Lessons from the Seerah #55 Military Campaigns Prior to Al-Ahzab

Kamil Ahmad

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Channel: Kamil Ahmad

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Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim

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Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen

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wa salatu salam at a man at Moran Johanna Haleakala he urged mine by early he was such a busy woman to be heard you still may be Suniti he you know you

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love me I didn't know millions I'm gonna win 30 Madden them tena was in a hurry man.

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But arena helped to help cottonwoods Oakland Tierra arena, Rebel fleet adult we don't want to diminish Tina, would you mean when you're standing room, I would love it to be around her. So Well, that was Salam Alikum warahmatu Allahi wa barakaatuh.

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Last week, we went through the story of the expulsion of the second Jewish tribe from El Medina.

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And that was been another year.

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And so we looked at the background of it.

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And

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how the moon if you call in the hypocrites came to their aid

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and how Allah subhanahu wa Italie revealed an entire Surah talking about this event

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and exposing the reality of these hypocrites, and that is Surah Al Hashem

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which is also known as Rodney and noble to you.

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So now two of the three tribes of the Jews have been expelled. Prior to that was the tribal been playing off. And so now only one tribe remains in Medina, and that is, then Kure vie. And we're going to come back to them later. What happens to them later, when we talk about the Battle of 100 or 100, the Battle of the Trench, which is coming up soon.

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Right after that, we see what happens to them.

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But today we move on to

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some of the minor because a lot or military campaigns that took place at this time

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leading up to the Battle of Amazon.

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Remember, previously we mentioned that

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the military campaigns of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam were one of two kinds.

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And so, on the one hand, you have what is known as a because what

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we which is a battle in which the Prophet salAllahu alayhi wasallam participates in he

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goes out with the companions on this military campaign,

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whether fighting takes place or not. So that is called a husband, whether fighting takes place or not.

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And then you have what is known as Syria,

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where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam will send out

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an expedition,

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he will send a group of companions to go

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on a military campaign and he himself will not participate, he himself will not go out with them. So that is called sad yet again, whether fighting takes place or not. So you have Saraya and you have who has what,

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and today Today, we're going to look at some of the reverse of what

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that took place at this time.

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So the first of these was a lot

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is reversed what that recall, because what is that? Recall?

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There is a difference of opinion among the scholars concerning when this campaign took place. And so some say it was a few months after the expulsion of Benu and all the

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others say that it was after the Battle of Amazon after the Battle of conduct

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Rasul Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gets word

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of crimes that are hostile to the Muslims

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from the area of Nigeria, which is in Central Arabia.

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Remember it was the same area.

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tribes from the same area that had killed 70 of the top Sahaba of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they betrayed them and they killed them in cold blood.

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So he went out with approximately

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400 companions, some narrations mentioned 700.

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In the direction of nudge to meet the tribe have a lot of time

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for this battle called that recall. Now recall means

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pieces of cloth or rags.

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So why was it called?

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Why was this? It was were named that or recall? The answer is in this hadith in founding Bukhari and Muslim

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Abu Musa Allah Shari, because you walk behind says,

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we went with Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa Salam on a reservoir. And I was one of the six men who were sharing a camel together.

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So what this means is that

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every six men were sharing one camera.

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And so

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they will take turns, one would be writing and the other five would be walking.

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So he says,

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the skin of my feet was peeling off,

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and my nails were falling.

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So we would wrap pieces of cloth pieces of rugs around our feet.

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And so this was a harsh journey,

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walking on hot sand, and rocky areas.

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And in those days, they didn't have

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good footwear and shoes that we have today. So

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they would walk barefoot, and because of the conditions, they will now wrap pieces of cloth or rags around their feet to protect their feet. And so this is why it was called was what that recall.

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When Rasul Allah is on the line where it will send them reaches with his army,

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the area of this tribe,

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the enemy, they flee, they run away, leaving behind their women, children and wealth.

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And so they were caught by surprise.

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And so no fighting occurred in this reservoir.

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However, the Muslims were still very careful.

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And they were fearful

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that maybe the enemy will ambush them.

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And so, it so happened that now the time for so lucky.

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So what should they do?

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They were afraid of their enemy.

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And they have to pray their summer.

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And so it was at this time that Allah prescribed a specific way of praying. That would be called Sanata and hope.

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There's a lot of fear.

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When you're in the thick of the battle,

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or when you're running away from your enemy.

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There's a specific way of praying that Allah Subhana Allah to higher mentions of Surah Nisa.

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So Allah Subhana Allah Allah says, What either couldn't defeat him for according Telugu masala atta, fairytale Kampala Eva to mean hamac William Hulu s Lehighton.

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When you Oh Prophet

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are campaigning with them, you're going out on these military campaigns with the companions and you leave them in Salah.

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Let one group of them to pray with you and let them hold their arms, let them hold their weapons.

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Then Allah says for either surgery I do failure coup in war or II him

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when they prostrate when they go into sujood

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let the other group stand the guard behind them.

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When you get to Utah, if I told them you saw Lou filial son Luna Hetalia, Who hazera

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Allah says, then the group that was standing guard and they didn't pray then the group that has not yet prayed will then join you. Oh Mohamed Salah and let them be vigilant and let them be armed. Let them hold their weapons. And then Allah subhanaw taala goes on to say what they'll let you know kung fu now will tell the full story hikikomori on TRT confirm me Luna Harlequin militant Well here what I do not

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intend to become Adam and Matauri

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Welcome to model.intel.ru ously. telco whoa Hey Rocco in LA, right delille Katharina either Adam Mahina Allah says,

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The disbelievers, the kofod wish to see that you neglect your weapons

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and your belongings

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become negligent

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and you don't hold your weapons so that they could launch a sweeping assault on you.

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And then Allah says, however, there is no blame if you lay aside your weapons, when you're overcome by heavy rain or illness, but take precaution Indeed, Allah has prepared a humiliating punishment for the disbelievers.

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And so here ALLAH SubhanA, who had to Allah tells us how to pray the Salah.

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And when we look at

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how the salah has been described in the Sunnah,

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there are different ways.

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And the scholars mentioned that perhaps the reason for that is that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam prayed his Salah more than once, then he predict different ways. But the two main ways we'll mention

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here Allah is saying, when you start your Salam O Muhammad,

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let a group of the army to pray with you. So you divide the army into two.

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One group prays with you while the other group is standing guard.

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So the Imam is praying he'll pray one raka

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he'll pray one Raka

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and then

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those who are behind him

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What are they going to do?

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They are going to complete their second router on their own.

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And then they're going to finish there's a lot to routers.

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They leave

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and the next group comes who was guarding. So this group was praying they go and take their place. They switch the second group comes the second group. Now the Imam stands for the secular guy. The second group comes and joins the imam in his second regard. But for them it's when first

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when the Imam goes down, he completes his while he says Salah when he says salaam this group they get up

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for their second Raka and then they finish this whole lot in this way. So in this way, both that Ilan and everyone else has prayed to records.

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The other method that has been mentioned in the Sunnah

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is where the imam leads the first group

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and he prays to rock as winter.

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The first group finishes to rock as with the Imam,

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then

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they say Salaam.

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So they finish their salah and the Imam now gets up for his third.

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The second group comes,

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prays

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to rock as with the imam for the Imam. It's his third and fourth, right.

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When he finishes, he says salaam they also say salam with him. So in this way

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the Imam has prayed for but everyone else has prayed

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to rock ions.

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Now Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is leaving and he is on his way back to Medina.

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That date the Prophet sallallahu ala he was appointed two guards

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to watch over the Muslims

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as they sleep, and they were Amar ebene acid and Abed envision one from the muhajir role and one from the console.

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And so they would alternate

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while I'm not would go to sleep, or that would guard

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and vice versa.

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So while Ahmad was sleeping, at bed was guarding and he decided to pray clearly.

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There was a man from the enemy

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whose wife was taken as a captive of war. She was taken as a captive by the Muslims. And he made a vow

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that he's going to go after them. And he's not going to return until he has caused bloodshed among the companions

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So he comes and he reaches the Muslim camp that night while I bed is there praying and reciting.

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He shoots an arrow at him.

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But I bet

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he continues praying.

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He takes it out and he throws it away.

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He's super, he shoots a second arrow.

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He doesn't break his salah. He continues, he throws he shoots a third arrow at him. Finally,

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Abed quickly finished a Salah. And then he woke up. I'm not eating acid.

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And when Amar woke up and he saw that

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my dad had been attacked. He asked him, Why didn't you wake me up?

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So at that, he replied, he said I was reciting a sutra and I didn't want to stop until I had finished.

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But when he kept on firing those arrows at me,

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then I finally made record and I finished my salah

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by Allah.

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If it wasn't considered to be neglectful,

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on my part of my responsibility, which was given to me by rasool Allah, he said the longer he was alone, I would have rather died than stopped my salah, or I would have finished it.

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And so this is a very impressive story.

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These arrows are striking him and he still had that much focus and concentration on his Salah to carry on reciting.

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He was so attached to his Salah and his Kannada, his recitation that he didn't even feel the pain.

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And it didn't bother him.

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He was enjoying his ADA more than any pain that was afflicting him. So this shows us the level of the Eman of the sahaba.

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When it comes back to this incident later, when we go for some of the lessons

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another interesting incident

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that occurred on the way back from this campaign is narrated by

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John Deere Rhodiola

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and it's found in Haryana.

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Punjab says that on their way back,

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they came across a valley that had thorny trees.

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And so Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam dismounted he got off

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and everyone else they got off and they dispersed.

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To find shade under a tree to rest.

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So So one so long honeymoon sort of found a tree and he hung his sword on it, and he he lay down to rest under this tree

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jabya robiola when he says

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we all took a nap

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and suddenly we heard

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Allah's Messenger calling us

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we woke up to see

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one of the bed wins with him sitting.

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Rasool allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, this bedwin took out my sword while I was sleeping. And when I woke up, I found the and cheated sword in his hand. And he challenged me saying, Who will save you from me now? So I said Allah three times. John says, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did not punish him, but he sat down.

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And so,

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this story is yet

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another example of one of the miracles of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

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In how Allah subhanho wa Taala would protect him and this is not the first time we have seen something like this.

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So many other examples have gone by

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where we have shown how Allah subhanahu two would take it upon himself to protect his messengers on the lung. And he was saying

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also on their way back, there was an interesting conversation that took place between Jabiru Vela, who and Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And this conversation, and the story is mentioned once again in Sahih Bukhari and Muslim

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Jabir ibn Abdullah Rhodiola he says that he was writing

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a feeble weak camel

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and his comrades were getting ahead of him.

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So Rasul Allah, he saw a loved one it was sort of approaches him and says, What's wrong God did

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Jad did, he says, All messenger of Allah.

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This camel of mine is slowing me down.

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So Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told him, make it to meal

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and give me that stick of yours or get me a stick from from a tree.

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Then Jabulani Allah and he gives him a stick, and then Rasul Allah, He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam prodded the camel with that stick, he padded the camel with that stick, and then he told Jabil ibn Abdullah hold you alone, right get up on

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Jonathan says my weak camel was now competing with the fast camel of Rasul Allah He sung along at USA

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once again, this was a miracle.

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From the blessing hands of Rasulullah sallallahu it was

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the story doesn't finish their job. He goes on to tell us that he started conversing with the prophets on the lung it was

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rasool Allah Who Salah longer and he was sent of asks God, tell me Oh, God,

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would you sell this camel? To me

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sudo su one server one and I use them now like the Campbell, it was fast.

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And John did he said,

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I'll just give it to you. I don't have to sell it to

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sort of Sula. He's sort of along and he was sort of saying no, I want to buy.

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So

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January he says that make me an offer.

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So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to him one day

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January he said, No, that's too that's too low.

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You you'd be cheating.

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Obviously, John did here. He was joking around with the Prophet sallallahu ala you will say Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said then I'll give you two Durham's job if said more

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and kept on raising the price. Until Rasul Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam offered him once one ounce of gold

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opium in one ounce of gold.

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So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam asked him, would that be agreeable to you? Which I will say yes.

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It's all he said, O Messenger of Allah, then it's all yours.

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Again, it didn't finish here. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam continues to have a conversation with Gabby. As they're returning on their way back to Medina. He asks him Oh Jabil Are you married yet?

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And so here we see how

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the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was talking to his companions, and

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inquiring about their lives.

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You know what's going on in their lives, etc.

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And so, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam wanted to know the living conditions of his of his companions, because he cared about them.

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So anyways, job there will be a loved one. And he says, Yes, I am. For sort of one sort of long radio sort of atom.

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Is she married wouldn't mean what she previously married as they get or a breakup or is she a virgin? So

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Jabiru Ravi Varma, he says, take it.

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She is a woman who was previously married

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Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Why didn't you marry a virgin so that you may play with her and she may play with you?

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Or in another new ratio, so that you may make her laugh, and she may make you laugh. jumpin all day long when I explained the reason for that. He said, My father was murdered in Oakland.

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And we mentioned his story.

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And we mentioned how

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years later in the time while we are on the long ride, when a flood came or when they were digging the area around the graves of the sugar road job on the alumna who was there and he says he saw his father's body. We're talking about 60 years later, he saw his father's body

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and blood was coming up

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So this is one of the, the merits of the Shahadat

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that the Earth doesn't eat up

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their bodies.

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So anyways

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Jabil he says My father was martyred and offered,

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leaving behind seven or eight or nine daughters.

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And so now they're orphans. And I didn't want to bring a young girl like them. So I married a woman who is older and mature, who could look after that.

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So Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, May Allah bestow His blessings upon you.

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Then he said to God,

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when we get to Surat,

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an area close to Medina,

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I will slaughter a camel and stay there for some time.

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She meaning your wife will hear about us coming, and she will dust off her cushions for us.

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Whatever sort of life sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would come back from a journey.

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Before he would enter Medina.

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He would stay outside and let his family know that he's coming.

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He would stay outside

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so that he doesn't take his family by surprise.

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So that they get ready to meet him.

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Also, when he would reach the city, he would go straight to the masjid he wouldn't go straight home. He would go straight to the masjid he would pray to rock and then he would go and this is one of the

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one of the abandoned Sooners that when you come back from a journey, you go to the master you pray and then you go over.

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So anyways

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Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam tells Javid

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that his wife will dust off cushions for him when she hears him coming.

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jawed barreled, the Allahu Ahad he says

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however, we don't have any cushions

00:27:21--> 00:27:25

or sort of lines on Allah where it was told him you will very soon

00:27:28--> 00:27:37

so now they get back to Medina and also the one who sort of longer Hollywood sort of comes out of the restaurant. And he sees this Tamil this camo

00:27:38--> 00:27:43

that is tied up outside the Masjid. So he asks what is this?

00:27:44--> 00:27:47

They said Jabil he brought it for you.

00:27:49--> 00:27:50

Remember

00:27:51--> 00:27:52

that Jabil had sold

00:27:53--> 00:27:56

his camel to the prophets and the lung. I didn't say

00:27:57--> 00:28:04

so, so why he sallallahu alayhi wa sallam called for a gentleman and he said, take away your camel. It is yours.

00:28:06--> 00:28:15

That was sort of one sort of one and he was on call the biller and Robbie will walk around and said Take John Deere away and give him an ounce of gold.

00:28:17--> 00:28:23

Javid said so I went away with Bilal. And he gave me an ounce of gold and even a little bit more.

00:28:24--> 00:28:27

And I also had my cap.

00:28:28--> 00:28:40

He says, By Allah, my finances improved constantly thereafter, until they recently suffered a blow due to what has befallen us.

00:28:41--> 00:28:46

Java Ruby Lang Lang is near reading the story, years after the death of the processor.

00:28:47--> 00:28:49

And what he was referring to here.

00:28:50--> 00:28:58

When he says recently, I have suffered financially, he was referring to the Battle of health.

00:29:01--> 00:29:11

This was in the year 63, after the Hadron, many, many years after the death of the process. And it was the worst day for the people of Medina

00:29:12--> 00:29:14

in which many were massacred.

00:29:16--> 00:29:17

And this was after

00:29:19--> 00:29:26

many years after the era of the for hola Rashidi even after the Khilafah as more

00:29:29--> 00:29:33

and many of the companions were killed and even many of the tabular

00:29:36--> 00:29:47

Anyways, here the point is sort of law he said Allahu alayhi wa sallam negotiated that deal with the jab and robiola when and when they were on their way back from it to Medina.

00:29:49--> 00:29:53

Even though he didn't really want to buy the capital.

00:29:56--> 00:29:58

He just wanted to give Jabesh some money

00:30:01--> 00:30:09

or it could be that when Rasul Allah is all Salam, after he heard his story, and how he has his family to take care of.

00:30:11--> 00:30:33

He found out the difficult situation that he was in, he changed his mind. Maybe initially, he wanted to buy it. But then he changed his mind. And he decided to give everything back to Jabba Rhodiola high. And so all of this shows us the generosity of the prophets and the lung, he was saying, and how much he cared for his companions.

00:30:34--> 00:30:35

So this was

00:30:37--> 00:30:40

it was worth it that recall, we move on

00:30:42--> 00:30:42

to the next.

00:30:44--> 00:30:46

The last one, and that is what better Alma wait.

00:30:49--> 00:30:54

The Muslims were victorious in the battle of danger as we know.

00:30:56--> 00:31:02

As for the battle of the word, we know that Qureshi inflicted a lot of loss and casualties

00:31:03--> 00:31:05

upon the Muslims.

00:31:07--> 00:31:11

Before Abu Sufian had left from the battle of orphaned

00:31:12--> 00:31:13

he

00:31:14--> 00:31:17

told the prophet saw Salem that

00:31:18--> 00:31:19

I want to meet you again.

00:31:23--> 00:31:25

And so they agreed to meet the following year,

00:31:28--> 00:31:30

the fourth year of the hedgerow.

00:31:33--> 00:31:38

And this was either in Shaban or the character, there's different narrations.

00:31:39--> 00:31:55

And so they met for a third battle, or they were supposed to meet for a third battle. And this was called better and maligned the appointment of no need, or the appointment of better their appointment or better.

00:31:57--> 00:32:00

So they were supposed to meet at better.

00:32:03--> 00:32:06

So they had agreed on a time or place.

00:32:07--> 00:32:16

And so when the time came, Abu Sufyan, he left Mecca, with an army 2000 strong men.

00:32:18--> 00:32:27

But when they reached when they traveled for a bit, and they only reach about 40 kilometers outside of Mecca,

00:32:28--> 00:32:32

Abu Sufyan, he said, All men of Quraysh

00:32:33--> 00:32:37

it is only right for you to make such an expedition.

00:32:38--> 00:32:39

In a fruitful year.

00:32:41--> 00:32:46

When you can pasture on the trees and drink milk, this year it has bearing

00:32:47--> 00:32:49

on going back, you do the same.

00:32:51--> 00:32:54

And so Abu Sufyan was bailing out with his army.

00:32:55--> 00:33:06

They were too afraid to meet the Muslims. And so they walked away from meeting them. His excuse was that it's a barren year.

00:33:09--> 00:33:10

There's not much vegetation.

00:33:13--> 00:33:19

There's not much water food. And so we're going to suffer along the way. But that was just an excuse.

00:33:21--> 00:33:24

Anyways, Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa salam shows up

00:33:25--> 00:33:25

with

00:33:27--> 00:33:28

1500 men

00:33:30--> 00:33:38

and 10 horsemen at the appointed time and the appointed place, but Quraysh they don't show up.

00:33:39--> 00:33:43

So he stays there for eight days. And then he leaves

00:33:46--> 00:33:47

while he was there,

00:33:49--> 00:33:50

he met a man

00:33:51--> 00:33:54

by the name of marshy had been hammered abdominal.

00:33:55--> 00:34:04

And he was from the tribe of Bernal abdominal, who had a peace treaty with the Prophet sallallahu. Allah He was saying they had an alliance.

00:34:06--> 00:34:10

So this man he comes up to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And he says,

00:34:11--> 00:34:25

Muhammad have you come here to this well, of burden to meet with courage to fight with them? Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he says Yes, brother from Ben rubra.

00:34:26--> 00:34:27

But if you want

00:34:29--> 00:34:31

we can release you from our agreement.

00:34:33--> 00:34:40

We can cancel our priests peace agreement with you our crews and we'll fight you until Allah decides between us.

00:34:42--> 00:34:46

He said No, by God. Muhammad there is no need for that.

00:34:48--> 00:34:53

So here Rasul Allah, He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had come out with an army ready to fight.

00:34:55--> 00:34:57

The fact that police did not show up

00:34:59--> 00:34:59

with

00:35:00--> 00:35:02

To obviously raise the morale

00:35:03--> 00:35:04

of the Muslim army,

00:35:06--> 00:35:09

especially because of what happened to them or heard.

00:35:11--> 00:35:18

So, the morale of the troops of the Muslims was very high. And they had the momentum to fight.

00:35:19--> 00:35:31

Sort of sort of while he's still along, and it was selling was telling this man, that if you want to end this agreement between us, we don't have any problem with that, and we are ready to fight you.

00:35:34--> 00:35:36

We move on after that to the next one.

00:35:39--> 00:35:43

And this is known as the lust What do my agenda

00:35:45--> 00:35:46

do my agenda

00:35:47--> 00:35:52

is an area about 600 kilometers north of El Medina.

00:35:53--> 00:36:06

And it is a central point connecting a sham Syria and those areas with the Arabian Peninsula. So it's in the very north

00:36:07--> 00:36:07

of

00:36:09--> 00:36:15

the Arabian Peninsula, connecting the Arab lands to a sham.

00:36:18--> 00:36:19

And

00:36:21--> 00:36:23

there was a very large marketplace there.

00:36:24--> 00:36:27

That would connect the trade routes.

00:36:29--> 00:36:39

So in Ruby, Allah will have the fifth year of the Hadron Rasul Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam got word that the people there were gathering a force

00:36:41--> 00:36:43

to advance on Medina and attack.

00:36:44--> 00:36:53

At the same time, the Ross also heard that these people were trying to interrupt the trade caravans and read them.

00:36:56--> 00:37:03

So he prepared his men to companions. And he left with a force of 1000 muscles.

00:37:04--> 00:37:05

They traveled by night,

00:37:07--> 00:37:08

keeping under cover by day.

00:37:10--> 00:37:19

And he had a guide with him from the New Earth running myth cool. And this man was very skilled. He was a very skilled guide. Remember,

00:37:20--> 00:37:25

this is the first time that Prophet SAW Selim is venturing so far away from Indiana,

00:37:26--> 00:37:30

to new territory. So he had a very skilled guide with him.

00:37:31--> 00:37:34

And at the same time, he's trying to

00:37:36--> 00:37:47

is trying to attack the enemy by surprise, he's trying to take them by surprise. So they're traveling at night and taking cover by day.

00:37:50--> 00:37:56

So Rasul Allah is so long and he also travels this long distance to go meet with these people.

00:37:57--> 00:38:04

And he didn't even give them a chance to march towards him. So he had heard that they were

00:38:07--> 00:38:18

gathering their forces to come and talk Medina. Instead, he went out to meet them in their own territory, and prevented them from coming anywhere near and Medina.

00:38:19--> 00:38:23

It's all the movement of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was very stealthy.

00:38:27--> 00:38:32

And so once he reached there, two people were caught by surprise.

00:38:34--> 00:38:39

They ran away, they fled when they heard that are sort of life sort of long names and was approaching.

00:38:40--> 00:38:48

So they just ran away. And the Muslims took some of their possessions, some of their cattle, their sheep.

00:38:49--> 00:38:53

And then we're sort of Lucky sort of luck, and it was sort of stay there for a few days.

00:38:55--> 00:39:00

And no one showed up to fight. So he went back home victorious.

00:39:01--> 00:39:03

Now, this is the first encounter

00:39:04--> 00:39:07

with these people, and with this area,

00:39:08--> 00:39:11

it will occur again in the future.

00:39:12--> 00:39:12

But

00:39:14--> 00:39:18

by the death of Rasulullah Salallahu Salam by the time he passes away.

00:39:19--> 00:39:24

This territory is still not in the hands of the Muslims. It was only conquered

00:39:26--> 00:39:28

in the era of Abu Bakr,

00:39:29--> 00:39:31

austerity probably have logline.

00:39:33--> 00:39:44

So these are some of the military campaigns that took place. There is one more or less one that we will actually talk about next week because

00:39:46--> 00:39:51

there are important incidents that take place, especially one very, very important

00:39:52--> 00:39:59

incident that takes place during this particular lutwyche that we will talk about next week.

00:40:00--> 00:40:00

insha Allah

00:40:04--> 00:40:06

so among the lessons that we learn

00:40:07--> 00:40:10

from these military campaigns is,

00:40:11--> 00:40:12

number one,

00:40:13--> 00:40:15

the importance of Salah.

00:40:18--> 00:40:18

The lesson

00:40:20--> 00:40:27

that we learned from Allah prescribing Sonetel hope, the salah of fear, as we have seen,

00:40:28--> 00:40:32

is to show us the importance of this pillar of Islam.

00:40:34--> 00:40:36

That even if you're afraid

00:40:37--> 00:40:41

that the enemy might ambush you, you still have to pray.

00:40:43--> 00:40:46

If this is the case with those who are fighting,

00:40:48--> 00:40:56

then what about those who are not in any such critical situation, and they still neglect. There's a lot

00:41:00--> 00:41:03

people are living comfortable lives.

00:41:04--> 00:41:06

There is no threat to their lives,

00:41:08--> 00:41:09

or their property.

00:41:10--> 00:41:15

They have all of these lessons of Allah. And still they don't care about praying.

00:41:17--> 00:41:18

And so in Islam,

00:41:21--> 00:41:25

every form of Riba, especially when we look at

00:41:27--> 00:41:33

the pillars of Islam, besides the shahada, each and every single one of them has conditions.

00:41:34--> 00:41:35

Where

00:41:36--> 00:41:45

if these conditions are not present, or they're not fulfilled, then you are exempted, you don't have to fulfill, you don't have to perform that.

00:41:46--> 00:41:47

That pillar of Islam.

00:41:48--> 00:41:50

And so, if

00:41:52--> 00:41:56

you're not healthy, you don't have to fast. If you're traveling, you don't have to fast.

00:41:58--> 00:42:01

If you don't have enough money, you don't have to give the car.

00:42:03--> 00:42:06

If you're not physically fit, if you don't have the money to go for hedge,

00:42:08--> 00:42:10

you don't have to go for Hajj, except for Salah.

00:42:12--> 00:42:16

Except for a Salah there is no such exemption.

00:42:18--> 00:42:21

You have to pray regardless of your situation.

00:42:22--> 00:42:47

If you can pray standing, then you preceding. If you can't pray, sitting, then pray lying down. If you can't do that, then you move your head. If you can't even do that, then you move your finger. If you can't do that, then you do it with your eyes. The point here is that you still have to pray, no matter what situation you're in.

00:42:48--> 00:43:02

And so if there was anyone who would be exempted from praying, it would be those who are in the thick of the battle. They're on the battlefield, they're fighting their enemy, if anyone was excused, it would have been done.

00:43:04--> 00:43:07

But look at how even they were not exempted.

00:43:09--> 00:43:11

Instead, Allah reveals,

00:43:12--> 00:43:21

as we have seen this iron to show you how to pray if you are in such a situation.

00:43:24--> 00:43:29

The second lesson that we learned is the importance of

00:43:30--> 00:43:33

fulfilling our responsibilities

00:43:34--> 00:43:36

and giving importance to our responsibilities

00:43:38--> 00:43:39

in the story of

00:43:40--> 00:43:49

our bad ambition. And I'm not giving acid notice how although our bad was being attacked by arrows,

00:43:51--> 00:43:53

he was weighing his duties.

00:43:54--> 00:44:00

On the one hand, he didn't want to stop his Salah in between in the middle of a surah.

00:44:01--> 00:44:15

And on the other hand, he was thoughtful of the responsibility given to him by Rasul Allah, he said the one and only USA and so he didn't want the Muslims to be attacked,

00:44:16--> 00:44:17

because he failed to guard them.

00:44:19--> 00:44:21

So in the end, why did he break his salah?

00:44:23--> 00:44:26

Was it because of the pain?

00:44:28--> 00:44:40

Was it because he was hurting? No. In the end, he broke his Salah because he felt the responsibility of guarding

00:44:43--> 00:44:48

and the prophets all sudden and put him in charge of that. In the end. That was why

00:44:50--> 00:44:51

he quickly finishes.

00:44:54--> 00:44:59

As he said in the end, when he told the unmod what had happened and the word that he

00:45:00--> 00:45:00

used was

00:45:02--> 00:45:02

1000.

00:45:04--> 00:45:08

He said Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has placed me on this server.

00:45:10--> 00:45:18

And I don't want that we are attacked from this third server, it means an opening.

00:45:19--> 00:45:25

It means an opening. And there's a hadith. Although

00:45:26--> 00:45:34

it's weak, it's a weak Hadith, where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, Every Muslim, he stands at a thought,

00:45:36--> 00:45:37

from the thought of Islam.

00:45:39--> 00:45:43

So do not let the enemy to penetrate from your sight.

00:45:45--> 00:45:52

And so we need to imagine, as if every single one of us is standing by a gate or an opening.

00:45:55--> 00:46:00

Every one of us is responsible for guarding that opening,

00:46:01--> 00:46:04

not allowing the enemy to penetrate

00:46:05--> 00:46:09

from our door that we are guarding whether that enemy is shaitan,

00:46:11--> 00:46:13

or the kuffaar, in general.

00:46:15--> 00:46:15

And so

00:46:16--> 00:46:23

our responsibilities go back to our skills and our capabilities that Allah has gifted us with,

00:46:24--> 00:46:31

you know, how do you know which 1000 Which opening you are guarding?

00:46:32--> 00:46:34

By looking at the skills

00:46:35--> 00:46:37

and the capabilities Allah has given to you.

00:46:38--> 00:46:48

Not everyone will be a scholar. Not everyone will be a die to Islam. Not everyone will be a Mujahid going and fighting the enemies.

00:46:51--> 00:46:54

But each one of us is standing at an opening,

00:46:55--> 00:47:00

depending on our skills, so for example, if Allah has given you knowledge,

00:47:01--> 00:47:03

you should use that knowledge to defend Islam.

00:47:04--> 00:47:10

If Allah has given you physical strength, use it to defend the Muslims. If Allah has given you wealth,

00:47:12--> 00:47:15

you need to use that wealth visa litella.

00:47:17--> 00:47:24

Whatever skill Allah has given to you, you have to use it in the service of Islam, and you cannot allow

00:47:25--> 00:47:39

the enemies to penetrate through your side. And so don't be the one who fails in his responsibility of guarding the owner from his side and opening the door for the enemy to come through.

00:47:41--> 00:47:42

The third lesson that we learn

00:47:44--> 00:47:48

why do we make truce and peace agreements with the enemy?

00:47:52--> 00:47:53

In

00:47:54--> 00:48:05

reverse, what better and more worried that we mentioned Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam met this man who had a truce with the Muslims. Right.

00:48:06--> 00:48:07

And he told this man,

00:48:09--> 00:48:14

that if you want us to end this agreement between us, we won't have any problem with that.

00:48:16--> 00:48:18

And that we are ready to fight you.

00:48:20--> 00:48:22

So this shows us something about

00:48:23--> 00:48:25

the personality of the Prophet sallallahu. He was saying that

00:48:27--> 00:48:28

he wasn't weak.

00:48:29--> 00:48:39

If Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam entered into a truce or alliance with anyone. It was for our Masonic our interests.

00:48:42--> 00:48:43

It was

00:48:44--> 00:48:47

because the opposing party needed it.

00:48:48--> 00:48:55

It wasn't because we Muslims needed it. But rather it was because our enemy needed it.

00:48:56--> 00:48:58

And so these truces

00:48:59--> 00:49:04

and peace agreements and alliances that the process and would enter into.

00:49:05--> 00:49:29

It wasn't because he was weak, and that the Muslims were weak, and they needed to resort to these peace agreements. But rather he was strong. And he made that very clear. And so this is an example of that. He had the upper hand. And he will say in here that look, if you want we can end this agreement. And we're ready to fight you

00:49:31--> 00:49:31

to show that

00:49:33--> 00:49:50

the enemy is in need of it, but we are not in need of it. And so it's important for Muslims to realize that if we Muslims ever entered into a truce with the enemy, it should not be because we are weak, and we have become defeated.

00:49:52--> 00:49:55

But rather it should happen because we are strong.

00:49:56--> 00:49:59

And the Cathars they are the ones who don't want to fight

00:50:00--> 00:50:03

As for us, we will fight till the end. And we should never

00:50:05--> 00:50:14

opt out for such truces to show our strength to show our strength. Otherwise, if we

00:50:15--> 00:50:23

enter into such agreements, when we're able to continue fighting, it shows what it shows that we are weak.

00:50:24--> 00:50:26

Finally, the last lesson that we'll mention,

00:50:27--> 00:50:33

what was the objective behind these requests or what

00:50:36--> 00:50:41

we previously mentioned several objectives behind

00:50:43--> 00:50:46

these military campaigns and prophets or send them would

00:50:48--> 00:50:55

initiate and when we looked at the expeditions or the military campaigns,

00:50:56--> 00:51:00

that the process has started after the Hijrah,

00:51:01--> 00:51:04

before the Battle of better, we looked at several of those.

00:51:06--> 00:51:11

And we looked at the reasons why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,

00:51:13--> 00:51:16

you know, initiated those of us.

00:51:18--> 00:51:25

So, these has served many purposes. And so we'll mention some of them, adding to what we mentioned previously.

00:51:28--> 00:51:34

In the case of these lesser what, the Muslims, they explored new territory, as we mentioned,

00:51:35--> 00:51:42

in the desert Duma agenda. This was new territory for them. Also, it was a chance for

00:51:43--> 00:51:45

physical military training.

00:51:47--> 00:52:00

Also, there were lessons of discipline. So there was tarbiyah, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the Companions being with him, him being their leader, following instructions, etc.

00:52:01--> 00:52:05

And they also served the purpose of bonding this OMA

00:52:08--> 00:52:14

and so before they would only have the chance to bond with their families or their tribesmen.

00:52:15--> 00:52:30

But after Islam, things have changed. And so the time that was spent together by the fighters, was why they were able to bond with each other. And we see that in the example of

00:52:31--> 00:52:40

the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, with Jabir ibn Abdullah rhodiola, right? Him bonding with him, having this conversation with him.

00:52:41--> 00:52:50

Also Rasul Allah, He said, Allahu Abelson was establishing new alliances, meeting new tribes.

00:52:51--> 00:52:55

Also, it was an expression of strength.

00:52:56--> 00:53:05

Remember, that these campaigns that we spoke about today, we're all after the Battle of the ocean,

00:53:06--> 00:53:08

when news had spread,

00:53:09--> 00:53:11

that the Muslims have been defeated.

00:53:12--> 00:53:13

So

00:53:14--> 00:53:17

the Prophet sallallahu, he was saying was going out

00:53:18--> 00:53:25

to meet different tribes that were hostile to the Muslims to show them that no, we're so strong.

00:53:27--> 00:53:33

And no matter how much we may have lost on the day of or heard, that has a weakened us.

00:53:35--> 00:53:39

And so it also shows us how the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was very daring,

00:53:40--> 00:53:48

and was willing to take risks, you know, going into new territory, you don't know what to expect. But at the same time,

00:53:50--> 00:53:55

we learned that all of his campaigns were well planned. So it wasn't

00:53:56--> 00:53:57

that he was just daring.

00:53:59--> 00:53:59

But,

00:54:01--> 00:54:04

you know, acting in a rush, we know,

00:54:05--> 00:54:08

he was daring, but at the same time, he was

00:54:09--> 00:54:11

well organized, and

00:54:12--> 00:54:21

well planned it. So these are some of the lessons that we learned from these campaigns. As I said, we have one more of us to talk about.

00:54:22--> 00:54:26

We'll do that next week in sha Allah and then after that, we'll move on to verse water,

00:54:27--> 00:54:31

or Visio 200, the Battle of the Trench.

00:54:33--> 00:54:35

So the helical login will be handed, especially headway

00:54:37--> 00:54:48

was still futile code to relate. Also Lilla Sunday hadn't been made, while early he was the veterinarian was Salam Alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh