Who is Allah – Understanding Allah’s Names and Attributes #21
Channel: Tom Facchine
Series: Tom Facchine - Who is Allah
File Size: 42.36MB
will salatu salam ala Ashraful MBA were more serene. The reading of awkward was in a Muhammad Ali he of course Salah was good to Sneem along the island and the million foreigner when found out the island tena was even an element of that I said I'm like, everybody.
Welcome to Who is Allah
following the book of Shere Khan, Brazil, and whether hafler Allah
and adding a little bit more elaboration and commentary
a smile personality
so we've reached the chapter on a laws to names.
l Hatfield, and L. Hatfield.
As you can tell these two names are derived from the same linguistic roots, half ELA, or half evil.
Hatfield is on the essence. And it's the doer of the verb. Whereas Hatfield is a MOBA,
one of the patterns of
the income that indicate intensity,
intensity, and duration. Right. So I'll have filled and I'll have fever, you can say that the difference between the two, as Al Hatfield is a little bit stronger, and a little bit more
Then I'll have
whereas it might be possible
that there are many people who are half, right, we call anybody who memorizes the Koran and that's going to hint at the first of two meanings upon which these two names revolve, and call anyone who memorizes the Parana Halfhill
but we don't call anyone Hatfield.
Right, because Hatfield is something that is more than half of encompasses it and extends and goes beyond it.
So these two names have two primary meanings.
recorded in the Quran multiple times. Allah says a surah Hood in Nairobi. aqualisa in Hatfield,
and sola saba. whare Booker Allah Felicia in Hatfield, almost an identical eye
in Surah, Assura while levena tassa Domian Duany Oh, Leah Allahu haffi Alana la him. One that owns Ali him we work here
Allahu hyaluron hath Yvonne Wahoo Arham Rafi mean that's a surah use of so it's an MBI or Cornella home haffi lien
the two main meanings
that a Hatfield and Al Hafi have revolve around the first of the two.
Good. So I've got a question that was sent to me direct said that mentioning a few times now. That's two names are similar, but one is stronger than the other, that the scholars ever go into why they think that is yes, definitely they have most of this is just simply derived from linguistic analysis. Right. So in the Arabic language, there are certain patterns, a singular pattern is called a wasn't literally a scale, the plural of which is called Ozanne. Right there are different patterns upon which you can take a root word and manipulate it in order to achieve a certain word. So if you actually we've never shared screen
in this class before, but since this is a linguistic point, I'll just do this very quickly in sha Allah. So if you take, if you take the root is high
law, three letter root,
meaning to safeguard or protect,
you can arrange these three routes and multiple ways to achieve various meanings. So the basic
DOER of a verb of
This verb would be on a simple a pattern called Assam fat and all you're doing is taking the roots and you're putting it on this pattern
and you're getting
now half of
However, the scholars of grammar and Bulava, rhetoric eloquence, whatever you want to call it.
They say that there are other
patterns that indicate different levels of intensity okay
mashallah, yes and okay I'll get to that in a second. Very good
yes weaker is perhaps not the right word. I'll get to that in a second. So half elbow if you want to construct from this roots in the Arabic language someone who does this thing of protecting then you put it on this pattern fat a. And here we have Hatfield. Okay. But Arabic also has other patterns
that are called see of the MOBA.
Right, if we want to indicate intensity.
This is similar to a move that we do in SFX and morphology, if I have the verb test set off, just like that,
then it means to break.
However, if I double the middle letter, I say test set off
then it means not just to break but to shatter.
So in Arabic, there's different patterns that indicate intensity.
So what we mean and yes, is also received another message that you know, I shouldn't really use the translation week and that is correct right. What we mean to say is that because one is more intense, it is exclusively a loss whereas one that is less intense could conceivably use could conceivably be used for the creation right, depending on the scenario. So here we have Halfhill which indicates one who protects one who safeguards
right and colloquially one who memorizes
but we can also have other patterns like for example one of the patterns of the sea level bellava This intense form is very
in which case if we took the route and applied it here, then we would get
there's another, there's, there's more than one syllable bellava. So another one is fat I add.
That's the pattern. Okay.
So that's where we get for example,
Yep. Jabil is different from jump bow.
So this indicates intensity.
A hoe will have Fatah. Yes. Is a very, very common pattern for
for Allah's names, because many of His Names indicate intensity. Uh huh.
that and so on and so forth. There's many of them.
They're all on the same pattern
Yes, so almost like a basic one to explain it in terms we will understand.
And then the other that shows the supreme ultimate name of that thing, which is exclusive to Allah. Yes. This is similar to Hadith and Haluk. Right, you could call you could say
you could use Hadik
in certain situations, to describe a human being
you could say, Haleakala column, who's the Creator who made the this pen
right, or holiday style keytab maybe we a little weird, but you know, for like the publisher, whoever produced the book, even if colloquially we might use we might prefer other use words like Sania like producer, or Nassif or something like this. It's linguistically It's okay. It's not I should say, theologically. There's nothing wrong with saying
colic because Allah Himself refers to himself as acid and hearty theme, title, highly themed meaning implying that there are other
hot atheists out there. Okay, it doesn't mean creation from nothing, like,
like a lot of those, but it means to produce something. Yes. However, the word Kolak,
which is on our wasn't on our pattern of, of fine. It's something that's completely exclusive to Allah, you could never ever say that anything in the creation is luck.
Because it indicates this intensity, this duration.
And this basically permanence of this characteristic that's not achievable from the creation.
So yes, this is this is a pattern that we notice with many of the names, and it's all comes back to the language. This is not something that, for example,
At the onset of the Koran or the onset of Islam, this is something that's in the Arabic language from before Islam. Okay. And that's significant in and of itself, because Allah subhanaw taala, chose the Arabic language for a specific reason. And I always say, I'm not the only one who said it, or the first one who said it. But the more you study the Arabic language, the more you realize why Allah chose the Arabic language for the Koran. And for the final message, it's absolutely miraculous, the subtle shades of meaning that you can capture.
I could keep going on and on about that. But you can see now that these things are linguistic things that linguistic principles
that is significant to me, at least if you're looking at these sorts of things, from the background of polemics or apologetics,
because I'm familiar with, you know, the history of Christianity in the Christian church and how the Bible was preserved or not preserved, we should say, and what you'll find a lot of time is a lot of kind of revisionism, right. So, scholars coming to a conclusion and then applying it backwards across time.
Right, which is kind of like tampering with evidence to get the result that you want. Whereas
with Islam, we find the opposite we find that there's principles, both linguistic and otherwise that are in place before the Quran was revealed. And it actually exploits these principles and uses them to further its ends. Right, these linguistic principles are well known there and all the books of grammar and feeling Matic and saw him enough deal and all these sorts of things. Right, and they are reinforced and applied in a beautiful way by a last vowel to Allah in the Quran, and by the prophesy Saddam in the Hadith.
So, all that to bring us around to the meaning of these two, which we said
one of the primary meanings of these two words that half of Al Hatfield
comes back to that colloquial usage that we say, is half the little n or he's half of that it means half of n.
Right? It has to do with remembering, Kim happens to mean elbow, Ernie, how much of the core ad Have you memorized? We use haffi. Law, the verb to also describe the process of memorization.
Why that is, we'll get into the the second meaning of the word.
Why is it important? Why is it essential that Allah subhanaw taala remembers
because memory and remembering is opposite of forgetting.
And the law cannot forget a sustainer a creator.
Allah could not be just if he forgot, could he?
There is no. Exactly all
all knowing seen and unseen. What would knowledge that's good. I like that to have the family. What would knowledge do feel for a lot? Hypothetically? If it were then to be forgotten?
What good would it be?
What good would and how just what allows justice be with a short memory?
Right? We see that memory
and the quality or characteristic of remembering is essential to justice and essential to Mercy
See, His mercy and justice are extremely intertwined
a lot it's not it's not possible for a lots of forget Allah tells us this in the Quran
he says in surah Taha Paul anymore animal hair and the rugby fakie Tabin lie of the Laura B while I answer
while I answer he does not forget.
Allah says in surah, magenta, Asahi Allahu Allah. So Allah remembered it and they forgot, whereas they forgot. And in Surah Maryam one cannot Abu can se Yeah. And Allah
is Ever not forgetting. Right? Can you say? I don't know how to translate that colloquially in English, but he is eternally not forgetting. Right. Allah's communicating a fixed eternal essential quality that he does not forget.
Now, we've talked about this many times, but it always bears remembering and recalling
what if someone were to come to you and say, Wait a second, Allah can do whatever he wants.
So it's not correct to say that a law can't forget. We can't impose limits upon Allah subhanaw taala Allah is limitless
How would you respond to such a doubt?
This sort of
perspective is one of them Latina. Right. It's sort of a type of philosophizing that negates any attributes, which is a popular trend now these days, especially with New Age religion, to try to say that well, God is neither inner nor outer, neither up nor down neither right, supposedly playing off of these extremes.
And so anybody who tries to say anything substantial and concrete about Allah's power data, there's a group of people that say well oh, wait a second. Don't put limits on Allah.
You saying Allah can't forget the lock and do what he wants?
Yeah, I have one response
to responses of
a weakness that we have on the last panel to audit doesn't have any shortcomings or limits.
I'll I'll pick on you sure how to find me. I'll take the bait. I'll play devil's advocate and I'll say you're the one that's putting limits on Allah by saying he can't forget
if he truly has no limits, then can't he forget
All of these things come back to
differentiating between who Allah is and what Allah does.
The way that people frame these doubts,
technically, but Allah says that he does not forget and will hold everyone accountable for every action, so he must remember all okay? That's mashallah, that's a good answer. It wouldn't satisfy someone who didn't believe in the Quran
in a particular way.
Remembering is a human weakness. Right?
If we go to the human weakness part, which was said a couple of times, then someone could come with Well, okay.
It might be, but then
knowledge is something human as well. And Allah has knowledge.
Existing is something human as well and a lot exists.
Right? So you, you get yourself into a into a slippery slope with that one.
The easiest, most direct way, in my opinion, a lot of his best to deal with these sorts of things
is to differentiate between who a lot is
is what he does.
Right? You? Let's make it real simple. Can Allah be
anything other than Allah?
Can Allah not exist?
No, he can't. Allah can't not exist. Why would we say that it's a limit, that we're imposing limits upon Allah by saying that he can't not exist? No, that's not a limit. That's an identity that's part of Allah's identity. That's part of who Allah is, by definition, by definition.
If he is by definition, perfect, then not being imperfect is not a shortcoming. A limitation.
Right, even if someone is trying to make it seem that way, not being able to forget is not a limitation. Not being able to forget is not a weakness.
It's actually part of his perfection, which is part of his identity.
A law can't do it. Yes, say it. It's not a problem. A lot can't forget, he's not able to forget, not because of a weakness, but because to forget would be weakness.
And it would contradict his perfection who he is, by definition, somebody who remembers an entity, a deity, who remembers everything.
Right? So we always start with the definition of who Allah is. Allah is by definition, remembers everything.
So any forgetting after that is not some sort of hidden ability that he can't access or do. Its deficiency. It's an inability, even if someone wants to dress it up, and make it seem like now now you're putting limits on a lot? No,
not at all. A lot put limits on himself, when he told us who he is and who he's not.
So Allah can do anything. Yes, a law can do concretely anything, but Allah cannot be anything.
A law cannot be weak. A law cannot be forgetful, Allah cannot be
Right able to die. A law cannot be needy. A law cannot be cruel or unfair.
And not being able to be these things, is not a weakness. It's actually a logical necessity of perfection.
Allah's perfection necessitates that he can't do these things. Or rather better yet can't be these things.
So Allah remembers. Allah remembers everything.
Yes, I know. It'd be like an anti 99 names, right? The opposite of any of the laws 90? Yeah, yeah. 100%.
Yes, he decreed mercy for himself. He describes himself as merciful. And so a lot cannot be unmerciful. Or if we want to use the word cruel. It's not possible, because it goes against who Allah is by his essential nature, which he has informed us of.
So what does a law remember? Other than everything, which is the easy answer,
a law remembers our deeds. A law remembers our statements and our intentions. You know, what's crazy, is that we get a very, very, very small taste
of the vastness of Allah's memory with the internet. Now, now, we see it ruined people and celebrities and things like that anything that you said, Did tweeted, put on Facebook, even if it was 20 years ago. It's fair game. If you run for office, if you are, you know up for election or going for a position, someone's gonna dig and maybe find things that you would rather not have other people see. This is something that's somewhat unprecedented in human life.
Right? We didn't have this kind of level of memory or exact memory before.
This is just a not comparable, of course, to the memory
We have a lot but it shows us think about how careful people have to be these days in order to not get cancelled in order to not be the target of somebody's
campaign or Vendetta.
Imagine how much careful or more careful we should be if we really realized
that a lost power to audit is a Hatfield Hatfield that he has recorded, and remembered all of our statements, all of our actions, all of our
intentions, even and thoughts.
In a record, that's much more comprehensive, that's much more invasive.
There's no privacy controls.
if we actually kept this realization in front of our eyes, it would change the way that we act, definitely.
We would probably be a lot kinder to other people, we would probably be a lot more merciful, more forgiving. We would probably cringe if we had, like, you know, roll the tape. Some of the things that we said, in a moment of anger to our spouses to our children. Maybe we didn't get very much sleep last night, we said this thing.
And it's just embarrassing.
And as embarrassing. And as careful as that should make us It should also make us appreciate Allah's mercy so much more. For, as we've said, some kind of loss sometimes in this class. Once it's all over with the people that believed and tried, they will come to a loss power to Otto on the Day of Judgment, standing before the means and the scales. And they will go over their book of deeds with a law and some people will find that there were things that they knew that they did, and they can't find them in their books.
They were dreading
looking forward to this, this moment. They were horrified. They remembered what they had done and they're waiting in horror,
to be exposed to be embarrassed to disappoint Allah.
And then they don't find it in their book.
Because Allah is awful.
He's the one that erases
some of the things that we do
even before we get there, so Pamela Todd
those small sins that we do every day between every prayer Allah has been erasing them the whole time, every time you make salah.
Between Umrah and Umrah between Joomla and Joomla between salatu Salah wasn't wiping the slate clean, wiping it clean, wiping it clean.
The major sins that you've committed that you actually made sincere Toba for
sincere repentance for
Allah has accepted it and he's wiped it out of the book.
You don't know that.
So when you come to us bound to either if you've tried if you believe that you really tried to lead a good life and you get to the Hey sab
and Allah chooses to make it easy on you, you're going to expect to find a lot there and it's not going to be there. Because of lost pounds Allah has already erased it
knowing how total and complete and comprehensive Allah's record and
observation of you is
will make us also appreciate that
that eraser even more so.
Yes, very nice. Even if five people witnessed the same exact thing all of them will have a slightly different lens on things.
And it must take a little bit of each to piece together where a last Potala remembers it exactly the way it was the external dimensions and the internal dimensions which no one else can see. Subhan Allah
so if knowing that Allah remembers everything makes us more careful which it should and make us and makes us more
astounded by His mercy. Right? Like Abdullah bin Massoud right after the prophesy, some died.
People used to flock around him he was like a living legend.
And he used to tell people, he said
if you knew
what was on the inside, all my sins that Allah has hidden from people, not one of you would give me celebs.
That's Abdullah ibn Masaru. promised paradise
Allah knows all of that.
And yet his mercy for us as much more
than we would ever be merciful if you knew everything that your spouse thought, Okay, let's be real.
how merciful would you be with them?
Allah knows best. But it should make us astounded at Allah's mercy, that he has such a complete record of our thoughts, our intentions, our deeds and our statements, and yet is more merciful than we can even imagine.
It should also make us hopeful because many times we do things in this life and it's not recognized that goes unseen.
Maybe you're in a marriage, and you're trying your hardest to work on yourself. This is very common.
You're trying hard to be a better person,
not in a transactional way, not just to get the good treatment of your spouse, right? I'm going to make myself better so that my husband or my wife starts treating me right. No, that's true. That's business. We're talking about your sincerely for a loss of how to honor trying to improve yourself as a person, but your spouse isn't. Your spouse doesn't really care. This happens a lot, a symmetry.
Allah sees you.
And the law has protected and safeguarded and remembered
everything that you're doing.
So don't ruin it by wanting a transaction in this world.
Right? If we only want, the only thing we want out of bettering ourselves is for our spouses to start acting better towards us.
That's a lowly aspiration.
As opposed to a much more lofty aspiration.
Which is anticipating a loss, remembering what we did,
and expecting from him that he's going to take care of us for that, that he's going to elevate our rank in Paradise because of all of those things that have gone unrecognized unappreciated, unseen, on thanked, Allah sees it and Allah remembers, and Allah will remember you
on the Day of Judgment.
And finally, it should make us realize that Allah remembers us in our situation. Right? When we're in difficulty, a common doubt is that we feel abandoned.
We feel that a law doesn't care enough about us as individuals to kind of be with us or see us through a certain time. That's not true.
Allah is that half of a half of
he remembers you always. It's never it's not just memory that's going to happen at some distant point in the future. It's memory that's happening now. Every single second, Allah remembers you right now. Allah remembers you five minutes from now, I'll remembers you tomorrow. And throughout the week, Allah is not forgetting you, leaving you to yourself abandoning you know, everything that's happening to you is part of the plan and part of a loss subtle plan for you, even if it's difficult, and it's hard, and it feels lonely and challenging.
All of that's related to the first primary meaning
of a half of
the second primary meaning is not just remembering, but protecting and safeguarding.
Right, this is the double meaning of a person we call half of. He has memorized the Quran, he remembers the Koran, but he also safeguards it. He safeguards it from to Hadith from manipulation or distortion. Nobody can change the Quran because so many people have memorized that the memorizing is the mechanism to safeguarding.
So safeguarding and guarding and protecting is a further a more expansive, a wider kind of activity that encompasses remembering, or remembering leads to safeguarding and protecting Allah spawns Allah. He safeguards everything.
He safeguards the order of the universe. We have a
How many miles per hour we're spinning right now, on an axis where the earth is hurtling through space, revolving around the sun, asteroids, comets, zooming by us and on the grand scale of things, missing us by a hair, right? laws protecting everything the son did had a birth date that's coming, it's you know, at a certain point in its lifecycle, it's burning as it should, everything else moving exactly as it should, the moon, they're keeping us in a regular orbit,
all these sorts of things, Allah has ordered it all, from the atom, to the galaxy.
Even in the concrete matter, that we interact with every single second of every day, this is something that Allah protects, he safeguards it, right, the table is solid, your body is solid, you're not going to, you know, shake someone's hand and, and the hand is not going to pop off when you shake their hand.
You're not going to, you know, go to sleep at night and your arms fall off. These are things that don't happen, because Allah has made our bodies and made matter in general sound,
at least the vast majority of matter that we ever encounter and admit in a, in our normal daily lives.
Allah also safeguards us and protects us from the things that he averts from us, that he doesn't make us suffer.
And for most people on earth for most of their lives, it's not filled and dominated by suffering.
Yes, some people they are tried in this way where they suffer, maybe half or more than half for all of their lives.
Maybe there are parts of the world where a large amount of people are suffering. But for a great amounts of people for the amount of possible things that could go wrong.
For a great huge, enormous amount of people, most of their lives are not going to be filled with existential danger and suffering and grief, they're going to have happiness, they're going to have memories, they're going to have a certain amount of health, these things are the defaults, let's say that
unless there's some sort of outside cause by some human agency,
right? That reduces the life expectancy that endangers the life that a log made sacred, etc, etc.
Even if you reduce things down to the biological level, things such as breathing, blinking, the processing of food in our bodies, the extraction of the nutrients there in our heartbeats, our cell reproduction all of these things for the vast majority of people on Earth is automatic and painless, and easy. Allah protects us every single second with every single breath.
And this is something general this is something that I lost found to Allah does for everyone, whether you believe whether you disbelieve whether you reject us them, whether you think that the prophesy Saddam was, you know, a false prophet or an imposter, whether you believe in Allah or not, Allah is going to do this for you. And he's not going to ask for repayment and he's not going to
withhold it from you. Just because of your poor decisions. This is something that is similar to Allah's Rama has mercy, it encompasses everything and everyone.
But just like his mercy, there's a degree of which is exclusive is withheld. For only the people that are that care about pleasing Allah, that believe in him and are trying to do the right thing.
This is the protection of the holy app. Right. How does Allah protect his Oh, Leah has people whose friends whatever you want to translate it as his soldiers, his partisans? Hezbollah, right, not the
extremist group but the the one mentioned in the Quran, the party of Allah, the partisans of Allah.
Allah protects their faith from doubts.
Allah protects them from misguidance Allah protects them from fitna from trials that would disrupt or on more
and he also protects them from desire.
He also protects them from enemies whether they're enemies from the jinn or their enemies from people like Allah protecting the prophets like Musa and our ISA and anybody
Luca Leahy, Salam Ibrahim, any of the prophets, the Prophet Mohammed Ali Salam, who faced opposition, life threatening opposition. Allah is Hatfield. He protected all of them despite all of the machinations and plots and
of the enemies of faith. Allah protected them through all of it. And finally, and we'll end with this hadith,
Hadith, on bass,
or Allah's Pousada or I should say the prophesy Salam, he talks about
people who are
protected by Allah in a certain way, and this is going to actually we're going to talk more about it in the next chapter because the Sheikh Hasina Hola. He's connected this chapter to the next chapter, which is lol Lee and Mola. Right, so we'll talk about what it means to be allele and the Hadith specifically about the type of production that Allah gives specifically to His elect, his elite, his, the cream of the crop, the highest level, but we've gone over time already as it is. So we'll save that for next class. Insha Allah to Allah. Does anybody have any other thoughts, reflections, comments concerns?
Me Well, yeah.
The hadith is about, you know,
a person or a slave or a servant of Allah does not draw closer to Allah, by anything more than the foot all the things that are obligatory in the religion. And then
the person continues
to do extra acts of worship until Allah loves him.
And when Allah loves him or her, then Allah becomes the eyes with which he sees the ears with which he hears a hadith. Right. So this is the intersection of Hatfield and allele,
or al Mohler.
And since we're out of time, we'll talk about it with regard to the next thing next week in sha Allah.
Yes, we have one comment, only a law truly protects the day of the flood. A flimsy Ark was a safe place in a storm where the waves were like mountains. Yes.
And the mountain was not safe. Ah, yeah, so don't compare the mountains and the ark. Which would you rather choose on an any normal day? Right, this ark that's getting tossed about by the waves through this mountain that's seemingly firm in the earth. Yes, and the protection doesn't lie in the Sabbath, or s Bab in the cause. It relies in the One who created the causes Allah subhanaw taala
is faith that saves so the most important goal for us living every day is to protect our our faith our athletes are Amen Yes. 100% I'll
see you that example and raise you another one Musa and fill out right? Normally
sending your infant child down a river is endangerment and not protection. But a last panel to Allah made it protection in that story. You know, turning your child over to the oppressor that wants him dead is you know 100 days out of 101
Insanity and suicide instead of protection but in certain scenarios a lost pounds autumn makes that protection and so a lost power to audit is the one who protects and he creates the causes of course but
we can't lose the forest for the trees.
Right Allah is the is the protector and he's ultimately the one who's responsible for protection Very good.
Fantastic, explain what I mean when I say yes, hello.
This is an expression we got from our Sheikh Sheikh Abdullah Shin Petey happy the whole lot and Medina. It's simply calling upon Allah a lot. One of the last names is a salaam
Allahumma enter Salam wa Minca salaam to burrata yalla Jalali electron, right we say after the prayer. So yeah, Salam is calling upon Allah's Name Salam
and why that name will explain it when we get there in sha Allah to Allah because it's part of the book.
That's a good question.
Colloquially, at least in the Gulf, I don't know shahada family you can correct me but in the Gulf they say yeah, Sudan for some
and beautiful and good and they say, yeah, don't leave for something that's calamitous something that's bad. Which is the same because they'll teeth is one of my favorite names, but colloquially, that's what it means. But there's a reason for there's a reason for why it's yes. So then for something good
yeah, you guys do. Okay, Michelle.
Okay, excellent. I'll see you next time. Michelle, everybody have a great night, along with Tata