Channel: Jamal Zarabozo
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I think after the long break, we have to
after we had a break for final exams, and then we head straight
back to finish.
We're talking about the sources of the
other ones when someone wants to make proceed or what are the sources they have looked through. And so far we've covered
how many we covered so far.
The sources we discussed so far, first we will put on and then the summary of the problem.
And then what did we do next, the Arabic language.
Next, we'll also discuss the themes of the Sylvain whether or not they are or not
whether or not they are approved.
And the Arabic language principles of the Arabic language.
And then the last topic we were discussing was this government.
Wide open Shall we define this film is less than what we talked about when we talk about His love and His own is this, some verses were revealed with respect to certain incidents, or certain things that happened during the time of the publican.
And the this revenues or these incidents are these occasions, it is causes of the relation. They give us some idea about the exact meaning of the verse itself.
And we give some examples.
Last time, we talked about the importance of this building.
And we give some examples of what are some of the
devastating conclusions you can come to if you do not take into consideration this problem.
For example, one of them we said that if you do not live to
one conclusion, you can have alcohol, in transit and everything is set up. Based on what
that we talked about last time, this will be no sin, from those who believe in do good works for what they may have eaten.
Verse makes it clear that no matter what they have eaten, there's no Cinnabon. So in fact, one of the Sahaba he understood that verse is that I am one of those people who have a man and do not do the good deeds
and have any preference so forth. He said, I am one of those people who are whatever I eat the smoke signal Singapore,
or the fundamental mistake that he made, is that he did not take into consideration what that verse was referring to it was referring to something specific with what they're referring to.
The person was referring to after alcohol was made around some of this holiday worried about those people who had died before alcohol was made from and they used to drink alcohol. So this is the case of those people who used to drink alcohol, and they died before alcohol is prohibited. So unless you know it to Allah revealed this versing that there's no significant I would give other examples. And if for example,
you don't take into consideration this revenue, then you can pray in any direction you want. You don't have to face the Calvinist.
When it comes to head, you don't have to go between the mountains of Southern Morocco. And so, these are some of the things that we covered
less than two months ago,
we also talked about how to just determine as feminism that it has to be Nepali. In other words, it has to be something narrated from the time of the problem.
It cannot be something it in other words, you cannot just
read a verse in the Quran and say, Oh, this verse must have been revealed because of this and this or during this thing. You have to end the proof word has to be something
obviously, the narration has to be authentic.
We covered some other topics.
related to example, there could be more than one cause or one incident that led to Revelation of a specific verse, or one cause may lead to more than one verse being
So the points that we came to,
I think, but we this is according to my notes. And I'm sure none of you remember well enough to tell me if I'm right or wrong. But this is where we left off left.
That is it. When you take the verse
and you know this revenues are diverse and you look at the verse itself.
The question is held read verse to be applied is it to be applied according to the general meaning of the verse
Or does it only apply to the specific case that it was really concerning, and not to anything? We didn't discuss?
Yeah, this is where from where we left
the room understand the question.
There's a verse that was revealed for specific occasions.
Does the ruling just apply to that occasion? And not in general? Or is the ruling independent of the occasion and applies to anything else?
Any, any thoughts on that?
And evidence. This is very beautiful batteries in
Living is based on the generosity of the depressed enough to particular
This is a principle that you will hear a lot. And many people oppose this principle. Question, is this principle something agreed upon by all the stores and doesn't apply to all the people?
That's the question that we have.
So if we look at the Western Governors rule, we can break them down into four key.
The first case
is where the bag or the reason the reason behind the verse is something general.
And the wording of the text itself of the Quranic verses also general.
So here we have the reason the reason is general. And the wording is general. In this case, there's no problem. All the skills are agreed that this applies to every other case in general.
suppose instead of poker that was to 22 years everyone attended.
We were at a
loss of health data. This This was the question you considering ministration faces in your list.
In my head,
for this was the question concerning ministration status of the candidate usually.
So let's limit amount of times and bring up into them and figure out
what was the occasion that led to the revelation of
evidence from the last
from diverse seminars, and location, the end the revelation of diversity, during that time among the Jews,
when a woman remonstrate
the removal from the house, he will not sleep in the same house, and they will not eat with her, they will not touch her, and they will not be together with them in the house. So the Muslims asked the problem.
What is the Islamic
view of that? We can take a look at the curriculum. So when they asked him
about power, women should be treated during the menstruation, unless in hendrerit, data reviews dismissed.
revenues are general In other words, he asked them a general question, what about misleading them?
Well, the test also is general, if you're asked about menstruation teeth is an illness do not approach women, which is sort of a misprint explain the meaning of the verse that you can do anything with them except
sexual intercourse. And in other words, in Islam, when the woman is menstruating around the house, you consider that you can eat with him, you can talk with her and so forth. In fact, you can do anything with it, except to have sexual intercourse. But here's the wording in general and this bad word causes, you know, that applies to all cases without any problem.
Sometimes, the reason
for the reference in the text is specific. And also the wording of the text in the Quran is specific.
So there's something specific with reference to something specific. And also the wording of the text is specific.
Is it the case that any employee applied in general or not.
In this case, the
best or the worst is not applied. But in cases specifically,
give an example of that
which was about nutrition.
the translation. And this is the way by the way is usually translated something of this nature.
fairly new from it will be the righteous forgive his wife that he may ruin goodness. And no one has written any favorite for word
except seeking to fulfill the purpose of his verb mortality, Burnley will be condemned sort of many
people joining us for this to be mentioned
resistance, or is it something, again,
as a specific revelation specific purpose applies to anyone?
Does it just mean
the reference is specific,
which is fine.
In this case, usually,
it is usually general but not in this case, because it doesn't meet the other condition of being
According to the notice rain, his name's Rebecca and it means
nothing You know, this this particular verses are not taken
a breath with a specific reference. And they are stated in a specific way. And the first rule proceeded with the remain.
That's the second key specific reference and specific wording.
The third case,
is the reason or This bed is specific.
And the wording of the versus general.
This tab is specific
versus general. But
at the same time, there is some external proof to show that there really only applies to that particular case.
Here's the three cases that are the first indication we're discussing. There's no difference among the stars over the movie.
For example, in this case, if the reason is specific in the wording in general. But there are some external evidence to show
that it's not a general rule that obviously it is a specific rule
verses 23, to 25.
Louis for those who slander virtuous living women who are named curses are they in the world and the Hereafter is will be enough of doom to the end of verse 25.
So this verse, the wording is what general is,
ladies and gentlemen,
This bed is referring to the story, or those people who
asked the accusations about the life of the Prophet Muhammad says, He
says the world in general or the specific
what I already told you the answers that I said Ron keys three, very specific.
The difference between them is that if you go to the beginning of surah,
verses four and five,
it talks about when Lavinia
talks about the punishment for them, which is, as we said,
verses four and five.
The punishment is at lashes for everyone who accuses innocent women of burpee, but also that risk continues
to show that if they repent,
they repent that honor and expect to return
to the hobby even our best explain these two verses. He said the first verse in which are let's end with Dionysus.
laughter and in this case is no, Alison. Hello, Darrin. Yep, it's dystrophin. That's all referring to the rise of the
grabber verses verses four and five. This is referring to the general case.
So the first is we're left with data that's about no emissions, no kind of repentance that will be stripped from them. This is only talking about making products, we're accusing the rise of the problem of adoption.
The second set of verses is a more general one.
In any case,
was firstly cases or clue.
The first case
is if deposit something particular
the burning of the text is general
what should be done in it?
This particular reading is
what should be done?
should it be considered to be considered general based on its wording or should it be considered particular based on the particular cause?
So you cannot give me an answer.
But when this question is different.
So this is the question once you have used that phrase, if we talked about this,
on the left,
this is where that phrases come into play. There is a difference of opinion on this.
The first, the first opinion, the opinion of the majority of the styles. And probably and clearly the stronger opinion
any I've read that you take the general wording of the text.
And you apply it in general regardless of the specific cause.
For example, we talked
earlier about land, which is first of all,
land is in the case of the when the man accused his wife.
By the way, dad is already in the case when the man accused his rifle committee
by American Muslims to get away with life accuses the man of adultery is looking at and you don't apply the same principles. And it was as we talked about, it was revealed this specific incident only one
accused his wife.
It was it was revealed. That was really that was an example of one verse and two different cars.
Two different RV. So have a look at the wording of the text in general. So it applies to anyone also in their circumstance. If anyone comes to me and accuses his wife of adultery and cannot produce for witnesses, then he has to make the
doesn't make the omelet.
end the argument for this group, which is majority.
majority opinion is the number one. The wording of the city itself any of the muscles,
really of the city itself is the proof or authority, the semuc law. In other words, the text of the Quran and the Sunnah are hooked in Islamic law, and they are not
conditioned by the surrounding question or cause.
Secondly, the normal case is to apply any term and its general ruling unless there's some specific evidence through specifying
the public precedent or listening with Allah in the Quran mentions anything in the general form, then the basic ruling is applied in general unless there's some evidence to not proclaim.
And thirdly, this was the practice of the Sahaba. And the debate with the companions and the fourth generation. And in fact, this was the opinion
of all of the Sahaba there's no reported.
There's no report that any of them disagreed with this,
with this opinion that if something is mentioned in general, and in a general way, in a general fashion, that it applies to everyone. The program under regardless of whether they're the Center for the cause was specific.
This is the opinion of the majority of scholars including the majority of the 70s
majority of the handling,
The Guardian will
kind of be right now, the majority of the Maliki
also the majority of the congener. Some people claim that this was not the opinion of the machete, but they are not correct
opinion of the minority
opinion on a
that the wording does not cause generality.
as we'll see, the difference between them is kind of slow. They said the wording by the opinion of the first group is automatically because of the wording of this text. It applies to everyone who falls into that same circumstance.
The opinion is the mirror of the minority of the second group. This automatically doesn't apply to anyone else, except through
Yes, or no.
And basically, the basic argument is,
if this isn't needed, you don't need to know this better than there's no reason to mention in the first place. That
regarding his book on this whole trip, he refuted them to their
reputation, it's kind of
there's some tricky items involved.
And this is the second opinion, as I said, it's the minority opinion it was held by
a referral, for example, to prefer listening. And it has also been narrated from in American in the maximum handling.
Now, my question to you
is, in fact, any difference have been any difference between these two opinions?
Or the basically just a matter what,
when the first rule says that the text automatically applies to anyone else rules? And the meaning of
the second group says no, it refers just to the person who was revealed concern and reply to other people only on the basis of yes or no.
Now, is there any differences? Is there actually any difference between these two opinions?
Or is it just a matter of what
they can be any they can be differences, or they can be different
differences with the man was referring to
that in the first case, the first group disclose the say automatically by smoothing and refers to whoever is similar to the example of someone who makes the ad
or accusing his wife of committee, Vicki has to make the island food into this room automatically applies to him. So here's the application to him is what the chromosome template
Okay. It is the definitive application that that ruling applies to,
there's no doubt about it is different. Like the other people say that this
is their puppy or is it
depends on which kind of stands is more than one thing we didn't get to.
But it is not the value or whatever.
When we means not, not definitive, the district reverse some doubt about how strong it is to be, to be applied.
So this is where the difference has been flipped from above.
When there is maybe a conflict between how to apply a verse
in the first case of there's a there's a verse that has a specific revelation behind it.
And as soon as a situation comes up to the first group that is to be applied immediately to that situation. Group, the second group, it is a place of fear.
Suppose you have for example, the brush should be applied, but one scholar stays okay. It does apply only through press. But in this case, muscle house does not apply.
What's the hamming
I don't have to worry about whether transition is good enough.
So in that case, what to do. Then one could argue
that applying this particular verse, to this new occasion, even though the new equation is the same as the original occasion
Pretty much goes against Muslim.
So he must be it must be happy.
If he does that, then he will not apply that was acceptable and send the
You could have performed so there is actually a difference between these two, could you ever get the strongest opinion is the first opinion especially since that was the opinion of old versus
there was actually as a matter of habit, and just as much as fairly well, fairly well confirmed, and there's more we need to
borrow against that.
I think this narrations from monograph made in Campbell, as in many other cases, they may not be understood or interpreted
Based on something that happened in an earlier lecture,
about some confusion between how to know exactly a class
how to use it.
We have to realize the spread of noodle gives us
zip into cities. It specifies the exact meaning of the verse
seven as you can specify the exact meaning of the verse, but it doesn't specify the application of the verse.
Case next point is specified near divorce but doesn't specify the application. For example, I'll give you a clear example. But
then I'll give one which is I guess less clear because as I said it was better. earlier. The best we talked about earlier, Miss Allen Medina, Muhammad
and imputed upon those who believe in the good works for what they read
no one can ignore this feminism. No one can look at that verse and ignore this feminism and say, no, it's okay for anyone to eat whatever he wants.
This feminism specifies the meaning of the verse what was meant by what they eat, what
it means that
something was highlighted before it was made home. And now we can no longer eat it but abbreviated while it was elaborateness.
specifies what the meaning of the verse is.
But it doesn't specify the application that was was up. And nowadays we have a numerous of them, it just became Muslim. And he doesn't know this talk is from
he continues to talk until he finds out what's wrong.
And there's no sin upon him for what he said, the meaning of this verse,
meaning the application of this verses and if anyone,
if anything, and before we know who's around
the dead versus it's fairly clear, but let's take another verse, which
was the source of controversy.
This is the verse that says, One simple piece of reading,
to be able to
spend your rent for the cause of Allah
at the end here
and not be not stressed by your own hands to ruin.
This is verse 192.
stand in the way of a lot and do not destroy yourself by
spending a lot and do not destroy yourself like
this Bremen reserve event specifies meeting a diverse
number of people through that verse, and say that suicide is haram based on that verse is wrong.
Because that's not what the verse is saying.
What the meaning of that was, you remember this?
What's the meaning?
Redlands was the harbor after Mecca. And Yvonne said they went back to their businesses, to their farms and so forth that they have neglected for so many years. And the Bruce
mentioned he said this is your review for them at that time. And it means that if you give us spending the way will not and if you give up jihad, then you're actually destroying yourself by
that's what the person is referred to as suicide.
So this feminism specifies the meaning of the verse. But the story was not the one hand here doesn't mean to say at all. But it means going out for the sake of a lot not sacrificing for the sake of a lot when you do not sacrifice when you're never willing to sacrifice
It is as if you are destroying yourself by your
specifies the meaning. But it doesn't specify the application.
That it was it wasn't just true for the unfair. But it's true for any Muslim until the day,
it's when they do not go, when they're not willing to make too hard when they're not willing to spend in the world alone, sacrificing the way voila, then they are destroying themselves by their own hands.
So the meaning of the person is specified that is,
that the application is not
That this gives us the exact meaning of the verse.
The way from that meaning.
And some people get confused on that point. And they think, sometimes they forget the fact that the spread of museum specifies the meaning. And secondly, sometimes they think that it just refers to for example,
and it specifies the meaning but the application again, is to anyone, under similar circumstance, just to give now one example of importance of a strong resume.
as I said, earlier example purposes now.
You recognize the difference in opinion, based on this example, still existence of beauty.
And that is
Slaughter is an animal.
But he doesn't mention the name of Allah.
Mix. He doesn't mention the name of Allah, either intentionally or out of forgetfulness, doesn't matter.
Is it allowed to eat that meat, that animal that is loaded?
And now did you according to the method that you're supposed to, as you claim to belong?
You know, that he didn't mention it. And he didn't mention it either out of forgetfulness, or unintentionally or intentionally doesn't matter.
When you give an answer you should give you
in others, it is not permissible to eat that meat.
And their opinion is based on what versus
the pro for that
opinion, is from sort of
made made it that way now.
This one for anyone is not the best Ronald was named has nothing mentioned below this abomination.
Where the work continues and says what
the devils do inspire their minions to dispute with you. But if you obey them, you will be in truth.
No human services you may eat the meat slaughtered by Muslim whether or not you mentioned in the name of the law.
You don't apply this anymore.
never reject this,
person reject this.
He reject this, based on this
purpose of this webinar is all of this verse.
Cutting through the numbers and other hava was the US government sort of this was his first video.
So this verse was revealed when the
as inspired by the shopping as the believers
Why do you eat what a lot what you have slaughtered? But you do not eat?
What a lot of stuff.
Why do you eat wood chips that is what you do not need. What is not
this is the animal The Best Buy so you don't need it. But I lost sight of it while you eat the one that you started.
And this is according to man's Evie, this is what is meant in this verse by the animal men with charisma loyalty. This is where the length in the verse by the animal with a lie is not a love name, there's nothing mentioned over.
So he's saying based on this,
it's not a general thing here, meaning any animal that the listening hasn't mentioned. But it's just the dead meat, the animal that does by itself, make make.
If they if they said or
if nothing else received,
this document itself, according to survey does not mean
that means isn't
it, but he's saying that if a Muslim writer, remember those usual Christian,
Muslim, slaughtered and didn't mention the name over the animal.
He also talks about among any anyone who's listening to illustrator for the sake of the name or something like that the illustrator, the name of riders are something that resonates with everyone. I mean, this is more than just this point. But the point is that, based on the governor's really saying this would have meant by the animals hasn't had the name of elimination or votes, it's not generally doesn't mean any animal which 11 name has an dimension over, but it means specifically to the fluorine or the mesa.
And his proof for that is in this
could be animals that by itself could be setting it without mentioning a live name could be for example, mushriks wearing it without mentioning his name was ever proved that you cannot eat it, whether he slowly mentioned aluminum or whatsoever. Okay, so there's other proof of that. So we're left with these two, listening, not mentioning the name of a law, or, and or it being just didn't meet the therapy for natural cause.
That that is the meaning of the verse, if you just think about it. It just says what 11 name hasn't been mentioned over. That if you don't take into consideration this problem.
If you take into consideration this problem
that they're talking about later, this is only talking about the animal the result of what we said the animal that unless
and then this verse was revealed, it means that the animal with results had the big have the name of our mission over the meaning of that love General, as missing, for example, stutters and doesn't mention it, but the meaning is only
because of the use of this leads to this difference of opinion.
go into a discussion of which
seems to be stronger, I just brought that example. As another example to show
how it can affect the interpretation.
And what racket has, for example, with respect to the other sources we talked about,
and how much weight should be given to this feminism.
purpose, the hub is one of the companions of the problem hunger settlement,
specifically the 737 Missoula reverse. And we discussed by the way, last time,
the different terms that the having met use some mean that
don't mean that
if this hobby specifically mentioned this feminism, then that statement is considered metaphor.
This medium metaphor,
it means it's coming as if it's coming from the problem has the same rank, as if it's coming from the problems, because in fact, they are describing like describing action of the problem. So, how he describes it
is coming from the problem and system Same thing with respect to seven zoo.
Therefore, it cannot be overridden by
the witness who has to take purpose of which he had like in the first lesson for me, the community did not destroy yourself by one hand, you spreading disease clearly show us that it is referring to leaving the Jihad and not giving for the sake of Allah. No one can come later and say for example, kind of suicide.
revenue is one of the important sources
we must consult with when we wish to determine the correct and exact meaning
of any person.
We move on let me just mention some of the sources for for this revenue.
And besides of course the different books have had
some of the decisions been
Some books written
just about feminism.
And books that are and exist, selections of feminism, which mentioned this feminism. Feminism is by
And it's by the way,
with his book,
his book is an
introduction to his book. He says his book is much better than
it gives the reasons why.
The best that's not a normal, normal. First up, he says that about many of his books.
He wrote a book on the same topic with the new competition with another story.
But that was about it.
Comparing his book to Brooklyn's in my book compared to his life span compared to
the life of a small story.
Anyway, he says it's his book is better for the following reasons he includes some narrations that he did not mention.
He was scribed, every habit was relevant. books were sometimes he would not even mentioned his first
distinguish between the authentic and weak narration.
He combined different narrations for extra information and benefits. And he excluded those things that are not actually as feminism material, we talked about this.
this is a civil engineering from this is from the mosque, the mosque, in the me sometimes
referred to the mosque,
the margin of the book, and the margin.
This is the book that I'm describing right now, this is the
have any verse
that the city mentions in his book, you can find it here. And there
is even an index for the sort of
That is an even even probably a better word. And more recent work
as a Muslim in the 70s.
is most project, at least the
that has been heavier and weather.
And what makes this book superior to suit this book
is that unfortunately, especially when it comes to getting headache is not very strict.
Because many habits for example, hasn't actually hasn't even a very strict,
much but in essence
before we move on
to the next topic, which isn't too
the first lecture on feminism, you mentioned it.
Two sets one would have been
to not have Chris Beck
helped me get the meaning of
what we talked about
the heavy processing that he explained the meaning of those verses, the Arabic language
and it's not it's not necessary for reverse to have a seven. Best to understand.
But it helps a lot
all of a sudden
looking at this
different meanings. But of course, many people misunderstand verses because they don't
The first element
in our learning revenue
that we're seeing from the people of the book, there are some people who
never the left recite the voices of
the American they frustrate the civil
service federalism versus talking about the
people take it as talking about Christians notice, because this person if they know not all Christians are the same as some people commandment some Christians and Jews This is this was this a mistake the words of the Bible in the worship alone is civil nonsense.
If you look for example, in
ever happened in north of Iran in the number
even our best nation from others
is referring to the people
to seven reserved from from the family from a symmetrical
demand for these testaments.
There's another important sources of dispute, I guess.
But they also needed to really get an understanding of some particular verses in the Quran.
For example, one thing that we should be familiar with,
to understand many verses of the Quran
is the customs of the herbs
during the time of JD
This is another we can call it
that maybe the best way to call resources
as another source of this is Episode Seven, the zoo and the the customs of the people
with customs, especially some of their customs, in order to understand completely
many verses of the Quran
many of us many references in the Quran, so many of the practices of Geneva is not the same thing as the zoo. But if you're familiar with those practices in the center, you will understand
the business better in more detail
an aging the houses
and the houses come from behind instead of from the fence as you may have
represented no privacy.
That's the same thing as
was referring to a practicing
and I listened to what I was saying that this practice is not correct.
if you read the verses, you should ask yourself what is this talking about?
After you make the hedge when you go home you should enter your house from behind.
And that is an almost like an aspect of the hedge. When you go home, you should enter your house from the home. This was a pack of stones you
will have to know that fastest in the workflow differently some of you do