Lives Of The Sahaba 12 – Umar b. al-Khattab – PT 02
Channel: Yasir Qadhi
File Size: 34.00MB
In this amazing talk, Shaykh Dr. Yasir Qadhi continues on the biography of Umar Ibn Khattab RA and shares some Quranic verses and hadith pertaining to him. He was one of the leading proponents of Islamic moral values in the wake of persecution by the non believers. Similar to Abu Bakr Siddique RA, Umar Ibn Khattab RA were gifted with the immense privilege of having participated in all of the Prophet’s ﷺ battles. This was granted due to the intelligence and foresight of Umar RA.
- “Among the nations before you there used to be people who were Muhadathoon (Divinely inspired, though they were not prophets). And if there is any of such a person among my followers, it is ‘Umar.” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
- Abdullah Ibn Masud described the importance of Umar’s RA conversion to Islam by saying:”Umar’s becoming a Muslim was a conquest.”(Ali ibn al-Athir, Usud al-Ghabah, IV, p. 151)
- “O Muslims! This is Umar Ibn Hattab. He is a great Migrant and Helper of migrants. I have taken him as my assistant and counselor. He is so worthy that he admits and speaks the truth even if it is painful. He never seeks to avoid criticism in matters involving Allah’s command and prohibitions. Satan flees from him. Stone and iron melt in the face of his majesty. He is a person praised by the dwellers in Paradise.
- Abu Bakr is the pillar of the religion. Umar is the lock on corruption. There can be no corruption so long as Umar is alive.
- When satan sees Umar Ibn Khattab he will fall on his face from his majesty!”
- “O Allah, strengthen Islam with one of two men whom you love more: Amr ibn Hisham [Abu Jahl] or Umar ibn Al-Khattab.”
- Narrated Aslam: Ibn Umar asked me about some matters concerning Umar. He said, “Since Allah’s Apostle died, I have never seen anybody more serious, hard working and generous than Umar bin Al−Khattab (till the end of his life).” [Sahih Al-Bukhari – Book 57 Hadith 36].
To learn more about such riveting ahadith and anecdotes on the life of Umar Ibn Khattab RA, do watch the enlightening talk.
salatu salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi ah Marina Mubarak marinova so today inshallah Allah will be continuing with the life of photography a long time. And last time I had mentioned
the conversion story. And so now today we will begin from a summary of the main incidents in the life of the Prophet. So sort of dealing with IE, what role did he play in this era, I will also mention some of the verses of the Quran and also some a hadith pertaining to the Allahu taala animal. So today's lecture by enlarge, should be a rehash of the primary incidents that we've already discussed in the Sierra regarding our mobile hotspot rhodiola hotel and, and we begin from the very beginning of his conversion. And the conversion story, as we mentioned, occurred probably in the fifth or sixth year of the Dawa, and the very first day of his conversion proved to be the
very first major battle that he had to do with the courage and that is a personal battle that he publicly prayed in front of the Kaaba, as is mentioned by Eben sham. And those the courage gathered around him one by one bit by bit, and he was not able to pray continuously. And even his health mentions that he was fighting the courage for the entire day, like going back and forth people irritating him for the entire day, until finally towards the evening, when he himself was tired, announced him and was the father of a family within hours passed by and told the polish. Where are you guys concerned? Why are you bothering him? So what if he has chosen another path for himself?
Let him be and so allows a bit while basically intervened and Orbital hautala de la Don was allowed to pray continuously in front of the Gabba. And we also mentioned when he immigrated when he did the hedgerow
Otto was the only Sahabi, who publicly announced the time and date of Israel. Everybody else performed the hijra. silently, secretly, everybody else performed the digital without mentioning to anybody asked for a mobile hotspot, he was the only one who basically said that, oh Quraysh I am leaving for Medina at such and such a time. So whoever wants to stop me, and whoever wants his mother to lose him, you can meet me outside of the harem at such and such a place. And as we know, the courage did not do anything to prevent him from immigrating to Medina. So in Mecca, or motorable hotdog was the one who established the Sunnah of praying in front of the Kaaba, for the other
Muslims, the other Muslims were not able to pray until he publicly allowed the Muslims to do so. in Medina, It is well known that he participated in each and every battle of the Prophet salallahu idea he was sending them without exception. And in fact, this is an honor that is very, very rare, the bulk of the Sahaba were not able to participate in each and every battle. In fact, even of the forhold Ah, who can tell me incidents were even over the 405 certain size, certain of them were not able to participate earthman did not participate in what because of his wife, so he did not participate in
budget and budget. Of course, aboubaker we mentioned already, he was also one of the few who participated in each and every battle without exception. So but couldn't Omar, both of them share a very unique honor, which is very, very, very rare. And that is every single battle without exception As for other than the last one. What happened with him.
no, hiber was definitely that was the
he was bothered, and oh hood and hand up and hivers So what did you miss tebu Why?
He was put in charge of the alleged bait and affairs of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So, and of course, this is not an excuse for them. I mean, I mean, sorry, it is an excuse for them. Excuse me. Of course, it is an excuse. Both earthman and Ali have legitimate excuses. But the point is that it is very rare for a small hobby to have participated in each and every battle. And in each and every battle. A lot of the law has certain incidents and I'm not going to go over all of them. This is just a quick rehash first 10 minutes of today's lecture is a quick rehash. We should know all of these incidents are in the battle the battle mobile hottub was the one who answered the
prophecy seller when the processor said what do you suggest we do? I want to go attack What do you suggest and aboubaker was the first to say
And said, O Messenger of Allah, do as you please will follow you. So the process of them praised him ask the question again. Omar was the one who then stood up, and the same answer was given, and then a third and then a fourth, until finally, the unsought understood that he's asking for them. So Omar is the one who stands up second after Abu Bakar. at the Battle of ocean as well, at the Battle of ocean as well over a hotdog was one of the small group of 10 or 12, who managed to find the profits or some at the end of the battle, and stay with him. And so he was of the Elite Guard of the profits of the law while he was selling them. And therefore, when I was soufiane, and Harley Davidson
Waleed, we're looking for the Prophet sallallaahu le who was selling them and they shouted out I will soufiane shouted out is Mohammed still alive solo, sell him. The problems that don't respond to him. Then he said is a workers who lives that don't respond to him, is almost alive, don't respond to him, then oh, Sophia, and said,
These people have all died because if they were alive, they would have responded. So Omar could not keep his composure. And he shouted out there in the mountaintops, they cannot see each other. But you can hear across the valleys, so almost shouted out that conduct a I do a lawyer lying or enemy of a law. And the law has allowed all of them to live to see a day to humiliate you. So all three of us are alive. So Omar was the one who is angry, he couldn't bear it, he shouted out to oblivion. And so Abu sufian Abu sufian responded, or Alou Hubble, Hubble has one long live hobo, hobo is the grand and here the process of said respond back to him. respond back to him. When he is honoring the gods,
you cannot be quiet. So almost said What should I say, and it's warmer here. So the President said, respond back that Allahu Mola Mola lakum that Allah is Al Mohler, you have no Moeller. So the point is that Oh, who was the one whom who is responding back and forth with Abu sufian as well, of course, in the battle above that, I forgot to mention the brief incident at the end of the battle, the other one, the coresh are buried in that. Well, it was Omar who asked the processor or messenger of Allah, or can they hear you right now when you're having a conversation with them? And so the person said, Yes, or they can hear me as well as you can right now. They can hear me as well as you
can. So brother, and I had a lot of incidents take place in the Battle of the banana, banana, masala, banana, we'll start off with one, the
one the small skirmish broke out between the onslaught and the more high June because of two of their kids playing two of the young people playing and the ensemble has, you know, lined up to actually probably engage in in a fist fight, and the processing became angry at them and said, even while I'm amongst you, you're still doing this, stop it immediately. That's what I've done. Let me know where you've been saloon said Just wait. When we get back to Medina, Lake regenda as human health as well. The ones who are noble will kick out the ones who are not noble, meaning the prophets are seldom. And this was one of those many instances. I mentioned four or five of them in
the next 10 minutes when Omar said, Danny abre, una, Ahuja, rasulillah. Let me execute him, O Messenger of Allah. And how many times in fact, this phrase is famous on the tongue of Omar. Nobody else has said it like Omar over and over and over again, at least a dozen times now. It's so famous, we kind of we kind of were tickled at it. But the reality is, what does it show about the real about the love and the protective jealousy that Omar has for the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam over and over again, and even today will mention four or five. So this is one of them, where he's saying, I want to execute this man, how dare he calls you as well? How dare he calls you as well, and he
calls himself the noble person. And so the Prophet system, of course, calmed me down and did not allow him to to do that. What was the excuse that the process used? Why did he say we shouldn't execute him?
What will the people say if they hear that the Prophet system is killing his own companions? Right? It's a PR move as well. You look at Musleh how you look at overall good in the Battle of hunda as well, we have incidents over the top the most famous one is moto kalibo Holly Muslim, that the process of that Omar came angrily to the profitsystem cursing the kurush cursing the courage because he said O Messenger of Allah, they were in battle with us so severely that I was not able to pray salata, Lhasa, and the sun has set. Shahid Shaka Luna and salatu salam ala. So they have kept us busy, even up until
Most of the time, and the prophets are seldom said, Even I have not prayed us. And so they all pray outside of Kabul. And this is the only time we have in the Sierra that the prophet SAW is seldom
made the Salah Baba. And this was, according to one opinion before the battle, or before the Sadat of war had been revealed. So that's our hope had been revealed. And according to another opinion, it was so difficult, they could not even pray solid hope. And this is the only time we have in this era, that the Prophet system is awake, and he does not pray on time. Of course, we have the incident of legit oversleeping. But the other times, of course, this has never happened. And this is the only time it happened. And what is the one basically alerting him and getting irritated that the orange have the tourists have delayed us from paying so that's an awesome and the incident of davia. In the
incident of her day via Of course, the famous incident takes place where multiple hottub is furious at the courage for what he thinks the courage have the upper hand. He's angry that how come the courage have the upper hand, and in his anger, he questions the Profit System in the manner that even he himself regrets and he questions the Prophet system in a manner that Abu Bakar himself criticizes him for and I will bucha rebukes him for questioning the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and again, on whatever hobby Islam needs people that have so much love and and and, and and jealousy for Islam, it needs people that sometimes their temperament, or maternal hapa was not able
to phrase the question in the best manner. And he himself said I regretted it. And I made up for it with many many deeds. Meaning as remember what happened to her they be that the treaty seemed to be in the favor of the correlation not in the favor of the Muslims. And our mobile hot Bob went to the process and said, Jada sutala Aren't you the Messenger of Allah? Yes, I am. Didn't Alessandra? Yes, he did. Didn't you promise us that we would be doing toe off? He said, Yes, I did. I didn't say this year. I promised you I didn't say this year. I said we it's not this year. So he kept on asking then he said, How can we accept humiliation in our religion? If you're the messenger, and Allah has sent
you and you have the book and we are upon the truth? Unless neither of whom either bottle? Aren't we upon truth in the upon boxing? So when he keeps on answering, yes, so then the point is, how can we accept the lower standard, and this shows us a little bit of hotjobs. Again, jealousy and protection for Islam a positive jealousy, this is a zero. And he himself said, because of my questions, I did a lot to make up for those deeds. So the Treaty of Arabia as well plays a prominent role in the conquest of Makkah. In the conquest of Mecca. Once again, a number of things happen, both before and during the conquest of Mecca of them is that when the Quraysh realized that the Prophet system might
possibly be invading, they sent Abu sufian to Medina, as an emissary as an envoy. And Abu sufian tried with his daughter oma Habiba, and he dried with Abu Bakar. And he tried with Omar to get an audience with the profits or sell them and to have shafa. And the promise that the treated per day via would not be broken. And this shows us how the situation has changed, the power has changed. The orange realize they cannot fight. Look in simply eight years, seven years from burger to the conquest of Makkah. Seven years have gone by and the chorus realized we cannot fight. And so they send Abu Sufyan with a group begging the Prophet system to keep the Treaty of Arabia, right, let's
not have any war. They're not in a position to fight, because they know that something has happened. Remember, they there was the breaking of the treaty between the two tribes that had fought and the Porsche supported that tribe in fighting against the Muslim tribe. And so I was soufiane approached hon hottub. And Omar said Do you really think I will help you against the Prophet solo send them?
Do you really think I will take your side and try to help you against the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam will law he if you know any good any given phrase in Arabic, no matter what you do, no matter what you could do for me, I would never be on your side against the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and before the conquest of Makkah, the famous incident also occurs with health event, Abby belta, the Sahabi, who as we mentioned, he was not a kurachi. But he lived amongst the horatian his family was there, his wife and children were there, and he was worried that they might be slaughtered by the kurush. And so he sent the secret message that the Prophet system is leaving for
Mecca. And his Nia was a lower protect you are all messenger of Allah, but by me telling the harsh
My wife and kids will be protected. So his Nia was not to be as tough for a lot, a trader, but the love of his family got to better for him. And he slipped and he did something he should not do. Once again, Omar was the one and again the famous phrase that this is when I feel how, let me execute him. And so the process so I sent him said,
No or Omar, do not kill him. So then he repeated the request. And this is the only time he repeated the request. And he removed the phrases and one Africa now that the process that is now not when I feel so he says, still, let me kill him, meaning for treason for treachery, even if he's not a one off, if this is the punishment of spies, we cannot allow a spy to basically spill the beans for the future, we have to execute him. And so the processor made an exception for how to this is an exception for how to and he said that Omar, how do you know? If Allah azza wa jal has not forgiven all of the people who participated at better than healthy visibility? And he said, Allah said, Oh,
people are better do as you please, I have forgiven all of you. So how tibs status and macom allowed him to be forgiven, even for something that an average person would not be forgiven for. Okay? And that is treachery. treason. So you look at the pros and cons of a person and you look at we talked about the benefits when we did that. But again, this is Bob and his twice asking to basically take
revenge against how to for this mistake. And in the actual conquest of Makkah, when the profitsystem is marching into Mecca, and he camps the night outside of Mecca.
Another famous incident occurs, which again involves formidable hottub. And one of those beautiful stories, that when the profitsystem is one night away from Mecca, the next morning, he is going to enter Mecca, and I will Sophia and does not know what to do. Because Abu sufian is the most powerful chieftain. He's the default leader of the chorus right now. And he's worried for his own life. And abus meets him and convinces him to go directly into the camp of the Muslims, and to meet the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and Abu sufian realizes I have no other choice, I have to now go and meet the process. And directly How is he going to enter the camp everybody wants to kill I
was young. And there is no treaty of Arabia. And there is no pact, there's nothing and Abu sufian is a free for all anybody can kill him if he wants to. So Abbas says, Come with me on the donkey that the processor has given to me. So remember, in the story, the processor had given us the donkey to go. And so and he didn't abus did not even know he was gonna bump into I was for fun. So he met Abu sufian. And He then said, Come with me, cover yourself up, come behind me on the donkey, it's nighttime, nobody will recognize you. They let me pass because I'm a bus, they let me pass. And we will go straight to the process and have an I will beg him to spare your life and give you
protection. And so Abu sufian
is there. So
okay, and so Abu sufian, covers himself up and gets on the donkey of the prophets of Salaam which is being led by a bus and a bus maneuvers his way through the army. And the people are protecting the process. And so they look up, they see a bus, on the donkey of the process and with somebody. And so they ignore because this is the donkey of the process of the uncle of the process. And whoever he must be with must be somebody who is safe, so they don't really pay attention. And he's kind of covered up, you know, covering his face as much as possible until they get to the inner defense and there's a little bit of hot top. And Omar is not going to let anybody through without verifying. And
so Omar piers closely Who is this man on the donkey with a bus and Omar recognizes also from from the eyes, you know, we all can recognize people like this. So Rama recognizes Abu sufian and he says Alhamdulillah Allah has gifted me to you when there is no a man and no protection. And now it's just mean you. Okay, and an Ibis says Omar, he is under my protection. And Omar says, This is Abu Sofia, nobody can give him protection. This is the Ross an orange and a bath and Omar began going back and forth until Ibis basically insist on going to the profitsystem and resolving this. So the both of them rushed to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the both of them began to basically get
angry at one another above and number over the fate of Abu sufian. And Ibis basically says I have given him protection you are not allowed to basically execute him. Annabelle Sophia. I'm sorry. Omar says that this is the cell chorus. There's Russell Cooper. He's the head of copper. And if you look at what he's done, he's not a Muslim, obviously.
At this point in time, remember he accepts Islam after the conquest of vodka, even that grudgingly in the beginning. In the beginning, it's really grudgingly he'll he'll accept. Sorry he'll accept Islam The next morning, sorry, grudgingly remember the whole night. Our boss had to convince him the whole night, and then very grudgingly accepted Islam. Then slowly but surely Allah blessed him and into his heart. And later on, he has
many incidents where he demonstrates his real human right, but right now he's definitely not a believer at this point in time. He has not said the shadow. And so Omar is saying He is worthy of being executed. And then at dusk is angry at Omar and Abbas says that you are only saying this Omar because he is not from the bundle ID because he's from the bundle abdomen
and had he been from the bundle ID you would not have said it but because he's from the abdomen if you want to execute him Now, remember little bit of gr genealogy you should all have memorized this back in the day.
The the clans of the oma yet and the blue Hashem are both the sons of abdom enough. Okay, so Hashem, and abdomen of our brothers. Sorry, Hashem and omega are brothers, and their father is optimum enough. Okay, so Hashem, Mohammed Abdullah, Abdullah polyp, Eben Hashem. Okay, so Hashem, and omiya are blood brothers.
Abu sufian and abass are much more closely related, then I will soufiane and
Omar and abass and Omar, and in fact, as we mentioned, out of the four Hoda mobile hot top has the furthest Linnaeus Wi Fi, eight generations back from the Prophet system, whereas the oma years are three generations back, and the Arabs and the correlation in particular, this is of utmost importance to them. And so, my boss says, We are the Balu abdomen of oma and Hashem. We are the bedrock dem enough because Abu sufian
is of the grandchildren omega, and of course, our buses of the grandchildren of Hashem. So they're both basically second cousins. And they're saying this, you're only doing this because your bundle ID and you don't like the bundle abdomen if, when he said this, Omar completely changed his tone.
He said, mahalanobis, calm down or a bus, you've crossed the line basically, calm down, oh, a bus for what law he the happiness I felt the day you accepted Islam was greater than the happiness I would have felt had my own father at hottub accepted Islam. And that is only because not because of you. That is only because I know that your Islam would be more pleasing to the Prophet system than the Islam of my father if he had embraced Islam.
So this really shows us the love of Allah hottub. To the prophets of serum that are above us, you cross the line, you shouldn't have said that has nothing to do with tribalism. Here. You are enough. And you're embracing of Islam brought more happiness to me, his father has passed away. As I said, in all likelihood, it doesn't appear that even his father saw the beginning of Islam, because we have no record of him whatsoever at all in the era of Islam. So his father passes away. But he's saying, If my father had been alive, and he had embraced Islam, the happiness of your Islam is more important to me than the Islam of my own father. And this is a very beautiful and powerful phrase
that really demonstrates the love that the prophets that Omar had for the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam once again after the Battle of her name, when the processor is distributing war booty, again, Omar makes this famous phrase let me execute him. When the head of the group that's going to be the highlights. When the person who the processor said from his progeny are going to come. The fanatics from his progeny are going to come to people who you will think they are very religious, but they are very evil. You will think their prayer is better than your prayer. There's a lot out there there's a God and their cm is better than your cm, but they will leave Islam like an arrow
leaves its target, enter and exit just like an arrow leaves his target. They're going to leave Islam and the person of course was the one who was the chieftain of the one of the Nez de tribes and he said air Delia Mohammed
There are Mohammed solo Selim. Why was he saying this? Because he didn't get the amount of money he thought he deserved. The tribal chieftain did not get the amount of money he thought he deserved. And so he came up to the prophet SAW Selim. And he is described as a man with a *gy beard and a large forehead, and basically looking graphy like the veterans of the old and
accusing the process of not being fair. And the process of said, Woe to you. Who else will be just if I am not just
when no one in the heavens trusts me, you on Earth are not going to trust me.
You have crossed the line. This is of course, Cofer to accuse the process of not being fair. And once again, Omar, now again, the point being in every single incident, who is the one who feels the most offense? How dare this man do this? Who How cool is this person to do this? And so he asked permission continuously of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam. And this is, again, one of those instances where he basically says, allow me to execute this person. Moving on in the Battle of the book, what did Omar do in the Battle of to book
the Battle of Tupac, you all know this jar, your memory? How did he demonstrate his piety?
He brought half of his wealth, he brought half of his wealth in the Battle of two book. And that was when he tried to compete though Booker, and then said, Forget it, I'm never going to compete with aboubaker. Again. And on the way back from the book, as well, he played a role in that the Sahaba were starving of hunger. And some of them asked permission to slaughter their own animals to eat for meat, and the process of gave them that permission, then he was the one who went to the processor and said, O Messenger of Allah, if you were to do this, then we will have a problem.
In our rights back, why don't you do this is to get all of the food that we actually have whatever little it is, and make dua to Allah to bless us in that food. So whatever little we have, we will all share equally together. And so every Sahabi brought whatever he had one date, five dates, whatever, whatever. But they had until there was a pile of food, and the promises are made. And so they then all ate from those from those provisions. Because, of course, the Baraka came down with the drop of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and this shows us as well. That number will hotdogs, if you like foresight in preventing the animals to be slaughtered. Moving on in the Sierra,
in the final sickness and the death of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam once again, although this is rehash this one I'm going over quickly, but just to remember and revise our memories, because it's always healthy to go back and revise our memories. So in the final days of the Prophet systems life, a number of incidents happened, involving a number of them is the fact that or whatever the hubbub led an entire saga, while the processor was sick, this was the first cider that the processor was not able to actually go out. Remember the story that Bilal came in, and three, four times he kept on saying, it's time to pray, it's time to pray in the process of tried to get up, and he could not do
so. So then he, he said to be loud. Now, the words differ here. Did he say to be that at this point in time go get a worker? Or did he simply say he cannot pray have somebody else lead? And either way, in the end, when we went outside, Bilal went to another Sahabi, Abdullah bin Zuma, and he said to Abdullah Zuma, that who should be the Salah, Abdullah bin Zuma, tried to find a worker, a worker is not there he was in his wife's house, a worker was not there. So he said to Omar, you lead or Omar, and so omoto hakab, lead de Sala and Omar had a loud, booming voice. And so when the processor heard his camera, he said, Where is Abu Bakar
for Allah and His Messenger do not allow anybody except for Abu Bakar.
And so when the solid finished
aboubaker was found, and from then on aboubaker LED every single solid for the next three, four days until the prophet SAW Salem passed away. Remember, he stopped coming outside on Thursday, and he passed away on a Monday morning after Frederick and so I'm going to hop hop lead one salah
and I will work a lead the remaining sada and it is said that Omar rebuked Abdullah bin Zuma and said, Why did you tell me to lead? I thought the process of commanded you to tell me otherwise, why would you tell me to lead and Abdullah bin Zuma said we couldn't find Abu Bakar and I thought you were the best person to substitute when a worker was not there. And perhaps this is an incident
that no matter how weakly an employee
directly, it indicates that Bob is indeed worthy after aboubaker not only because even Zuma chose him, which is clearly an indication when he said, we couldn't find Abu Bakar so I thought you were the best person for the job. But because and this is from my HDMI to fire on completely enemy, Allah forgive me. I haven't found anybody else saying this. But it's interesting to notice here, that in those final days, Abu Bakr and Omar are the only two people who lead Salah in the process of the masjid when he's they're sick, and no other Sahabi ever led in the hub of the Profit System when the process was in Medina. When he was physically in Medina, obviously when he's gone when he's not
there, then of course, when he's in Medina, the only two people who lead in the Mirabeau the process of Oba and Omar and Omar, no doubt the processor said go find a worker, and we want a worker. But look at the phrasing. He did not reject rumor at all, rather what he said was a law and His Messenger refuse anyone when there's a boubakeur,
which might seem to indicate when there's no aboubaker, then go ahead and choose Roma.
So, and this is a very indirect in indication, as I said, if I'm mistaken, it's you know, Allah forgive me. But there doesn't seem to be anything wrong and extrapolating this, that the profitsystem is not saying how could you have chosen Omar and Omar is not qualified. Rather, he is saying, as long as they're a worker, a worker has to lead the salon, nobody else is allowed to lead other than a worker. So Omar is only qualified to lead one there is no rulebook. And that's, in essence, exactly what happened. And
therefore, as we said, there is some indication that the only two people who ever lead any sila when the process was present was Abu Bakar. And Omar for just one saw that
we now move on to the next section of today's lecture. And that's really somewhat new even though some of these incidents we've already mentioned. And that is, verses from the Quran. And specific, a hadith that occurred as a result of Roma incidents from the Syrah and a hadith and verses from the Quran that occurred as a result of a hot top because the persona of hot dog is so important and interesting that a number of verses of the Quran were revealed because of him. And one of the hot dog himself, is a famous narrator of Hadeeth unlikable vocal who did not really narrate that many Hadith, not because he didn't have knowledge, time did not allow him to, or Omar has narrated over
570, a Hadith of the Prophet system, and that is a huge number. Far more than obok are far more than Rosemont radi Allahu Allah Allahu Allah narrated more, because Ali also lived much longer. So Ali is narrating more because he's living much longer than what Amber. But between earthman and a worker, or mother is the one who narrates far more Hadith. And over 500 Hadith are found narrated by or will hop as well, at least maybe some scholars have said up to a dozen verses were revealed, because of something Omar said, because of something that modally Allahu anhu basically caused and this is a a subsection of the sciences of the Quran, the sciences of the Quran, they talk about causes of
revelation seven result. And within seven rule, there is another subsection, the people who were the causes of the Quran being revealed. And this applies to the Sahaba only, and also the the correlation to pagan flourish when verses were revealed about them. But this is not a blessing for them. This is a curse for them. And it is a blessing for the Sahaba. So the Sahaba would compile amongst themselves, who has the most number of verses revealed because of them, and they would obviously it's a matter of pride for them. And our modern hotel probably has the greatest number that we know of Omaha Paul probably has the greatest number that we know of. And so we have verses
of the Quran because of things that Omar did or said. And we'll mention some of them that we know for sure. of the most famous of these narrations are Modi himself said, wow factor Beefeater lesson. I agreed with my Lord and three matters. I agreed with a lot in three matters. And he's saying this out of Adam because you cannot say soft Allah, Allah agreed with me, that would not be appropriate islamically even though Omar was the one who basically suggested it, but of course allas knowledge already had that armor was suggested. Right. So then Allah then revealed reverse confirming what are suggested, but what cannot say
Law agreed with me because that's totally wrong theologically. So out of other he said, I agreed with a law meaning what does it mean agreed with, I happen to coincide with the verdict of Allah. I said something that Allah then affirmed what I said, this is the meaning of life after I agree with in three things and there are more than three but he is mentioning these three. Number one, he said that I was the one to first suggest to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that all messenger of Allah, why don't you take the vakama Ibrahim as a place to pray.
And so Allah revealed what to do or what to do both of them Min mahkamah Ibrahima masala. Take them a comment for him as a place of prayer. Number two, he said
I said to the prophet SAW Selim that Yasuda law, both evil and good people enter your household. So why don't you ask the Omaha's remote meaning to take hijab?
And so Allah subhana wa tada revealed to the hijab what he does ultimately no matter and first aluminum in World War II, hey john, this is rutile as of right now, remember I said this before just to remind you,
the Quranic term hijab does not mean that headscarf This is a modern connotation of hijab,
hours sisters and us when we say a job, we actually mean the headscarf. Does she wear hijab means a headscarf, okay. I wear the hijab means the headscarf. But the Quranic term for hijab
is a physical curtain in the room dangling from the from the ceiling, a room that has a physical barrier.
And the Quranic term for headscarf is kaymar.
While you're living to be humble in Allah jubin CMR is the headscarf and the wives of the Prophet SAW Selim had a special ruling that no other woman has. And that is their remarks and their jobs are not enough.
They have to have a third layer beyond that. And that is the hijab. So even their bodies in their hijabs in their jobs, and their grandmas should also be covered when possible, when possible. Of course, they could leave their houses when they needed to, but they should try even more than what regularly is done. And so Allah azza wa jal says very clearly, if you want to ask the mothers of the believers for anything, asked from behind a hijab, and that is where we have authentic narrations that when, after the death of the process that the Sahaba would ask Ayesha for something they would say. And so she spoke from behind the hijab, or she said this from behind the veil, and the Ottawa
who is the nephew of Asia. So asthma is his mother. And so Ottawa sorry, as far as his grandmother, or the weapon is obeyed, and Zubaydah is the son of asthma. So odawa is the grand nephew of Arusha. rota was one of the few people who would tell us that I was with Asia. And you know, she lifted the hijab. So he could see the grave with the process of them, because they're always no matter what was a Muslim to her, he can go in and whatnot. And so the point is that Omar is saying, the verse of hijab came down because of me, I was the one who asked the process of to do this, and then Allah affirmed it by revealing the verse of hijab. So this is the second one he mentioned. The third one
was that when the profitsystem had a dispute with his wives.
So this is the famous one month dispute, and we'll talk about that, again, that Omar played an instrumental role.
I was the one who went to some of them, to chastise them to put them in their place, basically, that don't do this, don't do this, come back to the process him and he first went to his own daughter half saw, he first went to his own daughter half saw, and he was very strict. Of course, he's the father. He has every right to be strict with his daughter. And he rebuked his daughter that look at what you've done, and because of your tongue, and because you spoke up and because you did, you should not. And then what is Omar, he went to other wives as well, to chastise them, like why are you disturbing the process of in this manner? And of course, our issue is also the son of the
daughter of Abu Bakar. And she will not be quiet when Omar is talking to her in this manner. And so she says, Omar, don't you think that the processor can manage his own affairs? It doesn't need you. Like why are you coming and telling us what you think we need to do and so on.
Moreover, the hot dog says that Be careful. Be careful. It is possible if he divorces you. Allah will give him better women then all of you. Okay, now he's including his own daughter.
Like he's including his own daughter. And after this Allah subhana wa tada revealed.
Asada boo impart upon you Bella, who is watching hieromonk una Muslim at the moment, as you call it, it diverted to the end of the verse. So explosively the same thing that Omar said that, if Allah wills he can give women better than you. So, the same phrase that Omar used, eventually Allah subhanaw taala revealed it in the Quran. So Omar says I agreed with a lot in these three things. Is it only these three things? No, there are other incidents. What is another famous incident that was almost that eventually became caught on? Brother excellent brother, right? Brother, the incident that the prisoners about that, that the suggestion of Roma, the suggestion of Roma was that this is
not the time to be merciful. Mercy is done when you're in power. Not when you're struggling and you're still weak, then you need to demonstrate. And so Allah has already revealed in the Quran
Makana, Debian and Nicola Hua surah Hector youth in a film, which is a similar sentiment, what are what we
wanted. So, this is another agreement. It is also reported in Sahih Muslim in yet another incident. So, this is now the fifth ayah. It is also reported in Sahih Muslim that when Abdullah even obey even salute died, his body was brought to the masjid on the janazah and the process of him came to lead the janazah and Omar stood between the body and the prophet SAW Selim. And he said yeah Rasool Allah, or messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, are you going to pray over I do Allah
The one who said this and this on that day, and this and this on that day, and this and this on that day. So he began listing. I mean, this is Abdullah even said, Well, what has he not done?
What phrases he said the vulgarity, the ridicule, the mockery, the insinuations, he was the one who engineered almost the the hand of treachery,
so many things, and everybody knows this. And honorable hottub says that, how can you pray for the Messenger of Allah? How can you pray for the software? How can it be for the enemy of Allah or messenger of Allah? And he listed all of these crimes that Abdullah bin obey had committed, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, leave me be or Omar let me do what I'm doing or Omar for Allah gave me the choice and I have made my choice. What is the choice? This is an early revelation is stokfella home, Ola testuff Perla home into sulphur la home severina Ratan felonio for Allahu Allah home, seek forgiveness for them enough to own or don't seek forgiveness, you have the choice.
Then Allah says, But no, even if you seek forgiveness 70 times alone will not forgive them.
And the process of them said,
If I knew that, adding more than 70 would forgive them, I would add more than 70
if I knew 71 was worth forgive, I would do 71. So when the process of them said this, he then led the janazah and he accompanied the body to bulkier and he entered the grave himself. And he helped in varying Abdullah innovativen salute, because he is Rahmatullah datamine. Because that is his nature, because he wants forgiveness for everybody.
And omoto hapa began feeling very guilty. What did I just do? How could I have questioned the judgment of the prophets I seldom why was I standing between the body and him like basically saying that he should not be praying. So it goes I only began to feel that it began to feel that and barely any time had passed before Allah revealed in the Quran.
Surah tober. One or two suddenly I had a man who Mata Abaddon wala to whom Allah Kaveri never pray for any one of them who ever dies, and never stand at their graves.
So this is the later prohibition that forbade the Muslims from praying over the known hypocrites, and the known hypocrites were few in number, the unknown hypocrites you pray over, if you don't know, but the known hypocrites and aldehyde away was a known hypocrite. So the prohibition came after
Via low Thailand who suggested this that he should not pray for the for the hypocrites. And
so this is what number now?
Five, this is five, the sixth one that we find the sixth one that we find and this is not exhaustive By the way, I'm just giving you some and some scholars have made more than this.
The sixth one that we find is that once the process of them sent a young boy to get out of the hot tub and bring him and the young boy just barged into the house of Omar and Omar was sleeping on his bed and perhaps he wasn't dressed fully appropriately is his bed is his house. And so, Bob said to the process of them, that Yasuda law, I wish Allah would reveal something about his state than about permission. Like what is the rulings about permission? And so Allah subhana wa tada revealed you're letting me know Leah, didn't como La Nina, Malacca, Monaco, Bolivian Lambo Diablo para Mirage, which is the verse in Surah ignore that deals with is the one
that deals with permission that you're not allowed to enter without getting permission. And even those in your household, young children and whatnot, especially the young children whatnot, they should have three timings we should teach them never enter. And anyone other than them that's older at all times they have to get permission. But the young children they should be taught these are the times you do not enter. So this was revealed because of roamers request to the prophet SAW Selim that all messenger of Allah How I wish Allah would reveal something about permission of entering and there's another, so this is number six now, right? So number seven, and this one
is not mentioned in the books of Hadith, but it is mentioned in some of the early books. So see, that it is mentioned that omotola hottub wanted clarification about alcohol Hummer.
He wanted clarification about karma. And so Allah revealed in the Quran, the first verse that was really about Hummer that Allah says in the Quran, there's some benefit and some harm and the benefit and the harm outweighs the benefit, right? That there's a lot of harm and some benefit, and the harm outweighs the benefit. So Omar said, Oh Allah, we want Shafi caffee we want to buy and that is clear. The system ambiguous. So Allah revealed in the Quran, oh, you believe do not come to the prayer while you're drunk.
And so in the event for a few months or however many long time there was a phrase that said, Do not come to the Salah if you are drunk.
So the people need to be told don't come if you're drunk, but almost said Oh Allah we want to buy an Shafi and cafe we want to clear explicit verdict. This is still ambiguous and vague. What is the clear verdict about Homer? And so Allah subhana wa tada den revealed the third verse about alcohol and that is Yeah, add Domino in our hello world may sudo. What ensemble Islamic religious terminology should only theurge attendee boo. All of these things are evil, avoid them. And so I'm going to have Bob said we are avoiding them, we are avoiding them. Now. This might not be at the request of Omar it could be that or more once more buy in. And so Allah azza wa jal is any
clarifying In any case, the point is always linked to the story. And what is linked to the story of the verses of alcohol and Armando hotdog is a well known Sahabi when it comes to the seat of the Quran. Omar was indeed one of the most knowledgeable Sahaba of the Quran and his interpretation. And we learned this from so many a hadith from so many a hadith that mentioned that mentioned almost knowledge of the Koran of them is that a number of times are what is asked questions about verses and he already says I asked the processing the exact same thing, or I know the meaning of this verse, which shows that our hapa was very concerned about the seal directly from the Prophet
salallahu alayhi wasallam. In Sahih Muslim we read the Hadith that Yeah, they even omiya one of the Sahaba he asks
that amirul momineen when he's the halifa miramont meaning Allah mentions in the Quran, that ossur should only be done when we're scared of the enemy. In the Quran, Allah says in the Quran, felice alikum, Jonathan and oxonian sadati in his tomb and you have to nicolina careful. If you're worried that somebody's going to attack you, then go ahead and do a search
on my ear said Yala said oh amirul momineen Why are we still doing cossar
when we're not worried about any attack?
So the Koran does not mention offer except as a response to an attack.
And yeah, there is asking where do we get also from them.
Not feeling worried. And Bob said, I asked the Prophet system the exact same question as you.
And he said, sadaqa from Allah, and Allah loves that you accept him. Now this is the basis of all of them without him that allow us because the Koran does not mention us except in situations of war. But Alma de la casa, in for the most awful. Where do they get it from? From this hadith of Omar. And the fact that Omar asked the Prophet system, the exact same question that he either was interested in also demonstrates his questioning. In another narration. somebody asks, I'm going to talk about another verse of the Quran. This is the famous verse of suited out offers 172, that the verse of the covenant, the metok, of Adam, that when your Lord took the meat out of Adam, were the horrible
company at the middle of the reactome, which had
become, Am I not your Lord? And they said, Yes, You are our Lord. So somebody asked him, What What does this verse mean? What is the story behind this verse? So once again, Omar says that I heard the process of being asked this, and this is what he said. And he then gave the whole haidet, which is a famous editor of the Mita, in that, and we went over this with the class of Adam, that Allah created Adam, and then he rubbed his back and then took out all of the children from his Nestle from his loins, and then he spread them in front of him. So this Hadith, once again, Oman is the one interpreting it. And he's already asked the process of where he knows the interpretation from the
Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So under, and there are at least another five or six narrations that I didn't want to get into. But the point is, to demonstrate almost knowledge of Tafseer, and almost knowledge of the Koran, as for a hadith that deal with Anwar and fix that we learned and the status of Roma
the blessings of Allah is going to be next Wednesday, we'll talk about the football aroma and Hadith. So today, we're just gonna mention some a Hadith, that the rulings have come down to us basically, because of Bob's asking the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Of course, by the way, the famous hadith of gibreel. Omar plays a prominent role in it, the hadith of God, because at the end, who does the process of him ask? Do you know who the questioner is? It is Omar, he turns to Homer. And he asks, What Oh, do you know who the questioner is? And this is enough an indication of the status of Roma that the process of chose him and asked him Do you know who the questioner is,
and many ahaadeeth are the basis of filk because Omar asked the Prophet system or did something that the process of commanded him otherwise we would not have known of these rulings of them, is the ruling of gifting silk to others, women or non Muslims. This is from the hadith of Rama, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, once or more wanted him to
Oman wanted to give the process of something of silk. And the process of them said, this is something that the people who don't believe in the asherah where this is something for the people who don't have any share of the hereafter. Later on the process of them gifted Omar some cells that have come in the booty. So Omar became concerned, he said, Oh, you're the one who said that. The one who has no share that here afterwards silk yet you gave me silk. So he's worried Are you implying, I'm not going to have my share of the laughter. And the President said, I didn't mean it for you to use personally.
means you don't have to wear it yourself. You can give it to others. Women are allowed to wear so others. And so our gifted silk to a non Muslim brother, he gave it to him. He had a brother in Makkah, who was not a Muslim, and he sent the silk to him. So the point being that we learned from this, yes, of course men can touch silk can gift it can use it for other purposes other than themselves wearing it or benefiting from it. We also have the Hadith,
of the abominable hottub that he said I gave a horse in charity to somebody who might thought would use it FISA vitola in a war, but I saw that he neglected the animal and he didn't take care of it.
So I wanted it back.
So I was going to ask him, how much is he going to sell it to me back for and I'll take it back. Then I said let me ask the profitsystem this. So he went to the processor and told him the whole story. And the Profit System said to him, Do not take it back. Even if he sells you the horse for a did him for a for a coin, even if it sells us for did him for the one who takes back his gift or sadhaka is like the dog who takes his vomit back. All of us know this Hadith, the hadith of taking something back once you get
Three, four, fifth, sixth, sixth,
seventh. Now, let's keep on going on.
Who's the first wife obviously, Khadija who's the second wife. So the third wife, Ayesha houses, the fourth.
House is the fourth. Okay. hafsa is the fourth wife of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam. And
we will talk about the story of house law and and the details we'll have. So when we get to the Omaha minion, and the final point, absolutely final point inshallah, that another very important incident that took place regarding Omar and the prophets of Salaam is that he was the one who
intervened, not intervene, he was the one who got involved when the process was having a dispute with his wives, out of all of the Sahaba, none of them had that status to talk to him about what's going on. And he was the one who eventually managed to enter into that small room, that was a chamber in the message. So there was a chamber in the messenger to the processor, you would have to use a ladder to get into it, small little room, in the message of the prophets, Allah Salah, and when the process that I'm had this dispute with his wives for an entire month, he slept one month in that chamber, and the entire city of Medina was hurt and confused. But who's going to get involved?
Who is going to become now you know, in between this, and
Omar was the one who want to have So first and foremost, and then to the otherwise of the president to get what's happening from them, and not just to get out to rebuke them to to say, What are you doing? How could you do this to the process, and then he was the one who finally entered into that room, because nobody even had the audacity to ask permission to go in. And he was the one who was given permission. That's when he saw how the process was living the famous story, you all know, that he saw the process of them did not even have a bed, and he just had a pot of water, and just a bamboo stick that he's sleeping on. And he began to cry, that he's sleeping like this for so many
weeks in this room. And he says on messenger of Allah.
Allah has blessed case law and and and and the Caesar with so much, why don't you ask Allah to bless you? And that's one of the process and stood up from his bamboo stick and said, Are you in doubt you have no hop? Do you not understand what we are doing here? Are you in doubt? Don't you realize Allah has given them this dunya and he's given us the Akira. And then as the conversation goes on, he lightens up the mood by because it's a tense situation, the processor is having a dispute with his wives. And of course, the main point of dispute was what was the standards of living, that the wives are demanding? More and the process from does not want to give them he wants to go to the Ohara. And
that's why Allah revealed in the Quran that if you want this dunya come and I'll give it, but you will have to go your separate ways. But if you want Allah and His Messenger, and the next life, then this is what I have to offer you. And of course, although this side point here, but
the profitsystem had to be that role model for us. He had to be the role model that is, frankly, almost impossible for anybody to reach. But that's why he is Rasulullah so subtle, that even his wives have to sacrifice for him. And so they were given the choice. The point being, the situation is very tense, they don't know what to do. And Armando hapa was the one who
is trying to break the ice. And so he cracked some jokes about the women. Because that's what men do, about the women and women do about the men is the reality, right? women always put their men and husbands down. And men as well, they talk about men never ever mentioned their wives by the way. They mentioned women. Okay, big difference, whereas women will mention their husbands, you know what my husband did? Right? This is a big psychological difference between men and women. So what we'll have is now talking about women to cheer the process and above, and he says, When I miss the good old days, Yasuda law, and MCE our women were obedient, silent, subservient. If we said something,
they did it immediately. Then we came to Medina and these unsightly ladies, they ruined all of our wives. And they taught them to respond back to us and to argue with us, you know, I want the good old days back. And the prophets are seldom smiled and said this was the big burden lifted that I could see him smile. Like just to see the process of smile now. So it's as if hamdulillah I'm making progress, and then bit by bit bit by bit until finally, did you divorce your wife
messenger of Allah. No, I haven't. Allahu Akbar from that room, the whole Sahaba heard. Like, he's so happy, he got the answer. The wives have not been divorced, okay, his degree was so loud everybody in the masjid knew that this is good news that the wives have not been divorced. So again, who is the person who did that, that is going to pop up. And again, this shows us the macom of America. And inshallah, next Wednesday, we'll continue talking about the felida, or the blessings of Omar and also one or two incidents in the in the, in the falafel bucket. So do we just have a little bit and then some major incidents in his lifetime. And again, I reiterate what I have said before,
and that is that this is not a detailed biography of the whole of our rashidun, like we did with the profitsystem Syrah. Rather, it is bits and pieces, a holistic survey, and even with the whole of our going into more detail, once we finish the whole alpha will choose the rest of the Sahaba, maybe just one lecture, personal hobby, if even that some silo, we don't even have that much we might have to do to Sahaba per day, or depends on how much we have, and then inshallah with data we will move to the mothers of the believers are Mahajan, woman in insha, Allah Tada. Any quick questions about what we've done today? before we break for a shot? Yes.
No, it's not at all endowments can be for anybody. You are the person who is in charge of the endowment, you are the one who gets to decide you, you are the one who gets to decide who uses the endowment. So, for example, you can say that, when I die, this garden shall be used for the orphans of this particular madrasa. Or you can say, it will be used for the full color of this city, or you can still be used for my family members who are poor, you as the person who chooses the endowment has the right to put all the conditions that you want on it. And it can be as specific or as general as you want.
Now, of course, you can have damage for the mosque. Of course you can is
no, no, of course not. Historically speaking, the reason why scholarship and mustards flourished in Islam was not because of the state, it was because of the endowments.
the reason why scholarship was independent. One of the biggest problems that has taken place is that in the last 150 years, after the advent of colonialism, the Oh off was acquired by the governments.
And what they used to be independent, became dependent upon the government. Simple example of as her for example, not to be controversial, but less than 100 years ago, was when as her was acquired by the government. And there was a huge
rebellion by the Obama versa. They didn't want to be acquired. Because once you're acquired, you're in big trouble. You are salaried employees. You cannot speak your mind. You have influence, so on so forth, our dilemma? How did our dilemma used to live once upon a time who would take care of them? That's the beauty of the classical system was independent, once you are associated with the madrasa with as mustard, so people will leave endowments for the madrasa and they will say, when I die, this building will be rented out and the profits will go to the running of the madrasa. So the madrasa board is getting money from different sources, and they don't have to respond to a politician,
assault on an immediate, they are independent. And so an AMA flourished because of this. The salaries of the hotties and imams was not the government was not the whole affair. Unfortunately, this is the modern reality of most countries in the Arab and Muslim world. Correct. So when the government is paying your salary, guess what? Your multiple is influenced by your salary.
Human nature. Right. And this is one of the biggest problems that has happened that you have and the fact of the matter is we also have the same issue here in North America where a lot of times the masjid board will control what the Imam says right where the Imam cannot be independent hamdulillah I am independent worry from data. That was my one of my first conditions and humble and this is the reality as well as humble as you
All known this is before the light Allah upon a lot of blessings on all of us at Hamdulillah, that in this community and Hamdulillah, we are very, very blessed. But the fact of the matter is, let's be real here.
How common is it, that the Imam says something that is too strict for the community, the board doesn't like it.
And then the he gets fired. Because why? Because the board did not like what the Imam said. So what's going to happen, the Imams learn, keep quiet, and preach the version of Islam that the board wants, what type of benefit will come from the oma and this manner. So this is one of the biggest benefits of the O cough system.
This was the benefit of the O cough system that caused our oma to flourish. And one of the causes of decline of the AMA was the destruction of the cough, and the acquirement of the governments of what the Oh cough used to do, even in the hereafter. Building messages and madrassas, and the salaries of the religious clergy was not under the halifa. And this is one of the biggest blessings of a lot on the oma because you don't want it linked together. Anyway, I went to too long tangent, but that was to answer your question, we need to revive this concept. And again, there's actually books written on this. The concept of an endowment is Islamic. The Western world did not know what endowment is.
It did not know what an endowment it is an Islamic concept that was then acquired by the western institutions. And then they built upon it, and they took it to a different level. But the in reality, the first civilization to have something like an endowment where the asset or the structure remains, and the profits benefit something else. And nobody can sell or buy or acquire the muscle, whether it's a garden, whether it's a building, in our case, and the amount of money which is in stocks, for example, that amount cannot be touched. This is new in human civilization. Nobody before these are more than others gave that principle and that's why it's so important that we understand
and thanks for opening this door shala we will conclude here inshallah.