Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Series: Taimiyyah Zubair - Seerah 2015
Topics: Battle of Badr
Events Between Badr and Uhud: Ghazwa Banu Sulaim , Ghazwa Saweeq, Ka’ab bin Ahsraf killed. Battle of Uhud – Part I
Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu.
Oona slowly are allowed to do Karim ama verify the villa him in a straight line of hygiene Bismillah R Rahman Rahim
So in our previous sessions, we learned about the Battle of weather, and the major events that happened after budget. That is what we were talking about. So remember that the Battle of budget was on 17th of Ramadan in the second year, after hedgerow. And the Muslims returned to Medina on the 20th. All right. And about one week after the Battle of one week after the Battle of budget, and according to others do two, three months after the Battle of budget, there was another expedition, which is known as lazada bunu. Salim. So just imagine the Muslims returned from the Battle of button what happens? They have to go on another expedition, but their husbands have been oosterdam. What
was his battle, basically, the one who so lame, they were gathering their men, and they were gathering their weapons and basically their forces in order to launch an offensive against the Muslims. The Prophet said, a lot of them came to know about that. So he took a group of Muslims to the Bonanza name and he attacks them basically. And basically, the bluesoleil were defeated. So we see that one victory after another a loss Pousada gave to the Muslims. But do you see something over here, that once we, you know, achieve something, then we want to long break we want to celebrate? But we see here that the prophets of Allah sent him his life, especially in Medina, what was it like
after each expedition was another expedition after one trial was another trial? In fact, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam returned from that as a victor. And what did he find out that his daughter had been buried? Right? So this is what this life is about one trial after the other. And in this life, we are not asked, What do you wish?
This question will be asked were, in general, what do you want? What do you wish in this in this world in this in this life, there's only test one after the other. Now, what happened after the Battle of button, remember that 70 prisoners had been brought, right. And many of the prisoners they had been ransomed by their family members who were in Makkah, but there were also some other prisoners whose family members were not willing to pay the ransom, or they could not afford to pay the ransom. Right. So one of them was roommate, even his son was, was a prisoner in Medina and are made when Wahab was in Makkah, alright, and what happened he was talking to his friends of one Ben
omega. And he said to him, that we're lucky if it was not for the fact that i i all such and such person, this much money, and I have a family to take care of, I would have personally gone to Medina and execute Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam being the only thing that's holding me back is the fact that I owe such and such person a lot of money. And secondly, I also have a whole family to take care of and my son is a captive in Medina otherwise I would have gone and attacked the Prophet Salas and killed him myself. So stuff one minute later, he said that what if I take care of your debt? And what if if something happens to you? I look after your family also. I mean, if you go and kill
Mohamed Salah laws him and you're killed, which of course will happen, right that the Sahaba won't leave you right? So if you're killed and your family is left unprotected, I will take care of your family. So if you have my full support, would you go so what happened or made but what have you said of course I would. So someone said okay, I promise so are made with no help immediately he got up he took his sword, you know, covered it with poison and he made his way to Medina. Right. And he did not even wait for the next day. He did not tell anybody. He just went himself he walked all the way to Medina. And when he reached Medina, he covered his face and he went to the masjid looking for the
prophets on a lot of cinnamon he couldn't find him. But because he had covered his face only his eyes were showing Romano de la on who he saw may have been will have and remember that armadillo art who's from Makkah, all right, and he knew that people of Mecca. So he recognized or may have been will have and he when he saw the sword with remade been Wahhabi knew that are made did not come with a good intention. So he went through a sort of loss on a lot of sand immediately and he warned him and the prophets that a lot of them said Bring him to me supermoto, I knew he took his sword, and basically, he brought or made been will have to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and he asked him that
what has brought you here? And he said that I have come to talk to you about the ransom of my son.
And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said if you've come for that reason, then what is the sword for and remain? Basically he said that fighting in but that didn't help us anyway. Meaning even if I have a sword, what benefit is it going to bring me it's not going to bring me any benefit at all because we did raise weapons.
against you at Burger, but that did not benefit us. Right? So what happened the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he confronted him. And he said that you've come for such and such reason you've come to attack me, and you spoke to someone. And this is the discussion that happened between the two of you. And we're made up and Rob is just shocked, because there was no third person who knew about this conversation. And Romain did not stay in Makkah. After the conversation, he left Makkah immediately. So even if some someone did tell someone, that person wouldn't have made it to Medina, before him, so remain what he clearly understood that Hamilton a lot of them came to know about this
through some other means, right? And obviously, it was through way that the prophets and a lot of them had been informed about this. So remade been Well, the truth of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam became very clear to him over here and Allah guided him to Islam. So it remade him and we'll have he embraced Islam over it right there and then, and the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he said to the Sahaba, that teacher brother about their religion and free his captive, let his captive go and teach your brother about the religion. So it remained basically he remained in Medina then he did not go back to Makkah. He did not and what happened after the conquest of Makkah, when remade bin Wahab was
in Makkah with the Prophet sallallahu Sallam his friends have one he basically escaped in order to save his life but remained look for stuff. One, he found him and he convinced him that if you go to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he will accept your apology, he will accept your Islam. So basically on the suggestion on the advice of remain safe one also embraced Islam.
So this incident happened very soon after the Battle of now another incident happened which was in the month of shall well so but the battle is fought All right, next month is shall well what happens the volcano car they were expelled from Medina and we learned about the volcano car what happened the Muslims returned from bothered and the banal kind of car basically they started insulting the Muslims that okay you want against the machine of naka de Qureshi of Makkah, because there there are a bunch of fools Anyway, you haven't you haven't fought us. If you were to fight us, then we will teach you what defeat is right what fighting really is. And then the incident that happened in the
marketplace, where a woman from the unsought she was attacked by the year who would have been okay no car in the sense that they had tied her clothes in such a way that when she got up, her clothes got ripped and her odor was exposed. And basically a fight broke out in which the Jewish man was killed and a Muslim man was also killed and in Saudi man was killed. And when this happened, the Jews didn't think that the profits or losses will take any action, but the profits or losses that have sent word that the treaty that was with them had been now nullified because this is this is the guidance that our last panel Donna had given the Muslims in circle and fell in is number 58. What a
matter Hoffenheim in common he enitan from it, he lay him out so that when you sense treachery from a group of people, meaning with whom you have made a treaty, then don't just break the treaty and not inform them, throw back the treaty to them openly, meaning break the treaty openly nullified openly. So when the bundle the bundle final car found out that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam had nullified the treaty, what happened? They were scared. And the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he marched against the volcano car. So basically, he came with the Sahaba with their weapons, right against the bundle cleaner car. Why do you think this happened? Because the bundle cleaner car were constantly
threatening the Muslims weren't. They had been saying that if you had a chance to fight us, then we'll show you what fighting really is. That was basically declaring war. Right? That was declaring war. And now a Muslim woman is attacked in the marketplace. And then a man is also killed. And then a Jewish man is also killed. So basically, weapons are being raised against each other. It's clear the Benevento car do not want to live in peace with the Muslims. Right? So the prophets have a lot of them is being practiced over here. All right. So he goes with the Muslims to buy a new car and bundle a new car. What do they do they lock themselves in their fortresses. And basically, the
Prophet sallallahu Sallam laid siege outside of their fortresses, and it continued for about 15 days. Now remember that according to Jewish law, if a treaty is broken if a treaty is violated, and clearly what the Brooklyn car had done, was violating the treaty, right? The punishment is very severe, which happened later on that the men are killed, and the women and children are taken as slaves. All right. But what happened banal cleanup, are they reached out to their friends from the Arabs, in particular to men and who, where they have the love and obey, all right. And also they reached out to one of the Muslims who was previously on very good terms with the yahood but now he
A believer. Alright, and who was he robot up in a summit, but I'll do a lot more. So when they reached out to her brother Ben assignment, he said, I'm sorry, you're not getting any help from me. I'm not going to, you know, defend you at all. But I believe in obey what happened he came to the Prophet subtleness and I'm arguing on behalf of Brno cleaner car, insisting that the profits on a lot of them, let them be, he should forgive them. He should make a new treaty with them and he should let them be. Right. But the prophets Allah Lawson was not willing to do that. But the love and obey insisted insisted so basically he was defending, they are rude. So after 15 days, the
Prophet sallallahu sallam, he gave a verdict that you know, Kennecott would basically have three days in which they would have to pack up everything and go, they are no longer allowed to stay in Medina. Because if you want to stay in Medina, you better live on peaceful terms. And if you're not willing to stay on peaceful terms in Medina, then go you're not welcome here anymore, then you have to go Alright, because when the prophets of Allah Islam arrived in Medina, what was one of his main priorities that the people of Medina, they should coexist right peacefully, even though there are so different there are the hood, there are the machine, there are the Muslims, but still each group has
to respect the other and must learn to coexist and this is the reason why the treaties were made the Constitution of Medina was put together right. And when the Latino court violated that, then basically they were at war with the rest of the people of Medina. So now either fight or leave of the living obey did not want the option of fighting over here, right? So so the prophets on a lot is Allah He told them to leave within three days and that what the windowpane apart did they left Medina within three days. Now there were I at that were revealed about this incident and sort of reminded that I have 5152 were lost parents Allah says yeah, are you in Lebanon? I'm gonna let the
Tokido Yehuda one masala Alia do not take the hood and the masala as as close friends, Baba whom earlier about some of them are friends of others, that you see over here what the context is of these Ayah? And what do people do they generalize these verses were not allowed to befriend Jews and Christians.
Over here, what are the Muslims being told that you trusted them? You made a treaty with them? Right? But what did they do? What did they do? They cheated you they betrayed you. Right? So now, don't get bitten by the same hole another time. Right. Like in a hadith we learned that a believer doesn't get bitten from the same hole twice.
Right? Meaning if he goes near a hole, and a dangerous creature comes out and bites him. What will the believer do? Go there again? No, he won't make the same mistake again. So this is what the believers are being taught do not trust these people. They're not your friends. And then they add continue that fight or ladina few Karoubi Maradona, you sorry Runa Fie him that you will see those people in whose hearts is a disease rushing towards the Yahoo than the Masada? Who is this referring to our beloved obey? Because he was taking their side he was defending them. Now remember that the volcano car they were the largest of the three Jewish tribes in Medina. And they were the first ones
to be dealt with. Right. So they were basically expelled from Medina. All right. Now another incident happened in the same year, the second year after he left in the month of the ledger. So fast forward to the ledger from Shadwell to the ledger, what happened in the ledger was well, so we
now so we, it means it's basically grain, right, a particular kind of grain that has been dried, alright, and sort of, like crushed so that it's used as porridge. So it's dried porridge.
All right, you can cook it with water with milk with meat. And basically, it's dried food that you can use anytime, right that you can cook, you can prepare and eat anytime. So when the people will travel, they will take this along with them. Right now Just think about it a bag of forage for you, for example. It's so light, isn't it? But you can cook it in so many different ways. And it's so funny. You can have it for breakfast, you can have it for lunch, you can have it for dinner, depending on how you season it and what you put with it. Right. So one bag will last you quite a while. Right? So here's what's a week Why is called kasasa week because what happened was that I was
a fan. All right, he gathered around 200 of the parish and he brought them to Medina. And when he came to Medina, he spoke to the banana lead who are the banana leaf. They were another Jewish tribe. Now the bulk of our had just been expelled and the banana lead did not take a lesson from that. What did they do? They gave Abu sufian protection. Right now obviously
Yeah, still outside Medina, but he's communicating with the banana lead, banana lead, they gave him protection. Basically they're saying that if something happens to you with the Muslims Come and fight you, we are with you. All right. And they basically gave him supplies, food, water, etc. And the plan was that Amazon would attack Medina, or at least a portion of Medina. And he would cause at least some destruction or some loss to the Muslims. But Abu Sufyan couldn't do much. What happened was that basically they attacked a garden, which was on the outside of Medina. All right, and he managed to kill only two Ansari men. All right, and he burned some of the trees down. But the
Muslims found out in the prophets that a lot of them immediately came with the Muslims armed in order to fight a Luciferian back. So I was a fan when he saw the Muslims approaching, instead of going further, what did he do? He went back, he retreated. All right. And basically his 200 men with him, they ran back to Makkah. Now as they're making their way back, the Muslims are pursuing them. All right, they're coming after them. But because they have food, their supplies and the gifts that they have received from the Buddha leave. All right, in order to run faster, what do you think they have to do? They have to throw what was slowing them down. And what was that their supplies. So part
of what they threw down, what they got off, was their bags full of sewing. Alright, they had to leave it behind, they had to throw it behind. So they basically cut the ropes. And they left behind bags and bags of food. So we and obviously that fell in the hands of who know Muslims, so to Muslims, they lost their lives. All right, a garden was destroyed, but it was burnt. And you know that if a garden is burnt, it's only good for it, right? Because within a few years, it'll grow back and when it'll grow back, it has, you know, ashes and things. So basically, it's called fertilizer. Right? On my recent trip to Pakistan, I noticed that as we were traveling through some of the
countryside, so many pieces of land that were basically burnt, burnt. And I was wondering why that had happened. And they said that people do this on purpose that when it doesn't rain, all right, and the crop and the trees and everything is dry, they set it on fire,
right they set it on fire, why so that everything turns into ashes and then it's easier to mix it up with the soil and then when rain does fall and when you do you know put your seeds then you know the next produces is better right because the soil is more fertile. All right. So basically the Muslims didn't suffer much loss yes to Muslims lost their lives, but again they wish they had that in a lesser way right and the Muslims got a whole lot of Soviet okay. So because of this reason, the battle is known as war Soviet. Now, little hedger is which month of the year
a little harder and the head general Hijazi last month. All right. So this was the end of the second year of digital.
So many things have already happened. In these two years since the prophet SAW the logs and arrived in Medina now third year after he dropped the month of the barrel of oil to Mohan Safa. What's next? It'll be rolled over in the month of February. Uh, well, the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he had a Jewish man killed who was this man? His name was carbon, Ashraf carbon, Ashraf was from banana leaf. Remember, who is the one who helped Abu Sufyan, which Jewish tribe, banana leaves. All right. Now this man, Carmen Ashraf was no ordinary man. He was a wealthy man. He was one of the leaders of banana lead. He was half Arab and half Jewish. His father was Arab, his mother was Jewish. So he is
respected amongst the Arabs. He's also respected amongst the yahood All right. He was not just wealthy, he was also very influential.
Because generally people have wealth, people have power. They are, you know, people who influence others. But in addition to all of this, he was also a port. He was also a port. So when he said versus a four tree, they spread very quickly. All right, very quickly. And obviously his poetry was most of the time against who the Prophet sallallahu sallam, the Muslims, and to anger the Muslims to attack the Muslims. He would specifically say poetry about Muslim women. very inappropriate words he would use in his poetry about Muslim women. All right. And he is the one who said many things against the Prophet sallallahu Sallam against the Muslims, and many ayat in the Quran, which
criticize the statements of the hood. All right.
those statements were basically from carbon Ashraf so for example, in turtle baccara you learned about the change of quibbler right? And right at the beginning of the second just what do we learn say a sofa, I mean an S mallala home and cumulative melotti can earlier you know who said these words mallala home and equivalente multi camera layer, it was carbon Ashraf
He is the one who said this.
Right? Now when he said this statement, what happened? So many people joined him, but yeah, exactly. What is it that has turned the Muslims from one Qibla to the other?
You know, generally when, when when changes happen, people don't notice them, even if they notice them. They don't think it's a big deal. But then you hear a statement in the news, alright, or then you hear someone criticizing something, you know, in an article and then what happens? Everybody's talking about it. Right, someone raises an objection, and then it spreads like wildfire. So carbon Ashraf would be the one who would raise objections against the Muslims, against the Quran, against the war he against the actions of the Muslims, and he is the one who would start this propaganda against the Muslims. All right. Likewise, we learned that carbon Ashraf is the one who would
discourage the Muslims from spending, you know, in the cause of Islam in the way of our last panel thought he was himself very wealthy. And remember that the Constitution of Medina that required from carbon Ashraf that where the people of Medina are in need of financial support, then everybody has to come together. Right? So carbon ash of being a wealthy man, what should he have been doing? spending on the welfare of the people of Medina. But instead of spending What was he doing, holding his money back and discouraging the other wealthy people from spending in the wave of law in defense of Medina, and this is mentioned in the Quran, also alladhina Haruna, where maroon and NASA will
book those who are stingy themselves and they order people to be stingy also.
All right. So this is something that Caribbean Ashraf was doing. Also remember that, after the Battle of whether when the Muslims returned to Medina, as victors, instead of celebrating the victory of the people of Medina, what did carb do? He said something to the effect of that if Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam has really killed all of these people, meaning all of the big men of courage, and these are from the noble of Arabs, then it's better to be dead than alive. In other words, I'm going to be next.
Because clearly, he was not on the side of the prophets, that alone is Allah. Right? Who was he? Where was he? He was on the other side. He was friends with the koresh. He had his sympathies with them. He had made a pact with the Muslims. There was a constitution of Medina in place that required him to be loyal to the people of Medina. But instead of being loyal to the people of Medina, his loyalties were with who, the enemies
so carbon Ashraf himself, he mockingly said this, that, okay, if, if a Buddha has been killed, and all of these great men of Qureshi have been killed, then you know what? I'm going to be next. So he's basically mocking the Muslims. All right. And we also learned that after the Battle of budder, Carmen Ashraf, he went to Makkah. So when Abu sufian came, he helped him all right, but he also went to Makkah himself and he formed alliances with the machete cone.
Right, you formed alliances with the machete cone. And when he was asked by the people of Makkah, that who is more closer to the truth, are we closer to the truth? Or are the Muslims closer to the truth? Because remember that the Arabs they had this.
You can say inferiority complex, right? Because they did not have a scripture. They were only human. They were the unlettered people, and the who were the Lolita People of the Book. Right? So the Arabs always considered themselves to be inferior compared to the hood. Now there was a new group Muslims. Right there. Neither was shikun. nor are they on the way of the Huth. They're different. Right. So the mushy cone of Makkah, they asked carbon, Ashraf, who's better guided? Are we better guided? Or are these Muslims better guided?
Who's closer to the truth? What should have been the response of carbon ashla? Who's closer to the truth?
The Muslims, because if you think about it, many of the most deikun they did not believe in Allah.
Right. They didn't believe in in the hereafter. Did they believe in Africa? Yes, they did.
The Arabs. They did not believe
profits, which is why the concept of human profit was so strange to them, that they rejected Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam based on the fact that he was a human Prophet, based on the fact that he was a prophet. They didn't know what a prophet was.
Right? But they who did they know what Prophethood was? scripture,
the crush the machico, they rejected scripture. Why? Because there was no concept of scripture in their tradition. Right? But for the who they have a concept of tradition of Scripture, of course they did. But Carmen Ashraf, what was his response? You are better guided.
You are better guided and this is also mentioned in the Quran. That lm Torah Illa de una una Sabir mineral keytab, you know, in a village up to a third way aku Luna De La Nina cafaro hola Amina Latina Ave Sevilla, that you are better guided than the believers. So what happened? one incident after the other it was making clear that garbin Ashraf was very dangerous, right for the Muslims. He was an enemy. He was an open enemy. Right. But he had shielded himself with this fact with this treaty that he had made with the Muslim with the treaty that existed between the Muslims and his tribe. All right, but his crimes were clear they were evident. He was guilty. So instead of breaking
the treaty with the whole tribe, what happened? One person, right, who was guilty amongst them, he was finished off so the prophets Allah sent him he said that who will take care of carbon Ashraf, because he has irritated he has annoyed Allah and His messenger. carbonyl Ashraf has annoyed Allah and His Messenger, meaning he's done enough things to annoy Allah and His messenger. So what happened? When Muslim was low on who he got up, and he said that I will take care of him. And on the 14th of Robbie, a one in the middle of the night, Mohammed bin muslimah, and a few of his companions together, they assassinated carbon, Ashraf, and the message over here was very clear. Because you
see been okay, no car had been expelled. Now, carbon, Ashraf has been killed. What's the message here? To the hood?
What's the message? What are they being taught? either live peacefully, or be ready for consequences? It doesn't matter who you are.
It doesn't matter if you have a treaty with the Muslims. Don't hide behind the treaty, and betray the Muslims and work against them. Right. So the message was very clear that you cannot get away with treason, even if you're the wealthiest man, even if you are very influential. Even if you have a treaty, if you betray your trust, then you are not safe over here. So the message was very clear. But so far, it was evident that they can hold despite the treaty that they had with the Muslims, they were not their friends. It was evident right. Now what happened.
Also fan and the other leaders of flourish that had survived the Battle of weather right there in Makkah. And you can imagine with the loss of butter, they are very angry. Right? They're very angry. First of all,
remember that now the kurush the people of Makati had developed a religious animosity against the Muslims. Right? Which is why we see when they ask the Jews who is better guided, they're comparing their religion with the religion of the Muslims. Right? So now, it was [???] versus though hate. They hated the religion of Islam before they did not even acknowledge Islam.
All right. Now, they hated Islam. They hated Muslims. So religiously, they were developing animosity against the Muslims. All right, socially. Also, if you think about it, so many of their people had been killed in bed. All right, and they wanted to take revenge for their last ones. Thirdly, we see that their trade do a sham was constantly under threat. They could not travel safely, because every route that led to a sham was, you know, either blocked by the Muslims or the Muslims would not let the would not let the people of Makkah travel freely. Alright. So even economically, they were frustrated with the Muslims. And politically Also, if you think about the Muslims, they were
growing. Islam was now a political force in Medina, and the Qureshi of Makkah they felt threatened by the existence of the Muslims. So they felt a desperate need to attack the Muslims in Medina. Now what happened? Also Finn, he went with Eric Lima, who, who was
the son of a Buddha later on, he embraced Assam or the Allahu anhu. But at this point, he was still a mystic and also sublime in omega
one millimeter, his father had also been killed in the Battle of butter. So two people whose fathers had been killed inverted, he took them with with him. And the three of them went door to door in Makkah. Alright, asking every household to return the profits that they had made from the caravan that had returned.
Remember the caravan returning from a sham? Right under a booster fan? Because of which he had asked that an army be sent to defend the caravan. Right. Now this carbon made it safely to Makkah. Correct. The Muslims didn't get their hands on this caravan. This caravan made it safely back to Makkah. And the profits were distributed amongst the people. Now, yes, they had made their money. But what had they lost?
their honor, their good name? Their men. Right? So I was a fan. And these two people, they went door to door asking every family whatever money you made, give it to us. Give it to us so that we can prepare, and we can fight the Muslims. Now, what do you think the response was of every household? Sure, sure you want more? We'll give you more. Because remember that every household was wailing
was grieving. Because when Abu sufian sent the man dumdum to Makkah, to get the forces out to in order to defend the caravan. who participated in that battle? The Battle of other
from from every single family
people came forward, which is why 1000 people came together within a few hours. Right? So every household was wailing 70 had been killed. 70 had been taken as prisoners, everyone was angry, because everyone's relative, you know, either had been killed or injured or wounded or taken us captive. Right. So each family had suffered loss. And remember, this is a reason why I was a fan past this order that he did not want to hear the sound of wailing.
Because every house on every street, you could hear people crying inside the house. So he passed this word that nobody's allowed to cry. Nobody's allowed to do this openly. Right? So anyway,
people were willing, they gave their financial support, and not just their financial support, even they themselves came forward in order to prepare to fight against the Muslims. And also he and he also sent word to neighboring tribes, the tribes of kwinana, the tribes have to hammer to either send money, or armor or weapons or men, whatever they could, because now they were coming together as the people of Schick versus the people of the heat. So you see over here, this was like,
literally the forces of ship versus the forces of the head. Right, they were coming together. Now what happened, they joined their hands and 3000 people were ready from the side of the machine to attack the Muslims to fight the Muslims. So 3000 people left Makkah on seventh of show while the third year after the seventh of chawan. Now the majority of these men wirklich. However, the armor the weapons have been provided by other tribes also. Right and the leadership obviously, was with the Kurdish and they had 200 horses 700 armors and obviously many swords and many bow and arrows. And this is also mentioned in circle and fat is 36 that Allah says in a Latina, cafaro Yun feel Kona
Amala whom Leah Soto and Sybil Allah there indeed those people who disbelieve they spend their wealth in order to stop from the way of Allah. You see all the profits that they had made from the caravan. Now they were using it to fight against the Muslims in the Battle of boyhood, and more.
They were spending it they were spending their money freely against Islam. Allah says Vasa Yoon fionna sama takuna, ali Hassan, so my yoga bone, they will spend it very soon the spending will be a source of regret for them. Why? Because they will be defeated.
They will be defeated. Now typically the journey the journey should have taken two weeks because obviously for 3000 men coming from Mecca to Medina, it would have taken two weeks, right not Three, two weeks, right. But what happened, they reached close to Medina within seven days. So you can imagine the excitement, right? The enthusiasm, the zeal with which they are going forward to attack the Muslims. And many men of the place they actually took along with them, their wives also.
Many women went along with them. What was the role of the women do
Encourage the men, all right, because obviously if their women are with them, what does it mean they have to fight and do their best to protect their women and the women what would they do? We learned that they basically came along as cheerleaders. All right, to to cheer them on. So for example, they would say poetry, they would say in Doku naranja one official numeric out to the bureau new fabric firaga lady woman, that if you go ahead, we will hug you know Anna from Roanoke, meaning your neck will be in our neck. In other words, we will be we will hug you we will be close to you. When official numeric and we will, you know lay down carpets and cushions for you, meaning we will honor
you and we will be so happy. If you go forward and fight the Muslims. I will talk below nefarious and if you turn back, meaning if you don't fight the Muslims, then we will separate from you then you don't know us firaga lady woman right? That's it. You don't know us anymore. You can never have us. So you see how they are urging their men on that you have to go forward, you have to fight the Muslims. And their role was to encourage the men to show their manhood right. So anyway, I was Sofia and he was the main leader of this army 3000 men. And on the right flank Khalid bin Walid was in charge and on the left here It couldn't even be gel was in charge. You know what's amazing the three
people over here.
Khalid bin Waleed Abu sufian and economic Abuja what happened to them all three of them
embraced Islam later on.
Now what happened to 3000 people that left Makkah when they left the Prophet salallahu Medina, he didn't know about this. The Muslims in Medina were completely unaware of the 3000 people are advancing to attack Medina. But the prophets of Allah isms uncle our best little dillo Warren who was in Makkah, all right, and remember that our basil that our annual he was taken as a captive at the Battle of Reddit and then he was freed. Some say that our best of the lower no actually embraced Islam at this point. When he was taken as a captive, he embraced Islam. But even if he did not embrace Islam at this point, who was the Prophet sallallahu Sallam after all, his own nephew, and
our vessel below and who had now gone to Medina, he had been kept in Medina, as a captive, he had seen who the Muslims really were. So he did have his sympathies towards the Muslims. So as soon as the army left, our basketball did or who sent a letter to the profits of a lot of them, all right, informing him of the army, and it's detailed how many men was in the army. So he sent a letter immediately to the prophets of Allah is Allah. All right. Now imagine the army is making its way really quickly anyway. So the writer with whom the letter was sent, he had to be even faster. All right, so the prophets have a lot of send received the letter. But what did he do? He didn't act on
the letter without confirming the news.
So he sent a couple of people outside of Medina to confirm whether there was actually an army coming up. And yes, the news was confirmed, because the army was very close to Medina by that point, literally a day or two away, literally a day or two away. So the province of a lot of sudden when he realized that this is when the news was confirmed for him, what happened? He spoke to the elders, meaning the chiefs of the unsought, right, he informed them and he took their Shura as to what should be done, but remember, this was Friday, tomorrow, and if it's tomorrow, in the morning, if the prophets analyzed and finds out, yes, 3000 people are here. A lot of time, who's in the masjid?
The whole town is in the masjid for Salah tomorrow. All right, and the news was gonna spread anyway. So the prophets of Allah Islam does not wait for the rumors to spread. What does he do? He tells the Muslims himself All right, he tells the Muslims himself that there's 3000 people coming and we have to fight back. Right? This is a battle that we did not expect to to happen right away, meaning at this point, but it's gonna happen and we have to fight. So the prophets have a lot of them consulted the Sahaba as to what should be done. And he said that I see myself in a protected fortress, meaning we are in Medina, and I think that Medina is a protected fortress because Medina was such that,
geographically speaking, that it was naturally protected from many sides. All right, meaning if somebody had to attack Medina, they could only come from one side, all right, because only one side was open to the prophets. A lot of them said I see myself in a protected fortress meaning all we need to do is stay in Medina and just defend that one exposed side of Medina. Let them come, we'll fight them. All right. So he took their shirt off Still, he made clear to them what
He wanted to do, but he still took their shooter. There were many young Sahaba, who did not get a chance to participate in. But because in weather only 300 people went right, so many more could not go because it was not meant to be a battle. When the Muslims left, they insisted that no, we should go outside. And we should, you know, fight them in a battlefield. And Allah will grant us victory, we should fight them in a battlefield.
But the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he suggested that this day in Medina and defend Medina, because obviously for 3000 people, you need a huge army. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam knew that the numbers of Muslims were still few, there were little, right. And if 3000 people are fighting against 3000 people out in the open, that means there would be more loss of lives. But if you're just defending, right, and, you know, if if if you're just fighting in defense, then then how many people can you fight at the same time? Maximum 200, right that the rest of the army is forced to stay behind? Only a few people can come forward, right? So basically, the casualties would be minimal
this way. But the young Sahaba were very, very firm about this. They kept insisting until the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he agreed, he went to his house in order to put his armor on. And then what happened? The elder Sahaba they got upset with the younger Sahaba that look, you forced the profits of the last enemy into this, wasn't it evident to you that he wanted to stay in Medina and defend Medina? Why did you insist so much, now they felt so bad? So the son hands out of the lower on that you go and tell the Prophet sallallahu sallam, we've changed our minds, and we're very sorry. Right? But how's that on the lower end, who by the time he got to the profits of the last
time he had already put his armor on? And the prophets have a lot of them said that it is not befitting that once a prophet has worn his armor, he takes it off without fighting, meaning once we've made our mind, then we're sticking to this plan. We're not changing our plan, we have to stick to it. But meanwhile what happened that our beloved obey, remember that he agreed with the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that yes, we should stay in Medina and we should defend Medina. There were two reasons for that, why he agreed with the Prophet sallallahu sallam. Firstly, because it was the right thing to do.
It was the right thing to do. It didn't make sense to go out in the open in the desert and find 3000 people, it was impossible to defeat them like that. Right? And secondly, of the living obeyed, did not want to go out and fight because if he's in Medina, he can just stay in his house, you know, close the door, and nobody will find him.
Right? So he wouldn't have to participate in the battle. But if the army is going out, then he has to go out and if he doesn't go out, he looks like a bad guy. He was a coward inside. Right? So he agreed with the prophets that a lot of times the Muslims should go out. But what happened eventually was decided that the Muslims should go outside of Medina and fight the enemy outside the city. All right. Now from this, the fact of the prophets that a lot of them stuck to this decision that was made, what do we learn? What did the Prophet sallallahu Sallam do? First of all, what do we see that he consulted the companions? Even though he had the best plan, that was the right thing to do defend
Medina from inside, but still he did Shula
and after doing Shura, we see that the Sahaba I mean, the majority of them, what did they want?
something other than what the prophets a lot of people wanted?
Right. But was the Prophet sallallahu wasallam? firm on his opinion? No.
When he saw that the majority wanted something else. What did he do? He also accepted their suggestion. Because sometimes we hesitate to do Shura out of this fear that then I'll have to change my mind. I'll have to agree with them.
Right? And we see the faults in in what the other people want.
Right? Which is why we don't want to consult them in the first place. And then we when we consult them still we don't want to accept their opinion. We stay firm in our opinion, but what do we see over here the clock of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, that even though he knew what he wanted was the right thing to do. He still consulted them and after consultation, when the decision was different from what from what he wanted, he still accepted the Shura. right he still accepted the majority opinion.
You see the humility of the prophets of Allah send them over here. Right. And also we see that once Shura is done, and the majority agree on on a particular issue, then what is best, what is best that we join hands with the rest of the people? Right, that we don't become stubborn on our opinion.
Right. And then also we see over here that once the decision has been made,
Then what should be done? remain firm on it. Because it happens. I mean, you you you consult, and then you're working on it. And then some people that will come and say, Oh, I'm so sorry, I said that. I'm so sorry. You can do whatever you want. Honestly, you can do whatever you want. No shooto was done. Everybody was consulted. This is the decision that was made. Now we're all together in it. And once we're all together in it, the nobody's blaming anybody.
Right. And this is exactly what we see, once the Sahaba returned from the Battle of earth. And obviously, this was after a defeat. We don't see that they blamed each other. There was no blaming, right? Once the decision is made, it is made Now stick to it.
Right. And what happened then? So 1000 Muslims,
they left Medina within a couple of hours basically, in the morning, the news is confirmed. Right? I do more time the announcement is made Shula is done. And by late afternoon, what happens the Muslims make their way to towards, but the Prophet sallallahu Sallam went before them secretly? Why did he go secretly because the Qureshi had not reached or heard yet. All right, there was still a day or two away, and the prophets that a lot of them wanted to reach the battlefield, he wanted to be the one to choose the battlefield.
You understand? Why? Because if you would go and meet the crash, where the crash where then the battlefield is what the police decided, right? But if the profits of a lot of them went to a particular place, all right, and he said camp over there, and the Muslims already know the kadesh have to come over there and meet the Muslims there. Right. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam secretly made his way towards the mountain of overhead, right, because the plan was to fight right next to the mountain of art because it was a very secure place inshallah, as you will see, as we will study, so the Muslims reach their by late afternoon, and what happened, the flourish, they also made their
way to earth. And by nighttime, both the armies were camped at or hood. And this was Friday night, and Saturday morning was the Battle of hug, but on the way to or heard what happened, of the love and obey, he left with 300 of his men. Right? Why? Because he said that I wanted at the Battle should be from inside Medina, we should only defend Medina, but my, my suggestion was not accepted. So I'm not in this with you.
You know, this might seem very strange, but unfortunately, sometimes we do this as well. That just because our suggestion is not accepted.
We refuse to cooperate. We refuse to go along.
Right? Like it's either my way or highway. Right? You do things my way. Or if you don't do things my way, then I'm gone, or you don't have my support. And that is what are the love innovated. And this is where his hypocrisy was, was exposed. Because up until this point, I believe in obey His hypocrisy was still concealed. Because remember that new file came about after
the incident with the hood, that kind of clarified, whose side of the ledger nobody was really on. And the way that he was arguing with the prophets that a lot of them showed that he had no respect for the loss of love. And at the Battle of Earth, hypocrisy was completely exposed. Now 300 people leave the Muslims that means how many remain 702 groups of the Muslims, as you learned in the Quran, they also kind of, you know, almost changed their mind. Right, the two tribes been salah and another tribe, right? But what happened Allah subhanaw taala as you mentioned in the Quran, Allah Who are the uma Allah was there ready, he gave them strength, and they decided to remain with the Prophet
sallallahu Salah now on the way to or heard, or rather when when the Muslims reached or hidden by the way, or there's not far from Medina at all, it would take about half an hour, even at that time, to march from the masjid, or heard, right. When the Muslims reached over there, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam took account of who had come, who was there, analyzing the people who had come forward to fight. And obviously this was for the purpose of giving each person the best role in the battle. And he noticed that there were a lot of young Sahaba who had come many young boys under the age of 15.
So what happened those under the age of 50 they were told go back to living model was sent back many other companions were sent back. Right there were still very young.
But there were certain boys who you know, made away abstain. So for example, we learned that a particular young boy his name was lawfare been Hadid. It'll be lower until he was 14.
He was told to go back. But then his family said he's a really good Archer. He's really good Archer. So the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he let raffia stay. All right. Now law fair when he was allowed to stay, his friend somewhat of engender, he said, You know what, I'm stronger than raffia because we've wrestled a couple times, and I can defeat profit very easily. And he proved it, he attacked his friend raffia Alright, right there, and he wrestled him, but him, you know, he basically defeated him. And so the prophets allowed both of these boys to participate in the battle. You see over here are the loving obey.
What did he do?
He left the Muslims, he came up with an excuse to leave the Muslims and look at these companions, these little boys. They're coming up with excuses to stay with the Muslims to participate in the battle. Some people want an excuse to get away from good opportunities. And some people want an excuse to be a part of that.
What do we want for ourselves?
So anyway, the Muslims camped at ohad. Now why is it that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam chose or hood What was the reason behind that? inshallah, we will discuss that, as well as the details of the battle. And what happened next in our next session in Sharla. So practical law will be handed to Allah Illa illa Anta Mr. Furukawa to be like a samurai Alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh