Uthman bin Affan – The Four Caliphs – part 1

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Bashar Shala

Channel: Bashar Shala

Series:

Episode Notes

Dr Bashar details the lives of the four greatest men who lived after the Prophet Muhammad (Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him), the Caliphs of Islam, the rulers of the Islamic Empire that swept across Arabia, Asia, Africa and even so far as Southern Europe.

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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While I can

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also be left in the corner Virginians marhaba Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen hum divert. Kareena shaqiri Hamza us in Yama who care filmyzila or Salalah Houma Allah Sayidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi h ma Allahu Madeline and I am now on Santa VENA Island Tana was ignited man was a confit De Niro bellami.

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We shot a lot start tonight, a new biography of one of the brightest stars in the sky for slam one of the beacons, the saggy cone, the ones that proceeded ahead on the way home last panel Carl and his profit on a consultant and became a role model for Muslims for all times, to follow up with their behavior to Sokoloff

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with their behavior with their following of the true following of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and we have finished with the grace of Allah with handleless Kanata Allah The to Hollis after a process of audio cinema boubakeur Soviet may Allah be pleased with him. And Amara boo kebab and follow may Allah be pleased with him. And naturally we start with the biography of the moraine Earth man is nothing friend, Ravi Allahu on

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us man of grace and

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his philosophy was for about 12 years. We know that the philosophy of karma lasted about 10 and a half years and he was assassinated at the age of 63 years old. And that's the same exact same age that abubaker was. He passed away at and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam passed away at Iceman, our fan became halifa at age of 70. So he was even at that point more senior to both of them at the time of their death. As my son was born and his name is a fan of our fan, ignore the last omega attention signal abdomen f ignore Kasai blue lab. So he belongs to the tribe of Croatia and he is from the clan of omega omega. The climate familia were known to be the, from the elite of polish.

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They are not only the richest clan of Croatia, but they're the most influential in the political atmosphere in Croatia. And then one of the strongest clans of Croatia, and of the clan of Romania we know that many people came with after a family affair and of this famous people actually that stood against the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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were

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Abu Sufyan, even how who was also from the climate for me and from this same plan of Romania comes the whole dynasty of the omiya. Hill after that, took its capital in Damascus later on. So it's none of my fan belong to this rich and influential clan of polish and that is the clan of Romania. And he was born in Romania in Cora in Mecca, the sixth year after and field. So that was 576 after Christ, and Othman is 66 years younger than the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

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He

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was introduced to Islam and was invited to embrace the true way of Allah subhanho wa Taala. But none else but Abubakar subacromial, Lahore, and, and it is now at that a fan is the fourth person to embrace Islam altogether after Abu Bakar acidic and we know Khadija was the first American Conservative inheritor, who was in the house of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And then immediately, Earth man have nots and he was the first man outside this very small circuit, circle of people around the Prophet sallallahu wasallam became the almost the fourth person to do embrace a stem so he is truly from a Sabu from doors and the forefront of Islam.

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Before Islam was none of my son and after Islam was very low correlation was very well liked in correlation. And even as the mothers would sing lollipop lollipop lullabies to their infants to their children, they would sink to them or hit our ramen.

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Man, they will say I love you by the luck man, as Christ loves Earth man. That means that Christ was so much in love with their smile one day

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What was provided so much in love with this man because of his manners, because of his generosity, he was known was of his politeness with his shyness. And after a slam that became even more so and more apparent, as he added to this his natural behavior, the behavior in the matters of Islam and what he learned from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

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And it was well known that as

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masala Holly he was sending them, when when anybody would come to him Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam would not change the way he was sitting or the way he's dressed, except when a man would come into the court of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam into the modulus of Rasul, glossolalia, Salah, and then Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam. If he was sitting, laying down, he would sit up and he would put his garment upon himself and they would say, what song that song was a lot to sell. And he said, and as the heme and Roger Lin tested him in boonville, Erica said, I feel shy in front of a person that the Malaika the angels of Allah subhanaw taala feels shy when he comes in because of his politeness, and

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because of his natural shyness.

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And a thought of nothing became very close to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and as the rest of the sahaabah he suffered what Muslims paid. And that early stage of Islam is they had to be abused and persecuted. And a man of my son was persecuted again and polish and the one that that was that was given the mission of

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torturing Earth man, I'm not a fan was as the as it was usual, his his family, his his clan, and and hakam

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became the torture of madness fan, and he would tie him down and he would beat him and they would tell him, woman to leave what what you are doing and go back to the religion of your parents of your,

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of your clan. And that was a heck of a year. And then he will say the law, he learned that who ever done well, I follow Cola, I will not leave that. And I will not deserve the profits of the law. How do I send them so he was left to go on because of his status and crush. But what they did is they tried to do some economical embargo. Because he was a rich man, he was well, to do merchant he was somebody who's got wealth, and he inherited a lot of wealth from his father. So they would not buy

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from us men, and they will not try to sell us men and men would not care and he would go on supporting the profit from the law, Holly, you send them with his finances. And just like Abu Bakar, he would pay to free slaves, and he would pay to support Muslims during those darkest years. And he continued to do that, as later on. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said one time that one of the most the people that most likely to resemble the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. And Ibrahim was a man of Not that I've met him not then not only took the manners of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, but he also had physical likeness that is reported in the books of history. And the way our ceman of

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nothin was described, that he was just like the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he was medium, he was not too tall, and he was not a short person. And he was, he has a handsome face. And he had a very fair complexion, with redness with with that rosy color and the cheeks. And however he was he had a big beard. And he also had wide broad shoulders. And he had hair that would cover his arms when when his arm, his arm showed

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two different physical attributes that he was both like Bob was, and he had traces of smallpox in his in his face those small scars that smallpox slowly leaves on people to recover from that disease. So he had this he had contracted that disease in his in his childhood, and it's, this is the way he was described, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he would say that he had likeness front of him, and he had likeness of Ibrahim alayhi salam. So that was his physical appearance is not enough and had many firsts and Islam will say he was the first to do this and the first to do that. And one of the first things that are if not more offended, if he was the first

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Mohajer in the way of Allah subhana wa Tada. Now we know when the persecution became very severe and the lack of period that is not the sort of Prophet sallahu wa sallam gave permission to the Muslims to start migrating.

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I have a shadow of a sinner, and the first person to apply to the call of a prophet sallallahu wasallam. And this immigration is a major risk, they're leaving everything that they ever knew behind. They're leaving the support whatever support they had of their family, and they're going to call for the way of Allah subhanho wa Taala in a foreign land and in a foreign foreign atmosphere. So the first person to apply was Earth man.

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And before that Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam gave him in marriage, his daughter rupiah, so to hire the daughter of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam and Aslan his son in law, left Mecca to inhabit and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, a

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man had Yama meaning the this is narrated in the history of the in history books actually of us that the first one that that gave the migration

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after the Prophet sallallahu Sallam gave permission for that was Earth man. And in the Hadith Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam said Sahaba, whom Allah May Allah be with them, meaning was met under kya in a manner

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in Allah he

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he said that man was the first since loop. Since move left his clan was Ibrahim to do in the Mohajer on a lot of B, C and D and it was when he graded for the way a lot since.

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Then the third the first person to make them the immigration only for the sake of Allah subhanho wa Taala further religion was a matter of not a fan. So he became the first Muslim to embrace the way of his law to call for a loss of Hannah what that

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and as we said, with the Hadith, that when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam give the second daughter in marriage to a man or a friend, or more concerned, told her in the back of the head nurse Eva Dickie Ibrahim, well, I became Mohammed that your husband is the most the most the most and likeness to your father Mohammed and to your grandfather Ibrahim alayhis. Salam.

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earthman is called his title and among Muslim is the new line. That means the one with the two lights, and that is because he narrated the two daughters of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam he married the Rohingya first and Roca died on the third year of Hydra and Laguna and she died on the day of better so when she was very sick, and the call for to go out and get the caravan It was not a call for battle yet. And then walaikum salam wa rahmatullah of man as the Prophet sallallahu ala send them that he wants to go out put him to bed, and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, No you stay with your husband with your you stay with your wife will kill you because she was very ill. And

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she was ill to die actually, on that day, as they had etha came to El Medina to give the black signing for the victory of Muslims in Beder. The same call was that the daughter of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam had died and she was buried. And then after that, a man became very sad became very sad because he lost his wife. And then he lost the connection with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he and his son in law and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came to him and he said what would you would like to have my other left the only left daughter and will confirm in Medina in marriage again and he was very happy and he also Lhasa La La Jolla Salim gave him on

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consuming marriage and he married on will consume the second daughter of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. And it was ordained that Omar consumed herself would die only few years later, and us men became very sad and and then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam looked at him and he said, Well, ah he if I had the third daughter, and I would give it to you and managers, man, but he had none left because already zeyneb was dead and faulting, I was married. So I leave now Vitaly, and then in one Hadith, he said, If I had 40 daughters, I would give them one after the other tourists man, I'm not a fan, and I would keep him as my son in law, in law. So this is how much the Prophet sallallahu

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alayhi wa sallam loved the smell of no offense. And that's why a fan is known in history as the new right.

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I've met him My friend was very close to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he knew a lot about Islam and the religion and he was very well versed, and in this knowledge, and he was one of the few people of color that was literate, that knew how to write. And he was one of the writers of a lot of Al Quran, and he narrated 146 Hades on the authority of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and as he said he was one of the writers of Al Quran.

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He was also a scholar of Al monastic

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of the rituals of a Baghdad that the Muslim knew. And he was a reference for Muslims when they wanted to know to do to know what to do and such and such prayer what to do, how to do a go how to do Hajj how to do this, they would go to Earth man, because he was the expert and the authority on the monastic on how to do the rituals of Islam

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of man have not found fault with the Prophet sallallahu wasallam and he gave the duty of jihad and all the battles that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam fought except better, but he is counted as one of the boundaries he is counted one of the people of bender. Why is that because he had the permission from the directly from the Prophet sallallahu wasallam that he is to stay in Medina. And to confirm that when they came in with this falls of whether the Prophet sallallahu Sallam gave him a share, just like the people that went to Bender, and he counted him as one of the fighters, only the fighters of feather share in the spoils of feather and one of the fan was the only one who

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stayed at home, nursing his life, but he still had the share of the spoils. And he did not fight physically in bed there, but he was counted as one of the batteries. This becomes important later on during the events of fitness, as this was one of the things that the enemies of our ceman would say, you will not end better and you were such and such. And this is the reply to that that he was actually honored by the prophet sallallahu wasallam was one of the shares of better and he is counted in the eyes of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam as if he was in that battle.

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The other battle that come into controversy is the Battle of our HUD. We know that honey as we studied and in the books of Sierra, he killed Osama bin

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Laden was a very handsome man, because he was close to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. And during the heat of battle, me I thought he killed the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and he called in Christ a potential handmaiden Patel to Mohammed and he said, I killed Mohammed. So Muslims went into this, this chaotic state and they started escaping the battlefield. And one of the people that list of battlefields was a threat of No offense, and a loss of kinda like that. And later on, revealed in Al Qaeda, Allahu Allah subhanaw taala forgave those people who left the battlefield and Othman fan was included in that forgiveness from Allah subhanho wa Taala. Yet later on the enemies of man would

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not forgive them even though Allah subhanho wa Taala forgave those fighters, that that thought that the prophets Allah is send them actually died and they left the battlefield.

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Fan had a very high regard in the eyes of Russell lasala Holly or send them on the day when Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam wanted to do wanted to do the online and goes into Mecca and stayed at the davia and he wanted to send an ambassador to negotiate with Kobe.

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He first offered to come out of the hip hop, hop hop said, I'm from Addie and I have no protection inside Quraysh Why don't you send somebody who's got a good clan couldn't protect him inside Korea, and the prophets Allah La Holly or send them choice was awesome. And I'm not a fan. And that was an honor for us man to go on and negotiate in the name of a prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and in the name of the Muslims. And we know when a man was went to Mecca, the first thing that he wanted to see is the cat. He wanted to see Mr. To her arm, and he had left them and how long four years, six years he has not seen the message.

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So he goes to unlimited hot and cold I said we will we will allow you to make far off we will allow you to worship around the masjid and heroin because we know who you are, man and we know your status. And we know that you're from the elite of Romania. And he said, Well law he I will not make the law before the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam next off, and back in the Lutheran camp, the Sahaba were around the fire and around talking to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam they said, a man is late. Maybe he's making pull off and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said Earth man will not make the law unless I permit him to make fall off. He knew what the earth man is made off. Yet this man

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was kept in Christ for three days and three nights. And that created that rumor that this man was killed. And the Muslims gathered under the tree the 1400 Muslim gathered under the sea and they gave the pledge of death, the pledge of the pleasure of Allah subhanho wa Taala

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was a pleasure for sugar as it's called later on. And this is called Baikal with one that Allah Subhana Allah Himself was pleased with. And our su la salado SLM was taken the pledge from every Muslim was his right hand with his handshake, that they will die in the way of Allah subhanho wa Taala and they will not leave if a man was killed. And then finally in the last moment, Rasul wa salatu salam put his hand, his left hand in his right hand, and he said, well have he and this man, and this is for us, man. So he gives them the the pleasure and the honor of the shadow because he knew that Allah Subhana Allah said that everyone that I gave the pledge on that day is basically

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promised and Jenna is promised the pleasure of Allah Subhana Allah to Allah and the promise and the law of allies and then said this is for Earth man. And the Sahaba became a little bit jealous they said, this is this was better than any of us because he took the hand of the prophets on the law to send them in his own blood.

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Even with that honor later on, some enemies of Islam Nah, son will say he was not invaded. Well, that's a shudra altogether was for us, man, because I was late and because of non Afghan people for the trans man was killed. And that's what brought on this whole subject of a shadow law. And as our old one

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is not enough, then was a very rich man as we knew, he had the pleasure from Allah subhana wa to Allah and a lot of fruits a lot of of sustenance and he was a very successful merchant that

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was known with his wealth and courage.

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And he was very well known for his generosity with my my fan, early in Islam, as we said, he would go out and he will buy slaves and set them free in the way of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And in some narration, that every single Friday day, he would buy slaves and set them free, and he will leave not leave any slaves or any service in his house because of that, because every Friday if he had any way to get a slave and set them free, that that was his, his way of life. And he would give so much in the way of Allah Subhana with Allah.

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And two things that known about our sign in history, that he knew what Allah Subhana Allah Allah said when when Allah, Allah tala said in the last time and then Nina and pusa hawala, Allah homogenic but Allah subhanaw taala bought from the movements, their own souls and their money, their belongings, full agenda, and Allah Subhana Allah says, Allah, Allah t Jara into g come in as admin and he taught me new love Allahu Allah soon enough, he said what? una una casa de la jolla, Mali C'mon Fujiko that Allah Subhana Allah said, this is a trade this is this is a deal that you've got with Allah Subhana Allah if you give a man and then you struggle in the way for last 100 with Allah

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with your own soul with your own self and with your money, and earth man did that and he did this trade with Allah subhanho wa Taala and in the Hadith Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam said, start on mini nanogen. net, Mr. Burton

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said this man bought agenda from me twice. He said he he was deserving agenda with what he gave in the way of our last pantalla twice. The first one was the non event of the world, the world of Roma. When Muslims went to El Medina, the Maha jurien from Mecca to El Medina, they had to buy water. Fresh water was very scarce, as we know in Medina, and most of the low wells and the resources of water were in the hands of the Jews. And there was that Jewish man that held on to the will of food. And the Muslims were having a very hard time trying to get water and reasonable prices from the Jews that had a monopoly on the role of hula one of the most abundant wells in Medina and the Prophet

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sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, when you study the aroma,

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the Muslim need to be dealt with him

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is Robin Fujin, the Prophet sallahu wa sallam was sitting among the Sahaba and he said, who would go by the will oil approval for the Muslims drink from it and let other Muslims drink from it and live that he will get a place to drink in our agenda, that for this place this this wall he will get a well and agenda of course if you have a woollen agenda, then you will be settling right there next to the place that you drink.

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And Aslan, immediately he did what the prophet sallallahu wasallam said, and he ran to the Jews. And he said, Give me the well. And the Jewish man said $50,000, ham,

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very high amounts of money at that time, that a man with his known intelligence and with his skills, as a merchant, thought he can do better than that. He said, Well, I don't need the whole Well, what if I buy half of it from you, I will just buy half of it. So you take it one day, and I will take it the other day. So the Jewish man said, I will sell it to you for such and such amount. So earthman negotiated and he bought half of it with 12,000, which is a lot of money at that time.

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So in the day of man, he would instruct the Muslims to double up on their supply of water. So the next day, there is nobody coming to buy any water from this Jewish man. And a Flan would just give the Muslims the water and ruma for free. And he would not tell the Muslims, he would not remind them, he would not do anything to make him feel like he's given them any favors, he would just let them have water. And the only time that he mentioned that, and his own life was on the time of his death, when he was prevented from getting water himself. And he was thirsty in his own house surrounded and besieged. And he called upon Muslim deny, not by the role of Roma for you all to

00:26:38--> 00:27:21

drink, can I not get a drink of water for that? And that was the only time he mentioned that great events. However, later on that Jewish man came to us magnet offered. And he said, Well, I'm not getting any benefits of my day, would you buy the whole thing and let me just go get out of this deal. And Earth man gave him a very good price. Still, he said I will buy it with $8,000 home. So he gave him another 8000 for him and the whole world became a Muslim property and became a trust for Muslims. So the Prophet sallahu wa sallam said, for our men, they will be a place of drinking an agenda. And he is as we know, one of the 10 that are given lights hiding of Paradise, and we'll be

00:27:21--> 00:28:05

sharing the agenda. The second time that none of my fan bought the agenda is when Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was calling for the expedition of the book for was with the book. As we know, it was a very hard year. It was very hot here. And it was a year of drought. And it's called the year of hardship, because Muslims had nothing. It was almost a year of famine. Yet the Prophet sallallahu wasallam felt and instructed the last panel with Allah that they have to go out all the way to the northern borders of Arabia, and face the Byzantine dangerous that is coming and threatening the Muslim on.

00:28:06--> 00:28:24

So started a falafel on Islam starting getting money collections to prepare this army when there is no not enough resources to get that army ready. And it was a very hard year. And then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam went up on the minbar and he was calling upon the Sahaba who would

00:28:25--> 00:29:13

give money for this who would prepare the army and a man raised his hand the first time and he said I will prepare 100 soldiers. I mean, I said that even the Alessi how're Melia 100 cameras 100 right so alikhan salon 100 brides with all the equipment with all the soldier and all they have, that's a lot of money. So the Prophet said Jazakallah Hold on, and he continued to do again, US man comes up again and he said 200 more was there loading was that equipment was there. For us. It was a lot easier said than said just allow him who would do it again. And us man would come up and he would say 300 more until us man prepared 1000 Muslim rider riding or riding soldier on their camels on

00:29:13--> 00:29:57

horses with all that equipment. And then he brought to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam 1000 Golden dinar and he put it in the lap of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the Prophet took this money and he was looking at it and he said twice. Mount Dora Nana masana Abaddon Leone. He said, This man will not be harmed, whatever he does, it's all forgiven after today, as much as he gave in the way of Allah subhanaw taala so he's his future sins are forgiven for our from Allah subhanaw taala whatever the prophets Allah to send them says is from Allah subhana wa Tada. He said, Now Bob Ross, Nana Masada do nothing will hurt us man. After today nothing will harm us man after today

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another time

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A lot of God's son

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gave much in the way of Allah Subhana Allah is when the Prophet sallallahu wasallam wanted to expand the masjid when Earth man himself bought the land, mixed religions and added to the masjid and expanded the message of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and that was one of the things that are known about

00:30:25--> 00:30:38

when the Prophet someone lohani us in them was making the last clip but the fifth part of that is known as footballs death. So lesson allottee was someone said,

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Allah in the abbey bachlin forgot that for Abu bakkar there is an advantage over you do not forget that and then he named people he said Rahul masala How do you send them

00:30:54--> 00:31:15

to say the exact words or people in my current memory so far if hula hoop Eric, he put Abubakar in a category, he said he never caused any harm to me. So know that for him. That means that Abubakar comes in the forefront of the Sahaba and then he said, The Prophet sallahu wa sallam said,

00:31:16--> 00:31:23

and we're all dying on Omar while he was man. Well, Paul dilla was

00:31:24--> 00:31:26

was sad that may be your cause. Well, I'm

00:31:30--> 00:31:37

sorry fula Hamza, then the prophets, Allah is Allah mooned the Sahaba named seven of them, Allah,

00:31:38--> 00:31:40

Allah, even Abby, fallen Earth man

00:31:42--> 00:32:22

had to obey the law. As I said, there's no abuse or cause and now, and that's exactly why when I'm doing a lot of Bob was stabbed and he knew that he was, he was the guy and he has to find the martyrdom and nowhere for last hunt Allah, He knew who to lose the matters of honor, because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam lived the guidelines with the rest of them with the six that are left. And he said, from those six, you shall take the halifa after me, and of those six was a man of na fan than the Prophet sallallahu wasallam died what he was pleased with him from Allah hottie send them

00:32:25--> 00:33:10

during this inasa Abubakar and man, Abu Bakr and Mr. Bob fan was kept in Medina, as none of not a fan was not left to go and fight and be away from Medina. Because Abubakar needed him and Omar needed him. And he was one of the forefront consultants. He was one of the first counselors in Islam him and I even had the pilot for these to Halifax, and they would count on his opinion, his recommendations and his nd matters and affairs of all Muslims. And that's why he was very close to both of them. And he was an advisor to both Abu Bakr and Omar Eben alcopop.

00:33:11--> 00:33:26

Ahmad was assassinated, as we knew in the picture of the 23rd year of an affair Hydra as we studied the last session, and as Bob was dying, he gave the affairs of Muslims to these six people.

00:33:27--> 00:33:31

He said they told them Why don't you appoint one of them are mahapatra da

00:33:34--> 00:33:34

da

00:33:36--> 00:33:46

da li Allah Allah. He said you wanna give me the burden of your affairs when I'm alive and when I'm dying? No, you do your own thing now and then he said Allah in

00:33:48--> 00:33:56

Germany, if a point halifa then a better than a better man than me Abubakar need appointed Elisa and if I don't do it

00:33:59--> 00:34:20

man who hire me the prophets of audio assembler did not appoint a person to become halifa he said then I will leave this to the six people will love half it will Dini almost Hertha Allah will preserve his religion for them. And then he said, After that, you you sit for three days and you choose the Khalifa among you.

00:34:22--> 00:34:39

Of these six as we as we see those. Ali there is a Flan the response as a biocide and Abdul Rahman now, and he said Abdullah Hubner, Ahmad was sick with them as a consultant, but he cannot be chosen as Elisa among them.

00:34:40--> 00:34:43

Paul had no evade the law was not in Medina.

00:34:44--> 00:34:54

He was away from Medina, so he was not among the POV he was named by Mr Boucher pop, but he did not participate in the selection of halifa.

00:34:57--> 00:35:00

He said our excuse

00:35:00--> 00:35:14

Myself, I will not be chosen, although he was one of the ones and the fourth one to be chosen as, as a halifa. He said I will be excused. And I will just vote for who would be halifa.

00:35:15--> 00:35:29

And then as you they have said, I will give my voice my voice, Talib, NaVi polyp, whatever, and he says I'm with Alli. So he also sort of excused himself of the halifa.

00:35:30--> 00:36:04

So of this there is left unsaid, blah, blah, cause he said I will also be excused by from being chosen a halifa. So the only two that were left were a fan of na fan, and Alina Vitaly. So for that, the Sahaba had to make a choice, as they mill around inside of lebua costs. So this is too much responsibility and too much headache. And they said, If you choose and whoever you choose, we will go with. So it became upon us

00:36:06--> 00:36:10

to decide whether the halifa will be Ali, or will be as non NASA.

00:36:11--> 00:36:56

And he had three days to decide who should be the Halifax Muslims. And his choice was not was very difficult because both of them were very close to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. And they both had a lot in Islam, and they both were very high in the rankings of Sahaba. So what he did, as the books as cateel said, Mahabharat man is now for the Allahu anhu Yes, the Shiva nurse, what would you say, you know, I mean, he went out to people, he went out in the streets of Medina, talking to all the father that he knows that are in Medina. And then he went from the Sahaba, to the general public to most Muslims, and he started consulting with all of them. He said, Jamie and watch that and not know

00:36:56--> 00:37:05

for me now so sleep very little. And those three days just consulting with every Muslim who do you think I do? Earth man, Earth man or alley?

00:37:06--> 00:37:18

And then he said, Even he got one from behind that he got to the woman asked him the woman who would you think is the man or any? Who would you prefer a man or ID until and he said, Every Casio

00:37:20--> 00:37:39

will then send my cat if he would go to the schools and ask the children, what would you want? Who would you prefer? There's nothing on it. It was a very difficult decision, even the travelers cross Medina, he will ask them who would be most preferable, then he thought I will call them I would call Ali and I would call us man.

00:37:40--> 00:37:41

So he said to Allie,

00:37:42--> 00:38:04

would you give me your pledge, that if you took the matters into your own hand, you become halifa letta, demon kualitas man, that you will be just unfair, and they will hear the affair of Muslims, and then you will obey our last panel with Adam. And and he said yes, I would do it.

00:38:05--> 00:38:06

If I can, if I could.

00:38:08--> 00:38:52

Allah kita de la he was he was Rasulullah he wished he had you know he, he said I will follow the book of Allah. And I will follow the Sunnah of the prophet and then I will do the he had as much as I can. And then he said, if it's not to you if it's you will not become the Haleakala ga come in. He said, No, I said, without hesitation, he calls the congressman. And he said, Would you obey, would you here and would you do the justice and fair and Northlands answer is very short. He said yes. Now, he didn't elaborate more about what he would do. So let's he did now, and that that third day, when he has to make a decision, he had a turban that was given to him by the prophet sallallahu

00:38:52--> 00:39:04

alayhi wa sallam, he had took very much pride of that turban of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, so he wore it. And people knew that this is something that the Prophet gave him. And he went up to the masjid and he went up on the minbar.

00:39:05--> 00:39:16

And then people started coming to envision this is the the announcement that Abdur Rahman will do, Hector Corrado, Mr. msgid, became full and packed with all the Muslims.

00:39:18--> 00:39:39

And as man started coming with the rest, but Assam came late and he sat at the very back end of religion because he was a very polite and very shy person, he would not come over people and try to take a place in the front. So now is upon the member and everybody in the ministry than Earth man way in the back of the masjid.

00:39:41--> 00:39:44

And then that they make a very long

00:39:45--> 00:39:59

piece about and most scholars said he was not his mind is not made up by that time, even though he's unremember. He's He's still much not 100% sure, is taken to Allah Subhana Allah to Allah to just give him the guidance and give

00:40:00--> 00:40:04

him the right choice to choose the halifa after Omar of Nepal,

00:40:05--> 00:40:13

and then he said, he called upon Allah, Allah, Allah come to me. And he took his hand on his hand. And he said,

00:40:15--> 00:40:15

Allah

00:40:16--> 00:40:18

was in Mecca Rasulullah.

00:40:19--> 00:40:37

Rama, would you give me the pledge on the book of Allah and and the way of His Prophet and the way of Abu Bakr and Omar, and as we said, Allah says Allah Kabila was saying that he Rasulullah wished he had the right. He said on the book of Allah, on the way of his prophet, and on my opinion, after that,

00:40:38--> 00:41:03

and then he said, Come on, man, come to me with man and he took his hand. He said, Would you give me the pledge on the way of Allah on the way of his profits, and on the way of Abu Bakr and Omar, and then earthman said, Nam, and then Mr. American, raise his head up to the sky and he said, Allahumma snobbish head, Oh Allah hear me and be by witness for me to laugh.

00:41:04--> 00:41:46

at Earth man. He said, I give whatever a burden on my neck on my shoulders and the neck of Earth man, I'm not a fan. And it is the sitting next to him. So Ali takes us on hand and he gives them to become the first Muslim to goodness man, I'm not a fan, the hill at the beta for the hereafter. And people in the masjid started coming to earth man, I'm not a fan, to give him the pledge. And he became the third halifa, the third successor after Abu Bakar. And Omar may Allah be pleased with all of them. And at that time, a man was really an advanced and he was 70 years old. So all the halifa before him were much younger. I mean, Abu Bakar died when he was 63. And Omar died when he was 63.

00:41:46--> 00:41:55

And we know the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam died when he was 63. And a smile of not a fan became halifa at the age of 70.

00:42:01--> 00:42:03

And we know that was in the month of the picture.

00:42:04--> 00:42:11

And the 23rd year of hedra, and that is around 243. Ad. See,

00:42:15--> 00:42:26

the first case that this man had to settle was the story of obey the law, no matter what happened that obey the law of neuroma.

00:42:28--> 00:42:32

He saw his father being stabbed and killed by fayrouz by Abu Lola.

00:42:33--> 00:42:37

And then a man came to him, and that is Abdullah

00:42:39--> 00:42:45

Abdullah and son of Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him. And he said, I sell fayrouz I sold

00:42:46--> 00:42:49

only few days ago sitting with the whole Mustang.

00:42:50--> 00:43:39

And a man called you Faina. And he was a Christian. And they were v najwa. They were in secrecy, they were talking, and they had a dagger that looks like he has handled in the middle and blaze on two sides. So obey the law. And I'm on Wednesday, and he said, Show me the dagger that my father was killed with. And they showed him the dagger and he was similar to what other Batman in Abu Bakr has described for him. So he got very furious, and fairuza binondo hours kill already he killed himself during that event. So I go away, excuse me about the law, have an AMA took his sword, and he ran to El Hormuz. And as he is thinking that's one of the CO conspirators that that caused the death of his

00:43:39--> 00:43:50

father. And he raised a sword and he slept at home Roseanne, but Dan was saying that ilaha illAllah during that event, but at home Roseanne was killed.

00:43:52--> 00:44:07

And then he wants to do Faina and that Christian gives you a mark of the cross and obey the law kills him. And then says also that obey the law killed a daughter for fayrouz for abu allah, and then he was captured. And otherwise man, if not,

00:44:08--> 00:44:41

got him and they captured him. And they imprison him. They put him in prison was sad whenever you have costs, and in the house of sad have an idea of costs until the Khalifa is elected so they can rule what what should happen with this man, he kills people without permission. He called people without trial and without an order from a higher authority like the Hanif. So above or below the law had been Omar was brought to justice to court and the new police office man of no offense.

00:44:43--> 00:44:59

And he said ushiro Allah, yes, he has a lengthy setup in Islam. Give me your counsel for this man who did something that is not from Islam. You don't do this in Islam, you don't go around killing people for suspicion. It has to be very clear that they actually participated.

00:45:00--> 00:45:02

Then conspiracy whether they did or not.

00:45:03--> 00:45:30

So and he said, are on tequila, I see he should be executed, that the son of Mr. Pop should be executed for taking that revenge for his father's life, that Mohajer he confessed that he said, I looked them up on my own, and what Dr. Boone do was just killed yesterday, and you want to kill his son today, I mean, and the goal was just furious. And this is a moment of blindness and eluxury.

00:45:32--> 00:45:32

So,

00:45:33--> 00:46:12

he said, this event happened, when there was no halifa. So this, you should not be responsible for it. As my friend said, No, it is my responsibility. How come it is not this is now I am the Khalifa. And this man has to be tried. And when that man said an elderly home, I am responsible for this blood. And I'm responsible for that death worker job to her dy dx and female he said I will pay a penalty for the death. And he let's obey the law of an embargo. And he paid compensation for the family of Parmesan, and a family of your family.

00:46:15--> 00:46:47

Then he came up to a lender, and he made his first copper. Now we know the first hotbed of Abu Bakar and the first hotbed of Omar, and how we elaborated on them. And here is the first hotel fourth man not a fan, and he said after Al Hamdulillah, and will follow on the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. He said, in the Quran, cedar ecola, that you are in a house in a state that will not last forever. This is a temporary situation this whole life,

00:46:48--> 00:47:02

the feedback we get the AMA, there's just only a few years left of your lives, everybody young or old. Whatever you however you think about it, it's only a few years left. And then he said that it'll come behind him and

00:47:03--> 00:47:16

then leave live the rest of your lives in the best way possible to attain the pleasure of our last panel what that and he said, at the bottom oma Satan, Allah,

00:47:17--> 00:47:18

Allahu Allah,

00:47:19--> 00:47:21

Allah, Allah,

00:47:23--> 00:47:45

Allah, Allah, and he said, This life is is decorated is for pleasure. And it's false hood, this whole, everything you see, of the pleasures of life is temporary, and it's going to perish. So do not let the shape on make you attached to this life that is not eternal.

00:47:46--> 00:48:17

And that was very important at that stage, because we knew at the end of the reign of Bob, those were a lot of growth, that are coming to the Muslim owner, and a lot of fluff that is coming to the Medina. And Bob was putting in major damage on on the Sahaba on the other common people trying to be absorbed, and this pleasures and in this wealth, and he wants them to stay on the way have a full lawful olalia within them. So it's not telling them what

00:48:19--> 00:48:38

to do a letter filling in the hula filler ankle, he said make a role model of those who are before you and take heed and take lessons from the nations that first before you not obeying Allah Subhana with Allah and always pay attention to Allah because Allah is always paying attention to you.

00:48:39--> 00:48:45

And then he said, Amen, I've never done yeah, where are these people of this? dunya like Ronnie, hello?

00:48:48--> 00:49:15

Where are those people that builds those civilizations before you and those cities and they're all perished? And then he said oh the dunya hatorah maybe Allah that leaves the dunya where Allah lifted and accurate and seek the here after the in the La Bella Bella Hannah Salah, because Allah subhanaw taala gave you some material for the Acura and then he said I was laying the sheath on your regime.

00:49:18--> 00:49:18

In

00:49:19--> 00:49:20

Santa

00:49:27--> 00:49:29

Maria, what can I

00:49:31--> 00:49:39

do zero mm well known as the natural hierarchy dounia to follow her to her own, because

00:49:42--> 00:49:59

then he said give him a similitude of this life, as water came down from saw from the sky and mix with the plantation of earth. And then it became like straw. It became ruins was drawn by it was thrown by the winds.

00:50:00--> 00:50:15

And Allah subhanho wa Taala is all powerful, all capable money and children are the decoration the beauty of this life. However, the better qualicum Samar amatola

00:50:16--> 00:50:36

the peasant better deeds in the way of Allah subhanho wa Taala, our best received in the eyes of Allah Subhana Allah Allah and better rewarded by Allah Subhana Allah, Allah and on the full body that at that time, his tears were too much and his voice could not carry on the rest of the hookah and he stopped at that point.

00:50:42--> 00:50:56

Then the new halifa gave the recommendation. He wrote letters to different people and to different people under him. And that was first to the governor's that he has over the new amfar

00:50:57--> 00:51:29

what he said out of lanisha jeans, Laura Nana Rahimi de la mirada in Netanya, coonara de la him and yaku Juba, he says a loss of Hannah with Allah, order the ones in charge the ones in a position of responsibility to be caregivers, not to be tax collectors. Don't think that your position is just to gather wealth and cash, gather taxes and gather money for the state. Your position is a caregiver for Muslims and for non Muslims.

00:51:31--> 00:52:16

And then he said in the sutra had mahalo quwata and William ukoliko Juba and the first two slums that you see the Sahaba our caregivers are not tax collectors, and then said well you she can metrical menu. So you see Raja back in La akula. But what the way I see you're going as you're becoming more of a local collectors and not, not tax givers. And then he said, if that happened, then there will be no trust property, and then at one warfare, there will be no fairness. And then he said, why not add an S corp and tanzu fee or more in muslimeen Latina la him, Fatah Oklahoma home, Amina la him. And then he said, the firt the best thing, the best course for you is to look

00:52:16--> 00:52:34

into the affairs of Muslims and take what you what you what you're doing right and give them their due rights. And then he said look in the affairs of non Muslims of the people of the Zima and give them their due rights and take to them what you have faith is worth what you what you have agreed with them upon.

00:52:36--> 00:53:23

And then he wrote letters to the commanders of the burger posts. We know Bob has assigned posts at the borders to protect the owner. And he wrote to those commanders, and he said in Morocco, Palmetto Islam, USA wakad Baba alaikum Omar Melania Havana, he said you are the protectors of the Muslim Ummah, and you are the shield that are leaving this under from their enemies. And I know what the Roma have recommended for you. And I will just encourage you to go on with these recommendations. And he said, do not change the way that Allah subhanho wa Taala prescribed for you and the orders of Mr. Abagnale hotpot. And then he works with the treasurer's to the people that have the duty of

00:53:23--> 00:54:10

collecting wealth and collecting taxation and collecting that protection jizya from from the people and he said in the law holla call Hulk Hogan, he says Allah subhanaw taala created or people with justice and fairness, follow up but inland hub, he will not accept both justice and fairness. So do not transgress over those subjects under you. He said Take it, take what you are due to what is right for you, and leave everything beyond that. And he said that and then and then and become trustworthy and become trustworthy. And do not embezzle did not devour any of the money that is under you. I mean, the treasure is a very, very tricky position. They have all this other them. And

00:54:10--> 00:54:22

at that time accounting was not the very high situation and there is not no new observation other than the observation of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And he's reminding them to keep their trust of the Muslims.

00:54:23--> 00:54:39

And then he recommended to the orphan orphan care, and Alma head and those who have treaties with the Muslims. And then the last letter he wrote was for all people, all people in this new space at school that Assad and the new territories and he said

00:54:40--> 00:54:59

that you will have reach what you reach that Allah, Allah gave you all these new territories and gave you all the properties of Persia. The Mufti that you will be back was what you followed in the way of Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam, the Latin Phaeton nakoma dunya and americom do not miss this. this dunya give you take you away.

00:55:00--> 00:55:03

What Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had left you with

00:55:04--> 00:55:17

and assume Rasul Allah Hari, he will send them recommended to continue to learn this lamp and learn the Quran and he said that the worst people that those who do not adhere to the way have a lot of kind of what that

00:55:23--> 00:55:24

okay

00:55:26--> 00:55:33

shot a lot we will stop here for selecting a shot and in the next session

00:55:34--> 00:55:36

Oh 930 Okay, that's what I thought.

00:55:37--> 00:55:39

Okay, we will not stop here

00:55:42--> 00:56:33

we go on in sha Allah with the conquest. Same thing that about Abu Bakr Sadiq may Allah be pleased with him as a fan continued on in his way and in this lesson and that is to continue to spread the way if Allah subhana wa God and then if at the time of us madam Northen, there was the future of Armenia. Now we know this is now good, there is actually a republic now called the Republic of Armenia, and it's in the areas between the cosmin See, and it's an old Russian republics, and that was conquered that was give us mentality at the time of of man, I'm not a fan. And he sent to them an army led by heavy urban Muslim and the people that were given the mission to go on into those

00:56:33--> 00:56:59

territories and and actually protect the Muslims in Armenia, because what happened Armenia was initially conquered and open for the Muslims at the time of pop. When Allah died, the Armenian tested this new Khalifa and they rebelled against the Muslims. So as none of not a Fan Li conquered Armenia and he sent them have either been Muslim, and that army was sent from El Kufa.

00:57:00--> 00:57:39

The other thing is the rest of Persia, we know as a Latin ethno case has he talked to Mr. Maha pub and convinced Mr. mahapatra continue on and and conquered the rest of the sasanian Empire, and to bring that Persian oppression to a halt. And as he continued on the time of Mandela Effect, among others, from the base of Basra and those armies were sent to continue their conquest and hold Asan and the areas of Afghanistan today. And they still stopped at the, at the banks of the Indus River and sin.

00:57:40--> 00:58:03

And the time of Othman have not offend, the last kiss rock was killed. And that was he as degenerate, as we talked about last time and usage rate was followed to a city called model, and he was killed in a river down there. And that was the last ruler, the last emperor, the last kestra, of the sassanian Empire. And that was at the time of us, madam no offense.

00:58:04--> 00:58:51

The other thing that I have not done is to continue fighting against the Byzantines, as many times as in as many treaties as the Byzantines would have with the Muslims, they continue on breaking this. And during the time of Horace Mann have not fan he would go on and send the armies and it reached all the way through Constantinople to their to their capitals, but one of the very important additions of us man of No offense, that he started a new thing for Muslims. And you think that our fighters did not know at that time that is funding in the sea. So he built the very first Muslim fleet. And he allowed Muslim to go over the sea that something that did not allow Muslim to although

00:58:51--> 00:59:38

Alia, had been abusive here in Central America, many letters and many books asking him for permission to ride the sea. And Omar will say this is not something we can do. This is not something that we are averse to do, and you have to wait. But waiting was enough at the time of man of na fan and he gave me permission to more Alia, even Abby, Sophia, and to the governor of Egypt to start preparing the Muslim fleets and the first Muslim fleets were built at the time of our fan. Two major battles were known for the Muslim Navy at that time. The first battle was called that the Salafi and that the Salafi the Roman, the Byzantine Roman knew that they had an advantage in the sea. So they

00:59:38--> 00:59:39

thought they can

00:59:40--> 00:59:42

take a back

00:59:45--> 00:59:45

pointer.

00:59:47--> 00:59:50

It's just in that bag. Yeah.

00:59:55--> 00:59:59

The the Byzantine that's still in charge of most of these areas that visit

01:00:00--> 01:00:35

On Empire, they thought that since Muslims are their capitalism, Medina, most of their armies in a sham and La la, and they have some protection in Egypt, that they can go on and attack the areas of North Africa and then recapture Egypt, which was a very important source of wealth for the Roman Empire. So they send their fleet to North Africa to the areas west of Egypt, to start taking a foothold, and there and attack the Muslims, and they're in Egypt. So what the

01:00:36--> 01:01:27

Muslims, as non mass and ordered is to take the battle to them. And he sent the Muslim fleet that completely surprised the Byzantine that thought Muslims don't know how to fight over the sea. And what the Muslim did is they took their boats, and they, they actually was a very daring maneuver, they went right close to the Byzantine boats. And they started tying the two votes together the two vessels together and jumping over the the boats into the Byzantine and fighting them on deck, putting them on there, and their own ships, and they would tie the sails together. And that was why the the battle cold that the Salafi the Battle of the sails is they will just hook these two vessels

01:01:27--> 01:01:53

together and fight until they capture that other vessel. And that was a victory to the Muslims. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has predicted the Battle of that Swati and he told the Sahaba that they will be fighting over water. And some of the Sahaba asked them are we going to be there, and he pointed some of them and they actually work. And that battle of that allottee.

01:01:54--> 01:02:00

The other battle that the Muslim fleet the naval fleet did is the battles of sulfurous Cobras.

01:02:03--> 01:02:48

And Abby, Sophia knew that Cyprus was very important for the Byzantine, and that Islands and the eastern Mediterranean is the base for the Byzantine. And as long as they have that there will be too close and too dangerous to the shores of Palestine and Syria, and they can at any time attack Muslims. So he said to protect that we have to take Cyprus. And what they did is they sent two armies, two fleets, one from a sham, and the other one from Egypt. And they both landed in Cyprus, and they captured that island, and the people of Cyprus made a treaty, that they will give 6000 dinar, two as a GCF for the whole islands. And they have conditioned that they will give also to the

01:02:48--> 01:03:26

Byzantine, because they remain Christians. And the Muslims allow them to as long as Cyprus became under the Islamic authority. So that was the conquest and the Mediterranean and against the Byzantine. And we say that how he moves people from El Kufa up north to fight in Armenia, and capture the Armenian territory. And he moved people from Abbas LA to finish the last of the sasanian Empire and to capture the last territories that kisara had and finished the kisara dynasty in the sasanian dynasty at the time of man of Darfur.

01:03:29--> 01:04:16

The most important thing that Atlanta I'm not a fan of one of the most important thing that we know off is now every every mishap we hold, we will see written on it. But Russ Miller's nanny and the nanny writing that all these mfah have, that is, according to the US many writers was this not by nobody else, but I was not a fan. The story for that is during the Armenian battles the battles of Armenia and Azerbaijan, we spoke how a lot of Maha pop had sent some Sahaba to a sham to Iku factor and bustle to Egypt, to have schools of religion. And in a Medina, what happened that in Armenia, some armies gathered from Syria from a sham and from an cufon. And they have two different schools

01:04:16--> 01:04:16

of karate.

01:04:17--> 01:04:41

Some of them read, according to the cat, and the other of a sham, and the other one, according to other Musashi. So they started having conflicts. This is how you should read this. No, this is not how you should read it. This is how it's read. And some of these conflicts actually escalated. And who they suddenly learn, came to El Medina and before he does anything, he went to

01:04:43--> 01:04:59

Nepal just about not translating this, I just did not have time. So I cut and paste it in Arabic, but I'll translate it here. He went and he said, Yeah, I'm Iran. We need a break in us. rescue the Muslims help the Muslims. As nice said what is what is going on what is serious he's

01:05:00--> 01:05:02

So to forge Armenia

01:05:03--> 01:05:04

Lucia

01:05:06--> 01:05:16

una de karate obey. He said in Armenia the armies from a sham and armies from an era from an era and the people of Assam leading the way of obey

01:05:18--> 01:05:34

an era and an era never heard this citation before the way of the citation. Some words may give slightly different meaning. Think a funeral home and an era and Iraq they will say these are too far. This is not Qur'an. He said this is going to become a fitna

01:05:36--> 01:05:42

karate MP Massoud Abdullah bin Masood, and then Kufa the people of Iraq. And then yeah,

01:05:44--> 01:06:15

and a sham for the people of a sham will say no, you This is wrong. This is not Quran. So he said, this is a fitna that's about to start. And then he said they didn't know who was they didn't have it. They didn't have it is the same for hobby that aboubaker as severe as to gather the Quran between the two, the two in one book the Messiah. Now this is different, so must have is there and is now alone what the must have is, but the different different ways of writing different

01:06:16--> 01:06:44

pronunciation that that was common at that time. And yet, these new territories did not have that much knowledge of what the Quran is from and fasciae How to suture it and ness. It was piece bits and pieces still and most of the knowledge of Al Quran was so focused and concentrated in these named cities in Baku final busline in Medina, but the rest of these new therapies they had nothing, no reference to go by.

01:06:45--> 01:07:19

So he said saving the Sabbath was broken Othman said he said it probably almost half and then you have to write the most half on one on one narration. So the way the collection of the Koran had seven steps, by a man have an affair, first thing and their teenager allegedly at the back of some deal, that this was based on the collection of Abu Bakr sub deal, then all that work that was done by on the time of Abu Bakr severe will not be wasted. And this collection of the Quran will be based on that must have

01:07:20--> 01:07:46

then this the whole collection of JW tablets, and the people with him in here towards the hobby that are all authorities on Quran that will be supervised by the halifa himself that was named Nathaniel supervised why the Khalifa itself because he is an authority on Quran because he is one of the writers of the way of the Quran and he is one of the people that are the teachers of Quran as we said,

01:07:47--> 01:08:02

then everyone, everyone that had anything from them must have from the Quran heard from the Prophet sallallahu wasallam origin will be brought to this committee that is headed by jw sabots supervised by

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a third and there is plenty of other Sahaba that are all authorities on karanvir or review these things. Then when there is a conflict when there is still a discrepancy, there is a problem in the pronunciation. It goes on the language of Quraysh the reference will be the way I say it, that will be the the final thing that will go into the Quran. Then everything that has been cancelled, we know some of the areas called admin, so it's been cancelled, it was there and Allah Subhana Allah ordained that it will be lifted from the Quran that will not be there. What would make that and then so we know in the last year of the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that he usually

01:08:48--> 01:09:23

in every Ramadan, he reviews for an with gibreel one sign, and the last year he reviewed it was gibreel twice. And in one of them, they didn't know that it was presence. He would hear the Prophet reciting the Quran and he will know what the Prophet is saying and the very last final observation of the Quranic carry and anything that was not there, it's not considered Quran any area that is somebody said oh, I heard this if it's if it's not in that last three citation of the Prophet was to bring in it is not considered of the Quran.

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And then the letters one letter by letter, and that last three citation will be fixed and that final book, and then after that, it will be reviewed by AWS addicts, because everybody is working on it all these 12 will be working on it and now they will come to a final copy and zaidan the fabric himself will review it. Then after they'd finally reviews everything and submits that final or an to our amount of time which is the through version of Quran. Then he asked a fan review with himself and then he

01:10:00--> 01:10:12

proves the authentication of the Quran as it's heard, word by word letter from law by letter from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And that's how they wrote that first mishap.

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With the writing that is now today known as the writing of Horace Mann offend or lose Hustler's money, and that was called and must have an email that almost half an email, it's still there today. That is the same book. The same was half that Atlanta fan was reciting. He kept it to himself as his private was half and he would recite the Quran from that was half and he was killed while he was reciting that, and his blood is on it today. And it's in Istanbul. It's in

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the capital of Turkey today, and that was kept in Elizabeth man and then Medina. There were six copies made. The sixth cut. The second copy was to be in Medina, as the reference for the Madani school. The third one was to go to Mecca, to be a reference in Mecca for the Maquis school. The fourth one was to go to a sham to Damascus. The fifth one was to go to Al Kufa and the sixth one was to go to Al Basra, some historian says there was up to 12 actually, not only six but most authentication that they will say that as man as a fan has authorized the sex and everything else is actually a copy a true copy of these six months I have that they started with

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my concern

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of the Quran zeta method, the question is how would he know how would What makes you say that thing and authority he was the Koran was basically his life. This is what he would recite. And this he was not only half of he was also a teacher of our Koran, like many other Sahaba took it upon themselves to become the current authorities and have them we know many, many of them died during the Battle of alien Erna that they used to be the teachers of the Koran. And that's why Abu Bakar decided to at least preserve that that that original copy of the Quran as Allah subhanaw taala promised in Zelda Zico and Ella happy Lu, Allah, Allah, excuse me revealed this Quran and he will protect it and

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preserve it. And that was the first step at the time of Abu Bakar. They ignored the Sabbath himself is one of the highest authorities we know Koran, among the Sahaba. And he supervised that second collection by a fan that went beyond what is the areas and what are the sewers and what is the the the order of them, it went into the very intricate details of how you pronounce each word and what why is this different from other and how how, how to preserve the Quran letter by letter. So that's what made zaytoven the Sabbath and authority on Quran I don't know if that answers

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Abubakar subject here.

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The reason being, and I'm trying to actually bring some examples and because even that very first

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copy was there, Arabic writing was not mature at that time. So and there was no like, there is no

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vowels and nothing in the in the Koran, and many words can be read the very same characters of the world, the very same drawing of the letters can do it in two different ways. And that's what

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we're having problems with. And the new Muslims are having problem with is this can be read like this, and it can be read like that. And obey would read it like this, and I belong to this ODE will read it like that. And they will say, No, you are wrong, and you are wrong. So this is the recipient of Manny was there to say this is the way you do it. And this is the way you read it. And they left a few words that were that were okay to be pronounced in two different ways that will not change the whole meaning of the idea, or the two meanings were accepted. So that's why we have today seven thoughts, seven

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ways of reading the Koran. None of them would conflict with the other none of them will do it wouldn't mean anything that would way be different from the other. But it's just a different way of pronouncing these letters.

01:14:53--> 01:14:53

Yeah.

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In one book, but there was no no authorized

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Copy to speak that were made of it. Number one, the other thing that same must have that had that they'd have in the Sabbath and abubaker. And, and, and at the time of harmonica pop, that's a must have was not being copied in an authoritative way. And the the writing of the words would still be changing when people try to rewrite the list. Now, what us man wanted to do is to have a book that you and you know what happened after that is he says any other must have has to be burned. Any other copy has to be burned. So the people when they say, okay, man, when when the enemies have started to to to turn around, he said, they started calling him how to Christmas I have the burner of the Quran

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is not the burner of the Quran, Allah said he burned every single for he for every single paper of the Quran with all the Sahaba present. And with us instead, if he didn't do it, I would do it. And he said, had he not done that? I would do it. Because there should be no conflict of what the core is. There should be no mistake done about

01:16:08--> 01:16:50

I guess what you're trying to see is what is the difference between the masaba and the most half of us man, what the differences are number one in the new Chanukah is in the in the in the what the Hamza is whether this is started being introduced initially into the Arabic language. And they started picking that and that was perfected in the thumb of Allah be followed later on. And the same mfah has the do exactly know how to pronounce and how to say these words, these books that we have today is an improved version of what is there because it tells us exactly how to make that lead and exactly how to say the words that was not available at that time. And people would would do whatever

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they want to do if they don't know Arabic.

01:17:00--> 01:17:01

Yes.

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There were seven different viruses seven different ways.

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And

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because

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they really suck most of us are second house, most of what you hear from shirtless odors is mostly half. I mean,

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I'm sorry, I can barely hear I think this is getting taller. Then so yeah.

01:17:41--> 01:18:07

I think brother maybe explained it very well. Let me just reiterate that at the time of Abu Bakar. The collection was not rewriting the most half was not putting a new book that saying this is the most half Abu Bakr said anybody that has something authenticated that it came from the mouth of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam will be collected in that book and it was kept in at the end with with Huff's with the daughter of Hamada.

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Now that had written that was written by many different people, not not one person, the other thing it had everything that was also cancelled from the Quran. He was yes heard from the words of the mouth of the Prophet but in the last three citation it was omitted.

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This is well known in the Koran so the the writing of man number one it is all written and almost half like we have it today and it had everything that is outside it's been canceled is omitted away from that book. That's that's the two major differences inshallah. So inshallah we'll stop here for selected a shot and the next session will not be on the next weekend in sha Allah not the next Sunday because many of the brothers including myself inshallah, we will be in Chicago for Islam for the conference of Islam.

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But we will have it knocks the shot a lot this Sunday after next we know when I'm

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asked about the door of the fitness, the door of the tribulation and he was told that he will be broken and that would be the painful session to start as we will talk in sha Allah about the tribulation that started at the time of madness and and the sickness that ended with the killing of Earth madness and by the Muslims themselves and the fitna that started from there, as the Hadith said as the excuse me it's not as Hadith but it's a narration from the Sahaba that the fitness started with the killing of Earth man and it will end with him as he had the jet and everybody who likes the killing of Earth man will have will be touched by the fifth now famous he had the jet

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because all the fitness one, but we will go over the reasons why it happened and how it happened.

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What is the position of the Sahaba? The from this tribulation that blown across the Muslim history inshallah, who probably has our stuff a lot, a lot, even even a confessor some stuff