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Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim
Al Hamdulillah Europe delahey alameen wa salatu salam at a man at Milan Yana for your holiday Villa he urged Marine.
What Allah Allah He was busy woman in the head he was telling me so Nettie de la yami Dean
Allahumma alumna and founder, one fan oedema alum Turner was in Elma Arenal help to help convert Tierra del ArenaBowl develop in about three languages OpenEdge Tina, which I love the minister neonatal code 30 Ruler Center and the bad Salam Alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh
so last week we
went through the name of Allah rub
and so far we've gone through three names of Allah since we began, what are they
robbed last weekend before that, the week before that,
Allah and la isla
so we started with Allah
and then we covered the name of Allah Rob
and now today we move on to
two names of Allah that are also very significant
and are mentioned many, many times in the Quran.
So these are two names of Allah that are related
to Allah's attribute of mercy.
And so they are a Rahman and Rahim
so Allah's Mercy is one of his greatest attributes
and the two names of Allah that refer to his mercy, his raw are these two names are Rahman, and Rahim.
And these two names they come together
in a few instances, for example,
every Surah begins with it. So GB rallied slam, when he would come down with a new Surah to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he would begin with the best mela he would begin by saying Bismillah R Rahman Rahim. And so every single Surah it begins with that,
with the exception of which Surah Surah A tilde Surah Toba
also, these two names come together
in which to Surah of the Quran.
They come together a Rahman Rahim
in two sutras in the Quran. I don't mean in the beginning. I don't mean Bismillahirrahmanirrahim but
within the Surah
The first is
Surah Fatiha Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen Rahman Rahim and what is the other surah
in which a Rahman and Rahim
I mentioned together
is that right
it's mentioned in the story of Selena
when he said,
or in the story of Selena and when he sent the letter
to Bill Cleese is truly condemning
the surah and Nemo verse 31, in whom in Sulaymaniyah, what in who Bismillah hillcroft manual Rahim So Selena Alehissalaam started his letter by saying Bismillah R Rahman. r Rahim.
Now when these two names
we've seen examples of when these two names are mentioned together.
However, when they are mentioned individually,
when each name is mentioned on its own.
Then rough man is usually mentioned on its own in general,
referred to Allah, for example.
Allah says, oh, man, we're anilao sister wha
settled above the throne.
So it's a name being used to refer to Allah.
Just like throughout the Quran, Allah says Allah has done such a search. Allah created such a search. Allah did this a lot did that. A ramen is used like that.
Another example in Surah Maria
Ibrahim Ali Sam says to his father, yeah editie ini a harmful NDMS second either bromine or Ragna
my father I fear
that a punishment will touch you from WHO? He doesn't say from Allah he says from a rational
also soda to rathna it's mentioned on its own Oh, man. That's how the pseudo starts. The point is a ramen when it's mentioned is mentioned on its own.
On the other hand of Rahim,
or Rahim when it is mentioned,
either it's mentioned
specifically that a lot is being merciful to a certain people.
So for example,
what can have been meaning or a Hema surah
Allah says, and a Raheem or and a Rahim showed his mercy to the believers.
Or a Rahim comes together with other names of Allah.
Who can give me an example
Rahim comes in the Quran
together with other names of Allah.
Like for example, you have Aziz al Hakim.
Write Rahim comes with
other names such as
Al Aziz or Rahim that's one example another example a very common example in the Perl
ANOVA for a Rahim.
Calab Rahim al burn Rahim.
So, what is the difference between these two names? If they both
are referring to the Mercy
of Allah subhanahu wa Tada. Then what is the difference between the two?
There are generally
two opinions of the scholars regarding the difference between the two. The first is the Iranian refers to the all encompassing Mercy of Allah for all of his creation
in this dunya
but it is specific to the believers in the afternoon. This is a man on the other hand, Rahim refers to Allah specific mercy for the believers in this dunya and annexed
okay. So this is the first opinion the Ramadan
is the all encompassing mercy for all of Allah's creation in this dunya
and specific for the believers in that
whereas a Rahim
is Allah's mercy only for the believers in this dunya and the next.
The second opinion is that a Rahman
is an attribute of Allah as the very essence of ALLAH as a very being.
that Allah is described as being the most merciful
irrespective of whether he shows that mercy to others or not, he is in and of himself. He is a Ruffner the Most Merciful
while Rahim refers to the attribute of Allah, an attribute of action
whereby Allah's Mercy is seen in action, and the result can be seen on his creation.
So do we understand the difference between the two?
Aruna and refers to
of being the most merciful, whereas a Rahim refers to
being carried on that mercy being put into action.
So this is why we see that Allah uses a Rahim to describe himself as being the one who shows mercy to his creation.
In the verse that we just mentioned in surah Tila
verse 43 What can be me Nina Raveena.
And he was merciful towards the believers. What Kana Bill meanie or Athena he didn't say what Kana bill me Nina
finally regarding the difference between Rahman and Rahim
Ron is not used for anyone besides Allah.
It is not a name that we can use
to describe people.
Whereas on the other hand, Rahim is used
to describe people.
And so Allah subhanho wa Taala describes the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as being Rahim.
locka Digia Acoma rasool and Fujiko as he is on Isley Hina Heineken, Harry also Nariko bill me Nina Prabhu for Rahim, a messenger has come to you from among yourselves, he is concerned about your well being
and He is gracious and merciful to the believers.
So Allah describes him as being Rahim and you could describe a person as being merciful by using that name. So if you want to say so and so is merciful in the Arabic language you will say he is Rahim
but you wouldn't say he is Rama
why is that?
Why is it
that we can use Rahim Banagher?
Yeah, that goes back to the different translations that we have
you know, depending on which translation you use, there are different translations, these are all attempts
by people to you know, explain it or to make a different differentiation between Rahmani Raheem
but otherwise the differences as I mentioned,
are non refers to Allah as being
described as the Merciful One Rahim is that mercy being shown
some they translated as the most gracious the most merciful
Sunday translated as a Ramadan is the
the eternal or the all encompassing
the the the eternal merciful and Rahim as being the exclusive
merciful meaning exclusive for the believers. So there's different translations out there compassionate as well.
But why is it that we can't use the name ramen?
In the Arabic language?
is on the scale of
for those of you who have studied Arabic grammar
you have for example fat
it's a scale that is used
the dewar fad
what is Ramadan on which scale is it?
It's on the scale of Salah.
And what that means is if you want to describe someone who is filled with a certain characteristic, you would use that scale of Falah. For example, you would say
if someone is extremely angry, you would say he's loved the band.
You wouldn't say halted. The halted means someone who is angry
about the ban mean someone who is very angry
someone who is very lazy.
So Quran, someone who is very drunk
and so on and so forth. Ramen is on that same scale
to describe a law as being filled with mercy. And so no one else can be described
as being filled with this attribute of mercy to its max, besides of loss of Hannibal, what
so that is why Ron is exclusive to Allah.
Whereas Rahim is not.
Now when it comes to the Mercy of Allah subhanho wa taala.
There are many different Hadith in which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam described
the Mercy of Allah subhanho wa taala.
In one Hadith, or more, on the other hand, he narrates
that some captives of war they were brought to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
And among them was a woman.
This woman, she was looking for someone.
And so she looked around her surroundings, desperately looking for someone
among all the soldiers and the captives
until she saw what she was looking for.
She ran, picked him up
and started to nurse him.
It was her baby.
This was this woman's baby.
After witnessing this scene, what did the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam say?
Do you think
that this woman would throw her child in the fire?
So they the Companions, they said, No, by Allah, she would never do such a thing. She's not able to do such a thing.
So when the Prophet SAW Selim heard this answer from the Companions, what did he say
Lahu or hum.
Be a baddie.
mean her the elmora
be what idea
that ALLAH SubhanA wa toilet is more merciful to His servants than this woman is with her child.
And in no time,
Rahim Allah He mentions,
he mentions a story that he said,
has been mentioned, and is quite known, either in his time or before his time.
Where a scholar once saw that there was a small boy who was
who was kicked out of home by his mother.
So she kicked him out and she locked the door on
the child he went
thinking okay, what should I do now? Where should I go?
But then he realized I have nowhere to go.
No one else
would care for me as much as my mother.
So he goes back.
He goes back home, but obviously he can't go inside. He stays at the doorstep
until he falls asleep.
The mother she comes out and she sees him in the state.
you know, out of her affection, she picks him up and she hugs him.
And she says to him, didn't I tell you not to disobey me?
Didn't I tell you not to disobey me?
my very nature is is to be merciful towards you.
So everyone can hear me
that this shows, this is an example of what the Prophet sallallahu wasallam spoke of,
in the Hadith, that Allah subhanho wa Taala is far more merciful with us.
Then a mother is towards her child.
This is one Hadith describing the Mercy of Allah. In another Hadith, the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam says, Allah has divided mercy into 100 parts.
And sent out of these 100 parts, he sent down one part,
to the dunya.
And then he said through this one part, the creatures, they deal with one another with compassion.
So much so that an animal lifts
it's hoof it's it's leg
over it's young, one
out of fear that he might trample his baby.
And then he SallAllahu sallam said,
so one part is sent down to the dunya. And this is the mercy we see. Between us and even the animals and 99 parts Allah routined with him
99 parts a lot left with him. What did he leave it for?
He left it
for the Day of Judgment.
99 parts a lot left for the day of judgment.
And so imagine if diversity that we see here on Earth.
This is only one fraction 1%
and the 99% Allah has kept with him and he's saving it for the Day of Judgment.
Then imagine the Mercy of Allah on that day.
The third heavy
the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said
that when Allah completed the creation,
he wrote in his book that is with him on his throne
sub Akata hobby
that My Mercy has prevailed over my anger.
And so Allah subhanho wa Taala is also described as being angry.
However, in this hadith, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam tells us
that was Mercy has prevailed
over his wrath
and over his end.
Now, what are some of the things that this name teaches us?
There are many things that we we can learn from these two names of Allah or rock man and Orion.
The first thing
that the Mercy of Allah the first thing that it teaches us is to put our hope,
in Allah's mercy and not to ever despair of the mercy of Allah.
So Allah subhanho wa Taala speaking of himself, he says kuliah ADA dear lady known as Rahu, Allah and fusi him la doctrina two min Rahmatullah.
Say to them, oh, Mohammed,
all my servants.
This is Allah speaking all my servants, who have exceeded the limits, who have transgressed against their souls
who have done all the sins out there.
Those who have transgressed all the limits of the disobedience of Allah. Allah is speaking to them. So all my servants who have exceeded and transgressed all the limits,
do not lose hope in the Wrath of Allah. Do not lose hope, in the Mercy of Allah in the wild if you don't do that, Jamie, indeed, Allah forgives all sins
in the law, in the whole world of affordable housing. He is
the author giving the Most Merciful
And as a blocking him he describes
how the believers should travel in his journey to Allah.
He describes it like a bird
Love is the head.
Meaning that the the thing that should push us and drive us
to obey Allah to worship Allah should be out of love for Allah.
And it's two wings are
hope and fear,
hope and fear.
What does he mean by that?
What he means by that is
on the one hand you should fear Allah's punishment.
On the one hand, you should fear the punishment for all of us.
However, your fear of that punishment should not lead you to despair.
Where do you think I have too many sins.
And Allah cannot forgive me.
I'm drowning in sin unfinished. I'm doomed.
I've lost all hope.
So yes, we should fear a lot. And that's one wing.
But we should balance it out with the other wing, which is hope.
And the opposite is also true.
Although Yes, we do. Encourage,
as to have hope. But it shouldn't be to the point where we're leaning on the side of hope so much.
Thinking, Allah forgives all sins. Allah is the Most Merciful. So now no matter what I do, Allah will have mercy upon me. Allah will forgive me. And he goes, and he doesn't care about what he does, and he sins and sins and sins. And this is the state of many people today. If you come and tell them that look, Allah has forbidding this law has forbidding that. They say Allah is the most merciful, and they indulge in their sins.
So we shouldn't put too much emphasis on hope that we forget about fear. And we shouldn't put too much emphasis on fear that we forget about hope.
The second lesson that we learned from this
from Allah's mercy and these two names of Allah Rahman and Rahim
is that we should show mercy to others if we want the Mercy of Allah.
If we want a lot to show us mercy, then we should show mercy to others. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said,
or Rafi Muna your hammer humara
those who showed mercy to others
a runner to show mercy to them.
Your hammer woman fell out of your hammock woman for Santa
show mercy to those on earth and the one who is in the heavens will show mercy
And this is
this is the way of Allah subhanho wa taala.
That how we behave with others is how Allah subhanho wa Taala deals with us.
And there are so many examples of this. This is only one example
where Allah is saying, show mercy to others and Allah will show mercy to you.
In another Hadith the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says
that those who help others Allah will help them
a calamity for a believer Allah will relieve for him one of the calamities on the Day of Judgment.
Makana la houfy I own only Makana Wahoo
fi how allowed
in the Wi Fi only lab man can a lab do
that as long as
you are helping
others Allah will help you
and so on and so forth.
learn the things that bring the boat
See of Allah
learn the things that bring about the Mercy of Allah subhanho wa taala. For example,
Allah subhanahu Attallah says in the Quran surah HaRav
verse 56, in Ramat Allah Who curry Boon
that Rama the Mercy of Allah is very near. To those who do good,
the Mercy Nene
also Allah subhana wa Tada says in Surah talara
what either either what either cootie and Quran, fist any ruler who are Anzhi to the high loco,
loco to her moon, when the Quran is being recited, listen to it,
attentively be silent. So, that word,
you may be shown mercy, so that you may be shown mercy by Allah obviously. So, there are different things that will help us to gain that Mercy of Allah.
Among those things, there are so many a hadith in one Hadith the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says,
may Allah have mercy
on a man who is kind
when he binds,
he is kind when he sells and he is kind when he makes demands.
So, in buying and selling,
you're not too rigid,
to flexible, both when buying and when selling.
The Prophet SAW Selim says, a lot shows mercy to such people.
Also, in another Hadith, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, may Allah have mercy on the man who gets up at night to pray and he wakes up his wife.
And if she refuses, He sprinkles water in her face. And then he said, and may Allah have mercy on the woman who gets up at night to pray, and she wakes up her husband to pray and if he refuses, she sprinkles water in his face.
So in both cases, the Prophet sallallahu sallam said, may Allah have mercy on such people and there are so many different Hadith
that tell us about those who gain the Mercy of Allah by doing certain things. And so we should try our best to learn what are those things that will help us to get the Mercy of Allah
attribute of Allah the Mercy of Allah and Raj Nan and Rahim
teach us the the importance of asking ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada for His mercy
and being adamant about it.
What do I mean by that?
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said when one of you makes dua,
he when one of when one of you makes do out he should not say
Allah whom Allah knows officially, either shaped
Allah Who Mohammed EDA shaped, he should not say, Oh Allah,
forgive me if you wish. or Allah have mercy upon me, if you wish.
But rather, he should say he should beg Allah. The Prophet SAW Selim said, rather he should beg Allah with certainty with conviction.
That yes, Allah will show me mercy, Allah will forgive me. And then he said, For no one has the power to compel Allah.
No one has the power
to compel Allah.
he does what he wishes.
And as long as we turn to Allah subhana wa Tada
with a broken heart
and an honest hurt,
then we should never think
we should never think
negatively about Allah.
We should never think that
you know, maybe Allah will forgive me maybe he won't, especially if we are sincere.
And we are honest, and we come to Allah subhana wa Tada with a broken heart. So these are some of the things that
Allah teach us and these are some of the things that we learned from these two names of Allah Ruffner of Rahim. I ask Allah for him
to shower His mercy upon us. I asked Allah subhanahu wa Tada
to not only show us mercy in this dunya but more importantly to show us mercy in the Acura
will ask you to Atlanta and in hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa sallahu wa sallam Alana Bina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi Hmeymim Salam alikoum to Luffy