Sects and Cults in the Muslim World #06 – The Beginning of the Major Fitnah 02
Channel: Abdullah Hakim Quick
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Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa sallahu wa sallam Allah say that I will email Arkadin, there'll be no Mohammedan. While I highly he was happy about aquasana
My beloved brothers and sisters, to our friends to our viewers Salaam Alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh Alhamdulillah. Allah subhanaw taala has blessed us again, with an opportunity to reflect upon a very crucial time in Islamic history. A time that is not so well documented in the sense that it's not present that much in books today. However, if we go back to some of the original sources of the historians, and the sayings of the Sahaba, and the tambourine, and tabea. To begin, we find that there is some detail concerning what happened in this turbulent time. And this great fitna, and we're using the terms of fitna that happened was a major turmoil, a major challenge in the Muslim
world and fitna itself is a type of trial. It's a tribulation and fitna is used. When metal is being purified. It's purified with fire with heat. And so fitna in a sense, is it is a trial, it's a persecution, it's a tribulation, that people go through in order to become more purified. And the Prophet Sal solemn has told us
that the way to Paradise is surrounded by mchattie, by hateful things, and the road to Hellfire is surrounded by shekhawat with desires.
And it's important for us to understand that the Prophet peace be upon him even informed us that the most difficult lives, the ones who were persecuted the most, were the prophets and then the ones who came after them, and the ones who were lower in their rank. So the fact that a group of people is persecuted.
The fact that they go through trials and tribulations, has nothing to do with the level of their faith, or the mercy that Allah azza wa jal has upon them. In some cases, it's a way for them to raise to a high status in the hereafter.
And so, the great fitna, the great trial tribulation, and fitna also can be used to mean a type of sedition. It's an evil conspiracy type of thing a gray area and when slander is used, and conspiracy is used, that becomes a real fitna in the sense of this evil trial, and tribulation. And in order to understand how this came about, we need to again look at certain ideas, and these ideas or these concepts will help us to understand what happened to the best of generations. Firstly, we recognize that Islam spread rapidly
If you look at the life of the Prophet Solomon, this is a person living in the Arabian Peninsula 1400 years ago, no massive armies, no mass communications, no weapons of mass destruction. And he starts in Mecca by himself. And then his wife, and then his family and few companions, and they go through a lot of suffering, they leave and they make hedgerow to Ethiopia, they come back and finally make hedger to Medina, establish their community. And after the 23 years, it's not a large amount of people, relative to the land space.
But the prophet peace be upon him informs his companions in arafat, in that last major sermon, during his farewell pilgrimage, that those who are present should take this message to those who are absent. And so it was the responsibility of the companions, that they should take this message to the rest of the world. And so, in terms of numbers, the numbers were not huge numbers. There are only a couple 100,000 people really, who had embraced Islam openly and knew what they were doing. The peninsula itself, after struggle went through, came into a state of Islam. But that, again, was with trial and tribulation. And so the rapid spread of Islam, Following this, with the companions of
ibaka, who opened up the door to international spreading of Islam, and then Omar Abdullah one, with the great achievements that he made, and with men, it spreads rapidly within 100 years, Islam reaches to the far ends of the earth. But with that rapid spread, in many cases, the masses of the people lacked the genuine Elman nafion, the beneficial knowledge that is needed to really raise to a high standard of the practice of Islam. And so the original teachings, or knowledge of Arabic, a knowledge of
the nuances, so the ways of the prophet SAW Solomon language, fitting in the times, also the prophetic model, which of course, brings Islam alive in the land. And this tarbiyah this combination then, gives us the type of people who can hold on to the banner of Islam. Also, we recognize that that wealth was pouring in to the societies and are very humble. Bedouin agricultural type society
connects to urban centers, it connects to civilizations going back 1000s of years, controlling huge areas of the earth, and having amazing amounts of wealth, and this wealth, because of the corruption that happened in the Roman Empire. And then in the Persian Empire, it started to pour into the Muslim cities, small villages that became cities, and then connected to the world. With this also, a large amount of people came into the faith. They wanted to know what is this way of life that has given the Arabs a hitherto unknown people, a people who were hopelessly divided, now they become a powerful force. And they're combined, combining spirituality, with military sense, and with open
minds. And so, amongst the challenges that develops, are conspiracies. So these conspiracies are part of the hostilities that develop these conspiracies are part of the fitna. Because again, the trial the tribulation, the gray area, the scandal that pours in so much at once. It came in from the mushrikeen of Mecca. Because even though they were defeated,
many of them did not have a chance to really fully take in Islamic teachings and Jaya Leah rested within them. So they struggled between their Islamic mind and between the ignorant gioielli mind also the Persians and the Roman aristocrats. We have to remember that the Persian Empire especially stretches back 1000s of years, and the sassanid dynasty was a powerful
dynasty that ruled a major part of the earth, and which controlled an amazing amount of technology. And so these aristocrats were not going to give up so easily. And when the armies of Islam came into their region after they attacked first, they fled into the markets of the highlands. And they hid, and they fermented conspiracies, to seize power again, the Romans as well, Byzantine Rome, who had inherited from the Rome of Italy, they wrote the great roman empire that had conquered much of the so called civilized world, the great roman empire that had combined, the knowledge is of the anxious once, they're not going to give up that easily. And they were never fully conquered by the Muslims,
in the sense that even though Arabia was protected, and Syria, fell into the hands of the believers and much of the Mediterranean, Constantinople, which was the center of the Byzantine Romans. This is what is now Istanbul. Constantinople became a seat of conspiracies, and a seed of reaction from the aristocrats, and those who wanted to continue their power. Spirit conspiracies were also hatched by factions of Benny israa yield from the yahood because they had expected a messenger to come from their family. They thought from the side of Sara and Isaac, that a messenger would come before the Day of Resurrection. They didn't accept easily Salaam they never accepted Jesus, and so they will
waiting for a profit to come. And it is reported that when the Muslims came to Medina, and they interacted with the house, and Hans has alleged tribes, these are the Arab tribes in the afternoon, Medina,
the people of Medina, the Arabs in Medina told them that in the past, when they would get into an argument with people from the different clans of the yahood, that the Jewish man would say to them, you wait, what our Prophet comes, we will defeat you with our Prophet. So to that point, he was alive in their minds. And they couldn't handle the fact that the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him,
was from the family of Abraham, but the side of hajah, the other side, and his smile, and way, way down from the Quraysh the Prophet peace and blessings be upon him.
What was the response of the successes, Allah subhanaw taala chose individuals. And it's important for us to understand, again to firm up in our mind, what happened in this period that we call the time of the rightly guided caliphs. They were rightly guided.
And Abubakar has a deep rhodiola, on the great companion, who accepted Islam the first, you could say, adult male to accept Islam, the one who gave Dawa to many of the original people who embraced the great companion, who who dedicated his life in the early meccan period, and went through all types of changes, and eventually made the hegira with the Prophet peace and blessings be upon him, his close companion, and it is said that when they came into Medina, and the Prophet peace of power, Abu Bakar, we then sat down and the people who did not know them, and looked at the two of them,
they were not sure which one was Muhammad selasa they weren't sure.
Of course, once our backer took escape and shielded the Prophet peace be upon him, then they knew who it was, but they were of a similar similar class in a sense, a similar age group, and a type of wise appearance that you'd see on Abubakar that gave him this natural stance. And the prophet SAW seldom depended upon him for leadership, in many cases, in that back in that Medina period, and we find that toward the end of the life of the Prophet so seldom, when he was not able to make the pilgrimage. He said I will Baka to lead the Muslims. When the prophet SAW Selim became very sick with a fever, and that fever hidden at the end of his life. He could not even stand up sometimes and
when he came out for salata, he couldn't stand so he sat and he asked a walker to lead
So these are all signs.
The prayer leader, the Imam, that's a sign the leader of the Hajj. That's a sign, the one who makes the hijra. That's a sign. So all of that led toward Abubakar rhodiola. And in the turmoil, with the death of the Prophet peace and blessings be upon him. When it was announced the answer immediately went to a garden in Medina, and they were trying to decide for a leader. This of course, they were in a state of trauma. And when you're traumatized, you don't think straight, sometimes you just sort of react to your circumstances. And so they're about to choose a leader and the Mohajer in the Muslims of the Quraysh of Mecca came. And they said, No, you are the result. Ah, you are the
ministers. But the leadership should come from the kurush. And based upon what the prophet peace be upon him, it taught us. We are the first people who embraced Islam with him. And so they submitted to that when they came out of their trauma. And eventually, Abubakar Siddique was chosen
that was ratified by the people. Now, this is an extremely important point. Because there's so much negative propaganda fitna in a sense, that comes out about this period of time and we will go on to see later that some of the splinter groups, the sex and the schismatic organizations that formed based their ideology on these early events. And so it's important for us to understand it from the balanced position of the Alexandre while Gemma.
And so Abubakar Siddique, took over the leadership. Yes, Ali was not there at the time, because he was the one who was in charge of the janazah. He was the one who was in charge of the inheritance of the Prophet peace be upon him, he was the oldest male in the family. And so therefore, he was not there when the decision was made. And, of course, the morning of the family, the grief was was consuming them. But after a short period of time, Ali also gave his pledge to Abu Bakar rather lower. Some people say no Ali should have been chosen. And we may talk about some of this as we go on. But some say no Ali should have been chosen, some will believe in bloodlines, also thought that
Ali should have been chosen, because he was the cousin of the Prophet, and he married his daughter. So that's the closest to a son. Look at the wisdom, a loss of our divine wisdom. All of the sons were born of the Prophet peace be upon him, died in their infancy, they died young. So therefore there was no Crown Prince, there was no blood line to be followed, especially for people coming out of the for roenick traditions of Egypt, out of the Persian traditions, out of the Roman traditions, looking at families, as their leadership, and in some cases that the families actually represent God. They had nobody they could choose directly. So Ali was the closest one that they possibly could
have chosen, but the companions because of the faith that was there. And because of the Divine Terabithia that the prophet SAW Selim had given them, they were trained by the best of teachers, they were able to overcome it. And Obama took the leadership, and it was certified by the people. And so after a strong, powerful prophetic leadership in the fitness of ibaka, was firm. But he was a relaxed person as well. But he was strong. He was firm. And that was needed at that time, because people were a little bit more tense. And and his smoothness, his sincerity, his open love. For the Prophet Sal seldom overcame many of the doubts that people had. And so Abubakar radiola one. When
the people rebelled against him, he was firm against the apostates and he held.
He held the nation. And that was important. And
when he was on his deathbed, he chose Omar Abel hottub rhodiola.
Now this choice that he made of Omar, it is the right of the halifa but the choice is not fun.
No, it has to be confirmed. And so the confirmation comes from the senior members of the Sahaba. And then from the masses of the people. And the people understood this. The people recognized how great Omar was and how fit he was to be the leader at that point in time, because the Persians were still there, knocking at their doors. The Romans were there. Ethiopians were there. It was they were living in a huge cauldron of boiling oil. You need a solid leader Omar was disciplined, organized, and he took strict control over leadership.
But he was balanced. And that's exactly what they needed at that point in time.
And Omar ruled for two years plus, then, with all the fitna and problems happening,
a Persian prisoner of war,
jumped out of the crowd of Lulu, and he stabbed Omar rhodiola, one in the Pfizer prayer
and Omar rhodiola. One, knowing that the poison on the dagger was reaching him. He then gave the guidance that they should choose, they should allow a committee and we'll talk about this as we go a little bit further down to 10. People promised paradise that they should choose this committee and allow them to make selections, and then it would be ratified. So this is the Islamic position. It is not an out now election with one party against another party. We're all one party. We're Hizbollah with a party of Allah subhanaw taala.
And at the same time,
it's not a tyranny. It's not a kingdom,
with a deity to choose, the next leader is chosen by a royal family. No, it is not this. It is meritocracy, where the person who has the merit, who is deserving to be the leader, fit for the post suitable for the post. And if possible from the Quraysh
can can assume the leadership and as we learned earlier, aboubaker was you know from the team tribe, he was from the Quraysh. And Omar already long from benu id he was from Croatia as well. And they selected with men rhodiola one and he was relaxed. So saw the firmness of the prophethood a sort of more relaxed, but firmer Walker, that's firmness again of oma and then a relaxed, strong control of Earth man. That is the guidance of Allah subhanaw taala that came with the right with rightly guided caliphs. And we understood about the achievements of our ibaka and oma and what they had done, and how much they did for the Muslim world. What is important, especially with Omar, the vision that he
had, the vision was to base ourselves our thinking with a Quranic perspective, that the core and should be the basis of our world view. It should be the basis of the way we set up our structure. The meritocracy is based upon the the book of Allah and its ban. It's clear expression, through the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. But at the same time, Omar was not fanatic and extreme as some people might want to try to say about him.
He actually had tolerance, and they were not forcing people at the pain of death to accept Islam.
People could see the merits in becoming a Muslim, and then rise in the ranks and then see Islam as an alternative in their life. And so, when Omar is assassinated,
he had chosen a Shura Council. Now, this is a form of leadership, because sometimes Muslims take like, what is Islamic leadership? If you don't believe in a democracy, similar to what you have in many secular democratic countries, you're not a Communist Party. What do you what is the basis, we are a meritocracy, and we have our leadership in order to choose the leadership, then we would have Athol Halliwell occurred. This literally is a name that all of us
coined those who could open up probably knots and they could tie them. In other words, they are the people who have hikma. They they're the senior thinkers, with the best of character, the best of understanding. And so this selection committee is a type of Shura Council that comes together studies, the circumstances, fields, the names of the possible candidates, and then make selections. These selections then are taken to the to the people to be ratified. If they're able to come up with a person through their deliberations, they will put that person to the masses, the masses then ratify. So this is our way of doing things that ratification in a sense, is like a vote.
It's like a vote of confidence. And so in this case, Omar radiola one, he chooses, the 10 people promised paradise before they die their death. Who were these people?
I said I'm Oba sharena bill Janda from our from our Hadith traditions we find and these names become very important because they'll come up as we go on our back our Sadiq Omar will hot tub with Manny buddy our fan, Ali Ibn Abi taalib Abu Zubaydah April Jarrah tell her you even Obaidullah azubi A banal one sided banaba cos side Ibn Zayd and updraft, Maddie, but I've read the last one. So the this is your shore committee. It's like your selection committee. And in the case of Omar,
who left them with this responsibility,
you could see, number one to two people are gone. So there's only eight people left. And they are making the decision. And some of the history books go into details. And there's a number of them right away from the beginning. talha and so there are a number of them, they don't want to be leader. So they immediately are resigned themselves. They say no, take me out of this. And it came down to earth man and
and when they did the committee then deliberated and they they came, you know, to the choice of Earth man, given a fan, rowdy llama, and people might say, how is it that they would choose respect? Number one, you have to recognize the fact
that Ali rhodiola, one was a young person when he embraced Islam.
by the time of the death of the Prophet so Salaam, he was literally in his early 30s.
And by the time it goes through the the the, the philosophy of Abu Bakr and Omar, he is then in his early 40s. And has has as has wisdom, but at the same time, the the level of charisma and even the fact that generation, he was a young person from that, or in that time of the early generation. So who was Earth men have an affair. And this is important again, because there are people who, you know, this slander that's out there, and there's misunderstanding, but when you have access to the sources, when you really look back at the person, you can clearly see where the DD slander put out against him was false.
But it is true. And it is important to recognize that Earth man was from Ben omiya.
And Ben Oh, nyah, if we can go back a little bit to early Mecca. And you remember the struggle between the Hashem ease and the Omega it's, it was a struggle inside of Quraysh omega omiya, who had desire for the leadership was expelled.
But that feeling continued.
And amongst his youth, or amongst his children and descendants, you find about Sophia and you find Wow, yeah, you will see that two made clan was a powerful clan, very powerful, politically, powerful, economically powerful, even militarily. But the love of the people was with Ben New Hampshire. And so that type of struggle, that competition, in a sense was a form of Jackie Leah. If Islam is put aside, then people start looking at their tribes and
Was men was from bedroom area.
And you would think that that makes a difference not in the case of watchmen because in his case, he had risen to such a McCombe such a standard, such a level that the Prophet so solemn, loved him to a great extent.
Number one, he was approximately the fourth person to accept Islam. So he is amongst the sabich going
alone the first of the generations of the people to embrace Islam. And he struggled in the early period, he actually made hedgerow
to Ethiopia when the struggle was going on. And he had again the Prophet Sal Sal them, loving him so much are married him to his daughter rupiah bit Mohammed, bin Allah be pleased with her. And so craftsmen and ruqayyah were part of the first group that went to harbor Shah on that first digit. So he's going through a lot of changes in that early period of time, the major hedger to Medina, he's still an important companion. In the early days, there are a number of companions, round 20. So who were the rightous, with men was one of the scribes of the message. And it is reported
by the wives of the Prophet Solomon. One, I believe it is Aisha rhodiola, on her, who who reports that one case she saw, the prophet SAW Selim, you know, sweating, the revelation would come some time so heavy, that beads of sweat would pour off of his head, he was leaning against with men.
And the revelation is literally coming to him. And she's wiping off the sweat. And then the Prophet peace be upon him, turns to Earth men, and tells him write it down.
Write it down. So that's how close he is. And they would write on, level on bark, the tree papayas if they could get it, but literally, that's how close he actually was. And of course, he was promised paradise before his death. And the prophet SAW seldom even spoke of him, as a great Shahid has a great motto. And when ruqayyah
passed away, the prophet Sal Salam then married him again, to another daughter on cooltone radiola, Juana, so because man had married two of the daughters of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him.
And the Prophet peace upon him made it known that if I had 40 daughters, I'll marry them all to this man
and other companions, because he was such a beautiful person he was not people describe him generally as a thin person, are kind of a weak person. No, he was actually big bone person. He was strong with a thick beard and
he strong complexion, sort of a light brown complexion, and very stately, are very handsome
and extremely wealthy and successful in business. And Allah subhanaw taala, blessed certain companions, bless their hands. That's how it is with some people. They they have a green thumb, as they say in agriculture, they are able to make money from stones, and earth man was one of those people blessed with wealth. But despite this, he lived a very humble life.
Despite the fact that he had so much wealth. He was simple clothes. He ate simple food. He even wrote a mule like a donkey sometimes.
He was a humble person in his lifestyle. And he kept the tradition of the Prophet so seldom in terms of that earthly humility. He kept it going.
And he spent freely in the path of Allah.
And the Sierra books show us the Battle of two book. And this was one of the most difficult encounters that the Muslims had faced because they were challenged by the Roman Empire.
And the Romans plan was to bring 100,000 warriors down into the area of Ben obasan, which is now the area of Jordan and northern Arabia, and to attack Medina 100,000 you remember, when the hub attacked from Mecca, the Battle of the trench that's in the middle of your your Medina period, they brought 10,000 warriors and now
to kill or to be as much as every man, woman and child in Medina. Medina was not a large city. So that was a final solution. This is not 10,000 This is 100,000.
And even though people had embraced Islam, more people had come to Medina
100,000 warriors with Roman technology
that was a challenge that they had never faced before.
The prophet SAW Selim took shorter with his companions in the masjid and they decided to go out to the Romans as opposed to allowing them to come into Medina and surround it and put them under siege. They would go out to them and depend upon Allah. And this was Jason Ursa, this was the difficult Arby's facing tremendous odds, and was mad Ebony fan radula one, he was one of the major outfit is of the army. And because of this, the profits are solid, exclaimed to him, whatever you do after this, you will not be harmed by It was an amazing move the earth man read the law when
he also purchased the wealth of Roma.
And this also gained great blessings from the Prophet peace and blessings be upon him. If you go back to who they BIA the Treaty of who they BIA, you will find that it was Earth man. When the prophets of Salaam This is before facto Mecca, we're going back a little bit. The Prophet peace be upon him and his companions wanted to make oma. And so they camped in a place called hood Abia, the Quraysh. were refusing the Prophet Sal sanlam set forth man, a been a fan to represent the Muslims. When the word got back, that Earth man had been killed, everything changed. And the companions now prepared themselves for war.
But Allah subhanaw taala was merciful. And a treaty came about solid, who they BIA
the Shah had here the witness here is that the much of the basis of this major change was the killing of us men. And that is how beloved he was, and how important he was to the Prophet peace be upon him and his companions. So this is Earth man. And despite what some people say, who tried to spread accusations about with men, and they say, Well, you know, during his time Omar was a great Khalifa, with men not the same. He's not the same, you know, he didn't do so well. You have to look at his his his he laffitte. He ruled for 12 plus years. That's more than Omar and Abu Bakar combined.
And if you go back over his life, you will see that for the first 10 years, that is during that period, major improvements were made. Peace was in the land harmony.
He continued to add the rule of the great Khalif as he was not partial to anybody justice for everybody. He was your main in his policies, great expansions took place. Muslims had reached Libya, Cyprus, Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan. amazing achievements are made during this time. And one of the greatest achievements when confusion is setting in with the book of Allah subhanho wa Taala that was firmly based and firmly memorized in the minds and the hearts of 1000s of his companions. It was there.
But at the same time, remember the rapid spread of Islam. There were hundreds and 1000s of people coming in.
In many parts of the world, like Kufa and bussola. They were coming out of a literary tradition. So immediately the people of Kufa and Basra become experts in the Arabic language. And if you study Arabic Now itself, you will see that the basis of the rulings of how you write Arabic the grammar that is done, even the diacritical marks, you know, you're shut down and you're sukoon and, you know, the basis of your Arabic is really being developed in the area of Basra and Kufa.
This is where Arabic became COVID
To a certain extent, and so that ability to codify things, that ability to develop language also opened up the way to fit. Because it is in this area never forget, this is the area of Babylon, which is called Babel in the Quran. And this is where How rude and marut the angels brought down a fit.
They brought down a trial and tribulation on the people, they brought magic. And this was a test and it came down were in Babylon. Not in London, England, not in Romania, not in China.
Not in Salem, Massachusetts, Babylon. And if you go back, if you look at the occult, if you look at the people who believe in the type of cryptic thinking, the underground dark secret societies, and you trace them back, you will see that in many cases, they trace themselves back to Babylon.
They traced themselves back to the track Tigris and Euphrates region. And so false writings were coming in, in the name of the Quran.
The Quran, many of them died fighting against mustela, Malka dab.
And so therefore, it was man supervised and organized. The the bringing together of the book of Allah subhanaw taala, with the experts. And so the great quarter Ah, who left zaytoven tabet rhodiola, one great companions, who is still alive, and well memorize the Book, got the texts, the writings that were in the house of hafsa because started with Omar rhodiola one and then you know, he put the writings in his in his daughter's house was also the wife of the province on Sunday. And so they was man got it got the the texts, and the writings from our house, gave it to the committee, they put it together and they started going letter by letter,
until they were able to codify
a book, put it in a book form, because remember, it was till our before that, yes, I was memorized. Yes, they would read it constantly over again. And if somebody makes a mistake, even a letter people 1000s would know. But in order to take it to another stage, they put it in the form of a writing form. And this was a major move that was made to break up the conflicts and disagreements and confusions that was seeping in to the the understanding, you know of the people. And so great achievements were made by Horace Mann, you've been a fan. This is Beloved, of the Prophet peace and blessings be upon him. Despite this beautiful
Sierra is his story, despite his compassion, because he was an easy going person. He was he was strong, but he was a mild mannered person,
the kind of person who can't say no,
the kind of person who you love to be around him, despite this fit, not came. And we have to recognize that the shaytaan will either be the ultimate enemy, from the jinn and his legions, who come from the jinn created from smokeless fire. And also weak minded human beings who get can be controlled by the jinn that day format, fitna. He, well, he has a villa, the police promised he would come in front of people in back of them above them, under them around them, he would make us change the creation of Allah. He would take us off the path. And so this is the fitna, the major fitna that we are in. And so remember, over abundance of wealth, wealth, changes the way people
think. And you will see in your own life, what can happen to people, when they get some money, over abundance of wealth, and a weakness in human nature. And this is important for us, because we're not angels. We're human beings, we can raise to the highest level sanita Queen, we can be the highest level of of creation. do more of that now who has philosophy then they can go down as philosophy lean, we can go to the lowest of the low so that
struggle is within human beings. Cain killed Abel. Remember kaabil and habido. These are the sons of Adam Elisa.
One kill the other one.
And so human beings we have this inside of ourselves. It's a weak nature. It's a leaning to our desires, because there is an animal side to us. And Islam is a discipline. Islam, purifies our minds, purifies our bodies, keeps us in line with Allah subhanaw taala
keeps us in our prayers, in our fasting, purifies our wealth, purifies our societies through an admirable maroof when nahi Mancha calling to the good and forbidding evil, but still, we're human beings. And so tribalism can pop its ugly head up at any moment.
bloodshed can come about even amongst people who you would never suspect.
And so it's a natural weakness in the people. And by this time, because of life itself, many of the companions of the Prophet SAW some Senior Companions were passing away.
And so the generation that was coming would be not Sahaba it would be a Tabby in this would be the next generation.
And then when Tabby even start passing away, it becomes tabea tab in the ones who follow the ones who followed. And so senior Sahaba are dying.
And so that original teachings that terribie of the prophet SAW Selim living example, in people is starting to change a little bit. And centers like Damascus, like Basra and Kufa.
Like for start, which later, Alexandria, Scandinavia, later becomes Cairo. Major complexes are coming into Islam, with societies that are ingrained culturally, that have attitudes. And they also have tribalism. They have natural allegiance, and their allegiance in tribalism in human life is to your family.
And maybe your family's family, that tribe gets bigger, or it could be your nation state. And so literally, Islam brings together tribes, it brings together nation states
to make a super state.
But that's a challenge. And with the Sahaba passing away, it also opened the door for fit.
And this is where we see
with man rather law one
is under a major test.
And he This is around the 34th year after the Hydra.
And this is where the fitna really starts to come in with strength. There are a number of opinions about this. But the strongest position adopted by many great scholars and historians, is that especially amount of tabari, we'll see that the fit now. It was a group of people. And this group of people will call the people of fitna. They were led by a yahoodi, a Jewish man from Yemen. He came from the Yemen, whose name was Abdullah bin Saba.
And Allah knows best what his background was. But historians relate that he came into Islam to destroy Islam.
And this happens in many cases, we see that people stabbing collisions and, and and all types of dissent and people of different religions coming in, remember, conspiracies, right? Remember your groups, your Roman aristocrats, Persian aristocrats, pagan Meccans, factions of the yahood remember these groups now. And so from this came Abdullah ibn Sabha.
And his tactic was to come into Islam, but to sow the seeds of dissension through Chabot hat, through doubt, and through confusing things. And so this sedition began to move and part of what he was doing, was looking at the companions and then
Focusing on Ali Ibn Abi taalib cardinham Allahu wotja. Focusing on him as being a type of special person because of his blood,
also looking at with men rhodiola. One and starting to, to criticize, and to bring slander and scandal.
And so he first went,
history books show us that he tried in Medina, he came to Medina and he tried to foment confusion. But companions were still there. The scholars, the people of Medina were there. And so they stopped him, they rejected this confusion. From there he went to Syria. But Maui already law and many other companions were there. They also rejected him blocked him, then he went to Iraq, and it is there in Kufa
and to a certain extent bussola, that his companions start to now gain instruct why in that area. Remember, this is an area that has suffered under the spell of magic, also conspiracies. coup d'etat has confusions happening for 1000s of years. And so factions are there. There's always one in the crowd. He was able to gain followers. And so that was one of his seats. But it is when he went to Egypt,
that he really gained the most solid support people who are ready to come with him in numbers, and to really sow dissension. And so they started to put out slander. And then again, this is the worst whistle. This is the innuendos and the slander, used by the shaytaan, yada Billa and his followers, and they put out slander against with men radiola, one had tried to say, Well, you know, he's a weak person. He's not a strong person. And this is because of his personality. But again, the first 10 years of of his rule, look at the expansion of, of Islam, look at the things that he had done for the Muslims. And so this is the first way to say that he is weak, and then to accuse him of spending
the wealth from the battle mile on himself.
Now, this is a case of slander, that you'll see happening against many of the leadership up until today. And so they use this slander, to say this, but was man then
didn't have to defend himself. But when he was questioned, he made it clear to them that when Jason was also in tabuk, the money was his own money.
That when he was supporting people, even when he was Khalifa, and when he would actually give people stipends, it was his own money. He was not taking the money from the baitul mouth, unless it was based upon the Shura.
Also they accused him. And this is one of the big accusations that they made against him. They accused him of favoritism. And that is that was man was favoring Benno, omiya.
And then omega to a great extent coming out of Mecca. Many of them made the migration to Syria. And they were living in Damascus. And at the head, at the head of them was Wow, yeah, it better be soufiane radiola one. And they were powerful there. And remember now with this minority of companions that were there, the people who were embracing Islam and solidifying their Islam and having the chance to meet companions, will then tap in. And then there were other people who their allies, and they're and tribes who are underneath them, and some people who just had allegiance based upon blood, or based upon wealth. And so it is a block, it is a mindset, the people living in
Syria and Damascus, this is a mindset and the people to a certain extent, even in, in the time of the process of they were considered panel as far as that they were considered to be the lighter skinned people, they call them, the red people better off by with the Persians. And they were actually connected to the Romans. And so you'll see this word Rumi being used or these these terms for you know, edge and OB and terms being used for the people of Rome and so it's a
mindset. And the mindset had allegiance. And Mahalia who was a powerful leader, and don't forget, he was catchable Ye, he was also a scribe. He based himself there in Damascus.
This is a powerful force that was there. And in the case of Earth men rather law one, he entered his defense, he would say, I do not give post to people or take it away, except for those who deserve it. For those who are suitable for the case, I take shorter. When it comes to governmental campaigns. I always take shorter,
but the banner omiya. Now we have to remember the tribal Jai helia. And we have to be honest about this, that within us, we have tribes, we have language groups, we have races. And when we are a little bit distant from the centers of Islam, and when other factors are involved, we will tend to favor our own people. That's how kingdoms develop. And so therefore, the Romanians and there were some from amongst them,
then our mayor, there were those amongst them who were actually aggressive. And we'll be talking about this in more details.
In the next period, I want to paint a general picture
for you concerning where we reached up until now.
So up until now,
with man his ruling
companions are still there. He seated in Medina
bus star is there Kufa, Iraq, Damascus is there. Egypt
has been opened up. And there are different power centers and the people of fitna,
the sedition lists are starting to spread the rumors. So they spread the rumors wherever they possibly can. When there are enough scholars, they are blocked, but they went on a writing campaign. And so they started to send letters. And when you start to put it in writing now you documenting things, it does require for you to make a response. And so they did writing campaigns to Syria to Iraq, the Drina Mecca wherever they possibly could, and it was man radiola. One took shorter with his senior counsels, and they decided that they would make a fact finding delegations. So these delegations went out. Osama Ibn Zayd rhodiola one went to Basra Abdullah bin Omar radiallahu anhu
Omar went to Syria, Amar, vinyasa went to Egypt. And so major companions led these delegations and they went to the areas to to to certain whether these complaints and these accusations were actually true or false. What did they find out? They found out that none of them were true.
That was man rhodiola. One
really upset by this, that when he gave wealth, he gave it from his personal wealth, and not from the wealth of the Beatle mouth. And so,
but this edition continues, and worth man, he had found out from the Prophet so solemn, and in one tradition where the Prophet peace be upon him,
comes to a mountain knees with his four companions, who ibaka oma has met in it. And here he comes, you know, with our Baka
Omar and crossmen. So they end with the promises for and so he tells them in the tradition that the mountains quivering and they say, why is this and the Prophet tells them because there is a prophet, there is a Sudeep and there are two showerheads, two models.
And he's referring to the Siddiq. The truthful one is a walker, the two models would be Omar, and was met.
So as men in a number of traditions, he is actually informed by the prophet peace be upon him of what's going to happen to but he's ready. He's ready to face the color of a lot. That whatever Allah decides, he is willing to live up to this.
He does not want bloodshed in Medina.
He takes a position of very, very strong position.
Hodge period is a time when people historically and especially from the early times, it is one of the only times well the only time really that you'd find when people internationally are coming together in a form of ibadah they are coming to Medina they are coming to Mecca. You know, they are making their halogen and their Oberon and their their their zyada of Medina and and people take this to the leadership would take this as a chance to make sure a chance to spread knowledge. This tradition is also used this and so they came into Medina delegations from the people of the fitna came from Iraq. They came from Egypt and they came into the area of Medina itself.
Because man rhodiola, one makes it clear.
He tells us the Sahaba very clearly, take out your Take off your swords in the masjid, do not have these weapons around. I don't want fighting in Medina.
But the traditionalists who don't listen to him, anyway, have an evil thought,
have an intention of making him come down from his position as halifa.
And this is an evil thought. And of course, even amongst the people of fitna, they're not all the same. There are those who are bought off. And they just believe that was man is in Romania who's making these wrong decisions. There are some of them, who are literally are called people disguised as Muslims. And they want to destroy with Madea, but they are fat, because they hate what he has done. Because he stood in the path of of confusion, all of his life, and he is so beloved by the prophet peace and blessings be upon him.
There are others who just go with the masses. It was a group of Egyptians going we're gonna go with the Egyptians who were Iraqis go we're gonna go with the Iraqis. So it becomes like a tribal provincial type of struggle in the minds of some of the people. And so ddddd seditious, then come into the area of Medina.
Confusion is there was man rhodiola. One takes a powerful stats, no bloodshed,
Ali and the companions when they
believe or when they feel and have some proof that something's wrong. They take permission from Earth man to destroy these people or fitna,
they will get rid of them all at once with mad says no, no bloodshed. He wouldn't allow them to do anything.
And the deep reports and there are so many in the history books. But in short, and we'll be going over this in more details, because it is a very emotional period. And it's something we need to understand that the companions then receded to their homes. Ali put his son Hassan Hussein and Abdullayev in his obeah came as well young people to defend with man's house.
But the sedition is kept pressuring Horace Mann read the law you must resign, you must resign. Meanwhile, the word got out to Damascus. The word got out to the to the companions in Iraq and armies were being sent
to solidify Medina had to protect the Khalifa. You have to remember that the major centers now where the armies were the barracks and the major forces was not in Mecca and Medina at the time. These were made mainly centers of ibadah centers of knowledge. But but the military part the economic parts was in the major centers. When they heard this. They made their move towards to Medina.
The conspirators found out about the coming of the armies and they realize they only had a few days to do what they had to do with man refused
to listen to them
with men question them and embarrass them to the point where the extremist from amongst the extremist
recognized or believe that if they did not kill with men, they would be killed themselves because the armies were coming.
And so some of them fighting went on in the courtyard. And even Hassan and Hussein and Abdullayev in his obeah they they they struggled with man saw this no leave no fighting.
And eventually the sedition is solutionist conspirators. They jumped over the back. Found was man rather law one reading the Quran and they stabbed him
They killed him while he was reading the book of Allah subhanaw taala at this set shockwaves when it was known, it sent shockwaves through the community.
The Companions could not believe
what had happened.
The word started getting out. That Earth man had been assassinated. shockwaves are going out. This edition is start to assimilate amongst the people.
They try to change their colors. The evil job has been done.
But who's going to take over as the Khalifa?
What is going to happen? And it is in this time that Ali radula one
DDD amazing companion.
The sort of a lot of Lion of Allah seizes this moment. He gathers who's left of the national Baturina bill Jana, the 10 promise paradise. They come together senior Shura Council people
come together. And they choose Ali as the halifa.
And this was a major move that was done. It was a decisive move. Because it recognized that what even one day should not go by no time should go by when the oma does not have leadership that it needs to be decided there needs to be stability in the nation, because there's so much fitna and conspiracy that that is going is moving around the Muslim world that we need to solidify. And he took the opinion that yes, we need to choose the halifa. And the selection committee chose him
to be the fourth of the great qualifier, Russia Diem, and naturally the people accepted this, because this was earlier, but they'll be taller, rather long one. And the great orlimar of the time.
They make it very clear. I remember even reading the writings of CDM azhagu. You know, who was the *ery of the malkia of the Maliki scholars of fez in Morocco. And this is, you know, a long time ago, hundreds of years ago, but when he wrote one of the texts that he wrote,
and it is under see how to cavea the Ben hustle law, but afia and he's talking in one section, he's clarifying, you know, a certain aspect of Muslim character. And you know, it gets to the point of the fitna, and so he makes a comment, that Ollie was correct, he makes it clear, Ollie was correct in the move that he made. And so the vast majority of the Aloma then and now have accepted the decision of Ollie radula one, but it is a calamity that we have reached. And it is something that we need to understand. And we're going to go slow in the next few periods. We'll get through it hopefully by next period, and make the transition into the major schismatic groups, you need to
understand what is going on. There are companions who have the right guidance. But there are those who are weak minded. There are those who don't didn't even see the Prophet song. Some of them didn't even hardly see companions, except in a distance. They have tribal loyalty. Islam spread rapidly, it wasn't a concentrated little group.
And to go from Damascus to Medina, that's a long period of time to go from Cairo to go from Iraq. This is a long period of time. And so therefore, to keep it together,
is extremely difficult, almost impossible. And we'll see that the major achievements made by the companions, the suffering and the sacrifice to solidify the oma and to continue to keep it going. That Alhamdulillah up until today that we have the other Sunday well Gemma and we still have swats and other we still have our sources of the Quran, which was put together at the time of with man radiola one, we still have our ahaadeeth that are solidified for us and authenticated, that is for the law. That is the preference and the blessing of Allah subhanaw taala upon this nation and upon this coma. So we have to recognize at this point,
the great loss with the death The fitna the height of the fitna now and the confusion and in the next period inshallah, we will continue on and to see what develops amongst the companions and why
dddd traumatic events that go about and some of the breakages that come and some of the unity that comes within the Muslim world. And so as we continue, we ask Allah subhanaw taala to always bless those who have suffered for the message of Islam and those who are willing to stand up for the message wherever they are, and to hold fast to the rope of Allah. Remember what the prophet SAW Selim said. He said, those of you who come, you will see if they laugh and Katia, you will see great differences. While they can be senility or Sunder to qualify a rush gene, stick to my son and the son no other rightly guided caliphs. We allow bless them all. May Allah forgive us, and those
Muslims who have made mistakes and eventually enter us into paradise akula Cody how that Rostock for Valley welcome aka Tawana and Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salam wa Alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh