The Life Of Imam Malik

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Moutasem al-Hameedy

Channel: Moutasem al-Hameedy

Episode Notes

Sheikh Moutasem Al-Hameedy explains the biography of Imam Malik in a brief synopsis, delivered at the Abu Huraira Center on February 3, 2017.

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi Germaine wombat. So this is the second segment in our series

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of the Surfrider halaqa, which we, which we gave the title,

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that is taken from the verse, that God can have your kasasa him able, indeed, in the stories, there are lessons, there are lessons to be learned. And that's because

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stories are, have a profound nature, stories have a profound nature. And even today,

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as they study the human brain, they actually say a narrative or a story is a is the most powerful tool for teaching and for learning, because we love to connect things in a sequence. And this is how we learn the best. So a lot of the memory masters people can, you know, can memorize a long list of things you like, if you can't, you can give them 50 objects, seemingly separate independent objects, a list of these names or things or objects and tell them to memorize it, they would read it a couple of times, and they would actually memorize it, they'll be able to read it back to you. And they found that the the masters of memory actually what they do, they weave a narrative or a story over

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these seemingly independent objects, and they would create a story out of them, to tell them for example, door street

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table book, so they would say, I was walking down the street, and I entered the door of the library, and I picked up a book. And this is how they so they create a story around that. And they can actually remember all the objects. And this is why for those who memorize Koran.

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And those who finished memorizing the Quran, you know that probably the easiest thing to memorize are the stories. Why? Because they just flow. It's easy to memorize them to remember them. Whereas when you have verses that talk about specific topics, and discussions and debates, these are actually the most difficult or sometimes detailed rulings. So when there are stories like short usual fairy Salam is probably such an easy surah to remember. Why because the whole of it, all of it is story. Sotto Casa is one of the easiest sources to memorize. Why? Because most of it is actually a story.

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So we chose to talk about different stories and we said we're going to keep it open. So we can talk about stories from the Koran, stories of prophets and messengers, progress stories of nations before Islam, stories about future events, like we know some of the the president told us about things that will happen, like the signs of the hour. So there are stories there. And we can take stories of righteous people of scholars, so that gives us quite

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a wide range of choice. And we started last week with Imam Abu hanifa hashmatullah here Lee and today I'll be talking about the life of Imam Malik Rahim Allah, Imam Malik Anis, the Imam of Medina who him Allahu taala. And I'm not following any specific sequence. So next week is not necessarily going to be a Shafi or remember him It could be something else was felt this week I really want to talk about Imam Malik. His story's amazing is not no less amazing than the story of Imam Abu hanifa. May Allah have mercy upon them all.

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Let's get a definition of some introduction towards Imam Malik. Mo love to add. His name is his punia is Abu Abdullah Abu Abdullah and his name is Merrick Abu Anas ignore Abby and his father his anus. His grandfather is a Brahmin and especially from the tribe of Banu

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veno asked us by come from Yemen, they are him URIs from the Syrian. So they are benu and us by so they came from Yemen his grandfather, Abu Ammar migrated from Yemen to Medina. He actually came to do some business and then he settled in Medina and he stayed there. So Imam Malik was born close to El Medina not exactly in the city of Medina. But he was born in what is called Word hora, where the collection of villages called Guadalajara and they are actually between Hi Bob and Tina she's very close to Medina to the north of Medina. Then they moved to Medina, they settled in Medina. Mr. Malik was born in the year 93 after his law, so he was born in the first century 93 after his law that's

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the year he was born. And interestingly, that's the year

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the companion, Ennis and a signal

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Malik passed away.

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So NSW Malik Roby Allahu anhu, the great companion of the prophet SAW Selim died in that year. And the same year, Malik covenant Anis was born. So Allah subhanaw Malik passed away medical bill and as the opposite name was born.

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Mr. Malik passed away the year 179 after his 179 after just so how long did he live?

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How long did he live?

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80 around 8787 years. There's five missing that around 87 years, Imam Malik live so he lives such a long life, Mashallah Allah bless him. And that led to his madhhab you know, taking very strong footing in different countries and spreading around. So he had enough time to teach his method and spread it around. And it became very well established.

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There was some something very special, there are things, factors, powerful factors that led to imagine Malik being so outstanding, and an extraordinary amount of these factors combined together, and it's the combination that actually gave him the advantage. First of all, who was born in the first century?

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He was born the first century, there's a Hadith of the prophets of Salaam, what he says Hi, I'm Nancy Courtney. The best people are my

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porn career in Arabic, ideally, originally means century, mid century. But the scholars most of the scholars have interpreted this hadith to mean highroad Nast commonly the best of people are my generation. But still, some good number of these cars have had this they say actually, it still refers to the first century. So Eman Malik, just like your mama hanifa was born in the first century. Number two, Imam Malik. By virtue of being in Medina, he was exposed to the scholars among the tabin. He was, he was in the presence of the greatest scholars among the tabin like the seven fuqaha of El Medina.

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There was seven main fukuhara known in Medina. These were like the top scholars of the time. So Eman Malik ministry to study with them. Imam Malik managed to study

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with them.

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And although Imam Malik

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it was known, by the way at their time for scholars to travel in order to seek knowledge, so that was a little theater level L. This was a very common thing. So they would travel people in Medina that would travel to Mecca, just like I'm a chef and he was in Mecca travel to Medina, then he traveled to Iraq and he traveled to a sham then he traveled to Egypt. So scholars would usually travel and seek the Hadith that was known. That was the common practice. Eman Malik didn't leave Medina.

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Imam Malik did not leave Medina. He just left Medina a few times for Hajj and humbler some scholars said he left Medina two times some of them said four times one once for Hajj, the others formula that's it.

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So he never traveled and the reason is he has this scholars that the scholars are people were coming to Medina to learn. So Eman Malik had the scholars This means seven scholars among each other in the main four cohort that were in Medina. Yet Imam Malik also had good exposure to the sciences that were stomach knowledge that was in Iraq in a sham and in Egypt, by virtue of him being in a muddy and a lot of people traveled to Medina and traveled to Mecca as well. So when he went for Hajj, for example, he met Abu hanifa Imam Malik met Abu hanifa and Hajj and they had a good kind of discussion. So he learned some things as well from Abu hanifa This is why some of the historians

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that write the biography of a man Malik they name or they list among his teachers, Imam Abu hanifa.

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Remember why they list him among the teachers in Amharic.

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So he had such a wide exposure although he was in Medina.

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Another factor that is very specific to Mr. Malik was his personal presence. This is an Arabic word that is really hard to translate into English. He had what they call an Arabic haber kanak lahoma herb. So Eman Malik was a person with very strong presence. Once you it's a sense of all that once you see this person,

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you just take him by his personal power. You're taken completely by his presence. He had this powerful presence that you would respect him straight away without knowing him. So imagine Malik was that kind of person. So if he was in a gathering if he spoke, no one Oh,

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In the mouth, no one, no one said a word that will just have so much respect and all to Eman Malik that they will not speak as if he was talking they would all be listening to him.

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And this was not only with general people but this was also even with the halifa of the Muslims like the leadership of the Muslims, with the governor of Medina as well. Most of the governors of Medina at his time they give him and medics so much respect. And this was a very outstanding trait of Imam Malik Rahim Allah. It was it was so outstanding that Imam Malik started teaching and he became one of the main scholars of Medina when he was 21 years old.

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There were many other scholars By the way, Medina his age, but his strong presence and his demeanor and character made him prominent among others that they looked up to him. And his teachers actually allowed him and give him a jasmine permission to teach when he was 21 years old, when he was 20 years old.

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Another beautiful trait about Eman Malik, he actually, he combined superior knowledge in Hadith with superior knowledge of so at his time.

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At his time, there was this kind of dichotomy, this kind of split between the scholars of Hadith, and the scholars of so the scholars of Hadith would hold on to the Hadith, literal meaning very basic meaning and not expound on the meanings of the Hadith, or see what's the wisdom behind the Hadith. So there would not go into meanings deep into meanings was just take the apparent meaning of Hadith. And the there are other scholars of folk who actually expounded on meanings, and they did not and this actually stopped them from learning more Hadith. So they had some some sort of shortage in Hadith, some sort of shortage and Hadith, and this dichotomy was problematic, and the one who

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really solved that well was Imam Shafi. Then inshallah if we come to his life, the man who really managed to bridge the gap between these two schools of thought was Imam Shafi. But Imam Malik did that on a personal level, because he studied Hadith and he mastered it. So at his time, he was the more Hadith scholar of Hadith number one,

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in the whole Muslim world, he was the Hadith number one, this is why Imam Shafi said either here on Earth, our meaning the hadith of Hadith is mentioned or if it's, we're talking about Hadith, he says, family can And

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so, if we are talking about Hadeeth, then Mr. Merrick is the star that means is the top is the top. So he combined knowledge of the Hadeeth with knowledge of flux. So he was a forte he was he was a fake 30 at the same time, we know Imam Abu hanifa excelled big time in terms of, but in terms of Hadith, he did not become like a main scholar in Hadith. But in fifth, he was absolutely like, his leadership in fifth was indisputable. But Imam Malik, his knowledge of Hadith was indisputable. And his knowledge of physics was at such a high level, at such a high level.

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Mathematically, having lived a long life and dedicating his whole life for teaching and learning, and so on and so forth. He had so many students, so many students even that

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Mmm, that'd be when he talks about him in the biographies.

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He says

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it's an impossible task. to enumerate the students of Eman Malik, they'll just even he uses the word law you see him had done. There were countless. There were countless students with countless his main students that really stood out and they became very well known, or 1000 1000 of these students became prominent scholars, very famous and well known everywhere. So you can see the impact of Imam Malik. The impact of American students come from different countries all over the Muslim world.

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Among the most prominent of his students was Mahmoud Shafi himself, Imam Shafi was one of the main students of Eman Malik he studied with him for years.

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And also Abdul Rahman bin al Qasim Abdul Rahman bin al Qasim al Masri, one of the main scholars of the Maliki mahtab. And he's actually he's the one who took the madhhab of Imam Malik to Egypt. He established it in Egypt. And that led to the Maliki madhhab spreading in El Masri bill Arabi in the West, in what we know today as

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the east or the west of Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Mauritania, and the Sahara lobby the the Arab desert. So, so the metaphor the scholars of these areas, they took the fifth from Abdullah Manuel Qasim in Egypt. They came to Egypt and they started with Abdullah Al Qasim, they started with him the Maliki tradition.

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And they took it. And they established it in the North Africa, west, north Africa. And it became established. And then it was taken to Al Andalus to Al Andalus. And it was well established there. And the leadership of the Muslims in these areas, they actually took the Maliki madhhab as the official method, and they established it and they actually, like all the judges, all the scholars were actually studying and teaching the men the Maliki method. Until today, the Maliki method is the prominent madhhab in these areas. Until today.

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There's a story about a man when he was young, like a teenager. And they used to study randomly like study, but not very dedicated. He had a hobby, Mr. Malik had a hobby, and his hobby. I haven't seen it in the West, but in the east, it's still common. Basically, he would have pigeon and look after them.

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He would have pigeon home, and he would look after them, make them reproduce,

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sell them and so on and so forth. So Eman Malik was a fan of pigeon. So he had his own farm of pigeon, and small farm by the house.

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So and

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he had a brother called a novel. A novel was the brother of women Malick, generally speaking, people were interested in knowledge, so their father and that's a very good thing for parents. Their father wanted them to study. So another who was more studious than him and manic so he studied more than Imam Malik, he would attend more Holocaust than Mr. Malik. So he was he was ahead of Imam Malik of Malik was a child at the time, he was ahead of him in knowledge. So their father used to sit with them. And he used to ask them questions, Islamic questions, what do you think of this? If this happens, what would be what do you think the ruling would be? Do you know any Hadith about this

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matter? And he would actually this how he would have a conversation sometimes with his children. So one day, he gave them a question to Malik and another his two children. So remember, Malik answered, his answer was wrong.

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His brother answered.

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His brother, another answered, and he got it right. So the father looked at Malik and he said to him, look at Al How can Hannah Montana,

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you know, having pigeon and looking after pigeon has kept you away from studying knowledge. So that actually affected him, Amharic and he decided to study. So he left the pigeon thing. And he dedicated his time he was a teenager at the time. So he dedicated his life for studying and learning. So he went and studied one of his main teachers is the great tablet enormous, enormous, enormous, very well known for his knowledge for his level of worship and dedication. He was a very well known worship, so in mathematics studied with him for seven years, until he passed away, he magmatic would come to him at federal time, three with him, stay with him all the time, all the day

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to Asia, and then we would go back home. So he was he became dedicated, he wanted to study. So previously another also excelled as a student of knowledge and as a scholar. So at some stage people, like if the name of Imam Malik came about, who's Malik, oh, he's the brother of a novel. Why? Because another was known for his knowledge. But then Imam Malik excelled. And now if they ask about another, they say he's the brother of Malik. So Malik became more known, well known than his own brother until obviously, until today.

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So Imam Malik started with abnormals, as we said, for seven years staying with him every day. And then Malik was intelligent, by the way, so.

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So even though homeless sometimes would teach him and spend time just with him American teaching, but there was a lot of disruptions, people would come to urban hormoz being one of the main scholars in Medina, they would come to him and ask him questions and take a lot of the time from Imam Malik that he wished he would take the time for himself. So Imam Malik used to bring dates

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with him, like a sack full of dates, he would bring it with him. And he would go to the children of enormous the children of his own teacher, and he would he would give them dates and he would say, Listen, I'm giving you these. So if someone comes and ask about your father, tell them he's busy.

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Okay, tell them he's busy. And that's right. I mean, he's busy. He's busy teaching him Amma decried the young boy Malik.

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So that actually worked. That worked. So it he managed to get a lot of attention from abnormals and a lot of teachings and he has said he spent seven years with him.

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Another one, one of the main teachers is

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Well of human magic is NASA, NOAA, NASA was had been a slave of economics,

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but later on economic freedom

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and he's one of the main teachers of the sea of Hades. Enough.

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Like that's known he's one of the main students have ever known Omar Omar. Abdullah was the son of a mobile hotspot the great companion. So now, he took most of the knowledge of his teacher abnormal. Eman Malik studied with him and Malik studied with him. And for those who study how do we know you know, in terms of his narrow chains of narration, the most authentic chain of narration is called the Golden Chain. As Silsila as the Habiba the golden chain of narration. That's the most authentic chain of narration ever you can ever find. Anyone who studies Hadith at a basic level he will be taught this. So the this chain of narration is actually medic, enough. And even your Omar and

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Rasulullah savasana Malik narrating from naffaa

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who is narrating from eminent Omar, Abdullah nama, who's narrating from the prophets of Salaam, this is the golden chain of narration, there's no question about its authenticity, the highest level of authentic hadith come from this chain of narration. So it's called a Silsila, the habia

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naffaa, a hammer, Hola. There was something about him. He had a temper. He wasn't the kind of person. So sometimes he would be harsh on people. That's him as his personal demeanor. So sometimes, he really was harsh on them. And like you have a short temper, and he would

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teach only a specific number of Hadith every day. And he would not teach more than this. So some of the students would come to him after the his historic his like, collection of Hadith for that day, some of them would come to me and say, teach me, they would say, Go away from here. And he would be harsh on them. So he would not teach him and Malik was, as we said, more diplomatic as he did with the children of enormous. So he would what he would do.

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From his own words, he says,

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come to a hollow German Beatty at avala, Louisville, Alicia, I used to come out of my house, he was still young at the time, I would come out of my house and I would seek the shade of trees. So he would spend most of his time What was he doing? He was waiting. He was trying to catch an opportunity from Santa Fe and fast elbow and Miss Elliot in Ole Miss latini. So I would, you know, seek an opportunity to find NAFTA,

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doing just nothing. So I would go to him and ask him one or two questions.

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And that's it. He couldn't ask him what because he asked more, nothing would actually tell him off. So you would ask one or two questions, then he said, then I would leave him

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for an hour or two. And then we'll come back to him and ask him one question or two questions. So he used to do this multiple times every day. So he managed to get he's probably the one who learned the most from NAFTA. By that way. See, you see some hands a lot like sometimes confronted oftentimes, confrontation doesn't give you the best results. Sometimes you need to find an intelligent way be more diplomatic. One of his main teachers as well is English, English. She has azhari even Shia bizzarri. He's like, well known one of the main scholars of Hadith eventually have azhari and he's a man of wisdom is a man of wisdom.

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image you have his delivery.

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He had a style of teaching, but he was granted a lot of acceptance among the people among the people.

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So Imam Malik says,

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we used to

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wait for Imam eventually have to come out of his house. So we could learn from him.

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And we used to gather outside his doorstep.

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And he said we would gather outside his doorstep, they would actually fall on one another.

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Because they were they were trying they were competing on who would be the closest to eventually have to hurry. So he said we would compete and there would be such a huge number of students waiting at the doorstep that we would actually some time some oftentimes stumble and there will be a stampede basically. And we will stumble stumble on one another. So eventually

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Delivery was held in high esteem by his students. And he used to

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teach 30 Hadeeth each day 30 and he would not add more than that. 30 Hadeeth. And that's it. That's his share of teaching

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everyday day. So Imam Malik says,

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I remember one day he attended his class and he learned the 30. I had eaten by the way at their time, most of the students did not write down most of them. They did not take notes. What did they do? They would listen keenly to the 30 Hadith, and they would memorize them just by listening to them one time.

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And these Hadith were not only the statements of the prophets of Salaam, but also the chain of narration. So they would memorize each howdy through the chain of narration by upon hearing it once, upon hearing. So one day,

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Imam Malik

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attends the halaqa and he listens to the 30 Hadith, and he can remember all of them except for one, so he remembers 29 one of them he has an issue with it. So he mixed up two things. So he said I kept chasing him and she had until I found him in a good moment where he was feeling well, so I came to him and I said to him, you know, you told us 30 Hadith today, but there was one Hadith that I messed up.

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So, he looks at him and he says,

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so I'm going to read the Arabic Then I'll translate the English, she said,

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For cobble to be suiting.

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Danny had Ethan Sokol Tula who had Deaf Tana fill MC Filipina had eaten. What would he do unto Samantha's ma harmony? recognize them in her Hadith he said yesterday, I took 30 Hadith from you in the halaqa.

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And I want to relate them to you because I messed up one of them.

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So when she had said to him, Lima why

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Mr. Malik said nasty to who? I forgot about it, I mixed up some stuff there powerlab mushy hab La Ilaha Illa la the Hubble hefa Dominus image you have already said La ilaha illAllah you know people are losing their memory.

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Why because out of 30 Hadith, He mixed up one of them. So he said people are losing their memories. People are losing their memory.

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Then eventually have told him he said couldn't an attorney for a law salaried and then we'll see

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why he remained in the Esma home including lemon home included him in home. Come see me at the Hadith from Abu l Beatty for the window half Allah tala de from the Hadees. So even if you have said to him,

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we used to go every day to say who say you say even Hari Joe and other scholars, he basically named seven to eight of the main scholars among the tambourine. And I would take from each one of them 50 to 100 Hadeeth

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I would listen to 50 to 100 Hadith, I mean Hadith with a chain of narration,

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and that would not write any of them, then I would go back home at the end of the day, and I would write down everything I heard and I would not mix up any Hadith.

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That means roughly about 400 to 500 Hadith every day, he would listen to them, and he would memorize them straight away, without mixing them up without writing them down. Then he would go back home document them without mixing up any headings. So you can see and by the way, there's something about mainly the Arabs and then it spread, where like Islam spread this kind of habit of memorizing of memorizing so the Arabs were illiterate nation, and the reason was, they actually had very good memory. So it was very common thing among the Arabs in the Arabian Peninsula. Upon that they would commit something to memory upon hearing it once that was extremely common, very common. So the Arabs

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would hear a piece of poetry long piece of poetry that memorize it, the whole history of the Arabs was kept in memory.

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So, but slowly, slowly, and this thing deteriorated. And people could only depend on writing.

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One day, mm Eric still was being young.

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And on that day, even she had to give him 40 Hadeeth 40 hedgies he taught him 40 Hadith. So Imam Malik listen to them when he

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recited them again to remind him she happens to be 40 so it's already set to him if you memorize these Hadees you become an Imam. So upon hearing them he memorized them and memorize them. And then he repeated them to him in chapters or even she had said to him near ml Moscow elements what a good you know, store for knowledge you are you

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Very good store for knowledge that means you have a headphone knowledge. You have a future the

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one of his main teachers as well was RBI. RBI.

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RBI is known as nicknamed as Robbie, Robbie, Robbie, I have opinion of intellect. Why because he was probably the only scholar in Medina, that would focus more on meanings than on the literal basic meaning of Hadith. So he was actually more associated with the lava in Iraq, with the scholars of Iraq, because they would discuss meanings and they would debate you know, rulings and so on and so forth. Unlike the people have had it they will take the Hadith and no discussion. That's it.

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So, so be it was one of the main teachers of Imam Malik Imam Malik stayed with him for a long time, but later on, he left him because he thought Robbie was getting so much into discussions and into meanings and into debates than he should. So. So these are his These are his main teachers.

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The students of Eman Malik.

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The students of Eman Malik we said previously, we mentioned to

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remember chef you owe him Allah to Allah and man Benincasa.

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So in my Misha fury,

00:31:24--> 00:31:34

he memorized a lot, which is written by an Imam Malik, the main book by Imam Malik. He memorized it when he was 17. And then he went to study with Imam Malik.

00:31:35--> 00:31:43

So when he went to see him American Medina, Malik looked at the shafia, and he saw this guy was promising.

00:31:44--> 00:31:50

And by the way, there's something about the teaching style of Imam Malik Imam Malik, when he sat for teaching.

00:31:51--> 00:32:06

His style was that his students would read for him one of the students would read for him the Hadeeth that he had compiled in his book, and he would make a comment here a common explanation here explanation there, and that's it.

00:32:07--> 00:32:43

So he did not read he himself. He did not deliver himself. He would listen, and he would correct. The one who reads so people listen correctly, that people catch the Hadith, the right wording of the Hadith, the right pronunciation of the Hadith, and he would make comments and explanations were needed. That was his teaching style. That was Imam Malik. So when a chef came to him, Mr. Malik thought maybe he was too young, or he didn't like he didn't expect him to be like at such a high level of knowledge even at a young age. So he said to him maniacally Allah could read for you.

00:32:45--> 00:33:27

A chef, he said, Anna, I will read for myself. So remember to tell them Okay, let me listen to your, you know, read some Hadith. Let me listen to to what you have to say. So remember, if you read Imam Malik admired him, he liked he liked that. And one day like at the beginning, when he came to him, he said to him, what's your name? Shafi? His name is Mohammed he said Mohammed. So, Eman Malik looked at him photography, he said, like he looked at him carefully, he studied him. And this is another thing that was common among the Arabs which is alpha rasa, alpha rasa, this intuitive ability to look at someone and figure out who they are, what kind of person they are, what personal

00:33:27--> 00:33:34

traits they are, what issues they have, even sometimes knowing personal things about them just by the looks of them.

00:33:36--> 00:33:40

So Eman Malik also had this chef he also had it but my medic also had.

00:33:41--> 00:33:51

So he looked at the meme Shafi and he said it tequila, he said fear Allah, you know how to be a good person, basically, for in huka in unlucky Shannon.

00:33:52--> 00:34:00

They will you will have a good future. You're promising. He could tell just from looking at Imam Shafi from a young age.

00:34:03--> 00:34:14

Just like him hon hanifa. Imam Malik was very rich as well. And he used to sell clothes as well. He's to sell clothes and

00:34:15--> 00:34:37

like fabrics is to sell fabrics and clothes. He was very rich, extremely rich. There is something about his family, he was extremely presentable. He would wear the best clothes, the best clothes, so he would buy the most expensive bulbs. And he would wear them.

00:34:38--> 00:34:59

So it's very presentable. And he loved that kind of thing. He loved that kind of thing. So he could afford it. And he was, as we said, a merchant would sell those. So he used to get for himself the best phobes the best companies and he would wear it and when he taught had it, he gave his halaqa he would take a shower

00:35:00--> 00:35:05

He would, he would bathe himself, take a shower, and then he would

00:35:06--> 00:35:07

comb his beard.

00:35:08--> 00:35:19

And he was bald, by the way, he was bald. And he would comb his beard and dress up nicely and wear perfume and even incense

00:35:21--> 00:35:58

and he would come to the masjid in the best shape ever to teach the Hadith. So he was asked about this, they said, you are a member of Hadith people have zog you know, people don't want this dunya they, like some of the Imams were the cheapest clothes and they don't want to spend money on this. They don't want this dunya he says and if verica work there will be he had a thalassery license. And he says I do this because I respect the Hadith of the Prophet solar solar. And I want to offer it the best. So in his halaqa usually there was incense burning, the best type of incense. Why? Because he wants a beautiful smell. It's the Hadith of the Prophet of Allah. So he actually had very special

00:35:58--> 00:36:02

respect and love for the messengers of Salaam as we will see shortly.

00:36:05--> 00:36:12

One day, Imam Shafi comes to his house, and he became a special student for him. So he said, I saw

00:36:14--> 00:36:27

horses, the best types of our horses, Arabic horses, and some manuals that are brought from Hassan Hassan, which is now in Afghanistan, north east, Iran.

00:36:29--> 00:36:37

And he said, these are the best I've ever seen. So he said, When I saw them, I said Massena. What, what beautiful these are these animals are they're so beautiful.

00:36:39--> 00:36:43

Mr. Malik looked at him and he said, Here, look, take them. They're yours.

00:36:46--> 00:37:09

He said, so what would you be riding if you're going to give them to me? He my Malik said, in neogene Luma de Natal Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on behalf of Leda. He says I have so much respect for the city of the prophets of Salaam that I would not write an animal in the city of the prophets of Allah. I would humble myself and walk on my feet within the boundaries of Medina.

00:37:16--> 00:37:38

There's something about Imam Malik having been the student of NASA. As we said NASA had a temper. So Imam Malik inherited some of this. So Mr. Malik was very specific in his way of teaching. So if he if he taught something, and he said, That's it, he would not allow any student to ask him more. So So that's it for today. No discussion.

00:37:39--> 00:38:14

So it's very specific. And he was very keen on students behaving themselves in the class in the halaqa. So he would not allow people to misbehave, people even to raise their voice if someone raised their voice and Imam Malik, who said he was rich. And by the way, he had a huge number of servants and slaves. He has, he had a huge number. And as we said, he had a haber, he had a sense of strong personality and presence. So he had authority to the extent and this might be surprising to some of you. He had his own gods, not in the sense guarding him himself, but there would be around him.

00:38:15--> 00:38:36

And if anyone made trouble in the locker, they would take him and there was a cell prison. That is only for Imam Malik. And he would put that person in that cell for a couple of hours. And that was condoned by the governor of Medina, there was accepted only Imam Malik had this, only Amharic. He had this kind of,

00:38:37--> 00:39:03

like respect to this kind of status in Medina. So he had this authority. And this is why we'll come to something when he was asked the question, he actually had these gods will be there. And he said to that, take that person away from here, and they carried him and they took him away. So Imam Malik had this. He had this. And if he said, I'm not going to teach today, no one could utter a word. No one could question his decisions. So he was very specific and very,

00:39:04--> 00:39:18

like particular about his way of teaching, and he had very delicate discipline for how his halaqa should go. Anyone who violates this, he made no excuses. So assumed he was strict and decisive in that sense.

00:39:28--> 00:39:50

One day, Mama Shafi tried a few times to get the Hadeeth of FIFA and it was the paper talks about the story when the professor then passed away. How I will buckle the law and under marble hottub went to a safer the place where the unsolved were gathering, and then the beta was given to Abu Abubakar along with him I'm a chef at one time wanted to

00:39:51--> 00:39:55

recite or read the Hadith in front of Imam Malik. So take take the narration from him.

00:39:57--> 00:39:59

Tried he tried many times, but Imam Malik did not

00:40:00--> 00:40:25

They did not reach that head yet. So he said one day, I said to myself, I need to get a medic. So I read this hadith for him. He said, Eric is long that I was afraid if I were to start, hmm Malik, I want to read the hadith of something I would say it's too long, no time for it now. So he said, I said, Let me get him in the mood. So I would recite a few hadiths then put the hadith of a Sufi for number 10 because he would usually give them 30 to 40 Hadith.

00:40:26--> 00:40:41

So he said, I recited nine Hadith and then the Hadith was such a visit as soon as I started the hadith of such a face it has spoke. So that's enough about this Hadith, he said, No, no time for it now. So Imam Shafi struggled until he got this idea from Imam

00:40:42--> 00:40:43

Malik.

00:40:44--> 00:41:11

As we said, some one of the another of his main students is Abdullah, Al Qasim, the Egyptian Muslim. He learned a lot he was probably the main person who carried the method of Imam Malik and he took it to Egypt. And from Egypt, it was taken to Algeria, Morocco, Mauritania, and Tunisia. And all these countries are middle class women, mostly, he was like at the very dark skin.

00:41:12--> 00:41:19

He wasn't African, but he had very dark skin. To the extent that people thought him to be one of the,

00:41:21--> 00:41:51

like one of the slaves of Imam Malik, but he was such a humble person, he would serve Imam Malik and he would help them. But he kept very close to him and Malik, so he became one of the main imams of the Maliki mathematics. As we said, he spread the Maliki method to Egypt, from there was taken to the rest of North Africa. And by the way, like for such a long time, we might have of Eman Malik was very strong in Egypt was very strong in many places within the Arabian Peninsula.

00:41:54--> 00:41:59

And in places in Asia, and as for example, Imam,

00:42:00--> 00:42:20

they have he also says, into Shara Madhava, who is Sudan. And that's something very important. Sudan, in those old times is not Sudan that we know today. So then what we know today is only part of Sudan among the that was known to the Arabs, Sudan in that area, was actually all the African countries that

00:42:22--> 00:42:34

are now to the south of Algeria, Morocco, and Libya. So you're talking about Senegal, Ghana, I believe, in Mali, the Gambia,

00:42:36--> 00:42:40

Nigeria, Chad, all this is known as Sudan.

00:42:42--> 00:43:11

So when you talk about Sudan is such a huge big area, even some parts of Ethiopia today. So this is what what they call Sudan, the Arabs of those times. That's what they called Sudan, Sudan, okay, so such a so imagine mathematic. Even until today, there are strongholds where maybe one Malik is prominent that that was the main man have in those areas. And the person who led to that kind of widespread, you know, presence is actually man been awesome.

00:43:17--> 00:43:18

Okay.

00:43:22--> 00:43:28

Let's talk about some personal practices or things of interesting things about Imam Malik as a person.

00:43:29--> 00:43:49

As we said, if he wanted to teach, he would take also so he would wash his whole body. In certain exceptions, you would only make holder but he would dress up nicely, and he would wear perfume, and he would wear the best clothes and come and teach. And he would use incense as well, in his gatherings and in his

00:43:51--> 00:44:04

halaqa. If he spoke no one, as we said, open their mouth. No one opened their mouth. And if he gave a fatwa, no one would ask him, what's the proof?

00:44:05--> 00:44:18

No one would tell him where did you get this from? Why? Because he magmatic he said he had a haber. He had the sense of oh and strong presence that people will not question. You know, his first one, even if he didn't provide a Hadeeth. All of us.

00:44:19--> 00:44:33

He had a special place with the governor of Medina, with certain governors and Medina, they would actually give him a lot of respect. And they would allow him to make judgments and

00:44:34--> 00:44:45

like deal with disputes among people. And if he said something, the governor of Medina would execute this. So it was binding even on the governor of Medina.

00:44:49--> 00:44:57

One of the students of Mr. Merrick was a sham. Mr. He Shama. Maher is an arranger of Hadith. He's actually like

00:44:58--> 00:44:59

his headache. You can find this

00:45:00--> 00:45:32

Hadeeth also inside Buhari, he shouted him out when he was young his mother sent him she was they were in Damascus. So his mother sent him to Medina to learn from Imam Malik specifically to learn from Imam Malik. So he came to Imam Malik and he was young. He didn't know the discipline that Imam Malik and the structure that Mr. Malik had in his class, so he probably misbehaved. According to the strict discipline of Imam Malik. So Imam Malik did, he said, You'll come out. So he took him out. He gave him to some of the gods and the last him 20 lashes.

00:45:34--> 00:45:46

And he was he was still like a teenager and he cried. But then in Amharic, he actually like he treated him like special. So he sort of made amends with that young boy.

00:45:47--> 00:45:55

But in America, as I said, he wouldn't make no compromise about the discipline. In his class when Imam Malik went to mark and he made tawaf,

00:45:56--> 00:46:27

like, people read these stories, they said, you know, if it's congested, if the office congested, you know, Mr. Malik is making it off. Why? Because people would want to speak with him. They want to see how what he makes it the off to learn from him. So every time a medic was visiting Makkah, people said that if you find the tawaf, congested, then apparently, it's Mr. Malik makeup off and people are chasing him. So somehow he was given such an acceptance

00:46:28--> 00:46:30

among the people.

00:46:32--> 00:46:42

Imam Malik, he lived 40 of his years in the under the Umayyad Caliphate, and 4746 years

00:46:43--> 00:47:29

under the herbicide caliphate. So how on earth Rashid one of the herbicide caliphs, when he heard about American he knew about his knowledge. So he wanted to hear and what the book of america he wanted to hear it from your family. So he sends a message he used to be he wasn't a dad. So he sends a messenger to America. And he says, We want you to come over and teach us more talk. And the the callus at the time, they had an interest in knowledge. They had an interest in knowledge. So Mr. Malik, send the messenger back with another message, and he said, and any more you want it, you should come to knowledge, knowledge should not come to you. And that's the halifa that's the

00:47:29--> 00:47:58

philosopher. So our machine said, well, that's actually a fair call. That's a fair call. Okay, we will come. But he made a condition he said if we come to you, you give us an exclusive class, not with the general masses. Like he's the Caliph. So in mathematics and back to him, he said, Yeah, I mean, I mean, in my either money, I mean, holy. Damion Farrell ha satola knowledge, if it's kept for the elite of the people, it would not benefit anyone.

00:48:00--> 00:48:05

So how long are Rashid accepted? He said, Fine, we will sit with the rest of the people, no problem.

00:48:06--> 00:48:09

So he came to Medina and he said,

00:48:10--> 00:48:25

okay, we will come to your halaqa and you would recite or read your Hadith for us. Imam Malik said, No, this is not how I teach Hades. So he said, Yeah, he said, Yeah, amirul momineen, Mahabharata

00:48:26--> 00:48:43

Luca de Vaca. I have not read my Hadith to anyone. But the norm here is that the students read in front of the Imam in front of the teacher, and he corrects them, or explains to them, that's what the mum does. And this used to be the style of teaching Hadith.

00:48:45--> 00:48:56

So how long Rashid said, Okay, fine, no problem, he said, but I will appoint someone to read for us. Mmm, he said, no problem. That's up to you. That's your choice.

00:48:58--> 00:49:07

So when Harun al Rashid came in, and Malik had some sort of a podium, it's like more of a limo bus was a little bit big.

00:49:08--> 00:49:14

So when, however, Rashid came, he sat with Imam Malik on the same kind of like, a bench.

00:49:16--> 00:49:21

So Mr. Merrick looks at him and he says, Yeah, amirul momineen. Murdoch.

00:49:22--> 00:49:34

And NASA be Bella Bella Dena in lagertha, on a little hill, he says, All chief of the believers, like I've always seen people when they come to study knowledge, they would actually humble themselves and they would sit on the floor.

00:49:35--> 00:49:44

So I don't know if he'd said, Okay, so he left that stage or that bench, and he sat down with the rest of the people on the floor.

00:49:45--> 00:49:59

So our machine stayed with him and Malik until the whole oval mapa the whole book was read in front of an American, he would make corrections and explanations and so on and so forth. And Harun al Rashid sat there for obviously

00:50:00--> 00:50:20

extended period of time to listen to the whole of Elmo. We said Mr. Malik started teaching when he was 20 years old. He started studying knowledge around 12 or 13. Remember with the incident with his brother, when his father told him, you know, the pigeon kept you busy. So he started around 1213 and he became an Imam at age

00:50:21--> 00:50:22

21.

00:50:23--> 00:50:47

Mr. Malik met Abu hanifa and Hajj. He met Abu hanifa in hajj and that that was a beautiful meeting. It was Abu hanifa medic. And Elise had been sad and lithium in Cyprus from Egypt. So Abu hanifa is from Iraq. Mr. Malik from Medina Aleikum and sad is from each of these other imams in their countries. So they all gathered in hajj in Mecca.

00:50:49--> 00:50:49

So when

00:50:51--> 00:51:37

Malik spoke with Abu hanifa there was like some discussion or debate among manic started sweating. He started sweating. Later on the lake of insanity, he noticed this so he says to him and Maliki said Why were you sweating? He said in June 40. He says about a memorable hanifa he says this is a very knowledgeable person. Basically, he saw the level of knowledge of remember hanifa and his powerful arguments. So that actually stressed him out, stressed him out, he didn't see that level of knowledge and that keen understanding and deep kind of comprehension of the so that actually like, so, it was a hard time for so many forgive Malik in ha ha time right.

00:51:40--> 00:51:42

So I let him inside later on.

00:51:43--> 00:52:07

He says the Imam, Abu hanifa he says you know what Malik said? He said when he met we actually he said I saw him dressed stressed out. So he said you are a very knowledgeable person like you have very good grasp of knowledge. So Abu hanifa said, My widget to I had an SLI jawaban min. binaca didn't mean war famine saga. He said I've never seen if that's the case. I haven't seen anyone like this man Malik.

00:52:08--> 00:52:51

He was very sharp, very quick in his answers, but his answers were scrutinized very well. So although he responds quickly, but his answers are very well thought of, and he has a very genuine, powerful understanding of the texts. So both Imams, sopran law priest, each other, in mathematic was very careful about people asking him questions that they should not ask for example, one day in his halaqaat someone came and walked in and he said, a man and a white man well she stole a key for stolen. The Imam Allah says Allah man, Allah established himself upon the throne over the throne How? How is this?

00:52:53--> 00:52:56

So the ration goes Imam Malik put his head down.

00:52:58--> 00:53:30

And his face turned red, by the way he has he was very light skinned. He had like very light skin, almost almost white with a little bit of reddish you know complexion. So when he felt stressed out or you felt embarrassed, straight away, his face would turn red. And that's that was the same description as shadow Lila one had the wife of the prophets of Salaam she was very light skinned with that kind of red reddish complexion. So that was Imam Malik as well.

00:53:31--> 00:53:41

So when he had that question, he put his head down for a while his face turned red. And he started sweating while the two of us

00:53:44--> 00:53:46

then he put his head up and he said,

00:53:47--> 00:53:50

at least he was all over your module.

00:53:51--> 00:54:03

And you still are your module. Well kiefel over euroma cool. When a man will be he YG Basu and he says is the word that Allah established himself on the throne

00:54:04--> 00:54:08

is known, is indisputable.

00:54:09--> 00:54:10

of a man actually still.

00:54:12--> 00:54:16

The how of it the manner of it is not known for us.

00:54:17--> 00:54:24

Believing in it is an obligation because it's in the Koran, believing it is an obligation

00:54:26--> 00:54:35

was so early on who began asking about it about how that's an innovation. We're not supposed to ask these questions. Then he said to the gods

00:54:36--> 00:54:59

occurred to him in hoonah. When they took the man out of here, take him out of here. And he said in the come up to the you are a person of Buddha. You asked me such a question. Why? Because he says the companions never asked this question. These things texts about the names and attributes of Allah came in the Koran, very clear Arabic language. Simple. We understand them, we understand the basic meaning. So we accept

00:55:00--> 00:55:36

Then we don't question them as what you said, Mr. ruha, camera jet, you know, let these texts pass them as they are, don't question them. So, this is mentioned in the Quran and the authentic son of the Prophet Sunnah about Allah subhanaw taala? He said, Don't question it. Don't ask how. Don't try to figure out exactly how this happens because you, he says, we'll pay for all this is something your mind cannot comprehend, about Allah subhanaw taala. So you just accept it, as it is because your heart knows it's the truth, and the law tells you about it. So you accept it, you don't question it, you don't try to figure out the details of it, because your mind cannot comprehend

00:55:36--> 00:55:39

that. But your heart believes in it.

00:55:40--> 00:55:54

And you should not be you should believe in the meaning that is in the text, and you should not ask about the hell or try to figure out the details, because your mind is incapable of understanding these things. She was very careful about this. There was

00:55:59--> 00:56:20

like some scholars in Medina, like be the, one of the scholars of Hadith used to teach some Hadith about the names and attributes of Allah, like specifically on the day of judgment that Allah, certain things about what Allah will do to the Hellfire and so on and so forth. So when these Hadith was mentioned, he said, Why do you guys talk about these Hadith?

00:56:22--> 00:56:57

They said, ignore them. The scholar of Hadith is teaching these and spreading them, he said, he doesn't know what's coming out of his head. So the scholars who commented on this, they said, Mr. Malik, did not refuse these as authentic hadith. But he was very careful, because if you start telling people, General Muslims, who have very basic level of knowledge and understanding about these Hadith, it might cause them confusion. It might cause them confusion. So he says about it, that we take it from the Quran and the Sunnah. Take it from the Koran and keep it as it is as its basic meaning he said, basically, and that's why there's that's an opinion among a lot of the

00:56:57--> 00:57:33

scholars that detailed issues and discussions about actually they should not be taught to the general public, because people have football, they believe in that. They believe in that. So you don't have to go into details, technical details, because that would cause these people confusion, but the students of knowledge who are specialized in Islamic sciences, they need to study these technicalities in order to respond to people who are distorting the original meanings of the text. So there's a distinction here, there is a distinction. And this is why going around Muslims, General Muslims, you know, people not specialized in Islamic sciences, and started testing them about

00:57:33--> 00:57:56

details and technicalities about al Qaeda. That's not the way of the companions. That's not the way of the tablet and that's not the way of these great Imams, they did not test people based on these things. How last people have their foot draw what they find in the text they believe in it. If they have some kind of wrong understanding you can teach them but you teach them and the sooner not take them into technicalities.

00:58:01--> 00:58:08

Mmm Eman Malik was very strict in accepting Hadith. Very, very strict. So for example, if

00:58:11--> 00:58:21

like the general practice of the scholars of Hadith, they said, if they're a person of Buddha, a person of Buddha, who

00:58:23--> 00:58:27

is known for his truthfulness in Hadeeth sadhak.

00:58:29--> 00:58:31

So he wouldn't he would not lie about Hadith.

00:58:33--> 00:58:44

The general approach of the scholars of Hadith they say if the Hadith generates has nothing to do with his bid, we accept his Howdy. This is why you find inside Buhari. Some of the narrators are actually were accused of bitter

00:58:45--> 00:58:56

but they were truthful. And the Hadith was not about these, the special or the specific subject or content of their beta. So the scores of everything except this, Mr. Malik would say no.

00:58:57--> 00:59:10

If he's up to there, we leave them all together and all his Hadeeth she was very strict in his approach to Hadith he was not he would not take any Hadith and he he loved the prophets of Salaam.

00:59:12--> 00:59:40

Like to such a high level, he has such a high level of respect for the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam one day just to show you how much he respects the process and love for the process Allah. He says right to a university and he is known among the tabula in February 13, it was a very righteous person, scholar of Hadith. His Hadith are in the six books of Hadith, a US citizen Syed Bukhari as an arranger

00:59:41--> 00:59:50

he says right to a ubersexy on a field mobile semi film called minutiae. I saw a Ubisoft Gianni in had Allah didn't take anybody from him.

00:59:51--> 00:59:53

So he was very careful straight

00:59:54--> 00:59:55

from Model A to

00:59:57--> 00:59:59

A to an ABS also named Luca Anderson.

01:00:00--> 01:00:14

And then he said then the sudden when we were close to him, he was 10. He was there. The profit center was mentioned. Something about the profit center was mentioned for Rebecca buka. And she didn't so Janet cried out of love for the prophet SAW Selim

01:00:15--> 01:00:36

had Mahima who Minghella who until people felt bad for him, for he cried so much profusely, that people felt bad for Ubisoft Gianni. They said Philip Morrow at Delica have to say Malik said when I saw his love for the prophets of Salaam, I took his Hadith. I took his hurry. So he was very specific about who to take the Hadith from.

01:00:39--> 01:00:49

Remember, like every time the price of selling was mentioned as well, he would put his head down and he would be silent for a while. And he would his face would turn red as well.

01:00:51--> 01:01:26

He was very specific about the verse insulted fragility. Amanullah tafawa swatter calm focus, Alton Abbey will attach Allah who will code the first one last month it says oh, you who believe Do not raise your voices above the level of the voice of the prophets of Allah Williamson, amen Malik. his explanation of this verse, he says that applies in the prophets life and after his death. So if there is a gathering or halaqa, where the Hadith of the Prophet Salaam is being narrated, you should not raise your voice. So if any of these students raise their voice, he would warn them once put your voice down.

01:01:27--> 01:01:29

Stay quiet. If they insisted he would,

01:01:30--> 01:01:34

like expelled them out of his helicopter. You have no place here.

01:01:35--> 01:01:47

Out of respect for the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. His book Almada was amongst the most acceptable and like before emammal Bukhari wrote his book

01:01:49--> 01:02:16

The scholars of Hadith agreed that the the most authentic book on earth after the book of Allah was made by Mr. Malik, but then when say Buhari came, it took that place, it took that place, in a more part there is 101,720 narrations. 1720, aerations, 600 of them are a hadith from the prophet SAW Salah 600 of them

01:02:18--> 01:02:21

230 are more sell.

01:02:22--> 01:02:27

There are little prophets or sell them. But more subtle basically means

01:02:28--> 01:03:09

the tablet he narrates them from the profit, like it has an industry who was not a companion. It was Tabby, he has an imbecile he says Carla Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam their messenger Salaam said, Now there is a missing link in this chain, which is the companion who's the companion that narrates from the prophet SAW some of them that has an imbecile he took from Who's this companion if he's not there in the chain of narration that's called morsel. So this is a gap of narration. So in Mataram, Americas is 230 of these morsel, and the Mossad is originally wife is weak Hadith. But the scholars of Hadith make an exception to the morsel that are narrated by him American has more.

01:03:10--> 01:03:21

They say most likely the most of the women Malik was the man Malik was very strict in accepting Hadith, they would say my Malik would not accept any more Sal Hadith like this unless he knows where it came from.

01:03:22--> 01:03:24

So they would accept his motion.

01:03:25--> 01:03:44

The malkuth had the eighth which is basically narrations statements from the companions are 600 and an MK x, which is the word and Hadith for the statements of the Fabien fatawa over tabbing segments have a tab in we're actually 300 so that's a total of 1720.

01:03:46--> 01:04:03

Mr. Malik had a very special relationship with Elisa vinsanto was the scholar in Egypt. There was a lot of correspondence between them and they would advise, we had mutual advice like there's a famous letter from Luther when said to Mr. Malik, very famous, and a famous response from him Malik to a Leith

01:04:04--> 01:04:05

had been sad.

01:04:07--> 01:04:22

In America, when he passed away we said he passed the year 170 171 7371 70. Okay, well,

01:04:23--> 01:04:24

he passed away the year

01:04:26--> 01:04:33

179 179 Yes. When he passed away, he left behind 1000

01:04:34--> 01:04:42

Golden dinars. That's such a huge amount of money. 1000 dinars, gold

01:04:44--> 01:04:48

in America would pray a lot at night. Just like my mama hanifa

01:04:49--> 01:04:59

one day, like one night he prays and for the whole night, he's repeating one verse and crying because obviously it was a rich man. He lived an affluent life as well and that shows that it's not how long to be

01:05:00--> 01:05:13

Which is not how to be successful businessman is not how long to wear the best of clothes. It's not how long it's not enjoyed the mathematic was described as Zed, someone who had no attachment to dunya. But he would do this as we said, he said

01:05:14--> 01:05:36

he had the sarasu last autumn I would respect and show respect to the Hadith of the Prophet SAW sent them by that so the whole night he was praying with one reciting one verse and crying from Allah to let us alone Naomi, even and in the new shall be asked on the Day of Judgment, about the blessings of Allah upon you. One of his servants, female servants, she says, for 40 years 40 years.

01:05:38--> 01:05:50

It is a rare occasion or rare occurrence that Imam Malik makes will look for federal federal prayer. Most of these 40 years he would prefer with the same old what he had for Asia.

01:05:51--> 01:05:54

So that means most of the time, he prayed most of the night.

01:05:55--> 01:05:56

When Eman

01:05:58--> 01:06:11

Malik passed away, there was that was such a huge shock for the whole Muslim Ummah, for the whole Muslim Ummah Eman Malik was revered and respected a lot by

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mainly by by everyone, even by we said the Muslim caliphs, Abu Jaffa mon Sol, about German soldiers, one of the main caliphs in the

01:06:22--> 01:06:29

most prominent callus in the herbicide caliphate. And he was very difficult person as well. He killed a lot of people from many whom

01:06:31--> 01:06:50

he admired the fact of Imam Abu Malik and his Hadith and he said he wanted to hang and walk inside al Qaeda, make it a constitution for the Muslim ummah. And he wanted to force all the Muslim countries under his reign to rule by the flock of Mr. Malik. Malik refused.

01:06:51--> 01:07:20

Imam Malik refused. And he said yeah, I mean in a Sahaba tafadzwa Kofi Villa with a fatwa karma Oman in the companion spread all over different countries, and the knowledge has spread with them. What I have is limited knowledge of the people of Medina and a little bit from here and there. So I cannot force the knowledge that I have on the Muslims. That's unfair. So he refused. I will Jaffa muscle insisted Imam Malik said no. My Malik said no. He had

01:07:22--> 01:07:35

a trial the governor of Medina one one day a new governor of Medina was appointed and some people hated him and Malik. So they conspired against him. And they fabricated some accusations against him based on some of his opinions.

01:07:37--> 01:07:46

So the governor of Medina, tested Imam Malik about this and there was a dispute and he decided to put him in prison.

01:07:47--> 01:07:49

So he magmatic was lashed.

01:07:51--> 01:08:01

And the even tied his hands to horses on opposite sides, and they were pulled to the extent that his

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shoulders were disjointed, disconnected. This is why some some of the America at some stage prayed without putting his hands here. So he left them loose, because he couldn't. That was after that trial. So this is why some of the manly keys also follow the medic, you might have some some of them, not all of them, put their hands down as they pray. Some people think that they are she I know they're not Shia. But that's actually one like strand of fifth within the Maliki madhhab. When they pray they put their hands down. Okay. They don't say it was because of the trial. Actually, some of the students were magmatic saying no, it was an opinion of human medic. So this is why it's still a

01:08:43--> 01:09:00

dispute even within the Maliki meta. So that's the life of a great human life of a great Imam, he left a big impact left amazing students. And as we said, he combined both Hadith and for consecrate example as well for us to them, but that shows

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that when people are students, you can achieve something you can achieve something Luca Eman Malik the theme of his life is clear. Hadith and it's

01:09:12--> 01:09:16

so he dedicated his life for the study of Hadith. And

01:09:17--> 01:09:46

for for, for understanding it and for teaching and learning. Yet on the side he had his own business and that's a good thing. He had his own business on the side where he actually did not need money from anyone. He did not need any help any support from anyone so he could finance himself and as we said he was rich. And he showed that affluence when he told the Hadith because he said he wanted to respect the Hadith of the Prophet Salaam and give it special place and special treatment. So that was

01:09:47--> 01:09:59

an Imam Malik immunol and us are Hema hola hautala and smile, a lot of love his method, such a wide acceptance and actually the so called remand medic is quite powerful and is quite

01:10:00--> 01:10:30

Beautiful once from the school of thought of mathematic, that these main scholars have mocassin objectives of shediac aim. So we have an amount of sharply be him Allah to Allah and those who was Maliki, mainly Maliki. And then later on came up, I had been assured about, like 180 80 years ago, probably, he wrote one of the main books as well in the closet, a Sharia. So, it was the scholars meaning of the Shah,

01:10:31--> 01:10:39

Maliki Mehta, who really pioneered in the study of mocassin asurion. So that's the life of this great Imam.

01:10:40--> 01:10:45

These are the notions we want to share. So if you have any questions, inshallah we'll try to deal with them.

01:10:46--> 01:10:47

Questions.

01:11:03--> 01:11:07

Gone, Okay, no problem. Any questions, comments? We'll work on these two

01:11:09--> 01:11:13

or three, three, right? The teaching was always free or they had to pay like the

01:11:15--> 01:11:19

people just call it and learn something. Just groups.

01:11:20--> 01:11:25

There's no charge or there's no renumeration or anything, because it's cluttered. Imam

01:11:26--> 01:11:33

Malik was rich. But some scholars, we got very rich, have some money to Yeah.

01:11:37--> 01:12:15

Mainly No. But the charging came later on. The charging late came later on. When schools were established, schools were established for the mother. So the NFL is built around schools, rich China fees would fund these schools, Maliki schools were established. So rich, Maliki's followers of the mathematic, the merchants people had a lot of money, they would fund these schools. So the students don't have to worry about anything. So they take care of their finances. The same way. Shafi in the same with the humbly Yeah, one of the biggest myths I have that really established itself very well. And that sense that there was a lot of like,

01:12:16--> 01:12:29

structure in place was the shaft a method, a lot of the shaft and a main shaft a scholars that actually studied in schools for such a long time, they didn't have to worry about money, because there were there was a lot of funding, there was a lot of funding, that was a very good practice.

01:12:31--> 01:12:58

Now, a lot of our funding goes to massage it. But at those times, it was for schools, which people would invest in schools and buildings, scholars, they wanted scholars, and because they had loyalty to the madhhab, they wanted the scholars of the Met have to be the best. So they made sure they take bright students from a young age and tell them don't worry about money. I take care of you. I make a creative fund. I take care of you and your family later on for all your life. Don't worry about money.

01:13:00--> 01:13:06

So that was the thing. There were so on these schools as well. There were teachers and these teachers used to get some salaries. Yes.

01:13:12--> 01:13:12

Yeah.

01:13:19--> 01:13:20

Yeah.

01:13:26--> 01:14:05

That's a good question. The person who asked him a medic about at least what Allah is above the Throne, how Imam Malik ultimately said to him, you ought to look at it. First of all, we have to remember that Mr. Medic had vilasa, he had an intuitive understanding of people. So you could actually see that this person was a troublemaker, he himself had issues. So obviously, we cannot exclude this kind of special knowledge that Imam Malik had for you, if someone through the practice of Muslim scholars, there were people who said something wrong, something that is, in terms of al Qaeda, that's not alright, not straight, but they did not call them move to there. So there is more

01:14:05--> 01:14:25

new ones. There is more new ones. So not anyone who has a bit of how we call them move to there. We have to be careful about this. There are conditions scholars have delineated them in their books, when to call someone and looked at them when they speak someone becomes dead. Yeah. Because there are big names in the history of Islam. They're actually you know, had issues with al Qaeda.

01:14:26--> 01:14:55

Okay, but these issues were, they had excuses. That excuses for there was strength to search for the truth and find the truth. But this kind of school of thought was prominent in their time. So this is why it was easy to get influenced by it. Yes. So it's not for us. If someone says something wrong, she's moved to them. Unfortunately, some students have noticed today, they find it like this for fun for them. They catch you making a mistake. Oh, he's moved to that. They love it like they've found a treasure.

01:14:56--> 01:14:59

So that that shows a troubled self

01:15:00--> 01:15:00

Within

01:15:07--> 01:15:07

the

01:15:11--> 01:15:11

technical aspects,

01:15:13--> 01:15:19

yes. Unless they are students of knowledge, but we talking about the general masses of the Muslims. Yeah.

01:15:25--> 01:16:06

Yeah, I mean, it was it was such a simple question because in the Quran, you will find a lot of fish to himself. FISMA is above heavens. So the so obvious in the Quran and the Sunnah is so obvious that Allah is above and in football, everyone, once they make a turn to Allah, they know everyone knows that. So the prophet SAW Selim, she wasn't a learned person, she was a shepherd. She was a like a servant, illiterate, no knowledge whatsoever, the person was trying to check her foot law. So he said, What is the law she said was above was above the heavens. And she pointed upwards. So there was almost checking her photo. She's She's not corrupted, you just a normal Muslim? That's it? Yeah.

01:16:06--> 01:16:46

So this is not a technical question. And who wears a lot, but the process of them? Okay, we shouldn't be going around. Asking people where's the love? Where's the love? Where's Allah? Right? Yeah. But if there's a need, you ask them, Do you want to teach someone? Maybe you can ask him that question. But we should be careful not to make a fitna through this, not to make it fit. I see a lot of people teaching their kids, the person human being noticed with a photo that Allah is above, unless they are taught otherwise, so that they grow out of that photo. That's the issue. So I see a lot of brothers with good intention when their child is small, like he's starting to speaking the

01:16:46--> 01:16:51

words a lot. And they teach me do this or say a law is above.

01:16:54--> 01:17:31

Now we don't have to teach them the child knows, when they grow up, you teach them karate, we're gonna figure this out. But to do it in such a manner, it's sometimes it's problematic. Sometimes it's problematic. So the child says parrot something that they don't even know what it means. That's an issue. So you say that's a footballer everyone knows this. tacitly intuitively, everyone knows this. And it's in the Koran, and it's in the center. The only way people can get out of this is basically when they get into technical debates, and philosophy and stuff like that. That's, that's the problem. And even those who actually hold on other activities, and they say, No, no, you can't

01:17:31--> 01:17:47

say Allah is above heavens or Allah, or there's something like this. Actually, these people these are when they talk about these technical issues, right. But these people make do out straightaway. They put their hands up the hearts field that allies above they know this. These are just technical debates. Technical debate.

01:17:50--> 01:17:52

More questions? No questions.

01:17:54--> 01:17:55

One second.

01:18:01--> 01:18:04

Let's say it is permissible to

01:18:05--> 01:18:09

to, like, a romantic.

01:18:13--> 01:18:15

So if someone

01:18:16--> 01:18:30

does mischief, he puts them in the cell. Is that permissible? No, that was his own style. Yeah. But he put him in the cell but it was a friendly punishment. Wasn't a proper cell is just for them to like when a teacher says to the

01:18:31--> 01:18:34

student go to the office, right.

01:18:36--> 01:18:37

Or face to the wall.

01:18:39--> 01:18:46

Something like this. Yeah, I personally wouldn't do it but people have different choices. Right? Okay.

01:18:53--> 01:18:53

Yeah.

01:18:58--> 01:19:02

The best thing to do with hold on in that sense is actually to burn it.

01:19:11--> 01:19:28

If you can I somehow destroy it, that would be the best thing. So any piece of pollen that has been like ripped or is not in good shape as long as what the best thing is actually to to burn it or shred it?

01:19:29--> 01:19:51

If not, at the title of man wouldn't have found they buried them they actually dug a hole and they put them in because they would decompose obviously are made of paper and organic stuff. So they would decompose as long as they said the best thing is Bennett if you can't shred it, or or just put it in the very end. Yeah. Yeah.

01:19:53--> 01:19:54

Okay, yeah.

01:19:58--> 01:19:58

Speak up.

01:20:06--> 01:20:07

Yeah,

01:20:13--> 01:20:39

no specific incident. But it became more of a very common statement because he excelled. And as we said, when he spoken on one question that even the the governor or even the halifa, no one questioned what he said. So that's where it came from that you don't ask if you ma'am Malik is there is the indisputable Imam, and scholar. And there's also a famous instance is good that I mentioned this, when someone came to him from

01:20:41--> 01:20:53

from this a lovely, but it's not necessarily Morocco. It's basically could be a sham sometimes, because that'll be used to refer to a sham sometimes as a mother, and to Iraq as an image. So he came to me mathematically asked him,

01:20:54--> 01:20:55

I think,

01:20:57--> 01:21:01

48 questions, and he answered only six.

01:21:02--> 01:21:19

And for the rest of them, he said, I don't know. So the person said, I came to you from too far and just answer the six questions and you say, I don't know. Who knows, if you don't know. He says go until everyone in mathematic doesn't know. And the scholars when they explain about doesn't know doesn't mean he doesn't know the answer. But scholars go through stages.

01:21:21--> 01:21:46

Sometimes he's not comfortable answering a question. He has a debate in his head. And maybe he knows the answer, but he is not sure that the answer applies to you to your specific conditions. So he might say, I don't know. So it doesn't mean he doesn't know have knowledge. He doesn't have knowledge. But he's saying, basically, I don't have all the details to answer this question for you specifically. And I'm not sure that it applies to you, or I'm not comfortable that you will actually take the ruling that I will give you in the right and use it in the right way.

01:21:47--> 01:21:53

So oftentimes, when the Imam says I don't know as what they mean, that's what they mean. Yeah.

01:21:56--> 01:22:01

Okay, Baraka Luffy come solo loves to them. I say Mohammed, why are you so happy? He was a long

01:22:02--> 01:22:03

way.