Channel: Abdullah Oduro
© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.
Bismillah wa salatu salam ala Rasulillah while he was talking to a woman while I'm doing, I have a question for each and every one of you, including the lady battling the children, the young men and young women, how many of you
have embraced Islam?
how many of you are contemplating Islam?
How many of you know someone that is contemplating Islam?
Okay, how many of you were born Muslim?
Are you ready?
Let's academic together.
Let's check out this check out of studies. You gotta be serious.
How many of you were born Muslim, but embraced Islam.
You're in the right place, you're in your gang, we're here for you again. Hamdulillah.
I'm happy that a lot of you raised your hand because you understand exactly what I'm talking about.
The fact that you may have been born Muslim, but as they say, quote, unquote, by name, but there was something that happened in your life where there was a person, place or thing that made you say, You know what, I believe Islam has issues. But you know what? I need to I need to make a change. And what my mom and dad taught me, I'm gonna look into it.
Amazingly enough, I did the same thing as a Christian.
But when I looked into it,
what do you think happened? Take a wild guess.
You may be right. It was the he Daya. It was the guidance of Allah subhanho wa taala. It was Allah subhanho wa taala. Showing me away, knee making a small choice, making the effort and then enabling me to go the way after that.
Many of you may have had a job, you know, you graduate from college, you get your degree, you go to your orientation, they give you a what? They give you a work, guys, I'd like to be interactive. So you can go in and talk. Okay, I know you have your masks on. So you may have to raise your voice.
a book, a book for what?
Orientation, to orient you in your new places of employment, right? So they basically telling you what to do. Right? And then they're going to
So they showed you the way how to do it. It's just for you to make that effort and they reward you for that.
Allah subhanho wa Taala does the same thing with Allah and methodology for Allah is a much greater example.
We see that ALLAH SubhanA, Allah guides. How many of you tried to tell people about your life about Islam, whether you're in college, whether you're at work, whether you're at school, whether it's your neighbor, and they're like, oh, that's for you. Right? You get in their face you're like, but then at the very end, they're like, that's great.
Have fun with that. That's great.
Yes, we can, yes, you can.
How many of you have had a friend that or person that you've known that you see them years later, you're like you embrace this one? You, I remember you in the classroom,
you are Muslim, and you're practicing now, whatever that mean,
that he died, it is something that is major. It goes beyond our capabilities, and even our understanding.
So when we want to talk about he die, it's something that is very, very comprehensive and shamon. It's comprehensive.
And there are some introductory points that I want to mention some guide lines in regards to guidance. But firstly, we see this beautiful verse from Allah subhanho wa Taala and the chapter and verse number 125. Where he says after a thorough gene for when you read the law, who do who yes should have saw that Islam. When you read the angel didn't know who your child saw the whole logic on Hara Janka and Nima Yassa, Adolphe Sama, Elia
Allah subhanho wa Taala gives a beautiful, beautiful example here. Beautiful example.
He says, and whoever ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada wills to guide.
Yes, sure. So there are holes in Islam. Yes, sure. How do you say yesterday?
We're going to do it three times. Okay, you got one second time. One more time.
Right. Yes, should means to open or to cleave open.
You notice when I lost my data talks about in this verse, and then another verse. He uses the same verb yesterday, in regards to Hidayat and guiding someone and as a scholar is making mention particularly to her but not short and into here with 10 We're book of Tafseer at
Tunisie from Tunis, Rahim Allah Allah He mentioned how the chest is cleaved open and particularly it is in regards to initially the butcher. When he cleaves open the meat, the meat is soft or hard,
soft so the heart is open and ready to accept whatever comes to it from the Huck from the truth. Yes should Sodre who live in Islam, that's if Allah subhanaw taala wills to guide them.
Yesterday I saw that a hole in Islam and Subhanallah when we look at this, we think of the fact that
the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was asked Allah Masha Allah laka Sodre Do we not open your chest to Islam to accept the message
when understanding this inshallah southern that you have a soft heart ready to accept the message. This is also a form of Hidayat of guidance, a manifestation of it rather.
So when Allah subhanaw taala talks about opening the chest, we should stop and think
when we hear something about Islam,
what is our initial feeling?
Do we have a desire to do it or not? This process that you go through and asking yourself questions is a process of humility, and being honest and saying, You know what, I just don't My heart doesn't sit well with that. What means are we taking to try to establish or maintain and strengthen that connection with Allah subhanho wa Taala with God with the Creator of the heavens in the earth?
So when looking at this inshallah has southern
it is the chest that is expanded for the truth.
What did Musa say? When he was receiving the message from God? What did he request from Allah subhanho wa Taala
I sent Yeah, what's your name?
Amara Hakalau Yama?
bearclaw Feeco he said Rob Bish Lee Saudi again the same verb it should have
Oh ALLAH expand my chest for what for what?
they can understand and accept Islam but there was one guy
that he was told to give the message of Islam to he was with his brother who had own Haruna iFish do to be here as we were actually coffee. I'm ready.
Both of them were summoned to go to who is have an ILA fit around. Now stop.
Moses is ordered to go to Pharaoh. He's asking Allah Oh Allah make my heart soft to this guy.
Because you want guidance for him meaning that you want good or bad? Now just stop and think for yourself? Your neighbor,
your Islamophobic neighbor, your Islamophobic bus?
Do we actually want he dire for them? Because that desire of wanting good for them? Is he dire of Allah to you for you to want good? And he died for other people?
Israel Lee Saudi. Well yes, silly Omri. After you make my heart open to wanting good for him. Make my affairs easy for me.
interrupt you Yes. This is gonna be a very packed session. There are people waiting outside we still see our disease and then folks are saying there are other people coming in. Right now please just move in and allow those who are here is going to be saving a seat that people didn't just give up so that we can give them the guidance
he's too much Doctor. Every time I'm around him. I can't hold my I can't hold it and he says too much but
he just comes off guard was this was
my shoulder. If you ever see his name on a fundraiser you have to go you have to go he's a riot masala Tabata cola. May Allah bless him.
So Allah subhanho wa Taala talks about insha Allah has southern alumnus Raja so that they will not expand your chest Moses. We see that he asked a lot to make his chest soft for people that were his enemy. That's not easy.
Allah subhanho wa Taala continues after that woman you may you read the annual doula who sada who's by Ethan hydrogen. And if Allah subhanho wa Taala with his universal will or is exist existential will in existence, his will for for something to happen for that person to be missed.
guided he makes his or her chest but II can tight halogen in it's difficult for that person then he gives an example a NEMA Yes sir I do feel as though they are rising in the sky and as we know that the higher the shoe is in the sky the tighter the what?
oxygen pressure Exactly. So look at the example Eileen the all knowledgeable gives what's beautiful in the Arabic language as well from a morphologic perspective he increases the letter he doesn't say yes I do. Yes sir I do
that's how I tell you etc used to teach rice thing is gonna desk Yes, sir, I do on the shirt that he would hold me. Yes, sir.
Stressing it to show that it's difficult for that person to accept the truth.
When the truth comes to them, and it's so difficult for them. At that point, you have a choice, this may happen to each and every one of us.
You don't understand it. So you may reject it or you don't understand it. You say Allahu Allah is a choice.
Allah with his he Daya brought it in front of you. Because we understand there is types of he die, which we'll talk about that there's Hidayat where Allah shows you the way and there's the he die where Allah enables you to go the way
you know, subhanAllah I know this is particularly for the men that take road trips, you know, the wives of the sisters or the daughters. You know, they tell their dad, Dad, it's this way we're looking at the map. He's like, no, no, no, it's this way. We're going this way. He stops at a coffee shop. Those that are laughing out their husbands, I said buy them for the women.
He stops at a coffee shop.
And the person tells him Yes, go this direction. That is the diet of showing you the way. But if you're going to choose to go that way, it's another form of diet but you had to make a choice.
So when Allah subhana wa Tada is talking about this, he Daya. There's some introductory things that I want to mention that a very, very important for us. Firstly, that he Daya is from Allah subhanho wa Taala and no one else.
How many of you have talked to someone about Islam and they decided to embrace Islam?
They converted to Islam because you talked to them. Okay? How many of you have had a family member and they seen you consistent? And they said, You know what, I look up to you, I respect you, they started to gradually come back.
maybe you yourself are on the path of coming back or just trying. And when we say coming back, it doesn't mean okay, you're praying five times a day for the rest of your life. But you're at least setting the alarm you at least have an intention to do something that you know is from Islam. And you believe because you believe that God is Alana he has no partners.
So when seeing this, the person makes that decision
to act upon that he died.
And understanding that Subhanallah the he died is only from ALLAH, if someone was to come to Islam or come back to Islam.
We should never think that it was because of my capabilities, or the words that I said or so on and so forth.
It is ultimately from Allah subhanho wa Taala
It is Allah subhanaw taala putting something in front of that person and that person making that ultimate decision.
Secondly, we see that guidance is from the fuddle of ALLAH SubhanA wa Donna, it is Allah's virtue upon you. Yesterday I was mentioning
at the lecture and it's something that we really, really have to pierce our hearts and think about.
We have forgotten
more sins than we remember
this think about that.
The sins that we commit, and a sin is a voluntary act of disobedience that you know, before you did it, whether it's habitual or it's something new that you're performing.
Allah subhanho wa Taala Wesleyan Eileen, he is abundant and as Rama was the ad Coolessay that is mercy encompasses everything.
But the sins that you commit what you remember the sins that you even remember, think of a sin last week everyone, close your eyes or whatever, I want you to remember your sins but actually this remember one thing that you did that you know you shouldn't have done?
Did you ask Allah for forgiveness for that one?
What about the 20 others that same day?
Allah subhanho wa Taala knows remembers.
So when understanding the virtue of he Daya of guidance, well Allah He one could say I don't deserve that. Well, I there was one guy when we embrace Islam, he was
And he embraced Islam and the thing he always used to say, man, Allah is so patient with me. I just say why you keep saying that, bro. He's like, Man, when I just think about what I used to do.
Allah so patient, that he will give me and show me a slum. And he gave me the strength to accept it.
That he could folk lumen Allah, that's a virtue from Allah subhanho wa taala. When you think of the creation, you think of ALLAH SubhanA wa taala. And when you think of anything other than Allah, it's the creation of Allah.
When you look at everything on the earth from things that you are so magnified, that you are amazed by know that Allah is greater than that. So if Allah is greater than that, being that he is a Holic, the creator of all of these things, imagine his knowledge, his wisdom, which is endless.
So, the guidance of Allah subhanaw taala is strictly from his father. Because it is not for us to build it on reciprocity to think that okay, I did this, I prayed Fajr
where's the 100 that I was supposed to get on this test? I got a 78 Hola, please, if you just give me today
and I didn't get it.
How many of us is that happened to it's happened to me.
You make the fast food do I like in your car before you get out? You still can let me try. You're trying. You make the DUA. What you want any picture in your mind didn't happen. How do you act what what happens then?
Disappointment sometimes right.
That's where we have to check ourselves and remember that the guidance from Allah subhanho wa Taala is a virtue from him. It's something that he has given you as a virtue.
When Allah subhanho wa Taala also mentioned in the Quran when he talks about the beauty of the people in Jannah.
When he says after Oh, the bill demonstrates Origen when is that and MFE saluted him in Linden. TGIT even talk to him will unhealth will call hamdulillah the Madonna.
Well, man, I couldn't tell the Lola and her Dan Allah, the people in Jana, may Allah make us from the people agenda. May Allah make us from the people of Jana. May Allah make us from the people are genuine.
Allah subhanaw taala gives the description of them let's say closely, when is that MFE so due to human Linlin and we have extracted or taken out from their chests, any linen, any feeling in their hearts. And then what do they say Alhamdulillah Allah the Hagana all praises to Allah the one that has guided us, Well Matt canal in tidier and we would not have been guided Lola and her Danna Allah, if Allah subhanho wa Taala did not guide us whenever you do something good.
And sometimes you ask yourself, man, I don't even know how I did that.
Recognize that's from the blessings of Allah subhana wa Tada that he has given you that's the funnel of ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada that he has given you. Thirdly,
that the guidance is built upon endless knowledge and wisdom endless what and what I like to say knowledge and wisdom because sometimes we like to domesticate the knowledge of Allah subhanho wa Taala or restrict it.
We have to understand I highly implore all of you mashallah there's numerous papers that we have in regards to the names and attributes of God. When talking to anyone, Muslim, non Muslim, those that may not even believe in God. The names and attributes of a deity is a very nice universal topic to talk about. When you talk about alcoholic, the creator, He's the Creator of all things, what do you as Muslims believe, we believe that the one that created there's one Creator and everything other than him is his creation.
And he has due to that reality, he has ultimate authority over it. And because of that reality, he is the most knowledgeable of it.
And what takes place with that creation, He allows it to happen or does not allow it to happen for a divine wisdom and wisdom is appropriation of his knowledge. He has knowledge of everything, he allows it to happen or restricts it from happening. Why? I don't know, maybe some times in my life, he may allow me to know
why certain things happened. And I have a choice in regards to when I find out why I received COVID
When I find out why my brother or sister died,
when I find out why I failed that test, when I find out what was the real reason that meet my friend and I split up and we have enmity towards another. When I find all of that out, what is my response to that predestination? What Allah allowed to happen.
And hamdulillah that's what we say exactly. Beautiful or Maya. I used to say the process I'm used to say Alhamdulillah Allah could have Alhamdulillah you pray
Is Allah subhanho wa Taala thinking about the fact that he guided you to even wake up to say Alhamdulillah at
a piano but the MA
Wei Li, I'm not sure. All the fifth, the first thing that you say when you wake up the processor needs to wake up, wiping spatialities apparently said Al Hamdulillah All praise is due to Allah. Allah the piano, the one that has given us life after he has taken us. And to him is the final gathering. You sure?
You thinking about this and you praise Allah when we say Alhamdulillah he is praised for every single thing that we can imagine. A commando dilla perfection is for Allah subhana wa Tada Sn is not perfection, Sn is excellence. You use what Allah subhanaw taala has given you to the best of your ability in a way that pleases Allah. And that effort is appreciated. What can I say you must score.
The next principle
is that Allah subhanho wa Taala
asked about what he does.
He's not asked about what he does.
Because if you think about it, Subhan Allah when we think about predestination, for example,
predestination, that Allah will for something to happen that we do not see or see in this earth as oppressive or seeing this earth as something that is wrong, quote, unquote.
But when we talk, stop and take a step back, sometimes mentally, you have to do this.
And then look at the bigger picture.
When you take a step back and go back to those beautiful names and attributes of God, one of them being an Eileen,
that he is a creator of all things, the beginning of time, many things have happened, that we've learned lessons from in order how to act in the future, or currently.
And that's what I mean by domesticating the knowledge of God only through your limited intellect and reality. Why did it my best friend became Muslim. I don't understand it.
This person would complete my sentences when we would talk. We were on the same wavelength. But then after high school, college, we split away.
But Allah subhanho wa Taala with his endless knowledge and wisdom. When we understand that, particularly as the color and the self make a beautiful statement in regards to predestination, and how it will feel God can now the fish shrimps
the one that indulges in and constantly busy himself, and wondering why and trying to understand the predestination, which we will totally never understand. Because it is built, it is couched in his knowledge and wisdom. The one that constantly busy himself with that is like the one looking at the sun. with the naked eye, how many of you can look at the sun with the naked eye for hours on end, without a telescope with them?
Very difficult. It's a difficult task,
to the degree that it could harm you.
And when you stop and think about it, the sun is a creation of Allah subhanho wa Taala
minute creation of Allah subhanho wa Taala one small example with the sun.
That is the example when we talk about the knowledge of Allah subhana wa Taala and the guidance of Allah subhana wa Tada within the wisdom of Allah. I'm all who's new to I will need to place what's normal person, the year of sadness. What happened in the year of sadness, um, or having your sadness.
is that a
good answer? Great acid. That's my man.
That's just for fun hang
on a jacket spinner
does Xhaka law here it was a mashallah
his. She's a shaker? Yes. Hamdulillah. So let's
have a good laugh.
Right, so we see that his uncle and his wife died. He's a prophet.
He's spreading the message of God. He's calling people to good. The one that supported him emotionally, and his uncle that supported him politically and socially.
They died in the same year.
Now at this point, each and every one of you stop and think of a relative that you've loved. Some of you your relatives have passed away from COVID.
Some of your relatives have passed away. Some of them have faced cancer have had diseases. And you're thinking to yourself this person. Why What did they do?
What did they do wrong?
That initial feeling is human.
But Allah doesn't hold us accountable for that initial impulse. This is important, because some of us may think that religion is rigid because the way it's introduced to us by certain people.
But Allah wants guidance for each and every single one of us.
When you ask that question, why?
Take a step back. All of those moments you shared with that person, or all of those moments you've had in a particular situation that did not come out as you expected it.
Realize that Allah did it for divine wisdom, and it is a struggle for you to put your trust in Him and His divine knowledge and wisdom. And when you realize how can I ask God why he did what he did?
It's for divine knowledge and wisdom that I may never know. Maybe Allah wants you to live the legacy of that person.
So many different options are things that you can perform and do to fulfill in regards to fulfilling the message of Allah subhanho wa taala.
So this is important. It is not easy. Was it easy for the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam,
when his son died and he's holding them in his arms, he severely the eyes shed tears. But what did he say at the very end,
the heart is sad and I shed tears, well then a hole in them a you'll develop.
But we will not say anything that displeases the Lord, Allah subhanaw taala. In the times of hardship in the times of vulnerability, that is the time where it's important for you to remember the guidance of Allah subhanho wa taala. And that the knowledge of Allah subhanaw taala is far surpasses our knowledge.
When we look at the process of hedaya, brothers and sisters,
the process of he Daya as a scholar, as mentioned, there's the he died at that year
that Allah subhanho wa Taala chooses whom He wills and what He wills to happen. In the beginning, as I mentioned earlier, that you may be shown something there is an option, you have two options in front of you. What do you do if there's two options that are Hello,
or two or more options in front of you? What does the Muslim do? Who knows?
is to ha harder and also it's the shorter. But it's the harder you are trusting in Allah to guide you to that which is best.
Because you're trusting in his knowledge and his wisdom, you know that when he chooses is the best. And you take counsel from those that you trust in sha Allah from their Deen from their closest to Allah subhanaw taala as well
along with their understanding of your particular situation as well.
So the process of he Daya is that Allah subhana wa Taala may enable you to go the way initially, hopefully, in your heart.
When you say hey, did I steal autonomous stalking? You mean it?
When you say did I sit out on the stalking you think about the times that you went off of the Serato stalking. And when you're praying, you say, oh, Allah guide me, guide me, I remember this my mentor me, I'm gonna say his name and said half of it.
I remember I asked him, Why did you become Muslim? Know what he said? He said, Man, I just don't want to go to hell, man. I don't know how to be. I don't know. I don't know how to be all. You know, I saw like, No, I just don't want to.
That's what he said.
So when you say it de la Siddhartha must guide me to the straight path, because I have a lot of mistakes. Shala I have a lot of mistakes. But I'm trying. As a matter of fact, as I've been told by numerous youth and elders, I just don't feel it when I pray. I don't feel it. What am I supposed to feel?
Guide me to the straight path. One thing that I tell him is that Subhanallah think of things in your life and connect it to a name of Allah subhanho wa taala.
Say, Okay, don't think of your bills and your balance sheet. Okay? Think of our Zack Okay.
hamdulillah Allah gave this to me. And if it wasn't for him, I wouldn't have the faculties to obtain the job to get this money, so on and so forth. Allah has given me the strong personality to accept this way of life. Allah has given me the intellect to humble myself to those things that I will never know because I trust in the general qualities of the one that knows everything.
Guide me to the straight path
So when one is guided to the straight path, in their heart, they understand who Allah is and who is not, which is the first pillar of Islam, which is everyone's responsibility to make an effort to learn about God.
They will do an action of good. Coming here and listening, coming to Chicago to conference to learn about God
is an action of good in sha Allah, may Allah reward each and every one of you for that. That's an action of the limbs. That's an action of Eman as the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, what mattered to the other and authorial Eman and taking something harmful from the street is from imagine, if you see a branch in the street, you put your hazard lights on, go and take the branch from the street, that's from a man you're helping society, you're helping your neighborhood.
Those actions turn by the way, it has an effect on the heart, which strengthens strengthens the faith to do another action, which has an effect on the heart to strengthen that strengthens the faith. How many of you when you pray after us, are we coming home from work or you're tired and you pray officer or Fajr? And you say stuff, Allah, so you feel that weight? Just
I feel the sense of tranquility. And if you don't, it does not mean that you're not a movement
doesn't mean that you're that person.
Guess what you just did? You just did an action of prayer. That is an act of guidance, because you could have went to sleep. You could have stayed online, you could have done any other action. That was a misguidance at that time.
So when seeing this process of Hidayat and as I tell people that convert to Islam, that Islam, it's a process, it's not an event.
We should not seek listen closely. We should not seek to be motivated.
We should seek to be disciplined.
We should seek to be disciplined.
When I embrace Islam, and many of us even when we come back to the deen one of the hardest things was praying five times a day. Remember my Libyan Sheikh? He said okay, Islam has to do this. You know, Islam has to believe in the oneness of God. So yes, I got that. Muhammad is last messenger. Yeah, I heard about him. He sounds like Jesus, you're gonna Shalini they all call to oneness of God. I think I believe that one there too. Yeah. Neela. And then it's time is to pray five times. What what?
every Fridays, like your Sunday, so Fridays we don't that's the only day we pray five times a day, every day brother for the rest of your life. There's no rollover, like one day you don't and then you attend No, every single day, five times a day.
But what's most important is that within this process of guidance, you're going to make mistakes. But you have that anchor it dinos sit off on the stocking, praying,
turning to God, knowing that he is the ultimate source of all good.
He is the ultimate source of all good. Allah subhanho wa Taala says in Hadith Bootsy and in the sacred Hadith,
yeah, a baddie. Oh my servants couldn't look whom ball loan, a lemon Hideto. All of you are misguided except those who might have guided and then liquid he says here first Dooney ethical conditional sentence. seek the guidance. I will guide you there has to be an effort. Many of us today when we go home tomorrow next week. Sharla will be motivated there after Ramadan.
We live right. Okay, now back to the real meat
after Ramadan shanwa.
was Ramadan a catalyst for one new habit?
Salah Yes. As the CHE.
She wears their
retail head as it brought us to a new habit that we know within ourselves. asking Allah Oh Allah guide me
to be more to be with my family more fathers.
Or young men Oh Allah guide me to be patient with my parents. Oh Allah guide me to the certainty currently I'm searching I just don't feel it.
You keep asking Allah. And that process when you do the actions of the city, we have to understand these actions that we do in the city, our prayer is a cat all of these are actions of guidance that when you do it, it strengthens your faith. If you have the
intention is to have that you have the want to be guided. You want to be guided, you want it
that is what is important.
So when we look at this aspect of guidance from understanding firstly, that guidance is from Allah secondly, that it is a virtue from Allah subhanho wa taala. Thirdly, that guidance is built upon
knowledge and wisdom. Fourthly, that Allah subhanho wa Taala is not asked about what he does, he will ask us but He is not asked about what he does, and realizing that all of this is a process. I love the verse in an ankle boots, the variant of ankle boots. And it's such a motivation
for the sinners, which is all of us by the way, we all commit sin.
Well let the Naja do fina Lana had the unknown Selena. We're in Allah number and we're seeing
a beautiful verse.
A beautiful, beautiful verse that gives hope.
Allah subhanaw taala says and for those that strive in our strive Jahad do
this the same word verb for Jihad talking about spiritual.
Those that strive in our path fee now with sincerity
that na de Yana home schooled Anna Allah and the Arabic language uses numerous forms of sure to hear la na Deanna whom Susanna two forms of surety to show that you make the effort you make the effort, Nadi unknown Houda we will surely guide you.
But what kind of effort you have to give it everything. We're in Allah Lemma and Marcin and Verily Allah is with the WHO
THE who the most seen in the people of excellence, those that try their best. So may Allah subhanho wa Taala make us of those that try our best and actions of hair, that may Allah subhanaw taala make any confusion or questions that we have allowed them to be answered through our learning in our experience through life? May Allah subhanaw taala allow this experience that we have a means of increasing our faith and closeness to him. May Allah subhanaw taala allow anytime that we asked for guidance, it didn't receive it the way that we wanted to. We understand that this religion is on His terms and not on ours. But I've been to Atlanta for dunya Hassenfeld airflow testing looking at
alarm at NASA CBDR ability mean but too bad and that can turn to a webinar him alarm and most of that failure free cooling mechanism and your ability to manage them and of course aniline alcohol so terrible enemy Salalah was going to be in them Hamid while earlier suffrage exactly