The Rightly Guided Caliphs #9 Umar Ibn Al-Khattab (RA) Part 3
Channel: Bilal Assad
File Size: 59.71MB
When there are people who become the allies of the Islamic Caliphate, they have a peace treaty with them and an agreement of peace, it becomes a responsibility upon the Islamic State to protect
and to look after its allies. One of the things it does is that even if its allies were non Muslim, if they had land that belonged to them, that was colonized or taken illegally by force from them, then the Islamic State now has a duty to help them regain their lands. Also, those lands that are again go under the Islamic empire to rule and take care of. But when Muslims used to take over land, brothers and sisters, they conquered it in a just manner in a fair manner, with minimum casualties as possible in the true sense, and they never dealt unjustly with its people. And it did not attack or oppress the weak or kill the women or children and the livestock. And when the people
surrendered, they gave them lots of autonomy, freedom, to practice their own religion in their land. They certainly never took the land of the indigenous people off them. If the land came under the rule of Islamic empire, the people who were indigenous, like the aboriginals, for example, the American Indians, the native Indians in America, they, if the Muslims had conquered that place, they would leave it to them, and they would still practice their own faith, and they will not destroy their places of worship. In fact, they assist them in maintaining it, and they will just call them to Islam and invite them and if they refuse, they don't force anyone as Allah says in the Quran,
let's the Allah you can be more safely You cannot force people to your way less Lisa Lekha who
the guidance is not upon you. And Allah Subhana Allah says
odo Elizabeth Rebecca Ben Hekmati, well, marie.in Asana call to the path of your LORD with Wisdom, and with goodly and kind advice, and Allah says Allah ikura Hafeet Dini, there is no coercion or compulsion in religion, to convert people by force. So my brothers and sisters, they had a very unique way of conquering and taking over land of people, and putting out of the Islamic empire and then giving its people the rights and freedom and autonomy that was unknown to the rest of the world in that time and for many centuries to come. And even before that, in the history of mankind, and the Persians in that time with a superpower, the Romans, the Byzantines was also a superpower. And
honestly, in true history, they wreak they wreaked havoc on a lot of people. And when they entered places like Egypt, for example, they used to be the cops over there until today, the Coptics is still there, the cops, Christian cops, and the Romans treated them quite harshly by making them pay huge taxes. And they didn't give them good treatment as the Muslims did when they entered Egypt. Also the Christians of Jerusalem were mistreated by the Romans and we're going to talk about that today. Insha Allah, also the Persians that mistreated them and killed a massacre and rapes in the hundreds of 1000s of them. So Muslims never did that. And inshallah you will see today, some more
stories of that. So we left off were honorable hop out of the hola Juan, and the army of the Muslims had now re conquered many of the Arab lands in Damascus in greater Syria, it was called the Moscow sham in that time, a sham was a combination of Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Jerusalem, Palestine, and bits of Turkey, there was all called greater Syria, a sham or trans Jordan. And in that time, he took it over, and there were still parts of it there was still under the Byzantine, the Roman Empire who refused to either surrender, convert, or have a peace treaty with the Muslims.
So there were a threat. And the war had begun a ton of Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam as the Muslims advanced and they took over Persia, Persia was gone. The last Persian Empire, there was a place called called the sea and we spoke about it last week, Saudi Arabia, what course was the commander, the great companion of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and a province cousin.
And there's a little story I want to share with you about that when the Persian Empire was conquered within that there was a battle qadisiya, one of the last battles against the Persians
and the Muslims
defeated them. There was a companion by the name of Obama Jenna so Kofi Radi Allahu Akbar, this man he was a companion of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. And he had embraced Islam at his time. And he was still living right up to the time former the Allahu Allah, this man of omission used to be an alcoholic. And unfortunately before converting to Islam, he had he was addicted to alcohol. He became a companion of the Prophet.
He fought in jihad with them and in battles, he prayed the nights in the days he gave sober coins. He was among the most righteous, but he had one single major problem, and that was his addiction to alcohol. He could not leave it, he couldn't leave wine. Can you imagine a Sahabi of the highest caliber drinking wine and getting drunk? He couldn't. And such as the way Islam is someone converts to Islam. We don't attack them by making them or we don't go up to them, overwhelm them with forbidding everything under the sun for them, they new to Islam in each time, the first thing is start with the important things and then slowly, other things go off. You know, there was a story of
a man who entered Islam. I don't know if it's true, but one of the shirts talks about it. He goes a story of a man who entered Islam. And everyone in the masjid said Allahu Akbar, he sees a sea of beards coming up to him and hugging him as we do. And then the people started to overwhelm him with so many, you know things about Islam, they said to him, now that you've become a Muslim, you've got to go straight to the hospital and get circumcised.
The guy was probably over 3040 years old, because men don't want to go get circumcised the Muslims who are around them are a bit ignorant. They said you have to it's compulsory. Otherwise you're not a Muslim, which is not true. Of course, it's a sunnah to get circumcised, but they said you have to if you don't, you're not a true Muslim. The guy got overwhelmed, because listen, listen, I just want to rethink about Islam. Can I take it back for now, if your pasta will chop off your head? Because what kind of religion is this? If you enter Islam, you chop off your thing. And if you get out of it, your head is chopped off. So yeah, this is not Islam, of course. And this is not the true way.
There's no need to do all of that stuff. So brothers and sisters this, this person entered Islam and used to drink alcohol and couldn't leave it. And the punishment for drinking alcohol just to the punishment is more of a deterrence. The Sharia comes with five objectives and one of it is to deter people from intoxications and losing their mind. And as we know, today, we all know anybody who opens up this little bit of research on the internet, will see that there are studies upon studies which are factual, that tell you the number one,
the number one reason for domestic violence in the world, or the cause of the most violence and domestic domestic violence is alcohol alcoholism. So Islam forbids it for a reason. Of course, it's only to protect the people and have families and have a peaceful environment, and community anyway, this guy kept drinking alcohol. And then what happened is that they used to punish him the punishment was 40 lashes, it still is like that 40 lashes is not one that cuts his skin, but rather more of a humiliation in front of people in the hope that it will deter them and in the hope that others can see this and not want to be humiliated in public. So it's more of a shame stay away from
So this guy always got whipped, and right up to the term vomit of the Allahu Anhu just drink and get whipped every time he thought to himself so long as I get whipped, I turned my sin and I'll just keep drinking so long as I get whipped. I'm doing my juice, you know, I'll go to in other words like I'll go to prison and come out go back to prison so long as I'm paying. I'm doing what I'm getting punished for and used to increase in his him who was a great warrior. He used to fight in Jihad and hoping to die in the protecting the Muslims and Islam and thinking that maybe if I do that all my sins will be forgiven, including including the alcohol.
So in this particular battle, oh, qadisiya, Saddam Nabila cos who was the commander of the army. He had him with him as one of the warriors and he was one of the most tremendously skilled warriors he had a very unique way he attacked and fought, all right, in the battle.
And Saudi Arabia, of course, came and approached him and found him drunk. He said, subhanAllah, you drank again?
He said, listen, we're going out. I have to Oh, instead of whipping you this time. I'm going to imprison you. We don't have time for that. And he imprisoned him
And as he was imprisoned, obviously, they're in a place where he could hear the fierce battle outside. He became very anxious. He wants to go out and fight and help with the Muslims. He wants to this is his wish.
His name was Selena.
She was there,
monitoring him as a guard. And Abu Mazen begged her Please, sister, Salma. Get me out of these chains. Let me come out. Let me go and fight and I swear to you, if I am still alive, I will bring myself back and put myself in the chain.
Just let me help the Muslims I can't be sitting in there
and watching my own brother's die.
So he swore an oath. And he said, Let me borrow Saddam Nabila courses horse, his horses called his old belcarra. And belco is a very unique and
quite a unique horse that galloped in a certain way. He got onto his horse and covered his face and went out into the battlefield side and of your course is watching. And he sees this warrior go in with his face covered, as his fighting, sudden, of course, is flabbergasted, he looks at it and says,
I could almost swear that the horse is my horse and Belcore. And I can almost swear that that man who is fighting is fighting exactly like I will mention, but John is in Chinese locked up in prison, I don't get he was he was amazed he was shocked when he returned, truly, I will measure him went back, put the horse back and put his cell back into chains. And Selma, his wife told him what had happened. He said, Now it makes sense. I could have sworn it was my horse. And it's a double measure. But instead, he went to a version and gate because the way Obama has been fought, he fought such a fierce battle that with him, because of him,
that he played a big role in the Muslims being victorious in our army, and because of his fierce battle. Saudi Arabia, of course, was so impressed that he said, Wallahi I will never imprison you, or whip you again for drinking alcohol. You know, he said, I cannot imprison someone who loves Muslims and Islam so much.
Upon saying that, I will measure and said, and I will never touch a drop of wine ever again. The only reason I drank is because I knew you would imprison me and I pay for it. But now that you won't, I'm gonna have to answer to Allah I'll get punished then and, and, and I can't and he stopped drinking wine altogether. Subhanallah so that's the little story of Obama version of photography, or the Allahu Anhu. The story is in the day when you hire by an amount of empathy and for those who want to look at it, and it's quite famous, only this story Subhanallah
and it's very similar to the time of the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, there was a man who was called the an imam Hypno armored. He was a companion of the Prophet sallahu wa sallam had a similar situation. He was an alcoholic, he couldn't stop the wine, and he would come to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam every time to get whipped, until one time a man from among the companions. He said a bad word. He said,
Toby, oh, look how many times he keeps doing this. In fact, one of them he said, curse him, curse him hell, he has no shame in front of the Messenger of God. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam replied, lol I know for Allah Hema, I live to learn who your head below Hora Sula, he says, Please don't curse him. Well, Leia I know that he loves Allah and He loves His messenger and the hadith is in Buhari.
So the man truly does love Allah and His messenger and he is ashamed of what he does and he goes to get whipped every time and gives himself he's not trying to run away right he's not trying to justify something is different to him. People who justify the Haram and the people who do the Haram feel no shame. And a person like them who is just addicted to it, he really tries to stop and he can't, until finally Allah subhanaw taala assisted him. So we do not judge people by the Open sin. My dear brothers, sisters, all of us have seen all of us a secret sins if it's not shown in open, and we give everybody the benefit of the doubt we advise and we cover up for each other sins, and we
don't any as one Rasulullah sallallahu said also in the same Hadith in Bukhari, he says, he said to the companion, who cursed him, he says, law 20 shaitana, Allah HC, don't assist the shaitan against your brother, that brother because of your curse, he could probably go and drink more out of anger and the shaitan would make him more angry and put it in his head. So sometimes when the sisters our words, can cause greater harm than good. In fact, I remember from the story of epidemia, the great scholar in the 12th 11th century, when, in the 12th century, when the Mongols attack the muscles, they converted to Islam, and they used to drink a lot of alcohol. And they were so used to shedding
blood and getting angry and fighting. And they were still new to Islam when they even told me I saw them drinking alcohol and didn't say anything. As he was going to the masjid. And his companions around him said, Yeah, Imam, how could you not tell them you saw a monkey or you saw something which is wrong. And the Prophet sallallahu sallam said, You must command good and prohibit evil? And he said, Yes, but not when can when prohibiting the evil will lead to a bigger evil. These people can't you see them, they're still new to Islam. And when they are sober, they fight a lot. And the blood of Muslims is more important. So I thought to myself for now, keep them drunk with another way. At
least they won't shed blood until they've gotten used to being Muslims. So Subhanallah sometimes he might say something that's wrong.
And you got to think if I say something right now if I forbid this person if I do something, is that going to lead to something worse? Or is it going to lead to something better and not many people know this wisdom Yanni. So if you see it leading to us back off, back off, so this is something that many Muslims don't understand very well and we need to learn it insha Allah who died? The best thing to do is that if you see somebody in sin, the best way to do is to advise them in secret and in the best manner without exposing them and humiliating them meaning making them feel embarrassed. My dear brothers and sisters, you will know the story of the man who urinated on the corner of the masjid of
the Prophet sallallahu sallam, the Hadith in Bukhari, the Bedouin, who didn't know any better. And the Companions wanted to go and rebuke him, hit him bash him, from Salah salem said Leave him leave and let him finish. He said Let him finish the guys urinating in the masjid. He said, Let him finish his urination.
Otherwise something will happen to him. He's he's worried about his health. He said someone gets some bucket without the guy hearing. He said get the bucket, just you know, throw some water without the man saying Don't humiliate him or embarrass him. And then it also Asalaam went by himself and called him over in private and said, oh, so and so any.
This is not the place where you can do this, meaning what you're doing is normal. Nothing wrong with it. But this is not the place. And he said well La Jolla Rasul Allah I didn't know I'm a better one from the desert. So I thought this was an open place where we can, you know, do our thing because that's what they used to. And I was also saw some smiled and moved on. Very simple, my brothers and sisters. So this is how we call people to Islam. Insha Allah. The second thing I want to talk about with the whole model, the Allahu Anhu is time
is that by the 23rd year of hijra, so 23 years after the Prophet sallallahu wasallam migrated from Mecca to Medina, where Islam was established in Islam flourished. Western historians called the Islamic Golden Age, from the sixth century or the seventh century till about the 15th century, the Islamic Golden Age in which culture technology and science had flourished among the Muslim world and spread throughout the world and we became the role models and leaders of all of that. It began from Medina from when the prophets Allah Santa Margarita Medina, 23 years after that only 23 years, my dear brothers and sisters, Persia, the superpower of the world, had fallen and surrendered to the
Islamic empire, the philosopher, no more Persia was left.
It had reached the Muslim army had reached to East Pakistan.
Why to East Pakistan, because Persia had also ruled up to
parts of the east of Pakistan. So the Muslims reached there and took over every single land that the Persians had threatened the Muslims with until Persia retreated and left.
And subhanAllah reaching Pakistan makes me think that it's probably why Pakistan today almost all of its people are Muslim.
And the commander, his name was an Hukam. He wanted to advance and go all the way out to India. He wanted to advance even more past Persia to India Past Pakistan, but Amara Cataldo, the Alon who said to him stop, you're not allowed to go beyond that. Don't go to India.
Why? Because I'm abracadabra, Donna was not after land and conquering. He just wanted to eliminate the threat of any enemy to the Muslims and the Persians were the greatest threat who never stopped. So eliminated that to the point where honorable hotdog, you know, he had this famous saying, I wish there was a mountain of fire between us and the Persians so that we could live in peace. He had no interest in the Persians even, but the Persians were always a threat they were, they were not stopping not only to the Muslims of the whole world, to the Christians, even all of them.
And I wonder Subhanallah when the Muslims didn't get to India, but they got close. And I wonder maybe why India today, majority of it are non Muslim Hindus 80% of the or more, and
only about 10 to 14% of them are Muslims, even though it's a very large number 172 million Muslims today, but only about 14% of it or 50% of India is Muslim. And I'm thinking Subhan Allah had Amata the Elana advanced, would it be like Pakistan, but this is not the purpose of Islam not to to militarily force people into Islam that way, so long as they're at truce, there's no threat from them. We have no business with them.
So that was the story. The last Persian Empire died alone in Central Asia.
A decade or so, after the Muslims, conquered Persia, and he came under Islamic empire Subhanallah brothers sisters, you think how did these Bedouins and these Arabs in only 23 years coming from behind camels and dung, and they used to sleep on the floor and had no particular civilized living that the whole world was advanced in? How Allah Sparta lifted them from what they were to now becoming the leaders of the world Subhan Allah in those in at that time in only 23 years? Why because they stuck by Allah's guidance. They were true brothers and sisters to each other. And I'm going to describe some of the characteristics the descriptions that the Romans described the
Muslims, and how the cops in Egypt also described the Muslims I'll just let them describe why they were so victorious with Nila.
Remember when I told you about Harley didn't literally hola Juan. He became the amazing Commander General like no other mother has ever given birth and birth to even till today Western historians talk about his jewelry and his command note they learned so much from the way he his art of war.
Honorable Hapa told him not to be commander anymore because he feared that the Muslims were putting their trust too much in him he wanted to them to put their trust in who in Allah subhana wa Taala and never to attach themselves to a man and I we spoke about this two lessons ago.
What happened was
the Muslims entered Damascus Damascus was among the last places of the whole of Sham of the Middle East, where the Romans and the Byzantines has still had stronghold.
And among them were Arab Christians who were under them. What happened?
There they entered into Damascus at a time we're hugging and Waleed knew because he had traveled there a lot. He knew that whenever one of them has he, he knew that the governor had a newborn child. And the entire city had a public holiday. So they got drunk. They celebrated and they were not ready for any attack at that moment hardened when it seize the moment and Such was his amazing brain. They seize the moment and took it over immediately with minimum casualty.
At that point, honorable Hatami had realized that he had made a mistake. Why did I take home a lid off? And he said his famous statement? May Allah have mercy on Abu Bakr soul, he knew men better than I did. He put Khalid in the right place. I did not remove him because of any fault while it did. I was afraid Muslims will become too heavily too heavily dependent on him. Anyway, Carl, it has earned himself the rank of commander once again. And so that's how Hunnewell it came back. Truly as the Prophet sallallahu Sallam called him safe Allah Helmus lol he was the unsheath thought sort of Allah. You can't stop him and Abu Bakr Elena was right. But perhaps that little moment that Omar
took him off toward the Muslims to trust in Allah once again because maybe they were losing the plot a little bit. Never attach yourself to a human even Rasul Allah He Salah Salem had to die and Abu Bakr so the Alana stood up and said, Whoever worshipped Muhammad, he has died and whether worships Allah He is everlasting will never die.
My dear brothers and sisters in Damascus in Syria,
the great commander, and ruler Heraclitus, if you ever heard him correctly as the great of Rome,
when he saw the Muslims do what they did, and his arm is could not defeat them, he realized their amazing strength.
And I want to tell you something about Heraclius. He was not only a commander and a ruler, he was also a scholar of His scripture, he knew the Bible inside out.
And when he saw the Muslims that way, he could have kept fighting and get reinforcements from Rome. But instead, he got up. And he decided not to take up arms anymore against the Muslims and retreated in pace. And he said his famous statement he looked at Syria, because Syria today in Syria, then it's beautiful. The most beloved place was the Middle East to the entire world. It's amazing, beautiful, if it wasn't for the corruption, and he said his famous statement.
Goodbye, Oh, beautiful land of Syria, and never shall I set my eyes on you again. Heraclitus said these statements. Why did he say these statements? Because His scriptures he understood them. He knew that the Romans and the Byzantines had oppressed and wronged the farmers and simple people of the land. And you knew that the Bible had been foretold
By Isola Salam Jesus Christ in a parable, which I will mention insha Allah soon.
When Heraclius retreated, he went to Rome, but he went to Constantinople, Constantinople today is in Turkey. And
or should I say Turkey here?
That was still under Rome. When he settled there, he started to ask more about these companions.
So every time someone came along, he would ask him, and there was once an ex prisoner of the Muslims ex prisoner, a Roman ex prisoner who left the Muslims had released him. And he said, Tell me about what you saw in these Muslims tell me what is so special about him?
What kind of people are they? And the man said, Oh, Emperor, to reckless. There are Fearless warriors by day,
praying and weeping by the night.
They don't take anything from conquered people, without paying for it. They conquer people, and they still pay them. They don't take it by force when they want something from them.
Wherever they go, they carry justice and peace with them. But if a people fight them, they will not give in until the enemy gives in.
And the Emperor Heraclius said another famous statement. If they are as magical as you say they are, they are sure to conquer the ground under my feet. What was the ground? Constantinople? And guess what brothers sisters? Constantinople was conquered by the Muslims?
Maybe a couple of 100 years later, but it was conquered SubhanAllah?
Why did he reckless leave without a fight? And how could he predict such a thing about the Muslims conquering?
While he had studied a verse in the Bible in Matthew chapter 21, verse 33, to 43. And there is a parable that Jesus Christ gives apparently, about a people that owned a vine yard, people of the vine yard, they are farmers. And it gives a long parable saying how you will oppress them. And once you oppress them, God will will give your kingdom to another people who you dislike because of your oppression of the week and so on. And then the last verse, it says, and this was in the last verse says, The kingdom of God will be taken away from you, and given to a people that produces the fruits of the kingdom, which kingdom, the kingdom of
a sham Damascus, and the Kingdom of Jerusalem. And Heraclitus knew that they had oppressed the farmers and the people there. And they knew that they had done them wrong. And that the foretold sayings of Jesus Christ, were going to get to them. Who were these people that took it over? Allah sent the Muslims who were the enemies of the Byzantines, and he gave it to them because they were just unfair. And that's why he correctly is asked about them. And this in fact, he remembered a letter that the Prophet Muhammad Salah Salem had sent him about 20 years before that, in which the Prophet said for intoa later in our lake if military scene, if you turn away, then you will carry
the sin of the vine yard growers of the vine yard growers directly as the Roman Christians. He said, I was flabbergasted. How did Mohammed this prophet of this know about what is written in our scripture in Rome, about what Jesus had foretold about the vine yard growers? So all of this came to light when the Muslims finally came in and took over Syria, and Heraclius left knew that these were people of God. These were people of God. Ironically, ironically, when Amara, the Allahu Anhu entered Jerusalem, subhanAllah, he cried. And you remember last week when we said when the treasures of Persia were brought to Medina and everybody's rejoicing Amara was crying. They said, What are you
crying a tiny victory. He said, I fear, this wealth, any people that entered upon any nation, it entered their hearts and they began to fight each other for material and for wealth and money, and it destroyed them. I fear that it will destroy our people, as it destroyed them after we became victorious and look at the state SubhanAllah. So the problem is not wealth, but rather what people allow the wealth to do to them.
Now we come to the beautiful part that I like and that is the fall of Jerusalem. Why is it good for me? Why do I love it because
it is one of the most peaceful conquests in history.
You will never hear a conquest like this in history so peaceful, and so divine, and so religious on all fronts, the Muslims, the Christians, and the Jews, all of them come together on something that is divine. And the Muslims, Allah gives it to them, hell, the Christians
in Jerusalem, they had given up hope of the Roman help the Arab Christians in Jerusalem, they gave up on the Romans because the Romans had had fleed.
And they decided to give into the Muslims with a contract of pace.
Over there, there was the great obey that ninja rock, one of the greatest companions, Tim Ponte promised paradise there was $100 house, remember that name Muhammad, Ibn Al is trying to say it in English, just say hi, you gotta get that out. I'm Ramallah house. That's his name. And he was a great companion of the Prophet salallahu, alayhi wasallam.
They play siege on Jerusalem, because when the Romans exited, who's going to under which empires are going to be now they're vulnerable, anyone can come and take over Jerusalem. So I'm going to hop over there and said, Go and take Jerusalem and look after its people under the Islamic empire. So they went to laid siege and gave them a chance. They said, Give it give it up. either surrender either either become Muslim, if you want, if you don't want to become Muslim, pay a tribute Jizya, which we said last week is not more than $400 on a person, Australian dollars per year. And if you can't afford it, you don't pay anything. And that would be used to protect and help them anyway goes
back into them.
And they didn't want to give it in. So they went to their bishop. And the bishop knew the Scriptures. And there is something in the scriptures that says that Jerusalem will fall after repression. So the same as what directly is said. And the person who will be given the keys to Jerusalem, they had literally a key to the Gates of Jerusalem, by the name of M.
I mean, rob him three letters in their Bible, and that was an Arab Arabic speaking Christians.
Who was their emperor?
Now we said that one of the commanders there was armor.
But in Arabic, you don't spell a hammer. With three letters. You spell it with four letters I in membre, and whoa, so it's like Umbro, but it's pronounced spelt om ru, four letters and pronounced with three letters.
So they came up 200 100 Probably Allahu Anhu he approached them. And he said, You're going to surrender or what? They said in our scripture, it says that the key shall be given to a man that will come to take it and then no name. Do you have our Emery among you?
And then they said, Oh, he's probably talking about armor in the house. ometer comes along guys, my name is Amber. But when they wrote it down, they said no, you got four letters. In our Bible. It's literally three letters. Then called Knowledge said you talking about?
Oh my gosh, three letters. They said who is Omar? He said his Khalifa. Kelley said we will only give the key to your leader of the believers to me, meaning OH MY GOD, ALLAH Juan. So they wrote a letter to Amara, the Allah one and he said, Okay, let me ask my advisors around me or smart or the Alon who said, Yeah, Amirul mumineen I say stay here they might attack you. But earlier the Allahu Allah suggested No, go on your feet and insha Allah everything will be fine. So we took a look at the Allah one was advice, and he left a Halle to look after the Muslims. As they were going he entered into Jerusalem, something funny happened. The
the people there had a custom. Their armor that they wore from the Byzantines had it so if you're not fighting, you had to wear an armor that was shiny. It had some silk on it. It had some jewelry on it. It looked quite luxurious.
Now the muscles weren't used to that. Omar was always afraid of Muslims getting too luxurious and getting wealth into their hearts. He's already got trauma from it. So when he entered he sees a boho Veda and I'm from Laos and all the other great great great companions wearing these luxurious vests and a bit of silk on and not for silk. You're allowed to wear a little bit of silk or silk that's mixed for men mixed but not too much talent for the women haram for the men. So is gold gold is haram for men halal for women in Islam. And if you want to ask why just Google Science Daily or any scientific article, the effect of gold on male testosterone or male hormones, and you will see that
it inhibits it, but it's good
For women, it increases the estrogen. So it's more feminine feminine. So Pamela sadakazu from Salah salem said this, sorry, guys, if I get on a tangent of science, sometimes it is my background. Sometimes I like to talk about it, and the effect of silk on male hormones. So anyway, Islam is a religion of human nature. So he didn't like what he saw on marble hotrod. Knowing him, he looks at them, and he literally picks up little tiny pebbles of rocks and starts throwing him at them. He said, How could you? I haven't even left you for two years. And already it is entered your heart. How soon is your victory going to fall? How soon are you destined to failure that dunya has taken
you over he just he lost the plot of a hobby that comes up to him and says, Yeah, I made money and take it easy. Take it easy. He says this is the custom of the people. They were according to their status. So when we entered we came in here we wore the armor that they look at. They're used to thinking these are not simple people. These are strong people. And it made that effect. This is half the victory. This is why we were not for any and not because of luxury. And then he calmed down when he saw aprobado because he loves him so much. About Aveda came to kiss the hand of a middle minion, a minimum Miramont Mini and before he kisses his hand. He goes a few he kneeled down to kiss a boy
obey this feat.
You see his Ameerul Momineen and I will obey the genre. I mean, how the Luma rasa trustworthy of this Omar, Ahmed Alana, the emir, he doesn't care about his status. Everyone is equal. And he looks at Abu Zubaydah, the great companion of the prophet Isaiah, the prophet spoke so highly of him of Aubade wants to kiss me and what minions hand and a million more minion goes to kiss his feet. So then they both just stop, because they're not going to give up.
they entered with this utter respect Amirul mumineen, wearing simple clothing. It is said that his servant was riding on his camel while he was walking on the on the ground. And the Christians were so impressed by what they had seen. And it made them increase in their faith, that truly he is the man to give the keys to.
So they gave the Keystone Omar are the Allahu anhu, cutting the story short, and Omer the Allahu Anhu went and wrote a letter, a contract. And this is what he wrote.
From the servant of Allah and the Commander of the Faithful, Omar,
the inhabitants of Jerusalem are granted security of life and property,
their churches, and crosses shall be secure.
This treaty applies to all people of the city, their places of worship, shall remain intact, untouched. These shall neither be taken over, nor pulled down.
People shall be quite free to follow their religion. They shall not be put to any trouble.
And because of that the bishop was so impressed by this. He's never seen that from anybody, even from their friends, the Roman Christians who oppress them.
He said, Oh, I we have never met people like this before. And we prefer you than them.
Then it was time for or Assad. And the bishop offered Amara, the Allahu Anhu to pray in their
most important church. It is called the church of holy subculture.
This church still till today exists and it is still called the church of holy subculture.
So the bishop offers Amara, the Allahu Anhu to pray his Salat inside this church.
Now in Islam, you are allowed to pray inside a church or a synagogue or any place of worship. Just try your best not to face the statues. You're allowed. However, oh my god, the Allahu Anhu refused to pray inside the church.
And you'll never guess why some of you may know it. He instead prayed on the doorsteps like near sorry, near the doorsteps of the church, very close to it in a way to make the bishop feel that he wasn't disrespected, and in a way that he's not inside the church.
And you know why he did that? He said, I do not want to pray inside the church because I fear that after I am gone, the Muslims will change your church into a mosque and they will call Ahmad as masjid
and he wrote in the contract he added after
praying at the doorsteps he added the words, the doorstep shall not be turned into a mosque, nor a sermon be set from the
even the doorstep that I just prayed there he made sure because he knows his people. He says you're going to turn this because this will not be turned into a place of worship. No, can you deliver your hotbar from it, don't think about that. And it's still written with us till today Subhan Allah.
So he went after that and he prayed another salah, in another area close by.
Where Baytril mark this is,
And subhanAllah we have a mosque built there shortly after his death called the Mosque of Omar. Had he prayed in the church, the church would have been called as he said, subhanAllah the Mosque of Muhammad, so Radi Allahu Anhu. And how
truly as he was unfurl the divider of truth and false and he had a very sharp
intelligence, he knew people and he knew his flock very well. There'll be a loved one who had a BA.
in Sahih al Bukhari
it is recorded that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam foretold this moment.
A companion said, I went to the Prophet during the expedition to the book, while he was sitting in a leather tent. And he said, count six signs that indicate the approach of the End of Times,
my death, my death is a sign of the last hour.
The conquest of Jerusalem, is a sign of the newness of the hour, a plague that will afflict you, and kill you in great numbers, as the plague that afflicts sheep
is a sign of the closeness of the hour. And then he talked about wealth being an abundant to the point where people will not even be poor enough to take zakat. And people will not even be happy with 200 dinars, which means that people are not happy with a wage of $2,000 or something like that means nothing. And he talked about
a big war, after a peace treaty, under which ad flags will gather against the Muslim people of the world and the muscles will defeat they are the later on the crusade will be done against it and so on. So a lot of these signs, some of them have happened. Some of them are yet to happen and the Allah knows their nature. But certainly the conquest of Jerusalem happened at that time. And then a plague happened shortly after that.
And now brings us to the plague. But before that honorable hubbub went to a man called cobble about a companion who used to be a scribe a scholar. And he said, Where do you think the story of
Jesus Christ is? And you know the stories in the Bible about where all that stuff happened, and he pointed to where the solemn, the, the, the, the, the, where we see now the mystery of the oxide is built on the gold dome of the rock in that area. He went there and that is where Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam had gone this route will Mirage and I'm gonna hop up entered from the props Allah Selim entered, he prayed as the Prophet sallallahu Sallam prayed, and then he went to a particular place there, where they believe that Jesus Christ had been crucified but it wasn't Jesus Christ of course, and there was a grave there of a man who had been crucified instead of a Sally salaam as the
Quran tells us. And Amara, the Allah who found that he had been turned into a trash yard into a garbage place. And another place that belong to the Jews turned into a garbage place why the Christians and Jews had a for each other, and they both started to desecrate each other's places. I'm gonna clean that all up and turned it into a place of a masjid. And truly over there there is a masjid called Masjid Omar as we said before, my brothers and sisters, the Jerusalem conquest and the Muslims having a stronghold there was in the year 680 something and it lasted all the way till about the year 1099 When the Crusades came back and threatened it, and then we hear the story of Salah had
been up. So for nearly 500 years, it stayed under the stronghold of Muslims until the Muslims began shaky. And they began to disunite because of materialism, and the world creeping into their hearts. Until the time of Salahuddin you will be
My Dear Brothers and Sisters in Islam.
Then came the plague now because the Coronavirus that passed we spoke so much about this plague is called the plague of MLS cutting the story short, there was a plague that came out as possible. I said, I've said and really, so many Muslims had died.
In the 10s of 1000s, because the plague, and the story is that, but how these embody? Well, I'm going to hop over Delana was going there to check on the Muslims and Abu Zubaydah Pajara was in there. He had been afflicted also with the plague and and the loss was there as well. And he was looking after them, and they were all stuck inside of that place, Syria, Iraq, parts of Egypt, and so on.
And when he arrived, he stopped on top did not enter.
And he wanted to seek the advice of his counsel.
After the his counsel said, I think we should return and not enter because of the plague. abou obey the the great companion came up to him out of the Allahu Anhu and he said, What are you doing a middle movement in? A Pharaoh Ron
mencoder Allah are you running away from the cover of Allah?
And Ahmed looked at him and said loca and Amin Aveda abou VEDA, I wish anyone else but you would have said such a statement, meaning you are a scholar. Only an ignorant person will speak what you spoke about albedo, why are you out of all people? Who said yes, I am running away from the color of Allah to the color of Allah.
So taking precautions, is also part of kadar. The fact that you took precautions the fact that you took the medicine the fact that you took you know, you saved his own, you went away. This is all part of cover.
If anyone wants to learn about the meaning of Qatar, I did a five part series here in the masjid. It's on the Facebook page and also on YouTube, the Kabbalah and Katana answer all these confusing questions for you.
And he said, Abraham, I have an offset. I heard the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam say, if you hear about a plague in a town, do not enter it. And if you're in there do not exit on the loss or the Allahu Anhu thought of a good idea. And he said that everyone leaves the town and spread into the hills, away from each other social distancing. And that's exactly what they did. And it's exactly what they did. And it worked Alhamdulillah the virus could not survive, it could not find a host because people were far away from each other. Yes, people died and the hurt and the virus became weaker Subhanallah until it died. So among the first people who practice this measurement,
were actually the Muslims. And they kept doing that until the fall of the Islamic empire in 1924. World War One.
My brothers and sisters, another thing I want to talk about is a time called the feminine.
So in hijas, in the Arab lands in a time bomb or the low honor there was a famine. Nobody everybody was poor people couldn't eat people couldn't. It was poverty, people could they were starving, they were dying of starvation, or murder they Allahu Anhu.
He refuses to eat, and people would bring him food and meat and everything and he refused to eat. Why? He said, I will not eat until the people have eaten and the feminine is gone.
Wallahi I will not if I do not suffer. How will I know what suffering people are going through? If I do not suffer? How will I know? What the suffering is that people are going through? I want to feel what they are feeling so that I can do my duty as the leader, La ilaha illallah Do you understand why they're called Hola Rashid do my brothers and sisters are a true Islamic leader is what true Muslims are. He used to eat bread. So stale bread and oil. This was the time that his skin had changed color and his stomach had you could see his rib bones and his stomach was
caved in in and he got very sick, refusing to eat even though the food was all around him. He said give it to the people until the plague is gone and people have eaten. That's how honorable Kopparberg Allahu Anhu was. And because of the famine, anybody who stole the thieves is very important. Anybody who stole
he would not punish them. Because you know, in the Quran, it says was surgical was surgical to folk to our idea who man
the safe man or woman, you need to sever their hands if they steal. Now, obviously, there's a whole jurisprudence about that and understanding. It's not if you steal a little bit has to be a lot and there are conditions to it, you have would have known the law, you would not have been forced. Also if you weren't in need, if you weren't hungry.
All that stuff has to be established first and you don't sever the hand for all amounts has to be a big amount and amount that causes damage and harm. So it's not a very straightforward punishment. There are other punishments, however, because of the poverty on the law. Why
And who was suspended,
suspended Allah in the Quran
you might say, How could he stop Allah in the Quran? He has to carry it out. This is Cofer. Some people will say, but well we understand no it's not. Because Rasulullah Salim said that he was not an holofoil, Medina Rashi Didn't somebody to follow my sunnah. And as soon as the Holy Father rightly guided after me, because they understood what the Quranic verses meant.
It means that in a normal society where there is no poverty, but when people are in danger of people's lives, or instead at stake, you don't apply the punishments in the Quran anymore, because the reason that there is punishment in the Quran is not to punish and hurt people, not to make lives harder, to make lives easier to protect people's property, so that people can feel safe, so that people can go out. And if they're lost their property, we'll come back to them. You know, I gave an example to my students one time I said, Listen, imagine somebody is poor. And they've got a daughter who's got asthma. And little daughter is seven years old, got asthma, and these people are saving up
to buy the asthma pump. They live in a land where they don't have any welfare. Like in Australia, they don't have any of that. And the country is poor. And I've got a daughter who's got asthma, and have to buy the asthma pump, and I got to save all that money and they're already not eating enough. Imagine a thief comes and steals whatever savings they have, even if it's a little bit, they come to buy their daughter, the asthma pump, they've got no money, they can't get on the daughter suffocates and dies. Wouldn't that how would the family feel the result of theft, theft causes death and killing and the thief doesn't know what he's done? So my brothers and sisters, there's always a
reason and the wisdom behind the objectives of Sharia the objectives of Sharia five, what is the Sharia for five reasons to protect life? All the laws around it, the whole objective is to protect life. Number two, the whole laws around it the halal and haram is to protect faith and religion. People have the right to worship with freedom. People are not forced to enter into a religion that I want to number three the whole laws of Sharia Our objective is to protect the intellect. That's why alcohol is forbidden. Number four, to protect dignity and honor. So the people are not raped. People are not committed adultery, STDs, HIV AIDS, people's honor, adultery, fornication, families can stay
in tact to protect the dignity and honor of people. And lastly, to protect
wealth and people's property to protect people's property. Allah says in the Quran, walakum Philippi, saucy higher oil
in the laws of punishment, oh, people who have a brain and intelligence to think you can have a life through punishment, you can have a life. So the only one I remember one of my lecturers teaching us law at one stage I did business law. And a Muslim student there was something in the paper about severing the hand. And my lecture I was a lawyer said, Well, you know what?
And then he says, who's the only one who's the only one who is afraid of this punishment of theft anyway, the only one afraid of it is the thief. So if you're not a thief, you have nothing to fear. So there's there's much more wisdom to talk about. But I'll just suffice with that one in sha Allah.
Lastly, brothers and sisters, I want to talk about this and then we'll finish next week. The last pieces of conquests that in a time vomiter the Elana they did and we're gonna learn something from it is Egypt among the last before of Mandela came along. The Romans had colonized Egypt and colonized its indigenous peoples, called the cops, the cops about the Egyptian Christians or Orthodox Christian and they're still there today. Well, you can't call them Orthodox, the cops Coptics.
And there was what we call the Imperial Roman troops Imperial meaning the Roman Empire had colonized and taken it over. And what they were doing is they were charging them huge taxes and the cops weren't happy under their rule.
A battle broke out between the commander honorable also the Allah, one who had been entrusted and the Imperial Roman troops in Egypt, the Roman soldiers fleed that was only part of the area where the cops were
and the Muslims did not harm the cops. Why? Because the cops are the indigenous people. They're not at war with them.
But I'm gonna the Allahu Anhu kept that kept back some of the cops from among them.
And he said to his troops, keep these people with us so they can just prefer
so they can watch how we live our lives. Maybe, maybe they will feel at peace and ease with us and know who we really are very smart.
And these people watch the Muslims and then he returned them back to their, what we call the viceroy the voice Roy is another name for governors general or the leader.
And he asked these men, how did you see these Muslims these Muslims just entered in and made the Romans flee how, however, they told me about them. And this is what the cops said, this is still written till today, in a poverty and without any higher in our books. It says, Our Lord, the cops said to the Governor General, the viceroy, our Lord, the Muslims are a people who love death, more than we love life.
They love death more than what we love life. What he means. What he means is that when it comes to protecting their religion and their people, death becomes more beloved to them than to live in humility.
But they love it as much as we love life. Meaning if the going gets tough, we'll run for our life, but they will keep the well they will stay there even if they have to die. What mattered him Yanni martyrdom for a Muslim, it's martyrdom, so I'm going straight to paradise inshallah. They love humility, better than pride.
Greed is unknown to them.
They do not think it's degrading to sit on the ground, they eat without sitting at a table. Now it's not haram to sit at the table. Brothers and sisters don't get this wrong. But that was their custom and tradition. And for them in those days. If you eat on the ground, you're of a lower class. So what he's saying is they're not afraid of sitting with the poor. And there is no such thing as higher class, upper class and lower class and because you eat a table you don't that meant nothing to them. This is not how they valued people or separated people.
They eat without sitting at a table, their commander is just one of them.
There is a special mark about him.
The Muslims No, no distinction between the high and the low of the master and the servant. When the time for prayer comes, they all Wash up and stand shoulder to shoulder in all humility. before the Lord.
The leader the viceroy said such a people will overcome any power.
It's better we make peace with them.
And so the Muslims in the Coptics they made a peace treaty and they became allies. And the Muslims took up arms to defend and protect the cops. And the Coptics helped the Muslims to get rid of the Roman imperial troops from all of Egypt. And the entire Roman army left Egypt from the colonisation and the Muslims gave gave the cops the indigenous people left them in their lands. They didn't touch their churches. They didn't touch their religion. They even had their own court system they ruled by their Bible and the Muslims supported them. Subhanallah
and Ahmad wrote a treaty of peace between Muslims and Coptics that they will protect them, security of life and property and freedom of religion. In return, the Coptics helped the Muslims in their fight against Imperial troops of Rome. Rome was angry, but the cops didn't care because they liked how the Muslims treated them until all Roman troops were out of Egypt brothers and sisters, this is why there are still Coptics now in Egypt, even though they are a small minority, how did they survive when Muslims had been in Egypt? all the way till now. Muslims have never ever left Egypt since the time of Amara, the Allahu Allah. So those who talk about Muslims and Islam and saying
they're out there to kill people and convert people by the sword and kill all non Muslims, one amazing argument that you can use one one of many one of 1000s is this one. How is it that if this religion is such a barbaric, treacherous terrorist religion, that they entered Egypt, the indigenous peoples of the land stayed in there, they were secured and they are only a few people minority they could have wiped them off. And the Muslims have never left Egypt ever since time Rama till today and the Coptic still have their respect and honor in the land they still have their places.
That is a proof of what Islam came with really a living proof. You know, brothers and sisters Subhanallah brings to mind I'll just finish it with this now. Here in Australia, for example, in Australia. We all know about the British colonization we all know about Captain Cook and those before him and after him. And we know what happened what they did to the
indigenous people, the aboriginals, and how we all know about the stolen generation and the terrible atrocities that are unspoken off truly, truly they were terrible terrible terrible atrocities Allahu Akbar unspoken of.
And then we finally had in
when when Paul Rudd. Paul Rudd, what is it?
Kevin? Kevin Rudd? What did I get Paul Rudd from?
An actor. You got me. All right. So Kevin Rudd and he did something good. In his time here, he did the national apology. To the aboriginals. That's nice, because they stole their children Christianize them. But what you would be amazed and this is factual evidence. I just don't have it in the textbooks anymore in the schools, but he's his history. Teachers know this, that
the Muslims from Indonesia, the moccasins actually worked already in Australia, way before Captain Cook and those before him.
They were there before the settlers. The settlers were the convicts who were who became settlers later on who were thrown out of Britain, the criminals and they were thrown into Australia. But anyway, even before them in the 1600s. There are cave drawings. There are cave drawings, Aboriginal cave drawings
of interaction between them and the McKesson tribe of Muslim Indonesian Muslims in Indonesia. And they show they also show that they traded food and certain types of rice between them. No Muslim ever harmed the aboriginals rather than Detroit with them.
And there is a brother by the name of Rocky. He's an Aboriginal
who lives in Murray in New South Wales. Michelle is an active brother in Dawa, whose ancestors he says, I don't know, he has a clip about him saying that I remember my grandmother, she told me about Wardle. And she says I used to see our ancestors, they used to wash five times a day and bow their heads down to God. So there is evidence to show that it is possible. Some Aboriginals converted to Islam in that time, or at least took on some of the Muslim traditions in some of their cave drawings, they have funerals that are similar to Muslim funerals to the Janaza Pres.
So you can actually Google this, it's now all over the internet Alhamdulillah information and access to information is very easy. So I just wanted to just show Subhanallah how Islam really did spread. And even when it was military
expansion, how the military expansion was done in such justice and different to everyone else that ever came in history. And that will hamdulillah the glory of Islam is still there in our history books. Today the Muslims
Hamdulillah we are what we call the sleeping giant.
But our deen is in our hearts and our Quran is in our hearts. And I'm so proud to see in this Masjid how many young people in front of me who are increasing coming in the masjid even while Subhanallah we see the other side as well we feel that Islam is going and that Muslim youth are losing the plot but on the other side Subhanallah on the positive side we also see a large number who will handle their returning to their deen and learning their religion and not only in Islam, but also they're getting their education and and they're able to differentiate between what's good education and what's not. So they learn at university and are able to say listen, I'm not going to fall for this
trick because I know what my Dean says, and mashallah they flourish. So I'm very proud of those members of our community and may Allah Subhana Allah guide those who are still misguided melasma to forgive our sins and reward you all. I'll stop here now and hamdulillah and we have just one last bit about what are the Allahu Anhu basically, I want to talk about his, the way he governed the city and some of the initiations that he brought into this world that are now practiced in law. And in government, especially here, even here in Australia in a lot of Western countries that were actually taken from Omar, probably Allahu Anhu. One example is Centrelink
the welfare system and another example is separation of powers. So those of you who know about that we'll talk about it and Shetler next week, how I'm going to be a law one on the full effort. Establish these laws a long time ago and still practice today. How they were solid law 100 Amina Muhammad, while early he was Safi, as you may