Parables of the Quran – Parable #0 – Introduction

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Kamil Ahmad

Channel: Kamil Ahmad

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Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

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lillahi Rabbil alameen

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wa Salatu was Salam ala attend Nanak Milani Holla Holla Holla Holla

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Holla Ali he was such a big woman he had he was standing up soon he he ilario me Dean along alumna and founder when fanger deema alum Tina was he denied

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what additional help

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or original baltierra Dalton moto zoeken h Tina.

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Would you allow me minister Nehru Nicola, una Sena rubbish rollease Audrey via searly Emery wash Luca data melissani Kohli,

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another ad, a Salam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh.

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Allah subhanho wa Taala

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revealed the Quran

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and

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made it to be a guidance,

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a light

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and a blessing and a mercy for mankind.

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And he revealed it

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without leaving anything out.

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When it's an island called kita, to be an early coalition.

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And we revealed we sat down to use the book as a clarification for all things.

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Well, who then Washington well, Bush Rosenstein

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and a guidance

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and a mercy

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and

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good tidings for the Muslims.

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And

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when Allah subhanahu wa tada revealed this burden,

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he revealed it to get his message across to us.

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And he did that

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through different ways, meaning that he used different ways to get his message across to us.

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So sometimes we have commandments.

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clear cut, commandments,

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do this.

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Other times we have prohibitions Don't do this.

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Other times have lots of how to how to use the stories.

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And the Quran is filled with stories

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of the prophets of the past nations.

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Other times Allah uses

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a turtle v beuter. heap.

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To read is to encourage us to do good deeds.

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And that is by

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mentioning the great rewards for those who will do good deeds

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are the times utter heat

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which is

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to make us fearful of his punishment

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or

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to make us not fall into sin, how? By reminding us of the punishment for those who commit those sins.

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Other times there are in the Quran gems

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and wisdoms.

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If we were to ponder and reflect

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over the different verses

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and in the Quran we have

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what are known as parables.

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In the Quran, we have what are known as a sad

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story Allah subhanahu wa tada says, What till

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now the Rebbe halyna. See one eye Akira.

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What tells us about these that

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Allah says, envies I'm sad. These parables or similitudes are examples. We present them to the people.

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When I

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Hello, hi Larry moon, but none will understand them

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except

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those of knowledge.

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And this is why

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some of the seller they would cry

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if they did not understand

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a parable that Allah mentions in the Quran,

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why?

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Because what did Allah say here? Well, now you will have

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no one will understand these parables except those who have knowledge. So they would say,

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I cannot consider myself to be a personal knowledge, even though there were scholars

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and there was a foreigner who without also says

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what to do not do rebou holliness laleham yetta karoon

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and these parables,

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these examples, the similitudes we present to the people so that perhaps

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they will give thought that Allah

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and Allah subhanho wa Taala says what are called ordinarily na sci fi hurdles, or any mean clearly meta.

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Lala whom, yet as a Quran.

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Allah says, indeed, we have presented to the people in this brand, every kind of parable,

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for what purpose so that they may remember

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it as a cartoon, perhaps they will be reminded.

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And so these parables has been mentioned in the Quran by Allah subhanho wa Taala. As we can see,

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for the purpose of reflection,

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for the purpose of

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giving thoughts

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using our intellects that Allah has given

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to think about what Allah has presented of parables and similarities

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in this introduction

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on the parables of the Quran,

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the first thing that we want to address is

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what is meant by the word metal.

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What is meant by the word metal

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and the plural of that, um, fad.

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Here, I just want to point out that some people they make a mistake of

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referring to

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metal as metal.

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But metallic means something else. Metal means a sample or an example of something.

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And the plural of that is empty.

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Whereas, what we're talking about here is method, the plural of which is uncertain, as we have seen in these

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losses will lock door open aliveness if he has an enemy in Cooley, metal

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and the plural Allah says what till Tell me there Luna baribeau

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I'm sad.

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So, the very first question is what is meant by the word method

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in the air in the in the English language, if we were to translate metal, we could say it means a parable

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or a similitude.

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So, what is meant by that?

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What is a parable or what is a similar to

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what is a method

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in Arabic, a method

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can refer to

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one of two things or in the Quran.

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We have two different kinds of I'm sad.

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So the first is the first meaning of metal is

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a figure of speech,

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which presents a short story

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typically with a moral lesson at the end.

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a figure of speech, which presents a short story, typically with a moral lesson, given at the end.

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So you leave with a moral lesson.

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And we have many examples of this.

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You know, in not only in the Quran, but even outside of the home.

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In fact,

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every single culture and every single language has

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these

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kinds of parables where

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you have a short story, which is meant to give you

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a moral lesson. The famous example we have is a is the boy who cried wolf.

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A short story,

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especially that we tell to our children.

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What is the moral lesson that we learned from it, don't lie.

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In the Quran, Allah gives us

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short stories with a moral lesson.

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And they are also referred to as MTA.

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And so for example,

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we have in Surah alkaff, Allah says, we'll do rebula, who met and or Roger Laney

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present to them the parable, the muscle

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of two men, this isn't suited to calf,

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the two men, one who was rich, and the other one who was not.

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And the rich one, he had two gardens.

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The story and so Allah starts by saying, present to them a method, an example, and then or a parable. And then Allah gives us the story.

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And what happened to this man who was arrogant, what happened to his, you know, to his crops and to his farm.

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And so the moral lesson we learned from it is not to behave arrogantly and,

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and not to deny the blessings of Allah.

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Also, we have Allah says in Surah, Yaseen, all the rebula, who matter let us have a look at his

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present to them the parable of the people of the city, when the messengers came to them.

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And so it sort of has seen a lot gives us a story of messengers who came to

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who came to these people. And you know, what happened.

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So, these are examples of

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a parable where you have a short story. And

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the purpose of it is to teach you a moral lesson.

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The second kind of parable

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is not necessarily a story, but rather a statement

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that conveys a meaning.

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One statement,

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that conveys a meaning by comparing two things,

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which have some common aspects between them.

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And usually, the thing that is being compared with is something

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that we are familiar with and can relate to.

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So this is the second kind of method

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where it is not, you know, a long story or a short story, but rather, it's only a statement.

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And the purpose of this statement is to get a message across

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by comparing

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what you want, you know, to get across the message that you want to get across, like comparing that to something that the people are already familiar with,

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they can relate to it.

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And so, an example of this, there are many examples of this, once again, whether it be in the Quran, or you know, in our different cultures, human cultures, and in our different languages. We all have these parables.

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We have many in the Quran, and we have many even in the sadhana for example,

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the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,

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he drew a line in the sand a straight line

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and he said that this is the straight path,

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this the straight path of a law

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and then he drew lines diverging from that straight line. So, you have the straight line that he drew in the sand and then you had lines diverging here and there from that straight line. And he said these other lines are the paths of shaytaan. So be where

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Stick to the path of Allah. So he wanted to get a message across to the companions.

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And he did it in an easy way,

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by comparing something that they could see in front of their eyes

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to the message that he wants to get across.

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In another example, he gives an example of such a parable.

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He says, the example of good deeds cultivating and growing and increasing is that of a seed that you plant in the ground,

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it turns into a tree,

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then it gives fruits, then you eat its fruits.

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And then you take the seeds and the fruits, and you plant them again.

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Every time the new tree gives roots, you pick your roots. And then you planted seeds.

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He says, The same can be said about the result of sin.

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And then he says, The wise person will reflect over this parable,

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a good deed that is accompanied with another deed.

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So

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the message that he wants to get across is that good deeds,

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they multiply, and they continue.

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And likewise sin

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the evil result of sins is that the more you involve yourself in since they're going to lead to other things.

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So this was a parable that he gave,

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by

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comparing the message that he wants to get across to something that you know, every human being can relate to a seed that you plant, it grows, you take the fruit, you eat it, and then you take the seeds and you plant them.

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And it continues like that.

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In the Quran, we have many such parables.

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We have many such parables in the Torah.

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And it is these parables that we inshallah Tata will be covering

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over the course of these classes.

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So we will not be covering the first kind.

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The first kind are the short stories that have moral lessons, we will not be covering those, but rather, we will be covering this second kind of parable. Where a statement is made

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with Allah mentions in just one statement.

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He wants to get a message across the US, and he uses something that we can relate to, he compares it to something that we can relate to.

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So we won't be covering,

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for example, that

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metal that are mentioned so to recap of the two men, we won't be covering the metal that Allah mentions of Korea, in Surah trc. But rather, we will be covering all the other parables that Allah mentions, where he compares to things that share something common

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in order to get his message across to us. Now

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what is the purpose of parables?

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parables, they help people to understand

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abstract concepts

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by alluding to shared experiences,

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to feel as if they are direct observers in these experiences.

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And so by using carefully selected parables,

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remote and difficult to understand, concepts are made easier to understand

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and more comprehensible.

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And so parables are a great teaching tool.

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Because they often use, you know, symbolic imagery and metaphors that the audience can easily recognize they could relate to it.

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And so you can convey

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complicated concepts

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in such a way that they become more relatable and understandable to one's personal life.

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And on this note, I just want to you know, mention this

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The story

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of a very famous scholar in the past,

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he was

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one of the greatest scholars of literature.

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And albula.

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His name was Joshua.

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He was known for his prose, poetry, and known for his

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extensive knowledge of Arabic literature.

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Although he was a visiting scholar, he was from the deviant sect of the work Tesla.

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So basically, this color adaptive,

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he was walking

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in the market one day.

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And a woman came to him.

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And she said, Can you accompany me to

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a goldsmith.

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And so, he said, okay, short. And so he went with her to this Goldsmith.

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And when they reached him,

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she told the goldsmith, she said,

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like the face of this man,

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like the face of this man, actually pointed to, and jive.

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So, as Josh, he was completely clueless.

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And he had no idea what was going on.

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But the woman she left.

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And so

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he turned to the goldsmith. And he asked them,

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you know, what's up?

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What is she talking about?

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And so, the goldsmith, he said,

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this woman, she came to me with a ring.

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And

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she asked me to engrave

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an image of shape on onto this rink.

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So I said to her,

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I've never seen shaitan I don't know what he looks like.

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So she brought you to me. And she said, like the face of this man.

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And

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he was actually, given this title. This is not his real name.

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He was given this name because

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of how he looked. He had very large and prominent eyes,

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which is referred to in Arabic as a Jew who's so because of the Jew, who's in his eyes, he was named at

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the point is that parables, they help us to understand things that are otherwise difficult to understand.

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Unless they are compared with something that we can see and understand clearly, just like this Goldsmith, he didn't know what the woman wanted.

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You know, he doesn't know, you know, what shaitan looks like or you know what she wants, until, you know, she brought to him an example of what she wants.

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So this shows us the importance and the significance of terrible's and how parables make clear things that are otherwise left unclear.

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Now moving on to the usage of parables in the Quran.

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The usage of parables in the Quran, we've already mentioned that, in the Quran, Allah subhanho wa Taala has used two kinds of parables.

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If we were to, you know, divide parables into, you know, two different meanings.

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The parable, that is actually a short story,

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which by the end of it, you derive a moral lesson. And on the other hand, a parable which is only a statement where two things are compared.

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Besides that, Allah subhanahu wa tada presents

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all kinds of parables in the Quran, on all kinds of different subject matters.

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However,

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what we have to understand is that the parables of the Quran are unlike any other parable.

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Allah subhanahu wa Hanna whatever he revealed in the Quran is his word.

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It is unmatched.

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We cannot compare the words of a lot to anything else.

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Whereas

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our speech

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is comparable.

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And that's why

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parables are

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generally

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shared

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among us as human beings.

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And so, one parable that may have been

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used in a particular culture

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the same that same parable,

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you can find it in a different culture with different words.

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So, parables among us are many.

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And they can be compared

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except the parables of the

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so the parables of the Quran, are the most

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unmatched

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they are not derived from anything.

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So our parables, you could perhaps trace them to an origin.

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You know, perhaps you have a parable in the English language

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that was taken from a different culture from a different language and translated into English.

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Or you could trace it to a particular individual.

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The parables of the Quran

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are not derived from anyone or from anywhere, but rather, they are initiated by Allah subhanho wa Taala directly.

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They are unmatched.

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The parables of the Quran, are unlike any other parables, just like everything that

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cannot be compared to anything of our human speech.

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And that's why Allah subhanho wa Taala used or he made these parables in the Quran, to be a challenge to the Arabs of that time.

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Because those Arabs, they used to compete with one another, to produce the best parables, just like they used to compare just like they used to compete with one another, to produce the best poetry. Likewise, they used to compete with one another, to produce the best parables. And so the parables that Allah mentioned, in the end, we're a challenge to the Arabs. And they are therefore at the highest level of eloquence of Allah.

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And so these parables come under

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a lot of challenge, that unmet challenge. When Allah said

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to the surah, timidly

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bring the challenge was to bring a surah like the Koran.

00:28:21--> 00:28:31

And so, the parables come under this, come under this category of the challenge of the Quran to bring to bring a parable like,

00:28:32--> 00:28:47

like the parables of the Quran, in their eloquence, this is what is meant here. The challenge of the Quran is not, you know, bring something similar to it, in its words,

00:28:49--> 00:28:51

or in its meaning.

00:28:52--> 00:29:00

But rather the challenge is beyond that, and only someone who could only someone who understands the Arabic language.

00:29:01--> 00:29:04

Only someone who understands the Arabic language can

00:29:05--> 00:29:06

appreciate

00:29:07--> 00:29:08

this challenge of the Quran.

00:29:12--> 00:29:20

That since the day that the Quran was revealed and completed since the day its revelation was completed, until today,

00:29:21--> 00:29:23

no one has been able to bring

00:29:24--> 00:29:26

any words

00:29:27--> 00:29:32

that could challenge the level of eloquence

00:29:34--> 00:29:35

of the Quran.

00:29:38--> 00:29:40

Also, it should be understood here that

00:29:42--> 00:29:43

Allah subhanahu wa tada

00:29:45--> 00:29:54

is not in need of designing parables for us in order to get his message across to us.

00:29:56--> 00:29:58

And so Allah subhanho wa Taala is hot.

00:30:00--> 00:30:02

or above being in need of anything

00:30:05--> 00:30:08

but out of his mercy towards us,

00:30:10--> 00:30:18

he chose to present such parables to make it easy for us to understand

00:30:20--> 00:30:24

his message and have that message to sink in.

00:30:26--> 00:30:29

And so it says if Allah subhanho wa Taala is saying,

00:30:31--> 00:30:33

you know, I have presented to you the truth

00:30:35--> 00:30:40

and have made it crystal clear and I have refuted falsehood

00:30:41--> 00:30:42

and destroyed it.

00:30:44--> 00:30:51

Khadija Alok was called belted in rebel Bella Canada who call the truth has arrived

00:30:52--> 00:30:57

and falsehood has perished. falsehood is bound to perish.

00:30:58--> 00:31:13

So, as if I say I presented to you the truth made it crystal clear to you, I have refuted falsehood, destroyed it. And I have brought you close to your path to guidance. So, none of you can now come on the Day of Judgment.

00:31:16--> 00:31:20

None of you can come now on the Day of Judgment with an excuse

00:31:21--> 00:31:22

to say

00:31:23--> 00:31:24

that Oh a law.

00:31:26--> 00:31:28

The truth was unclear.

00:31:30--> 00:31:32

It was ambiguous.

00:31:34--> 00:31:38

The words that you used were a mystery

00:31:39--> 00:31:43

that could only be unscrambled by someone who

00:31:45--> 00:31:46

is a genius.

00:31:48--> 00:31:49

No.

00:31:51--> 00:31:54

Allah revealed the immediate crystal clear.

00:31:58--> 00:31:59

Key taboo b.

00:32:01--> 00:32:04

v San in our obion movie.

00:32:06--> 00:32:14

It is clear, and everything in the Quran was made crystal clear. On top of that, Allah subhanho wa Taala gave us these parables.

00:32:15--> 00:32:17

What did we mentioned in the beginning earlier on,

00:32:19--> 00:32:28

of the purpose of parables, that the purpose of parables is to make something clear that otherwise would be left unclear.

00:32:30--> 00:32:32

Even though if we were to think about it,

00:32:34--> 00:32:36

whatever Allah has mentioned in the Quran,

00:32:38--> 00:32:39

was already clear.

00:32:42--> 00:32:49

If you were to take out the parables for a second, and just look at the Quran, without these parables,

00:32:52--> 00:32:54

the message is clear.

00:32:58--> 00:33:02

And then if you add these parables, it makes the message even more clear,

00:33:04--> 00:33:08

it makes the message even more crystal clear than ever before.

00:33:09--> 00:33:10

And so this is why

00:33:12--> 00:33:14

it is the mercy of a law

00:33:15--> 00:33:16

that he revealed this

00:33:17--> 00:33:30

and made it clear to us. And on top of that he added these parables, it is only due to his mercy towards us. And not because he is in need of presenting parables.

00:33:32--> 00:33:33

Unlike we human beings,

00:33:35--> 00:33:39

sometimes if we want to get a message across we we have to resort to such parables

00:33:40--> 00:33:42

to explain a difficult concept.

00:33:44--> 00:33:48

And I'm sure I'm sure all of you are familiar with this, especially if you're a student.

00:33:49--> 00:33:58

And you have a different a difficult subject that you're studying, let's say math or science or whatever it be. And on top of that you have a difficult teacher.

00:34:01--> 00:34:02

Everything goes by you.

00:34:04--> 00:34:08

You don't understand a single thing, the concepts are difficult to understand.

00:34:10--> 00:34:12

But if you have a friend

00:34:13--> 00:34:16

who knows how to explain things clearly

00:34:17--> 00:34:27

and add a few examples to it becomes clearer. Or if you are blessed with a teacher who knows how to use examples.

00:34:29--> 00:34:42

Then it becomes those difficult concepts become clear. That teacher or that friend had to resort to use a pair of balls. He had no other choice. Whereas with regards to Allah.

00:34:44--> 00:34:52

Allah subhanho wa Taala is not in need of doing that. But rather he did that for our own good and out of his mercy towards us.

00:34:54--> 00:34:56

Now the Quran consists of

00:34:57--> 00:34:59

a variety of parables.

00:35:00--> 00:35:05

comparing different things for a variety of different objectives.

00:35:07--> 00:35:14

And so sometimes the purpose or the objective of the parable is to clarify a point.

00:35:17--> 00:35:17

Such as

00:35:21--> 00:35:24

the fact that the deeds

00:35:25--> 00:35:27

of the kuffaar will never be accepted.

00:35:30--> 00:35:37

So in order to clarify that point of what has given us more than one parable concerning that as we will, as we will come across,

00:35:39--> 00:35:40

or

00:35:41--> 00:35:44

a lot presents a parable to convince you of the truth of something,

00:35:46--> 00:35:49

to convince you of the truth of something, for example,

00:35:51--> 00:35:53

Allah has presented more than one parable

00:35:54--> 00:35:57

concerning the life after death.

00:35:59--> 00:36:00

So, to get that message across,

00:36:02--> 00:36:05

to get it across us, Allah has used more than one parable

00:36:07--> 00:36:11

to convince to convince us of the truth of life after death.

00:36:14--> 00:36:15

And Allah has given us even

00:36:17--> 00:36:21

a parable that is meant as a short story is similar to

00:36:23--> 00:36:26

the story of the man who came across

00:36:27--> 00:36:30

who came across a Hamlet a village.

00:36:32--> 00:36:38

And he said, How can the people were all dead? He said, How can a law cause these people to be resurrected?

00:36:40--> 00:36:52

And so allow me to him to die, and then raise him up. So so that story that I mentioned, is an example of the first kind of parable that we mentioned. Where you have a short story and a moral lesson is,

00:36:53--> 00:37:00

is meant to behind that short story. So here are uses that convinced us of the truth of life after death.

00:37:03--> 00:37:07

Also, Allah uses parables to encourage us to do something good.

00:37:10--> 00:37:16

To push us to drive us to do good deeds. For example, to give in sadaqa

00:37:17--> 00:37:23

as we will come across the parable that Allah gives us concerning our soda and how it is multiplied.

00:37:25--> 00:37:31

Also, a lot of uses parables to warn us of something haram or something evil.

00:37:33--> 00:37:36

For example, not acting

00:37:37--> 00:37:39

according to the knowledge that you have been given

00:37:40--> 00:37:49

a law gives us more than one parable. concerning that. Also Elisa, we have the example that a lot gives us a sort of tutorial gerat

00:37:50--> 00:37:51

Also,

00:37:53--> 00:37:55

a lot presents parables

00:37:56--> 00:38:01

for the purpose of clarifying the difference between two opposites

00:38:03--> 00:38:10

to either prove the truth of one and the falsehood of the other, or

00:38:13--> 00:38:17

to help us to adhere to one and to stay away from the other.

00:38:20--> 00:38:22

And once again, there are many examples of this.

00:38:25--> 00:38:28

A lot presents parables comparing he managed to cover

00:38:31--> 00:38:35

in one parable, Allah mentions Elan and Cooper

00:38:36--> 00:38:38

also to shade and ship

00:38:39--> 00:38:42

and the more the person have to feed and the mushrik

00:38:44--> 00:38:45

so these are

00:38:47--> 00:38:56

some of the reasons why Allah subhanahu wa tada presents parables or some of the objectives behind some of the parables of the Korra.

00:38:58--> 00:38:58

Now

00:39:01--> 00:39:08

in the Quran, when it comes to the second kind of parables, as we said, we are only going to be focusing on

00:39:10--> 00:39:20

the parables that are statements comparing two things. We're not going to be covering the parables that are short stories

00:39:21--> 00:39:22

that

00:39:23--> 00:39:35

are meant to give us a moral lesson. We're only going to be covering the parables that are meant as statements, comparing two things.

00:39:37--> 00:39:43

And so these kinds of parables in the Quran, are two kinds.

00:39:44--> 00:39:47

These kinds of parables in the Koran are two kinds.

00:39:48--> 00:39:52

The first or the explicit kind of parables

00:39:54--> 00:39:58

and they are where Allah subhanho wa Taala clearly states

00:40:00--> 00:40:04

That he is presenting to us a parable, a method

00:40:08--> 00:40:08

and this is

00:40:10--> 00:40:10

these are many of them.

00:40:12--> 00:40:22

And so Allah subhanahu wa tada says, For example, lm todo ke Dora de la who method Len? Kelly, Metallica. yida

00:40:23--> 00:40:24

Joshua, Jonathan,

00:40:26--> 00:40:34

do you not see how a lot presents a method? a parable? Making a good word to be like a good tree?

00:40:37--> 00:40:41

Yeah, you had to do rebar methadone invest me ruler

00:40:43--> 00:40:47

and sewer to hedge Allah gives us the parable of the fly.

00:40:48--> 00:40:55

Allah starts by saying all mankind, a metal a parable has been presented. So pay attention.

00:40:56--> 00:41:04

So these are examples of explicit unfair parables. Law mentions that he is presenting a method.

00:41:05--> 00:41:07

So there's no doubt that this is a parable.

00:41:08--> 00:41:14

The second kind or the, in explicit parables

00:41:16--> 00:41:21

or the hidden or the subtle kind of parables

00:41:22--> 00:41:23

where

00:41:24--> 00:41:28

the word method, the word parable is not mentioned.

00:41:31--> 00:41:34

Method methil parable is not mentioned. But rather

00:41:36--> 00:41:41

you can understand that this is a parable through

00:41:42--> 00:41:44

deliberation and contemplation

00:41:46--> 00:41:49

by reflecting over that verse.

00:41:50--> 00:41:52

And this is something that the scholars of Islam have done.

00:41:54--> 00:42:01

They have mentioned that these are parables, even though a lot does not explicitly state that he is presenting a parable.

00:42:03--> 00:42:11

And so, we will be covering both of these two kinds Legionella hitta. An example of the second kind is

00:42:16--> 00:42:20

the example that we mentioned of backbiting in Surah 200.

00:42:22--> 00:42:24

And so, Allah subhanho wa Taala

00:42:26--> 00:42:27

mentions

00:42:29--> 00:42:32

that backbiting is like

00:42:33--> 00:42:37

eating the dead flesh of your brother.

00:42:41--> 00:42:43

And so, here a lot compared to things

00:42:45--> 00:42:47

that have something common

00:42:48--> 00:42:51

among them to get his message across.

00:42:52--> 00:43:04

A lot did not say that he is presenting a parable or He did not say that this is a method. But we understand from the context and from the meaning that this is in fact a parable.

00:43:05--> 00:43:07

And also in order to tell that

00:43:09--> 00:43:15

Allah subhanho wa Taala gives us the example or compares

00:43:17--> 00:43:24

the foundation of the believer and how his foundation is built upon taqwa from Allah

00:43:25--> 00:43:38

as compared to the foundation of the monastic, the hypocrite and how his foundation is like a building on the edge of a cliff that is about to collapse.

00:43:39--> 00:43:52

fm and sabudana who hyla taqwa Meanwhile, he ordered one hiren a min assessible Yahoo Allah Shaka Zulu inheriting banheiro de Neri Jana so the scholars say this is actually a parable.

00:43:54--> 00:44:04

So these are the two kinds of parables in the Quran, the eternal light Allah we're going to cover both of these kinds in over the course of these lessons because

00:44:07--> 00:44:08

now

00:44:10--> 00:44:11

it look I am

00:44:13--> 00:44:15

a broker, Abraham, Allah.

00:44:17--> 00:44:20

He has compiled the parables of the poor and

00:44:23--> 00:44:25

he has compiled the parables of the Quran.

00:44:27--> 00:44:29

In one of his books,

00:44:30--> 00:44:35

a very extensive book called lm and Walker in our Rob Bellamy.

00:44:36--> 00:44:43

This is a book which is actually a kind of guide for scholars to be

00:44:46--> 00:44:50

scholars who you know want to go on to become Muslims.

00:44:51--> 00:44:53

And so in this book,

00:44:54--> 00:44:58

he listed over 43 different parables in the

00:45:00--> 00:45:03

And he did this when he was explaining

00:45:05--> 00:45:12

the letter of the rumor, or the Allahu Akbar that he wrote to Abu Musab Al ashari, Brother laquan,

00:45:13--> 00:45:17

in which he explained to Abu Musa Shadi, how to

00:45:19--> 00:45:21

pass a vehicle or a judgment.

00:45:22--> 00:45:26

And so Abu Musa lashari was one of his governors.

00:45:27--> 00:45:34

So Mr. rhodiola, when he wrote a letter to him, telling him how to pass judgment. And in this letter, he said,

00:45:36--> 00:45:54

use your understanding, please do use your understanding, when you are unsure about a matter that is not found in the book of a law, or in the center of his profit, then judge matters by analogy with others. And this is referring to a class.

00:45:55--> 00:45:58

So he's telling him if you don't find something in the Quran, or in the sooner

00:45:59--> 00:46:11

then use class, which is a kind of analogy, where you have something new, you don't know what the ruling of it is, look for something similar to it in the Quran, or in the song.

00:46:12--> 00:46:16

And then he said, and acquire a good knowledge of em sad,

00:46:18--> 00:46:21

acquire of good, not a good knowledge of unset

00:46:22--> 00:46:25

which are basically like and similar cases, as we mentioned.

00:46:28--> 00:46:38

Then go with what you see as being more beloved to a lot and that which resembles the truth the most. The point is, it will come when he came to this part of the letter of armor.

00:46:40--> 00:46:50

And in it unfound is mentioned. So then he started to mention all of that. In the Quran. He mentioned approximately 43

00:46:51--> 00:46:58

and then after mentioning all of these parables in the Quran, He then moved on to mentioning the parables in the Sunnah.

00:46:59--> 00:47:07

And how the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam mentioned different kinds of parables. And he listed about almost 40 or so different parables from the sun.

00:47:08--> 00:47:11

So, what we will be doing even later on is

00:47:14--> 00:47:18

that we are going to be taking the same list that was compiled by Abraham.

00:47:20--> 00:47:30

And we will be using these parables that he has mentioned. And he has also explained briefly discussed some of these parables and

00:47:32--> 00:47:34

explained a few of them

00:47:35--> 00:47:46

and mentioned some of the secrets and the wisdoms behind some of these parables. So we will be using that the eternity to highlight over the course of these lessons.

00:47:48--> 00:47:49

Finally, in conclusion,

00:47:52--> 00:47:56

I just wanted to mention something here. And this is because

00:47:59--> 00:48:03

Ansel, or method is mentioned in Surah Baqarah.

00:48:04--> 00:48:07

But no parable was mentioned.

00:48:09--> 00:48:12

A method was mentioned, or Allah mentions

00:48:14--> 00:48:17

the example of the mosquito.

00:48:19--> 00:48:22

He mentions the parable, or he mentioned that

00:48:23--> 00:48:48

there is a mosquito. And mistakenly, some people think that we have the parable of a mosquito in the crowd. But we don't we have the parable of the fly in the Quran. We have the parable of the spider in the Quran Elantra booth. And we have other parables, but we don't really have the parable of a mosquito. So where does this

00:48:49--> 00:48:52

where does this misconception come from? Basically,

00:48:55--> 00:48:58

the context of it is as follows.

00:49:00--> 00:49:01

The enemies of Islam

00:49:04--> 00:49:07

as is their habit, whether in the past or the present.

00:49:09--> 00:49:12

They will always try to refute the authenticity of

00:49:16--> 00:49:18

Seoul they'll try to find ways

00:49:20--> 00:49:24

of saying that, you know, this Quran is not from Allah.

00:49:26--> 00:49:30

It's not really the word of Allah subhanahu wa.

00:49:32--> 00:49:33

So

00:49:34--> 00:49:46

1400 years ago, when Allah revealed the Quran, the enemies of Islam, they said that there are parables in the Quran, that are not befitting for a lot to mention.

00:49:48--> 00:49:50

Why would Allah subhanho wa Taala mention

00:49:52--> 00:49:54

something so insignificant and make a parable out of it

00:49:57--> 00:49:59

and the examples of that is

00:50:00--> 00:50:01

We mentioned

00:50:02--> 00:50:03

the fly

00:50:05--> 00:50:06

and the spider.

00:50:07--> 00:50:12

Allah mentioned as we will come across these parables, Allah mentioned these as parables.

00:50:15--> 00:50:18

And so these were the munafo, the hypocrites.

00:50:21--> 00:50:28

They tried to cause doubts in the hearts of the believers concerning the court.

00:50:29--> 00:50:30

So a lot of refutes that.

00:50:33--> 00:50:34

Sort of tobacco, Allah reveals,

00:50:35--> 00:50:40

in the law, hilarious to hear happy, new rebound, met Alan

00:50:41--> 00:50:43

rule gotten some fly.

00:50:45--> 00:50:46

Allah is not ashamed

00:50:48--> 00:50:51

to present a metal, a parable,

00:50:52--> 00:50:56

that of a mosquito, or what is even smaller than it.

00:50:57--> 00:51:02

So this is our reply. To these. We're not the only one who said,

00:51:03--> 00:51:06

you know, it is not befitting for a lot.

00:51:08--> 00:51:40

Being as great as yours, to mention something so insignificant and make a parable out of it. And so a lot refutes him by saying Allah is not ashamed to present the parable of a mosquito or something that is even smaller than it for me Latina and then for Allah Muna. Hakuna Robbie him. Well, I'm Melody nakahara una mirada around the world. He has a method. So as for the believers, those who believe

00:51:41--> 00:51:51

they know that this is the truth from their Lord. But as for those who disbelieve, they say, What did a lot intended by this as an example.

00:51:53--> 00:51:59

And so the entire purpose of the parable was missed by the enemies of Islam.

00:52:01--> 00:52:02

And so they focused on

00:52:03--> 00:52:24

the object that was used to give the example instead of the ultimate goal and the ultimate benefit of the parable. And that is why a lot concludes the ayah by saying, you will Luigi kaffee run ytb Cassie run, while Nairobi Louie

00:52:26--> 00:52:27

that,

00:52:28--> 00:52:40

through this one parable a lot causes many to go astray. Luigi Cathy Juran Allah causes many to go astray by this one parable

00:52:42--> 00:52:43

and he causes

00:52:45--> 00:52:47

many to also be guided by it.

00:52:49--> 00:53:01

Well, now you bring up electricity and he does not mislead anyone. It does not cause anyone to go straight except those who are fat to whom

00:53:02--> 00:53:05

the defiantly disobedient

00:53:06--> 00:53:07

and so

00:53:08--> 00:53:11

we ask Allah subhanahu wa tada to grant us

00:53:12--> 00:53:19

knowledge of the parables in the Quran. To grant us knowledge of

00:53:20--> 00:53:22

the Quran in general.

00:53:23--> 00:53:33

We ask Allah subhanahu wa taala. To grant us benefit from this. We ask Allah Subhana Allah to Allah to make this a source of guidance and a source of inspiration

00:53:34--> 00:53:41

so that we adhere to his strict paths and do not deviate.

00:53:42--> 00:53:53

Also, Lola was Salam ala nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa seldom at the Sleeman kathira was Salam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh