Tafsir of Surah al-Hujurat – Episode 02
Channel: Abdul Wahab Saleem
File Size: 17.90MB
salatu salam, ala rasulillah Alhamdulillah Hamden you Fini, Merci de Sala Allahu Allah Sayidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi ajmeri arbitrarily surgery by Sidley Emily. Emily, Sania Kohli are visiting the Iman or visiting a man or a visit Nima.
Welcome back to your viewers. This is your brother Abdul Wahab sitting with the Tafseer of soldier direct reflections on sort of gerat Allah Subhana Allah says, Yeah, you are living in an army no lateral swatter can focus on the Navy. Well, that is totally Kj Haribhau the koulibaly anti Baba marucho Antonia for Allah subhanho wa Taala after he's told us that do not give preference to anything before Allah and His messenger. Now Allah subhana wa tada tells us another commandment, and that is that
lateral Pharaoh swatter confocal Sultana be, you see in the previous commandment, that commandment was actually related to Allah subhana wa tada it was related to who Allah because he was saying don't give preference to Allah and an extension to not giving preference to Allah you obviously do not give preference to Rasulullah sallallahu it was sent him because it also de la is the messenger. He's like the ambassador of Allah subhana wa tada on the planet, as Allah subhanho wa Taala is granting him that guidance and through him, an extension to him. Allah is giving the guidance to other people as well. So the commandment was to not give preference to Allah that was related to a
lot but an extension also not to Rasulullah saw cetera and that's why the emphasis came on Allah. Allah said, Oh who you believe, do not give preference to Allah and
also the messenger. And then and then the reference came in again about Allah subhana wa tada what Allah fear Allah subhana wa tada because that verse was related to Allah subhanho wa Taala and this is why we start off everything within our lives also with Allah subhana wa tada and the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had taught us to say Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim upon anything good that we do within our lives, as he had said to us, kulu emelyn vbat in lieu of the ofii Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim for who occupy in another narration edge of them in another narration after any action that you don't start it off in the name of Allah subhanho wa Taala, then that will become
devoid of Baraka. So we start off with Allah. But obviously when we are not giving preference to Allah, naturally, we don't give preference to other than Allah, so other the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
So we start off by giving preference to Allah subhanaw taala. But obviously, if we don't give preference to anyone, but Allah, then naturally, we do not give preference to any human being, except Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and this is a natural phenomenon. But now the emphasis comes further on Rasulullah. Why?
Why? Because the surah was revealed, when the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was interacting with those veterans who had come on a delegation to rasulillah and did not know how to treat him. So this emphasis comes on the second verse
about a pseudo law. And about a pseudo law law says, Yeah, you have Lavina Amman, oh, who you believe Remember we said, this is sort of the believers. That's why Oh, who you believe is going to be a common theme throughout the surah. Allah says, oh, who you believe, do not raise your voices that are federal or swatter, comb, fo busselton nivi above the voice of the messenger. So they were speaking to him loudly, they would speak to him in a louder tone. And that's why one of the companions of Rasulullah saw send them by the name of Shabbat, in case when he heard this verse, and he was allowed human being, he decided to stay home after this verse. And he was afraid that if he
goes in front of Rasulullah, and he speaks loudly, he can't keep his volume low, then maybe Allah subhana wa, tada will punish him for this or something of that nature. But a lot of messenger guided him and told them no, that's not the case. You know, in sha Allah, you will enter Jannah that's what allows messengers to last until tabet. But over here, we're being commanded of something because you couldn't help it. Of course, fabric couldn't help it. Right? We're being commanded to not raise our volumes before who, before sort of law, one may say, Well, we're not before Rasulullah to begin with that companions, and the veterans and the delegations that would come it makes sense to say this to
them. But this isn't addressed to all believers across the world, and all believers across times. So how do we not raise our volumes before our sort of loss Allahu Allah, he was alone. The way we do not we stop ourselves from raising our volumes with photos Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is to to not raise our volume when we hear the hadith of Rasulullah. Saw Selim. When you hear
Hadith, the tradition of the messenger saucer lamb or you hear an ayah that was delivered to us via sort of lost or stolen from Allah subhana wa tada then our demeanor should be submission to that.
Well makine ultimate meaning what I mean it in either cabo la hora Zulu I'm Rania Khun ella homonuclear. To me to him, it is not for a believer, a believing man, neither for a believing woman when a lot and hit when Allah subhanho wa Taala either acaba, la hora, Sulu and Allah and His messenger and decreeing a certain matter deciding on a certain matter, that they have their own choices, our choices are put aside, and we accept the choice of Rasulullah Salem, and we accept the choice before that of Allah subhana wa tada lotto Pharaoh swatter. So we don't raise our voices at that moment. Somebody brings to us a tradition from amongst the traditions of Rasulullah. And if
from amongst the Ayatollah keytab, we don't say well, we think I think she thinks he thinks that society thinks and other people think no, we have the Sunnah of Rasulullah saw Salaam which is divine guidance. Now of course, this also doesn't mean we become abusive with the Sunnah of Rasulullah. When we don't even understand what this is saying, we start saying, well, this is already there, just because we picked up a translation for example of a hadith that could have been translated in multiple ways and the translator chose his own interpretation and translated it accordingly and so on and so forth. So we think this is the this is what's written in stone. No,
that's not what's being said. There is room for us to disagree. If there is room within the student not to disagree as well. And Allah subhana wa tada has established that mechanism within the Quran and Sunnah as well, so that people can accommodate this Deen in every place in every society in every time I ask Allah subhana wa tada to give us a trophy. Yeah, a un Latina Amano, la sua tecum. Do not raise your voices. There's another point here. When we go close to the grave of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam May Allah help us all attend in a message to the neighbor we Sharif in the house of Allah subhana wa tada which was erected by Rasul Allah. in Medina. That was known as
yesterday and today it is known as Medina to nebby, the city of the Prophet May Allah subhanho wa Taala help us attend in this Masjid and help us visit the grave of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam as well. When you go over there at times, and some of you that have been there, you probably have the experience already and you know what I'm talking about. There's a lot of hustle and bustle and a lot of people speaking loudly and people even pushing each other and people doing all sorts of things, which do not work when we look at this verse. They don't they don't add up. Ally's messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is of that status where we do not raise our voices
before him before his death. And the scholars they said that even after the death of Rasulullah, when we go to visit the grave of the prophets of Salaam, then we shouldn't be raising our voices and we shouldn't be, you know, fighting and quarreling and bickering and pushing and so on and so forth. So from the adab, of visiting the grave of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Is that with silence? Do we visit we send our Salam upon Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and then we proceed yeah you and levina Amano. Lateral Ferro swatter calm Do not raise your volumes upon the volume of Rasulullah phoca salted Navy above the volume of Rasulullah. Now times you know that the
Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would actually speak loudly as well, such as the time of the hookah, when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would be giving the hookah and you'll be the hottie in Jumeirah, the narrator as they describe it, or sort of lost or stolen by saying that it was as if he was commanding. He was a statesman commanding an army, meaning he would be very loud. And he would be very, very passionate about what he was saying, right? So if he's passionate, and he's loud at that moment, then when we raise our voice, can we par up to that voice? And that's that anything beyond that is what's impermissible. Know what's being said is to lower your volumes. Okay?
Not that if the profit is loud at times we can just go up to that loudness and nothing beyond that. No, we are commanded to lower our volumes. And this is why Abu Bakr radi Allahu taala. And some of the others are so happy to Rasulullah saw Selim, they used to say, by Allah, from this point onwards, old prophet of Allah, I will not speak to you accept this at all, except the person who has secret. So I'll come to you. And I'll speak to you in a very secretive manner. Why because the voice will be loud, otherwise, right? The voice will become loud. So the idea is not to power up to the volume of Rasulullah. The idea is to lower your volume, so that the Prophet doesn't get bothered.
And also so we understand and respect the status of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. As you know, even in most societies today, when you're dealing with someone that is a person of status and stature, you don't go in and become obnoxious before them in terms of the way you interact and in terms of the way you deal with them.
In terms of the way you speak, and even by the way, to hold your composure, you may also lower your volume not just to speaking to them, but also speaking to other people, whilst they, while he or she is there, this person of status and stature, and that is because we respect this individual in that manner. So Allah subhanho wa Taala is saying that do not raise your volumes above the volume of rasulillah. And this doesn't necessarily mean when you're addressing Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself. But it means whenever you're talking about sort of loss of sentiments there, but also when you're addressing you don't raise your volume.
So when people you don't understand people will understand from the first verse a generality, but then there's even more of a problem if you raise your voice when you're addressing him directly. How so? Because now you're in DIRECT address with the person that because of whom you lowered your volume to begin with, because of the home you started to compose yourself. So Allah subhanho wa Taala gives us another commandment. And he said, Well, did you have a ruler who will code and also when you're speaking to him as well, do not become obnoxious and do not speak very, very loud. Right? Even if you don't become obnoxious sometimes, you know, obnoxious is a very heavy term, even
if you don't become that way. You just speak to him the way you would speak to anybody. Every, you know, person that walks on the street Mohammed's a Tom, Dick, and Harry, whatever, right? whoever you're speaking to, don't speak to the sort of law the way you would be speaking to other people, regular people
speak to him in a composed manner, speak to him in a volume that is that is understandable for the status that he has. And he says Latisha, who will code will code Don't raise your volumes, how not to raise your volumes, Kj de Val de comany baldan. Just like you raise your volumes for one another. Right? Some of them are sitting they said that this was a command that was given to the Sahaba to not address the rasulillah so abruptly by saying over hammered, right. Some of the veteran Arabs, they didn't understand the status of Rasulullah. So when they would come in, they would just say Oh, Mohammed, they wouldn't say oh Rasul Allah, O Messenger of Allah. Right? Even if you deal with
people of knowledge. May Allah subhana wa Taala grant is the company of people of knowledge. Even if you deal with people knowledge, you'll notice that out of respect, you don't necessarily say Oh, flan. Oh, Zaid, oh, Yasser Olga, you say, Oh, she's fallen. Oh, she said, Oh, she said, Oh, she, etc. Right? So you say she's full on, right? I'm just giving you that example. Now of course, the messengers have a long way to send them as above all of these examples, but I'm still just showing this example to you, Allah subhanho wa Taala, saying, don't give them the address. Just like everybody else's address. Don't just say, Mohammed Oh Mohammed, say Ya Rasool Allah, O Messenger of
Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam because his status dictates that you understand and recognize and that you use this title for the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and if you don't, if you choose not to if you think this is just a choice and
last your deeds may become devoid less your deeds will become no
well and Tom Lata Sharon, and you don't even think you've committed a sin, you won't even feel it, you won't even feel it. This room comes from the workshop. You know, when you feel something, sometimes you just feel something in the air around you, and you start getting shivers down your spine, you start getting goosebumps, your hair start to stand. So that is the type of shirt it's a very subtle shirt. He said, You won't even feel it in the least.
You won't even feel it in the lease that your your your deeds as book have become devoid. And that's why even sometimes when you tell people of this verse, and they're standing before the grave of Rasulullah, saw send them Do not raise your volumes. They'll say, give 1000 excuses. And Allah subhanho wa Taala says, Well, you can give your excuses, but this will happen. So suddenly, you may lose your deeds, and you don't even recognize that you've lost them well, and to mulata Sharon, and all along you wouldn't even be recognizing the fact that you have lost your deeds I asked Allah subhana wa tada to protect and preserve for us our deeds. And
Lucan went to law to Sharon, so we're not supposed to raise our volumes before Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam and in fact, we're supposed to lower volumes before rasulillah when the hadith of Rasulullah comes, we don't reject it with our statements in our intellect rather, we understand that these and we try to learn how we can implement implement and understand this Hadeeth now, Allah subhana wa tada guides us,
of those people that will implement this guidance he tells us of these people and what the reward of these people will be. First of all, we've been told not to give preference to anyone but a lion is messenger.
And not to give preference to ourselves in our egos over Allah and His messenger. Not to raise our volumes were photos of loss of a loved one.
Center. Now what about those people that actually follow through with all this guidance? What will they get? Allah Subhana Allah says in the levina yo Luna Swati hoon. Those people that actually end up lowering their volumes in the lawsuit in LA before the Messenger of Allah, then these people will get what you can lithium Danilo, ooba homely Taka, now Mo Farah to him. These are the people that Allah subhana wa tada has tested their hearts for the God consciousness and I'm going to get to the testing part in a minute and what exactly it means lahoma 02 What Agilent these people will be given mellifera forgiveness from Allah subhana wa Tada. So the first category they lost their deeds, the
second category they lost their sins, what did you learn LVM and also the will be get given along with that have very, very great and grand reward. Now let's look at this verse a bit more closely. Allah subhana wa tada says in the levena will do now Swati home. Those people that lower their volumes before Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they lower their volumes before rasulillah right? They don't speak too loud when it comes to being before rasulillah when they hear the Hadith they don't try to argue and cross argue and cross argue until they lose the meaning that the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was trying to guide us to you see it actually love the word
love is normally used for your gaze. You know, when you look down, you can't see everything. Right? Haha, yeah, hold. It actually means na casa casa, to decrease. And that's why we're told to do have to look away from something that is impermissible. And the word that's used over there is held by a holder, which means now Casa casa, which means a decrease. Now, what am I trying to get to over here? What I'm trying to get to is when you're looking at something that you're living in a society where all around you, you see things that are impermissible, right? So there is no way you're going to be able to turn your gaze away from every single thing. So Allah subhana wa tada says, decrease
the effects of this by looking far, far away from those things or that are abruptly sin, things that come in your side view, then those are, then those aren't forgiven. Over here.
When you're conversing about the traditions of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, your voice is supposed to be lowered, meaning that you're going to need to converse about the tradition a little bit, to get to understand what this is saying, to get to understand what the meaning of this is in our apply it. But some people they start to act arrogant before this, and this is when they become obnoxious and loud. And this is what we're being taught not to do. We can't fully quiet ourselves down because we have to have a sincere conversation in order to understand that some people want you to,
to literally quiet down, meaning don't say a word. Meaning Don't even try to understand what is being said over here. But that's not what's being said, you have to understand. So you do question you do ask. You try to figure things out. But you do that in a respectful manner, knowing the fact that you are dealing with a sacred tradition right here, knowing the fact that if you reject it outright, then this will be something that will be considered disbelief knowing the fact that this is literally guidance that the messenger had gotten from Allah subhana wa tada in Newton Alanna mithila Houma indeed have a shorty I've been given the Koran and something similar to the Quran,
just like the Quran, in the fact that it legislates just as well as the Quran. This is what Allah messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told us, he has the Quran and he has another guidance, just like the Quran is and so when we're dealing with these, you know, passages from the Koran or So now, we can't stay fully silent. But we very respectfully tried to understand what is being said. So both parties are wrong, the ones who tell you to fully silence down because that's not possible you have to understand right? And unless you have a sincere discussion about what's being said you cannot understand and then there is another group of people that say well your brain your thoughts, your
society, your your whatever you your mind dictates you that's up to you, you figure things out on your own, none of that is right. We have to be balanced in this regard. We have this we have traditions What do I do now let me know and hookman Allah Mirza Manitoba da da da, da da da Kauai then the gamma on how Rashida as one of my Mashallah she used to say that our religion for Dino Nana Mia on her caminhada ardene has never ever been devoid of a ruling Melissa, Manitoba dama Allah upon the passing of time in every era, we always have a ruling for everything right, because Allah subhanho wa Taala has placed within this religion what but it is the Amani nobody other than the and
then because Allah has placed within this religion principles
through which we understand how to deal with society through which we understand how to delete deal with passages of the Quran and the Sunnah and how we understand and comprehend these passages and how we revisit and rethink and every single generation will have a rethink or for the passages of the deen of Allah subhana wa tada as well. So, we're not necessarily commanded to fully quiet down, were commanded to be respectful to understand what Allah subhanaw taala is saying, what Allah His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam missing and we're also not given this, this, this opportunity to just think on our own and totally throw aside the book of Allah subhana wa tada and the sooner
Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So this is what's being said when a lot very technically picks this word have bought knock offs or decrease. So decrease that volume, decrease your interjections, but for understanding purposes, you can you can look into it you can talk about it, you can have sincere conversations about it in the levena eluna, Swati home rasulillah before the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Ooh la la la venum Tara into Hana la Kuru Bonita, these are the people whose hearts Allah subhana wa tada has tested for the or tested for the or really, what does that mean? Allah has tested their hearts for taqwa. You see, every time you submit
yourself before Allah subhana wa Tada. Then you are doing what is known as Islam. You are literally submitting yourself before Allah subhana wa Tada.
Okay, so you are literally revisiting your Islam every time you submit yourself before the guidance that the messenger has brought you or literally submitted yourself before the guidance that sort of loss of them gave us. So this is the essence of Islam. Every time you do that, you're actually revisiting your Eman and you're actually re reviving your Eman and you're reestablishing your Eman. So Allah subhana wa tada says, what I have these people that do that they lower their volumes and they try to understand and implement what what I've given as guidance and what are sort of lies brought as guidance. They're doing what they're reviving their Eman into Hana means what it means
two things. Number one, it means taking a well and cleaning out all of the dirt and filth within the wall so that the water is clean, right? As we go through our lives, every now and then we have some filth that gets attached to us. We see something that's how long we hear something. That's how long our ego gets fulfilled. So we start to forget about the good idea, the majesty of Allah subhana wa Tada. So we start to think of ourselves as majestic, and so on and so forth, right. So there's a lot of things that we go through. If we submit ourselves, then that's our opportunity to clean out our water, so it becomes pure and purified. That's our opportunity to clean out ourselves just as a well
gets purified and cleanse of all of the filth, dirt and clay within the wealth within the well so that people can drink nice and clean water. And just like that we can become nice and pure, just like water. And this meaning is found within the tradition in which the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he taught us to make the DA and O Allah. It will Sidney Bill Murray was set with LG and Bala to wash me and my sins of what with water, and with snow and with hail as well. And the reason for that is because water can purify. And just like us, we are purified and our water becomes purified. So it's like a metaphor. Just like water becomes purified inside of the well. You will
become purified and la semana without air refers to the process of purification by the usage of water as well. One day Han Allahu Allah, he can live in and dine alone. Buddha Amitabha those people, their hearts have been tested for taqwa, meaning they're getting recertified every time, right? If you work for an industry, whatever it may be, let's say you're an engineer, every couple of months, you have to get yourself brushed up, right? You have to go and get recertified, and then recertified again, and then keep up with all of the new things that came in the industry. And if you don't read up on it, and if you're not a doctor, and you're not constantly participating in the
journals, and it's just not going to work out, you'll slowly get phased out of the industry, a lot of head on without saying every time you submit yourself before me, you're basically getting recertified for your mind, and your heart is getting revisited. When it comes to the belief and the God consciousness of Allah. Let him know those people will be given forgiveness. The ones before who did not listen who did not submit. We did not lower their volumes, physically and metaphorically before the sort of La sallallahu alayhi wasallam. They lost their they lost their good deeds.
Right. And Tabatha Maluku don't speak loudly lest your good deeds may get lost and nullified. These people who lowered their volumes and asked a lot to make us from amongst these people. They will get what Allah subhana wa Taala says they will get forgiveness. Now they're not just getting forgiveness. The earlier people the ones that were lowering their their volumes and asked a lot to protect us from being from amongst them. They lost their good deeds. These people are losing
They're evil deeds and in addition to losing their evil deeds, they're also they're also gaining more positive deeds as well. What agile will not leave and they'll also be given, they'll also be given recumbents that is very, very great. I asked a lot to compensate us in the greatest of manner for the good that we have done and forgive us and pardon us for the evil that we have done. como lo hood and for listening join us for the subsequent episode, as we discuss the tuxedo solo gerat reflections on some of the ayat of Surah 200 Jazakallah Harun for listening. Also Allahu Allah sad now Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh