Abu Bakr as-Sideeq – The Four Caliphs – part 4
Channel: Bashar Shala
Series: Bashar Shala - The Four Caliphs
File Size: 22.10MB
Dr Bashar details the lives of the four greatest men who lived after the Prophet Muhammad (Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him), the Caliphs of Islam, the rulers of the Islamic Empire that swept across Arabia, Asia, Africa and even so far as Southern Europe.
With Niala highrock hula, hula hula hula Anna Cora wanna wanna tokuma yester Salama Humala Sayidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi h nine love Marlin Ma and found no sign of email lengthen our signalman Dania Kamara journey.
We continue Sharla on our study of the life of the first companion for so loss of logic, send them the first man to accept Islam, the first successor of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi, wa sallam, Abu Bakar subdiv May Allah be pleased with him.
And in the last session, we studied together how abubaker played an important role on the day that was on lasallian send him died, where he put the fact out to the Muslims without any confusion, without any
confused ideas about the Prophet sallallahu wasallam were some of the strongest Sahaba such as Allah had a blurred vision about what happened and that Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam did not die, then an important position that he took on that particular day, where he solved an important conflict that was about to happen between the people of Medina, the Muslims of Medina on salt, and the Muslims of Mecca and margerine. And how the issue of the succession of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was settled based on the wisdom and patience of Abu Bakar for the and then the Sahaba, such as Mr. Hon. Obey that, and some of the Sahaba of Alon saw such as the superhero facade. And they did
methodic, who took the side of a backhoe to the side that they thought that was right, despite their
family ties to the inside. Despite their becoming, they are from the inside themselves.
And the next day Abubakar on the 13th for vll one Abubakar
stood on the minbar and gave his speech it gave us hope back where we spoke of that and he said
Lord Rama Rahim, Allah Nevada you Hannah's venue will lead to LA Commodus to be hiring
you people I was given custody or I was given the amount I was given the the room over you but I'm not the best Have you finally sent to find only one asset to sock away money if I did good, then help me out. And if I didn't do good, then straighten me out.
A cipco and then well Kathy will piano that trust that honesty is trust from Allah subhanho wa Taala. And my my role will with you will be to treat you with honesty and integrity of a piano that line is it is a distrust and is betrayal to the trust of Allah. Allah has put among the ruler and and and the the subjects are by foofy companion in the Hata alpha we'll have the week of you strong with me. That means those who are mistreated, those who are transgressed upon the considered weak and among the people, they are strong in the eyes of Abu Bakar until he brings what's been taken out of them back to them and those who are strong by taking other people's rights and transgressing upon
other people. They are recognizable Becker as he was telling the Sahaba until he takes the rights that they think he brings the rights back to those people who they took a Trump. And then he said that Playa Del Carmen in Jakarta, he said de la e la barra de la COVID then that Allah subhanaw taala will humiliate those who leave and Jihad out who will not practice the jihad in defending themselves and defending their own. And then he said that that means that he will not leave the defense of the oma aside and that would be one priority and his ruling time. And that's exactly what happened. And we will see that in sha Allah. And then he said that good behavior and adhering to
decency and following the Prophet guidance should also be the common practice and his day and he said those who leave that then Allah tala will test them with their violation. And then he said, finally, obey me as long as I obey Allah Subhana Allah and His Prophet profit as long as I do what the law said as long as I follow the path of his profit, then you have to obey me because there is no ruler that does not have
Obedience that there is the there is no government and there will be no system. He said as long as I obey Allah subhanho wa Taala and His Prophet, then you will obey me. And if I don't obey Allah Subhana with Allah, then you shall not obey me, Michael Salah of law
and in one minute, Abu Bakr, this is the long held speech took about one minute he defined the system he defined what he is going to do during his rule, yet he defined the the system that is going to be the rule and the the the Constitution, if you will, for him and his successors after him. May Allah be pleased one
will pick it up from there and this is where we stopped the last time.
There has been some issues that are associated with this pledge. And that happened on the day that fossil muscle audio Selim died. But one of the Sahaba who is an Ansari, his name was sad of Nevada and he was the one that the unsolved wanted to give the succession to. They wanted him to be the ruler and the leader of the Muslim Almanac that also muscle alladhina, Silla Mossad of Nevada did never, never gave his pledge to aboubaker. He never acknowledged abubaker as halifa. And he never acknowledged anybody else as halifa for that matter, and he died without giving his pledge to anybody. However, he did not pull any disobedience or rebellions against any halifa. And when
Abubakar directed the armies, of Mujahideen, armies of Muslims to liberate the Persians, and the Byzantine Empire, from the tyranny of the rulers, then he was a soldier in that army, and he actually died while he was doing that.
And other people that did not give the pledge, was it of nobody thought, and that we need to stop here, because that has been an area of discussion and arguments and people taking this out of proportion sometimes, and misunderstood Ali's position in many times. And we know that this has been a major
sticking point between the shia sect and the people that followed this enough Russell lots a lot, isn't it? So what was the position of it? What was the position of alabaster? And many people from Benny Hashanah including a debatable alarm, Paul had to obey the law, Sandman and faricy amount of the acid that was out of the body, when that is what now these people that mostly belonged to Benny Hashem, or the closest allies to Benny Hashem, then one from the biggest names of Sahaba, as you would recognize him, I mean, it's available now one, I don't even know if he thought it.
And Paul had to obey the ladder, all the three of them are from the 10 that are given the glass donning of gentlemen. So these are not people who, who we are or anybody is in a position to doubt their faith, or to to doubt their sincerity to Islam. So what really happened, what was the deal there?
And and there are not many things that we can bring to the table for discussion here other than what we know of the exact quotation that happened on that day, and we can analyze it and understand what happened based on on our understanding and understandings of many scholars that study the position of the speaker.
When Rebecca was given the pledge,
Abu Sufyan came to us and Alibaba Vitaly
Abu Sufyan was from the people of Romania. Now at that time, the people are familiar was the last client of Christ to enter a slide. The last plan of courage to accept Islam was the client of Romania. And the one that continued to be most resistant to the day of the conquest of Mecca were bending Romania and the last person to hold the banner against Islam and koresh was able to sustain himself. So I was a fan did not have any hopes of that the succession of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam would be in his family or his clan, although that obviously happened later on. But at that time, he was not thinking of that at all. But he did not like that the succession and the role of
the Muslim man that would be to the people of Abu Bakr because they were the smallest family and the one of the the weakest families in Croatia. And yet he he wanted the the people of Ben Hashem to take control of this whole issue. So he came to Alabama.
And he said, to the best, he said, Yeah, and he does and that is done colossal loss of life.
SLM alley is the cousin of a solid, solid solid. He's a man who has a
copy that a new Corporation macula. What happened that this obsession this issue of rule of ruling on that is in the weakest and smallest clan and crush
law he knows she Shinto amla Anna hi Lee heyland wa Jalla wa hooven. Natalia, he said, the alley and yeah bass if you will, if you would give me your permission, then I shall bring to Abubakar horsemen and, and an infantry so I will bring armies upon him. And I will surround them from everywhere that we should just take this whole issue by force, if he is now the successor. Why don't we just basically he was staging your coup against Abu Bakar. And he wanted to get the cooperation of Ali and abass. To to give them the rule after Abu Bakr. Ali said he was the answer of Allah which is extremely important to understand the position of Holly, and that day, he said, Lola Hema or eagle
and tabla Holly Highland rajala. No, I don't want you to bring horsemen and fighters upon Abu Bakar. While I will and Nina Bakker in Medellin.
Elena Hua Yeah. And if we do not think that Abu Bakr is worthy of that succession, we will not let them have it.
And that's exactly the quotation of it. He said so I felt so I was feeling now I'll be pleased with him. That abubaker is indeed wording of the succession of Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam just like the rest of the Sahaba felt
and then he said yeah, that's a fan in Nina home on satin Baba homely that the believers the moment or advising they give good advice to each other. We're in la luna Athena Pomona, walakum Salah yml Muna, Filipina tomonaga shusha tone Baba homi Bhabha, but donessa in the hypocrite, deceive each other with their opinion. Meaning if you're coming here to give me your opinion, and to give me an advice and make it a good advice, make it an honest advice, make it an advice that would lead the whole meta good, but if you are a hypocrite, then bring me the art bringing in advice that is dividing the unknown and putting conflict among the alma
mater how we knew now we're in Korea that Kaurava Dr. Omar Abdullah home, they they betray each other he said hypocrites betray each other when they give advice. Even if they are in the same family, even if they are in the same neighborhood. That means Don't tell me that you are closer to me or my cousin and you're closer to me than Abu Bakar. And you all need to if you want to help me to take it to take the succession out of Abu Bakar you have to be faithful you have to be honest, when you give me an advice and that advice should be only in the way of Allah subhana wa that
and this this quotation in the book of liberalism.
But then, it did not give the pledge. So although he feels from this quotation that Abubakar is actually worthy of this succession. Why did he not go out and gave the pledge to aboubaker?
Here are two quotations one of them from Urban serien. And then, according to urban Syrian Abu Bakr sent to Allie asking him Why are you not coming with with your pledge? Why aren't you not coming to give me basically your vote? Now by the candy, a character in Arathi Did you not like me to be the commander? Did you not like me to be the leader? At least said and this is what one, one segment of the scholars what portion of the scholar said that that's why i highly did not give the pledge makary to him, arataki Murata Kerala Kini LA to LA after D day in the inner solar hot edge mouth or an
alley said I did not hate that you become the leader but I did not want to go out from my house except to a message it until the Quran has been gathered together in one book, although this is
narrated and even seen, but but some scholars weaken that and it doesn't explain much why it actually took six months and then when he gave the pledge of the Quran itself wasn't still gather. So there is many things that were that we can this particular narration.
The stronger one
is what happened the conflict between Faustina may Allah be pleased with her and his wife and Abubakar himself. And that is the most plausible reasoning for the conflict that happened between Alvin IV polyp and Abu Bakr Siddiq, may Allah be pleased with them.
And here is the the narration and he
Is the story at is at is narrated in many books and and some of this narration is actually in the mandala and in another one is actually an agreed upon Hadees that is available in both Bukhari and Muslim. So there is some strong authentication for this particular story and what happened really, between aluminum solid, and the closest clan of ebony Hashim and abubaker phobia. And this whole conflict lasted no longer than six months. And after six months, they all gave the pledge to abubaker
that that the story goes that for Altima Li bass, Robbie Allahu anhu, making double bhakkar asking the inheritance from Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam. What inheritance are they talking about? We know that Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam when he died, he left nothing of value in his house. But he had share, share in the land of haber and share in the land of Fennec although this is not liquid money, it's not cash, but it is a property that Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam owned, and he would have an income out of that if a year and he would give that income away and in the way of a loss of Hannah with Allah, but yet he still had a share, and how about and Fedak? So they came asking that
share from aboubaker inheritance abubaker said Emma in nice America Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he was home land What are we through my truck now who was sada in llama kulu kulu Allah Mohammed and he had an ad, he said, He will send them said and I heard him saying that, that he was the narrator of that Hadith and he heard it himself that prophets Do not leave money in inheritance, there are no heirs to profits. And he said whatever we eat is whatever we leave is charity. So whatever that man that that money that the property that that he left or sold off a lot he said the left is actually should be going back to the Muslims, and it should be given away and charity and
goes into the the main
the Commerce Department at that time, which is the beta man. It's called the house of money.
Fatima did not like that. So she left alley, she left Abubakar and she did not go back to him. And she was angry with his position because she felt like he was holding out what is her do right from her father, and her family is derived from her father. And even I be calling Allah May Allah be pleased with him did not want to make Fatima the daughter of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam angry, his wife angry based on that position and he respected her position and he actually took side with her not only respected her, but he also was convinced that what she is doing is right and Abu Bakr was preventing the house of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam from taking their own inheritance. And the
scholars speculated whether they did not hear the heavy that Hadees that Abu Bakr is saying from Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam or they did not interpreted in the way that Abu Bakar of your model and who interpreted that Haiti, regardless of what the reasoning was behind that they did not like Abu Bakar position
until Fatima died and died fontina May Allah be pleased with her died after her father six months later on, and after that, people came to it from your law one, and they asked Abu Bakar to come over now. Now the main and that tells us that really the main problem was Fatima's opposition to the pledge to Abu Bakr since when she died, they immediately solved the problem and this is how it's solved. They came they gathered the people of Benny Hashem is obeyed. Amata vinyasa and Sultan Pharisees. All the people that held out and did not give their pledge to Abu Bakr. So they gathered in the house of Alli and they asked aboubaker to come over. They said come on over. He was the
leader of the Muslims, but they said yeah, you need to come to us. Omar, who took side with two sides with Abu Bakr said do not go along. Do not go to them alone.
Our worker said the LA hilarity in the Hawaii Massa yes my ob um I was afraid that this may be some type of entrapment, there may be something ambush of some kind to Abu Bakar he was not feeling that Abu Bakr should go on Abu Bakr said, Well, I will go along. He gave his vows. No, I will go on what are they gonna do with me? So that tells you that there is actually a lot of love between Abu Bakar and Ali and the Sahaba said, I will go to my brother's house alone. What do you what are they gonna do to me that there
There's nothing that would require me to take guards or to be afraid from going to Alan's house.
And then he came upon the house of Annie and Ali had the people of Benny Hashem and then Ali said and he stood up and and started given his point of view from the argument and that's why it's important to understand the the the speech and then apply to the speech. So we know that's a conflict about money. It's not a conflict about succession because that's what some people who want to put a division between Alia and Abu Bakr have said Ali did not acknowledged Abubakar as halifa that's the most that's the most important point here. That's why we're given this in details. Because some people say I really never acknowledged the the abubaker as a as an appropriate and and
and a successor of fossil glossolalia. seller. This tells us otherwise. He's worked and he said, he said about
me and me and Nana and Newberry aka batterien in car on disabilitycare while NFS and alayka behave in such a way that we did not give you our pledge, not because we envy you because you are the leader of this oma or because you are not worthy of it.
That means you are worthy of it and we are not envious of your position.
While I kinlin anara and voila kinako Nana analemma he has an MD he confessed that from De La Nina, felonious Allah Allah UNESCO De Luca Hata Baca Baba.
But he said, we saw that in this matter, we had to do right, and you have denied us our rights in this matter. Now, this matter is also interpreted in two different ways. When he said this matter that could be the inheritance, or it could be the succession. And they said he continued to mention his closeness to Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam until our backers started crying.
And then Ali ended his speech, then Abu Bakr stood up and gave his rebuttal. And I would like to set my bat for Allahu la cobertura Sunni Lang Allahu alayhi wa sallam, I have bought Ilya and Sylla home in karate. Well, why is that the family of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is closer to my heart. And it's better for me to do good deeds to them than my own family. And I love the family of Russell mussel, Lani, and SLM. But that isn't it. I know my own family.
What in the world war he meant to be comfy heavy him when he left he can add a new Aveda Komal file. And here's the main point he said well, why I will not have a conflict between you and me about this money. So most most of the talk was about the inheritance about this money except for the good deeds except that I would take this money and spend it in the good deeds, but that he was explaining to them why he would not let them have this money. Well, I can use ameritrade online.
But I hurt myself Russell Russell lalani. Let's send them saying learn what we do not give inheritance the profits matter up now. What we leave out is a charity.
Why would you lie there I've guru Suma houfy, he in less anata who insha Allah and I will not leave anything that Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam would have done with this money and unless I will do it, that means I will I will not still will not give you this money, but I will do with it. What was in Lhasa, Milan, he was a lot of fun with it. And that is basically spend it all in the way of Allah subhanho wa Taala.
And then I looked at him and he said, No, we're in beta it Ashiya that I will give you pledge tonight that he said tonight, I will come and I will give you my pledge.
And then after the the stralla Abubakar came to the people, and he gave excuses to Allie, and he praised Daddy, and then he got up in the masjid. And he spoke highly of Abu Bakar. And he spoke highly of his rank among the Sahaba. And then he got up and he gave a boubakeur the pledge and there is no conflict about that. But the rally of the Allahu anhu gave aboubaker his pledge and then people came to Allie and congratulated Allie for his position that he now is giving the pledge and uniting the people of Benny Hashem along with the rest of the Muslim Ummah and they
said a softer why sent? You're right. And you did indeed God.
So that is the story. And that is what happened between Abubakar and Ali and the rest of Benny Hashem. And when Ali and the rest of Benny Hashem gave the pledge, there was nobody else and it was a unanimous agreement that Abu Bakar is the right successor of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and there are there is no other person in the Muslim Americans who was more worthy of this position than abubaker a sub d allaby. May Allah be pleased with him. So before we move to another subject, I would like to see if anybody has a comment, or a question about this particular matter, and inshallah it would be now clear to all of us that there was no major conflict among the Sahaba
as far as
whether Abu Bakr was worthy of the silica or not.
The question was, was a tally by himself was the minister have actually there was many Sahaba there, they're counted there. Not that many. But there enough as we said, it was I need not be far less important ones. Obviously. It was I don't even know how to define it.
And it was also a Zubair milawa. Paul had to be Abby Obaidullah cell manual faricy Amar na de Esser and Abu Dhabi as well, and highly double sided the last brother of
ours, the cousin of the nephew of humble money last.
But not all of them delayed their pledge to that particular day, six months later, it was mostly Allie, that statement hold out the longest, many of the other Sahaba gave their pledge one by one during that period, especially if we know that clearly, the Messiah Edelman, alas, was one of the ones that did not give the pledge. Yet when the battles have started, he was a commander, he was the commander of an army that Abu Bakar sent out. So, obviously, he already has acknowledged the abubaker disposition as halifa By that time,
all I can tell you is they will not give in any money that inheritance because it was sent as a charity and they cannot take charity. But how we're faltering are taking care of after the passing away of the Prophet sallahu wa sallam I would say property by her husband. And even though he thought it and
but but nothing was given from vital mal and we will speak about the salary of Abu Bakr later on that, that there was actually the first time that there was anything like given any money from beta net to anybody who was out to him and it wasn't that much. So there is no report in the books to say that the family of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam was entitled, they will not give in any entitlement because they are the family of the profits on the audio segment. That's how they felt they felt like they did not they were not given an inheritance and they were not given anything else, although their
father so lawful money and send them Her father was taken one fifth of whatever goes to the Muslim Ummah, yet when when he died salani and sell them. They were not given anything. And that was a reason for for conflict. But no, they were not.
Absolutely we're human beings.
If they feel that that is their do, right, we don't know what the intention of 14 hours,
she might have taken the money and gave it all the way still. But she wanted to make sure that her rights is her right and not give her rights away. Although she knew that she would be the first one to die after also lost a lot insulin because he told her that on the day he died solomani was so low on him.
And it is important as we study the life of the Sahaba and the lives of the Sahaba and it will be more conflicts that are more severe that will come that we have to study we cannot
number one, even if you hardly can take sides, but we should not feel that they were wrong in a way that if we were there, we would have not done that or we are better than them in any way. Because that is that we could go into very dangerous territory that also Muslim O'Malley wasallam has warned us these students, and even many scholars warn against even studying the fitna studying the tribulation that
happen after muscle loss A lot of you send them if you don't have an open mind and understand what you're studying and not trying to study to deepen any conflict and the Muslim oma study it actually to solve problems. Yes.
And then the just to summarize the point of brotherman sword, which is a great point, that the position of Abu Bakar actually is a testimony to his piety, and his obedience, His Prophet sallallahu wasallam, as it would be very easy for Abu Bakr just to resolve the conflict if he was really caring about about the governments and he wanted to still hold to the succession of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam and not have any confidence he would have just just given them that that portion and get it over with, but his obedience to and his love to Russell lothal audience and him and his piety prevented him from doing that he wanted to go through the letter and his following
for us, Allah sallallahu wasallam and do exactly what Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam has ordered. And we will see that that's what he has done this against all odds. And the next segment will actually show us that the army of seven. So any other questions? Yes.
Right. This is, as I said, this is narrated in one book that Ali said that he has given a vow that he will not do anything before he collects the Quran and puts the Koran together.
And it was one of the writers he knew how to write, we know he was the one that wrote davia, if you remember that, so he was one of the writers of Quran and he wanted to get the Koran collected and put together However, this really the strongest authentication, the strongest narration about all of this, it has actually happened after the whole idea of getting Muslims together, was after admm, after the Battle of Vietnam, and we will see that, because that's when most of the people that narrates the Quran or recite the Quran, were were killed, and the
was not in the form of almost ha, it was, it was not gathered in one book. Many people knew how to recite the Quran from the Fatiha to unece. But yet it was there was no book that you can carry around and say is the most half. Here is how it goes. This is This was before the solarize after the surah there were some constants here and then we will see how that are actually arranged started being arranged on the days of Rebecca, and finished later on. And the time of Omar and then finally got into the book for at the time of man it was a man is the one that sent that book and make it the official one to all the unsolved, which were the new territories that the Muslim is conquered.
Yes, he would settle for however, there was enough the people that didn't not recite the Quran, they had no way of knowing other than would go to somebody who knows it and ask him Well, does this come after this or that comes after that? They had no reference, they had nowhere to go either to go to a person. Nothing changed. But now it was in the form of a book. And that that we will we'll talk about that.
separate sheets in different places with different people. And it was all the same it was all exact. And there was no differences among them, but yet it was not gathered for for in the form of a book. But it was gathered when all the Sahaba were alive and the most accurate scholars testified at the time of Earth man, that was the Quran. Not a word less no word more.
Right. abubaker started it it was finished completely at the time of asthma.
Yes, it was collected in the time of Omar but the what what is known today as the most hofeller Usmani, the most half of us man, which what we go by today was sent out to the territories, if you will, if you will, along saw at the time of earth map and that's when when there was a copy in each territory or a concern that can be rewritten and written again to and that would be the reference and the most heartless man he is today preserved. I mean the same was how that he was narrating himself may Allah be pleased with him today. He was killed in Istanbul today because his blood on it. So
There is no question about what the last half is and where these verses came from.
that the first major decision that abubaker made was against asuran. We are coming to that decision here in a minute. The army of salmon was a major decision that he had military, both in decision that he had to make, and he went against sure was that customer of Abu Bakar was he always contrary to the shorter? No, and he was not, we will see that later on. But when he believed that something was right, and he heard Rasulullah, sallAllahu wasallam recommending something, or ordering something, then he would stand alone, by himself, and the face of the whole nation, to withhold the orders of Rasulullah sallallahu. He was sending a strength, that soprano line Islamic history much,
much. Obviously another history was was unbelievable that a man would stand by himself against the world, including his own subjects, to obey the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam orders, and that's what he did.
And this decision is always to the leader, although the show he would consult with them, and he did consult with them, but it's still his responsibility in his decision. But yet he put a rule here that if there is a Hadeeth, with something, then nothing else smacks of There is a saying from the Prophet sallallahu wasallam about what you should do, then it doesn't matter. Everybody in the world disagrees with it. You have to go with what the prophet says. And above that, if there is a verse in the Quran, if there is an area about a ruling, then it doesn't matter who else
doesn't agree with it. And we have to go with the ruling of Rasul Allah, and with our last panel to Allah and His Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And as we are talking about this, let's come to the next event. That is the subject of our study tonight. And that is the army of seven. Now what I saw last night, he was saying that
those of us that were in this in the Sierra study group, we remember the final words of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, when he was coming in and out of a semi coma, and he opened his eyes and he said, and FIU bat, Sam, he said to his family, and Ayesha was there. And we know Becca was in and out of the house of Arusha for Somalia, send them his wife. He said he heard that at the Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam. Recommended and he ordered again, that continue on with the expedition of Sam, continue on with the mission of Santa. Now, Sam, his mission was to go and explore and look and the northern burgers of Arabia and to see if there are any tribes that are rebellious against the Muslim
leadership. And if the Roman the Byzantine Roman are planning anything, as the the intelligence was reaching Medina that the Byzantine are planning another attack on the Muslims. So that was the purpose of the expedition of husana and Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam heard some disagreements from the Sahaba because he gave the the leadership for that expedition to a 17 year old born man he was but he was considered a very young man among the Sahaba. And among the his soldiers were Abu Bakar himself or Omar,
who were highly disciplined, worried. They were the major Sahaba were there and yet the 17 year old become the leader. And then Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam gets on the minbar before he died. And he says, and I heard that some of you are complaining about the leadership of Salman while lying in the hula Hurry and Mr. Khanna can abou having you on behalf that will lie He is worthy of this commander ship. He is worthy of this leadership of this army just like his father was worthy of the command ship commander ship of the army to the same place. Rebecca knows all of that. And here's what happened after the full loss a little more honey you send them died
when the army was camping outside Mecca, outside Medina, Susan and Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam died and Abu Bakar became the successor. The news started coming to Medina that Koba rebuilt that the sand rebuild that
adds what the bn are planning an attack on Medina. They want to claim Medina that
Leanna then you hanifa rebelled against Muslims, that now there is this rebellious that is called a red that people come in against the religion of Islam not acknowledging and authority after also lost a lot insulin, and they wanted to change the rules of Islam. Now some tribes had their own new profits. Like in Yemen, there was this profit called the profit toy that which should say, an S word and see, this man died when there's loss of value. salamati is still alive, but he still had followers that rebelled against the Muslims, out east, and nudged there was a huge, big tribe of Benny hanifa that their arm was a 40,000. And it reached 100,000 at the time of Lima battle, and
they had their own Prophet and his name was will say Lima, and Kazakh, Salem, Nikolai. And then more to them, there was other tribe, and they had their own profit right now, and there's a profit, there was a profit tassel. So lady profit name was suggested. So now we have all these new profits coming in Arabia? Well, it's a great trade, who is that man, Muhammad Sallallahu, wasallam comes out of Makkah. And within 10 years, 20 years, he becomes the ruler of all Arabia. Why don't we just do the same? If that was their, their their motto is like, this is a great thing. This is better than anything, just be prophets. It's better than being kings. And yet, there are people that were paying
the cap, pay two and a half percent of their entire produce to the profits on the law to sell them. And that's how they saw it. They were paying it to the profit, not to a loss of Hannah with Allah, not to purify their money, they were paid it to the Prophet, and now the Prophet died. So what about Abu Bakar? Why now Abu Bakar wants to take our money, so they rebelled against that part too. So all this is coming to Medina. And people of Medina were very anxious. They heard about this army of absence again, and I'm saying VPN are on the four to five days away from, from our Medina, a sham where Santa was going, it's at least a month away. Now, Santa leaves, and these people are right
here only five days away, there is no way that the army can come back in time to defend Medina, as there would be a surprise attack from ABS ends at the end. So the Sahaba were very anxious about this whole situation, and then came to us colossal to came came to Abu Bakr
and Omar was the chosen messenger to come to abubaker everybody was afraid of talking to Abu Bakr and they said, Omar, you have the strength, and you are close to our back and they continue talking to him and asking him until he was convinced and he went and he said, Okay, I will talk to Abu Bakar maybe he will change the plans. Maybe he will lead the army stay on third. We know what's going on. We will do it, but we will do it later. We cannot afford to let the army go to a sham now. So I'm on came to Abubakar and he said yeah halifa Cora salinda or successor of the Prophet sallallahu.
In olahraga, kabhi kabhi haka foreign canal canal and that Arabia has rebelled and they back to their days of ignorance, as you know, and inshallah next session there will be some audio visual to help us see how what happened. I mean, the geography and what happened and how much rebellious in Arabia was just beyond belief. It was almost the entire Arabia except for the three cities Mecca, Medina and a five
and when you said that Arabia now has rebel, one factory two and 2007 and you want to set out to lead the army to a shop, roughly j shoe Sam hmm to narrow poly mass and the heroes of Islam are in this army. Hello hub esta hora in Dhaka metacoda de la manufac Domine holla. If you hold that army here in Medina, then this would be a strength for you against those rebellious of Arabia Abu Bakr set and in this position that that history would would register for Abu Bakar this honorable
position and right position and we will see why he said well law he lower element and let's see bad job will be original in our inland our de
la he if I know that the lions the beast will come and eat me and drag me out. If I don't hold the army of Osama I will not hold the army officer if I know that it's a certain death for me. If I don't let the army of salmon go I will still let the army go
I would die while our heroine Felicia and Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, I will not undo a banner that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has have instituted has have commenced. This is something that was Summa salario Sallam ordered and I will not undo a sumo wrestler Mario Sam orders.
Mr. said okay.
Issue number two in the ansara Mr. Rooney and the answer asked me to let you know my homie up Laguna, and when the umbra Han ombre ombre Julian Dennison, Denman Osama, that downside. Now he's saying it's the unsolved it's asking me that if you would please make give them a new different commander, somebody who's older and more experienced than Osama
and then Abu Bakar was sitting and he stood up with anger. This is what the what the narration says, What can a jelly sent
to Oman? And he grabbed the amorous beard. And he grabbed them and he shook them. And he said takealot mukava adnet came near your mother Louise, you may you may die. You've known her pop ispat melaku asumu la morani Anza Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam himself gave him this position. And you're asking me to take this position away from you. What do you want to do with me when I see it also muscle mamani? Listen them that's what it means. This is Russell law himself, gave him this commander ship and you asked me
to take it away from him.
And then Omar got out and he walked out of the house of Abu Bakar and the people asked him so what happened to him and he said do not come to Camille or die all of you just leave me alone. Man, nothing to be said Tilikum in Halifax Rasulullah. What I have suffered. If you're in your sake from the successor of Russell Lawson, Mr. Holly, he was selling them. And then the day after the date, the next day after the death of loss of loss, a lot of us lm abubakr center announcers for the whole city of Medina, the griefing is over. And he said near to my data center now.
Medina, I had my son in law, Raja enascar. he just he said everybody that was in the camper for Salah they came to Medina to pray for us. Ooh, la sala de salamangreat. He said now everybody, every single soldier back to the area of that scope, and drove back to their camp, back to their weapons, because this army is going
and then he got up on the member and he said he gave the speech.
He said, because he was angry, and he was furious. And he was angry with the closest of them. Now he was the only one that wanted this army to go. And he said, you harness and we will need to have an umbrella umbrella. And I was given this commander ship and I hate to be your leader. I don't I don't believe that this is a privilege. I take it as a responsibilities saying this is something that I hate to do. The law II know whether to look back on cattani law II I wish that some of you would just take over and take this this califa situation.
I am one of you. I'm only one of you. When Isla de la aliquam set to californie McKenna Rasulullah Salallahu alaihe salam. And I don't know maybe he will give me the burdens that he used to give Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam he said you used to give all these issues and all these problems to us unless I'm allowed to sell them. But I'm not. I'm not a prophet. I'm not like I don't have the patience of Rasul Allah. I don't have the wisdom of Rasul Allah. I don't receive revelation from Allah subhana wa Tada. That's what he's trying to tell them. He said, I am just
One of you I'm just a man in the law has stuff on Mohammed and Allah, Allah Allah. Allah Subhana. Allah chose his prophet among our people, and above all people. Wa sallahu amin Al Asad, and who purified him and he selected him about five people and he made them immune to any shortcomings. While Emma and Emma today, I am only a follower. Well, that's to be looked at. I am not an innovator. I don't come up with new things. I just follow what my profit and my leader would tell me to do. And well let's do the hiring haidakhan for our own, and I'm not better than any of you. So cut me some slack Give me a break. That's what he's telling them.
finder is to learn is to come to factorybean when you see me on the straight path, then follow me. Why am I to learn is up to sock away money but if you see me away from the profit staff,
then put me back on that path straighten me out. Well in nada sobre la he sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Mr COVID while he said he had nothing, you know, have you ever met a woman who said
that when Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam died, nobody had a complaint against his rule and against his his path that means an Arabic what he was trying to tell them that if I follow the path of Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam strictly, then I will not move I will not lose the way that I am be on the straight path because when he died, all of you were happy with his rule. All of you felt justice, all of you felt that you are on the right path. So this is what I'm going to do. I'm just going to follow what Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam was doing. Allah and Alicia panania 3d I have an evil that comes to me means that I have I have a bad temper. And that was known about
Rebecca that he has a temper. He says I have days that that I get an evil in me that means his temper just gets the best out of him. And that any such Tony boonie when you see me in this situation, leave me alone. Don't come and talk to me when I am furious. Probably a lot one.
Now theodosia shayari come up sharika that I will not join you and your wisdom and your poetry and then I will just follow the profits a lot he will send them away and that is going to be my way of life. And he ended that conflict and he asked all the soldiers to go to the camp and get ready for for the the arm.
Then the next day after everybody got into cam and got ready to leave abubaker went with Salah to this area of and jobs and he started walking next to salmon. Salmon was on his camel and the rock man held the camel of Abu Bakar another worker was walking next to Sam. Now Sam as a 17 year old
man. Abu Becker
was 60 years old that time. He is the successor he's the prophets successor and Sam is up there and Rebecca was down here and he's walking and upset Oh Santa is riding Sam I said yeah Khalifa Rasulullah in a letter cabin, Allah and zielen you either get up or I come down. I cannot just be up there and use and walking next to you. And then Abubakar said well lucky lessons it will lie he lockup will lie you don't come down well I will not get up
and have a beer Academy sir at Mt Sevilla. What's wrong what would happen to me if I just got myself my feet dirty one hour in the way of a loss of Hannah what that finally lousy for those who fight in the way of a loss of kind of what the island we couldn't be happier.
With every step, they go on with Allah subhanho wa Taala send me as he has anything took tabula rasa methodology. It was a copy I think that's for every step that the fighter on the way of Allah subhanaw taala awards, he will get 700 rewards 700% and his degree is a colossal Thank you. And his degree will go up 700 degrees in Paradise, and he will be forgiven 700 of his sins. So what's wrong with me walking in the way of our last panel with Allah for one hour.
And then when he walked and they reached the camp, he asked me see this rule of Subhan Allah He has commanded over everybody but yet when he had Salah with the banner of fossil fossil audience, Elon said phaser eight and two in an Eevee Omar In fact, if you think that you can help me with Omar, then you can give him permission but it's up to Sam to give
Permission to Abu Bakr and Omar to leave the army and stay in Medina. He said, I need basically what he's telling him. I really need some help here. This is dangerous times. I mean, this is a threat to the entire Muslim owner this rebellious thing this I read that and he said if you choose to Santa to leave a mark to me to help me out, enjoy it. So Sam, of course said yes, you can have a mark and he gave permission for Mr. To go back to Medina when Abu Bakr stood upon the army, and he gave the most famous speech to a Muslim army after the the speeches of Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam he gave the recommendation to this army that is going out.
Now Abu Bakar
is spoken, Abu Bakr stood up, and he started giving his recommendation and his small speech. And Rebecca had this talent of saying few words that mean a lot. And this speech is very important in the history of Islamic military and Islamic and and it just rebuttals, everybody that says that Islam is a religion of brutality of violence, listen to Abu Bakar what he is telling his army smilla rahmanir rahim he said, Yeah, you had NASA people will say kung
fu harmony, I have 10 recommendation like it's like I have 10 commandments for you. So memorize it from me. Listen to this. He said let the who know
Do not betray the trust of each other
while at the zoo, do not steal from the RV sports Do not try to take anything from the army. recommendation number two, well I do do not betray your promises and vows to others. That if somebody if you gave a promise to get forgiveness, if you give a treaty to someone do not betray that. So let the who knew lateral move Walla
Walla tomasulo do not disfigure their bodies do not take bodies and disfigure them
while at up to do Teflon severe on Willa shaken kebenaran woolum raw and do not kill children. Do not kill the elderly and do not kill women.
That is number five. Number six, while at APU.
Jonathan Wisner do not cut palm trees, do not burn them. And do not cut trees that are fruitful. If you want to light fires at night or something like that. Do not go to the to the trees that would carry fruit and cut it to us that
was the who shot and whenever to add the carrot and voila, you're on color. Number seven, do not slaughter a sheep or a cow or a camel, unless you want to eat it. So do not let them sell them. Do not just go around when you invade a place started. This is the treasure This is the fortunes of other nations and start just destroying it. If you want to eat something that you can slaughter it, otherwise you don't have permission to kill anything.
And then he said why so feathermoon idea crummy cut forever and Fusarium solani. He said
that you will pass by people worshipping in their own monasteries in their own place of worship and leave them alone. Leave them to their own worship. Do not harm them. Do not come to them trying to change their religion. You just leave them look
well so fetac de Muna Allah komiya tuna combi any attend fee 130 the accountant mean her bad to say and of course Allah Haley and that is also a recommendation number nine that you will come by people that will bring you food.
This food may not be in Islamic food Of course it will not be something haram like alcohol or pork. It would be something that is lawful, but it's not something that you slaughter. And he said they will bring you these the food they will bring you the plates, so eat it and mentioned the name of Allah subhana wa Taala over those plates. And then the last one, he said what else una Cohen. Hot for hassel osato ooh see him, but araku Hola, hammock, la fuku home besafe he has in this villa, he said you will then you will reach to a place when you see people that they shaved the tops of their head and let the hair grow on the sides. And it was just a mark for the people that they're sending
to fight. So we're not going to take that as the exactly you kill everybody who shaved the first of the head that he said this are the people
I'm sending you to kill so kill them in the name of Allah Subhana Allah because they are the ones that are threatening you they are the enemies at that time of the religion. So he's telling them Do not Do not Do not Do not I mean it's like, do not kill, do not betray, do not cut a tree dude, but he 1000 person, you have a mission. But when you reach that place and you see your enemy, then fight them and fight them hard. So this last thing is not about brutality or violence. It's about pets, your mission, you're going there to defend. You're going there to explore and this is their expedition, and this is what you do. Then he turned to salmon. He said, it's not America de
rasulillah do whatever Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam ordered you to do see the respect to Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam, and the obedience Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said whatever buzzsumo tells you to do, you do DB lead, ba go to Cuba, start their territory from Nazi Adam, and then go to Apple. And Apple, according to scholars is a city in Jordan. That is no nobody knows what it is. Now it's gone. Well run officially in Emory rasulillah, and do not do not have any shortcomings do not slack in any of the orders of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and then husana took the army and went on his expedition. And that expedition lasted for 40 days.
So what happened to the expedition of Osama
they actually went for 40 days and they did not fight much because everybody that they pass by people that were rebellious against the religion, I read that they will see this huge army coming out of Medina. And they see to it they will say to each other. Now, anyhow. khumba Maharaja how Indian if the Muslims are not stronger than these people, they will not leave this army comes out of Medina, they must have no more and more than they will. Nobody was left actually in Medina, except for a few people to defend Medina. But here's what how you follow the way of Allah, Allah protects you. Allah put the fear in the hearts of your enemy, as long as you're obeying the law to kind of
balance orders. And that's what happened. When they go to Cuba without a subpoena law. This is a huge army. And they say, well, where are you heading? We're heading to the Byzantine here. Go ahead. We're with you. Are you rebellious? No, we're not. Of course, we are with the way of a loss of Hannah with that. So they everybody that they passed by, went and come back to the religion of Allah Subhana Allah to Allah and had extreme positive influence. The Byzantines that were planning to attack Arabia, they heard that the Prophet died now is it's time to go and just finish this whole thing. Maybe when when the the source of the trouble Salalah Hollywood send them is gone, then we
can just eliminate those Muslims. And they saw this huge army coming to them defiant and willing to fight for this religion, they also canceled their plans to invade Arabia. So
according to what I said it was
I think it's about 30 to 40,000. And in this particular reference, actually, I don't I did not see the exact number
30 to 40,000 I think if I remember correctly, because I can look at
and and what they thought about is what hadn't been looked at. And what happened in the book, I mean, in motor they had 100,000 against a 200,000 again, 3000 and yet they could not do anything to them. So now when they saw 30,000 coming, they decided it's it's not something that they want to get involved in. And and so upon Allah, Allah subhanaw taala protected, Santa and his army protected Medina, as we will see. And the people that were thinking about a bill being rebellious or making rebel against the religion were turned down and they became they came back to the to the Islam and short Atlantic session. As I will stop here, we will discuss this issue of Africa, we will see what
was the position of abubaker against those sort of billions, what was the position of a Sahaba and what happened to contain this major, major problem that exploded after the death of Rasul Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, just to give you an idea about what happened, that every single tribe outside Medina rebelled against Islam except two tribes. It's upon Allah, koresh and Sufi, the last two tribes to come into a slump. Were skirmish, and stuffy and Quraysh held together by the work of one man his name was hailed nama does a funeral remember? So hey, so here was it a positive
sensitive of the kuffaar of the pagans. He was the speaker. He was their poet. He was their diplomat. And that's he's the one they sent to alpha davia to negotiate with Russell Rasul Allah to sell them. Yet in beggar he was a prisoner. And I'm not sell him and he said, when the Prophet gave pardons, everybody in gave them amnesty. He said, just give me
Just give me this man to kill. I just want this man because he is giving us all this injury. He's like, propaganda against Islam. And Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam said, No, Imma let him go. He said, Well, if you're not gonna let me kill him, then at least let me take his teeth out when you break. So when he comes out to speak, because I laugh at him, and Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, we do not disfigure people. We This is not a practice practice of Islam. Let him go. La, la, unique. I mean, who knows? He can let Adam maybe Allah will show you a position for so Haley will show you something that you will not criticize. But what happened when Quraysh were thinking about the billion would
have been rebellious against Islam. After some lasagna someone passed. So hate of nama came up on the minbar and with his same skills that he used to attack Islam before. He used the same skills of convincing courage to stand with Islam and to not go back to the day of jeconiah. And by with with so high, people held together, and the piece was the same tequila was the last Friday almost to get into a slam the siege of Turkey failed. And then they came voluntarily and declared the slump. And when everybody declared rebellious please did not stop they've continued to hold with Islam and continued to hold the word of La ilaha illAllah Muhammad Rasul Allah, and inshallah we'll let the
floor be open for any comments or questions you may have about the session, as I call it call center. There is talking about the what we studied as what camera said when after Abu Sufyan stayed in a place for camera and asset and he gathered the army and he was given the advice that it is now the time to go back to Medina and finish them off. They are defeated in 100. But they're not finished. We know that he was asking was Mohamed killed they told him no was Abu Bakar kill no was not killed. No. Then Islam was still there. So people were telling him to go back to Islam and this is actually important. Then Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam orders the army to go out. And people said
well, why why why can we go out now and we're injured and the natural clean hypocrite came to the Muslims and he said, well in the NASA agenda, I will come talk show him that people the people of the pagans are Croatia Luciana and his group are gathering for you outside so feel them and the Muslims responded as has been Allahu Anam and Joaquin we only rely on and and depend on a Lost Planet Allah and he is the best one that would rely on from Kala hooping and I mean Allah He will probably lynnium system so then Allah subhanaw taala tells us that they came back with a bounty and the grace of Allah subhanaw taala they will not horn actually of a Sufi. And when he saw their
defiance, he withdrew from Hamra and said, and he wanted to preserve his victory, because now he felt like he may lose everything again, and he will be better all over again. And he, he he was through. So by listening to the orders of Lost Planet, Allah and His Prophet, even when it may not make much sense to our human hearts and minds. Always Muslims turn out to be victorious. Always the consequences went in their favor, as long as they obeyed the law. This is another example as you said, as you contribute, it is the same thing Abubakar listen to Allah and His Prophet. This is what needs to be done. This is what the prophet said we will do will do. And the same thing happening in
that Allah subhanaw taala bestowed His grace the bounty on them, and they were not harmed in Medina or that army was not harmed at all.
Hello, why would the Santa was given the position number one was Santa had this urge to take revenge to avenge the death of his father from the same people that killed his father say that sort of so lasallian Selim knew that he had this personal issue inside of him, and he wanted to direct that anger and and direct it to the advantage of the Muslim army. And and that he also he's very young, but yet he was very wise. And he always he was very close to Russell muscle audience and he was almost raised in his house. He knows slam very well. He knows football. Very
Well, he knows the ruling he knows the way of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam very well, just like anybody else in the Sahaba he was physically strong, he was mentally strong, he was emotionally very stable
and and knew that his judgment is not clouded by his anger. So here are so lots of money and send them knew that he was the best man to lead that particular expedition and age does not matter. He was trying to give this lesson to the Sahaba that if you are not better than each other, by advanced and age, advanced and who got there first or advanced at wealth, or your families, Osama was the son of a person that was a slave and koresh. So his, his he's not from the elite of Christ by any stretch, he was not even a Qureshi from by any stretch of imagination, yet Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam by by appointing him a leader is given them all these lessons together, that this is what the
semi is about. And inshallah as we go on with the lives of Sahaba, we will get a different effect and we will get to his son seven is aid may Allah be pleased with both of them.
Close to the Prophet salon. Yes.
voted on the
Those things, many of
the propaganda media.
This is your 632 after Christ, and here is Abu Bakar given us
what is much better than the Geneva Convention he's telling people what to do and what not to do. If humanity would just listen to this many, many terrible incidents and humanity's since then and before then could have been absolutely avoided. And these are as he said, the rules of engagement not for that was samma army only. It's for all Muslims at all times. This is your rules of engagement given to us by by Boubacar may Allah be pleased with him
so long before
but sell a lot he was selling before him as he said, Brother Jimmy that
as just the speech right before this abubaker said, Why Nana and Amitabh as well as to be noted that I am only a follower and I'm not an innovator. I'm not coming up with anything that I'm telling you out of my own judgment. He's actually telling them that my judgment gets clouded when I'm angry. So don't come to me when I'm angry, said I am only a strict follower of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam so everything I'm saying to you, I learned from my teacher from my mentor from Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam, who is the teacher and the mentor for this entire ummah. inshallah Yes, you
can and and here's why this is really a study group and not a lecture is we learn from each other and we get each other's comments about things. But the question that doctors a man is
posing for us is that anything changes this noodles only to the Muslim woman to the people of the slam that there will be no killing of children? And was that allowed before the Prophet staunch lalani was send them was it allowed to other prophets to actually kill women and kill children? Allahu Allah. No, it's not because from the Quran, Allah subhanho wa Taala said well, and he that he shouldn't he later de la voluntad de la when Allah subhanaw taala does not change his ways. People change what they learn from the prophet and people as we know, change the Bible. They change the Torah, they make up the Talmud, they make up all the rules to serve their own greed to serve their
own purposes. And then Allah Subhana Allah tells us that wild those who will change the words of Allah and righted with their own hands, and they say this is from a last panel with Allah. But Allah subhanaw taala teachings did not change. It was perfected and completed, but it does not change and oppose each other. Now, what do I mean by perfected and completed, like the ruling of drinking alcohol and Islam, it was there in the beginning of Islam, it was legal it was allowable, then when the religion became perfect later on, alcohol was prohibited in Islam. So yes, there may be maybe alcohol was allowed to have prior profits, but not the main issues of Islam and Islam. By the way,
as many we hear some many times brother Jamil and others give this speech about this is the religion from Adam on it is a slump it is the same message. So there cannot be conflicting rules. While it can I mean in the lady lady logia 250 laughing kathira if this was not from Allah, Allah then they would see
conflicts and they would be contradictions. But there are no contradictions in Islam. So my answers and I will leave the others to also comment on that my answer is No he was not allowed to Long Island Milan knows best.
dako fitness and lotto 711 obala mommy income Hassan there is a fifth now and there is a punishment from a less current data on a people that deserve the punishment or less kind of data, then it will not it will be a universal punishment and this is what Allah Allah says in the Quran. So inshallah we will conclude with just before that, just to remind you, maybe Brother Mohammed can help me out for next week activities Muslim in March will start and it's going to be Saturday rhythm stuff
you can want to tell us
so we can start actually inviting our neighbors and
listen and hear the best of breed and heat it and listen and follow the best of it. May Allah subhanaw taala to make us true followers and not innovators of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and his Sahaba and his companions after him me or sallallahu ala Sayyidina Muhammad in while and he was happy he selected