Middle Path – Ibn Taymiyyahs Aqidah Wasitiyyah #11

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Tahir Wyatt

Channel: Tahir Wyatt

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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shapen does not care whether you are an extremist or liberal. That's the part we have to understand. Doesn't matter.

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All that matters is that you don't stay on any heavy

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rows you call

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Heda T s is smackAh MMO How can we Cody Lyon 30

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demo I'm hungry learner rather want to stay in a home on a stuck fiddle I know the language Solonian fusino see it already knows the law but don't really know now you've learned for the hair the shadow one Don't you know the law I don't know surely cut our shadow under Mohammed and who are Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa the early he was talking he was suddenly Mr. Steven Thielen you know Yama Deen mvat Praise Allah subhana wa Tada

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for blessing us to be here today

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to gather in his house studied his deen

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and just to have another opportunity to worship Him Subhana wa Tada.

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His life is fragile. You never know when that moment is going to come. People who Subhanallah who have sat in this very class

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and not with us anymore, you can go back so handla and you can listen to some of the old classes and you hear their voices in the background and they're not with us anymore. Subhanallah

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last Friday, we buried shaken build up the Shahid who I don't see she killed What but shaxi You know that was my partner every time he was a partner a partner up in class. That was my partner all the time.

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He's not with us anymore lawyer hum. Many of the other brothers Subhan Allah and

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sha Allah next week we'll be dealing with, remember the Omen acid

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having faith in the affairs that happen after death.

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But I just found it appropriate to mention today because so many nice few days just death after death after death. Long Stein, in preparation for that day as important

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is the prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam said to the Bedouin, who came and asked him when is the hour wants to be established in the prophesy some said man that today what have you prepared for it?

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We don't know when it's going to be in every person's here after begins with their death.

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So

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Inshallah,

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this study of allottee that was the

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will, as we continue on inshallah help again to provide those guidelines the framework for belief in Allah Subhana Allah in His books, His messengers,

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angels believe in the last day, believe in his cutter, and all of that which helps the Muslim conceptualize what he is supposed to believe about Allah subhanaw taala and what you believe has a direct effect on what you do directly affects what you do. So today inshallah the topics that we're going to cover Photoshop on

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tonight's topics, the balanced path, five examples, harmony between attributes. Divide a bonus at

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the by witness, are you with it?

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My

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Allah is near and response. The ad is a lost speech. So there are four major areas that we're going to cover and shalom, we'll get right into it.

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This thing is moving really quickly. Okay. So if you go to page 79, I believe it is.

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Now, pay 79 In the middle of the page, you need a worksheet. Okay. Where it says the saved room. Alison will Gemma believes in these ahaadeeth.

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79 middle of the page says the same group leaves in these heavy

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handed down selectable silos we have been

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having moved to target and then it didn't take me Rahimullah, the same group and assume that when can I believe in these ideas just as they believe in what a lot informed us have in his book. They do so without distorting

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denying asking how or liking they take a path that is the middle path between the extremes found amongst the various sects of this nation. Just as this nation is the nation of balance amongst the various nations, okay? So Islam is the balance between extremes we look at the the omens that have proceeded. Islam is that balanced path.

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If we take, for example, how we view a Saudi Salatu was Salam as Muslims, what do we believe about Isa, that he was a

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prophet and messenger of Allah subhanahu wa Tada

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the, the Jews who did not believe in he said, The Jews of his time, who did not believe in him, and then those who continued to follow Judaism and did not follow the message of Isa Salatu was Sam, what did they believe about Isa?

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Did he not that he was a liar? Necessarily? Well, of course, and his message, but they believe, number one, that he was a bastard child, right? That his mother fornicating and had this because she was not married, and that she had this child, and so that he was a bastard child, whereas the as Muslims, we believe that His birth was miraculous.

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And that ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada

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NEFA fee model young, and he blew the soul into Malian Sudan. And the ISA was conceived like that.

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The latter Christians, not the ones who followed him immediately. But those who came after them, what was a silence was raised them to the level of divine, in fact, consider him to be one of three in terms of the Trinity. So So you have divinity on one side, you have the other side, which is low, right? Believing he was a bastard child and a liar.

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And his claim to prophethood was the Muslims believe that

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down the middle in terms of a balanced pan path, that he was that His birth was miraculous, and that he was a prophet of Allah subhana wa Tada and so many other areas of faith, you find that the Muslims are right there in the middle that the path is balanced when it comes to the attributes of Allah subhanaw taala.

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The description that the Jews call their Bible today, attributes all types of deficiencies to Allah subhanaw taala.

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Like one of the earliest ones, if you just open up the Bible from the beginning where they say,

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Well, what happened on the seventh day

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he rested, he was tired Subhana who was had, right? So you have them ascribing deficiencies to Allah Subhana Allah, whereas the Christian OMA has raised a man to the level of being ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada and is given the attributes of Allah Subhana Allah to a human being.

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And the Muslims follow a middle core. So the Islam is that of balance between extremes. Likewise, I had Asuna amongst the Muslims traveled a balanced path between those sects that have gone to extremes. And even take me out a hammer. Hula is going to give us five examples of it. They're just examples, because there are many more of where I listen to travel a middle course between what they call it fraud, and to fruit that is going too far to the left or going too far to the right. I think one of the things is important to understand.

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We talked about Sirata, Mr. Team, and I mean, you think about it as a physical sirop. I mean, just to conceptualize.

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You need to get here, you need to get to this point, right. So you're going down the straight path to get you to the point you want to go to, if you go to the right, and you just keep going that way, will you make it?

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So you go, no, if you go to the left, and you just keep going away, will you make it? No. shapen does not care whether you are an extremist or liberal. That's the part we have to understand doesn't matter.

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All that matters is that you don't stay on the path. So some people think that we're going to err on the side of caution. So they just super duper strict, hard and extreme.

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And they think that that's something really good because they're looking at the other side, which is a reaction to, you know, a very liberal lackadaisical approach to practicing the dean or so. Shay plan is not concerned with you, whether you want to be ultra left or ultra right.

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Say time is trying to get you off the path.

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And it's very important for us

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because what happens is sometimes people see the extreme

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extremist and they leave it. That's that is that's not Islam. And it's almost treated like a physics phenomenon, right, with every action has an equal and opposite reaction. So they went that far. So we need to balance that out, right. But the path down the middle is the balance that we need to travel between. So we look at these five areas and shallow ties

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with God's

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attributes of

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a middle path, a middle path between those who denied Nia and those comparing biking or walk to his creation in the shack. Okay, stop right there. So the first thing that the chick was saying brings, and we're going to talk about the laws names and attributes. So, we have these two extremes we have the Jamia who totally deny the attributes of Allah subhanaw taala and sometimes

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his names as in on the other hand, we have the machete behind who affirm Allah's hands out his names and attributes, but then they ascribe a likeness to them and they make a loss of habitat of like his creation, alright. So if you can read this, this is from the explanation of sacred naming and human law.

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Now, there are these are two extremes that people have done the the media and the people of Tampere, the Musha they have and what is touted when it's time to

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let Misha reject okay deny, okay, denial. Okay, complete denial style to you, and Tim Thiel is what to liking to establish a similar to Nam.

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Reject the attributes of a wall, the muddy and sublime. Rather, the extremist among them, even reject the name saying, it is not, is not permissible for us to affirm a name nor an attribute for a war. Because if you affirm a name for him, you are likening him with those that are named as if you affirm an attribute for him, you are likening him to this describe. Hence, we affirm neither a name nor an attribute, whatever Allah ascribes to himself of names is just metaphorical. Not that it should be recognized with these names. Right. So again, we've discussed this throughout the first part of the course. And we're just bringing this back here to as a reminder, and the things that

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we're going to go over tonight and shallow Tada, we're not trying to go into a lot of detail. I'm not very concerned with you at this point memorizing jamea mutia behind Moto G and Mark says he learned Hawaii's and the other names that we're going to go through at this particular level that it's not that important. The purpose in fact [???]less name is just trying to show here that I listen to travel a middle course fact that you memorize the names and not at this particular level is not that important. Now, we shouldn't be

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asked for the people of the 10 feel on the ship. They affirm the attributes for a lot and they say that it is obligatory for us to affirm the attributes are a law because he affirmed them for himself. But they also say that that is the attributes are like the attributes of the creature so they'll say what are the beliefs that ALLAH SubhanA Tada has a face they'll affirm that which Allison affirm because Allah subhanaw taala firm that for himself, but then they'll say his face is like the most beautiful face of a handsome young boy. Well, yeah, the villa. Okay, so they go now and they make his attributes like the attributes of one of his creation, which is disbelief and a

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loss of habitat. These people exaggerate an affirmation while the people

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exaggerate indicating Okay, read the next sentence in a bookshelf

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Yeah,

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yeah, what's up Sophie Bebi have added later either been in jeopardy or what do I do and the old lady wherever you just stopped

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with regards okay, I don't I don't have the book so I'm not sure.

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A lot

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with regards to the attributes of Allah, glorified and Most High, you see the shutters, a middle path between those who denied the jamea and those who compare and liking a wall twin screeches and the machete behind with because the deeds of Allah they traverse a middle path between the extremes of Jeff Jeff barley. Yeah, Jeopardy is just a Jeb. Rhea by the way, it shouldn't have shouldn't have a there. You can probably should say Jeb, but every year

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Okay, yeah. And here we go. Okay, so keep your finger right there with that with regards because that's what you can pick up a nice show.

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Follow me from here.

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So even though they said they say the deeds of Allah as they're having translated, yeah, that's far fetched.

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It's talking, it's talking about a loss cada, the day of Allah, Allah Allah azza wa jal has covered his his actions, right, which are directly related to, and he is synonymous with his codon. So what is how do they look at Allah's cousin? The Jeopardy? Or what do they say, say, a category that believes in the decree of a law that might apply and exaggerated? Its affirmation says that they denied the person's ability and choice. And that's why they call Jeopardy from Jabba, which means to force, right? So they, they didn't they say that Allah, yes, his cutter is nafas it has to be executed, and you don't have a choice in the matter. Okay, you're forced to do the things that you

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do. They say,

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they said that Allah is the doer of everything. And the servant has no choice nor ability. He only does the act under coercion. Rather, some of them even claim that the action of the slave is the action of the law.

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And for this reason, the people have you had unity of existence alone. pantheism fall in this category. And these are the gems. Yeah, these are Jeopardy. So

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again, the issue is not that you memorize the names, it's just that you understand that there. There are people who have ascribed themselves to Islam. And there's a reason why they fell into these these

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different heresies that they that they came up with.

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For you'll see that with the second category, a lot of them are reacting to each other. So the Kataria started out and they said they say and I'll explain it just gotta say the second category says that the split independent is actions, Allah does not have any will or ability in the sense that some of them went to the extreme of saying that the law does not know the slaves action, except when he does. But he does not know everything anything.

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Oh, yes, but he does not know anything. These are the finale yet. The Russians have this Uma. Okay.

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Why? How did they even get there? We'll talk about that. There's a whole section of deals with Qatar, but their whole thing was, okay. People are doing bad things, people killing other people, people were committing Zina, like all types of bad things going on. So this can't be something that Allah what willed to happen. Therefore, man is the creator of his own actions. And that way, we free a loss of habitat and declare him innocent, right, of the actions of man, all of these evil things that people are doing, torturing each other, murdering each other and so forth. And so they didn't, they did not look at the difference between what Allah has added the trees to happen, and what ALLAH

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SubhanA wa Tada loves to happen. Okay, which we talked about earlier, when we talked about Allah subhana, Allah mushiya. Right, and his Iraida or his will, we'll talk about that in more detail. When we get there, we end up but this is why this group initially came up with their philosophy again, if you're not grounded in the Quran, and the Sunnah of the Prophet, it is Salatu was saying, it is very easy to adopt the foreign philosophy, make it make sense to you, and not realize how you're contradicting other parts of Islam. The Gibreel on the other hand, they wanted to magnify Allah Subhana Allah is erotic, if you read the Quran, and

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you go through it meticulously there are at least 400 plays in the Quran, where Allah Subhana Allah describes everything happening by his will.

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I heard you get away from it. And so did you bring it came along. So everything happens. Because not just by laws will but you're being you're actually forced to do it that you are. Now the funny thing is I mean, are the man of the past have talked about this? Did you bring a very partial when it comes to data breaches, so they do something wrong? It's because they were forced to, if you do something that is wrong against them, then they want their rights and so on and so forth. And they actually interesting stories historically about that Willemstad?

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It's not this type of discussion. Discussion is either sooner or later.

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Middle Path. So Alison affirm the mushiya of Allah Subhana Allah de affirm Eliza Jos will, right? But they also affirm that man has a will because Allah Subhana Allah has affirm that you have a mushiya as well you can choose to do good, or you can choose to do bad. But ultimately, all of that is under the will of Allah subhana who was added, we there's a whole section of book that deals with this and we'll get to inshallah.

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Go ahead read this.

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Yes.

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The third category.

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And the GMAT, they say we take the truth that is with each of the two sides. So we said, the actions of the snake occur with the will of the law. And the creation of this is a very, very, very good summary here. Very good summary. If you know this hear be in the land, it will save you from a lot of problems and understanding Allah's clutter, which is civil law, at the end of the day, is in our best for the law of China and who said Allah was covered is his sin. And it says secret. It's that private information to him, he Subhana wa Tada alone knows the depth of his cutter. But to understand these outlines will help now it is never possible that something exists in the dominion

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of the law. without him having willed it. That is true. That is absolutely the case. Nothing can happen in the dominion of Allah without him willingly, including including Shay time, doing what he does, ultimately, that is by the will of Allah Subhana Allah for an ultimate wisdom.

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It is never possible that something exists in the dominion of the law. without him having willed it. And the person has a choice and volition, I mean, it because if something existed, and Allah shines out his kingdom, without him willing it then that means what? Beyond that there's another deity that's more powerful than Allah, because he will for it to happen. And Allah did not will for it to happen.

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Now.

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And there is a distinction between the action which he is coerced to do forced to do, and the one which he chooses. So the actions of the slaves occur by their choice and volition. And with that, they happen with the will and creation of a law.

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However, there still remains a problem for us, Mina Anderson, how can they how can they be a creation of the law, while they are the act of man's Okay, meaning

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somebody prays,

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that is their action or that is Allah's action? That's their action. They pray, pray, however, we are saying that it is one

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that is the will of Allah Subhana Allah and I just said this as well, that it's his creation. We say I'm the one that did it. So how is it? Also the creation of Allah? Allah holla, cocoon woman, time alone, and Allah has created you and what you do, what does that mean? Go ahead. The answer is that the slaves actions come from volition, his ability and ability. And the ones created the volition that is that choice. And power in him is a walk the mighty in Sublime. In other words, the action that you do is, is composed of two things, right? Any voluntary action that you do is composed of two things, what

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is only going to happen to you number one, you have to have the intention, the will the desire to do that thing. And number two, you have the the ability to carry it up, right? So if you have both, then it's going to happen. And if one of them is not there, then it's not going to happen.

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Is that clear? Okay.

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This is gonna come? I mean, we're going to deal with a whole section on salah, but the basic meaning is this. It right now, why aren't Why aren't you turning on the light? Shake water?

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Why aren't you turn them on the light?

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Because you don't want to turn one light. But if I say if I say can you please turn on the light and I was very polite about it. And you wanted to do it then what would happen?

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You go turn on light. But what if you actually didn't have the ability to move what if Anwar was holding you down? He couldn't move.

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Maybe maybe. Maybe he's holding you down. So now you don't even know you have the Will you don't have the one ability something stopping you from doing that? Right. So so both

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them have to happen in order for your action to happen. Allah azza wa jal has created what

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is created your will, your willpower comes from Allah subhanaw taala, your ability actually to intend something comes from Allah subhanaw taala. And then the physical ability to carry that out, or the removal of obstacles that keep you from carrying it out, or from Allah pants at night. And so that is as why Allah has not just created you, but he has created what you do, because what you do is a product of your intention. And your ability, which both Allah Subhana Allah has created.

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Created the choice, but we still have the choice. He created the choice, but you are the one that carries out that and you're the one that decides a lot does make you decide something, it's you that decides to do what you want to do if you want to stand up right now stand up.

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And Allah azza wa jal knew all of that before it happened and wrote it down 50,000 years before you were created now.

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Is it possible that a person can have the intention to do something, okay? Ability to do it just don't happen. Because Allah will takes it over. So, so again, even our, as human beings, even our abilities are limited, right? So in general, if you will, something and you're able to do it is going to happen. However, there's a third part, which is the removal of obstacles, right, and that is also outside of your hands. So you may intend to go to the supermarket, and you have the ability to give a card and great physical help on the way there, something happens and you're not able to get there. Right? No doubt that's from the will of Allah Subhana Allah.

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Again, these these are deeper issues that need to be dealt with, at a separate time we deal with cut up, cut, that is a very, very important topic. I I sincerely believe that our deficiency in understanding or just having a sound belief in Qatar has led to the mental health issues that we face, as a community. And here in the United States, especially because people have distanced himself from the belief in Allah Subhana Allah, first of all, they distance themselves, even for those who do believe in Allah, they distance themselves from the reseller. That is that there is actually a messenger who has come to teach us what Allah Subhana Allah wants from us. So there is a

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whole group of people out there who believe in the Creator, because there's only thing that makes sense to them. Right? They don't believe that that creator has sent messengers, so therefore they not taken from Revelation, and is struggling, because we live in a society that teaches you to depend on yourself, and everything is about yourself. And if you do this, and if you do that, right, ultimately, that person is said, they setting themselves up for failure. Because there's too many other things outside of yourself.

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That make what happened happen. We're frail, fragile human beings, you're one person, you can just do whatever you want in life, it's impossible. It's impossible, but if that's been ingrained in people, right, so this, this lack of Imen Bill cutter, and it has led to some serious mental health issues.

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Now, a lot of wills deny you the power, so you wouldn't be able to do it. And if someone was able to do something, but he does not wish to do, the action will not occur, not the voluntary action will not occur from it, right? Not every capable person does action or inaction, then it is done with his volition his choice, except the one who is compelled by someone else. So we perform action without choice and the ability right so perform action with you choose to do so and the ability to carry that choice out. And the one who created the choice and ability is a law therefore law created your actions as well. Like

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that's the summary of the belief of as soon as released to Qatar, and again, that will come play next sentence.

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Move your fingers and move your fingers with the guards with regards to the threat of a wall. A traverse they traveled they go a middle path between the extremes of the Moto G and that's without an eye Moto G with a with a Hamza moto Xia. I've never seen

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a y d y. Yeah, from wide, wide

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and wide and a wide there's actually a promise and why he does the is the threat of punishment.

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So what do the what do the mortgagee SHF

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so they say these are not

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Apart Have Faith and Faith acknowledgement of the heart alone that is Amen. So the word faith here is Amen. So so they say that the actions, actions, deeds acts of worship are not part of event. And that event is simply that you acknowledge in your heart, like the people who say, Don't judge me what a man is in my heart.

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That is why they say that actions are not part was a part of faith. And that faith is acknowledgement of the heart alone. And this is why they say that the woman commits a major sin section before indicated the thief, the one who drinks wine and the highway robber, He does not deserve to enter the fight, not forever over any period of time. This is because so the act of disobedience does not bring any harm with faith. It doesn't lie a double Miley many them been and you know, no, no sin that a person commits is going to harm the faith. The faith is something that's in your heart alone. Yeah, well, it is minor or major, as long as it does not reach the

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other day. This statement is so far from the truth and everybody knows a side of themselves. How do you feel? Any if their heart is alive? How do you feel when they sin? affects it affects you? Period? Just like just like SubhanAllah? I mean, we're coming up on Ramadan. Allama Bella Ramadan dynamic is amongst those who reached the month of Ramadan?

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How do you how do you feel around with that? That's it every, like almost every Muslim that you know, get some kind of boosting email. I mean, you can feel it.

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No doubt that the axis there's a whole section that deals with this to the issue here is the shoulder Asuna are a middle path. Why do you? Why are the opposite of them exaggerating on the side of the threat. And they say that any major sin committed by a person which he does not repent from that he will abide in the fire forever because of it. If he stole things from the inhabitants of the fire, I'm biting permanently and ever they're in. If you drink wine, he's been in the fire abiding permanently and forever they're in and both of them have their proofs. Okay, they both they can quote on either side, right to prove that and I listen that are in the middle. They say that

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we do not remove the name, amen. We don't say that a person who commits a major sin has no Amen, but that they are deficient in their faith. Right.

00:32:55--> 00:33:22

And that Allah has either any a person who dies upon a major sin not having repented from it is under the mushiya of ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada tacton Muttiah insha Allah for Allah who Insha Allah, if Allah azza wa jal wills, He forgives that person. And if He wills He punishes that person accordingly. But that nobody who dies upon a man will abode in the fire forever.

00:33:24--> 00:33:29

Type next Alella from near on a book. Okay, don't move your fingers.

00:33:32--> 00:33:56

With because the names of faith and religion it traverse the middle path between the extremes of the holy Yeah. And the more. Yeah. Okay. Yeah, I'm sorry. On the one hand, and the murdered Yeah. And the media on the other type. So here we show the balance wave as soon as it relates as it relates to titles and categorizations of faith.

00:33:57--> 00:34:04

They said names of faith and Dean or something like that. Yes, a smell, can.

00:34:06--> 00:34:06

Cause Okay.

00:34:08--> 00:34:09

Which which is,

00:34:10--> 00:34:12

which is the issue here

00:34:13--> 00:34:16

that we're talking about? What do we call

00:34:18--> 00:34:38

people? I mean, what, when, when, when is this person considered to be a movement, a Muslim, a cafe, a fast ship, right? All of those names or titles that are given to people? How do Andersen interact with those titles? So there between the Hallelujah

00:34:39--> 00:34:51

in your book, I think it says who read but it's how to or how to read, because the early Huw aardige they were located in a place called huddled up in a rock.

00:34:52--> 00:34:59

And so they were called by the Sahaba, who was still alive at that time. How do we because they

00:35:00--> 00:35:23

The Nepalese. Okay. So there's the Hallelujah and the Martez ILA on the one side. And they say that the person who commits a Kabira that is a major sin has been expelled from faith. And in fact, the Kawada to the Hallelujah, say that he is a cat fish, and that his blood is halaal.

00:35:24--> 00:35:44

Right, and that his wealth is lawful. Because of this, they resulted against the Imams, and they call them. Disbelievers just like they did with it and all the Allahu Anhu and they consider him to be a cafe. And the Muslims who were with him, they call them Kufa. We fought against them.

00:35:46--> 00:35:48

The Moto G and the jamea. On the other hand,

00:35:49--> 00:36:21

they oppose these people. They say that this person is a believer with perfect faith, men, camel, amen. Even if he's, even if he is steals, commits fornication, drinks, wine murders, from a tie with robbery and so on and so forth. They say that he is a believer with perfect faith, just like the man who does the obligations and the acts that are recommended on him must have bet stays away from the haram. They say that this person has the same level of faith as that one and they call all of them minimoon. Camel Eman.

00:36:22--> 00:36:43

Obviously, as we talked about before Allison, they are in the middle. We say that this person is movement, not in some event or may not be many he falciparum b2b allottee he is a believer based on the faith that he has with him, but he is a fascist because of the major sin that he is committing. Now,

00:36:44--> 00:36:47

last but not least, number four, sorry.

00:36:49--> 00:36:49

You

00:36:51--> 00:36:51

after seeing

00:36:53--> 00:36:56

a lot of speech problems, there's one

00:36:58--> 00:37:06

time and we got the companions of the messenger bots and Allah Allah He was selling, they traverse a middle path between the extremes

00:37:07--> 00:37:12

in the Hawaiian edge by what the Drosophila do fumbling, they say.

00:37:14--> 00:37:15

And they say that the companions were this

00:37:17--> 00:37:18

and this

00:37:22--> 00:37:33

and they say the companions were disbelievers, all of them became aplastic after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said in the view of some of them, Abu Bakr and Omar,

00:37:34--> 00:37:47

were always disbelievers, dying upon hypocrisy, and we seek refuge from law we seek refuge from above, and they do not accept any of the companions except

00:37:49--> 00:38:23

added bait they say, added meat, the members of the hassle, and very few others about whom they call the Allies have added basis. Now mind you their version of the Al of the prophesy Sonam is different from the version of Addison, because we include in that the wives of the Prophet it is Salatu was city for them. No. for them. I said all the time, they curse her will the other will up till today till today. This is not this. Unfortunately, it's not a historic, just something you read in the books here in America, on the menagerie.

00:38:25--> 00:38:26

And this is not this is not a

00:38:28--> 00:38:47

you know, an extinct group, they still exist. And understanding why it is so dangerous to do what they do is very important for us. And there's a whole section in the book being The land was spent at least a class on just dealing with the companions of the prophet Isaiah Salatu was Salam because they are the ones who brought to us the deen.

00:38:48--> 00:39:10

There is no quarter and without the companions of the prophet Isaiah Salatu was saying there's no sunnah. There is no Syrah without the companions of the prophet Isaiah salatu salam which means you have no word. You have no sources for your deen you want Subhanallah I mean, if you if you look at the the deen of, of the Christians as it stands today, what are their sources?

00:39:12--> 00:39:13

Their main sources what?

00:39:16--> 00:39:17

Not,

00:39:18--> 00:39:51

not really the Bible as a whole their main sources the New Testament. The main sources, the New Testament, half was half of which was written by, by Paul, half of the New Testament was written by Paul, who was an arch enemy of Isa AS Elijah was sitting until until after Isa was raised up, and when they say he was crucified, he claims to have seen them on the road somewhere. And it was given inspiration from Christ who was then turned into God.

00:39:52--> 00:39:59

And this is half of the New Testament. The other hand was written by other men, a lot of whom they can't identify

00:40:00--> 00:40:07

For sure, they don't know exactly who these people were even if they give them names and really know, in terms of historically who was this person?

00:40:08--> 00:40:20

Right, John, the book, The Gospel of John, by almost consensus of Christian scholars was not written until at least 75 years after

00:40:22--> 00:40:33

Christ was raised. Right. And they don't even know who he is. Just John, right. How do you rely on it? Well, he was inspired by the Holy Spirit, okay.

00:40:34--> 00:40:48

And this is the Dean which is why you find amongst them if TNF and CATIA, right? So many different schisms and so I'm talking about big stuff. Because there's no where do we go back to?

00:40:49--> 00:41:18

What, what what's the common source for us to say okay, this is what makes this true or false. Without the companions of the Prophet it is Salatu was sinning, who brought who preserved by Allah Subhana Allah, Allah use them to preserve the Koran and the revelation in general, the Sunnah of the Prophet it is Salatu was sinning, to bring the US to Sierra of the prophet Isaiah Salatu was in it. So if you cursed them, and you consider them to be Kufa, like what do you have left? You have no D

00:41:24--> 00:41:48

shave Wayne, what Quran for them? That's a different story different. Keep going. Shia. She, she exaggerated with other mate and their allies. And they went to extremes regarding that, such that some of them even claimed the Gaza for it 90 divinity for it all the alumni. And some of them claim that he

00:41:49--> 00:41:52

had more right to the prophethood than

00:41:54--> 00:41:55

the messenger of a loss.

00:41:58--> 00:42:08

Yeah, so the larvae, they meet with the CO artisan effect that they make tech theater have a lot of the Sahaba in fact, and Rafi that make tech field have the majority of the sahaba.

00:42:09--> 00:42:15

Except for like a few you can count your hand other than elbaite the rest of them.

00:42:17--> 00:43:06

And it's there's historic reasons for that. They but but when it came to some of the campaigns like I do the longtime No, they raise them to the level of divinity, playing the homage. That's for the cordage they are the opposite of the raw they don't, while they consider it in me call it a disbeliever they also consider to consider more avea and then beyond to be a disbelief. More over they consider who ever who ever fails to tread their path as a disbeliever and made it lawful to shed the blood of the Muslims. They were as the prophet and he slept with snap described them, they will pass through religion just as the arrow passes through the target and their faith does not go

00:43:06--> 00:43:43

beyond their throats alongside by what is the wave and as soon as it relates to the Companions we make the offer them that Allah Subhana Allah be pleased with them. We believe that they were the best of nations that have ever come forth from mankind that these ones who were with the prophet Isaiah selected with Sudan, were the best of people but not infallible. That they made mistakes. Some of them committed major sins and repented from those major sins. But as a group, that is as a collective.

00:43:45--> 00:43:48

Allah Subhana Allah bless them to preserve this Deen

00:43:50--> 00:43:54

for Kulu from that from that area when it comes to

00:43:56--> 00:44:02

Tbilisi or conveying the message of Islam, all of them are trustworthy, all of them are trustworthy.

00:44:03--> 00:44:42

Again, it doesn't mean that they haven't made mistakes. But that is beside the point. When it comes to the conveying of the deen and this is Allah's Dean, Allah protects his Deen. So even if a companion made a mistake about something they thought they heard the prophet Isaiah salatu salam say, believe me there are examples with other companions who say that you hear the messenger of allah sallallahu wasallam say that I heard him say this right. So the deen of Allah has preserved that is for sure. And the companions of the messenger it is Salatu was sent in just reading their biographies reading their stories and you see the sacrifice that they made for the deen of Allah

00:44:42--> 00:44:59

subhanaw taala it's no way you can get to the point where you where you could even question their sincerity, or even get to the point where you would consider one of them to be even close to leaving the fold of Islam. In fact, they were the most perfect of believers after the Prophets and Messengers

00:45:00--> 00:45:01

By doing

00:45:03--> 00:45:18

so that concludes the part where the author deals with the balance of her son, I guess we went a little deeper than we should have, or a lot of I mean, a little deeper than we intended to, let's just put it like that. By next the author is going to deal with

00:45:19--> 00:45:22

harmony between attributes. So meaning what?

00:45:23--> 00:45:40

Allah Subhana Allah and this has already come, we've already established the proofs that Allah azza wa jal is above his creation. We've already established the proofs that Allah Subhana Allah is with his creation. And we talked about two sections under my name, I remember that

00:45:42--> 00:45:44

allows Adobe in with his creation.

00:45:47--> 00:45:48

Right, what does that mean?

00:45:52--> 00:45:53

Ah, all of them.

00:45:54--> 00:46:06

So there is a general witness, if you will, and a specific witness a general Maya and a specific mind, when you talked about is the specific, the general is one

00:46:09--> 00:46:10

now,

00:46:11--> 00:46:14

Speaker Muhammad, no, no, just speak up.

00:46:16--> 00:46:17

Being aware of

00:46:18--> 00:46:57

being aware of them, seeing them this is going to come and Shala but we've already covered this, right, that aligns with Joe, therefore, as some of the some of us to say what animal houfy could lead McCann and that his knowledge is everywhere, right, that aligns with those knowledge everywhere. And even in the in the is in the Quran to talk about Allah Azza wa who American Aina may come to me He is with you, wherever you may be will love you my time Aluna will see it and Allah is see all seeing of what you do. Right. And all of those I had to deal with the laws in his seeing you and so forth. So that's that's one side. The other side is what what you mentioned in the law, my

00:46:57--> 00:47:22

leadin, telco Allah Dena, home marks you know, for example, and Allah is with those who have Taqwa and those who have sent, right, the those who are pious and the good and the those who do good and benevolent, right? So that's a different kind of being with them. And this is why Allah azza wa jal said to Musa unhealed wound

00:47:23--> 00:47:32

in any mahkumat a smell Wah, and with the two of you, I hear, and I see, right, so

00:47:34--> 00:47:37

some of the people to bid

00:47:38--> 00:48:19

they denied these attributes and they say, Well, if he's above How can he be with you see the problem already? Probably already is with the with the question, because you don't We don't ask how when it comes to the attributes of Allah Subhana Allah because we don't know how Allah is in the first place to know how his attributes are. In any event, this is what we're going to talk about here. Allah has added the author go heavy with three the beginning Inshallah, from the book shake from Allah is above this creation, included in what we have mentioned, of having faith in Allah is believing in what Allah has mentioned in his book. It has been reported via multiple transmissions

00:48:19--> 00:48:19

from His messenger

00:48:21--> 00:48:29

and has been unanimously agreed upon so these are three these three different three different forms of evidence. The first is what

00:48:30--> 00:48:49

he said what what now what has been established in the Koran. Well, that's a lotta and then the v&a Salado center and that which has been reported by to watch from the Prophet alayhi salatu salam and that there is each map of the self on this particular issue. Why is each mat so important?

00:48:52--> 00:48:55

It is a de Lille in Islam. But But what does it mean

00:49:00--> 00:49:09

means all of the people of knowledge have agreed on this issue, but were they what is the what they call standard knowledge man which is that what is each man rely upon?

00:49:10--> 00:49:13

There has to be something from Quran and Sunnah.

00:49:14--> 00:49:36

So what is this man? They are agreeing on what the interpretation of the text that is why is my is so important. Because if all of those early scholars agreed that this is what Allah means. This is what the prophets I saw that means that nobody should come afterwards and disagree with that.

00:49:37--> 00:50:00

Because that's the way they understood. And they were the ones who witnessed and coolness Sahaba they witnessed the revelation. So they understood something a certain way with that. And it needs to be no disagreement afternoon. But if they don't agree on something, there's evidence for this and is evidence for that. And you find that the early scholars of Islam different than

00:50:00--> 00:50:27

That's when you know, there's a lot of leeway on the issue and don't try to don't make a big deal out. You see somebody go down on their knees was to do somebody go down on their hands, believe me, those have written books, and those have written books is a lot of evidence on both sides of the fence. And early scholar there was Stan did not agree on that. Even though Subhanallah I'm saying even amongst the Sahaba, who prayed behind the prophet Isaiah Simmons was saying, I don't want the low tide and we just go down on his knees.

00:50:29--> 00:51:08

Or this one, the Sahaba themselves, like it no matter what are the long line go down on his hands tied to Saba did it different ways, believe me? Nobody's gonna come after that. And there's going to be a consensus amongst the scouts. That means there is leeway in that particular issue. Nobody needs to consider somebody else to be a straight because of that. But you have all of the scholars agree. Early scholars understand that Allah azza wa jal is above his throne. And he had somebody come 20 years later, say nah, that's not really what that means. Sorry, brother in Islam, but we cannot accept that from matter how great your scholarship may be, no matter how much you may have studied,

00:51:09--> 00:51:14

that's unacceptable. Because the scholars who have preceded you have said this particular thing, so

00:51:16--> 00:51:17

we'll get the inshallah No.

00:51:18--> 00:51:21

So notice, there is some management Yes.

00:51:22--> 00:51:23

Okay. Always trying

00:51:25--> 00:51:34

to separate from this creation, and that he glorious is he is with them wherever they be knowing what they do. You mentioned this. Oh,

00:51:35--> 00:51:41

yeah. So this is here on the board. He mentioned all of that in the Ayahuasca the Holocaust, summer Whitey

00:51:42--> 00:51:56

whoever the hell it was similar to all of you sitting through Mr. Wiley laughs Yeah, alum Yeah. Oh, my le to fill out my Lumina, my zero min SMM, ADVIA. Well, who am I? Who am I?

00:51:57--> 00:52:07

Right? So he mentioned both what is the wet above the throne. And he also mentioned that he is with you, wherever you may be.

00:52:08--> 00:52:31

This he will created the heavens and earth in six days, then he rolls over the throne, he knows what goes into the earth garden Jelle you fill out and what comes out of it and what comes down from the summit. And what goes up to it, he is with you, wherever you are will love you will see it Allah sees what you do fire. So he combined between the two of them read this here Shala

00:52:32--> 00:52:38

on the right hand side, so your mind between the two of them and what I between the two of what and what I,

00:52:39--> 00:53:20

Lulu and ilmiah that is above miss and witness in the same eye. So you can bond between the two of them. More more over there is no contradiction between them as earlier proven, and that shall be mentioned. The angle of harmonization is from three perspectives three views. Firstly, he mentioned his Estelle Wah, oh over the throat and said, billing me I mean in English transmission, and he is with you, wherever you may be. But a lot combines two attributes for himself, then we know with certainty that they're not contradictory, because if they were contradictory, it would be impossible to combine these two contradictory things.

00:53:22--> 00:53:38

In other words, if Allah said it about himself that is not contradictory, because it is impossible that Allah azza wa jal contradicts himself by one of them will inevitably exist, while the other will vanish. If there if there were any contradiction that should be worrying.

00:53:40--> 00:54:13

If there were any contradiction, it will necessitate that the first part of the iron belies the latter part of the iron or vice versa. Secondly, it is possible that the lower Romania be combined into creatures, as Michelle mentioned, concerning people's statement, we are traveling Well, meaning if this is possible for the creation, that something is with you and above you, right? If that's possible for the creation, then how much more so for Allah subhanahu wa Tada. Now,

00:54:14--> 00:54:46

if it is supposed that the two of them cannot be combined, in the case of creatures, that does not necessitate the same in the case of the Creator, because nothing is like, yeah, in other words, even if we got to the point we said, wow, it's impossible right? For creatures to be both with you and above you, right? If that's impossible, then that doesn't necessitate that it's impossible for Allah has added an Elisa committee che is nothing until Allah subhana wa.

00:54:48--> 00:54:52

Fada I think I think it's in the book and

00:54:53--> 00:54:57

it's after the after I correct. He's saying he is

00:54:59--> 00:55:00

that he is called

00:55:00--> 00:55:15

mingle with the creation for the importance of the word in the Arabic language does not necessarily necessarily signify this. Yeah. So the first thing that he says is, okay, we affirm that Allah Subhana Allah is above and we also affirm that he is with.

00:55:16--> 00:55:30

But with does not necessitate from a linguistic perspective, it doesn't mean that something is mixing with you, which is why some would, would negate that Allah azza wa jal is with the creation because they don't want to.

00:55:32--> 00:55:43

They don't want to accuse Allah Subhana Allah of mixing physically mixing with the creation, I think that the word with means that something has to be physically mixing with something else.

00:55:44--> 00:55:46

Okay. All right.

00:55:47--> 00:55:50

He said, But the word Arabic doesn't necessitate that.

00:55:51--> 00:55:53

In fact, if you look at it from a linguistic perspective,

00:55:55--> 00:56:01

with simply means the most Sahaba or companionship Association,

00:56:02--> 00:56:44

right? So you hear somebody associates affiliates with a particular group, they say I am with them, even if they're not in the same place. Right. I hear like, I'm with the Democrats, where the Democrats right now maybe they all you know, huddled up in a corner somewhere in it, and I'm with them, but as meaning with the Republicans, I'm with this group or that group, right. And this group may be physically located in a certain place, but they're with them what? By association by affiliation, right? We use them. What I'm saying is this is the English language construct, just like in Arabic does not necessitate that. Right? Somebody is on the phone, it 5000 miles away, and

00:56:44--> 00:57:30

you say you with me? Is that? Do we not say that just like that? You with me? And I say yes. Does that mean that that person is physically in the same location as you mixing with you? Or mingling no doesn't mean that so from a linguistic standpoint, it does not necessitate that there is a there is some type of physical mingling, now the moon is one of the signs and is one of the smallest of his creations is placed in the heavens yet Danny above you, above you, right, yet at the same time, with both the traveler and the resident, wherever they are. Likewise, he glorious He is above the throne, observing his creation, watching and supervising them and looking at them, as well as other matters

00:57:30--> 00:57:34

signified. Right, so just to

00:57:35--> 00:58:08

bring this home. The translator added this at the bottom, which I thought was good for us to read. The statements of the seller concern is issue run into the hundreds Why have engineers said the jammy are heretics. They believe that he Jani Allah has not risen over his throne. So he called them Muqtada even in robotic Mahima Hola. And that's why it's important to know the seller for as well. Not just that, you know their statements but know who they were, because when you see their lives, everyone robotic was was it, his life was absolutely phenomenal. Hello

00:58:10--> 00:58:38

to it gives you a value for what they are saying. Right because you know who they are. He said we do not say as the Japanese say that Allah is on earth. Right? Rather he has risen over his throne. He and He that is Mubarak also said that Allah was above the heavens over his throne. So they meant it to me or him. Allah said if I was asked Where's Allah will reply above the heaven just like the woman who the prophet Isaiah salaatu wa salaam asked ain't Allah right?

00:58:39--> 00:59:24

It was ruled by the Allahu Tana And who said the throne is over water and Allah is above the throne. And that is also Hadith the Prophet alayhi salatu was sitting and he knows what you are doing these were all recorded by Al Bukhari and his book culpo of an alphabet, which is one of the most important books on an amen Bill cutter. Amen Bill cutter split this specific aspect of any member remember cutter, which is the actions of human beings, okay, establishing that they are created by Allah subhanaw taala so this book by the memorable hearty, it's called Hulk family bed. And there are different tactics for this book. If you ever know Arabic and you want to get it, get the pig fat

00:59:24--> 00:59:38

inflate to Vimes it's very, very well researched and edited and annotated by we have four minutes until selected a shirt. So I think we'll just finish this point right here. And then with that,

00:59:39--> 00:59:59

all these words Yeah, all these words that Allah has mentioned that he is above the throne, and that he is with us are true in the literal sense that do not want discuss discussion any here he says tax relief which here will low item or tat will that figurative reinterpretation, however they need to be purged a false preserve

01:00:00--> 01:00:13

emotions such as the notion that the ostensive sense of the saying this is that that means that the hand covers and contains in this notion is invalid concern according to the consensus of the knowledge and they

01:00:15--> 01:00:38

even say me, Milan is Bantam visa jammy he says when it became established the souls of the mohatta Veena and those who lost pantallas, addressing with the revelation, when they when has been established amongst them that Allah is the highest of the heart, and that is above everything. The understanding was saying, feed the head and fist summit became that he was high and above everything.

01:00:40--> 01:00:42

Likewise, when it was asked

01:00:43--> 01:01:16

of the slave girl, where's the law, she replied, feet a summit feet, they have a meaning above without assigning him the qualities of creative bodies and at the same time, negating His indwelling in his creation. Furthermore, whoever thinks that Allah being feet a summit, or feet, the heavens means that the heavens surround or encloses him is a liar, if he is quoting someone else, or misguided if he believes this with respect to his Lord, we have not heard anyone understand this from the word feet, just as we have not seen anyone quote this from anyone else. And the reason why I want to just highlight this point here is that last line, we have not heard anyone understand this

01:01:16--> 01:01:43

from the word Fie, meaning what we have to look at how the texts have been interpreted by those early generation of scholars, not just because somebody wrote in in a dictionary somewhere, or whatever the case may be, and then they want to come and interpret the text, the way that they want to interpret. This opens up a door. And it has happened Subhanallah just because so so let's just put like this.

01:01:44--> 01:01:51

Somebody comes to you right now says, well, for 800 years, the scholars have believed ABC and D. When you say about that,

01:01:55--> 01:02:27

say 100,000 years, it's not enough. Because this Deen has been practice in the time of the Prophet alayhi salatu salam. So even if the scholars have understood, or some branch of scholars have believed something for the last 1200 years does not make it correct. Does not make it correct? Because it's not far back enough. If in fact, there has been a man that preceded that, in all these issues of faith that each map was already there.

01:02:30--> 01:02:43

Islam spread very quickly, in the beginning, and what happened? I mean, but let's just think about this for a minute. What happens when you spread quickly,

01:02:44--> 01:02:59

you wind up in various areas throughout the corners of the earth, because we're talking about all the way over to Morocco, up into Spain, we're talking about as far east as China, the Muslim ummah has spread tight. When they spread.

01:03:00--> 01:03:02

The home was still where,

01:03:03--> 01:03:04

huh?

01:03:05--> 01:03:10

Medina, and bug dead primarily at that particular time.

01:03:11--> 01:03:16

You had centers of knowledge. And then obviously that changed over time as the as the years went on.

01:03:18--> 01:03:44

So what happens now a whole bunch of just imagine right now, just imagine the same spray, we don't have any internet nice stuff, right? It's lamb goes from Philadelphia, we got a stronghold here full of we go out to start junction, Pennsylvania. Okay, which is like Alabama, it's just in Pennsylvania. Okay, you go out there. And people start entering into Islam 1000s and 1000s of times, but you only got one shift.

01:03:45--> 01:03:51

Okay. And not only you got the one shake now teaching the Muslims and what?

01:03:53--> 01:04:19

And dealing with the non Muslims who wanted the bait about us? So, or you've got all these new Muslims, this is still the case. He's new Muslims who are bringing their ideologies from before Islam to Islam trying to figure out how to reconcile between everything. And we see that right here we are right here. Right? Okay. So now what happens, what happens, what you think happens to the message

01:04:21--> 01:04:23

is it is not going to be influenced somehow someway.

01:04:25--> 01:04:59

If it doesn't change, totally still gonna be influenced, right. And so this is what happened when you had the Muslims who are now reaching up into areas where you've got the you deal with other civilizations that are informed by Greek logic and philosophies and so on and so forth. And now Muslims have to have to counter this. So now what's happening is, well, I'm countering it, but they're not really understand what I'm saying because I'm just using Quran and Sunnah. I had to figure out a way to talk about this in a way to make sense to them.

01:05:00--> 01:05:10

tie in. So now I'm starting to change something not necessarily altered a religion, but I'm changing the language changing the way I speak about it. Right? So now,

01:05:11--> 01:05:15

I mean, just just as a side point, we, after 911

01:05:16--> 01:05:25

What the jihad mean here in America? Ah, that was their that was their thing. For them. It was a holy war. All right, for the Muslims, it became what?

01:05:26--> 01:06:02

Struggle defending Islam. Hmm, that Jihad if you let that go for two generations, what's gonna happen? Somebody that talks about jihad, as pre emptive is going to be looked at as being insane. Right? Yes. How can you call it you know, jihad is only to defend the Muslim man. Right? I'm not advocating for anybody to go out and I want be misunderstood. What I'm saying is how terminology changes over time because you're interacting with other cultures Subhanallah

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when, when I was blessed to study translation as an actual science, right, not just the Translate, but actually the study.

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Translation as a science is one of the things that you learn right away is that when two cultures come together, because when you translate, you're not translating just words, you're translating culture. Right? You can't you can't understand things without context, right? If you just tried to tramp, okay.

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I'll make this very quick. Shala How do you translate cocker spaniel into Arabic?

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Kelp, how do you translate government pincher into to Arabic? Can Hey, how you translate Pitbull into Arabic?

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Because part of the Arabs don't have that as part of a culture like like, like the Americans do, right? We just dog is man's best friend. Like,

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let's translate this from Arabic into English MiniBooNE.

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Camel, Gemma

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eBill.

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Saw camel because we don't care about camels and English language.

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All right, no, no, I understand that. So you're actually when you get into a deep, you have to actually translate culture, your training calls. And when two cultures come together, there will be compromise has to be right.

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It usually is the dominant culture that is going to force itself upon the lesser culture. That being said, just so that we bring it back home, Islam because of its spread. And then because of the knowledge being translated back into the Arabic language. And because of that interaction, from a very early time, there were different philosophies that entered. And it did affect it did have an impact. And so when you look at the whole study of Calam, right, which may be translated as as theology, or sometimes they just leave it as Qalam. And they believe that that is the aqidah of Islam, and it's been there for 1200 years. Believe me, the prophet Isaiah is Salatu was Salam was

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not teaching his companions Calam 100%.

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And even the proponents of Calam, at the end of the day will have to have to admit that it has had an impact on the creed of the Muslims, but just because it's been around that long does not mean that it is correct, is why it's very important for us to learn out these guidelines that we're studying in shallow Tada. We'll pick up on that next week. Although I'm so low, so robotic, and then Amina Mohammed