Sects and Cults in the Muslim World #03 – Perspective
Channel: Abdullah Hakim Quick
Series: Abdullah Hakim Quick - Sects and Cults in the Muslim World
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Episode Transcript ©
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Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim hamdulillah below the mean. While Salli wa sallam Allah sailed on illegal activity in the Vietnam War hammer den. While Allah He was off the robotic Asana,
my beloved brothers and sisters to our viewers. A salaam aleikum, wa rahmatullah.
hamdulillah. We thank Allah subhanaw taala for another opportunity to share our understandings, and to reflect upon our beautiful religion, and the challenges that are facing us in the 21st century.
And as we look at the subject, the sects and cults in the Muslim world, we realize that this is a vast area to discuss. There's a lot of confusion. And it
continued over a number of centuries.
And really, for any religion, any way of life that spread throughout the whole planet, that touched just about every nation on Earth, you would find some definite challenges within the people who are practicing.
And so it is critical for us. Before we plunge into understanding the different names and groupings and cults and leaders, that we have our good base, we have a foundation. And having a foundation in the history before the Prophet Muhammad SAW itself. And the circumstances surrounding the time of his coming
gives us perspective. And perspective is critical. That is to contextualize to be able to understand what was happening during that time period, and then reflect on the revelation and then we are able to see ourselves and where we stay today in the world. And so you're looking at the world, before Prophet Muhammad peace and blessings be upon him. We recognize that there were a number of different power entities. And what a great Persian philosophers well known individual named Manny,
living in the third century AD,
he looked at the world and he said, there are four great powers on this earth.
Number one is the Byzantine Roman Empire.
Two is the Persian Empire.
Three, there are four there are four King, there are three kingdoms in China,
and four is exome, which is the Ethiopian dynasty in Africa. So these were three, these are the four powers in the world, we want to look at three of these powers to get a perspective of these three powers. Because China being so far away, did not have a direct influence on the events surrounding Prophet Muhammad SAW itself. So let's look first at the Byzantine Roman Empire.
And again, it's important because you will see that these names actually affect the revelation.
Sorry to roll there's a chapter in the call and which is called wrong. And as we go on, we will see how to heed the oneness of God had been practiced by people throughout the planet, went through its changes and needed a final dispensation.
And so the Byzantine Roman Empire
was the base of what was left of the teachings of Isa Allah Islam. karate, as we know,
was actually a form of tawheed of monotheism that came through the children of Israel, because he saw a celeb Jesus was Jewish, and he was part of the Israel light prophets. False
Following the law of Moses, strictly believing in one God, His followers, the disciples kept this message and spread it as far as they could.
At the same time, there were other teachers, as this message of tawheed spread, it took root in different parts of the Mediterranean. Probably the most famous was arius, who was a Libyan Bishop living in Alexandria, Egypt, very outspoken in his belief in one God,
at the same time, and we're talking about the time of Jesus, and just after his time, sun worship was on the rise. And you could say that sun worship affected people throughout the planet also, because naturally, it is the largest object, the largest of the creation. And so people will have a tendency to worship power sources. And so in the Mediterranean region,
there are a number of religions. They were those who believed in the ancient pagan beliefs of the Greeks, and the Romans, you know about the different gods, Poseidon, and Neptune and Venus, all the different gods of the Greeks and the Romans. There was also the ancient Egyptians who had their concepts as well. And
the followers of East LA Salaam, were spreading monotheism. This changed slightly with Paul, who was originally Saul, who was a Jewish man who knew the disciples and came into the faith after the time of easily Islam after he was raised. And he opened up the door for different changes. And so a number of different religions within the Mediterranean region, Constantine, became the emperor of Christendom around 312. And he brought in Sun worship.
And so with his power in the power of Rome, he changed the holy day from the Sabbath to the Sabbath to Sunday,
he also instituted the communions and the sacrifices done in the way of the Sun worships. And in order to unite the Christian world. He convened a series of conferences, the most famous was a Council of Nicea in 325 ad. And it is there in a great debate that the Christian Leadership accepted the Trinity. They accepted Isa as being the son of God or manifestation of God. They accepted the blood sacrifice, and they instituted this form of Christianity and their opponents areas was executed. And his followers were persecuted throughout the Christian world at anywhere, they could be fine. So this represented the the the Roman Empire, and the followers of Christianity, we could
say that Unitarian original Christianity spread throughout the world of nestorians. And even we find that Prophet Muhammad Salah Salem in his early career, and traveling, he ran into monks, he ran into a monk on the road, but he
believed in one God and the surah. So the teachings of one God were there, but they were being subsumed, overcome by the polytheistic belief of the adopted Christianity. So this was a superpower at the time, spreading its teachings throughout the planet.
The other great empire of the four that we were speaking about is the sassanid dynasty, and this was the Persian Empire. They were Zoroastrians they worship the sun. And basically, they believe that they are kings or their shores, they are kisara were actually manifestations of God. It was a brilliant Empire, in the sense of material things. The beautiful adornments the rugs, the peacock palace, it was an amazing Empire. But at the same time, boys was the African empire of axon.
And the axon by Empire was part of what we call now Abyssinia or Ethiopia and Eritrea. And it was a great African Empire. The technology was superb. They had developed
the obelisk they had the largest obelisk, that freestanding Pinnacle that is there now copied by people around the world, the Eiffel Tower, the CN Tower, but they had the largest in the world. They also had large armies and
their mechanized forces, in the same way that drones and tanks and helicopter gunships changed warfare. When the elephant was introduced into warfare in large numbers, it changed the relationship of the armies of the world. So the leader at the time was called under joshy. Or we'd say in English, the negus in their Tigray language of being the gash, and we could consider them to be a Nile Valley Civilization. And again, remember the power sources now. So this is one of the great power sources along with the ancient Egyptian Empire, that would be further north, which is going down the Nile.
particular empire of Habesha, known in Arabic, had a direct influence on the history and the events in the time of Prophet Muhammad SAW something.
And there was a great similarity in in the culture of the people living across the Red Sea, with the people living in a jazz area, not so much difference linguistically, racially, in terms of their customs, and whatnot, and this is something which is not so well known. Again, we have to think outside the box, because now they want to separate Ethiopia, Eritrea, and say, That's Africa on one side, and Asia, or Arabia on the other side. But the Red Sea, especially at, you know, at that particular area, it's not like the Pacific Ocean. And when you are in Djibouti, you can actually see Yemen and from Somalia on a clear day. So the Empire of the Ethiopians, the Empire of the Persians,
the Empire of the Romans, these were the great three powers that were affecting the Arabian Peninsula, and set the tone at the time of the revelation. Now, the Arabian Peninsula, which at that time was just known as Julieta to Latrobe. And normally when you say Jazeera, it means an island and a peninsula would be shipping Jazeera. But in this case, it's surrounded by water on three sides, but a sea of sand in the north. So it was literally land locked at that time. And it was known to be a society that was uncontrolled, and a very dangerous place to live in. However, what we have come to understand from the revelation and also from history is that that desert region that Arabian
peninsula actually had a colorful, flourishing civilization for 1000s of years. And the Arabs themselves when we say a lot up, we are generally talking about the people of the desert, the remote areas, and we could break the Arabs into three types. And this is important for us to understand, because we will see as time goes by, that different groupings of Arabs are struggling against each other.
I remember studying on end loose, and that a struggle went on after the Muslims had taken over and been there for a couple 100 years, when they were deteriorating a struggle between the Yemeni Arabs and between the Arabs of the Quraysh or the Arabs of other parts of Arabia. How could this happen? That is, because when you speak of Arabs, you say a lot of al Qaeda
and a lot of belva. We call the perished parents, and that would include had the mode and the ancient civilizations and their languages, for the most part, have perished. Their civilizations are under the sand. They are now being brought up and people are visiting them. Probably the only that we know of present day language from the ancient times. is is this jabaliya language that is spoken in Amen. And the jabaliya speakers, they're not speaking Arabic. It is a Semitic type of tongue. But it is anxious
type of time and this is a lot of albedo. The other group is what we could call
Honorable arriba. And these are the pure Arabs, the Arabs of Qatar. And the the two main groups, you'll see, the hemmati are Arabs and the
Arabs of Canada and different tribes. And so a lot of Antarctica.
This is probably where the modern form, we could say the word modern, to the present day Arabic language, the base is in southern Arabia, even though Arabic has spread throughout the world, and it's the official language of many different nations in the Mediterranean and the Middle East. It originated from down in this region of Southern Arabia, and then it went north, and it started to change. So now, the last grouping of what you could call Arabic speaking people, that would be a lot of elbow scarves. And a lot of them who started that are people who did not originally speak Arabic. But yet they learned to speak Arabic, they picked up the ways of Arabs in a sense, there's a
cultural type of body language, and you're living in the desert, mainly as well. And, but they're not originally Arabs, and they develop into the culture. And if you look at the Arab world today, you will see, even in speaking Arabic, there's a big difference between an Arab from Lebanon, and an Arab from Morocco. And to a certain extent, when they speak their local dialect, it's hard for them to understand each other. It's only when they speak the first half of the classical language, that they're able to communicate. What is important for us here is that Prophet Ibrahim alayhis salaam, coming out of Earth, and caldea was speaking a type of Syriac language, they say he mastered four to
five languages, and a type of Syriac language which was coming from the Semitic base. And so when he traveled from Iraq, into Syria, and then down into Egypt and the Arabian Peninsula, Palestine, he was able to easily pick up the dialects of the different people because of the bass that he had, but originally it was not the the Arabic of an audible audible.
Similarly, his wife, Sarah, Allah be pleased with her. Similarly, his wife hajah, may Allah be pleased with her, it was an Egyptian, who was speaking African language, Nile Valley language. And so the the the combination of the blood coming from Iraq, this base of civilization, and the blood coming from the Nile Valley, and then later on, as we learn is my Isla de Salaam, the son of Ibrahim in a slum marries from an audible arriba from the Georgia home tribe. And so it is the combination of these great civilizations with the pure Arabic speaking that develops nobility. So the original nobility, you could say, of Quraysh of the tribes that were there was was actually not a pure Arab
stock. It was a mixture. And and this is important because it begins the international nature of the area that we are talking about. Now, in the Arabian Peninsula itself. We recognize the fact and when historians look at it to try to find some type of nism or some type of order. It's very difficult, because there were no universal laws. It was basically tribal societies concert a haka, Solomon, omad Luma, you help your brother, whether he is hetero presa, or the oppressed. It's tribal. It's based upon blood. The exception, of course, was Yemen, and that was in the south, because Yemen because of the its position, and also because of the trade of Frankincense coming from Oman and
Yemen there. And then coffee coming out of Ethiopia, and the many different spices. They actually had high civilizations, and they're looking at that part of the world. And again, for more details, you can go to the Sierra, and fickle Sierra, we have a course on this configure Sierra, go to your Sierra for the details, but we need perspective.
And so the perspective that comes here shows us that the last of the great kings coming out of Yemen was doing to us and doing well.
was so much against polytheism that he even accepted Judaism. And his story and his struggle against the Christians who are teaching the monotheistic Christianity is enshrined in sort of Budaj edge. And you find the story of the boy and the king. And so the Christians were slaughtered by loon was this terrible calamity. Went to Ethiopia, it also went north, the news. And when the Byzantine Romans found out about this, they asked the Ethiopians to intervene.
And so the Ethiopian power, again, this is diplomacy today, you have United States, you have Russia, you have France, you have the UN NATO. So these are the great powers at the time intervening. And so the Romans then intervene and past Ethiopians to take revenge. They send their armies, and we find Following this, we find that revenge was taken for the 70,000 Christians who were put to death, and it was conquered by the Ethiopians. And this leads us right into the events coming at the time of Prophet Muhammad Sal sallam, because it was that Ethiopian army, eventually led by abraha that attack the Kaaba.
And with deer technology, remember now the Ethiopian army, one of the most powerful on Earth, attacks with the elephants. And it is only the power of Allah subhanaw taala when birds are being sent, and again, we find this in the court and itself, we have certain field, and you will see that these birds carrying big clay stones from high altitude flew and crushed the army. And disease eventually hit them. And this was actually a very important event,
to the point where the Abba simian army that had built their own Cathedral in the south, and had attacked the North with the elephants, they had to retreat. And it was so significant that this year was called harmel. Field, the year of the elephants. And it was that year 570 ad, that Prophet Muhammad peace and blessings be upon him was born. So this is perspective. This is the setting when revelation is coming in. And it's crucial for us to remember this, and to reflect upon what life was like. During that time. When you see the revelations coming in.
For the Arabs, you could call it the age of Jackie Leah. This is the age of ignorance, because after Ibrahim alayhis salam had set up the Kaaba, for the belief in one God and His smile and in a god home. They protected it and it continued down the line. Eventually, it deteriorated. And again, this is important for us to understand. The revelation is sent from the Creator. And it is in a perfected form. But human beings are not perfect. Human beings, we have a test. We have a good side, not so low wama. We have an evil side nafsa llamada de su and it's a constant struggle going on we become the highest level, then we go ask filosofi lien. So the history of humanity is like a cycle. There
are high points and there are low points, there is peace and there is walk, that is our test in this world. So after monotheism was developed in Arabia,
the Arabs then began to deteriorate, they first would take a stone from the Kaaba itself. They take it to the village. And because tawaf was made around the Kaaba, they would make tau off around the stones in the village. And eventually when next generations came, and then the next they started to worship the stone and they made an idol. So idol work, idolatry came in to Arabia, to the point where there were over 360 idols, by the time of Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him. And so
the Arabs at the time were going through a transition.
And so along with their negative beliefs in terms of monotheism, they did maintain some good ethics. They believed in hospitality. They believed in
Keeping a covenant, they had a sense of honor, so to speak.
They were firm willed. And they were very determined people.
They had forbearance and perseverance. They also had, in many occasions, a type of setup, truthfulness, even to their enemies, they had courage, the ability to face the desert, and to face their enemies. And their language was probably their greatest treasure. And with these qualities, you can see why Allah subhanaw taala would choose the Arabian Peninsula at that time, and these people to be the original carriers of the message. And to take it so far and so fast, that it is still growing in the world up until today. Arabic in using Arabic, you use all the different parts of your mouth, not just your teeth, or your front of your mouth, you use the top is the bottom used
into your throat. And so an Arabic speaking person, their mouth, their, their, their speaking facilities are wide open. So they can pick up other languages very fast. The Arabian horse that the Arabs were riding is probably the most courageous,
powerful horse on earth. And up until today, when people are racing horses to bet, they want to know in the horse race, which horse has got Arabian blood, because that is the one that has most determination, not as the one that they would even bet their money on the Arabian steed. And so they are writing or they are writing this, and then the camel, the camel of the Arabian Peninsula,
the Hardy nature, so we can see why Allah subhanaw taala is choosing them to carry this message throughout the earth. And so this is part of the perspective, this is part of the settings that we have for the Arabian Peninsula at that time to zero till Arab. When Prophet Muhammad peace and blessings be upon him, appears. And it's important for us to get familiar with names, familiar with the nationalities who originally involved. And to put things in the proper perspective. We recognized over the past year or so with the great debates around racism, that there was a total misunderstanding of African people and their relationship to the message. But when you look at the
Ethiopian Empire, you realize that Africans were not necessarily all slaves. But exome and East Africa had powerful societies. And you will find Arab, the African blood Ethiopian blood being shared many of the companions were Ethiopian, East African people.
And so that's an important perspective to have when you look at Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him. So this takes us into the lineage of the Prophet peace be upon him. Now, lineage is very important. I want you to get familiar with names. Get familiar with what happened in the lineages and the family of the province and sell them and Arabia at the time, because this sets the stage for the future. How is that possible? Human beings are affected by environment. And we all have a type of Jamelia.
People who live in a certain part of of a country have a certain way of looking at things. There are certain gangs, there are certain armies there are individuals, there are certain races, and so there's a tendency for people to fall back on their ignorance. They don't like this tribe. They don't like this color. They don't like this, like you could call it the giant Ilia.
Everybody's carrying a form of Jamelia. And that is our ongoing struggle that we that we go through when we are trying to stay Muslim,
the jahir Leah of the Arabian Peninsula, it's important to understand because this will give us perspective as to how different groupings cults and sects could actually develop. Because for many people who don't know the details, who don't have perspective, it's hard to believe in when you take a course on the university and just read the sex you say, Muslims are crazy people. How can they break into all these groups? They have the revelation. They have a book they have a prophet, what's their problems?
Human nature and environment.
So, the basis we need to understand is the lineage of the profits on salary. And historians will go back they generally will trace it back to adnet. And this is the most authenticated lineage to his predecessor Adnan. It is totally agreed upon and authenticated.
Of course, he is eventually traced back to Prophet Ibrahim alayhis salaam.
What are the actual names after Eid Nan is some difference of opinion. Although all historians trace it back to Ibrahim al Islam to Ismail that's, that's not a disagreement.
The other discussion that you may run into is that people trying to trace profit. So circling back to Adam, la Islam, the first human being, this is weak, because in some books, they say there's only 18 our parents before, you know the admin and that's impossible for the 1000s of years that human beings have lived on the earth. So we want to look at the lineage with Adnan. And when you look at this, you will see and this is how the lineage reads. It is Mohammed ibn Abdullah. Right so Mohammed, the son of Abdullah Ibn Abdul Mutallab, even Hashim, even abdomen F, even a per se, even keylab even more, even carb, even a even hardly, even fair and fair is known as Quraysh. Even Malik,
he been another had been kwinana even hoceima had been modernica had been alias had been model had been bizarre, even my ad, even adnet. So that takes you back to about 122
BC, you could say before BC, so it's going back,
you know, definitely
to a great extent that this is agreed upon by the different historians. So we want to look at this our lineage, it's important going back here, you see, and to ADC fair, this his nickname was Quraysh. So this is where the name Quraysh starts to be used. Before that time, it wasn't necessarily used to mean people within this limits.
Now maca at the time, we have to realize is strategically located in the Arabian Peninsula. And that is because the southern part of Arabia Yemen was a rich place and it was blessed. You could say with an amazing product. And that is the Frankincense in the mirror, which is this gummy type of incense that comes out of the the trees growing in Oman. In Canada we have maple syrup, which is a type of syrup that comes out of the maple tree and it is used you know as a syrup to put on your pancakes and to sweeten your food. But this frankincense and myrrh became internationally famous. That is because the smell from the Frankincense when it pervades the atmosphere, it kills other smells. So
it literally clears the air.
And it gives sort of a mystical smell. And so the Christians living in Rome and in Syria and the north, they wanted Frankincense. The these are Estonians living in Persia. They wanted Frankincense. The Ethiopians wanted Frankincense. Everybody wanted to have this
type of product, this this this incense, you could say, because number one, it could be preserved. Because it doesn't go bad. You can carry it long distances. And there's even a form of it, which is gummy. And so that the Arabs of the South know how to separate the two. And they would take that gummy one is not as strong as the other one, they would take that one, and they will chew it and it cleans your mouth. So that was the first chewing gum, which is so important to many people today. And so the southern part was exporting the frankincense and myrrh and the different spices and coffee, which came out of Ethiopia and then spread in Yemen in the south. They were exporting this
throughout the world. So it's a very key place. Now to go. No
To the Byzantine Romans, you've got to go along the coastline.
You can't go to the middle of the desert because you won't survive. So they would go from Yemen up along the coastlines. And as you're in the middle, then you come in the facility of Mecca. And so Mecca was strategically located. And when the Zamzam water was flowing in Mecca, the tribes would then use it as a natural base, a stop off point and oasis in the middle of the desert, and also it became a trading center. And so not only was it a spiritual center, because of the Kaaba, built by Ibrahim alayhis salaam, and the 360 idols, remember, from all the villages all over Arabia, they wanted to put an idol in the Kaaba. So this became you could say, their capital city,
and not only spiritually, but economically. And politically, because the tribes would go there to discuss politics, they would take counsel with each other. So Mecca, in a sense was a seat of power in the Arabian Peninsula, especially when Yemen in the south went down after the great flood in maarib. And the the, the the crises that happened in the southern part of Arabia. And so in this base of power, there were certain areas of influence. And the historians have looked at this, to try to break it down. The first was head jaba. And that is these are like ministries. So you have a government, ruling Mecca, and there's certain ministries, these are power areas. So the head Java
are the keys to the Kaaba course, this is going to be very important for the idols that are inside of it. And further and further in the importance of this house. piada which is the army and the flag, right. So this is your military. So there'll be like the Minister of Defense, and nada. Nada was the chairmanship of meetings. So this is like your prime minister, in a sense, calling the meetings and having that position. Sokaiya was the provision of water to the travelers and refer that
was the provision of food.
So these are the basic areas, you could say that power was divided. Now going back to the lineage, you'll see kosei and could say, living around the fifth century,
was a very active, very intelligent, politically keen person. And he consolidated the power and the act, he acted in a sense, like a type of King. And what he did was,
he ordered the people to build their houses around the Kaaba. And he built another one, which is a type of Parliament House that you'll see in the Congress. So he had another one. So in other words, he is organizing a government, a physical government. And he made the Quraysh the people who were from the DD noble tribes pay a special tax to keep the father the food and the water flowing, because that is critical, you're living in the middle of the desert. And when kosei became very old, he met with his three sons. This is Abdullah oza, abdomen, F, and up the dash.
Now, this is deep, it doesn't have to be too complicated. I want I'm simplifying this. But you need we need to understand these names. Because this is setting the base for the Jackie Leah. This is setting the base that once you leave your Islam, or you get weakened your Islam, you tend to fall back on your culture, you tend to fall back on the ways of your tribe. And so kosei now meet with his three sons, and is trying to is an old man and he wants to give off his power. And he chooses his elder son up the dash, and it gives him the five places or the five ministries. He gives it to the eldest son. Now this was a problem for the other sense, especially for abdomen F and abdomen F.
Then gathered together with his four sons. Now you'll see in your chart there is abdomen Africa goes down. His four sons Alma Talib, Hashem, no foul and up the sharps. So he gathered together
To make a rebellion and to seize power, so we could say that this is one of the first major struggles inside of Mecca in the giant leigha times and
they formed an alliance. And it was called helful multibeam. And this is literally the pact or the group of people will dip their hands in perfu
they they made an oath that they would struggle for power and not allow this to go top to tie up the DA found another Alliance helpful laugh.
And as a battle happened. So within this battle now, this is you could say again, that first major struggle. This is Jaya Leah now this is what's in the minds of people. Remember, it's up to das people abdomen, F's people, this is a tribal thing. So they're fighting for power, eventually, a compromise was made. And this is called helful. For dual, which is a very important term compromise and agreement that was made. Prophet Muhammad peace and blessings be upon him, actually was a young man at the time. And he did not fight physically. But he gave some equipment and supplies to those who were fighting. And he witnessed the health of food. And this is not in the prophethood. But it
was an alliance that was made to bring justice and peace and order to Mecca. And it's interesting because Prophet Muhammad SAW seldom said that if I were later in the Prophet would, if I were alive, if I were in the Prophet hood, and I saw something like this, this is non Muslims. And they're making this pact and Alliance for goodness, I will join it.
And that's important for those who need allies who are struggling against racism and against oppression within the societies. So within this compromise, the descendants of Abu Dhabi
they were in charge of Piazza. Nada, and he Java. So these are the political people. Okay, so these your dominant people, they have your parliament, they have your military, they're controlling your flag, but the descendants of abdomen if they were in charge of rare father, and Sokaiya.
And this is very important as well.
Because what comes out of this is that the people of Mecca start to love the descendants of abdomen f Hashem, the family of Hashem. Why is that? Number one, because there is a type of charisma that Allah put into this family. Secondly, the person who's feeding you and giving you water in the desert, you will love that person. Not necessarily the politicians. Any country in the world, if you cut off the bread, you cut off their water, it's a revolution. The people are in the streets. And so this was controlled by
the descendants of Hashem. But another thing develops now, and remember now are coming out of up this coming out of up the ships, right? So you got Hashem on one side, and you have up the ships. Now, up to shemp son omiya.
He is the nephew of Hashem. He struggles against Hashem, he has Hassan jealousy. He's a power broker. And so he begins to struggle against that the sentence of Hashem and his descendants. And this is extremely important. Because now, you remember the name or mayya.
go a little bit further, who are the Romanian Spanner? ommaya. That is the great dynasty. I'm jumping a little bit to show you the names right on the journey all the way there. They call themselves Beto omiya.
And who was Marissa
that Qureshi descendent who disagreed, and he struggled against his uncle Hashem.
And, but he was defeated. And Amelia was exiled to Syria for 10 years. And so that type of grudge, so to speak, remained within the roommate family, who eventually embraced Islam. But again, keep this in your mind in terms of Jackie Lee
What falls? What do you fall back on?
When your Islam gets weak, now going to the side of Hashem, of course, this is the side that has the love of the people of Mecca. And from Abdulmutallab, we find a number of sons and 10 sons and from them our bass, Abu Talib, Hamza Abdullah,
Abu lahab. And how does these are the important names Now, think about the names now, I want to show you something right in front of your face of a struggle that will go on later on. See our bass, banjo, our bass, the baskets and see Mayer on the other side panel omiya. So there it is right there in front of you to dynasties that eventually clashed after the time of Prophet Muhammad peace and blessings be upon him when the Eman got weak, and when there Jai halia starts coming back and they're not on their highest level of their faith. Then they reverted to this But getting back to the family. You see now look at Romania, under him his hot tub and under her and then under Abdullah
is of course Prophet Muhammad peace and blessings be upon him. So the charisma of Hashem
st extremely important, how it goes down?
Hashem Abdul muttalib
Abdullah Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. The charisma is going down the Hashemite family, and up until today, the people use that name. If you've got a passport from Jordan, it's called the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.
The King of Morocco, considers himself to be Hashimi
when you look at the Hadith surrounding the MADI, the promised want to come who will be leading the Muslim world hopefully in the near future. You will see that he is Muhammad Abdullah. His mother's name is Amina and that he is Hashimi.
So he comes from the same family. So this is important, not just for the past. This is our future our near future. So we need to understand these names and have perspective in order to deal with imposters to deal with liars to deal with shale team who are serving the devil. Well yeah, the Billa and causing confusion in the Muslim world. So
again, let's briefly look at these names. You go back up to the prophets uncle Abu Talib, and Coen coming down from him is is Ali and there's Jaffa and okay. And of course this is Ali rhodiola. One. And so he's actually the not the son of the Prophet peace upon his his cousin.
Okay, but he ends up living in his house as a son because obatala at that time, you know, physically was poor. And so profit moment so South America, Asia, and they had wealth, and he took an alley. So now you see some of these names. Now look at omiya. Let's go back to the other side harab then Abu Sufyan.
Now think about Mecca, go back to your theater because we're not going to go to the whole theater. Now that's another course. But think about the leaders of the Quraysh who was struggling against Prophet Muhammad son Solomon, you see Abu sufian. Remember the Battle of better all the way to fat tomeka Abu sufian was probably the most important person in Mecca. He is panel omiya.
Very important. And if you look under Abu sufian, you will see now here are the lowen. Now, this is a desk another box that's going to open up but you can see it right there.
You can see it on one side while we are on the other side, our basket side, may your side, we have to be able to take this apart, put it in perspective. So we don't get confused and we can
find when imposters are coming on the scene. And so this is the basis of what we see in the Arabian Peninsula. And they struggled they had serious
fitna and crises that they went through and
So in this early struggle for power, you can say in summary, that Hashem versus others champs and then later omega. So this is a power struggle in Mecca. It's a power struggle in Mecca. The people love Hashem. Hashem did a lot of things. It's not so well known, but Hashem actually made a treaty with the Romans. This is how influential he was. He made a treaty with the Romans because they would go up to huzar on the coast, remember Russell's right on the coast there, the Roman boats would come from Constantinople and from Greece and other places, and they they would trade get the frankincense and give their, their, their products off. So Hashem made a treaty with Rome, and he established the
trade. So this is where you see cert, so crazy Lee Laffy Quraysh right there, their their journeys in the summer and in the winter. Okay, so all of this is your perspective. Now, the core and it's like part of that tafsir that is literally coming through and we need to have this solid base in order to understand the pressure that they went under, and how they were able to hold with a tidal wave of fitna that the shaitaan will gather Billa and his forces unleash on the Muslims after the death of the Prophet peace and blessings be upon him.
And so of course, the prophet peace be upon him, married Amina Allah, his father married Amina, and the Prophet Sal seldom is born. And so remember now this generation This is coming in to the time of Prophet Muhammad Salah what would he say?
And this is not a theoretical, so we're not going to go through all of the details of the CSR part, although it's very important, go to your fitness era, wherever you can. But let's remember what the prophet SAW Selim said about the people in this early generation. He said, Hello, NASS colony to Medina, your Luna home to Melina yellow. He said the best people are my generation.
Then the one that follows them, and then the one that follows so these are the best of people. These are the three generations which is the source of our Deen we have to go back to it to drink the fresh water to get Islamic perspective, when we are dealing with different issues.
But even sadya regular one said, once Prophet Muhammad SAW seldom prayed the morning prayer with us, then turn to us and gave us an intense sermon, which made our eyes filled with tears and our hearts quiver. Imagine this this type of speech. Then a bad said, someone then said O Messenger of Allah. It is as if that was a farewell sermon. So what do you enjoin on us? The Prophet peace be upon him said I advise you to fear Allah, and to hear and obey your leader, even if he may be a slave of Ethiopian origin.
So that's all he's taken all ranks, and if not all, Ethiopians were slaves, obviously, because they were the Congress of that part of the world. But even if he was somebody of Ethiopian origin in that slave position, here and obey, if he's your leader.
And then and then the prophets of Salaam said, Surely he among you, who lives after me, will see great dispute.
So we adhere to my Sunnah
and that of the rightly guided caliphs, who will come after me. Stick closely to the Sunda by Intuit with your Molas and beware of newly invented matters in religion, for every invented matter in religion is a cursive innovation bidda Which leads us astray. So this is a very critical Hadith for us. And again, it's part of the revelation because the prophet SAW seldom, he did not speak from himself. He was a wire, new heart.
That revelation came out of him. And so in a sense, he is he is saying, he is talking about it. When I leave, you got to see if they laugh and kathira you're going to see great differences and disputes. So these cults and sects that come it's something that was predicted
and that's important for us to recognize
It's part of our struggle. And it's not that Islam fell apart. And there is no Islam left. No, this is the challenge that he put in front of the early Muslims and he left this for us. But what do you do? La can be so nutty was Sunder to hollowfibre Russia Dena Monday. Follow my Sunnah.
and the Sunnah of the rightly guided caliphs.
Stick tightly to it, you don't bite it, like biting onto
a piece of corn. No, this is allegorical, but stick onto it as much as you possibly can, and avoid adding things on in religion better avoided innovations in the religion because it is cursed, and it will take you astray. And so panela This is serious advice because we will see later on that the basis of the different sects and groupings and cults is a type of bidda it is a cursive innovation, where they introduce different religious practices were the basis of their faith changes
based upon political events, or tribal events, or discussions that happened from their leaders hundreds of years later. And so this is the challenge that we are facing. And the group who is following this Hadeeth This is the people of Anna Sana well Gemma, the people of the Sunnah, and the United body. So this is where the word Sunni, Muslim comes in. In Arabic, Muslim Sunni, you never see this in our sauces. This is our recently created label. But what it basically means when you're talking Sunni Muslim, or Alison, there was Yama, you're talking about 90% of the oma, you're talking about those who follow the Quran. Those who follow the Sunnah, those who will follow the rightly
guided caliphs, those who avoid innovations, those who stick closely to their faith, and they have the proper perspective. So this is the basis of our understanding. And it is critical for us as we go forward to look at the challenges that the oma faced after the death of Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him. And you will start to see how the challenge is developed into groupings into different understandings. But the basis is to go back to the Quran and the Sunnah.
The basis is to drink from the fresh water of the three generations. And that is how Islam Alhamdulillah has been revived over the centuries. So this is a base. And for those of you who may have questions, we will be giving you certain points or questions online. If you have something that you want to put into the the chat as a question, we can retrieve it and then deal with it. In the DDD coming class.
It'll get a little bit thick as we go along. But keep your mind
with the basis of these different
names, the basis of the events, and for those who want a bibliography cover he called mark to save a man, a robotic party. It's an excellent, abbreviated version to sealed necta. This is also the life of Mohammed, which is a translation of urbanists. Hark. So you want to get the urbanist series shibli allameh shibli normanni Sierra tend to be so this is a good book as well. There is Muhammad Al ghazali, which is fickle, Ceylon, understanding the life of Muhammad. There is Mohammed Hamidullah, who has the book called the battlefields of the Prophet Muhammad.
There is Sheikh Mohammed zecharia.
Shama Allah tirmidhi.
There is called the
Messenger of Allah. There is Shakib banal Khayyam Zazzle mad, and there's an interesting
book that was done by a Sudanese scholar. His name is Dr. Mark, ma de radicalize Ahmed, and it is a Syrah to nabawi phaedo. Al Masada as Leah and I believe it is translated into English. Now, it may it may not be, but for those of you who could read Arabic or get to it, iPhone
To be an excellent book, because what he did was he went into the different readings of Sita and he tried to get the most authentic report so it's an excellent way to know that that you're on the right path with the Sierra English speakers might read even hacham. I see to another we are there's many that you can read. So it's important go back over your your Sierra, we will be moving on now into the time of the whole of our regime and to start to see the challenges faced by the Muslims. May Allah subhanaw taala help us, give us clear light in our eyes and give us guidance. akula Callie Heather was stopped for Lally welcome, aka da Juana 100. Lang Nabila alameen wa salaam aleikum wa
rahmatullah wa barakato.