Channel: Riyadul Haqq
The Madinan Society: A Tafsir of Surat al-Ḥujurat Part 5/12
Delivered by Shaykh Riyadh ul Haq on Friday 13th May 2016 at Al Kawthar Academy, Leicester (UK)
After the Prophet and his companions emigrated to Medina, Allah revealed laws with which Muslims must abide by so that they may live together peacefully. This Surat serves as a prime example of such intricate laws that detail not just how people should behave with one another, but how they should speak and think about each other.
Disagreements between believers are inevitable. Differences and arguments can happen between close family members, friends and business partners, but what should be done when these differences occur? How should we behave with one another in order to settle our differences and come to a mutual agreement?
This lecture highlights the stages of bringing about reconciliation between two parties and who this reconciliation should be done by. There are those God fearing men who can use kind words to dissolve any situation after many have failed before them. This talk emphasises the need for believers to act when two parties are in conflict, rather than idly sit back when injustice is taking place.
© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.
shape on virgin
want to shadow in law who actually
want to shadow.
Some Allahu alayhi
wa Baraka was in limits Nieman Cathedral Cathedral.
Marburger farms have been humanists she planted regime smuggler who ran over him in the law who woman equal to who is alone Ireland, Libya, Uganda, Vina
Mohammed Kumasi later
Ibrahim Majeed Allahu Allah Mohammed you wanna
respect to listen as a Solomonic ally.
We've got the once again, for the continuing commentary of sort of
the 49 sort of
so far, in the preceding weeks, we've completed eight verses.
We now continue with the next verse. So far last panel, Diana spur has reminded the believers of
the obligation of respecting the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
respecting the authority and the position of a law is a source of the law
and are recognizing their own limits.
believers have also been instructed to ascertain the truth and verify facts before relying on reports, especially when it comes to making a judgment or decision.
we have also been told that a lot that the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
is not to be treated as any normal him be.
But rather he is the Messenger of Allah, and that the companions of the alarm
should not try to
should not persist in their recommendations and their suggestions, nor should they lean upon the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in any way for him to do their bit.
Rather, even when they are consulted, they should respectfully offer their sincere honest opinion, following which, regardless of whether that opinion is accepted or not, they should submit to the decision of the prophets in line while he was sending them. And following on after the Companions for especially, we should recognize the
weather we can recognize or not, we should still accept the wisdom of the teachings of Allah is that a source of the law legal assylum and we should try to mold ourselves and shape our lives according to the Sunnah of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, rather than expecting to expecting religion
or trying to mold religion, to our wishes, whims and designs. I covered all of this in detail this is these are the topics that have been discussed so far. Moving on to the next verse. A last round of all Adana essays in verse number nine, we're in life with an image and what many of us will be known for even better than that human half hearted lottery hated the fee a lot.
For us who been denied access to in the law, the
now, this is well let me translate this first one but if and if
from the believers
fight with each
for a slim been awake.
Firstly it will be known, then reconcile but
then if one of the two transgressions against the other, for heart didn't let the Wi Fi in and
then fights with the one that rebounds
until it returns, meaning the group until it returns
to the decree of a law
so if it does return to the command of Allah,
then reconcile the two
firstly obeying Homer bill and then reconcile the two parties, the two groups with justice will settle and be just in the law hitbox setting. Verily Allah loves the just ones. So that's the translation of the verse. Now, as you can tell, this is a departure from the earlier topics.
But it fits with the overall theme of the soul.
And the theme of the soul is an honest, upright, just equitable, caring, loving society.
And we did see and history did witness such a society in Medina.
it was found because it was only because it was founded on the teachings of Allah and the Sunnah. Was that a source of the law really who was them.
And prior to speaking about communal justice, Allah subhanho wa Taala preface that with the necessity of recognizing a lost position in the position of is a source elaborately.
Having moved on,
from that topic of the position of the authority of Allah as a source of law, it was one of them, knowing their position knowing our limitations, allow speaks about conflicts and disputes amongst beliefs. So Allah says what in life
meaning, how should this be addressed in any society, in any family?
In any group of individuals?
continuous harmony and agreement
without any disruption, disturbance fluctuation, etc. is impossible.
Disagree disagreements disputes, conflicts.
quarrels are an unfortunate fact of life.
Believers disagree. Families disagree.
Parents and children disagree. siblings disagree.
spouses, partners, husbands and wives disagree.
With for love's sake we as individuals, forget to people we disagree with ourselves.
How often do we change our opinions?
Which person can guarantee that the opinion they held about any issue, whether it's religious, mundane, secular, social, political, that they still hold on to that opinion, and that they've never changed their opinion? No one can guarantee that.
So if we can't agree with ourselves, how do we expect others to agree with us? And which one do they agree with?
Do they agree with you as you were five years ago? Or do they agree with you as you are now?
Or do they agree with you as you may be or will be tomorrow?
a few weeks ago,
you being who you are. Couldn't agree with yourself as you
On, how do you expect others to agree with you.
So disagreements are inevitable. What Islam teaches us is how to manage these disagreements, how to manage
disputes and conflicts and not every disagreement has to lead to conflict.
In Arabic, the words are very similar, but there is a beautiful subtle difference. Difference is a difference of opinion is normally referred to as the law.
But opposition is referred to as maharlika.
One does not one can disagree without supposing.
So they can be if they laugh without Mahadeva,
they can be that if the laugh of the mind the difference of the minds, yet hearts can still agree.
We'll see it all the time.
So, disagreements are a fact of life and what religion teaches us is how to manage those disagreements. And the first point is, not every disagreement has to necessarily lead to conflict. Not every laughs should lead to maharlika. Not every difference of opinion should lead to opposition.
But unfortunately, things happen. And if ever, and this is the teaching to groups of believers, and not just quarreling, but the words he are that the law which means actual fight,
then what is to be done?
Now, let me speak about the primary meaning of the verse and then the secondary. The primary meaning of the verse is, if two groups of Muslims actually engage with each other in battle, in physical fight,
then what should be done?
According to a number of narrations, there was actually a backdrop to the revelation of this verse. And it's was that highly likely himself leads and so to others that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
was, it was suggested to him that maybe he should go and see Abdullah ignore
the lead of hypocrites.
Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
decided to go
allow me to explain the position of Abdullah Norby?
Why did the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
agreed to visit him?
Why did the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam give him some recognition and creed?
And why was he held in that position?
Why wasn't he regarded as an open enemy
similar to the brush of maca.
The reason was that Abdullah hypnobabies
was leader of the hazards tribe, one of the leaders. He was the leader of one of the clams of the hazard tribe. And there were two main tribes in Medina also has knowledge.
And knowing the Arabian tribal structure, they never believed in a monarchy per se. So you had families families were then grouped into clams, clams within groups into a tribe. And tribes were grouped into super tribes. So the cleanse of there were some clans of Medina that were grouped under the resurrection
tribe, and there were other groups of clans that belong to the tribe.
All of these clans had a particular leader who was first amongst their equals. And this configuration of clan leaders form the elite of the tribal leadership. And then amongst them, there was someone who they regarded as being the preeminent leader.
But he was never treated as a Moloch.
The leader of the tribe was sandable. Tomorrow, there'll be a lot more and then the leader of the husband's tribe was saddled nobody.
But that was only after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came to Medina prior to the arrival of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam in Medina and to live no Libras at all being one of the
preeminent clan leaders of the husband's leadership, he was close to becoming the overall leader of his image. And he was a great diplomat undoubtedly, he was very gifted in many ways. And one of his gifts was diplomacy. So, he
Abdullah in Norway, was about to be elected as the preeminent leader in the whole of Medina. And they used to say of him that he was going to become the crowned king of Medina further even though they would regard him as a king the Arabs wharram so they would still call him by his goodness never given him never given each of the titles but by first name or by the punia and this is why Allah tells us at the beginning sorry in the arm that loud the
debate about the combat do not make the address and the call of the messenger amongst you as you make the call and address to each other. I you should speak to him and address him respectfully. Don't just call him Mohammed
addressing by his titles as Allah addresses and by his titles Allah has never said yeah
in the in the poor so is your soon yeah, you're gonna be Oh prophets or messenger. Yeah, you're Muslim me. Yeah.
He's a very affectionate terms are one shrouded in the cloak, a one covered in a cloak. So
they, this even though they would have made him a king, they still refer to him by first name or by his cornea.
Now I'm delighted to be able to so when the province of the love of Islam came to Medina, he he felt as though his mantle of leadership had been pulled from him. And he had been deprived of his preeminence position by the prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and his band of followers. This was one of the reasons he was very bitter. Now he joined the Prophet sallallahu wasallam as a supposedly Muslim, out of sheer convenience, of course, at the beginning, we no one would have well we, we did not know of it from the very beginning. Later it became apparent,
and especially through the verses of the Quran, and his subsequent actions, but initially, he along with others just joined the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as a believer for the sake of convenience. But at heart, he wasn't a believer, and from within he plotted and schemed, and he spared no opportunity in trying to harm the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, or the
Now, in that climate, there was great uncertainty. On the one hand, he appeared to be a Muslim.
And he would come to the masjid like the other one, I've gone hypocrites, he would pray along with the believers, who would participate in the gatherings of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
He would, at times be part of the consultation,
especially when it came to the communal affairs of Medina
when it came to security and defense, etc, especially when Medina was being threatened with an attack. So,
on the one hand, he held us a parent's position and yet at the same time, there were constant rumors about him regarding what he had said, and not just rumors, but somehow about all the love and who would attest that they actually heard him disparage the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in the believers speak, inappropriate. We have a lot of salsa love it, but nothing ever stuck on him. And one of the reasons was that he not he was very intelligent, he was sharp, smooth tongued, he was a diplomat, but he was a great liar. So
and he was a lead. And this is one of the reasons why, whenever problems arose, and delight nor weakness, the rule was always defended by those around him. Some of them knowingly that he had he was guilty, but they still defended him and others very sincerely. Because, like on the occasion of z, there'll be a lot more than when he when he heard the lighting or even a saloon, speaking disparagingly of the prophets in the law. It wasn't when he reported him.
The other senior sincere How about all the love I'm actually said to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that he is a leader amongst us, and we cannot believe that he would use such language. So some of them would genuinely sincerely
incredulous they couldn't believe that amber light nor even sword speak in that manner. So there was always this confusion and because of his position as a leader who was always treated well by the others and the prophets and lilavati, who was selling them, except on rare occasions when
some of his guilt show through and some of the Sahaba of the law, wish to take him to task, but because he was a leader,
the meta was always played down.
So on one such occasion, the province of the law it was suggested to him by the habit of the law by law, why don't we go and meet under law normally blus a law
and he had great influence. This is why in the third year of hedger
and this is what I meant that he was passed the consultation when the brush we're about to attack Medina
province, the law it was held the council
and in there they discuss that strategy, should they remain in the city and defend the city from within, or should they venture out of the city and meet the branch in open battle.
So Abdullah, ignore weakness that all along with others was of the view that they should remain within the city, the province of the love it, some of the Sahaba of the alarm, were of the opinion that they should go out to the city Eventually, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam decided to go out of the city and meet the Croatian open battle, rather than adopt defensive positions from within this city. I'm delighted Norway eveness at all,
was again very bitter that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam did not listen to.
He was used to being a man who was listened to.
on the morning of the Battle of art,
and the lion or even a subtle weapon, sorry, when they ventured out for the Battle of Orion, and the lion or even a civil war, had 300 men.
Well, he had a number of men who were marching with him. He actually marched out of the center of the city and went towards where they were about to meet what age then Abdullah hypnobabies most of all turned around and he actually managed to convince his immediate followers as well as other p other clans from the hundreds, up to 300 people. So initially, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam set off with 1000 men to face 3000 of them. But Abdullah ignore where you must salute single handedly managed to turn back 300 of them. And so 300 returned to the city of Medina, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was left only with a force of 700 to battle against operation four times
as many 3000. So this shows how powerful how influential Abdullah was because he was one of the husband's clan leaders. And his position was very confusing because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on one occasion, on occasion on the Sahaba of the Allahu anhu suggested to the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam that we should go and attack these hypocrites. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, No, I do not wish the Arabs to say that Mohammed has began killing his own companions. So because of this confusion, on the one hand, they lied, they appeared to be Muslim. On the other hand, they surreptitiously worked against the province of the law, it was sort of in the
Muslims, and the hypocrisy protected them. So
this was the background. So the province of the love it was seldom said to he accepted, when the suggestion that he should go out and meet Abdullah nor Beatrice at all. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
left his Masjid, along with a group of companions. And they went to meet and delighted Norway even more subtle where he was, and since he was a clan leader, it was it was a natural leader. He was surrounded by his
some of his cronies who were fellow hypocrites.
And at the same time, there were other Muslims present, who belong to the husband's tribe.
So when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam arrived, he was riding a dunk,
a proper dunk.
So Abdullah hypnobabies muscle spell cup, and he actually said to the Prophet Sall, Allahu Allah who sent them away with you for the older
The smell of your donkey has offended me.
The smell of your donkey has overwhelmed me. So one of us How about all the love was with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he began abusing Abdullah ignore waveless at all, and said to him by Allah, even the donkey of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is far better than
So, one of his cronies replied, and then
the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was silent, and some of the event became the trading of insults. And not just that, but the two groups rose. And they reverted to their traditional tribal rivalry
between the boss and the husband.
So the some of the 100 G's, even though they were sincere Muslims, because they regarded the husband's family,
they stuck with their clan clans. And and then it became not the trading of insults, or defending, defending, I'm delighted or even a civil or defending the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam. It just reverted to the traditional Olson has allege rivalry. And they began hurling insults at one another, arguing, then actually fighting with fists and sticks and beating one another. And then it took a while before the matter was resolved.
I've explained before in the Hadeeth of
how this can happen.
If you recall,
in the fifth year of hidrive, and the prophets of the love it was novel life on what we mean and Shelby
was accused of a major sin, even though she was innocent. The chief instigate was I'm delighted Norway versatile.
And the province and the law, it
was very hurt by this and he knew the innocence of his wife, he questioned, he believed in her innocence, he then stood in the machine on the member, and said,
who will assist me who will relieve me
of this man who has hurt me even in my family.
So, one of us have out of the library who stood up
and said, your sudama
tell him who tell us who he is. If he is one of us, we shall kill him meaning the Alps
and if he is one of the husbands,
then we shall deal with him if you do not deal with him.
So then someone stood up from has an edge and said, via law, you will not
deal with him
and so forth. All
the two tribes sprung up, and
they fight up against each other. So, the original issue was about Chateau de la vida, but again, it became an issue between the old and the village, it became a tribal issue. So members of the old well it more was said. So when he said no,
you will that will sound the alarm he said you will not
harm him if he is one of his. So under the behavior of the alarm stood up and said you fall sign and in Nicaragua, the learning Manasa thing for you are arguing and defending the hypocrites. So then the two tribes for the argument fled between the two tribes. So much so that they actually drew swords in the machine we're about to pounce on each other and engage in a physical altercation.
I explained on that occasion How is this possible that in the machine in the mustard of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
This habit of the alarm once again divided into two groups Olson has an edge
and we're about to draw swords and battle in the mystery. I refer you to the recording of that of the commentary of that headings because I don't wish to digress but this was to do with Abdullah ignore we even assume all again on that occasion. He was achieved instigate. But I explained then, that there's a psychological explanation
Which is that? trauma, new trauma resurrects old trauma.
And this How about the alarm? Oh, we're in a, we're in a state of trauma because of what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was going through. And the perfect example is imagine if we are struck by a tragedy in the family,
It could be a divorce, it could be bereavement, it could be someone becoming injured, it could be the loss of money. Now, sense dictates that such times in bereavement,
in grievous issues such as divorce, in the case of loss of money, in a case of someone becoming physically hurt, the family would come together, and be very calm, be very patient be very loving, caring and understanding.
they do come to get,
but that coming together is often interspersed with moments of insanity, where arguments take place that is big.
And one thinks that how are how is the family arguing and bickering and fighting over minutia and over trivial issues at such a critical moment. And the reason is, everyone's old trauma is coming out and everything's being triggered.
So it's not the issue at hand, that's merely acting as a trigger. That trigger is bringing out all the underlying unresolved issues from the past.
This is why people behave irrationally on such occasions, as what happened with the Sahaba of the alarm. They were in a very confused and traumatic state.
All it needed was a trigger, and the trigger was the comment of one of the hazards that you will not harm him if he is one of us. And that brought out the argument, the underlying trauma, the old unresolved disputes and issues, and everyone forgot what the original discussion was about, about what we shot of the alarm about the profits of the Learning Center. And the old rivalries between the hazard edge and aos flat. That's what happened on that occasion. This is what happened here as well. people forgot the original disputes, which was underlined or even missiles, offensive comments about the Prophet similar lahardee who sent them. And it became an issue between the house and the
church. So they ended up fighting with one another. Eventually the matter was resolved. According to this narration of Buhari as well as others. This was a background to the revelation of this first, what embody for me Nina compatible. And if two groups of believers fight with one another, then what do you do for us?
Then you reconcile the two warring, conflicting battling parties. I'll continue with this after
the discussion from before so our
last panel horadada C's were in life attorney many, many in the federal forest.
And if two groups of the believers
fight with each other, then reconcile that.
As I was saying, conflict is an unfortunate and inevitable fact of life.
So when such a dispute does arise,
how should it be addressed?
First of all here last panel horadada says that they will actually fight with each
other now in the past.
When even man
Muslims, even from the time of the Sahaba of the law,
have fought with each
And even at the beginning of Islam, we have civil wars in Islam.
How about the love fought with each
in on a number of occasions.
It's trashed. But it has happened and it does.
So on such occasions, how should the matter be resolved
a last round of all without essays for still been
reconciled the two
other Muslims should not just sit back
They should make a genuine, sincere and concerted efforts to bring about peace, to end the conflict and fight
and to become involved
with the hope of reconciling
and resolving issues
of love and sees for embodied the human and
then if one of the two parties transgressors against the
faculty, let them be the fee,
then you fight with the one that is rebellious,
you fight against the one that is rebellious, until it returns until it's the party, the group returns to the command of Allah.
Now, I must stress here that this is what what I mean by the primary meaning of the verse, if there is actual conflict in terms of battle.
And one group
takes up arms against another group, and they both take up arms against each other,
the group most responsible, or the people most responsible for bringing about a resolution to the conflict and reconciliation between the two parties
are the people who are in charge who are in authority,
those who have political and judicial legal authority.
And this is vital, because the law then says,
because they they have the greatest authority in doing so those in governments, those with judicial, legal political power, and military power.
Because the law then says further,
when this intervening body of people tries to reconcile the two parties, and bring about a resolution to the conflict, and then if both of them accept so well, and so be it. But if one of them refuses to accept, does not make any attempt at reconciliation, or persists and remains intransigent.
Then they will be they will be regarded as the rebellious part.
And if they continue to battle,
then they will now be regarded as rebellious. So those in authority
should stop them by force. Prior to this, those in authority were trying to bring about a peaceful resolution and reconciliation between the two.
But if the two parties do not accept,
one of them does and the other doesn't, then that refusing party that remains persistent in its battle would be regarded as being rebellious. And those in authority should now try to bring about peace and a resolution to the conflict by forcing them to the negotiating table or forcing them to lay down their arms. This is the meaning of art, they don't let the liberty that you find if one of them transgressors against the other.
Then you fight against those who are transgressors until they return to the command.
Once they agree to lay down their arms and accept negotiation and resolution,
those in authority should desist. And again, last a fitting. So if that group returns to the way of all our first little Wiener, then again, reconcile the two parties bring about peace and a resolution to their conflict.
As I said, this is a primary meaning of the verse in that the people tasked with this responsibility of ending the conflict, even by force are those with legal, political, military and judicial powers.
I emphasize that because I agree, people just can't take the law into their own hands. So if there are two groups fighting with each other,
the meaning of the verse is
Land of the Muslims should try to intervene
and speak sense to both parties and bring about peace. And if the two parties don't listen, then the other Muslims who were non combatants until this stage, they should now take up arms as well learn how to work with a law that will lead to anarchy, and lawlessness. So the primary meaning of the verse is only reserved for those who are in government who have authority, legal, judicial, political and military authority. This is a primary name.
And that's why it lost. And once the,
if one party refuses to listen, then those in authority can force them to lay down their arms. And that will be by military force.
Once they do except, and they lay down their arms and desist and seize hostilities. Then Allah subhanho wa Taala seems for In fact, so if they do return to the command of Allah, Allah then again tasks those in authority to being a homer be Latin, you judge between them built with justice, do not hold the fact that you fought against them.
Do not hold that fact against them. Be just, and I'll come back to this later. This is the primary meaning of the verse the secondary meaning is, does it well, before I explain the secondary meaning, the question is, well, does this verse Then only concern concern those wanting authority? No. The secondary meaning concerns all of us. And what's that secondary meaning is when two groups of people fight with each other. I'm not talking about actual taken up of arms, but physical alternate, but altercations, arguments, conflicts disputes.
When two groups of people fight with each other, what should other Muslims do? Should Muslims
refuse to get involved and take step back and spectators?
or throw up the arms and say he's got nothing to do with me?
No, even the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam set a perfect example. Whenever he learned of a dispute or a quarrel between two groups of people and there were quarrels amongst us Or how about or the
Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam would go out of his way to intervene and bring about peace between the two parties by talking to both of them by calming both parties down.
I remember love
if someone is sincere,
and they have the wisdom and the tact it can be done.
You may recall
a story I related from my father about
one of his teachers
exercise such taqwa
he's passed on both of them have passed on me a lot of both of them.
But this teacher of his he once told me that he is so reliant on a law he has such debacle and taqwa
that his family members, the extended family, they hurt him a lot.
As is typical in our culture, there were arranged marriages between his children and his daughters and another family.
his daughters were divorce
And to add insult to injury, the same family also appropriated their wealth.
So took their land
and occupied their home.
Not the homes but the land
in their native country.
And despite all of
This teacher of my father's, he would send money back home to that same family.
So my father, who was very soft, but even he, despite a softness was taken aback by this generosity in the face of such hostility
He said to his teacher, that they've done this to you, they've done that to you. They've done this to you. They've done that to your family, to your daughters. And after all of that, you still send money back home to the same family.
And his reply was, that what may have done to me is between them and Allah. But I still have to abide by the command of a law of symmetry
of bonding the ties of blood. So I do my cheat.
Now that same teacher, I was a child, I was 16 years old. And I was with my father, and that teach
on them, and one of my uncle's, it was just four of us. I was only 16 years old, but I was with them.
and we were traveling through Bombay.
And we just walk, and I witness miracles, at the hands of that teacher, my father's teach,
in just three days, what a whole group of people couldn't do he single handedly managed. And one of the occasions was that we were walking.
And suddenly, we came across a
crowded place anyway. But we came across a huge crowd, possibly of five 600 people.
And the traffic had stopped.
There were no pleased to be seen. But the traffic had stopped, and there was a huge throng of people. So
we were stuck.
as we drew closer to the crowd, it was very clear that there were two groups of people fighting. In fact, there were just two individuals. But with the two individuals, what other groups there was, there was another group. So there were two groups of people fighting.
And there were people holding others back. And it looked like a typical bollywood movie, where there were threats, and I'll do this, and I'll do that. hater.
But there was a huge scope for violence. And
my father actually said, I actually said, I was young, naive, 16 year old child. So I said, Why doesn't anyone stop it?
And the father said, Don't get involved.
We can't get involved. Because this was a huge crowd. And it wasn't necessarily people of the same faith. It was just a huge crowd in
a large city.
And this heart, this teacher of my father, amazing. In that whole crowd over said, we've tried, but they're not listening. And indeed, they were holding people back. They were threatening to kill.
I don't know he had magic in his tongue, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam saves, and I had these in the middle of a animus era, that some speech is sorcery.
He walked over. And another question that we asked from the other onlookers who were there from long before. So how long has this been going on for this a good half an hour 45 minutes.
Alarm knows what he did or what he said. He walked over to both groups.
And this is an in front of me. I saw it with my own eyes. And this is why I said I witnessed miracles. Allah knows what he said. But in two minutes, he actually got the two party shaking hands.
They've actually shaking hands.
And that was just one of the incidents that I witnessed over three days.
So duck Wah does a lot.
I remember humorously he once told me
there's a very large organization. And there was a multi millionaire who was one of the heads of that organization.
But this multimillionaire
he would give grief to certain people.
So this father's teacher told me
if you ever need my help in talking to him, then by all means, just tell me I'll speak to him.
If there is any problem because I was involved with that organization
and then I said, Why? And he said, just if you ever need my help in relation to talking to him if he ever bothers you, or bothers anyone who's connected to you than just talk to me.
I said, Why? Because the manner in which he said that, so he told me a long story. He said, once this multimillionaire lord bless them so much wealth, but he was suffering from some medical condition of constant headaches, persisted 24 hours, he couldn't eat, drink or sleep.
And he was caught, he had been to private medical doctors, no one could help him.
So then he turned to some of our
And he's paying them silly money.
And they come in fleecing him of his wealth. And he was blessed with millions.
He couldn't sleep, he couldn't eat, he couldn't rest couldn't do anything.
And one after the other, they all came, took his money. But nobody could make an iota of difference.
And then eventually, someone told
that if you want the problem solved, call
the scholar, my father's teach.
So he was desperate, he would try anything. So he called he knew him, but he never knew that he could help him in this way. So he called
when he called him he said to him, that I'll give you a blank check. I'll give you any money you want solve my problem?
So my father's teacher sat down, and he said, Look, I'll try to help you, she found is in the hands of a law. I'll try to help you. But I will not accept a penny for and he was very poor.
He lived a life of simplicity.
Once we visited him,
and for years, he'd been living in that house. And we entered and there was not a single item of furniture in the front room. Not a single one. We just sat in the car.
years later visited him again. Again, we just sat on the car.
And yet he was so hospitable. So he said to this multimillionaire with a headache. He said to him, I'll try to help you Shiva is in the hands of a loved one condition you do not I will not accept Penny the pain.
To fine he sat there, you read some of it and he read some do as he did some rock there and allow Akbar
the individual just sprang up from his bed
with a headache, complete, never to return.
So he related the story to me. And then he said, he laughed. And then he said, this is why I'm telling you treated me like as a child, is that this is why I'm telling you that if he ever bothers you, just let me know. Because if I'm involved, he will never bother anyone. So I said Why? He said because he knows if he ever bothers me, his headache will come back.
this is what
we learn. So Law.
Last panel, we're gonna put chifa on his tongue
on his tongue in his hands last time or data put the ability to bring about peace in him, and I witnessed this for myself. in two minutes. He had two fighting parties shaking each other's hands, even though crowds of hundreds, a crowd of hundreds couldn't achieve it over 45 minutes.
So Allah subhanho wa Taala. Allah says if there are two groups fighting with each other, what should believers do? Stand on the sidelines and spectate. Now for us to be normal, they should become involved and try to bring about peace, resolution to their disputes and reconciliation between their hearts.
Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam demonstrate that and this is why I said I mentioned his story if one is sincere,
if one is sincere,
then Allah subhanho wa Taala through the Baraka how that sincerity will bring about peace.
This is why the last panel who were there that you
Even saves, that if there is conflict in marriage.
There are many stages to be covered but one of the stages is
for birth to Hackman early he will Hackman earlier. send
from his family, and an adjudicator from her.
Send an arbitrator from his family and an arbitrator from her
so that they can come together and try to resolve these marital differences and disputes. last panel without essays in your either in your second level, they no matter if they both seek reconciliation,
ie the two arbitrators, if they are both sincere,
Allah Subhana Allah Allah will bring about peace between.
So imagine through the Baraka of the arbitration through the burqa of the sincerity of the arbitrators, one from each family of last panel with the ANA will bring about reconciliation, love and harmony between husband and wife, despite their
This is what sincerity does. So people should try to become involved sincerely, but it requires wisdom. It does require wisdom. People can't just charge him.
And this is the secondary meaning of the verse. If there are quarreling, fighting parties, then we should try to bring about peace between.
However, if both parties do not listen, or one of them does not listen, then we can't do anything further.
And there are many details about what should be done what should be said how it should be done, how it should be said, but we don't have time for that. But the important thing is, we cannot just take step. This is why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says in a heavy race, Batman Buhari and others on sort of Hark of argument Ghana on the Luma help your brother, your brother,
regardless of whether he is
the volume, the wrongdoer or the mother room, the one suffering the injustice, help your brother irrespective of whether he is a perpetrator of injustice, or whether he is a victim of injustice. So let's How about the alarm, who said Yasuda love we can stand helping the oppressed, helping our brother if he is the victim of injustice. But how do we help without him? the wrongdoer the perpetrator of injustice himself. Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, You stay his hand, you stop him from his injustice. By doing so you will be helping him.
The sad fact is, there are so many occasions when a suffering of the moon someone who is a victim of gross injustice actually turns to us for help. And what do we do? We refuse to get involved? Because we wish to be diplomats. We don't wish to stand up for the truth and justice we wish to be
in the good books of everyone. We wish to please everybody, everyone.
And this is one of the traits of hypocrisy.
Because what happens when you try to please everyone, you end up being dishonest you end up lying.
You hardly ever speak the truth? Because you can't if one group comes to you and says these are grievances, and you tell them exactly what they want to hear. Another group comes in you tell them exactly what they want to hear. Another third group comes in you tell them exactly what they want to hear. And we do that in the hope of being in everyone's good books. You know what we ended up doing? We ended up being in no one's good books because no one trusts us. And this is what I mean by and we ended up being like the hypocrites so this is a trait hypocrisy. A lot of people with their essays about the hypocrites, you hardly ruin a lot hahaha.
They try to deceive Allah whereas Allah is the one who is keeping them in error.
With our arm illustrata masala when they stand up for prayer they do so lazy. You're merely show the people when I have grown a lot in Canada and they do not remember like except very little with the been a been a valic La Ilaha La Ilaha they have in between this
Neither are they with these people, nor are they with those people. That's me. These are the hypocrites, na, na, na, na, na, neither are they with this group of people, nor are they with this group. No one trusts.
And this is why last town hall with Allah says we must stand up for the truth and justice, even if it means offending.
We wish to offend no one
in the hope that doesn't mean that we should resort to gratuitous offense No. Rather, in speaking the truth in standing up for the truth. In speaking justly, we should not fear offense.
If someone is oppressed, someone is a victim of injustice, someone needs help. There are two people one is oppressing the other, the one who is being oppressed approaches, and it could be to do with anything and neighborly disputes or marital disputes or family disputes or military dispute. We need to have the courage, the knowledge, the wisdom, the uprightness
the decency man or woman to say to the person that you are wrong,
no matter what they mean to us.
And this is why the last panel with Anna says, Yeah, you're living in
Yeah, you're living in
kumoko wamena de la Shahada.
Be upright for the sake of Allah, witnesses and bearers of justice.
In another verse, yeah, you're living in
a wamena build test. Shahada, Allah, Allah, O believers be upholders of justice. Witnesses for the sake of Allah will lower Allah and forsaken Oh invalidate, probing, even though this testimony may be against yourselves, or your parents or even your own relatives.
So law has told us to be just and part of that justice is we help
those who are perpetrators of injustice as well as the victims of injustice, how do we help the perpetrators of injustice, we bid them to stop we speak the truth.
That's why the prophets and the love writing was seldom said I'm sort of Hawk volume and Colonel moolah help your brother regardless of whether he is a perpetrator of injustice or the victim of injustice.
We can't just stand on the sidelines and spectate. Because tomorrow
if ever we are in that position, we're about we are wrong.
And we are unable
to do anything for ourselves. We seek help from others, how we feel when we approach them, and they ignore us or they tell us what we want to hear. And they go to the other party and tell them what they want.
So the verse tells us that if two groups of people are fighting between themselves first of all, being a hermit, it's a command bring about peace bring about reconciliation between
because the author of the alarm brought about reconciliation between his own daughter and the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam
she said something that will work it'll be a lot of work, it'll be a lot more in Kane, and he went for her. Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came in between even though they were arguing or not are the prophets a lot of them argue but she said something which displeased him and will record all the love and went for his daughter, Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came in between.
and then afterwards, the matter was resolved, and we'll walk out of the labyrinth visited them later. And the province of the law it was cinnamon, Chateau de la home how happily conversing with one another. So the province will walk out of the alarm has said to them, include me in your piece. Now, just as you included me in your wall earlier on. So include me in your piece just as you include them in your wall. So I will walk out of the illawarra and intervene
between husband and wife, Mandy who was a father he was in a position to do so. This verse does not invite any busybody to become involved with anyone and everyone. There are like I said, there are etiquettes there are rules. There are occasions but as
general principle, we should not simply be standby spectators.
sincerely trying to bring about peace and reconciliation between different peoples.
And again, the primary meaning of the verse is restricted to those in government in authority. This is no suggestion that anyone should take the law into their own hands.
As I said, I'll come back to the point but even those in command, even those in government in authority,
if they have forced one party to lay down their arms, and then brought both warring parties to the table, Allah says,
For us, there'll be no home our beloved, reconcile the two parties with justice.
What occipital Allah repeats again, and be just in the La hibben oxyclean. Indeed, Allah loves those who are just, Justice is one of the hallmarks of the teachings of Islam. And this means everyone has to be just not just the those in legal authority, that just the command for justice is not just for rulers, or for judges, but rather it's for every single one of us. We have to be just in our families, spouses have to be just with one another. Parents have to be just between their children.
rulers have to be just with their subjects. Employers have to be just with their employees. We have to be just with every single person to the extent that we have to be just with ourselves. If we are wrong, we have to accept that we are less proud of what their Allah says in the Quran. Well, Oh ALLAH and phosphoricum even though this testimony may be against yourselves.
And this is why the work that the meaning of the heavy on sort of haka volume on camera on Luma assist your brother, regardless of whether he is the perpetrator of injustice or the victim of injustice, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam overturned a centuries old ancient belief of the Arabs.
Do you know what that was? The arrows believed in tribal loyalty.
And this persists in us as tribal mentality.
So the Arabs had a similar understanding that you should always help your brother always help your own.
That means whether they are right or wrong,
as long as he's a member of your family, your clan or your tribe, you stick up for your own, even if they are wrong. And that's what the Arabs would do.
So, regardless of what happened, if he belongs to our clan, we have to stamp we have to defend.
So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam overturned this centuries old traditional
mentality of the Arabs, by saying, indeed, you should help your brother regardless of whether he is a victim or the perpetrator, but how not in the old, traditional tribal way, which is you stand up for him regardless, no, in the Islamic way, which is, you bring about peace, you ensure that the victim is held
back to his feet and protected and the perpetrator of injustice is stopped.
If you have any influence over because he is your fellow tribesmen, then you should do your duty and use your influence to bring about and good, not helping further in sin.
This is the this is justice in Islam. And there are so many verses so many Hadith about justice.
Quite simply, I've spoken on justice before. Quite simply, a lost pan of water Anna has established
what law has created the heavens and the earth and the entire universe, with justice and with balance. If there is any disruption to that balance, heaven and earth will perish. And there will be anarchy and chaos in the cosmos. Similarly, that's what the beginning verse of man speak off. Similarly, if there is injustice, if there is any disruption to the balance of justice in the world, or in any situation, at any time, on any occasion, there will be anarchy, there will be facade that people, people and lives
perish. This is why justice is so important. And we must
speak the truth when it comes to justice. This is why one of the verses last crown of all without essays, regarding justice, when done Watch out,
for in the law kind of in my family. This is actually the ending of the verse which I mentioned earlier about being just, regardless, Allah subhanho wa Taala says, we're in third world.
And if you twist and turn, then Indeed, Allah knows very well what you are doing. What does that verse mean? That what do these words mean? It's actually to do with this situation? If so, if there are two different people, they need help one of them needs your help,
and pleads with you, approaches you and requests you to help to bring about peace bring about reconciliation. And what do you do? You do not stand up for justice, but what do you do? What in turn, what alternative Do you twist in turn,
we twist we turn we make excuses. We might get away.
We might get away with our act on Earth. But Allah says that in the law Academy, my family. Indeed Allah knows exactly what you want.
But you are merely making excuses and twisting and turning and shirking your responsibility of being just, you may deceive others, but law knows exactly what you are.
So here again, even those in power and authority, they should never hold these people's rebellion against them in any way whatsoever, even though they have been rebels, even though they have fought against them. And even though they've had to force them to lay down their arms, a lost crown of water, Allah says despite that, being a horrible idea, you reconcile the two with justice be just Indeed Allah loves those who are just, and the next verse and I'll quickly and a last panel without essays in them and what mean on it.
Believers are only brothers amongst themselves in the middle of Milan.
awaken, therefore, bring about peace between your two warring brothers.
With the blog,
be wary of Allah, in the hope that you may receive mercy. Now two things I'd like to mention before we end, which is remarkable. A last panel with our other
SES about two groups of people who are fighting with each other with the intention of hurting one another, maiming each other and possibly even killing one another. That Despite this,
allow calls them minimum meaning. If two groups of the mob meaning fight with each other. Despite this, they are still beliefs.
They are still not many.
And here again, the verses connected for us little Wiener awaken. Despite their quarrels, their disagreements, they are fighting with one another. Allah says they are still brothers, for a snickle been awakened. So when you bring about peace, don't think that you're bringing about peace between rebels and non rebels or two warring parties, or two belligerents rather,
awaken your bring about peace between your two warring brothers. They are brothers.
And it's a fact. Family is family.
People find even amongst families, but they're fighting they're quarreling does not negate the fact that they are Blood Brothers and sisters, blood siblings. No one can negate that.
We belong to a wider family.
unbelievers are brothers. And I'll say more about this on the next occasion. But there are many beautiful Hadees which speak about the Brotherhood of Muslims in the Muslim
believers are only workers in one head either Muslim or Muslim.
ready to buy Mahatma Muslim and others.
A Muslim is a brother of Muslim lie of limbo. He does not oppress him or wronged him. It doesn't just mean oppression. It means he does not wronged him while our youth
we don't stop there. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said a Muslim is the brother of a Muslim lie of limbo.
He does not wrong him or oppress him. What does he say after that? Well, are you slim and nor does he hand in love? Nor does he submit him nor does he abandon him? That's the meaning of handing them over. handing them over means that he doesn't leave him to his facts.
So in Islam slutsk
Question of okay, as long as I'm not doing anything wrong to him, that's fine No, a Muslim as a brother of a Muslim, you don't just not wrong, not suppress him, not hurt him.
But you protect him.
You do not leave him You do not abandon him.
If you are not hurting him, but someone else's, then you cannot leave him to his fate,
then you have failed,
you have failed to treat him as a brother, a Muslim, Muslim.
Muslim is a brother of Muslim law.
He does not oppress him or hurt him or wrong him nor does he abandoned.
And there are many other hats. In one of these later, again by Mahatma Muslim from under sort of the alarm the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam says that you may not
see him as
one of you cannot be a true believer that he loves for his brother, that which he loves for himself what you want desire the same thing for your brother.
This is a beautiful recipe for content. If you want to rid yourself of envy,
of asset, and you want to feel happy and content, regardless of your loss, or other people's a lot.
Then this Hadeeth is a beautiful round
wish the best for us. desire for others that which you desire for yourself
and you will be clean of envy of us. And you will feel better for it. You'll sleep better as well.
Why should you destroy your architect because of someone else's done?
That's what has to do.
One poet says Linda who never would have said Mary, but bizarrely he thought
that la belongs a marvel of envy. How just as envy. We aren't just that envy is we are not just the envy is. So the poet says de la casa de Marbella. But we saw a katana, that to Allah belongs the marvel of envy. How just is envy?
What does it do? The sahibi have a katana envy begins with the envy and kills him.
Doesn't hurt anyone else it kills him.
So if someone's envious of another person's house or car or and I give these examples because this is exactly what we envy us all. What we should be envious of as the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, and I had the French Bama mahadi in Amman Muslim that has said that he left with nothing. There shouldn't be no envy except in two people. A man to Allah has given knowledge in one direction or another in another generation knowledge. So with that knowledge with that
he was signed on with that knowledge he judges he teaches and the other person is someone who Allah has blessed with wealth and he fears allowing that wealth, and he spends it in the way of a lot of charity. So the first person, others look at him and say, I wish I could have the poor Anna's he has a poor arm. Well, I wish as he could have the illusion that he has, and not for the sake of the dunya or the other person. I wish I had the same wealth, so that if I had the same wealth, I would do exactly as he does which is spend in the way of so if ever we should be envious we should only be envious of charity. of or an of sincere sacred knowledge.
But we are envious nots of the poor. We are not envious of the ilme of Allah that is given by a law and is the enemy of a law. We are not envious of noble charity. What we are envious of is people traditionally they were envious of camels and cattle horses and goats and donkeys. That's what they were.
We're envious of the same thing.
The our cars
they had four legs. These are four wheels.
last panel with Anna says of them in the Quran.
z in a NASA Hubble chahatein and NASA it will be even more than 30 million people will hate him. So
the love of these things versus long I won't mention everything has been ingrained in the hearts of men of what the Laval holds of golden silver
and while hailing the masa, woman and branded horses
branded horses. So they were four legged horses and people were envious of branded horses. We are envious of branded badged four legged cars.
That's what we envious of Pamela we should be envious of the arm of, of charity.
And instead we are envious of cars, home, things that will perish that we live on long Subhanallah you know, these branded cars, they will outlive us, we will go to the graveyard before some of them go to the scrapyard.
We will go to the graveyard, before some of these cars may go to the grave to the scrapyard. They may outlive us and the homes will surely
they will be occupied by others.
And either the alarm firm
stood over some graves
and said to them, I shall tell you our news. And then you tell me your news.
Our news is
that your children have squabbled after you
in the inheritance that you left them.
And your women
have married other women, other men, and your homes have been occupied by other people. This is what we have to tell you. Now tell us what do you have to tell us?
That's a reality of life. So what should we be envious of? What are the elements that were envious of these things?
So envy, kills a person before anyone else. He's enjoying his car, his home, his wealth, his belongings, and we are losing sleep over his wealth.
He's not the one losing sleep we are. So this is why the poet says how just is envy, it kills the envy before anyone else.
anyway, going back to what I was saying, believers are
brothers amongst themselves.
And Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says,
a belief believe a Muslim is a brother of a Muslim.
And honestly a lot more insane. He's
one of you does not believe until he desires for his brother that which he desires for himself. This is why I started talking about and this is the cure for any
wish for others.
What you wish for yourself. And as I said, you will sleep better. You won't lose sleep, you will sleep better.
And I'll end with one final heavy which actually says a lot about all of this again relates by Mahatma Muslim and I'll speak about brotherhood on the next in the next lesson. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says in this very beautiful heavy inflatable on Mahatma Muslim, he says
yeah, more than the fitting of them.
What are the what are the justice? What are the what are the has to do? Well at about one out of the blue Eva de la Juana. Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says beware of suspicion for suspicion is a greatest lie
and do not eavesdrop on one what are
what are the justice
and do not say do not spy on
and do not try to out bid one another malicious
without the hassle
and do not be envious of
one out above
and do not hate
one after the other and do not turn your backs to one. Well, about the law. He wanna be the servants of a law as practice.
think he means criminal law