Yasir Qadhi – History And Facts Of JaFar As Sadiq

Yasir Qadhi
AI: Summary © The transcript discusses the lineage and importance of Ja'far Sadiq, the son of Muhammad Albaque and the son of AliFO. The lineage of Sadiq's father, the only one in all of early history, is also discussed. The transcript provides background information on various political and military dynamics of the Senate and Sunnis' political rivalries. The "outside" of Sunnis' political rivalries is discussed, including the "outside" of Sunnis' groups and their followers.
AI: Transcript ©
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So today I was, reading for a project

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I'm doing about history, and, I was doing

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about the Abbasids, and a figure came up

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and I thought, subhanAllah,

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we should have a quick short khatira about

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a figure of importance in our history,

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and someone who really represents

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a very interesting window into early Islam, and

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that is the figure of one of the

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great great grandsons of our Prophet salallahu alaihi

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wa sallam, Ja'far al Sadiq. So today, inshaAllah,

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we're gonna summarize one of the important lessons.

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Ja'far as Sadiq is one of the most

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important scholars

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of our religion.

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And

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one of the issues that comes up is

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that how we understand him is a sectarian

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issue. Obviously, we are coming from a Sunni

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paradigm. I'll just briefly reference how the Twelvers

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also look at him, but we just because

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people have a different view, doesn't mean we

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should not preach our view as well. And

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we have to have a very fair assessment

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of this great icon, this great hero, this

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academic and intellectual

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icon of early Islam.

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Imam Ja'far as Sadiq, he is the son

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of Muhammad Al Baqir.

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And Muhammad Al Baqir is the son of

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Ali zin al Abideen, who is the son

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of Hussain, who is the son of Ali

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radhiallahu an, who is the son of the

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Abu Talib. All of them are of course

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considered to be from the Banu Hashim, from

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the Hashimites, from the Alalbayt.

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And so Ja'far's

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grandfather,

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Ja'far's grandfather is the son of Hussein radiAllahu

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an. And when the incident of Karbala happened,

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all of Hussain's children were killed except

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his grandfather. Right? And so, Ali Zainul Abideen

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was the one person who survived Karbala.

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He had a number of sons. Muhammad Al

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Baqir is the eldest, and the he's called

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Al Baqir from Baqarah,

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because it's as if he he combined all

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of ilms. So that's Muhammad al Bakr. Muhammad

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al Bakr's

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eldest son is Ja'far. And Ja'far is called

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Ja'far as Sadiq, or Abu Abdullah Ja'far as

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Sadiq, because he was known for his piety

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and he never told any lie. So he's

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called Jafar as Sadiq. And he was born

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in Madinah, lived in Madinah, and died in

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Madinah. He is Madani through and through. He

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is the last of the al al bayt

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to be Madani as I'll explain why. He

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is the last one buried there as I'll

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explain why. So he represents a historic shift

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from Madinah for the Alal Bayt to Iraq,

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and I'll explain why towards the end of

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our lecture. So he was born 80 hijrah.

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And did he see any of the Sahaba?

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This is a bit of a controversy or

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contested issue. Maybe he saw Anas ibn Malik.

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Because Anas ibn Malik, when did he die?

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Who can tell me? Who knows? When did

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Anas ibn Malik die?

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95, 96 is very good, right? So Ja'far

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as Sadiq is born 80 hijra, but Anas

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did not live in Madinah.

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Anas lived in Iraq. So maybe he visited

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or maybe the other way around. So maybe,

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we're not sure. But for sure he saw

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the sons of the Sahaba, and he saw

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the Tabi'un.

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And his father is narrating from the Sahaba.

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And so he has 1 or 2 people

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between him and the sahaba of the Prophet

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sallallahu alaihi wasallam. Now, very interesting,

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Ja'far al Sadiq is, of course, directly from

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the progeny of Ali radhiallahu an. And in

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fact, there's intermarriages, so he's from Ali radhiallahu

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an, from 2 different ancestors. Not just directly

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from his father, but one of his mother's

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mothers is also from Ali radiallahu an. So

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he is a double

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birth from Ali radiallahu an.

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And very interesting,

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he has a double

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lineage back to Abu Bakr as Siddiq as

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well.

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One of the only people in all of

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early history, he is related directly,

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biologically to Ali radhiallahu an and to Abu

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Bakr as saliq radiallahu an. How so? So

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his mother, I e Ja'far's mother is Fatima,

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the granddaughter

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of Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr as Siddiq. Okay?

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So Muhammad is the youngest son of Abu

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Bakr. Actually,

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Muhammad was born after Abu Bakr died. Abu

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Bakr never held Muhammad in his hands because,

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his mother, Muhammad's mother was pregnant, Abu Bakr

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passed away. Right? So Muhammad is the youngest

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of Abu Bakr as Siddiq's,

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children,

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and his granddaughter

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is the one who married Muhammad Al Bakr.

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So Muhammad Al Baqir married the granddaughter of

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Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr, and so they had

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Who do they have? Are you guys confused

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already, or Who do they have?

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Very good. Ja'far as Sadiq. Okay. So this

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is now directly Abu Bakr as Siddiq. One

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more lineage to confuse you just a little

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bit, and that is

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Ja'far as Sadiq's

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maternal

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sorry, paternal grandmother. Even now I'm getting confused.

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Ja'far as Sadiq's paternal grandmother

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is another granddaughter of Abu Bakr through his

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eldest son, Abdurrahman ibn Abi Bakr. So Abdurrahman's

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granddaughter

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is Ja'far as Sadiq's grandmother.

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And Muhammad's

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granddaughter,

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and Abdurrahman and Muhammad, the difference between them

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is

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30 years?

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40, 30, 30, 30, 25 years. I mean,

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there's a little big gap. Between Abdul Rahman

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who's the eldest son by the way, Abdul

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Rahman is the full brother of

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Aisha. Very good. Abdul Rahman is the full

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brother of Aisha. Right? So Abdul Rahman and

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Aisha, they're the only 2 full siblings, Abu

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Bakr as Sadir. So

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Abu Bakr's granddaughter

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is Ja'far as Sadiq's grandmother,

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and

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Muhammad's

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granddaughter

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is Ja'far as Sadiq's

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mother.

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So he used to say,

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Ali radhiallahu an gave birth to me twice,

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and Abu Bakr gave birth to me twice.

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Because in his ancestry,

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obviously, Ali is the sun sun sunset. That's

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direct. Right? And also through one of his

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grandmothers is also

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granddaughter of Ali. And Abu Bakr also, 2

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of his granddaughters

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are from his immediate ancestry. So he's one

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of those unique people. And this shows us

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as well, and you know I don't like

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to get sectarian, but we have to teach

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facts here. Our understanding of early Islam,

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there wasn't this level of animosity

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between the Al al Bayt and between the

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senior sahaba. This is our understanding. Right?

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And these these types of things, they prove

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this. That you have intermarriages going on, You

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have, you know, the descendants of Ali radiAllahu

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an marrying the descendants of Umar and the

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descendants of Ubakr. And this is historic fact,

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right, that we we we have that version

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of history. So he was born in the

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80th year of the hijra, and one of

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the most interesting things about him,

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in that time frame, there was a lot

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of political turmoil,

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a lot of civil war going on. Ja'far

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as Sadiq witnessed the end of the Umayyad

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dynasty

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and the rise of the Abbasid dynasty. He

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is alive. He is a full grown adult

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at this time frame, and he manages to

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maneuver through a very very difficult civil war

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unscathed.

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He himself was never jailed. He himself was

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never in political turmoil. He lived a very

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wise astute life in this regard. And in

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fact, one of the policies he adopted, I'm

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not gonna get involved in SIASA.

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He did not get involved in politics.

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Unlike

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some of his relatives,

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his own uncle, Muhammad al Bakr's younger brother,

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his own Chacha, his own uncle, paternal uncle,

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his own uncle

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led one of the largest revolts against the

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Umayyad dynasty in his lifetime. Ja'far was a

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young child, I mean child. Ja'far was

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in his thirties. So he's not young, he's

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a young man. Ja'far was in his thirties,

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and his uncle leads a revolt.

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It was the most powerful revolt before the

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revolt of the Umayyads,

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revolt of the Abbasids.

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The most powerful,

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and it was very close to being successful.

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But Ja'far as Sadiq refused to join. He

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goes, I don't want to join this. And

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his uncle,

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what's his uncle's name? Who knows?

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Zayd.

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Zayd ibn

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Ali. So Muhammad al Baqir bin Ali, Zayd

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bin Ali, Zain Abideen.

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You know the Zaidi sect

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in Yemen,

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the Zaidi Shia, they go back to the

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Zaid. The Zaidis of Yemen, they go back

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to the Zaid. So his uncle Zayd left

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Madinah

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with 15,000

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people in his army. That's a massive army.

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And he traveled to Kufa

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just like his grandfather had traveled to Kufa

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and Karbari, just like Hussain had done that.

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And he traveled to Kufa. And this time

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he was successful in launching a war. By

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the way, the Umayyads

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people did not like them. There were so

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many revolts against them. You know politicians always,

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this is the reality. And the Umayyads had

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their long list of false. You had the

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revolts of the Mawali, the non Arabs. You

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had the revolts of the zunuj. You had

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the revolts of the Ibadis. You had the

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revolts of the al al bayt as well.

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And the al al bayts were the most

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powerful. They had a lot of support. And

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his uncle called Ja'far, come join. Ja'far said,

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I'm not going to, it's fine.

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You do what you want to do, I'm

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not gonna join. Ja'far did not join. And

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his uncle,

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you know, his own people, many of them

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abandoned his uncle, just like the same thing

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happened to the grandfather. And, the Umayyads managed

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to kill, and they really brutally massacred the

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army, and they they really did a lot

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of evil things to the body. I mean,

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you know, they took it out of the

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ground. It is what it is. Is. That's

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the way the way of the world. Always

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politics is like this. Right? So Ja'far managed

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to save himself from that. 5 years later,

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the Abbasids start rising up, And the Abbasids

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now

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under,

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as Safa,

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who is the founder of the Abbasid dynasty,

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As Safa'ih sends a messenger to Ja'far as

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Sadiq, come join our revolt, and we have

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the largest army, and this and that. And

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there was a agreement, if you join,

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I will make you our figure leader head,

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because you are al al bayt.

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You are sulalatan Nabi. You are of the

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descendants of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam,

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and the people love you. They wanted to

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use him as a token and a pawn.

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Why? Because he had the most mass support

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of the Muslims at the time. How could

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he not? He's a descendant of the prophet,

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and he is a scholar and he's an

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'alim and he's living in Madinah. He's teaching

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in the prophet as salam's masjid. And so,

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as Safa says to him, come join secret

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agreement. You know, come, and we will put

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you the figurehead, and we will overthrow the

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Umayyads.

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And he once again refused.

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And as Safa was successful,

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and a massive civil war takes place, and

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he massacres the Umayyad. When I say massacres,

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I mean he massacred

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every single

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100 or 1000 of princes and princesses

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around the Muslim empire. That's why he's called

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the butcher. The founder of the Abbasid al

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Diniz is called the butcher al Safa, or

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not the butcher, you can say, but the

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the bloodthirsty, like the one who's spilling blood.

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You can call him butcher in English. Right?

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His title was the bloodthirsty

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because he just killed every opponent of his.

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And as Safa promised the alulbayt

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that you join forces,

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and you shall be the kings, you shall

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be the khulafa.

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But politics is politics.

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As soon as he got to Kursi, what

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did he do?

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Turned his back

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and started killing his own people. This is

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the way of politics. Right? And the people

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that joined

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turned out

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even his main generals,

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some of them were threats to him and

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he killed them. And the only one Umayyad

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prince managed to flee for his life. Only

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one. I told talked about his story few

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years ago. What's his name?

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Abdurrahman ad Dahil who fled to

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Andalus.

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And Andalus, they started the Umayyad dynasty over

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there. One prince managed to flee for his

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life

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and run to Andalus. So, Ja'far as Sadiq,

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in his wisdom, managed to save his life.

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Because had he joined,

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al Saffah would have killed him immediately.

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But as Safa, after he became top, but

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as Safa, because he didn't join, he remained

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neutral. So as Safa didn't have any children.

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When as Safa was on his deathbed, he

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told his brother, Abuja'afar al Mansur, you're gonna

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be the khalifa after me. So Abuja'afar al

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Mansur is the real founder

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of the Abbasids, because as Safa was the

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one who opened the door, who established the

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dynasty, he dies. Abu Jafar al Mansur

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was a person, 24 years he ruled the

00:12:15 --> 00:12:18

the Ummah, and he established the Abbasid dynasty

00:12:19 --> 00:12:19

in Baghdad.

00:12:20 --> 00:12:22

But as every politician,

00:12:22 --> 00:12:25

he's worried about internal revolts and threats. And

00:12:25 --> 00:12:29

who's his biggest threat? The very people that

00:12:29 --> 00:12:31

they promised if you join, you will be

00:12:31 --> 00:12:33

given. And they betrayed them, and that is

00:12:33 --> 00:12:34

the alilbayt.

00:12:34 --> 00:12:36

So his biggest threat is who?

00:12:36 --> 00:12:37

Ja'far as sadiq.

00:12:38 --> 00:12:41

Ja'far as sadiq. And so, he is very

00:12:41 --> 00:12:43

worried, and there's a lot of, you know,

00:12:43 --> 00:12:44

notion here.

00:12:44 --> 00:12:46

The people, the people,

00:12:47 --> 00:12:49

they wanted Ja'far as Sadiq to revolt,

00:12:49 --> 00:12:51

but Ja'far as Sadiq refused.

00:12:52 --> 00:12:54

They wanted him, just like his uncle, go

00:12:54 --> 00:12:55

and do this, go. He refused to do

00:12:55 --> 00:12:58

that. And at one point in time,

00:12:59 --> 00:13:00

Abu Jafar al Mansur, don't get confused. They're

00:13:00 --> 00:13:01

Jafar al Sadiq and Abu Jafar al Mansur,

00:13:01 --> 00:13:03

both Jafar. Abu Jafar is the khalifa, Jafar

00:13:03 --> 00:13:04

is the guy we're talking about. At one

00:13:04 --> 00:13:05

point, Abu Jafar

00:13:08 --> 00:13:11

swore to Allah that all of this talk

00:13:11 --> 00:13:13

of Ja'far, as sadiq, I'm gonna execute him,

00:13:13 --> 00:13:15

get rid of all of this fitna. So

00:13:15 --> 00:13:17

he sent the emissaries, go bring him from

00:13:17 --> 00:13:20

Madinah. Go bring him to me. So Ja'far

00:13:20 --> 00:13:22

as Sadiq traveled

00:13:22 --> 00:13:24

from Madinah to Baghdad.

00:13:25 --> 00:13:28

And Abu Jafarhal made an oath to Allah,

00:13:28 --> 00:13:30

I shall execute this person, because of the

00:13:30 --> 00:13:33

threat, because the power, because of the popularity.

00:13:33 --> 00:13:36

And the guards mention that they prepare for

00:13:36 --> 00:13:37

the execution.

00:13:38 --> 00:13:41

And Ja'far as Sadiq, the morning of the

00:13:41 --> 00:13:43

interviewer, the morning of the meeting, he wore

00:13:43 --> 00:13:46

his kafan inside of his thawb, that this

00:13:46 --> 00:13:47

is khalas, I'm gonna be gone, I'm gonna

00:13:47 --> 00:13:49

be gone. He wore his shroud, because

00:13:50 --> 00:13:52

when you execute in that way, they don't

00:13:52 --> 00:13:54

give you a dignified burial. So they just

00:13:54 --> 00:13:56

do so. He wore his shroud, and he

00:13:56 --> 00:13:59

made special dua to Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala.

00:13:59 --> 00:14:01

The guards say, we saw him move his

00:14:01 --> 00:14:03

tongue and raise his lips before entering the

00:14:03 --> 00:14:05

palace. And when he entered the palace, lo

00:14:05 --> 00:14:06

and behold,

00:14:06 --> 00:14:08

Abuja'afar al Mansur did a 180.

00:14:09 --> 00:14:11

And rather than show anger,

00:14:11 --> 00:14:14

rather than threaten him, he stood up to

00:14:14 --> 00:14:17

greet him. He hugged him, kissed him, and

00:14:17 --> 00:14:20

he brought him onto the so

00:14:20 --> 00:14:22

the khulafa of the Abbasids, they had a

00:14:22 --> 00:14:24

big couch they would sit on. So he

00:14:24 --> 00:14:26

brought him on his own couch,

00:14:26 --> 00:14:28

and he said to him, my dear cousin,

00:14:28 --> 00:14:31

because they are cousins, because Abu Jafar al

00:14:31 --> 00:14:34

Masur is the descendant of ibn Abbas, and,

00:14:34 --> 00:14:36

Jafar al Sadiq is the descendant of Ali

00:14:36 --> 00:14:39

radiAllahu an, and they're cousins. So they're cousins

00:14:39 --> 00:14:40

literally the same. They're both,

00:14:41 --> 00:14:44

Hashima'irk. They're both, descendants of Abdul Mutaleb. So,

00:14:44 --> 00:14:46

cousin, anything I can do for you, anything

00:14:46 --> 00:14:49

you want. And Ja'far as Sadiq said that

00:14:49 --> 00:14:51

the people of Madinah are complaining that you're

00:14:51 --> 00:14:53

not giving them their dues and whatnot, so

00:14:53 --> 00:14:55

please give them their dues. I'm coming from

00:14:55 --> 00:14:57

adina. He didn't ask anything for himself. So

00:14:57 --> 00:14:59

he immediately ordered, go ahead and give them

00:14:59 --> 00:15:01

the supplies. And he gifted him massive gifts

00:15:01 --> 00:15:02

and he,

00:15:02 --> 00:15:05

then honored him on his way out. Somebody

00:15:05 --> 00:15:08

said to the khalifa, didn't you promise,

00:15:08 --> 00:15:11

you swore to Allah, you would execute and

00:15:11 --> 00:15:13

have his head on the ground? You swore

00:15:13 --> 00:15:15

to Allah that his head would not remain

00:15:15 --> 00:15:17

on his neck. How could you do this?

00:15:17 --> 00:15:20

He said, when he entered upon me, I

00:15:20 --> 00:15:22

had this niyyah, but when he entered upon

00:15:22 --> 00:15:23

me,

00:15:23 --> 00:15:25

my heart was filled with an awe.

00:15:26 --> 00:15:29

My heart was filled with a haybah, a

00:15:29 --> 00:15:32

respect, and I could not be rude to

00:15:32 --> 00:15:34

him. I had to show him honor and

00:15:34 --> 00:15:34

respect.

00:15:35 --> 00:15:37

And so he remained in Baghdad for a

00:15:37 --> 00:15:39

while, and in this another interesting story happens.

00:15:40 --> 00:15:42

So he still wanted to demonstrate that Ja'far

00:15:42 --> 00:15:44

as Sadiq is not what people claim him

00:15:44 --> 00:15:45

to be. So

00:15:46 --> 00:15:48

he sent a messenger to Abu Hanifa, because

00:15:48 --> 00:15:50

Abu Hanifa is in Baghdad, and Abu Hanifa

00:15:51 --> 00:15:51

is

00:15:51 --> 00:15:54

the shaykh of Baghdad. He is the mufakih

00:15:55 --> 00:15:57

of Baghdad. He is the greatest scholar of

00:15:57 --> 00:15:59

Baghdad. And he says to him, I want

00:15:59 --> 00:16:01

you to entrap

00:16:01 --> 00:16:04

Ja'far as Sadiq, and show the people that

00:16:04 --> 00:16:07

he's not as scholarly as the people claim.

00:16:07 --> 00:16:09

Put him down in rank.

00:16:09 --> 00:16:11

Show him that he's not as great as

00:16:11 --> 00:16:12

the people say.

00:16:12 --> 00:16:15

And by the way, Abu Jafar al Mansur

00:16:15 --> 00:16:17

did not like Abu Hanifa. Eventually, he jails

00:16:17 --> 00:16:19

Abu Hanifa. Abu Hanifa dies in jail as

00:16:19 --> 00:16:22

well. And Abuja'far al Mansur also whipped Imam

00:16:22 --> 00:16:23

Malik. These are the that's the way it

00:16:23 --> 00:16:24

is, you know. He got angry at Imam

00:16:24 --> 00:16:26

Malik for something. That's the way it is,

00:16:26 --> 00:16:28

you know. So right now he wants to

00:16:28 --> 00:16:29

use him. He goes, You, you're gonna come

00:16:29 --> 00:16:31

to the palace, and you're gonna debate Ja'far

00:16:31 --> 00:16:33

as Sadiq, and you're gonna humiliate Ja'far as

00:16:33 --> 00:16:36

Sadiq. Show the people that he's not that

00:16:36 --> 00:16:38

big of a deal. So Abu Hanifa said,

00:16:38 --> 00:16:41

hayatuh, I prepared the most difficult issues I

00:16:41 --> 00:16:43

could imagine. I mean the khalifa is commanding,

00:16:43 --> 00:16:45

what am I gonna do? I prepared the

00:16:45 --> 00:16:48

most difficult questions. Forty questions I prepared to

00:16:48 --> 00:16:50

show that he doesn't know maybe I can

00:16:50 --> 00:16:52

be show him that he doesn't know what

00:16:52 --> 00:16:53

the reality is, whatnot.

00:16:54 --> 00:16:56

And he says, when I entered in upon

00:16:56 --> 00:16:57

the khalifa,

00:16:57 --> 00:17:00

and Ja'far as Sadiq was sitting there, Abu

00:17:00 --> 00:17:02

Hanifa says the same thing. When I saw

00:17:02 --> 00:17:04

the khalifa on the entourage and sitting on

00:17:04 --> 00:17:07

the chair, and next to him was Ja'far,

00:17:07 --> 00:17:10

he said, my heart fell in awe, not

00:17:10 --> 00:17:12

of the khalifa but of Ja'far. In other

00:17:12 --> 00:17:14

words, the mekh, just the aura,

00:17:14 --> 00:17:16

just the the fact that this is the

00:17:16 --> 00:17:18

great great grandson of the Prophet sallallahu alaihi

00:17:18 --> 00:17:19

wa sallam and his

00:17:19 --> 00:17:22

whole dignity and charisma. And they say that

00:17:22 --> 00:17:23

he looked like, you know, the prophet. He's

00:17:23 --> 00:17:25

every you can imagine. This is the exact,

00:17:25 --> 00:17:27

you know, great great grandson of the Prophet

00:17:27 --> 00:17:29

alaihis salam. He said, I felt an awe

00:17:29 --> 00:17:30

and an embarrassment.

00:17:30 --> 00:17:32

How can I do anything to this? But

00:17:32 --> 00:17:35

I had to because the khalifa is threatening

00:17:35 --> 00:17:37

me as well. I had to. And so

00:17:37 --> 00:17:38

the khalifa says to Ja'far, do you know

00:17:38 --> 00:17:40

who this man is? And Ja'far says, this

00:17:40 --> 00:17:41

must be Abu Hanifa.

00:17:42 --> 00:17:44

He recognized the khqali Must be Abu Hanifa.

00:17:44 --> 00:17:47

Abu Hanifa was known to Ja'far as Sadiq

00:17:47 --> 00:17:48

and vice versa. This is the time that

00:17:48 --> 00:17:49

they met in the palace of the khalifa.

00:17:50 --> 00:17:53

And Abu Jafar said, so do you have

00:17:53 --> 00:17:55

anything to discuss? Prompting him, like wanting him

00:17:55 --> 00:17:57

to know. And so Abu Hanifa said, I

00:17:57 --> 00:18:00

reluctantly brought up every masala, one after the

00:18:00 --> 00:18:01

other.

00:18:01 --> 00:18:03

And every time I asked him any of

00:18:03 --> 00:18:04

these issues,

00:18:05 --> 00:18:07

Ja'far as Sadiq said,

00:18:07 --> 00:18:10

Well, you guys in Kufa, your opinion is

00:18:10 --> 00:18:11

such and such, and this is why you

00:18:11 --> 00:18:14

hold it. And as for Medina, Imam Malik

00:18:14 --> 00:18:15

holds such and such, and this is why

00:18:15 --> 00:18:18

he hold held holds that opinion. And then

00:18:18 --> 00:18:20

sometimes he would agree with me,

00:18:20 --> 00:18:22

sometimes he would agree with Imam Malik, and

00:18:22 --> 00:18:24

sometimes he would have a third opinion.

00:18:24 --> 00:18:27

And every single issue I asked, he had

00:18:27 --> 00:18:28

already

00:18:28 --> 00:18:31

known the answer. He knows the evidences of

00:18:31 --> 00:18:34

all the opinions and he already has his

00:18:34 --> 00:18:37

opinion as well. So he said, I could

00:18:37 --> 00:18:39

not catch him on any of these 40.

00:18:39 --> 00:18:41

Turns out he was more knowledgeable than me.

00:18:41 --> 00:18:43

This Abu Hanifa's testimony.

00:18:43 --> 00:18:45

When Abu Hanifa was asked, who is the

00:18:45 --> 00:18:46

most knowledgeable that you've seen? Later on he

00:18:46 --> 00:18:49

said, Ja'far as Sadiq is the most knowledgeable

00:18:49 --> 00:18:50

I have seen. And Imam Malik as well,

00:18:50 --> 00:18:52

study with Ja'far as Sadiq, because Ja'far as

00:18:52 --> 00:18:54

Sadiq is senior to them age wise. Right?

00:18:54 --> 00:18:55

So Imam Malik

00:18:55 --> 00:18:58

has narrated hadith from Jafar in Madinah, and

00:18:58 --> 00:19:01

Abu Hanifa has also interacted and praised Ja'far

00:19:01 --> 00:19:03

as Sadiq, and this shows us the level

00:19:03 --> 00:19:06

of Ja'far as Sadiq. And also, Ja'far as

00:19:06 --> 00:19:08

Sadiq, out of the the the those early

00:19:08 --> 00:19:10

scholars of the al al bayt, Ja'far as

00:19:10 --> 00:19:11

Sadiq

00:19:11 --> 00:19:12

lived at a time

00:19:13 --> 00:19:13

and formulated

00:19:14 --> 00:19:15

a school of law that

00:19:16 --> 00:19:18

the followers of the 12 verse, they called

00:19:18 --> 00:19:20

Ja'far I fiqh, as you know, after Ja'far

00:19:20 --> 00:19:22

as Sadiq. He's one of the founders of

00:19:22 --> 00:19:24

law. And we have to be fair here,

00:19:24 --> 00:19:26

the fiqh of Ja'far as Sadiq is very

00:19:26 --> 00:19:29

similar to the Sunni fiqh. Only 1 or

00:19:29 --> 00:19:31

2 issues are radically different. Otherwise, what you

00:19:31 --> 00:19:34

call Ja'far I fiqh. Right? It is by

00:19:34 --> 00:19:37

and large very similar to the tahara

00:19:37 --> 00:19:39

and the dabiha and the nikah and the

00:19:39 --> 00:19:41

talah. Just 1 or 2 issues, we have

00:19:41 --> 00:19:44

to say there's a different opinion. But overall,

00:19:44 --> 00:19:47

the views of Ja'far radhiallahu an are within,

00:19:47 --> 00:19:48

mainstream,

00:19:48 --> 00:19:50

in terms of fiqh issues. As I said,

00:19:50 --> 00:19:52

maybe 2 or 3 issues will be considered

00:19:52 --> 00:19:54

unique to that madhab as the people who

00:19:54 --> 00:19:57

are, you know, specialists understand this point. So

00:19:57 --> 00:19:58

Ja'far as Sadiq

00:19:59 --> 00:20:01

was then returned to Madinah, and he did

00:20:01 --> 00:20:04

not participate in any of the civil wars.

00:20:04 --> 00:20:07

Multiple alilbayt once again tried to overthrow even

00:20:07 --> 00:20:09

the Abbasids, and Ja'far as Sadiq refused to

00:20:09 --> 00:20:11

participate, and he passed away in the year

00:20:11 --> 00:20:15

1, 48 hijra in Madinah, and he was

00:20:15 --> 00:20:17

buried in Baqir al Kharkad. He's the last

00:20:17 --> 00:20:19

of the Alulbayt buried there. Why? Because

00:20:20 --> 00:20:22

the next khalifa that comes,

00:20:22 --> 00:20:24

he is not as nice and polite as

00:20:24 --> 00:20:26

Abu Jafar al Mansur.

00:20:26 --> 00:20:27

And

00:20:28 --> 00:20:29

Jafar as Sadiq's sons

00:20:30 --> 00:20:32

were forced to come from Madinah

00:20:33 --> 00:20:33

to Kufa.

00:20:34 --> 00:20:35

The Al al Bayt was transplanted,

00:20:37 --> 00:20:39

and they were the the eldest son was

00:20:39 --> 00:20:41

Musa Al Qadim. By the way, just a

00:20:41 --> 00:20:42

little bit of history here, you should know

00:20:42 --> 00:20:45

this. So, Ja'far as Sadiq had 12 sons,

00:20:46 --> 00:20:47

well, 12 sons and daughters.

00:20:48 --> 00:20:51

The eldest of them, the eldest son, Jaafar

00:20:51 --> 00:20:54

as Sadiq. The eldest son, his name was

00:20:54 --> 00:20:55

Ismail.

00:20:56 --> 00:20:57

And Ismail

00:20:58 --> 00:21:00

lived to the age of 35 or so.

00:21:00 --> 00:21:03

He married, he had children. And Ismail died

00:21:03 --> 00:21:04

and Ja'far is still alive.

00:21:06 --> 00:21:08

So then the next son is Musa Al

00:21:08 --> 00:21:09

Qadim.

00:21:09 --> 00:21:12

Okay. So Ismail and Musa are brothers.

00:21:12 --> 00:21:13

When Ja'far dies,

00:21:14 --> 00:21:15

the followers

00:21:15 --> 00:21:16

of the Alalbayt,

00:21:17 --> 00:21:17

the shia'tu'ali,

00:21:18 --> 00:21:19

they differed.

00:21:20 --> 00:21:23

A small group said, the eldest son is

00:21:23 --> 00:21:23

Ismail.

00:21:25 --> 00:21:26

So we're gonna continue

00:21:27 --> 00:21:27

through Ismail.

00:21:28 --> 00:21:31

And that eventually became Ismaili Islam.

00:21:32 --> 00:21:35

This is Ismail, the son of Ja'far, right?

00:21:35 --> 00:21:36

And the Ismailis,

00:21:36 --> 00:21:38

every Indian Pakistani knows the Aga Khani and

00:21:38 --> 00:21:41

the Buhura and the Arabs know the Duraos

00:21:41 --> 00:21:42

and these are the 3,

00:21:43 --> 00:21:44

Ismaili

00:21:44 --> 00:21:46

sects that exist in our time. So they

00:21:46 --> 00:21:48

go back to Ismail the son of Ja'far,

00:21:48 --> 00:21:51

small segment of the ummah. The bulk of

00:21:51 --> 00:21:52

their followers,

00:21:52 --> 00:21:54

they followed Musa Al Khaldim.

00:21:54 --> 00:21:56

Musa Al Khaldim lived after his father for

00:21:56 --> 00:21:58

another 20 years. So Musa Al Kaldim

00:21:59 --> 00:22:01

becomes the next, if you like, imam. Now

00:22:01 --> 00:22:02

you have to understand what is an imam

00:22:02 --> 00:22:05

for this time frame? For us as Sunnis,

00:22:06 --> 00:22:09

and I'm being not being at all polemical,

00:22:09 --> 00:22:10

I'm being factual here.

00:22:11 --> 00:22:12

We have to understand

00:22:13 --> 00:22:14

these great

00:22:14 --> 00:22:15

scholars

00:22:16 --> 00:22:19

were viewed as imams by their own followers,

00:22:19 --> 00:22:21

and there's nothing wrong with this.

00:22:22 --> 00:22:24

What did they mean by imam?

00:22:24 --> 00:22:25

They

00:22:25 --> 00:22:27

meant religious leader

00:22:27 --> 00:22:29

and a worthy

00:22:29 --> 00:22:31

political rival to

00:22:31 --> 00:22:32

the corrupt khulafa.

00:22:34 --> 00:22:36

There was no notion, this is our understanding,

00:22:36 --> 00:22:37

of

00:22:37 --> 00:22:40

supernatural powers. There was no notion of ilmal

00:22:40 --> 00:22:42

ghayb. There was no notion of Allah has

00:22:42 --> 00:22:44

chosen you on your masoom. This is our

00:22:44 --> 00:22:45

interpretation.

00:22:45 --> 00:22:48

So we have to acknowledge there was political

00:22:48 --> 00:22:48

rivalry,

00:22:49 --> 00:22:53

And lots of mainstream Sunnis, because we would

00:22:53 --> 00:22:54

view them as Sunnis,

00:22:54 --> 00:22:56

respected the Alulbayt

00:22:56 --> 00:22:58

as being more worthy than

00:22:59 --> 00:23:00

the Umayyads or the Abbasids.

00:23:01 --> 00:23:04

And so at this time frame,

00:23:05 --> 00:23:07

the clear distinction between what we call Sunni

00:23:07 --> 00:23:10

and shia didn't quite exist. You had a

00:23:10 --> 00:23:13

whole spectrum. You had many people who we

00:23:13 --> 00:23:16

would consider Sunni, but they say that and

00:23:16 --> 00:23:18

who. I mean, honestly, put yourself in their

00:23:18 --> 00:23:19

shoes. Who do you think should be the

00:23:19 --> 00:23:21

khalifa? Hussain or Yazid

00:23:22 --> 00:23:24

back then? I mean go back to that

00:23:24 --> 00:23:26

time frame. Whose heart would you be inclined

00:23:26 --> 00:23:30

towards? Right? But khalifa here means you're worthy.

00:23:30 --> 00:23:32

Now later on, the later groups are gonna

00:23:32 --> 00:23:34

come and say Allah has chosen you, and

00:23:34 --> 00:23:36

Allah has made you ma'asum, and Allah has

00:23:36 --> 00:23:38

given you powers, and we say no. That's

00:23:38 --> 00:23:40

where we draw the line. It's one thing

00:23:40 --> 00:23:42

to say, I think this is a better

00:23:42 --> 00:23:45

candidate. And that we find, Imam Malik, Abu

00:23:45 --> 00:23:48

Hanifa even, there was sympathy to the Alilbayt,

00:23:48 --> 00:23:50

believe it or not. That doesn't make

00:23:50 --> 00:23:52

them shia technically. You understand what I'm saying

00:23:52 --> 00:23:55

here? It doesn't make them theologically shia. Right?

00:23:55 --> 00:23:58

I'm being factual. I'm not being polemical here.

00:23:58 --> 00:24:00

We have to explain this to the usr

00:24:00 --> 00:24:03

that they understand. Later on, segments came, and

00:24:03 --> 00:24:07

these segments said, Allah has chosen these people,

00:24:07 --> 00:24:09

and we have to consider them to be

00:24:09 --> 00:24:11

Imams. Not they might be better candidates, but

00:24:11 --> 00:24:14

rather they are the hidden Imams, and they

00:24:14 --> 00:24:17

are chosen by Allah. And they have this,

00:24:17 --> 00:24:18

and they have that. And we say, we

00:24:18 --> 00:24:20

don't believe this. This is where we draw

00:24:20 --> 00:24:21

the line. And in fact, yeah, Imam al

00:24:21 --> 00:24:25

Zahabi mentions, these notions existed in Iraq. 1

00:24:25 --> 00:24:27

of the Iraqis came to Madinah, and asked

00:24:27 --> 00:24:28

Ja'far as Sadiq,

00:24:29 --> 00:24:30

what is your position about Abu Bakr as

00:24:30 --> 00:24:31

Sadiq?

00:24:32 --> 00:24:35

Do you consider that he usurped authority from

00:24:35 --> 00:24:38

your ancestor Ali? He goes, Abu Bakr is

00:24:38 --> 00:24:40

my grandfather in two ways.

00:24:40 --> 00:24:43

Have you ever seen any man who curses

00:24:43 --> 00:24:43

his own grandfather?

00:24:44 --> 00:24:47

Anybody who dissociates from Abu Bakr, tell him

00:24:47 --> 00:24:49

to dissociate from me.

00:24:49 --> 00:24:51

We have this in our books. The Ja'far

00:24:51 --> 00:24:53

as Sadiq says, how can I dissociate from

00:24:53 --> 00:24:54

my own grandfather?

00:24:55 --> 00:24:58

I expect Allah Shafa'a through Abu Bakr just

00:24:58 --> 00:25:00

as much as I expect Allah Shafa'a through

00:25:00 --> 00:25:01

Ali. This is what Ja'far as Sadiq says.

00:25:02 --> 00:25:04

I expect Allah Shafa'aabit that I'm Abu Bakr's

00:25:04 --> 00:25:06

son just as much as I expect that

00:25:06 --> 00:25:08

I'm Ali radiAllahu. This is something I'm honored

00:25:08 --> 00:25:10

with. So from our perspective,

00:25:10 --> 00:25:12

Ja'far as Sadiq

00:25:12 --> 00:25:14

loves all of the sahabah. How could he

00:25:14 --> 00:25:16

not when Abu Bakr is his double grandfather,

00:25:16 --> 00:25:17

Umar is his,

00:25:17 --> 00:25:19

Ali is his double grandfather, and he doesn't

00:25:19 --> 00:25:22

have this notion of divine appointment. But maybe

00:25:22 --> 00:25:23

he

00:25:23 --> 00:25:25

thought, these people aren't good politicians, and if

00:25:25 --> 00:25:26

I were in charge, I'd do a better

00:25:26 --> 00:25:29

job. Okay. What's wrong with that? And honestly,

00:25:29 --> 00:25:30

he would have done a better job. Who's

00:25:30 --> 00:25:31

gonna deny that? In terms of taqwa and

00:25:31 --> 00:25:33

iqlas, he would have done a better job.

00:25:33 --> 00:25:35

So this was their version of shiism,

00:25:36 --> 00:25:38

not later on that developed into theological

00:25:39 --> 00:25:39

shiism.

00:25:39 --> 00:25:41

And, just wanna,

00:25:41 --> 00:25:43

conclude over here that,

00:25:44 --> 00:25:44

obviously,

00:25:45 --> 00:25:48

the the 12 are shia, they consider Ja'far

00:25:48 --> 00:25:51

as Sadiq to, have been divinely appointed by

00:25:51 --> 00:25:54

Allah, and that his fiqh is of course,

00:25:54 --> 00:25:56

the binding fiqh on them. And so they

00:25:56 --> 00:25:58

call it the Ja'fari school or madhab. For

00:25:58 --> 00:26:00

us, the Ja'far fiqh is one of the

00:26:00 --> 00:26:03

many opinions out there. We respect him, but

00:26:03 --> 00:26:06

we don't consider that he was divinely appointed.

00:26:06 --> 00:26:08

But we do say, we love Ja'far as

00:26:08 --> 00:26:09

Sadiq with a special love.

00:26:10 --> 00:26:12

We love him because he's a scholar.

00:26:12 --> 00:26:15

We love him because he is from the

00:26:15 --> 00:26:17

Al al Bayt, and we love him because

00:26:17 --> 00:26:17

he demonstrated

00:26:18 --> 00:26:20

maturity and wisdom at a time of great

00:26:20 --> 00:26:22

fitna. So we have an extra love for

00:26:22 --> 00:26:24

him, but we draw the line that there's

00:26:24 --> 00:26:27

no special powers, there's no divinity, there's no

00:26:27 --> 00:26:30

ilmal ghayb and he was a great human

00:26:30 --> 00:26:33

being and we say, may Allah Subhanahu wa

00:26:33 --> 00:26:35

ta'ala radiAllahu anhu ajma'in. And with the other

00:26:35 --> 00:26:37

group we say, you have a different version

00:26:37 --> 00:26:39

of events and you know, that's their version.

00:26:39 --> 00:26:41

This is where we have to agree to

00:26:41 --> 00:26:43

disagree, wallahu ta'alaalam. So I hope insha Allahu

00:26:43 --> 00:26:44

ta'ala this

00:26:44 --> 00:26:47

opens up the window of early Islam and

00:26:47 --> 00:26:50

allows us to see that those time frames

00:26:50 --> 00:26:51

were not as, you know, black and white

00:26:51 --> 00:26:52

as later people,

00:26:53 --> 00:26:55

try to portray, and it was actually much

00:26:55 --> 00:26:57

more fluid and organic between all of these

00:26:57 --> 00:26:59

sects and groups. And inshallah in a future

00:26:59 --> 00:27:01

lecture, I'll come back and deliver more on

00:27:01 --> 00:27:03

this early Islam. Until then,

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