christians Of course, they believe that Jesus died in the cross. So um, you know, as
long as I believe he died, then I'm gonna go to the ally study, you know, whoever does righteous good deeds, male or female. And while he is he the oneness of Allah subhanaw taala, he will be given the reward, he will be given the reward and whoever does this, the opposite he will be punished. Listen, Allah may forgive you.
But this is up to Allah. But the law of punishment and reward is important. Once you deal with a subject of justice, so you let people know that there are what there are rules here, we're not going to walk over the rules. The Pillars of faith are one, the Jewish community in Medina, they came to the prophet SAW salon they said, We believe in Moosa, so we're good. Oh, oh, you believe believe in Allah and His messengers, and the books which he has sent down, and the scripture which he has sent down, and whoever this believes the line is messenger, indeed, he has went astray wehrli those who disbelieve in Allah and His Messenger, and they wish to make distinction between a lion His
messengers, they say, we believe in one and we leave one.
And that's the way forward that's why we will not consider Jews to be Muslims. Why? Because they did not believe in Jesus one, they did not believe in Mohammed to why we do not consider
Christians to be Muslims, because they did not accept Muhammad Sallallahu taala we Muslims, why because we accept all the messengers, all the prophets, if Jews would accept Jesus and then Mohammed, then they are with us. If Christians would accept Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam then they are with us and and that's what they did. We believe in some and we leave some allies saying no, this is not going to work.
Avoid Harris's you know, the, the, the the the the the Arabs used to say that, you know, Allah has children,
setting partners and with Allah subhana wa Tada.
Shave fan does come and say this to you. Thoroughly I will mislead it because Stephen King, you know, the Arabs, like the Christians believe that
The angel the they are the children of Allah or Jesus is the son of Allah. The Arabs believe that the angels are the daughters of Allah. You know that right? You're familiar with that. Actually they believe that So Allah is telling them no that's not correct. Okay, he has come the importance that I told you I bet that have eaten a better look at this. Akita Salah Antara the verse regarding Voodoo was revealed here in Surah Nisa, oh you believe approach not Salah while you are in a state of a drunken, of course this is the second stage of legal of, of
making unlawful intoxicants, but here is the verse regarding Voodoo that you need to make will do and the significance of the Salah
even Salah when you are at all you know the Allies telling you the importance of the Salah Salatu Sophia particular Salah that we have in Islam called the fields a lot of hope that we actually are you're fighting you run a war and you could still pray you know, while you're you're fighting you still and this is how the Salah is right here in this verse 102 was revealed in Surah Nisa just to show you the significance of Salah to be just unfair, this is all important because you need patience and you need to develop good character as well.
We're almost done here for the brothers who are here for Russia. inshallah Allah was five minutes with the law will be done with the lighter, avoid intoxicants. You know the but this is again, that was a second key
stage of legal don't please yourself, you know don't don't do that fella to Zaku hegira if necessary, you know, a Muslim should be keen on protecting his Deen versus not 97 to 100. If you need to make a jeweler go ahead and make a jeweler if this is necessary.
Obedience is to Allah Subhana Allah to Allah and His Messenger, and those who are in authority who implement Allah and His messenger. So this is the authority that we have a bonus.
Don't follow false authorities. Have you not seen those who claim that they believe in Allah, His Messenger and yet they want to go and use, you know, arbitrators to resolve their disputes. Meanwhile, they should seek the Quran and they should seek the Messenger of Allah. serious matters are to be reported to the leadership of the oma, again, as well. This is all towards maintaining justice and and so forth. Again, no compromises. This is a key. Yes, you're going to be mindful of the rights of the minorities in your community as a Muslim, oma, but no compromises the welfare of the community at large takes priority over all matters. Yes, we are to promote justice and mercy
amongst the minority groups and the oppressed as long as they do not become a threat to the community at large. Once it comes to believes that the older the hypocrites are the disbelievers. So if you're having a look at those, this sort of dealt with these three segments, disbelievers aggression, war, fight, fight those who fight you, you have to protect the community. And this happened that they're offered the last app. I mean, if it has to come to that you have to come to that hypocrites. There is a severe war in the surah, regarding hypocrites, people living within the society, and people of the book, the people of the book, who used to say, you know,
they went after Musab because of their breaking of the covenants and all of this. So at the end of the day, we have to be careful also, we have to protect the community, maintain mercy, justice, but at the same time, no compromises to that believes at all.
That's it. So basically, remember this, you know,
it all gonna rely in closing and Sharla abou going back and reading this chapter, in light of what we said. So remember, the main objective of chapter four in NASA is what can somebody paraphrase it for me, is what?
But who's being addressed?
The leaders, those who are in charge, a sign that you're doing the right thing, if you are in charge of a community, that the weakest segments in your community, the oppressed, are taken care of. They are not abused by the system. And this is a sign that you're really implementing the curriculum, the guidance, you're not compromising it. And then the surah immediately dealt. That's why that chapter is called in the set that will
Then the week from the woman, the orphans, the inheritance, marriage,
not to be forced into it,
not to take away the dowry.
There is a situation here where somebody would marry a woman. And because you want to take back the debris from her, he would give her a hard time so that she would ask for divorce. I don't want to I don't want to marry you, I don't want to stay with you. And it's okay, give me back my daddy, and I let you go. So he would mistreat her in order to get you up, manipulating the process, you understand. So again, the first part of the surah, or the first subject is addressing the rights of the week, the sleeves in there, I mean that there was a slavery at the time, we don't have this now. But again, all of this is the right. The second part, the minority groups, the minority groups, you
have non Muslims, if you if you have a Muslim community, you have Christians, you have Jews, they have rights upon you, you have to make sure that they are receiving justice, but again, without compromise. Now, the last part of the surah is very interesting for you to build that character, which will have justice and mercy and fairness, you need to believe in Allah. And I'm telling you that, that you know that the only people who will be mindful of Allah, mindful of the people are the people who believe in Allah. I don't know if you know this or not, therefore, the Quran sometimes is thrown in the ocean.
Meanwhile, we have for people who need coal, but but why corn is thrown in the ocean, to maintain what the price in the stock market to me to make sure that the corn, so the farmer, so you don't do that as a Muslim, you don't do that as a Muslim, you. You see, when you have a higher authority above you, who's our higher authority, Allah, then you're mindful of this. And that's why the surah came also to build that side that believes whose Allah is merciful, he is forgiving, and so forth. And the surah also came to build a practical side diabetic. That's why I talked about to who to hire, how to make, how to make most talked about the Salah, because this is what will build a good
character out of you. You see, a good character is not something that you wake up and say I have it. No, it's something that you build you cultivate within you. And the way that you cultivated is through your beliefs. And this is why it will if you read a lot of Hadith, there is a relevance between good character and believing in Allah, whoever believes in Allah and the Day of Judgment.
Look at this, let him speak what is good or be silent.
So this is belief and this is what good character, whoever believes in a line is in the Day of Judgment.
Be fair to your neighbor,
read this Hadith, you will find what that connection between believing between salah and between having a good character. This is like the nutrition This is like the nutrition
and that is why if what they tell you menza the anchor Phil Hello Zed Anka D,
whoever is has more characters than you did in this the show that his believes are more than you, you know,
the surah keen to build the site inshallah. inshallah, next week, we're going to deal with either, you're going to notice that it may be that turn these rights,
which were presented and that's the connection between in Marietta chapter five, and in this
short article may either turn these rights which were presented in saltiness into contracts,
it's a contract. And that is why the surah begins with this UI who believe fulfill your contracts. If you have a contract, fulfill it,
fulfill your contracts, you have to fulfill your contract side. So handler you came you came in just the right time. So next Wednesday in Chava. We're going to talk so Pamela site is here and you know, the next chapter we're gonna do is Sora tilma does have and surah till May either the main objective of the surah is the contracts
that you have configured or you have a contract with Allah, you have a contract with the people, you have a contract with everybody. So inshallah we'll see you next hopefully, we'll have the PowerPoint update. we're progressing. This is bigger inshallah. Next week, it will be bigger. Jaramillo. failla subhanak Aloma Ambika shadow Allah, Allah Helen estafa to Buddha equals hamdulillah