Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
At-Taubah 64-74 Word-Analysis and Tafseer 73-74
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We'll begin from number 73.
Yeah, you have never you, oh Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Jr. He did Kefauver fight against the disbelievers struggle against them. One one African and also the hypocrites struggle against to the Kufa as well as the Muna 15
Moreover, waffles Ireland, and also be harsh upon them. Well my well home Johanna, and they refuse hell or bits and mostly and wretched is the destination.
In these ayat, we have been learning about the characteristics of the hypocrites
that how they would not only stay away from serving the deen, but they would also discourage other people.
And they would make up false excuses. Instead of cooperating with other people, instead of assisting them, instead of helping them what would they do? They would stop them from models and command them to do that, which is monka.
On the other hand, there are the believers, what do they do? They do the exact opposite. They cooperate with one another, they assist one another, they command that which is good and forbid that which is evil.
Over here, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is being addressed that struggle against to the Cofer as well as the Muna 14
the word that is being used over here is do you had Jackie do? What does You had me?
Do you had some newsletters? Jim had jet engine hood, which is to put in one's maximum effort in order to achieve something. This is the literal meaning of the word job is to put in one's maximum effort.
And the word jihad is used for waging war, isn't it? Why? Because for war, you have to put in your maximum effort.
Just imagine the Battle of the book, The expedition to the book, although there was no battle, but just to get there for the battle. The Muslims had to put in their maximum effort.
And in the battle as well, the person has to put in his maximum ability maximum effort in order to be successful. But the word Jihad does not just mean waging war. The word Jihad also means to struggle hard to struggle. And the use of the word in this context explains the different meanings of the word jihad, that it does not just mean waging war, because the prophets are a lot of them is being commanded to struggle against you that when everything which battle that the prophets are the loudest and fight against the hypocrites.
Was there any battle? No. So many times, he was asked by several companions to be allowed to kill them in Africa. Did he allow them? No. So this shows that you had does not just mean waging war, getting people? What does it mean that it is do struggle against any hurdle?
On Serato, Misaki.
Basically, this is what do you have this to struggle against any hurdle, any obstacle that comes in the way of a person while he is on his pathogen? onset author, Mr. P? Just as for example, if there's a huge snowstorm, huge snowstorm, what's going to happen? Are people just going to settle for it? That Okay, there's snow everywhere, therefore, nobody goes to work. Nobody goes out, nobody goes to get the groceries. Is that what's going to happen? No. What are people going to do? They're going to go outside, they're going to clean up their driveways. Similarly, they're going to be snowplows everywhere. So this is what you had is that if there is an obstacle that comes your way in
your bathroom agenda, in your bath to work, what are you going to do? You're going to put in your maximum ability, your effort, your time, your energy, your resources to remove that hurdle. Why do you have to remove that hurdle, because if you don't remove it, you won't be able to achieve your goal. You won't be able to get to your destination. If you don't remove the snowball, it's going to be very difficult for people to travel. It's going to be very difficult for people to get to work.
And jihad is in different ways. Sometimes it means that you avoid the trouble.
Sometimes it means that you avoid the trouble. You have to use avoidance. What does it mean?
That For example, when there's a huge snowstorm, while it is still snowing.
Do you go out? No.
Unless if it's extremely urgent, you avoid it until you can deal with it. Isn't it
So similarly, when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was in Makkah, he was told to use avoided meaning do not have any conflict with the machine. What should you do? How should you do jihad through Quran by spreading the message. Similarly, sometimes it means that you go out, you use your full force, and you remove that hurdle.
The situation demands that from you. So, when the Prophet said a lot of sort of migrated to Medina, after the digital, what did you do? What did you do? Each time in which the king came against him, he fought them, he put in his effort to remove that hurdle. Similarly, sometimes it means taking a precaution from before, for instance, if you know that there's no coming, what are you going to do, you're going to keep your car in the garage, as opposed to leaving it out in the driveway, or you're going to salt your driveway. Correct. So sometimes it means taking precaution from before. So we see that the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he made a peace treaty as well. So Jihad does not just mean
battle, it does not just mean waging war, it means that while you're working, if a hurdle comes your way, you remove that hurdle.
You remove that hurdle. And remember that you had is also several types. Sometimes it is jihad, against what? against your own self. Now, if Jihad means battle, and killing, then we would be required to kill ourselves. And that's not the case. What have we been told that if you're nuts desire something, you curb it, you stop it? If you have to obey a loss, apparently, with regards to something and you know, does not comply you force it, isn't it? Similarly do you have against the shape? And we haven't been told to go find Hitler and kill him? No. When have we been told that when shavon puts what's on your heart, Don't listen to him initiate ontology.
seminary, there's also jihad against the enemy, the outward enemy, the external enemy, and every time jihad against the external enemy does not mean killing him, does not mean waging war against him. Sometimes the pen is needed. Sometimes you need to write something.
Sometimes you need to make the people aware. So over here, the word Jihad What does it show that it's not just battle, the prophets are the loudest and was being told over here that struggle against to alcohol, one minute 15, as well as the hypocrites.
Earlier in this little we learned about the bottle, the declaration of this association, and that was from the Michigan in particular, over here, co founder has been used, who does kofod include? Not just machine but also the LM kita. Any disbelievers anyone who's not a Muslim.
So I struggle against them. If they become an obstacle for you, in your path to paradise, and struggling against them does not just mean going to the battlefield against them. What does it mean? If they say something to you, you give them a response. If they stop you, you don't stop over there.
Do you understand? If they pressurize you don't come under that pressure.
Jay, be brave Be strong. Just because somebody is looking at you does not mean you need to change your ways. You need to become firm, otherwise you will not be able to achieve anything.
So struggle against the co founder and also struggle against the winner.
Now what does it mean by jihad against them when African
in our vessel that are known, he explained that Allah commanded the Prophet sallallahu Sallam to fight the disbelievers with the sword and to strive against the hypocrites with the tank.
And also he announced he nullified lenient treatment of them.
So what is you have against them and everything with the tongue, and also not dealing with them in a lenient manner anymore.
Because what had happened up until the Battle of the book, they would come make false excuses,
they would come mock at the believers at their efforts. Similarly, they would accuse the Prophet sort of honest about his face, or behind his back and up until now, the prophet said a lot of something was stalled, ignore them is an utter ignore them.
Forgive them overlook them. But here he is being told that now their chances over now you have to become harsh towards them. Why? Because it is getting out of hand and it's been too long. Just like if a child initially is very disobedient.
very rude, does not listen does not care about the rules initially. What do you do? You give him time like Okay, nevermind, you ignore him. But then when it gets out
Other hand, you have to take some steps against him.
If he's lying, if he's cheating, if he's abusing other children, you take some steps against him. Why? Because now, other people are going to get affected,
the whole atmosphere is going to be negatively affected just because of one child. He is given time initially, but then some action has to be taken against him. Similarly, the non African initially they were forgiven, they were pardoned, the prophet was told to ignore them to deal with them. However now because this was the end of the Prophet sallallahu Saddam's life towards the end terracotta is one of the last suitors to be revealed. Therefore, what is the command that be harsh against them?
struggle against them, and what are they in him and also be harsh against?
Well look is from their newsletters, lane Lam, LA, realtor. And Linda is to be harsh to be strict toward someone. And remember that Hilda does not necessarily mean rudeness. It does not necessarily mean rudeness. Nor does it mean that you verbally abuse someone. Then what does it mean by this harshness?
That in dealing with someone you become extremely strict.
Like for example, when they mocked at the believers, the prophet sort of RSM asked them did you say this? And if you did, why, this is what strictness in dealing with someone. One is that somebody walked with the other they said wrong things you ignore them, you overlook whatever they have said you don't care about it. But the other is that you go and ask them, Why did you say that? How dare you say that? This is what this is or that in dealing with the other you become strict, you become very firm. So well, who knows are lay him be strict with them. Who am I? Well hold your hand and their abode is hellfire. Will it sell mostly and what an evil destination it is.
Now, this ayah does not mean that if you see signs of hypocrisy in someone, say that, okay, they're gonna feel and therefore we have to become harsh towards that. No, this is not what this ayah means. This is specifically for the Prophet sallallahu sallam, because he was informed as to who was the hypocrite. He was informed. As I mentioned to you earlier, the names of the hypocrites were revealed to him, but we don't know Allah Who are the person might have signs of hypocrisy today, tomorrow, he may repent, we are no one to Dutch people. But the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was informed by Allah subhanaw taala therefore, we cannot use this ayah in the sense of, you know, labeling people as
monastic and then being harsh towards them.
You know, biLlahi they will swear by Allah yakhni funa from the root letters, hat lamphun they will swear by Allah, who will then when I feel that makalu they have not said
they will swear by Allah that they never said, what was reported to you.
at the Battle of the week in the journey to the book and back, then when after whom, as they were with their friends, what would they do, they will talk negatively about the Prophet sallallahu Sallam as well as the believers. And when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was informed about what they had said, he would ask them, did you say this? So Allah subhanaw taala says the only foreigner biLlahi they will swear by Allah that malpelo they never said that. Whereas in reality, they said it. So they will lie.
What are the core do? And in fact, certainly they had said kennametal kufri the statement of disbelief, what they had said was actually a statement of cover.
Because mocking at the Prophet sallallahu wasallam is not something ordinary. It's a big deal. It's a statement of
mocking it Allah, mocking at the Ayat of Allah mocking it someone because he is reciting the Quran, because he is obeying Allah subhanaw taala This is something very serious, to the point that it is called Kalamata that what are the carnal, kennametal Coffee? Wonderful, and it is believed by the Islam in him after their Islam, they had become Muslim. They said that we are Muslim, but by their actions, what were they doing? They were doing.
They were revealing coffee by saying such statements. And then also by lying
and lying how, by swearing false oaths. You're gonna be like this is false or that there's way so a California bar, the Islam him. They have this belief after their Islam. They became Muslim. They kept covering their hearts and
Eventually it came out
Warhammer and they also intended her moves on the rotators have made me and him is to have an intention in one's heart and do be determined to execute it to plan as to how to execute it.
So it is when a person intends to do something and thinks about how he is going to do it.
So he has a whole plan. Ready, set. So, we're humble and they're resolved. They intended firmly Bheema with that which lemina knew they did not obtain. unanimous on the factors known yet last name. What does Naomi
need to achieve? from the same route as a wedding that ILA who is not either one who achieves what her goals? So, man, Amina Lu, what they did not achieve. They intended to do something which they were not able to achieve.
What is it that they intended to do?
They intended to kill the profits.
They had gone to such an extent.
They had gone to such an extreme
that they intended to kill the Prophet sallallahu sallam, outwardly they were Muslim. Outwardly, they would come and swear to the believers and the prophets, Allah said we are with you. They would come and pray Sunnah. But behind their backs, what would they do? Mark, lie,
And it got to such an extreme that they intended to kill the profits out of autism. When did they do this? On their way back from the book.
As I mentioned to you earlier, that in the Muslim army, it was not just the believers, the sincere believers who had gone, who else had accompany them, then would have been as well, some of them. Many of them, they excused themselves, but many of them they also went, why? Because if they would not go that would reveal their hypocrisy. They didn't have a reason to stay. And they went only to satisfy the people that we are also Muslim. So on their way back, what did they do? They intended to kill the Prophet sallallahu sallam. Why? Because they did not like him. And they wanted to get rid of him.
As you have learned earlier, that when the profits or losses will have migrated to Medina, Abdullah even obey. He was one of the leaders of the tribes over there. And the people over there, the people of Medina, the locals, they had been fighting one another since since a very long time. And eventually they had resolved that now we're going to appoint a king for ourselves a ruler for ourselves. And it is said that the crown even was prepared for Abdullah in a way that he was going to be made the king the leader of the entire city.
But the profits are a lot of Southern came. And when he came, everybody became Muslim, and they turned towards him. So the Lord so he became a Muslim only outwardly but in his heart, he entertains jealousy and enmity against him.
And this jealousy, enmity, it was exposed every now and then at every occasion. And he spread this, this negative feeling amongst other people as well. So now they wanted to get rid of the profits. So what did they do? Are they 5 million man he said that I was holding the middle of the messengers camel. When Ahmad was leading it, I was holding the middle and Ahmad was leading the camel, or vice versa. When we reached an October 12 writers 12 people who were writing, they intercepted the profits or loss. And when I alerted the messenger, he shouted at them and they all ran away. Basically, they came these 12 writers in order to scare the profits animal so that he would fall off
and as a result of that, he would tell him great injuries and perhaps he would die as well.
Similarly, another incident in which some men they came while they had masked their faces, and they came in order to attack the profits out of loggers.
But he found out about them that they were coming to a day. So this is why earlier we read in the previous ayah that oh Prophet sallallahu wasallam struggle against them and be harsh towards them. If you think of it many people they say that look in the Quran. The Prophet is being commanded to be harsh, to be strict. And you say he is Rama lynoral me but look in the Quran. He has been taught to be harsh. Then how can someone be a mercy to people when he's being told to be harsh? The fact is that he was not harsh towards everyone. He was not. And he was not even told to be harsh towards everyone who was he told to be harsh against such people.
Just imagine in a country in an organization some people to gather together in order to kill
In order to assassinate the leader,
are they going to be treated very nicely?
Are they they're not going to be treated nicely. They are going to be punished. They're going to be imprisoned, they're going to be tortured. Now, the Prophet sallallahu wasallam did not say kill these people. But just in dealing with these people, he was told to become tough to become strict. And this is something legitimate. Because look at their actions. They wanted to kill him. And they didn't just intend, but they actually tried as well. We're humblebee melamine Alou, and this action of theirs made them disbelievers It was called after Islam. Well, Mona como, Allah subhanaw taala says, Why do they hate the Prophet? sallallahu wasallam? Why is it that they want to get rid of him?
What's the reason? Woman Nakamoto Nakamoto veterans noon cost me nothing. And nothing is to resent to think bad about someone to dislike them.
And because of that reason, try to inflict some harm on them to take revenge.
So they're not taking revenge in there except, and that Eleanor woman law who also knew a lot Allah and His Messenger have enriched them.
If you look at it,
what is the favor of Allah and His Messenger upon these people? That Allah and His Messenger enrich them? Is this something to take revenge over? Why are they turning against the Prophet sallallahu?
Why are they trying to kill him? Why are they trying to harm him? Because the messenger benefited them because the messenger did a lot of sand towards them. This is extreme ingratitude. They have no reason to behave in this way.
The question is, how did Allah and His Messenger enrich these people? Elena is from the new factories of Indonesia Vani What does it mean?
Rich and Rena, richness, internet, to enrich to make someone rich. How are they made rich? First of all, we see that this was the expedition of the book. And up until now several battles have been fought. And the Muslims had obtained a lot of our booty as well, which was not just distributed amongst the sincere believers. But as you know, that the N fan are distributed amongst
amongst to all of the soldiers is in it amongst all of the soldiers, and not just the soldiers but other people as well of the society.
And also, Medina before the Prophet sallallahu Sallam came was, you know, a small city without any importance. It had no value. People didn't bother about it at all. mk on the other hand, was the center and everybody would go for Hajj, who will go to Medina nobody, nobody would go. And because of that there would be no trade, no business. But since the Prophet sallallahu Sallam came, and since the people of Makkah, the immigrants, the mohajirs, they had come. Medina was thriving with business. The economy was booming. Why? Because the Mahajan who were they, they were businessmen, the people of Mecca. There were businessmen, and the people of Medina who were the farmers.
So, the population increased, as well as more people from outside of Arabia would come to Medina to visit the Prophet sallallahu wasallam.
So, with the coming of the Prophet with the coming of the believers, Medina became very rich. So a las panatela saying that why are they taking revenge from the Prophet? Since the Prophet has come? Look at them, look how they have increased in their wealth? Yes, they had to undergo a lot of difficulties as well. They have to sacrifice as well, but at the same time, look at all the material benefits that they have obtained.
Similarly, as we know that before the Prophet sallallahu Sallam came, there was a lot of disunity amongst the people, a lot of disunity. The ozen 100 would always be fighting.
And when he came, they became united. And when people are united, when there is peace in the society that brings prosperity, and if there is war, then people are constantly concerned. They're constantly worried. They constantly feel a threat.
And now boom, Allahu Allah Zulu men Fort Lee from his bounty for India to boo Yoko hi Rhonda home, so if they repent, it would be better for them.
Look at the mercy of Allah. This is Sora Sora to Toba, and the word Toba comes many times in the surah. Why? Because each group of people is offered to repent to a loss.
This was towards the end of the prophets life the messenger was about to leave the
Wish the king but I was declared against them. But again what was said that if they repent, if they start praying if they start giving Zakat, they're your brothers. Similarly, from when everything again it is being said for iya to boo Jaco, hi Rhonda home, if they repent, it would be better for them.
What Ito alone, and if they turn away, they don't care. They don't repent, even after committing this major mistake of trying to kill the profits of the lotus.
Just imagine Allah saying, even if they repent, it's better. But if they don't, and the turn away, you are the boohooman Mahadevan a demon fit dunya when
Allah will punish them with a painful punishment Indonesia, and
in this world, and in the year after, they'll be punished with a painful punishment.
Well, man, don't fill up the end for them there is not in the earth. I mean, when he can Well honestly, any friend or any helper
in this earth, they have known Wally and they have known honestly,
because we learned earlier that the believers they are earlier of one another, isn't it so. And then whenever you get in there only bow the human bow, they only share their characteristics. There is no friendship amongst them. There is no friendship, there is no loyalty.
So even those who are like them are not sincere to them.
At the same time, they're afraid of the believers, extremely afraid. At the same time they do such actions which make other people hostile against them, which makes other people dislike them.
Do they have any friends, then? They have no friends. And if they're in trouble, Will anyone come to help them? No one will come to help them.
So what do we learn in this ayah? That hypocrisy is a major crime. It's a major crime. And with hypocrisy, a person falls into Cofer as well. Because what is mentioned over here, Cofer in this ayah, that worker for Obara, Islamism, and a person commits such deeds, which are unacceptable of a true believer, which make him the lowest of the low, which affect his relationships as well.
Because just imagine these people who have tried to kill the Prophet sallallahu sallam, would they have the guts to face him? Would they have the guts to face other people? No.
And we know that off the traits of hypocrisy is that when the hypocrite speaks, he lies, doesn't it?
Who likes a person who lies? No one? When he makes a promise, he breaks it. Who likes such people? No one.
And when he becomes angry, when he starts yelling, he abuses the other he uses foul language, who likes such people? No one. So manner whom Phil ultimi Well, he will aniseed but again, Allah says if you repent, if you change your ways, it is good for you. And if you turn away, then you remember that a lot doesn't need you and you will be punished.
We listen to the recitation.
You know, please the
main problem with the hypocrites was that they would not accept their faults, they will not accept their mistakes.
When a person does not accept his mistake, his fault that what is the reason behind that arrogance,
which is why they would come and swear before the profits out of them that they never did it they would even lie. So when a person does not accept his mistake, it leads him to committing more mistakes, more errors, more errors, more sense more faults.
At the end, a person loses in this dunya and also in the
because people don't trust him, people don't like him and in the hereafter as well. He will get no benefit.
Excuses, they become a burden for a person and then he begins to live a double life, isn't it? In front of some people he behaves one way in front of other people he behaves another way.
And it only weighs down on a person and destroys him in this world and also in the hereafter.
So Panchen Lama we have the condition to a la ilaha illa Anta nesta heruka.
Assalamu aleikum wa rahmatullah.