A Thematic Commentary on the Quran 3

Moutasem al-Hameedy

Channel: Moutasem al-Hameedy

Topics: Quran

Episode Notes

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In this series we offer an analysis of the central theme in every Surah along with other supporting themes. We talk about the beautiful interconnectedness found in the Quran. Every Surah is in the right order. Every verse and every word is part of a profound harmony and seamless flow of divine wisdom.
There is no randomness in the Quran. There is only organic cohesion and perfect order.
In this series we seek to uncover these dimensions and try to uncover the wisdom we can learn to help us better understand divine guidance and relate it to the time we live in.

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Rahim hamdulillah salat wa salam ala Sayidina Muhammad Ali, he must have he has in order to do.

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So we will start shall after this two weeks break from the halaqaat from the class, it's going to take us a little bit of initiation effort to pick it up again, pick up the same speed. But Jolla, we can do that.

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Again, just to recap, our helicon has two segments. The first segment goes over the

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foundational work of shirehampton Sadie, we which is called ultra wide AlHassan. It's one of his most famous books on

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works, called our adhesion and metallic cognitive theory. And these are the beautiful rules that pertain to the interpretation of the Padawan. So we will go over the text, there is a short commentary from his students Sharif, from Edmund Sol 100. They mean, for him how long data sometimes will take certain parts of it. We said we'll try to cover every time we'll try to cover one of the principles or the rules. That's the first segment of our halaqa the second segment of our HELOC, we're going over a thematic Tafseer or thematic approach to the salon. We said we'll do that over two rounds. The first round is we are going to look at the central verse and every single central

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verse we mean the verse that shows the most or exhibits the most, the central theme in that particular song. And in every surah as we said, there is a central theme, the most notable theme that every other theme in the solar centers around it. And there is a verse or sometimes two verses that display this theme, the central theme, so we sort of give it the name a central verse, central verse, just in that sense, does it mean hey there is thus there's one verse in the solar that's everything. No, that's not what we what we mean by saying the central verse.

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So let's go with the first segment, which is alcohol the hasaan Metallica series on

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how to shave inside your lungs. Okay, that was the third rule

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LFO alarm at DEF healer and I was off what a smart edginess to feed or listicle Rob B has said the man the harlot alley, this is a rule of zero principle of Tafseer that is originally linguistic, linguistic, and this rule is shared between element tafsir were any more solid.

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So this rule you will find it the same in two sciences, the science of Tafseer which is from our own local art, and the science of a soul and the principles of it's the same in a sort of filter, it is part of a Roman map heavily on the topic of Oman, which is the general

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are the words that we use to indicate a general things in a general sense general rules. So he's saying here LFO Alam, which is lateral Elif, and le and lamb in equal the equivalent in English is th e Val. Val, okay. when it enters before an or at the beginning of a description an adjective, like the believers' is an adjective

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Alma seen on the ones who achieve a description, right? What a smurf legend is a smell a generis meaning a term that refers to a class a specific class or group like humans, ns, the humans that means all of humans ns Elif lamb and nurse Okay, some jeans

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some jeans means it's a class it's a type. It is a type you can say for example,

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if if m is jeans here is the type of sin

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when you say Islam or anything when you say V sin in Arabic It means every sin is included in this for example, well in nama huddle a lot of BIA is our hash. Milo hora minha Baba. Well, if Allah, Allah made Haram, all acts of lewdness and indecency, the explicit ones and the implicit ones. Well, if

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and the sin if I were to translate it literally means and the sin which sin is talking about and Arabic, this means every sin LFM there is le flam L which is equal to that. Okay, when this enters to a type

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or to a class or to a group,

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And it means every individual in this class is included all of sin. And Islam means colonialism, all of sin, all of sin

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to fee duelist means or indicates inclusivity and that's what we talking about that is total art is inclusivity it covers every everything that to which this name or this adjective applies. So Allah says ns, the humans that means every human is included in this unless there's another indication when Allah says if

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and if him okay.

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Allies it means every, every sin, every sin is included in this oh when there is a description and there is Elif lamb before it or the before the believers mean on that means all the believers unless we have another indication, that means something else, okay? There has to be man. That's what the rules means. wickedness sila, danika. rule or soul is saying this rule was stipulated by the scholars of Sol Sol. Were Ll r, b, r ob and the scholars of the Arabic language linguists whatever call it bury that enemy when a man and there is a consensus by the people of knowledge and faith by the believers from the among the believers that this rule applies across the board. So there's a map

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there is a

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flamethrower only heater Allah An example is the statement of Allah in the Muslim in our Muslim at one minute, one minute and salted it has

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no mean was made one minute we'll call an 18 hour carnita descriptions. These are descriptions okay illa colita ad all the way till the verse Abdullah the end of the verse i'd allow my fellow 10 were excellent Halima, Allah is prepared for them. forgiveness and a great reward, a great reward.

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He had the hill also off kilometer now what a human Moran in Islam what a man will note was Sakina saying everyone to whom these descriptions apply, is included in this verse

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is included in this verse.

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When they become early How the hell off Yakumo lulea sahibi ham Allah to Allah II mean and Mark filati will aterial Aleem or beenox Sania young or swaby adhamiya you've got a saying and the reward that Allah promised for these descriptions meaning Walmart minutes believers will Muslim meanwhile Muslim as they are obedient and submissive to Allah well on 18 Well, Connie tat they are consistently observant of the rights of Allah.

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Wasabi Rena, wasabi Raj, they are patient males and females, right was saw Amina saw him at lunch is the ones who fast males and females. He's seeing these descriptions, Allah has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward. up to the level, a person needs these descriptions, the person will get that reward in proportion.

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in proportion that's important to understand as much as you have of this description as much as you meet this description. That's exactly the degree you're going to get the reward that is contingent on this description.

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For example, this is an example from a very

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well paying for him Allah to Allah He says, Allah says in the Quran, when a ninja Allah will care for Irina and mina sebelah and Allah will never get a low will never give a low not give those who disbelieve

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power over those who believe.

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him says someone is going to ask but we see disbelievers subjugating believers, how come does that mean the verses wrong? Or our understanding of the verses wrong?

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Mm hmm claim explains this and he says, He says when a person's you have to apply this

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improperly proportion to the description. What does that mean? The Catherine the more disbelief a person has from the disbelievers. Okay.

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And the more belief a believer has, so he says this apply it to the extreme cases. You have a believer who has achieved the highest level of a man and a disbeliever that has achieved the highest level level of disbelief Allah will never cause that person to have

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Pour over this person never.

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When he says when a person is a man goes less

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that promise in with with their case goes less, we're going to lose from that promise as much as their Eman goes down

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to the point where a person has a very weak limit minimal level of Eman, then they're going to have the minimal level of this promise.

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And in proportion as well you apply the other dimension a person who has disbelief

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the more a person has disbelief, the less likely they are to be given power over a weak believer and so on and so forth. Okay. We're not going to go deeper into this but just to show you that in the Arabic language and you can find this applies in the Koran when there is a description and it is preceded by Elif lamb, which is a little brief.

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The article of definition like that, in English, when it enters into description it means everyone that means this description in proportion in proportion.

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Okay.

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So then he says koulos Finn Allahu anhu What about and he were a little more closely Phoebe. It says we could allocate manual copy with Eric koulos Finn Allahu anhu Well, tuber le who added matassa Phoebe here oh button, worship one one oxen akula hoomin. Daddy KB has habima karma v minervois film, of course, he's saying, by contrast, on the other side, any description that Allah prohibited that we need like those who disbelieved, right? Those who this obey Allah resembles the description.

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Allah subhanho wa Taala prepared punishment for this.

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So the person

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is going to get the level of punishment that they will get is in proportion. And this exactly matches the level of the description, the match disbelief. So someone who sent up to let's say, let's give it a numeric value, someone who sent up to 90% in their life and someone send up to 10% is going to apply the same punishment to them know the person is going to be their their punishment, as promised by a law they're going to get in proportion to the level of their sin, and so on and so forth. Whereas this is taken from this linguistic principle.

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So there's a beautiful the commentary here from Shay from North I mean, he says ultra cool either, Corolla was Finn is dead, the busier that he radical was one of cassava knocks. He the end of the hook, Malmo Allah Allah was feudal lord Allah and Ligety radical was, well how can we do Rama inlet he will do then why are there no water, no life, this is a soul. This is pure soul as a beautiful statement. She says,

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The Islamic ruling or any ruling from Allah, punishment, reward or any kind of you know, results that is based on a description or an action that a person has or displays.

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Then,

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if they do more of that description, or they possess more of that description, they can they will get the recompense or the reward or the ruling in proportion to the level of their engagement.

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That's number one. Then he says why because the description that is given,

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becomes or signifies the reason for the outcome, the reason for the punishment or for the reward ala, the reason in the course, the cause. So if someone for example,

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if a person lies if a person lies

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once

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another person lies 10 times

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a third person lied in the last say 100 times, another person lied by countless number of times do we apply?

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The description can vibe to all of them a liar? To all of them?

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No, there's nuances and that's what this rule signifies. There's nuances. You cannot call someone who has lied infinitely and someone who has lied once. You can't give them the same description or the same title. Liar. contempt. You can't You can't

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This way when the prophet SAW I send them, you know, the famous hadith of Abu huraira when he was guarding, so the cattle photo, right, shebang came to him and he took from it. He called him, he came in the form of a man. And he said, I shall deliver you to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, when you took the profits on us. And then he said, leave me. You know, I have family and they're hungry, I want to feed them. So he let him go.

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He, he told the prophet SAW send them and the Prophet said, He's gonna come back to you. And he came second night, and he came third night.

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This time when he caught him third time, he said, I'm not going to leave you now. I'm going to hold you till the prophets of Salaam comes, then I'll hand you over to him. He said, Please leave me and I will teach you something that if you do it, Allah will protect you from shavon from during that night.

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You recite ayatul kursi. Right. So he let him go, the prophet Salim came and asked about I said my phallus I have worked very hard. He said, What did your friend or your companion do last night? Is that obviously the overlay you came just as you said? And

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then he said, that's what he told me. He told me to recite out of courtesy, and the law will protect you from shavon that night, the promises and what did he say? He says sadhaka. boob. He told you the truth, although he's a liar. The person who did not say he is truthful.

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person did not describe him as truth. I didn't say he saw that. He said, he told you the truth in this incident, but he's a liar.

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He's a liar. So the fact that he told the truth that cheban told the truth doesn't make him truthful. Why? Because he is not match that description

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is not matched that description. Okay?

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So he's saying, Here's your phone number, and here is saying that the description that is mentioned in a verse or a Hadith, and then there is a ruling or there's an outcome that is contingent on this description, that shows that this description is the Illa is the reason is the point. Why there is this outcome. For example, if someone commits Zener adultery,

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there is there is a punishment for that. There is a punishment for that.

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Last one guy says was zania to rezone.

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Again, this is a this is exactly an application on this rule, as zania was Zadie l. l. v. fornicator. The adulterer fair, a female and the adulterous male description with that with Elif limitary, right.

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What is the law What is the reason for their punishment? Is the description this description, right? So that includes every person who commits Zina,

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every person who commit Zina, this applies to them.

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Simple. Let's say someone

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quotes the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam where the messenger saw send them says

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quotevalet the Mojave Amina Xena, you know, every person's share of Xena has been written upon them

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for Xena lane and Nava

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was in a Elliott lamps was in a Shem from some said, on each person, their share of Zener has been written. So

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the Zener of the eye is looking the Zener of the hand or the palm is touch.

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Right? So if someone

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looks at how long things, explicit images,

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right, someone say, Oh, you are and someone describes him as zanny or is any? Do we apply this? No, no, no, no, no the description. Again, this description has a specific reason and the reason is what we call fornication. Complete

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act of fornication. That's what this description is based upon. Alright, so we do not include this in the general description. All right.

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So check him out. I mean, he's giving an example he's saying for either apple or in Manila who are drawn Allium for Kula Oh, really, man are we are agile wakulla maba of any member of an agile. He's saying, if you say that the believer has a great reward. The stronger the man. The greater the reward.

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The weaker the man, the less the reward. Clear. That's basically what the rule is now chef, go back to chef assignee. He gives an example. So what can you commit to a bolita Allah in Santa Julio kahaluu

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either massage shovel jazz or what either Mr. Hall Hi, Romano mon bijin Syl insan for kulu insert in was it

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lemonis technologically heater in little muscle lean Illa so he's saying a lot smarter says For example a solid marriage that man was created weak. humans were created me Allah saying insan the humans meaning humanity in general. All of them were created weak if evil comes to them, they panic they're taken over by fear

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and when good comes to them they hold back they don't share like they transgress

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Israel Elon Musk alien except for those who observe the prayer.

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So that means all humans this, this applies to them.

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except the ones that Allah excluded from this again, so here's the rule is insane. It is is Mogens type, it's a type it's a class, humans, it includes a whole type whole kind, right humans l insert means all humans we said it's all sin. All right.

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Come on Ola. hota Allah will actually in an incentive if you host

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when Allah subhanaw taala says will also buy time

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in El insan The man is in loss meaning all humans all humans inside all humans not a specific person. Although if you look at it linguistically, it's like l in sand the man like you talking about one person or the human No, here it applies to everything. It's similar to an English what we call

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uncountable names like fish. When you say fish, that means every fish every type of fish right? That is similar to it when you say flour

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that that means flour could be wheat flour could be barley flour could be coconut flour, right? flower is a flower includes every type of flower unless you specify that's exactly what this means Alif Lam with a type with a kind okay with a category that means every individual in this category it includes all

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okay, this is we said called in our sole focus called the normal which is the general sense the general sense.

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So cheer from Sadie gives another example and he says what our mama talked about will be he had he he'll either

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feel a smile in Houston for in Nashville all around him in Hershey and kathina law where he Adele Lulu mill

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is saying one of the best areas where this applies this rule applies is the Beautiful Names of Allah, the Beautiful Names of Allah. And there is a lot of this in the Quran. And he's saying this is one of the highest levels of knowledge one of the highest levels of knowledge

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brotherman is going to take some shots from from the masjid so if you if you mind just let him know, as a person, okay. He's not gonna show it anywhere.

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What's gonna get you in trouble?

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For method, news bureau law and NFC he and the whole law were unholy medic. Will Allium will Hakeem will Aziz what Rahim will produce with Salah Mohammed will Majeed saying Allah subhanaw taala tells about himself describes himself these are names of a lot that are also descriptions. So we have a description here and adjective with Elif lamb, right. With Elif lamb.

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He's alemannic, the king, the master, and he's an alien, the all knowing and Aziz the Almighty, Allah him the most merciful outproduce the most blessed and high a Salaam the most perfect, Al Hamid the most deserving of praise. And imagine the glorious for law. Allah as well has an Islam right, it's Illa

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Allah has Elif lamb at the beginning, who will lead the ILA who Jamie Omar and he Lulu he yet he led us to help for a new Lucha the edgerly

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Allah means starts with le flam, Ella, meaning Allah, He possesses all of the meanings of lordship, and worship, of divinity of the meanings of divinity, he possesses all of them, and meaning all the meanings of divinity are included in his name. They belong to him he possesses them

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and thus he is the only one who is worthy of worship.

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He'll say fat will come at you. Aloha, Omaha Mohammed Dooku How will Fabiola kulu kulu

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la when FEMA Anna Moran ruhija lava Sharon 1am Allah con balloon Jamie and Mota ld hoonah Mater I'll be doing a little game called the owner legendary he will album at he sing, and these are the qualities or the meanings of divinity. These are the descriptions of perfection and completeness and praise and goodness that only belongs to Allah subhanaw taala and no one shares no one has any share in them with Allah, not an angel, not a human being, but all of them are actually servants and slaves of Allah. So when we say Allah, which is NF lamb l ILA, he is the one who possesses all of the meanings of divinity or the qualities of divinity. No one shares them with them. They belong

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exclusively to him again.

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Or moon, okay. inclusivity all of them are included in the name all of his names or all of the qualities are included in his name.

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Second example unknowingly many cool ladies Illa who Jamie Roma and Ill monk will who will muncul Carmen soveral. For Navid will enter a coup de hula, hula, abetone Cammy, monkey Darija, to Sharia, II.

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And also the description of a law the name of Allah Al Malik, Al Malik, the king, meaning all of the meanings of

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King kingship, and ownership belong to Allah, all of them are with Allah exclusively with Allah. All of them are with Allah.

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So he has the complete dominion, and ability to run his dominion, and that all of the creation are

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all of them belong to Him, He owns all of them. And they are servants and slaves who have to abide by his rulings, whether they are his universal ruling in terms of what he makes or allows to happen in this world, or whether they are religious rulings that people are supposed to follow.

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And if they don't choose to follow or they choose not to follow what will happen, they will have to go through the camp or the rulings and just a year, which is the outcomes the final outcomes of either rewards or punishment. All of us abide by that all of us abide by this unknown alimony condition and the delay of family history on woodfill only when his son

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and his elderly is the all knowing and Allium the all knowing meaning. He possesses all knowledge. He knows everything.

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He knows everything that's Elif lamb with description. Okay, this is all actually chef even Sadie speaks in a little bit of length about it. So we'll keep the second half of it. Till next time in a to Hana. So we can move on to the next part of our class. And here we

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were last time. So we're going to, as we said, in this round, we are going quickly over the central theme and every solar displaying it in reverse that shows it the most clear the verse that shows it the most last time we covered I believe salatu salam wa salatu salam, he said Salatin is smart.

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We have to look at the historical context of it. It came at one of the most difficult times in the life of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, his grandfather had died. His wife had died. These were his biggest support. People in Mecca started taking more more, I would say,

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more liberty in attacking him and mistreating him. So the Prophet Sallam decides to take a chance and check out a part if hoping that they would actually support him and help him out. So he goes to a party if they expel him, they treat him in the the worst way imaginable.

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They chase him out of the city hurling stones on him and abuse. Right. And when I shall be alone, her later on us the Prophet sallallahu Sallam about

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the most difficult time in his life. He refers to that moment. He refers to that moment sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So it was after this then it was hard for him to come back to Mecca. So he needed the protection of mobile mobile mobile ad one of the leaders of Makkah, he gave him protection, too. So the problem could actually enter Mecca without being executed or being attacked.

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So, so he enters Mecca, and it's around this time that Allah subhanaw taala gives him this journey tool to the habit to unmetered lochsa then

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Up to the heavens. And and so the verse is about glorifying Allah, how he is able to honor his servants. And this is an honor to the Prophet. So and this sutra is about honoring the Prophet sallallahu sallam, by the way, in that sense, and that this honor happens by Allah even in the darkest moments. So Allah is going to mention certain things in the soul that all revolve around this, all of them feed into into this

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and that allows one that is the all here are the all see or meaning, whatever, even if in the darkest moments, a lot. Don't think a lot doesn't know what's going on. Don't think a lie surprised by what happens.

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You might be surprised, you might be disappointed. You might feel that down, but a lot is aware of everything and he has everything in control. Okay.

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So move to sorting. Does anyone like to take a guess? unsalted calf? Because most of you know it's right.

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What do you think the central theme is sort of the cafe's. It's not easy sort of calf is extremely dynamic, very diversified.

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But there is a central theme in it.

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first verse, yes, the first verse, right.

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Why the first verse?

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Sort of gas

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shows how Allah subhanaw taala runs

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his universe, this world, this worldly life. And it shows how the whole on sets everything straight, how revelation and the divine help sets everything straight. So the first verse, what does it say?

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Alhamdulillah Hilary and Xena and every day keytab will image and lower Elijah. praise belongs to Allah, that Allah is so generous to his humanity and he's so wise and kind in doing so that he revealed to his servant the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, the book. And there is no crookedness in the book, The no crookedness and Revelation, meaning

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the revelation of Allah.

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linguistically, there is no crooked neck crookedness means like, it's straight. It's the opposite of being straight.

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So linguistically,

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the Quran has no crookedness, no faults linguistically,

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in terms of semantically meanings of the Quran, there is nothing that is off, there's no inconsistency.

00:32:47--> 00:33:16

Everything is right in place. Everything in the Quran is right in place, a revelation is right in place. The instructions and the legislation that the whole answer is the relationship. There is nothing there's no crookedness in it, it's all straight, it's all the best, all the best. And because it's it has this quality of being straight, it has the, the power and the mind, to straighten everything up. And I in every like

00:33:18--> 00:33:38

anything inappropriate, I in it out, make everything straight. So if you apply revelation, it will bring you divine help, and this will straighten everything up. You'll find this in the story of Africa, right? illustrated there first for them after it was extremely, you know, troubling for them.

00:33:40--> 00:33:47

Then you have the story of the person who had the garden, right, and the piece of land two pieces of land.

00:33:48--> 00:34:03

When he got his, his whole stake crooked, why because of his greed. And he he came more attached to this dunya and he ascribed, you know, whatever he was given to himself to his own excellence, then illustrating all their fear.

00:34:05--> 00:34:28

Then you have the story of Musa alayhis salaam, the moment when salesianum thought he was the most knowledgeable person on earth, and he had this sort of element, a loss of Australian his affair by showing him someone who's more knowledgeable than him through revelation. And then, when the world was going through so much turmoil and injustice last month, and of course, they'll coordinate straighten things out.

00:34:31--> 00:34:32

So

00:34:33--> 00:34:35

a lot shows throughout the soul how

00:34:36--> 00:34:59

the His revelation and his divine help straightens everything out. And the message here for us is that if you want your affairs to be straightened secrets are in sort of calf and unfollowing the revelation of our last panel and the end of solitude calf shows that clearly says from an encounter YOLO Julia I'll be forever hope so look, looks forward to the meeting of their Lord.

00:35:00--> 00:35:01

They have to be straight.

00:35:03--> 00:35:28

Allah give gives in detail the two descriptions that will straighten your affairs out folia and Amazon saleha them do righteousness which is in accordance with the Sunnah of the Prophet Solomon regardless of the proscenium, whether you should it could be a vanity or be a header and do not associate partners with a lot in your intention in unison. Be sincere sincerity and following the sun. That's how straightens your affairs. So that's sort of gaff.

00:35:30--> 00:35:31

So the sun, huh?

00:35:39--> 00:35:40

Absolutely.

00:35:43--> 00:35:45

Straightening things, making things straight

00:35:47--> 00:35:59

settings, and that's that's it. But that's not that's not you know, that's not the point. That's the secondary point. The point is, this happens. This happens through revelation and divine help.

00:36:00--> 00:36:09

So that's why the blessing of hamdulillah one of the ends Allah, Allah is seeing the point here is this happens when you follow the revelation of online.

00:36:11--> 00:36:12

That's the point.

00:36:13--> 00:36:17

That's the point. The point, Allah is not just saying, okay, things will straighten up.

00:36:18--> 00:36:32

A lot of things. If you want things to straighten up, the way to do that is to follow the revelation. And that's where Lawson down onto the Prophet sauce and that's the point. Okay, so lots Miriam, anyone would like to take a guess?

00:36:33--> 00:37:02

So it's Marymount starts with the story of the courier alayhis. Salaam, right. Having his son Yeah, yeah. Then story of Maria Maliki Salaam, giving birth to Isa alayhis salaam. Then afterwards, there is a mention of the the debate that happens between Maria and her people. Then he said, he said, I'm with the people. Then the story of Ibrahim alayhis salam then the mention of more sallys salaam and Idris and this man he and Okay, then a last pantalla goes on to talk about

00:37:04--> 00:37:13

people of Paradise people of the Hellfire again, then Allah concludes with basically a description of disbeliever.

00:37:17--> 00:37:19

Anyone? So let's Maria.

00:37:23--> 00:37:34

Excellent, excellent Yes, in the Latina arm and is towards the end in the Latina arm and what I mean? Oh, slyly Howdy. CAGR? Ah, no.

00:37:35--> 00:37:41

But I, okay, I'll show you what in my notes, I have this verse and your verse.

00:37:43--> 00:37:47

So let me show you the back. Or let me just share with you the back end of

00:37:48--> 00:37:48

of this.

00:37:49--> 00:37:58

So as I was, as I said, I'm consulting a few references, and I'll share more with more of them with you inshallah, as we go along, but I just wanted to get a little bit used to this whole style.

00:37:59--> 00:38:35

And with some sources, it's hard to pinpoint one verse you will find the central theme appearing strongly in two verses, sometimes three, like some of the sources that will come, you will see there's actually three points or three verses in the surah. Where you actually, you can't tell you're puzzled as to which verse really displays the theme. Most clearly. It's not easy. So sort of Miriam was one of them. So I'm looking at my notes here. So let's Maria, I have to, I have to, I have the first one, and how I have the second one. But

00:38:37--> 00:38:47

so let's go with the first one, the calamity or bigger habit, the home zekeriya This is the reminder of your Lord's mercy to his servants Zachary.

00:38:51--> 00:38:53

What is sort of medium about?

00:38:55--> 00:39:01

story of the courier having his son yahia, what is most outstanding about the story?

00:39:06--> 00:39:20

And then I'll tell you why I chose this verse over the verse which is, let me quote the other verse to you, which is towards the end, in the levena m, and white metal, solid head is at home live and those who have believed and have done righteous deeds, Allah she'll give them what

00:39:22--> 00:39:29

kindness and acceptance and love among, from Allah and from others.

00:39:31--> 00:39:42

What is outstanding about the story of the courier having his son? Yeah. What is shared between the story of the courier having a son you hear and the story of Mary having her son,

00:39:43--> 00:39:45

a Sally. So what's the common theme?

00:39:53--> 00:40:00

Exactly. case is impossible to have a child as a curious wife, as a

00:40:00--> 00:40:08

his case his wife is way beyond menopause is no children. She doesn't give children anymore. She's too old for that. Right?

00:40:09--> 00:40:16

And in this story of Maria Maria, he said, um, she's not even married, and she's having a child.

00:40:18--> 00:40:20

She's having a child.

00:40:21--> 00:40:24

What is this? What does this tell you? That's the hammer.

00:40:26--> 00:40:55

So, here there is symbolism the story of Zachary la Sam, don't take it as an individual as a story as of a single a prophet. Here last month is a case in point that when Allah Subhana, Allah to give decides to give his mercy to servants alarm makes the impossible possible for them. That's what solar meridian is about. You find this in the story of Zachary having this sunny here, we find this in the story of Miriam and SLM having a son

00:40:57--> 00:41:06

a son he Salaam, then we'll find that in the story of liberal humanism, a little bit implied in the sense by him and he believed in Allah subhanaw taala when he was

00:41:07--> 00:41:29

too young. And these people sort of thought themselves wise, but he was the wisest among them. And the reason I said implied, because the last one I mentioned is how he saved a lot of money stolen from his people, how did a lot of you blame them, when they threw him in the fire and the fire did not burn him, same thing, impossible alone made it possible for him. More sadly, he said, um,

00:41:31--> 00:41:35

he grew up in the house of around, everyone was turned out to be covered, he did not turn to be like for him,

00:41:36--> 00:41:54

it was impossible to challenge the dominion of around and the anarchy of around right, a loss would have caused it to crumble because of that in the most unlikely ways. He himself fell to his demise, he tried to follow Mossad Islam into the Red Sea.

00:41:56--> 00:41:59

very unlikely. So, story of Miriam.

00:42:00--> 00:42:07

And some of the scholars actually pointed out to this, that this, this the themes and certain sources,

00:42:08--> 00:42:08

when,

00:42:10--> 00:42:15

when you are in a state, when you are in a state, and you need something, you need some kind of help.

00:42:17--> 00:42:22

It helps you to read the source, or that displays the type of help that you are seeking.

00:42:25--> 00:42:33

So I'm Maria Subramanyam, is very helpful to people who have lost all physical means to what they want.

00:42:34--> 00:42:36

And they are still in need of what they want.

00:42:37--> 00:42:40

They turned to Allah subhanaw taala to make the impossible happen for them,

00:42:42--> 00:42:52

it will increase their faith in Allah subhanaw taala. In that sense, sort of his thought hopes, if someone feels left alone, like left, let down,

00:42:53--> 00:43:17

someone is let down, if you're lonely, and they feel they are without help and support. Okay, so it rejuvenates these meanings. So the main theme or purpose that a surah serves, okay, it's good to be observant as to when you are in a state where you can get

00:43:19--> 00:43:31

out would say the most utility that you are in need of reading the reading the source, some of the sources actually talk about how the light repels the doubts,

00:43:33--> 00:44:06

these sores, I'm sure you will find in them the seeds of the profound answers to people who, who was casting doubt on the truth people who disbelieve in Allah subhanaw, taala, and so on, and so forth. So this meaning occurs in many of the books of Tafseer. They say, it's actually very important to see what theme the solar is serving. And when you are in that state, you go to that siara to that sort of not seeking blessings, just in general, no, but use because that source, treats that theme. It's going to strengthen your heart in that respect. Okay.

00:44:07--> 00:44:19

So that's what sort of our medium. So last month, I was saying in the verse towards the end, and this is why it competes with this verse is that those who have believed in the unrighteous deeds, Allah shall give them love,

00:44:20--> 00:44:22

which is sometimes not expected.

00:44:23--> 00:44:56

Oftentimes, you think, the person who, who holds on to what the commands of Allah spawn today, they're gonna miss out a lot on many things. They're gonna miss out on a lot of things. And they're gonna miss a lot of opportunities and they might actually, you know, lose connections and, and so on and so forth. So because there's there's a sacrifice, there's a level of sacrifice. Ally's saying even when it's unlikely, Allah she'll bring the love of the creation and to this person and the law himself will love that type of person.

00:44:57--> 00:44:57

Okay,

00:44:59--> 00:44:59

Officer

00:45:00--> 00:45:03

I'm sure anyone would like to have a guess. That sort of Ah

00:45:06--> 00:45:07

sorry.

00:45:09--> 00:45:11

So how does that tell us about the theme?

00:45:14--> 00:45:15

So sort of the How does it talk about

00:45:17--> 00:45:22

most of the stories what story of Musa alayhis salaam story of Musa alayhis salam

00:45:24--> 00:45:26

Okay, what does it tell us about masahisa

00:45:28--> 00:45:29

central theme

00:45:32--> 00:45:38

what essentially keeps carrying? Okay let's take it to the start of the solar baja

00:45:39--> 00:45:43

and Zenn la come on and Hitesh car.

00:45:44--> 00:45:48

Okay, Baja, is it one of the names of the prophet SAW Selim?

00:45:49--> 00:45:49

Hmm

00:45:51--> 00:45:51

yes

00:45:53--> 00:45:58

yes or no? Who says yes. baja is one of the names of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam?

00:46:00--> 00:46:00

Yes.

00:46:03--> 00:46:04

Yes.

00:46:07--> 00:46:14

Now we're talking about this verse about the soul of Baja. And Allah says, Baja Is this the name of the prophet SAW Selim?

00:46:16--> 00:46:27

No, it's not, we don't have anything authentic. Anything authentic that the Prophet Solomon's name was taught is just baja is just like Alif Lam Meem, two letters or hamin?

00:46:28--> 00:46:36

I mean, for her imaginary Emmanuel Rakhi has a very beautiful reflection on this very beautiful reflection.

00:46:38--> 00:46:39

He says,

00:46:40--> 00:46:42

anyone who anyone study studied here

00:46:44--> 00:46:52

and one studies that we did we bought a sofa tell her off qualities of the letters sci fi to the heroes who

00:46:57--> 00:46:59

have worked to fame her

00:47:02--> 00:47:03

30th right.

00:47:04--> 00:47:09

Thought is the lesser of is an emphatic letter is a very strong letter.

00:47:10--> 00:47:12

So royal letter, okay.

00:47:13--> 00:47:46

And here is a soft letter. So amendment, it says in this surah, you're going to find the balance between the strength of the profits will I sell them on the shrimp that are lost whatever give him and the softness of the messengers and the strength of the message and the subtle kindness of it. So he says there is a dichotomy. There is a seeming contradiction, but it's actually making two opposites come together. So he's saying Baha, Matt and zelner Alec are analytische. Here he is addressing the profit of mountains and liquor.

00:47:47--> 00:47:57

And everyone else who follows the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that the revelation that Allah subhanaw taala gave to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam will not lead to

00:47:59--> 00:48:07

misery and agony, or distress. Although the person who takes on the truth and they follow it, they're going to go through a lot.

00:48:10--> 00:48:52

They will go through a lot. So physically, they might go through a lot. Socially, they might be challenged a lot, yet, they're not going to go through distress deep in their hearts. They're not going to go through the stress in their hearts. Okay, so the central theme is solar power, and that Allah subhanaw taala demonstrates this in the story of most alleys. If you look at the story, most alley Salaam, there is so much about the strength of throne and his dominance and his threats. There's so much about this, but then you will find how more Sally ceram is calm, peaceful, and he's running his affairs according to plan. Whereas for the one who seems to have the power and the mind,

00:48:53--> 00:48:58

he's the one who is acting frantically and he's so desperate to hold on to the strings of his power.

00:49:00--> 00:49:14

So you're gonna, that's why Allah subhanaw taala at the end of the surah, he turns to he addresses the Prophet salallahu Salam and he tells him to hold on to the message and not to extend his eyesight to what other people possess.

00:49:15--> 00:49:16

Okay, so that's sort of

00:49:18--> 00:49:23

Sora to MBA, sort of MBA is quite clear, very straightforward.

00:49:33--> 00:49:37

Something else about sort of Baja on a show with you before we just covered MVR quickly.

00:49:40--> 00:49:41

Okay.

00:49:43--> 00:49:49

The prophets Allah O Allah subhanaw taala is telling the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in sort of pa

00:49:52--> 00:49:55

man's in an equal or on any dish.

00:49:57--> 00:49:59

We have not revealed the rundown.

00:50:00--> 00:50:05

Unto so that you go to this into distress, meaning

00:50:07--> 00:50:15

there is a subtle promise from Allah subhana wa tada that we have revealed the Koran to you so that you convey it to people.

00:50:16--> 00:50:34

And don't think this is not going to pay off. So baja is it was revealed in Mecca early in Mecca don't think it is, this message is not going to be successful. So it was revealed at a time when the person was receiving much opposition, only a few individuals believed in him

00:50:36--> 00:50:41

a lie saying we did not reveal this to you so that you fall in distress in distress.

00:50:42--> 00:50:51

So this causes us to sing this song is a clear indication or a promise to the prophets of Salaam that your that well will be successful and it will be accepted.

00:50:52--> 00:51:08

It will be accepted. Okay, so that's the sort of busselton MBA. Again, as I said, it's very straightforward. It's all about the eminence of the hour. But it is coming very close and the fact that humans are unaware of it or heedless.

00:51:10--> 00:51:27

Humans have just distracted themselves away from it. So the central verse is verse number one catella been in NASA he said one while home he off, let in more herringbone that the time of people's judgment has drawn near yet they are heedlessly turning away.

00:51:28--> 00:51:36

So the whole thing is about how the hour is going to come. And Allah mentions the stories of the prophets, how their people as well were heedless, and then

00:51:38--> 00:51:49

their hour came meaning their death then Allah subhanaw taala concludes Salatin ambia with a description of what's going to happen in the hour, okay, on the day of judgment

00:51:50--> 00:51:51

on a second

00:51:54--> 00:51:58

okay. Yeah, we move on to solid hedge.

00:52:00--> 00:52:01

So little hedge.

00:52:04--> 00:52:09

Again, the and by the way, I want to share with you who speaks or do here

00:52:12--> 00:52:19

123 who reads reads speaks and reads on? Okay, you guys have a good advantage.

00:52:20--> 00:52:22

There is a book by

00:52:24--> 00:52:28

Imam. I mean as an Islay, right?

00:52:29--> 00:52:30

What's his book,

00:52:31--> 00:52:32

the brutal Quran.

00:52:33--> 00:53:08

I really like I wish either the book is translated into Arabic or English. Or I could learn although just because of that book, the barrel on he made something extremely interesting. May Allah have mercy upon him. He found a pattern in the Quran beautiful. And he has sought an MBA and a hedge are an example of this. It's called mob turnover. And the pairs in the salon he found out that the soldiers and the whole unformed pairs together each two together,

00:53:09--> 00:53:14

they form a unity together, they have similarity, and they complement each other.

00:53:16--> 00:53:23

So salted lamb and salted head are to pair together. So let's alfalah consolata nest or to pair together.

00:53:24--> 00:53:30

Interestingly Sora tell method, Abu lahab and Sora. Paula who hadn't left last are a pair.

00:53:31--> 00:53:45

So there is pairs, Alba coronaria, Milan are a pair. So he found this pattern, very beautiful. He describes it so beautifully. So it's a good reference actually to have those two those who have access to the audio language. It's a very good reference.

00:53:46--> 00:54:16

So again, he one of this aspects of this connection between sources and sources and via these, the central theme appears in the first verse, straightforward, straight forward, and it had both of them deal with the issue of the hour before the day of judgment. So salt and hedgeye you are not suitable to become, in essence, Elijah Satish, even Alvin salts, even some I found some of them for Syrian, they say sort of hedge, complete sort of an MBA,

00:54:18--> 00:54:43

complete sort of an MBA, so there are a sequence and they are connected in that sense. So in sort of hedge, we're going to find Allah subhana wa Tada. After he establishes in Seoul as an MBA. Allah establishes the fact that the hour is drawing near and people are headless. in solitude hedge Allah directs the attention of humans to how to best prepare for the Day of Judgment. That's why he starts with a warning. All humans

00:54:44--> 00:54:47

have Taqwa. Fear your Lord be obedient to your Lord.

00:54:48--> 00:55:00

Innocence aside, the violent quaking of the or quaking or the shaking of the hour, is something that is dreadful, truly dreadful. It's a scary it's a very scary

00:55:00--> 00:55:27

Anything so so so that's an MBA establishes the fact that humans are headless. And that our is drawing near swords and hedge is that although it's cool that hedge and it has to do with hedge, while hedge is actually under the theme of a tug of war is a is one of the best ways to prepare yourself for the Day of Judgment sort of the hedges about how to prepare yourself to be ready on the Day of Judgment. Okay, so we'll conclude now it's mclubbe

00:55:29--> 00:55:37

Chawla, hopefully we can start next time at 730. Again, be in the latter era, so we can pick up the same speed that we started with.

00:55:38--> 00:55:43

And in this segment, as we said, We're going over the central theme and every solar we're trying to move quickly.

00:55:44--> 00:56:02

Before we go into more depth in the second round, be in the latter half of the last solar we cover today is Surah Al Hajj, and inshallah we will continue to do this and hopefully we'll finish this one with this strong desire Kamala Harris so loves him as in Medallia's