Self-Knowledge Towards A Qur’anic Anthropology #4

Hamza Yusuf

Date:

Channel: Hamza Yusuf

Series:

File Size: 97.12MB

Share Page
AI generated text may display inaccurate or offensive information that doesn’t represent Muslim Central's views. Therefore, no part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.

AI Generated Summary ©

The spiritual world is full of "has" and "vanquished." It's important to avoid false rumors and silly behavior, avoid confusion, and pay off debts to avoid future negative consequences. Delusion is a big problem, and individuals should acknowledge their shortcomings for physical and mental health benefits. Prayer is beneficial for one's health.

AI Generated Transcript ©


00:08:37--> 00:09:17

hamdulillah the academic program we have a BA, which is accredited and an MA program which is accredited, both of them are rigorous programs. And our students are going to many, many wonderful places. We have people now at Oxford at Harvard, at Georgetown Law, Davis law, Urbana Champaign, Claremont Colleges, some of them are going into the Islamic teaching at the Islamic schools. But this is not a seminary, it's really important for people to understand that it's a liberal arts college. We do have people that will go on to study Islamic subjects, but there are other things. We also see the importance of the body and the development of the body, especially with young people.

00:09:18--> 00:09:32

And so we have incorporated as soon as sports tradition at zaytuna College so we have horseback riding, we have swimming, we have archery, and we actually are part of the collegiate Archery Association so we can compete with other schools.

00:09:33--> 00:10:00

We are building a really beautiful studio. In the studio, we're going to be having online courses done at a very high professional level, one in formal logic and the other in constitutional law taught by our own faculty members. There's also this extraordinary gardens that we're developing here with the Z cell which is for sustainable living. So we have some permaculture experts. We're already growing

00:10:00--> 00:10:42

selling fruit and vegetables that our students are eating but we plan on having really the bulk of their fruits and vegetables coming from the property itself. And that's a very ambitious program that we hope you support. The gardens are really quite stunning already but we're planning on really enhancing that. So I just want to again, thank everybody for supporting zaytuna College for supporting Z SEL and for supporting our students, our faculty and our staff. So looking forward just to having your support but also looking forward to you seeing where we're headed and the things that are in store I think you're going to be pleasantly surprised with where things are going.

00:14:28--> 00:14:55

Rahim Allah, Allah Allah has hidden Mohammed wiener and he will sign sahbihi wa salam Tasneem McCarthy Era. What are however aqua, la la la them Allahumma aluminum is known for anime marlington I was in the Inma or visit near Alma, along with the heading of everything with all of your Kasady hand well studied. Allah said that Muhammad Ali will Sammy will send them to steam and get the Euro Alhamdulillah the sun Almighty calm or the low Barakatuh

00:14:57--> 00:14:59

Shala we're going to continue on

00:15:00--> 00:15:12

In the fourth chapter, but before I do that somebody sent me an email, or a text earlier, asking me about, I guess some people said that I had

00:15:14--> 00:16:00

was, I was talking in in the book club, about a minute minute Dandara tan, and mentioned something about, you know, people. There's a lot of Muslims now that are more identitarian ones. Just because you have a Muslim name doesn't necessarily mean you're actually a Muslim, like a Muslim is somebody who believes in Allah, His messenger and what the prophesies and came with. And if you reject anything, what's known as an omen, idiom, Bharat and Tarara, here means buddy Hutton. In other words, it's something that everybody should know. Now, that doesn't really apply to people living in the West Muslims because that the understanding that the OMA had for that was people who grew up

00:16:00--> 00:16:28

around Islam and grew up around Muslims and, and there are certain things that every Muslim knows because they grow up in a Muslim environment. So there could be people now Muslims that have Muslim names, or they come from Muslim families. When I was lived in Southern California, there was an area where these Bengali farmers came in the 1920s, I think, and there were all these Mexican Americans with names like Lydia, Mohammed, and Fatima.

00:16:29--> 00:16:56

RB then, and they were children of these immigrants or grandchildren, but they weren't. They were Christians. They were Catholics. So they had lost, I don't know if their parents had been Muslim or not. So, you know, we kind of assume if somebody's from almost home country that they're Muslim, but there are now a lot of people even living in Muslim lands that don't really believe in Islam. There are many secular Muslims

00:16:57--> 00:17:01

in all the Muslim countries now, I think the majority of Muslims

00:17:03--> 00:17:16

that live in Muslim countries still do believe in Islam, but there's a lot of confusion. We're living in a time of confusion. And it's very important for people just to not be so trigger happy. You know, there's this kind of

00:17:17--> 00:17:30

desire just to kick people out of Islam very quickly. And people should be careful because the prophets of Islam said that was reported to have said that men kufra Muslim Ummah recovery whoever

00:17:31--> 00:17:43

says somebody's a Muslim is not a Muslim, one of them is not a Muslim. In other words, because of your making tech fear of a Muslim that can take you out of Islam. And

00:17:46--> 00:17:47

so it's really important and then

00:17:48--> 00:17:57

in the CRR, LM and Nuvola, which is an extraordinary Biographical Dictionary of scholars up to Imam Abu Dhabi's time

00:17:58--> 00:18:05

who was a student of Ibn Taymiyyah Rahim Allah but he he in his chapter on

00:18:06--> 00:18:08

on herbal Hassan and he

00:18:09--> 00:18:33

he he mentioned that an herbal hasnat he said in his latter days then okay, if you had any stuck, baru fibula now we could either be Hatena you know, in over here, I'll follow naphthenic feet up really high or come across something like that. But I that's pretty close, that we don't make tuck theory of anybody who faces our Qibla and ITAR, the visa.

00:18:34--> 00:18:44

These are just semantical points that were differing on. In other words, a lot of the disagreements about Muslims ended up being disagreement over what words mean.

00:18:45--> 00:19:32

And and so even Imam Abu Dhabi, Talia Pena had that adding to what he said there he says, What can radically kind of shift when you've been with me if he actually hayati and that was the way our share was at the end of his life. Kenny Akula no cafiero money while the other will do. Oh, you have with one another. We don't make tacular anybody who's consistent in his woowoo because the prophets I said him said only a believers consistent in his woowoo. So it's, it's not the role of people. Tech fear is, you know, excommunication is a process a judicial process in the traditional books of FIP. And there's a but this idea of just making tech fear of people is very dangerous. And so to use

00:19:32--> 00:19:52

a clip of mine to indicate somehow that I was meaning. Somebody who was in Scotland is a man that apparently has the same name as I do. I think he spells it slightly different from me. So I got all these congratulations when you won the First Minister of Scotland, but, you know, I think people should be very careful.

00:19:54--> 00:19:59

I mean, in our dean, one of the Creed's that some of you study here

00:20:00--> 00:20:00

I mean woman,

00:20:02--> 00:20:02

the woman,

00:20:04--> 00:20:05

woman,

00:20:07--> 00:20:43

woman named Norman Borlaug and Jahad Minh Deena Doctorow. COFRA, Lisa had omitted to Harlem and the imaginary obviously, because you never dismiss it. I mean, that's him. I'm in LA County, been taught for 400 years. In Alaska. He says, whoever rejects what's maloom borrower attend the de Hutton. So if you reject something known by everybody by almost like you say prayers, not an obligation or something like that. So he's saying that that's, that is co founder, it's co founder. And so the How come I've read the goes under that person of apostasy.

00:20:45--> 00:21:00

And so and then he says, or something like that, if somebody's in the gates much merrily, like something that's much money every, there's no fee laugh about it. So if there was a free laugh, then you have to be very careful. Now, there are many traditions and in our tradition,

00:21:02--> 00:21:14

will fit in my ideal lemon due to an uneducated, this is something to talk about the idea of it. Like, there's when you say something, you can be a Saudi,

00:21:15--> 00:21:59

which is there's no ambiguity, it's unequivocal. And you're just very clear on what you say. Or there's the Arabs were very, very good at saying things and meaning something else, or saying things in a way that the person hearing it thinks something, but you actually intend something else? So if somebody for instance, asked a politician, you know, do you think, you know, same sex marriage is a sin? And that politician says no, I don't think it is. Well, you would have to ask if he's a Muslim, you'd have to ask him. Did you mean for Muslims or for non Muslims? Because there's an opinion and this is called and we'll have the one before and this is mentioned again, in the books of also, then

00:21:59--> 00:22:35

we'll have the one before what are people outside of Islam? are they responsible for the details of the Sharia or only for the old soul of the Sharia so the majority is considered them to be responsible for the whole Shetty up though Allameh and onoway. But there are many scholars and and some of them the majority in like, for instance, many of the Hanafi scholars, some of the really strong ematic is a strong opinion. It's not the dominant theme, but is the strong opinion thematically Metha that, that they're not responsible look button.

00:22:36--> 00:23:13

In other words, for the Allama and the way some say they're responsible for the prohibitions, but not for the commandments. And their proof is that if if a non Muslim prays he doesn't get the reward of the prayer, if he fast like if a non Muslim fast Ramadan, they might get some benefits from the the intermittent and fasting health benefits, but they don't. It's not rewarded according to our tradition. They're not rewarded for fasting because they didn't. The ones that say that they're responsible, you know, Masada could confuse up or borrow Lemna command and mousseline. What I'm not gonna terminal miskeen we could not know who the man Ha, ha, then we're gonna know Kathy will be on

00:23:13--> 00:23:31

the dean. So they, they say what brought you into hell, and they say we didn't pray. We didn't pay that cat. And we used to just speak things with just inappropriately and then we rejected the OMA Dean. So that's the proof that they use for

00:23:33--> 00:23:40

for being responsible. So this is a free laugh and it's a valid field if so, there is a Hadith the prophesy Sam said

00:23:41--> 00:24:24

dunya Sujan Manu agenda to capture the dunya is a prison for the moment because he is held to account for the photo of Sharia, so he can't do things. He might even want to do them. Some people might want to drink but they don't drink because the Shetty says you can't drink. But for the person who's outside of the faith of Islam, this is their paradise according to that tradition. And so that's the idea that they're not really responsible for the photo, they're only responsible for the azul, meaning La ilaha illallah, Muhammad Rasulullah. Once they accept that, then the furore the branches of the Shediac become obligatory. So these are distinctions that are important

00:24:24--> 00:24:59

distinctions. But you know, my advice to the Muslims is to just be very careful about takfeer it's an it's not an easy thing. And then you can also end up being responsible if, if a Muslim does something crazy and thinks they're doing some kind of good deed, then you could be responsible. You could have, you know, Allah, you could have blood on your hands for doing that. It's very dangerous to do these things. I mean, we're not a lot you know, they say a do ads, local dots, you know, people that are calling to Islam, they're not judges. We're not judges to be a judge. Those are

00:25:00--> 00:25:30

people that would have to deal with something like tech fear. But one should be very careful about making tough young people made tech fair of me, you know, and I just Subhanallah I mean, I, I know I'm a Muslim. I got, you know, seriously. Oh, he's apprentice. I'm not apprentice, I've never anywhere. Nobody can find anywhere where I've ever said, I'm a perennial list, you know, a Chautauqua and canopy. I appreciate some of the extraordinary work that people from that

00:25:32--> 00:25:58

from that group of people have done, because they have done some extraordinary work. So I'm not one to just dismiss good work that's done. But I'm not a brain analyst. My belief is that Islam is the final revelation and it and it abrogated preceding revelations. That's my belief. And I've always held that belief since I became Muslim. So people say things all the time, and we'll meet on Yom Okayama. In Good luck.

00:25:59--> 00:26:00

Good luck.

00:26:02--> 00:26:13

We'll meet on Yom Okayama and there's a Kantara there's a place where Muslims are going to have to deal with the things that they did. Because people aren't going to get into agenda if you've wronged Muslims.

00:26:14--> 00:26:24

I mean, even a goat has its day the goat with the broken horn will have his day on the day of judgment for being butted by goats that had two horns. You know, the one with the broken horns, he'll have his day.

00:26:25--> 00:26:27

Every goat has his day.

00:26:28--> 00:26:56

So I just think it's really important for Muslims to just be very careful. You know, and, you know, what are you gonna I'm gonna know Zara Illa de fille el mercado. Mahara or cateva hora, or Alan what animal feed Aboitiz Mara with just said the latter with this, are you one of the more Italians he said, You can't do Ahmedabad Moto and the Hanuman car until you get deep knowledge. Because there's so much pilaf in our community.

00:26:58--> 00:27:14

You know, there's a lot of difference of opinion. So you could see something and think it's among car, but it's not among car. They're following a valid opinion. And they said about him and Matt is at that his knowledge was so vast that he rarely condemned anybody. Because he would say, oh, maybe he's on the opinion of so and so.

00:27:16--> 00:27:23

It's very interesting, but there's so many people that just, you know, these these, you know, have tongue will travel.

00:27:24--> 00:27:43

You know, these people that want to go and make tech fear of people. And just I mean, first of all, we're in the we're in the West, I think people should just leave people alone, just do what you're doing. You can say, this is not an Islamic belief. We don't believe this. If somebody says something, you can say this non Islamic belief and make that clear. But

00:27:44--> 00:27:52

you shouldn't be I think people should be very careful with their dean, don't don't throw your dean away for some YouTube likes.

00:27:53--> 00:28:26

You know, I mean, one of the things you might not have, as it says is that the owner is Sue and he's talking about Obama, he's not even talking about, you know, young boys on the internet, trying to get hits, you know, click bait. He's not talking about those. He's talking about the Obama ASUW. These were actual scholars, but they were bad scholars. And he said their hallmark is that they know that the best way to get followers is to condemn and criticize others. That's that's in the, you know, you can look it up. It's in the

00:28:27--> 00:28:31

introduction to the kick habit that I did. The whole passion study says,

00:28:33--> 00:29:12

this is a really important point. So he says they know. And that's why if you look, a lot of these people on YouTube, you know, they'll have on their regular. They'll have like 200 views, 1000 views, but then when they attack somebody who's famous, they call up punching up, that suddenly it's got 10,000 views or 15,000 views. So they know this is a quick way to get people to go to your channel. Because fitness great. Everybody loves fitna, right. Everybody loves fitna. I mean you see Muslims never doing anything. But then when the fitna comes, Oh, they're so active. It's like, because Chapin's prodding them.

00:29:14--> 00:29:22

That's all it is. He's just he's got his Prada out. And he's just, he's exciting them. So I just That's my advice, you know, is just I

00:29:23--> 00:29:37

mean, I don't know that person. I've never spoken to them. I don't know what their beliefs are. I don't know. I have no reason to doubt somebody's Islam. And then if somebody does say something like, I mean, we were very clear on that.

00:29:38--> 00:29:59

Homosexuality in our tradition, is very clearly considered a sin. It's a sin. But is it a sin for people outside of the faith? That's the debate, there is a difference of opinion. So what what did somebody intend? I don't know. But just to jump at Tuck Thea? I think people should be very careful. Anyway, that's just some advice. You know, take it over.

00:30:00--> 00:30:11

But but good luck on the day of judgment that's all I can say. Is that people the prophesy Sam said a man will speak a word and not give any consideration to it, and it will drag him in the hellfire.

00:30:12--> 00:30:23

That word now you'll feel Uh huh Bala he just won't give any he'll just say it. It's like it's no big deal. No, you should be very, very wary about what you say.

00:30:25--> 00:30:42

Hola. So Bismillah R Rahman Rahim, we're back to this is a much better world. This is the world of you know, not kilo Bacala and who's in and who's out and who said what they said. And he said, he's he said and she said,

00:30:44--> 00:30:50

who's a bad Muslim and who's uptight and who's not. Who's right the guide and who's in the federal, and Nigeria.

00:30:53--> 00:31:09

There's no group that say if there's individuals that are saved, there's no group on Yom Okayama you're not in a group on Day of Judgment. You come as a fault. Everybody comes as an individual, you don't come as a group. So your group is not going to help you out.

00:31:10--> 00:31:19

What's going to help you out as being an upright human being with dignity that believed in Allah believed in his message and did your best to follow that guidance?

00:31:20--> 00:31:58

And in Santa Clara Jumeirah to be here Koval Allah What was it about who that Asha Allah to me at V wanna her the nib? bahala Jota Aditya Cody, Allah the Santa color che in halacha Woba the market in Santa remembering. So he says the human being a human at all and all of the potentialities of the world are gathered into human being. We should do that Masha Allah to me at V. And after Uzi the batter was at a shelter at Jamia TV, and and were brought forth all of these things

00:32:00--> 00:32:24

that were gathered in him Wushi the brother was that Usha ality Jr. at V so they came after one and a half the number hello to Anna hola the asset Nicola che and Harpo wobba Harkonen sentiment in so the one who perfected everything that he created and he began the creation of the human being with mud while holding the visa lottery similar data at the Medeco.

00:32:28--> 00:32:30

So So,

00:32:31--> 00:32:41

the human being was created after all these things and and all of the potentialities the powers that are in the world were placed in him and that's what he's saying here is that

00:32:42--> 00:33:28

that He created everything with SN and then he created began the human being as the this he's he's going to argue that it's it's an abridgment of the whole world that he created a phone interview Alinea at the Medeco and that was mentioned in the Canberra bar the saying of Canberra bar about which what Allah created during the various days. Well, Kojima Allahu Tirana fitted in San Cova Satyapal Adam O'Meara Coverity he will Rowhani it he will just Mani at he will macdaddy here when we call when it but in Santa when he threw in the hope it was helpful, Adam how Salah hustler woman Arcana, he will put Wahoo Shida who will add them, so, Allah gathered in the human being besides the

00:33:28--> 00:33:52

Platinum, so the besides here means the elements, you know, that you have, you have in medicine in the out of the in the traditional tube that even seen it was a master up, you have what are called the besides than the maraca bat. So you have simple cures or treatments and then you have compound. So for instance, like aspirin is one one thing, but if you take

00:33:53--> 00:34:28

you know, a medicine that has several different types of medicine in it, or like, you know, an antibiotic, it's one thing that's in that thing like penicillin, so that would be a SIOP. But it also can mean elements just generally the word basalt help you know it's it's the foundational things, the simple substances what we'll handle yet the the, the spiritual matters will just man he at the end the material so he means the spiritual and the material will move to add to he all of his extraordinary

00:34:29--> 00:34:34

creations. One will call went out to eat and all of those

00:34:35--> 00:34:59

things that Allah subhanaw taala has Kawana like brought them into existence and formed them and fashion them that in Santa man he didn't know who he was. He thought that Adam Hassan, so he the human being by means of the world, he came about woman our county from the very elements of the world will call wha hoo hoo Jada. And, and well who will Anna

00:35:00--> 00:35:33

So like we were made, we know now that we're made of the, the, even the whole universe, what it's made of, we have all of that in us. That's his point is that we are, we have the stars in us, we have the planets, we have the ether, it's all in us in the human being. And then he says, Woman, Hazel, in the whole Sagara chakra Whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa, can matassa mineral alum, so, He, Allah has,

00:35:34--> 00:35:35

has

00:35:37--> 00:35:43

really like shrunk or diminished to demonetised his form

00:35:45--> 00:35:58

and gathered in it all of the potentialities of the world, everything that's in the world can matassa it's like an abridgment of the world. So in other words, we are the microcosm. That's what he's saying basically.

00:36:00--> 00:36:37

The Indian motto sermonette kitab. So if you look at the abridgement of a book, who Allah the only level of the whole, it's the one in which the words are diminished. So it's, it's a paucity of words was Sofia Murano, and yet the meaning is complete because a lot of books, as you know, have things that expound upon, but the, you know, you can abridge a book to get to the fundamental things and not miss anything from the book. So if you referenced instance and abridgement of the Kadima of Ibn Hadoop, or

00:36:38--> 00:36:54

Toyne, these are Bretton Woods, some of you read that here the study of history, he took nine volumes and reduced it down to two volumes. But and you will get in that book, the basic contents of the nine volumes. So

00:36:55--> 00:37:30

woman either in the who God them in software tell Adam or Luba behavior. Hola, Sati. He was a Marathi he, for workers zoob minima help. So he's saying and from, from, from the point of view that he he was made from the essence of the worlds it's an it's, it's, it's peth its innermost core. And, and the, the, the summation of it, and its fruit. He is, in essence, like the cream or the butter that rises from the Mahi Mahi, there's like,

00:37:31--> 00:37:34

sour milk. So it the bad one.

00:37:35--> 00:37:43

And I mean, this is, um, you'll find in a lot of traditions, but the Bedouin still do this. So you have this thing called a GIF, FAFSA. And it's basically

00:37:44--> 00:38:29

a goat skin. And it has, you know, they've stitched it all up, they put the milk in, and then they they rock it and the milk there's enzymes in there so over time the milk will get sour but then the butter rises. So he's saying that that's what if you look at the creation like that milk, but the essence of the milk is that cream that's the human being from creation he's using that as an analogy for that would don't even a Simpson or like the oil from Sesame for mom and Shea and 11 incentive you should be home in Washington. So there's nothing in the world except you'll find some similarity between that thing and between the human being can or can't. So if you look at the elements of the

00:38:29--> 00:38:48

world, man Hazel Murphy him and at harati were brutality were autobody, where you BUSA from, from the perspective of heat and cold and moisture, and dryness. So human beings have all those elements based on that four elemental there, or Kalma ad and then haoma who just moon

00:38:49--> 00:39:05

or like the minerals because the human being has minerals in his body. So he's a material form, like a, like a rock, or in the province is m set also spiritually and so Madden, people are spiritual minds. So there's gold people, there's silver people, there's

00:39:07--> 00:39:15

copper people, there's lead people, there's radioactive people, toxic people, like people there's a NASA Adam

00:39:17--> 00:39:19

and then he says, What can Nevada mean either Yeah.

00:39:20--> 00:39:40

And also like, we're like, the vegetable world because we grow like vegetables we eat like you, you pour water on the on the plant and it grows, you give it you know, the potassium and the phosphate and it grows or manure, whatever you do the compost. So the same with the human being we grow like that

00:39:41--> 00:40:00

will kill the HEMA or like the animal kingdom. So mineral vegetable animal, man haoma your so that it's sentient, we'll use the hydro, and then it also has levels of perception. We get to a humble like an animal can actually be frightened and think something's there that's not there. Like an N

00:40:00--> 00:40:10

And we'll consider a rope and think it's a snake. And so it imagined something that wasn't there. So it's saying we share that with the animals.

00:40:11--> 00:40:25

We'll tell the with LM we know that animals also have pleasure and pain. I mean animals a cat if you pet a cat it starts purring because it enjoys the the, the petting the touch of it.

00:40:26--> 00:41:08

And then he says, well, cassava man, Haytham Mahara. Do we have horrible or yeah, they do. Yeah, Haribo is a holiday Yeah. Hara Hara do whatever. Yeah. Horrible. I think it's it can go both ways. Cuz every man who may have radova Yeah, horrible. So yeah. Harada was like to get angry headed on somebody who's angry. And yeah, horrible. They get belligerent. So he's saying we're like, predatory animals that can get belligerent that will cause Siobhan or demons Maham Iam Corowa QID, where you'll bill or we become like demons in that we plot and we have these Machiavellian strategies and that we lead people astray. Right.

00:41:10--> 00:41:34

Like, Chef Shelton, what can Malik or we can be like the angel men who may have Allah to Allah, we were hovel. We can be like the angel, that that knows God and worships God and is in awe of God, or color, and Mafalda or we could be like the Preserved Tablet, and I thought but yeah, and the hula hoop HECM that Allah has put all of the wisdom

00:41:35--> 00:41:40

of creation into that tablet. ality cutterbar fi and assimilative TSR

00:41:41--> 00:42:30

so he, he's like, again an abridgment. *a Decker abadal hakama the bed Dental in San abattoir laffy Hikmat and one of the sages said that in the body of the human being or 4000 wisdoms will be enough see him buddy move in Attica and in his soul is something similar to that will kill me man haoma used to be to be Kurama here for a *gy kuruva nests come out under Allama youth beetle hokhmah, the local mammal and also were like the Pelham that Allah created and said octobe Man hyphema youth v2 Because it it's the the pan preserves the words by sorrel, Asha, Kuru so the human being when we speak, you can actually

00:42:32--> 00:43:19

create conceptualizations in the people in come out and tell them you can follow and my whole so when you speak, it's as if your tongue is a pen because it's it's it's having an impression on the the one you're speaking to. There's there's something that's happening, there's a touch, we're in their hearts, it's happening when he counted in central co one and milkboy multiprotein follow that in happenings and them and look for denim shajing Teddy, and from the perspective that the human being is created from all of these different powers. Allah subhanaw taala says we created the human being man milkfat M schedge nepta Teddy. So there's a very interesting verse in Surah, that insan

00:43:20--> 00:43:24

it's one of the shout out in tafsir because the not far is singular.

00:43:25--> 00:43:36

But the um shad which is of Sefa hear of the Nakba is plural. So machine is is it's, it's it's multicolored, it's something that has,

00:43:37--> 00:43:38

like,

00:43:39--> 00:44:26

you know, a cloth that's mushy edge, it's it's woven, inter woven, so there's a warp and wolf to it. So, um, Shad is mixed. So it's, uh, not far mixed. I really think genuinely that this is, is one of the great miracles of the Quran because I think it's clearly indicative of the zygote, which is the mixing of the male and the female genetic material. And it's very interesting that the word and I don't know if they why they did this, but the word from in modern Arabic for the genetic material is the same word that is used here. In the end, I don't know if they did that purposefully, or is that just merely a linguistic? Coincidence? Or I mean, I if it is, then it's clearly from Allah subhanaw

00:44:26--> 00:44:55

taala it's like emo Matic was asked about the porpoise no Porpoise is called n zero Bahar remains the pig of the ocean because porpoise in Greek means that ocean pig. And so, because got that snout, right, the porpoise, so they asked Malik, you know what he thought of it? Do you think it was permissible? And he said unto him, some may do more in Zerah Yun named it a pig. In other words, just because it has that name, I wouldn't need it.

00:44:56--> 00:44:59

So names are very interesting in that way. I am

00:45:00--> 00:45:00

Moqtada

00:45:01--> 00:45:34

mean a sham of tariffs so it's mixed from all these potentialities from all these different things What do you count on Adam wood in San Mateo shabby Haney either tuviera Peter in Santa Ana mon Sol here and from this point of view that the world and the human being are resemble one another. If one considers if this is considered, then it said that the human being is the microcosm and the universe is the the great man, right?

00:45:35--> 00:46:19

What did that call Hello to Anna Mahara? Coco, whatever the comb, Ill kind of sin Wahida and for that reason, Allah said your creation and your resurrection is like one knifes kind of sin Wahida but sharp enough said Wahida era that Al Anam so he he's basically he's saying that he's interpreting that to mean that the Nuff said why that is the essence of the world. This this this this one soul this one is the essence of that because knifes can mean essence. So he's saying it's that that tell Adam what a mechanical and what I have in Menasha and Matera within your soul Yashoda will be estimated in mountain a laser beam module than the Hinayana infura The Hidden Camera

00:46:19--> 00:46:46

cupboards minute headway at what time it could that it could be enough said in San Hassan Amarna, Lisa Vijay and min mudra that an item with Eric and Martin who am I at the hustles will be him and Hassan is he olatuja to use will be marijuana at he mean he at a low can feel sobre Amity word of the free when he added in the hookah were higher of Ananda hookah so what am I put out with the Animus in our advocacy seminar? Although annum so then he says

00:46:48--> 00:46:58

when every compounded thing from all these diverse things when you see they are all gathered into

00:47:01--> 00:47:05

yeah so it'll be steamer in Murnane lacy be a motion Fina. So

00:47:06--> 00:47:44

it's the whole is greater than that, then the parts the sum of the parts. I mean, that's what he's saying basically, is that when you see that, right for him that didn't feel right, if you took them as parts can more Urraca that minute as well. Just like when if you take medicine or food that is compounded okay datacube enough settings in house on a mountain in Laserfiche in min Mojo that and annum. So this is the sum of the parts, the whole is greater than the sum of the parts. That's what he's saying. That put together the human being is much greater than all of the sum of the parts that make up the human being.

00:47:45--> 00:47:59

Without a kind of mountain or who am I to hustle to be human how's that you see and and that's the meaning that is specific to him from those particularities that God has given that human being ality at me is will be hammered through an ad that make that distinguish him.

00:48:01--> 00:48:02

From from others.

00:48:05--> 00:48:07

Manhattan doe, from all these different

00:48:09--> 00:48:27

aspects to the human being tend to sobre karma, like the fact that he's he's upright, that he has broad fingernails, and then also the, the passions that he's susceptible to, like visibility, or, or blushing, you know, modesty,

00:48:28--> 00:49:10

or the, the actions that he's capable of, like, conceptualizing intelligible goals. So we actually have things that are that exist in our minds only that don't exist in the extra there's extra mental existence, but then there's whoo then so yeah, we'll shoot hydrogen. We'll do Danny. So we can actually conceptualize intelligible like, like numbers. So the numbers don't have a will shoot cottagey right, mathematic mathematics, they don't there aren't numbers in the world really. They're there they're intelligible is that are conceptualized by our minds they're abstractions

00:49:13--> 00:49:42

with the animals scene and then also learning all of the crafts and skills that human beings are capable of and also acquiring good character so this goes back to even audio the loudness famous statement, you know, dua Oka fika. What are Tisha? Oh, you know, what attempts at Walmart of $0 Okay, Fico, Amitabh zero, the cure is in you and yet you don't see it. What that oh come Inca what Atisha Otto, and the disease is from you, and you don't feel it?

00:49:44--> 00:49:59

What does evil Unaka German Severen or Vaikuntha well alimak borrow, and you deem yourself an insignificant thing and yet in you the whole cosmos exists. So this is not he? This is something that the Muslims understood early on you

00:50:00--> 00:50:24

This is not a Greek philosophy. This is the microcosm and the macrocosm is something that emomali articulated. And it's very clear from his instead let so insan to coordinate instantiate and for che and hardtail sera insana and camera and in Santa Utako, 101, and GMAT and a u turn, come on all over to add or couldn't do more and Wharton

00:50:25--> 00:51:02

was with Erica hydromechanical Robin McLean and Walsall sodden went through mail Sharon a bath and Damion come up autoload to Anna. Hola, hola. betta coalminer Adina betta with Erica Haytham, I cannot fathom what Anna Tatung would not have gotten one hour. The male suit or Halen and with Erica Hazel Mallya Tibet will be ultimately here but the Malian federal resume in the mail dual row, two male zero in Santa Fe you have for your hustle so Oh, yeah, Subra Fallon, insomnia. So he says the human being is begins from an inanimate substance. He begins from an inanimate sobs.

00:51:03--> 00:51:32

Allah says quantum and water for outcome. You were inanimate, and we animated you, we brought you to life. So you're inanimate may it and we brought you to life. Well, that guy who kind of taught Robin and what he means there is that you were you were dirt, you were mud. You were soil rather you were mud, and that and then you were the ceramic preparation, the male pseudo Nevada and then you became vegetative,

00:51:34--> 00:51:34

that

00:51:36--> 00:51:37

had growth.

00:51:40--> 00:52:13

And that's what Allah means when he says Allah and betta coalminer, he caused you to grow from the earth, He causes you to go to bat and the bat is vegetable. So we go through these stages. And this is very important, because when we get to the end of the book, you're gonna see that this is very important, these stages that he's, he's spending time on this, because he comes to a profound conclusion at the end of this, which, which is really actually it's so overwhelmingly stunning, that it'll just

00:52:15--> 00:52:18

give you a completely different perspective on on

00:52:19--> 00:52:26

why God has created us in these phases and stages, and what God's intends by it. So

00:52:28--> 00:52:29

and then he says,

00:52:30--> 00:53:16

well, that Hazel Americana, not for 10 for Africa, 10 will Mottola 10. One, so that's the vegetative that's biological life. And that's why, even though the spiritual life has not come into the, the, the, you're in a vegetative life, so we were in Tibet, right. And then we go to the, the animal, and then we go to the spiritual, the immaterial when we get our soul. So those are the phases that we go through. Allah has put us through these phases. So we were dead, with just substance that was not biological life. So we were basically mineral, and then we became a vegetable, and then we become animal, and then we become human. So we go through these phases.

00:53:19--> 00:54:04

And he said, to me, of sudo, Halen, and then animal with Atacama heavy, it's about Obeah love it, he bought the William Pharaoh, in that you follow by your nature, things that benefit you we act that is woman by the Mildura. So every animal that's healthy, will look to secure its benefit, and do what it needs to do to avoid harm. That and that's why Allah says that the human is more astray than animals, because they don't look after their benefit. It's I was with one of my boys once many years ago, and his lady was smoking a cigarette. And my son had never seen smoke before. Like the hadn't seen anybody smoke. So he was just staring in utter shock at seeing this woman smoke coming out of

00:54:04--> 00:54:09

her mouth. And she looked at me she said, Don't you ever do this?

00:54:10--> 00:54:12

That that is not a good role model.

00:54:13--> 00:54:14

Right?

00:54:15--> 00:54:33

Because somebody who's doing something and telling you not to do it. I mean, that just it doesn't there's a contradiction there. But that's the human being they will do things they know are harmful for them. Whereas animals won't so that's what he's saying there. The meal sudo in Santa Fe your hustle so but a valid incendia and then

00:54:34--> 00:54:35

the the

00:54:37--> 00:54:40

those things that make us human then become part of our

00:54:43--> 00:54:54

of our nature or Canada. Hello to Anna, Anna Derek, memoire there cathedra. So Allah has indicated this in many places in the Quran. Like when when Allah said yeah, you have NAS.

00:54:56--> 00:55:00

In quantum theory, one minute by the way in Hara panna come into

00:55:00--> 00:55:17

robbing from I mean, not fit in the moment adequate in the moment Medaka Tim halacha Tim already Mohana Patel leanbean at ACOEM when oppa roofer or hammy Manisha with a gentle Muslim. So, oh humanity

00:55:18--> 00:55:30

if you're in doubt about the resurrection, you know think about this, we created you from from Earth and then from a zygote and then from a embedded

00:55:32--> 00:55:55

embryo and then from this developing embryo that is formed and unformed. And then we in order to clarify to you and we have instilled in the wombs made firm in the wombs, whatever we please to a fixed term

00:55:56--> 00:56:02

and then Allah said a comfortability Hara to come in to Robin may not fit in the Messiah worker radula

00:56:03--> 00:56:14

Do you deny? Do you negate Do you disbelieve in the One who created you from Earth? And then from as I got and then made you a human being

00:56:16--> 00:56:29

but Oh, what am I tell how Rofi hippo with a Nemo or module 30 for Nevada. So the first thing that manifests in us is the the power of of growth, vegetative growth that you see in vegetables

00:56:31--> 00:57:10

in the vegetable world, come up with a new Zap and module for Iona. And then the next is the School of new Zach. Right which is the newswire and Eli he it's it's there's a willfulness there that enters in from the animals, no matter what, 10 hour or more often, and then the the power of getting what what is pleasing what define mohatta and avoiding what one doesn't want. Thermal hiss, and then sentience no matter how your imagination to mythos over conceptualization though metabo core reasoning, thermal alcohol,

00:57:11--> 00:57:35

right. So thought to *a there would be thought and then reason, the Medaka and then reason for Lumiose here in Santa Ana Elavil Vickery will agree, so you only achieve your humanity once you get to that ability to think and reason Allah Devi you may use we men are highly painter highly washery that you can distinguish between good and evil. And this is

00:57:36--> 00:58:05

Jackson and Takbeer. So you have this key laugh the Tizzy right? Basically said the Archon was able to perceive good and evil. And the other schools the match odd and Ashati. They believe that also, but they limited. So they don't have the absolute position that the market has yet I take so they they believe that the intellect can perceive that what's what's tassin and Takbeer.

00:58:07--> 00:58:51

Like, the intellect is left to understand that that knowledge is good. And that ignorance is evil. That's the realm the intellect can do that doesn't need revelation to determine that it can it can see that that theft is bad. And that honesty is good. Murder is bad. You know, treating other human beings the way you'd like to be treated. Those are those are things that reason Ken can arrive at so that's a soft natural law. Right? It's a soft, natural, it's not a hard natural love is a soft natural law. But where they did and then they also Mala Matata, but they also believe that like that you like something or dislike something because a lot of you know there's a whole theory of ethics

00:58:51--> 00:59:19

called the you know, like the boohoo theory, the things you don't like are bad and things that you like are good. So the our scholars recognize that that there are there that's an aspect of ethics. Like we might find it disgusting to eat snails. So we say oh, that's bad. But then you traveled to France and or even Morocco, and they're cooking snails and the Morocco that's good.

00:59:20--> 00:59:22

So that that's just nature Baba.

00:59:24--> 00:59:30

And Chef Imam Shafi put some emphasis on that in terms of Dassin and topia.

00:59:32--> 00:59:47

The third though, is what relates to a cob and throw up that in terms of of, of the details of right and wrong, the intellect can't reach that it can't get to there are many things that the intellect will not be able to understand.

00:59:48--> 00:59:50

And then also the

00:59:51--> 00:59:57

the punishment and the reward that goes with the action. That's the realm of Shetty. It's not the realm of Auckland.

00:59:59--> 00:59:59

I mean, you can make

01:00:00--> 01:00:28

You know there's Tyrese in Sharia which the awkward can do but in terms of the afterlife, the reward and punishment of the afterlife for actions that are done in this world only revelation can can determine that the human intellect has no access to that so so that so he's saying that you know that the human being can have this ability to perceive right and wrong but not in an absolute sense that's that's my point and it's limited

01:00:29--> 01:00:30

and then he says

01:00:39--> 01:01:28

lol akl Ashara tan was overcome for asanas overcome he formed you and and what a beautiful form he gave you your forms Asana, he made them excellent made them beautiful. But in sanbi after he saw Dental in so the human being through the human intellect became the source of knowledge. It's the mine of knowledge. This is where you're gonna get the knowledge from well, Marcus al hikma and the center of wisdom will show that actually fee $50 comedy via Cova CO will show the novel Hotjar. So, the the existence of the intellect in the beginning of of the affair is potentiality is through potentiality Belko was sometimes poor means power sometimes here it means potentiality Kozue, the

01:01:28--> 01:02:17

natif alhaja like the existence of fire in the Flint when Mark Tadge a fee and urea elected so and yet means like to strike the flint so if you if you strike the Flint, you'll get the the fire will cause you the narrative and Noah or like the existence in potentiality the whole palm tree exists in in the palm seed and my tagit and youth mirror it of arson was Sapien. So you have to plant it and you have to water it caboodle man attack that are like the existence of water table waters that are under the earth and attach it it is disarming who is suffering. So in order to to acquire that water to draw that water out. You need to drill a well, when I'm sitting in San walkathon been up over 10

01:02:17--> 01:02:31

So the human being the human soul then exists between these two powers. Right? One is the concupiscent and the other is the rational I mean, there is a third power which is the

01:02:32--> 01:02:33

which is the

01:02:35--> 01:03:24

the irascible power, so it's a hobby Yeah. So but here he's he's basically showing the animosity and the and the the angelic nature. So we have these two natures that Allah and and they're in tension, there's a tension between these two, the rational and the applicative. Alright, so the irascible is kind of a moderate. It exists between the two the third most the Greeks called it right, which is in that in that middle phase for over phobia Kota Shaohua. harissa to now we're gonna let that resonated Bohemia Qaddafi that he was SIFAT with the Allah was that that idea? And so this, this applicative power, it's covetous, to

01:03:25--> 01:03:37

you know, it attempts to to obtain pleasures of the body bodily and animal pleasures, like food and sex and also

01:03:38--> 01:03:59

to you know, to overcome like to conquer and it's about it was set at a lead that that agita and all those other more immediate appetite, pleasures will be quoted Aqua retirees were added to in our room will adapt and with the power of the intellect, it covets it desires

01:04:01--> 01:04:04

you know it's really desires or wants

01:04:05--> 01:04:07

to achieve knowledges and

01:04:09--> 01:04:23

refinement. You know, there will add means more like refinement when a valid Jamila and good deeds will moral Hamida and praiseworthy matters and mahmudul are people that that are

01:04:24--> 01:04:27

have praiseworthy consequences.

01:04:29--> 01:04:39

We either had to enter or attain a Shara to Anivia Cody in her Dana who severe in shock and in capoeira, we've guided you the two paths

01:04:40--> 01:04:51

either grateful or ungrateful. Come forward here. Caffeine means in grades, right so it also means disbeliever scoffer.

01:04:55--> 01:04:59

So when he says her day now who knows Dane? We that nudge does a a

01:05:00--> 01:05:22

bharat mata fell or it's a raised up playing a road. So we showed him the two clear roads. These are two clear roads that we have shown him. When a macadam and debilitated in San Anita Hara mafia led the Canada led that to r&r bein so when it was the nature the human nature to seek after pleasure.

01:05:23--> 01:06:18

The pleasures came in two types I had the hem on my shoes can lead that and Mother Earth woman Musa one was more at one Mazzara two and much more mad women to Shehata, Hibernia. So one of them are the the sense the sensual pleasures like the pleasures of taste, the pleasures of touch, the pleasures of of sound, the pleasures of sight, and the pleasures of smell. So the pleasures of the five senses and these follow the, the animal appetites with Thani my poor and the second type of pleasure are the intellectual pleasures colada tell him what our appeal here Will Ferrell a Jimmy, that is the the the pleasure of knowledge of doing good of of acting virtuously will lead that into my Sousa aka

01:06:18--> 01:06:32

Elena Lakonia Akadama who then fina, it's very interesting. So the sensual pleasures are more dominant in us, because they were the first pleasures that we had.

01:06:33--> 01:06:48

Right, so we're more accustomed to them. They're easier. They're quicker, then to show to fit in Santa Barbara a new lead that you experienced them in the womb of your mother, or have they eaten is that hasha Janina you gave me food when I was

01:06:49--> 01:07:06

an embryo in the womb of my mother, well heeled Dodoria the whole FoodWorks and also audits on kettlebell to a boil agita because they're immediate, you can get them immediately. It's an actual pleasure takes work takes effort.

01:07:07--> 01:07:54

Sarah Baba Keirsey gave a nice the other day, she was talking about the difficulty that you have in acquiring knowledge. But then when you get it, the pleasure that you get is is is is great. And she liken that to like paradise, that, you know, here, it's all struggle. But then in the afterlife, it all becomes meaningful. So intellectual pleasure is difficult. You never see if you see somebody who's really mastered something, even a, you know, a great pianist, you don't see all the hours and hours of horrible repetition that they had to do to get to the point where they could play something beautifully. So all intellectuals mathematics, somebody, you know, you see USE OF HIS Manual, it's

01:07:54--> 01:08:01

very easy for him. But you didn't see all the struggle that Dr. Yusuf went through to to achieve that level, of, of,

01:08:02--> 01:08:33

of ability. In higher mathematics is a great struggle. You don't get there easy, very few people find those type things easy. There are some people that seem to but they're very rare those type people, most intellectual effort is is very rigorous and arduous and takes time. So that's what he's saying. You know that those the the sensual pleasures are very quick. Just eat a cake and tastes great, and then you regret eating it.

01:08:34--> 01:08:44

That's the nature of sensual pleasure. Most of it is actually a little remorseful because it's generally a lot of it's a waste of time, what he that

01:08:46--> 01:09:18

you could have thought a Nassima be halacha and for this reason, and then Allah says, kettlebell to him. When Elijah you love immediate things, and you put off what's coming. So you procrastinate, the difficulties and this is in a book that airlock and Ornstein wrote called New World new mind, one of the things that they say in there is that the human being is the brain is designed to react to immediate things, but it actually will put off and delay things that are coming down the road. That's why you have a national debt.

01:09:19--> 01:09:24

Like, you know, $30 trillion. Really, really,

01:09:25--> 01:09:59

you how long can you keep doing that? They just keep kicking it down the road, but eventually it's going to collapse the currency it has to. It's just economics. Adam Smith, last chapter, chapter five, it's an important chapter in the Wealth of Nations on debts and taxation. And he says, Nobody gets no country has ever survived us deficit financing. It destroys the economy of the country. So now they're going to start dumping these Petro dollars because because now Saudi saying oh, we'll take the yuan. We'll take the Brazilian currency. You

01:10:00--> 01:10:09

You know, we'll take rubles. So once the reserve currency is lost the American dollars worthless can be worthless mazing

01:10:11--> 01:10:16

over a war that we should have never had anything to do with Ukraine, really?

01:10:17--> 01:10:18

Ukraine

01:10:21--> 01:10:27

I mean, this is insanity, risking nuclear conflagration for what

01:10:31--> 01:10:52

mean people have to deal with their own problems right and it's part of the this whole idea that you can police the world, we can even police ourselves. Have you looked at the crime rates lately? out there? You can't govern others if you can't govern yourselves. I mean, the head the Khalifa is given to those who's who self govern

01:10:53--> 01:10:55

the needs of this Khalifa.

01:10:57--> 01:11:01

But what is the hallmark of that Khalifa knowledge?

01:11:02--> 01:11:16

That's what Allah says, look how many times in that verse knowledge in its different forms as mentioned, it's amazing because that's a knowledge is not just, you know, theoretical knowledge but it's also knowledge this applied

01:11:17--> 01:11:24

because he told him to bet on BS met him, tell them, apply your knowledge, show them what you can do.

01:11:25--> 01:11:26

So

01:11:29--> 01:11:44

you know, these are the kettlebell tribunal agita you just put off what's coming. kick it down the road. I mean, no, no, no ethical generation would ever acquire debt that they're just going to hand to the next generation

01:11:46--> 01:11:50

that you can't hand another generation your debt is unethical.

01:11:51--> 01:11:53

You should pay your own debts.

01:11:54--> 01:11:58

So you're borrowing money for your enjoyment, or for your

01:12:00--> 01:12:19

for your standard of living, that is going to end up creating misery for your offspring. Either your children or your grandchildren or your great gadget. Somebody is going to pay the price for what you're doing. And that selfishness, which is a horrible thing, horrible quality

01:12:23--> 01:12:52

What do you that? You're gonna Nazma wouldn't be an acronym for that reason. Most people disdain what their what their reason tells them to do or you may do it Amalia maravilha and they inclined towards what their passions tell them to do. hatzaki that an Oculus, a deacon McTernan what how our adornment work to the point where it's even been said that the the reason is is a friend that's been cut off and passion is an enemy that's followed

01:12:53--> 01:13:18

what did that guy peeler either that can now sue them and be chahatein Or can it be hit by the echo for the heart of much the hate of it and I do want to do the full study ago we did Attica our interviews allies and profit agenda to win mCherry word for the Naropa Shahabad so the poet said you know if you're not enjoins you to some appetite

01:13:20--> 01:13:33

but to get to it will lead to something untoward something bad leave it and go against what you desire. Because it's it's an enemy, it's a loving enemy.

01:13:35--> 01:13:49

What he loved was a decal and to go against it is your friend and then the profit slice and for that reason said her foot agenda to Bill Macquarie Wow for the Naropa Shaohua two really important ideas that the the

01:13:51--> 01:14:05

Paradise is surrounded by distasteful things like getting up at dawn and and praying you know, it's not easy on itself. It's it's one of the times where sleep is deepest for most people doing wudu when the water is cold

01:14:06--> 01:14:17

giving money like incense Shahe The Prophet said the best sadaqa is when you have Sahil Shahi on your show of the actual *er when you're

01:14:18--> 01:14:30

in a good state you're you're but you're covetous of your wealth and fearing poverty that's the best because you're going against your knifes so all those things when you go against yourself those are the things that get you close to Allah

01:14:32--> 01:14:37

is going against the self following the self to prophesy s&m said

01:14:38--> 01:14:39

and let me know

01:14:43--> 01:14:50

and movement okay. Yes. fatten you know that movement is key is key as as intelligence in the movement has intelligence

01:14:53--> 01:14:54

that that

01:14:58--> 01:14:59

Mandana and have sold

01:15:00--> 01:15:28

Like he done and if so, why? Well I'm going to NUMA about the remote and he works for what's after death so He disciplines his soul and he works for what's after his his death will Amaco the idiots is the one that at bat enough so haha, but termina Allah Allah, Allah money, he just lets his intellect do whatever he is self do whatever it wants follow its own passions, and then he has feign wishes

01:15:29--> 01:15:39

on Nia is a wish Raja is a hope that's coupled with action. Will Nia is is a wish that has no action. There's no action to it.

01:15:42--> 01:15:50

So 100 up, we'll open up for questions. I didn't finish the chapter, but inshallah we'll get to it.

01:15:51--> 01:15:56

On what on Monday, Tuesday, I think is one, we're going to make up the class that I missed.

01:15:58--> 01:16:01

Put that mark, go go ahead.

01:16:15--> 01:16:16

In the list of,

01:16:18--> 01:16:23

you know, the potentialities existed in the human, I was wondering about the ordering of it, it seems that

01:16:24--> 01:16:35

it's beginning with the four humors. And then it ends with the Preserved Tablet and the column. And I was wondering if there's intentionality behind that, definitely. Because it seems to me that, you know,

01:16:36--> 01:17:02

the four elements may be the ordering of the material world and ending at the most, the highest point exactly activity passivity, or he's definitely it's, it's very clear, and, and he brings it all together at the end, like he shows you what he's trying to do. That's why for me, what he's doing in this book is he really is giving you a complete exposition of what a human being is.

01:17:05--> 01:17:07

From, from what we're made up of.

01:17:08--> 01:17:15

And then he looks at us sociologically, he looks at us, intellectually, spiritually.

01:17:17--> 01:17:25

It's amazing. What he's doing. Yeah, so there's definitely intentionality. He's clearly has a process.

01:17:27--> 01:17:33

I mean, he's in that tradition of, you know, the, these are the scholars that were heavily influenced by Greek.

01:17:37--> 01:17:41

The the, the, the, the intellectual

01:17:44--> 01:18:21

structure of knowledge, how knowledge should be structured. And so you see a clear difference. Once the influence of the once the Muslims conquer the Levant, and these great peripatetic schools enter into Islam, and they start translating these books, and the Muslim scholars are reading these books, they learned a way of organizing that, that you don't see as much, although the MATA is, I think, very well organized. But you really see it in these scholars, they're there. When you read Aristotle, you kind of get that understanding. There's a,

01:18:22--> 01:18:27

which is now modern academia, I mean, this is the way modern academic works.

01:18:29--> 01:18:46

Also, can I ask, is, you know, is this an exhaustive division of the principles in forming the macrocosm or? I mean, I don't think it's totally Yeah, he could have gone into more detail, probably, but he's giving you the, the most important points.

01:18:47--> 01:18:56

Because like, I understand there's like, lesser principles, but are there like others at the same degree of like importance? I don't think so. I think he's giving you the most important.

01:19:01--> 01:19:02

Any other questions?

01:19:04--> 01:19:05

Let's

01:19:06--> 01:19:07

go ahead.

01:19:08--> 01:19:08

And then

01:19:10--> 01:19:19

Sam, and Nico. Thank you. So in what way, if any, does the Platonic conception of the tripartite soul differ from the Islamic one?

01:19:24--> 01:19:25

I think the

01:19:28--> 01:19:28

the

01:19:30--> 01:19:53

the tripartite nature of the soul is really self evident. So I don't I don't think I mean, obviously, Plato. He uses the analogy of the charioteer and the two horses one being better than the other the irascible horse better than the compute percent. But the point is, is that the charioteer reason should be in charge of these two.

01:19:55--> 01:20:00

I think these are things that the Muslims saw were self

01:20:00--> 01:20:44

evident while the elbow bucket of an RV actually says that, you know the the virtues the Omaha it's the Four Virtues they're really agreed upon. So the Four Virtues as you all know, because your students as a tuna, the four virtues are courage shujaa And then if temperance. Right, and then hikma which here is prudence because the Muslims, the Arabs do not differentiate between what they call Hickman melodiya. And Hikmah Emelia. So, in Greek, they had a difference between the phronesis and the Sophia. So they differed. And also in, in,

01:20:45--> 01:20:45

in,

01:20:47--> 01:20:51

in our tradition is wisdom and prudence so prudence is practical wisdom, and that's the

01:20:53--> 01:20:59

cardinal moral virtue, which is different from an intellectual or, or a

01:21:01--> 01:21:13

spiritual, theological virtue. So the Four Virtues and then and so the virtue of the irascible soul is courage. The virtue of the

01:21:14--> 01:22:09

the concupiscence soul is temperance, if the virtue of the rational soul is hikma. And then when those three are working, when you're ordered properly, as Allah has created you, upright, so your head is on the top, and then he puts your chest and then he put your stomach and your genitals. That's the order. Like that's alignment. If you're most Akeem, then you're aligned properly, your head is governing your hearts and your and your your lower. Once Once that you flip it over, then that's my gloob. So that's the inky lab, when the genitals on the stomach dictates reason, then the person is lost. And they're just following their appetites. Or when you get angry your irascible

01:22:09--> 01:22:53

soul takes over and reason. That's why equanimity was so important. Nina, the idea of Sakina of having Sakina. Like not getting angry, which takes that takes effort, it's Masada. That's why the Prophet SAW I send them said that the real strong man wasn't shady the Surah it was the one that you already went after. And the result of that you overcome yourself when you're angry. That's the real strong man is not the one that can beat another man. It's the one that can actually control himself when he or she gets angry. So those those are the cardinal virtues. And those are related to the tripart soul. So the Adana is the balance. That's why justice and balance are related. So yeah, Ted

01:22:53--> 01:23:04

Dylan massage. So your your temperament is ordered properly. Right, because we all have a mismatch. And so when you're temperaments ordered properly, you're in harmony.

01:23:07--> 01:23:47

So I think they're they're not they're there. I think the Muslims would have come up with it, whether or not Plato they got it from Plato or not, it doesn't. It's, it's clear in the Quran. These the Shabbats are clear, the COVID another V is very clear. I mean, it's these these are self evident, I think, I mean, not self evident so much, but can be quickly understood. discursively. It's it to say it's self evident, would would not be really fair. But but they're they're demonstrative that you can clearly prove that, that we are tripartite creatures.

01:23:52--> 01:23:53

Yeah.

01:23:54--> 01:24:07

So according to the first question, according to email, Murali among other scholars, what is the indication that we have started to get to know ourselves? And how do we distinguish between knowing ourselves and being delusional?

01:24:10--> 01:24:12

Very good question. So

01:24:15--> 01:24:19

there's a story from the Zen tradition that will help here.

01:24:21--> 01:24:24

Now, there was a famous Zen master who

01:24:25--> 01:24:54

was considered to be enlightened. And so he came to this temple and there's all these Buddhists. They'd been there doing their size N for decades. And all he said was, there's no such thing as enlightenment. So they all left except for one. And he said, Aren't you gonna go with your friends? He said, No, I'm still thinking about what you said. Because here I've been thinking all these years that I was enlightened. Now. I'm wondering if it was just early onset of senility.

01:24:55--> 01:24:59

So the point of that is that delusion is a big problem.

01:25:00--> 01:25:06

And we delude ourselves very easily. So who Roar

01:25:07--> 01:25:11

is something that Allah warns us about? One of the best ways to,

01:25:12--> 01:25:21

to help in that is to have good companionship. Because people, a true friend is going to help you

01:25:22--> 01:25:24

with your shortcomings.

01:25:26--> 01:25:28

I mean, I you know

01:25:34--> 01:26:09

I think all of us in Ireland, Santa Ana and NFC basura, whatever dumb idea or human beings really are aware of of themselves if they're really honest with themselves. So it's just I think it takes a level of courage to kind of admit, but I think a lot of people do know their shortcomings. And, and, but there are blind spots. Arrogance is one of them. Arrogance is like high blood pressure. It's just a kind of hidden disease. And a lot of people are unaware that they're arrogant. A lot of people aren't aware that they're envious. So those are things that

01:26:10--> 01:26:26

traditionally you had saga for that you had a chef who would help you, you basura Kavita ubica Yes, how was chef and RF and mosaddek Yaki for clarity in my Herrick youth Corolla either we will sell at the la moda who

01:26:27--> 01:27:07

usually do not sell the robber Armenia to Halabi Maka, materia Yaqeen. I mean, though, that was a tradition that you, you really needed people to help you with that. And that was the idea of having spiritual companionship that would help you see the faults in yourself. But that can be done with good, Saba because people can help Imam Shafi. Somebody asked him how he got such good character. And he said, I listened to my detractors, and I took their criticism seriously. So don't just assume if somebody says, I think you're arrogant. Don't just assume that there. It's not true. I mean, think about it.

01:27:08--> 01:27:21

People, it's hard to look at the self. I mean, he talked about that earlier about self love, that humble, yummy, love blinds and we love ourselves, we have to love ourselves. Allah has created us

01:27:22--> 01:27:33

with this idea, but when when that love becomes inordinate, then it becomes narcissism. And narcissistic personality disorders is well, well studied.

01:27:35--> 01:27:39

So, and there are people with these disorders that are very problematic.

01:27:40--> 01:28:15

But I think they all there's no disease, whether it's mental, psychological, spiritual, physical, there's no disease that doesn't have a cure. There's no disease, prophesy. centum said mountains that Allah who done it the ones that Omar Abdullah, Ali Muhammad Ali, Mujahid elimine Jada, there's no disease, except Allah has sent down a cure. So whatever troubles or struggles that one is having with that a SME Rohilla. Don't despair from the grace of God because there's always there's always grace, and there's always the possibility. So I think

01:28:17--> 01:28:31

that's, that's the, you know, the best that I can do with that. One is that we have to be vigilant about that. Because we really can delude ourselves. We have to you don't want to get to the point where you're you become

01:28:32--> 01:28:49

completely stifled and almost frozen with the inability to act because you're constantly questioning and checking your intentions and your actions. There's people that do that, and that itself can be very dangerous. Where you're just Oh, is my Nia sound, isn't it?

01:28:50--> 01:29:05

Toka Allah Allah, you know, trust in Allah subhana wa Tada. Do your best make Toba? ask Allah to you Basu Rocha to give you openings. CD. Amazon Rock says that prayer on the Prophet is one of the best things for the evenness to help with the

01:29:06--> 01:29:17

with the polishing of the self, is prayer on the Prophet slice. I mean, if you do a lot of prayer on the Prophet is one of the few that goes, it's over the counter, it will not harm you.

01:29:18--> 01:29:26

It won't harm you. Some of that some of the other thinkers can be very strong. But prayer on the prophet will only be beneficial.

01:29:28--> 01:29:59

Another question we have says, I know that the basic reason for creating human beings is to worship God. But what is the motivation for God to create in the first place? Yeah, this good good question. We don't believe that God there's nothing that motivates God outside of God's essence that there's no there's no end lover in these in what they call the four causes. You know, the