Why does the Hijri Calendar Start with the month of Muharram?

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Sajid Ahmed Umar

Channel: Sajid Ahmed Umar

Topics: Month of Muharram

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Episode Transcript

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Okay, the next question states Why does the Islamic calendar begin with Muharram when the hegira was done in robiola? Oh, well,

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this is a good question. The Islamic calendar is known as the history calendar. And it consists of 12 lunar months, starting with the month of Muharram.

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This calendar, the history calendar, or the Islamic calendar, as we know it, it wasn't legislated at the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, but at the time of admirable hubbub about the Allah one,

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and there's a story behind this

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there was a person who

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entered into a contractual dispute with another party because he claimed that he was owed money in advance. So when this match was brought to armor, armor, robiola, and he said, would shatter ban of this year or of last year.

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And then Omar, felt that there was a need for a formal calendar to come into existence to solve these contractual disputes and ease

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trade

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between rages and contractual matters between those entering into contract. So honorable hottub, gathered the Sahaba and

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there were different views on the table. Some said, you know, utilize the calendar system of other civilizations like the bison times or the Persians and Omar was averse to this or Viola and

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and then

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suggestions were made that why don't we use the birthdate of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

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Or, another suggestion was was regarding the his mission from Mecca to Medina. From the time he left the land of polytheism to the land, which became the land of tawheed. Obviously, before the opening of Mk. And this suggestion as some nation state was made by Isley robiola, why

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and Omar love this idea. Now, obviously, if they went with the birthdate of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, then this could have been problematic because the birth date wasn't exactly set in stone. And we know there's different views amongst the scholars regarding the exact birth date of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam as of the death date, then this was the day of sadness when they lost the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So it starting then would have been

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sort of cue or trigger towards grief. So they settled or I mean, they, you know, they could have started it based on when the Prophetic Mission started, as some of the scholar said, that you'll have 100 mentions that he mentions that

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this could have been a start date as well, a possible start date, but again,

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there were different views regarding the exact start date of the mission as for the history or something known, everyone knew about it, this is not something that was a point of difference of opinion. So Omar will have probably Allah when he settled on, on this now this was formalized, some sources say the 16th after some say the 17th he after his era, some say the 18th year after his Allah, Allah Subhana Allah knows best, but this is sort of the idea surrounding the historic calendar, why does it start in Muharram? This is the question when the hegira happened in Enderby alone.

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Scholars have said scholars have discussed this they said that the hedgerow became a real thing after the Pledge of Allegiance which took place in bullhead jam, alright, which was the tough month of the previous year before the the prophets of Allah Allah was in the migrated. And then in Muharram, the idea of the Hydra became a real thing and plans were being put into play. And people were being told to, you know, to start to to be prepared to leave. And we know that people started leaving in different groups before the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam eventually left when did the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam eventually leave. Again, this is a matter of difference

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between the scholars. But some sources say that it was the 27th of Suffolk which is the second month of the Islamic calendar, but the idea of the hydro becoming real and be and you know, people being told to Now get ready to shift their residents. This was from Harlem. So even if the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam left during the 27th of Suffolk and arrived in Medina, on the 12th of Riviera. Well, this doesn't take away from the fact that the entire idea of the hitcher calendar is based on the idea and it became a real reality in Muharram and thus the Islamic calendar begins with Muharram being the first month and Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best