Channel: Riyadul Haqq
This lesson forms the introduction to the detailed hadith in Saheeh al-Bukhari regarding the Truce of al-Hudaybiyah. The lesson mostly covers the background information including dates, locations and the events leading up to this truce.
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Sit down on a
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improvement come about
we gather for the
reading of the
of the Treaty of RDB. From
the Hadeeth number from the original collection and Amanda hardy law for those of you who are following the original
is it from a 2731.
And for those of you who are following the abridged version of cerebral rowhani by mumsie denas abidi.
Law, the aqis number is 11.2.
It's a very long heading, and allow me to
at least begin the
at ease with its first few words and the son of chain of narration. And then inshallah will begin to explain
the meaning in an environment of de la destiny Abdullah
an American liberal minded father but in his deal
with a new baby and he misbehaved in a Muslim at home around and in misbehaving the macula will be a lot more in marijuana, you start hitting the facade on how Rasulullah sallallahu symptoms in the beer
relates with a continuous and uninterrupted chain from me to remember how to write more law essays and to love more human related to me that Abdullah reserved related to us. That murmur informed us
he said Zakat he informed me
that they informed me from Mr. W. McLemore. It'll be alarm and mattawan
both of them, each one of them, your sub double kulula hidden min Houma.
Each one of them attesting to the body
and the narration of his companion are that they both said how to live some of the love and evil some of them seminal with a via that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam left
at the time of with a beer.
These are just the beginning words.
And undoubtedly, the whole heavy is about the truths of the baby, as it leaves came to
the background to the In summary, the truce of davia took place in the sixth year of Hitchcock, and the prophets and the love it was the travel to Medina from Medina to Mecca with the intention of performing
and then he was prevented from entering the city of Mecca.
So he can't with the companions at a place called davia.
Eventually, after a number of incidents and exchanges with the range of maca.
a truce was agreed
with many different conditions
One of the conditions was that the Muslims would agree not to entering the city of Mecca and completing that remark, but rather returning to Medina,
immediately turning around from the place where they were,
and then they will be given an opportunity to return a year later and completely.
So that was one of the conditions, the weather conditions to the prophets of Allah and he will send them then
came out of his,
in with a beer and sort of this Harbor, it'll be a lot more and then they all returned to Medina to Manawa.
This journey of aroma is known as real to who they be.
And the truths that took place
is known as sort of, they be the truths of the via
the whole journey there and back in most of the original books of
C, is actually referred to as a husband to liquidate
the expedition of with a B.
So you can call it a via a via a via the expedition? or could they be the truth of who they be? The unrar could they be, all of these definitions in their own way are correct. And this whole journey took place in the 11th month
of the sixth year of hitch, right at the beginning, prophets in the lower league was to the left Medina on Monday,
the at the very beginning of the month, of the Garda
in the 16th of July.
that there's so much related to this one journey, and the famous sort of the arms sort of
the sort of victory,
sutra of conquest,
originally means deliverance.
And as a secondary meaning it means conquest and victory. So sort of
this surah has revealed upon the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam return journey from a Viet to Medina.
And the verses speak about some of the events before the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam left some of the events that took place on the journey.
And he also refers to the truce of Colombia, and some of the events that took place at with a VR headset
in call the
gave the title for this Hadeeth as the truce of victory.
And the reason is, that although there was a truce in agreement,
a kind of peacetrees
Allah subhanho wa Taala
called it a victory.
And I'm on the surface, the trees he actually appeared to be very lopsided in favor of the pagans
to a great disadvantage of a great disadvantage to the Muslims. And this is why initially even the Sahaba of the illawarra who were unable to find
the articles of the treaty and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam agreement to all of the conditions regardless of what they said.
They were very rude, disrespectful,
exploitative, in their signing of the Treaty,
and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam tolerated that provocations, their verbal abuse
their lopsided conditions advantageous to themselves
by the guidance of a last panel with a suitable law, some law or legal some of them tolerated everything.
For our last panel with Diana had buried
in the apparent disadvantages
apparent disadvantages of this treaty and the apparent victory and consolation of the operation of Makkah. In all of them
This a lot of buried deep within a great victory and a door of deliverance not only for the Muslims of Medina, but for the whole and in fact for the whole creation of the last panel of Allah to your peer
because certainly for the via this journey was a turning point it was a watershed in many different ways. And alarm mentions that in sort of confetti, that after this last promise you promised you, mahogany
spoils This in itself is a victory
and the verse is begin with the words
enough for thermal VENA
Leah ferulic Allahumma Tottenham and then because
we didn't matter who are Laker where the
theme when Soraka Lannister I'm azeez
hola de unzila Sakina defeat Ruben Nene. Is that who Ilana marry Imani.
La sees verily
we have scored
very clear victory for you.
So that allow me forgive you, your sins,
and the future.
And so that allow me complete his favor on you referring specifically to the soul, the law, some of the law already.
And so that law may guide you to the straight path.
And so that law may assist you.
And assistance of strength.
It is He Allah who sent it down sateen tranquility and serenity in the hearts of the believers, so that they may increase in faith with their faith.
Until love belongs the
armies of the heavens and the earth.
And apparently Allah is all knowing all wise.
It's narrated in Narrator And the Sahaba of the alarm heard these verses.
The Sahaba of the lover and who said Dr. Sol Allah is this a victory? So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said yes.
And then when he recited these verses, so this How about all the love and Herceptin Yara Sula, this is all for you. So what Suarez, since the whole address is only for the message, it's a lot more.
So then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam recited the next verses, the Medina one woman adage and nothing tactical and how Holly Deena fear,
that's still that law may enter the believers, the believing men and the believing women
in gardens beneath which river shall flow there, and they shall reside forever. And the verses continue. So Allah subhanho wa Taala, called this truth of the day via, despite its apparent disadvantages, to the Muslims, a clear victory, a clear conquest. And this is why many Sahaba of the alarm, not just one, Abdullah him, so there'll be a lot more and others that would actually say to the successes and their students, they would say, you all consider the conquest of Makkah to be the victory. Whereas we, we actually consider the truce or the via to be the victory.
And not once have been many Sahaba of the Allahu Gropius, that they would say that you are addressing the students and successes that they have been, they would say you all consider and view the conquest of Makkah and the eighth theme of Hitler to be the, the victory, whereas we, they wouldn't deny that it's a victory. They would say that, of course, it's a victory, but the true victory, we actually regard as being the truth of who they be.
So this How about the illawarra, who considered it a truce of victory, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam considered it a truce of victory. And most importantly, Allah revealed an entire surah to the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam announcing that this treaty, this truce is a clear victory which Allah has bestowed upon the messenger some of the law it was
and the reason is, it led to so many different things. So many different things.
Just one of them. There are so many just one of them of all Sophia,
the leader of the brain after the Battle of battle,
all the way till the conquest of Makkah.
After the truce of who they via
he traveled with the caravans up north for trade. And
the beginning of this year, we
completed the reading of the heavy of heraclius.
And also film was the main character in there, he was the main narrator of the heavy. So Abdullah had my bus of the alarm.
And he was narrating his whole experience when he wasn't Muslim.
And in this period of troops after the sixth year of hijra, so much was achieved. The Prophet said a lot more and he will send them dispatch letters to so many different rulers and emperors. He entered into alliances and treaties with other tribes, the trade routes was once again opened up from a gutter Sham, and taking advantage of that also traveled with his companions in a very large trade caravan of rage. There he was summoned by heraclius, interrogated in the Royal Palace in Jerusalem, and then
also can herself say
engagement with heraclius heraclius is piercing and precise questions. And he's very accurate analysis of the answers of all Sophia opened up a new world for Sophia. And he says that the end of the heavy that
in this way, Islam was opened up for him, and Islam first entered his heart.
And it continued to take hold of his heart until the conquest of Makkah.
In fact, he felt compelled to believe. And this was the chieftain of the Quraysh. Not any member of the arrangement, the chieftain on the orange, and it was after the truce of her davia. That's so much happened. Some of the leaders of the orangish all eventually embraced Islam. even hardly WWE, there'll be a lot more and it was after the truth of who they be, that he traveled admirable as his friend. He travelled, the others gradually traveled to the province and the law even sent them with this truce and the laying down of arms. People were able to meet with each of
those. Until now the branch
had a stranglehold on public opinion,
because they control
the perception of the people in relation to the Muslims. But after the truce of her the idea, people were free to meet one another to engage. People saw the Muslims for what they were. And this open indeed, it was a fact. It was an opening, he opened up people's hearts and minds. And what the Quraysh smugly thought of as a victory for themselves with a truce of her they were within 10 months, they realize that it was a disaster for them within 10 months.
And nobody could see this. In fact, the Sahaba of the Allahu anhu was so grieved was so upset, and they were so overcome by shock.
That when the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam told them to rise, and shave their heads and break their arm, none of them stood up.
Because they weren't in such a state of shock. They were so overwhelmed by the grief.
But lots panelboard Allah had buried within this apparent defeat and these apparent disadvantages, a clear victory for a sort of law, some of the law it was not just for him. It was a watershed for not only the Muslims of Medina, all the Arab nation of the peninsula, but the whole world. It was a watershed history changed after that history changed with the hedger.
And then after the hidrive, this was the main events
and the conquest of Makkah, was a direct result of the truce of her the idea.
Now, what was the background to the this journey?
profits in the long run and we'll send them under talk. Before I continue, I keep on using the word today via as I mentioned, you can refer to this journey as a via the expedition of davia. You can refer to it as I'm looking for the via the, for the via
because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,
he completed one Hajj and 14 barbers
in the 16th of hijra, this was his first camera after the Hitler. This is known as they be.
The second aroma was in the seventh year of hedgerows one year after asked as per the truce, they were to return and completely incomplete unraveled the year before. This is known as
the ramola of completion of making up for the mystery of the year before. Then, in the eighth year of hijra, after the conquest of Mecca, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam put on her arm for Omar from jarana, which is to the north east of Makkah, and province the La Liga alayhi wa sallam performed. From there, this was his third.
And then the final remark was with the one hedge that he did in the 10th year of his era, that along with his hedge, so the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, after the hedge, I completed one hedge and four hours, and this was actually the first of them.
And it's known as for the VA, because, as I said, the place the place where the VA wasn't placed from before known to the Arabs, as per the BIA, it's a few miles to the west of Macedonia Karbala. And in fact, over time, the area was called for the via, but as often happens, another name has overtaken with a B. So gradually, not now, but in fact, a few centuries ago, a village
grew up there while there was a village that became inhabited and it grew in size. And eventually the name with a via was overwhelmed by the new name of the village. And that's continued till today, it's actually known as a stormy sea. So even today, some of the buildings and
structures and features in that area are referred to not so much as a B but rather a sham AC. So if, if ever you need to search, the area is known as a sham ec. And originally it was known as the ABA. It's just a few miles to the west of Mecca.
Now, the pronunciation of the adea is you can say both you can say who they be
without the sleeve on the air. Or you can say who they be with the Steve so who they are or who they be.
And these are all famous names just like Jelena you can say JSON or JSON. So
we can say who they be both pronunciations are correct. But Abia is marks the edge of the hell.
So we have a lot of muck.
Sometimes when you use the word help, generically, it just means a century. So in Makoto makalah, people say a monkey meaning the makan sanctuary and what we normally mean by an halaman monkey or the heroin the problem. In today's language, mainly most people just assume it to refer to a mystery.
But Originally, the word heroin was that meaning essentially refers not just to a mystery than heroin, but to the whole area, which Allah has a salsa la hyaline was some of them have declared to be sacred and a century of a large crowd of water. And that whole area is quite wide and with a via marks the edge of the Heron
to the west.
as I explained in
my commentary of the
hedge many years ago, you can consider the regions to be as follows. You have Zone A,
Zone A is the sanctuary the heart,
the area which is forbidden.
The area which is declared sacred by a law and is that a source of the law.
There are many laws particular and peculiar to this problem and sanctuary
One of them is that anyone who well, even if you are in the Haram either as a visitor or in the resident as a resident, if you wish to do Umrah or Hajj, you can't just start from there. If you wish to do all right, you can't just start from there, you have to actually go out of the oven into the area known as the hill, the local area, not the forbidden area, and you have to enter into the state of a home from the look of the lawful area. Now, where do people normally do that most often people go to an E, which is marked by Mr. Darren shahidul, the alarm and it's known as Mr. Levine. The reason is that the marine marks the edge of the Heron to the north of
Genoa marks the edge of the harem to the north east. In fact, it's a bit further, but it's true that that's where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, entered into the state of Rome in order to do after the conquest of Makkah, and davia marks the edge of the harem, to the west of Macedon.
So it's actually on the edge, so much so that when the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam was camped in the area,
for many days at the time of this treaty,
his tent was in the halaal area in the hill. But he would regularly pray his Salah away from the tent in the harem in the sacred area.
So his tent was pitched just outside the edge of the harem in for the idea. This is why would they be a part of it isn't the heroin part of it is apps it's on the edge of some of the boundary. So those who wish to end do O'Meara, even if they are residents or visitors in muckety muck around, they have to go out into the halaal area known as the hill. And that's my marked by more than him to the north or the idea to the west. So, if you imagine these zones, Zone A is the hub on the sacred area, zone B outwards is what's known as the hill the halaal area.
So, if you look at the mahkamah, you have to go out on Zone A into zone B and zone B, the region of zone B the whole zone is marked off by what we call MOA be the plural of me.
And these are stations stations of Heche.
So, these stations, if you imagine a whole zone, this is known as zone B the hill, which means that if you are in muckety, muck around in the harem and you wish to perform rubra you go only to the Hill to zone B, and then you enter the harem in a state of new Kant's you must enter in a state of from from outside the harem from the hidden from zombie. But if you are traveling for Hajj or for O'Mara from outside the Mojave from outside zone B which is applicable to most of the world, then you can't pass the Stations of the Mojave. The stations of zone B, ie the rest of the world is zoned C for all of those who are in Zone C, they can't proceed to the heroine without entering into the
state of a home. Not even in zone B but actually in Zone C but they can't even enter zone B without being in a state of so three zones the central zone is a Heron of around Makkah. And when we say Hello, we're not just referring to as much of that haraam. Rather, we're referring to the wine region known as a great century of muckety muck aroma, a zone a zone B is a region between Zone A and Zone C known as the halaal area, but the whole of the hill is within the lower teeth the stations of headroom
and zone B and then beyond that for the rest of the world is Zone C. Most people aren't in Zone C.
When we travel from here, normally it's an adult when we travel. from the west we travel to Jeddah which is also pronounced.
People often raise objections that
isn't it gentle is Judah Judah Mina Muna many words in Arabic You can pronounce them with a llama or the kasara.
of Ghana look and feel of Sula who slipped on the fastener. For those of you who understand that there are in fact, this is the
Most of the other art is sort of like a cannon or computer sword and then it sort of has an A. So what's what is one Amina Judah Judah.
Since we traveled towards Jeddah, normally, we are told that before you entered the, from the from the air, you have to enter the state of Iran. That's why I did that because it marks the beginning of zone B, and we are in Zone C, before we enter zone B, we must enter into the state of
idea is that the edge of the house
and that's one of the properties of the law. My neighbor, somebody pitched his tent there. Remarkably, his tent was in the hill, the halaal area zone B, but he would actually go forward and play the solo ad in Zone A.
Now, what was the background to the expedition of Arabia in the 16th of
a year before?
What six years before Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam did he and a year ago,
I commented in detail on the Hadeeth of hedging. But I mean, it'll be a lot more in half from so.
We did that in seven parts so.
the new hingedly year begins in the next few days. Next Friday, we will be in the 1400 and 37th year of
the month of the ledger comes to an end in a few days, and the month of
beginning, marking the beginning of the new 1400 and 37th year of hitch begins. So
six years before the province of the law it was a limited hitch and then from the hedger, many things changed.
Or as powerful labor, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had to leave muckety muck around
with a vehicle of the alarm and the Sahaba of the alarm who many of them had left before those who could otherwise
and they did so in great secrecy, with the fear of murder, torture and persecution hanging over there.
In the second year of Hitler, we have the Battle of bed
in which the Muslim scored a decisive victory against the court Ah, to avenge that defeat in the Battle of
the French A year later, in the third year of Hitler marched towards Mecca,
with 3000 soldiers.
In Britain, there were only a fast
a year later in
the Battle of word
was a kind of stalemate in the sense that the Muslims initially scored a victory. But then, because of a strategic error, they suffered huge losses. Towards the end of the battle,
and arrange were gloating in their nominal victory and in the wounds they had inflicted on the Muslims. But still, they were unable to achieve their goal which is unable to uproot Muslims from Medina. They were unable to silence the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and eliminate Islam from the city as they had wanted to.
And they were weak. So we can that although the Battle of aura took place on the outskirts of Medina, if they wanted, they could have, as was the original thoughts of some people invaded the city, but they were weakened at the end of the battle. So instead, they returned. So in a way the paths to Makkah, in a way the battle didn't go well for the British either. And because of a strategic error, the Muslim suffered huge losses towards the end.
Then, two years, a few other battles took place. But two years later, in the fifth year or a year before the Treaty of Arabia
or Asia Makkah
wanted to eliminate Islam once and for all. And so they marched on Medina not alone, not just with 3000 soldiers not with 1000
or 3000, like in the third year of his writing awkward, but this time they established alliances with many different tribes and at least 10 1000s
Soldiers from around Makkah and Medina marched on Medina with the specific intention of destroying the stronghold of the Muslims once and for all. This led to the siege of Medina, also known as a hospitable 100, the Battle of the trench and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam took defensive measures by digging a trench, and much of this is covered in the salt sort of bizarre. I won't go into any of the details here. But there wasn't the Triton because the Muslims were able to adopt this defensive measure of the trench and the rage along with that allies were unable to invade the city.
As a result of which they camped outside the laid siege to the city was bitterly cold, lots of water and I sent those people to assist us all laughs and alarm. It was some strife and discord was sown in the camp of the enemy. disagreements arose between them. And eventually, without achieving any of their aims, none whatsoever.
The range, and their allies disagreed amongst themselves, broke camp, and they all return to their respective regions and the poor, he went back to McDonald's.
It was on that occasion that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said to the Sahaba of the alarm,
that from this day onwards, they will never march against us again. Rather, we shall march against them.
after a few months, there was a husband who study which I've spoken of in detail in the commentary of heavy lift of movement in Arusha or the alarm, again, which we covered in seven parts.
And then a year later from the
bottom of the trench.
Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam announced his intention to go to market and walk aroma.
Not with any intention of fighting, but only to perform.
And this was the announcements was preceded by a dream that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam saw
and a lot of firsts are that in sort of perfect
nakatsuka la hora Sula, who wrote
that the foreign minister that haram insha Allah, Armenian and Latino also kumoko Sinhala
that Verily Allah has made true
to his messenger,
what Allah will make true to his messenger history
that all of you will surely into a mystery.
If Allah will.
insha Allah, if loions and Athena Russa kumoko, serene shaving your heads and clipping your hair. in such a state that last half, you will not fear
the meaning of insha Allah here is
If a human being saves,
if a subject saves, that, if the If His Majesty wishes,
then this will happen. Referring to the king. If the king himself says that if I wish, when he says if I wish, he's not making the consequence conditional. It's a way of announcing his power and majesty, that if I wish, meaning who can stop me. And that's where a normal cake
when it comes to medical model, the King of kings are sovereign of sovereigns, a last panel with either when he says insha Allah, it's an announcement and a declaration of his power, that his will is not contingent on anything, but he works in different ways.
So you will surely enter a machine
if Allah wills
and for those of you who in Standard Arabic, it's what we call in sha Allah and Latin America.
So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam saw a dream and most likely this wasn't a Medina from
Not because I'm an African American law he relates to these. And in that head he has mentioned that when the Muslims left, they were convinced that they would enter through karma and complete their own route because of the dream of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in Medina, he announced to the Sahaba of the law, that I will be traveling to Makkah to makara Matt.
So how about the love with delight?
sealed with glee?
Now, before I continue this, we need to understand
their relationship with Mk.
Why did this dream means so much to them?
Why did the hedger mean so much?
Why were they so delighted, overwhelmed with joy and glory
in having the opportunity to go to market
in a way one could have thought that
they suffered so much at the hands of the court, ah, they had to flee the city they have to abandon. Now they made a new life in Medina, this was their new home. So in a way they should have or they would have forgotten and left behind.
I made an intention of not returning there again,
pushed it out of their hearts and minds.
the relationship of the Sahaba of the law with Makkah through karma, in fact, the relationship of the Arabs in general, with microtrauma Corona needs to be understood to realize the full impact of this dream of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And this habit of the alarm.
The Canada have lots of water and the city of Kerala meant so much to the Arabs.
That hearts were bonded with the house of
They weren't a mighty tribe. They were rich, they were famous.
They were very diplomatic. They were extremely influential, disproportionately,
but militarily, and numerically. They weren't a huge or a powerful tribe. They were far more numerous and perform militarily powerful tribes around
and in the whole of Arabia.
Why was orange so prominent?
They drew their fame, their name, their power, their wealth, their influence their prestige,
because of one thing and one thing alone, they drew all of this, from the fact that they were the custodians of the house of Allah.
They were the custodians of the Ganga. They control the supplier, the watering of the pilgrims. They control the father and the feeding of the pilgrims.
They call they control the savanna, the custody custodianship of the gardener. And because of this, the rest of the tribes of Arabia accorded them a great status. They gave them preferential treatment in alliances and treaties in trade. They drew great respect from this one facts alone.
And a law refers to that in
love or Ah, enough.
For Yeah, we're up bajada late into the room in June.
As I explained in that the seed of sort of feeling sort of arrange a last panel with Anna boasts of his favor to the Quraysh. And these favors included the fact that they were able to travel far and wide as traders as merchants,
but they enjoy the custodianship of the garbage and that they enjoyed safety.
So much so that last panel with the honor sent
that Have We not made heaven a century for them.
We have the finance woman howling at a time when people were being smashed all around them. It wasn't a safe place.
There was no law.
It was a tribal society and it was a lawless society. But the Quraysh only because of their custodianship of the gala that enjoyed great prestige. So that was all of the Arabs held the Gabba Avalon and the initiative that haraam in great esteem, because of that attachment to the house on the last panel with dad, and indeed, with Jan on the eighth and the third than in NASA. And verily we have made the house a place to have off return. As I mentioned, what's the meaning of offer return, even for those who visit the garba they go, and their hearts become attached to the gamma of Allah, when they return, their bodies may go home, but their hearts are left behind with the gamma.
And that's for a visitor. As for those who were born around the gamma who grew up around the gamma, you mentioned the Sahaba of the love for them, their love of soccer, of course, partly it was to do with the fact that that's where they were born, that was their home city. That's where they grew up. That's where their homes were, and their families were, but far more importantly and over and above all of this. It was because of the house of Allah subhanho wa Taala This is why I sold Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam facing Mecca through Corona, even though he was leaving from Medina. And in moderation. He said this again later, after coming back from Medina, he faced much more karma.
And he said, of omaka of all the places on earth on Earth, you are the most beloved to me, and had it not been for the fact that your people drove me out I would have never left.
So when this harbor the alarm heard that the prophets alarm it was sort of a dream, in which they were all returning to Mr. The hot arm forming rumor, and doing the bulk of the house of the last panel with the other. One cannot imagine the joy that filled them, and they all began making preparations.
Ponce de la Marley who was selling them on this occasion, even invited some of the neighboring tribes to join him. One of the reasons was that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he went with peaceful intentions, but he did not and could not trust the
the Quraysh having done everything, and having left no stone unturned in the past, many many years, including launching full scale invasions towards Medina.
Having done so much how could they be trusted not to harm the messenger sallallahu wasallam
in their own home ground. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam took precautionary measures. And part of those precautionary measures was that he invited some of the tribes around Medina or the Bedouin, who still respected Makoto macaron
to join him on this expedition of the
Eventually, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam left the surrounding tribes, they refuse to join him.
They were hypocritical.
So they didn't say to him
this is suicidal. That's what they thought.
But when I'm from la palabra, Zhu Li him
was the Nevada few Ruby kumana Nana soul. So last round of essays addressing these tribes that you both run into you actually thought that the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the believers with him. They will never be able to return to their families if they go to Makkah on this trip of the ummah. So they thought it's a suicide or mission. And they actually said amongst themselves, that
only a year ago the British came with 10,000 soldiers and we're about to invade the city of Medina. And now a year later, Mohammed wishes to travel with his companions to Medina. This he will be killed, he and his companions will be killed, they are going straight into the jaws of death. So and He's inviting us to join him. No, thank you. That's what they said amongst themselves, but hypocritically when they came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And he invoked when he invited them their response was Chevelle Edna Luna, Finland. They said,
We are quite busy with our families and our work and our wealth, first of Finland, so seek last forgiveness on our behalf.
So last at
least a few of what they say with their tones that which isn't in their heart. So this is hypocrisy in the extreme.
in their hearts, this is what they actually believed about the Prophet some love it. These they thought he was mad. They thought he was suicidal.
In a way they were gleeful because they thought that he's never going to return, neither he or his companions and that he was heading straight into the jaws of death. So in his heart in their hearts, they thought, he is mad, he is finished, he is defeated. He is dead
by the end of this journey,
but with their tools and their smiles, they were saying, pray for us.
That's the height of hypocrisy. So Allah says, They say that which isn't in their hearts, look at the difference in the contrast between the feelings and emotions of their hearts and the statements of their tongues. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was grieved by their response, but he left how many so how about all the Allahu the prophets of Allah was to leave with approximately 1500 hammer on the alarm. And remember, they went only with the intention of a Mullah. But to ensure that they would be safe and they wouldn't be attacked, they did carry weapons with them. One Another thing is that saw this How about the alarm, traveled not on foot, or even on camels, but actually on
horseback as cavalry mounted armed cavalry.
And this was for the protection although it wasn't much. It was a little and thus the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam left with 1400 to have on the alarm. Sorry, 1500 approximately 1500 so how about the alarm? From muckety muck aroma, and some of the narrations, even in Mojave itself, the wording is clear that we were 1400 that's the most famous figure given but the reality is that there are many, many narrations and the authentic narrations all shall 1400 to 1500. So it's quite simple.
It was a number in between it was more than 1400.
But, to round it off, some of the narrator said some of this harbottle the alarm even themselves said 1400 whereas the other said 1500. So approximately 1500 harbor for the Allahu anhu left Medina with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on Monday, at the beginning of the Beretta, in the sixth year of his life, and they also took Have you with them, had our those animals that are gifted to the house of Allah subhanho wa Taala, in order to be slaughtered and sacrificed in the harem of Allah.
So these are the had. Now traditionally, it's not very common. Now, most of us when we go for Amazon for hedge, we go with that. But Traditionally, the Arab especially, they would draw their sacrificial animals with them from their homes all the way across the desert. That's what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam did. He did it on this occasion. In the sixth headlock. This was his first pilgrimage minor or major after the Hydra, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam took along with him, sacrificial animals, he and the other Sahaba of the love. And amongst them there was just 70 large animals. So cows or camel cameras 70 large animals were driven by the prophet
sallallahu alayhi wasallam in this battle, the alarm from from Medina to Mecca to be sacrificed in the hands of a last round of water Allah Rasool Ullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would
be very mindful of this, so much so that in the ninth year of Hitler, he didn't go for Hajj. But he sends abubaker civic or the alarm as the Emir of hatch, but
although he didn't go for Hajj himself, with such dedication,
the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gave the Sahaba of the alarm, a large number of animals in his name, as his hoodie, to be sacrificed on his behalf in the harem of Allah.
The devotional Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was truly astounding. Although he didn't go for Hajj himself in the manfield Hydra, he still sent
means those sacrificial animals, which are driven by the people in the state of Trump along with them to the sacrifice in the sanctuary of a last panel with the ANA in and around Makkah, all sent even if they don't go themselves they are sent with them. So on this occasion the province of the law
Mid Muslim left with 50 and hundreds How about all the alarm and 70 large animals as sacrificial animals to be slaughtered and sacrificed at the end of the rainbow in the harem of the last round of water out. This was a Monday, the beginning of the burger in 11 in the sixth year of hitch
then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam left Medina and where did he go, he left the central parts of Medina where his mustard is. And then he went to the belief.
The belief is just on the outskirts of Medina.
I believe in this day and age is called a br ID. And it's just on the outskirts of Medina. That was the famous place where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would travel for pilgrimage and also return and stop on the way back to Medina. And it's known as relief. And for those who are traveling to do rumor or hedge
and they come from Northern roots from Syria,
Jordan, the Levant, that whole area, all they come from Medina, then that is a similar place for them to
enter into the state of Iran because that's where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would do it from.
So he left in Medina, and then he can't briefly Khalifa just in the outskirts a few miles from the center of the city. And there he prayed salado and after set out of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, along with this harbottle the alarm, he marks the animals and a sharp walk a little head.
Meaning is the province of the law, it marks the animals, how would he mark the animals, some of the animals were marked by
slightly grazing the humps of the animals or the side so that a little blood trickled and that blood was was then it because it was smudged was smeared and the area becomes smashed. It was a mark. The reason there was a reason for doing this is simply means out alarm, meaning to mark something so that people know, because it was a lawless tribal society, many of the tribes if you are traveling through the desert, many of the tribes and this was even before the time of Rasulullah, sallAllahu. And even some of them, many of the tribes, they would look for any opportunity to carry out raids. And in fact, raiding was a kind of chivalrous sport may sound strange to us, but they had all these
you can carry out a raid. And when you do a raid, you can do this, you can do that you can do this, you can do that. But you can't do this. So the Arabs have this strange chivalrous code, where they believed in the sport of raiding, so that should raid one another. And they'd carry off livestock and wealth and weapons and armor. And they knew that today we've scored a goal. But tomorrow, someone else can score a goal against theirs, and all is fair in love and war. And that's what they used to believe. So
to ensure that the livestock wasn't carried off by any rating tribes, they would mark all the animals This was even before Islam and the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, when they will travel to the heaven, because that century, remember, as I said, the Arabs held the carrabba have a long harem, great sleep, so much so that in the sacred months that are shorter,
and the garden was one of the sacred months, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam distrusted the Quraysh of Makkah to such a degree that he didn't trust them, not to attack him in the Muslims, even though it was a sacred month of little Canada, and in the sanctuary of a lost crown of more data. And this is what this is one of the reasons why the Muslims were so bitter towards
as I will explain that when we studied the heavy
they have this quote, that even arrival enemy tribe when it came to the sacred months, four months throughout the year,
in these sacred months,
the arrows they had a code that any rival tribe even
If they were at war with each other, they would lay down their arms and they could all come to the sanctuary of alarm visits and
perform the rights of hygiene. And no one would be barred from.
So much so that they say the Arabs, the Arabs are such that if someone took someone else's life, they would not settle for anything except blood retaliation.
And this is why they will always engage in interdesign warfare, killing off one another. But in the month of in the sacred month, in the harem of last time, along with Anna,
even if someone met another man from another tribe who had killed his father, they would not touch one another. He would even spare
a father's killer, because of the fact that they were in the sacred months, they were in the sacred house of a Lost Planet, what the hell happened. And all of the Arabs throughout Arabia knew this, and this is why the British were respected, and all of them had this custom. But that blind hatred of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was such that when it came to the civil law, civil law, it was send them in the Muslims, all conventions, all laws, or customs, or traditions or rules are thrown out of the window. And this is why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did not trust the Grange not to harm him and the Muslims, even though they were traveling only with the intention of
Iraq, and it was going to be in the sacred months. He didn't trust them. This is why he took precautionary measures. And some of this, how about this, how about the love Alliance the armed and in fact, there was even a contingent of cavalry amongst them. And in this way, in the province of the law, it was to the left and arriving at the belief, he marked the animals so that in the tradition of the Arabs so that people would know that these are the animals destined for the house of Allah, just as before the Arabs would not harm them, or touch them. These animals were consecrated. And in this way, the profits of the line equals to the mark the animals.
Which means this reading is not in this hadith that we are reading but it's an another narration of Bacardi to do with the same incident. Under the heading the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam garland did the animals. The meaning of garlanding the animals is that the animals would be given a pillar, a pillar that is a necklace, a necklace of what?
A Garland, so what the Arabs would do, is that to mark the sacrificial animals, they would hang Garland's of dry leaves, you may have seen in some, even on some doors, in some traditions, they have a string with a cluster of dry leaves, that's a garden.
So the Arabs would use a similar string filled with dry leaves as a garden, that we wouldn't always be fresh flowers or leaves. And they would hang these around the sacrificial animals, and not just dry leaves, but even bark of wood, wood bark, bark of trees, even sandals. In fact, one of the sacrificial animals of the last little alarm, it was
an anti Chateau Viola and her she put some old slippers around the so they would put leather strips, strings, whatever they would put, these will be gone. And the Garland's would be placed over the
necks of the animals and they will be gone in this way, all of them so that this there will be marked as sacrificial animals for the house of Allah.
And we may scoff at this, but last panel with Anna sees
that Oh, believers, law, Sharia law, he was shot on her armor when I do
that, oh, believers do not consider law for the symbols of a law and neither the sacred month one of the hidden and neither the sacrificial animals, one or the other. And neither the gods and I keep on mentioning that this is the teaching of respecting Islam. We aren't just told to respect religion,
the symbols of religion. We aren't just told to respect those who are senior to us in age in authority in learning and knowledge in piety. We aren't just told to respect our older brothers and sisters and our parents. Allah subhanho wa Taala. Allah has commanded us to even respect the garland
around the necks of the sacrificial animals, cattle, cows and camels that are headed to the house of Allah.
We are not to spit in the direction of the fibula.
If we can avoid it, we are not to
answer the call of nature,
facing the direction of a pillar, or casing the pillar behind us, of course, there are difference, there's a difference of opinion as to in what circumstances this rule applies, and whether it's inside the building out of the building, etc. That's the theological, or I'll say a 15 discussion, which I won't go into. I've explained it in thorough detail before in the commentary of many, many years ago. But the principle is that you show respect even to the direction of the people you show respect to the symbols of a large religion. And the symbols of a large religion include sacrificial animals and gardens around the next. This is what respect is in Islam. It's not just about
one or two things and perspectives about all of these things. So the province the love, it was something he marked the sacrificial animals garland them and then entering into the state of the harem, he and the Sahaba of the llama even left from the halifa now, I'll end here
inshallah, we will continue with the rest of the Hadees next week. It's a very long leaf I would request you not continue coming, encourage others to come do not become frustrated and exasperated with some of the details that I've discussed so far.
This is the story of a solemn laughs some of the larger names. This is part of his beautiful scenery.
We shouldn't be here for entertainment.
But even if part of our hearts and mind seeks thrill
the lighting there is no story. No fable, no legend, no narrative, more beautiful, more captivating, more inspiring, and more thrilling. And the story in the Sierra for solar last summer it was
now we may be discussing gardens around the necks of cattle and sacrificial animals.
Before a believer who lives with suitable laughs and Lola are some of them and wishes to learn and come to know everything about them.
Every detail matters. Every detail and we will learn later. We're lucky we can't understand who the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was
over to Loomis through the thought of
a great leader.
From the city of Fife originally,
he visited the messenger Salalah Harlem's will come across it later.
When he went back to the court, he said to them, Grace listened.
Because he was a great man.
He was so great that some of the grace used to say
that if a lawyer wanted to communicate with
then why did he choose? Abdullah
Korea taneous Lee, they said one wasn't this program revealed
to a great man
from one of the two cities and the two cities were Makkah all five. in Macau, the dominant tribe was the crush in bar if the dominant tribe was one of the teeth.
And many of them are for sitting say that who the range and the people were referring to that why wasn't the poor and reveal to one of two great men of to someone of the amount of these two great cities they were referring to either will lead to bloom or via the father of holly Dublin will lead in Mecca, who was one of the greatest chieftains of the British, possibly the oldest chieftain amongst them at the time, or what what diploma school the faculty from five. So he was a man who was held in greatest thing, a noble leader, wise intelligent, and he was a diplomat.
As a result he attacked
So he went to mean the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as part of the negotiations for the visa. When he came back, he said to this range, he said,
I have been to the Royal Court
of Byzantine wrong.
I have been to the Royal Courts of Persia.
I have been to the Royal Court of Najafi and ever since
I have been to the Royal Courts of rulers and emperors and kings. But I have never seen any group of people, any group of subjects any populace, revering and respecting and treating their king, as I have seen the companions of Roman treated,
leave him be.
And then he went on to describe
why am I saying this? We were discussing about the Garland's around the sacrificial around the necks of the sacrificial animals, we may think nothing of it. So how about the law and this is how a great diplomat and a politician and a wise leader describe the Sahaba he says, when he speaks, they rush to fulfill his command. When he spits. They rush to catch his spirit, and they anoint their faces and their bodies with his saliva.
When he performs a will do and ablution they just saw with one another, to catch the drops that fall from his limbs.
That's how this habit of the alarm
because they saw the profits of the law, it wasn't
for them. It wasn't just his eba it wasn't just his connection with a law. He wasn't just his way he wasn't just as
this How about the alarm, the water that dropped from his little limbs, or even the saliva that came from his mouth was worth its weight in gold. For it for as someone who loves another.
When a simple mortal of the world loves another mortal, they love everything about them. They want to know everything about them.
If someone loves a celebrity, they read every magazine, every article, they want to follow their style, their clothing, their hairstyle, their dietary choices, that colors, even their religious choices.
They wish to follow in their footsteps, they are captivated by everything about the celebrity.
The star, whose friends they are, they want to know everything about them every little bit of titillating gossip,
what they are doing every bits about them. These are this is the relationship between someone who loves another mortal, another cynical person or the dunya. For a believer who truly loves and should love the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam more than he or she loves himself herself or even their parents, every little detail of the life of the law, some of the law legal system should be worth gold.
And so there is no story, no narrative
that is as thrilling as captivating, as inspiring as a story of a sort of laughs and Lala hiding from them as part of a scene. And if you want to learn the seal of the prophets of love, love it. You will find that in the most authentic books.
And this is why I'm going through this
very long. And I request you to bear with me Do not let any one section or any particular detail, bore you, distract you, but immerse yourself in the details about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. I pray that lust practical with Allah enables us to understand what the law was. After he was sued in the Vietnam human Wiener earlier he was speaking a
lot more to the commission or learn learn from
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