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Understanding Ramadan #03 – Manners and Fiqh of Fasting (Part 2)

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Ali Albarghouthi

Channel: Ali Albarghouthi

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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I'm in

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Santa Monica to live on a cartoon show love and start at 810 and it is a 10.

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So guess it is time to start Bismillah Alhamdulillah wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah Allah only he was so happy he was sitting them. Begin by praising Allah azzawajal subhana wa Taala and ask him subhana wa Taala to support us and guide us and protect us from the evil of ourselves in the sins that we commit. We asked him subhana wa Taala, to guide us to the best of deeds and to the best of actions and to purify our intentions and to accept whatever we do and forgive our sins and shortcomings and assist us when we forget. We asked him subhana wa tada to send salah and Salam upon the prophets of Allah, Allah you and he was silom and to allow us to be of those among his oma who

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follow Him and spread his teachings and meet him on the day of judgment and are blessed with his company in Jenna mean, him the law behind me. And this is the third session in our series about understanding Ramadan.

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And last week, we've talked about kind of the manners ours, we started talking about the manners and the fear of fasting.

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And we'll continue in sha Allah with this today. Last week, if you remember, if you're with us, if you already weren't with us and have the leather sessions are recorded, so they're available on YouTube, they're available on on Facebook inshallah, you can go back and view them.

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But we did talk about the intention, like what intention should we have, as we are getting ready for the month of Ramadan to receive it? What intention should we have? So we talked about that the multiple intentions that are possible for us, when we approach the month of Ramadan, and we said, the more intentions we have, the better our fast will be. In fact, in any good day, the more good intentions we have with it, the better that deed is. So that's one thing that we talked about. We also talked about receiving the month of Ramadan, with repentance, tober. Right, repentance, and we said that and asking Allah for forgiveness, and we said that one of the greatest things that stop us

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from receiving the benefits of the month of Ramadan is that we have clogged or blocked the pathway between us and Allah azza wa jal and that blockage is sin.

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Right, so it does not allow right at the mercy of Allah azza wa jal to descend because we're not asking, we're so distracted, we're so absent minded. So that path between us and Allah is blocked. So how do we clear it? And how do we purify and how do we come back? He says, By asking Allah for his forgiveness, with repentance, this is how we do it. So and also setting goals we talked about setting goals, what is it exactly that I and you want from the month of Ramadan? And we said this is this is the same thing as the intention. That is, what is it that I want? I want to last forgiveness. If I'm serious about it, then insha Allah and I understand how valuable that is. I'll

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understand in the month of Ramadan, he'll be how I'll be able to get it how fasting, forgive sins, how praying at night, forgive sin. So my objective my great objective of forgiveness gets translated into daily Acts where I'm asking Allah for his forgiveness, not only with tongue, but with deed, not only with tongue but also with deed. So that's what's important. If I'm asking Allah as the jinn for something in particular, meaning I want health

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I'm sorry, I've survived, I'm suffering from financial difficulties.

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Family discord, or I'm worried about my hereafter. I've done some sins in the past and I'm worried about all of that. What I can do is that as I approach this month, and I'm in it, I'm asking Allah for all the things that I want. So my that objective translates into

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that I keep repeating throughout the day and night of Ramadan. So that's that general or the main objectives or goals get translated into things that we do everyday to serve that and maintain that greater goal in sha Allah. We talked also about night prayer. pm, we talked about the Quran. So we call it like to get in sequence. Once you hear about the coming of Ramadan, what do you do, the first thing that you will be doing is pm. And then after the event that you may be engaged in reading of the Quran or other acts of worship, right. So now we get to come in sha Allah with now we've spent the night with

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slack woke up. We prayed our Torah we prayed our 200 hour pm we did all of that. Now we want to start our fast. So we're going to be talking in sha Allah about support. That pre dawn meme the meme of support that this is an important meal it's a blessed me the prophets a lot he was in them said as to who UCLA houbara caffeinated Oh, he says eating Soho is Baraka their meal of support that he will eat before the other than

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his Baraka there is bless their blood there's blessing in it for not to die Oh Do not leave it Do not abandon that mu. And he said well no and here's how you can do rotten mean even if you were only to sip a sip of water if only if you were to take a sip of water, do not leave the hood. Right? So here are the profits on a system is greatly emphasizing that me is saying that even the only thing that you're going to consume for your support, only water just consume that water with that intention of soda because there is Baraka in it. And he said some a lot he was said unfitting the law as though it didn't no matter who you saw Luna Anna notice a hurry, because Allah and the angels

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offer Sunnah for those who eat the meal of sickle.

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So when you eat that meal, even if it is only water, Allah azza wa jal offers set out for you. And the angels offer Salah for you. So you get Allah xojo offering sada for you for eating,

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for eating more just drinking water. Now what is sought out from the angels, Salah from the angels is do for you. And it's the fun asking Allah to forgive you. So the angels will make do out for you when you're sitting and eating.

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And Allah is making Salah for you what is sought out from Allah is elevation of your rank.

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Allah elevates you, right? And increases your station and brings you closer to him because you are eating.

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So when you eat their meal, there is Baraka in that particular consumption of that food or even if it's just water, so suppose for instance, you with your family, or what have you, and you don't feel like eating, and you feel I'm full, I'm tired, I'm sleepy or what have you. But then you remember that there is Baraka in this. So you wake up and you eat something. Now what is it that you can eat that you can eat anything that you want in sha Allah as long as you don't overeat? Because that's harmful. But one of the things that are let's say recommended to eat at that time is the Prophet sallahu wa sallam said net amount of support on what many of the best or what are suitable or what a

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good support for a believer dates are. So eating dates and water is a wonderful thing to eat. It's a whole In addition, you can eat whatever you want in sha Allah there no restrictions.

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What is the term of secured by the way?

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That's that's an important

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kind of piece of information. What when do I eat that meal? So I would count to be or to be among those have eaten it at that particular blessed time. So the scholars have said some scholars have said that the time of Souter Okay, that time of night, that is called Sahar, they said it's the last third of the night, some scholars, some scholars said no, it's the last six part of the night. And some scholars have said no, it is actually what is between federal and what they call the false federal and federal sided with federal gathered to simplify, they say it's about 20 to 30 minutes before then that's the term of support.

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That is according to some scholars, that is the time for Sahar is 20 to 30 minutes before then

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and what may support this in sha Allah and this actually is the sooner is that the Sahaba of the messengers of Allah how it was in them they would say that we would eat the hood

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and then we would finish and head to the Salah

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has today so they ask them what was the time between you're finishing that meal and moving to the Salah. So it will fetch

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what is what is the term they say accudraw hum Sina Aya

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Kat says the time for reciting 50 is the time for reciting 50 is if this is how they counted it. So meaning that they ate and this is if you're to recite 50 is that would be the time between their finishing the meals and then praying or going to the masjid to pray. Now how long does it take you to recite 50 is it

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Below allow me sort of like moderate length is not the shortest is not the longest is talking about probably about

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kind of moderate speed, maybe 10 minutes,

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maybe 10 minutes. So we can assume so Pamela, that is the time between their sehore and they're heading to failure, it's just 10 minutes in that they would delay it all the way to the end, all the way to the end.

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So that is why it's important insha Allah that if we want to partake of that Baraka and I want you to think about why is there Baraka in it? Of course, Allah blesses whenever he wants. There's a reason why a lot with Baraka there. And there's a reason why the Sunnah is to delay it. But if you want to partake of that Baraka, you want to insha Allah do your best so that you delay their meal, till the last portion of the night, just before the other just before the five minutes, 10 minutes before the event, that's when you conclude your meal. But by the way, also, there is no basis for what some of us may do. We've just inherited this, where we say that it's safest. Or we should stop

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eating and drinking 10 minutes before the other than five minutes before the other. And kind of we make this as an act of taqwa. Say, no there's no basis to this you can eat in fact, and drink all the way up to the event

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all the way up to listening or hearing the event. Or if you're following a timetable when they say exactly this is the tone of the event then you stop them.

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Why? Because the Allah azza wa jal says in the Quran Hata w in Aleppo malachite will Abele mean I'll hate it so demon and fetch until you clearly you can see the difference between

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the white thread distinguish the white thread from the black thread from the fudger meaning that you can see that you're very clearly

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and also the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam right. had two people who wait call the add them for federal there's a lot going on oh well first then and then the second and then

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the first one who is calling the other one was beat at the first event so the prophets all he said them told Muslims he says lay him none knock him and then we'll be done for in the menu at the top it says when you hear began calling the first event don't let that stop you from eating because he is calling that then while it's still night.

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But wait for the second event which is then ignore me Maktoum ignored me lactone is a blind man or the yellow animal. But they will tell him now it's federal he would go climb and cold calls the den and they said well McKenna but you know Hama inlet onions either harder Why is it harder? It's just between these two Adana was only the time where the data would show the skin or climb down. And then the term for ignore, mimic tune decline up to call the other meaning that the time between those two events was not very long.

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Again, it may take them I don't know an estimate alarm, it can may take them about maybe 10 minutes coming in, they're coming down and then coming up. Maybe we'll lower hand but at least we can say it's not very long.

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So there is no reason right to be kind of super anxious about Oh, it's coming so close. I better stop. No In fact, in sha Allah, when you either hear the other you can stop. When you hear the then you can stop in Shell. So we don't have to complicate this insha Allah now Yes. Why is it blessed?

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And why is it blessed? So one of the reasons we say that it is blessed is because Allah azza wa jal wants your benefit in mind. He wants you to eat because when you eat you can perform the burden of fasting better, and when you don't eat your whole meal, you'll be weak throughout the day. So that the better will be heavy on you, it will be a burden. In addition, you know, you'll not be able to fulfill other obligations of yours working, studying, taking care of your family. So Allah azza wa jal was this about to be something that benefits you does not hurt you benefit you and He wants you to have that energy to be able to perform that a better so he urges you and rewards you for eating.

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Okay?

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urges you to eat and reward you for it. So this is what we say in sha Allah No, in fact delay. That's the whole meme. Don't eat at 12 o'clock or one o'clock and your fidget is at six. no delay your whole meal and eat it just before the other than Okay, half an hour 20 minutes before comfortably insha Allah right, but eat it so that insha Allah what you're gaining the benefit of that meal, you're getting the Salah of Allah as they're doing that

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Salah of the angels of Allah azzawajal and it also distinguishes our fasting from the fasting of the People of the Book as the prophets of the law he was in himself. So this is also beautiful. So you're accomplishing a lot of things when you're doing that a better and you're beginning you're a better right, because you eat that meat. Of course we emphasize not over not to overeat because if you over eat and we'll talk this about more about this inshallah, when we discuss breaking our fast, if you overeat, right, it may make you sluggish and tired, and you may oversleep and you may waste your day.

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So we'll talk in chat a little more about the kind of the

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problem with overeating and shallow when we come to

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breaking out fast shortly, inshallah. So, now we're going to start out fast. So we ate that meal of support and hamdulillah. We're going to start our fast The intention is in the heart. The intention for fasting is in the heart. You don't have to say no way to I have decided I have intended to fast it's in the heart. And some scholars, you know, disagree, you know, do you need one intention for the whole month, you need one intention for every single day, allow them you know, as long as you're waking up and you're eating your soul, that that is an intention. That is an intention, right? so no worries about that inshallah. Because the fact that you're eating your support meal, you're waking

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up, you're getting ready, that is all an intention. But if you wish to right, ask yourself before you fast, why am I fasting? Let's make this for Allah xuejun. Let's make this according to the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, let's improve upon yesterday, let's learn from my mistakes yesterday, let me do something better today. That's a more intentional, dedicated, devoted fast, and that would be in sha Allah better and better, because now you're aware of what you're doing and what you want to do in the next 12 hours. And so when you're fasting, so anyway, inshallah that's the intention. What will help us throughout the day, fast, better, right, is to know insha,

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Allah that

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fasting exists at levels.

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And some scholars, they divided it into three levels, you say, of level one, level two, level three.

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The first level that's level that's the level that everybody who is fasting religiously, okay accomplishes, which is simply not to eat and not to drink, not to be intimate with your spouse, meaning not to break your fast, physically.

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Okay, so if you stopped from eating, stop drinking, you fasted, you fulfill the obligation in terms of you don't have to repeat that day. So that's one level of fasting. But they said that is the minimum level.

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And that's not the only thing that is required of you and me.

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So the profits will allow to us in them said in a couple of Heidi, hi, Lisa cmml, actually was shown in the maaseiah moment and that we were off with, he says, fasting is not about staying away from eating and drinking.

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Fasting is staying away from level and rushforth meaning useless speech and obscene speech, useless, meaningless speech and obscene speech. So here of course, in that Hadith the prophet SAW he said, He's not saying Oh, don't worry, don't worry about eating and drinking eat and drink if you wish, but only stay from that. No, he's saying that don't think that fasting is simply obligated to for you or to only stay from eating and drinking and that is it and stop at this level in them a cm or no cm is supposed to push you higher. So you watch what you're saying and you stay away from things that upset Allah zo did that we pronounce and we speak. So that's how long if they are haram speech

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or useless speech, then we stay away from it. That is also a type of fasting. That's the second level. It continues when the when the hanifa in South Africa has done our Johanna Johanna alayka call in you saw him in you saw him so but if someone insults you,

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or attacks you je Latika Sabha meaning that they want to fight with you verbal insults back and forth, or je la liga did something you know to annoy you. For call Sensei, I am fasting I am fasting.

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So here's some love it or send me saying that no fasting is not just simply an act where I don't consume or abstain from physical eating and drinking. There's also an important part about it. Which is how you

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behave with other people. Do you retaliate? Do you insult them? Do you attack others? Do you repel their attacks, if you are going to tolerate and be patient with their attacks, while you be pay being patient is because you're fasting. And only says here cool in Islam say I'm fasting, I am fasting. Some scholars have said, Yeah, indeed, this is what the prophet that commanded you. Somebody wants to attack or insults, say I'm fasting and fasting. It's a declaration we'll all of us in Ramadan are fasting. But it's a declaration and a reminder that I'm not going to engage in this activity because I remember that I'm supposed to be fasting. And fasting is not just simply or there

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is this piece of meat, I'm not going to eat it, no, there is this how I'm not going to do it. So that's the second level of fasting.

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The second level is to stay away from the harm.

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So as the tongue stays away from eating and drinking, it says also away from the heart of the eyes, stay away from the head on the ears stay away from the heart on the hands stay away from the heart. Um, so we stay away from Hara, and anything that upsets A lot of us the second level of fasting. And that's an important thing to realize that now, the physical act of not eating and drinking makes me insha Allah a better person, because I'm staying away from other things that upset Allah.

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That's the second level. The third level of fasting is the fasting of the heart.

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And that is kind of the more refined and the more difficult, and even sublime and comforting, type of fasting. Because here you're fasting from anything other than Allah zoji. You can just imagine that statement, fasting from anything that is other than Allah, meaning if there is something other than Allah, meaning thoughts about the dunia thoughts about Tom thoughts on so so and so can help me I need so and so I don't have enough for my future who will take any that sense of panic, that sense of need. When you need someone or something other than Allah, you're fasting from that and dedicating yourself only to Allah, were you thinking about him, thanking him seeking his help. So

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your heart is turning away from anything worldly. Anything that is created, including yourself and turning only towards the Creator. That's another type of fasting and that is the ultimate fast that is the ultimate type of fasting. But of course, to be able to reach number three, you need number one,

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and you need to pass through number two, staying away from the Haram again, just wishfully thing also panela I'm fasting here not only you know with body but also with spirit as well. Yeah, it needs to be but with body first, meaning staying away from the harem I cannot partake of the head on and the thing that I you know, my fasting is complete. And he said so a lot of us lm

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milania Hola, zuri. Well, Anna lovey Felisa Lila harder than to any other autorama who will shout out but he said some a lot he will send them the one who does not leave the saying and the doing of falsehood, Allah does not need need him to leave his food and drink.

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Some Hanalei you see how Allah as though did has had made eating and drinking, and leaving that a mechanism or a step towards something that is higher, so he sets a lot to send them if you're not eating and drinking, but you are engaging in falsehood. When you speak. It's those are lies, when you promise you're lying, you're looking and you know, You're upsetting Allah with what you're looking at. You are doing things in life, it's your job or whatever. And it's false. It's strong and you know it is if that's the case, Allah does not need you to leave your food and drink for what are you leaving this and introducing greater harm with that other things that upset Allah as

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well. He said also, salario said number of Bossa Emily's 11 cm. He loved you laju perhaps a fasting person. He only has or what what he gets from his fasting is hunger.

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Okay, autoboca me Lisa homonuclear. I'm here in Lhasa and perhaps a person who is free and clear. The only thing that he gets from his pm is like asleep. Right, like asleep. So it means that my intention and yours matter. It's not just saying simply standing inside out like that. I'm just repeating things that I know. I do not know. No, it's like, why am I doing this? I'm doing it for Allah as a surgeon. I'm doing it because I want to be forgiven. And it shouldn't be reflected in how I behave the rest of the day.

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Right. So as some of the set of have said, he says when you wake up when you're fasting, this is you're talking about voluntary fast. So when Ramadan that is even more so it says if you wake up and you're fasting, let that be seen in your behavior and in your demeanor and how you speak and don't let the day when you're fasting be exactly like a day when you're not. This is a great

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Eva, imagine someone Subhana Allah, just for comparison, you're going and visiting the Haram in Makkah or the harem in Medina, and you've entered Mecca and you entered Medina, you're going to be in Mecca and Medina on those days as you are in your hometown, because they're doing exactly the same thing, having exactly the same feelings, the same habits. So you're going to be in Ramadan, exactly the way that you are outside of Ramadan. And I'm not here of course, we're not advocating contradiction in personality in Ramadan, I'm an angel. I'm shavon. After outside Ramadan, we're not saying this. But there has to be an increased the core. They're stuck outside of Ramadan. But when

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it comes to Ramadan, was this that intensification of Eva then connection to Allah, it has shaped our behavior should be reflected, and be reflected in our behavior, and how we speak what we watch what we listen to, who we talked to how much time we spend on things. Right? These will matter in sha Allah.

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So levels of fasting, so remember these levels of fasting, and hopefully, that could be one of the objectives that we can have. So if we are aware in sha Allah, that Oh, fasting doesn't stop and eating and drinking. First thing is also fasting from sin. Fasting is also fasting from anyone other than Allah isodiol. Ultimately, maybe one of the objectives that can only have one fasting in this one well done and coming Ramadan, I want to reach the third level of fasting, the fasting of the heart, I want to see how when I'm fasting, how is it affecting my heart? How is it affecting my spirituality, my Amen, my love My character, how I behave, my tranquility might look cool on Allah

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zildjian my love for him subhana wa Taala my satisfaction with him and dissatisfaction with the dunya that I see Allah as enough

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and see the dunya no matter what I get from it as insufficient, that when you start having these feelings, then you know that Ramadan is doing something for you and me, and Milan is touching you deep, deep inside. And that is the beauty right of that ibadah any type of Riba that it begins on one level, but there's almost no end to where it can take you on fasting. There's no end to it as to where it can take you. Right.

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So for that insha Allah The other thing is protecting our fast we have to protect our fast. So Eliza already has protected our fast if you remember something that we've said. I think it was maybe the first time when we met in this series.

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We said that a lot as it will protect your fasting by doing what shackling tying up the devil's the shale team.

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And we said something about that. And I'm going to repeat it in sha Allah right now, because it's related to protecting your fast.

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shackling or tying up the shale team means that they are weakened, but they're not eliminated.

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They are weakened, but they're not eliminated that they do not disappear from our midst. They still whisper but they're whispering is weak. And that answers the question of what happens to them. Do they like get locked up? Do they get you know, banished somewhere? No, I mean, they're around but shackled, weakened.

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Now about protecting our fast the weakening of the shavon even the Tamia says this the weakening of the shavon also depends on you and me. Something we said loud I think we said that loud. First time when we discussed this depends on you and me. The more excellent your fast is, the weaker you share it on will be in Ramadan. So it's also up to you.

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It's not just simply as some of us may believe Allah azza wa jal had put all these you know, handcuffs, you know, and shackles and change on the shale theme. I'm sitting back my behavior does not affect my shape on no it does. It does. It's as if Subhan Allah, the more taqwa you have the more excellent your fasting is the weaker your shape is, and the less he or she female shale theme for the females

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be able to tempt you and whisper to you.

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So you want to protect your fast how do you protect your fast by staying away from the How long?

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Catch it as soon as it happens and stay away from it. So catch yourself if you're looking at something wrong saying something that is wrong. restrict the Haram restrict even your speech because Subhan Allah sometimes we mean the one of the benefits of fasting is we have less energy so if you have less energy, you're less to spend it on, you know foolish things. So you can inshallah restrict, or monitor what you're saying so that you have better control over your tongue, better control over your limbs in your eyes and what you see and what you hear. When you socialize. When you talk to others. You notice what they're saying and you say if they're saying something that is

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wrong upsetting to all

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Law, I can notice it better now, because I'm trying to be better. So you become more conscious more alert of the things that please allow them the things that displease him, but protect your fast. And the more that you protect your fast, the better your fasting is, the less influence the shaitaan will have, the more that Allah will reward you and the more that you do, I will be accepted and you will feel better about it, because you purified it and you protected it. And that is what it's going to be with Ramadan and daily struggle. There is going to be a daily struggle some days, we're going to win be in the love zone and some days we will lose some of these minor battles. But the important

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thing is what to come back and say, I'm going to try again. And I'm going to stay away from this head on and I'm going to avoid it now that I know now that I know how the shaitaan is trying to tempt me or I'll how I have developed a habit or a blind eye to this sin I don't notice it anymore. But now I notice it now I know that there's something wrong with it. Right? So protecting your fast

00:31:06--> 00:31:24

Of course I mean, so now on time and you know, engaged in engaging being engaged in the care of Allah azza wa jal and a battle we'll talk about this in sha Allah, but filling your time with with a vida. But I bought about the fast we started the fast with fidget and now we're approaching money.

00:31:26--> 00:31:31

We said that inshallah one of the things that the fasting person has is an accepted to

00:31:33--> 00:31:35

so you haven't accepted to out during the day.

00:31:36--> 00:31:55

And you haven't accepted to it during the night and with maybe also a third time where you haven't accepted to is when you were about to break your fast. Lisa imia in the fifth reheat hour too late to run the fast in person when they're about to break their fast has as the Prophet sallallahu wasallam says an accepted do

00:31:56--> 00:32:24

so around that time is a blessed time of doing whatever it is just before or when you break your fast so remember in shuttle life you want to ask Allah for something okay a repetition and asking ALLAH and consistency makes me your job more likely to be accepted be a ninja. So do it during the day during during the night when you're praying and when you are going to break your fast now, when do you break your fast as soon as you hear the other

00:32:26--> 00:32:51

or as soon as it's time for Madrid. There is no message around you but you know it's time for Madrid. You rush and you break your fast that is taqwa that is sooner and that is what is pleasing to Allah is the agenda and pleasing to his prophets of Allah He was in them and he sets a low and he was setting them late Zelda nurse will be a hiring manager general filter up he says people will continue to be good as long as they hasten in breaking the fast.

00:32:53--> 00:32:55

This is by the way he likes to Whoa.

00:32:56--> 00:33:00

Why is it that Allah zoji loves this? Why was it sooner?

00:33:01--> 00:33:15

Because it is to your advantage because it serves the Nevada it strengthens the better imagine this is your notes to you to understand how a lot had completed this religion.

00:33:17--> 00:33:23

If Allah did not stress the fact that we should hasten our if thought some of us would say what

00:33:24--> 00:33:30

some of us would say you know what, what if we make a mistake if when we're breaking our fast isn't Aqua

00:33:32--> 00:33:42

doesn't tap or dictate or isn't up or delaying our if thought by five minutes 10 minutes so that we're absolutely sure it is Maghrib.

00:33:43--> 00:34:28

And slowly will begin to delay our if thought just so that we were extra extra shoe. And our fans that is supposed to last a particular time now gets extended by 20 minutes and half an hour. And when we do this, we burden ourselves and eventually hate the worship of Allah zodion because we made it difficult upon ourselves. Not that Allah wanted that from us we did that. And the shaytaan contempt in this way. The chiffon can put on the clothes of what the person of taqwa and comes and tells you you know what fear Allah more and do more fasting more than one obligated yet Allah azza wa jal had closed that door through the sin of the prophets of Allah audios in them. So that the

00:34:28--> 00:34:40

sooner is as soon as you hear the event, you immediately go on break your fast so that you do not lengthen the hours of fasting there is no door or possibility for it to be longer.

00:34:41--> 00:34:45

And when you do that, you follow the sun now what a pseudo lie he saw the law he was in them

00:34:46--> 00:34:56

and you'll be rewarded for it. And it's also because you're fasting is better, then you get reward for it and your diet is more likely to be accepted. And it benefits you

00:34:57--> 00:34:58

know

00:34:59--> 00:34:59

what

00:35:00--> 00:35:02

talks about or talked about hastening they thought

00:35:04--> 00:35:28

what is the best thing to eat when you're breaking your fast? If you can break your fast on fresh dates on top, then do that's the best. That's how that's kind of the progression. And they mentioned in the Hadith, how the prophets obviously that would break it fast, fresh dates, if not, then dates. This is probably what is available to the vast majority of us just date.

00:35:30--> 00:35:32

If not water.

00:35:34--> 00:35:39

That is the thought of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam meaning this is how he breaks his fast.

00:35:40--> 00:36:07

And he said Subhanallah, he said, so the low it was in them, le saw me for heighten the fasting person has two joys, two things that make them happy. When they break their fast, they're happy because they broke, they're fast. And when they meet Allah, they are happy, because of the reward of their fasting that they will see with Allah zildjian. So there's a connection that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam had made between these two things.

00:36:08--> 00:36:15

When you break your fast, you're happy. So why are you happy, there are natural reasons for you to be happy, I'm about to eat

00:36:16--> 00:36:33

hamdulillah I'm about to eat, you know, I can't wait to drink, I can't wait to eat this. So there is this natural happiness. But it's not just about insha Allah try to remember this is not just about, Hey, I'm going to be eating now. It's also I've just finished a day of fasting and humbling that

00:36:34--> 00:37:17

that is a banner that is about to be finished, and it's gonna be finished, and be kind of like packaged, and be stored being illustrated for the day of judgment with a lawsuit. So kind of like you send a parcel to the Hereafter, and you packed it with good deeds, and you've sent it. So that is the beauty of it, that is it handed in, I finished this. So there is that happiness there. And the happiness of the hereafter. Another connection between the two is, as the eldest was talking about that, he says, as the fasting person goes through this difficulty and striving until they fast, but when they're done with their good deeds, they feel that joy, haven't done it, I finished

00:37:17--> 00:37:37

it. And if they do not do that, they just feel regret that be filled with regret, and pain. I fail to fast what will happen to me. So panelists just it's intrinsic to the disobedience of Allah is always connected to it. Pain and regret.

00:37:38--> 00:37:48

There's maybe like some excitement when you disobeyed some some scan of sins, but when you're done with it, when you finish it, there's just that disgusting you know,

00:37:50--> 00:37:51

regret.

00:37:52--> 00:38:29

Right? So with obedience of Allah, it comes joy hamdulillah I've done it and you feel better about yourself. Because you've done it you read the Quran, you feel better that you've read it. So is the as it is, you know, with fasting when you spend a whole life, obeying Allah azza wa jal at the end as you transition from the dunya to the hereafter. Meaning This is like when you're breaking your fast transitioning from the junior to the Hereafter, you'll also be joyful. When you see the angels of Allah descending and they are the angels of mercy. And they give you the good news, you're going to come in and be coming to Allah and when you're going to meet Allah, you're going to have this and

00:38:29--> 00:38:35

you're going to have that and your place in general is like this, you're going to just have boundless joy, boundless joy.

00:38:36--> 00:39:06

So fasting Subhan Allah and Ramadan resembles our life journey, and transition into the next life. And when we break our fast that breaking a fast is the death that takes us to Allah azza wa jal where there is no pain anymore. There is no sickness anymore, there is no worry anymore. We only with Allah azzawajal that's the joy of eating, but over there is going to be the joy of meeting Allah as a gym and having everything in fact that you've ever wanted them to be right there for us.

00:39:10--> 00:39:14

We're moving along. We'll talk about that decaf calf.

00:39:16--> 00:39:23

Just briefly. Now I mean, probably for a lot of us have lost my screen. Okay.

00:39:25--> 00:39:26

For a lot of us,

00:39:27--> 00:39:30

probably it calf is not going to be a possibility.

00:39:31--> 00:39:41

Big because either the messages are not open or they're not allowing a decaf, similar to last tea or maybe little fewer restrictions, but nonetheless,

00:39:42--> 00:39:44

it may not be available.

00:39:46--> 00:40:00

decaf. What is that decaf? I think F is for basically a person to be secluded in the house of Allah xojo for the purpose of worship in the last 10 days of Ramadan days and nights.

00:40:00--> 00:40:24

For a moment that's what ethics is. So the time of ethics the last 10 days and nights of Ramadan, to be secluded meaning in the masjid of Allah azzawajal dedicated to the worship of Allah. meaning you're spending the night you're spending the day in the worship of Allah azza wa jal praying, reading the Quran telawi fasting, reading Islamic books, it's mostly the worship of Allah zoji so is Khan kind of the,

00:40:25--> 00:40:27

the ultimate or the

00:40:29--> 00:40:44

summation of our ibadah in Ramadan, what we're doing is everyday we're fasting everyday we're praying everyday we're reading the Quran. When you come to the end, we you have kind of gotten yourself ready.

00:40:45--> 00:41:27

You've heightened your email and you've heightened your practice. And you want to reach the ultimate of a bada by being in Attica, looking in searching for Lila to cut. This is why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would make ethical searching for Laila to cuddle to be fully dedicated for it. Now it's too early to talk about ethical Why am I talking about ethics? If now in case later on, I'm not able to kind of meet you to talk about ethica and there is no t calf in the masjid. So what do I do? I can go to the masjid for ethical what is the delicate what I that I can do? If not if it's not available right for you to do it in the masjid. There is no ethical at home.

00:41:28--> 00:41:56

Technically, right? Technically, a when you're staying at home, it's not a teacup, technically. But because it's not available over there, you can replicate without it being technically Attica, but you can replicate the environment of ethics. At home, though again, technically, it's not ethical, the scholars do my qualitative. Now when you do it at home, but technically right we can replicate what is that? What is the environment of decaf in msgid.

00:41:57--> 00:42:43

solitude in dedication to the worship of Allah zildjian so that you can replicate to an extent at home, and I know that we have connections at home and responsibilities, but dedicating more of your time, especially to throughout the last 10 for Allah zildjian. For a bad for remembering him and for being close to him replicates as much as we can at home, the environment of Attica the effect of ethical, because that's what ethica is all about. Now, distance in domestic allows us to do more of it. But if we cannot, then at home at least, we can try to do as much of what solitude or devoted a batter that enhances our connection to Allah and allow us to gain more of later to come. So I just

00:42:43--> 00:42:47

wanted to bring this point up in sha Allah before we

00:42:49--> 00:43:03

leave that topic in sha Allah so that I don't forget about it. in case somebody was wondering, right? Do Can I do a decaf? And if not, you know what is the substitute for it. And by the way, if your intention was

00:43:05--> 00:43:10

and still is maybe to do a T calf but you're stopped from it, because of health reasons.

00:43:11--> 00:43:34

Allah rewards you for it. And it will count as if you have done it. If Allah knows from your heart and mind, that is the only thing that is stopping you from being in the misted doing it calf is the fact that they're stopping you from it because it's not safe for you or for safe, not safe for other people otherwise you would be there Allah rewards you for it as if you're actually there.

00:43:35--> 00:43:45

So no regrets insha Allah and Allah is more generous than the most generous among us if he knows from our intention that our intention is good, Allah zildjian blesses.

00:43:47--> 00:44:06

Now inshallah I mean, two points. Before we conclude the lecture for today we're going to shall have another lecture in sha Allah next week, and I'll tell you what we'll be talking about in sha Allah shortly. But two points in Charlotte to mention about our fasting one increasing our acts of virtue, and the other one is generosity.

00:44:07--> 00:44:22

Right, increasing acts of virtue. Now when the Ramadan comes from Oban should be like this repository of every good thing that we can do in sha Allah as long as we have that intention, and the energy and the means to do it. Let's do as many good things as we can.

00:44:23--> 00:44:27

So what does that include? We talked about there's fasting already.

00:44:28--> 00:44:52

We talked about the Quran mini reading as much of the Quran as possible. But also I stressed as I stressed I stress now as I stressed last week, it should be in sha Allah with understanding and with application and with feelings. So it's not just read read read with with complete disconnect from the words but I only you know, I'm just proud of how many pages I've been able to flip

00:44:53--> 00:44:57

and sometimes it takes on of you know, the the the

00:44:58--> 00:44:59

unfortunate

00:45:00--> 00:45:05

Kind of boasting about, or I've been able to finish these many times of the Quran?

00:45:06--> 00:45:45

No, the fact here is that hamdulillah if Allah had enabled you, and it opened the door for reading of the Quran for you and me, that is a NEMA. But we should connect with what we're reading. Again, bring it into our hearts and bring it into our lives. And you know, feel it, feel it inside of us. But if, as I said, if the only thing I'm interested in is just flipping pages here, I finished one hold on here and finished the second hold on, but it has no effect on me, I'm not feeling it at all, when I'm reading it, I have to revisit why and how I'm reading and maybe slow down a little bit, maybe pick up a translation or RFC, maybe start a stop at some of these eyes and read them and see

00:45:45--> 00:46:28

how these things can change me and maybe enhance my fast so reading the Quran, and also studying the Quran. So I wonder in sha Allah if we have a translation of the Koran, or if I have a book of prophecy, or a series on the Quran online, that I can listen to you that connects me more to the Quran more so. So take advantage of the month of Ramadan being a month of the Quran where I'm learning and not only reading it, I'm learning it. So I'm reading but I'm also learning the meaning and learning the wisdom of the Quran. Why it was revealed occasions of Revelation, what does this mean? How does it relate to another area and so on? How can I benefit from this surah What is it

00:46:28--> 00:46:38

about all these things are beautiful things you can also increase your Vicar of Allah. remember Allah often your sooner

00:46:40--> 00:46:48

The sooner as between the Salah before the Salah the obligations, and after them sooner have Guha talked about also the sin of pmla

00:46:49--> 00:46:51

as assisting other people,

00:46:52--> 00:46:56

helping them helping them with advice helping them by

00:46:58--> 00:47:04

smiling in their faces helping them by withholding Your and my evil from them.

00:47:05--> 00:47:08

So the fact that I am short tempered

00:47:10--> 00:47:12

in Ramadan because

00:47:13--> 00:47:16

I don't have enough caffeine. I don't have enough sugar.

00:47:18--> 00:47:46

I'm just ill tempered just ill tempered, I have a headache. It is difficult but at the same time this is no not enough reason for me to make somebody else miserable and for me to attack them or lash out at them just because I'm feeling miserable. Or I'm having a difficult time fasting today or tomorrow or the day after. So increasing our active route shoe includes you know, I'll set up off as the prophets of Allah Azza wa sallam

00:47:47--> 00:47:56

Kufa shabaka, Annie nurse, Fein Asada Domingo and NFC, it says, protect people from your evil because this is a setup that you're giving yourself.

00:47:57--> 00:48:07

This is the easiest setup, you don't even have to take a penny from your pocket and give it to somebody else. The easiest sadaqa Kufa shabaka Anna's don't harm people.

00:48:08--> 00:48:18

Don't harm people, right? So that's the first level. But now we want to move further in sha Allah by assisting them giving them advice smiling in their faces.

00:48:19--> 00:48:31

If they if we find them going through difficult times, make make them feel better about the reminding them of Allah zildjian sharing Islamic information with people all these are beautiful things and subtle

00:48:32--> 00:48:35

sort of power, which takes us to generosity and is linked to it.

00:48:36--> 00:48:57

So whenever you feel somebody you feel that somebody is in need, or you know that people are in need, give them money, even little bit of money could help, especially in this kind of environment where a lot of people are out of work and they don't have enough food to maybe you know, to give to their families. So Pamela, either locally or overseas. So sadaqa

00:48:58--> 00:49:13

and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam they described him can actually do my akuna fear Ramadan, he was the most generous in Ramadan. I mean, he was generous outside of Ramadan. But when Ramadan comes,

00:49:14--> 00:49:57

he was most generous, and they could see it. And they said that he's a lot he was a limo Can I do that we'll hide him in a vehicle musella he was more generous than that flow flowing wind or the blowing when you know how the wind blows and keeps blowing and bringing clouds and rain or what have you benefits to people. And it doesn't stop is this this is the generosity of the prophets of Allah. He was telling me his generosity doesn't stop. Now why is that? Because of the fast because of what it gives you. He used to meet gibreel alehissalaam he used to read the Quran and listen to that debris, reading the Quran. That makes us generous, because you're satisfied internally with Allah

00:49:57--> 00:50:00

satisfied internally with Allah's pleasure.

00:50:00--> 00:50:11

with Allah's bounties, so it's easy to give the dunya away, you don't care, easy to give away, easy to be nice, easy to be forgiving. Why? Because you have Allah azza wa jal.

00:50:12--> 00:50:45

And one of the scholars mentioned he said, you know, and that is also a beautiful point to add to the generosity of the prophets of Allah, he was telling me he said, As Allah is even more generous in Ramadan, the prophets Allah you send them is also more generous in Ramadan because Allah is more generous with us in Ramadan, more forgiving in Ramadan, so so that gets reflected into your in my attitude. We also should be more generous in the mother and more forgiving in normal, more merciful in Ramadan. But if there's one thing to say it

00:50:46--> 00:51:29

you're How do you expect me to be more generous and more forgiving, and I'm hungry, and I'm thirsty, and I have a headache. That's the challenge in sha Allah. That's the challenge, which is that we are losing something we are losing food, we're losing caffeine, we're losing sugar, we're losing all of these things. Some of these things are good to lose, right? But we're losing them. But there has to be something to substitute. That substitute makes us generous. So when you're happy with Allah, what do you have read the Quran for such a long time, length at length, prayed, fasted, emptied your heart of envy, of, of greed, of friction and hatred. And then you feel just Allah's pleasure,

00:51:29--> 00:51:41

Allah's satisfaction, and that you are relying on him. And he satisfies you, when you feel that you can forgive people, you can give them money, you can assist you can smile, despite the hardship of fasting.

00:51:43--> 00:51:50

So this is one of the benefits in sha Allah of fasting, the many, many benefits is that our character can improve if we allow it.

00:51:52--> 00:52:09

Even despite burdens and difficulty, in fact, because of burden and difficulty, we will not say I am tired, so I'm going to take it out on people I'm tired, but Allah gives me the energy to be able to continue.

00:52:10--> 00:52:13

And one thing that the prophets a lot he was seldom

00:52:15--> 00:52:24

did which we will not be able to but it just shows you that what I just said is absolutely right. The prophets of Allah, he was saying them, Kenny, you will see

00:52:25--> 00:53:03

he would connect two days with fasting or more. And he for two days he wouldn't eat, he wouldn't drink. You know that how we write, when it's time for math, we eat and drink. And then we eat throughout the day or throughout the night. And then we resume fasting at fed you know, the prophets, a lot of us in them was distinct. In that he was allowed, not us, he was allowed some a lot he was a lump not to eat and drink at night and to fast continuously for two days. Or maybe more.

00:53:04--> 00:53:12

So they asked him, you know, the Sahaba because the Sahaba whenever they see the Prophet salon, he was hitting them doing something they want to do the same thing.

00:53:14--> 00:53:36

They loved him a lot. He was cinema and they wanted you know, son in their Eva. So they see him doing something they want to do the same thing. So they wanted to actually continue fasting. He said in Nina's 2k article, he says I am not like you in the lobby to her in the lobby of a money while you're staying. He says I spent the night with Allah azzawajal He feeds me and gives me drink.

00:53:38--> 00:53:39

Now the scholars you know

00:53:41--> 00:54:07

explain this to me in what it says no, the prophets Allah Islam does not mean by that, that he actually consumes food from Jenna or his eating or drinking from Jenna he says he does not mean that. No, he means that his proximity to Allah azza wa jal during the night, suffices him so he has enough energy in him. Salah law, he said that he does not need to eat and drink.

00:54:09--> 00:54:39

He does not need to eat and drink. That that's it. Let's call it that. Amen. Spiritual energy, let's call it when he's reading the Koran and meeting gibreel and praying to Allah as it infuses him with so much energy that he does not need to eat and drink. But he says How can you not like me, you can reach that level. But it does tell you that as human beings and we've experienced this, by the way, when our E man is really strong, we can overcome pain and difficulty and burden.

00:54:41--> 00:54:47

You know how you know I said we've experienced this. You know how sometimes when you get so excited,

00:54:48--> 00:54:49

you forget to eat.

00:54:50--> 00:55:00

get so excited, so happy. And you just simply just forget that you're hungry and you forget to eat. Why? Because that feeling has substituted and

00:55:00--> 00:55:42

displaced hunger, I please made you forget about it for a few hours. Or when you're really excited about something and you're on your feet the whole day, and you don't feel tired, and only when it's done, you sit down, you sit on some halide. Notice how exhausted I am, but as long as you're excited, you have energy. That's exactly you know, not exactly but kind of proximation of what the prophet sallallahu Sallam was talking was talking about. So yeah, it's possible in sha Allah, if we allow it on my blog, it confuse us with a lot of energy. inshallah. So inshallah next week we will now we're going to be meeting the same time or 815 Let's make it a 15. So, cuz Margaret keeps moving

00:55:42--> 00:55:43

up.

00:55:44--> 00:55:44

So

00:55:46--> 00:55:50

we'll meet in Charlotte 815. We're going to be talking in Charlotte next week about

00:55:51--> 00:55:53

the deeper meaning of fasting

00:55:55--> 00:56:34

fatigue and Ramadan if you experience fatigue in Ramadan, what do you do with it? And especially fasting in a time of Corona what do you do if you're disconnected from family? What do you do if you're connected disconnected from domestic? How is it that you can make Ramadan insha Allah special and we're going to be talking inshallah, about the objectives of the fast and the deeper meaning of fasting, where it's not emphasizing again, it's not just an only about rituals, but it's about what is behind those rituals and what is it that it cannot get from those rituals, important as they are, but fasting is instituted because it's going to give me something what is it what is it giving me

00:56:34--> 00:57:12

and how can I get that from it? Nine prayer is there to give me something that or an is there to give me something and even if I'm doing them on our on my own, without family around without the Imam around without the shame around? How can I still still be connected and inspired in sha Allah? What can I do in sha Allah to be connected and inspired? So that in sha Allah is going to be the Allah azza wa jal next week at 815. So this week, we started at 810. I don't know if some of us missed it or not. We started at 810. So next week, insha Allah just five minutes, extra, so at 815 bit Nila zoji.

00:57:13--> 00:57:41

And inshallah think about any questions that you may have about fasting, that may have come up and previous Rama bonds or you expecting that it would come in sha Allah and come up in this Ramadan, record that in Shaolin asked it, because it may be beneficial for all of us in sha Allah to hear those questions, and to answer them in sha Allah. So I have a few questions and I have a couple inshallah from last week. Let's see, and shall us begin Bismillah.

00:57:44--> 00:58:01

Can you continue eating to the end of the day, if you wake up late. So there's a Hadith of the prophets of Allah Azza wa sallam, where he said that if you're holding a cup of water, or if you hold the holding of the vase, a morsel of food in your hand, and

00:58:02--> 00:58:07

you hear the then he says, Don't put it down, until you finish it.

00:58:08--> 00:58:37

So let's say for instance, you have a cup of water, right? And that then starts calling the, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in the Hadith, he gave that allowance, that extension, that as long as you have it in your hand, we're not talking about, you know, gallon of water, we're talking about, you know, something that is reasonable, you have a cup of water in your hand, right? Or you have, you know, some food in your hand. And as long as the event is going on, right, especially as the question here is saying, I just woke up.

00:58:38--> 00:58:49

Right, I just woke up, and he's calling the town. Right. And he's calling dad then. So as long as the event hasn't finished, now, by the way, right? if, if, if

00:58:50--> 00:58:55

last night last night, you can bring this up, I wasn't jealous, leave it at that as long as the event is not finished.

00:58:56--> 00:59:19

And if food is nearby, and surely you can go ahead and shut a lot and tea and eat and drink something as long as that if you have that allowance up till what? They finishing the right. So we'll lower right but especially the Hadeeth mentioned specially What if you're holding it in your hand, do not put it down until you finish it right. So you have up till the end of the event but not beyond ensure.

00:59:23--> 00:59:35

body comes along? Does it matter if we do more on recitation in the daytime? As to Paul as opposed to the night that insha Allah it doesn't matter as much. It doesn't matter. When do you do it? When do you do it?

00:59:36--> 00:59:58

Maybe your circumstances do not allow you to do a lot at night, maybe you are gonna have to sleep to wake up because you have to go to work in the morning or you have to take care of family or what have you. As long as you reading the Quran in sha Allah, it's wonderful. If you can do more at night of the Quran, that's even better and better. Why is that because that's typically the time when

00:59:59--> 01:00:00

clean

01:00:00--> 01:00:07

is offered MTN is about reciting more of the Quran. Second, you've just eaten and you've just you know,

01:00:09--> 01:00:53

re energize yourself so you have no the energy to perform another evader. And that Eva when you are reading the Quran, and you're standing inside out, especially at night when it's quiet, and both mind and heart internationally at the Navy here I should do what waka Makita is Allah says in the Quran, you know, the hours of the night when you're reading the Quran, I should do that there is more agreement between tongue and heart at night, waka Makita and more straight in speech meaning that he will hear it better he will understand it better. So definitely right doing it during the day has rewards for it. And that's part of finishing the Quran in the month of Ramadan Absolutely.

01:00:53--> 01:01:26

But we can say inshallah, if you can do also more at night to do that in sha Allah because it has what's called a different flavor. And you can split it you can do half a juice in the morning which is at night which is in the morning which is at night, whatever or at least some at night so that you can get to taste the horror on at night when it's quiet and you've just you know relaxed and you've eaten and what have you people are asleep just the the hours of the night have a different distinct flavor to them on the Koran is being recited online.

01:01:31--> 01:01:38

Oh, it's just sort of continues here I'm sorry. My current understanding is that nighttime a bad day is more encouraged than daytime. Am I correct? Am I concerned?

01:01:39--> 01:01:59

I am concerned because I still do need sufficient sleep at night balance in sha Allah balance. So you don't need to spend the entire night in a bed or in or unknown sha Allah so your night starts with what night starts with methylene so you can start you know resigning put on you know at methylene after another but do not live in Asia or right after Asia.

01:02:00--> 01:02:39

Or you know in your tarawih after Isha and your Salah or when you wake up you're you just ate your support and you have few minutes you can recite for and then so you'll have enough sleep insha Allah at the same time have some of the Horan at night and then the rest you can you know, spread it throughout the day, but have support on insha Allah at night. That's my recommendation because as I said, and the scholars have said you said this is the balance of Ramadan, we're in the morning you're doing fasting in addition to other a vida and at night. What are you doing at night, that is typically the time that you will give more of off to the Koran, right? Allah

01:02:42--> 01:03:18

for not obligations, bigotry fasting. If we had got up in the morning and the breakfast and the breakfast for breakfast and had breakfast, then remember that I should fast Monday, Thursday for the white days. So I can continue fasting. Okay, insha Allah so if you forgot, if you forgot, meaning that your intention was that I fasting Mondays and Thursdays, and you woke up and you forgot that it was Monday and you just went the new ate? That's fine inshallah as soon as as soon as you remember, stop eating and resume fasting. Because

01:03:19--> 01:03:27

if you forget and you eat and drink, whether it's Ramadan or outside of Ramadan, it doesn't count as an validator of the fast

01:03:28--> 01:03:55

so you wake up in Ramadan, let's say and you forgot that it's from Oban. You just simply forgot. And you went to New dragon you ate that's fine as soon as soon as you remember, you stop and you continue your fast Same thing with the voluntary inshallah. So if you had you had that intention to fast that I usually fast Mondays and Thursdays let's see, I forgot today and you ate? That's fine insha Allah, it does not interfere with your fast insha Allah

01:03:57--> 01:03:59

and there is this one shot we'll come back to it.

01:04:00--> 01:04:04

Is it better to finish the Koran or do slowly with translation?

01:04:06--> 01:04:07

If limited time

01:04:09--> 01:04:15

inshallah now I mean, what would be ideal is to finish the Quran once. Now if we are.

01:04:18--> 01:04:38

If that task is complicated by lack of time, or that my recitation of the Quran just happens to be slow, I can read that fast. So should they just be concerned with finishing? or trying to understand what I'm reading? I'll say insha Allah, what is your habit outside of Ramadan? Do you have the habit of reading the Quran?

01:04:40--> 01:05:00

So if you tell me that, yes, I have the habit of reading the Koran Alhamdulillah I just finished it. I finished it a couple of times. Then I'll say in Ramadan, in short, I'll try to finish the hold on because I'm sure in short alone, some of those over you will go back and you'll read the Quran and you can have your time reading the Quran and that translation and sha Allah and you can finish it in

01:05:00--> 01:05:40

Three, four months, six months. That's fine Shawn. So if we are committed to the Quran outside of Ramadan right, so we would you recite it, we read it, we study it, I'll say in Ramadan read as much as you can. So it will be about inshallah reading as many pages as you can with minimum understanding, minimum reflection, but read as much as you can take advantage of that fact. If on the other hand as it is for a lot of us have had a lot, we don't touch the Koran outside of Ramadan, we don't really read it, we don't study it. But when we come to Ramadan, we feel that urgency, so we started reading, I would say focus on understanding,

01:05:42--> 01:06:00

focus on understanding, hoping that insha Allah when we connect with the Quran and Ramadan that translate into further commitment outside of it. What I'm afraid is that if we just focus on recitation or reading or finishing pages, without any connection to what we're reading, will come into the honor leave it as we entered,

01:06:02--> 01:06:22

without without understanding without growth, without a connection to it, it's just what a habit I need to finish it you finish it and it does not affect you. So if we don't have a habit of reading the Quran, I would say focus on the quality of what you're reading the benefit the wisdom, and the lessons learned inshallah. So that's my recommendation alone.

01:06:26--> 01:06:50

So I got to know last from Oban hit that Tikka for 20 days, for therefore, we should really strive to change in this Ramadan. Is it exaggeration if we stay up the entire 20 days towards the end or entire Ramadan to be lively, and do not sleep at night? Live it up with a bad day and rest and sleep during the day? Time instead? So

01:06:52--> 01:07:14

the first part of the question, I got to know that last one hold on that. I'm assuming that you mean here that the Prophet sallahu wa sallam did ethica for 20 days. See, the prophet SAW you send them, he would do a T calf for 10 days. And for the last 10 days of Ramadan. Whenever he did that he kept for 20. Okay, he was searching for

01:07:15--> 01:07:19

a leader to cuddle and he did not know yet it was in the last 10.

01:07:21--> 01:07:25

So he wanted to know the one of those years he did that take off in the middle 10.

01:07:26--> 01:07:55

And then he got to know at the end, he was about to leave, and he got to know it's in the last 10 so he continued in is it gap? So it really is for the last 10 not for the last 20 right. So that's one part inshallah, do we stay up the entire 20 days meaning? No, so that's not sooner, you're staying up the entire 20 days of Ramadan. Okay, that's not soon. Why? Because the prophets already said them would stay up the whole night when

01:07:56--> 01:08:05

less than the last one. Right? And because it cannot win also, right with the possibilities here is that if you do the last 20

01:08:07--> 01:08:22

The possibilities are what you get tired, you could maybe be overwhelmed by it. And by the time that you come to the last 10 more you actually supposed to do it. You just got so tired and so exhausted, because you've been doing the middle 10

01:08:23--> 01:08:40

right, that's a possibility. You may also because of it neglect other duties that you have, that could affect your family. Right? And maybe also you know, if you because you're doing it and you're sleeping throughout the whole day, you losing some of the benefits of feeling the fast itself.

01:08:42--> 01:09:25

So what my recommendation would be no follow the Sunnah of Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, we're not told that he would stay up the whole night to all the nights of Ramadan, or all the 20 or last 20 nights of Ramadan, we're told about the last 10 so I would say insha Allah, reserve your energy and be excited about the last time because if What if we're saying no, don't do the middle 10 do the last 10 and you really want to do them. By the time the last 10 comes, you can wait to do them. And that's what we want enthusiasm, excitement, dedication, but if you spread it out, your energy gets spread out. So let's focus in Sha on the last 10 in sha Allah that's when a lot of other is

01:09:28--> 01:09:47

highly considering you mentioned that the prophet SAW while he was selling them broke his fast with dates or water. What we what he ate after that, how about eating for what he ate. So we're not told what the prophet sallallahu Sallam ate after that he ate when he eats a little low it he was sending him what was what is available to him. And in fact, this brings another really good point

01:09:49--> 01:09:51

which is what not to overeat

01:09:52--> 01:09:54

which is what not to overeat.

01:09:56--> 01:10:00

We know we really have changed the month of Ramadan from a month where we are supposed to

01:10:00--> 01:10:11

Fast a stay away from food into a month about food and about eating and drinking and about you know, creating the most exquisite and beautiful meals in Ramadan.

01:10:12--> 01:10:52

In fact even you know if you're living in a Muslim country and you will know this very well, we'll also have turned our entertainment in the most exquisite and most lavish and expensive entertainment in the month overall Bob, meaning the month that is not supposed to be about the dunya became the month about the dunya till we switched it really absolutely upside down the month we're not supposed to be watching so much TV, the best TV is then the month of the month month we're not supposed to be eating that much food we have the best food in it. exquisite delicious food in it. So was in the habit of the profits of a lot he was in

01:10:53--> 01:11:12

his habit is what right his habit is that if you are going to eat, you will eat enough to support you. And he sets a lot he said them in the Hadith if you want to eat more than that, then 1/3 for your meal for your food, one food for 1/3 for your drink and 1/3 for your breath, empty meaning

01:11:13--> 01:11:14

that is it.

01:11:15--> 01:11:19

So here, this is the moderate way of raking our fast.

01:11:21--> 01:11:25

And you know I found that useful Subhan Allah or some of the scholars have said, he said

01:11:27--> 01:11:48

he said if when you're fasting, you're going to collect all those calories even use the word calories, but I'm using it he says you've got all those calories that you're supposed to get during breakfast and during lunch, and dinner, and you put it all a time of dinner, you'll be so lazy, right? Up till Asia and beyond.

01:11:50--> 01:12:16

And if during support because you're so anxious, I'm going to be fast and so you eat so much. You'll be so sluggish and lazy all the way up to the heart. It says you've wasted that praise those precious moments of Ramadan being lazy and tired. This is no when you are going to eat your if thought I mean when you're going to break your fast eat your regular dinner. What do you eat usually at night? What is your regular dinner? nothing extra.

01:12:18--> 01:12:31

It says that's the meal that you will have in front of you. And he does not these extra sweets and extra fried this and extra fried that because you want to actually do what eat and consume less in the mobile and not consume more.

01:12:33--> 01:12:39

Right? So maybe that's something inshallah we can touch on next week with Allah azzawajal. But anyway, in sha Allah

01:12:40--> 01:12:50

that's, that's the thing that comes to mind. So what did he after that whatever was available, so a lot of us he was in love. It's enough for him, just to stay up to be able to

01:12:51--> 01:13:03

worship Allah xojo not to be hungry to be healthy and to continue to worship but they didn't tell us what but their food was very modest. Same thing with soap. Their food was very modest right but they did not overeat.

01:13:05--> 01:13:21

So February's about this question is about six 6am in Ramadan in Malaysia, what is the recommendation Time to get up for the A betta of Salah or on reading, etc. Wonderful inshallah. That's one of the ones one other thing I wanted to talk about. So,

01:13:22--> 01:13:54

the best time is the last third of the night. Now you can do one of two things inshallah. Depending on you know, do you have to go to work after federal or not, so you gotta have to adjust based on your schedule and your needs insha Allah so bear with me inshallah, because this will be helpful. So of the best tm or the best tm the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he said that the best tm is the pm of the womb and he Salaam he used to sleep half of the night. Okay, and then

01:13:55--> 01:14:00

pray 1/3 and sleep one six. Okay.

01:14:02--> 01:14:24

There's another thing where he said sallallahu wasallam that Allah is the descendant comes down befitting His Majesty. So a lot he was in the last third of the night. Then Allah is a doodle ask who wants something so I can give it to once forgiveness? So I would give it so that is the best and most blessed time to be praying and making the last third of the night fight.

01:14:26--> 01:14:28

How do I you know what is the last third of the night?

01:14:29--> 01:14:50

So I'm going to you know, calculate that with you insha Allah so follow what I'm doing inshallah. So let us say, as you said that your budget is at six exactly at six. Let us say that your membership is at six exactly at six. Six to six are how many hours 12 hours. So we're going to divide this by three.

01:14:51--> 01:14:59

We're going to grab because we want to get 1/3 of that night. Divide that by three, we get four hours. So from 6pm

01:15:00--> 01:15:03

To 10 that is the first third of the night

01:15:05--> 01:15:22

from 10pm to 2am that is the second third of the night from 2am to 6am that is the last third of the night. That is the time when Allah azza wa jal descends and that is the best time for Salah.

01:15:24--> 01:15:40

So if you can wake up at two and pray till six or three and three to six, or four to six, five to six, whatever, but as long as it falls within the last third insha Allah from two to six okay?

01:15:41--> 01:16:20

And the last that's the last thing you can do one hour, two hours, three hours whatever you can, but try to hit few minutes few hours that are in the last third of the night that is the best inshallah. So that is my recommendation now but you know you say I want to do what that would be his Salaam did which is again you know not that's the best of the arm. But it's not always easy but let's try in sha Allah to do the same the last third what is a mean what did that with that he said I'm do he would sleep half of the night wake up for 1/3 sleep for one six then wake up for failure. How do you calculate that is slightly different calculation.

01:16:21--> 01:16:30

That is you start calculating the remaining hours that are available for sleep and prayer and sleep again from after Isha.

01:16:32--> 01:16:38

So suppose for instance, you know, and I'm not going to do all the calculations because that takes a lot of math now.

01:16:39--> 01:16:42

Yeah, so. So

01:16:43--> 01:16:50

let's say for instance, that you free a shot at eight, right? By the time you want to go to bed, it's nine o'clock.

01:16:51--> 01:17:06

So you'll count nine to six. Right? How many do we have nine to six, that's nine hours. See, we'll divide that right nine hours. So nine hours, half of that is four and a half.

01:17:07--> 01:17:09

She'll sleep for four and a half hours,

01:17:10--> 01:17:40

then four and a half hours then you will sleep and then you're going to have to do the calculation right? My gonna do it for you now. So nine out four and a half hours, then you will take 1/3 of that. Right? And you'll be praying if you can do 1/3 of what the remaining hours you don't have to but one hour two hours and then you will sleep just before fudger just to give you energy then inshallah you will wake up you'll eat your support. You get ready for federal you pray your budget, and then you continue with your day.

01:17:41--> 01:17:46

That's how it works in Sharla. Now you can adjust it it's not written in stone, you can adjust it

01:17:47--> 01:17:57

right. Okay, so you can do less you can do a little bit more you can shift it according to what do you have to work or not you have to take care of young children are not

01:17:59--> 01:18:10

adjusted in sha Allah so it works for you. But what I'm saying the best time in sha Allah if you can, if you can manage to wake up the last third of the night in sha Allah that would be wonderful for Southern for Dr. Sharp.

01:18:13--> 01:18:26

Now, inshallah, let me see. So hope, sister that answered your question. I know that you've asked something here 2am to 6am in Malaysia last 1/3 of the night nice and sharp. They handed in.

01:18:28--> 01:18:40

How about memorization and Ramadan? Should we focus more on recitation compared to memorization? I would say so inshallah, unless you are enrolled in a program, then you consult with your teacher.

01:18:41--> 01:19:18

If you're enrolled in a program of memorization of the Quran, you consult with your teacher because you may need to maintain whatever you've memorized. If you're doing it on your own, or you want to start something, I would say in sha Allah focus on recitation, rather than memorization in the Quran, because you want to cover as much of the Quran as possible. If you're only doing memorization you will begin to see any restricted to a few pages or just or two of the haoran at most, right. So focus on reading like breadth right reading as much of the order as possible to be able to absorb as much of it as possible in sha Allah. Then later on, you know, after Ramadan, you can resume your

01:19:18--> 01:19:22

memorization inshallah, again, consult with your teacher if you're following a programming show.

01:19:24--> 01:19:42

Now, if we take some free time for our working hours to read the Quran at our workplace, in Ramadan, is this regarded as unethical because we're using the time of work for a vada it depends on what your employer deems unethical. That is, if they don't remind require you to be

01:19:43--> 01:19:59

kind of every minute glued to your screen doing something, but rather you can take some free time and they don't frown on that and as long as you're on your desk ready to answer questions and assist people if they need help, how what are they deem work or not?

01:20:00--> 01:20:33

If on the other hand know the insist that you're supposed to be working, okay? Doing you're doing your work doing working on a project and you stop and you read or and we say this would be an analogue, not only unethical is be disallowed, because they're paying you for that time and you're using it for something other than what they paying you. Even if you say it's reading the hold on you're not allowed. But if you are, you're on a break, you take a lunch break, and that's yours. Do whatever you want with it insha Allah or you know, work through it and go home early. That's another thing.

01:20:34--> 01:20:47

But yeah, don't don't kind of steal for your for your employer. Just because you say it's Ramadan, I want to do something that pleases Allah but at the same time you displeasing him by

01:20:48--> 01:21:01

not fulfilling your responsibilities and your promises show. As I said, as long as unless you know, your employer doesn't mind. Right? As long as he doesn't mind that that's fine. You understand that? He doesn't mind that's fine. It

01:21:05--> 01:21:16

says being so lazy during fasting, is it related to our sins? Not necessarily. It could be it's just a fact of physical fatigue.

01:21:17--> 01:21:36

Maybe that before the month of Ramadan and what I would recommend in sha Allah is if you're hooked on caffeine, try to stop before Ramadan comes like coffee and tea especially coffee sugar right if you really are dependent on sugar try to stop before normal done. So you don't crash during the first days of Ramadan.

01:21:39--> 01:21:52

Some some have recommended insha Allah light exercise that we just had a session yesterday was useful and shallow because they said in fact light exercise not strenuous but light exercise can actually give you more energy.

01:21:53--> 01:22:03

And eating healthy and Ramadan can also give you more give you more energy. So if you eating fatty food, fried foods, sugary food that could make you lazy, more healthy food that can make you better in sha Allah.

01:22:04--> 01:22:27

And if you find yourself lazy, just ask Allah for assistance. Y'all I'm feeling lazy and feeling tired. I don't want to feel like this. assist me and help me keep remembering Allah zodion align shalabi Evening doesn't only ask him, he'll inject energy into your mind into your body because ninda so it's not necessarily related to since it's maybe just basically habit or

01:22:29--> 01:22:54

food that we're consuming, right? Or maybe we're not very active. Okay, so insha Allah try to get ready for it. By Can I like banding or decreasing bad habits that weaken us in Ramadan? insha Allah as I mentioned, sugar, caffeine, lack of exercise, maybe those are things in sha Allah that are helping and asking Allah azza wa jal also in sha Allah for assistance.

01:22:56--> 01:23:10

And I'm allowing my local community would have various brothers reciting a one to two per day of the Quran after so that will also and this will be streamed live on social media, then we would have one for on on the 29th

01:23:12--> 01:23:22

of Ramadan. Is this a good practice? So in Ramadan, my local community would have various brothers reciting one Jews per day of the Koran and what you just sitting and listening.

01:23:23--> 01:23:36

So you're just basically sitting and listening. I mean, sitting and listening to the Quran is wonderful and is beautiful, right? And as if you are listening to the Quran, and if you are reading the Quran, that's beautiful handling.

01:23:38--> 01:24:13

So some of the Sahaba they would do this, you know, when they would sit together, they would do this, you know, they would ask somebody to recite the Quran and they would listen, then somebody else would recite them, they would listen, so they could do this inshallah. So this is fine. inshallah. So, this is like, or similar to the pattern that you will do internally, when you're following the email. You're basically is Lou, you are listening to them. So if you're sitting and you're listening in sha Allah, that's beautiful as well. Right? So in a sense, it's hotter by listening to it. But I hope in sha Allah that we're doing the what also we are reading it as well.

01:24:14--> 01:24:28

So I'm not just listening to the Koran and listening and I'm reading, right, so I have my own portion of recitation. And I'm also listening to it in sha Allah so if you want to listen, that's beautiful and wonderful.

01:24:30--> 01:24:37

Now I'm so two questions in sha Allah. There's one question from actually two questions from last week someone asked and I hope that they are here

01:24:38--> 01:24:43

about injections and Ramadan. And they specifically asked about the beat 12 injection.

01:24:44--> 01:24:59

So after doing some research and hamdulillah The short answer to this question is that Allahu Allah be 12 injection does not invalidate your fast. So if you have to take it, and it's prescription, I know that some people are prescribed that

01:25:00--> 01:25:03

A medication, that it does not invalidate your fast.

01:25:04--> 01:25:16

This is a lot, right? Because scholars, when they're discussing injections in general, vaccines are included in that they distinguish between what brings nutrients to the body and what does not.

01:25:18--> 01:25:55

So something that is medicinal, that does not bring nutrients like sugar or like water to the body, but only is medicinal. They don't consider a lot of scholars that they don't consider that to be an invalidate, or of the fast. But if you are being injecting into your body, especially into your bloodstream, sugar or water, well, that does affect your fasting. So it does invalidate it. But otherwise, they say it doesn't, as I understand in sha Allah, and if I'm wrong, you need to correct me, especially if you're listening to it, that the B 12 injection goes into the muscle that doesn't go into the bloodstream.

01:25:56--> 01:26:14

And because of that will low alum right? Some scholars have said that no, it does not invalidate the fast, especially if you need it. Now we can say if you can delay it, or if you can have it at night, that's even better and better. But if you cannot, alright, if you cannot, then insha Allah, it does not invalidate the fast.

01:26:15--> 01:26:27

There's another question in sha Allah. That's an interesting question as well, which is what somebody have asked, he says, some people practice the following. If they want to detect tested,

01:26:28--> 01:26:30

what they do is they bring chili.

01:26:32--> 01:26:34

And they think they just pass it around the person.

01:26:35--> 01:27:06

And then they take it after passing it around that person and they burn it. And if it has no smell, it has said or I don't I'm not really sure which one it is. If there's no smell to it, it means that there's hazard that that person has been envied. If there is smell to it, meaning if it smells like spice means you know, you're fine, you're healthy. But if it has no smell to it, after you burn it, it means that you've been envied. So this is a detection of hazard. So the question was, is this a valid way of detecting hazard?

01:27:07--> 01:27:22

And the person who has asked the question he said, when I tell people that this is invalid, or this wrong, they'll say what is wrong with it? We use x ray to detect broken bones, MRI to detect problems in the body.

01:27:23--> 01:27:25

What's the difference between this and that?

01:27:27--> 01:27:37

And that is really an interesting question. You don't have a lot. So if you if you ever thought of this, or encountered it or know people, I've done this, it's important inshallah, for you to understand.

01:27:38--> 01:27:40

That is the last thing charlo will be talking about.

01:27:43--> 01:27:47

x rays and MRIs and what have you, right are scientific.

01:27:49--> 01:28:02

And they examine and they detect physical ailments in the body, things that you can actually detect. You can investigate, you can cure physical, and it's related to science, its investigative,

01:28:03--> 01:28:04

has said,

01:28:05--> 01:28:09

Does it belong to the world of Shahada, or world of hype?

01:28:11--> 01:28:16

Is it a physical ailment? Or is it let's call it a spiritual element.

01:28:18--> 01:28:31

It's not a physical ailment. Like mean, if you take the person who has has said, and you know, you take him to the doctor, the doctor will know all the tests in the world that they may not know what is wrong with them, there's nothing they'll tell you, there's nothing wrong with him.

01:28:32--> 01:28:45

Or they will detect that there is an ailment but why it came, they don't know why it came, because has said belongs to the world of the unseen. He cannot detect it with x rays or MRIs or what have you. How can you detect it?

01:28:47--> 01:28:47

You cannot?

01:28:49--> 01:28:50

You cannot.

01:28:51--> 01:29:10

There's How can you take a piece of chili and think that that particular piece somehow is connected to the world of the unseen, where if you do certain movements or do something with it, somehow it gets translated into expressing what is happening in elite. There's absolutely no connection between this and

01:29:12--> 01:29:15

it's an invalid false connection.

01:29:16--> 01:29:32

You say, Well, what happens? Why is it that sometimes when we burn it, it has no says, smell to it? We say Allahu Allah, why. And if you're doing it, it might be the case that the shaitan or the jinn are involved in this issue.

01:29:34--> 01:29:52

That's when they see that you're doing something that is displeasing to Allah, or you're doing it because they inspired it or because they want you to do it. They'll interfere in this process, and they'll redirect it. And they may take away that smell, we don't know the limit of their power.

01:29:53--> 01:30:00

But when you're doing something like this, you're transgressing, and you're entering a realm that you do not understand.

01:30:00--> 01:30:15

I do not understand, honoring it falsely without guidance from Allah, his prophets, Allah, Allah He was in the know. Think about it, if detecting hazard was so easy, what in the Prophet sallallahu wasallam had told us about it? Why should we suffer?

01:30:17--> 01:30:37

and wonder is this hazard or not? If it is as easy as taking a piece of chili, or any piece of fruit or any piece of vegetables, and doing something with it, and immediately discovering that this has has it, wouldn't the Prophet sallallahu cinema told us about it, if this is a valid way of discovering hesa the fact that he didn't say anything about it tells us this is false.

01:30:38--> 01:31:24

So you cannot know based on these physical kind of experimentations, whether this is hazard or not, how do you know? You know, by asking Allah xuejun by making do up by reading, and what are we that and putting it on your body and putting it on his body by reading myopia. And as you are doing it, especially if a person is off to you, and he has experience, but as you are doing it, you're noticing improvement, you're noticing specific signs, you're the person who reads rockier, after some time will be able to notice some signs that they associate with people have has said, particular healed over here, particular ailment over there, they will notice it based on experience.

01:31:26--> 01:32:11

But it's only after experience. And I've only after reading the Koran, and correlating the reading of the Oran with what happens to this person with the fact that they have been cured. Only then they develop that know how and that knowledge. But there is absolutely no connection between burning something. And discovering that you and I have been envied or not. Again, science is different. Science is based on experimentation, right, verification, and repeat. And there's actual physical connection between what I'm seeing in an X ray, and what I discovered in that body. And I know why I can see the bones of this person. I know why, through the X ray. Scientifically, it makes sense.

01:32:12--> 01:32:20

Surely discovering has said, makes absolutely no sense. not scientifically. What's the connection? And not even religiously?

01:32:21--> 01:32:37

And if this makes no sense, the only remaining explanation is that the shavon or the jinn are behind it. Because if they can get you to do things like that, they can drive you today for it to do for the things that upset Allah zildjian blindly.

01:32:38--> 01:32:49

So we say to people in sha Allah, if don't panic, if you're afraid of hazard, don't be desperate and try or let people around you try

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unsanctioned things, to to either detect it or treat it. Okay?

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Okay, the first cause of hazard could be immediate family members, absolutely, they can. That's why it's important to say Baraka Baraka, Allah, Allah, Allah, may Allah bless this for you, bless that for you. But if you're just afraid of her said, know that Allah is with you, and he had given you tools to protect from it and to treat it. Cuando la Hakuna orderable Fela Kula develop a nurse is more powerful than any piece of chili that anybody can bring. These are the words of Allah azza wa jal and his protection you are afraid. Keep reading that blowing it on your hand blowing it over your body, keep reading it Lord in water and drink it, keep doing it. Allah will take the vanilla

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soda that hazard away. But don't panic and do things that complicate your matter just because of a small problem that you suspect that you could have you let somebody do things that upset a lot so that they could bring the gin into your home and into your practice. And now you're not only do you have headset, you have gin around there are playing with you. So that is very, very foolish insha Allah and so now as one of us should not be so brazen and so arrogant and say, Well, this is like x ray. And he somehow Allah speak if you know what you're talking about. Otherwise, if you misguide people, and you introduce harm to them, you'd be responsible for it. So I hope inshallah I know that

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I've taken more time than I usually do. But it was an interesting question and shall we just wanted it to be properly answered.

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fix things the right way inshallah they will be fixed. Seek a crooked way and you're just going to make things worse. So being the last surgeon that hamdulillah we will

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meet you in sha Allah for the final session in the series next week in sha Allah on Saturday at 815. We'll talk in sha Allah about how to fast

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and the time of COVID and how to overcome fatigue in

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life.

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of

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lack of motivation, and hopefully insha Allah will be able to set better goals for ourselves and our families. Baraka low FICO May Allah azza wa jal enable us to reach the month of Ramadan to enjoy it to be happy with it and to receive maximum benefit from it. We ask a lot of but I mean to make us of those who are forgiven in the month of Ramadan who fast the month of Ramadan amen and like the server and pray night prayer in Ramadan, amen and what the server and who have their door accepted in the month of Ramadan Allah allow us to fast as your profits a lot he was sitting them used to fast allow us to ascend in levels of fasting allow us to be generous with our fasting and in it and

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with people around us. Allow us to fill our times in the month of Ramadan with our a lot of Eva and allow us era Bell Allah mean to be blessed and to bless others thought hold on in normal law, I mean, does not come low here We ask Allah to bless you all in your families and the home of Mohammed Salah law it was send me Allah correct our intention and May Allah zildjian elevate us in this dunya and in the fdlr just mohila we conclude by saying Suppan at alarm, I will be handing a shadow either in the interest of Furukawa to buoy Lake hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salam alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh