Seerah S01 E02 Part A – The Quraysh Could Not Make Headway
Channel: Sajid Ahmed Umar
Series: Sajid Ahmed Umar - Seerah
File Size: 29.34MB
Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah who he was. He was a limiter Sleeman kathira en la Medina Medina mother and a loving mother in Melina in lambda and lambda in the cantle animal Hakeem Allah alumna and foreigner when foreigner Bhima Alam Tana, was it an Ironman watermelon? Kareem Frobisher, Lisa de Boise. Lee Emery was eurocodes Emily Sammy, Yahoo Cali.
My dear brothers and sisters in Islam Salaam Alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh.
blast from the past this era in the 21st century, this Thursday night the 10th of July 2014. Live from the Melbourne Medina here in cold Australia.
We ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to make our sitting solely for his sake alone.
And we ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to make our setting one which is pleasing to Him.
And we ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to make us a gathering, that he has a good word and follows it and we ask Allah subhanho wa Taala together as in Jana, in the same way that he has gathered us here today. I mean, I mean yesterday My dear brothers and sisters, we completed an introduction to this particular series, which will inshallah remain with us till the end of Ramadan with nilay Tana, in our introduction yesterday, we discussed a brief definition of the term Syrah and discussed some benefits, some benefits of studying this era. And we said that the objective behind taking those benefits was to wetton our taste buds and make bigger our appetites so that we would be even more
diligent with the lessons that we hope to share with each other. Over the course of today, and the upcoming weeks.
We Allah subhanho wa Taala
increase our love for Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as a result of our sitting together and learning from his life. I mean, and May Allah subhanho wa Taala gather us with him in Jannah as well. I mean, I mean, in the upcoming nights My dear brothers and sisters I hope for us to cover snippets and lessons up till the end of the Macan period. inshallah and if Allah subhanho wa Taala wills, then we will complete lessons from the end of the Macan period, until the passing away of our beloved Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and that will obviously be in another setting because I do travel
towards the end of Ramadan, so we ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to preserve us all in his obedience and decree that inshallah we do come together to learn lessons from the events in the life of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, after he migrated from Makkah, after he great migrated from from Mecca to to Medina, and the events that took place in Medina up to the end of his life sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So we will inshallah discuss this Ramadan, the Macan period and those snippets from the meccan period and deduce and extrapolate lessons with nilla heeta Allah Now, when we look at the books of Sierra,
what we find is that they, in most cases, begin discussing pre Islamic Arabia. They always have a synopsis
regarding pre Islamic Arabia, meaning Arabia before the advent of our beloved prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and this is where you and I will begin insha Allah, Who to Allah and then if we have some time, towards the end of tonight's session, I hope to share with you all a little bit about the genealogy and lineage of our beloved Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Now
we know my dear brothers and sisters, that Arabia before Islam was probably if not the most counter productive platform of all platforms, the most counterproductive region of all regions, right. Yesterday we said that it existed between two civilizations the Romans and the
Patience and we said that this peninsula
was not considered to be a civilization was not considered to be a civilized
peninsula. It was not considered to be this. So, the question that begs to be asked is why this peninsula to be the advent of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam to be the place of Revelation, the place in which the idea of Allah subhanho wa Taala descended, if this was the most counterproductive region, why this region to be the start of the hour of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam we know that very few could read and write, in this particular region. There was no academic institutions there wasn't it wasn't known for its big libraries and books and so on and so forth. It wasn't known for its advancement in the different worldly sciences, right. And as we said, very few could read
and write. And we know that this peninsula and region was a hot sandy desert plane surrounded by very few oases, the plural of Oasis, right, very few oases existed here. So water as well was a problem, which means that this land was monotonous. And this land was unfit for cultivation. You couldn't practice agriculture, in this particular peninsula as well. Right? So this is teaching us how counterproductive this region was and how difficult life there was. And we know that it's people were people as we cited yesterday, people who are shackled, shackled in shark, and upon the misguidance, taught to them by their forefathers, they were people who, whilst they believed in
Allah subhanho wa Taala, they associated partners unto Allah subhanho wa Taala. They were pagans, they were isolators. And
when we look at them, we to see that even though they were isolated, they had great disunity amidst them, and among them with regards to that which they worship different tribes would have different idols, and in fact, different facts. Sometimes families within a tribe would create their own idol. And they would worship this idol. This was this was the the state of the people, right? You and I would say SubhanAllah. I mean, you know, even common sense, common sense would dictate that we wouldn't do this. So what was the state of these people? Right? This was a region that had people, as we said yesterday, that live their life upon this concept of, you know, survival of the fittest.
It was rampant with oppression,
vibrant with Reba vibrant in the negative sense, of course, vibrant with Reba. Women were treated as a commodity, young girls were buried alive, dispute after dispute, and so on and so forth. So why this particular region? I was called as Rahmatullah here La La him. They answered this question for us and they cited many wisdoms, why Allah subhanho wa Taala chose this region to be the starting point of the Tao of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam this region to be the place where his revelation would descend upon from the many wisdoms that they have cited amatola highlight him is that the fact that this region was hot and arid and barren and Sandy, and ribbon of water for this
very same fact.
The same fact that earlier we said,
entailed counterproductive elements, right. I was called Rahmatullah. Here I am, say for these very same elements, Allah subhanho wa Taala, chose this particular region because these elements made this region the perfect platform to start with our Mohammed sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Why?
They say, because this region was left alone, by the other civilizations, they had no concern for Arabia. We had no care for Arabia, for the very same reasons that we cited. There was nothing there for them.
There was no agriculture, there was no academia, right? There was no literacy.
The majority of them were unlettered, there was no reason for these civilizations to take interest in this region, which means the people in this
region would receive Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and would receive the message of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam in a way that the Romans and the Persians would not, they would receive him sallallahu alayhi wasallam in a very specific, unique sense, given how isolated they were, and given how far they were from any ideologies of the civilizations, the fact that they were left to be the ideologies of the civilizations never penetrated this particular region. Right. So there was no bias. There was no Roman bias, there was no passion bias. Right? And if we look at some of the revelation of Satan is in the book of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Let's look since it's Thursday night,
a perfect example is Surah two Caf, which we should read on Friday, on Friday the morning. I according to the corrector opinion, we are the rewards of surah through calf apply when a person reads the surah
during the day of Friday, not during the night of Friday, because most of the narrations, which talk about the benefits of reciting surah to calf site, the day, we have a narration, which cites the night but this seems to be an odd narration meaning there seems to be an addition from the narrator
and addition from the narrator because the majority of narrators revealed the Hadith are narrated to us the Hadith, citing day that whoever read surah to have during the day of Juma This is a footnote, of course.
Surah three, what was the reason of revelation behind surah two calf
our scholars Rahmatullah Allah him say that surah through calf was revealed, when the Quraysh decided that they
could make no headway with Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So they sent a couple of people, to Medina, to where the Jews would reside, to ask them their advice on how to deal with Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam you see this they, they were not affected by the ideologies of these civilizations, right? The Romans, the Persians, and yes, some of the Jews that existed in the Jews and the Christians that existed in the peninsula, right, they were, they were far from being affected by their thought processes, and so on and so forth. And evidence of this is in the fact that they actually send to people to go and learn from them that look, you are a nation that
receives many proper profits, this man claims to be a prophet, and we can deal with him.
So teach us what should we do? Right? So they were told they would they receive Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam in a way no other nation would have received them, given the, the the unbiased nature of the minds,
and so on and so forth. And just to complete the story, what happened was these Jews advised them to go to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and asked him three questions, to ask him three questions. And they said, if he answers all three questions, he's not a prophet. And if he doesn't answer all three questions, he's not a prophet.
Or the other way around, if he doesn't answer all these three questions, he's not a profit. And if he does answer all three questions, he's not a profit. But if he answers some and doesn't answer some, or if he offers detail in some, and lacks detail in others, then he's a prophet Subhan Allah, you see, you see how sometimes it's how you can use knowledge
in a false way.
Right, they have knowledge. The Jews had knowledge, Allah sent them prophets. Right? A book was revealed to them. And that's why in Surah, Al Fatiha Allah subhanho wa Taala says, Are you really bajo de la him? We're asking Allah to protect us from being from amongst those that Allah subhanho wa Taala has anger descended upon. Who are these people? Our scholars Rahmatullah him say that these are the Jews, Allah, anger fell upon them. Why? Because they had knowledge and they didn't practice what they knew.
Well of Berlin, the misguided ones, that are the Christians, because they acted in worship without knowledge.
They acted in worship without knowledge, the Jews had knowledge and they will put their knowledge into practice. They didn't put their knowledge into practice. So what were these three questions? What were these three questions they said, Go and ask him about the people of the cave. Let's have a calf. Um, has a button of her belly Kathy irati go and ask him about the people of the cave. And ask him about the just King
azucar name. They said the just king but we know the men
by Guru karma wise aluna can Villa Carmen in Surah through calf Allah says they ask you about reincarnation, and ask him about the roof. Ask him about the soul. Two of these questions
were answered in detail in Surah, two calf and one did not have detail. And that was answered a surah known as Surah Surah, which is just before surah to calf Allah subhanho wa Taala says, Why is aluna can you rule Kuru from an embryo Robbie? One that booty two minute let me illa karela they ask you concerning the soul, tell them that the soul is from the commands of my Lord, and that which He has created one that 42 military military land, I have little knowledge concerning the rule. So he answered to in detail. And one, he didn't offer detail, which proved he was a prophet. Right? There. Platon plan fell on their face. There's a weak narration, but this is mentioned in almost all the
books of Tafseer. They say, and this is just to to add to your knowledge, they say that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam when these questions came to him,
he said to them, I'll tell you tomorrow, but he forgot to say insha Allah. So revelation was delayed, this call is deferred as to how many days perhaps the most correct opinion it is that it was around 14 to 15 days.
Allah, Allah, Allahu Allah, there is somebody unknown in the chain of narrators. But this is something very famous in the books of Tafseer regarding the revelation of the surah and I was gonna say that is why Allah subhanho wa Taala says in the surah Taku, Allah coolin Alicia and indefatigable Danica, Mahajan, Illa, Aisha Allah, don't say I'm going to do something Tomorrow, I will tell you something tomorrow, except that you should say insha Allah, if Allah subhanho wa Taala wills. So this region given the elements of this region, and given the people that were brought up in this region, and nurtured in this region,
the the reality of this region created no interest in the civilized civilizations that existed. So we find that these pagan Arabs were not influenced by the ways of the Jews nor the Christians, nor the way of the Persians, nor the way of the Romans. The Romans were obviously Christian, the Persians fire worshippers, even though they are cited as a civilization, but no doubt they had some promiscuous practices, practices which go against the concept of civilization, but if we just use the linguistic definition and say,
you know, civilization refers to a place that has prominence and progress in terms of scientific development, in terms of
development of the different academic sciences, and so on and so forth, and inventions and so on and so forth, then, yes, we Persians had this and Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best, but even though these nations existed, they were not interested with this with this region, with this Arabian peninsula, with this pre Islamic peninsula and in the pre Islamic era, so these Arabs received Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam without any bias, from the reason cited by our scholars Rahmatullah Allah him is the fact that
are the reasons why Allah subhanho wa Taala chose this place to be the place of advent of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam was the fact that these people didn't have one religion.
They were pagan, isolators Yes, but even what they worshipped differed, so some of them worshipped
the stars, and some of them worshipped trees, and the majority of them worshipped idols. And as I said, every tribe had its own item. And some families then created their own items. This was the way we know
Allah who, famously saying after Islam, that once he made an idol out of dates, and he worshipped it, and then one day he was hungry. So he ate the dates. Right. Right. So, this was this is one of the reasons as well why Allah subhanho wa Taala chose this place to be the advent of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
And this should teach us a very important point and we said this is focus here we want to we want to study snippets and extract lessons, we want to extract lessons and this is the point of nurture versus nature.
We discussing the reality of this region. And we know Mohammed sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came from this region, and that Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was not affected by the ways of these people. We know that he sallallahu alayhi wasallam would go
To his cave to his his rar or to his Gara har refers to a narrow cave, a calf refers to a slightly wider cave, just now we said as horrible calf, the people of the cave, the Arabic language is very rich. It has different names for something for the same thing. But there's slightly different elements
to this thing that caused the Arabs to give it a different name given the richness of the Arabic language. So he would go to the heart of the Cave of Hera was very narrow. And for those who have managed to climb the mountain and visit the cave, you would see it's an extremely narrow cave. Although there's no need to climb the mountain, there's no extra rewards for doing so. But for those who have out of interest, you will see that it's a very narrow cave. The cave of the people of the calf was said to be a wide cave and that's it had this name occur because they there were seven people. Right? And the dog was there
in this cave, so they all managed to fit in this cave.
There were seven people and their dog it fit into a cave it has to be wider. So curve refers to a spacious cave. And the law refers to a narrow case. Allah subhanho wa Taala says
samito caribou mean Allah subhanho wa Taala saying the eight of them was the dog teaching us that seven there were seven people the people of the of the cave were seven people and their dog was the eighth being in this environment. Some Sula sallallahu alayhi wasallam would go to the cave of Hira and he would contemplate,
to heat and contemplate the way of Ibrahim alayhis salam and contemplate how to worship Allah. And as we said yesterday, he didn't know how to this Allah said him or Jeddah cabal and Fahad, that from the blessings of Allah upon you is that you didn't know how to worship a light we taught you how to worship Allah. Well, in the Arabic language, generally means ignorance. But in this if we don't say we don't translate it as we found you ignorant and then taught you now also Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was not ignorant. He was not ignorant. He wasn't upon the way of the pagan Arabs, but he wasn't upon knowledge, complete knowledge. And Allah completed it for him as a blessing and raise
them in rank by giving him this knowledge by revealing to him salallahu alayhi wasallam.
So he grew up amidst these people, but never do we see that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam ever prostrated to an idol? Never did do we see that he ever accepted the worship of idols? Never do we see that he ever circumambulated the Kaaba, upon the way of the pagan Adams closing this naked villa. Never do we see that he indulged in alcohol. Never do we see that he was involved in Riba and trade, illegal trade, haraam trade, trade with causes harm, never do we see him treating females as a commodity. Rather, we see him being known with the best of all names. He was known as El amin, the trustworthy, he was extremely praised by the kurush. And by Banu Hashim, the Arabs in this in this
place, praised him diligently. And this is a point for you and I to ponder, what do we learn from this brothers and sisters, we know today we find this argument nature and nature that you and I, we either are a product of nature, or we're a product of nature.
We either a product of of DNA of science, which is nature, or we're a product of nature, we're a product of our environments. And if we analyze this, given this eat this peninsula that we discussing and how counterproductive it was, and from this region came the best person to walk the face of this earth. We learn from this that you and I are not a product of nurture, nor are we a product of nature. We are a product of our own selves of our feet.
So we should be a product of our feet. We need to learn from this Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he was upon fitrah Why didn't he accept the way of these people? Because his natural disposition which Allah created him upon, did not accept this. Allah is fitrah to Allah He led him for NASA Allah, Allah created us upon fitrah and a natural disposition, and we know that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, all of the children of Adam,
are born upon this fitrah upon this natural disposition upon tawheed and belief in our ob and belief in Allah subhanho wa Taala but as Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
says that one's parents make them Christians or Jews or via worship is which means our environments have a great potential of polluting our ideologies and our beliefs and affecting us. But does it mean that we are a slave to our environment? And we have no way to escape it? Absolutely not? Absolutely not.
In terms of the nature argument, we know from the atheists,
and those who say that we are a product of nature,
we are a product of time and the processes of time. They say you and I exist, because of the DNA having this desire to survive. The DNA had a desire to survive. So it directed the body towards finding a spouse, and procreation.
This is what they say, this is what they say. And they say that a person looks after his child, because of the DNA his desire to survive. It knows that this child is the continuation of this DNA. So it looks after it. And they talk about how they use as experiments, these animals, right? how an animal also looks after its offspring. looks after its offspring. They say this is this is part of the DNA.
But there is an argument that we can share and that is the argument of the cuckoo bird, herd of a cuckoo bird. So I look the cuckoo bird, you find with the cuckoo bird, if you put a nother bird in its nest, it will look after that bird as well. It's not its own DNA, but it looks after that bird.
So what do they say about that? They say no, the DNA sometimes can make a mistake.
So who's cuckoo now? Is the DNA cuckoo? Or is the person saying we are a product of nature Cuckoo. You decide?
Allahu Allah who understand they say they have, they have intellectuality but Subhanallah sometimes you just need common sense.
You just need common sense, right? So we learned from this, my dear brothers and sisters, that you and I are a product of this inner self that you and I have. But the problem why sometimes the inner self does not guide us is because there's so much loudness around us, that you and I fail to hear our inner voice. The inner voice is calling towards Allah. The inner voice is calling towards the obedience of Allah subhanho wa Taala the inner voice is calling us towards sanity. But we are living amidst the hustle and bustle of this life that's so loud, the Facebook, the Twitter, the social media, the emails, and so on and so forth, the dumb dogmatic lives that we put ourselves in, it's so
loud that it drowns the voice, the inner voice that is whispering to us and calling us to sad towards sanity and towards common sense. And that is why my dear brothers and sisters, we too need a cave
that was saying, you know, get rocks in your house and start building caves in your rooms. But I'm saying we need a metaphor like a metaphorical cave. Right? Right. We need a form of we need a place that we go to for solace, a place we go to, to switch off from the hustle and bustle of life and understand who we are truly. Who are we this afternoon I shared I shared for those who joined the Zohar program. I shared with you writings from biblical Joseph, Allah. In my morning reading I came across this amazing writing of him know Joe's he was penning his thoughts from his ponderings of life. You see these to ponder these to ponder these to ask themselves what are they? Sometimes we
think we somebody but we really not that person. Japan has deceived us so badly that we think with that person.
Let's say the month of Ramadan is important, because Chopin is locked up. You have a chance now to see who you are truly, as a person. I think we said this last night. You can't blame shaper anymore. If you have weaknesses, you can't say Shelton's fault. No, it's from the evil of yourself, understand who you are as a person. This is a perfect month of introspection and reflection. To understand truly, who you are, how close are you really to Allah normally shape on? he deceives us and makes us blame him. So a lot of the times we are placed in a sense of delusion that we find any so it's because of shavon and we have to work on fighting shape and yes, we have to work on fighting
shape and and protecting ourselves against a plan but working against working in protecting yourself against a part starts by you understanding yourself, understanding the holes that you have in your firewall, that shape on you
uses to inject his viruses. Right? This is the month to fit to find those holes. So you can plug them so that after Ramadan when Japan is on the prowl, and he comes to you, he says, He owns he owns a Subhanallah what the shape and say, but he would come to you and and see a different person. See a person of taqwa This is taqwa. This is taqwa to build a bridge to build a barrier, not a bridge a barrier between yourself in the punishment of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Japan has been erecting a bridge between you and the punishment of Allah. Ramadan comes and you have a chance to break that bridge and erect a wall. erect a wall, like the story of will correlate, we know will correlate this
just king he erected a mighty wall and sealed the elements of trouble behind it. The judge and the judge, right? We should we should ponder over the Quran. My dear brothers and sisters we read sort of through calf time and time again. Time and time again. I think this weekend I am busy but perhaps next weekend. Perhaps next weekend, we can get together for a few hours in the afternoon. Before you start. Perhaps the organizers can can can look into this and we can discuss a little bit about Sora to calf, it's impossible to discuss all of surah through calf in a few hours but just a little bit. We are in the month of Quran and inshallah Allah will reward us greatly. Insha Allah