Channel: Ahsan Hanif
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smilla rahmanir rahim
al hamdu lillahi
wa Naruto billahi min showlion fusina amin CR Dr. Marina Maja de la Fernando de la
mejor De La Hoya shadow Allah Hi, Allahu Allah, Allah, wa shadow Nana bnmc Donna Mohammed Abdullah Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam Mahabharata early,
early he was succubi he was seldom at the Sleeman kathira
last week's lesson of blowhole muram
we concluded the chapter of although we took a number of a hadith that spoke about a number of issues the first of them was the issue of the order in which there is from the pillars of Budo that a person when they make Wardle must wash everything within a set order. That is mentioned by Allah subhana wa Taala in the verse of Moodle and Sora to nyda. As mentioned in the Hadith that we took last week, in which the prophets on alarm were they he was seldom said begin with that which Allah began with. One of the other issues that we spoke about last week was the issue of saying the best Mullah saying the test Mia, before the widow, is there an obligation is there a condition that a
person before they make, although they invoke the name of Allah subhanho wa Taala. They say Bismillah or they say Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. And we mentioned the difference of opinion amongst the scholars concerning that under the correct opinion is that it is a highly recommended so now, the third issue that we took was the description of how to wash your nose and your mouth, your mouth and your nose. When it comes to Moodle. We mentioned that there were two conflicting reports One of them was weak. And that was the report in which is attributed to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that he would wash them separately, he would wash his mouth and then he would take separate
water for his nose. So he said what is more authentic and what is more established from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was that he would use one word or one cup or handful of water for both for both the mouth and the nose and he would split between the two. One of those issues we took as well was one of the other pillars of Moodle and that is something which is known as moulana you ensure that nothing dries before you wash the next limb that the previous limb hasn't dried before you wash the next limb. And that is mentioned in a number of Ahadi from them as the Hadith that we talked about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam ordering the man who didn't wash his feet
properly to go back and to repeat his widow.
And then the two final ideas we took one was concerning how much water the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam would use in his water. And the last issue was concerning the dryer that we make at the end of
today's lesson inshallah, we will go on to the next chapter as the author Rahim. Allah says if Mahajan, Berg will miss his fame, the chapter of wiping over the songs. This chapter is one of the most important chapters in the whole of the book of purification in kitahara. And the logical, if you like connection between this chapter and the chapter previously, the chapter Budo is there Now that we know how to make although according to the son of the Prophet sallallahu, he will send them the next thing that the author will now speak about is one of the concessions that is provided in the Sharia. So we know that throughout the Sharia, there are certain concessions. So if a person for
example is sick, they don't have to pray standing up, if the person is traveling, they can shorten and combine the prayer and so on and so forth. There are many concessions within the Sharia and there are concessions also in the book of purification in bahara. And the major concession that we will speak about later on is one of the chapters that will come later on is tmo. There is if a person is unable to find water, what does he do he makes the number discussed later on inshallah, in the appropriate place and at the appropriate time, but one of the other concessions that we have in Moodle isn't concerning will do itself, demo miserable widow as an entity as a whole act of worship.
You can't perform Moodle, you move on to tiamo. But there is another concession concerning will do which doesn't relate to do as a whole, but it relates to one of the pillars of Moodle, as there are six pillars of Moodle number one that you wish to face number two that you want to forearms number three, that you wipe over your head number four, that you wash the feet number five, that it's done in order and number six molalla
That you ensure that the limbs do not dry before you move on to the next limb. These are the six pillars of Moodle. One of those pillars has a concession that is mentioned within the Sharia of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And that is the concession that is dealt with within this chapter. And so the scholars of Islam and they would mention the chapter of Bordeaux, they would mention this chapter next, because it deals with a concession for one of those limbs. Whereas later on the Tim chapter will come. And there is a wider chapter in the sense that it deals with all of Budo and not just a single aspect. But this chapter Bible must have no faith in the chapter of wiping over the
socks is, is to do with washing the feet is a concession for washing the feet. So if a person washes their feet, then in that state of bahara, they brought some socks there now there is a concession in the Sharia that you don't have to wash your feet so long as you wear those socks. You can wipe over the socks instead. And this is a concession. Why is it concession because in the verses
where Allah azzawajal describes, although he doesn't mention this loss of Hannah with dialysis in the Koran, for the Zulu hakama El Camino Mirage, soco boo Sequim wa Jolla camino caravan, wash your faces, wash your forearms, wipe over your head and wash your feet until the ankles. So, this is the basic ruling in a standard Shelia I came with washing the feet, there is a you wash the feet until the ankles every time you make will do but then in the Sunnah of our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, there is a rasa concession. And this is a concession and it is something which Allah azzawajal has allowed for us to make lives easier for us to make these acts of worship easier for
us. And this is what concessions deal with to make things easy to facilitate ease for the man for the Muslims. And so long as original then gave us this roster this concession as is mentioned, in the Hadith that we will take another Hadith from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So this chapter deals with a concession, a concession pertaining to one of the pillars of Bordeaux and there is washing the feet.
This issue of washing the feet, the scholars call it LMS idle fame wiping over the socks must in the Arabic language means to wipe your hand over something. So when you wipe over something, when you touch something, this is must to wipe over something. But technically in the shadows are a means to wipe a wet hand over something. So obviously, when we're speaking about it, we're not just speaking about wiping in a general sense, we're speaking about it in the context of mobile. The hook in Arabic language, this word profane is the jewel for the word hope. And the hope in the Arabic language refers to something which covers your foot, up until or above the ankle. So anything which
covers your foot and is below the ankle, isn't technically in the Sharia considered to be a sock, nor is it considered to be a hole. And this is a mistake that some people make that they wear, these kind of sucks that you have now that are cut beneath the ankle, and then they wipe over them this is incorrect, it is not a technical hope. According to the Sharia, the hope is that which covers the foot wall of the foot, and it covers the ankle as well. And he may go above the ankle to pretty much cover at least this much the foot and the ankle, and it is something which is made normally out of leather. This was obviously during the time of our profits on a lot while he was selling something
which was normally made out of leather. And some of the spells of Islam allowed based upon this other types of socks as well. Socks made of polyester, cotton, wool and so on and so forth the socks that we wear today, and this is also based on a number of narrations that are also mentioned from our Prophet salaallah alayhi wa sallam that we will speak about in Sharla within this lesson, so, this is what it means to wipe over the socks.
It is a unique Chapter This chapter is a unique chapter, it is unique in a number of ways number one, in the sense that this is established this wiping over the socks even though it is a concession It is something which is water water is something which has been related to the extent that it is water, water, and the science of how the if when we have the narrations from our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they are categorized in a number of ways. One of the ways that they are categorized is the amount of people that narrated this from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. How many people narrated this narration from the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam. So you have
certain a hadith that only one person rated them. When you one person narrated this hadith from the other hand, if you will have two people or three people or for people, but then you get to a level which is known as tomato. And tomato basically means that so many people have narrated this a Hadith, this hadith that even if they want
to come together and lie, it would be impossible for them to do so, because they're just so many. So for example, if a person came in the gym,
and there's approximately two 3000 people in the room, and he mentioned something, and then those 3000 people were to go and to narrate that it would be impossible for them to collude, and to conspire to lie. Why? Because there's simply so many people once they leave the door, no one person knows exactly every single person that was present. No one has that record, to go to every single person to ensure that this is something which they can conspire upon. So likewise, in Hadith, you have this level of telar. Once he reaches a certain stage in so many companions, that are narrating this Hadith, it is impossible for them to even conspire, even if they wanted to, and obviously, the
companions are all trustworthy. So even if one narrates it is sufficient, but this is the strongest type of Hadith that a person can get. And that is a hadith which is known as Buddha water. It is narrated by so many companions. This, this these Hadith concerning wiping over the socks is not only established in the Sharia, in the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but it is established from over 70 companions of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam. And so in this sense, it is unique that on one issue, over 70 companions relate the same narration or the relate the same ruling. And how come of the Sharia. Normally, when you have many ahaadeeth, you won't get so many
companions discussing a single issue. You won't have so many companions, even the most famous Hadith, famous Hadith on will do and so on and so on. It won't reach up to the number of 17 they'll have five will have 10, maybe 15. You won't have so many. So it is unique in the sense of hustle and bustle, or Rahim Allah tala said I heard the narration of wiping over the songs from over 70 companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
Rahim Allah said that I completely agree with wiping over the substance narration is narrated in over 40 different headings. So the point is that so many companions generated What are this 40 4070 or a number in between? So many of the companions narrated this authentically from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. I'm the lead normobaric Rahim Allah one of the great scholars of Islam, one of the scholars of Hadith. He said that there is no difference of opinion amongst the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam over this issue, meaning that it is allowed, it is established, it was legislated. It is a part of our religion, that it is allowed for you to wipe
over your socks in Moodle, and Halima Ebner Monza was one of the famous followers of Islam. He said that there was a dramatic consensus of the Muslim scholars on this issue, that it is allowed for a person to do so, it is allowed whether the traveling over the resident is allowed, whether it was for men or for women, and he called us an issue of each man. So it is something which is unanimously agreed upon by the Spanish revolution novel jamara. That is something which is narrated by countless companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And there are many scholars who speak about this issue.
One of the other unique aspects of this chapter of Babel mishandle fame, is that it is one of the fewest one of the very rare issues that are mentioned that is mentioned in some of the books of NIDA, some of the books of creed and belief and theology. At the very beginning of this series, if you cast your minds back for those of you that were here, we spoke about the differentiation between Aveda and Phil, and the five pillars of Islam, four of them relate to fit, one of them relates to Africa. So the two Shahada is La ilaha illAllah. Muhammad Rasul Allah is RT there is theology is our belief, our creed, what we believe in, it is it has a different chapter, it is a different science
in Islam. And then you have the four remaining pillars, Salas, potassium and Hajj. And these four pillars relate to
the science of Islamic law and jurisprudence. And so, from these for any issue that we speak about, and the issues that we've spoken about so far, prayer will do most or all of these issues, they are all issues of faith, and only the scholars are the ones to discuss it in their books, whereas the scholars of APA won't discuss these issues. They won't speak about how to pray, they won't speak about how to make Google they won't speak about tm, but rather they will speak about a belief in Allah and belief in the angels of Allah and the books of Allah and believing in the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam on Yom Yom Yama and the different types of the heathen categories and so
on and so forth. And so it is unique in the sense that this is one of the few issues that has traveled from the
books have ended up in the books of APA. And that's why if you go to books like Sherlock, the halia, the famous book of ID number two, how he
he mentioned this issue within it. And
the reason Hanafi Rahim Allah is the person who explained this book, he goes at some length to explaining this issue as well. And there are other books of APA that also touch upon or speak about this issue of wiping over the socks. So for example in Mammoth Bahama, hola he says within his book of Africa, and we believe, meaning Hello tsunami, Gemini, we believe that it is from the Sharia that a person is allowed to wipe over their socks, either in traveling or in residence. And so he mentioned it as an issue of al Qaeda, not an issue of
why is it mentioned in the books of APA.
It is mentioned because it is something which the raw Phoebe's the she and I disagreed with this issue of wiping over the socks amongst the Rafi this year, it is not allowed for a person to wipe over their socks. In fact, they don't even wash their feet, they wipe over their bare feet. This is how they make the wipe over their bare feet. They don't consider it allowed to wash over the feet, nor do they consider it allowed to wipe over a sock they wipe over the bare feet. So the spanners have Arpita, to show not there is initial effect, but they have disagreed with the principle of APA. And that principle of APA is that all of our knowledge comes from Allah, and comes from His Prophet
salallahu alayhi wasallam. And it's not according to our own interpretation, as well also mentioned in one of the narrations, that Abraham's Rahim Allah brings within this chapter. It's not according to our own intellect or our own interpretation. It is according to the Quran and the Sunnah. And so because it was such a contentious issue amongst them, and they made it into an issue that they rejected not only this practice of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, but the mutawa generation, the 70 different companions generate this issue, they rejected it all. And then they misinterpreted it to be wiping over the barefoot. And so for that reason, the scholars of Africa
have mentioned it within the books of athletes as well. So, there is something which is important there is something which is probably one of the most important chapters of to understand and to know.
So, he begins with Heidi's number 53 and then mahira rhodiola one who Paul, come to man Nabi sallallahu, alayhi wa salam ala Fatah WA, truly angiography Fabiola de Houma, friendly and to whom upon your routine for most highly Hema motif upon it, would it automatically run hulan nursery and then the BSL Allahu alayhi wa sallam and masala houfy was Fela. Murphy is not he barf on the authority of a Madeira barra de la one who said that I was with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and he wanted to make mobile. So he went down meaning I bowed down to take off his whole his leather socks, he said to me, leave them for indeed I put them on in a state of purity. And then he
went over them Salalah where it will sell them. And this is collected on Bukhari and Muslim. And remember to the media Buddha would and even the manager they have a different narration, and that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam then wiped over the top and the bottom of his sock. And it says that in this chain of narration there is weakness. This Hadith is one of the most famous ahaadeeth in this chapter the hadith of and more
broadly Allahu wa
and it is the essence of it is in Al Bukhari and Muslim.
The second part of this Hadith, which is mentioned in the three books of the Sunnah, a Buddha was a chameleon even manager. This edition that is mentioned there is a week edition, it is week because one of the narrators is a week later. And so it is a week narration and we'll speak about this issue of wiping over the top of the stock or the bottom of the sunshine law. In the next Howdy. This Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam shows a number of things number one, that the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam were eager to serve the prophets of Allah when he was selling them. And so when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is making will do a movie
right now, that bends down, he bows down to go and take off the socks of the Prophet sallallahu and he will send them a look at the love the respect the way they revealed the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam that he would humble himself to that extent to serve the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that he would remove his socks for him. And so he went down to do this movie, Robin Sharma rhodiola one but the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa
seldom said, No give them. So this is an order, leave them. Number two that he said to him for Indeed, I wore them in a state of purification, meaning that I was in a state of weirdo when I put on these socks. And so this shows that number one, not only is established to make to wipe over the subs, according to some scholars, it is better to do so in the state in which you are wearing socks. So if you have made without, you're in a state of purification, you put on your socks, because either going to put on your shoes or you're leaving your house, and then you find that you have to make although again, you broke your windows. So you go to make will do again, it is better in this
state to make wiping over the socks to wipe over your socks, rather than to take off the socks and to wash your feet. And so the profits on the long run, he will sell them this is what happened to him. He was in a state of purification he put on his socks, but now we had to make water again.
And so mineral mahira, Sharma went to take off his socks, he could have allowed him to do so and then washed his feet. But he said to him leave them for indeed I put them on in a state of purification, showing that in this condition, it is better to wipe over the socks. And this is an issue among scholars of Islam, that they differ over what is better, is it better to wash the feet or wipe over the socks. And the strongest of the opinions as Rahim Allah mentions is that it depends on your condition. If it so happens that you're not wearing socks and you break your window, then it is obviously better for you to wash your feet. But if you happen to be out and about or you're
wearing socks and you break your window, then it is better for you to wipe over your socks. And that way he combined between all of the texts of the Sharia not just choosing one opinion over the other, but he combined between the two opinions. So whatever situation you're upon whatever is easiest for you. That's what you do. So if it's washing your feet to wash your feet, if it's wiping over your socks, you wipe over your socks, and this is why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said in the Hadith, that Allah azza wa jal loves that his concessions are taken. So this is a concession that Allah has provided to make things easier for us. So nobody goes against that concession. When you
take your socks off, you wash your feet, only to put your socks on again. And so therefore, it is better and it is an accordance to the Sunnah of our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that will be wiped over the feet.
So obviously, it is understood that the opposite of this, that if you're wearing your socks was not in a state of whoodle, you didn't make wudu but you just put on your socks, then it is obligatory upon you to remove them and to wash your feet. And by age man by consensus of the scholars, if you're not in a state of what do you put on your socks, your window is invalid unless you wash your feet, so you must wash your feet. So that is the awesome that is the original ruling. The Roth saw the concession only comes into play once you put on your socks in a state of purity.
As we mentioned, the the second edition, the edition that is mentioned in some of the books of the sunon is a week narration and that is that what is established from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is that you want over the top of the stock and not the bottom. So this narration is weak where you wipe over the two and inshallah we will mention this in the next Heidi.
Also, the sock has to cover all of the footage as we mentioned, that's the technical definition of a hole for a sock, you must cover the foot and the ankle at the bare minimum. This is what it must do. Now that doesn't mean that it can't have holes in it. So if for example, a sock has a hole in it, this is something which this fellows have also disagreed upon. But shuffle Islamic Tamia Rahim Allah He says that it is inconceivable that the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was sucks that didn't have holes in it, because they were so poor, and they lived in such abject poverty, that even if they could afford this, they would probably be walking in their socks. So if
they had hoofs, they wouldn't probably have sandals or shoes, they will probably be walking and traveling within their socks. And so therefore with wear and tear just as you are normal socks now, and after a few months, even these socks with shoes and padded shoes will still get holes in them or they'll be worn and torn litecoins those companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam with their socks, they would have the same issue. So therefore there is a difference between the two. The technical definition of a sock is that it must cover the foot and the ankle. But that doesn't detract from holes within the socks. If it so happens that there is a hole then that doesn't take
away from it being your host still allowed for you to wipe over it so long as it still is and resembled a sock. So if half the sock is ripped, and it's not even a sock anymore, right? But if there's a hole underneath or a hole on top, or maybe
He even two or three holes, then it is still and it is still a sub, you can wear it as a sock and it looks like a sock then it has the ruling of the sock as well. One of the benefits of it is how the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would help one another make will do
something which we normally need now because of taps and so on. But if you're traveling and you have companions with you, and you have water bottles, and that's the only way you make although it is from etiquette is from helping one another in beer and a taqwa in piety and righteousness, that you help one another make, meaning that you pour water for one another, and so on. It is from the son of a prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had his number 54 one Ali unworthy a loved one who called Locanda de novo Isla Khanna hospital feola will miss him in Allah.
Rasool Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam am Sakura la vida cafe. Raja Buddha would be snared in Hasson, the authority of God Allah one who said that if the religion was based upon our intellect, then it would have made more sense to wipe under the bottom of the suck rather than the top. But I saw the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam wiping only over the top of his socks. And this is collected by Buddha wood with an authentic chain of narration. The statement is a statement of idea of the long run.
And look at how Abraham Rahim Allah He mentioned the hadith of a mafia, which is like a basis or like a foundation of this chapter. And then he mentioned that additional narration, which he classifies as weak, and then to ensure that to show that it is weak, and to show what is a strong opinion, he brings this authentic motion of ideas of the long run, which begins with his own statement, but then ends with what he saw the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam doing and therefore it is a hadith. The end part is a Hadith, because when the companion says that I saw the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam doing something, it is a hadith. But the beginning part is a
statement that he makes. And it shows as we mentioned at the beginning, why the scholars of Islam mentioned this chapter within the book of Africa. And that is because this religion isn't just based upon intellect. It is based foremost only upon the book of Allah and the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Now, that doesn't mean that a person doesn't reflect they don't ponder they don't contemplate doesn't mean that they don't use their brain, they don't use their mind parameterization or does this within the Quran, when a person travels that they should ponder and contemplate when we see the signs of Allah, Who should ponder and contemplate, but there is a
difference between taking as your primary sources, the Quran and the Sunnah, and take it as your primary source, the intellect, your own mind your own rationale, you can only do one or the other. And so we use our mind to understand our religion, but it goes back and it's within the context of the Quran and the Sunnah, not the other way around. We don't use our mind first, I then try to adapt or under the sooner to fit in with the way that we're thinking and our mindset. And so this is what are the rhodiola one is establishing here. But if you were to use our mind, if you were to go to any normal, rational person, you would say to them, if you were to clean your sock, which part of the
sock would be dirtiest, everyone would say the bottom of the sub will be dirtier than the top of the sock. And so that's why earlier the loved one is saying that if you were to just use your mind, your intellect, then that's what you will normally wipe if someone was to say to you wipe a part of your sock, you would probably most likely wipe the bottom and not the top. And then he mentioned he doesn't even say that this religion isn't based upon intellect. But look at the etiquette that he shows that in order to show that this intellect is incorrect, that this rationale is false. He goes back to what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam did, and that is that we submit to everything
that we hear we accept wholeheartedly, everything which is conveyed to us about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but rather I saw him sallallahu alayhi wa sallam wiping only the top of the songs. And so the region isn't based upon intellect. But if we were to use your intellect and to wipe over the bottom of the substance by each map, you will do it would be nullified. It would be incorrect, because you didn't wipe the correct part of your sock. Number two, you used intellect and you've gone against the Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and if you do that intentionally, it is a sin. But you have innovated in the religion if you do it knowing that
it is against the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, but rather, we submit wholeheartedly. The third benefit from this narration is that sometimes we don't understand always the wisdom behind everything. We don't always understand the wisdom behind every ruling of the Sharia, but normal is obligatory or a condition for us to know
The wisdom behind every ruling of the Sharia many things within the Sharia, we know the wisdom and we can understand them and appreciate them. And Allah has given us this knowledge. But there are many other parts of the Sharia that we don't understand. And from them is this why did a lot choose the top of the sock rather than the bottom. This is something which only a lot of zildjian knows. And this is the test of faith, to believe in the unseen to believe in those things that you don't comprehend, that you don't truly understand. But you submit to Allah, and you submit to His Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam when these narrations come to you, also one of the things that this
Hadeeth and the previous studies also show is that when it comes to wiping over the socket is done once
as opposed to wash over the feet. So when it comes to washing, generally the face and the arms and so on everything that is washed within Moodle, we do it three times. That is no need to wash things three times. But when it comes to wiping just as when you wipe over your head, likewise, wiping over the socks is only once and that's why all of these ahaadeeth they don't speak about more than once they only mentioned that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam wiped over his socks. And had he done it more than once. They would have said twice or three times or four times. But because he didn't do so they left us that statement that he would just wipe over his socks. So it's understood
that they that the prophet SAW Selim only went over it once. The next had it had his number 55 one so far, our son, Brody Allahu anhu Paul Kanda Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Muna is suffering Elena Jaffa for NASA NASA to Asia Meanwhile, earlier one in London Jenna baton Wallach in Middleton wobbling we're known for janessa yo Timothy you will love hola Pablo Jose Mata was
on the authority of Sephardic there are several the Allahu anhu said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would odorous whilst we were traveling, that we should not remove our subs for three days and three nights unless we're in a state of major impurity in the state of Geneva. But rather we should write over them if we go and relieve ourselves or we fall asleep. And this habit is an unnecessary legitimately. And even though hoceima and it is authentic, and emammal Bukhari Rahim Allah even though he doesn't read the Hadith himself, he said, it is the most authentic hadith concerning the timing of how long you can keep your socks on for
this, how do you if the hadith of Sephardic Lhasa deals with the issue of timing now that you have the socks on? How long can you continue to wipe over them, and there will be a hadith that will speak about the same issue as well. This Hadith specifically speaks about the traveler. And it goes to show what we mentioned shortly a little while ago, that the companions will travel with their socks on some of them will just travel with nothing except these types of leather socks, this is how they would walk. Some of them would walk barefoot, and some of them would socks, and some of them would be able to afford sandals. And so it goes to show that it makes sense that they would have
holes that they would be wear and tear upon these socks. So So finding our studies saying that when we were traveling with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he would order us, but to remove our socks for three days and three nights, showing that the limit there is allowed for you to continue to wipe your socks, once in a state of traveling is three days and three nights. So if a person puts on their socks, then for the next three days and three nights, if there are traveller, they can continue to wipe over them so long as they don't remove them. So if they stay on for three days and three nights, you can write over them for as many times as you want within that time period.
As long as you don't fall into major impurity lab in Geneva, for person falls into a state of major impurity, they have relations with their wife and so on the now they must remove them because they have to go and make them awesome. They have to take a bath. But if a person for example, we leave themselves whether it's number one or number two, Manhattan oboe, or they fall asleep and they break the window, then they can wipe over their socks for a period of three days and three nights meaningful minor impurity and is allowed for three days and three months.
And this hadith is a famous Hadith Hadith that we mentioned that it brahmacari said concerning the traveler, it is the most authentic thing that is related within this chapter.
Another issue which comes across this or which we can bring here is the issue of wiping over normal socks. So one of these ahaadeeth so far have spoken about wiping over leather socks,
which is made out of leather. How about wiping over normal socks, there is an aeration concerning this old
On the third level mahira Sharma, the last one, which is in in Muslim measurement, and a Buddha wouldn't tell me that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam wiped over his job and his darling, he would wipe over his socks. A job is a sock which is made out of wool or cotton or some other material and over his sandals, over his sandals, he would wipe over the two and a shadow ban he said that it is an authentic hadith and is also mentioned that this is narrated from Alia rhodiola, one American Yasser Abdullah Massoud and Malik have to live in Oman and Bora azim Bilal even a b opha and salidroside rhodiola. In so many of the companions narrated this, and so from these ahaadeeth we
take that even though the Hadith are speaking about the issue of wiping over leather socks, there is an authentic narration that speaks about non leather such as well. And there is based upon that narration as well as the many opinions of many of the companions or the long run home that the scholars made this analogy of normal sucks along with leather socks. How does number 56 one or leave Navy poly be not the only one in Hong Kong? Jalan Wu sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. ajami, Maja Wunderland, musafir widow Manuela to new morphine.
morphine offers Yahoo Muslim, this have eaten a Muslim authority earlier, the one who said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would allow three days and three nights for the traveler to write over his socks. And one day and one night for the person who is a resident to write over their socks. So if a person is a resident, meaning that you're not a traveler, you live in Birmingham, you stay in Birmingham, you make Waldo, then you put on your socks, from the time time that you first wipe over them. So this is when the timing begins, not the time that you put on your socks, but the time that you first wipe over them, the first pink will do and wipe over them. So the issue isn't
about wearing socks, the issue is wiping over the socks, and don't get confused between the two, from the first time that you wipe over those socks for one day and one night 24 hour period, it is allowed for you to keep on those socks and to wipe over them for as much as you like, so long as you don't fall into major impurity. This is what the Mid Valley is saying. And for the traveler for three days and three nights from the first time that they're right over there sucks for a period of three days and three nights, the 72 hours, they can wipe over their socks, so long as they don't fall into major impurity. And this is something or these are the only Hadith or these are the most
authentic hadith. And this is in Saudi Muslim concerning with time. So it's limited to 24 hours for the person who's a resident 72 hours for the person who is a traveler. So within that time, we can run over them as much as you like. And so again, as we said, one of the mistakes that people make is that if they were to come to the masjid, and they're already in a state of Voodoo and they have their socks on, they will come and they will wash their feet again. And this isn't what these are Heidi's are showing us barraza but the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is showing us is that it is better for you to wipe over your socks at this time. And in this state and condition. How do you
remember 57 I'm so bad rhodiola wanted to call back I thought Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Assyria famara home and I saw him there I need him what to serve Kenya,
Rwanda, where Buddha would also handle unhackme
this hadith is the hadith of fulbourn rhodiola one who said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam sent forth and armies for an army to go on an expedition and he ordered them that they should wipe over the turbans, or that they should wipe over their socks. And this is collected by Mr. McDermott and a Buddha award. And it is authenticated by email and hacking is hard. It is narrated by so bad, so bad, was one of the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was a freed slave. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam captured him at the time of a party when they went and they encircled, barf. And then he was one of the people who the Muslims captured. So the
Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam bought him and he freed him and he became a Muslim. And so when he freed him, he was someone who spent his time in the service of the prophets on Allah when he was a limb, to the extent that he would refuse to be known by his second name, but rather he would prefer to be called full ban, the freed slave of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he lived and died in hymns in a part of Syria that is, today going under a lot of issues and a lot of killing. May Allah azza wa jal make easy for the people there and he died in the 54 history.
This Hadith is a hadith which as we said collected by Ramadan, Buddha was authenticated by hacking. This Hadith has a lot of difference of opinion over it concerning its authenticity. Is there an authentic hadith Is it not? Some of the scholars of Hadith have said there is authentic accept imbalance and others other said it is weak, there is weakness in it. And so, there is a difference of opinion over this. And as you can imagine, depending upon whether you think it is authentic or weak, then the issue the primary issue, the new issue that is mentioned with this within this Hadith, wiping over the turban, that will also then depend upon whether you consider this hadith to
be authentic or not, those who consider to be authentic will say that it is allowed to wipe over a turban, those who know will say that it is not allowed to do so. So, this haddie basically speaks about one new issue and that is wiping over the turban. According to the study centers research papers and others authenticated it there is a heritage shows that if a person is wearing a turban, just as as difficult for a person to remove a sock likewise a turban. So if a person is wearing the turban, then therefore it is it is allowed for them to wipe over this turban.
Now, the scholars of Islam said what is the link between the two the turban and the socks. They said that both of them are difficult to remove for a person, for example, and obviously in those times they don't have bathrooms, they don't have seats, the Navajo facilities, but rather they would be traveling, they would find water maybe in a pouch in a well, it will be difficult for them to make model. And so to remove sucks to sit on the ground, and so on and so forth would be difficult for people. And so we came as a rasa. Likewise, to remove a turban. The turban that we're speaking about here is a tablet of cloth that is wrapped around the head. And if you were to take her off, it would
become dislodged. And you will have to wrap it around again. Because of the difficulty in removing such a turban and placing it back on wrapping around again, this hadith came as a concession for them as well. Today you have different types of turbans, one of the templates that you get now the famous one that you get in Egypt, the people in us or in other places where it's a turban, but it is a tablet, which is readymade and it's stuck on the head, it's like a hat. There is no difficulty removing such a turban. And so some of the scholars said that the ruling doesn't apply to such turbans. But if a person is wearing just a moment how to remove the hat isn't difficult, you can
remove it very easily, and put it on very easily. This issue of this type of turban is the turban that the companions and the people at that time of the prophet SAW Selim used to wear that they would wrap it around their head, as even today people in in places like Sudan and other places, they still wear this type of turban, where they wrap it around the head, and then it has a tail, and that tail comes and they place it over their shoulder. This is the type of turban that we're speaking about. So if a person is wearing such a type of turban, then it is allowed for them to wipe over the turban, they don't even have to touch the hair, they can wipe over the turban. And that is
sufficient for them. Some of the scholars of Islam also based upon this made a further analogy. And that is for a woman who wears a scarf. And again, they apply that same ruling that if she's, for example, in a place where maybe she's surrounded by men, for example, and hedge on arm around places where there's a lot of men and women in the same place she has to make, although it is allowed for her to keep it on,
even if she's not in that certain place. But maybe she's in a place where it's difficult for her to remove her scarf or removing a scarf would be difficult process and to put it back on would be a lengthy process. If it's that type of stuff, then in that case, it is allowed as well. And again, that is an issue of difference of opinion amongst the scholars of Islam and again it comes back to the authenticity of this hadith and so on but insha Allah the opinion that it is allowed for person to wipe over the turban and to wipe over the stuff and the law knows best. How does number 5858 one omarama poof and one more for her either Tata Docomo lobby Sophie for Liam Sally Hema, while you
suddenly feel Hema when a woman in sha Allah in Geneva, Raja dharapani will hack him or Saha. This Hadith is those those that says from Omar mo oath, and from any smartphone, that if a person makes photo and they put on their socks, then they can wipe over them and pray in them, and they don't ever have to take them off unless they reach that state of major impurity. This is collected by hacking and authenticated by them.
This Hadith is an omen of the alarm rang the famous Khalifa both both means and as a statement of the companion. It can't be ascribed to attributed back to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. That's what more off means. It stops at the level of a companion and another small forum but others
relates it as a morpho Hadeeth. my forte means that it can be attributed back to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So this hadith comes. And it's unique in one sense in the sense that it comes in both ways, as a statement of a companion, and as a Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And that is that if a person what this hadith is saying is that if a person makes what do they put on their songs, then they may pray in them and wipe over them make Waldo in them forever, for whatever the period of time, if the, in the place if there isn't more than a day or night, and if they're traveling more than three days and three nights unless they reach that stage of major
impurity. This Hadith is a weak Hadith. And it is technically the weakness and it is a very technical weakness. It is authentic in his chain of narration, but weak in its mutton in its text, and the science of had if there is such a thing known as something which is shallow. Shallow means peculiar, strange, something which is irregular. It's an abnormality. What's the abnormality? What's peculiar What's strange? What's strange is the Hadith the chain of narration, which is what we normally look at when authenticating Hadees or weakening them is authentic. The chain of narration is authentic, established back to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. But the Hadith is
irregular because it is still weak. Its weakness is not in the narrators. But within the text itself.
How is it we cannot sense because even though it is authentically narrated in this chain of narration, the people who have narrated this hadith one of those narrators has narrated something which goes against the majority of what else has been rated. So we have one Hadith that openly contradicts many other narrations. And as I said, there's something like 70 odd narrations in this chapter. One Hadith goes against all of these chains on all of these chains, operations, and all of these.
All of them say the traveler has three days and three nights maximum, and the resident has one day and one night, but in this duration, now we have someone who says that it's open ended. There's no time limit, you can carry on wiping for as long as you want, unless you're in a state of major impurity. So therefore, the spellings of istan. classified as shall peculiar, and it's peculiar because it contradicts one more authentic narrators have narrated, as a peculiarity is not in the companions. It's not in our model, or amis. It's in the rages that came after them. Some one of them made the mistake or they did something and even the most trustworthy of narrators are human, and
they can make mistakes. And so what they've done is they've reported something which even though they are known to be narrators that are strong and authentic. In this instance, they have narrated something which goes against the well established norm and practice and majority and that is that the traveler only has three days and three nights the resident one day and one night. And so this hadith is sharp is peculiar due to this and therefore, the ruling within it is weak as well.
How do you remember 59? Wanna be back rhodiola and NW? sala de wasallam. And now all of a sudden Musa Felisa? Yeah Meanwhile, Ayala Hoon,
Yeoman, La La either Tata hora philosophy and MC Holly Hema ahora de Putney masahito hoceima, on the authority of Abu Bakr over the long run that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gave a concession for the traveller, that he may wipe over his socks for three days and three nights for the resident for one day. And one night, in a state of purification, they were their socks, they may wipe over them, collected by dharapani, and authenticated by a blue hoceima. And this hadith is authentic. So again, even 100 human left dimension, the previous Hadith, which was peculiar, that goes against the norm is born another Hadith that establishes that same norm. And this is like
repetition or is mentioned the same thing over and over again to show to you that the majority of narrations, the majority of scholars hold this opinion, and that one Hadeeth that we have, is peculiar, it is weak. This Hadith is reported by Abu Bakr, whose name was no fail, even in Israel. And he was one of the few staves of the prophets on the long run, he will sell them who died in the 51 or 52. Hugely and then reports and he explicitly says that from the concessions that the profits on alarm when he was 11 games, so it shows the wiping over the socks is a concession, as we said, three nights for the traveler one day and one night for the resident, that if in a state of
purification, you put on your socks, you may wipe over them, and then you may go and pray in that state as well.
So, therefore, it shows again what we said about the established norm of timing, but it also shows something additional and new and that is that it is not an obligation to write over the socks. So even though we said that it is better, there is an accordance with the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. If a person was to take off their socks, then it is allowed and they will do is to correct and it's not allowed for someone to go and to ridicule them or to belittle them or to humiliate them or to rebuke them but rather you advise them and you tell them what the Sumner is. Bristol allowed for the mister no no obligation over your subs. Even if you're wearing
your socks in a state of Budo slaughter obligatory it is a concession or no concession is an obligation unless there is loss of life or limb or religion or something like that. Hadith number 60.
The last Hadith in this chapter were an Obi Wan Kenobi, remar rhodiola and Rasulullah sallallahu Filene parlin, amakhala, Yeoman
Yeoman Allah Nam Paula was an African American woman she Raja Buddha budokon Elisa will copy this hadith and obey Rima remar, who's a companion who died in Egypt for the long run. He said that I asked the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam or messenger of Allah May Allah wipe over my socks. He said, Yes. I said to him for one day, he said, Yes. I said for two days, he said, Yes. I said for three days, he said yes, and for as long as you wish. And this is like to buy a Buddha wood, but he said that it is a weak chain of narration. So again, this is another narration, but it is weak, it is actually weak in its chain of narration, that again, speaks about the time limit being extended.
And again, Abraham's Rahim, Allah brings, as we said before regenerations, to show that these are some of the integrations that are available in the books of Hadith, but they are weak. And so the rulings that come and are based upon them are also weak and incorrect. And this is from one of the unique attributes of this book that he will bring Rekha do not because he wants you to apply them or to implement them. But just so as a student of knowledge, you'll learn about them and be aware of them. So now if someone was to come to you, and they had this issue, and they said no, you can wipe over your socks open ended, he would say to Not that I know of, for a person who's residents one day
or one night, he says, I have a Hadith of the Prophet of Solomon, which he said you can do so if you weren't aware about this Hadith, and that it was weak. It's a Hadith of the prophets of Salaam. And if you don't know whether it's speaker authentic is not allowed for a Muslim to say, I'm not going to accept it. It's not a hadith. You can't just say that without knowledge, without any justification or reason. And so for a student of knowledge, someone who's studying the religion of Islam, it's important to know also the week durations, not only the authentic ones, so that when person comes with that narration, you can say no, that Hadith, yes, it's there in that book, but
it's weak. And this is the reason why it's weak. And therefore the ruling based upon this is also weak. And therefore you have yaqeen, you have certainty in your religion, that you're worshiping Allah, according to authentic knowledge. And so this is from one of the, if you like the many benefits of studying a book like bluehill muram. And one of the unique attributes of Abraham, that he won't even mention we've had these two. And sometimes when people come to pick up hobbies, and they see a weak narration, they automatically be have an aversion to it. Why is he mentioning MC ID? Why are we studying with Hardy, it's weak, you shouldn't even be in the book. The fact of the matter
is, it is in the books, as mentioned in books of Hadith. And so the job of a scholar was stripped of knowledge of someone who's studying about his religion is to know the authentic and the weak so that you stay away from the weak and if someone comes with the weak, you won't become confused and misled. Just as for the for the long run, who said in the famous Hadith, that the companions would ask the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam about the good, I would ask about the evil, so I could stay away from it. So in the region, you don't just learn about the good, and the reward of Allah, but you learn about the evil and the punishment of Allah as well. And this is the balance that we
have in this religion. So again, this hadith is basically saying that there is an open ended time limit, but because it is for that a warning is incorrect. And again, we go back to the established norm, that for a resident, it is one day and one night, and for a person who is traveling, it is three days and three nights. These are basically mostly the issues that are mentioned within this chapter of Mr. whorfin. And I've tried to bring in other issues such as wiping over the scarf and so on issues that aren't mentioned and when the timing starts and so on, just so that inshallah we can have a comprehensive overview of the chapter on the Harlem sotalol. So I'm going to be the moment
we're on early he was talking bH made any questions, we'll take them on toys. We think
it's I mentioned it within the lecture as well. The highlighter is on the actual movie, right?
Short about the long run the script in Medina Buddha Buddha books of Hadith, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would wipe over his normal job is a soccer club made out of leather. So either it was cotton at that time was probably wool or something like that. It's a non leather sup. And he would love to send a mic over his sandals as well.
So if a person was asking is it better to work over the summer, it is better if that's the state that you're in. So if you're wearing the socks, and you're comfortable, and you wore those socks instead of bahara, it's better to wipe over them.
The rows asking like in most other places, you have water on the floor and then your socks become wet. And that detracts from your for sure.
I will still say it is better to take the concession.
To follow this another professor solution of precedence over your qualms and worries.
Because the brothers asking concerning the thickness of a sock, if it's if it's a non leather sock, the scholars of Islam they do have this issue as to what type of a sock constitutes a sock. And so some of them say that it can't be something where that is see through. Others would say that it can't be something where if you were to put water on it, that the water would immediately touch the foot. So that sucks should hold a minimum amount of water on surface. But there are many scholars of Islam shaftless and even a team he and others who don't have these conditions. And they say that these conditions don't really have a basis. There's nothing explicit in any Hadith that speak about
them. But basically, many scholars just made analogy of the leather sock whatsoever sock like is not see through, you know to fix a watering hole through it. And so they made that analogy. But he says that this analogy doesn't really have any basis in this video, there's no need to support it. And so even if it's a thin, soft finish on lights, okay, so long as it can technically be called a sock. But if someone wants to stay on the safe side, where a fickle sock then is shallow, there's
no, there's no time limit for when you put your socks on. So once instead of although so long as you don't break that window, you can put your socks on any time and then you can mark over them.
Okay, so the method of wiping is a you wipe with one hand and you wipe the right before the left just as you would wash the right before the left.
So some of the speakers mentioned that you wipe them both at once but this seems because of the disaster if you wipes over his socks, then he takes off to support that break you will don't know.
And then even if you were to put your socks on again as to what the break will do, and this is an issue which some of the scholars again have differed over the opinion of scholars at shirtless community, me and others is that it doesn't break.
So from the things that are breaker persons will start mentioned taking off your socks. So shall lights okay.
Yeah, so but obviously if you take off a supplemental disaster, if you take off your sock then then the next time you would make if you broke your will without any socks on.