Channel: Sajid Ahmed Umar
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Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim al hamdu Lillah wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah early wasabi woman wala My dear brothers and sisters, my dear mothers and fathers, Salaam Alaikum, wa Rahmatullahi wa or brachetto I hope you've managed to revise the ayat that I shared with you earlier and understand or ponder at least over its meanings and further understand how Allah subhanho wa Taala has focused us on the neffs but not just any enough's, the truly successful knifes now what you might have noticed, when you revise the if during the break is Allah subhanho wa Taala says, our fellow humans
now what we must understand my dear brothers and sisters is there's nothing excess in the Quran. Nothing is excess in the Quran, nothing is there by chance everything there has a mighty lesson for mankind. Everything there has mighty guidance for mankind. Allah subhanho wa Taala didn't just say,
God faza menza Allah subhanho wa Taala didn't say, God, Nadia menza. Right, and faza ledger have means the successful one, the one that succeeds, this is the rough translation of these terms. Allah subhanho wa Taala didn't use these terminologies rather, Allah said called the F Lucha, and I was called as Allah here, I let him teach us that a flash is a universal term, a universal term that encompasses all forms of that which is considered success. So it's not a portion of success. It's not limited success. Rather, it's comprehensive, universal success. It is a term that encompasses the meanings of any other word in the Arabic language that means success. This is fella or as we see
in the eye of Allah. Allah says, for Africa, the entirely successful one, the truly successful one, the one who is successful in every way and form completely successful from beginning till end is who menza caha, the one who purifies his nefs, this gear to left, this is the series and remember we discussing the importance of this topic, the importance of studying this topic, the importance of making our awareness about it acute, at least right? This is where we act in terms of our discussion. So Allah subhanho wa Taala, takes 11 outs, then after that says,
The entirely successful one, and before that, Allah says, but right, which is a form of
affirming something, and cementing the meaning in a far greater way. Allah subhanho wa Taala says, indeed, the entirely successful one is the person who purifies himself or herself, so cannot be allowed, purifies himself or herself from spiritual impurities, that which causes the heart to become sick, spiritually second, yes, yes, the heart does become spiritually sick. May Allah protect us from the physical sicknesses known, you know, which causes us or which requires us then to have bypasses, and so on and so forth. We ask Allah subhanho wa Taala protection from all this brothers and sisters, but also the heart becomes ritualistic. And we're not really concerned about this, and
the doctor of the spiritually sick heart or the aroma, right? And if only we understood this, we would be attached to the RMR as we find ourselves attached to those doctors that can help the physical state of the heart. Right inshallah we'll progress this particular discussion in further episodes. So Allah subhanho wa Taala says, indeed, they entirely successful one is the one who purifies himself or herself with teaching us what brothers and sisters, that today our understanding of financial standing or material well being being the yardstick to measure success is incorrect. The certificates that we might have the qualifications that we might attain as a yardstick towards
understanding success is incorrect.
Allah is teaching us that your yardstick should be the level of purity that your self possesses, or how well you've cleansed yourself. We Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us this understanding. So Allah subhanho wa Taala comprehensively teaches us in these ayat, how important this topic is. And there are countless, countless lessons from Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but I'm choosing just to share one because it's a mighty one. And I think we all agree that this one lesson suffices and is enough. This brings us brothers and sisters to the next point of our discussion and that is, if teskey A to nefs.
is so important, then what is the ruling
Regarding studying it, is it compulsory upon everybody to study this topic or the science because on hamdulillah with the blessings of Allah, it is a documented science now, even though its implications are practical, but in terms of it being documented what Allah inherited is, Allah has never left us and attempted. So studying the science and studying matters pertaining to, you know, purifying ourselves, is it compulsory upon everybody? And what do I mean by this? I mean by this, that if we don't that we are individually sinful, Allah will question us on the day of karma, and we will be taken to account for not studying it?
Or is it something that is considered a general obligation or communal obligation? The scholars have two views regarding this. The first view is that it is for the forebrain, meaning it's compulsory upon every individual in the Sharia concentrates on the act, and concentrates on the person and not the act concentrates on the person and not the act. Right. So it's not about the skeleton that's existing, rather, it's about this gear to neffs existing with everybody and or, or to be more precise, it's not about the knowledge of teskey existing in the community. Rather, it's about the knowledge existing with everybody. Right? So the concentration is on the person, and not the aspect.
This is why
this is the first few of the scholars and from the scholars who held this view is a mammal has early or too late. And he has evidence for this, and I'll share it with you just now. The second view is that it's fun of keyfile faruque. Fire means the Sharia entails or intends the aspect and not the person. So as long as the aspect exists in society, the obligation is lifted off the rest. So not everybody needs to study the science and know the science. Rather, the science must be known to some in the community, such as the scholars.
And as a result, the burden of learning it or studying it is lifted off the rest. And when people need it hamdulillah they have the scholars to guide them. This second view of it not being compulsory upon everybody is the view of the majority of the scholars Rahmatullahi LA. So why does
it say that everybody needs to study this particular topic. And if they don't, then they are individually sinful? Well, he says rahimullah that, by default, we are carriers of those impurities that cause us to be spiritually impure, and thus cause us to retrogress. Right and cause us to become more distant from Allah subhanho wa Taala. And we will put here to challenge ourselves and get closer to Allah subhanho wa Taala. And we can do that except with the knowledge of test gear, and implementing test gear. So as a result, it's compulsory upon everybody.
He says that his understanding regarding everybody having these impurities is derived from the fact that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, had his chest open twice sallallahu alayhi wasallam and his heart or chest washed with the water of zamzar. And he says that by this the impurities were removed, and nobody enjoyed this blessing except Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam which means by default, everybody else has these impurities. And our way or method of removing it is through test here and test here cannot be correct unless you study the means of this gear is taught to us by Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So this is what he says Rahmatullah here and the majority of
the scholars disagree. They say that look, by default, we don't have these impurities, but we are prone towards getting these impurities. And only when we get it and it manifests itself Do we need to purify ourselves so by default, we don't say that it's compulsory upon every individual to learn test gear, and practice it by default, but rather when there's a need and then hamdulillah if they have scholars in the community that have the knowledge and the method, then Alhamdulillah we have an avenue to go to and learn that which is required to purify ourselves. This is evidence that us by default do not have any impurities. The fact that Allah subhanho wa Taala said in his book, fifth
Allah tala he Letty for NASA, Allah, they say Allah subhanho wa Taala teach teaches us that Allah has created us upon a natural disposition, a pure disposition, a disposition of tawheed a disposition that causes us by default to be attached to Allah subhanho wa Taala and understand that Allah subhanho wa Taala is our job and our Creator. And they further say that we know that this fitrah is pure because Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said in a narration that all the children of Adam are born upon this
Upon this natural disposition, teaching us that by default, this purity, but it's the environment that pollutes It teaches us as well, that we are pure by default, but we have elements that are prone to becoming impure with regards to Rasulullah, sallAllahu, alayhi wasallam, those elements were removed. So this is the discussion. And as you can see, the difference of opinion is based on this fact. Are we by default impure? Or are we by default born with the impurities that require removal? Or are we by default born pure, but have a tendency towards attracting that which can
cause us to become spiritually impure and cause us to have issues in terms of our obedience? The correct opinion and Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best is the second one, that the study of test kiya is for
ki fi, right. It's a communal obligation as long as we have elements in the community that have knowledge of this, then it is sufficient and they go about propagating and observing the dour and teaching people of what to watch out for and teaching people how to purify themselves and correct their heart and so on and so forth. Based upon the teachings of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam should they become spiritually sick? May Allah subhanho wa Taala protect us from spiritual sickness insha Allah insha Allah, in future episodes we will discuss the heart is many sicknesses of the heart spiritual sicknesses. But perhaps if we have time, I'll share with you the three major
sicknesses of the heart, as taught to us by the scholars parameter here. And now. For those who have been listening attentively to the discussion, I have a question for you all. And that question is, is it true or false? That learning the knowledge that helps us purify the soul is a communal obligation and never an individual obligation? And I want you to focus on this point, and never an individual obligation? Is it always a communal obligation? The answer to that question, obviously, is false. Because by default, it's a communal obligation. But when a person knows that they've become sick, the self has become polluted, jealousy does exist, backbiting does exist, ability to
lie does exist, the nafs is in a state, which is not praiseworthy, when a person knows this, then in that circumstance, the ruling changes, and now it becomes an individual obligation to come and learn.
Right, there's no excuse for having ignorance, right when we know that Allah has placed amidst our society, those that can share with us from the inheritance of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam that which will help us purify ourselves. So a person who understand that, you know, these sicknesses have become manifested within himself or herself, and they leave themselves to be, they will be sinful for that. So by default, it's a communal obligation, but when you know, you have issues that require fixing it becomes an individual obligation, and you must go just like when you physically sick, right? When you physically sick, you don't have to know how to kill yourself from
the outset. But when you know you're sick, you must go to a doctor and learn and you must follow the directives of the doctor, the medication that's given and not just choose which medication to take, you've got to follow a direction as well as the dosage you cannot overdose you cannot under dose, and so on and so forth. If a person does not follow the directives, and as a result, they become more sick. And they didn't do so because they just chose to lack diligence and from a Sharia perspective, they will be sinful as well. Right? So the discussion is very balanced, my dear brothers and sisters so understand this In summary, from default,
it's full of key fire to study the science, but it can become an individual obligation when a person sees themselves manifesting signs of spiritual impurities we also had who Allah protect us all the sha Allah when we
come together again for our next episode, we will dive into the principles that help us attain teskey I love you all for the sake of Allah. Until next time, Salaam Alaikum.