Seerah 091 – The first Gazwah

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Abdul Nasir Jangda

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You're listening to Calum Institute's podcast series. See the life of the Prophet by sheer Abdul Nasir Junga visit us on the web at Calum Institute dot o RG or find us on [email protected] slash Calum Institute. Me Like You would handle our salatu salam ala rasulillah who Allah Allah He was Avi h mehreen

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shala. Continuing with our series on the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam a sirata number we had the prophetic biography. In the previous session we concluded the major events of the first year of digital. So basically that means the first year of the profits a lot of a sudden as residents in the city of Medina, the we talked about the major events there. There were a number of different things that we covered from the first janazah the first couple of Genesis in Medina from both sides of the Mahajan, de unsought, the first couple of births in Medina, again from the side of the Mojave Luna Indian salt. We also talked about the first three military expeditions or campaigns,

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which the prophets a lot of them himself did not leave Medina for. But rather he sent the Sahaba out for these three campaigns. They were scouting expeditions and to kind of just secure the area around Medina because there were reports coming in of spies and people who are basically encroaching upon Medina. Along with that we talked about some other major events, the founding of the machine as much as the number we have, Sharif, the institutionalization of the avant, the of five times obligatory prayers being done in a collective fashion, the JAMA was established. So there were a lot of these major events that took place and of course, we culminated last week by or live last week we had a

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guest, scholar, guest speaker, just talk about the overall objectives of setting the Sierra and how to study the Sierra and the principles of studying the prophetic biography. But before that we talked about chronologically was the prophets a lot asylums marriage to shadow the Allahu taala because towards the end of the first year, some scholars of Sierra have put it within the beginning of the second year. However, according to the scholars of the Sierra, that were basically following the chronology of they talked about at the end of the first year of his era, he shall have the Allahu taala. And he goes to live with the prophets, a lot of a sudden when we talked about that,

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what will we talk what will what we will be talking about today is the beginning of the second year of

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the second year of the prophets a lot of asylums residents in the city of Medina, which in which essentially means this is the second year of the establishment of the Muslim community. So the second year of Hinduism. Now, something very interesting that I found within many of the classical books on cedaw, which are the original sources of this, Utah, that whenever the second year of the hits, rock comes in, they usually start to talk about From there, the mahasi is usually titled as Kitab mikaze, which basically means the book about military campaigns or expeditions that has a lot. All right. Now, there is kind of a thematic approach that some of them take that, while we're here

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at the beginning of the second year, they go ahead and decide to delve completely into discussing the different military expeditions and campaigns. However, even if we look at it more chronologically, and mathematically, what we still find is that the reason why the second tier of the hit jaw is dominated by the discussion of different military expeditions and campaigns was simply because the second year, in fact, was primarily highlighted by being a year where there was a lot of military activity, there was a lot of military organized activity on part on the part of the Muslims and especially on the part of the operation, and the the opposition to Islam. And this same

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tone kind of continues into the third year into the fourth year in the fifth year even. However, at the same time, there were other incidents and events that did occur during the second year and inshallah we will be talking about them. But of course, we'll start off by talking about the military expeditions. Now one couple of the terms, some of the terminology that I had discussed a little bit earlier that I'll reiterate here because it becomes relevant once again, is that there are two terms you need to be acquainted with. And you'll you'll hear them very commonly mentioned whenever this portion of the seat is talked about or mentioned and that is number one, there is the

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word settee yet or rather for some we start with the other one, the word of hutzpah, the word husba. In the Arabic language of Hosea Xu causa, it basically refers to a military expedition in its literal sense, and it's very likely

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Meaning, however, when you talk about when you use that word in the context of the Sita,

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it refers to a military expedition in which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam personally accompanied the Muslim forces. So a military campaign in which the prophets a lot he said was also traveling was a part of the group is called the has Well, the other word that you'll hear is steady. Yeah. Steady. saraya is the plural of it refers to again, the movement or the moving of a military battalion or contingency, a military expedition. All right. But in Seattle terminology and Hadeeth terminology. The word city refers to a military expedition in which the prophets a lot he himself did not accompany. It was organized by the prophets a lot of SLM,

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you know, legislated and mandated by the prophet sallallahu sallam. It was organized by him, the people recruited by him, he would even go as far as appointing the person that was in charge, he personally would hand the flag to whoever the flag bearer was going to be, he would accompany them outside of Medina, he would walk them out of Medina. And similarly when they would return back in they would be in camp close to Medina. And they would send the word ahead, that basically we've arrived close and we'll be arriving tomorrow morning. The profits, a lot of these women himself would go out of Medina to welcome and escort them back into the city of Medina. So yes, he was very

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actively involved. And then he would issue a an entire full report to the prophets a lot. He sent him of all the happenings everything that went on in this military expedition campaign. But however, he himself did not travel with them, and therefore this is called the city. Yeah, linguistically speaking, the two words are interchangeable. And occasionally, occasionally, sometimes, you'll find that some scholars of the cielo do kind of use them interchangeably, occasionally, but for the most part, they stick to this particular terminology. And because we're where the profits a lot of them participated, said he, where he did not travel himself. The reason why I read reiterate this

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terminology is because what we talked about the three expeditions in the first year of age at all, those were soudha Yeah, those were SETI Yeah. All right, the prophets, a lot of them sent out a group but he did not go himself. The second year is marked uniquely by the fact that this is the time of the first buzzword. This is the occasion of the first cause. Well, where the profits a lot he said him himself accompanied the military expedition.

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Here in the beginning of Kitab mosie. Many of the historians such as even Cathedral walking D, even is how many of them relate some very, very sound ahaadeeth would serve as a foundation for this entire discussion about mahasi such as human body and Mr. Muslim Rama Allahu taala. Imam Bukhari in the beginning of his Kitab al mikaze actually relates this from even his heart. He says, Our la casa Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa. Suma, what sumela O'Shea? Alright, that he says that the first military expedition that the prophets a lot of them participated in personally was the campaign of aboa. All right, and I'll be talking about this one today. Then he took part in the military

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campaign that blew up. And thirdly, he took part in the expedition of O'Shea era, which also has been mentioned as crusade on O'Shea in order to be seen and movement are overseen and more Adama, it's mentioned by CNN Sheen, both are I do to script certain some of them put the dots and did not put the dots. So either way or shake it off or say it off. He took part and this was the third one. Along with that, he goes on to narrate from Zaida.

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Zaida No, this is of course.

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The son of otter pumping out upon radi Allahu taala on him. So Zaid bin arcam, he relates from him that he was as he was as an Ella Kamikaze Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, how many military expeditions at the profits a lot of these from himself travel for? How many did he partake in himself? Carla DISA Shara. He says that he took part in 13 excuse me 19 military expeditions shyy them in her Savannah Shannon xavion ottomanson self says I personally also took part in 17 of them. However, the profits a lot of them took part in

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19 military expeditions. Now Mr Muslim, Rahmani Raheem Allahu taala. And some of some of the others will have been through and and historians and scholars of this era. They say that there are a lot of different variations, but it seems to be settled on the fact that the prophets a lot of a sudden himself took part in 19 military expeditions or campaigns. But he but there was fighting, there was some type of an exchange of some type of you know,

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Combat, there was combat in only eight of them. And so this all counters the idea. So if you have 19 expeditions in which the prophets a lot of them actively took part in in 10 years that somebody could say that's a lot, but take into account this is talking about even if they traveled outside of Medina for three days. And also what's very fascinating about this is like who they be, which was the intention of Ramadan, which ends up becoming a treaty is also classified under the facade. So it means anytime the prophets Allah decent traveled in an organized fashion outside of Medina is called the husband. So 19 times in 10 years, during a time of great turmoil and a very active 10 years is

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actually not that much. On top of that add into the add the fact that there was combat of any, any caliber to any extent there was combat in only eight of them. So this very actively counters the whole accusation about this is just these were just a bloodthirsty group of people. warmongering waging war on all of Arabia, that wasn't the case at all. In fact, the of the aids that it talks about what there were some extent some type of combat. Some of these were to the extent where maybe there was this like one little confrontation between two people like fecha, maka, the conquest of Makkah, is classified within these eight. Why would the conquest there wasn't a war, they didn't

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wage war. But what happened was a couple of people were captured here, a couple of people were dispatched over there, there was a little bit of skirmish here, a little bit of skirmish there, or a little confrontation between a couple of people, therefore, it's classified amongst settling down just to that extent, so, when you put all the facts together, you find that when you talk about a major war, there was not more than half a dozen. And so, these facts are very important to know before we set out on this study of the different kinds of work, so that you have all the facts in front of you the aids that are listed, where there was some extent of exchange or combat, they are.

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But oh hood, a HAZOP, also known as conduct mauricia, good at Faber MACRA, which would be for termica. Who name

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that these are the eight Basically, these are the eight in which there was some type of exchange, at least to some extent. All right.

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So this, this is kind of an intro to the entire discussion. Now we'll actually go into talking about

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we'll go into talk about the very first one. So the very first one that occurred during the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam during the second year in which the profits allowed him himself to place

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was during the month of suffering. This was a month of suffering in the second year, the scholars mentioned that it was exactly 12 months from when the profits a lot of them had arrived in the city of Medina. The profits a lot he said them, appointed sad dinner Ababa, Sabino rabada, who was one of the leaders of the unsought Cejudo Hassan. He was a leader from the tribe of Raj. He was also a one of the original people who had taken the oath of allegiance at the br tilaka on the hands of the prophets a lot of exam and was also appointed as one of the original 12 lucapa. He was one of the original 12 community organizers that the prophets a lot of a sudden had appointed within the city

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of Medina even before he came to Medina, Saginaw about that, so this urban arroba he was left in charge of Medina was tamela Allah Medina de sada

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profits a lot of these inputs I've been are about as the Emir of Medina in his absence. And the prophets a lot he said, he in this particular expedition, he handed the flag to his uncle Hamza bin Abdul muttalib so Hamza was carrying the flag of the Muslims, which was a white flag. What kind of appealed gala abbiati was a white flag. So it was a white cloth tied to a stick and it was held by Hamza bin Abu Talib, radi Allahu taala. And who the uncle of the prophets allottee, some Sabino rabada is in charge, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had with him

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about

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60 or 80 people. And they were all from the Mahajan. Now, 60 and 80 is kind of a big number. So it's understanding that somewhere between 60 and 80, some narrations mentioned 60. Some mentioned 80. In either case, there was about 60 to 80 people. And they were all from the Mahajan. So far, there are no unsolved Now for those of you who might not recall or might not remember or maybe are just listening in right now. Why aren't the unsolved here?

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The unsolved don't care. The unsolved aren't interested.

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They're less reliable. Are we trying to say they're lesser in demand? They're not as courageous or brave, like what could be the reason why the unsought aren't here. There's a B people

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thrombomodulin were the inside Why are they Mia? Why are they missing an action? Well, if you recall back if you remember back, the prophet of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when he made when he sat down with them to arrange his migration in the Muslims, migration to the city of Medina and established a community in Medina, the prophet of Allah sallallahu Sallam at that time had discussed the issue with them, that if somebody attacks Medina, we will all defend it together. But if we go outside of Medina to engage particularly with the Quraysh, then the answer are not obligated to join us. You can if you want to, but you're not obligated. So for the first few expeditions, the prophets

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a lot of them actually did not even solicit the unsought. He did not even put the option on the table. It was almost kind of an exclusive thing, where the profits allowed him will tell them hey, john, come on, everybody get ready. Y'all are coming with me. Because the prophets, a lot of them didn't want to put the unsought in that position. also understand

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that there can be any doubt

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to the commitment of the answer. Because the unsolved had hosted the Muslims had taken them into their homes that shared their businesses, their money, their wealth, their homes had shared everything with the Mahajan.

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So they were fully invested. There's no doubt about that fact that they were fully invested. But it's the profits, a lot of them not wanting to put the unsought in this position this early on into this relationship in this building of this community. So there's great wisdom on the part of the profits, a lot of human disregard now, so the profits on his own prepares about 80 individuals from the Mahajan own, and they set out from Medina. Why are they even going? What's the reason? What's the cause? So the narrations mentioned that a profit of a loss allottee someone had heard

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that there was

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that there was a group of the flesh that was passing through the region that was passing by Medina. And the Prophet of Allah Luddism went out there to basically just, you know, confront them a little bit of a show of force. And let them know that look, we we are home now. We've established ourselves and we won't be bullied here anymore. So I talked about it a couple of sessions about I talked about the psychology of this. So the profit or loss of autism takes these people out.

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And when they get out to a place called What da

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da da da da, da done until he reached a place called Word done, which was also referred to as bias by some of the locals. As a Buddha. It was also referred to as a Buddha. And that's why discuss why it's called the hustle of what Dan, and some scholars refer to as the kazoo of a Buddha. So if you teach c two names, what down and up, why don't be confused. It's not two campaigns. It's the one in the same. It's just some people call that area with Dan some people refer to it as of wha, alright. And the the place of a bla has occurred one place in the seat all before.

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I mean, it's probably not really fair to ask, but if anybody does remember that place of of law where it has occurred before, right, the mother of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. This was the area where she had passed away and where she was buried, it was at the place of Abuja. So this is what Donna what they reach there, and when they got there, they basically find out that the Quraysh the caravan of the pradesh has already passed. So the Prophet of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,

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he basically returned back to Medina.

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And so the books of history say that even though the the caravan of the Quraysh had passed on by they had missed the caravan. The prophets, a lot of them still stayed there for 15 days. He camped out there for 15 days. Why did he camp out there for 15 days? The enemy is gone, they've passed by, there's no threat. There's no nothing. Why are you just camped out there for 15 days. Now the profits a lot, we realize that the profits also matter. Another objective. Part of the objective was to also familiarize himself and the community and start building relationships and ties with Dr. Rob. With the Bedouin tribes that lived outside of Medina and on the path from Mecca to Medina. He

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started building ties with them. And in fact, the prophet of Allah, Allah sees him during this trip. He also met with some of the members of Buddha, Mara, Buddha, Mara, the profits a lot is a met with some of them, and he let them know that look, you have nothing to fear.

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You have nothing to fear from us. We have no beef with you. We will not fight you. We will not encroach upon you. That's not our objective. And in fact, if somebody attacks you will come to your aid. So the profits all of a sudden started building alliances and allegiances in this manner. And so they basically returned back after 15 days and they returned back to Medina.

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Now the books of history talk about that,

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after this particular experience or journey or expedition, the prophet of Allah sallallahu sallam, the next campaign or expedition or the next, you know venturing out of Medina was in the month of Robbie or

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was in the month of there'll be a well, so the first one was in sulphur. And now in Robbie are well so that means the profits will be some returned back and not after too long. He again told the Muslims to gather together and this particular time to profits a lot easier took 200 people with him, he took 200 people with him and

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at this time the profit or loss allottee some put stair to narrations. One of the generation says he puts sad been wife, sad been wife was another leader of the unsought he was the chief of oaths. He was the chief of the tribe and he was again you know, somebody who had accepted Islam at the hands of wasabi mermaid was a staunch supporter of the prophets, a lot of human the Muslims that are firm believer and in fact had been wise would play a very vital, very important role in the Sierra in in the community of Muslims in Medina going forward from here. So the prophets a lot of these inputs had been more of in charge of the city of Medina in his absence, that is what allottee dimensions,

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even his Shama mo La Jolla, another historian and scholar of this era, he actually says in even his heart says the same thing that know the prophets, a lot of these inputs had been earthman been mother own side been Earth man been mother own in charge of Medina. So in either case, either which way it was the prophets, a lot of them put one of the unsought in charge of the city of Medina. Now, how do you reconcile that? How do you have to sound narrations once the site had been earthman was in charge of Medina, once this had been rod was in charge of Medina. In either case, they must have been making sure our council with one another so some people just saw the two of them talking about

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things together, or sitting together or you know, running things together. So some people narrated that it was one some people narrated that it was the other. In either case, the lesson that you actually learn from here is that when the prophets a lot of these them appointed somebody to be in charge in his absence, that person understood that I am not the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam

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I am not the messenger Salafi some I don't receive divine revelation. Meaning what if the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam in Mohammed Rasul Isola, he's

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the one who receives divine inspiration revelation, he never makes a decision without consulting the companions. He's always engaged in consultation and Judah, then what about me? I don't receive divine revelation. So how can I be making a decision without consulting anyone? So that kind of shows you that consultation and shuda was a was a very important consideration. And it was instituted, and it was something that was instilled within the Sahaba the companions of the prophets a lot he sent them. So in either case, the prophets a lot. He said, I'm now traveled outside of Medina, with 200 people, the flag is being held this time and again, it's a white flag. It's being

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held by sad been abused us. Sabina Buell cos radi Allahu taala, on who. And again, there's a caravan of declaration is passing by Medina and the prophets. A lot of Islam wants to intercept this caravan and wants to, you know, just make a display or a show of some type of defense or some type of force. Right that necessarily it wasn't the intention of the process to rate the caravan, but at the same time to just kind of march up their lineup 200 people and just kind of stand there like, Look, you can pass by here, but just in case you were thinking about a little excursion or a side, you know, little trip, then you should know that we're here. And we will defend our city we will defend our

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homes. Right. And so the narrations mentioned that mega bin honnef was passing by with 100 men and they had a huge caravan of 2500 camels 2500 camels

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and there was 100 men with whom you haven't heard of and they were passing by. So the prophets a lot of them again reaches the place of blew up. He reaches a place of blew up. And again, there was there was no type of confrontation there was no type of exchange or any type of combat and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam returned back.

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The person the prophets, Allison returned back to the city of Medina almost immediately. They were not gone for very long in this particular expedition in campaign. Now when the profits a lot of a sudden returns back to the city of Medina. He's there in the city of Medina for will say about a month

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or a month and a half. And the price in that particular time in the month of

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Robbie, after he's in the city is city of Medina into the month of June model Oh well, the profits a lot of a sudden is still in the city of Medina, at which point in time the Prophet of Allah salatu salam leaves Medina once again for what is now called the expedition of crocheted on the expedition of VEDA and some call it the expedition of Crusader. In either way, in either case, in this particular expedition, the prophets a lot of them leaves Abu Salah, Abu Salim Abdullah Abdullah acid This is the famous Abu Salah who had migrated to the city of Medina along with his wife almost LMR. Right and their son Selma, they have that epic story, that really heart gripping story where all

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three of them are separated as they tried to leave the city of Medina and eventually they're reunited after a year and they migrate to the city of Medina. They make their way to Medina Abu Salah goes ahead and Osama along with their son arrives a year later and the family is reunited. Now Abu salah and Osama and you know this family especially sedima he they accepted a song back in the early days of Makkah, and he was a very very firm believer he was a very dedicated community member and he was somebody who had the trust and the confidence of the prophets a lot of the sentiments because especially everything that he had been through so this time the prophets a lot he leaves

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that who said Am I in charge of city Medina. Now what are you already noticing your Abu Salah is a Mahajan

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who did the prophets a lot of them leave in charge in Medina the first couple of times? And then Sati because that was something that was very, that was something that they were familiar with. Okay, fine. Sabina Ababa. He's already one of our leaders. He was our leader even before Islam. sogdian was he was one of our leaders before Islam. Now slowly. So this teaches us a couple of lessons. The methodology of the prophets a lot he said I'm in instituting change was that change doesn't happen overnight. Change does not happen overnight should not be done overnight. In fact, the profits a lot of these sometimes I shadowed the Allahu taala when he talks about restructuring

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the GABA, he says that no Lucha de tsukkomi de la de bois de Beaune wikibon Islami, right that if, if your people meaning the poorest Americans were not so new to Islam at the time of Fatima casing, if they were not so new to Islam, I would have changed some of the construction of the GABA to its original form that was founded at the time of Ibrahim Alayhi, salam, I would have changed, but I am not changing it because your people are too new. Right? We all know about the very famous case study that we do in the Koran, in fact, of how the prohibition of alcohol of wine of common was legislated. It was a progression. It was a process. And that's why I shouted the Allahu taala. And

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even comments by saying that if on the very first day, the revelation came of that if they I would have come that wine is prohibited, nobody would have complied. But in fact, it came after developing their ability to implement it. So she says What happened? She says that if you were there on that day, you would witness wine flowing in the streets of Medina.

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Nobody negotiated. Nobody has to go, Well, can I sell it to a non Muslim? Can I at least do with it? Can I water my garden with it? Like there were no questions? Right? But they basically just took it and just tossed it, they flushed it. They wash it down the drain? Because I'm not interested. So we see that the profits a lot of these some of these very subtle, yet effective methodology. Right. Sometimes in our, in our zeal, we're very motivated, we're very inclined towards initial change. Right? We just want to cause change overnight, one change, right? And this is the nature of half though, is nature of the truth. If you've lived into darkness for so long, and then you find the

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light. You all you want to do more than anything else is you want to show everyone else's light. You want everyone else to come on in. But what we have to understand is that this comes with a responsibility and the responsibility is preaching and we preach according to the methodology of Mohammed Rasul Isilon ism, which is called Nanjing Nobu,

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Manhattan Laguna de Nobu. You have to follow the prophetic model and prophetic methodology and that is one that is gradual one that is process oriented, one that is patient subtle yet effective, and that's what the prophets a lot of they sort of did was to create, to completely break down all barriers and create full implement full integration, the prophets a lot of them start off by first implementing leadership within the unfold and then slowly transitions it over to Abu salah and again, who is Abu Salah. This is very

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pourtant See, these are the these are the nuances in the era that we do not study. There were young people. There were the Mousavian or maybes in the early baby columns. The very young, dynamic, energetic, talented, qualified individuals, but he didn't appoint a young man.

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He didn't appoint a young buck, young, young up and coming, right because we're talking about leadership here.

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The prophets, a lot of them implemented and instilled and put in a position of leadership. Abu Salah Abu Salah is somebody who's a little bit older. He's a married man. He's a father. He has a child. He migrated, lost his family, and still migrated in spite of that he's been Muslim since the early days in Mecca. Meaning what he's got street cred. He's got some credibility. He's got experience, right? And that makes that again, inspires confidence. So there's great wisdom in the in this in this strategy of Mohammed Rasul is a lot of him and we can learn a lot from this. We can learn a lot from this. I know and the reason why I'm emphasizing this so much is so often we talk about how

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important it is to hand over the reins.

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to younger generation handing over the reins and trust me, I'm a huge proponent of that. That's basically what we do. Why Why do we train leaders? Why do we have the seminary Why do we do all of this is to train young leadership to hand over the reins.

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Having said that, we can't ignore the other part of the equation.

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At the same time, experience is extremely valuable. In fact, experience is irreplaceable. There is no replacement, the Arabs have a proverb, suddenly mogera bilotta Sal Hakeem.

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Ask someone with experience. Don't go and ask somebody who knows a lot.

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Because if you just know a lot, you know a lot Mashallah. Congratulations mobarak. You've read 18,000 books, right? But if you've been through it, then as we say, been there done that

00:32:06--> 00:32:29

experience that teaches you something else. And we see this is not the first time this is coming up. When the Prophet sallallahu Sallam first time sent somebody to go and preach and teach Islam in the city of Medina yesterday about that time, who did he send? Again? This was quite some time back. And if you remember, Musab bin Ahmed is the famous one everyone knows. Did he send wasabi? No mail by himself?

00:32:30--> 00:32:34

No, he did not. Who did he sample musashino mail.

00:32:37--> 00:32:38

Right, Abdullah bin Omar

00:32:40--> 00:33:08

Abdullah Eben only Maktoum radi Allahu taala, who, who is a blind man. But more importantly, he was an elderly man. And he had been Muslim since the early days in Mecca. So he spent he sent the senior, experienced mentor, and along with him, then send the young, passionate, talented preacher. We didn't just send the young preacher out there. Right? Because that's,

00:33:09--> 00:33:31

I mean, this is Musab, in a way. So we can't say that about this case. But just theoretically sending up the young preacher by himself. That's that's asking for trouble as trouble waiting to happen. All right. So he sent the young, the old experienced tempered mentor along with him. So this is a strategy in the philosophy of the prophets, a lot of them anyways. So the prophets, a lot of them sends out towards O'Shea.

00:33:33--> 00:33:50

And he leaves a Bousada main charge. Again, Hamza bin Abdullah, Abdullah, the Allahu taala, anhu, the uncle of the prophets, a lot of them is carrying the flag. And again, they're going out to basically intercept a caravan of the Quraysh that is,

00:33:51--> 00:34:15

on its way to be allowed to shine. And beloved a sham is of course, that greater region that is called the Levant, greater Syria, that broader region, Jordan, Philistine, all of these areas are within that region. So he sends them out that they're they're headed out that way. And the prophets, a lot of them goes out there to intercept them. And this time, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam along with him.

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The prophets alongside along with him as 150 of the Maha geodome 150 of them, Haji Loon. And on this journey, the caravan of the flourish is being led by Abu sufian. Even harder, and along with him are about 20 some odd men.

00:34:36--> 00:34:50

There's about 20 some odd men. But there's something very interesting going on here. There's something kind of fishy here. What's fishy over here is that the books of history recall and even some of the

00:34:51--> 00:34:59

bridge, like the narrations from some of the people that were in Mecca that were that were still with the operation at that time, who later accepted a song. They mentioned this

00:35:00--> 00:35:31

Every single home of Makkah, had sent money with this group. These were 20 of the top businessmen, the top leaders, the most 20 most well connected men of Quraysh so it's kind of fishy. 20 of the most well connected men and leaders and businessmen of Quraysh and they were carrying a lot of money with them, basically every single home. In fact, some of the narration say that,

00:35:33--> 00:35:48

Harajuku HPR, the median Lucha for pajama opia and voila, who had talam Yabba kabhi Makita kurashiki Yun oakura para para Shia toon la homies Kowloon Poseidon Illa Botha be hitting

00:35:50--> 00:36:24

every single Qureshi man, and every single Qureshi woman who had money to their name had sent money with these people, there was some type of a major fund, or a major investment that was going on over here. And we would actually find out later on that part of the purpose of this fund was to go there, invest this money, make a lot of money, double triple the money to be used to start developing a war fund, a military fund. Back in Makkah, they were gonna start building their department of defense.

00:36:25--> 00:36:41

All right, that was the strategy here. And so the profits a lot of them again goes out with 150 men to intercept them, when they reach out to the place of law. They find out that the the caravan has already passed by.

00:36:42--> 00:37:02

So once again, the prophet of Allah salatu salam ends up staying in the region for a little while longer. And remember we talked about bundle Dhanraj along with them was balloon would allege that was another tribe that lives near bundle Dora the prophets, a lot of them on this particular trip, formalized the agreement with Banu Gomorrah.

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They took a hint means they made a pact and an oath with one another, that we will defend you and you will defend us. Along with that because Bhanu de Moura complied. Now, Buttonwood lodge also sit down with the process and they're also motivated. And they also enter into an agreement and a pact with the Muslims, you will defend us and we will defend you.

00:37:26--> 00:37:38

And so the profits a lot of them basically established this treaty and this destroy this this agreement with them. There's an interesting story that is

00:37:39--> 00:37:40

mentioned over here

00:37:42--> 00:37:56

about this journey. I live in Vitaly radi Allahu taala. And who says that while we were out and we were camped out at that place near Buttonwood Lodge, and we were having these negotiations in these terms with them, so we were there for a little while.

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And so, there was not much to do. We were just kind of sitting in a waiting and they were talking about terms and finalizing all the terms. So he says that I started getting really really sleepy.

00:38:08--> 00:38:35

I live in evitando. The alumna says I became extremely sleepy, start dozing off, right. So he says that I went I saw this date palm I try not I saw nothing a date palm like a tree. And I went under the shade of the tree like down on the journey and it was all dirt on the ground and I like down on that dirt and went to sleep. I passed out went to sleep. Now he says that a little while later.

00:38:36--> 00:39:15

I guess it was time to go or time to finalize the agreement or whatever it was. So the prophets a lot he was looking for me. So he says he comes over there and he finds me sleeping. And he says that my Habana Illa Rasul Isola deja vu Harry gonna be Adam he he the prophets a lot of him kind of started tapping me with this foot. I was sleeping past out on the ground under the tree and the processing came and started tapping me with his foot again just playfully waking me up. Again. It is this type of stuff humanizes the profits a lot. He so shows you the kind of relationship that he had. He wasn't a dictator. He wasn't authoritarian. He wasn't you know, just as really fear for

00:39:15--> 00:39:22

ruler, but the process was tapping within foot waking him up. says so I was so sleepy I sat up

00:39:23--> 00:39:32

and when I sat up there was all this dirt stuck to the side of my body. And he says that the profits a lot he said him says to me, you're about to rock

00:39:33--> 00:39:39

Yeah, about to rock. He called me Oh Father of dirt. right because at all this dirt stuck to my body.

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But then he says that. Then the profits a lot he said said something very interesting to me.

00:39:47--> 00:39:52

He says that Allah below can be Ashkenazi. Roger Lang

00:39:54--> 00:39:59

he said let me tell you about the two most wretched human beings

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That will ever walk the face of this earth. Let me tell you about Ashkar Shanti ashcan ashkenaz Let me tell you about the most two most wretched human beings that will that have or will ever walk this earth. Number one, we subpoena banega rasulillah we said of course on messenger of God, please inform us. He said first one is Haman, who hate me Rosa mood Allah de otra Napa.

00:40:28--> 00:41:10

He said the very handsome men are Haman. describing it was a term that would be used to kind of describe like a handsome person. He said, Oh Haman, the very handsome man from the tribe of the mood that struck down the NACA the she camel, you know, the miraculous she camel. That was a miracle that saw the Halesowen presented to his people that she camel that emerged from the mountain and he said that don't mess with the she camel leaves the GMO This is a miracle of God. You asked for you got it. I'll leave it for acara Nakata but what they did, what did they do? They killed the she camel, the one who actually did it, who struck the she camel, that is the first amongst the two most

00:41:10--> 00:41:13

wretched human beings that will ever walk the face of this earth.

00:41:14--> 00:41:16

Because that was a miracle of God.

00:41:17--> 00:41:26

That was a miracle. And he struck it down without any regard or any reverence or any respect. He didn't just not believe he he killed it. He murdered it. All right.

00:41:27--> 00:41:36

And then the second one, the prophets a lot of them says well when will with Danny, with Danny the second one Allah the Yoruba Allah.

00:41:37--> 00:41:42

Allah de Yoruba Allah, Allah, Allah ha de

00:41:44--> 00:42:06

la see the prophets a lot of them says that the second most wretched human being is the one that will strike you will kill you. Yeah. And he will strike you here on your head and he pointed to his head. And then the prophets allottee salaam said had done yeah, Bula min ha ha de. He says until so much so that this will become wet.

00:42:08--> 00:42:20

He will strike you here, and this will become soaked. Meaning the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said he will strike you a death blow on your head and you will bleed so profusely from your head that it will soak your beard with blood.

00:42:21--> 00:42:26

Meaning it's he's saying that he'll kill you. So the two most wretched human beings that ever walked the face of this earth

00:42:28--> 00:42:35

is number one the man who killed that she Campbell that was a miracle. And number two demand that will kill you Jani.

00:42:36--> 00:42:51

All right, even cathedra hum Allahu taala after mentioning this particular narration narrated by even as hoc he says that they're in Sahiba hottie in Sahih Bukhari Sahih. Remember Howdy. This narration

00:42:53--> 00:43:15

meaning the nickname of abou to rob the part of the nation where I live in avatar liberati Allahu anhu is given the nickname Babu to rob had a different occasion. Mr. Mohanty mentions a different occasion, which is also very interesting. He basically mentions that an alien radi Allahu Allahu Raja mucho de bon Fatima

00:43:17--> 00:43:28

alira the Allahu talanoa and Fatima radi Allahu taala and her the wife of Ali, the daughter of the prophets allottee salaam, and Ali and Fatima husband wife, right, they had a little bit of a,

00:43:30--> 00:43:31

of a disagreement.

00:43:32--> 00:43:44

They are a little bit of a disagreement. So I leaned on the Allahu taala and got really upset, got really angry, and he stormed out of the house. Sound familiar? Right? So he stormed out of the house really upset.

00:43:46--> 00:44:15

For john Machida nama Fie, except when they would get really upset, they wouldn't go to some other place. He went to the machine and he laid down and went to sleep in the machine. He came to the machine we laid down and went to sleep for the allottee Cinema fossa Allahu anhu the prophets a lot he said, went to the house to go visit Ali Fatima, Hassan Hussein, his family, he went to go visit them, and at least not there. And usually this is evening time everybody's home for salah and who he has, yeah, Fatima

00:44:16--> 00:44:20

Yamuna. Yachty. Oh, beloved daughter, where's your husband? Where's ami?

00:44:22--> 00:44:34

So she said for Carla, Tara javadi been right? He got angry. So he went out for jail and machiney and so the profits a lot of insulin. Now look at this. She says he got mad and he left.

00:44:36--> 00:44:39

The profits of Madison went straight to the machine because he knew it only goes to the machine.

00:44:41--> 00:44:59

If at least not at home then he's at the mercy of the machine. These are all right, so he knew he'd be at the machine for jail and machine for Espada who so the bruxism came to the machine and woke up early Rolando, like wake up wake up young and let's talk right let's talk about this. So he woke him up with Jalla Yahoo taraba

00:45:00--> 00:45:02

When Charlie rhodiola was sleeping on the ground in the machine, and

00:45:03--> 00:45:23

if you remember we talked about the machines of the profits, a lot of them later on, somebody would come and put pebbles on the ground. But prior to that, the machine was what? It was dirt. The ground of the machine was the dirt. So either the lava was laying down so when he gets up, he's got dirt all over him from laying down in the machine for Jana,

00:45:25--> 00:45:48

Torah and the prophets all of a sudden started removing the dirt from the lawn. Like the love the affection he had for him. He started cleaning him and removing the dirt from him. Way of cool. Boom, about to rob about Rob, he certainly come on, come on, stand up, stand up to rob stand up to rob. Father dirt father of dirt, right like Stand up, stand up, let's go he was going to take him back home and you know, patch things up.

00:45:49--> 00:46:31

And so the mumble hottie mentions his narration to say that, that is when Alina Delano got his nickname of a booty rod. However, the the reason why even consider amo La Jolla brings both, that reconciliation is very easy. It's very plausible, because at the time of O'Shea law, the military campaign that we're talking about, I neither the olano had not been married to Fatima yet. So it could be that the first time the prophets a lot is referred to him as Rob was at or shake it off in the military expedition. And then later on when this little event or incident is taking place. He's just referring to him because now it's his established nickname. endearingly lovingly the prophets,

00:46:31--> 00:47:16

a lot of them refers to I lead or the Allahu taala Anu, his cousin, his son in law as a father of dirt. Alright, so this, these were the first three military campaigns and expeditions because a lot, which, if you remember the terminology means the prophets, a lot of them himself participate in these and traveled for these, and they were not without fruit. But two objectives are accomplished. Number one, it's sent a very clear message to the Quraysh, we will defend our home. And number two, it also served as a means of establishing now treaties and agreements and alliances with the Bedouin tribes that lived around Medina and on the road, on the path between Mecca and Medina. And excuse

00:47:16--> 00:47:22

me, there's a third benefit. The third benefit was the prophets a lot he some of his training leadership.

00:47:24--> 00:47:32

See, we also have to understand one thing, the passing of the torch to passing on the baton doesn't happen by accident.

00:47:33--> 00:48:08

It doesn't happen by accident, not that the leader just dies one day, and then the next person like you know, the clouds part, and the line shines down. Oh, and then the person rises up and now he's the leader. Right? That's not what happens. I like somebody dies and like some little glowing force comes out of him and goes and finds the next leader and enters into him and now he's the leader. Right? Ridiculous ideas. I've seen too many cartoons, right? But that's not the way it works. This is there's a there's a strategic What did they call this in the business world? What did they call this in business strategy succession?

00:48:09--> 00:48:27

succession planning, leadership succession planning. This is a succession plan. And the process of matter plan you have a strategy for succession, leadership succession. It didn't happen by itself. It happened coincidentally, he started training some of the unsalted to lead. Now he's training the Bahaji room Celine Dion song

00:48:28--> 00:48:33

How do you lead not you're looking leading your own people is difficult. How do you lead another group of people?

00:48:34--> 00:49:07

He's all he's practicing it from now. He's giving them the practice from now. That's why the day the profits, a lot of them left this world. The woman didn't miss a beat. Yes, it was traumatized. It was very sad. We lost the messengers a lot. But the humor continued on the Sahaba keep doing kept doing what they were told to do, what they were taught to do. It didn't just crash it didn't come down the process of starting training leaders from that very point on inshallah we'll go ahead and pause here and we'll continue from here. Next week in sha Allah, may Allah subhanho wa Taala give us all the ability to practice everything who said and heard and made it may Allah subhanaw taala make

00:49:07--> 00:49:23

the seal the life of the prophets a lot, a means of guidance and a means of learning and a means of education and inspiration for us. So Hanna lady will be humble he subhanak along biharmonic Nationale La ilaha illa Anta the soccer coma to be Lake