Al-Ḥudaybiyah – The Truce Of Victory – PT 02

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Riyadul Haqq

Channel: Riyadul Haqq

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Episode Notes

This lesson covers the details of the Prophet saws and Sahabah’s departure from Madinah to their arrival at al-Hudaybiyah.

This lecture was delivered on October 16, 2015 at Al Kawthar Academy, Leicester.

Episode Transcript

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Bismillah

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sabarmati

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Baraka

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you want to talk karate

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when I was in

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cinema now means the the dinner when you have the hill for Loma Linda homing you

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want to show that you no longer

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want

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to have water sewer Salalah Oh darn it

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yourself. Oh Baraka was seldom at the Sleeman coffee

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I'm

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going to shape lining up regime similar.

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In Allahu wa equatorial use a lunarlon Libya Uganda Nina animals a lady who was limited sleep

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a lot muscle

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improvement commercial later, Ibrahim

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Ibrahim in Needham achieved a lot about a garden

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in Hamlet commando about Allah Ibrahim

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Ibrahim in

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respect to listeners,

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we gather once again for the

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reading and commentary

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of

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the Hebrew Bible

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about the truth of who they be.

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For those of you who are studying from the original collection of Manmohan mala, it's handy from the 2731. And for those who are studying from the abridged version,

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it's 11, nine to two.

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I started the heavy youth last week with

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an introduction to the backdrop and the background to the events that ultimately led up to the truce of our Navy.

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So today, we'll just begin the heavy again and continue with the actual wording of that these

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will be eliminated le Manoir de la

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creme de la creme humid in our heads with an abductor reserved on a

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on a split into three or four in a row to Brisbane and Mr. marijuana. You said the cuckoo lava hidden min Houma. Asahi, on

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all right relates with an uninterrupted and continuous chain of narration from me to remember Haile rahula, who with this chain which I have just recited, sees that

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moves away.

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Related from Miss Wagner mahalo mahalo de la Juan, and not a word.

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You said the CoCo lava, the min Houma de Asahi, each one of them, attesting to the narration of his companion. Honor, they both said courage of a soul the law is the law

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allows messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam left IE Medina and then the Hadith continues. Now,

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since I'm actually providing a commentary on that, I'd like to mention an important point here, which is that who are the narrators of this heading?

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Here, there are two narrators, one of them. One of them is Mr. de la horn, and the other is Miranda, blacker mattawan, meaning the one on the moon.

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Honor they both said the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam left in Medina.

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Now

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these are the two principal narrators of the Hadith here.

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But

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for both of them

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there are there is a question one, the second narrator mattawan who is mattawan but one

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was the omiya governor

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who eventually became the homemade ruler

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and he's the father of the famous omiya

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King and ruler, Abdulmalik.

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No matter what

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he was a cousin brother I was a little lost a lot of money who was then them and his secretary

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and he was a somewhat controversial figure.

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Since he was implicated in a number of things.

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His father hakon,

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the province of the law it was actually banished him from Medina.

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So Marwan hakam.

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I won't delve into his character or personality I just mentioned the bits of history here, but not really a man in general do not classify him as a hobby as a companion.

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Even though he actually sought us all love to love it, he was one of them

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because he was born in the second year of Hitler.

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And then he didn't come to

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Makkah, till after the conquest of MK sorry, he didn't come to Medina, till after the conquest of Makkah.

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by which time he was six years old.

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And he is not reported to have narrated anything from Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the most may have done is probably just seen.

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But in general that will amount not classify him as a Sahabi as a companion. So that's as far as marijuana is concerned. When the Hadeeth says marijuana, we are talking about the governor who later became the immediate ruler. Marijuana

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was actually the cousin brother of our family a lot on

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the other eight missler.

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So the Hadees the principal narrators of the Hadith are misspelled Namaste, Rama and Marwan meaning Marwan I've just said what I've said about Miranda missile Maha Maha de la Horne. He was a companion but his story is similar in the sense that he like Marwan was born in the second year of Hitchcock. They both share the same year of birth. And he also came with his father to Medina, after the conquest of Makkah.

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In the theory of Hydra again when he was six years old, but he is reported not only to have seen Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but also to have narrated Hadith from him, in the sense that he was present when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gave a hook

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on the member. And one of the most famous narrators of that particular sermon, it wasn't a very long sermon, it was quite brief.

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The narrator is Mr. de la Juan, now both he and his father were Muslim. Now the older man regard him as a companion, so they do regardless of the Muslim or not the Allah and as a hobby. But

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he was not present

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on this occasion at all, because he only came to Medina from Makkah at the age of six after the conquest of Mecca, so he wasn't present at all at the time that this whole journey and these incidents took place.

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So

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we have two people in the race in the heavy Miss was the son of Madonna hora de la Horne, who was a companion

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Marwan haccombe, who isn't regard him as a companion. Both of them were only four years old at the time of this whole narrative.

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A neither of them was present,

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in fact, nor had they known or seen Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam at that stage, may have heard of him, but they were four year old children.

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So ultimately, here we have a hadith from Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that isn't related by

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adult companions of the alarm who are present on the occasion. Marwan is not a companion or he's not regarded as a companion by the orlimar Mr. Luna Mara Mara de la wasn't present.

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So it's very simple. Both Miss Wagner mahama and Marwan related

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This headings from others harbottle. The alarm arguments Katie mentioned in another generation of bohart itself, where the wording is your Iranian us habit or sudima has a lot more illegals in them that both Mr. McCullough and Marwan relates from the companions of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And who are those companions and movida to mushara.

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Nabi Polly, was not a fan of the Allah

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and others even my son in law. So both of them related from these different companions. Anyway, that's an important point heavy so to clarify that for the students of

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honor, they both said college of law is the law it was seldom seminal or the VAT

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the province of the law hiding who seldom left I left Medina

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during the time of with a via meaning on that journey. When was this I explained last week on the province of the law it was and left Medina on the Monday at the beginning of the hitch.

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In the sixth year of hitch, he left Medina with approximately 1500 harbottle the alarm home with the intention of traveling to Makkah for the first time after the hitch

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in order to perform the lesser pilgrimage.

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And in doing so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam also brought along with him at least 70 large animals as sacrificial animals to be gifted to Allah in Makkah.

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Having left the center of the city, mustered in the visa lottery, he traveled to the outskirts a few miles to

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to look relief,

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also known in modern times as of yet,

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and they're the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam camp. This was his favorite place for leaving Medina. And for entering Medina they would normally on the way out on the way back. And in fact the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam designated it as the meat bar meaning the station for the pilgrims of Medina. So all the pilgrims of Medina when they leave Medina with its hydro Amara, and they're chosen and some non preferred station for a harm is the

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labor. So there the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam arrived, he can't.

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He prayed salata

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and then he prepared himself by

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marking his sacrificial animals. I explained that last week.

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And then he did not lead IE garden did the animals have gardens in order to again mark them as sacrificial animals. And then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam entered into the sacred state of her arm on that occasion. And this began his journey for the era of the sixth year of Hitler.

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Prior to his departure,

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he was fearful about the response of the four h because for the first time, Muslims are actually traveling to the city of Mecca itself after the hitch for six years after. And over the past few years, I've had the battles of the of the Battle of the trench just a year earlier. So he was apprehensive about the reception that he would get. And in fact, he was concerned that the greys would react violently. And therefore the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam saw

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the support of some of the more powerful tribes around Medina and he requested them to join him, but they made petty excuses as Allah mentions in Salton

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Sea of Guru Lacan holophone aminal our Bishop in our office to fill in your community and send it to him malaise if you

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will, fermium licola come in Allahu

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Allah.

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Welcome. Welcome la luna hubiera Byzantium Liam collibra Su Su Minami era de Ubud was the University of Nairobi.

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Annan. So welcome to omura. Allah says, those batteries

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who are kept behind

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They will say to you

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that

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our wealth and our families have kept us preoccupied.

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Therefore, we are unable to come out with you for Finland. So please seek forgiveness on our behalf allows, as they say with their tongues, that which isn't in their hearts.

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say to them in reply.

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So who then

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will protect you

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and save you from Allah.

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If Allah wishes, any harm fee, or even good

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name,

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Verily Allah is well aware

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of what you are doing wrong.

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You actually thought

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that the Muslims

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that the messenger and the believers with some of the lahardee Christendom would never return to their families.

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And this was beautified and

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ornamented in your hearts.

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And you fought ill I have the messengers love it was sort of in the believers, and you were a people who are destined to perish.

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This was a long answer to them because they were lying when they came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and said to him that we are preoccupied in our wealth and in our families, and we are unable to join you. Therefore, we seek your forgiveness, we apologize.

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And we request you to pray for us pray for forgiveness. So they're being very hypocritical. That's what they said to the prophets of the love it was his face, but behind them in his absence, they were mocking the believers. And the reason for them not joining the messenger some of the law it was one of them was specifically that believe that law mentions

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both an antimonium Coronavirus sudwala muneera him.

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Rather you actually thought that the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in the believers would never return to their families. Because what these Bedouin tribes were saying is that

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the Mohammed the son of Abdullah and his belief followers, they are embarking on a suicidal mission.

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To now the Quraysh have been traveling to Medina or towards Medina, and facing them in the battle have been facing them in the Battle of art surrounding them and laying siege to them only a few months ago last year, and now they have the boldness to travel to Makkah, they are traveling to the lions den, they will be massacred, and not one of them will survive, and they will never make it back. So why should we join them on a mission destined to end in death. So this was the real reason that they came and hypocritically set to the province and the love it was. We apologize. We are preoccupied with our families and wealth, seek forgiveness on our behalf.

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Honesty is such an important trait in Islam line and hypocrisy are not just frowned upon, but condemned in the worst of terms in the court. And in the law, some a lot mighty.

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Then

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the province of the law it was known was apprehensive about the reaction of the poor Ah, so he requested them but they didn't join him apart from that province alarm it was some took some measures precautionary measures himself. And I'm also how about the alarm there of the 1500. Of course, they all went with the intention of performing the camera they were in the state of Iran, but as a special measure, they will also lightly armed and there was actually a contingent of cavalry of the Sahaba of the alarm with the messenger subtle alarm it was under

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the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was a leader he was a head of the state of Medina. And whilst traveling for camera he also did something else which is that just before he left the labor,

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there was

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someone from the tribe of kausar.

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Known as boost, boost, boost boost revenue Sophia.

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This boost the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam requested him to go to the mechanic

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acts as a spy. So he dispatched Muslim Sophia, from Medina from the relay infer as a spy, to spy on the range. And then to report back to him. So Muslim sofiane

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hurriedly left and made his way to Makkah. And then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam began his journey of ombre towards Mecca. makara when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam reached a place called Aroha. I'm going through these details because they're not mentioned here in the heading, but they are mentioned in other narrations. When the province of the love it was seldom traveled about 45 miles from Medina, he arrived at a place called

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there the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was given information, not by bus, he was still on his way to Makkah, but through other sources, that the Quraysh were gathering some not all of them arranged but there were some people of the arrange, they were gathering to launch an attack on him. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam collected some of us have out of the alarm, and under the leadership of

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a Buddha of the law, Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam sent a small expeditionary force to a place called array. In order to block off this small group of the ratio, we're planning to attack them. So we'll put out the alarm, we're left with this small group of how about the alarm, they traveled to the vapor which was away from Medina, Monica closer in parallel to the Red Sea, and toward towards the coast. And then there, there was nothing so they made their way back and joined the Salva la sala de la vida,

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many years ago, in the commentary of the book of pilgrimage, some of you may recall a hadith about a Sahabi of the alarm, and others who were in the state of Iran, and they came across some wild animals. And they either not because they were very eager to hunt them and capture them. But they were all in the state of heroin. But one of them wasn't. And he's the one, he sought their assistance. But they smiled, and they, but they didn't assist him. And this habit of the alarm, caught the hunted the animal, and then they had their means, and eventually they took it to the property of the law, it was to them as well. And they provided the whole story to him that we were

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in the state of harm. And he wasn't but he hunted, we were unable to help assist. But those of you who can recall that story, that's how you know the alarm was

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about the alarm. And it was actually on this occasion when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, sent them towards a vapor, a small group under the leadership of oppa he was the only one who wasn't in the state of the others were all in her arm. And that's why they didn't tempt, but he wanted them to help him but they refused. So this was on that occasion, when they all came back not having found Look what I ensure any any one amongst operation, the prophets of Allah it they met up with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and joined his group and they carried on towards Macedon will go to

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the province of Milan it was eventually arrived at a place called a spa.

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It's a large area, and this is about

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50 miles from MacArthur MacArthur. Now he has reached the vicinity of

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1500. How about the alarm in the state of her arm, and they are now about 50 miles away from

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and the area is known as

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their the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam stopped, and a number of things happen there.

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While he was there, that

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was sort of them Sophia.

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From the spy from cozaar, from the husar tribe. He had been to Makkah, he had

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carried out his

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espionage. And then he left Mecca and came to meet the pseudo last alarm it was at Oxfam. And there he gave them the full report of the mindsets of the Quraysh what they were thinking

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And

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what their plans were.

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So he came in he reported, he reported to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam that the or Amish have discovered your plans of coming to McDonnell karma, and they are adamant that they will not allow you to enter the city in any way.

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And not only are they going to prevent you from emotional harm and from the gamma

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but they are IE they are actually going to battle with you.

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And they are preparing for war.

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They are dressing dressing up in arm. Many of them have dressed themselves and leopard skins. In order to find

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it. The Arabs were a tribal people. And as part of their tribal warfare, and their dress, although leopard skins would not do much in by in way of protection or as heavy armor. But symbolically

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like other tribal societies they would wear the skins of wolves of animals of animals that they had hunted. So it was a symbolic thing. So they wore leopard skin

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as a symbolic gesture in order to fight without a sort of last alarm it was on that occasion. So symptoms of yarn or the alarm whistles of yarn came and mentioned all of this sort of sort of loss of love it was setting them then he also said that whilst they are making their preparations in Makkah through Corona to raise an army and fights with you. They've already dispatched

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a large cavalry units under the leadership of under the command of Harley to be worried.

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And he is arriving any minutes now.

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So indeed, Holly didn't believe who at that time still wasn't a Muslim, and he was the chosen cavalry commander of the Croatian all of their battles.

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He was a main cavalry general. So he had under his command 200 strong cavalry

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of the range. And they came specifically to cut off the prophets of Allah it was on them to cut off his path and to harass them and wait for the larger army to leave Mecca, and face the Muslims.

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So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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upon receiving this news, he then decided he waited till

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Well,

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I'll stop here that now they are in a span. And the

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new leader of the alarm has just arrived with this cavalry unit of 200

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riders and they have found the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam camped at our spa.

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So what happens? This is where the Hadeeth actually begins. Here I've given you the background from other generations, but here, they both have heard Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam prophets messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam left IE Medina zemana with a bat at the time of holiday via the gun without that he until they were at some point

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of the journey of the path where it doesn't mention here where they went or stand out in the BU Salaam it was in them the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said in the cardinal will lead

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below him in

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the heart Holly didn't really need is at me. Let me was another place for you halen. How did the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam know this? He's now reporting to the Sahaba of the alarm. What whistle sofiane has just his spy has just related to him. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said in the holiday Lebanon worried Indian hotdoodle worried because I mean is that mean? He hailed in the Croatian periactin in a cavalry contingent of the Quraysh

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for the icon, which is out

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reconnoitering

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as a reconnaissance party, so the tune recovered mean it wasn't the boat

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Their army this was

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a forward section acting as a reconnaissance units. That's the meaning of reconnaissance units. For Hulu that means or the province the law was seldom said take the right

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now

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we learn from other narrations that

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before the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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had said this well, sometime after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had said this on that occasion, Holly do Don't worry though the law had already arrived at some distance. So he was in the region, I mean, wasn't too far from respond.

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And before the Muslims left from

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something else happened

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which was that whilst they were counting

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the holidays, along with his cavalry units, came upon the Muslims and he found them praying Lotus Allah

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so

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how did we release a look? We found them without them realizing. So it was obvious that the they had come upon them in in surprise, and the Muslims hadn't realized how close how do we come? So how do we lead said why don't we launch an attack on them

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by which time the Muslims had completed their the whole Salah.

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So Khalid Walid says that

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he then intended to launch an attack on them at their next prayer which was

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but in between God and as a last panel with the ANA reveal the verses of salado how to have the prayer of fair

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and so as the Salah, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in this habit of the Allah who changed their whole procedure of Salah. And the way it was performed as per instructions of God

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is,

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as the law says way that a lot of feel out of the

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Minnesota

00:32:34--> 00:32:35

community in a cafe or

00:32:36--> 00:32:37

in a cafe in a car.

00:32:39--> 00:32:43

That when you are traveling on in the land,

00:32:44--> 00:33:00

then there is no harm. There is no tsunami, that you train canes you shorten or you reduce your prayer. If you are fearful that those who have disbelieved will distract you from your prayer.

00:33:03--> 00:33:06

Then Allah mentions the actual procedure for solar.

00:33:07--> 00:33:08

And this is interesting

00:33:11--> 00:33:15

for those who argue that

00:33:16--> 00:33:21

these are an invention of three centuries late.

00:33:25--> 00:33:33

And the only the Koran is reliable, because it's an eyewitness account from the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

00:33:37--> 00:33:44

What we have witnessed with the poor and we witnessed the same with the headies in the sense that the sources of Islam

00:33:47--> 00:33:50

are constantly ridiculed,

00:33:52--> 00:33:53

devalued

00:33:54--> 00:33:59

and for centuries, the arguments was that the Koran is a forgery.

00:34:02--> 00:34:03

Academics

00:34:04--> 00:34:13

would argue that the Koran was compiled a few centuries after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was supposed to have left

00:34:15--> 00:34:16

a few centuries

00:34:21--> 00:34:29

and then with more and more serious and rigorous academics to the and gradually as academics became

00:34:30--> 00:34:32

more and more fair and impartial.

00:34:36--> 00:34:37

The date

00:34:38--> 00:34:42

constantly get kept being moved back.

00:34:43--> 00:34:59

So now we accept that the Quran was written was to be found the quarter as we have it in its current form was to be found, actually in the third century of Islam, and then it kept on being shifted back a few decades to the secondary

00:35:00--> 00:35:21

entry of Islam, then we now have evidence that it was to be found in its current form, even in the first century of Islam. And then only a few months ago, you may have a few weeks ago reading, you may recall that in at the University of Birmingham, some sections of the Koran were discovered,

00:35:22--> 00:35:25

which dates back to the time

00:35:26--> 00:35:32

through radiocarbon dating from the time of Rasulullah, sallAllahu. It was.

00:35:34--> 00:35:55

And, of course, it was very important discovery. But the truth is, that these sections are only part of a wider collection, which is already to be found in other parts of the world. So the discovery is not as unique as

00:35:56--> 00:36:12

in one way it was made out to be, because it was actually sections of the program, but of a collection of manuscripts, whose other parts from that collection are to be found elsewhere anyway.

00:36:13--> 00:36:16

So I didn't say anything at the time at all.

00:36:19--> 00:36:19

Now,

00:36:22--> 00:36:23

then,

00:36:24--> 00:36:27

surprisingly, sometime later,

00:36:29--> 00:36:59

the arguments was that no, the same parchments actually predate the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So they were shifted back not only a few centuries, but now even before the sort of loss of the love it was in them. And then you had someone who came along and claimed that well, who you are, we have proof now that Mohammed was not the author of the Quran. And in fact, the Quran predates the predates Mohammed, and therefore, Muslims have a serious problem.

00:37:02--> 00:37:07

Now, all of this that we witnessed with the poor, and we have witnessed and we will continue to witness with that.

00:37:09--> 00:37:13

So the arguments was that the heavies were medieval fabrications.

00:37:14--> 00:37:23

And then the dates kept on being shifted back until the third century. Now, because of the six famous collections of heavy

00:37:25--> 00:37:38

body howdy Muslim, Timothy Nessie Wardell, the middle manager, these are normally regarded as canonical collections of Hadees. But they're not canonical, because the term canonical if it's borrowed from the from Christian terminology,

00:37:40--> 00:37:48

suggests that these are the Orthodox six collections of Hadees, which are canonical, and

00:37:49--> 00:38:13

all the other collections of Hadith are not authentic and are and are unreliable, and do not form part of the belief and doctrine and practice of the Muslims, which is far from the truth. The six canonical collections of Hadeeth, as they are termed, are not to be treated in the same light as the four canonical gospels. So the six collections of heavy because they have always been regarded as the most famous.

00:38:15--> 00:38:30

Since the most senior of the six authors of heavy is Amanda hardy Rahim Allah, who passed away in 256. After hedger and all the others are younger than him in the sense that they all passed away some

00:38:32--> 00:39:17

all within the same 5060 years. Your mom hardy died in 256 Hijri man Muslim 261 edri Eman even a manager 273 Hijri alderwood 275 Hijri Imam determine the 279 Hijri and Eman nussey 303 hijiri so these are the six collectors of heavy who are known as the more famous ones. Emanuel hardy is the most senior because he died in 256. So the common belief was that all the collections of Hades are forgeries and fabrications of the third century of Islam, ie from the time of he was a he was the master forger and all the others are His disciples.

00:39:18--> 00:39:18

Then,

00:39:19--> 00:39:23

of course, we have the volumous

00:39:26--> 00:39:38

27,000 Hadeeth collection of the amount of Mongol who predates Malmo hardy in terms of passing away. He died in 241 history 15 years before him and

00:39:39--> 00:40:00

then we discuss one then we have the collection of what could be Schaber again a massive collection of had eaten or suddenness of double backflip Navy shaver he died in 235 he then they discovered and we have the huge collection of Imam Abdullah Rosa somani, also known as sunlife, which is highly regarded

00:40:00--> 00:40:08

added and considered very reliable and he died in 211 hp. Then we have the

00:40:10--> 00:40:20

the motto of my mother who died in 179 history. And then now they even highly regard the collection of Imam Rashid,

00:40:21--> 00:40:50

who was the famous teacher of Imam, Abdul Razak. Many of you I'm the reserves, these are from Abdul Razak and murmur imamura. She has a complete collection of Hadees known as the German. And what they discovered when I say they discovered we're not I'm not talking about Muslim scholars, I'm talking about other academics. Otherwise, we've always had these collections, we've always regarded them, we have a whole completely different system.

00:40:51--> 00:41:12

So when they found the complete written work and collection of Mr. Mahmud neuroshell, the jammy and they found that incorporated in the most wonderful result from 211, Mr. Mahmud Nora, she died in 154 HD. So the dates kept on being shifted back.

00:41:13--> 00:41:14

And now

00:41:15--> 00:41:16

just like the poor,

00:41:18--> 00:41:34

it's widely believed in academic circles, that the heavy stretch back at least, at least till the beginning of the second century of Islam, at least till the beginning.

00:41:36--> 00:41:41

And as time will pass, and more and more discoveries will domained.

00:41:42--> 00:41:45

The debts will continue to be shifted back fit.

00:41:46--> 00:42:13

We don't have that problem, because we've always regarded the oral transmission to be more important than the written tradition, the written transmission was merely supportive. That's why we had all these oral transmissions. And as the manuscripts were continually discovered, the manuscripts were never in contradiction to the oral tradition.

00:42:16--> 00:42:25

So going back to what I was saying earlier, those who argue that only the Quran is reliable and the Hadees were forgeries. One interesting question is,

00:42:27--> 00:42:37

even they accept that Salah is the first pillar of Islam, the most important pillar of Islam. Yeah, how do you perform Salah. nowhere in the Quran

00:42:39--> 00:42:52

are the timeless categorically mentioned, of all five solar, what I say by categorically mentioned in that there are no differences of opinion, or that they cannot be interpreted differently.

00:42:53--> 00:43:00

You don't have a categorical description of five daily prayers in the bottom, you're done.

00:43:01--> 00:43:38

Want to know where is the method and the procedure of Salah ever explained the only Why did I start all this discussion because the only method and procedure of Salah mentioned in the Quran is that of salado is that of the prayer of fear, which I was just mentioning. So in these verses, these are the only verses in the Quran where the method of Salah is described. But it's actually the summer of hope, the prayer of fear. And these verses were revealed when in at the time of the adea

00:43:39--> 00:44:22

when the province of the loveliest almost cantankerous fan. And this How about the alarm under the watchful gaze of Harley Davidson really in the Quraysh they perform their sort of Salah how the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was the man, the Sahaba of the alarm splits into two groups. They began the seminar together, and then they split their Salah. So half of the group of Muslims would pray with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam whilst the other half watched with him, then he would continue with his Salah, the first half would move back, and the other half would pray behind Rasulullah sallallahu Islam whilst the others watched over him, and then and then the others

00:44:22--> 00:44:54

would finish their prayer individually. So this was Salah to have the prayer of fear, which actually, while whose verses were revealed, and the practice was first incorporated on this occasion at our firm at the time that Holly didn't know when he arrived with his cavalry unit and watched over the Muslims. In any case, what the province of the law hiding, they were playing a cat and mouse game in the sense that the hobbit didn't really didn't want to attack or he felt it couldn't.

00:44:55--> 00:45:00

It was supposed to be a reconnaissance unit. The Muslims obviously had nothing

00:45:00--> 00:45:44

tension of fighting unless they were provoked into as a defensive measure they would have. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam remained camp. And then at night, he told us about the alarm since he cuts off the direct rooms for the Muslims from russland to Makoto macabre. And they realize that if they continued on that route, they would actually have to fight with Harley, the blue lead and his cavalry unit. So what the prophet sallallahu wasallam said to them, in the highly redundant will lead below the mean height in correlation to the atom, that indeed, Holly didn't really mean with a cavalry contingent of the Quraysh, which is a reconnaissance unit for Hulu, that and you

00:45:44--> 00:45:50

mean, so take the rides. Of course, that language sounds very military.

00:45:52--> 00:46:41

But the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam wasn't just the Messenger of Allah, Allah it was. He was a political leader of Medina, Medina from munawwara. And he was the military commander. And therefore, on that occasion, even though he was dressed in Iran, he dispatched a spy to conduct espionage. And he took precautionary measures. For his defense, members of this house out of the 11, whose group were armed. He had a cavalry unit himself, though it wasn't as large as that other place. But his intention was not to find these were protective precautionary defensive measures. So the province the law, it was in and was at one and the same time, indeed, a messenger of Allah, a

00:46:41--> 00:46:41

pilgrim,

00:46:43--> 00:46:46

a diplomat on this journey, a diplomat,

00:46:48--> 00:47:35

a political leader, the head of the state of Medina, and the military command. So this is why the language is such that the hating oration that he had and how to do what he does as a mean with a cavalry contingent, acting as a reconnaissance unit, for who that you mean, so take the right, what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told us about all the love is that we won't continue on this path will diverged to the right. And then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he turned away from the beaten trodden path. And he took a very difficult path. Right? In the middle of the night. He waited till night, then he told us about the alarm. Let's move. So let's hop out of the alarm,

00:47:36--> 00:47:40

all traveled and they broke while they broke their campaign, they

00:47:41--> 00:47:51

turned to the right. And they went through extremely difficult terrain was quite perilous, and it was extremely difficult.

00:47:52--> 00:48:20

It was a hazardous journey. And the province of the law it who was selling them was so grateful for the Sahaba of the lover even following him in a state of a home with their sacrificial animals, with their riding animals, crossing that difficult terrain away from the beaten path. They were climbing along mountainous terrain, which was extremely difficult many of them were tripping.

00:48:22--> 00:48:50

Imagine how difficult the journey was that the province A lot of it was seldom specifically on that occasion, prayed and gave the glad tidings to the Sahaba of the alarm, that Allah Subhana who would the Allah will forgive those who have joined me on this stretch of the journey, meaning turning away from the beaten path? So he said for who that means to take the right for Allah He man shatta beaten Harlem

00:48:52--> 00:49:13

Katara TJ Ah, see, this is all a brief abridged and abbreviated here. The I'm giving you the background detail from other narrations. Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam term rights went through some perilous terrain. And then eventually, he arrived at a mountain pass,

00:49:14--> 00:49:18

which was close to her baby.

00:49:21--> 00:49:25

And Holly didn't believe who was meaning around that area.

00:49:26--> 00:49:32

He along with his cavalry unit didn't even realize that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had left

00:49:34--> 00:49:59

until when they again began scouting from a distance far away from where they originally were. They realize that the prophets of the lower leagues have taken a detour because as a wedding, they had ethers for lahemaa shadow became carded. So by law, Holly did not even realize about them at that either whom they've gotten until

00:50:00--> 00:50:21

They were in the dust cloud of the army. Meaning when he saw the dust cloud rising from a distance in a completely different direction, did he realize that the Muslims are coming from a different direction? So what they'll hardly do normally do fun butter eurocode Madeira licorice. So Holly Dublin Waleed

00:50:24--> 00:50:28

began racing along with his whole cavalry units, acting as a warner to the

00:50:30--> 00:51:09

wasabia sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam marched had to either gonna be funnier nutty yo la minha until when he arrived at that past funnier until when he arrived at that pass, from which you booked for LA him a Allah coration minha a minha Hispania, until when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam arrived at that pass, from which people would descend onto the branch in Makkah from this pass, so what does the Prophet sallallahu Sallam do? He took a detour. Then he

00:51:10--> 00:51:42

went, instead of arriving from the northern area of Macedonia kurama he should have been the expected journey from Medina, Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam took a right to complete detour, went around, and eventually came from the west to Makkah. dormakaba. And when he arrived at that pass, which led people to Makkah, which normally people would use, coming in from the west, to descend into Makkah,

00:51:43--> 00:51:50

that's what's meant by what they, when he arrived at that pass, from which people will descend upon the greyish.

00:51:51--> 00:51:56

So when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam arrived there, what happened? Baraka to be here on

00:51:57--> 00:52:24

his mount, sat down with him. So the province will certainly be your son of the law, it was cinnamon the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam marched either gonna be funnier to lucky until when he was at that pass, you booked Wiley, him minha, from which people would normally descend onto the rush. So when he was on at that pass, just before they hear what happened, Baraka to be here on

00:52:28--> 00:52:33

his mount sat down with, so it refused to go for

00:52:36--> 00:52:43

fall. And so this harbor of the alarm said, the people said, hell, hell means

00:52:44--> 00:52:50

it was just their way of Golding their animals is the sound. So

00:52:57--> 00:52:58

it's like, wah, wah, bah, bah.

00:53:01--> 00:53:10

So hello, hello. And as I mentioned a few weeks ago for the students of Arabic, all of these phrases in Arabic, you can pronounce them both ways.

00:53:11--> 00:53:13

With the wing

00:53:14--> 00:53:18

kasara. Because no one or

00:53:20--> 00:53:23

meaning you can say hello, or Helen. But

00:53:28--> 00:53:30

all often

00:53:32--> 00:53:54

as the Quran says, fill a comma. So you can say ofin off. So it's an interesting point in Arabic, all of these words, hand off. You can say with a spoon, but hell off. Or you can say, as with a casa rabbit, the mean so often buffin Helen.

00:53:55--> 00:54:01

So it's just a sound where they would use the sound of gold. They're animals. So people began to say hello, hello.

00:54:02--> 00:54:06

Oh, come on. Come on, get up, get up. So hello, hello.

00:54:09--> 00:54:10

So they were saying hello.

00:54:12--> 00:54:19

So the mount of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam became persistent.

00:54:20--> 00:54:21

I won't use the word stubborn.

00:54:22--> 00:54:30

Although Allah you live in her hand in Arabic, what does it mean? It means to be stubborn, to be

00:54:32--> 00:54:32

obstinate.

00:54:34--> 00:54:36

And the wording is used because it says for

00:54:37--> 00:54:52

sort of simple translation could be that the mounts became stubborn, and camels are known for their obstinacy. But I won't use that translation. I'll save people for Ireland nurse held hands. So people said hello, hello.

00:54:53--> 00:54:58

So the MT persisted, persisted in remaining seated.

00:54:59--> 00:55:00

So the people who can

00:55:00--> 00:55:04

Frustrated for them and they said hello Atilla SWAT.

00:55:05--> 00:55:21

Here the mount has mentioned which mount was it before it just said mount. But the names mentioned here people began to say a swear, word has become difficult. So Goswell was the amount on which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was traveling.

00:55:23--> 00:55:25

When he arrived that that pass is sat down.

00:55:27--> 00:55:29

So the people began saying hello.

00:55:30--> 00:55:36

So he persisted in remaining seats and they couldn't get it to move. So the people began thinking color.

00:55:37--> 00:55:42

That cassava has become difficult, like camels, wood,

00:55:43--> 00:55:45

or SWAT has become difficult.

00:55:47--> 00:55:51

And they repeated this for foreigners. So they said, Hello. Hello.

00:55:53--> 00:56:27

Australia has become difficult, as well as becoming difficult for Ireland to be your sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Mahara tilaka swear, I swear has not become difficult, while my other color has been put up. And neither is it. Its traits. Now that is being difficult, the traits or the character of a swamp. Once again, rather habits are habits and feel rather the one who stopped the elephants. He is the one who has stopped a swamp.

00:56:28--> 00:56:32

So meaning a swamp has sat down by the command of a law

00:56:35--> 00:56:39

as well was the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

00:56:41--> 00:56:42

who was his password.

00:56:43--> 00:56:47

We are now at the beginning of the month of Muharram.

00:56:49--> 00:56:51

In the 1400 and 37th year

00:56:52--> 00:56:56

of the hedger of our master for Salva last Friday.

00:56:59--> 00:57:00

He did Hitler.

00:57:01--> 00:57:18

Remember the camel that will buckle the anila horn to camels he had prepared as I explained Hadeeth of hijra, let me say one of these few years sort of law and the prophets in the law, who send them said the theremin only with a price

00:57:19--> 00:57:24

abubaker the alarm, insisted that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam take it as a gift.

00:57:26--> 00:57:29

Prophet Sall Allahu alayhi wa sallam insisted on Pay

00:57:32--> 00:57:36

400 Durham's according to 1800 homes according to another generation,

00:57:37--> 00:57:41

but 400 seems more likely it was 800 for both.

00:57:44--> 00:57:46

As I've mentioned repeatedly,

00:57:48--> 00:57:52

Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was fleeing muckety muck around

00:57:54--> 00:57:58

for his safety, operational plotting to kill him.

00:57:59--> 00:58:03

He was fleeing for his life. He was in mortal danger.

00:58:06--> 00:58:26

And he and Abu Bakr Siddiq rhodiola were to travel together, most of the Sahaba of the alarm had left only the family members of the prophets of Allah hardy who was illimitable Bukhara, Sandeep, and the installed are full meaning the weak and the oppressed and those were unable to travel. Only they remained behind and

00:58:28--> 00:58:29

even in that condition.

00:58:31--> 00:58:43

What kind of the alarm said here is one of the candles for you on messenger of Allah. And he said I will only take it's by paying its price. And what was the price 400 difference?

00:58:45--> 00:58:56

Why did the messenger subtle alarm it was just a bucket of the alarm and had already spent so much on the messenger Allah has said to us, he had given him his daughter

00:58:59--> 00:59:17

and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had accepted so many gifts from him. And the Muslims had accepted so many gifts from Abu Bakar the alohar he had freed slaves left right and center men and women. He had donated to the cause of the Muslims who would spend on the poor and the needy and the destitute.

00:59:18--> 00:59:24

He spent on the Sahaba of the Allah and he spent lavishly on the messengers of Allah hidings, and

00:59:25--> 00:59:26

he gave him his daughter.

00:59:28--> 00:59:57

Why, on this occasion did the prophets of Allah it was seldom despite his the mortal danger to his life. On that occasion, he insist on paying for the camera himself, and refusing to accept the alarm rands gift, as I explained, why, because the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam wanted to pay for his own hedger, so that his hedger and its reward would be complete.

01:00:02--> 01:00:07

Even the Messenger of Allah, Allah Most of the time of his hedger

01:00:08--> 01:00:12

did not wish to rely on anybody else for his Deen.

01:00:14--> 01:00:16

Why should we,

01:00:17--> 01:00:22

in our religion rely on the donations of others?

01:00:23--> 01:00:26

Should we not be paying for our own way in religion

01:00:27--> 01:00:28

for everything

01:00:30--> 01:00:33

we consider it's beneath us and undignified

01:00:35--> 01:00:52

to receive benefits also receives a car. And so the car donations and charity for our milk and bread. Imagine if we were told that from now on, you will have to go and collect your food from food bank.

01:00:53--> 01:00:59

And you stand in line and collect tins of baked beans, and loaves of cheap bread

01:01:02--> 01:01:03

to feed your family.

01:01:04--> 01:01:20

Or if someone comes to your house and says you and your children I think you are in need. Hereby I offer you milk bread and cans of beans and tinned food for you to eat and for your family and your children. How would you feel?

01:01:22--> 01:01:27

Wouldn't many of us consider this beneath as undignified, insulting in a way?

01:01:29--> 01:01:32

by a lot we do exactly the same in our religion.

01:01:35--> 01:01:44

We do. We have machines. We have massage and we have modalities. We have religious charities and institutions.

01:01:45--> 01:02:03

We want others to do the work for us. We want a Masjid ready just to go in at our convenience. Pray for our personal selfish, supposedly selfish relationship with Allah. And then we wish to leave.

01:02:04--> 01:02:09

We want religious charities, we want modalities we want knowledge we want to

01:02:11--> 01:02:12

we want everything for free.

01:02:15--> 01:02:24

When are we paying? Ask yourself the question. How often have you been into a machine any machine it could be in any part of the world?

01:02:26--> 01:02:32

And how much of this facilities have you used? Its water its heating its gaseous AC

01:02:33--> 01:02:36

and ask yourself how much

01:02:37--> 01:02:39

have you paid towards it?

01:02:40--> 01:02:41

At workplaces.

01:02:43--> 01:02:47

At the coffee table, they have jars so that people put in

01:02:50--> 01:03:03

20 pounds 40 pounds 50 pounds for the use of milk and coffee powder, coffee, whites and coffee and tea. Because nothing should be taken for free.

01:03:04--> 01:03:11

We pay you for a few drops of milk we pay for a spoon a teaspoon of coffee, we pay for a single tea back

01:03:13--> 01:03:44

in gulia. When it comes to the Dean of the last panel with Anna, we spend hours in the machine, we use electricity we use gas we use heating we use water we rely on religious charities on masajid on modalities for our worship our education, but ask ourselves let's ask ourselves in proportion to all the benefits I have received in religion, how much have I paid? How much have I contributes?

01:03:47--> 01:04:12

If what you have received is more and I will say as a guarantee that for most of us we have received infinitely more than we have actually paid for in religion than realize that your religion and your deen has come from the sacrifice the sadaqa the donations and the charity of other people charity which you would not accept in dunya we have accepted in the

01:04:17--> 01:04:18

if you do not expect

01:04:20--> 01:04:25

and if you can not tolerate the thought of others running around for your union

01:04:27--> 01:04:36

and giving your dunya in charity. How can we tolerate the idea of others making the sacrifice others pay for hour?

01:04:37--> 01:04:37

An hour the

01:04:39--> 01:04:48

Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam insisted on paying for his own camel when his life was under threat.

01:04:50--> 01:04:53

So that is a hedgehog that completes

01:04:56--> 01:04:58

that camel was a swab.

01:05:00--> 01:05:01

He was young at the time.

01:05:03--> 01:05:25

And pets are cute and adorable. And they are millions of pets belonging to millions of people all over the world, possibly hundreds of millions of pets belonging to hundreds of millions of people and billions of pets throughout history, belonging to billions of people and in the future. But could there be any pets more fortunate than us? Well,

01:05:29--> 01:05:37

that was the camel when I was a young camel. Chica is a she camel, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

01:05:38--> 01:05:40

bought and rolled on?

01:05:41--> 01:05:42

And did his hedger

01:05:44--> 01:05:49

was fortunate to have carried the Messenger of Allah in his

01:05:50--> 01:05:55

office was here on this occasion. As for they be in the

01:05:57--> 01:06:01

US, we're in the eighth year of Hendra marched into muckety muck around

01:06:02--> 01:06:06

carrying the Conqueror a sort of loss of the law highly who sent them

01:06:09--> 01:06:11

and remained with him all the way till the end.

01:06:12--> 01:06:33

And it survived the prophets of the law, it was something and they say, died during the time of say, the noble bucketlist vehicle de la hora. And after the time, in fact, maybe even during the time of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam. And definitely afterwards during the time bucket is a vehicle of the Allah and His favorite spot was Jonathan bogie, you would stay there.

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So, this was a swap. So people said that's why I sat down. People said

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Hey, be persistent.

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So then people said, swallowtail Casa Casa has become difficult as well has become difficult. So the province of the law

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as well has not become difficult and nor Is this the character of Ursula will are can habits or her habits and feel rather that Lord who stopped the elephants from entering Mecca has stopped us well from entry.

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Why why did why was crosswalks stopped.

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If the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam or continue

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how he didn't believe that the law and had already bolted to Makoto macabre darted to inform the kurush they would have been prepared for battle and would come at the Muslims would have continued because we're very close to Ghana. And the two armies would have met and inevitably clashed,

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but a loss of Hannah hall with and I wanted something else.

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So Allah stocks,

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the one who stopped the elephants meaning at the time of

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when

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Makkah before the time of the prophets of Allah, my lips and for his birth, it was supposed to be invaded by Abraham with his army of elephants, or with an elephant. I've explained all of that in detail in the commentary of sort of operation theme, so to refer to that, so here the province of the law, the law that stops the elephants, stopped

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us

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from our than the Prophet sallallahu wasallam said, we'll have enough

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by that law, in whose hand rests my soul now is loony.

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They will not ask me

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for any plan, you are the one he has automatically law in which they will honor and venerates.

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The

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sanctities of Allah

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Illa RP to whom he or her accepts that I will give them that plan and agree to

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meaning the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was intent on not fighting. And he This was his spirit of compromise.

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So that's why I sat down and this was symbolic. So it wouldn't go further and there wouldn't be any clash. And it was on that occasion that Prophet sallallahu wasallam said, no matter what happens,

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as long as they make me an offer and agree to a plan,

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in which

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regardless of what happens to us,

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if the Quraysh give me a plan, in which I see them, venerating and honoring

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those things which law has declared sacred, I

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In which no sanctity of the heroine of admission to the harm of the gamma will be violated, then I will agree to any of their plans.

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That was a spirit of compromise. Then the prophets who said that while seated on password and password was on the ground, from Missouri, Georgia, then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam prodded it from a tablet, so he leaped up, it jumped up. Pamela C is sat down, nobody could get up. Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam declared his spirits of compromise. And then he prodded us were on Goswami jumped up

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all of our Angular and then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam turned away from them again, meaning even though he was now close to Makkah to makara Rama, he again turned away from the path. And until had done there's a little bit upset with a bat until he descended

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at the furthest end of the day via furtherest end meaning at the furthest end away from Makkah, dormakaba so in the region of Philadelphia, not the near end towards Mecca, but the furthest end away from karma in with a via the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam descended there, and then many things took place. inshallah, we will continue from this from this point next week. I pray that Allah subhanho wa Taala enable us to understand what's the loss of the man after he was sued heavy and

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the he was a huge Marine, a lot more behind the commission or whatever you know, in and stuff. It'll go on.