The Attribute Of Patience

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Yasmin Mogahed

Channel: Yasmin Mogahed

Episode Notes

The Attribute of Patience
By: Yasmin Mogahed

Serenity Podcast:
Yasmin discusses this multifaceted attribute. It’s not just patience – it’s perseverance, constancy, standing firm and more.

Presented on July 20, 2011

Episode Transcript

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Assalamu Aleikum you're listening to serenity streaming live on one legacy radio. And I'm listening Mujahid. Today I wanted to talk about a topic which Allah subhanaw taala when he talks about it in the quote on, it's a basic prerequisite for success in this life and in the next and it's it, you know, the heaviness of this topic and the importance of it has a lot to do with how also how difficult this this particular characteristic really is. And that's the, the, the, the attribute of sober and sober is is a concept which usually is translated inadequate inadequately as just patience as having patience, but supanova sober is so much deeper than just being patient. And you know, you

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would need as with a lot of Arabic terms, you would need a huge you know, a large many, many English terms in order just to sort of give a sense of the concept of that one Arabic term and Subbu is really one of them. So, you know, some other you know, translations that could be give you a sense of it has to do with not just patience, but perseverance, constancy, standing firm, all of these things sort of give you an idea of really what Subbu means. Now, sobor is, you know, I want to inshallah actually sort of concentrate on two sections of the Quran which talk about this concept of sub, but one of them is an area, it's one of my favorite as and it's an area that actually really

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really affected me personally, I remember reading this a really focusing on this area when I was at hedge about five years ago, and this is the the last area of suited lm Ron, so it's chapter three verse 200, and I want to inshallah talk about this a, this a is extremely profound and very, very deep. And the scholars you know, have talked a lot about, you know, the, you know, the, basically the gems that we can get from this area, and then inshallah I want to talk also about a very short sutra, which also gives this concept it's a sutra which we've learned, growing up, you know, we probably recite many times in our in our Salah, but don't really understand the depths and the, and

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the, you know, the impact that that sort of really should be having on us. So inshallah, to begin with the idea in sort of lm Ron Allah subhanaw taala. He addresses the believers now we know in the Koran that Allah subhanaw taala has different people who he addresses and sometimes Allah Spano, tala is addressing the believers, sometimes Allah subhanaw taala is addressing the non believers and sometimes the hypocrites but the majority of the address in the Koran is towards the believers. And here Allah subhanaw taala is is addressing the believers, he gets the attention of the believers. Yeah, you have Latina M and O you who believe. And he gives an end what follows now so after he gets

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our attention, he follows by giving us some commands. And these commands are actually if you think about it, are going to be a recipe for something. So first, Allah subhanaw taala says, Yeah, out of alignment shaitana regime, yeah, you have Latina M and o spiddal. Is middle is a commandment to have Subbu. And, and in this in this, you know, in this use of the word, it means to just to be patient or to have or to persevere, and to have that, that, you know, to have that quality. Now, something that I want to point out here is that we A lot of us have the wrong notion that sobor that patience, perseverance, is a quality, intrinsic to the human being so intrinsic to a person, where it's like,

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we look at a person who say, oh, they're just a patient person, right? That's, that's their characteristic in that it comes from themselves. And this is actually completely wrong. That sobor is actually something that is given by Allah subhanaw taala it is a gift given by Allah subhanaw taala to the individual, it isn't something that comes from me, but rather it is given from Allah subhanaw taala. So then the question is, how do I you know, how am I blessed with this gift of sobor from Allah subhanaw taala. And to this, the prophets I send them speaks and he says that in one of his ahaadeeth, mental sabata, you saw beautiful law, which means whoever to sebata means it's the

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form of the word, which means it's the same, you know, same concept, the same route of suburb, but it means to strive to have patience. So basically, I'm in a situation, and it's very difficult for me, but if I strive and I'm trying to be patient, I'm exerting effort in order to try to be patient. That's the sub butter. So the prophets I send them a saying that whoever does that, whoever strives to

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have patients, then Allah will give them patience. So the answer to the question of how can I be given this gift of patience? Well, the way that I can be given this gift of sobor is to try and to strive. And even when it's difficult, I'm trying and I'm struggling in order to be patient. And when I do that, Allah subhanaw taala will bless me with patience. And so it's important to understand this concept, again, that sub patience in its true form doesn't only comes from Allah subhanaw taala it doesn't come from ourselves. And and the way to reach that is by striving to have that patience. So that's the first part of this is Allah subhanaw taala saying that, you know, as he's commanding

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us to have to have patience. The second part, Allah Spano, Tata says, after a spittle is, well, sabido Sadhguru. Now, again, you'll notice it's the same route, but it's a different level of patience. Now, in this form of the of the verb, it's now talking about when you have, you're having patience, but it's against, you're exerting patience against an opposing force. So it's not just to have patience, but it's to have patience against something else, you know, to against another force, and then to be to have more patience than that opposing force. And so, you know, in, in, you know, obviously, we know, for example, that shaitan is always is always, you know, shaitan doesn't give

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up. So, in a sense, shaitan has suffered, right, because shaitan is persevering, and he's been patient in the sense that he's continuing to do, you know, to fight to wage his war against us, and he doesn't give up. And so we, when we have patients against shaitan, when we have sobered against shaitan, that is, you know, solve it all. Because we are we exerting patience, again, against an opposing force. In this case, it's shaitan. You know, and this is obviously, you know, the case with anything in life, which is, you know, it's, it's pulling us in the opposite direction of sobor. And so this is, this is the a higher level of sobor. And then the third, now, this is panela. This The

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reason this is so, so powerful, and so important, is Allah Subhana, Allah is giving us four commandments, and these four commandments, we find out why he's giving us these commandments at the end of the year, and inshallah we'll get to that. But these these four things, Allah subhanaw, taala, has told us, basically are ingredients for what will come at the end of the ayah. So the third commandment is what all bittel now ribat is an even higher level of sobor. robot is a robot to robot is talking about a situation like for example, you know, the, the root of the, the, the root of the word is taut, referring to a situation where, for example, when you're, you're in battle, or

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you are assigned to, to sort of defend a post, and you're standing there, and you don't know when the enemy will come or when the enemy will attack. But you have to stay firm. And you have to, you know, you have to stay. And you have to be firm, even without the knowledge of when the attack will come, or how the attack will come. And that is rebuilt and revolt is the highest level. Because if you think about revolt, it's a situation where, you know, you have to be firm, even when it's very difficult and even when you don't know when or how something's going to hit. But you still have to stay firm, and that's revolt. And so Allah subhanaw taala is saying and so these are these are

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almost like stages of sub and the highest level is the robot. And then Allah subhanaw taala says what the whole law and taqwa now is the fourth and final recommend you know a commandment in this in this area. And taqwa is not just fear of Allah subhanaw taala it's, it's being conscious of Allah subhanaw taala God consciousness, realizing that Allah subhanaw taala is watching you and Allah subhanaw taala is close at every moment. And so, you know, the scholars say that actually taqwa is the, the source of you know the fuel for sub that the fact that I know that Allah is near and I know that Allah subhanaw taala is watching me, that is what gives me the the fuel and the ability to have

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patience. And then Allah subhanaw taala says now after giving us these four commandments, Allah subhanaw taala says, law law come to flow in order if you really want to soul that you may be successful. So all of you know these four, you know, ingredients or these four commandments are what is necessary for success, and shall go ahead and take a break now and when we return, we'll talk about the other section of the Quran which discusses the importance and significance of Southern

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Salam aleikum, this is yes. And you're listening to serenity streaming live on one legacy radio, we're talking today about a concept which is absolutely essential for any type of success in this life or in the next. And that's the concept of sub sub, you know, again, usually translated as patience is, is really so much more, so much more profound than just patience. Because, in fact, you know, the scholars explained that sobor is necessary, not only when things are difficult, but when things are good as well. And in fact, they talk about how it is, it's sometimes more difficult to have sobor at in times of ease than it is to have suffer in times of hardship. And, and I think, you

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know, that there are different reasons why that's the case. But But what they say is that, you know, anyone, whether, you know, believer or disbeliever, can possibly be patient in times of hardship, and we've we've seen this that, you know, something hits, you know, what, you can't control a natural disaster or sickness or, or loss, and, you know, people are able, you know, to, to withstand that and to be patient, and that's possible. But, but when things are, are easy, and when things are good, this is where it's very, very difficult to have sobor and what what that means is in this in the case of ease, what what is necessary, what is the necessary type of subject and ease? Well, it

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has to do with for example, not exceeding the bounds of Allah subhanaw taala. So, for example, Allah subhanaw taala has blessed me with money. So sabater in, in that circumstance would be that I spend the money in the way that Allah subhanaw taala wants me to spend it. So but in that situation would be that I give, you know, a portion of it for you know, for as a cat, that I, you know, I may be I may be tested, with, you know, for example, having to deal in interest, I have the money, I you know, I have the business, whatever it is, and I need to, you know, decide, you know, am I going to have sober and you know, and not, you know, break the rules of Allah subhanaw taala. And in that

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case, that's Subbu, right? So Saba is also keeping, you know, keeping myself following the commandments of a less panatela, even in times of ease, because really, if you think about it, during the times of ease, that's also when it's easier to disobey Allah subhanaw taala, because I have more space, right, I have more ability and more space to really do that. And that's where it takes more self control and more, you know, perseverance in order to not, you know, to go outside of the boundaries that Allah Spano Tata has, has put, and yet when, when things are difficult to say, if there's a loss, I don't really necessarily have a choice, I can't change it. And so sometimes you

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know, that it's even easier to have patience or to have suffer in the times of difficulty than it would be in terms of ease. And and I think that another very difficult trap that happens, even in times of ease with regards to Subodh is that when I have something and I have ease, or I have something that I really, really love, and I have, you know, it's it's abundant, and I have it, and it's it, here is where you need Subbu is, it's very easy to start to depend on that thing instead of Allah subhanaw taala So, in the case of money, for example, suppose that I am blessed with all of this money, you know, like patroon, for example, in the Quran, we talked, it talks about how this

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man was so rich, that even just the keys to his treasures or to, you know, to what he owns just the keys to his treasures was was a treasure in and of itself, because he owns so much he had so much. But the problem was that, you know, you can now here's where the test is that it's very easy, then to start to depend on that gift itself. And so this is a lack of Subbu right, I'm, I'm I have to I have to have silver in order to remember that my dependence is only on Allah subhanaw taala regardless of what I have, so instead of, you know, in the case again, if money that I might, I might start to think that you know, I feel secure and my dependence is on my money, rather than on

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Allah subhanaw taala

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And yet when that money is taken away, will now I sort of don't have a choice except to depend on a loss upon data. So in the In this scenario, it almost took more subchapter M and you know, more perseverance in the time of ease in order to keep myself from becoming dependent on on the gift itself that Allah subhanaw taala gave me. And similarly in terms of not just dependence, but in terms of love, that, that when Allah subhanaw taala gives us gifts, a lot of times what happens and this is, you know, human beings are absolutely susceptible to this is that we start to love the gifts of Allah subhanaw taala, more than a loss upon OData. And these gifts which Allah subhanaw

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taala gives us have the tendency to replace Allah subhanaw taala in our hearts, and we start to,

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you know, become very, very attached to the gift itself. And this is a huge test. So Allah subhanaw taala, again, you know, is this this concept of sub is necessary, in both ease and hardship, and it's it, you know, we should be very, very careful not to think that during times of ease, we just relax, because that's when we start to fall, we have to know that times of ease are just as much of a test as the times of hardship, when Allah subhanaw taala gives, he is also testing us, and with every blessing that Allah subhanaw taala gives comes a test in it that is associated with that blessing. And we can see that, you know, in any kind of blessing that Allah subhanaw taala gives,

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if, for example, the blessing that Allah subhanaw taala has given someone is beauty suppose that you know, everybody wants to be beautiful, right? And suppose Allah subhanaw taala has blessed someone with that with that gift of beauty. Now it's a gift. Yes, this is true from Allah subhanaw taala, it's a blessing, but at the same time, it's also a test because now the test is well, how are you? What are you going to do with that beauty? Are you going to show it or are you going to cover it Are you going to Is it is it going to be a test for you in terms of how you know you, you might be able to use that beauty, to take a path which is displeasing to Allah subhanaw taala. So now, with that

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blessing, came this test. And in the same way, if Allah subhanaw taala has blessed you with intellect, if Allah subhanaw taala has given us, you know, this content has given the human being the ability to think and reflect and choose the blessing of free choice, this is a blessing that was only given to human beings, and was not given to any any other creation, and human beings engine. And, and, and yet, with this blessing that I have intellect, and I have the ability to think and I have the ability to reflect and the ability to choose, this is a huge blessing, but with it comes a huge responsibility and a huge test, how am I going to use that gift of Allah subhanaw taala? Am I

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going to use it to seek Allah subhanaw taala? Or am I going to use it to disobey Allah subhanaw taala And that brings me to, you know, the this the second part that I wanted to talk about, which is, you know, these areas that we have learned since we were children, and many of us probably recite in our solos, and that is sort of the last Allah subhanaw taala. You know, in these areas, it's very short as has put very, very profound truths. And mm chef or you know, him allow us to say that, you know, that, just this, if you just knew this chapter alone, it would it would be enough to understand the whole religion, there's so much in this surah Allah subhanaw taala begins to tell us

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by making an oath, and we'll find throughout the Quran, Allah subhanaw taala are making an oath and you when when Allah subhanaw taala puts Well, sometimes before, and one of his creations, he is making an oath by that creation. So the same way that we human beings, if we really, really want someone to believe us, or to understand that what we're saying is very important. What do we say we say will lie. So what we're saying when we say well lucky is we're saying well in front of Allah, which means we're swearing by Allah. And this usage, is intended to put emphasis on what is to come after it's intended to really make the listener know that what I'm saying is absolutely certain it's

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absolutely true. And so Allah subhanaw taala also makes oaths by his creation. And in this case, Allah subhanaw taala is making an oath by Allah. And, you know, this, this is he's making an oath by time, Allah subhanaw taala is doing, you know, doing this in order to put emphasis, or to really, you know,

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stress the importance of what truth he's going to say after, so that sort of begins with one last and after a less practice as well last

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in Al insana left. Now, here there's actually two more places where Allah subhanaw taala puts emphasis, the first emphasis is by swearing by time, the second one is inner, inner is

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Another way to put emphasis indeed, surely for sure. And then Allah subhanaw taala says, Al insana lair and here the lamp is putting further emphasis left the host. So now what is this truth that Allah subhanaw taala is putting so much emphasis on in three separate ways. And that truth is that, indeed mankind is in a state of loss. Mankind is in a state of loss. So this is that truth, which is so important that Allah subhanaw taala is emphasizing what is mankind in a state of loss of we, you know, unless content is telling us that we are in a state of losing all the time, we're in a state of losing. So the question is, well, what are we losing? Well, the answer really is we're in a state

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of losing everything. Because in this life, we're in a state of loss of everything, I mean, time, we're losing time, you know, health, age, our, you know, our life, our, our, you know, our, our, our provision, our possessions, everything is slowly being lost with every moment that we, that we live, and Allah subhanaw taala then goes on to say, Allah, so Allah, you have this universal truth, which is in Al insana, lefty host. But, and this is so, so important that there is a group of people who are saved from this loss, that this is, you know, this is a general statement, which is said, but then there's an Illa Illa means except, so now, unless panatela makes a general statement, a general

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truth and then says Illa, because there is a particular group who is saved from this universal loss. So then the question is, who is this group? Allah subhanaw taala says, lol levena, Amano huami oily hat. So the first characteristic of that group, which is going to be saved from this, this loss, so that that everything that I'm doing is no longer being lost. It's no longer being lost if I have these characteristics. And unless panatela tells us what they are, they are Alevtina em and also it's faith. Amen. The first thing was Amen, belief, faith, but with that belief, and with that, a man has to come action. So next is what I mean sorry, hat, that you that they do good works, that

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they do that, that that the faith is there, but the action is also there. And then after that comes another one, Elon levena, Amano huami, the solar hot water wall, so we'll help with also the sub. So there are four characteristics in order to be saved from this universal, you know, this universal state of loss, and that is faith, good actions, to also bellhawk and tawassul. This sub tawassul will help is, you know, calling one another in joining the truth. So it's standing for truth and calling for truth. And lastly, is Subhan Allah subhanaw taala says what also will help the water also the sub and having suburbs and enjoying suburbs, that this is one of the absolute necessary

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components of you know, being exempt from loss. So, if you have those four components that the believer who who does you know, righteous deeds, and who stands and calls for truth and who has subber will be in a situation where they are no longer losing. So, everything is being saved and everything will be coming back to them in sha Allah in the hereafter because Allah subhanaw taala does not allow any of the actions of the believer to be lost. And so you know, panela this is sort of like inshallah on end on this, it's sort of the, the light at the end of the tunnel, that there will be you know, there will be a morning right there will be a dawn there will be that light after

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the the difficult struggle of perseverance and the difficult struggle of suburbia, that there this is, you know, this is what comes at the end and that is ultimate success. That is that nothing that I'm doing nothing that I'm losing and nothing, nothing that I'm struggling against is going to be lost, and that inshallah it will be saved with Allah subhanaw taala and only those things which I give to Allah subhanaw taala are those things which I never lose? akula curly hair that was stopped for lalibela come in Navona Rahim. subhanak Hello, the Hamlet. Edwin, Laila and Mr. Furukawa to blue lake was Salam alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh