Quran Tafseer – Page 23 – Qualities of Prophet Muhammad Muhammad
Channel: Ahsan Hanif
Series: Ahsan Hanif - Quran Tafseer
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so now we're Alec rahmatullahi wa barakato Smilla Rahmanir Rahim hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa ala athlete but to have been on our doing a lot of Lolly mean why should the Allah you know LA Allah Who are the hula Sharika hula hula Valina would appear in or should I do and then a Vienna Mohamed Abdul Hora su Mustafa Al Amin Allahumma salli wa sallim wa barik ala I'm Dakota sadaqa Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi Marina miband Welcome to another episode of Out of seal page by page and inshallah to Allah today we are upon on the second page of the second Jews of the Quran page number 23 Surah Al Baqarah. In the previous episode, Allah subhanaw taala we mentioned the verses concerning the
story of the changing of the Qibla the direction of prayer from Beto Noctus, in Jerusalem to the Kaaba in Mecca. And we mentioned how this was a cause of consternation of cause of problem for the disbelievers of that time, whether it be from the machete came from the disbelievers of the Mecca and the Arabs in general, or whether the Jewish tribes of Medina or the Muna, Philippine the hypocrites that were residing in Arabia, these groups of people had an issue with the fact that the legislation was changed that you were following. As we said, the Muslims were praying towards Jerusalem, from the beginning of Assam all the way up to about a year and a half approximately, in
the medina period. And then Allah azza wa jal not commanded him to face towards the Qibla this cause for them problems and issues and they rejected it and Allah azza wa jal contrast this with the believers who willingly accept and willingly submit themselves to the commands of Allah subhana wa Tada Allah azza wa jal at the beginning of page number 23. He will mention to us that the real issue here is not the issue of the changing of the Qibla that is one example of a commandment of Allah subhanaw taala. It is one tiny aspect of the Sharia of Allah azza wa jal, but when they make it into such a big issue, it is a sign that points to the larger issue. And that is the rejection of the
worship of Allah subhanaw taala and the acceptance of Islam and the rejection of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that is the bigger issue here. And that is why Allah subhanaw taala at the beginning of page number 23.
In verse number 146, Allah subhanaw taala says, our women lie in a shape on the regime, Latina Latina woman Kitab ARD foreigner who are the foreigner
at home, what inevitably mean whom like to Munna will have power whom yada moon, those who give scripture, or those to whom We gave the Scripture, know it as well as they know their own sons. Those Allah azza wa jal, Sal says those people who are given the Scripture, the people of the past the People of the Book, they know it, as well as they know.
As well as they know their own children, meaning they know the truthfulness that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has come with the revelation that he is committed is truly the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, that what he brings is truly the revelation of Allah subhanaw taala. They know it and recognize it, as well as they will recognize their own children, just as you when it comes to your son, your daughter, your children, you don't need to be told much you know, already who your children are. And that's why sometimes, you know, a parent can can recognize or a close family member can recognize another family member from the back of their heads, even if
they're facing away from you can just see from the shape of their body from the way that they you can see and recognize, oh, that's actually my father, my mother, my son, my daughter, my brother, my sister. And sometimes for example, if a sister's wearing a full hijab, and jilbab and niqab and she's completely covered, a husband can recognize his wife, a child to recognize their mother dressed in that way because of how familiar they are with them, even if they are covered up or they are distance or they're not facing towards them. Allah azza wa jal says that because of the message or because of the signs that they will give it in their scriptures, of the coming of the messenger
of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they know him and recognize him, as well as they will recognize their own children. And that is why those from amongst them who were true and sincere, the likes of for example, what have you been Nofal the cousin of Khadija Radi Allahu Allah. When revelation first came, when the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam comes to him and he tells him what he experienced in the mansion of Hera in the cave. What occurred immediately accepts this. He doesn't say no, but I'm older. O'Brien more learned or I've read the, the gospel and the Torah. He accepts because he recognizes instinctively that this is the truth. And he knows that it is the
truth because of the scriptures that he was.
steady before this message came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Likewise when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came to Medina, Abdullah Abdul Salam wa the Allah Who and the companion that we mentioned, who was from the learning Jewish, learned men of the Jewish community of Medina, he came and he accepts Islam as well when he saw the truthfulness of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, we have examples of the likes of some manual fallacy, or the Allahu Akbar, a Christian who's going from Rabbi to Rabbi for monk to McKenna long winded journey until eventually ends up in Medina, or because he's been told that there is a prophet that's coming and
you'll find him in the lens of Arabia, and he doesn't have much information. But eventually he arrives in Medina, and he sees the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he sees upon him the signs that attest to his truthfulness that he had found within the scriptures of old and he accepts Him. And so Allah azza wa jal says we're indifferent for minimum, but there will always be a group from amongst them, like to moon and the Moon who will hide the truth that they know. And they know that it is the truth. So when someone knows that it is true, and they reject it, when someone knows that this is what Allah commands but they still refuse to accept it. That is a symptom of a greater
issue. And that is the symptom of their disbelief in Allah subhanaw taala and their rejection of Allah azza wa jal and his and his worship subhanaw taala. And that is why Allah azza wa jal says in verse number 147, al hakomi, Rob Baker further tekun and minimum telling, the truth is from your Lord. So do not be from amongst those who adapt. Allah subhanaw taala is telling us that the truth is that which Allah azza wa jal sense, it is enough for the believer, when a command comes to them, to know that it is from Allah. Even if you don't understand you don't know the wisdom. You can't make sense of it logically, it doesn't seem to compute within with your brain, all of those things
are secondary, isn't really enough to know that there is the truth from your Lord, that if it comes from Allah azza wa jal, surely it must be the truth. And if it is the truth, and surely within it, there is guidance and blessing and mercy and reward, it is the means of salvation. So the believer, even if certain aspects will be more difficult, because of their desires, because of their background, because of the pressures of society or the communities that they live in, they know that it is the truth from the Lord. So the people of Makkah, who had one of these, the Muslims in the early days of Mecca, and even in Medina, what all of these pressures around them, pressures of
society, pressures of economy, pressures of peer pressure, all of those issues that are facing them, when the Command of Allah azza wa jal came, they accepted why because they knew al Hakuna robic The truth is from your Lord, and so they would not be from amongst those who doubt and those who question and those who refuse.
In verse 148, Allah azza wa jal says will equal you with your hat on who are more knee fosterville Ziraat a nematic Whoa. Typical Manila who Jamia in Allah, Allah colletion in Cadiz, each community has its own direction to which it turns. As we said before in the last episode, every religion has its direction that it faces, some people Jerusalem, some people Mecca some people elsewhere, they have their directions. This issue therefore, when the people in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam criticized and oppose this directed from Allah subhanaw taala. It is not just the issue of the changing of the Qibla but rather it is the rejection of Allah, the rejection of his
revelation and the messenger, the prophethood of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So Allah subhanaw taala says As for you are believers, for stebic will hire rat race to do whatever good deeds you can, wherever you are. That is the way of the Muslim for STEM equal hire ought to do good. And the word is the back means to race compete with one another. You can only have a Musab account when there is more than one person involved. You can't race yourself, you can't compete against yourself. You compete when there's normally one or more other people around you. And Allah azza wa jal is saying you amongst yourselves, the believers, and with the others race and compete in the
accomplishment and in the attainment of good deeds that are pleasing to Allah subhanaw taala. And so I will racing and competing for the dunya which is something which is part and parcel of this life, where you compete with others in your career, in your in your jobs, in your positions and in the materialistic issues of the dunya. Allah azza wa jal is saying for the believer, let him turn his focus to competing for the Acura for racing towards what is pleasing to Allah subhanaw taala racing towards accumulating good deeds and good reward, a nama to Kunal yet to become Allah Who Jamia for wherever you are Allah subhana wa Tada will surely bring all of you together, meaning he will
resurrect you all wherever you happen to die in whichever manner you will die because we know in the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that there are Hadith that speak about how people who are cremated
And the Ashes, ashes were scattered in the wind on the ocean and inland, Allah azza wa jal will gather them together and He will resurrect them. So a person who's cremated a person who's drowned, a person who's lost a person who's who for example, is, is eaten or devoured by a by a animal or whatever it may be. All of those people Allah azza wa jal will gather. And on Yeoman to Yama, every single person that live from the time of Adam and Eve CERAM, to the very last human that Allah azza wa jal creates, all of them will be resurrected and brought together before Allah subhanaw taala for indeed Allah azza wa jal has power to do all things. Allah subhanaw taala then in verse 149, he
repeats the command that we mentioned in the last verse. So in the last verse, Allah azza wa jal in the last episode rather, Allah subhanaw taala gave a command to the prophets of Allah and He will send them and the Muslims by extension, that they should face the direction of the tribler. The Qibla is changing. So face the direction of the Masjid Al haram. Allah azza wa jal now for the second time, we'll repeat this very command. Allah azza wa jal says in verse 149, women hate to call Roger deaf I will never Johanna shutaura, al Masjid Al haram, were in the hotel hakomi Rob big, warm Allah who will be laughing in maroon, wherever you may have started out, then turn your face in the
direction of the sacred mosque. This is the truth from your Lord is not unaware of what you do, from the things that Allah azza wa jal made easy for us in this religion is that the whole of the Earth is a place of prayer. As the Prophet told us and Allah while he was salam, from the things that he will that will made easy or that were made special for him. were generally that real herbal Mr. Motta hora. This earth is a place of purification, meaning that if you can't find water, you can use the grant make to Yemen, and it was a place of prayer with a few exceptions, as we know, in the books of faith, but generally speaking, if you're out at a park, or you're in a shopping center, or
you're traveling, you're on, you're on a plane wherever you are, you can stop and you can pray when it is the time of Salah. And so Allah azza wa jal says wherever you happen to be, then face the direction of a Masjid Al haram. This is a command from Allah subhanaw taala that is repeated, as we said, for the second time in this passage, for indeed it is the truth from your Lord. It is the truth from ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada and Allah azza wa jal is not unaware of that which you do.
Then in verse 50, Allah subhanaw taala will repeat this command for a third time. So it has been emphasized repeated three times. In this particular passage. Allah azza wa jal says women hate to call Raja for When Li what you have to shout early Masjid Al haram. Well, how you format Tom furlough Joe How come shutaura Wherever you may have started out, turn your face in the direction of a Masjid Al haram, the secret Mosque in Mecca wherever any of you may be, then turn your face towards it as well. And Allah subhanaw taala gives a repeat command here in this one verse. What firstly addressing the prophets of Allah or you send them directly woman Hazel hollow Gita farewell
Lee what you have, when you are messenger of Allah wherever you may be, then you turn your face and the second time why you couldn't tomb wherever you collectively meaning all Muslims are for when no would you how come the new also collectively turn your face towards the direction of Al Masjid Al haram in Mecca. The Allah cornering nurse Yardi jetten Illa Levine Avila Moomin home so that those people who have no argument against you,
except for the wrongdoers amongst them, so that they will be so that they may have no argument against you except for the wrongdoers amongst them. Allah azza wa jal Why don't you repeat this command three times as we said this incident caused issues caused issues for the non Muslims that were living in that region that time and also it was a test for the believers in terms of the Eman in terms of the submitting to Allah subhanaw taala as well. And because of this, Allah azza wa jal repeats the command three times to show that this is something which is final, that is not just something which is temporary, not just something which you do for a few days and weeks and then you
go back, it is to show that this is the command of Allah subhanaw taala That is final, and that Allah azza wa jal commands as he wishes subhanaw taala and his legislation is final. And it shows therefore that if it is beneficial to repeat something, a number of times as the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would do when He would be given command or you would be teaching sometimes you would repeat something three times in order to emphasize it and that is something which you find here now as a principle in the Quran, and that is what often in our two hours, for example, in Ramadan in The Witcher pray, you will often hear the Imam making a DUA and repeating it three times.
That repetition is for emphasis, it was a repetition to show in that particular instance and scenario a need for from Allah subhanaw taala for the DUA to be
Ansar Allah azza wa jal says less than two people should have an argument over you. As we mentioned in the last episode, the argument being referred to here over the Muslims is that the people of the Jews and the Christians would say that these Muslims are kind of following us. They're trailing behind trying to copy us trying to emulate us, and that's why they face our qibla in Jerusalem, whereas the Mushrikeen of the Arabs, the pagans of Makkah and Arabian General was saying, what kind of religion is this that claims to honor the Kaaba King claims to honor the Haram things to honor and follow in the footsteps of Ibrahim Ali salaam, and they have disregarded the Kaaba. So Allah
subhanaw taala. They just stated that the prayer should be done towards the camera. And we know that from the great wisdoms and blessings of this is that the Muslims will make the Kaaba, the holiest place is the place where we go for pilgrimage for Umbra and for Hajj. And so therefore, everything in our religion in terms of those may amazing and major acts of worship are centered around the Kaaba. And so Allah subhanaw taala made this a place that is exclusively for the Muslims, whereas Jerusalem as we know, the Muslims really cling to it, the Jews they came to it, the questions they came to it, it is a place that has venerated sites for of those religions. However, the Kaaba, no
one else listening to it, no other regional teams and says that we have a portion of it or not a portion of it, it is something which Allah azza wa jal made specifically for the Muslims. And that is where Allah subhanaw taala says commanding the believers then fell out of show Mark shown, so do not fear them, but rather fear me Allah says, Don't worry about what they say. Don't worry about the the issues and the arguments and the justifications. Don't worry about the debates that they want to have with the criticism that they leveled against you and your religion, rather, Allah azza wa jal, and this is an amazing command from Allah subhanaw taala.
Because how often are we in a situation for example, where we're in public, and it's not the time to pray? And we can find the space and we can find a place to pray? But because there's people around us people may look at us fondly, or people may it's not, you know, and it's safe for us to pray. I'm not saying it's a place that may be dangerous, or it's not wise to pray that place. No, it's a place that is perfectly safe Inshallah, to pray, but we choose not to do so. Because we know that people may look down upon us or that people will look at us in a funny way. That is a choice that we have. And so we choose whether we want to fear Allah azza wa jal more in that regard, or other than Allah
subhanaw taala. And you can see the same in every single instance of a similar nature. Often we're given over in a situation we're in a scenario where we have this choice, do what is pleasing to Allah, or choose what is pleasing towards others. Sometimes those others are our own family members. And so that makes it extremely difficult. Sometimes it's a relatives and our friends and our neighbors, so that pressure is there. Sometimes it is society in general. Sometimes it is our own desires because we want one for we want position or we want Korea and we know that as a result of it, we will be doing certain things that are displeasing to Allah subhanaw taala Allah azza wa jal
says for our talk show, why do you feel them for that show whom we're showing the power of the field, Allah subhanaw taala and then Allah concludes this verse 151, ot many Matteotti Kumala and lecom don't, and so that I may perfect my favor upon you, and that you may be guided to fear Allah azza wa jal to follow the Command of Allah subhanaw taala. To do that which is pleasing to Allah azza wa jal, it is always, always from the blessing of Allah subhanaw taala and it is always the path of guidance. So the path of guidance is always to choose that which is pleasing to Allah subhanaw taala because by doing so, you have turned to Allah azza wa jal and gone towards Allah
subhanaw taala Allah azza wa jal in verse 151 He continues, and he says, karma Olson fee come rosulip come yet lewrie Come area Tina will use a key comma you are Lemo communicator but will it matter where you are Nemo come when you are Nemo command M Chacoan. Otter anemone, just as we have sent amongst you a messenger of your own, to recite our revelations to you purify you, and teach you the Scripture and wisdom and other things that you do not know. Meaning that just as Allah azza wa jal as you said in the previous verse, What do you think many materiality come? Well, I don't, just as Allah bestowed His blessings upon you that you may be guided, then likewise did Allah azza wa jal
also send upon you one of his greatest lessons, and that is the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Allah azza wa jal has blessed us from the greatest of Allah's blessing is to show us the path to guidance. So when Allah says pray in this way, fast in this way, these are the actions these are the actions that are most pleasing to Allah subhanaw taala that is from the blessings of Allah azza wa jal and the paths of guidance and from the greatest blessings of Allah, because there is not just one or two or three or a limited number of blessings that Allah has bestowed upon us from the greatest of Allah's blessings is that he sent to you a Messenger from amongst you
If you know him by his family and his lineage, you know him in terms of his upbringing and his character. You know him in terms of his truthfulness, his honesty, his integrity, he sent from you a messenger that will recite to you from our verses from the Quran that he was given from the verses that Allah azza wa jal sent to him to show the path of guidance and show how to stay away from his guidance show to the path that is pleasing to Allah azza wa jal and shows you how to stay away from the paths that are displeasing to Allah subhana wa Tada. And what does that revelation do? What does that teaching do? Us a key come, it purifies you, in your character, in your soul in your heart in
your dealings. It purifies you and makes you better and greater then others. Others around you while you are Lemo communicator by will hikma and ALLAH and he said Allah azza wa jal says that he teaches you from the Book and the wisdom, the wisdom being the Sunnah, or being the understanding of the Sharia and its wisdoms and its rulings and so on. When you are Lemo, Kemal EMTA Kulu Taleban and he will teach you much of that which you do not know, because we know that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam bought for us knowledge that no other prophet of Allah was given in terms of human piano and in terms of the paradise in the fire. And in terms of the stories of the nations that came
before all of this knowledge of the Unseen that was given to our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So Allah azza wa jal, then, in the final two verses on this page, page number 23, he gives us a command of how we should do this, because it is difficult to always worship Allah to look for the path of guidance, to always constantly be the one who fears a lot of fears others, so Allah subhanaw taala will give to us four things in these last two verses that we can do, and they are amazing in each and every single one of them in their own right. The first to Allah azza wa jal mentions investment 52 further koroni of core commercial Buruli while at full moon, Allah says so
remember me I will remember you from the greatest ways of always doing that which is pleasing to Allah azza wa jal is to constantly be in the remembrance of Allah subhana wa Tada and Allah azza wa jal promises that those who remember him, Allah will remember them. If you remember Allah azza wa jal and you're mindful of Allah subhanaw taala Allah remembers you meaning Allah will give you His divine aid and his divine assistance, Allah will bless you Allah will show His mercy and forgiveness upon you. And even when you do, you do make mistakes you fall into sin, Allah subhanaw taala will guide you towards the path of Toba and repentance. That's the first thing make the vicar of Allah
azza wa jal from the moment that you wake up remember Allah subhanaw taala until the moment that you sleep at night, remember Allah azza wa jal by reciting the Quran by making dua by making the ADKAR by saying Subhan Allah, and hamdulillah La Ilaha illa Allah Allahu Akbar, now Hola Hola, Quwata illa biLlah all of the different cards that we have. And if you're diligent in your car of the morning, the evening, the bathroom, the house, the masjid, all of these different ADKAR under eyes that we have, then you're constantly remembering Allah azza wa jal, and being mindful of him, and Allah subhanaw taala those who remember him in times of ease, Allah remembers them in times of difficulty,
and those who remember Allah azza wa jal openly amongst others, Allah subhanaw taala remembers them openly in a company that is better than any company upon Earth. The second thing which cruelly Wella took full moon, be thankful to Allah and never be ungrateful. thank Allah for his blessings. thank Allah for his guidance. thank Allah for the Quran and for the prophets of Allah, Allah he will send him thank Allah that He allowed you to go to the tour to understand his religion, to follow his journey or to follow His commands thank Allah azza wa jal, that when the vast majority of mankind are in darkness and misguidance, Allah chose you. And he gave you that blessing of guidance and the
blessing of light.
In the final verse on this page in 153, Allah subhanaw taala mentions the other two things that we can do. Allah azza wa jal says yeah, you are living in a monastery you will be somebody was solder in Allah ma saw beauty in all you who believed seek help through patience and steadfastness and through salah and prayer.
Allah azza wa jal tells us that one of the greatest ways that we can overcome the challenges of the dunya remain steadfast upon the region of Allah subhanaw taala follow through on the commandments of Allah azza wa jal is to embody patients within us to be people steadfastness. One of the biggest issues is that we lacked patients that were very easy, easily swayed. There were people who when we see the first sign of discomfort or trial or difficulty or pain or test were people who want to run away and want to just kind of give up and that is not the trait of the believers throughout the Quran or throughout the Sunnah. We have countless examples of prophets of Allah, and in our case,
the companions of the Prophet salallahu Alaihe
Senator as well, of how they had to remain steadfast and patients in the face of harm in the face of oppression in the face of people who oppose them openly and vinyle. Many of us are very fortunate that we live in countries and places where we can worship our religion for the most part without any difficulty without any obstruction. We don't have fear of our families and our safety and our wealth and so on and we can worship Allah subhana data to the best of our ability. But even if that wasn't the case, we people have patience, patience when you're worshiping Allah azza wa jal patients, but staying away from the Haram and the disobedience of Allah and patients with all of Allah's decrees,
and that which Allah azza wa jal puts in your way in terms of tests and hardships, challenges, and turn to Allah azza wa jal in Salah, because the salah is the link between Allah azza wa jal and between us, the salah is the place where you turn to Allah in dua, and Quran and in the Quran, you ask Allah azza wa jal and Allah subhanaw taala blesses you as a result of that surah in the Prophet telesign Allah Allah Allah will send them to the closest place that we can lead to Allah azza wa jal in this world is when we're in sujood accruable Maria Kunal Abdul Mirabai wa was charged once you're making sujood that is the closest place to Allah subhanaw taala. So the believer seeks contentment
seeks help, seeks peace, seeks blessing through the Salah, and through patience, look at these amazing, amazing actions that Allah azza wa jal recommends that we perform vicar gratitude, patience, Sada and Allah subhanaw taala after telling us that, yes, sometimes you will have opposition, difficulty challenge hardship people that oppose you, people that may want to harm you turn to Allah azza wa jal because those who are with Allah subhanaw taala can never be defeated. If Allah azza wa jal is with them. And so long as you turn to Allah azza wa jal, sincerely, Allah subhanaw taala will never forsake you. The common denominator between all of them is that it
requires patience, these four things, all of them require patience, they require you to constantly be mindful and constantly make the inner struggle and strive make the energy had of wanting to worship Allah subhanaw taala and come closer to him and every tenant Raymond shape on comes all your desires attempt to overpower you, then you turn away from them and you turn back to Allah subhanaw taala and that is why Allah azza wa jal concludes this verse by saying in Allah ma sabihin, indeed Allah is with the patient. And that is an amazing end to this verse, that Allah subhanaw taala is saying he is with them. And if Allah is with you, that you can possibly oppose him, who can defeat
you, even if all of the world and everyone in existence stood opposed to you, but Allah azza wa jal was with you that How could Allah How could you ever be defeated? And that is why the prophets of Allah wa alayhi wa sallam told us in a number of a hadith that those people who are with Allah, Allah subhanaw taala is with us and those who remember Allah, Allah azza wa jal remembers them when Allah subhanaw taala makers from the people of patience and remembrance, and the people of Salah and gratitude. BarakAllahu li Kun was alarmed maybe the moment he was being sent to law he was