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Fiqh of Fasting and Welcoming Ramadan

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Aarij Anwer

Channel: Aarij Anwer

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Dr. Missoni fo Kohli along robina attina Tonia Hassan Cerro de hacer una de nada Santa Monica want to learn you want to go to

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the Xochimilco Helen for coming out after the Salah. We will talk about Ramadan inshallah today

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and we will talk about two things inshallah we'll talk about Firstly, fifth of Ramadan, the fifth particularly of fasting, how what are the rules of fasting? What are the sorry What are the other can of fasting? What is haram? What is halal? What is recommended? Who needs to fast what happens if a sister is pregnant? What happens if she's breastfeeding? What happens if you like to travel? What happens delay the day you leaving the day returning all of those details we'll talk about each other in the face of fasting, we will also discuss inshallah some tips and advices from myself inshallah to myself firstly and then the rest of everybody else on how to make the most of Ramadan. Because

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Ramadan is the month where we can, it can truly change our lives. You know, we can say that about many things. It is said about many things, but truly it applies to Ramadan, it can change our lives and transform us. So, some advice on that inshallah I think it will be great. Let us begin initially by discussing the effects of fasting because I think it is important that we understand why we're doing what we're doing, and how to do it. Clearly because our last partner says, For Allah Allah hula ilaha illAllah was still fully lambic. He says, know that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and that you should forgive our ask Allah for forgiveness, and the real mercy that this

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ayah begins with knowledge farlam and hula ilaha illa Allah Subhana Allah if Allah Allah Allah Allah which is the base of everything tawheed that is the foundation of everything, even before that Allah meshes No. So everything that comes after the Foundation, which is you know, the thick of the Avada the physical marmelade

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everything we have to know that as well we have to understand it the knowledge and an acting upon that knowledge is the priority. So that's why we want to make sure that we understand what we're doing in Ramadan. Let us define the word a cm right a cm and a psalm are used interchangeably to describe fasting a cm and assume are both use and they both have the same meaning. Okay, what they mean is an M sock unashamed it It means to hold back something that's what it means in the language. So for example, we have in the Quran, Maria malayalam, when she is when she has delivered baby Isola ceram and he's and she's bringing baby an ISA to the people. There is nothing she could do to

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explain what has happened, because people will what accused her of blasphemy. So Subhanallah and you know, accusing her of of that would be considered blasphemy. So now she brings the baby and Alas, Martha tells her that

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if someone says something to you for Puli in another Talia Rahmani Soman Fallon, who can email Yama in sia,

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say to the people, whoever talks to you and says something to you say I have taken an oath to have a soul.

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And so I will not speak today. Do you see the word so misused in the ayah? In this ayah it means the linguistic meaning I have taken an oath to have a soul, I am fasting from speaking, meaning I will refrain from talking because, as we talked about, she could not explain what has just happened that was emerged as a miracle from Allah subhanaw taala. And then, of course, who spoke to explain what happened.

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The baby itself, right, he said, Aslan himself spoke as the baby. So have you seen the baby was in a day old or something? Right. It's amazing when you think about the merger of SLS as a one one day old baby, speaking about defending his mother alongside anyway, that is the linguistic meaning of song, and that it means to hold back from something in the shower when we say fasting or some obviously mean holding back from a bomb or shrub, we're

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gonna write three main things. It is holding us back from the eating and drinking and having intimacy with our spouse. Okay? That is the three main things that everybody agrees will

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invalidate the fast All right? Now let's talk about fasting fasting is very simple are can the pillars of fasting are two number one pillar is you have to not eat anything or drink anything or have intimacy during the daylight hours from dawn Dawn is when the sun has just starting to rise if you say sunrise is incorrect sunrise is you know Dawn is 515 you know Dawn is probably for 440 or something or 445 sunrise is six o'clock okay. The correct word is Dawn right as the sun as it begins to rise until sunset sunset is when it is a Muslim and sunset means the whole sun has disappeared not just that the sun has started to dip below the horizon, the entirety of it has gone below the

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horizon, the daylight hours isn't is the time that we hold ourselves back from eating, drinking and having intimacy of course after the daylight hours everything is permissible again all types of eating and drinking Of course what's Halloran you know? haram stuffs remains haram and all halaal intimacy remains as such. Okay.

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This is the evidence for that is I think fairly obvious what the Quran speaks about this almost mother says

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you know for Anna vashi Luna of the Houma kata Hola Hola, como Kuru shabu, hot Tatyana la cual hypo Abu Mina, us we're the mineral fetcher. Tamati Matsuyama Elaine is number 187 or Surah Baqarah. So number two describing don't have relations with your spouses during the time of fasting, but afterwards, it's totally fine. In fact, before this ayah was revealed, the Sahaba would not allow to have intimacy even at the night. That wasn't the beginning. And later on Allah sparkle explains in the ayah, that you can do it in the night, no problem in sha Allah and it is something you should seek market of Allah Allah Allah has written this for you Allah has made it permissible Allah has

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made it has facilitated facilitated it for you. So go ahead, and you know, enjoy the fruits of intimacy, Mr. Bob de una casa de la hola como it's a beautiful way to describe the the relationship. There are many enormous benefits from it, right? Just the bond creates between the spouses, the fulfillment of desires, procreation, everything, I mean, so panela it is, like eating and drinking, if you think about it, or like it's just as important. So, Allah subhanaw taala says, go seek that because of all the benefits and all the fruits of it, then eat and drink until the it's clear to you that the sun has risen like it is Dawn, then you stop eating, and continue to fast until it is in a

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lane, right until after the sun has set. So that is a roken a Well, the first pillar of fasting which is to hold ourselves back from those three things. The second pillar of fasting pillar, by the way is something as we mentioned previously, in other talks, if you remove the pillar from a structure, the building will fall. Okay, if you remove the pillar from fasting, the fasting does not count. So obviously, this is a pillar number one, pillar number two is a Nia intention. That is a pillar of the fasting, if I'm praying fudger Okay. And I have the Sunnah of Virgil and the father of fudger. Right? How many recognizes the sooner fudger

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Torah gods have the Rockets is the fault of

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two rockets. Okay. What differentiates the two was

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the intention, right? If you praying it, they're exactly the same, right? You can play the two records of the sooner fudger. And the tour across the further fudger exactly everything the same, but the only difference between the two is when you make the intention of the sooner it is sooner meet the intention of the follow up, it is the fault. So the first is what the near the intention is what differentiates. So when it comes to fasting, the intention has to be there. The intention has to be there that you are fasting. Now, how do you make the intention? Do you verbalize it? You say I am fasting today, right? You don't have to do that. Okay. The fact that you have woken up for So, as

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an example, is demonstrating your intention to fast. Correct. Do you usually wake up at 3am 3:30am to eat? You don't right, you're waking up for supper? Clearly that's your intention. Okay. So even if you didn't wake up for support, what you prepared something for yourself, and then to handle that you overslept. masiva

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but the fact that you had that intention, and to like in action, that itself counts as intention will handle the law. So the idea being

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It is we have to, it's not just that you didn't have breakfast so you're hungry and then you'd like, I'll fast today. That's not the idea. The idea is, you made up your mind before the fasting has begun. Alright, so that's the pillar. It's very straightforward

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for us because you know, you're going to be having so you have the intention to fast. So it's not it's such an obvious thing, but it's still something to mention. and point out clearly. Okay, so this is when it comes to the

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fasting, its linguistic meaning its pillars. Now, let's talk about

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let's mention one small thing about the beautiful benefits of fasting Allah swatter says in the, you know, for example, let's find that says in the Quran, quotevalet como Sam kamakoti, Valentina. publikum. Law calm, the takuan. The most important benefit of fasting is, it allows us to attain the quality of taqwa. And the quality of tough work is, you know, that is the goal. Right? That is what you wouldn't want in your life. So the quote, the fasting allows us to attain the quality of taqwa. There's an interesting and beautiful connection between the two. What is fasting fasting is

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holding back right, fasting is holding back, what is the one

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holding back as well, right? holding back yourself from desires, holding back yourselves from looking at something perhaps that you want to look at, but it's haram to hold back, holding back from doing something that is perhaps perhaps Haram, you know, and it's very easy and very inviting. But you know what, I won't do it. This is haram, I'll stay away from it. That's exactly the idea of taqwa to hold ourselves back. And when we hold ourselves back from, you know, things that are halal, right food and drink heroin, when we train ourselves to hold ourselves back from that, that is training to hold ourselves back from harm. That is how that was acquired. So it's a beautiful thing.

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The beautiful connection between fasting and taco also the Messenger of Allah awesome said man comma la little Casa de Eman and rocky seven movie Allahu Mata Domine zombie sama Ramadan Eamon de Silva, who fear Allah who Matata momentum v. This is one single Friday and Muslim, that whoever stands up for the night have the power later to cuddle with a man and expecting a large reward. Allah will forgive the sins that that person has committed in the past. Likewise, whoever fast Ramadan with a man, this is something I'm doing for the sake of Allah, and I'm expecting a lot to reward me, then that person's reward will be forgiveness from Allah spawn. Tada. So it's a beautiful month. It's a

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beautiful action. It's a pillar of Islam. And with that, let's talk about who needs to fast. Who needs to fast the month of Ramadan.

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Okay, so let's see, we have five things, okay. Number one, a person has to be Muslim, excellent. If you're not a Muslim, you have bigger problems, you have to become Muslim first inshallah. So let's say that you have the other pillar number one before we get to pillar number four. Yeah. Okay. Muslim. Number two, you have to admit as a Muslim,

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you know, not like being derogatory or something, you know, you if you're not Muslim enough, in our Muslim, you don't have to pray. This is a very simple idea. There's no, like, controversy that. Number two is you have to be. So you have to be an adult who's sane, sane, or sanity is like, it's a built in condition. Yes. But we're going to assume that there is nothing wrong with you. You're not like say in a exceptional situation where, you know, you're you're disabled, or something, you know, we're going to assume that right? So with that assumption, somebody who's an adult, somebody who is an adult

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Bulu, right, mature, what is an adult in Islam, an adult in Islam is

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right from wrong.

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Excellent. It is, in fact, somebody who reaches the age of puberty, the lamb is reached the age of puberty, you are now considered to be an adult in Islam,

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irrespective of what that age might be, because there is a difference in age. But whenever a person reaches that age, they are an adult. So that means that if the condition is you have to be an adult, then who doesn't have to fast

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a kid right? Children don't have to fast, very simple and very obvious. Now, there is the dilemma comment on this and they say, well, there's a child, you know, children are, you know, you can classify it as two major stages. One is when there is sabi

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radial movement is a child like an actual small child. And then you can see a subby Alma he has a child that is, you know, a little older not an adult yet, but he's not a baby either. Okay, so generally speaking, you have seven years and younger would count as somebody who's like a little baby like a child. It's okay. He's just a child, right? But seven and above eight 910 11. And of course, before puberty, all of those ages, you are sabinal mama Yes, you know, the parents expect some responsibility. You know, in the classroom, you have certain responsibilities, right? You can act like a baby, you can just like cry on the street, like throw a tantrum. Those things are

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unacceptable for my child at age, right.

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So a Serbian mama is expected to, you know, be on their way towards becoming an adult. Now, it's not widely upon them too fast, but they say it is recommended that the fast Same thing for like, but as an example, a hijab, a girl who has to wear hijab, she doesn't have to wear hijab until she reaches the age of puberty. But

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it is going to be very difficult to like flip a switch and say, Okay, now we have a job. So a Serbian Mama. Yes, from that age, it's good to have the training, start wearing it slowly, slowly. So by the time she reaches age, it's already part of her personality, or law. Okay, so Muslim and an adult. Yes. Number three is you have to be of good health. Your Health has to be good. Alright, so now what the test so there's a few details here. You can have a person who is extremely old, okay.

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Or maybe just old and not extremely old, but a person who is so all that they can't fast the health, their health is going to deteriorate, right? So for example, my dad is old, Mashallah is about to retire. But he is not old enough to not fast, right? He has to fast he's perfectly fine. You know, he can fast no problem. But, you know,

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the certain people that I see in the visit, the summer that I pray at, you know, very old people, some highlight, you know, they're just if they fast, they'll just pass out or something. Right. So for these people, because they're so old, they're not required to fast because it's too difficult while Alina, usually Punahou, Fabian affiliation. miskeen, right. If the one who is not able to bear it, they have to read, they have to make up for it. We'll talk about making up in a little bit. Okay?

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What happens if you are sick? Okay.

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But your sickness is? law, your job, boo, right? You're not very old, but you have a sickness that there is no hope that you're going to recover from

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a sickness where you have no hope that you will recover from obviously, that person has to not fast, okay? They have the option of not fasting, okay? examples would be like, you know, they are maybe, you know, they have cancer or something. It's very,

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exactly right. So many, many examples of those where, you know, you fast is going to be devastating for you, particularly a longer Fest, so, no fasting as well, you have to make up for it. We'll talk about the making up a little bit in Sharla.

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And then there is a person who gets sick, like, say, if I get a flu during Ramadan is power, and I'm just like, in the bed, you know, very, very difficult for me, then I have the option also off, not fasting, right? Because if it's like sick, that I'm sick, I feel like I can't get out of the bed, then fine. You can also have the option of not fasting that is applied to small things. I have a headache or have a migraine brother, it's okay, inshallah you'll be fine. All right, relax. It's something that's like a serious thing. Okay. So and we all have, I think the prerequisite GPA to know when it is that we want. When is it that we're really sick? Right? I mean, no one is just going

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to skip fast because they have a headache in Sharla.

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So that person is also somebody who is exempted from that. All right. So how do you make up the fast right? If you're not obviously if you have good health, you have to fast if you are not able to then you have to make it make it up somehow. What is the making up of the fast? There's two possibilities. Possibility number one is you make up the fast after Ramadan. Okay, possibility number two is you feed a poor person what's equivalent to two meals right? It is approximately, you know, it's called this disarming book which is like or more autumn, right? barley or wheat or dates to handfuls of it, which is approximately 1200 grams.

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Approximately two meals Okay, every fast you miss you have to feed a person two meals Okay. Now, those are the two possibilities for the person the sick person who is unable to recover okay for the sick person who is unable to recover for the old person, extremely old person who is unable to fast All right, both of those two, what is the makeup for fasting that they miss, they have to feed a person for every single facet that they have missed, right. So, for example, you have NSF pneumatic rhodiola one who the great Sahabi, who lived for over like 90 years or something like he was very old when he passed away the messenger also some made for him that Oh Allah bless him in his in his

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risk and his and his and his, his age and so on Allah He lived to like be over 90 that was not the normal thing by the way, people did not have like life expectancies back then of 90s people pass away like in their late 50s and if you over outlive that that's like considered you lived a lot panela so and has almost doubled the life expectancy because of the door of the prophets of Allah Subhana Allah what happens to a person who is

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in that situation they would rather what they understood and so the old man who would feed every day a person to meals you know, to make up for the fast so that's for the person who is shouldn't be old or who's sick and cannot make up the fastest hold the question so they are in Java and the third option or the third case of the person who was sick, but you know will recover inshallah they have to do what they have to make up the fast after Ramadan they cannot just say you know what I was sick I'll feed a feed person and halus I don't have to make up the fast No brother You had to make it up okay. You have to make up the fast after Ramadan finishes ideally as quick as you can, okay. No most

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most ideally, you do it or not most ideally, most definitely you should try to do it before the next time along comes around

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you have a whole year 11 months to do whatever fast you missed. I really do it as quickly as you can resolve them okay. So, that is

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the person who is able to recover they have to make it up the one who is not able to recover or the one who is because of old age not able to fast then they have to feed a person okay. So overall conditions number one was you have to be Muslim. Number two, adult right number three.

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Same resuming right, but number three was healthy, right? Very good. Number four was you are not traveling. You are not traveling. You are McKean, you're staying in a place, okay? Because if a traveler the traveler has the option of not fasting, okay, a traveler has the option of not fasting. So let's define what is the travel right? So last models that's more in Canada, even our LSF are in Florida to Maine. I mean, this is clear if whoever is sick or they are traveling, then a woman a woman or they have to make it up later in the other days. Okay. And the other is Allah says a woman cannot medulin

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a woman

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koala larina up Punahou failure to Palm miskeen that's the evidence for the one who is not able to bear the fast because of old age n or a sickness that is very crippling. Okay, so now here is a traveler. What is the travel? Right? a traveler hat. What is it they get a goal from? I don't know, Milton to Pickering. Am I a traveler? No, right because I'm still in the city. Right? I'm still in Toronto, even though that's a lot of kilometers Mashallah. And if you're doing that during rush hour, May Allah help you.

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You're probably on the road for like two hours, three hours. So,

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it is not that you are travelling around the city. It is that you are traveling outside of your city, right? The definition of it is either azada Amira, Claudia t when you have crossed the boundaries of your city, that is when you are stressed when your travel starts. Okay? So for example, you are leaving Toronto to go to, I don't know, say Waterloo. Okay. Once you have passed Milton, which is on the west side, now we have departed the army roll Korea came the last border of what's considered GTA and now at that point, you have started becoming a channel

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Okay, that's number one. Number two, there's a distance, the distance is about 82 kilometers, roughly rounded up to 100 kilometers. Okay, just to make things easy. Basically, the distance between your house and the place you're traveling has to be 100 kilometers at 100 kilometers, and you have departed from your city. Once that happens, you are what? A traveler. Okay, so you go to Waterloo, definitely over 100 kilometers, you have crossed the city, you are traveling, right? There's many definitions. By the way, I'm just giving you a thing a simple one that also falls within the conservative opinions, right? The some people like I know some brothers who came No, but

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I've heard of brothers who came from Saudi, Mashallah their students, and they've been praying the suffer prayer for like six months. So Brother, you definitely are a student, you are living in this country. Right? You are no longer traveling, even if you don't feel like you belong in this country. Right? It's just abuse of the opinion, in my opinion, all right. So people take this to extremes. So which I keep it fair, but within a conservative, you know, in a conservative opinion channel.

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If I go to the Niagara Falls, am I a traveler?

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Yes.

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Toronto is not Niagara Falls.

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gta nine was not GTA

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what why

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is it a what, what what are the two things is it a 100 kilometers?

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And it was not to 200 I was over 100. Like 120, right? Yes. 100? Yes. Do you cross the bounds of your city? Yes. So you are traveling us now? Just because you're a traveler. Just because you're traveling doesn't mean you have to not fast. Okay. It's your option. monta suhaila kumala says that you fast is better for you. Okay, the Messenger of Allah awesome said and on to put the other side of the argument clearly, it says the one who

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Allah once or Allah loves that you take the Russa. Allah loves it and you take the ease that Allah has given you. Right? So there's both arguments to be made. If you feel how do you combine the two that was possible says in the Quran, if you're fasting while you're traveling as better for you, the messenger says, Allah loves it when you take the ease that Allah has given you any concession that in the religion, Ullswater loves that how do you join between the two, the way we joined between the two is as follows. If you feel you're going fast, while traveling hamdulillah hydro lock is better for you. If you feel that hey, this is going to be really difficult, then take the rocks off, take

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the ease and that's better for you as well. Right? So it's a beautiful balance in our religion.

00:27:59--> 00:28:08

Right It's not like a prayer prayer It is recommended every time you travel you know pray the shorten Salah el caso

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but for fasting because it happens once a year and this is a glorious month. There is some thought that has to be given to whether you are fasting or not. For example, if I am flying in Ramadan, I always not don't fast during the in the plane. The reason is because you get high dehydrated very fast in the plane if I'm driving unless it's like a really long drive I will fast because I'm able to bear that I don't have to drink water while driving. It doesn't matter to me right? But flying is very tough. You are just it all not only is the pressure really deeply difficult on the body, you get dehydrated just as a personal thing. I don't not saying that you do that too. I'm just telling

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you as an example Personally, I don't do that if I am flying because it's very difficult for me I get dehydrated I get headaches get very very dry throat so take a look so I'm driving once I drove to Ottawa and came back during Ramadan the same day No problem. I fasted the whole way. No issues because driving is not for me nothing right I handle I have no issues with it. So you figure out what it makes sense for you in sha Allah Allah. Now.

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There's a few details about the traveler that we will discuss. Okay, assume you want to not fast while traveling. Okay, say you're flying out to Vancouver.

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If you're flying out to Vancouver on say, Ramadan starts on Wednesday, okay. And you are flying out on a Friday, Friday, you're going to Vancouver. Alright.

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The day you are departing, you should start your fast. Okay, so Friday, then the night of Friday, I will have Soho and I will start my fast with the Nia off fasting. Then when I get on the plane, I'll still have my knee or fasting. But then once my plane departs, and I'm like, Oh, this is getting very difficult.

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Then I will do what? break the fast I'll do if thought right I will eat something or drink something and end my fast and this is completely acceptable. Okay. Then

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when I am returning and then for example, this is an SS could no no sir man maybe follow. Yeah, I saw him assignment and Mr. Well Mr. Allah saw him he says we traveled with the Messenger of Allah and some of us were fasting, others were not. And nobody criticized the other. Nobody said, hey, how come you're not fasting? And no one said, hey, how come you're fasting? What's up with that? This is, you know, a personal decision at the end of the day. Okay, so you're traveling on Friday, you start your fast, but then once you have started your travel, the plane has departed. Now, you feel like I'm traveling, this is difficult. If thought you will break your fast no problem. When you are

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returning when you are

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returning.

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When you and you're returning and you're arriving in the city before if thought, okay, you're arriving in the city before if thought so say I'm returning on Sunday, Sunday, I will reach Toronto before it is possible.

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In that case, when you're coming back home, then you should fast that day. Even though you are traveling in that day, but you are returning home for a thorough you should recommend it is that you fast that day. Why is that?

00:31:27--> 00:31:29

They're coming we are home first. All right.

00:31:31--> 00:31:49

Well, you're now morpheme and you start the fast but you will be McLean by the time the fast ends, right. So that's the recommendations for example, the hamburger humans have that's a recommendation and again, an amorous there is many many options that are available for everybody. Okay, so we are Muslim.

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Adult, healthy, not traveling. Okay. Those are the four things. The fifth one applies to sisters only. Okay, brothers, you cannot do this. Sorry. Okay. The reason why you cannot do this is because Allah made you that way. That is biologically impossible. Yes.

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That refers to a sister who is in her period,

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a height or a piece of sister who is in postpartum bleeding. And if us and a sister let's add two more cases, a sister who is in who is pregnant. And number four, a sister who is breastfeeding for situations for the sister, brothers, you cannot do any of that, right?

00:32:33--> 00:32:56

When I was when we had our first child, or our first daughter, and my issue was wake up a lot at night, so my wife would sometimes say, why don't you wake up? It's like, well, I cannot breastfeed the child, right? I can't breastfeed her. Right. That's why I'm telling you. You can you wake up. But I was expected to provide moral support. Well, that whole thing is happening. A lot of us. So

00:32:57--> 00:32:58

we look at

00:33:00--> 00:33:17

the four situations, a sister who is in her period, and hope that she has to fast. No, she cannot fast. She cannot it is haram for her to fast. In fact, even if she's able to do that I'm strong. I can do it to start around.

00:33:18--> 00:33:32

While you're in your period, it is haram. Now, here's an interesting way of looking at it. If I if something is haram if you know, say lying is haram. Okay, and I don't lie. Do I get rewarded for not lying?

00:33:33--> 00:34:02

Of course, right? If eating pork is haram, which is it is haram. I don't eat pork. Is that do I get rewarded for that? Right? So sister who doesn't fast during her period, she's doing something that's not Haram, where is she getting? reward? So Pamela right, sister is getting good man. No fasting, and they get the reward Allahu Akbar. But she has to make it up. The Fast that she doesn't fast because of her period. She has to make them up after Ramadan. Ideally, well

00:34:04--> 00:34:11

before next year, for sure, right? But ideally, as quick as possible, right as quickly as she can.

00:34:13--> 00:34:54

Exactly right as other people as quickly as you can, most most definitely before the next year. All right, number one, that's the sister in her in a period. Likewise, sister in her postpartum bleeding and nivas same thing is not allowed for you to fast haraam. Mashallah, you're getting rewarded anyway, so make it up later. Okay, sisters and important thing, you should track your missed fast tip, particularly sisters who have kids and have had a bunch of kids in a row, you should track your fast because they can pile up really fast and you can forget upon Well, this is not an easy thing. I travel less than one and I forgot how many fasts I didn't make up and I had to go back in my Google

00:34:54--> 00:34:59

location history, right literally and I calculated and then I had a bill of like,

00:35:00--> 00:35:17

had ordered food over the internet from skip the dishes to Panama. And then I use the bill to figure out on this day, I was definitely not fasting because I ordered food, right? And this day I was fasting, right? It's just a few days, but somehow you forget, because I had to make it up. And I was like, you know, some kind of law, I have to know exactly how many days it is.

00:35:18--> 00:35:33

So you have issued a recommendation, write it down, make things easy and shows off for yourself. Sister the option with the sister who is pregnant and breastfeeding, for three and for both of them.

00:35:34--> 00:35:38

You have to speak to a good

00:35:40--> 00:35:44

person, and a good one a reliable one who you know is also fasting.

00:35:45--> 00:36:14

I wasn't doctor who I don't trust as for a Muslim opinion, okay, I go to him because he's close to my house. But I will never ask that person like an opinion on whether I should fast or not because that person will always say, Don't fast. Right, nonpracticing. So you have to go to a practicing good person that it can recommend it to you whether you should do it or not. And Mashallah many, many doctors are Muslims. So you would, I'm sure find somebody. Now, here's the thing.

00:36:16--> 00:36:43

The sister who was in her period, and the sister who is in postpartum has to make it up, okay. The sister who decides, with consultation that she cannot fast because she's pregnant, okay, or because she's breastfeeding. Okay. You have to situation situation when she's afraid something's going to happen to her. She's afraid that something will happen to her if she fast like he will faint or something in that case.

00:36:46--> 00:37:08

In that case, she has to make up the fast afterwards. Okay. In that case, she has to make up the fast afterwards, because she's afraid for herself. But if she's afraid something would happen to her, baby. She'll be fine. She's like, I'm strong. I can bear it, but I'm not sure if the baby will be okay. I'm not sure if I have enough milk for the baby.

00:37:09--> 00:37:33

In that case, she should make up the fast and also feed for every Miss fast a poor person. Okay. Why is that? For example, this is the opinion of Mr. Amato him Allah. This is the opinion of that that's narrated from a blue Ibis who said that will move they will either hoffa, Allah, Allah him after OTA or automata. And, you know,

00:37:34--> 00:38:22

they would make up the fast so if he, if a woman, she feels that she is pretty endangering her baby, then she would feed the poor person, just like the old man. But also make up the fast because, you know, she is a healthy baby. And she can do it afterwards. So there's a little bit of a detail there. Okay, so her Lhasa sister who is in her period, postpartum make it up, okay, sister who is not fasting because she's afraid something's gonna happen to her while she's pregnant or breastfeeding. Make it up. But the sister who is not fasting because she's afraid of the baby, while pregnant or breastfeeding, for her, make it up and feed me scheme. Okay. Double, she has to do two

00:38:22--> 00:39:04

things. Yeah. And this is again, this kind of there's many scholars who have opinions on like this feed, some say just, you know, make it up. There's a spectrum of opinions on this matter. But what I'm quoting you the opinion of Mr. Mohammed, and the wire from Abdullah bin Abbas, Ilan, Omar, and like I said, if you have another fatwa or and something else, but Hamdulillah, again, the religion is the pharaoh or the, the details of the religion are not something where things go wrong, right? If a sister is following the opinion of some scholar that she has to feed last month, I will not hold her accountable for not fasting. Okay, if a sister is holding the opinion, that she doesn't

00:39:04--> 00:39:47

have to give the cat on her jewelry that she wears, that's the opinion of him as an American by Jeffrey, last month, I will not hold her accountable for that because she's following his scholarly position. Okay, so at hamdulillah the dean has all this Rama in it that's built in it, but I am again presented to you the opinion that I feel is stronger from the point of view of the news, and in my opinion, also a little bit more cautious. Right. There's a bit of cautiousness that we have with fasting because it's the best time of the year it's the most glorious thing so Pamela, so we are a bit more cautious about it while lower so those are the five things regarding the people who

00:39:47--> 00:39:50

have to fast I hope that clarifies many things inshallah Tada.

00:39:51--> 00:39:59

Some questions if you have any questions before I speak about some recommendations during a start up not doing a thought. But during fasting

00:40:03--> 00:40:07

And some also recommendations to make. Yes, I think

00:40:19--> 00:40:20

you already have broken your

00:40:23--> 00:41:08

fasting once you come home, come home, if you haven't if you already broken a couple hours earlier. So you've the day you're coming back home, he already you never passed, you didn't pass that day. Okay. So why would you fast the rest of the day, you wouldn't fast the rest of the day, of course, what I'm saying is that if you're coming back, say, on a day, like say you left on Friday, you're coming back on Sunday, okay? Then, when you leave on Friday, you cannot fall you can have the option of not fasting. When you're coming back on Sunday, the recommendation is fast on Sunday, even while you're traveling, because you're going to reach home for it Star, get it? That's the thing. Now it's

00:41:08--> 00:41:41

a recommendation. It's not like if a person chooses to not fast when they're returning home. That's still fine as well, because they're still musar. Phil, for a part of the fast. Yes. So no problem. no issues with that. But it's just a recommendation. Because again, we're trying to be cautious while being fair. That's how we're trying to be cautious in the sense that a Ramadan is no joke, right? And fair in that we're trying to give whatever it is there is to be given and taking it. Whatever is possible for us. Right. Does that make sense?

00:41:43--> 00:41:45

I'll have the right level.

00:41:47--> 00:41:47

Yes.

00:41:49--> 00:41:54

Going to travel on a horse or camel. Yes. By desert or any

00:41:58--> 00:42:08

condition car to Niagara Falls? Yes. Three times? Yes. Of course. Of course. As far as I may choose that person. Yes.

00:42:11--> 00:42:11

Yes, yes.

00:42:12--> 00:42:17

Yes. Yes. Definitely. As far as

00:42:20--> 00:42:40

like excellent handled Look, the comment and the question is that well, Niagara Falls is very close, you can go and come back very easily. It's not really like a difficult thing and I agree with you. I was just giving you an example of in the shower, who is a massage Okay. Who is almost alpha so if you go to Niagara Falls, you can shorten your prayer right? You have

00:42:42--> 00:42:44

over Niagara Falls walking Mashallah

00:42:45--> 00:42:46

you will reach in a few days inshallah.

00:42:48--> 00:42:52

More than that, right. But the thing was that

00:42:54--> 00:43:37

when it comes to so it's I was just defining what was happiness. And for us, for a while sala de Luca is right away recommended, shorten the Salah, but for fasting, it is more, there's more details, because Allah says under some Ohio law, right? So we try to fast if we can fast, right, I would say definitely, if you're going to Niagara Falls, you should be fasting because there's so close, right? There's not there's no difficulty in that, right. But anything that has difficulty, like a long flight, or a flight that's even like a few hours, three hours, that's still because you have to get to the airport, wait in line, those are exhausting moments, then, you know, the plane

00:43:37--> 00:44:19

taking off and coming down the change of pressure. It's, there's a lot going on there, right. And the Prophet said, by the way, a soft filter to Manila, da da, da, da, da, da, da, da, that the Traveling is a piece of the punishment, because it prevents you your normal routine of eating and drinking. So I would say let's evaluate what the travel is like. And then based on your personal like, situation, your strength, your resolve, right? You can make a decision. Like I say, for me, driving is a lot less difficult than flying. Right. So I would fast, much longer for driving than I would for flying. Right. So that's just a personal preference. And like you mentioned from the

00:44:19--> 00:44:27

Hardee's It was a habit while traveling, some of them will be fasting, some of them will be fasting, and everybody is happy with this option. But Zack does a very good

00:44:31--> 00:44:32

job chocolate.

00:44:37--> 00:44:38

Yes, yes.

00:44:41--> 00:44:42

Well,

00:44:47--> 00:44:48

it was a beta

00:44:49--> 00:44:49

trial.

00:44:54--> 00:44:54

Yes.

00:45:01--> 00:45:01

The time

00:45:03--> 00:45:04

flew by. Yes.

00:45:06--> 00:45:08

Excellent question. So let me

00:45:09--> 00:45:51

last time Yes, when I was traveling, but but let me explain let me let me just rephrase the question and maybe make it a little bit easier I think so everybody can relate to it. So assume you're waiting for Amara in Ramadan Mashallah, great thing to do, right? You're going to Amara in the last 10 nights Allahu Akbar even better, right? You are going to catch Tara we in the harem and maybe make Attica for you know a few days Allah has been amazing thing by the way, Aurora in Ramadan is extremely recommended because the Messenger of Allah sauce awesome said from Ratan Fira mahanta Johan jetan. Mary, has Amara in Ramadan is equivalent to making Hajj with me. So panela Amazing,

00:45:51--> 00:45:55

right. So it's a really beautiful incentive to do that.

00:45:56--> 00:46:09

Now I'm traveling from Toronto to Jeddah. Okay. And the flight is a 12 hour flight and the flight leaves at 12 noon, but arrives next day and at 9am.

00:46:11--> 00:46:14

That's when it arrives. That's actually the timing if I'm not mistaken. Okay.

00:46:15--> 00:46:57

What do you do? So when you're going from west to east, or when you're traveling east, you are going ahead in time, you're going past the time zones, you're going with the rotation of the earth. So time goes by faster, so you will get on the plane and 12. And by the time it's 5pm. In Toronto, you're already making a start on the plane. Okay, it will already be night by wherever you are on the earth. So you will have your effort in the plane. All right. And then very shortly after that, you will have your cell phone, because we're again moving ahead in time. And when you land Ninja, it'll be the next day. And you're fasting, right? So that was what you would do.

00:46:58--> 00:47:34

If you go the other way, now you're in trouble. Because then it's all the time is you're going back in time. If you're coming back from Jeddah to Toronto, now, you are coming back in time you will leave Jeddah say at like 12 noon and arrive to Toronto at 6pm. And every 12 hours, you've been in the plane. So So Pamela, that's a very tough fast, because you're fast now went from, you know, like, maybe 14 hours to like, something like that. Right. So I would never recommend fasting on the way back. You know, from east to west, we're low on him. So that was a very good question.

00:47:35--> 00:47:38

Okay, quickly, some recommended question. Yeah, I'm sorry.

00:47:49--> 00:47:49

Yes.

00:47:51--> 00:48:02

You don't make before even the next one. Yes. So the thing is, is not recommend, it's not a good thing. It's not like you have to do anything extra. The question was, what if like,

00:48:06--> 00:48:39

Yeah, so the I missed some faster similan for a legitimate reason I was traveling or I was sick, and then whatever, right. And then I have two, four sisters and her period. And then I have to make up the fast during the year before the next Ramadan comes, but I didn't do it. So what happens? Well, there's no additional penalty. It's not like there's some extra penalty on you. It's just not a good thing. Right? It's like delaying Salah. Right. If you delay Salah once in a while, you know, it's okay. It's not. It's never great, but okay, right.

00:48:40--> 00:48:55

But if you're doing it every single time versus delaying it every single time, that's a big problem. Right? It's a it becomes sinful, it becomes highly disliked. So same thing with the fasting, delaying it to that point. It's the same analogy. But

00:48:57--> 00:49:01

you still have to make it up though. Even if the year has passed, you have to make it up next year. Right?

00:49:05--> 00:49:05

Yes.

00:49:11--> 00:49:44

That is his opinion. So what you were mentioning is if a person has gone past the whole year, and then next, they haven't made it the fast next year, they have to feed a person as like punishment for missing it, and then still make it up right. So there is an opinion of that as well. We'll lower them. And there's again, like I said, it's always good to be the person. But in reality, it really is only that you have to make up the fast follow up even though you are late by a year you have to make it up chop, right. So that is that other questions?

00:49:49--> 00:49:49

Yes.

00:49:52--> 00:49:54

Five different things today. Yes.

00:49:56--> 00:49:56

Yes,

00:49:58--> 00:49:58

yes.

00:50:00--> 00:50:04

Time. Freedom, right? Yes, this is the greenhouse

00:50:07--> 00:50:09

or something? Yes. Swallow.

00:50:14--> 00:50:59

Oh definitely allow Allah Allah knows best for sure. Right? The question is, what is the wisdom in feeding a poor person as they make up for a fast, right? Why not like dig a well or why not like do something else right? You know, or just give some money to somebody. Right. So what particularly is the wisdom of providing food, right. So Allah knows best. This wisdoms in the shediac in everything. Why is war for cars and pleasure to truckers is wisdom in that, but Allah knows exactly what it is right? Here. I think we can maybe discuss and think and contemplate what could be the wisdom, right? And allow them the wisdom could be that fasting is you are holding yourself back from food from

00:50:59--> 00:51:42

eating, now you have eaten on a day when you should have eaten. So to make up for it, you give food to somebody who, on a different day won't even have any food to see. It's like a person doesn't have food on a day. That's not Ramadan. You give them food on that day, because a day You shouldn't have eaten like not shouldn't, but you're not going to eat you ate on that day, right? So it's kind of like minjin Salama rice from the same category. Well, oh, Allah, but this is my thought. And if you have something better, you know, obviously, there's many wisdoms, you know, that can come across the channel. But this is one point is that Do you have some thoughts of that? Okay.

00:51:50--> 00:51:51

Yeah.

00:51:59--> 00:52:01

If they're already

00:52:04--> 00:52:42

feeding a poor person, the woman does not do it. Who is in her period? Or is in postpartum bleeding? She does not feed a poor person. Yeah. Now, the person the woman who's pregnant or breastfeeding, she doesn't have to feed a poor person either. If she is afraid if she's doing not fasting because she feels something will happen to her. Okay. That the in that case, she just makes up the fast but if it is that she's afraid for the baby, the baby's health, right then she would make up the fast because that's her missing it and feed the poor person because the reason that stopped her from fasting was the baby.

00:52:43--> 00:53:24

So that is the reasoning provided. And again, like I said, this is not there is no it's not like a clear howdy from the Prophet so solemn. Its narrations, the Sahaba. So when the Sahaba give their fatwa, and they differ in their fatwa, that's where the difference of opinions comes in, that we see. Okay, so this is based on the fatawa of the Sahaba the one I'm putting to you is from Abdullah bin ambassador, the Alon Omar right. And that's the opinion of Mr. Mohammed as well. And I believe that's the choice of even Samia as well. Right. So there is it that's the way that's where I was coming from. Right. Exactly. So quick recommendations because we have a show coming up soon,

00:53:24--> 00:54:12

inshallah quick recommendations for Ramadan. Okay. recommendation number one, we have to aim to finish the Quran what's aim to finish the Quran reading once. It will be ideal if you're doing it with some translation with some understanding, maybe with the dots on the Quran that you're listening to. That's all stuff that's ideal, but reading, it's the month of the Quran, we have to make it a goal. Okay, that is my recommendation number one. recommendation number two is lots of Doha the Prophet alayhi salatu salam said sedessa to not to not do that what to whom there's three categories of people whose desires are not rejected. Number one a saw him hot Are you still a person

00:54:12--> 00:54:29

who was fasting until they have had a thought? Number two, Allah mamula ideal, a just ruler number three, Alma zoom, the one who's oppressed these three, Allah accepts the DA and doesn't reject the door. Look at a saw mo had

00:54:30--> 00:54:46

a person who is fasting until they have had a far meaning the whole time you're fasting. Your dog is not rejected. So Pinilla, right. It's amazing. When you're having your social or what time of the night is it?

00:54:49--> 00:54:59

Right. It's the last part of the night. Yes, the last part of the night is the most blessed part of the night. That's where a lot Pamela descends to the lowest cost.

00:55:00--> 00:55:43

And as who is asking forgiveness, why should forgive him who is making Toba? Should I so I should repent and accept his sober or who's being a total social, I should accept his job. This is the time of that that's the time of the night in every single night of Ramadan or a week at that time having support. So do it during the fasting, do it at the time of support. Do it when you're breaking your fast because in one rewire the Prophet says, As for him, either you're the person who's fasting while he's having a thought that moment before it or those moments leading up to start. That's the time for daura time for drama brothers and sisters. So I recommend make lots of drama, I recommend

00:55:43--> 00:56:23

make the doors of the profits on them. They if you ask me to sit here and make dua for 10 minutes, okay, I can I will probably run out of things after like three minutes, because I don't even know what to ask. Okay. But then if you give me the book of the answers, the messengers also made I can use that and they go out for a long time, because they're so beautiful. They cover everything, there is the height of the dunya and the Astra, both of them in it, it is the best there is I can tell you 100% with with 100% conviction that there is nothing better than the daughters of the prophets Allah. I have a small book that I translated from the doors of the Prophet Islam. And when I was the

00:56:23--> 00:57:10

reason why I translated is because I would use those two hours during Ramadan. And for me, it was like an amazing experience. So I felt I should maybe translate a few of them for the people. You can get that book inshallah, if you want on best do our book.com not because I wrote it is the best, because the profits was as high as the best, best da book da da book.com. So it's a good thing to get in sha Allah. And that will you have do as in it. Each day you make a new dawn of the prophets of Salaam you feel about a cut raining on your life. So Pamela, for our do our number three, add good deeds to your day, add goodies to your ad that right now are not being done. recommendation

00:57:10--> 00:57:53

number three and make it the final one in Sharla. We are doing in number one, if I look at my Ramadan, and I look at my day before Ramadan or the days before Ramadan. I need to be doing something in Ramadan, that's extra. There's something else what that is you can figure out, Okay, what exactly that good deed is that you have don't do during the normal days that you're doing a normal one, you can figure it out for yourself, but something has to be done. Why is that? Because this is the month where there is extra Baraka, there is extra incentive to do good deeds, the forgiveness of Allah is there to be taken. When the Messenger of Allah wa Salaam is fasting on

00:57:53--> 00:58:13

Monday and Thursday what is the reason is that because the deeds are raised up on these days and I want to be fasting when the deeds are being shown to Allah subhanaw taala right. So he's doing something good that he doesn't do in other days, when the opportunity of his deeds presenting presented to Allah and forgiveness is present.

00:58:15--> 00:58:54

Now this is the Messenger of Allah who has a guarantee for Jenna but he is so vigilant. So for us soheila in the month of Ramadan, where we have this opportunity, we should be doing something that we won't do in normal days, as a means to earn the forgiveness of Allah and the mercy of Allah. I asked our sponsor to give us the tofik to reach Ramadan to have a very blessed Ramadan and Ramadan never reach for an remake lots of Dora and then he accepts our doors where we do good deeds that we haven't done and we ask Allah to make all of that a habit for us after Ramadan as well in the whole world without a God will hold it all at home in Europe. I mean, with that we will conclude Hanukkah

00:58:54--> 00:59:12

alone will be happening in the highlands the suffering of religious everybody. I hope this was beneficial shout out we have a show in a few minutes so we'll stop this is the last halaqa until Ramadan and Ramadan we will not have this obviously because people are having a third this time and then we will begin after Ramadan beetelite Allah Azza wa Taala he

00:59:15--> 00:59:15

logic