Tafseer Of Surah Muminoon 13
Channel: Abdul Nasir Jangda
File Size: 29.88MB
Tafseer of Surah Muminoon – Part 13
May 10, 2017
Every summer I have the distinct pleasure of spending an entire month with people from all over the world here in Dallas, teaching the Arabic language or onic Arabic the language of the Quran and discussing and exploring the timeless lessons and wisdoms of the book of Allah. We call this experience for all intensive please check out begun smr.com that's be a y y i n ah summer.com to get more information sign up. I look forward to seeing you here in sha Allah at the Quran intensive
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alameen wa rahmatullah
wa salatu wa salam ala ZD mursaleen where Allah Allah He was a happy woman to be our home the sun in line with Dean.
In the previous session, we completed the passage, which spoke extensively about challenges that are faced by you know, the messengers of Allah, the prophets of Allah alayhi wa Salatu was Salam and Allah subhanho wa Taala by means of presenting that and talking about that, Allah subhanaw taala provided consolation and comfort to the Messenger of Allah Mohammed sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. The next passage that we're inshallah going to study years from is 51 through 67. inshallah, we should be getting about halfway through that passage today, or maybe hopefully a little bit more than that in sha Allah.
Now, one last kind of wattana in this particular passage, is going to talk about what the criteria for success actually is. So now that Allah subhanaw taala has laid out what leads to failure and the type of conduct and the type of behavior that leads to failure as observed in nation after nation after nation throughout human history. Now, unless funnel a teller will present, what does success look like? That we know what not to do, but now what are we supposed to do? And what exactly is that outcome of success?
So Allah subhanho wa Taala, this is what's presented within these iots.
Allah subhanaw taala in ayah, number 51, from where we're starting a lot of what Allah says, a brief translation of which is, own messengers, eat good things and do good deeds. I am well aware of what you do. Yeah, you heard rasuluh pulumi Natalia batty Malou sorry hon. Nev mata meluna. Arlene. So Allah subhanaw taala here addresses all the messengers now, if we follow many of them of us, you don't have come commented on this particular
you know, idea that who is exactly addressed when Allah subhanaw taala says, Yeah, you are rasuluh of course, it seems like Well, why don't we just go with the obvious ally speaking to all the messengers, that's there, but at the same time, many of them have assumed like Razzie and Rashid and others say, if you are reading the sequence if you're reading these if in sequence, Allah subhanaw taala talks about named certain prophets.
Like new Musa Harun Isa masala but overall there's there was a certain sequence that Allah was talking about. There was no honey Salaam, those early nations afternoon or they get Salaam, the people who were destroyed. Then Allah mentioned Musa and Haruna la massamba nuestra in. And then you have the conclusion of an Easter egg mentioned by Sally Sarah, the next prophet or messenger in line as the prophets a lot he said, um says in an authentic narration that is found in the Muslim Devi Mohamad, that there were no prophet sent between Isa Ali Salaam and Muhammad Sallallahu, alayhi wasallam. There are no profits and between them. And in fact, according to some scholars, again,
this is based off of a lot of the Elliot that that quite possibly could have been the largest gap in which no profits were sent. So now it is also fair to understand that Allah subhanaw taala is saying, Yeah, you are. So yes, he's speaking to all the messengers, but there is a specific focus towards Mohammed Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and we're going to see the switching the tone, and even the switch grammatically, that's going to demonstrate the fact that Allah subhanaw taala is now more intimately and personally addressing Muhammad Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and that's why we as the oma Mohammed salatu salam, because whenever Allah speaks to a
prophet or a messenger, he's also speaking to the followers of that prophet or messenger through him, as we know within the Quran. So as the Prophet sallallahu sallam, obviously this is addressing him a little bit more personally, we need to also pay attention to this a little more personally as the aroma of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
So, Allah subhanho wa Taala says, Yeah, you are Rasul Allah messengers
kulu mina pie but kulu Minato you back now kulu is the feral the verb, which means eat.
kulu actually is your original form, but then the abbreviated version is kulu kulu. Eat. This is the command form the imperative form it's a it's the command verb ferry, fionnula amor. And as we talked about in grammar class, it's not necessary that every single field is denoting obligation. Okay. So if we look at like when Allah says Kuru, West shabu,
right, that doesn't mean that when you read that it becomes obligatory to go eat and drink something. But rather you have to read the whole idea and pay attention then you can piece it together a lot since kulula. shabu Allah to sifu Do not be excessive. That's the combination and that's the obligation. So here Allah saying kulu mina pay but now it makes a little bit more sense. Allah subhanaw taala says that eats men is a little bit it means from eat from a tea. But now a bit about again, the brief translation Can I said good things eat from good things. So now to get into a little bit of a conversation as to what does that exactly mean? And what does that exactly imply? So
Allah subhanaw taala in another place in the Quran also mentions halal and forgiven
hallowen Pleven. Right, that not only just halaal but also because some some commentators said thinking about means those things that are permissible, but if we say that five is that which is permissible than the other Ayah Hillel and play, but we are left with two conclusions, either one is just emphasizing halaal. And
and that doesn't seem to be the case there seems to be a little bit more to the story here. Or it's redundant, which obviously could never be the case. So play it has to be something a little bit more Some have said that halaal what is the opposite of halaal the antonym the opposite of halal Haram. So meaning eat from that halaal that which is permissible that which is not haram
but he bought this vatan mcru that which is not disliked. So, the opposite of this slight? Like there are some things that are not wrong, but they're not favorable, they're not looked upon favorably mcru. So, then it would be those things that are a little bit more preferable clear of even the mcru. Okay, that's another idea that some scholars have shared.
Some other scholars actually
a Razzie and Paul, Toby and others mentioned this it's very fascinating the idea, they say that there are three qualities. There are three qualities that make something Peggy
Helen, Helen was often walk a woman.
And so then he goes on to explain philhealth Allah Allah De La Jolla, US
Yours Allahu fie halaal is that which does not involve the disobedience of God.
So for something to be funny if it has to be halal, that's the first step, what is halal, something that doesn't involve the disobedience of Allah.
But then it has to take the next step. What is the second step of being
a Sofie, soften Asahi? Allah de la une sala houfy, something that is not something that is not devoid of the remembrance of Allah, something that doesn't involve
not thinking about Allah becoming negligent or becoming disconnected from Allah, but you are mindful of Allah, that Sofie will call one. So that's the second step. Number one, it didn't involve the disobedience of a lot. Number two, in fact, it's something that is a consequence of the remembrance of Allah like God consciousness,
God consciousness. And then there's a third step, a one a one is my human sequel nefs, where for the lack of something that is not only that something that strengthens and solidifies the body, but it's also something that preserves the intellect.
It preserves the intellect. So it's something that's healthy and good.
Right, and so these are some of the combinations that at least the classical mufa solunar mentioning, when they talk about the concept of something being like about
the Prophet of Allah Salallahu it so before I take the conversation kind of into more contemporary times, I wanted to mention a few more things from the tradition. There's a narration of from Omar Abdullah, who was the sister of shadab been overthrow the Allahu taala on him. And now basa de la Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa selama berated him in Lebanon fishing that will help or in the fishery, what was Simon
so it was the summertime It was very, very hot. The profits a lot of the time was fasting. So this Sahaba this Muslim woman, Omar Abdullah, she sends some milk, some fresh milk, good, clean, fresh milk for the profits a lot he sent him so that he has something good and refreshing and nourishing to be able to break his fast with
ferrata Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam ha ha the profits a lot he some scented back with a message a question? Well call them in a lucky Heather. Where did you acquire this from? For pilot when shatin Lee that I of course mailed to one of the sheep or goats that I personally own.
And she sent it back with this message that came from one of my own animals from Rhonda who then he sent it back with another message. man he had the he shot. Where did you acquire this animal from? for college is the right to happy Molly. She sent it back again with another message I purchased it with my own money.
So then the profits a lot he said he took the milk through my into her job. So she after some time came to visit the profits a lot. He said
that I think he's trying to send me a message. He's trying to hint at me that this is something he's trying to teach me and teach me a lesson. Very interesting style of the Messenger of Allah Salafi sentiment. This is particularly pertinent for adults education. Right teaching adults in regards to teaching children, of course you always are, you know, just in teaching every every one of course, you're very affectionate and kind and generous and gracious.
But particularly when you're teaching children, there's an extra level of compassion to where, whether or not they ask you still provide. Right But when you are teaching adults, one of the very interesting dynamics that you come across is the natural kind of self confidence and self kind of assurity and self reliance and independence intellectually and emotionally that comes with being an adult. So a lot of times without realizing it. You know,
an adult that you're trying to impart something to is a little bit more closed off to something new. And we see this die with the Messenger of Allah Pilates and the famous story about you know, we talked about couture in salon in the beginning of sort of Tomomi noon, where the profits all of a sudden is sitting at the back of the mustard there. And a man comes in and he offers his prayer. And after praying demand is leaving. So of course the profits a lot of times
Read by the doors rise he's passing by what do you do? salaam aleikum wa Rasul Allah. Right gives us salons and the prophets Allah vsam says what aleikum wa sallam for Sunday foeniculum to Sunday. Go back and pray you haven't prayed yet.
you do what you're told. So he goes back and he prays again. Second time he's praying. He's leaving again. Again second time salaam aleikum Rasul Allah, the Prophet sallahu wa Alaykum wa salam fgfs Ali foeniculum to suddenly go back and pray you haven't prayed yet?
messenger of guardian and argue with demand.
So he goes back and he prays a third time.
Now he's trying to leave the machine for the third time. And he says salaam aleikum. Rasulullah.
Right. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam says, Why didn't Salam ala Jefferson even
go back and pray you haven't prayed yet?
the man something clicks
and he sits down he says, I live near solaia Rasul Allah.
Teach me the prayer, oh, messenger of God.
And now the prophets allowed him to explain to him, let me tell you why I said you didn't pray. You miss something.
uttama Nina, right, you missed the ideal. tardiness. Can Tama Nina, you missed like you weren't taking your time, you weren't fulfilling the positions properly. And he walks him through the procedure of the prayer. And he says, had that thought to my inner court, human Hata to my inner Rocky and hapa thought my inner jellison didn't, right, until you are fully set, standing and sitting in record and sujood fully set for each step.
And then the man prays.
Right, so that I remember, I spent a lot of time with that particular narration, that's a very interesting interaction. Because again, from what we usually think about when it comes to education is like teaching younger people, children.
That if my daughter came home from school and said that, you know, imagine doing this, or it happening to your job.
teacher gives them like, 10 questions. 10 math problems are something, they finish it, take it up to a teacher teacher says, Yeah, you haven't done it yet. Do it again. Second time. Yeah. You haven't done it yet. Do it again. Third time? Yeah. You haven't done it yet. Do it again. If my child came home and told me that the teacher did that with her, me and the teacher would have a parent teacher conference. My fist would have a conference. No, no.
But you get my points, I would be infuriated. Treat a child like that. Go do it again. Do it again. Go do it if you do it. Right. I'd be I'd be upset. Non teach child that way. So then, but the Messenger of Allah salon ism is the ultimate teacher. And I'm about to
see ultimate teacher. So why is he teaching this man this way? I thought a lot to myself. And of course the answer there is that because he's teaching and adults. And that's why you see that. And trust me, if you tried the same procedure with the child, the first time you tell them guy you didn't do it, right? Do it again, the child be like, what did I do? Right? They asked you right away, because there's some open sea open book. It's a blank canvas. inquisitive, wanting to learn the sponge, whatever you want to call it. But the adult is kind of like, okay, whatever, dude, right? So that's the problem. So you see here that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam, the
Sahaba, going back to the story, the woman who sends the milk for the prophets, Allah sends it back with the question, she sends it back with the answer, he sends it back with the question, she sends it back with an answer. And then she's like, oh, maybe I should go talk to him. And so she comes to meet the Prophet of Allah salatu salam. And she says, Yeah, Rasul Allah Lima, Lima, Radha who, why did you keep on sending the milk back? And the profits, a lot of them said b vanliga.
b donica, luminati. Ross rasuluh. That that is what the messengers have been commanded to do. Allah yakou, la la, la la, la la sala Hon, that they don't eat, except they don't consume except for that, which is at the highest levels of purity and goodness. And they don't do any type of deed except that it's the high at the highest levels of righteousness.
And then he recited the ayah right. So this was a message this is what the way the Messenger of Allah nobody should take this particular narration and try to implement that as a course of action as a procedure within the community about you know, insurance
but the Prophet of Allah, Allah, it says there's balance in the guidance of the Prophet of Allah salatu salam, the prophets a lot. He says that an obligation of one Muslim upon another Muslim is he Jabba to Tao, that when they invite you then accepting their invitation. So you see the beautiful balance. This was the Prophet ceylonese him just teaching the lesson that this is the position that messengers a very difficult position, messengers have been put in. Why because revelation comes directly to their hearts.
Right? So that's why they've been put in this particular position.
So there's like, begging. So we've talked a lot about the human I explained some of the different standards and definitions of plague and there's another Hadith narrated by Abu Zubaydah or the Allahu taala on who
that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, you harness all mankind in the law.
God is good law you have to follow the law even he does not except for that he does not accept anything except for that which is good. When the law, Nina Bhima, Amara de l mursaleen. And God has commanded the believers to do which he has commanded the messengers to do footballer and he then recited Yeah, you are rasuluh Minato ubatuba Malou Sonic nibi mucha meluna Halim desire that we're studying right now I have 51 from Surah 23 but then the prophets a lot he said recited in another Ayah from Surah Baqarah Ayah number 172 Yeah, you have Latina Amano Are you believe kulu mean pie iba Tamara zanaco.
crewmen. Omarosa kanakam eat from the good of that which we have provided for you. Wash guru Lila and express your gratitude for Allah
in consuming Yahushua Buddha, if it truly is a lot alone, who you worship and who you enslave yourself to.
And then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentions an example that is a very famous narration Thoma Baqarah then he mentioned are Rajan, the example of a man you lead who suffer
it honor to suffer means his journey became overextended.
his hair is all messed up the shelf and his clothes are full of dust, his his clothes are dirty.
And those two signs his hair being everywhere messed up, and his clothes being dirty. What does that tell you about the man? Number one is that the man he's gotten stranded on his journey. So the first thing that that tells you is that he can't even doesn't even have the provisions or the arrangements to be able to take a shower to clean himself up. And his clothes being dirty, tells you that he doesn't even he doesn't have the accommodations to clean himself up. So he can check even get like a little motel room or something. And number two is that he doesn't have any luggage with him. He doesn't even have a change of clothes. He has nothing, no money, no accommodations, no clothes, no
And he finally reaches his breaking point. You know, do your day he last summer. He stretches his arm he stretches his arms out to the sky. And he says Yara br RB O Allah, Allah master O Allah.
But the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says there's a problem.
He says, well, not tomuu Haram.
And what's very interesting is that the prophets a lot of these him does not say the word the arm, he says Matan. And this is the second part. So first, I wanted to explain the meaning of by him how it's halaal but more than hallen. The second thing is I wanted to then qualify also what's meant by holla.
And then I'll actually then talk about the realization or the manifestation of play in our circumstances. So the second part of the conversation is what is the proper understanding of it being Hillel? He didn't say thrombo Haram. He said la hora. What that means is that maybe the exact item is eating is not Haram.
Like it's not that he's eating pork.
He's not eating pork.
But matam is called Mr. Mimi. In the Arabic grammar and the Arabic language it means that everything that's surrounding something, so bomb, Matan becomes all that which is surrounding the food, which includes the means of acquiring the food. So maybe he's eating the most halaal chicken on the planet. right he's eating chicken that was hand slaughtered by an angel.
Then finish helaas halaal Okay, we can all agree. Okay.
So maybe it's even the most helpful thing maybe is eating some, you know, it to remove all shakin, czuba. All doubt from it. He's eating some fruits and vegetables
which is no disagreement about it being Haram. It's an apple.
Of course it's halon.
But how did he acquire that app? The obvious problem would be what if he stole that Apple out of somebody else's stuff?
The apples halaal. But it's haram for him to eat it. It's halal as a food item. It's not allowed for him, belongs to somebody else.
And the bigger problem in our day and ages.
I'm going to the halaal store that has 30 different holiday certificates. Right.
But the money that I'm going to use to pay for the food I'm purchasing from there, how did I earned that money?
that lie, cheat.
Salary do things I wasn't supposed to do? That are like prohibited. that's problematic. Well, my shabu haram similarly, now what he drinks his own like, that could be the problem when he drinks is haram but the Prophet hasn't said Mashallah
that maybe he's not drinking wine or alcohol. In talk, he's not drinking any intoxicants.
But rather he's drinking water. But that bottle of water that he walked into the store and he purchased that cost $1.
Where do you get that $1 from?
If you came from Mahara means that's problematic.
malware suhara. Again, he didn't say his label says Hello, Dr. Hardy before you're
not there is wearing a pink skin suit. Right?
That's not it. Materials are problematic, maleness. But where do you earn the money that he that he's using to buy this permissible material? Where do you get that money from
malba suhara, then the profits all of a sudden says something that's really, really scary. Says who the real hero that this person has gotten to a particular point now to where his body
is being has been nourished by this by these impermissible things and means
it's kind of flowing through his veins.
For unnao usage, I believe, Alex, so how could that person's prayer ever be accepted? And the prophets of Allah and not like he has regret, not dropping the hammer on him.
Nobody's it feels bad for the guy. But again, that person's put themselves in this predicament.
So blocks are very scary stuff. So that's the second components of this conversation. And then the third thing that I wanted to kind of mention, and then we'll move on from this
is the realization of play here. But in our context,
that's some of the very valid, you know, things that are being brought to our attention now. So very valid ideas are being brought to our attention now is considering, you know,
even the legal,
then the ethical and moral considerations in terms of what we consume,
and how we even earn
that's of grave importance.
And we really have to consider that.
That maybe how is this being produced? How are those animals being kept and treated? Right, and if somebody lacks compassion for the creation of Allah subhanaw taala, as a prophets, a lot of them told the man, if you have no mercy in your heart, I don't know what I can do for you.
But even think about yourself, and would you actually want to be consuming that and feeding your family that and I won't get into the details here, it's not my particular area of expertise. But even in my own little research and basic knowledge that I do have, some of the things are like truly horrifying.
And it's unfathomable that human beings are capable of this. So we really have to consider some of the moral and ethical implications of a lot of the things that we consume.
that we've developed a very simplistic, it's very simple, feeble minded definition of what it takes for something to be halal and permissible in Islam. Because if Islam doesn't have enough, have doesn't have a concession
For ethical and moral values,
we're distorting our religion.
And it's very deeply problematic, and our future generations are at grave risk of just losing their humanity. So we really have to consider some of these things.
The next thing Allah subhanaw taala says in this particular ayah is yet you are Latina. armano Yeah, you are rasuluh excuse me, Illumina Thank you, Betty. Why Malou sorry, hon. And do good deeds. Why Malou Sala Hannon do good deeds that conduct or do perform righteous deeds righteous action? Why Manu Solomon, now the sequence here is something that the common the Mufasa rune have discussed at length, because it's fascinating, right in the other eye, and so to Bukhara, that addresses the believers directly over there to Allah mentions worship after he talks about what you consume.
In this ayah, he tells the prophets, the messengers, to pay attention to what they're consuming.
And then he addresses their deeds and their actions. And it's really, really fascinating. And that's because the scholars say that this is as clear of proof and evidence as we can provide, that what you basically consume will have an effect on your spirituality, you are what you eat, right? We've always been told you are what you eat. And we understood the value of that in terms of, you know, the physical component physically you are what you eat.
And then we eventually even understood that, okay, that has like some emotional implications. You are what you eat, ethical and moral implications. But this has spiritual implications. And that's why it's so profound, that spiritually you are what you eat. And so not only the cycle of not only the
the, the ethical and moral nature of what you're consuming, halal, and Haram is the first standard, that that will have a huge spiritual impact on you, but from an ethical moral perspective, by Yep. Right, that'll have a huge effect on you as well.
And then even then, you can rise to the occasion then you can rise to the level of basically considering even the manner in which you consume as well.
And we know that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam talked about this, that he himself is the ultimate role model and the prophets allottee salaam, you know would eat less you would not never eat too is fill
in the in the Syrah intensive when we were going over the Shema, and it was really remarkable to read about the food of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and the eating habits of the prophets, a lot of the eating mannerisms of the prophets a lot. So he never AIDS. He never ate leaning against something. He never leaned back and ate. Never lazy, just gluttony, he never ate that way.
The profits a lot, he seldom would never ate by himself,
never ate by himself.
The profits of loving him would he would like his fingertips or would eat with three fingers and the fingertips.
The profits, a lot of them would chew his food properly.
The profits, a lot of them would not sit there at the meal for very long.
And there's so many more things. It's just remarkable, the simplicity of the food a number a handful of dates.
He never ate very, very fancy extravagant types of food.
The profits allowed him never combined like two three different types of foods together into one meal.
And the list goes on. really remarkable. You know, a lot of times there's a whole conversation even about meat.
And again, if somebody's not consuming meat for personal reasons, health reasons. That's of course, very, very valid, and we need to stop then guilting them about it. somebody's not consuming meat for ethical and moral reasons of you know how the meat industry works. Again, that's a very, very valid reason. There should be no guilt associated with that.
The Prophet salallahu alaihe salam did used to consume meat, he would eat meat.
But you know, some of the commentary on that from the Sahaba says that basically the prophets allows him the most frequently
He consumed he ate meat was once a week, that was the most frequent.
And think about how we eat something that was living and breathing at some point walking and talking at some point three times a day.
It's really shocking.
Right? So where our standards are. So the Prophet of Allah sallallahu sallam, right, so talking about that plague. So this you are what you eat spiritually, and it will have an impact on you.
So a lot of thought has to be given to that. And then our last entourage, Allah says in the bema, Jama Luna alene, that I am fully knowledgeable, all knowing Allah subhanaw taala says, of each and every single thing that you do have everything that you do.
And so this is not only just kind of a warning from Allah subhanho wa Taala, that this is not just encouragement, but this has serious spiritual ramifications. But also, it's part of what scholars extrapolate from the deceit of this as well is that when you pay attention to what you put into your body, then you are able to pay more attention and you are more focused and considerate of the actions coming out from your body.
Now you are living the type of existence where it will now plant, it will solidify that yaqeen within your heart. Emmanuel Makarov masataka gulaman eemaan is that which takes root in the heart and then the actions are a testament testimony, a testament of that faith in that email.
That then the heart will fully realize and be conscious of Allah.
Another side point that some of them will first say don't do mention here that I like him a lot to be Rahim Allahu taala that I thought was worth or excuse me, even I should have mentioned this i thought was worth mentioning.
Is that as almost like as another as a second point?
Something that's very interesting to note about this, is that Allah subhanaw taala isn't just telling the prophets a lot of SLM that if you eat then it should be from good. And then you don't do good deeds. But Allah says eat good things. kulu Minato You bet.
It's almost in the command form to contradict, because who was mentioned previously is Alia Salam was mentioned previously and a lot. There's a very subtle shadow here that you can kind of extrapolate from the sequence of the dots that what did the suppose ID or a legend followers of Isa Elisa, what did some of them do? A lot talks about in the Quran, Rania.
They innovated a practice. Rania monasticism, right being a monk. They innovated this monasticism markets of Na Na him. Allah says we didn't tell them to do that.
We didn't tell them to do that. That was never monasticism, like being a monk was not a part of any *tier. Allah says in the Quran,
but they innovated this, they invented this practice. And so Allah subhanaw taala is directly refuting that by telling the messengers you eat food.
But we'll make some messenger messengers, you eat only from good.
You eat only from good things, but you eat food and that eating food is kind of
exemplifying or it kind of represents the fact that you live life, have eating food, earning a living, supporting your family, having a family to begin with, and so on and so forth. All right.
In the bema chama Luna Lim, moving on to is number
So inshallah now from here, we'll be moving a little bit more quickly. Allah subhana wa tada says, we're in the heart of the heel mochiko metong wahida 10. Why not a boon for
a brief translation of which is this community of yours is one singular community and I am your Lord be mindful of me. So in that is for emphasis in the Arabic language, something we know very well. How the Hebrew mochiko this law of yours, the very first thing I want to point out here is again, the evolve the association that's created that Allah subhanaw taala is giving ownership of the oma to the oma itself. This is your oma. You take care of your family, your home, your people in the house, he
does your own man. There has to be a sense of ownership, a sense of
And ownership not in the sense of authority that doesn't necessarily denote authority but in the sense of belonging and caring consideration and concern. oma Gen Y that and so this oma of yours is one oma now what's very fascinating is that the word oh man in and of itself already means when oma it already means one oma, we know this right? Oh my 10 What's the number of the word? one singular?
If it was two it'd be
right. If it was plural, it'd be broken plural. Don't try it. All right. Oman, Oman. All right. So
but it's singular in and of itself. So it already means one so that means one oma, but then Allah says wahida 10
and that's for emphasis now so much and why he didn't means one singular oma
one singular oma. There's no separating it. There's no dividing it.
Very powerful. So the unity of the human is being emphasized here. What a lot of boeckmann Allah says, and I am your Lord, your master Fatah Cooney, so be conscious of me Be mindful of me.
Right, so there's two components here, Allah subhanaw taala is talking about the unity of the ummah. So the, the relations of the Ummah amongst itself. And secondly, it's talking about the relationship with Allah subhanaw taala. Again, sequence is something that just cannot be ignored, sequences, something we have to pay attention to, and we have to learn to really respect and study within the Quran. So when you pay attention to the sequence, Allah emphasizes the unity of the Ummah, then he talks about foot sakuni taking our relationship with a lot to the next level, which is stucco. And that tells you that unless you can learn to figure things out with others.
At least you put some work and some effort into it. It's at least on your radar, it concerns you to some extent in some degree, then you're improving your relationship with Allah. There is the flip side of that as well. Manasa Hama Bina who have been Allah, somebody who corrects things between them and Allah Subhana lagomarsino, who have a Nana's God will correct things between them and between the people. What happened to that? Is that contradicting this? Yes, no, no, yes. So what the way it works is that it works both ways.
It's actually something that feeds into each other. You start off by first getting your relationship with the law on track with prayer.
And that will now start the butter kind of blessing will come in Allah will help you start to help you to start working things out with other people. Then as you continue to fix things with other people, you actually are getting good with God sec. You're getting better with the last panel wattana because you are fixing things between you what's up a la la de la luna, Viva La our ham.
Because if we think that I can have a very good we talked about this before, but having a very good relationship with Allah subhanaw taala by keeping my ritual worship on points, and having a few other things I'm very particular about.
But my relationships with the people that I must have a relationship with
Then I have a problem spiritually, I have a problem that could come back to have serious implications and ramifications. And so this is something that we have to really pay attention to. Similarly emammal Rahim Allahu taala mentions the meaning of the word Omar here in the having magical moments and wahida can also be understood as Dean in Ahava de nukem dienen was done
because there's an example of this in the Quran and Sunnah to zakharov is number 23. Allah subhanaw taala when he quotes the disbelievers they say in our did not abandon Allah Martin. We found our forefathers on an oma on a Deen on a religion. practicing the religion meaning we found our forefathers being the people who practiced a religion in a particular way. So this isn't means your community is one community means the religious community did practice meaning in terms of the deen you have to be unified in terms of the deen and that is how we solve the problem that when we talk about unity of the oma, what does that exactly imply? How far does that go? How far does that
And it is not to take away the diversity of the oma.
It is not to imply that we somehow have to just become drones and clones.
Right? It's the oma not the Borg. Right? That's not the purpose but the diversity
The diversity is supposed to be there.
Even the diversity of thoughts,
the diversity in terms of ideas.
We obviously understand diversity in terms of ethnicity, culture, language, and those things but even in terms of thoughts and ideas, that has to be there that has to be maintained. Amongst the Sahaba. There was that type of diversity, but it's talking about in the foundation in the religion itself. That's what's very, very important.
The Prophet of Allah sallallahu Sallam alludes to this in a very, again, well known and authentic narration, the prophet of Allah, so Allah says Allah in them, man copula, comb, Minelli, kitabi if the Roku Allah since he was a very intimate Latin that the people that came before you divided, like actually divided, problematic, like their division was problematic into 72 different sects and groups
to the point where they became 72 different religions Milla powerful words, he does what people don't understand. They see 72 groups No, no, there's a little bit of agenda that plays into that translation and interpretation. That is exactly the school of thought or a thought process that wants to stifle the diversity and the creativity of the oma no Mila, you have to respect the wording the prophets a lot is Muse Milla means religion,
to the point where they altered the religion itself the doctrine to the point where they now created 72 different religions and the prophets a lot of them say we're in the having illuma set of Jericho Allah salatu wa Sabina and this oma
will divided into 73
sin Danny was of her own if you narrow it down from Jenna.
72 of them will go to the fire and one will go to Paradise. Well, hello, Gemma. That's the narration of a Buddhahood.
But in the narration of Imam autonomy, the Allahu taala there's an addition. He said that the Sahaba asked God what rasulillah they so messenger of God, who will be that one group that will go to Paradise and the prophets a lot of them said Matt and Allah he was having
that group which follows that which I followed what I do, and the ones who follow what my companions followed.
And that again, is again talking about the foundation and the fundamentals of the religion. That as long as a religion in its essence is not distorted is a religion of Mohammed Salah LaGuardia Islam,
Allah deja vu Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, that's it.
And within that, then there will be a lot of diversity and a lot of thoughts and ideas and creativity. But what it's talking about is when people move away from that foundation, that is what will become problematic. And there's, I'm not going to go too deep into this, but there is a realm even within the Quran as well. There are IOD, for instance, that are classified as what we call mcom. That they are authoritative.
And there's there's a lot of always thought for reflection, but there's not a lot of room for interpretation, alternative interpretation.
They are what they are and they say what they say. So when Allah says Allahu comilla Anwar hidden, there is not going to be an alternative interpretation of that. A lot of reflections you can extrapolate from that but that saying
that your God is one God.
That means though, he won a lot.
So there's there's a realm of that and understanding of that within our Deen and religion as well solidifying that foundation and those basics. And Allah subhanaw taala alludes to this other places within the Quran as well. I'll just mention a couple of references. In solo to shoot Arsenal number 42 is 13. Allah says Sherif, Allah comida De Lima wasabi he no one will know the ohana ilica when I was saying I'll be here but our hemo a moose our Isa and Aki Medina, when I suffer Goofy, that the religion that has been ordained or has been laid out for you is the same religion that was given to new and that which was inspired to you O Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam and that which was provided for
given to Ibrahim and Moosa and their Isa, and that was established the foundation of the religion and do not create divisions within it's the foundation of the religion.
Last pentawards Allah talks about the flip side of that, in Surah Al anon. I am number 159 Allah subhanaw taala says, In the lezzy for Roku Dena whom were Khannouchi on less than one fishy. Allah tells the prophets Allah is him that's for those people who divide up the foundation of their religion.
And they end up becoming different religions, not just groups for different religious groups because of that, less than minimum fee say, oh Muhammad, you have nothing to do with those people.
You have nothing to do with those people.
Because they're dividing up something that was not meant to be divided up, they've gone outside of their limitation, they've crossed the line that should not have been crossed. So in the how the Moto moto wahida nabumetone and of course the if you want to call it that the sister I have this particular ayah is in Surah MBR surah number 21 where Allah says in the hide the Alma Mater wahida Well, hon Khan fabu. Over there, it's foul Buddha, which means enslave yourselves to me, worship Me, Allah subhanho wa Taala says, and that's more foundational. Now this is talking about raising the level and going to the level of duck law. Why because this addresses started off by addressing who
the messengers in the prophets that's why you have the higher level address. In it number 53. Allah says Fatah Umbra home baina home Zoo Ron for takato Umbra home Bina Hulu Ron kulu has been the malady him for the home, a very brief translation of which is Allah says, but they split their community into sex. They split their community into sects groups, each rejoining in their own.
So what does this exactly refer to what does this mean for the kata? kata, right, the cutter in the Arabic language means to cut something up as smallest possible amerihome amre who means what they were given what they were provided, what was for them, their matter, which means the deen the religion that was given to them baina whom amongst each other. And what that implies is that this cutting up and dividing up of the religion was this implies this word baina home implies Leanna Takata cache, the cache, Bane and NASS FEMA bienen. us what that implies is that this was a result of infighting.
These divisions and factions that were created were the results of infighting.
Zoo run, it's a very fascinating word. Very, very fascinating word. This word Zubrin.
It is the plural of the word zoo.
Now, typically we know we translate this we know this that that word refers to a book scripture.
They divided it up. So that's one interpretation of this that they divided up the Scripture.
They divided the Scripture, the scripture amongst each other due to infighting
does and that meaning is reinforced by an ayah insalata Shula where las panatela talks about the fact that
they divided up and they fought amongst themselves after mimbar de magia, who will beg you not
way you in the Latina odyssean keytab embodiment official in Hungary
in the levina tarraco Dena Houma can Lucien
I'm trying to remember the beginning of the ayah but Allah subhanaw taala talks about the fact that they fought with one another indeed divided up amongst each other after the knowledge came to them. The signs came to them from Allah subhanaw taala the evidences in the proofs came to them from Allah. This is talking about revelation in Scripture. What happened in alladhina ui toolkits are made by the human official community, the following generation after them is fundamentally riddled with doubt.
And that should sound very familiar to us, unfortunately.
They're the generation that they leave behind is fundamentally riddled plagued with doubt.
And that is a result of infighting within the Scripture.
Fighting about the scripture within the scripture
to the point where you segment and divide up the scripture itself. So that's one interpretation of it. And that is further
emphasized by the other is that I mentioned in sudo to shoot on so number 2042 in Sultan MBR Surah 21 I number 93. Allah similarly says Takata ombre whom bainham kulu nila Narayan
Allah says that they divided the issue the religion, they divided it up amongst themselves, and they all are returning back to us meaning they're gonna have to answer for what they've done. They're gonna have to answer for all of this. Another interpretation of this as some of them have us alone do provide as very fascinating is that the word Zuber? as its mentioned, jubran Zaboo also refers to steel or iron.
As soon as you growl Hadid
right incidental calf, Sir 18 I number 96. Allah says it is where he says, Tunisia Burrell Hadid
so it is referring to metal.
And from that what's implied is that for the Qatari Umbra, whom baina, whom Zubrin, they divided the religion up amongst each other, even though it was more difficult to divide, and to fight and to segment, the scripture revelation to religion was even more difficult than cutting metal is
think about how difficult it is to cut metal
to divide to cut up metal into small little pieces. How difficult to this, how painstaking it is, how many how much resources it requires. What's even more difficult than that is dividing up the religion and they still went ahead and went to all those links to the point where they divided up the religion. And then Allah subhanaw taala talks about how sad it truly is their condition kulu has been the malady him for the home, that each and every single group
is funny whom funny hone in the Arabic language means like ecstatic, excited, almost to the point of like,
beside themselves, like overexcited
so they're over excited about the malady him
and some of them will first they mentioned that the Millennium what they have is not the actual religion itself. It's their own distortion or delusions about the religion.
So now they sit there and they celebrate themselves and their own delusions and distortions of the religion. That that's,
that's their reality. That's what they succumb to. And that's all that remains of these people. Allah subhanaw taala and I in number 54 tells the Messenger of Allah Mohammed Salah these I mean, this is now very interesting, right? Yeah, you also know kulu mina Paiva T, while I'm a loser. In DB Mata, I'm aluna. Ali. We now have uma to Khun.
All of those were plural addresses.
Whether they were under the command verbs, they were all in the plural form. The pronouns were in the plural form. Here in IE number 54. It switches to the singular form for the home. It didn't say Vettel
he didn't say the room. It says further home, singular.
Right and so further home fi hombre team Hata hain. So now we're now the addresses brought been brought specifically to Muhammad Rasul lice. allottee some, a brief translation of the ayah Allah says so Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam leave them for a while steeped in their own ignorance.
So let's go ahead and talk about it veteran of course it means to leave someone but then it doesn't just simply say leave them It says fee leave them in something.
And whenever you add that fear of leaving someone and then you add the preposition of fee in something that is a little bit more indicative and representative of let somebody remained busy with something. So when you say leave him in his book, right there goofy kitabi he leaves him in his book meaning that person so engulfed within his book that leave him there. Let him read his book.
Alright, so similarly for the home feed, leave them in, leave them in what's feeding hungry at him. Now the word hombre in the Arabic language there's a lot of discussion about this.
linguistically speaking is a machete he mentions that and even the lexicons they mentioned that Ramallah in the Arabic language refers to water and mountain Levy, Yamato comma, forgotten so it's enough water to the point where it's too deep for you. It's it's a level of water to where you're drowning in it. You can't stay above the water
Alright, so that refers to humla.
So it to be submerged within water. So less is further home 300 to him, leave them in there in what they are completely submerged in what now it's still What does that exactly mean? So now we have to look at the word not just linguistically, but look at it a little bit more metaphorically. And also look at how the word was used in the Arabic language itself. So when we look at how this word would be used within speech, when it has a very negative connotation, it's not a positive word as a very negative connotation. So whenever the word is mentioned, it usually refers to somebody kind of being self absorbed, self involved, delusional to the point where they can't even see the reality that's
in front of them. ignorance, delusions of grandeur, that's described as hombre further movie camera team leaves them in their delusions, drowning in their delusions,
for the movie camera team had to hang in for a specific amount of time. For for a time rather for a time. Right and we talked about before that Haman in the Arabic language is kind of a more general word that refers to an open ended amounts of time just refers to a lot of time and it's said in the common form, so it's not being very specific until a time and it's left it open ended and I'll talk about this through other is of the Quran because Allah subhanaw taala knows best what that time is. But there are some narrations that are attributed to some of them of a saloon such as even Alibaba. Vitaly radi Allahu taala Anu, which says al mote had that Heenan until death.
Further leaves some of these people just completely drowning in their ignorance and their delusions until their death. Because some people will only come to realize as I live in avatar liberati Allahu taala. And who said that some people, they're just asleep in life, that module into who when they die is when their eyes actually open up.
But they just don't see reality. They have no idea at all and you can't open their eye they have to open their own eyes. Allah subhanaw taala talks about this another a number of places within the Quran, Allah says for my healing caffeine, Emmylou Wayda, that give them just time because Allah says I am giving them a certain amount of time. And so to him
sooner number 15 I am number three. In the beginning of the sutra Allah said venerable, leave them yaku a tomato. Let them eat and enjoy themselves where you leave him will Emmylou for Sophia Alamo. They've been given a certain amount of time and soon enough, so far, soon enough, they will come to realize
another place in the Quran Allah subhanaw taala
uses the word the same word hombre in sudo Tila and Amina in number 93 Allah says what otara he did Vani Muna Fie Hama Ratan mote,
that you will see if you would have he that when you see that these disbelievers If only you had seen these disbelievers that were so drowning within their ignorance and self delusion that the only thing that will burst that bubble is death
fee hamachi remote
and many other places as had said before, a lot talks about this ultimate terrova in the masirah Camilla now surah Ibrahim, sort of 14 in number 30 that same to them. Continue to just enjoy yourselves live life like animals, because you'll eventually end up in the fire of hell. penultimate abiku fricka kalila in the communists habanero insalata Zuma number eight Allah again tells the prophets a lot of them that say to Metallica, flicker kalila and enjoy your disbelief and you're in gratitude
for a little while just a little bit enjoy it because you have already reserved your place within the people of the fire. May Allah subhanaw taala protect us all.
So Allah subhanho wa Taala says
further home fee hum rottie him Hatter Hainan and inshallah we'll continue on from Ayah number 55 in the next session, where Allah will continue on with this same explanation. May Allah subhanaw taala give us all the ability to practice everything that's been said and heard Subhana Allah He will be hungry use of Hanukkah love behenic nice Chateau La ilaha illa Anta the suffering of wanting to be like