Gateway to God’s Book #6

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Hamza Yusuf

Channel: Hamza Yusuf

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Mr. Narayan Rahim. Allah Allah Allah say the Mohammed Varna and he will serve us and him to see makira

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and hamdulillah Salam Alikum warahmatu Allahi wa barakatu Ramadan Mubarak, Sha, Allah Seroka a lot for Tao, just deed

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Seroka and

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to john madden mobile rocket and we'll knock Buddha 10, the dkr hamara mean, masala Madison Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa sallam to see me with era. So continuing on in Sharla been looking at images, a academies work on the major themes of the Quran, and the structure of the Quran.

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We covered the

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aspect

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of

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the stories and the importance of the stories, and then also the nature of repetition in the Quran, that very often the repetition is to display the prowess, the elegance, the eloquence, and ban of the Quran. And then now we're going to look at his, what he argues, are the 12 sciences that are necessary for a Mufasa. And there's different types of Tafseer. But

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all of them are first your own. The people that these are called exit g it's the people of exit Jesus, these people have to master a certain number of Sciences in order for them to be able to interpret the Quran soundly and be protected from air. One of the most interesting things I think about deviant groups in our tradition, every single one of them without exception almost that goes astray based on language on on lower and on misinterpretations. And usually it's rhetorical, it's from betta, it's actually not understanding the rhetorical nature of the poor. And the other problem is, is that they go astray from not having a comprehensive perspective, because you can see one

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thing and think you're convinced of its truth. But then there's something else that that, like the poet's that could have happened to Shane will have the anchor show, you know, you know something, but there are a lot of things you don't know. So, Shahab, delevan, once said to me that this religion needs him Kabir, that's what that that's how he described it, it needs a vast knowledge.

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For scholarship, though,

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the scholars are are varying degrees. So you have

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at the lowest level, you have people that are called out like the wild, you know, the wild is somebody like a preacher, and they have a level of scholarship. I mean, they have to or they can't do that very often. they memorize the Quran are large parts of it. they memorize some Hadees, they have studied some fifth, even if it's basic fifth. So there's a level but it's not a high level. And very often they can get into trouble because

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the the common people who don't really aren't able to distinguish between the levels of scholarship they might see this person as a because he speaks false Ha. And and the Aam Aadmi, the common person, he doesn't speak firsthand. So he thinks, you know, the chef really knows. Now give me one example I was once when I was in the Emirates studying, there was a Mufti I used to visit a lot, and I'd sit with him. And I studied with him shout out below and said he was he was a student of Sheikh Mohammed that a ministry and he was a brilliant scholar, and just a vast area addition and a phenomenal memory, and knew a lot about a lot of things. I mean, I was once asked about the American

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court system, and I started explaining to him and then he corrected me, because he talked about the nine district courts and how the Supreme Court worked. And I mean, I was I was like, 19, or 20. But I mean, that that was that level of knowledge he had. So we were there. And these two people, I won't say what from which country was from Arab country. They came in for a fight when they asked him a question. And it was it was relatively straightforward, you know, but he,

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he delved deeper into it, and then he said, Come back tomorrow, I'll give the answer. And I'll never forget this. The man turned to me because I was there with the chef and he said, that the out of Haggar and like, does he know anything?

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Like he just couldn't understand why he wasn't giving him an immediate answer. But this man had an immense amount of water, you know, just scrupulousness and that's and that's how he was. And so

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you know, the the common person will think you know, if you're not quick to answer

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You don't know anything. Whereas scholars will actually appreciate a scholar who deliberates because the prophets I send him said that deliberation is extremely important and equality that Allah loves. And so this the second level is, is the is the llama, you know, after the while, you know, these are people that

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really have mastered sciences. And then they go into specialization very often, but they have a comprehensive knowledge of the deen. And they get that,

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you know, status of being an atom and then they there's tough out with amongst them, there's the grades, that in in every generation, there will be a handful of them. And then there's, there's people that are just well versed. And, and then you have the cam

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and these people that have oulad Emery, so they have a level of authority over us of the Aloha theocracy and remain calm, you know, they Alon obey the messenger and those who are in authority over you. And and then you have the MBs. So, email

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alesse rihani. In his daddy, he has a beautiful book called very ILM Academy, Sharia, and he mentions in there

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that the most important thing for a government, oh, Debevoise you bet Allah lokomat morata matassa dealin is to regulate, who takes religious leadership in a society. And,

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and this is something that happened for instance, Nirvana, milk is a good example of that, who, who was a minister during the period, and was very concerned about the religious anarchy, and so he was finding the right people and he found him out of his alley and set him up in the Nila Mia. But the reason he he said that is because the prophets control the inner and the outer, the they control the inner and the outer of the house. And so they control the inner states, the bottom of the house and some of the common people and the elect people. And then they control the outer states that that's the the profits, they they're the only ones that have that the soul bond controls the outer states

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that people like right now we're all under house arrest, because the soul bond is saying stay in your home. So they control our outward we might disagree with it. And if we oppose them, we might face the consequences but they don't control our inward state, the only control our outward state, I mean, they're they try to control the inward state by propaganda, and, you know, all these, you know, sigh wars, psyops you know, psychological operations and things like that, but they really don't control our inward and and then and then the Hakama these are the sage Li scholars who control the bottom of the hasar they control the inward states of the elect. So these are people that have

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an immense impact on our thinking like somebody like Satan, the people who will influence people through his his writing Hill influence how you perceive the world, how you are in America, that is somebody like that. And then and then you have the, the owl who control the inward of the common people, that's why they are the most dangerous people. So if they're not and and what he says is the the rulers have to be guided by the Hakama right to be to be in good condition. And and and and the and the wild has to be guided by the whole karma. So the hoka ma are very important people, these the elders, and this is why the prophets Allah isms Elisa, min Mullah Dr. Kabir Anna, is not from

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us, the one that doesn't, topia is Tallinn, you have to, you know, give them their place. And if if you lose that, then it's very dangerous. And one of the things that prophet SAW him said, in the latter days, the youth would rebel against the elders and the end the end there would be no respect, but also the elders have to have compassion for the youth. So it goes both ways. The prophet SAW him said, when a

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Malayalam sahira, and they don't have compassion for our youth. So this is a two way street. But this is why knowledge is so important, because without knowledge, people go astray. And the opposite of Islam is Jad does the opposite. And the worst form of jihad is what's called jihad, Morocco. And the worst form of jihad Morocco is going into revelation, the Book of Allah and the Hadith of the Prophet Isaiah with that

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requisite knowledge to interpret them because they come up with crazy things. And and they lead people astray. And and the Prophet said, The thing I fear most for my own man is eloquent, you know, hypocrites, like people that will actually use the religion to manipulate other people. So these sciences are very important.

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So you have to know also the Dean

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masuleh. Dean, the Arsalan, you'll see this written in the books for the students that are salon are the Associate Dean and also the

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Associate Dean are the foundations of the religion itself. And that means that and then the APA is further categorized into Illa yet and ofwat and some yet. And so you have to learn your your appeases, so the divinities, the prophecies, and then those things that we only know through revelation, because we actually have a rational creed, that the dominant tradition of the Muslims in the last 1000 years has been an adherence to

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a type of natural theology, irrational theology, although it's based on the Quran, and Hadith and everything, it understands things through reason, how do we know God without recourse to Revelation, so that it doesn't become a circular type of reasoning that our proofs are not simply Oh, because the Quran says so because the Quran is calling us to look and reflect in yourselves. It's, in other words, it's, it's inspiring your reason to think about things so that you'll come to these conclusions. God, there's a God and now the question is, does that God communicate? So then is we can arrive at that ilaha illa Allah through reason. And, and but Mohammed or pseudo law, then we

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also have to look, what are the proofs for that. And the argument is, if you investigate, you will come to the conclusion that that's also true. So that's also the deen. And then you have also lunch. And we'll get into that a little more. But also, in fact, which, you know, Chef Abdullah bin beja, is probably, I mean, arguably, amongst the Sunni tradition, you know, one of the greatest living will surely scholars and recognized by the as that, especially in the metacity school,

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but also lead, according to the amount of courgetti. He says all of the scholars have positions like a government. So he says, for instance, like the footbaww are like the ministers. So the jurists are like the ministers of the government. He said, The Maha detune, or like the, and the aura, they're like, the the protectors of the Treasury, because that's where the storehouses are. But he says that also these are the generals of the army. Like they're the and you know, the Greek word for general is strategos, which is where we get our word strategy from. So the soli is looking always at the lats. And that's why people often they can't keep up with also the scholars because they're ahead

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they're thinking, it's, it's like chess and checkers, you know, a master chess player, once that first moves made on his opponent, he's pretty much mapped out the whole game. So if you're playing chess, and you you you do one or two moves ahead a master chess players five or six, or 10 or 15. And sometimes even more, if they get to the level of you know, the the top people Bobby Fischer type level.

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So that's what also the scholar he's looking at a lot, and it's hard for people to see that. And then you have lower and lower is extremely important in the Quran, because one of the things about the Arabic language is we have what's called Aloha. So you study, you know, you study Navajo, and sort of, and that's part of it grammar and those are coming.

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But the first and foremost aspect of language is understanding vocabulary. Now, one of the things about language acquisition is we learn language.

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Through being an environment where language is spoken, so we learn contextually, most people don't learn grammar, they learn it we're all speaking with grammar. We can't communicate without grammar, but most people do not learn grammar. They simply learn words in context. When you get into Word derivation, when you get into the etymologies, you start understanding the depth of language you get into the subtleties. So and then the multiple meanings of words, for instance, you know, fact, if you look at fact, most of us think of fact as an established fact. Well, that's one that's the first primary

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But it also comes in an allegation. That's why juries judge facts.

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Because you've got to alternate

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people presenting, we've got these people saying this happened. And then these people saying this happened. They're both presenting facts as allegations. But a fact, in its primary meaning is something that simply is, right. It's it's factual it happened or, you know, like a historical fact. But it also means allegation. So most of us don't think of fact as allegation, but a lawyer does. Because because they're using it in that way. And so it's only through the study and acquisition of language. So if you look at just in the Quran, I mean, some, some, some examples.

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If you look

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at like, Surah assura.

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There's a verse in Surah, assura to it's one of the most important verses in creed, right? It's the verse everybody learns, right? Yes. Which one is

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for to do some artwork

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to add a communal physical, as well as a woman and me as Raja Yoga comfy.

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So, the second method, he said, was similar in bossier. So, if you look at that verse, that's one verse, right? If you look at the beginning of it fall through some algebra, what's father,

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even a bass didn't know what that word meant?

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Because it's a very unusual Arabic word. He didn't know what it meant. And, and he heard two bedwin arguing about a well, and the Bedouin, you know, he said, nF apartado. Like I originated it, the well. And he got an understanding of father that he hadn't had before. Father is the originator. And maybe it's a cognitive father, the Sanskrit

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for father, although, but father is the originator. So Allah says he's the Originator of the heavens in the earth. And then he made you jala see Jana is different from Hanukkah in though in the Quranic can mean Hanukkah. But Jana, because you can have Hanukkah and then Jana, right. So Hanukkah, Jana here is he made you

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the M fujichrome. As well as he made for your cells, mates are opposites, the xojo is an opposite. So, you know, xojo is always the opposite. So we have we have two hands, we have a left hand right hand and even though they look the same, they're the opposite, right? And, and, and, and the same for the mate. So you have a zone, which is the opposite zone edge is two. That's why you can't have a zone edge that's not with opposites in Arabic linguistically. And if you just look at the word itself, it's the mating of the zone with so you can have a zone who's not your opposite.

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They have to be your opposite. So then Allah says woman and ammies as Raja and then in salty as seen Allah says Subhana Allah the harpaz Raja coulda Mattoon bit at all. So he creates a swatch from even the now we know the flowers and the tree everything has opposites. Right? And so he went on to say mommy mela and a moon from their own souls and from what they're not even aware of, like we didn't know, in in the suburbs in the atomic world, there's opposites as well everything. So everything is opposite Semih will. And the Quran is filled with dyadic. Opposite I mean, there's so many similarities, right, Jenna will not. Daniela Hara, right. hydatid una vida. I mean, there's so many

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in the Quran because the Quran is a book of binaries. So

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once Allah establishes, everything is in binaries. Then he says, they say committed he che, there's nothing like him. In other words, he doesn't have a binary, there's no binary here allows non binary is the only non binary. So people that are in rebellion against this creation. And it believes obviously I mean, that's something that devil would really have a field day with,

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to, to make this argument that you're not made.

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Like that you make yourself in other words, you're a god so you can choose what you want to be. Whereas we're in submission to Allah. Allah made us what we are. We can't change x y or x x. You can't do that. I mean, you can take hormones and and change your the physical makeup of your body.

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But you're still the essence is the essence Now look, laser committee he Shay. So Allah says there's no mytho like him and the car there is is is for it's, it's it's a it's a zyada so it doesn't mean there's not there's not a likeness of His likeness, right. It's laser committee liaison with Russia. What is the difference between car and methyl in the Arabic language? Sikka? If I say, use

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use of is like Ahmed, he might be like Ahmed in his intelligence, but not in any other way. But if I say use of mythical Ahmed, I'm sorry. And that's why the Arab he it means he's just like, Ahmed.

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And this is why the Arab say Mithra who Timmerman like he's exactly like him, they won't say, who occurred because at the moment they'll say it, you know, even in a media today, they'll say it Mithra huta moment, because the method is, is the essence. There's no essence like God. There's no essence like God.

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Well, who was Semyon Basia that those are attributes. So the essence of God is what laser committed is Shay. As far as the attributes go, the only way we can know God is because he's given us Wolfgang who have had a top serum. He's created us in his metaphysical image. In other words, we have attributes like hearing and sight. I mean, obviously, they're canceled out. They're not like God's hearing or like God's sight, but the only way we can understand that God has hearing and sight is because there's a there's a there's something that there's a tibia, and this is where you have Tansy and tibia, right. So Allah is absolutely anything that occurs your mind allows other than that, and

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yet and that wow is not up in the Quran. It's not up. It means. Well, it is enough. So it's saying yet, like, despite that laser committed is Jay yet, who was submitted Basia? Right. Like you can understand that because you are Samia. And you are Basia and you are multicolumn and you are high. Right?

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You are mo Jude. So you can understand those attributes because we're feeling physical effort at top zero in your own cells, don't you see? So laser chemistry, Shea Coloma hyperbaric aloe Philip with Erica, everything that occurs to your mind allows other than that, and that's absolutely true. In any attribute. You know, any number over infinity in mathematics is zero. Right? If you have an equation you have eight over

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a sideways eight, which represents infinity, if you have eight over infinity, there's no eight. There's nothing. So our hearing is canceled out without laws because allies all hearing right. Without Oregon he doesn't need even he has no jadie ha

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and yet, how do we understand except through that attribute. So the essence of Allah is unknowable, we can never know allows essence but his attributes are known through his creation. We know what Mercy is because the Prophet even use the example of the fall and the mother Do you think that mother would throw her child into into a fire? And then he said allows Mercy is greater than hurt so he was showing his mercy in the world? Now you can imagine God's mercy but here's a glimpse

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of understanding what Mercy is and so loja is very important. I mean, there's so many examples in the Quran, like that, you know of just where the word like hush

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hush and how far different you can't say l. l. l. calvia. Shani and l calvia. have many or I would say I have a mental Cal. Right. But hersha is a fear that is always associated with knowledge. In Russia luminary bad It didn't say you have Allah in sha Allah. Abadi Aloo llama other people fear God. Yeah, how vulnerable? right they put on uses Cove for fear. But Harsha is only for the dilemma. They're the ones that have hasha and that's why when Harun tells Moses initital and suppose for the benefit of venue, sorry, I was I had this knowledge that if I let them disperse and start fighting you knowing you, you would blame me and so I was just trying to hold them together. He didn't say if

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to he said cachito

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So Russia and it's also about menza. The position of the end.

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You know, another one is home. In Surah Taha gerat Allah subhanaw taala says they as carbomer men comb, one people should not mock another people with any sentiment nissa and and and women should not mock women. So women, why is the lesson home and then women because both are the paternal side.

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So your mom or your paternal side, so you in order to be from a people, you have to have the father so like I you know, my pomar are Irish people. My mother's side has Greek and Irish. So my column are not Greeks the mic, my foam or the Irish and then my, my father's side, mother's side has Scottish so I have

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you know, some Misbah, I have some, some relationship with those people, but my phone are Irish people. Those are my own. Those are my people. And so

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all the profits of you look at them when they say yeah, Tommy is that often they say it as a way of drawing the mirror? Look, I'm from you. Yeah, tell me.

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You know, I'm from you, except for Jesus. When Jesus talks to Benny, so he doesn't call me because he doesn't have a father from them. He says, Yeah, Benny is Sora.

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So there, that's Aloha. And, and it takes a long time to learn, you know, there's books a theology wrote a book about Hillel. And as Gary, I mean, there's some good books, but the logo is very subtle. And you get into these distinct different vein and Ershad will Hooda. You know, who that can be used for? For misguidance as well? Yeah, doing it in another jam like they, it can be used for misguidance.

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Pomona? Yeah, done and the lady had the right in the center Buhari, there's a people that will, it doesn't mean guide it means lead astray. So who that can be used for how can Barton you know, so? Or you have like,

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a class in a class and and naseeha

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your class, the opposite of airfloss is actually shirk.

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Right, because that's why sort of that class is the chapter that negates shirk. So it the what what comes out of the utter of the animal the first milk is is from it's the whole lot, you know, it's the pure milk. So it has no tainting. It's not so so your your perception of tawheed is not tainted with, with it with any impurities of shark, you know, and then also hidden. Some say Helm is the opposite of Helm is his job. And some say that it's, it's it, what's the difference between him and in Helm is a result of

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the haleem is the one who doesn't get upset. The jahad is the one who gets upset. What about the rock man in that in a game shown of the homeowner? Right, those servants of the merciful who walk humbly with with, you know, home on the earth, they walk humbly, they know they're they have small carbon footprints, you know, they're they're humble people with a heartburn jahi Luna Lu Salama, and when ignorant people speak to them, they say, Sam, that's from their Hill. They're not they're not they don't get upset, they don't get riled up. where's where's the ignorant people get riled up.

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And so Sakina also is one of those qualities, you know, under a subpoena to a lot of city, meaning, like the subpoena comes down in when the hammer little jelly is moving, then Allah sends down Sakina So Allah is Allah halleen.

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him, look at the word. Hello. Hello, Emma. Is is the the breast the nipple of the, you know, it's called the hen ama. So haleema idea is the one that gave the Prophet size and her breast haleema is, you know, when the child first comes into the world, it's in a state of hazard.

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Right? is in completely terrified. But once it gets the haleema it's just it's at peace now. So that's the the hill is come and that's why you can only dream the Harlem is the dreamer. You can only dream when you're at peace. If somebody keeps poking you or an alarm keeps going off. You can't dream. You can only dream when you're in a state of tranquility. So the haleem is at peace.

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And that's why people can't disturb their peace. They they're in the hub. They're in the they're in the eye of the hurricane. So things are going on around them. Can I help, m&s also lost allies him he was the most unperturbed bubble person, you could not disquiet him because he was with a law. Now when Allah says illenium shuna, Yanni Allah, why does he use walking? I mean, it's very interesting. Now that you can google this they've done all these studies, people that walk a lot. They don't get upset as quick as people that that don't walk, like we're designed to walk.

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Allah says bisher and Masha the prophet SAW SM said bestir and Masha in those who walk constantly build woolum you know, so walking is very important walking was something that the prophet SAW him. It was a it was something really important. So anyway, that's no ha, I could go on. And it's one of my favorite subjects. But

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it's it's a very fascinating subject in the Quran. When you get into Quranic vocabulary, and also prophetic vocabulary, like why the Prophet, use these letters to fit our demo CD, you don't have to fill out What is it? Thor's facade, it's katha rattle facade, you know, like those people that really so corruption in the in the, in the earth, and then you have now is extremely important. People people don't realize how important now grammar is. grammar is very important. Grammar matters. You know, if, if, if you say to your kids, let's eat grandma.

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Right? You need the comma, right? Or else grandma's the meal.

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Grandma grammar matters. And we've lost grammar. And this idea somehow that, you know, this idea of prescriptive.

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You know, that grammar is only prescriptive, it's descriptive. It's only what what people speak is a very dangerous, it's totally a relativistic view of things. And then the other thing about it is, people that are deprived of standard English are deprived in society. And it's very cool to make people think that they, you know, they they don't need standard language in any culture, whether here or in Arabia, the people that go the furthest in societies tend to be the people with the strongest language skills. And there's lots of evidence, social science evidence for these things. So grammar is very important. And you have to consider yourself blessed if you grew up in a family

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where where you imbibed it through through the parents, but for people that don't, when they when they have to go to school, it's like learning another language. It's like learning a second language makes it very difficult. So they're already handicapped. But it's a barrier that they have to overcome. And,

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you know, the many people have done it.

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So, and that's no one solved, and then you have a ban. I'll just finish this side, and then we'll get on to the other side next, tomorrow, I guess.

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Well, leave by end for tomorrow, inshallah. So question and answers,

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answers and questions.

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Kissinger said, who has questions for my answers?

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Bismillah. Thank you for that we, as usual, had several questions coming in.

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I'll take one that has to do with rhetoric.

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bellezza is central to Islam and in the positive in a Western context, however, rhetoric has come to take a negative connotation.

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Why do you think that happened? And also, what is the name and author of the book on rhetoric which your grandmother had, which left an impression on you? And why was it impressionable? Okay. So what? Yeah, first first part of the question is what why is rhetoric so negative rhetoric always been considered?

00:34:22--> 00:34:23

You know, it's,

00:34:24--> 00:34:30

I mean, Socrates had concerns about rhetoric, because rhetoric is very dangerous. And the Sophos who were

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basically lawyers at the time of Plato,

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and they would teach people all these rhetorical tricks to persuade people because it's really it's the art of persuasion. Today, a lot of it is in the academia, you know, where people use a lot of fallacious arguments and and and this idea of critical thinking, you can't have critical thinking without teaching people how to think you can't give a course on for instance, logical

00:35:00--> 00:35:43

fallacies, and you have to understand how arguments work and how they're set up. Logical Fallacies. That's material logic, right? It's one I mean, the students that say tend to study these things, which, which really helps. But But, and then not all logical fallacies are fallacies. Right? authority appeal to authority is actually not a logical fallacy. It's an argument. It just can. It can be a logical fallacy, and it's the weakest of arguments, but it's still an argument. I mean, if I appeal to Mr. Mallika Zadie as an authority on all sorted phip, that's, that's not a fallacious reasoning that I'm using or something like that. But anyway, so you know, that's part of the problem

00:35:43--> 00:36:34

is that rhetoric is seen as just a bag of tricks. Whereas rhetoric is actually a deep philosophical study that encompasses grammar. I mean, if you look at the material logic, material logic is the philosophy of grammar. If you look at the 10 categories, it's that's the philosophy of grammar, the substance being those are nouns. And then you have quantity, and quality. Those are attributes, see fat adjectives, and then you have time and place adverbs. I mean, he's Aristotle's getting into a deep understanding, because we are linguistic beings, our very nature is is his language. This is what makes us unique, and Allah speaks to us in language, Harper insan alcohol ban, right? I mean,

00:36:34--> 00:36:49

he taught me He created man, and taught him ban. And that's the word that our scholars chose to use for the science of rhetoric. So and then politicians manipulate words, you know.

00:36:50--> 00:37:08

So I think a lot of people see rhetoric. But that's the abuse of rhetoric. every subject can be abused, but you don't throw the baby out with the bathwater as the Brits say, you know, you have to, you have to recognize that the importance of the these,

00:37:09--> 00:37:16

and there are natural rhetoricians like rhetoric. Some people have, I mean, in

00:37:17--> 00:37:19

you'll find preachers

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that are natural rhetoricians, especially when you get into kind of street preacher, type thing, rap is a good example of, I mean, a lot of the best rappers are have a gift with language, that there's a natural rhetorical prowess that they have. I mean, some of them might have studied, they all have rhyme dictionaries, but but a lot of them just have an ability with words. And and so you'll find those people that have a natural gift for a turn of phrase. But when you study what what one of the things that it helps you is, is realizing that manipulation is part of rhetoric also. So, you know, pathos.

00:38:00--> 00:38:03

You have the three pathos, egos,

00:38:04--> 00:38:52

ethos, and logos, and you have Kairos. But with pathos, you're you're dealing with manipulating people's emotions, appeal to emotion, right. That's why they show these horrible pictures of people starving when they want you to give money to elicit some empathy from your guilt. They've done it so much now that people tend to just, you know, look away because they're, there's a kind of overload with human beings. But rhetoric is very important. It's a beautiful subject and our own ama. We're masters of rhetoric. And George Ananias are one of the greatest rhetoricians of all time, and his theories on meaning, and none of them and none of this is they're really stunning things.

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And then the book I, my father gave me a book by Edward vane, it's called Baines rhetoric. And it was a book that my mother studied. My great grandmother studied in Wisconsin in high school. And she has beautiful handwriting, so I have her handwriting in there, because she wrote notes on the side. But the thing that struck me the most was the chapter on emotions, when it talks about fear and warning, the reader the student of rhetoric, that politicians often use fear, to manipulate you. And because when people are afraid, they'll tend to do things that they would not normally do. When, when they're when there are more sound mind, people when they panic, and don't forget pan is really

00:39:39--> 00:39:42

a Greek demon, you know,

00:39:43--> 00:39:59

panic is from the devil. And, and, and that's why, you know, Allah says, in an incentive, whoever, hello, you know, human beings are created in panic, you know, hella is the worst type of jetpack and the physic is you know, those are all ideas.

00:40:00--> 00:40:16

It's such an interesting letter because those all have iein at the end, you know, it's like, because it's a strong letter, you know, so like, the physic is when something startles you, you know, it's a shock and that's why at first and activa yamaki was a big shock for people because they rebooted

00:40:17--> 00:41:11

but Hello, you know, hello is the worst form of jezza right so it's it's a type of immense anxiety in that incentive hood ism so shadow Jesu, you know, has jezza and then we them so fatal minoo you know, he'll he'll withhold. So panic. Fear is something and that's why I mean, I think Roosevelt did a disservice in that famous speech he gave during the Depression, you know, that the only thing you have to fear is fear itself. But you know, have people saying that anymore? Yeah, people are you afraid yet? You know, I mean, there's all these things creating fear. You're everybody's afraid to touch now. You know, it's amazing. Like, Rumi says, show me the people that don't fear snakes.

00:41:14--> 00:41:15

Like those are those

00:41:17--> 00:41:22

because the snake is mahalo, fear the Harlock don't fear the mahalo

00:41:23--> 00:41:33

doesn't mean that you go and just handle a snake. That's not the point. But the point is, is that your fear is misplaced when you're fearing creation.

00:41:35--> 00:41:37

So, next one,

00:41:38--> 00:41:39

thank you for that.

00:41:40--> 00:41:42

Okay, so this one

00:41:43--> 00:41:48

this person is asked this four times my show, so we'll try to get it in there right now.

00:41:49--> 00:41:58

Could I share elucidate on the meaning of the mu too shabby hat and what they mean for cam in the court on

00:41:59--> 00:42:49

the with the shabby had you know, Allah says that he revealed two types of mahkumat and with the shabby hat and the maka motto, the clear vs. And cam is an interesting word too. Because cam is the mahkum is is you know it the hokum of it is clear, it's mahkum you know, it's, it's, it's, it's perfectly clear, the watershed behat are those things that are hazy, right? So it could be one way or it could be the other. And so people that have a kind of fitna in their hearts dissension and strife, they like the things that create ambiguity, not clarity, and so they follow those. So it's really it's almost a litmus test, I

00:42:50--> 00:42:52

would say a fitness test

00:42:53--> 00:42:58

fitna Litmus, you know, it's a way of testing

00:43:00--> 00:43:06

people. So we can see a lot doesn't need to see, he knows. But

00:43:07--> 00:43:41

those people that are sick will follow the hazy versus things that aren't clear. You know, so like, a rock man out of out of stoah You know, that's a hazy verse. Because we know it can't mean somebody like doing what I just did when I came here and sat down on it can't mean that because one that would mean that God's in a place that something's holding him up. I mean, that that's absurd. But the verses there, and so we can't deny it.

00:43:42--> 00:44:04

So the setup just said we believe in it, but we're not going to go into details about this. That's called we'll his family, the later scholars some of them had that will tough Sealy or they got into the details now sdwa here means you know, Stoller like so and then they have

00:44:06--> 00:44:07

their eye so you know

00:44:09--> 00:44:11

kulu nosson ohama tisby ha

00:44:13--> 00:44:27

for over an hour on Tansy. Like every, every, every nurse that has kulu Nelson ohama Tish beha for over 10 z how you know, like, interpreted or just say hello Adam, I don't know what it means, but I believe in it.

00:44:28--> 00:44:59

So that that's those are examples of, you know, but the Quran is a kutamo movie, it's a queer book. And those things that Allah subhana wa tada has put down he says that a melodien if you go to him says, Those who have Xavier in the heartspace Natasha bahaman, who you know, they follow, you know what, what has with the shabbiha in it, but the people who are rusty honed firmly rooted in knowledge.

00:45:00--> 00:45:01

They say we believe in an

00:45:02--> 00:45:04

akuna yakun.

00:45:05--> 00:45:12

Even in that verse, there's a motto Shabbat is the wow out for is it? stettner?

00:45:14--> 00:45:15

So Robin, add that to the

00:45:16--> 00:45:17

date and

00:45:18--> 00:45:24

we'll have Lana Milan kurama, karma control hub. That's just May Allah guide us and not make us people observe.

00:45:26--> 00:45:29

The last question is also a question I'm told this.

00:45:31--> 00:46:14

This listeners been watching every night in asking this question every night and brought to my attention. If I can summarize it, he's looking for advice on what verse or verses of the Koran could people who are in tribulation kind of take for, like supporting sense of help and aid in he's referring, he seems like he's specifically referring to the situation of Muslims in India. But obviously, by extension in, you know, other places where Muslims are suffering with any verses that you would like to share that come to mind for cancellation or support.

00:46:15--> 00:46:20

All all of the devices in the Quran are good to do.

00:46:22--> 00:46:24

Particularly the last

00:46:26--> 00:46:27

in

00:46:28--> 00:46:30

Baqarah, at the end of Bukhara

00:46:32--> 00:46:32

that's

00:46:34--> 00:46:44

a mirror be one woman. That's a very important one. But I've been you know, asking Allah subhanaw taala to give you the bat, the Taka them and you know,

00:46:45--> 00:47:27

so I think the two eyes and then the two eyes of the prophets, Eliza man and three average, you know, calling on Allah subhanaw taala. India's a very troubling situation right now. And, and they're also facing, I think, cat five cyclones coming up to Bangladesh. And we should pray that, in general, it's good to pray for the people there. Hopefully, they are spared, you know that these things sometimes they dissipate before they actually have landfall. But it's a very serious Cyclone now in their in the ocean. So India has a problem. And then I read recently,

00:47:28--> 00:47:31

the book by a gold valkyr.

00:47:33--> 00:47:56

And I was so troubled by you know, because he was the, he didn't found the RSS, which was the predecessor of the current party that's in power. Now. He didn't, he was not the founder of it. But he was the the first Kayleigh, you know, he was the first one that took over from the founder. And

00:47:57--> 00:48:03

it's a very frightening book, just in terms of his views, and the fact that the book was

00:48:05--> 00:48:06

the author.

00:48:09--> 00:48:10

You know, the current

00:48:12--> 00:48:49

head of India actually wrote his biography and sees him as a hero. So that that was very troubling to see that, you know, because this guy was praising Hitler, he was really strange book, you know, he has this view of hindutva, in this idea that India is a mother, India's sacred, and only the Hindus can actually set foot on. So it's not just the Muslims that are under threat. Now, it's also the Christians, and, and, and, and the Jains and the Sikhs and the other groups. And there's, and it's really important, just, you know, just I really want to emphasize this.

00:48:50--> 00:49:36

There's a lot of Hindus that are very troubled by this. And it's very important that we don't do the same thing to them, that has been done to us where we get blamed for the extremists. amongst us, there are undeniably extremists there, but there are a lot of very decent Hindu people. And so we don't want to see that happen. We actually need to ally with the people that are opposes, there's people here that are very troubled by what's happening. So, you know, in Kashmir is another tragedy, and that's a tragedy of, you know, it's that classic thing of colonialism, because that was left unsettled. And, and, and, and, and he actually, you know, the current Modi went against the

00:49:36--> 00:50:00

constitution by because that that's an unsettled issue. But it's, you know, the Punjab rights, the five rivers, strategically, whoever controls Kashmir controls India and Pakistan. And that's just a fact and that's unfortunate for the Kashmiris. You know, they're beautiful. I've always really had wonderful experiences with Kashmir.

00:50:00--> 00:50:01

Memories are really decent people.

00:50:03--> 00:50:52

They're mountain people, you know, tough people, but and they have a deep Islam. And I actually have a, I had a experience of a kurama from a Kashmiri share. Because I, I met this man he you know, and he had us cane from Kashmiri Cher who sent it to me, he started 150 Koran schools in Kashmir, and he sent me his cane, which, in some traditions, you know, if a chef gives you a cane is it means he's supporting you with his do eyes and his prayers. So it was a real blessing to get that he gave me at the airport and Dulles Airport in Washington DC. So I still have the cane. But, you know, we should pray for them and do what we can and the Indian Muslim relief fund that monzo Horry is a really good

00:50:52--> 00:51:19

organization to help. So prayers are important. But also, advocacy is important. I mean, this is where activism is very useful in doing what we can to, to lobby. I mean, the the Hindu community has very powerful lobbies in the United States. It's a very powerful community. And like I said, you know, we can't blanket all of them into that, but Hindu nationalism is very strong right now.

00:51:20--> 00:51:42

You're seeing a rise of European nationalism. These are all very troubling signs because it's good to love your country. But nationalism is is a type of collectivism that can actually be a disease. So I mean, we should be patriotic in that we love our country, good for our country where wherever we're from, but this idea of my country right or wrong,

00:51:43--> 00:51:48

that's, that's a disease. That's how every Empire Falls.

00:51:50--> 00:52:12

And botica love to come along ups and Lenin and Hachette Mehta who to be Dino Ben, Ben and our beta mousy women by to come out to build a movie genetic community a teeny meta who will be adding a Masai but dunya will Metatron ABS mare in our episode in our word in the market and which I thought on animal bonamana once on Adam and then

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to Santa Nina be the novena, man they are hamona when I have caffeine subantarctic urbanicity I'm Maya seafood, or ceramah animasi were 100 in La Habra anime

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shawanda

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