Tafsir of Surah Al Muminun 18

Abdul Nasir Jangda


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The title of the book fired on by Jesus during the holy month is discussed, as it is a depiction of the spiritual teachings of Islam. The discussion highlights issues faced by believers in Islam, including problems with their actions, false accusations, and false predictions. The importance of understanding the reality of actions and reflecting on them is emphasized, as it is used to signal a message or task. The transcript also discusses the use of "naught" in parables and how it is used to describe the concept of "naught" in the title of the book.

Transcript ©

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Every summer I have the distinct pleasure of spending an entire month with people from all over the world here in Dallas, teaching the Arabic language Quranic Arabic the language of the Quran, and discussing and exploring the Timeless Lessons and wisdoms of the book of Allah. We call this experience Quran intensive. Please check out begging us summer.com That's B A y y i n Ah summer.com To get more information sign up. I look forward to seeing you here in sha Allah at the Quran intensive

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our beloved Mina Shivani Rajiv liminal.

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Gautam to try them on, say a coup Luna Lila Hipple? AlFalah tadhack rune. Pull Marabu Samajwadi Sebert Bhullar Sheila Aldine say aku Luna lillahi AlFalah that moon will remember the HEMA coup to ghoulish a you were jiu jitsu Allah you died while he is gone tomb Giada I'm on say a poo Luna Lilla he

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has her own bell at home will have they were in a home like the moon but the hug Allahu me What are you Wanaka my home in ELI him either leather have either leather hubba Kulu Eli him Bhima halacha Allah Allah, Allah Allah Subhan Allah here I'm

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Yasui foon Ali middle of AB was shahada that he further Allah I'm usually goon

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Alhamdulillah Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa sallahu wa salatu salam ala Sadan mousseline while he was we were meant to be our homeboy sending Elijah Medina

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Salah we're starting with iron number 84. Very briefly in the previous passage,

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we talked about we discussed how Allah subhanaw taala deconstructs every argument that the disbelievers have against the prophets, Allah the sum of the Quran, and the message and Allah subhanaw taala now puts them on the spot and tells the prophets Allah the salam to say the following things and ALLAH SubhanA wa Taala

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informs the prophets Allah the sum of what their obvious response is going to be. So in ayah, number 84 to Trent pulling money out of the woman fee her income from Salah Moon, the translation says say oh prophet who owns the earth and all who live in it, if you know so much.

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So here in this particular ayah Allah subhanaw taala tells the prophets a lovely simple

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To say the following lemon in the lamb here on the word mutton, the lamb shows ownership this lamb, which is a preposition or half of job. It's called lamb with Tim Leake, it shows ownership, leave money or do that, who does the earth belong to? Woman fee ha and everyone who is within the earth? Who do they belong to? In quantum Kalamoon? If you do claim to know what you're doing, you claim to know what you believe you claim to understand exactly what you're saying, then answer that particular question.

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So the Mufasa, who mentioned that there are a couple of things to take into consideration here. First and foremost, this is

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very directly addressing and cornering those who believe in Allah subhanaw taala, or believe in some type of the Divine power or Supreme Creator, that they are willing to acknowledge the fact that there is some type of greater force at work beyond themselves. But at the same time, then there's a number of problems, the number of problems are either along with Allah subhanaw taala, as a machine when we're doing that they're worshipping other gods,

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or other idols. It's also now addressing that while of course, believing in Allah subhanaw taala, they are dividing up the authority in the Divinity of Allah subhanaw taala by acknowledging or identifying for him, maybe a sudden, or some other type of some other person or some other creation that shares in the divinity and the power of Allah subhanaw taala. Thirdly, and this is from Abdullah bin ambassador of the Allahu Taala and Houma that he says that, even if they're very clearly and explicitly speak to them, should he go in and speak to the non Muslims and speak to those who associate partners to Allah, when the believers when the Muslims read those ayat, they

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read those portions of the Quran, they should not read it oblivious.

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They should not read it, projecting onto others, or being completely oblivious to it as if it doesn't pertain to them or it's not addressing them. Right. But they should also pay attention to it. Because while they might not be

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completely guilty, or they might not be suffering from the issue of Schick or Cofer at the level that some people are, at the same time, there are shades of these elements like we talked about Schick right well, Edina home Bureau be him like you should be Kuhn. Right, that they don't we talked about the lesser form of * that they still might be afflicted, they still might be dealing with lesser elements of or lesser,

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lesser examples of the same problem, that at a lesser degree, they're still demonstrating some of that same problematic behavior, or some of those problematic thoughts and ideas. So this is also can be read in light of that fact, that if we are accepting, even as believers, so first and foremost, emotionally going, if you believe that there is some supreme power, some greater power that is responsible for everything, then how foolish is it for you to divide that power up or to create partners within that power through all these idols and these other deities and false gods. Secondly, such as the annual Kitab, we're guilty of that still assigning or attributing a level of even that

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divinity, to one of the creation of Allah, as prestigious as that creation may be like a prophet or a messenger, it is still deeply problematic. And thirdly, even for believers, right, what we have to understand is that while it's a codon, right, so a lot of times when they talk about hypocrisy,

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there is the FOC tick Gotti where there is the hypocrite like the people at the time of the prophets, Allah the salam, I'm delivering abatement salutely and others who quite literally did not believe just pretended to be with the believers as almost like an enemy, you know, kind of somebody behind enemy lines, right. But at the same time, there's also in the family, the family is that somebody else to take all that belief wise in their core beliefs are clear, they really do believe, but their actions are not representing that. There is a major inconsistency on what they believe or what they claim to believe, and what their actual actions actually demonstrate. And at some point in

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time, that person we don't we don't put under others under the microscope. But we have to be willing to take a long hard look at ourselves, and at some point in time realize that our actions are representative of the faith within our hearts. Emanuel macrophylla was sadaqa hula Iman, Iman is that which takes root within the heart takes for

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or routes within the hearts and, and then the actions they justify. And they testify as to the level of that emotion, and the, the, the, the, the strength of that belief and that emotion, the conviction. And so this these is this following passage that we're going to read needs to be understood at all three levels to the machine gun, even the Atmel kitab. But then even for believers need to be understanding exactly how we should reflect on this. So eliminate or the woman fear in content Allah moon, in iron number 85, Allah subhanaw taala responds himself to that question and says, say a boon Elahi pull of Allah Tada karoun that a translation says that and they will reply,

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God, that the answer is Allah that it all belongs to God, it all belongs to Allah say, will you not take heed, say oh Luna, we've we've actually studied this the scene that is added to the present slash future tense, fear and the fear and Medallia that has a scene on it seem off to her that is little mostakbal Corrib it is for the near future, it means very, very soon, they will have to respond.

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And there's two ways to understand what that means very soon, that if one is first and foremost in this world, that if you really pose this question to them, they will have to admit they will have to come to terms with the reality that it really all belongs to Allah. But it could also equally be talking about the day of judgment and the day of resurrection. And the fact that Allah says that it's very, very near.

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And we've talked about this before it Katara milanesi Hey Saarbruecken Allah says come very near right the prophets Allah the same subway to an Osaka ha tiene myself in the final hour have been sent like these two fingers, right that close. So very soon people will respond people will reply and that same time we also know about death will inland Mottola DITA federal Amin who find a home will Akiko. Allah says in surah, two Joomla and certain number 62, that the same death that you are running from the federal law may not find a home will actually come, it will come and stare you in the face,

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you will come face to face with it. And you don't know when but it's sooner than you realize. And when that moment of death comes in the eyes closed and then the reality the true reality of things becomes apparent. Then at that time, there will be no denying what is true and what is not said, oh Lunella. So very soon, if it's in this world, it's for their own good if that's the time of the debt at the time of death, or on the Day of Resurrection, then it's unfortunate Lilla that they will admit that it all belongs to Allah.

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So say, a fella to the Quran. I forgot to the crew one which means it comes from the word tobacco, and tobacco in the Arabic language. We talked about the roots of the word thickens, it can means remembrance, reminder, to Lakota it's from Bob to Pharrell, right? It's from the verb pattern, the verb family to follow the textbook, right? And what that implies is some type of effort being put into it. So it means to really reflect on pay attention to to heed the reminder. All right, and to really reflect on this reality. Now what's very interesting is that if you also remember right as Brian tensive students, tada, Cara Yetta, the crew, right, so it shouldn't be that as a karoun.

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There should be two times there. But if you read the ayat says, A fella, Tessa karoun, even though it is present tense, it is magalia. But it's supposed to be teta. That can be two times there. But there's only one if you're reading it with the other toggle. Right. So first to answer the question, where is the doc will either biller Is this a typo? Is something wrong? No. In the Arabic language in classical Arabic, when you have the repetition of the DA in this particular manner, to make it easier to pronounce and for the facility of pronunciation

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omitting one of the TAs is permissible. Look at him. Right when I say permissible it sounds like legal language fic but linguistically, it's permissible. Yeah, Jews who look at what surfen it's permissible in the grammar and in the language and the morphology that you can omit to one of the tasks to not create that tadhack karoun. It makes it more difficult to pronounce. So that's permissible and allowed within classical Arabic. So that answers that question, but it still does not answer the question of, but why is it omitted here? Because some places it's not omitted. Right. And the obvious example of that is with tennis Zilla yet aniseh Lu, which means for something to

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descend, alright for something to come down some places

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Allah says tetanus Zulu, in Surah 41. When Allah talks about

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a person leaving this world in the Latina pallulah, Boone, Allah, that those who say, who confess that Allah is my Lord and my master

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from Mr. Camo and then they have consistency and steadfastness upon this tetanus xello Alec Mala Mala Iike that angels will descend upon them

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bearing gifts and good news and congratulate congratulations and things of that nature. Tetanus Allah so both dads are there but when you read sort of to look other right in the Angela who failed a little further in that solar system as Zulu, Allah human melodica

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right, then a saloon Mala ecotour Rafi Hi, shoot me tennis saloon. melodica tennis Zulu is actually Titan as

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one of the tasks was omitted was dropped for the ease of pronunciation as we talked about, but that still like I said, does not answer the question Why leave the tie in one place while omitting the tie in another place? What benefit is in that? So typically, generally speaking, one of the principles of this is the other two rules that don't know Alessia didn't mana busy added to the roof, yes, it will manner, that whenever you have more letters, that usually is indicative of more of a meaning. That does reflect within the meaning. So the omit the the omission of the tie here will affect that data that karoun Instead of that same data karoun It's abbreviating the word,

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thereby abbreviating The meaning of what it's saying is, will you not even reflect for a second?

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It wouldn't take a lot.

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It would just take one sober moment.

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One serious moment of reflection.

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One very mature, sophisticated, serious moment of thought and reflection. That's all it would take for you to understand and realize that God created everything. And he made everything and he provided everything. And he created you and then gave you so much.

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That Don't you think you have some level of an obligation to Him? And He is worthy and deserving of at least a modicum of respect and consideration

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for a fella Heather Coronavirus, just for a moment, just think and reflect.

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In next i 86. Allah subhanaw taala says, well, Morocco sama what is a very, or Ebola Arsha Aldine

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translation, this is a number 86 A translation says,

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Say Who is the Lord of the Seven Heavens and who is the Lord of the Mighty Throne? So again to explain very briefly here. So again, the prophets Allah has been told say present this to them. Man who is Ragusa, what is seven, eight,

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the master, the creator, the provider, the Sustainer, the protector of the seven heavens, what Allah, Allah Allah, amen, the Lord in the master of the great throne,

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the great throne.

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And so just a little bit of a an elaboration explanation about a lot of the word that the archer will come up again at the end of the surah. At the end of the Surah, Allah in the second last saya

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a number 117, the topic of the Throne of Allah, the art of Shiva, Allah will come up again. So this is the first time it comes up here in this sutra. So I thought I'd take this opportunity to kind of talk very briefly about it. But first and foremost, Aatish. What does the what does the otter Shiva mean? We looked that up in the dictionary earlier today, but the arch refers to something elevated. All right, it also refers to kind of like a royal position, a royal position, a position of power, and respect, and majesty.

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Secondly, a lot of times, even the Oddish, right, the more Arabic concept of the art just a little bit linguistically, and historically, the Arabic concept of the artifice, taking more so from the Persians, rather than the Europeans or the Romans. And what that basically means that the differentiation between the two is that the European or the Roman kind of image or perception or idea of the throne, the outers was more of like a chair. But the Persian

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image or understanding or idea of the Archer was more like a platform.

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Right, so it was more grand in that sense. Secondly, the Odyssey has talked about a few places in the Quran, the Quran tells us yami, Lunella, Arusha right, so that it talks about the Manaea talk

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About eight angels carrying the outer shell of Allah subhanaw taala lifting the throne, the outer shell of Allah. Secondly, then there are some authentic. There are some very authentic narrations, a hadith that tell us a little bit about the outer shells. Well, first and foremost, we know that the outer shell actually does have legs. Because the Prophet of Allah salatu salam talks about this, he says that on the Day of Resurrection, when Allah will remove the barriers between him and the people in the creation, and they will be able to witness the Majesty of Allah subhanaw taala the greatness of God, right in all of his glory, the prophets Allah the Selim says unnecessary Isaku that the

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people will faint they will become unconscious, they will be overwhelmed by witnessing the greatness of Allah and the prophets Allah he says says for an hour lumen

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you feel I will be the first one to regain consciousness. And when I regained consciousness for either Musa Hey, don't be talking my team in our Mila Arash I will see Musa clinging to one of the legs of the legs of the arch of Allah.

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Right that he will be clinging, Musa will be clinging to one of the legs of the outer shell of Allah. And then the prophets Allah ism says flattery, flattery alpha cubberly. I don't know whether or not he just regained consciousness before me and used to be Sokka attitude, or he didn't faint at all, because he had already witnessed the level of that glory at the mountain of tool when Moses had asked Allah to be able to see him and Allah told them Look at the mountain and Allah subhanaw taala bestowed some of his glory and greatness upon the mountain and it crumbled and Musa alayhis salaam, fainted, passed out. So the prophets Allah seems I don't know whether you regained consciousness

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before me, or he just did not become unconscious because he was exposed to it at some level in the life of the world. And that gave him the ability to be able to withstand it or to be able to witness it directly, immediately. So that's another thing, another authentic narration that tells us that the artist has those legs. Now another thing is that the Quran tells us the Arusha of Allah is being carried by these angels in melodica.

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The prophets Allah they set themselves in an authentic narration was in a Li and who had these are and mela Kinman Mala Getty homiletical. Out of that I was given permission I was granted license, I was granted permission to be able to talk about one of the angels, one of the angels amongst the angels who carry the Arusha throne of God, what they are like what they look like. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says Masirah to muy bien heartedly, he was only he, that the distance between the top of the shoulder and the ear of that angel is Messina to is the distance that it would take

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five 500 years to cross, that if a human being walked for 500 years, how much distance would be covered, that's just the distance between the ear and the shoulder of that particular Angel. That's how huge these angels are. So by just I mean, that's beyond even visualization. So just trying to wrap our heads around how great one of these angels are, and then there's eight of these angels, then the end, the audition itself has legs, that just how huge and magnificent the audition of Allah must be. And lastly, and finally, another authentic narration says,

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must somehow want to separate or do in a separate room. Why are they not Hoonah? Why am I finna? Fill Kuru see Cusi that if you put all the seven heavens and the seven Earths, and everything that is between all of them, and everything that is inside of all of them, if you put placed all of that in front of the outer shell of Allah, what would it look like? In contrast, in comparison, in laka, halacha tin, we'll call it in B or binfer falacci that if you went out to like an open area, like a humongous field,

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right, so think about just like, you know, out of the facilities even larger than this, but just if you thought if you look if you think about like a football field, like a football stadium, all right. So if you go out to a football stadium and you place a ring

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in on the field of that football stadium,

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how does that ring compared to the football stadium that's around it? That's what all of creation looks like in front of the audience of Allah.

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In front of the currency of Allah subhanaw taala when they'll corsia Or excuse me, the currency refers to the footstool when the currency or be my fee here in this video, Allah Arash, critical healthcare, TV tickle for that. And then the kursi in front of the arch in front of the throne, again, looks like a ring in front of a football stadium. It doesn't even compare. It's not even a blip on the radar. You can't even begin to

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compared the difference in size, so cool. So say who is the master again this shows ownership, who is the master and the owner of the seven heavens and the great Arash Sepuluh Melilla very soon they will say that it all belongs to Allah pull. Avila TOCOM so then say to them that

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Will you not then be mindful of Allah tycoon? Will you not be conscious of Allah? Will you not live a life of mindfulness to Allah? If that is the Allah That's the God that you are dealing with? That you are, you know, that you are being watched over by the one that you have to stand before an answer for how you've lived your life, then don't you think that you should live a life of mindfulness and just practice a little bit more mindfulness and how you conduct yourself.

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And I in number 88, Allah says wisdom via the Mallacoota cliche in Oahu, Aug. Two allow you to ally In Kuntum Dalaman. I in number 88. A translation says, say, who holds control of everything in his hand, who protects while there is no protection against him? If you know so much, then again, this is like a rhetorical question, but really one that's meant for self reflection, called say, mud, again, who, who is it being at the he fully within his grasp, in his hand, is Mala coot. We talked about this earlier today. But just for everyone's benefit, the word milk means ownership. The word milk means authority and control, authority and control jurisdiction. Right. Mala Coots is, again, I

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talked about this before that when you increase the letters in a word, you actually are increasing the meaning of the word, Maluku, which means total absolute ownership and control of everything cliche in each and every single thing. But the word Mallacoota itself means total and absolute ownership and control,

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total absolute ownership and control. Now, we saw this in the dictionary earlier today. And I'll reiterate that, that type of Maluku usually is it can be basically translated or understood as referring to divine authority, and divine control and divine power, because total and absolute ownership and authority and control can only of course, belong to God.

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So in and of itself, that word can only be used for ALLAH can only be referring to God. But on top of that, to delve a little bit deeper, some of them will first sit on have talked about the particular concept.

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So what they explained is that usually we are able to identify ownership and authority with things that we can see.

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Things that we can witness things that we hear things that are physical and tangible.

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Mallacoota is referring to the ownership and the authority over not just the tangible, but also the intangible

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right and Ibrahim alayhi salam very beautifully talks about all of this Abraham talks about this Allah presents it within the Quran, right where he says we're either too far away or string when I fall ill he's the one who cares me.

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We're letting you need to need some of your head when you are the ultimate only

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way down, but it's too far away. Yes, Shireen? Well, lady, you need to need some of you when when Allah the Atma, and Uncle hottie a de Yama Dean, that he's the one who, when I fall ill he's the one who cures me. He's the one who gives life and death. He's the one who pray, you know, even other places in the Quran, where it talks about that we have the concept of the tangible, but the intangible, that emotions, then Allah not only owns or controls what we see, but those things that we can't see emotions, conditions happiness and sadness.

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Right fulfillment, contentment, satisfaction,

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anxiety, difficulty, sadness, anger, like Allah subhanaw taala, in control of all of these things, and owns all these things, and then there is a whole realm of the unseen. Allah owns and controls all of it. When a coach in the Quran, Allah says, Well, mom and dad but then Allah who are asking Don't be nasty at her in Surah Houde in Surah 11 is number 56. Allah says, There is not a single creature, not a single living, breathing thing. Except that Allahu Akbar, don't be nasty idea that Allah subhanaw taala is fully in control of it, and has it within his grasp.

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The prophets Allah, he said, and taught us this beautiful dua that also alludes to this type of meaning more palatable, who lube

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the cannibal? Kulu the one who turns the hearts and think about everything that that implies the turning of the heart

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that Allah is the One Who owns and controls all of that. So Mala codes

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Mallacoota cliche in write that he be at the HEMA liquids in his hand, and that shows ownership and sole ownership and sole control, there is the ownership, absolute total ownership of and control over each and every single little thing.

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Now, what does that necessitate? What that necessitates is what will you do?

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Then he is the one who grants protection.

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Well, I will Jariwala he, and there's no one who can grant protection against him.

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Like, in opposition to him, there is no one that can protect you from him, meaning we are accountable to him. And this concept of a jarring Eugene Jarrah 10. Right. This is a classic concept, the outer we used to have this particular concept,

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where for either agenda done, lie Yuffie roofie Djawadi, well, a Salomon Duna, who anugerah Allah, he may Allah yester to Allah, He, that there was this concept that a leader, or a person of position within the tribe, could grant protection to someone. And if they granted protection, and there was nobody else that would dare impede upon that, because if I have a position in my tribe, in my amongst my people, and I grant, this individual protection, and then somebody else from my people from the tribe ends up doing something to him. Now that is a direct offense to me.

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That is indirect offense to me. And that had to be respected. And in fact, the prophets Allah, the some of the Quran talks about it fee that, that if they asked you for protection for a kid who

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we missed that Jerrica that if they asked you for protection, that even when the Muslims, you know, when there was a time of conflict when the Muslims were maybe establishing control and governance in an area, Allah said, we missed that Jerrica if there are other people and non Muslims within that area that ask You for protection for a God who you should give them protection hashtag is smack Allah, Allah through my oblique manner, so that they may get an opportunity to hear the kalam the speech of Allah, the Quran, guidance is the objective.

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Guidance is the objective, I blew my mind I didn't fulfill that promise that you've made to them, make sure they are protected. The prophets Allah the same. In fact, this very, you know, a lot of times very eye opening, or, you know, quite surprising even to even Muslims, who aren't fully educated on their own history and the life of the prophets, Allah, they some of the prophetic biography, that the Prophet somebody said was been a beneficiary of this type of protection as well. That when the Prophet of Allah Salafi, some left Mecca, to go to the city of five, to preach to the people there.

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In his absence, he was gone for about 10 days in his absence. There some people of course, to further their agenda, and their personal grudge against the prophets a lot he said them, they ended up spreading the rumor that he's gone to talk if to basically build up support over there, to establish the opposition, he's going to lead an army with from Fife and attack MCCA, etc, he's you know, he's a traitor, etc, etc. So when the prophets a lot of Sim came back from the city of Troy, if he was met outside of Makkah, by some of the believers who basically told them that this is the situation and they're basically out to get you now.

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And the prophets Allah, he sort of stayed outside the city of Mecca, and sent messengers on his behalf to go and request maybe some of the influential leaders of Makkah to granting protection.

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Until finally, whatever ID who was not Muslim, granted the prophets Allah, the sun protection.

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And he came to receive the prophets, Allah ism, brought him into the city of Mecca. Along he had seven sons along with the seven sons, and they were actually all known as, you know, quite the skilled fighters they were they were known as warriors, fighters. And they all you know, have their swords, they all had their gear on.

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So they were all packing heat. And they go to the haram to the Kaaba, and they had a circle formed around the prophets Allah to him, they said, you can offer your, you know, your pay your respects at the Kaaba. So while the prophets who loves him prayed, they formed like a circle around him protecting him, and he went and he told the leaders of Quraysh who were who just could not believe were beside themselves what's going on over here? And they asked me the time that have you now also believed a Sebata you've also left the religion of river waters you also believe

00:40:00--> 00:40:06

And him now? And he said, No, I don't actually. But at the same time, I recognize the fact that he has a right to live in the city.

00:40:08--> 00:40:33

Laocoon will be at the ballot one to Hill on the other ballot. He has a right to live in the city. He's the grandson of Adam Muttalib, where do you get off telling him that he can't live over here. And so I've given him my protection. And I want you to understand that you don't have to agree with me giving him protection. But the fact of the matter is, I hold the position amongst you, and I've given him protection. So now if you encroach upon him, you are in fact offending me.

00:40:34--> 00:40:39

And you see me and my son's right here, and you know what we're capable of. So now you decide what you want to do.

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Now it's up to you now it's become personal, you can decide to make it personal. So even the prophets Allah is him benefited from this system that they have granted production, Abu Bakr, Siddiq, but are the Allahu Taala and who leaves the city of Mecca after being brutally attacked by some of the mannequins or Quraysh and being beaten ruthlessly by them, just simply because he believes he's Muslim. And so when he leaves Mecca, to migrate to Abyssinia to Habesha East Africa,

00:41:12--> 00:41:40

that includes Davina, who is a leader of a tribe outside of Makkah, who have relations who have a who are allies, with the Americans with the Quraysh. He sees Abu Bakar then he says, Where are you? Where do you think you're going and he says, I'm leaving, he brings him back to Makkah, and again, offers him protection and let some kids know you don't lay a finger on Abu Bakr because now he's under my protection. And in fact, when they have a complaint against Abu Bakr shortly thereafter,

00:41:41--> 00:41:51

and the story basically is that have a look at all the Allahu Taala and who he's described as Rajon Baca when he was a very, very spiritual and emotional man.

00:41:53--> 00:42:29

And he would pray, kind of like in the courtyard or on the porch of his home at night, just you know, to kind of pray outdoors, he would pray like on the porch of his home, and when he would pray out there and you would be reciting the Quran, you would have such a deep profound effect on him, that he would start to cry during his recitation of the Quran affected by it. And he was reciting that loudly when screaming, but he was reciting out loud that what would end up happening is we would start to create a crowd, people would gather on because they could understand what the Quran meant, right? The market was their language. So they would gather around them they would listen and

00:42:29--> 00:43:09

they would begin to cry and they were becoming deeply affected by it. And then you had people becoming Muslim and it was creating a scene. It was almost like this daily scene. And so they go they there they find it problematic they're like look, you got protection, but you got to keep it inside your house. You're creating a scene you're creating problems we don't appreciate it. So what ends up happening is instead of even going directly in talking to Abu Bakar they dare not why it would Davina so they go to Davina or if you do wanna also do NASM is historians his name was even a doula that they go to even a doula and they say that look, look, you gave Abu Bakr protection, and

00:43:09--> 00:43:19

we respect that. But here's the issue, here's the problem, and it will do Hoonah is the one who has to go to Abu Bakr and say, Hey, can you kind of tone it down just a little bit?

00:43:20--> 00:43:26

Right, you're making things difficult, I gave you protection, etc. And Abu Bakar Alonso says you know what, if it's between

00:43:27--> 00:43:35

sharing the book of Allah with people and your protection, then I'll take the book of Allah, you can keep your protection. I got the book of Allah, it'll protect me.

00:43:36--> 00:43:51

And so but that was just to talk about the concept since a word came up of Ijarah of granting protection. So well we'll work our way up to the i n number 88 says Allah grants protection when I go out to ally and nobody can grant protection against Allah.

00:43:52--> 00:44:33

Like Allah says in surah tilam, Bs number 21 is 23. Let us know if our new home new saloon, he will not be asked about what he does, but they will be asked about what they do. They will be questioned, he will not cannot be asked about what he does. Allah is above that. All right, for what up bigger than us and then the homage Marina, I'm not going to Yama, Luna, Allah says hello to ager. Surah. Number 15 is 92 and 93 that Allah swears for what I'm big by your Lord by your master land as a lender whom we will hold all of them accountable by what they used to do, but nobody can hold Allah subhanaw taala accountable and Mujahid one of them will fasten on he says Mallacoota coalition has a

00:44:33--> 00:44:59

coalition the treasures of everything of the Hawks has Milko coalition the ownership of everything. And we talked more about the meaning of that. So Columbia the Mallacoota coalition in what will you do what are you what are you generally in contempt alimony, if you really truly actually do know if you claim to know anything, then this is something you have to come to terms with. So Allah subhanaw taala and I number 89. Again, respond say

00:45:00--> 00:45:53

APU lunula very soon they will say Villa that it all belongs to Allah put in for analysis Haroon pool. So say for Anna, Anna is a very interesting word. It is many other words is the vomit used to ask a question, but it's a question that is very very kind of like it has a huge scope. It means when where how from where it includes all these meanings and it shows a little bit of like astonishment. Like I just like a little bit of astonishment and shock for Inna, like when when Zecharia walks in on Madame Solana Alia eating fruits out of season and he says Anala kihavah. Like where How did you get this? Did you come across this?

00:45:54--> 00:45:56

Right and so similarly for Anna

00:45:57--> 00:46:30

where how What does Haroon from where does Haroon and we read the meaning of this earlier but Sasha in the Arabic language side is how to refers not only to being enchanted, like being affected by magic or being possessed, or being under a spell, but basically also means to be out of your rights mind to not be thinking clearly which basically, is the whole idea that if you're you know, under a spell, you're not thinking clearly you're not thinking for yourself, so Disharoon

00:46:31--> 00:46:36

for analysis Haroon, then what has made, what has clouded your judgment?

00:46:37--> 00:46:45

What has possessed you, what has taken you out of your God given reasoning and intellect for analysis, hello,

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Allah subhanaw taala and I in number 90,

00:46:51--> 00:47:09

again, concludes in AI is rather 9091 and 92. Allah subhanaw taala concludes this entire conversation. And I am number 90 particularly begins that conclusion where Allah says by taking our womb, Bill happy we're in the home like Hannibal,

00:47:10--> 00:47:19

Bell, I'd say now when Bill healthy, we're in the home like it been a translation of it number 90 says,

00:47:20--> 00:47:55

the fact is, we brought them the truth and they are liars. We brought them the truth, but rather, what is the reality of the situation that this question answer format was presented for the sake of reflection, and to really put them on the spot and put them in a corner and expose their true agenda and what's really going on. But the fact of the matter is, but the fact of the matter is, I tell you now whom we'll have we brought them, we'd hand delivered to them. The messengers we sent the most beloved of God's creation,

00:47:56--> 00:47:58

with the words of God himself.

00:48:00--> 00:48:30

Through miraculous means, and remarkable presentation and packaging and character. We gave to them we delivered to them, we presented to them and Huck the truth. We've talked a lot about the meaning of the truth, the reality, what interval and without a doubt, they are like Kathy Boone, indeed, they are without a doubt liars. And Allah says it in again, the nominal form

00:48:31--> 00:48:38

that they are there, they're trapped in that type of lie, where they have become committed to the lie.

00:48:40--> 00:49:04

They've become committed to the lie and to living a life like Hannibal. I am number 91 Allah says Muttahida Allahu me well at Walmart Canada Humann Illa hin either Lucha Kulu Allah him Bhima halacha Allah Allah by the woman, Allah Allah Subhana Allah here I'm not gonna say for quite a lengthy ayah So let me just read a translation of this and then we'll kind of walk through the is step by step.

00:49:06--> 00:49:19

The translation says God has never had a child, nor is there any God beside him. If there were each God would have taken his creation aside and tried to overcome the others. May God be exalted above what they describe.

00:49:20--> 00:49:59

So Allah subhanaw taala here step by step there's a few portions that we can kind of discuss the i the i n, number one is Metallica, the LogMeIn Paladin, Allah has not taken any type of a child. Now this again, you know, deconstructs a number of different arguments and so till God for you and Vera, Latina Carlota for the Allahu WELEDA that he is warning, though those who have said that God has taken a child daughter has taken a son. So of course it's describing those who might ascribe a son to Allah. Wager Aluna Lila Hilde Burnett Subhana who, one of whom I assure

00:50:00--> 00:50:35

Who that they ascribe that they make they ascribe to Allah daughters. And he's above and beyond that, meaning having any type of offspring or children. Right? And that was the problematic view of the idol worshipers, the Bucha, the goon, right, the polytheists of Mecca, that what they did was that they ascribed, they said that the angels are the daughters of God. They are the daughters of Allah. So there are multiple layers to this, but Allah is just generally he is completely

00:50:38--> 00:51:20

discrediting that entire thought process and that belief mythical, the LogMeIn Paladin, Allah is not taking any type of an offspring any type of a child. And in fact, in Surah Maryam Allah subhanaw taala says that the kinds of Samoa to Yetta for Turner men who would then shuffle or do what a hero in Japan who had done and the only Rahmani. Well, I did. Why am I in bikinis, money and tequila, that the sky together somehow together for Tana, the sky wants to rip apart the earth wants to open up and swallow them home. They are sold all of the creation of Allah except for this human being that is supposed to be the centerpiece of God's creation. All of the rest of the creation of Allah

00:51:20--> 00:51:30

is so infuriated by the human being that this human being would have the audacity to say that God has an equal or God has a partner or God has a child.

00:51:31--> 00:52:15

Well my in budgie literal man, it is not befitting of the Abundantly Merciful, that you ascribe you know a partner or a child or any type of that type of a relation to him. So Allah says matzah love me Well, I didn't want Makanda who, in fact in Surah, Nissan surah number four I want somebody to laying a stent given mercy very beautifully, because the two most you know common attributions false attribution to Allah were of a Sally salaam, Jesus being the Son of God, and of the angels being the daughters of Allah. So again, an eye on 172 Verse 172, in Surah, four, Allah says, Thank you for Mercy who Hakuna Abdullah Well, Elmira, aka tuna Makara boon that isa himself did not find it

00:52:15--> 00:52:56

beneath himself to call himself a slave of Allah. Nor did the closest of Gods angels find it beneath themselves, to be the slaves of Allah and to worship Allah. Then why do we find it problematic to either ascribe that to them or even ascribe it to ourselves even more problematically, right? So here Allah says, Muttahida love me and well, I didn't want that kind of man or woman, Allah him. And now to further talk about just the concept of Chinook and associating partners to ally in any way, shape or form. Well, let me color who said he can fill milk. There's nobody who has any share with Allah, and His power and His attributes and His dominion in his jurisdiction and his control in his

00:52:56--> 00:53:03

ownership. Well, my kind of man or woman Illa hint there is no type of deity or God with him with Allah II then,

00:53:05--> 00:53:11

because and this is hypothetically stated, and again, I want to present something here.

00:53:12--> 00:53:57

That, of course, logic and reasoning is something and logically going about a lot of these conversations, something that is definitely encouraged, especially if the need arises. The Quran does not very frequently take this particular route in these discussions, and I was having a very interesting conversation with one of the brothers that because very, for the very simple reason that a lot of this rationale and logic and process that we have this deductive reasoning and logic, it just is incapable of really understanding and processing the unseen or the unlimited. Right, and the brother was sharing with me that some of the philosophers give a very beautiful example, that when

00:53:57--> 00:54:27

we say we have this deductive reasoning and logic, and by means of this, we can contemplate, you know, eternity, and infinity and God and life, you know, in the Hereafter, and the unseen and everything, that this is comparable to saying that a group of dogs, by means of the sniff test would be able to solve, you know, algebra, they'd be able to solve mathematical equations through the sniff test,

00:54:28--> 00:54:33

that they just don't have the tools and the resources to be able to solve a mathematical equation, and we grasp that,

00:54:34--> 00:54:42

but yet what we are incapable of grasping and because the Quran has talked about this, because at the base and at the root of it is that arrogance,

00:54:43--> 00:54:59

that arrogance, a lack of submission and humility, that we are under the impression that our very, very limited scope and mind and understanding and reasoning and logic will somehow be able to grasp the unseen and that which is even beyond us.

00:55:00--> 00:55:17

And that's deeply problematic, right? But occasionally the Quran does when the need is there the Quran does present certain logical constructs. Right? And so this construct is also presented in Surah Al Anbiya

00:55:18--> 00:56:03

and Allah subhanaw taala over there says lo gonna feed him audience in Allahu La fossa data, or excuse me, it's insulted halogen surah number, or no, it is sort of Columbia. So number 21, that if in the heavens and the earth, there was more than one God, then it would have destroyed the heavens in the earth. And here Allah subhanaw taala says that even let's just entertain your thought and your idea that somebody else has some type of divine power and control. Let's I have a Kulu Illa Habima halacha every god and deity would pull aside what they had created what they had control over, and kind of carve out their own little dominion and kingdom

00:56:05--> 00:56:19

be my Chanukkah wa ala Baba and it was only a matter of time because what would happen if the creation of one God encroached upon the creation of the other god? If the creation of one God did something to offend the creation of the other god?

00:56:20--> 00:56:25

Right and then how long before then now these two gods would begin to go at it with

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a bow then they would basically tried to attack one another? And what would be the outcome of that and Allah subhanaw taala speaks about this. Another place in the Quran and Sultan is Surah In Surah, number 17. And I have 42 Allah says, Hello Ghana, ma who Allah has shown that if there were other gods along with Allah with God, Kumar yaku Luna as people would claim is a leper to hoe Illa de la Arshi sibulan You can call them Lesser God Ling's

00:56:56--> 00:57:19

right, mana Mila you caribou night Allah he's in fact, we just worship them as intermediaries. You can call them lesser gods lesser gods things. But how long before they would get together and conspire and try to overthrow Illa Villa otter she said VLAN the villa harsh desert are still great God who is over all these gods things How long before they would conspire with one another and then try to overthrow him?

00:57:20--> 00:57:22

Sounds like a comic book.

00:57:23--> 00:57:29

And if that's what you're okay with putting your faith in your iman in your belief and then it's a real difficult conversation.

00:57:31--> 00:58:14

So here Allah subhanaw taala says Subhan Allah Hi, I'm Maya seafoam as the ultimate response Subhana right Saba have refers to something being above and beyond something Subhana Allah Allah is above and beyond. I'm not gonna see full what they described, and what they ascribe and all these different little ideas and, you know, ridiculous thoughts that they have. Allah is above and beyond all of that. And then Allah subhanaw taala and I in number 92 He concludes very beautifully and very powerfully. Allah says Allah Milk Baby was shahada T Fatah Allah Almighty Shikun this animal AB was shahada T is a Sefa is an attribute of Allah Subhana Allah He and that's why I leave me alone. It's

00:58:14--> 00:58:41

in the jar form because it is a CIFA Excuse me. It is a sci fi an adjective of the Name of Allah in the previous idea in the translation says he knows what is not seen as well as what is seen he is far above any partner they claim for him. I call him is the active form the active now he is some firing right? Allina Yala Aleman for Hua

00:58:43--> 00:58:58

Holloman Masha brainless All right, so Ali mill vape. The one who knows Hey, what does labour refer to hate that which is not seen? What shahada shahada is that which is witnessed that which has seen, he knows everything that is unseen and he knows that which is seen.

00:59:00--> 00:59:39

For to Allah, to Allah come from the roots where the aloo aloo means to be exalted. All right, and revere. Allah is described as a trophy as well, Rafi or Daraja to the harsh, but the thing is, the attributes of Allah Ali, and the word Lu is used for Allah subhanaw taala. Sita Isla, a lot more than the word Rafah and any of its derivatives are used because it also at the end of the day, refers to being lifted. Whereas the oluwo refers to being exalted being above, not just even physically but just in all aspects.

00:59:40--> 00:59:54

Right being exalted, and to Allah, right when it's brought into this particular verb pattern, it brings the implication of what we call Malaga in hyperbolized is the meaning most exalted.

00:59:55--> 00:59:59

Is he Ironman Amma is unmanned. He is exalted. He is above

01:00:00--> 01:00:05

Have that which you should be calling that which they associate with him.

01:00:06--> 01:00:29

Anything that they associate with him he is above and beyond all of that. Well, are you here to be shaming me? He loved me, Masha, Allah and Susan Baqarah. I have 255 says the only thing people do know is what Allah subhanaw taala allows them to know. Eileen will Haven Surah Jin. And it's very interesting that this is similar to Jin because, again, right and I usually warn the students that

01:00:30--> 01:00:33

you know, Jin is one of those buzzwords

01:00:34--> 01:01:19

in Muslim settings, that if you say it, everything that was said previously has become forgotten. Nobody knows what I was talking about for the last hour. Everyone's just like gently. Very, very nice. Right? So, but it's Surah toolchain. It's a suit of the Quran. So a little bit like seriousness. All right, restrain yourself. We talked about somebody today. Right, Elgin salatu Jin is number 27. So to Jin which is surah. Number 72 is number 27. And the reason why it's so profound, it's in the sutra, because again, the jinn the Shah theme, a lot of times, very unfortunately, people end up associating knowledge of the Unseen, right and knowledge that people are not able to

01:01:19--> 01:01:48

grasp and they'll associate it with the gym and the shaft lean and that becomes a huge fitna for people in their emaan in their beliefs. Right spiritually becomes a fitna a trial something very problematic for people. So in that Surah, Allah says Aileen willhave, Allah is the only one exclusively who knows the Unseen. For now you're the hero, maybe I heard and just in case you have any doubt Allah elaborates that he has not granted anyone,

01:01:49--> 01:01:58

any type of exclusive or unrestricted access to his unseen knowledge.

01:01:59--> 01:02:35

He has not granted anyone that it laminaria taba Mira, Sulan except for those whom he has chosen and selected from amongst the messengers. Messengers bring to us Prophets and Messengers bring to us a knowledge of the Unseen, right? The Quran, what the prophets, Allah tells us about what will transpire in the life of the hereafter. But that is again granted to them by Allah, and that is given to them by Allah. The prophets Allah, He said him even himself, Allah tells him to say within the Quran, will open to our animal Haven fire, unrestricted access to the unseen, let's sector terminal, hey,

01:02:36--> 01:02:38

there's a lot of things I could have done differently.

01:02:40--> 01:03:12

But even I don't have that unrestricted access to the unseen, that is Allah and only the Dominion in the area of Allah and whatever Allah gives to His messengers or his prophets, that is what they deliver to us, and that's what we have access to. But this is exclusively for Allah subhanaw taala. Allah mill AB was shahada, Fatah, Allah Mikoshi goon May Allah subhanaw taala give us all the ability to practice everything that we've said and heard Subhanallah LabMD Subhan Allah Muhammad and should have Allah ilaha illa Anta so for one or two, we make a very quickly just wanted to kind of mention

01:03:14--> 01:03:59

to kind of provide a little bit of understanding to the students that when we started off the deceit of the Surah, we did like one IR day, right? And now we're doing like 10 ideas a day, right now, in this particular passage, it's gonna slow down in the next passage, because there are some concepts. So a lot of times students are under the impression that, oh, well, we're kind of now flying through it, because we got to wrap this up. Right? That it's actually not quite that concept was really remarkable. And I talked to you all about the structure of a suit on the subject matter of a suit. And I was Sura is like a course. So what happens is, in the beginning of assuta, you come across

01:03:59--> 01:04:37

fundamental concepts for the first time. And you have to stop and pause and address and build that foundation. What happens that third, the second, the third, the fourth, the fifth time that each concept comes up, what happens? There's no longer need. Now you can refer back to the previous concept refer back to the previous concept, the previous discussion, so it naturally speeds up the conversation. And you're able to cover more ground. And even the sutra itself. What's really remarkable is that two does usually end in conclude by almost kind of, especially length, here's who I was like, so let me know when and others that are around. So at the moment, they usually conclude

01:04:37--> 01:04:59

by almost kind of summarizing what was talked about in the first three quarters of the surah. The last quarter almost ends up summarizing that and ends on a powerful note. That style is built within the skin and that's what makes it so remarkable and such a fascinating study. And there's actually a lot of very interesting educational philosophies that we can take from each one of these particular sutras as well and

01:05:00--> 01:05:22

kind of the structure of sutras and how Allah approaches education even within the Quran, Allah Al Quran the Quran is the ultimate education. And so you're able to extrapolate a lot of very interesting philosophies of even education from the Quran and how the sutras are structured. So just wanted to kind of address that so that nobody is under the impression that you're getting shafted here at the end just because I gotta wrap this up by exact unlocking slowly