70 Major Sins #21 – Sin 38 ‘Ilm for worldly gain & concealing knowledge, Sin 39 Treachery

Fatima Barkatulla


Channel: Fatima Barkatulla


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Bismillah Alhamdulillah wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah dear sisters Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh. And welcome to

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70 major sins class based on kuttabul acaba earby. Mama Bobby, I think this is lesson number 21.

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Last time, we looked at the major sin.

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we'd mentioned that already in when we were talking about schilke, which is the biggest of the major sins

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and said that it was a real is a major sin. And it's minor ship. Right. So it's not to the level of major ship, which could take a person outside of Islam, which is the type of Sherpa that Allah Subhana Allah does not forgive, unless a person

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repents, and,

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you know, this, desist from committing it right.

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With the other major since we said that, including Korea, if Allah subhanaw taala wants, he can forgive that person, even if the person hasn't repented.

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But, of course, and the major sins do not take a person outside of the fold of Islam, right?

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What is expected is that if a person wants to be forgiven from a mate from the major sense, they must repent, and if there is some compensation or some amends that they have to make, and they have to do that. So for example, if they stole, or if they did something harmful to somebody, they should restore that person's right. But for most of the major sins, the main way of making amends is repenting and stopping from doing that sin and resolving not to do it again. Right. And but even if a person dies, having not repented from that sin,

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that person still can die and Muslim. And we, we ask Allah to forgive them. And if Allah wants, that person's major sin even can be forgiven, right? But of course, his future or his afterlife is at risk. Because the major sins or the sins for which Allah kind of Allah, or the prophets, Allah, whatever seller mentioned, some punishment, right? Some punishment or curse, something very severe, in the hereafter. And sometimes some of them are punished in this in this world as well.

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So you see, they're not to be taken lightly at all.

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So today,

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we're going to look at the major sin, seeking knowledge

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and teaching for the sake of this world, and concealing knowledge. Now when we say knowledge here, we don't just mean knowledge as in, you know, human knowledge, the sciences, the humanities, we don't that's not what we mean. We specifically here mean

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knowledge of the Sharia knowledge of the Quran and Sunnah nor knowledge related to Allah subhanaw taala, right. Knowledge of D. So

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Allah Subhana, Allah says in sha Allah, mean a birdie Hill Allah map, that the ones who

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fear Allah the Most, right? Or it is only those who have knowledge who truly fear a lot who have true taqwa. Or who have true hatia have a lot, right? She's like, or

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in the laws isn't Allah for Allah is Azizullah for

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he is almighty most forgiving.

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Allah Subhana Allah also says

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that those who can seal that

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which we have sent down of clear proofs and guidance, after we made it clear for the people who in Scripture, those are cursed by Allah and cursed by those who curse.

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And this was revealed about the people of the book, right? Who

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purposefully hid certain knowledge right, some of them though those who were learned amongst them. The rabbi's. The priests who

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They knew certain knowledge, and they would not pass that on.

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Because they didn't like it.

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Right? So you could think of examples of that, you know, for example,

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you know,

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there has been a concerted effort to remove any mention of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, from any of the Christian and Jewish sources, right?

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So that people actively

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worked to remove any kind of sign of that, right? Even though Allah tells us that in the scriptures before he did tell

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the people of the book that they would be the final messenger coming sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,

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they removed that from their sources, right? So somebody hid that right, somebody purposefully hid that. And it was probably a person of knowledge. Who should really be somebody who has stopped wha hoo, because they know Allah the Most. That should make some people have Taqwa that should make them people who fear Allah and fear, hiding knowledge, fear.

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Conveying something that's not true.

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Just like,

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you know, people rejected Isa le Salaam, and refuse to accept him as the Messiah. Right?

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The Prophet sallallahu wasallam, was also rejected by

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many of the people of the book, right?

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Even though they knew that there was a profit coming, so we know that, you know, especially the the Jews in Medina, in the, in the kind of the bunny is in

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the Arabian Peninsula. The whole reason why they had settled there was because they were waiting for the profits on a lot when he was selling, but they thought that he was going to come from amongst them.

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And in fact, when they used to have arguments whenever they had some kind of problem with the Arabs of like the I mean, these were Arab Jews, but when they had problems with the mushrikeen, the pagan Arabs, okay, what would happen is they would say to them, oh, when the Prophet comes, we're going to fight you with him. And then we're going to take over, right? So they used to say that to the pagan Arabs, and the pagan Arabs being a very kind of, they looked up to the Jews, right? They looked up to the bunny, ears of the peninsula, because they weren't seen as learned.

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Whereas the pagan Arabs tended to be illiterate.

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And so,

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you know, especially in Medina and yathrib, when they heard that about the Prophet sallallahu, Alayhi, wasallam, when the tribes of OHS and hazaragi when they heard about the prophets, Allah when he was sent them, and they met him,

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they said, they recognized this, it wasn't a new thing for them, that there would be a prophet and a messenger coming with this message. because they'd heard it so many times from the bunny side, right?

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And so they accepted Him. And many of those who were in yathrib,

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who were in yathrib, they decided to reject Him, because they were disappointed that he was not from when he saw it.

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But he was from the Arabs, right? That he was like a descendant from a smile, rather than a descendant of Isaac, his heart of Yolanda alima salaam should say.

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what did they do? They hid the knowledge. And they tried to prevent their own people from embracing Islam and following the Prophet salaallah when he was selling. But of course, we know that people, like for example, one of the chief rabbis, the lebbon, salam, those who are sincere, they did embrace Islam, because they recognized in the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam, the signs that were in their scripture, right. And they were true to themselves and they didn't hide that knowledge, or they didn't seek to explain it away, right. So

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this may just send it's talking about both of those types of things.

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Last are the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told us on the day of judgment about three people who will be brought the first three.

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And he said that the first of people who to be judged on the Day of Resurrection will be a man who was martyred.

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So he was slain in the way of Allah,

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killed in the way of God, and the path of God, He will be brought

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he will acknowledge the blessings of Allah upon him. And Allah will say, what did you do with these blessings? And he will say, I fought in your cause until I was martyred.

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Allah will say you have lied, you fought only that it would be said, You are brave. You are courageous, right? And thus it was said, so all I saying to this man, no, you only went to the battle because you wanted to be known as a brave warrior. You wanted people to say that about you? You didn't do it sincerely. And people did say that about you. So you got your reward. In other words, right? You got what you want it which is praise and fame. Then Allah will order him to be dragged upon his face until he is cast into the hellfire.

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Another is a man who studied religious knowledge.

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an alum right? He taught others and recited the Quran,

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he will be brought and the blessings of Allah will be made known and he will acknowledge them. And Allah will say what did you do with them? The man will say, I learned religious knowledge I taught others and I recited the Quran for your sake. Allah will say you have lied for you studied only that it would be said you are a scholar. And you recited the Quran only so that it will be said you are a reciter. And thus it was said, People did say that about you, then Allah will order him to be dragged upon his face until these costs into the hellfire.

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and the last of the first three is a man who was given

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an abundance of blessings from Allah, every kind of wealth, so a very rich man, he will be brought, the blessings of Allah will be made known to Him and He will acknowledge them. Allah will say, what did you do about them, the man will ask, I did not leave any good cause beloved to you, but that I spent on it for your sake.

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Allah will say you have lied, for you spent only that it will be said you are generous. And thus it was said, Then Allah will order him to be dragged upon his face, until he is cast into Hellfire upon Allah.

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And if you think about it, these are like three of the things that

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the ultimate things that

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well religious people want, right? People who care about the one, to be martyred, you know, to for their life, to be taken in the way of God.

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For four,

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to seek knowledge and to be spent teach knowledge,

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to have a lot of wealth so that you can give it for Allah sake. Right? So three of these things could make a person the highest of the high in Allah's eyes if the intention is right. But here we are seeing that they could also make a person destined for the hellfire. If they don't purify the intention, the intention was to see something of this world fame on a status, praise. You know.

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So it's very, very scary. It's actually very scary. If you think about it like that.

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And it means that anyone who is in one of those situations, right, anyone who's striving and Allah zwei anyone who is

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seeking knowledge and teaching it, knowledge of Deen, anyone who is

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you know,

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wealthy are seeking to be wealthy, and then giving a lot of their money to support projects support, charity, charitable causes.

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They have to constantly check their intentions and not just check their intentions but correct their intentions. your intentions could veer off track. Now you keep pushing them back on track. You know,

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when people praise You, you might start getting

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a bit

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full of you

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You have to catch yourself feeling like that, and stop yourself by reminding yourself that they don't actually really know you. They don't know your shortcomings, and that you do have shortcomings and there's so much that you should be doing that you're not doing right. If they knew your reality, they will not praise you. All of us know that really. People knew what we were really like. Right? In our worst moments, or in in our weak moments.

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They wouldn't praise us there'd be nothing special about any of us.

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abou hora de la who reported that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Whoever is asked about knowledge and he conceals it, Allah who will clothe him.

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Allah will clothe him with a bridle of fire on the Day of Resurrection.

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So Allah so this is about

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when you have knowledge and you

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and you can see in it.

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Well, why would you do that? Can you think of some reasons why somebody might do that? Why a scholar, for example, might do that.

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What this sin means is

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seeking religious knowledge, knowledge of the Quran and Sunnah.

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And teaching it

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for worldly benefit. It's not increasing you in taqwa, it's not making you take action, it's not improving your actions. So you know, the knowledge but you're not acting upon the knowledge, you're not striving to act upon the knowledge is not increasing you in Dhaka.

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That's the greatest sign of this sense, right?

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Now, last minute that Allah protect all of us.

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And it also it means seeking knowledge.

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For example, so people say you are lucky, or that you are so knowledgeable, oh, that sister that brother, he's so knowledgeable in that thing. You know, he's a scholar, she's a scholar.

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He's an alum, she's an Harlem

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Or people say he's an expert in appear, though, she's an expert in Sierra, whatever it is, you know,

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to seek knowledge, so that people say that about you, is what's blameworthy.

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Now, she fought with a man who commented on this,

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him Allah He, he said, Okay, what about when a person is seeking knowledge of them. And they want certificates, right, they want to achieve some certificates, they don't just go to the rules and study and

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that's it, they want, they actually want to achieve certificates, they want to, for example, we have the Shahada anemia, or they want to get some kind of degree, some kind of diploma or something from

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at the end of, you know, a certain course, that is about the dean.

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And he said that, look, if you're seeking certificates, just as you know, basically, you're just gathering them up so that you're praised, and you're,

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you know, to show off to gain some kind of prestige and, or to be paid a lot of money. When you go and give talks, there's another one nowadays, you know,

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that a lot of people are doing, or some people are doing, charging 1000s of pounds to come and give a little talk.

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Right? And,

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you know, Subhanallah, you have to ask yourself,

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Is that is that why we seek knowledge? You know,

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but when it comes to certificates, if it's just to gather the map and to show off and stuff like that, then of course, that's blameworthy. However, he said that,

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if, for example, you want to gain a certificate, because in our times, you know, for you to be able to teach or for you to be able to

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have a shorter level of knowledge. That

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means people will trust you more, and you'll be able to do more Bower, you'll be able to do more good than that's not a blame worthy thing. You know, because it could be that in our times, that's become the norm, right or that's become required. So you're not doing it because you just want to show off you're doing it because it adds credibility, in order for you to be able to do good with that knowledge, right?

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So nothing wrong with that. And

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also, this sin includes those who know the truth about Islamic matters about Vini matters. But they hide that, due to some worldly concern.

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And yeah, this is really a dangerous one. Because in our times we live, you know, very well, especially those of you live in the West, that we live in a time where people are scared to say what they really think, you know, like, there's certain topics, you can't talk about the certain topics that are very considered sacred cows, even in the West, right? Even by the champions of freedom of speech. There are certain things that are,

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you know, considered taboo or considered politically incorrect, right.

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However, when it comes to the people of knowledge, of course, they have to have hikma Of course, they have to have wisdom, it doesn't mean that you have to talk about everything all the time, right? Or that there isn't an appropriate place to speak about certain things. But

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for example, if you are asked, What is the Islamic position on this?

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What does Islam say about that? Yeah,

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then you can't allow your embarrassment or your MP inferiority complex, or your lack of courage, right? Or just basically you trying to sugarcoat the deen for people to stop you from speaking the truth.

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By all means, you speak the truth in the right way. You know, you do it politely, you it doesn't mean you have to be

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a loud mouth, it doesn't mean you have to shout, it doesn't mean you have to be rude. It just means you state the facts, when you are asked about them, right, especially if you're a person of knowledge.

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And we need to develop that quality in,

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in our young people, you know, especially those of them who are seeking knowledge. I've been in so many circles. And you know, I don't want to say that those people are coming in this major sense. But I can see signs of this kind of behavior. You know,

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when people in certain jobs or certain positions who come from an island background,

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they're invited to certain types of events, or they're invited to speak about certain types of things, certain types of events they're invited to, in order to speak and to share what they think about a particular topic.

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you can see that their greatest concern is preserving their job, or

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being seen as being a friendly mom. Right? Or being seen as

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very inclusive. Right? I'm not saying that we should not be kind and, you know, friendly towards people of different backgrounds, etc, etc. That's not what I'm saying. I'm saying when you're asked to talk about a particular topic, what does Islam say about x, y, or Zed? If you're asked a question, Does this sound allow this

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is x, y, or Zed a sin in Islam? You don't hide that you don't have a right.

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As a person of knowledge, you're a carrier of the message you're not, you're not allowed to tamper with it. Right? It's a bit like

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the postman.

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Or the DHL guy or the UPS guy, right? Like when they're delivering a parcel.

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They have to deliver the parcel as it's been asked to them to deliver it. Of course, they do it nicely, they'll do it politely, they will do it. You know, in the best way, they will make sure they deal with the customer in the best way. But are they allowed to tamper with the parcel? Are they allowed to change the contents of the parcel? No, they're not allowed to do that. So in the same way,

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we as Muslims, especially those people who seek knowledge,

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the duty of such people to convey the message,

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honestly, right, honestly,

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and sometimes people need that.

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We think that loving people is telling them things that they always want to hear. And that's not true at all.

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Right, that's not true at all.

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And that goes in your personal life and it goes in

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on a societal level as well, right?

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Who are going to be the Vanguards of last Canada, Ireland's laws, if the people of knowledge,

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stop speaking the truth,

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you know, it's not going to be the People of the Book.

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They let go of so much of Allah's message long ago, right? They changed, tampered.

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Last the message,

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so many aspects of the message, they don't even follow anymore, right.

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Or they don't feel that it's their job to do that, or, and invite other people to that.

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So who is going to call human beings towards a better life, who's going to call them towards the purpose of their life, and to be true to the laws of Allah? If it's not the Muslims, if it's not the believers, and especially the scholars amongst them.

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So look, if a person feels that they don't have the guts, if they can't have the courage to be principled, and stand their ground, and not acquiesce,

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then maybe it's not the right

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place for the, you know,

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because it's very dangerous territory. Very dangerous territory.

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I'm teaching incorrect knowledge deliberately,

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or withholding knowledge deliberately without a valid excuse.

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I remember I was in the situation once where,

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and I'm only sharing this with you, because I'm just trying to think of real life examples. You know, I was in this situation once where

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somebody was not wearing the hijab properly, right? They had their neck uncovered. And

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the sister asked me to talk to that person.

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And the sister started the discussion. And the sister said, Look, you know, when you pray, you have to cover your neck, you can't pray without covering your neck. So she, what she was trying to do is not be so direct and say that, you know, your job isn't correct.

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She just thought, well, let's focus on the salon. Right? And say, look, you know, when you're praying, you've got to cover your neck.

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Okay. And then this conversation turned to Well, that's what is required for some right.

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Now, I felt very uncomfortable, because,

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of course, it's a difficult conversation to have with somebody. Right. But

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if we had left it at that, and just said, Well, you know,

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it's a requirement for Salah that you cover your neck as well. We wouldn't have given the correct knowledge there. Because what that sister really needed to know is that actually it's a requirement for a Muslim woman. In general, when she goes out when she's in front of a matter of nonveterans, right? She should be covering her neck. It's not just for Salah, right? And so I felt very

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uncomfortable that we were leaving that conversation like that, giving her the impression that is absolutely okay for her to walk the streets with her neck uncovered, as long as she covers for the SOP. That's the kind of thing message that the other system is giving. And I just have to interject because I thought that's just

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withholding knowledge. That's not now that we're talking about it, either. We don't talk about it, you know, because maybe we think that it's not wise to talk to this sister about it. But if we are going to talk about it, we should tell the truth. Right, we should address it properly and tell people the correct knowledge. What they do with that knowledge is up to them. We can't control whether a person accepts that or not. What we control is did we convey the message right? So then we clarified Look, it's not just for Salah it's also

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in general, right?

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When you're in front of non locker rooms when you're outside of your home, you've got to cover the neck area as well.

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uncomfortable conversation.

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But if you're going to have it, have it properly, right? Give the correct knowledge don't sugarcoat it or hide it and just be Oh yeah, you know, for salon you've got to cover as if it's not when you go out, right? That's just a little example from everyday life. But you know, there are so many situations, we see where

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people have knowledge, do you find it really hard to speak the truth?

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And so I think one of the characteristics you got to have if you're going to be somebody who engages publicly, especially, or engages with the media, or is going to speak about Islam in, in the public sphere,

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or in difficult situations, is that you've got to have courage.

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You've got to have courage, you can't

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be the sort of person who makes Islam sound like

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it's just I don't know,

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I flavor, you know,

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you know, there's lots of different flavors, vanilla, strawberry, chocolate, and Islam is one of them. And, you know, that's it. No,

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it's not just another way of looking at things. No, it's a clear message, right?

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It's a point to the message. That's what Islam is. And so, if you're going to hide

00:31:11--> 00:31:18

key information, if you're not going to call people, for example, to throw heat, you're going to ignore that,

00:31:19--> 00:31:20

and you focus on fluffy things,

00:31:21--> 00:31:30

then you don't really want good for them. Because if you really wanted good for somebody, you would want to bring them to Allah.

00:31:31--> 00:31:34

Right? Or at least you would want to convey the message to them.

00:31:36--> 00:31:39

So anyway, I think those are all very important.

00:31:40--> 00:31:55

Another very strong haviv in terms of its wording, that whoever seeks knowledge that should be sought for the sake of Allah. But he does it only to gain some worldly benefit, he will never know the fragrance

00:31:56--> 00:31:58

of paradise on the Day of Resurrection.

00:32:00--> 00:32:03

panela. So you see, again,

00:32:05--> 00:32:06

the point here is,

00:32:08--> 00:32:17

once I asked actually one of the shield, I asked him like, sometimes when you are a teacher or a speaker, people give you gifts, right?

00:32:19--> 00:32:21

Is it okay to take gifts?

00:32:23--> 00:32:23


00:32:25--> 00:32:29

And he said to me, Look, if you were not expecting it,

00:32:31--> 00:32:34

and somebody gives you a gift, then fine, take it.

00:32:35--> 00:32:38

But if you were hoping and expecting and

00:32:39--> 00:32:51

we're still demanding it, right? If you had in your heart that they better give me a gift at the end of this right or something like that, right? You don't have to be a real narcissist to think that. But anyway,

00:32:53--> 00:32:55

I think there are plenty of narcissists out there.

00:32:58--> 00:33:01

If you were sitting there expecting it, you know,

00:33:03--> 00:33:06

then he said, Don't take it. You know.

00:33:09--> 00:33:18

So as a person who teaches Islam, you have to be really careful that there aren't conflicts of interest, you know,

00:33:19--> 00:33:30

in the work that you do, and it's always best to refer to senior scholars and ask them, you know, and to do as much as you can,

00:33:31--> 00:33:31


00:33:33--> 00:33:34

seeking payment.

00:33:36--> 00:33:58

Do as much as you can, without that, if it comes to a point where you know what, I need to pay some things, there's some important things that I need to be able to cover the costs of, or I wouldn't be able to do this work if I'm not able to pay for this, that and the other, right, then you know, that that's, that's fine, right? But to make

00:33:59--> 00:34:03

seeking knowledge and being a scholar of Islam,

00:34:05--> 00:34:07

a money spinner, right is not

00:34:09--> 00:34:12

it should never be on the table. Right?

00:34:13--> 00:34:25

Because at the end of the day, it's a lot of how dallo pays your wages when you're working for Allah. Allah is the one paid your wages, he is the one who supports you financially. He finds ways of supporting you financially.

00:34:26--> 00:34:27

And so,

00:34:28--> 00:34:39

if there are certain costs certain needs that need to be covered that you need to have covered by people for example, who I inviting you to speak or to teach or fine,

00:34:40--> 00:34:44

but each person has to really ask themselves you know,

00:34:45--> 00:34:49

am I basically going beyond the bounds now? Am I getting greedy?

00:34:50--> 00:34:55

Am I really covering the costs? Am I really, you know,

00:34:56--> 00:34:59

doing what's necessary, or am I trying to kind of

00:35:00--> 00:35:28

make this into a big business, right? And obviously that would be a conflict of interest. Another Hadith on this topic that a man will be brought on the day of judgment and cast into the Hellfire and his intestines will pour forth in hell, he will go around them as a donkey around the millstone, the people of hell will gather around him and say, What has happened to you? Were you not enjoining good and forbidding evil.

00:35:29--> 00:35:52

Right? So in other words, they, they recognize him, he's probably someone really famous, who used to teach them, who is a great scholar maybe or a great date somebody who's teaching the dean who is including joining good and forbidding the evil. And so the people are like, what's happening to him, right? We need we need this guy, he has to be somebody we looked up to.

00:35:53--> 00:36:03

And he will say, of course, I used to enjoy the good but I did not practice it myself. And I used to forbid the evil but I practiced it myself.

00:36:04--> 00:36:09

And a lot of stuff that Allah May Allah protect us. That is very scary, heavy, if

00:36:11--> 00:36:13

that is a very sobering and scary Hadeeth.

00:36:15--> 00:36:21

Because there's so many times when you're teaching something, and you're thinking to yourself, I need to practice this, right.

00:36:24--> 00:36:27

So it's very, very scary. It's very scary.

00:36:29--> 00:36:30

But you see,

00:36:31--> 00:36:48

if you're a believer, you will be scared by a hadith like this. If you're a true believer, this type of Hadith will make you move to action right? To bring yourself to account more. It won't stop you from doing that. It won't stop you from enjoying the good and forbidding evil it was it will instead

00:36:49--> 00:36:56

may make your resolve to act upon your knowledge and be tougher on yourself. Right?

00:36:58--> 00:37:01

Major sin number 39 and Fianna

00:37:02--> 00:37:05

treachery. treachery.

00:37:06--> 00:37:16

Allah Subhana Allah says, Oh, you who believe do not betray the trust of Allah and the messenger and do not betray your mutual trusts while you know.

00:37:18--> 00:37:20

Knowingly In other words, right?

00:37:21--> 00:37:25

So you know, this is another type of lying, isn't it? Like

00:37:27--> 00:37:34

when you promise to do something, or you're supposed to be loyal, right, to Allah and His messenger

00:37:35--> 00:37:36


00:37:37--> 00:37:44

and then you betray them? you betray that then will you betray somebody's trust, you told somebody, you were going to do something.

00:37:45--> 00:37:50

Or you had an agreement with somebody and you break that this piano

00:37:51--> 00:37:52

and you do it knowingly.

00:37:54--> 00:37:57

And this I have Quran was actually revealed for

00:37:58--> 00:38:05

about a Bulu Baba who was a he's a great Sahabi, who fought in the Battle or hood and he was a great hobby, but

00:38:07--> 00:38:08

he made a mistake,

00:38:09--> 00:38:17

that so he was from the tribe, I believe, in Medina. So we, you know, the the, the tribes in Medina were also in hazard edge.

00:38:19--> 00:38:37

And when the tribe of Banu paraiba, from peninsula ill, when they violated their covenant with the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, initiated a military expedition against them. So they had violated the covenant with the prophet SAW Selim and

00:38:39--> 00:39:02

allied with a machete can write to and betrayed the Prophet, right? He, they had an agreement with the Prophet, but they betrayed that and allied with the mushrikeen, against the prophet in one of the battles. So, after that battle, the prophet SAW Selim headed towards a new court either to, you know, to basically punish them

00:39:04--> 00:39:28

for violating the covenant. Right, the Muslims had promised Monaco ADA and the holder of Medina protection but in return for them being loyal, and either fighting with the Muslims, or at least not going against them, right when there was somebody attacking Medina, but when Korea betrayed that,

00:39:29--> 00:39:30


00:39:31--> 00:39:49

the profits on our seller initiated a military expedition against them and besieged their fort. So the old Medina been operated, they had a particular kind of area, a fort, and they lived in that area in that enclosed area. So the army

00:39:51--> 00:39:52

besieged that fort.

00:39:54--> 00:39:58

And some people from the host tribe they came and they said to the Prophet, sallAllahu wasallam

00:40:00--> 00:40:06

When it came to another of the tribes been put in a pot, you

00:40:07--> 00:40:25

you allowed the tribe of hazaragi to decide their fate. So, because I think there was some kind of connection between been a quantifier and has an edge, right? They had some kind of Alliance from before Islam.

00:40:26--> 00:40:33

And so they said we let us tribe let us decide the fate of the tribe of an operator.

00:40:34--> 00:40:38

Okay and these were both tribes of yahood lived in Medina.

00:40:41--> 00:41:03

And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, will you be satisfied if I were to appoint one person from your tribe to rule in the matter. So, one person we're going to appoint him he's going to decide what the fate of an awkward ADA is, and the prophets of Allah when he was sending them, our site had been one of the chief of the oestreich. The people agreed,

00:41:04--> 00:41:07

but the Bella could either refuse to accept him.

00:41:09--> 00:41:37

And they said, Send a guru Baba. So they had some good relationships with Abdullah Baba and he either lived. I think he lived within their forte or just near them. So they really trusted him. And even though he was a Muslim, and they said, We want to talk to him, we want to confer with him. So I wonder Baba went, Okay. Yeah. So it says he, his forte, his house was in within the boundaries of the fort of bundle Cordova.

00:41:38--> 00:41:53

And so they had a consultation with him. As soon as he entered the fort, the men and women and children and elderly started to cry and really come and talk to him and say, Look at us look at how Have pity on us, you know?

00:41:54--> 00:41:56

And he felt very sorry for them.

00:41:57--> 00:41:59

And they said, shall we submit?

00:42:01--> 00:42:13

Before the role of the Prophet Muhammad? Any? Shall we agree to this sad bit of you know, and what the prophet has ruled, she we agreed to letting him decide our fate.

00:42:15--> 00:42:19

And he said, Well, you could do that.

00:42:20--> 00:42:38

And as he said, that he made a gesture pointing to his neck to indicate that submission was equivalent to death, right? So he's basically saying to them, you could do that but then he's going, you know, they're going to basically you're, you're going to be killed if you do that, right, if you submit.

00:42:40--> 00:42:52

So then as soon as he done that, I will have ever realized that he by by making that gesture, he had been unfaithful and disloyal to the prophets. Awesome, right?

00:42:54--> 00:43:03

And it was on this occasion that this idea was revealed No Oh, you who believe be not unfaithful, or, you know, do not be treacherous to Allah and the messenger.

00:43:04--> 00:43:08

nor be unfaithful to your trusts while you know. Okay.

00:43:10--> 00:43:18

So to handle that, so, he became so embarrassed, he realized, you know, I basically stabbed the Muslims in the back, right? Like, I've almost like,

00:43:20--> 00:43:31

betrayed them, I've betrayed them. So he was overcome with shame. He came out of the fort. And he went straight to the masjid in Medina. And he tied himself to one of the pillars of the masjid. And he said,

00:43:33--> 00:43:41

Nobody should untie me until Allah accepts my repentance. But he knew that this was a major sin, right? And

00:43:42--> 00:43:49

he just wanted 100% assurance that alag forgiven him. So he just tied himself to a pill and made tober.

00:43:51--> 00:44:12

And eventually, you know, he was there for some time, you know? And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was waiting for a lot to reveal His forgiveness for Abu Baba. And eventually he did. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam came and told him and then he was untied and

00:44:13--> 00:44:24

But you see, even a gesture can be fear. Right? So panela It depends on the intention, right? You're trying to tell somebody, something against the believers.

00:44:25--> 00:44:28

And if you think about it, this happens in our times.

00:44:29--> 00:44:29

A lot.

00:44:31--> 00:44:43

I don't know if you've noticed it. You know, you have it's an industry now. It's an industry. If you are Muslim, or somebody from a Muslim background, you know,

00:44:45--> 00:44:49

and you want to say some bad stuff about Islam.

00:44:51--> 00:44:52

Or you want to,

00:44:54--> 00:44:59

you know, repeat the narrative that the media wants to repeat against Muslims, and it's not

00:45:00--> 00:45:13

You're going to get a lot of money, you're going to be able to write books and get them published, you'll be invited onto various platforms, you might have these right wing think tanks, fund you and support you, right?

00:45:15--> 00:45:27

So it's become a lucrative thing to be treacherous to Allah and His messenger. panela lucrative, of course, temporarily in this dunya. Right.

00:45:28--> 00:45:50

Abdullah bin Amma reported that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, there are four signs that make somebody a pure hypocrite, and whoever has them has a characteristic of NIF up of hypocrisy until he abandons it. Okay, so these four signs, if they're together in a person,

00:45:51--> 00:46:03

you know, they're a hypocrite. But even if you have one of them, it's it means you have a characteristic of hypocrisy. Right? You better you better do something about it.

00:46:05--> 00:46:10

One is that when he speaks, he lies whenever he talks, he just can't help lying.

00:46:11--> 00:46:18

When he makes a covenant, he's treacherous. You know, you make an agreement with that person, and you know, they're going to break the agreement.

00:46:19--> 00:46:23

Or you have a contract with them, and you know, that they're going to go against it.

00:46:24--> 00:46:27

When he makes a promise, he breaks it.

00:46:28--> 00:46:30

And when he argues he is

00:46:31--> 00:46:33

cruel and nasty, you know, like, really,

00:46:35--> 00:46:49

to note the word is fragile. He says here, he's wicked, but it's like, he goes beyond the limits, you know, like, he's, there's no limits to what he might do when he argues with you.

00:46:51--> 00:47:15

Right? So panela So, if we, if any of us have one of these characteristics, and to be honest, it's actually quite easy to have one of these characteristics. You know, when for example, when we're having an argument with somebody is very tempting to just be like, right, I'm just gonna go all the way and, you know, there's not going to be any limits to what I can say, in order to win this argument.

00:47:16--> 00:47:33

But you know, you're you're basically harming that relationship, possibly permanently, or you are going beyond the bounds you don't have a right to go beyond those bounds and spell Allah May Allah protect all of us, you know, from from this And forgive us.

00:47:34--> 00:47:36

And I think we have time for this one.

00:47:38--> 00:47:39

And then

00:47:40--> 00:47:42

I'll begin talking about it.

00:47:43--> 00:47:48

I don't think I prepared any slides for this one yet. Not properly.

00:47:49--> 00:48:01

But basically, Milan las panatela says, Yeah, you had Lavina Amanullah to the other party come bail money while other Oh, you believe do not

00:48:02--> 00:48:16

render your Southern part your your charity as worthless, right? Don't invalidate your sadaqa by reminding and by harming right.

00:48:17--> 00:48:23

What does that mean? And this is sort of Bukhara number 264

00:48:25--> 00:48:35

it's basically that you remind somebody remember that I did that for you. Remember, I gave you that money. Remember, all the good I've done

00:48:36--> 00:48:58

is a terrible characteristic. Right? If you notice a lot of these characteristics are what psychologists call narcissistic, right? Like, and psychopathic, even right? Like where you are sociopathic, where you where you just have no regard for social relations, you know, Subhanallah You're so blind that you can you do things that

00:49:00--> 00:49:04

a normal, empathetic human being would not do, right?

00:49:08--> 00:49:32

And, by the way, things like being a sociopath, being a psychopath, you can develop those characteristics. It's not just somebody who has a mental illness who has those, right. It's literally things that human beings in the way they live their lives can become habituated to and can become worse. Regarding right? It's really important to become very self aware.

00:49:34--> 00:49:41

reminding people of favors that you've done for them in the past, because this is completely against floss. Right? It's against sincerity.

00:49:42--> 00:49:55

And also it can be like a type of bribery. It's not altruistic. It's not that you did that for the sake of Allah you did it. For the sake of goodness. You did it because you did it because you expect something back.

00:49:56--> 00:49:59

Basically, inshallah, we'll carry on with this one.

00:50:00--> 00:50:18

Last week, I just conscious to look at the chat. Yeah, so SR for either saying that a person might hide knowledge or that they might hide knowledge so people only come to them. Is that what you're saying? So he remains the most knowledgeable. Yeah, so people, you know, they,

00:50:19--> 00:50:24

they like to be exclusive, right? They like people only to come to them.

00:50:25--> 00:50:47

They don't want to share openly, even knowledge like for example of where they could get help. If you look at the Sahaba if somebody came to one of this hub, and they somebody else had more knowledge than them, they would refer them to that person. Easily, you know, because they were sincere. They sincerely wanted to good for that person. It wasn't about

00:50:48--> 00:50:50

I'm going to look bad if I don't know the answer. All right.

00:50:52--> 00:50:53

Okay, so

00:50:55--> 00:51:14

anyway, I can see that there are no questions. So just like when our parents sisters, in sha Allah, join me again next week, when we will go through my nan, she's a person who reminds people of charity that they've given or keeps reminding the person who they gave charity to or harms them.

00:51:15--> 00:51:21

Denying further, we're going to talk about denying other laws decree.

00:51:23--> 00:51:38

And the other major sin, oh, eavesdropping, listening in. And it could also include reading in reading messages that are supposed to be private.

00:51:41--> 00:51:43

And then an Imam.

00:51:44--> 00:51:46

That's basically in the email, right?

00:51:48--> 00:51:50

I believe those who

00:51:52--> 00:52:16

basically, spread gossip, spread gossip. Do you know what he said about you? She's thinks this about you. He thinks that about you, right? Not just backbiting. backbiting is saying something bad about that person. Nehemiah is even worse, because it's saying somebody said something bad about you. It causes even more hatred and negativity in people's hearts, right?

00:52:18--> 00:52:39

Anyway, handlers Aquila, Heron, sisters, please do share your comments and thoughts. You know, every session I'd love to hear from you. Maybe there's something that I've said or something that I've said that's triggered something in you that you might have seen or know about. And if you'd like to share it with us, then please don't hesitate to do that. Okay,

00:52:40--> 00:52:43

so insha Allah, I'll end it there.

00:52:44--> 00:52:54

subhanak Allah, homophobia handig. eyeshadow Allah ilaha illa Anta stuff you're going to go like salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.

00:52:55--> 00:53:00

Just like a fire. It's just a vitamin for a lovely lecture and shallow. Look forward to seeing you next week. Yeah, you too.