Aqeedah Wasitiyyah – 05 The Names And Attributes Of Allah
Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
File Size: 18.62MB
The Names and Attributes of Allah from the Noble Qur’an: Negation and Affirmation Page 8-9
Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu
guardado sodium, Kareem Mr Barrett for the Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. Rubbish Rockley suddenly were Sidley Emery
rock the Tamil lisanna Yakubu Kohli probenecid.
So inshallah Today we will begin the second chapter of this book. But before we begin the second chapter, what is it that we learned in the first few pages? What do we learn about the rules of understanding the names and attributes of Allah subhana wa tada that Where is it? That we take the names and attributes of Allah subhana wa tada what are the sources? What are the two main sources? The Quran and the Sunnah? Why the Quran? Because it is the words of Allah subhanaw taala and who can tell us better about Allah than he himself? Who can be more truer in speech than him? more correct in speech better in clarity and eloquence in explaining and more clear in meaning than Allah soprano
Darla? Who can be no one. And secondly, we take the names and attributes from where? From the Sunnah. Why? Because the prophets of Allah, Who were the truthful, right, whatever they said was true. And they are to be affirmed, meaning their truthfulness has to be confirmed by those who believe in him. So if a person believes in the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, but does not take his words, then is that correct belief? No. So if the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told us something about Allah, his names and attributes, then we as believers as followers are to take that description. We are to accept it m&s will set the clock.
And if you look at page number six when we had our color and this is the reason why Allah soprano data has sets a panel of bigger or better is that they are mostly phone was 11 Arlen will Celine will help hamdulillahi Rabbil aalameen meaning, first of all, he showed that anyone who describes anything about Allah subhana wa tada which is not correct, Allah is above that. So you take the description from who Allah alone. And secondly, he sends his piece on the messengers. Why? Because what the messenger said was true, it was correct. So these I add, what do they show to us? What do they emphasize? that any name attribute of Allah taken from the Quran and Sunnah. And when it comes
to the attributes of Allah, then there are two kinds. What was a panda who are the general female was alpha was somewhere between epsa who Bane and Effie well is bad,
that some attributes of Allah are such that they are so butea they are most beta, meaning they are affirming something about Allah subhanaw taala and what is that an attribute of perfection and other attributes are such which are men fear, or they're also called salvia? And what does that mean negation negation of what any defect like for example, that that hallucinatory will no, and this means that his attributes are very specific, and they cannot be made up they cannot be imagined. They can only be taken from the Quran and Sunnah.
And this is a reason why Fela doolally as soon as he will Giamatti and magic he moves alone. This is a reason why the loosen and Jamal they cannot do or do from what the prophets brought, what does it mean to deviate, to deviate into little anon we learned some Medina cafaro European Yara de Lune one meaning of yardage, one over there is that the equate meaning they equate partners with him and other meaning is that they turn away from him. They don't give him the right hook, you know the hook that he deserves the deviate from him. So rule means also means to turn away to deviate. So the Allison and Jamal there is no way that they can deviate, they can turn away from that which the
prophets brought. Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam What did he bring the Quran and the Sunnah. So can we abandon that? Can we leave that? Do we have any third option? No, these are the only two options for us. These are the only two sources of knowledge for us meaning knowledge of the knowledge about Allah subhanaw taala
Valera doolally endless una de Ville genericity amager abbiamo saloon what is it that the prophets brought? I'm my job became of saloon. What did the messengers bring? How the truth for enho slid off when was the theme? What the profits brought was the truth what Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam brought was the Hulk was in Nicoletta de la
slid off and was stuffing or prophets Allah said I'm your guide to what the straight back. So, why is it that we cannot do what we do? Why is it that we cannot deviate from what the prophet brought sallallahu wasallam because that would not be the straight path then what is the straight path following the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and if a person leaves that deviates from that, then will he remain on the correct path? Will he remain on right guidance? No, he will go off track he will be misguided. Now, the question is how do you know that what the prophets brought was the hook? Because Allah subhanaw taala himself describes the straight path.
Right? And how is it that Allah describes a straight path? A part of the eye as mentioned over here the ayah is indicated over here, slit author Latina NRM Allahu la him, I mean, in the beginning, was detained was Shahada was slowly what is the straight path? The path of those who Allah is pleased with? And who are they? Who are they? Whom Allah is pleased with? First of all, the prophets? And who are the prophets, those who brought the truth, those who brought the help, then it is a path of for the pain, why does it the pain, those who confirmed the truth, who believed in the truth, like aboubaker, acidic, and then it is a backup Shahada, who are the Shahada, those who are martyrs or
those who are witnesses to the truth. So basically, those whose credit she had are understood as witnesses, scholars, as well as martyrs, the ruler map because Allah subhanaw taala says Shaheed Allahu, Allahu Allah, Allah, Allah, Who, who else gives that testimony? Well, Malaika and also, also those people who have been given knowledge, or in the Middle East, right, those people who have been given knowledge, so they're the Shahada. And then, Shahada are basically those who spread the truth and those who are even willing to give up their lives for the cause of the truth. So she had that and slowly hint, where does it hinder righteous, those who live to help those who live the help and
Salah haner also understood those who give the help of Allah as well as the help of very bad.
So basically, we have been shown two ways over here. Two ways of understanding the names and attributes of Allah soprano. One way is the way of Serato Mr. Clean that we learn and Serato Mr. Kim is what basically the Quran and the Sunnah, and the other way is the way of it had deviation. So which way is better?
Of course, slit often was lucky because this is exactly what we asked the last panel diner for in every prayer dinner split up and was talking chose the correct path. So the correct path is the Quran and Sunnah.
Okay, next chapter is
an STD laloux Allah is back at usma illa. He was the fatty mineral annual Karim. Now remember that the division of this text into chapters and chapter headings? This is not how the original text was, okay, this has been done by a later scholar. And this is why sometimes you will find different arrangement depending on who did the web, the web is what dividing the text into chapters and chapter headings. So this chapter heading wasn't given by the author.
Was it given by the author? No, it was given by who
someone who came later and we learn if you look at the cover of the book that we have is by a chef Saleh in a villa and frozen.
So why is it that he gave these chapter headings so that we can understand easily? Those of you who are familiar with say, Buhari, is there any explanation of the ahaadeeth that you find in the book?
Where's the explanation in the chapter heading itself? So the chapter heading is a way of explaining the text?
You understand? It's a way of explaining the text. It kind of tells you what's going to be inside what's going to be coming, what the author means by writing this by mentioning this, okay? So it's basically an effort to better understand the text. Okay, it's explanation. Generally what happens explanation comes in footnotes, but this is the other way it comes before. So I listed laloux What does estate land mean? It is from the word the legal what is the legal
evidence proof? So is it Lal is stiff? What does this do? I'll give the meaning of seeking something. So seeking evidence, taking proof taking the evidence, okay. lsttl Allah taking the evidence
For it is bad What does is bad mean?
is bad of what a smart Illa the names of Allah was the fact he and his attributes from where? middle Anil Karim from the noble Koran, meaning taking evidence from the Quran, of the names and attributes of Allah soprano data, which names and attributes that are affirmed. In other words, now the author is going to use different if he's going to mention different verses from the Quran. He's taking the evidence from where, from the Quran to prove the names and attributes of Allah subhanaw taala because at the beginning, what did he established we will take from where the Quran and the Sunnah, so now he's telling us the various names and attributes that Allah has mentioned, were in the Quran,
and after this, he will mention the names and attributes of Allah that we learned from the Sunnah.
All right. So if you just fit the next few pages, what is it that you see? What is it that you see? Is the verses either complete versus or a parts of if? Why? Because Allah subhanaw taala should be believed in the way that he has described himself and where is it that he has described himself in the Quran? So now we will be looking at various verses of the Quran to find out what are the names of Allah? What are the attributes of Allah? What are his exalted characteristics? What is it that Allah Subhana Allah does? What are his actions? And what is it that he refrains from what are his attributes? So, this study is for the purpose of knowing who unless upon getting to know him better,
because when we do study the Quran cover to cover when we read it, when we reflect over it, there are many things that we come across
and the names and attributes of Allah subhanaw taala are within the ayah that give us a home correct? So many times our focus is so much on the outcome of the commands that we kind of ignore the names and attributes we take them for granted. We're like yeah, okay, he's a senior obviously. But then what does that mean? What does that tell us about Allah? So these verses we're going to study and the entire focus is going to be on what are the names and attributes of Allah soprano.
So first of all, the first Maxim The first principle, a gem Robaina nephew, well is batty fee was fee Darla algebra, what does algebra mean? combination, combining together. So combining between a nephew negation, well is bad and affirmation. fee was fee to Allah. In his was, whose was
Allah was was meaning, description attribute Allah is Exalted meaning, here we're going to look at both kinds of attributes,
attributes of nafi of negation, as well as attributes of affirmation, because this is how a lot of panel data has described himself with affirmation and with negation, why, because then the praise is complete, the description is complete, the description is perfect. And this is something that the listener believe in, that Allah possesses certain attributes and he does not possess other attributes. Now, before we read further, we must understand this very, very important principle, this very, very important Maxim very clearly, that there is nothing and there is respect. If you think about it, La ilaha illAllah What does it mean there is no god worthy of worship, but Allah
essentially what is it telling us Allah is the one who deserves worship, meaning Allah is Allah. The kalama could also be simply Allah is Allah, Allah is God, the one who should be worshipped, but with that give us a complete understanding of Allah, the complete understanding of Allah subhanaw taala as Illa if it was just a law is a law, that could leave the possibility of okay there could be another being who was also enter, but when it is said, Allah, La Ilaha Illa who there is no God, but him. There is affirmation negation. So this gives us a complete understanding of the hate Lu here, you understand, not just that he is God. If you say he is God, then okay.
So and so is also God and so and so is also God, but when you say there is no God, but him that means he is God, and only He is God, does that give you a more complete understanding? And this is very important, in order to understand anything correctly, anything, you have to know what it is and what it is not, what it is and what it is not, you know, like for certain objects when you purchase them, what does it say this is not a toy, huh? Do not give to children. Why? Because it's not safe, it's for this purpose, not for this purpose, many times you buy certain machinery and it says, do this, but don't do this attention, big warning signs, Why? So that you know, what this machine is
capable of doing and what it is not capable of doing?
So, if in order to understand people in order to understand things, you need to know what they are and what they are not. Otherwise you'll be ignorant of the complete reality Then what about the creator you have to know what his characteristics are and what his characteristics are not what God the holla
and in fact, the holla it is included fee how to heal Joomla in this Joomla in this you can say topic Joomla we understand it as a sentence, what is a sentence is when many words are coming together. Okay, so, an entire line of words. So over here, how do you Joomla this Joomla what it's referring to is this entire theme, this entire topic, which entire topic that even Tamia has been mentioning, and what is that? The belief in Allah subhanho wa Taala the above principles that have been mentioned. So what are the Hanafi had the Joomla man was a fella who been upset, who is also that which Allah has described himself with? Where has he described himself? fi sumatera airfloss in
Surah class, what does it mean? included in this topic? is what Allah has described himself with, in pseudo class, meaning, that is also included in this topic, topic of what
belief in Allah subhanaw taala, his names, his attributes,
that we believe in them, we affirm them without need to keep them sealed or ugly, right? And that he is the best one to describe himself and we take it only from the Quran and Sunnah. Right? And then he has attributes of negation and affirmation. So part of this we also find mentioned were inserted airfloss and so the Islam as he describes it as allottee, that which dark blue, dark blue leeuw. Now this is from
our absolute Alec, what does it mean by other over there? equal?
So remember that when you see the letters either alone, when you see a verb that has these letters, they could either be from the word rule, or they could be from the word or the rule meaning deviation, and other meaning, equality or justice. All right, so allottee da de leeuw. That which is equal to soloth, a third of the Quran Surah Al Islam
is equivalent to a third of the Quran. Now, what does it mean by this, that sort of a class is equal to a third of the Quran? Where did he get this from? From a hadith? In Sahih Bukhari in which the Prophet sallallahu Sallam asked his companions is one of you incapable of reciting a third of the Quran in one night?
Meaning Why won't you?
And the Sahaba said How? How can we recite a third of the Quran every night? So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Allah, Allah Samad meaning he was referring to pseudo class, it is equal to one third of the Quran. How is it equal to one third of the Quran? Does this mean that if you recite through the class three times you have read the entire Quran?
Okay, in terms of reward, you can understand it, but mainly in terms of the theme, the themes of the Quran, the Quran, it basically has three main themes. One hubber anila, it tells us about Allah soprano. It's a major theme of the Quran. If you just use almost half, you're such that the name of Allah is always in red. So every single page, what will you find a loss of hand without his name,
isn't it so they'll call on amid
theme of the Quran is that it tells us about Allah subhanaw taala. Secondly, how about our annual report? The Quran tells us about the creation, the creation of a Lhasa panel data, whether it is the news of the previous nations, whether it is the news of the prophets, or it is, you know, the sun, the moon, the rain, the plants, the different creatures from the bee to the mosquito creation, what happened to it before what's happening to it now what will happen in the future they have gentlemen suhagra Anima, Luca and thirdly
commands when we read in the Quran, a p mu, two to LA to Sri coup de leeuw. Okay, these are what commands now if you think about it, these are the three main themes which we see in the Quran. What's the first one hover anila.
And all of that is comprehensively
mentioned we're in sort of a class.
And this is why sort of that class is equivalent to a third of the Quran
in some other class, Hazel yaku where he says meaning where Allah soprano Dada says, own who Allahu Ahad, say He is Allah, the One Allahu Samad Allah, the eternal refuge, lemonades. He does not give birth, while I'm youlet nor was he given birth to while I'm Nicola who, and there is not for him good for one, a co equal I hadn't anyone meaning no one is equivalent to him in any way. And this is what I what do we learn whose description? Allah subhanaw taala is description. What is the background of this sort of when was it revealed? Do you remember? What did you learn? Why was the suta revealed? Exactly the wish the keen they asked the Prophet sallallahu sallam, tell us about the
lineage of your Lord. Tell us about the loss the description of your Lord Who is he? What characteristics does he possess because the machine the only familiar with idols? This one is the size and this one is that size. And they had these stories about idols. Remember the idol Nebula, which was by the mount Safa model, right? There was a whole story behind it, why they had that idle? So they asked, What is the story of your Lord basically, tell us about the background of your Lord. So Allah subhanaw taala revealed this surah and this surah which is known as a class, what does class mean? sincerity but sincerity is not the literal meaning. What's the literal meaning the
original meaning purity, purity to make pure, a tongue clear? And from that it means sincerity. Because this surah What does it produce in the heart sincerity for Allah subhana wa tada and whoever believes in this surah then he is worthless. Because the surah it's telling us to believe in only Allah subhanaw taala right. So whoever reads this sort of with him and then he becomes sincere for Allah. So this surah it makes Harless and this surah Allah subhanaw taala of Lhasa, meaning he chose it for himself. This surah Allah chose for who, himself what do I mean by that? That there is no who come here, no command here. No mention of the FM no mention of gender, of jahannam of believers of
disbelievers of prophets of martyrs of righteous of sinful nothing, only Allah subhanaw taala is mentioned in this from the first ayah to the last day. So he chose the surah only for himself. You understand? Because, for example, if you look at certain NES, what do we do pull out of European NES are all about openness. I seek refuge so I there comes a mention of yourself. Right? But sort of the last who Aloha, aloha summit lemelin while I'm youlet while I'm here, COO, coo and so it is exclusively about Alaska.
Now in this surah what names and attributes do we learn about Allah soprano? Let's look at the Sora i have i, first of all, who Allahu Ahad say He is Allah. I had one. What does it mean by this? He is Allahu Allah, He is Allah and he is a had. Meaning he alone is Allah. Only He is Allah.
There is no Allah but him
only he is alone.
And he is the only one one and unique in his being in his names, in his attributes in his actions, he has no partner, no equal, no one who is similar to him. There is no second being even that is like he is a had one, Allahu Samad Allah, He is a Samad, who is a summit? What's the meaning of a summit? How often is it that we recite the surah? Remember that reciting the surah with the man is what will produce a class? And when can we have a man? What kind of event that is with knowledge?
Because he man faith is with awareness. Right? When you are aware of something, that's when you believe in it. So what does it mean by a summit? A summit? If you just remember one word, common,
common question complete and perfect.
He is a summit meaning he is perfect and complete.
In what all his attributes in his knowledge and his ability, in his wisdom, in his honor, in his mind, in his authority, in all His attributes, he's perfect in his being he's perfect in his attributes. And Allahu Samad What does it mean? Only Allah is perfect, so no one is perfect, but Allah, no one is perfect, but Allah because everyone besides Allah, do they have imperfections?
Of course, no matter how great something or someone is still they are imperfect but Allah He is above any imperfection.
If you think about it, the greatest creation of Allah soprano Darla meaning greatest and its size, what is it? The throne, but that is also what Maha Luke, it is a creation.
That means it is under a lot of control. So is there imperfection there? Of course, Angel gibreel.
He is in the little Alfie McKean. He has a position of he's firmly established, he has a closed, firm position with a loss of panel data. But still, he's an angel, which means he is Monique. Which means there will be imperfection. Who is free from any imperfection? Only Allah is a summit. So no one is perfect. But
it is also said that summit. Another meaning of summit is one who has no Jove, the one who has no button. It's used for something that has no button, no stomach, so it doesn't need to eat. It doesn't need to drink. This is why they said that the angels are summit because they don't eat and drink. And this meeting was reported by even our basketball dilla horn because the one who needs to eat and drink and fulfill other needs, what does that show? They're needy.
They have weaknesses, they are dependent, they will be affected by certain incidents. Okay, like, for example, the one who needs to eat and drink if he doesn't get his food and drink. What happens? Does it affect his mood? Does it affect his energy? Does it affect his decision power? Does it affect his relationships, of course, in every way, and we experienced that day in and day out, but Allah subhanaw taala he is a Samad meaning, again, this is emphasizing he's above any weakness, above any imperfection free from any imperfection. A summit also means must move to LA must smooth LA, meaning some other means to go. So the entire creation goals do him the entire creation turns to
him Why? For what purpose? In order to have their needs fulfilled. They all reach out to him. Everyone needs him.
And what does it mean then? If everyone needs him, and he is above any imperfection, what does that mean? Who does he need? Nobody? Nothing. No one. Everyone needs him and he needs no one. So the one who is perfect in his attributes and the entire creation goes to him for the fulfillment of their needs. And he is needed by all What does that mean? He is free from
he does not even need his help. He
He does not need the semi wet, he does not need the curtsy, he does not need the makuu cot.
He is rich and free of need and independent in and of himself. Because if we ever have any kind of independence, it is with what with certain crutches, isn't it? We need, for example, a license in order to be independent. We need a house of our own. In order to be independent, we need a source of income in order to be independent. We need the level of authority and freedom in order to be independent isn't. So we need things and those things make us independent.
You understand? But Allah subhanaw taala he is a summit leading he's perfect and complete and independent and does not need even one thing. He's perfect in and of themselves. To a summit implies absolute perfection. absolute perfection of who? Allah subhanaw taala and at the same time, a Samad implies absolute imperfection of who
is the creation?
Because think about it a summer, he is perfect. He's absolutely perfect. Everyone turns to him, they need him, which means they're absolutely imperfect.
dependent, he is independent and we are dependent, he is perfect. And we are in perfect aloha summit. Lam yelland What have you learned? let me lead What does it mean? He does not?
He does not while he does not give birth, meaning he does not have children.
And while I'm you lead, what does it mean? He was not given birth to meaning he does not have a father or a mother?
What does this further emphasize?
Think about it if he does not have a child, he does not have a father. What does it mean? He is
one and unique.
So let me help you let this further emphasizes. First of all his oneness.
kulu Allahu Ahad. And secondly, this also emphasizes what
Because who needs children and who needs parents?
Those who are incomplete. Those who are needy.
Right. And if you think about it, a child is like his parents in some way or another. There's some resemblance. And parents are also like their children in the sense that they're similar.
Whether it is in their physical appearance, or the fact that they're both human. The fact that they're both limited, and parents and children are in need of one another. Are they are they not? at different stages in life. When a child is young, he desperately needs his parents, so much so that when remember that woman when she came and confessed before the Prophet said, a lot of them I've committed Zina, and the punishment should be carried out on me. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam sent her away, come back after you've given birth. If you think about it, right when she gave birth, the punishment could have been given. But the Prophet sallallahu Sallam sent her back, go nursing, nurse
somebody else could have nursed the child know,
somebody else could have and that was very common in that society. But the mother was spared why for the sake of the child, the child is in need of the mother.
He needs his mother.
Because otherwise emotionally, there will be a big, you know, vacuum, something missing in that child. And that will affect him. It will affect his entire life. So children are in need of their parents.
Do Parents need their children? Yes. You know, sometimes you see little children and the mothers are ordering them around. Pick this up. It's cleaner time. Huh? Go upstairs and do this go call so and so go open the door. Go Close the door.
And as parents age, they need their children even more,
as much as they don't want but still they need their children if nothing else, just for their emotional need for their comfort. So parents and children are in need of one another
Because of their it's because of their weakness, whatever that weakness may be, whether it's physical weakness or emotional weakness, and also Parents need their children why so that their muscle will carry on.
But Allah subhanaw taala what weakness does he have that he would need a parent or he would need a child.
He doesn't have any weakness. lemmya Lydda, mula, this is why he is perfect, right? And with the passage of time, what happens a person a creation, it ages, whether it's an animal or a human being or a bird or a fish, and it needs to procreate so that it can survive, it can survive as in its nest, and we'll carry on but Allah subhanaw taala he is alive, he's ever living. He is a well
so he doesn't need a child so that his name can carry on
because he will never perish. So let him get it while I'm you lead. This further emphasizes the oneness of Allah, as well as the perfection of Allah. And you see, being a child means that you came from someone. There was someone before you stronger than you who took care of you. But let me welcome you lead. There is no one who was before him. He is a well, he is alcoholic. If he is a creator, how's it that someone made him? No way. Everyone besides Miss McLaughlin, He alone is Holic salami Allah when a new lead. And what does that tell us about Allah? subhanaw taala that there is no one like him?
No one like him. Because everything in this world that we see, it has come from something
correct. It's a result of something. Like for example, this table even it came from a tree. A human being, it came from someone correct. So when we learn about a lot Lem yellow samulet What does it mean? No one before no one after he is unique. No one is like him. But then a question may arise. Okay, but is there anyone else who is also like Allah, that lumea lid will amulet read the next ayah while I'm Nicola Who? Khufu and
there is no one who is like him in any of his attributes? Who is one we read yesterday cough, lack of Allah, meaning co equal, someone who is similar, equal?
If you think about it, is there anyone besides Allah, that will be there forever and always
everyone will suffer from death, right? Couldn't even or they have fun, even the angels and a time will come when Allah will be the only one and he will say, We are the kings and we are the doubles and where are they?
Only unless a panel data will be there. So let me akula who
is there anyone that does not need sleep that does not need rest, that does not tire that does not need another? No one but Allah. So in this surah what attributes of Allah panel data do we learn some attributes which are so butea and other attributes which are manfield or salvia? Which ones are so butea Now you tell me which attributes are being affirmed for Allah, He is Allah, Allah meaning either he is a had a had meaning one, he is a Samad meaning perfect and complete and eternal refuge Okay.
Any other attribute which is being affirmed? He is the rest of the if not the, tell us what he is not. Samantha Selby, and which ones are they? He is not a father, meaning he is not a parent, he does not give birth, he does not have children.
Secondly, he is not a child. Lem, you lead he was not given birth to. Thirdly, he is not comparable to anyone else. Let me
go for one.
So in this surah alone, so little airfloss, which is equivalent to a third of the Quran, meaning a third of the Quran gives us this message, the names and attributes, the unique attributes of Allah. And what is it that we learn over and over again in this order, he is one unique and he is perfect not to be compared with anyone
does that there's something very important about understanding the names and attributes of Allah. What are the two principles that we must always remember whenever we see any name, any attribute of Allah what two principles that Allah is unique in this? He is unique in this and second?
Can they use perfect in this or no one needs to be compared to him? Remember his wife Danny Yeah. And is somebody Yeah, His perfection, okay, warmer and that which was offer he has described, be he with it nafsa who, himself meaning, this description, and the fact that he has certain attributes that are affirmed and others which are negated. This is also found were in the description that Allah gives of himself. Were fi in our alemi greatist 18 verse fee keytab he in his book, this is also found in the greatest verse of the book of Allah. Hazel your call, where he says, and this is what the ayatul kursi
the ISO could see is described as the r1. Yeah. What does it mean by r1? It is from a lien a lien meaning? Great, so r1 meaning greatest.
Remember, this is the greatest verse of the Quran, not the longest, the longest verses I have today, which isn't sort of the buckler, which is an entire page long.
This I could see is the greatest
in what sense with respect to
its importance, its meaning, its message. It's heavy due to its content. It carries a lot of weight, because of its content. Not because the words are many. But because the words are very weighty. They're very powerful. They're very heavy. They're very important. Every word of this,
the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he asked one of the companions, that which I have the Quran is the greatest and he said, I could see Allah, Allah, Allah who will hire you, and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam struck is just woolbabe in cabaret.
And he said, congratulations to you for this knowledge, may this knowledge be Mubarak for you? A source of blessing for you. So this is a really is the greatest idea of the Quran. Now, this does not mean that there are parts of the Quran which are important and other parts of the Quran which are not important. No, every word of the Quran is important because who is the speaker who is the one who said unless upon other the words of Allah. So with respect to the mythical, every word is important, but with respect to the meaning, okay, and the message and the content. Yes, some are heavier than others. Some parts of the Quran are heavier compared to others, they carry more weight,
they have more impact compared to other parts of the Quran.
So in ayatul kursi
what do we learn the names and attributes of Allah Subhana
what is item kursi? Allahu La Ilaha Illa Who? Allah there is no god worthy of worship but when
I hate the EverLiving Alka yom the Sustainer of all existence.
Letter Hulu sin Aton Well no.
Letter Hulu, it does not sees him. It does not overtake him. What zenaton drowsiness sleepiness Well, no, nor any sleep. He doesn't sleep nor does he get sleepy.
lahoma is somewhat human feel To Him belongs whatever that is in the heavens and whatever that is in the earth. Men the lady who is it that can yes Pharaoh in the who who can even intercede near him elaborate easily except by his permission jamoma banner ad him wonderful for him. He knows what is before them and also what is after them. Well are you here Tony Shea in mineral meanie, ellaby Masha, and they cannot encompass anything from his knowledge except what He wills was the aku cu semi worth he will have his good see expands over the skies and the earth. When I do have Luma and guarding dumble to mean the skies in the earth. It does not tire him wahoo li li and he is the early
the exalted arleen the great one.
Do you see some names of Allah in isocore See, which Names of Allah
Li Li Aleem. So there are five names of Allah that are mentioned in this one if five names of Allah
and they are all different. They all tell us something different about Allah soprano.
Can a person say they mean the same thing?
Or they don't have a meaning
if they did carry a meaning, wouldn't that be unnecessary letters and words in the Quran? Making the Quran heavy and burdensome? Like some people claim that Allah's names, they're all the same thing. They're just labels. They don't really have a meaning. It's just a difference of different letters.
But if that was the case, why would Allah subhanaw taala tell us all of this
so there are five names of Allah subhanaw taala. Any descriptions of a lot that you see in this item could see any description. Okay, so mafia, see from an FIA? So for example, let Illa Illa who there is no god but him. Okay, any other description? Letter who seen it on well? No. Okay. Any other description?
Okay, of ownership. Absolute ownership, okay. is knowledge jamoma Bina ID mama cellphone, okay. There are at least 25 sifat of Allah in this ayah
or to be fair 26
at least 26 suffer the loss of panel data or mentioned it This one is
what are they?
First of all, Allah.
Allah, this is his name, La Ilaha Illa who there is no god worthy of worship but him leading he is unique in his
unique in his Lulu here.
And you see there is nothing here. And there's also Isabelle here.
Where's nafi? La Ilaha Illa. There is no other God with him. Where's the ispat? Allah? He is Illa Illa who only is Allah. So this is nafi and his birth? Allahu Allah, Allah Allahu LA.
This is a name of Allah.
And he is from Hyatt What does Hyatt mean life.
And hey, what does it mean? He is the little hire, which is Kameelah. He has life which is common, perfect and complete.
His life is perfect. His existence is perfect, it is complete.
And this necessitates the perfection of all of his attributes.
You understand the fact that he is so high? What does that necessitate that all his attributes are perfect.
Because who can live forever, the one whose strength doesn't decline, the one who's who's not affected by the passage of time,
the one who is above any physical weakness, the one who is so strong and powerful that none can harm him,
you understand? So the fact that he is alive means that all of his attributes are perfect.
The fact that he is alive means that he was not preceded by non existence, nor will he suffer from any decline. He was always there.
And he will always remain.
And he is also a you, who is alpha you from him.
The one who is established himself,
the one who is established himself. He doesn't need anything in order to remain
in order to live
in order to do anything, he doesn't need anything.
He doesn't need any food. He doesn't need any drink. He doesn't need anything of the sort.
And he is a young
which means that those besides them can never be independent. They're all dependent on who
Allah soprano for it because he's a human by you means. We understand this in two ways that first of all, he is our him himself. Independent and secondly, he is a Hume so he is looking after. Everything is the Sustainer of the entire existence, meaning everything that exists depends on him.
They cannot come into existence unless he creates them. They cannot live and survive and fulfill any need unless he gives them. He is a you. He is perfect in every way.
And independent in every way.
And how you? Are you? Both of these names of Allah subhanaw taala. What do they tell us about Allah? That he is perfect in his being? and perfect in his salon in his authority, perfect in his that and he's perfect in his salon? How is he perfect in his that in his being? Because he's always living, ever living? Never will he die? Never ever will he decline in any way.
And perfection of his Salon of his authority, because he is a you He doesn't need anything to sustain himself with. So he's perfect in his authority.
Letter who do who center tune Well, I know what his center.
That feeling that some of you have right now.
When you're becoming sleepy, your eyes, they just want to close. You just want to put your head down.
And notice how lad who who's in Atlanta center, and now don't see him?
Do we get seized by sleepiness and drowsiness? Yes, it has not been said lay enamel.
He does not sleep because sleep can be by your own, you know, will in the sense that you put yourself to sleep, you lie down, you turn the lights off, you close your eyes, you make yourself sleep.
But there are other times when you're overtaken by sleep.
The lights are on you have your cup of coffee, you take your socks off, right? You make sure the window is open even though it's cold outside because you have to stay awake in order to do some work. But still what happens you put your head down and you fall asleep.
Right? Because it's beyond your control. Why? Because we are weak.
If we have been awake for 24 hours, for 48 hours, what will happen?
We'll just crash
on the floor in the most awkward position. You know, sometimes at the airports, you see people sleeping on the most uncomfortable chairs. Sometimes they'll just put their things on the floor and they'll go to sleep
in airplanes even where the seats are so small and people are sitting so uncomfortable, and all the noise and the dryness of the air, whatever it is, but people still sleep. Why? Because they're overcome by sleep.
I remember once we were traveling, and there were too many delays. And it just so happened that we didn't get enough sleep at all. And you know how children are that sometimes with all the things that are going on. Even if they're sleepy, they won't sleep. And I remember my son, he just collapsed in my arms. I got so scared I thought he fainted. Literally I thought he fainted. And I was trying to get water and you know, wake him up. And then I realized he's actually sleeping. He was sleeping. I thought he had fainted. But he was actually sleeping because the sleep overtook him and you know how children are they'll fight their sleep do that literally. Any they'll fight they'll
resist it so much. But still what happens. Sometimes they'll fall asleep in their chair. They're eating and they'll asleep over there. They'll doze off. Because we're weak. We need the sleep. Allah soprano data lead that Hulu center tune well I know he does not sleep he does not need sleep. It does not affect him that he should sleep. So this is what kind of sleeper
man for you. Social media. This shows the perfection of is highest.
So alive. So perfect is his life that he doesn't sleep for even a second. He doesn't get tired and sleepy even.
And it also shows the perfection of his bio media that he is so caught him he saw established that he doesn't even need rest. And he's sustaining everybody to such a great length that he does not need any sleep.
If you think about it, we need to talk to people we need to work with them. We need to spend time with them. We need their company sometimes but they're not available. Why? Because they're human beings. They need their sleep they need their rest.
But Allah subhanaw taala he is answering the prayers of so many. He's looking after every single creature while I'm in depth but in an early Illa Allah He does. Every single creature Allah is giving it its risk.
Sometimes just think about it, how there are ants, you know, looking for the risk other bees flying for so many miles for so many hours looking for what there is, so many fish traveling from one part of the Ocean to the other, seeking what there is who is guiding them, who is providing them. Allah subhanaw taala he is unclean, he doesn't sleep, he does not rest. When he created the heavens and the earth will be healthy when he did not get tired by creating them. Man, the lady ash fell in the hole, Elizabeth Whitney, who is it? That can even do shefa near him, except for his permission. So great is his authority that no one can even speak before him in order to make a request, not for
themselves for somebody else.
Before our last panel,
that sometimes if you have to ask someone for something that you need, you feel shy.
Right? But if you're making a request for someone that kind of gives you the confidence, it's okay, I'm not asking for myself, I'm asking for somebody else.
Does it make a difference lahoma for summer YT, when I fill out Lahu, Matheson or wet when I fill out to Him belongs whatever that is in the skies, and whatever that is in the earth. To him meaning to him alone. No one shares the smoke with him.
No one shares this smoke with him. He alone has absolute and perfect ownership. So we understand this part of the sentence in two ways. One, the fact that he alone has milk. And secondly, he has the entire milk.
He alone is Malik and secondly, he is Malik of everything lahoma for similarity when I fill up, he has absolute kingship absolute authority over everything, living and nonliving Angel engine, man and animal King and beggar everyone belongs to
Allah subhanaw taala
just been what all belongs to him. If we find out that a person has a chain of restaurants is the owner. Like, wow, they also own this car. And they also own this house. And they also have a house in this country and an apartment in this city. And a suite in Makkah, and this thing here and that thing they are like, wow, we're so amazed. But what is that compared to what Allah subhanaw taala owns?
La who magnificent woman and the central to ourselves, he owns me and he owns everything that I have. And if he has given me anything something that's what just for some time temporary, he gave it This is why we say in LA we belong to Allah who in that Elena Nigerian and we will go back to him everything will return to Him in that manner it will allow him will inherit the earth. Correct. So everything belongs to him he can give what he wants. And he can take away what he wants. He can give whatever he wants, and he can take back anything that he wants. Because Lahu Matheson all at once woman fill up munzer lady Ashford in the who 11 Isn't he who can intercede near him except by his
permission. Chef IRA is to intercede make a request for someone else is from Scheffer was chef very well what what is what with rod and what is Schaeffer even? Okay, so one person was alone, he needed something. And he feels that he cannot get it himself. So he comes to you asking you can you please make a request for me? So from one he became do now that kind of adds strength to him, it brings strength to him, right? Which is why whenever we want to change, what is it, solicit the help of others and the support of others, and we gang up with each other. And then we go and make a big request, in hopes that it will be accepted. All right. So this is Jennifer, who can come before him
and make a request not for himself but for another even except by his permission, meaning no one can make a request in front of Allah. without his permission. No one can speak before him except after his permission. Real authority then belongs to a loss of final data who can take away from his work
No one. You can't take anything yourself. And you cannot even make a request without his permission. If someone gets something, it's because he allowed it the evening with His permission.
And, man, the lady who is it that means there's nobody.
In other words, no one has any power before our last panel time, the greatest of kings and the most righteous of servants, the most nearest of servants, even no one has any power before Allah soprano authority nobody.
So high and exalted is as power. Your Aloma Vayner ad him one 100 he knows what is before them and what is behind them. Who does them refer to
the creation, us he knows Vayner ad what is in front of them on my cell phone, what is behind them, what is in front of us, our present our future?
What is behind us, our past, or you can also look at it the other way behind us meaning not known to us. So future even so by no ID and what they know and Malfa home, what they don't know. Our future and our past is known to Allah subhana wa Tada. He knows what we're going to do next moment, next day, next month, next year, at the end of our life. And we if something is removed from before us, we don't even remember it. You don't like to say out of sight,
out of mind. If you don't see, you will not remember it.
So much so that we read something. And what happens as soon as we look away, we forget, we have the need to keep looking back. Right? Think about it. We read something ourselves, we listen to something, we process it in our heads and we write it and we review it. But then again, what is necessary we keep looking back, keep looking back, what happens in our tests, when we're writing, we knew something so well. But it just slipped we forgot. But Allah subhanaw taala
he encompasses everything in knowledge all the time.
He does not forget,
he is not ignorant. No, he is about this weakness. He always remembers and he always knows and he knows everything, your level my Vayner ad mama headphone, what are you halona vishay in mineralnye illa benatia. And they cannot encompass anything from his knowledge except that which He wills
his knowledge, meaning, knowing him or his knowledge, meaning the knowledge that he has, and what is that of everything? What is his knowledge? His knowledge is alchemical, a showman?
Complete, absolute and all inclusive. Right? So people, the creation, the jinn, the angels, every creation, any creation, they can only learn what Allah allows them to learn. We can only learn what Allah allows us to learn, we can only discover what he allows us to discover.
There are so many hidden secrets, so many hidden treasures, so many mysteries. So many wonders
everywhere, within our very own bodies,
our very own bodies, you know, like a person is unwell, and disease, the source of the sickness, it just cannot be diagnosed.
Or there is an incorrect diagnosis. The doctor does one test after the other thinks it's one problem fixes it, but then later finds out. Now this was not the source. The source is something else. It's still there. What is it? We don't know, one test after the we don't even know what's going on in our bodies.
Do you think about viruses
we can't even see them with the naked eye. But how they pass on from one person to the other. How people catch them and how they remain hidden inside the body of a person and then eventually takes over. And even you know there's something known as biological dark matter. Biological dark matter. Dark Matter isn't stuff that we have no idea about what it is. We have no idea
So for example, in a typical gene okay when they look at it, they can tell Okay, this is this this is this this is this this is this, but 75% of it we have no idea what it is. We are completely ignorant of it. It's like black matter. We don't know. It is yet to be discovered. But yeah, people what do we think? We know the continents we know the mountains we know the oceans we know the rivers we know the lakes we know even the springs. We know everything we know the mammals we know the birds we know the fish. We know the seabed we know everything. Do we really know everything? No.
Even within our bodies, we don't know anything.
There's so much that we are ignorant of.
So your animal Nabina ad you want to have fun while you're here Tony Shea in mineralnye, Ellerbee Masha, what do we know? Hardly anything. There's so many unknowns around us, waiting to be discovered. But what is it that we can discover? What is it that we can learn about? only that which Allah allows us to learn?
so weak? Are we even in our capacity to learn? so dependent? Are we?
So the ocean world what is inside? We think with all these amazing documentaries and all of that we know everything. But how much have we discovered? Only 5%? And who knows? The more we find out the more we realize how ignorant we are that 5% might just decreased to 1%.
So you know, the more we learn, the more we realize how ignorant we are. And this is true with respect to every science liahona ba in mineral 11 Mattia, and also his knowledge meaning knowledge about him. We can not even know about Allah's names and attributes unless he allows us to learn.
He lets us know.
And where does he teach us through the Quran and the Sunnah. But even that a person can be ignorant. If Allah does not give him the ability to learn
the angels, what did they say? Savannah aka lair? l. Milena Illa. Marlon Pena, we don't know anything except that what you've taught us.
Anything that we know, it's because you allowed us to learn that you taught us that ourselves, we can't learn.
Because there's two things needed for learning, right? One is the mind the container in which you gather the fruits of knowledge. And secondly, you need the fruits of knowledge. Right? So if, let's say you go to a tree to pick some fruit, but you have no basket? How much can you take?
Hardly. But if you bring a big basket with you,
you can take a lot but what if you don't find fruit in the tree?
You can't take anything. Right? What if those fruits are beyond reach? They're too high.
You can't find any. So we need a loss of panel data even to learn anything. What are you Hey, Tony Shea in mineral mini 11 Mattia,
but what happens when we learned that so and so has this much knowledge? We're so impressed, what is the knowledge of Allah complete and all inclusive? If you think about it, a PhD, a doctorate? What is that?
It is the study of a very specific field, a very specific field. So for example, you know, for instance, a PhD in her these sciences, it's not that a person has mastered every single science of ideas, no, it's only one subsection of a subsection of a subsection, this is what I
after years of study, and that only is just the beginning, somebody else will come later, look at the you know, thesis of one person, the researcher one person, his conclusions, and then based on that, you know, he will expand it even more.
And then he will expand that even more.
So, this is how limited we are in our knowledge was the era to say you will somehow work it will
was the era
it expands it is best
could see you his could see it expands over what a similarity will have the skies and the earth, meaning is could see it covers it encompasses the skies and the earth. If you stare at the sky, how big is it
as big and as far as your eyes can see? Right and more. Because our vision is limited. We can only see up to a certain limit, but we know that the sky is greater than that.
Imagine how big is the sky just the scope bar to the sky that we see the fraction of it that we see. What's the arrow cool to see you as somewhere
Not a summer adonia but a semi wet one and the earth and his kursi is bigger than the skies and the earth combined.
It is bigger than the skies and the earth combined because if it was not greater than it, it would not have was here. It would not have encompassed it.
Even our best Alito on who said that his good see is Moliro or the May, that it is the place of Allah subhanaw taala has called me his feet.
So this is why the word kursi is translated as a footstool. This is not the arch. The arch is the throne. This is the footstool, and the arch is even greater than the footstool. There is a hadith that we learned and even a b shava. As collection that the seven skies and seven Earths combined. Now listen, seven skies, and seven Earth's combined in relation to the kursi are like a ring in a desert.
A ring in a desert. Not a box. Not a room. Not a building. Not a park desert.
What is the ring being compared to the skies and the earth? And what is the cost saving compared to the desert
and the superiority of the arch over the kursi. The superiority of the arch over the kursi is like the superiority of the desert over this rink, like the superiority of the desert over this ring. How big and massive is the desert compared to the rink?
This is how big the house is in comparison to the kursi. What's the arco cu similarity we'll have we cannot even imagine. We cannot even imagine what are your old who have Luma and guarding them both preserving them both does not die or him preserving the skies and the earth and everything within them does not fatigue him. It does not pose any burden on him. It is not tiring for him. It is not tiring for him who gets tired, the one who's weak, the one who's needy. But Allah subhanaw taala. He's above any weakness. If you think about it, in order to preserve and look after anything, what do you need, first and foremost? knowledge. Right, as to how to preserve it, how to look after it,
how to manage it, then after knowledge, what else do you need?
The ability? Because sometimes you need mental ability to look after something. If it's spreadsheets on a screen, you need mental strength, right? Or if it's physical work, then you need physical strength. You need ability. After ability. What else do you need to look after something?
Right? Like, for example, a person could have the knowledge of how to work on certain spreadsheets. He is qualified completely. He has his latest certifications. But then what if he doesn't have a big screen? He only has a small iPad to work on.
He needs a massive screen so that he can have all those spreadsheets open. Right? So you need the resources also. You need the internet also. You need the money also, right?
And this is the reason why we get tired looking after things. Because we say I cannot look after this house anymore. It's too much work. It's beyond me. It's exhausting me. It takes too much of my time. It takes 75% of my income.
So what do we want to do? We say let's downsize. Let's leave this do much work. I can't do this anymore.
It was a mistake.
Hmm. But Allah subhanaw taala he does not get tired because his resources are unlimited.
And his ability is perfect. He's not affected by the passage of time.
He doesn't suffer from any decline. He is a Hey Alka young and he is a Samad. So now you do have Luma Do you get tired of looking after yourself?
If you just have to look after yourself, that's it. Just yourself. Your medication, your morning breakfast, your tea, your walk your laundry, you know your living quarters, your health. Would you get tired
because there are people whose day begins with looking after themselves and whose day ends with looking at
for themselves that their sole responsibility is who? themselves no children to look after no husband to look after no family, nothing just themselves, do they get tired? Yes. And if we have something else to look after, like, for example, a child or house, do we get tired all the time? This is why we complain, right? Otherwise why would we complain because we get tired.
Do we get tired of looking after our car? Our homes? Of course. What? Whoo hoo, hey blue
wahoo li li honorably. He is early. He has Lulu and he is Arlene he has alhama rulu to be high, to be exalted. He has looked into ways he has lived with that. Meaning he's above everything. In himself. He's above everything. So there is nothing above him or beside him. He's above everything. So this means there is nothing above him. Nor is there anything beside him. He is alarmingly highest. When he left him methylone
remember the girl who was not able to speak the Prophet sallallahu Sallam asked her, I know Allah. And she pointed out that Allah is above so he has already with that the fact that the naza Allah, it came down, it is revealed comes down from Allah to us. The fact that every last third of the night Allah subhanaw taala descends to the lowest heaven what does that mean that Allah is above, high above.
secondly, he has it removed in sifat also, meaning all his attributes are exalted, meaning they're free of any imperfection his knowledge is above forgetfulness and ignorance
is Audra his abilities above any weakness and deficiency. He's above. And he is Arlene is Luna algoma, meaning he's the possessor of magnificence and power and honor and Kibriya and greatness and strength. These are li li earline while he had that, and this is why it is for this reason, Ghana. It is so that man or whoever recites How do you I uh, this is one I could see whoever recites this one I feel ala in a night. Lemmy as well. It will never sees meaning it will always be there. I lay on him meaning for this for that person, mean Allah, He from Allah have filled it protector. Whoever will read this ayah in the night, then there will be for him a protector from Allah, meaning Allah
will send someone to protect him. Let me as always, well, I have Prabhu shavon. And no devil can come near him, can approach him had they use their hands until this person enters the morning meeting. This is how powerful this idea is that when you read it, when you just read it when you recite it, you're seeking Allah's help, by mentioning his perfect attributes by mentioning his power by mentioning his perfect knowledge by mentioning his perfect strength, his might his authority.
And when you read this ayah then what do you get free security
throughout the night had Tales from any danger and especially against the shape line?
So reading this ayah does that teach us about Ella's attributes? Do we learn about Allah's names and attributes from the Quran? Yes. So in order to learn about Allah, is it necessary to look at the verses of the Quran to reflect on them
and recite them? Yes.
Now I mentioned to you that there are at least 25 or 26 sifat of Allah. So panel data in this ayah what are the
inshallah we will do that next time or rather you do it. Now that we went over the meaning of this ayah now check which Sleaford Armen fee and which leaf add our subutai that's your homework. Find at least 25
fine 25 c fat attributes descriptions of a loss of panel data from A to C and I will ask you next time.
Oh, do we learn him in a show you find a regime. This Miller R Rahman r Rahim.
Assalamu alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh